• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Summary
 Projected progress
 Projected goals and activities
 Additional activities
 Progress report, January 1 to June...






Group Title: Progress report
Title: Agricultural institution building in El Salvador
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00053935/00001
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural institution building in El Salvador
Physical Description: 24 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida-AID Project in El Salvador
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: S.l.
Publication Date: [1972?]
 Subjects
Subject: Agricultural education -- El Salvador   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: "Contract no. AID/1a-586, Progress report, March 1, 1971-December 31, 1971"
General Note: "January 1, 1972-June 30, 1972"--stamped on cover.
General Note: Caption title: Progress report / University of Florida-AID Project in El Salvador.
Funding: Electronic resources created as part of a prototype UF Institutional Repository and Faculty Papers project by the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00053935
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000954250
oclc - 28389066
notis - AER6760

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    Summary
        Page 1
        Objectives
            Page 1
        Important develpments
            Page 1
    Projected progress
        Page 2
        Background
            Page 2
        Goals for reporting period
            Page 3
            Page 4
        Goal centered activities and accomplishments
            Page 3
            Short term advisor program
                Page 3
            Curriculum changes
                Page 5
            Administration visits
                Page 5
            Teacher training activities
                Page 5
            Instructional aids
                Page 6
            Integration with CENTA
                Page 6
        Problems
            Page 7
    Projected goals and activities
        Page 8
    Additional activities
        Page 8
        Appendix A: University of Florida staff members assigned to El Salvador under contract AID/IA-586
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
        Appendix B: University of Florida staff members scheduled to participate in aid contract in El Salvador
            Page 13
        Appendix C: Departmental list of advisor's reports
            Page 14
            Page 15
    Progress report, January 1 to June 30, 1972
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
Full Text

TURAL INST
BUILDING
IN
L SALVADOI


contract N2 AID/la-58(
Progress Report
:h I, 1971-December 31,
UNIVERSITY OF FLORID7-T
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDi


NJ


~ C>o3-











PROGRESS REPORT


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA-AID PROJECT IN EL SALVADOR

CONTRACT No. AID/IA-586

MARCH 1, 1971 TO DECEMBER 31, 1971

CONTENTS





Page
I Summary 1

A. Objectives 1
B. Important Developments 1

II Projected Progress 2

A. Background 2
B. Goals for Reporting Period 3

C. Goal Centered Activities and Accomplishments 3
Short Term Advisor Program 3
Curriculum Changes 5
Administrative Visits 5
Teacher Training Activities 5

Instructional Aids 6
Integration With CENTA 6

D. Problems 7

III Projected Goals and Activities 8

IV Additional Activities 8

APPENDIX A 9

APPENDIX B 13

APPENDIX C 14

^^ 74*0^^se^ ^ 1 ? 3\> .0, j c]









PROGRESS REPORT


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA-AID PROJECT IN EL SALVADOR

CONTRACT No. AID/IA-586

MARCH 1, 1971 TO DECEMBER 31, 1971


I SUMMARY

A. Objectives

1. To improve the quality of graduates of the Escuela Nacional de
Agriculture (ENA),

2. To assist the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura in its integra-
tion into CENTA (Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria).
CENTA will be a coordinated national center for teaching, re-
search and extension activities within the Ministerio de Agri-
cultura y Ganaderia.

B. Important Developments

This project is a partnership with the University of Florida and USAID
as one partner and the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia and the
Escuela Nacional de Agricultura as the other partner. It is a 'learn-
ing by doing' experience for the Salvadorean counterparts, not a
'learning by watching' experience.

The administrator and the staff of the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura
are involved with the University of Florida-AID team in the planning,
execution and evaluation of all project activities. The project is
designed to leave, upon completion, an improved, on-going program that
counterparts have helped to build and have the desire and ability to
continue.

Many changes have taken place at the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura
since the beginning of the project. These changes are due to four
factors (1) the initiative of ENA personnel, (2) the interest and
cooperation of the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia, (3) the
recommendations made by the University of Florida advisors and, (4) the
technical assistance and advice from USAID in El Salvador including the
Program Office, Food and Agriculture Officer, USDA/PASA Team and
personnel from the Utah State University and Oregon State University.

In addition to the Contract Chief of Party, the University of Florida
has contributed 24 short term advisors for a total of 44 tours. After
reviewing the local situation with his counterparts, the advisor
recommends needed changes in production practices, course content and
teaching methods. To date, twelve new course outlines have been
prepared by advisors and their counterparts and are now in use. Many
other outlines have been improved and countless new production practices
have been adopted.









PROGRESS REPORT


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA-AID PROJECT IN EL SALVADOR

CONTRACT No. AID/IA-586

MARCH 1, 1971 TO DECEMBER 31, 1971


I SUMMARY

A. Objectives

1. To improve the quality of graduates of the Escuela Nacional de
Agriculture (ENA),

2. To assist the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura in its integra-
tion into CENTA (Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria).
CENTA will be a coordinated national center for teaching, re-
search and extension activities within the Ministerio de Agri-
cultura y Ganaderia.

B. Important Developments

This project is a partnership with the University of Florida and USAID
as one partner and the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia and the
Escuela Nacional de Agricultura as the other partner. It is a 'learn-
ing by doing' experience for the Salvadorean counterparts, not a
'learning by watching' experience.

The administrator and the staff of the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura
are involved with the University of Florida-AID team in the planning,
execution and evaluation of all project activities. The project is
designed to leave, upon completion, an improved, on-going program that
counterparts have helped to build and have the desire and ability to
continue.

Many changes have taken place at the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura
since the beginning of the project. These changes are due to four
factors (1) the initiative of ENA personnel, (2) the interest and
cooperation of the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia, (3) the
recommendations made by the University of Florida advisors and, (4) the
technical assistance and advice from USAID in El Salvador including the
Program Office, Food and Agriculture Officer, USDA/PASA Team and
personnel from the Utah State University and Oregon State University.

In addition to the Contract Chief of Party, the University of Florida
has contributed 24 short term advisors for a total of 44 tours. After
reviewing the local situation with his counterparts, the advisor
recommends needed changes in production practices, course content and
teaching methods. To date, twelve new course outlines have been
prepared by advisors and their counterparts and are now in use. Many
other outlines have been improved and countless new production practices
have been adopted.









PROGRESS REPORT


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA-AID PROJECT IN EL SALVADOR

CONTRACT No. AID/IA-586

MARCH 1, 1971 TO DECEMBER 31, 1971


I SUMMARY

A. Objectives

1. To improve the quality of graduates of the Escuela Nacional de
Agriculture (ENA),

2. To assist the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura in its integra-
tion into CENTA (Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria).
CENTA will be a coordinated national center for teaching, re-
search and extension activities within the Ministerio de Agri-
cultura y Ganaderia.

B. Important Developments

This project is a partnership with the University of Florida and USAID
as one partner and the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia and the
Escuela Nacional de Agricultura as the other partner. It is a 'learn-
ing by doing' experience for the Salvadorean counterparts, not a
'learning by watching' experience.

The administrator and the staff of the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura
are involved with the University of Florida-AID team in the planning,
execution and evaluation of all project activities. The project is
designed to leave, upon completion, an improved, on-going program that
counterparts have helped to build and have the desire and ability to
continue.

Many changes have taken place at the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura
since the beginning of the project. These changes are due to four
factors (1) the initiative of ENA personnel, (2) the interest and
cooperation of the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia, (3) the
recommendations made by the University of Florida advisors and, (4) the
technical assistance and advice from USAID in El Salvador including the
Program Office, Food and Agriculture Officer, USDA/PASA Team and
personnel from the Utah State University and Oregon State University.

In addition to the Contract Chief of Party, the University of Florida
has contributed 24 short term advisors for a total of 44 tours. After
reviewing the local situation with his counterparts, the advisor
recommends needed changes in production practices, course content and
teaching methods. To date, twelve new course outlines have been
prepared by advisors and their counterparts and are now in use. Many
other outlines have been improved and countless new production practices
have been adopted.






