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APES AND MONKEYS.
I No. I.-TIHE GREEN MONKEY is only styled the "wild man of the
the name given to certain of these four- woods." Its legs are short but strong,
handed creatures, that are found in great and it has long powerful arms which
abundance in their native forests, and are enable it to move from tree to tree with
frequently brought over to this country. ease and rapidity. It is a native of
Their fur is black and brown; but the Asia, and when young is quite docile
black hairs have a blue shade, and the and affectionate; but an old Orang-
brown ones a light yellow, so that in outang is a hideous creature.
blending together they take on a green
No. 5.-THE nIAGOT, or BARBARY
hue which gives the Monkey its name.
APE, is one of the best known of the
No. 2.-TiHE BABOON belongs to a monkey tribe, as it is better able to
group of monkeys that have heads like travel and to endure the changes of cli-
dogs. They walk on all fours, but sit mate. It is very gentle when young,
like monkeys, and are ugly in looks, and capable of being taught a number
have disagreeable tempers, and disgust- of monkey-tricks. It walks on all
ing manners. They are expert in fours, and looks very much like a dog,
climbing trees; and their powerful arms, and occasionally shows its teeth in a
long sharp teeth, and massive jaws, ferocious manner.
make them a foe that all other animals
No. 6.-THE PAPION is another
are glad to shun.
one of the dog-headed baboons, and,
No. 3.-THE SIAMANG is a native though not particularly good-looking,
of the island of Sumatra, and is covered is less brutal than some of the tribe.
with a thick coat of woolly black hair. It has quite a lengthy tail. The bab-
It has no tail, and its fingers are joined oons move in troops, the strong ones
together so that it cannot use its hands guarding the weak, and all under the
as cleverly as some of the other apes. charge of a powerful chief.
It is timid and rather good-natured, but
., No. 7.-THE RING-TAILED LEMUR
will defend itself bravely when attacked, RD
and vey to is a cross between a monkey and a cat.
and i-s very devoted to its offspring. - \j
St is a native of Madagascar, and quite ,
No. 4.-TIiE ORANG-OUTANG is easily tamed. Its motions are lively,
a huge ape that bears so much resem- and it moves its tail about with wonder-
blance to human kind that it is corn- ful grace.
The Baldwin Librnry
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WOLVES AND WEASELS.
No. I.-THE JAPANESE SABLE is No. 3.-THE AARD WOLF, or
a member of the weasel family. The EARTH WOLF, is related to the hyenas
most valuable Sables are found in the and the civets. It has strong fore-feet
northern part of Asia, and they live in furnished with stout claws, with which
holes in the earth, or beneath the roots it scratches and digs deep burrows in
of trees. They are very courageous, the ground. Its hind legs are weak.
and will attack and destroy animals When angry it bristles up its mane, and
much larger than themselves, looks exceedingly fierce.
The fur of the Sable is of great
value, and hunters expose themselves No. 4.-THE WOLF seems to partake
to great perils and privations in order of the nature of a lion, a dog, a hyena,
to obtain it, and often lose their lives and a cat. It is always hungry, and
in the wastes of snow where the Sable very bold in attacking its prey. It has
loves to dwell. It is so tender that the cruel teeth, and will not hesitate to eat
least mark of an arrow, or the ruffling even the members of its own family.
of the hair, spoils the sale of the skin. Wolves are found in almost every
Traps are laid, and nooses thrown, quarter of the globe, and though they
but not always with success, as the ani- may differ in outward appearance, they
mal is exceedingly cautious and not are alike fierce and blood-thirsty.
easily captured. As the Sable burrows When caught, they are most cowardly.
like a weasel, and climbs like a cat,
and is a very blood-thirsty creature, it No. 5.-THE HUNTING DOG, or
makes sad havoc among the rabbits WILD HOUND, is a native of the Cape
and hares, and as often as possible adds of Good Hope, and seems to be a link
a bird to its bill of fare. between the dogs and hyenas. It has a
keen scent, and seldom misses its prey.
No. 2.-THE CIVET is a native of Whole packs of these Hunting Dogs
northern Africa and resembles both a start off by themselves in pursuit of
weasel and a wolf. It is prized on ac- game, or to rob the cattle-pens and
count of its scent-pouch," from which sheep-folds, and do a great amount of
is extracted a valuable perfume similar to damage in a single night. If they can-
musk. It has sharp teeth, strong jaws, not secure a whole ox they will bite off
and is a dangerous animal to handle, its tail, and leave the poor creature at
When angry it gives fierce growls. the mercy of the flies.
