t 4 i ll
BEASTS OF PREY.
No. I.-THE SPOTTED HYENA, Lion's path, and are struck down by its
OR TIGER WOLF, is a fierce and blood- mighty paws.
thirsty animal. It lives in holes or The Lion is found in Africa, and in
among rocks, and when the sun goes parts of Asia. It is easily tamed when
down it sets off in search of food, and taken young, but is always a dangerous
no sheep-fold or cattle-pen is safe from pet, as a slight taste of blood will create
its intrusion. It is not above eating a thirst for more, and endanger the life
human flesh, and has been known to of its master.
enter the huts of the Kaffirs and to
No. 3.-THE JAGUAR, is a Leopard-
carry off and devour the .young chil- .
r. nder t n like wild-cat, known in America as the
dren. When under great excitement it
Panther. It was an inhabitant of the
performs some curious antics, and at P h .
perms some crius anti, and at forests when this country was first dis-
the same time gives forth an unearthly
laugh, on which account it is calledthe covered, and as jealous of its rights as
laugh, on which account it is called the rr^ r r
Laughing Hyena. It has. rows were the red men. Between the Indians
Laughing Hyena. It has three rows .
and the wild-cat the poor settlers had a
of teeth, like the shark; and its tail is a t w t
S. terrible time, and thrilling tales are told
furnished with sharp darts like that of .
of unexpected encounters with the cruel
"painter", as the animal was sometimes
No. 2.-THE LION, is the KING OF called. Its cat-like, stealthy tread pre-
BEASTS, and the most distinguished vented its being heard until it was near
member of the Cat family. It is steal- enough to spring upon its unhappy
thy in its movements, quick to hear, victim, to whom a musket was but little
and swift to attack. The Lion creeps protection.
cautiously along in search of its prey, At dark it left the forests, and prowled
and when at the right place leaps out around the habitations of man, tore
upon the animal and strikes it to the open hen-roosts, broke into stables and
ground. If disappointed in obtaining killed the horses, and made but one
food, it puts its mouth to the ground meal of the contents of the pig-pen.
and roars most terrifically. This sound The only way to stop these depreda-,
alarms all the other animals that may tions, was to kill off all the panthers, okf
be crouching near, and drives them and young, and after awhile the --.[tlers
from their lairs, and in their terror and succeeded in driving them be, ond the
confusion many of them run across the borders of civilization. ---
The Bidwm Lbray
HIPPOPOTAMUS AND ANTELOPE.
No. I.-THE HIPPOPOTAMUS, OR stant the enormous jaws appear above
SEA Cow, is a native of Western Afri- the water. In its rage the beast often
ca. It is a homely beast, with an enor- crunches the boat with its jaws, or shiv-
mously large mouth, and an exceedingly ers it to pieces with a kick from its hind
thick hide. It has a voracious appetite, foot.
and devours bushels of grass at a Then the men have to dive and swim
single meal. Its legs are so short and for their lives, and while the beast looks
its body so heavy that it makes a very for them on top of the water they, being
clumsy appearance when out of the below, escape its sight.
water. During the day it keeps close A baby Hippopotamus is a curious
to the river, but at night wanders forth looking creature, of a pinkish yellow
in herds, and does great damage to the color.
cultivated fields, by trampling down the
growing crops. The teeth of the Hip- No. 2.-THE ANTELOPE is a native
popotamus are" whiter and more valua- of Africa. It is a very timid and grace-
ble than those of the elephant, and its ful creature, and wonderfully swift of
tough skin is used for a variety of pur- foot. It has handsomely shaped horns
poses. It has a most peculiar snort, and a beautifully tinted coat. Its food
which, when given in chorus, is calcu- consists of tender grass and young
lated to startle even the bravest, twigs, and it generally makes its home
The harpoon, with which the natives under the shade of tall trees. Antelopes
attack the Hippopotamus, ends in a flat move in herds, and are very careful to
oval-shaped piece of iron sharpened to have guards outside the main body to
a very fine edge. A long and strong warn them of approaching danger.
rope is fastened to this weapon, at the There are several varieties of Ante-
end of which is a piece of wood. lopes, but all have the same character-
Some Hippopotamus hunters go out istics: long horns, short tail, slender
in long light canoes, each manned limbs, and cloven hoofs.
by twb men, and this sort of hunting Though somewhat resembling the.
requires great skill, courage, and nerve, deer, they do not belong to that family,
The harpoon is thrown, the piece of but are more closely allied to the sheep
wood floats so that the course of the and goats.
beast can be known, and the men stand Deer shed their horns, but Antelopes
ready to dart another harpoon the in- do not.