-2-


A strong phase of the project has been the participant training program.
This is designed to improve the level of training of the teaching staff
of ENA. It includes in-service workshops on and off-campus, scholar -
ships for study abroad and English instruction. At the beginning of
the project the teaching staff at ENA included one at the master's
degree level, nine at the bachelor's level and 17 below the bachelor
level. Today the staff includes one ph.d., two masters, 17 bachelors
and 8 below the bachelor degree level. In addition, five staff members
are presently enrolled in degree programs abroad and two in non-degree
programs. Seven more are scheduled for training in 1972, four at the
master level, two at the bachelor and one in a non-degree program.

Every University of Florida advisor has encountered situations unique
to his respective field. Their reactions are varied but they all agree
in one respect: they are impressed by the ability, keen interest,
enthusiasm, cooperative spirit and gratitude displayed by their respect-
ive counterparts and administrators in the Ministerio de Agricultura y
Ganaderia.

II PROJECT PROGRESS.

A. Background

This is a summary of project activities from August 16, 1969 to February
28, 1971 and a detailed description of activities from March 1, 1971 to
December 31, 1971.

The primary objectives of this contract are to improve the quality of
graduates of the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura and to assist this
school in its eventual integration into CENTA. CENTA is the Centro Na-
cional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, a coordinated national center for
teaching, research and extension activities within the Ministerio de
Agriculture y Ganaderia.

The Escuela Nacional de Agricultura serves a vital role in the agricul-
tural economy of El Salvador as it is the primary institution in the
country for training agricultural technicians. In view of this import-
ance the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia initiated an improvement
and expansion program at ENA in cooperation with USAID, the University
of Florida and the World Bank. The major emphasis of the University of
Florida-AID project is with improvement of instruction whereas the major
emphasis of the World Bank loan is expansion of facilities. The expan-
sion of facilities will enable ENA to increase its present enrollment
from 250 to 450 students.

Under the present contract of the project the Institute of Food and Agri-
cultural Sciences of the University of Florida has provided a Chief of
Party who also serves as the Agricultural Education Advisor for a total
of 29 months. Twenty four short term advisors in various technical agri-
cultural fields have contributed seven and a half man-months to the pro-
ject in El Salvador. The activities of the project are oriented toward
achievement of the project's objectives and include curriculum planning,
changes in production practices recommended by advisors, teacher training
activities, purchase of new instructional aids and coordination of acti-
vities with the research and extension divisions of the ministry.






-2-


A strong phase of the project has been the participant training program.
This is designed to improve the level of training of the teaching staff
of ENA. It includes in-service workshops on and off-campus, scholar -
ships for study abroad and English instruction. At the beginning of
the project the teaching staff at ENA included one at the master's
degree level, nine at the bachelor's level and 17 below the bachelor
level. Today the staff includes one ph.d., two masters, 17 bachelors
and 8 below the bachelor degree level. In addition, five staff members
are presently enrolled in degree programs abroad and two in non-degree
programs. Seven more are scheduled for training in 1972, four at the
master level, two at the bachelor and one in a non-degree program.

Every University of Florida advisor has encountered situations unique
to his respective field. Their reactions are varied but they all agree
in one respect: they are impressed by the ability, keen interest,
enthusiasm, cooperative spirit and gratitude displayed by their respect-
ive counterparts and administrators in the Ministerio de Agricultura y
Ganaderia.

II PROJECT PROGRESS.

A. Background

This is a summary of project activities from August 16, 1969 to February
28, 1971 and a detailed description of activities from March 1, 1971 to
December 31, 1971.

The primary objectives of this contract are to improve the quality of
graduates of the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura and to assist this
school in its eventual integration into CENTA. CENTA is the Centro Na-
cional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, a coordinated national center for
teaching, research and extension activities within the Ministerio de
Agriculture y Ganaderia.

The Escuela Nacional de Agricultura serves a vital role in the agricul-
tural economy of El Salvador as it is the primary institution in the
country for training agricultural technicians. In view of this import-
ance the Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia initiated an improvement
and expansion program at ENA in cooperation with USAID, the University
of Florida and the World Bank. The major emphasis of the University of
Florida-AID project is with improvement of instruction whereas the major
emphasis of the World Bank loan is expansion of facilities. The expan-
sion of facilities will enable ENA to increase its present enrollment
from 250 to 450 students.

Under the present contract of the project the Institute of Food and Agri-
cultural Sciences of the University of Florida has provided a Chief of
Party who also serves as the Agricultural Education Advisor for a total
of 29 months. Twenty four short term advisors in various technical agri-
cultural fields have contributed seven and a half man-months to the pro-
ject in El Salvador. The activities of the project are oriented toward
achievement of the project's objectives and include curriculum planning,
changes in production practices recommended by advisors, teacher training
activities, purchase of new instructional aids and coordination of acti-
vities with the research and extension divisions of the ministry.








-3-


A loan for #1,714,000 has been negotiated with the World Bank through
the Ministry of Education for expansion of teaching facilities at ENA.
It is anticipated that construction will begin in January, 1972 and be
completed in 1974. Major construction will include: a classroom build-
ing that will include three demonstration rooms and four laboratories;
four dormitories; farm mechanics shop; milk processing plant and labo-
ratory; milking parlor; swine unit; beef barn; and tool storage.

World Bank Loan Budget for ENA
Construction 0 880,000
Equipment 620.000
Furniture 125,000
Terracing 89.000
Total # 1.714.000

B. Goals for the Reporting Period

1. To improve the quality of instruction at the Escuela Nacional de
Agriculture (ENA) by:

a. developing new course outlines that include the latest agricultu-
ral technology.

b. adjusting production practices to include the latest agricultural
technology.

c. improving the level of competence of the teaching professors and
instructors with advanced training, in-service workshops and
short courses.

d. adding new instructional aids, reference materials and textbooks.

2. To assist the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura in its integration with
CENTA (Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria) by coordinating
appropriate activities with the research and extension divisions of
the Ministry of Agriculture.

C. Goal Centered Activities and Accomplishments

Short Term Advisor Program

The primary impetus for achieving the goals of the project has been provided
by the various long term and short term advisors from the University of Flo-
rida. They recommend changes that will add the latest agricultural techno-
logy in their respective fields to the teaching curriculum and production
practices at ENA.

Advisors in specific fields are requested by the administration of ENA
after consultation with the Minister of Agriculture, USAID Food and Agricul-
ture Officer and the Contract Chief of Party. This selection is based
largely on curriculum deficiencies at ENA and in some cases on agricultural
research needs of El Salvador. A chronological list of the advisors who
have participated in the project is attached in APPENDIX A.










Each advisor is assigned a counterpart. Their recommendations are super-
vised by the Contract Chief of Party and administrators of ENA and in many
cases they return periodically to study the progress and make additional
recommendations. They also consult with the other agencies of the Minis-
terio de Agricultura y Ganaderia, local farmers, agri-businessmen and the
faculty of Agronomy at the University of El Salvador.

Twenty four short term advisors have completed a total of 44 assignments
at the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura. The length and number of assign-
ments of an advisor is determined by the particular situation. Figure 1
indicates the number of tours by individual advisors and Figure 2 the
length of tours.


Figure 1
Number of Tours
One Tour..................... 11
Two Tours.................... 9
Three Tours................. 1
Four Tours .....................
Total Number of Advisors 24


Figure 2
Length of Tours
One Week ................ 9
Two Weeks ............. 28
Three Weeks............... 4
Four Weeks................ 2
Five Weeks................. 1
Total Number of Tours 44


Figure 3 indicates the number of assignments according to the various
areas of work.
Figure 3
Number of Tours According to Areas of Work
Animal Science............................................. 12 (7)*
Agronomy.................0#...... ................... ......... 11 (4)
Plant Protection................................................ 11 (7)
Horticulture.... ......... .. ..... ................ ... ...... 5 (3)
Miscellaneous**........... .................................. ...... 5 (4)
Figure in parenthesis indicates tour during present reporting
period. The first column indicates the total number of tours since
the project began.
** Includes Agricultural Economics, Soil, Botany and Agricultural
Engineering.

