Title: Florida plant disease management guide
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00053871/00015
 Material Information
Title: Florida plant disease management guide
Alternate Title: Ornamentals and turf
Fruit and vegetables
General plant pathology, field crops and pasture grasses, fungicides, adjuvants and application techniques
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Dept. of Plant Pathology
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: The Extension
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Plant diseases -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Pesticides -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Plant Pathology Dept., University of Florida and Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Florida Cooperative Extension, University of Florida.
Numbering Peculiarities: Issued in three volumes: v. 1, General plant pathology, field crops and pasture grasses, fungicides, adjuvants and application techniques; v. 2, Ornamentals and turf; v. 3, Fruit and vegetables.
General Note: Description based on: 1999-2000.
General Note: "SP-52"
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00053871
Volume ID: VID00015
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 44549741
lccn - 00229071
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida plant disease control guide

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PDM G-V3-43
U UNIVERSITY of
UF FLORIDA
IFAS Extension



2007 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Parsley1


Richard Raid and Pam Roberts2


Specific Common Diseases

Alternaria Leaf Spot (Alternaria radicina)

Symptoms: Infections begin with the appearance
of small brown flecks on parsley leaflets. Lesions
may develop yellow halos as they expand in size and
number. The disease is usually most prevalent on the
oldest leaves and lesions attacking the petiole may
render the entire leaflet brown and appearing
scorched.

Cultural Controls: Controls for Altemaria leaf
spot should include planting in fields where parsley
or carrots have not been planted for several years. The
pathogen is sometimes associated with infected seed,
so purchase high quality seed from a reputable
source. Old plantings should be destroyed and
disked in to avoid spread of inoculum to younger
plantings.

Chemical Controls: Early buildup of Altemaria
leaf spot may preclude multiple cuttings of this crop.
In such cases, fungicidal sprays may be effective and
economical. Scout fields regularly for early
detection. Strobilurin fungicides offer the best
efficacy in controlling this disease. See PPP-6.


Damping-off (Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia
spp.)

Symptoms: Seedlings may die at random or in
rapidly lengthening sections of freshly seeded rows.
Lesions may be observed well up on the petioles as
well as at the soil line. Entire plantings may be lost
unless adequate control measures are practiced.

Cultural Controls: Plant parsley on raised beds
in well-drained soil.

Chemical Control: Ridomil Gold, applied as a
band over seeded rows at the time of planting, may
assist in the control of diseases incited by Pythium
spp. This compound does not control Rhizoctonia.
See PPP-6.

Root Rots (Fusarium spp. and Rhizoctonia
solani)

Symptoms: Initial symptoms of root decay are
the progressive yellowing and browning of older,
lower leaves. Plants may wilt during mid-day.
Ultimately, the entire plant may turn yellow, then
necrotic, and die. Inspections of root systems may
reveal a reddish discoloration and deterioration of


1. This document is PDMG-V3-43, one of a series of the Department of Plant Pathology, 2006 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide, Florida Cooperative
Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Reviewed January 2007. Please visit the EDIS Web site at
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
2. R.N. Raid, professor, Plant Pathology Department, Everglades Research and Education Center--Belle Glade, FL; P.D. Roberts, assistant professor, Plant
Pathology Department, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center--Immokalee, FL; Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex,
sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service,
University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry
Arrington, Dean






2007 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Parsley 2


small feeder roots. Longitudinal, reddish cankers
frequently develop on the taproots. Exterior cortical
tissues appear dry and rotted. With Fusarium, a
reddish discoloration of the internal vascular system
may also be observed, extending well up into the
crown. On an annual basis, this is easily the most
devastating disease of parsley in Florida.

Cultural Controls: Avoid planting parsley in
fields previously planted to this crop. Crop rotations
should exceed five years to be effective. Fallow
flooding during the offseason may assist in reducing
the impact of this disease, but cannot be relied on
solely if parsley is planted in consecutive years.
Excessive seeding densities should be avoided, as
this has been observed to increase disease incidence.

Chemical Controls: Soil fumigation may assist
in reducing the effects of these organisms but is
seldom economical.

Septoria Leaf Spot (Septoria petroselini)

Symptoms: Lesions appear as sunken brown
foliar spots with gray centers. As lesions age, minute
black specks (fungal pycnidia embedded in the leaf
tissues) may be observed under low magnification.
These black specks distinguish Septoria leaf spot
from the leaf spot caused by Alternaria radicina.

Cultural Controls: Septoria may survive for up
to 2 years on infected seed. Plant seed that has been
certified as being free of Septoria or store seed
suspected as being infected for a period of two or
more years. This reduces the viability of the
pycnidia, rendering the pathogen incapable of
infection. Avoid the use of overhead irrigation, as
the pathogen is rain splash disseminated. Also, if an
outbreak has been detected, the movement of
equipment or workers through the field while the
canopy is wet should be minimized.

Chemical Controls: Scout fields for early
detection. The use of recently registered strobilurin
fungicides should assist in reducing the impact of this
disease. See PPP-6.




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