A LOT OF WILD CATS.
No. I.-THE PAMPAS CAT-or of the cat, and leaps or bounds in the
JUNGLE CAT, as it is sometimes called- same manner. It lives by hunting, and
is found in South America, and might often follows to the tops of the tallest
easily be mistaken for a domestic cat trees the wild cats, martens, ermines,
which had grown savage by being squirrels, and birds, which form its cus-
allowed to run at large. It frequents tomary prey. It also watches the
the jungles, and lives upon rats; and is approach of deer, goats, hares, and other
said not to be so fond of poultry as some animals, and drops down on them from
tame cats are. the branches of the trees where it con-
ceals itself. It frequently digs under
No. 2.-THE MARGAY, or TIGER the doors to gain admission to the sheep-
CAT, has a beautifully marked body folds, and when pressed by hunger will
and long bushy tail. When caught prey even on its own species.
young, and well treated, it becomes quite The Lynx is so quick of sight, and
docile and affectionate, and has been can see its prey at such a great distance,
known to do good .service in ridding that ignorant people used to imagine it
houses of rats and mice. could see through stone walls, and other
No. 3.-THE EUROPEAN LYNX is The howl of the common Lynx is
a fine specimen of a Wild Cat, and is similar to that of the wolf. When
noted for the sharpness of its sight. It attacked by a dog, it lies down on its
is much sought after by hunters, on ac- back, and strikes so desperately with its
count of its fur, for which there is claws, that it often succeeds in driving
always a great demand, off its assailant.
Dther varieties of the Lynx are found
in Asia, Africa, and America, each more No. 4.-THE OUNCE bears so close
or less distinguished according to the a resemblance to the leopard, that by
length and color of its fur. It is a timid many it is thought to belong to the
creature, and makes but slight resist- same family. But although the markings
ance when brought to bay by the are somewhat similar, there are certain
hunter; for though, like the cat, it spits points of difference which students of
and erects the hair on its back, it is Natural History are quick to observe.
easily destroyed with a slender stick. Its hair is rougher and longer than the
The Lynx has the soft stealthy walk leopard's, and -it has a much bushier
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A LOT OF WILD CATS.
tail. But it rightfully belongs among "Two African farmers returning from
the Wild Cats, and is as treacherous and hunting the antelope, roused a Leopard
crafty as the lion or the tiger, in a mountain ravine, and immediately
gave chase to it. The Leopard at first
No. 5.-THE SERVAL is a native of tried to escape by climbing up a preci-
South Africa, and is much less fero- pice; but, being hotly pressed, and
cious than the majority of the Wild Cats. wounded by a musket-ball, it turned on
Its fur is a bright golden-yellow with its pursuers with the frantic ferocity pe-
tiger markings, and is much used by culiar to this animal, and springing on
furriers for robes, and for the linings of the man who had fired at it, tore him
winter garments, from his horse to the ground, biting
him at the same time on the shoulder,
No. 6.-THE BLACK LEOPARD is and tearing one of his cheeks severely
a native of the Island of Java, and is a with its claws.
bold and ferocious creature. Its paws "The other hunter, seeing the danger
and its jaws are most formidable weap- of his comrade, sprang from his horse,
ons, and the strength of the animal is and attempted to shoot the Leopard
tremendous. It is very graceful in its through the head, but owing to his
movements, and a playful companion terror, or the fear of wounding his
with those of its own kind. friend, or the quick motions of the ani-
The tiger likes the long grass of the mal, he unfortunately missed his aim.
jungles; but the Leopard seeks the The Leopard, leaving its prostrate foe,
higher wood lands where there is no darted with increased fury upon its sec-
under-brush, and hides itself in the ond antagonist, and so sudden and fierce
branches of the trees whenever the was its onset that before the man could
hunter's gun is heard, stab it with his hunting-knife, the say-
The Black Leopard differs mainly in age beast struck him on the head with
the color of its fur from the Leopard of its claws and tore his scalp over his
South Africa. eyes. In this frightful condition the
Though not so strong and fearless as hunter grappled with the Leopard; and
the lion or tiger, and though it usually struggling for life they rolled together
shuns a conflict with man, the Leopard down a steep bank.
