Front Cover
 Natives of the prairie
 The brindled gnu
 The wild boar
 The red fox
 The moose, or elk
 Rocky Mountain sheep
 Back Cover

Group Title: Bird and animal series
Title: Game animals
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00053753/00001
 Material Information
Title: Game animals
Series Title: Bird and animal series
Physical Description: 14 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: McLoughlin Bros., inc ( Publisher )
Publisher: McLoughlin Bros.
Place of Publication: New York
Publication Date: c1886
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1886
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00053753
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001751785
oclc - 02135284
notis - AJG4724

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
    Natives of the prairie
        Page 1
        Page 2
    The brindled gnu
        Page 3
        Page 4
    The wild boar
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    The red fox
        Page 9
        Page 10
    The moose, or elk
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Rocky Mountain sheep
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Back Cover
Full Text

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No. I.-THE BISON, OR BUFFALO, steady aim. The Bisons are very timid
is a species of wild Ox that is found animals and quick to take alarm, have
only in North America. Its long great powers of endurance, and are
shaggy mane gives it a heavy and both swift and sure-footed.
sullen appearance, and it is rather a There is' a certain bird that attaches
formidable creature to encounter. Im- itself to the Buffalo, and is found wher-
mense herds of them are found on the ever that animal exists. It is called by
prairies of the North-West, and they different names in different countries.
are the prey of both Indians and white In Africa it is known as:the Red-billed-
men. Every part of a Buffalo is valu- weaver, and -in some parts of America
able, and the meat is a necessity to the as the Red-billed-ox-biter.
inhabitants of that part of the country. It makes itself perfectly at home on
The Indian could not live without the the Buffalo's back, and industriously
Buffalo. He prepares the skin,-: and. uses its bill in freeing it from the insects
makes out of it- his fine robes and and.worms that hide away in the folds
dresses, his tents, and everything else of its shaggy coat. It warns the Buf-
that is needed in an Indian village. falo when an enemy is near, and the
The Buffalo is a heavy creature and two appear to be on the best of terms.
cannot run as fast as the Indian's fleet
horse that once used to run wild on the
prfound in great numbers on the'Ameri-
One way of hunting the Buffalo is to can prairies, and illustrates the fact that
One way of hunting the Buffalo is to
drive the herd to the edge of a precipice, "Great beasts have little beasts to bite them."
and close around it so there is but one It keeps close on the track of the Bisons
way of escape, and that is by a plunge and watches its chance to bring one
into the valley below. Hundreds are of these great creatures to the ground.
killed annually by this method of whole- These wolves care more for Buffalo
sale slaughtering, and sometimes whole meat than they do for human flesh, and
herds are destroyed. Another, and less packs of them accompany hunting par-
cruel way,.is for the hunter to chase the ties, and hang on the outskirts of the
Bisons and shoot them at full speed. camps, in order to secure that portion of
It is very exciting, and requires a good the huge carcass which is left for them
rider, a good horse, a true eye, and to devour.

The Baldwin Library

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No. I.-THE BRINDLED GNU is ment when in a state of alarm. "They
a species of African Antelope. It commence whisking their long white
has curious shaped horns that bend tails," says Cumming, "in a most eccen-
downward from the head, and then tric manner; then springing suddenly in-
turn suddenly upward like two great to the air, they begin pawing and caper-
hooks. ing, and pursue each other in circles at
Its great black mane, its bushy beard their utmost speed. Suddenly they all
and broad nose, give it a most fero- pull up together to overhaul the intruder,
cious appearance, and it is difficult to when some of the bulls will commence
tell whether it is a wild bull, a wild fighting in the most violent manner,
horse, or a wild antelope. The Dutch dropping on their knees at every shock;
settlers call it wildebeestc-"wild ox"- then quickly wheeling about, they kick
and are careful to keep it out of their up their heels, whirl their tails with a
cattle-yards, fantastic flourish, and scour across the
The Gnus have a great deal of curi- plain enveloped in a cloud of dust."
osity, and hunters, knowing this peculi- Livingstone, the great African explorer,
arity, will, by hanging out a bit of cloth says English sportsmen, although
or anything in the shape of a signal, first rate shots at home, arc notorious
attract a whole herd that has been for the number of their misses on first
quietly feeding at a distance. trying to shoot in Africa. Everything
Cautiously they approach, and with is on such a large scale, and there is
heads bent charge at the object, if it such a glare of bright sunlight, that
is not removed, and then the whole im- some time is required to enable them to
mense herd dashes off again in single judge of distances.
file. 'Is it wounded?' inquired a gentle-
The Brindled Gnu-so called because man of his dark attendant, after firing at
of its striped coat-differs in many an antelope. 'Yes! the ball went right
other respects from the common Gnu, into his heart!' These mortal wounds
about which not very much is known, never proving fatal, he desired a friend
however, as it is but seldom found in who understood the language to explain
captivity, to the man that he preferred the truth
The Gnus live in herds, in company in every case. 'I thought he would be
with ostriches, zebras and giraffes and displeased,' said the native 'if I told him
have a singular way of showing excite- that he never hits at all.'