The advisors, upon their arrival at ENA review the production practices,
course outlines and teaching methods with their counterparts. At the
termination of their tour each advisor submits a report including their
recommendations. Copies of these reports are on file in El Salvador and
at the International Programs office at the University of Florida.
APPENDIX C is a compilation of reports from the advisors. A comprehen-
sive list of recommended changes in production practices was included in
the previous progress report.








-3-


A loan for #1,714,000 has been negotiated with the World Bank through
the Ministry of Education for expansion of teaching facilities at ENA.
It is anticipated that construction will begin in January, 1972 and be
completed in 1974. Major construction will include: a classroom build-
ing that will include three demonstration rooms and four laboratories;
four dormitories; farm mechanics shop; milk processing plant and labo-
ratory; milking parlor; swine unit; beef barn; and tool storage.

World Bank Loan Budget for ENA
Construction 0 880,000
Equipment 620.000
Furniture 125,000
Terracing 89.000
Total # 1.714.000

B. Goals for the Reporting Period

1. To improve the quality of instruction at the Escuela Nacional de
Agriculture (ENA) by:

a. developing new course outlines that include the latest agricultu-
ral technology.

b. adjusting production practices to include the latest agricultural
technology.

c. improving the level of competence of the teaching professors and
instructors with advanced training, in-service workshops and
short courses.

d. adding new instructional aids, reference materials and textbooks.

2. To assist the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura in its integration with
CENTA (Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria) by coordinating
appropriate activities with the research and extension divisions of
the Ministry of Agriculture.

C. Goal Centered Activities and Accomplishments

Short Term Advisor Program

The primary impetus for achieving the goals of the project has been provided
by the various long term and short term advisors from the University of Flo-
rida. They recommend changes that will add the latest agricultural techno-
logy in their respective fields to the teaching curriculum and production
practices at ENA.

Advisors in specific fields are requested by the administration of ENA
after consultation with the Minister of Agriculture, USAID Food and Agricul-
ture Officer and the Contract Chief of Party. This selection is based
largely on curriculum deficiencies at ENA and in some cases on agricultural
research needs of El Salvador. A chronological list of the advisors who
have participated in the project is attached in APPENDIX A.








-3-


A loan for #1,714,000 has been negotiated with the World Bank through
the Ministry of Education for expansion of teaching facilities at ENA.
It is anticipated that construction will begin in January, 1972 and be
completed in 1974. Major construction will include: a classroom build-
ing that will include three demonstration rooms and four laboratories;
four dormitories; farm mechanics shop; milk processing plant and labo-
ratory; milking parlor; swine unit; beef barn; and tool storage.

World Bank Loan Budget for ENA
Construction 0 880,000
Equipment 620.000
Furniture 125,000
Terracing 89.000
Total # 1.714.000

B. Goals for the Reporting Period

1. To improve the quality of instruction at the Escuela Nacional de
Agriculture (ENA) by:

a. developing new course outlines that include the latest agricultu-
ral technology.

b. adjusting production practices to include the latest agricultural
technology.

c. improving the level of competence of the teaching professors and
instructors with advanced training, in-service workshops and
short courses.

d. adding new instructional aids, reference materials and textbooks.

2. To assist the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura in its integration with
CENTA (Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria) by coordinating
appropriate activities with the research and extension divisions of
the Ministry of Agriculture.

C. Goal Centered Activities and Accomplishments

Short Term Advisor Program

The primary impetus for achieving the goals of the project has been provided
by the various long term and short term advisors from the University of Flo-
rida. They recommend changes that will add the latest agricultural techno-
logy in their respective fields to the teaching curriculum and production
practices at ENA.

Advisors in specific fields are requested by the administration of ENA
after consultation with the Minister of Agriculture, USAID Food and Agricul-
ture Officer and the Contract Chief of Party. This selection is based
largely on curriculum deficiencies at ENA and in some cases on agricultural
research needs of El Salvador. A chronological list of the advisors who
have participated in the project is attached in APPENDIX A.









-5-


Curriculum Changes

Major changes in the curriculum have also been recommended. These have
involved new course outlines, addition and deletion of certain courses,
the rearranging of course sequences and the addition of teaching mater-
ials and equipment.

Twelve new course outlines have been prepared by the Florida advisors
and are now being taught by their counterparts. They include the follow-
ing courses: Principles of Food Technology, General Botany, Basic Soils,
Soil Fertility, Soil Conservation, Agricultural Economics, Statistics,
Genetics, Introduction to Plant Pathology and Nematology, Entomology,
Farm Shop and Agricultural Machinery. These are comprehensive course
outlines including bibliographies, texts and visual aids.

In many cases the advisor has been able to return to ENA to assist his
counterpart in the initial teaching of the new course.

Administrative Visits
Two administrators from the University of Florida visited the project in
March; Dr. Charles B. Browning, Dean of Resident Instruction and Dr. Hugh
L. Popenoe, Director of International Programs and Contract Coordinator.

Six department chairman visited the project in September in order to get
better acquainted with their role and responsibilities. They were Dr. G.
A. Marlowe, Vegetable Crops, Dr. Charles F. Eno, Soils, Dr. Darell E.
McCloud, Agronomy, Dr. Ernest T. Smerdon, Agricultural Engineering, Dr.
Jack Van Horn, Dairy Sciences and Dr. Kenneth R. Tefertiller, Agricul-
tural Economics.

Teacher Training Activities
An intensive program is in affect to improve the teaching effectiveness
of the faculty at ENA. This program includes on and off-campus workshops,
scholarships for study abroad and English instruction. Figure 4 indicates
the level of training of the faculty at ENA at the beginning of the project
in 1969 and the improvement made by the end of 1971.
Figure 4
Level of Training of ENA Teaching Staff
.__1969 1971___
Degree Number Percentage Number Percentage
Ph.D. 0 0 1 4%
Masters 1 4% 2 7%
B.S. Level 9 33% 17 60%
Ingeniero Agronomo
Egresado 7 26% 3 11%
Less 10 37% 5 18%









-5-


Curriculum Changes

Major changes in the curriculum have also been recommended. These have
involved new course outlines, addition and deletion of certain courses,
the rearranging of course sequences and the addition of teaching mater-
ials and equipment.

Twelve new course outlines have been prepared by the Florida advisors
and are now being taught by their counterparts. They include the follow-
ing courses: Principles of Food Technology, General Botany, Basic Soils,
Soil Fertility, Soil Conservation, Agricultural Economics, Statistics,
Genetics, Introduction to Plant Pathology and Nematology, Entomology,
Farm Shop and Agricultural Machinery. These are comprehensive course
outlines including bibliographies, texts and visual aids.

In many cases the advisor has been able to return to ENA to assist his
counterpart in the initial teaching of the new course.

Administrative Visits
Two administrators from the University of Florida visited the project in
March; Dr. Charles B. Browning, Dean of Resident Instruction and Dr. Hugh
L. Popenoe, Director of International Programs and Contract Coordinator.

Six department chairman visited the project in September in order to get
better acquainted with their role and responsibilities. They were Dr. G.
A. Marlowe, Vegetable Crops, Dr. Charles F. Eno, Soils, Dr. Darell E.
McCloud, Agronomy, Dr. Ernest T. Smerdon, Agricultural Engineering, Dr.
Jack Van Horn, Dairy Sciences and Dr. Kenneth R. Tefertiller, Agricul-
tural Economics.

Teacher Training Activities
An intensive program is in affect to improve the teaching effectiveness
of the faculty at ENA. This program includes on and off-campus workshops,
scholarships for study abroad and English instruction. Figure 4 indicates
the level of training of the faculty at ENA at the beginning of the project
in 1969 and the improvement made by the end of 1971.
Figure 4
Level of Training of ENA Teaching Staff
.__1969 1971___
Degree Number Percentage Number Percentage
Ph.D. 0 0 1 4%
Masters 1 4% 2 7%
B.S. Level 9 33% 17 60%
Ingeniero Agronomo
Egresado 7 26% 3 11%
Less 10 37% 5 18%









-5-


Curriculum Changes

Major changes in the curriculum have also been recommended. These have
involved new course outlines, addition and deletion of certain courses,
the rearranging of course sequences and the addition of teaching mater-
ials and equipment.