is an exceedingly active and furious ani- "In a moment or two the man who
mal, and when driven to desperation had first been attacked was on his feet
becomes a formidable foe. and had reloaded his gun, and rushed
THE WILD CAT NEAR HOME.
forward to save the life of his friend, and bark, and still kept. guard by the
S But it was too late. He had only the tree on which the intruder lay, appar-
meancholy satisfaction of completing ently undisturbed by the commotion it
the destruction of the savage beast, had caused. As the morning wore on,
already exhausted with the loss of blood the father and his sons passed back
from several deep wounds made by the and forth under the tree for a number
knife of the dying huntsman." of times, now and then glancing up at
the cat, and wondering why the dog
should manifest so much dislike toward
THE WILD CAT NEAR HOME. such an inoffensive animal.
Wild Cats have become so com- At last Fred said, Well, I guess I'll
mon in California, and have made such blow that cat out of the tree, anyway;"
havoc among the young lambs, that a thinking thus to pacify Prince, and put
bounty has been offered for their skins, a stop to his incessant barking and
Early one Sunday morning the fam- growling.
ily of a gentleman living on a ranch in The gun was brought, and the cat
that State, were greatly disturbed by was soon blown out of the tree. Im-
the barking of their dog, Prince, who agine the surprise of the family when
had got something up a tree, and was they discovered that what they had
either frantic with joy, or with fear. thought to be an ordinary domestic ani-
The boys, Fred and Chet, tried in mal, was one of the terrible Wild Cats
every way to quiet the dog, and to coax on whose skin a price had been set;
him away from the tree, so that they and imagine the joy and satisfaction of
could take another nap; but Prince was Prince, who had enabled them to give
determined to make himself heard, and the death-blow to the bold intruder.
barked even more loudly at their delay. Hereafter they would be more attentive
Finally the daughter, Lily, went out to his barks and whines, and give him
in the front yard-much to the dog's credit for knowing a Wild Cat from a
delight-and, looking up, saw what she tame one.
thought to be one of the tame cats, The California Wild Cats are said to
curled up in the fork of one of the resemble the Lynx somewhat. This
trees, specimen had handsome markings on
Prince was somewhat reassured by the under side of its coat, and Fred re-
the presence of his young mistress, but ceived two dollars for its skin, when he
could not repress an occasional growl took it to the county court-house.
S.... r .
No. I.-THE KINKAJOU, OR HONEY covering. Its tail is furnished with
BEAR, is a native of South America. strong quills, and it makes good use of
It has a long pointed tongue, which it it when attacked.
thrusts into the bee-cells and extracts the
sweets that are stored therein. It uses No. 4.-THE BEAVER is found in
its tail as well as its claws in grasping Europe, Asia, and North America, and
the trees, and often hangs suspended is regarded as a most wonderful civil
with its head downward. Though engineer. The Beavers build dams
rather fierce in its wild state, it is easily that are marvels of skill and ingenuity;
tamed and becomes a sportive pet. and the lodges in which they dwell, are
conveniently and curiously constructed.
No. 2.-THE PORCUPINE is cov- They feed on bark, roots, and plants
ered, the whole length of its body, with that grow in or near the water, and in
bristling quills, which it uses to defend the summer season lay in a large stock
itself when attacked. When taken by of wood to last them through the winter.
surprise it will curl itself into a ball, The young Beavers are very playful,
and look like an immense pin-cushion and their cry is like that of a child. A
with points uppermost. By depressing gentleman came upon a party of young
its quills it manages to crawl through Beavers, and prepared to fire on them.
a small hole; and when it walks its As he drew near, their pretty gestures
strange armor rattles in a peculiar man- and sportive ways reminded him so
ner. This kind of Porcupine is found much of his own children that he did
in Africa, Southern Europe, and India. not have the heart to shoot them.
It lives on bark, fruit and roots, and on
the vegetables which it digs out of the No. 5.-THE MUSK RAT is a native
ground. of North America. It usually makes
its home on the bank of a river, or in a
No. 3.-THE CANADIAN PORCU- marshy place, but will occasionally bur-
PINE is a native of North America, row under a vegetable garden, and
and somewhat resembles a young bear. destroy all the plants by cutting off their
As it lives chiefly on bark, it is very roots. Traps are set to destroy the
7.-structive to trees, up which it climbs Musk Rat and to secure its fur, which
to tip-top and strips entirely of their is very valuable.