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No. I.-THE WILD BOAR, from rushed upon the point, or exposed
which have sprung all the varieties of himself to a thrust from the person by
the domestic hog, was formerly found whom the weapon was held.
in nearly every country of Europe The parts into which the hunter tried
and Asia, and in parts of Africa. In to plunge his spear, with the view of
America it was unknown until brought inflicting the most deadly blows, were
there by Europeans. It was at one the forehead between the eyes, and the
time quite common in the forests of breast, directly under the shoulder-
England, and a Boar's head was the blade.
prominent dish at distinguished ban- It happened sometimes, however, that
quets. A Wild Boar hunt was a favorite the Boar would by a sudden movement,
sport among the English gentry, and contrive to seize the haft of the spear
forest laws were made on purpose to between his powerful jaws, in which
protect this game. But the breed has case the hunter was exposed to the
about died out there, and all efforts to greatest danger. One crunch was suf-
restore it have proved unsuccessful. ficient to grind the wood to fragments;
So fierce and powerful were these and the next instant, unless some one
Boars that both dogs and hunters pur- was by to renew the attack, the enraged
sued them at the risk of their lives, beast had his unarmed enemy upon the
A Boar would kill a dog with a single ground under his hoofs, tearing him in
blow from his tusks; and when he pieces with his terrible tusks. When
turned on a pack would lay several of horses were employed they were fre-
them dead in as many moments. One, quently wounded in this way.
who was pursued by fifty dogs, sud- A species of Wild Boar is found in
denly turned on them, and not only India which makes terrible havoc among
slew six or seven, but wounded so many the crops. It is a fierce and savage
more, that only ten out of the whole beast, with a remarkably keen scent, and
number came home uninjured, has two ugly tusks projecting from its
During the middle ages, the animal, lower jaw with which it roots up the
when brought to a stand, was attacked, ground, and also uses in attacking an
sometimes on horse-back, and some- enemy. The females of this breed have
times on foot; either by swords which no tusks, but they have sharp teeth and
were struck into his flesh, or strong bite fiercely when molested.
spears that were held out until he Boar-hunting in India is always con-


