, I h2 (fo i P- 4 IB ,
I? bXkl1li; ro5
SWEET SINGING BIRDS.
No. I.-TIwi; BALTIMORE ORI- No. 3.-THEI BULLFINCH, though
OLE-a native of North America-was fond of the woods, when caught and
named after Lord Baltimore, who for- caged, soon makes itself at home, and is
merely owned the whole of Maryland, easily taught and trained. It has an
and whose coat-of-.arms was black and excellent memory, and soon catches the
orange, like the bird's. It is admired tunes, and whistles and sings with sur-
less for its color and its song than for prising skill. It is very pronounced in
the skilful way in which it builds its its likes and dislikes, and, like most
pretty hanging-nest, which is indeed a pets, attaches itself very closely to its
curiosity. Bits of thread, wool, and flax, chosen friend. It is a native of Great
skeins of silk, and fibers of wood, are Britain.
made use of, and the whole sewed to-
gether most ingeniously with long No. 4.-THE GOLDFINCH is the
threads of horse-hair. At the bottom handsomest of all the Finches, and it is
of the nest, which is six or seven inches a pretty sight to watch a flock of them
deep, there is placed a heap of soft cows' sweeping through the air, settling on
hair, and in this are laid the five pink the fields and hedges, or flying in the
and purple eggs, that break and fill the direction of the farm-yard. They are
purse with pretty gold pieces. of great use to the farmer, as they de-
vour the weeds that he is so anxious
No. 2.-THE HAWFINCI' or GROS- to get rid of. The Goldfinch is a great
BEAK, is a native of Europe and the favorite as a cage-bird, and can be
southern part of the United States. It taught many tricks that other birds
is remarkable for its large, broad beak, would be slow to learn.
which enables it to crush with ease the
seeds, berries, and stones of small fruits, No. 5.-THE LINNET is a near rela-
on which it feeds. It is very shy in its tive of the Finches, and, like them, is
habits, and makes its home in the deep noted for the sweetness of its song. It
forests, far from the haunts of man. is a lively little bird, and builds its nest
The finest specimen of these birds is so low that it can easily be found by
the SCARLET GROSBEAK, which is 'om- those who seek this kind of prey.
mon in the Southern States, and is Show me your nest with the young ones in it;
sometimes called the Virginian Night- I will not steal them away;
I am old! you may trust me, linnet, linnet,
ingale. The Finches are all fine singers I am seven times one to-day."
and birds of fine plumage.
... . .
"WARBLERS AND WAGTAILS.
No. I.-THE THRUSH is common to No. 4.-THE WREN is a native of
almost every country, and has a variety Europe and North America, and much
of names. It is a fine songster, and admired for its amusing little ways. It
will imitate the notes and ways of other is very shy, and builds its nest in all
birds. It aids the gardener in keeping sorts of out-of-the way places. It is
his plants free from worms and slugs, a merry little warbler, and its quick,
and takes toll from the berry bushes cheery notes enliven many a cold
and fruit trees. The Thrushes do more wintry day.
harm to a corn-field than a flock of
crows, as they seize and devour young N. 5.-THE DIPPER belongs to the
green shoots. The nest of the Thrush Thrush family, and is a native of Great
is large and deep, and frequently adorned Britain. It moves with a quick, saucy
with bits of lace or other material. jerk, like the Wren, and has the reputa-
tion of being a very quarrelsome bird.
No. 2.-THE WARBLER is a native It frequents swift-running streams where
of Great Britain, and is noted for the there are high banks and overhanging
exquisite sweetness of its song. It fre- trees. The Dipper takes its name from
quents hedges and leafy nooks, and the habit it has of diving under the
though not showy in dress is remarka- water for the insects, worms, and small
ble for its elegant shape and graceful fish that make up its bill of fare.
No. 6.-THE GRAY WAGTAIL is a
No. 3.-THE CRESTED TITMOUSE slender bird that frequents the ponds
is found in considerable numbers on the and brooks where it finds its food, and
Continent of Europe, and gives evi- occasionally takes the road or haunts
dence of belonging to the nobility. It the fields in search of grubs and insects.
is a small bird, and builds its nest in There are several varieties of Wagtails:
the hole of some decaying tree, where Pied, White, Yellow and Grey; which
it is sure of finding its larder well sup- are so called because of the habit they
plied with insects. Certain members of have of jerking their tails about when
the Titmouse family are natives of Great running or setting on the ground.