C~~; A---- ,
THE BROWN BEAR AT HOME.
No. I.--'HE BROWN BEAR is display great attachment for each other
found in Europe and Asia, and is the and are very affectionate toward human
most common of all Bears. It makes friends.
its home in caves in mountainous dis- Not many years ago it was quite a
tricts, and subsists chiefly on roots and common sight, even in the streets of
vegetables, and the small limbs of young our large cities, to see a man with a
trees. It is very fond of ants, and also hand-organ leading a Brown Bear by a
of honey, and displays considerable in- stout chain, and occasionally halting to
genuity in securing these dainties. The give an out-door performance. Crowds
Bear is also very partial to ripe corn, and were collected-for a Bear is always
is not satisfied with a small allowance, a great curiosity-and much amuse-
but will sit on its haunches in a corn- ment was afforded by Bruin's curious
field and gather into its arms as much antics. One Bear was taught to waltz,
as it can hold, the ears of which it then and to hold a gun, and to go through
devours. A well-fed Brown Bear will the military drill with the precision of a
increase astonishingly in size and in soldier. It was funny to see the big
weight, and will live to a very great creature going through its tasks in such
age. a solemn way, evidently wondering
The Brown Bear, when captured what it was all about, and why the
young, is readily tamed and can be people should laugh so heartily at its
taught many accomplishments. It soon most graceful efforts.
learns to know and to follow its owner, As several persons had been hugged
and is a playful and affectionate com- to death by these strange pets, a law
panion. The young Cubs are full of was passed that no more should be
comical antics, and play with each other brought to this country unless they
like young children. The Bear is a formed part of a menagerie, and a per-
good climber, a good swimmer, and a forming Bear would even now be some-
good digger. Late in the autumn it thing of a curiosity.
retires to its den, and remains in a torpid Although the Brown Bear prefers
state for at least three months, during roots and vegetables for its daily diet,
which time another little family is born. when pressed by hunger it will seize or
In January or February they leave their cattle, and also attack human beings.
winter quarters, and resume their sports On this account it is not safe for travel-
and pastimes in the sunshine. Bears ers to venture too near their haunts, or
THE BROWN BEAR AT HOME.
to run the risk of sleeping out at night "The children were at first so fright-
without a companion to keep watch, ened at sight of the great shaggy beast
The Brown Bear figures largely in that each of them crept into a corner
fairy stories, which generally show forth and dared not speak. But Bruin found
Bruin's really kind and gentle disposi- them all out and smelt of them, but did
tion, and teach the lesson that a warm them no harm.
heart may often be found under a rough This must be a big dog,' they said,
coat. and began to stroke him.
Hans Andersen tells the following "When he laid down on the floor,
pretty little story of the youngest boy climbed on his back
and hid his head, with its golden curls,
"WHAT THE MOON SA ." the beast's shaggy fur and played at
In the parlor of a small inn at the hide-and-seek.
end of a small town," said the moon, "Presently, the eldest boy took his
"there sat a man eating hi:. supper. drum and began to beat .upon it as
He had been traveling about with a bear loudly as he could. Then Bruin rose
all day, picking up a little money here up on his hind legs and began to dance.
and there, and he was very tired and The children were delighted. After
very hungry. ^ that each boy took his gun, and gave
"The bear was tied up outside the one to the bear also, which he held
palings, and was perfectly safe. Neither quite properly, and then they marched
would he harm anybody. round the room in fine style. What a
Up-stairs in the garret three little splendid playfellow they had found !
children were playing in the light of my How well he kept step! One, Two!
rays, the eldest of whom was about six One, Two! Oh, it was grand I
years old, and the youngest not more Suddenly some one came to the
than two. door. It was the children's mother.