ducted on horse-back, and the animal is them could not be pulled up in time to
attacked by long spears or javelins, prevent their going into a deep branch
which are not usually thrust into the of the river, the banks of which were
flesh, the hunter holding the weapon, at least fourteen or fifteen feet high.
but are lanced at him from a distance of Luckily for us there was no water in it,
twenty or thirty yards, as he flies before or anything but fine sand, and no person
his mounted pursuers. was hurt. One of the horses, which
It is quite common in India for an was very vicious, got loose, attacked the
enraged Wild Boar to pursue an unfor- others, and obliged all the gentlemen to
tunate native, to overtake him as he leave them and walk to their tents,
flies, and putting his snout between the where one of the horses had arrived
man's legs, cut right and left and pass before them, and the rest were soon
on, leaving the poor man wounded and caught.
helpless on the ground. "A few days after this we went again,
A description of a Boar-hunt in India early in the morning, in pursuit of the
is given by a gentleman who took part same hog, and found him farther off
in it. "I was one of eight gentlemen," from the grass jungle, in a *rhur-field,
he says, "on a sporting excursion near from which, with much difficulty, we
the city of Patua, on the banks of the drove him into a plain where he stood
Soane River. Returning one morning at bay, challenging the whole party,
from shooting, we met with a very large boldly charging every horse that came
Boar, which we did not fire at or molest, within fifty yards of him, and grunting
as several of the gentlemen were very loudly as he advanced. I was then a
fond of hunting them, and we had no novice in the sport, but I have never
spears with us. since seen any hog charge so fiercely.
'The next morning all sallied forth in The horse I rode would not go near him,
search of him, and just as we arrived at and when I was a considerable distance
the spot where we saw him the day off, he charged another horse with such
before, we discovered him at some dis- ferocity, that mine reared and plunged
tance, trotting off toward a grass jungle in such a violent manner as to throw
on the banks of the river. We urged me off. Two or three others were dis-
on our horses as fast as possible, and mounted at the same time, and although
were nearly up with him when he sud- there were many horses present that had
detnly- disappeared. ()ur horses were
Sh* Rhur is a plant whiLh grows to the height of six ur scvcn feec, the
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long been accustomed to the sport, not made of their bristles and skin, and the
one of them would stand his charge. city of Cincinnati has been nicknamed
Ile fairly drove the whole party off the Porkopolis, on account of its enormous
field, and gently trotted on to the grass trade in this special product.
jungle, (foaming and grinding his tusks,) Pigs are very contrary, but the
through which it was impossible to fol- Learned Pig is proof that they can be
low or drive him. taught and trained to do wonderful
"The largest Boar I have ever seen things, and a story is told of one which
killed was extremely old and thin; he attained considerable skill as a pointer.
nieasured, in height to the top of his Its scent was so keen that it would
shoulder, forty three inches, and his often find birds that the dogs had missed.
tusks were ten inches long. He was
fierce but showed little sport, owing to MUSICAL SWINE.
his taking shelter in a thick rhur-field A certain witty abbot, who was
from which we could not drive him. skilled in the construction of new mu-
Two very large greyhounds were slip- sical instruments, was ordered by Louis
ped to him; one of them he killed in- XI., of France, more in jest than in
stantly, and the other he severely earnest, to procure him a concert of
wounded. A random spear, thrown by swines' voices. The abbot said that
a gentleman who did not see him dis- the thing could doubtless be done, but
tinctly at the time, struck him in the it would cost a great deal of money.
head, and he fell dead without receiving The king ordered that he should hav.2
any other wound." whatever he required for the purpose,
Swine are not very cleanly in their and the abbot wrought out a most curi-
habits, and by some people their flesh ous and original contrivance.
is regarded as most unwholesome He got together a number of swine
food. It is made great use of, however, of several ages, and placed them under
:nd is the main dependence of travelers a tent, or pavilion, covered with velvet,
un long voyages. Some farmers do before which he had a table of wood
not take good care of their pigs, but with a certain number of keys on it like
r:!low them to feed on all kinds of gar- an organ. As he played on the keys
bage, which has a tendency to poison little spikes pricked the swine, and made
their flesh and render it unfit to be eaten. them cry out in such order and harmony,
"Tl'h are not dainty animals, but prefer that the king and all his company were
'vegetable t- animal food. (arcat use is highly delighted.
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No. i.-THE RED FOX is found in and dale, through fields and furrows.
various parts of the globe, is quite Foxes prowl around at night, and prefer
common in Europe and America, and darkness to light because their deeds
is a very cruel and crafty animal. It are evil." If driven into their holes, and
is particularly fond of poultry, and surrounded with traps, they will go
easily outwits the farmer, and escapes without food for days and weeks, rather
all the traps, in its efforts to secure the than come out and run the risk of being
coveted prize. It has sharp pointed caught. The farmer who is annoyed by
ears, a bushy tail, is very swift-footed, this unwelcome visitor and anxious to
and can make extraordinary leaps, get rid of him, runs him to cover and
The Fox throws off a peculiar odor- then digs, smokes, or drowns out sly
somewhat like aniseed--and the hounds Mr. Fox and shows him no mercy.
following this scent, are led a lively The Red Fox not only haunts the
chase in pursuit of the wily creature, woods near villages, where hens, tur-
For some time it will go in a straight keys, ducks, and geese abound, but also
line, with hounds and hunters in full makes its home in the sand-hills on the
cry at the rear, then suddenly dodge sea-coast. Sometimes there is a bay
aside and disappear, to the astonishment between these hills and the main-land,
and vexation of its pursuers. The over which Mr. Fox will run in the
tail of the Fox is called "the brush," winter season when the ice is thick, and
and is the prize awarded to the hunts- help himself to many a nice tid-bit from
man who first arrives on the spot where the farm-yards. Should a thaw take
the animal is run down and brought to place, and break up the ice in the bay,
the ground. the Fox may have to take to the woods
Fox-hunting was once a favorite and make its home there until Jack
pastime in England, and is still carried Frost comes round again.
on to some extent in certain parts of Although the Fox is shaped some-
Great Britain. The sport has been in- what like a dog, and its voice is a kind
produced into America, and serves to of yelp, it can never be tamed, nor has
amuse those who are fond of hard rid- it ever been known to display any af-
ing. "Tally ho! Tally ho!" is sounded fection for man.
and away go hounds, horses, hunters Baby Foxes are comical little crea-
and huntresses in a pell-mell, helter- tures, and early show their liking for
skelter, harum-scarum race over hill poultry fresh from the farm-yard.