Twelve new course outlines have been prepared by the Florida advisors
and are now being taught by their counterparts. They include the follow-
ing courses: Principles of Food Technology, General Botany, Basic Soils,
Soil Fertility, Soil Conservation, Agricultural Economics, Statistics,
Genetics, Introduction to Plant Pathology and Nematology, Entomology,
Farm Shop and Agricultural Machinery. These are comprehensive course
outlines including bibliographies, texts and visual aids.

In many cases the advisor has been able to return to ENA to assist his
counterpart in the initial teaching of the new course.

Administrative Visits
Two administrators from the University of Florida visited the project in
March; Dr. Charles B. Browning, Dean of Resident Instruction and Dr. Hugh
L. Popenoe, Director of International Programs and Contract Coordinator.

Six department chairman visited the project in September in order to get
better acquainted with their role and responsibilities. They were Dr. G.
A. Marlowe, Vegetable Crops, Dr. Charles F. Eno, Soils, Dr. Darell E.
McCloud, Agronomy, Dr. Ernest T. Smerdon, Agricultural Engineering, Dr.
Jack Van Horn, Dairy Sciences and Dr. Kenneth R. Tefertiller, Agricul-
tural Economics.

Teacher Training Activities
An intensive program is in affect to improve the teaching effectiveness
of the faculty at ENA. This program includes on and off-campus workshops,
scholarships for study abroad and English instruction. Figure 4 indicates
the level of training of the faculty at ENA at the beginning of the project
in 1969 and the improvement made by the end of 1971.
Figure 4
Level of Training of ENA Teaching Staff
.__1969 1971___
Degree Number Percentage Number Percentage
Ph.D. 0 0 1 4%
Masters 1 4% 2 7%
B.S. Level 9 33% 17 60%
Ingeniero Agronomo
Egresado 7 26% 3 11%
Less 10 37% 5 18%








-6-


Since the beginning of the project seven professors of ENA have received
their degrees from institutions abroad. Six of these received AID scholar-
ships. Four instructors are presently studying at U.S. universities with
AID scholarships, one professor is pursuing his masters degree in Costa
Rica and two others are participating in non degree programs abroad.
Another professor also attended the 1971 summer session at the University
of Florida in order to enable him to teach the new Genetics course.

English instruction has been emphasized at ENA for these reasons: to en-
able the staff to keep abreast of the latest agricultural technology via
references written in English; communication with English speaking advi-
sors and; to prepare them for further training at English speaking insti-
tutions.

During the reporting period 18 staff members of ENA have been studying
English at the Centro de El Salvador y Estados Unidos. AID-E1 Salvador
provided scholarships for this training.

In 1969 four (14%) of the faculty were fluent in English. At the end of
1971 sixteen (57%) are fluent in English.

Arrangements were made to secure three Peace Corp teachers to enable ENA
professors to continue their education in the United States. They have
also served as team-teachers and are providing a valuable contribution to
ENA.

Instructional Aids

A study of the instructional material available at ENA revealed a critical
need of teaching material and teaching aids. As a result, many bulletins,
reference books (Spanish and English), periodicals and teaching aids have
been secured.

Recent acquisitions have included a mower and scales for the forage intro-
duction and evaluation program; a 35 mm camera and attachments; a film-
strip cabinet, a complete set of soil color charts; subscriptions for three
agricultural magazines; textbooks and reference books for the swine and
beef courses, and; many other reference books and bulletins.

Integration With CENTA

CENTA is the National Center of Agricultural Technology (Centro Nacional
de Tecnologia Agropecuaria). It includes the research, extension and
educational divisions of the Ministry of Agriculture and will become a
reality in January 1972. Eventually, this center will be located at San
Andres. At the present time the Center for Agricultural Research and
Extension is at Santa Tecla and the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura at
San Andres. These three divisions are being combined under one Director
General in order to facilitate greater coordination of resources.

The formation of CENTA coincides with an expansion of activities and faci-
lities of research, extension and education within the Ministry of Agri-
culture.








-6-


Since the beginning of the project seven professors of ENA have received
their degrees from institutions abroad. Six of these received AID scholar-
ships. Four instructors are presently studying at U.S. universities with
AID scholarships, one professor is pursuing his masters degree in Costa
Rica and two others are participating in non degree programs abroad.
Another professor also attended the 1971 summer session at the University
of Florida in order to enable him to teach the new Genetics course.

English instruction has been emphasized at ENA for these reasons: to en-
able the staff to keep abreast of the latest agricultural technology via
references written in English; communication with English speaking advi-
sors and; to prepare them for further training at English speaking insti-
tutions.

During the reporting period 18 staff members of ENA have been studying
English at the Centro de El Salvador y Estados Unidos. AID-E1 Salvador
provided scholarships for this training.

In 1969 four (14%) of the faculty were fluent in English. At the end of
1971 sixteen (57%) are fluent in English.

Arrangements were made to secure three Peace Corp teachers to enable ENA
professors to continue their education in the United States. They have
also served as team-teachers and are providing a valuable contribution to
ENA.

Instructional Aids

A study of the instructional material available at ENA revealed a critical
need of teaching material and teaching aids. As a result, many bulletins,
reference books (Spanish and English), periodicals and teaching aids have
been secured.

Recent acquisitions have included a mower and scales for the forage intro-
duction and evaluation program; a 35 mm camera and attachments; a film-
strip cabinet, a complete set of soil color charts; subscriptions for three
agricultural magazines; textbooks and reference books for the swine and
beef courses, and; many other reference books and bulletins.

Integration With CENTA

CENTA is the National Center of Agricultural Technology (Centro Nacional
de Tecnologia Agropecuaria). It includes the research, extension and
educational divisions of the Ministry of Agriculture and will become a
reality in January 1972. Eventually, this center will be located at San
Andres. At the present time the Center for Agricultural Research and
Extension is at Santa Tecla and the Escuela Nacional de Agricultura at
San Andres. These three divisions are being combined under one Director
General in order to facilitate greater coordination of resources.

The formation of CENTA coincides with an expansion of activities and faci-
lities of research, extension and education within the Ministry of Agri-
culture.








- 7.-


Consultants from Florida were willing to offer their services to research
and extension personnel as this is the nature of their activities at the
University. They have advised on particular research projects and in
some cases have participated in short courses for extension personnel.

Probably the best example has been the Coordinated Forage Introduction and
Evaluation Program. This program was initiated by the late Dr. John E.
McCaleb and is presently being coordinated by Dr. Luis Tergas. The
following divisions of the Ministry of Agriculture are participating in
this program: Research, Extension, Escuela Nacional de Agricultura, Gana-
deria, Diversification Project and the Peace Corp. It has involved (1)
an introduction garden of over 400 varieties of grasses and legumes, (2)
field test plots in various parts of El Salvador, (3) grazing trials, and
(4) pasture management workshops for extension agents and cattlemen.

AID also co-sponsored with the Ministry of Agriculture and IICA (Instituto
Interamericano de Ciencias Agricolas) a short course in teaching methodo-
logy for the faculty of ENA and extension supervisors.

D. Problems

Problems are noted due to their relationship with the accomplishment of the
project's goals. The Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia is aware of
these problems and steps are being taken to overcome them.

1. The level of formal training of the faculty at the Escuela Nacional de
Agriculture is a handicap. Even with the progress that has been made,
89% of the professors have had no graduate level training and 29% have
not attained a Bachelor's degree.

2. There is a low number of high caliber candidates available for scholar-
ships leading to advanced degrees. Three factors contribute to this
situation, (a) small faculty (28 professors), (b) the low level of
training mentioned in the first problem, and (c) usually only employees
of the ministry are eligible for scholarships.

3. Rigid entrance requirements of the various universities in the United
States also pose a problem to our participant training program. This
situation is particularly acute at the University of Florida, one of
the institutions best suited to serve the training needs of El Salvador.
Admission personnel are quite inflexible when evaluating English scores
(TOEFL) and Graduate Record Examinations.

Aplicants for scholarships receive a good English training locally and
are well screened before being recommended for further training. The
two primary criteria used in the screening process are (1) ability, as
shown in test scores and previous grades, and (2) desire as revealed by
previous performance on the job.