Britain, but the Crested Titmice rarely They build their nests near the water,
cross the Channel, but when they do and are unusually bold birds, seeming
they go in troops and have a royal time. to have no fear of either man or beast.
The Baldwin Library
\a;Eiegigk rT BR nmm-p
*iiCF*IBBe*C'%1B13uL `' ;;!
eI -[ :
.rcr i 7.
THIEVES IN FEATHERS.
No. I.-THE JACKDAW is the small- its nest, and will frequently make use
est member of the Crow family, and a of one that has been vacated by some
remarkably intelligent and amusing lit- other bird.
te bird. It easily accustoms itself to No. 2.-THE ROOK is the most com-
captivity, and many anecdotes are told mon of the Crow family, and has the
of its curious tricks and comical ways. name of being the worst of the lot. It
It is very pert and familiar, and such a builds its nest near the habitations of
mimic that it has even been known to
man, and is an enemy to farmers and
imitate the human voice, game-keepers. Intheirsearch for worms
A peddler used to travel about the and grubs large flocks of Rooks settle
country with a Jackdaw, which he said on freshly planted fields, and often pull
was as useful to him as a watch dog, up the blades of grain that have just
and much less expensive to keep. When beun to sprout. Scarecros fail to
the peddler left the wagon, the bird sat they are so cau-
scare the Rooks, and they are so cau-
on guard and kept a watchful eye on its tious in their movements, in spite of their
master's property. Sometimes the chil- boldness, that they seldom fall victims
dren, to tease the bird, or to test its to the farmer's gun or to the traps that
powers, would attempt to open the door are set for these bandits. They do
or to climb up on the side of the wagon, good work, however, in destroying the
and at once the Jackdaw would give a grubs of beetles that are such foes to
terrific scream that scared the young- grass lands, and thus prove that they
sters, and brought the peddler out to have their work to do in the world, and
see what was the matter, deserve considerable praise for the serv-
On the principle of "setting a thief ice they render to man.
to catch a thief," Jackdaws might be
made use of as burglar-alarms; and we No. 3.-THE MAGPIE is known to
have known even smaller birds than everybody as a most saucy and mis-
they to give notice of the approach of chievous bird. It appears to be en-
strangers, and sound an alarm when dowed with all the evil traits that are
beggarly tramps passed the window by possible to mankind, and is very cunning
which their cage was hung. The Jack- and ingenious in committing its thefts
daw is a native of Europe, Asia, and and concealing its guilt. It is especi-
the North of Africa. It is not particu- ally fond of bright bits of metal, and
lar where or with what material it builds trinkets of all sorts, and will watch its
I WE WM-.
THIEVES IN FEATHERS.
chance to seize and convey them away root of a tree found the Magpie's treas-
to some retired nook, where it is accus- ure-house, where were not only the
tomed to deposit its treasures, sheets of paper but all the small articles
A certain family, who kept a tame that had been missed from the house
Magpie, were in the habit of missing since the Magpie took up its abode
various articles, such as spoons, finger- there.
rings, thimbles, and small bits of finery, "A noble lady of Florence, who re-
and suspected one of the servants as sided in a house which still stands
being the thief. This servant was dis- opposite the lofty Doric column which
charged, and a new one taken, and still was raised to commemorate the defeat
the mysterious disappearances contin- of Pietro Strozzi, and the taking of
ued, and in spite of every precaution Sienna, by the tyrannic conqueror of
the thief remained undiscovered. Itwas both, Cosmo the First, lost a valuable
strange that no one suspected the Mag- pearl necklace, and one of her waiting-
pie, but as he was not caught in the act women (a very young girl) was accused
it was not easy to convict such an inno- of the theft. Having solemnly denied
cent looking bird. But one day it hap- the fact, she was put to torture, which
opened that the gentleman of the house was then in fashion at Florence. Un-
had left some papers on his desk, which able to support its. terrible infliction,
were of no use to any one but the she acknowledged that she was guilty,
owner When he returned he found and without further trial, was hung.