No. I.-Tinii MOOSE, OR ELK, is the the North Pole, where there is ice and
largest member of the Deer family, and snow the year round. It escapes to
inhabits the snowy regions of Northern this region in order to get rid of the
Europe and America. Its horns, or troublesome flies and insects that are
antlers, are very large and very heavy- found in the forests, and is very useful
one specimen was found to weigh eighty- to the Laplanders, and serves them both
one pounds-and one would think they as horse and cow. It furnishes them
would be greatly in the animal's way. with food and clothes, and is their only
But they are not, for the Elk draws wealth.
them backward so that they seem to The man who owns a herd of Rein-
serve as wings to increase the swiftness deer-a thousand or more-is regarded
of its flight. The flesh, skin and horns as very rich indeed, and is looked up to
of the Elk are in such demand that the by those who possess only a few hundred
animal is much sought after by hunters, of these animals. It is taught to draw
It is easily alarmed, and remarkably sledges, and to carry burdens on its
keen of scent, as well as swift-footed, back; and its powers of endurance are
and when closely pursued will use its so great that it can travel many hours
horns and its hoofs against an enemy. without showing any signs of weariness.
The gait of the Elk is exceedingly It lives wholly upon a species of moss
awkward, and its hoofs are so con- that is found under the frozen snow,
structed that it can make but little pro- and seems quite content with this poor
gress when the snow is deep on the food, which our horses and cows would
ground. Then the hunters put on their not think fit to eat. fhe American
snow-shoes and by driving the Elk into REINDEER, or CARIBOU, furnishes food
a snow-bank, manage to secure their and clothing to the Esquimaux, but has
prey, after a very short chase. But never been trained to become a beast of
when the ground is hard enough to burden. It lives in a wild state, and is
support the heavy animal the Moose the prey of both red and white men.
leads the hunters a long and wearisome The antlers of the Reindeer differ
chase, some what from those of the Moose,
It is a capital swimmer, and can be but in all other respects they are very
trained to draw sledges, and become a much alike. The dried deer-flesh is
beast of burden, called pemlicali, and is highly prized
The REuINOEI, makes its home near by Arctic travelers.

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No. I.-THE BIG HORN, OR ROCKY- Should strangers come suddenly up-
MOUNTAIN SHEEP, is one of the on a flock of Sheep, the mothers and
giants of that breed of animals. It their lambs crowd closely together,
dwells far up on lofty mountain peaks, leaving the rams outside the circle to
and is satisfied with the scanty herbage charge the enemy with their crooked
that grows there, never seeking the horns.
plains in search of food or adventure. A lady had on her farm a handsome
It is very shy and timid, and at the Sheep, which she had named Juno, and
sound of a whistle or report of a gun a ram named Jupiter. She was in the
it will hide itself in some of the deep habit of petting Juno, who always ran
recesses, where man would not dare to forward to greet. iis kind mistress, and
follow. The horns of this Sheep which to be fed from her hand, while Jupiter
are over three feet in length, rise from kept a respectful distance.
the head, project backwards, and then One day, when Juno was being pet-
curl around so that the extreme point is ted and fed, Jupiter stole softly behind
on a line with the ear. his mistress, and charging with all his
It is curious to notice the different might threw her suddenly off her feet,
ways that horns are worn by the different to the astonishment of poor innocent
varieties of Sheep and Goats. Some are Juno. The lady was both amazed and
short and scarcely to be seen; some amused at this exhibition of jealousy,
stand up straight; others curl around and was careful ever afterwards to pay
the ears, or on top of the head. Some Juno no more attention than she paid to
rise high in front and project backward Jupiter.
more than half the length of the body; The Sheep is very useful to man. It
and an Asiatic Sheep has horns that are furnishes him with food and clothing,
spiral and stand above its head like two and is a source of great wealth. Some
immense corkscrews. men devote themselves to raising fine
The Sheep is a much more timid ani- breeds in order to improve the quality
mal than the Goat, and defends itself in of the meat, and the wool, which in
an entirely different manner. The Goat some Sheep is very soft and silky.
stands on its hind-legs, and dashes God has made no animal without some
sideways at its foe; while the Sheep weapon of defence, and the Rocky
darts forward and hurls its whole weight Mountain Sheep evidently knows what
against the object of attack, big horns are for.

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