4. Insufficient counterpart funds is also a problem. This affects the
purchase of instructional equipment, construction of teaching facilities,
educational travel, adequate salaries for personnel and salaries for re-
placement personnel while other are studying for advanced degrees.






-8-


III PROJECTED GOALS AND ACTIVITIES.

The scope of the project will broaden January 1, 1972. This will be
the birthday of CENTA, the Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, a
coordinated national center for teaching, research and extension acti-
vities.

The major objective of the University of Florida-AID project will be to
assist in developing CENTA, a viable teaching, research and extension
institution. Florida's input will be five long term advisors (two years
each) plus additional short term advisors to supplement the long term
program.

The long term advisors will function at the department level, assisting
their respective counterparts in the coordination of research, teaching
and extension activities. The departments selected for the initiation
of this phase of CENTA are agronomy, animal science, plant pathology,
agricultural education and extension and agricultural economics.

The long term advisors will be involved in on-going research projects,
planning and development of new research activities, teaching and cur-
riculum development, extension training and other extension activities.

Florida-AID project personnel will also continue to assist in the parti-
cipant training program and the selection of needed instructional and
technical equipment.

A three week in-service Short Course on Communications Methods has been
scheduled for January, 1972 for ENA personnel and extension supervisors.
AID will co-sponsor this short course with the Ministry of Agriculture
and TICA (Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agricolas).

The short term advisor program and participant training program will
continue during 1972 and 1973.

IV ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES.

The Contract Chief of Party also serves as agricultural education
consultant to the Ministry of Education. This has involved assisting in
the development of four regional vocational agriculture institutes at
the secondary level. Teacher training activities received the major
emphasis during the reporting period.

The Contract Chief of Party also spent a week at the University of Flo-
rida in June with his counterpart, Dr. Carlos Burgos, Director of the
Escuela Nacional de Agricultura. The purpose of this visit was to
consult with the administrators of International Programs, animal science
advisors and pertinent department chairmen.

The session with the animal science advisors resulted in a coordinated
list of recommended changes for improving the animal science curriculum
at ENA.
The purpose of the session with the department chairmen was to acquaint
them with the University of Florida-AID project activities. This will
enable them to be more knowledgeable in recruiting and backstopping
activities.






-8-


III PROJECTED GOALS AND ACTIVITIES.

The scope of the project will broaden January 1, 1972. This will be
the birthday of CENTA, the Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, a
coordinated national center for teaching, research and extension acti-
vities.

The major objective of the University of Florida-AID project will be to
assist in developing CENTA, a viable teaching, research and extension
institution. Florida's input will be five long term advisors (two years
each) plus additional short term advisors to supplement the long term
program.

The long term advisors will function at the department level, assisting
their respective counterparts in the coordination of research, teaching
and extension activities. The departments selected for the initiation
of this phase of CENTA are agronomy, animal science, plant pathology,
agricultural education and extension and agricultural economics.

The long term advisors will be involved in on-going research projects,
planning and development of new research activities, teaching and cur-
riculum development, extension training and other extension activities.

Florida-AID project personnel will also continue to assist in the parti-
cipant training program and the selection of needed instructional and
technical equipment.

A three week in-service Short Course on Communications Methods has been
scheduled for January, 1972 for ENA personnel and extension supervisors.
AID will co-sponsor this short course with the Ministry of Agriculture
and TICA (Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agricolas).

The short term advisor program and participant training program will
continue during 1972 and 1973.

IV ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES.

The Contract Chief of Party also serves as agricultural education
consultant to the Ministry of Education. This has involved assisting in
the development of four regional vocational agriculture institutes at
the secondary level. Teacher training activities received the major
emphasis during the reporting period.

The Contract Chief of Party also spent a week at the University of Flo-
rida in June with his counterpart, Dr. Carlos Burgos, Director of the
Escuela Nacional de Agricultura. The purpose of this visit was to
consult with the administrators of International Programs, animal science
advisors and pertinent department chairmen.

The session with the animal science advisors resulted in a coordinated
list of recommended changes for improving the animal science curriculum
at ENA.
The purpose of the session with the department chairmen was to acquaint
them with the University of Florida-AID project activities. This will
enable them to be more knowledgeable in recruiting and backstopping
activities.








-9-
APPENDIX A
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA STAFF MEMBERS
ASSIGNED TO EL SALVADOR UNDER CONTRACT AID/IA-586
(Chronological Listing)


No. DATES OF ASSIGNMENT
1. August 16, 1969
to present



2. January 22, 1970
January 30, 1970


3. February 15, 1970
February 28, 1970


4. February 23, 1970
March 6, 1970

5. May 11, 1970
May 22, 1970



6. June 2, 1970
June 13, 1970


7. May 17, 1970
May 30, 1970


8. May 17, 1970
May 30, 1970



9. June 7, 1970
June 30, 1970


10. August 16, 1970
August 22, 1970


11. August 29, 1970
Sept. 13, 1970


NAME AND TITLE
Dr. Harry E. Peirce
Agricultural Educa-
tor and Chief of
Party

Dr. John C. Glenn
Associate Animal
Physiologist

Dr. Simon E. Malo
Assistant Horti-
culturist

Dr. Vernon G. Perry
Nematologist

Dr. Robert Harms
Chairman, Dept. of
Poultry Science


Dr. James Wing
Professor of Dairy
Sciences

Dr. Rex L. Smith
Assistant Agrono-
mist

Dr. Robert Allison
Fiber Technologist
Emeritus


Dr. John McCaleb
Associate Agrono-
mist

*(2)Dr. Robert Harms
Chairman, Dept. of
Poultry Science

(2)Dr. James Wing
Professor of Dairy
Sciences


AREA OF WORK
Contract
Administrator
and Curriculum
Planning

Beef Breeding
and Management
Program

Fruit Product-
ion Management


Nematode
Survey


Evaluation of
Poultry Mana-
gement Practi-
ces

Evaluation of
Dairy Manage-
ment Practices

Genetics Cu-
rriculum and
Crop Breeding

Survey
Possibilities
of Fiber Crop
Production

Pasture Improve-
ment


Poultry Manage-
ment


Dairy Management


* Indicates the number of tours.