"Presently, there was a sound of heavy She was dumb with terror. Her face
footsteps on the stairs. Stump! Stump! was oh! so white; her mouth was open;
Stump! Who could it be? The door her eyes were fixed and staring.
flew open, and there stood Bruin!- "The youngest boy nodded to her,
great, shaggy old Bruin He had got his face shining with joy, and said 'See,
tired of waiting outside, and had made we are playing soldiers I'
his way up the stairs. I saw it all," "Then the bear's master came up."
said the moon. This was what the moon saw; and it
THE BROWN BEAR AT HOME.
might easily have been a true story, for ordinary, he was astonished to see the
Bears have been known to do queer animal roll his eyes in a furious manner,
things, and to show their fondness for and seeming as if he wished him to
children in a variety of ways. make as little noise as possible, for fear
of awaking the child, whom he clasped
"Leopold, Dukeof Lorraine, hadabear to his breast. The animal, though rav-
called Marco, of the sagacity and sensi- enous, did not appear the least moved
ability of which we have the following with the food which was placed before
remarkable instance. During the winter him. The report of this extraordinary
of I709, a Savoyard boy, ready to circumstance was soon spread at court,
perish with cold in a barn, in which he and reached the ears of Leopold, who,
had been put by a good woman, with with part of his courtiers, was desirous
some more of his companions, thought of being satisfied of the truth of Marco's
proper to enter Marco's hut, without generosity. Several of them passed the
reflecting on the danger which he ran night near his hut, and beheld with
in exposing himself to the mercy of the astonishment that the bear never stirred
animal which occupied it. Marco, as long as his guest showed an inclina-
however, instead of doing any injury to tion to sleep. At break of day the child
the child, took him between his paws, awoke, was very much ashamed to find
and warmed him by pressing him to himself discovered, and fearing that he
his breast until the next morning, would be punished for his rashness,
when he suffered him to depart to ram- begged pardon. The bear, however,
ble about the city. The Savoyard caressed him, and endeavored to pre-
returned in the evening to the hut, and vail on him to eat what had been
was received with the same affection. brought to him the evening before,
For several days he had no other which he did at the request of the spec-
retreat, and it added not a little to his tators, who conducted him to the prince.
joy, to perceive that the bear regularly Having learned the whole history of
reserved part of his food for him. A this singular alliance, and the time
number of days passed in this manner which it had continued, Leopold ordered
without the servants knowing anything care to be taken of the little Savoyard,
of the circumstance. At length, when who would doubtless have soon made
one of them came one day to bring his fortuiie, had he -not died a short
the bear his supper, rather later than time after."
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THE GREAT WHITE BEAR
No. I.-THE POLAR, OR WHITE As the Polar Bear is a native of a
BEAR, is an inhabitant of the Arctic cold climate, where ice and snow pre-
regions. It differs in shape from all vail the year round, we may imagine
other Bears, having a smaller head and how homesick it must be when kept in
longer neck. Its fur is white and captivity, and how it must suffer through
smooth, and its toes are joined together the hot summer days.
like those of ducks and geese, so that Bear's meat is a welcome addition to
it is as much at home in the water as it the larder of Arctic explorers, who vary
is on the land. When on the land it their monotonous life by hunting and
can run a great deal faster than any fishing. The Polar Bear is a danger-
man. It feeds principally upon the seals ous animal to meet, and great caution
that make their home in the icy waters. has to be used in approaching it, as its
The Polar Bear mounts the hills of scent is very keen, and it will often turn
ice, or hummocks, to get a view of the and attack a human being without any
wide plain whereon a seal may be rest- reason. Even when seriously wounded
ing; or to snuff the air that lets it it will fight desperately with teeth and
know that the remains of a whale, or a claws till Death ends the struggle.
walrus, have been deserted by the fish- Sometimes a Polar Bear will get
ermen, and will make it an ample feast, adrift upon an ice-floe and be borne out
As the seal is very watchful, the Bear is to sea, and hundreds of miles away
not always successful in seizing its prey, from its own home. When it reaches
and sometimes has to go without food land it starts out at once to appease its
for several days. hunger, and sheep and cattle fall before
The following instance is given as its devouring way. The loss is soon
proof of the sagacity of the Bear. discovered, and the Bear is speedily
A seal that had come up out of the destroyed. Sometimes quite a number
water to breathe, lay on a cake of ice, of Polar Bears are thus brought to civ-
and was marked out by a Bear for its ilized shores, against their will, and
prey. The Bear, diving under the ice manage to do considerable damage be-
made its way toward the hole near the fore they are discovered and put to death.
seal. The seal, observing its approach, The Polar Bear, being very cunning
plunged into the water, and the Bear and wise, is not easily entrapped, al-
soon appeared on the ice with the seal though it displays no fear in approach-
in its mouth, ing the vessels of the whale fishers.