AN AUSTRALIAN GROUP.
No. I.-THE KOALA, a native of which its young are placed as soon as
Australia, is a curious kind of a bear, they are born, and where they remain
with odd-shaped ears. -It clings to until able to take care of themselves.
trees like the sloth, and carries its Its hind legs are exceedingly long, and
young in a pouch like the kangaroo. its fore feet ridiculously short.
When the cubs are old enough they The head and eyes of the Kangaroo
ride on their mother's back, and keep a somewhat resemble the gazelle; and
firm hold with their hand-like paws. the young female Kangaroo runs with
such speed, and, like the deer, looks
No. 2.-MERIAN'S OPPOSSUM is back so frequently, that huntsmen call
a native of Surinam. It has no pouch, her the flying doe."
so the young ones have to be borne on
the back of their mother, where they No. 6 THE TASMANIAN, or ZE-
cling tightly, and for further safety BRA WOLF, was at one time the terror
twine their tails around hers which is of the white man, on account of its
arched for that purpose. depredations on the sheep-fold and hen-
roosts. The blood-thirsty creature was
No. 3.-THE SUGAR SQUIRREL is finally driven back to its haunts by the
a native of Australia. It is beautifully sea, which supplies it with food. It eats
marked, and very graceful in its move- mussels, crabs, dead seals and fish, and
ments. It sleeps during the day, and occasional secures a nice fat duck. It
is very lively and playful at night, and prowls around at night, and though it
fond of the society of its own species, has legs and head like a dog it has the
heart of a hyena.
No. 4.-THE WOMBAT, or BADGER,
is a native of Australia. It is easily No. 7-THE TASMANIAN DEVIL
tamed. Its fur is very long and very i diabolical creature, and though
harsh, and it waddles about like a great smal n size is qute as much dreaded
fat bear. It burrows deeply in the as the zebra wolf. It prowls on the
ground, and is more active at night sea-shore in search of food, and will
not hesitate to rob a hen-roost or
than during the day.
sheep-fold. It has strong teeth and
No. 5.-THE KANGAROO is a native powerful jaws, and is seldom worsted
:of Australia, and a very curiously con- in a fight. It prefers darkness to light,
structed animal. It has a pouch in like all creatures whose deeds are evil.
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SWIFT AND SLOW.
No. I.-THE AI, or THREE-TOED No. 3.-THE BETTONG, a native
SLOTH, is found only in the most of New South Wales, is something be-
gloomy forests of South America. It tween a kangaroo and a rabbit. It has
clings to its mother until it is able to very long hind-legs, and very short
cling to a tree, and there it spends fore-paws, which enable it to take flying
the rest of its life; not on top of the leaps over the fields and ridges. It
branches, like the squirrel and the sleeps all day, and works at night, and
monkey, but under them. It cannot is very ingenious in the construction of
stand or walk like other quadrupeds, its nest. It selects the grasses it needs,
but stretches out its long arms, for makes them into a sheaf, then twists its
something to lay hold of, and trails tail around the bundle and bears it away
itself along in the slow and awkward with a hop, skip, and a jump.
manner that has won for it the name of
the "Sloth." No. 4.-THE CHINCHILLA is a
native of South America, and held in
There is a saying among the Indians
that when the wind blows the Sloth great esteem on account of its soft silky
begins to travel, for then the branches fur. It belongs to the kangaroo family,
of the trees are woven together and the and when feeding sits on its hd feet,
and carries the food to its mnoith with
animal seizes hold of them and pursues
its journey. While in motion, it makes its fore feet, which are furnished with
a low plaintive cry, which sounds like hook-like claws. It i a cleanly little
AI, from whence it takes its name. creature, and feeds wholly on roots and
No. 2.-THE TAGUAN FLYING- No. 5.-THE CAPYBARA, or WATER
SQUIRREL is a native of India, HOG, is a native of South America. It
Where it is found in large-numbers. It is a great clumisy creature on the land,
is very prettily marked, and when at but is a good swimmer and diver, and
rest the soft folds of its thick fur almost flies at once to a stream when pursued
conceal its-tiny paws. Though wing- by a real or imaginary foe. Its flesh is
handed, the Squirrel does not really eaten by man, and the jaguar is partic-
,fly, but is supported in the air by the ularly fond of a Capybara dinner.
%.embrane, as it jumps from bough to When startled it makes a sound
* bough. something between a bark and a grunt.
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