- 10 -


DATES OF ASSIGNMENT
Sept. 8, 1970
Sept. 26, 1970


13. Sept. 27, 1970
Oct. 11, 1970


14. Sept. 27, 1970
Oct. 11, 1970


15. Sept. 27, 1970
Oct. 11, 1970



16. Oct. 4, 1970
Oct. 18, 1970


17. Oct. 5, 1970
Oct. 18, 1970


18. Nov. 2, 1970
Nov. 14, 1970


19. Nov. 16, 1970
Nov. 25, 1970


20. Nov. 30, 1970
Dec. 4, 1970


21. Jan. 29, 1971
Feb. 17, 1971


22. Feb. 21, 1971
March 6, 1971


23. Feb. 21, 1971
Feb. 27, 1971


24. Feb. 28, 1971
March 13, 1971


NAME AND TITLE
Clarence Rogers
Associate Agricul-
tural Engineer

(2)Dr. Vernon Perry
Nenatologist


Dr. Louis Kuitert
Entomologist


Dr. Carol Miller
AssistantPlant
Pathologist


(2)Dr. John McCaleb
Associate Agro-
nomist

(2)Dr. Simon Malo
Assistant Horti-
culturist

Dr. Gordon Prine
Associate Agrono-
mist

Dr. Ralph Smith
Associate Agrono-
mist

(3)Dr. Simon Malo
Assistant Horti-
culturist

(3)Dr. John McCaleb
Associate Agrono-
mist

Dr. Charles Wilcox
Associate Dairy
Geneticist

(2)Dr. John Glenn
Associate Animal
Physiologist

(2)Dr. Louis Kuitert
Entomologist


AREA OF WORK
Farm Mechanics
Curriculum and
Facilities

Nematology Cu -
rriculum and
Nematode Survey

Entomology Cu -
rriculum and
Insect Survey

Plant Pathology
Curriculum and
Plant Disease
Survey

Pasture Manage-
ment and Re-
search

Fruit Product-
ion Management


Sorghum Research
and Management


Soybean Research



Fruit Production
Management


Forage Crop
Introduction and
Evaluation

Dairy Breeding
Program


Beef Breeding and
Management Program


Entomology Curri-
culum and Insect
Control








- 11 -


No. DATES OF ASSIGNMENT
25. Feb. 28, 1971
March 12, 1971


26. March 6, 1971
March 10, 1971

27. March 14, 1971
March 27, 1971

28. March 20, 1971
April 3, 1971



29. March 16, 1971
March 19, 1971


30. March 28, 1971
March 30, 1971


31. March 29, 1971
March 30, 1971


32. April 12, 1971
April 24, 1971


33. April 19, 1971
April 21, 1971


34. April 20, 1971
April 23, 1971


35. April 20, 1971
April 23, 1971


36. April 20, 1971
April 24, 1971


37. April 18, 1971
May 1, 1971


38. April 18, 1971
May 1, 1971


NAME AND TITLE
(2)Dr. Carol Miller
Assistant Plant
Pathologist

Dr. Albert Lorz
Horticulturist

Dr. Harold Wallace
Animal Nutritionist

Dr. John Greenman
Agricultural
Economist


(4)Dr. Simon Malo
Assistant Horti-
culturist

Dr. Charles Browning
Dean of Resident
Instruction

Dr. Hugh Popenoe
Director of Inter-
national Programs

Dr. Joseph Bertrand
Associate Animal
Nutritionist

Dr. Wm. Christiansen
Associate Animal
Nutritionist

Dr. C. B. Ammerman
Associate Animal
Nutritionist

Dr. W. W. Thatcher
Assistant Animal
Physiologist

Dr. Fuller Bazer
Assistant Animal
Physiologist

Dr. Ray Dennison
Chairman, Dept. of
Food Science

Dr. Ernest Ford
Professor of
Botany


AREA OF WORK
Plant Pathology
Curriculum and
Diseases

Edible Cowpea
Production

Swine Management


Farm Management
Curriculum and
Enterprise Ma-
nagement

New Fruit Tree
Collection


Project Adminis-
tration


Project Adminis-
tration


Nutrition and
Management of
Beef Cattle

Feed Composition
Project


Veterinary Medi-
cine Conference


Veterinary Medi-
cine Conference


Veterinary Medi-
cine Conference


Evaluation of
Food Processing
Program

Botany Curricu-
lum








- 12 -


No. DATES OF ASSIGNMENT

39. May 2, 1971
May 15, 1971

40. May 16, 1971
June 4, 1971


41. June 13, 1971
June 26, 1971

42. July 11, 1971
Aug. 14, 1971

43. Aug. 8, 1971
Sept. 3, 1971


44. Aug. 8, 1971
Sept. 4, 1971


45. Aug. 15, 1971
Aug. 28, 1971

46, Aug. 24, 1971
Sept. 4, 1971


47. Aug. 24, 1971
Sept. 1, 1971

48. Aug. 30, 1971
Sept. 18, 1971



49. Sept. 26, 1971
Oct. 2, 1971


50. Sept. 26, 1971
Oct. 2, 1971

51. Sept. 26, 1971
Oct. 2, 1971

52. Sept. 26, 1971
Oct. 2, 1971


53. Sept. 26, 1971
Oct. 1, 1971


NAME AND TITLE

Dr. Wade McCall
Visiting Professor

(4)Dr. John McCaleb
Associate Agronomist


(2)Dr. Gordon Prine
Associate Agronomist

Dr. A. C. Tarjan
Nematologist

(3)Dr. Louis Kuitert
Entomologist


Dr. Luis Tergas
Associate Agronomist


(2)Dr. Ralph Smith
Associate Agronomist

Dr. L. H. Purdy
Chairman, Plant
Pathology

(3)Dr. Vernon Perry
Nematologist

(2)Dr. John Greenman
Agricultural
Economist


Dr. G. A. Marlowe
Chairman, Vegetable
Crops

Dr. Charles Eno
Chairman, Soils

Dr. Darell McCloud
Chairman, Agronomy

Dr. E. T. Smerdon
Chairman, Agricul-
tural Engineering

Dr. H. H. Van Horn
Chairman, Dairy
Science


AREA OF WORK
Soils Curriculum


Forage Crop Intro-
duction and
Evaluation

Sorghum Research
and Management

Nematode Survey


Entomology Curri-
culum and Insect
Control Program

Forage Crop Intro-
duction and
Evaluation

Soybean Research


Plant Pathology
Curriculum


Nematology Curri-
culum

Farm Management
Curriculum and
Enterprise Mana-
gement

Project Adminis-
tration


Project Adminis-
tration

Project Adminis-
tration

Project Adminis-
tration


Project Adminis-
tration










-13 -


No. DATES OF ASSIGNMENT
54. Sept. 26, 1971
Sept. 30, 1971


55. Oct. 17, 1971
Oct. 30, 1971


56. Nov. 8, 1971
Nov. 19, 1971

57. Nov. 8, 1971
Nov. 20, 1971

58. Nov. 28, 1971
Dec. 3, 1971


NAME AND TITLE
Dr. K. Tefertiller
Chairman, Agricul-
tural Economics

(2)Dr. J. Bertrand
Associate Animal
Nutritionist

(2)Dr. Harold Wallace
Animal Nutritionist

(4)Dr. Vernon Perry
Nematologist

Herbert Dunlap
Dairy Equipment
Specialist


AREA OF WORK
Project Adminis-
tration


Nutrition and
Management of
Beef Cattle

Swine Management


Nematology Curri-
culum

Diary Processing
Equipment


APPENDIX B


UNIVERSITY OF


FLORIDA STAFF MEMBERS


SCHEDULED TO PARTICIPATE IN AID CONTRACT IN EL SALVADOR

SHORT TERM ADVISOR


No. DATES OF ASSIGNMENT

1. Jan. 6, 1972
Feb. 6, 1972


NAME AND TITLE

Dr. Luis Tergas
Forage Specialist


AREA OF WORK

Forage Crop Intro-
duction and
Evaluation


LONG TERM ADVISORS


1. At Post Dr. Harry Peirce
Contract Chief of
Party


2. Jan. 11, 1972



3. Jan. 26, 1972


4. Feb. 29, 1972


5. April 6, 1972


Clarence Reaves
Professor of Dairy
Science

Dr. G. Beinhart
Agronomist

Dr. H. N. Miller
Plant Pathologist

Dr. P. Hildebrand
Agricultural
Economist


Project Adminis-
tration,Agricul-
tural Education

Animal Science
Department


Agronomy Depart-
ment

Plant Pathology
Department

Agricultural
Economics
Department












- 14 APPENDIX C


DEPARTMENTAL LIST OF ADVISOR'S REPORTS

ANIMAL SCIENCE


NAME
Dr. John Glenn


Dr. Robert Harms



Dr. James Wing


Dr. Charles Wilcox


Dr. Harold Wallace


Dr. Joseph Bertrand


Dr. Ray Dennison


Dr. Rex Smith


Dr. Robert Allison



Dr. John McCaleb




Dr. Gordon Prine


Dr. Ralph Smith


Dr. Luis Tergas


AREA OF WORK
Beef Breeding and
Management Program

Evaluation of Poul-
try Management
Practices

Evaluation of Dairy
Management Practices

Dairy Breeding
Program

Swine Management


Nutrition and Mana-
gement of Beef Cattle

Evaluation of Food
Processing Program


AGRONOMY
Genetics Curriculum
and Crop Breeding

Survey Possibilities
of Fiber Crop
Production

Pasture Improvement




Sorghum Research
and Management

Soybean Research
and Management

Forage Crop Intro-
duction and
Evaluation


DATES OF ASSIGNMENT
Jan. 22-30, 1970
Feb. 21-27, 1971

May 11-22, 1970
Aug. 16-22, 1970


June 2-13, 1970
Aug. 29-Sept. 13, 70

Feb. 21-March 6, 71


March 14-27, 1971
Nov. 8-20, 1971

April 12-24, 1971
Oct. 17-30, 1971

April 18-May 1, 1971


May 17-30, 1970


May 17-30, 1970



June 7-30, 1970
Oct. 4-18, 1970
Jan. 29-Feb. 17, 71
May 16-June 4, 1971

Nov. 2-14, 1970
June 13-26, 1971

Nov. 16-25, 1970
Aug. 15-28, 1971

Aug. 8-Sept. 4, 1971
Jan. 4-Feb. 6, 1972










-15 -


NAME


AREA OF WORK


Dr. Vernon Perry




Dr. L. C. Kuitert



Dr. Carol Miller


Dr. A. C. Tarjan

Dr. L. H. Purdy


Dr. Simon E. Malo




Dr. Albert Lorz


Clarence Rogers



Dr. John Greenman


Dr. Ernest Ford

Dr. Wade McCall


PLUNT PROTECTION
Nematode Survey
and Curriculum



Entomology Curricu-
culum and Insect
Survey

Plant Pathology
Curriculum and
Disease Survey

Nematode Survey

Plant Pathology
Curriculum


HORTICULTURE

Fruit Production
Management



Edible Cowpea
Production


MISCELLANEOUS