several pages missing, and could not Shortly after, Florence was visited by
imagine what had become of them. a tremendous storm; a thunderbolt fell
The window was open, but there was on the figure of Justice, and split the
not breeze enough stirring to blow them scales, one of which fell to the earth,
away, and they could not possibly be and with it fell the ruins of a mag-
of any use to a thief. So a watch was pie's nest, containing the pearl neck-
set, and presently the tame Magpie lace! Those scales are still the haunt
hopped in from the piazza, and finding of birds."
nothing more valuable that it could The Magpie is a great talker, and is
take away, seized a sheet of the paper considered a very vain bird. It is fond
and flew with it out the window. Its of animal and vegetable food, and like
course was watched, and when the bird the crow and raven will rob other birds'
came back its master set off down the nests and drive its bill through the
road, and in a hollow place near the eggs so that it can bear them away.
THIEVES IN FEATHERS.
It is common in England and Ireland, sagacity which rendered him famous
but is not found in America. for miles around. His conversational
powers and surprising performances
No. 4.-THE RAVEN is the largest were the universal theme: and as many
and most distinguished member of the persons came to see the wonderful ra-
Crow family. It is not fond of the so- ven and none left his exertions unre-
ciety of man, but prefers to dwell in warded when he condescended to ex-
solitude, and to build its nest in high hibit-which was not always, for genius
places. It lives almost entirely upon is capricious-his earnings formed an
animal food, and is particularly fond important item in the common stock.
of dead or decaying flesh, commonly Indeed, the bird himself appeared to
known as carrion, The Raven is a very know his value well; for though he was
cunning and crafty bird, and has a most perfectly free and unrestrained in the
powerful beak. If it comes across any presence of Barnaby and his mother,
sickly cattle it will make a fierce attack he maintained in public an amazing
on their eyes, and soon put an end to gravity, and never stooped to any other
their sufferings, and always aims first gratuitous performance than biting the
at the eyes of its prey. When pressed ankles of vagabond boys (an exercise
by hunger it will even invade the farm- in which he much delighted), killing a
yard and carry off the young poultry. fowl or two occasionally, and swallow-
It frequents the sheep-feeding grounds ing the dinners of various neighboring
of Scotland; and in North America, and dogs, of whom the boldest held him in
other countries, it follows the hunters great awe and dread." Grip got his
for the purpose of feeding upon the master into considerable trouble by a
offal of the creatures they kill. too public expression of private senti-
Charles Dickens, in his story of "Bar- ments, and then endeavored to cheer
naby Rudge," gives an interesting him by crying, Never say die! Bow-
account of a pet raven named "Grip." wow-wow! Keep up your spirits! Grip,
"Grip was by no means an idle and Grip, Grip! Holloa! We'll all have tea!"
unprofitable member of the humble His favorite phrase was, "I'm a devil,
household. Partly by dint of Barna- I'm a devil, I'm a devil!" which he
by's tuition, and partly by pursuing a repeated with extraordinary emphasis,
species of self-instruction common to and which nobody who saw and heard
his tribe, he had acquired a degree of the bird felt disposed to deny.
IPI P-C ----;aFsralr-eaL I '
r' .:.t IPIFjC: rlL I
:B1(FLIB.MAEXa: I ;
';?`-3!P31.:ii3aCiE*BIS .rriiP L.u
:* I B
1 eji-: : .
:I :; ;
Lpl aa Irzla ICyyLYr
k tl 1,
BIRDS OF PARADISE.