ASIATIC ELEPHANT, AND BENGAL TIGER.
No. I.-THE ELEPHANT is found furious eyes, and savage yells, that it
in both Asia and Africa. The Asiatic generally turns tail and beats an un-
Elephant has a longer head and smaller dignified retreat.
ears than its African relative, whose White Elephants are occasionally
ears are simply enormous. Elephants found in India, and are treated like
live in herds, and are always found in royal personages. They are decorated
deep forests near a stream of water, with costly gems, have magnificent
The most wonderful thing about an houses to live in, and are provided
Elephant is its long proboscis, or trunk, with silver eating-troughs.
with which it can pull down trees or
pick up small blades of grass. No. 2.-THE BENGAL TIGER is a
Tame Elephants are sometimes most ferocious animal. It hides itself
made use of to capture the wild ones; in the tall grass so that it can scarcely
but when hunters want to catch a great be seen, and crawls stealthily along in
number of Elephants they corral them. pursuit of its victim, on whom it springs
A corral is a large place fenced round with deadly force.
with strong stakes. It has an open Its feet are furnished with hooked
ing fc:r the Elephants to go in, but no claws as sharp as sickles, which cut
way in which they can get out. At deeply into the flesh, and with these
night the hunters surround the herd, weapons he can bring almost any foe
with lighted torches; they make loud to the ground. The natives have a
cries, and beat drums so that the Ele- great dread of the "man-eater," as
phant-s begin to run. And there is but they call the Tiger, and are paralyzed
one way for them to run, and that is with terror at its appearance. The na-
into the corral. tive horses are greatly excited when
The Asiatic Elephant is an intelligent they scent the Tiger's presence, or see
creature, and is made the servant and a bit of its skin, and manifest this fear
companion of man. It is made great use by kicking and plunging and flying in
of on State occasions, and is especially an opposite direction.
trained for tiger hunting. In spite of The Tiger is a cunning animal and
the training the Elephant has a great difficult to entrap. It can never be
dread of its tawny foe, and when wholly tamed, or trusted, and it is not
brought face to face with a living tiger, safe to make a companion of this, or
is so terrified by its fierce bounds, its any other savage beast.
. . . ..
No. i -THE RHINOCEROS is a No. 2.-THE GIRAFFE, OR CAMELO-
singular looking animal, with a horn PARD, is the tallest of quadrupeds. It is
on the end of its nose. This horn is from eighteen to twenty feet in height,
its only weapon of defence, and its and has a singular form, and an exceed-
strength and sharpness is shown by ingly long neck. It cannot graze on
the way in which it ploughs up the level ground, but lifts its head to gather
ground and cuts down bushes,-appa- the tender leaves from branches three
rently for sport. It has an extremely times as high as a tall man. The most
thick hide that hangs in folds over its beautiful part of its body is the head.
body, so that it has the appearance of The mouth is small; the eyes are bril-
being clad in armor. Between the folds liant and full. It is graceful in some of
of this thick skin, there is an under its-.motionis, but most awkward in run-
skin, or cuticle, which is left bare, and ning, and when pursued will hide its
is quite suft. It has an upper lip like a head and kick furiously at the enemy.
horse, which it can extend to the dis- Its hind legs are so light and its blows
tance of six or seven inches from the so rapid that the eye cannot follow
nose, and draw it to a point so that it them. They are sufficient for its defence
somewhat resembles a tapir. This lip against the lion, and it never uses its
is soft and appears to be the chief seat horns in resisting any attack.
"of feelinWg. With this instrument, which The Giraffe is a gentle, playful crea-
serves the same end as the trunk of the ture, and rather fond of admiration. Its
elephant, the animal can take up and hide is extremely thick, and is used for
grasp with great force the smallest sub- shoe-soles, shields, and similar purposes.
The Rhinoceros, frequents the river No. 3.--THE ZEBR.-, OR WIL
banks, and enjoys wallowing in the HORSE, presents a striking appearance.
mud. It is very irritable in temper, and Its color is creamy white, marked %with
when in a fit of rage, will dash at any regular black stripes all over its head,
animal that is near and kill it with a neck, body, and legs. It is a light and
blow from its horn. graceful animal, with slender legs and
Only the hardest kind of bullets can small hoofs. It has a stubborn dispo .:
penetrate its thick skin, which is made sition, and is not easily tamed, and
into shields by the natives of both Asia makes its home in the mountainous
and Africa. districts of South Africa.