Farm Mechanics
Curriculum and
Facilities

Farm Management
Curriculum and
Enterprise
Management

Botany Curriculum


DATES OF ASSIGNMENT


Feb. 23-March 6, 1970
Sept. 27-Oct. 11, 1970
Aug. 24-Sept. 1, 1971
Nov. 8-20, 1971

Sept. 27-Oct. 11, 1970
Feb. 28-March 13, 1971
Aug. 8-Sept. 3, 1971

Sept. 27-Oct. 11, 1970
Feb. 28-March 12, 1971


July 11, Aug. 14, 1971

Aug. 24-Sept. 4, 1971


Feb. 15-28, 1970
Oct. 5-18, 3970
Nov. 30-Dec. 4, 1970
March 16-19, 1971

March 6-10, 1971


Sept. 8-26, 1970



March 20-April 13, 1971
Aug. 30-Sept. 18, 1971



April-18,-May 1, 1971


Soils Curriculum


May 2-15, 1971











16 -

PROGRESS REPORT

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA-AID PROJECT IN EL SALVADOR

CONTRACT No. AID/la-586

JANUARY 1, 1972 TO JUNE 30, 1972

CONTENTS



Page

I SUMMARY 17

A. Objectives 17

B. Important Developments 17

II PROJECT PROGRESS 18

A, Goals for Reporting Period 18

B, Goal Centered Activities and Accomplishments 18

Technical Assistance 18

Participant Training 22

Equipment 23

C. Problems 23

III PROJECTED GOALS AND ACTIVITIES 23

IV ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES 24





- 17 -


PROGRESS REPORT

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA-AID PROJECT IN EL SALVADOR

CONTRACT No. AID/la-586

JANUARY 1, 1972 TO JUNE 30, 1972


SUMMARY

A. Objectives.

The major objective of the University of Florida-AID Project is to
assist in the development of a viable research, extension and
teaching institution, the Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecua-
ria (CENTA).

B. Important Developments.

CENTA was inaugurated January 1, 1972 after over two years of planning
by the Ministry of Agriculture. It is a semi-autonomous institution
within the Ministry of Agriculture that now coordinates the research,
extension and teaching activities of the Ministry under one Director-
General.

The University of Florida was requested to assist in the development of
CENTA by providing five long term advisors in the following areas: agri-
cultural education (at post since August, 1969), animal science, agrono-
my, agricultural economics and plant pathology. The four additional
team members were recruited and arrived at post during the reporting
period.

The four new team members devoted the first months of 1972 to getting
acquainted with their respective counterparts and the local agricultural
situation. Each advisor, however, has already made distinct contribu-
tions within his particular area.

The major impetus of the advisors is expected to be in administrative
guidance. However, to gain the confidence of his counterpart and to
secure grassroots grasp of the local agricultural problems, each ad-
visor assists with the day-to-day activities in research, extension and
teaching.

The administrative changes resulting from the inauguration of CENTA have
been steady but slow due largely to two factors, (1) a new government
administration has been elected and inaugurated, and (2) ministry person-
nel have been naturally apprehensive regarding changes. It appears now,
however, that administrative changes within the Ministry of Agriculture
will be minimal and meetings have been scheduled to acquaint CENTA per-
sonnel with the background and development of CENTA. In the meantime,
the Florida advisors are working with their counterparts in the follow-
ing areas, (1) present research projects, (2) planning new research
projects, (3) curriculum development, (4) extension activities, (5)
participant training program, and (6) ordering needed equipment.







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II PROJECT PROGRESS.

A. Goals for Reporting Period.

1. To improve the coordination of research, extension and teaching
activities within the Ministry of Agriculture in the following
areas: animal science, agronomy, agricultural economics, plant
pathology and agricultural education.

2. To improve the research program by assisting the Salvadorean
staff with the execution and evaluation of present projects and
the identification of needed additional research projects.

3. To improve the quality of instruction at the Escuela Nacional
de Agriculture (ENA) by assisting the Salvadorean staff with the:

a. development of new course outlines that include the latest
agricultural technology and modern teaching methods.

b. adjustment of production practices to include the latest agri-
cultural technology, and

c. improvement of the level of competence of the teaching staff
with advanced training, in-service workshops and short
courses,

4. To improve the extension program by assisting Salvadorean special-
ists with their extension activities.

5. To improve the participant training program by assisting with in-
service training workshops and helping to select scholarship
recipients.

6. To obtain equipment needed for research, extension and teaching.

B. Goal Centered Activities and Accomplishments.

1. Technical Assistance.

The primary responsibility for achieving the project goals will
belong to the various long term and short term advisors from the
University of Florida.

The long term advisors function at the department level, assisting
their respective counterparts in the coordination of research,
teaching and extension activities. The departments now having
advisors are agronomy, animal science, plant pathology, agricultu-
ral economics and agricultural education. The short term advisors
supplement the activities of the long term advisors.







- 19 -


Advisors.

a. Dr. Harry E. Peirce Contract Chief of Party and Agricultural
Education Advisor. Arrived at post August 16, 1969. Major
counterparts are Dr. Carlos Burgos, Director of Agricultural
Education and Eugenio Salazar Beneke, Director General of Cen-
tro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (CENTA).

Activities Assisted with four week communications workshop
in January for 35 professors and extension supervisors. This
was a joint effort sponsored by the Instituto Interamericano
de Ciencias Agricolas (IICA), AID and the Ministry of Agricul-
ture.

Prepared a teaching unit in Spanish "Applying Farm Management
Principles to Decision Making" for use in the farm management
and extension courses and in-service training of extension
agents and farm credit agents.

Assisted with participant training program by preparing seven
PIO/Ps for participants and contacted several universities for
placement.

Developed the film schedule for ENA in cooperation with the
professors, RTAC and USIS.

Assisted Dr. Burgos in the preparation of the educational
section of the USAID loan application. The loan for $4,000,000
for the development of CENTA was approved by USAID in Washington,
D.C.

Discussed curriculum evaluation and proposed changes in course
scheduling at ENA with Director Dr. Carlos Burgos.

Attended the Central American Beef and Dairy Cattle Short Course
and Exposition in Guatemala along with three members of the
Animal Science Department.

Attended the Central American Conference for Middle Level Agricul-
tural Schools with counterpart, Dr. Carlos Burgos in Guatemala.
Dr. Burgos was elected vice president of the Directores de Escuela
Agricolas Secundarias de Centroamerica y Panama.

b. Professor Clarence W. Reaves Dairy Scientist. Arrived at post
January 11, 1972. Major counterparts are Mauricio Salazar, Jorge
Dimas, and Oscar Landaverde.

Activities.- Utilized the first six months largely for orientation,
getting acquainted with the livestock industry of El Salvador and
the work of the various agencies in the Ministry of Agriculture,
the Animal Science staff at ENA and their work, the ENA herd
operations and studying Spanish.








- 20 -


Judged the Dairy Cattle Show of the National Livestock Exposition
of El Salvador and attended the Central American Beef and Dairy
Cattle Short Course and Exposition in Guatemala.

Provided plans for a CENTA Animal Science building to be included
with the AID loan with assistance from livestock research person-
nel at the University of Florida.

Assisted counterpart with the development of forms and methods
for improving the breeding status of the dairy herd. Also made an
analysis of the breeding history of the herd to identify problems
and methods of improvement that will improve the economic returns
of the CENTA herd and also of farmer's herds in El Salvador.

Assisted the milk recording section of the Direccion General de
Ganaderia and the short term PASA consultant on (1) upgrading the
production record program so it will be more valuable as a manage-
ment tool for participating dairymen and (2) sunmarizing the limit-
ed data available on the daughters of AI sires of the Ganaderia
Artificial Insemination Center.

Assisted the Animal Science Department in selecting fly control
methods at the livestock barns. Spray material was provided by the
University of Florida-AID project.

Prepared instructions for fitting dairy cattle for show and sale
for use in teaching and student competition. Conducted classes for
students at ENA on fitting and showing of dairy cattle.

c. Dr. Peter E. Hildebrand Agricultural Economist. Arrived at post
April 6, 1972. Major counterpart is Eduardo Pefia.

Activities Worked full time on CENTA loan application from April
10 to May 25.

Worked with Jim Lemley, PASA consultant to IRA for three weeks in
April and May.

Initiated activities in Department of Farm Management (Administra-
cion Agricola) of the Direccion General de Economia Agropecuaria y
Planificacion (DGEAP) on May 25.

During June we worked on establishing a program of work for the
Department which, in effect, also began functioning on May 25 when
the loan paper went to Washington. A preliminary draft of considera-
tions for a work plan was prepared for the Director,DGEAP, the Sub-
secretario and the Minister.

Planned and initiated a fertilizer study on 6 horticultural crops
in cooperation with ENA and CENTA personnel.








- 21 -


Planned and initiated record keeping and economic studies of corn
demonstration plots in 17 extension agencies (about 70 demonstra-
tions).

Planned and initiated study to obtain farm level prices of basic
grains in cooperation with the marketing department of DGEAP.

Completed book on Methodology of Applied Research (co-authored
with Chris Andrew) which is now translated and will be used in
training of CENTA personnel.

Requested review of manual on response surface analysis written
in Spanish by CENTA statistician so it can be published in July
or August. This manual is very important for work of CENTA.

Discovered a two year lag in the processing of experimental data
at CENTA. Obtained several computer programs from the Department
of Agricultural Economics, University of Florida, to use on the
IBM-360 in San Salvador to try to alleviate the problem and be
ready to process the results of new experiments as soon as they
are ready. Will continue working with Biometria of CENTA and
IBM on these data,

d. Dr. George Beinhart Plant Physiologist/Agronomist. Arrived
at post January 26, 1972. Major counterparts are Mario Apontes,
Santa Tecla, and Carlos Suarez, ENA. Direct working contacts
with all members of the professional staff at Santa Tecla and
ENA.

Activities Met with Forage Production Committee February 1 to
plan activities for 1972. Have served as member of this committee
since that date and participated directly and indirectly in
several of the projects sponsored by the committee.

Working with Ings. Suarez and Reyes at ENA; providing photographs
for classroom visual aids and helping to plan various projects
related to field demonstrations and experiments.

Working with staff at Santa Tecla that is assigned to the several
areas of agronomy. In addition to forages, I participated
directly in programs of oil crops, corn, and herbs and special
crops. I provide such help as is possible on an individual basis;
traveling to field sites to inspect progress and problems and
helping to obtain needed supplies, seeds and information.

Attended the Central American Cattle Short Course in Guatemala in
March.

e. Dr. Howard Miller Plant Pathologist. Arrived at Post February
29, 1972. Terminated assignment June 2, 1972 due to medical
reasons. Major counterpart was Roger Landaverde.








- 22 -


Activities Attended Spanish classes full-time in March and April.
In May he became acquainted with the research activities at Santa
Tecla and teaching program at ENA, He took several field trips
with his counterpart to become acquainted with the plant disease
problems in El Salvador and began work with the certified seed
potato project.

f. Short Term Advisors.

1. Dr. Luis E. Tergas Tropical Pasture Specialist. Dates of
tour: January 6 February 6, 1972. Major counterparts were
Porfirio Zepeda Marin and Victor Vasquez.

The objective of his tour was to review the activities of the
Forage Improvement and Production Program and to provide tech-
nical assistance to program the research activities in 1972.
He met with the local committee twice, organized a one day
workshop for ranchers and two one day workshops for extension
agents.

He assisted with the evaluation of the introduction garden and
the planning of several fertilizer trials and the bloodsampling
program. The latter was designed to determine calcium, magne-
sium and phosphorus levels in cattle in the dry season.

2. Dr. Chris Andrew Agricultural Economist. Dates of tour: June
21-28, 1972. Control Officer was Dr. Peter E. Hildebrand.

Activities Assisted in the establishment of priorities for
the Agricultural Economics Department and also brought the
computer program cards. Collaborated with Dr. Hildebrand in
the preparation of two tentative research projects in which
the Agricultural Economics Department of the University of
Florida may participate by sending two students to do the
work. One project is an economic analysis of land and labor
intensive cattle operations on small farms to be conducted in
the northern zone of El Salvador. The other is a study of the
comparative advantage of the country in producing various
vegetable crops for import substitution and exportation.

2, Participant Training Program.

The USAID participant training program expanded considerably in
1972 with the advent of CENTA, The projected expanded personnel
needs places an increased demand on the already limited supply
of agricultural technicians trained in research, extension and
teaching. USAID presently has 13 CENTA personnel receiving
advanced training abroad and 22 more scheduled for training with
1972 funds.









- 23 -


Dr. Carlos Burgos, Director of Ensefianza Agropecuaria, is scheduled
to visit agricultural universities in Mexico, Columbia, Venezuela
and Costa Rica. The purpose of these visits is two-fold, (1) to
get better acquainted with them (special fields, length of time to
earn B.S. and M.S. degrees, etc.), and (2) to acquaint them with
the level of instruction at ENA.

Participants scheduled for study at English speaking institutions
are enrolled in English classes at the Centro El Salvador y Esta-
dos Unidos.

A communications short course (four weeks) was conducted in January
at ENA for 35 professors and extension supervisors.

3. Equipment.

Research and teaching equipment purchased by USAID during the
reporting period included: two calculators, photography equipment
valued at $400 including a 35 mn camera, accessories and develop-
ing equipment, and seven cassette tape recorders (for language lab).
The University of Florida also sent eight cartons of research and
educational materials. Also ordered but not received as yet are:
40 text books, "El Taller En La Granja", a library card catalog
duplicator, and educational slides valued at $200.

C. Problems.

The major problem confronting the advisors on the University of Flo-
rida-AID team is mobility. USAID originally agreed to allow the
University of purchase vehicles for project use. They reneged on
this agreement, however, and advisors presently rely on the Agricul-
tural Section Vehicle Pool for transportation. This arrangement
results in inefficient use of the advisors time and the problem will
get greater as additional advisors are added to the Agricultural
Section. In addition, several of the vehicles now in use are old
and unsafe for use in the field.

III PROJECTED GOALS AND ACTIVITIES.

The goals and activities for the extended project will continue as stated
in the beginning of this report (page 18). One significant addition will
be the departmentalization of activities within CENTA. The eight consoli-
dated subject matter departments will replace the sections programs and
department existing now and will serve the combined Direcciones of
Research, Teaching and Extension. These departments will be Crop Science,
Animal Science, Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Protection, Soils, Agricul-
tural Economics, Agricultural Engineering, and Agricultural Education and
Social Science. The advisors will assist their respective counterparts
(department chairmen) with the administrative procedures involved with
the new organization.








- 24 -


A new plant pathologist is presently being recruited for a two year
period. The University of Florida has also been requested to recruit
a vegetable crop specialist.

Two short term advisors scheduled to assist in the fall of 1972 are
Dr. Simon Malo, Horticulturist, and Dr. A. P. Lorz, Vegetable Specialist.

IV ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES.

The Florida advisors continue to meet weekly with the other members of
the Agricultural Section. These meetings enable the participants to
inform each other of their respective programs and they also improve
coordination of activities.

Dr. Hugh Popenoe, Director of International Programs at the University
of Florida, made an administrative visit to El Salvador April 26 and
27.




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