No. I.-THE PARADISE BIRD, the two long tail-feathers that project
with which we are most familiar, is re- some distance from its small body. It
markable for the length, beauty and is a rare bird, and its bright green
gracefulness of its plumage, and its de- coloring gives it the appearance of a
cidedly ornamental character. It is a winged emerald.
native of New Guinea, and very few
living specimens are seen in any other No. 3.-THE INCOMPARABLE BIRD
part of the world. There are but few OF PARADISE appears to have
varieties of these birds but they differ borrowed feathers from a variety of
so in form and color that they appear birds with which to adorn itself. Its
to be more numerous than they really immense tail is out of proportion to its
are. The feathers are arranged in va- small body; and it has on its head a
rious styles, with surprising effects, and double crest of brilliant feathers. Its
they rival the humming-bird in the bril- plumage glows with the colors of the
liancy of their coloring. These singu- rainbow, and it is altogether a wonder-
lar birds are said to be closely allied to ful specimen of these gorgeous birds;
our crows and magpies, but it is difficult itself beyond compare.
to believe it.
No. 4.-THE GOLDEN BIRD OF
Their habits are the same, however, No. E GOLDEN
S PARADISE somewhat resembles the
and both the magpie and crew display
a fondness for gay finery, even though King Bird of Paradise, but has a better
they are doomed to wear the plainest excuse for putting on the airs of royalty.
they are doomed to wear the plainest
of plumage. That fine feathers make The King Bird has but two feathers
fine birds" is well illustrated by the that extend from its tail, while the
Birds of Paradise. Golden Bird has six that stand out at
Birds of Paradise.
some distance from its head: three on
No. 2.-THE KING BIRD OF PARA- each side, or all at the back, according
DISE, is so called because it seems as the bird moves them. These shafts
to exercise a royal sway over a number are quite bare until near the tip where
of the other species, and hedges itself they branch out like the eye in the pea-
around with the dignity and importance cock's plume. The color of the bird is
of a sovereign It is distinguished for a changeable golden green, and in the
the odd way in which its plumage is sunshine it is a bit of dazzling splen-
arranged, and for the eyes at the end of dor.
THE LYRE BIRD AND OTHERS.
No. I.--THE LYRE BIRD is a native. No. 4 -THE BLUE TITMOUSE
of Australia, and is distinguished for is bold and fearless, and skips over the
the extraordinary length and peculiar branches so quickly that it seems more
shape of its tail feathers, which take the like a blue mouse than a bird. It is
form of the lyre, the oldest stringed very greedy, and can destroy more in-
instrument of the Egyptians and the sects in one day than any other bird of
Greeks. The bird has many of the the same size. It delights in a dinner
habits of the pheasant, and is quite as of caterpillars, and is a regular little
shy, but having longer legs it can run fighter and biter.
and leap to a great height, and is sel-
No. 5.- THE COLE TITMOUSE
dom seen upon the wing.
is so called on account of the coal-black
No. 2.-THE CROWNED PIGEON color of its plumage. It is as restless
is found on several of the Islands in the as the other tomtits, but not quite so
Pacific Ocean, and is the only one of bold and fearless, and haunts the woods
its tribe that is thus distinguished. The and hedge-rows instead of places near-
feathers in this beautiful crest are ex- er the dwelling of man.
ceedingly light and delicate, and always No. 6.-THE STARLING is common
wide-spread, and the bird walks as if con- in all parts of Great Britain, and in
scious of its title to nobility. It makes a very many other countries. It is re-
low bow when it utters its strange cry. markable for its beautiful plumage, for
the swiftness and grace of its move-
No. 3.-THE GREAT TITMOUSE ments, and for its affectionate disposi-
is found in many parts of Europe, and tion. It can be taught to speak almost
is a bold and quarrelsome little fellow. el as a parot, is y easily tamed,
Is as well as a parrot, is very easily tamed,
Its beak, though not very long, is and a very amusing pet.
exceedingly strong, and it has been
known to attack smaller birds and kill No. 7.-THE GREAT BOAT-TAIL
them with blows from this weapon. It is so called because of the shape of its
lives upon insects during the summer, tail which is hollowed out on the under
but when these are scarce, will forage side like a canoe. It is a large bird, of
around farm-yards, and is not particu- dark plumage, is a native of America,
lar where it gets its food so that it has and closely related to the Magpie
enough to eat family.
il_ o --
"WEAVERS, AND WARBLERS.
No. I.-THE WEAVER BIRDS are No. 3.-THE CROSSBILL derives its
remarkable for the skill they display in name from the peculiar formation of its
building their nests, which are more beak, which does not prevent its shell-
wonderful than those of the Baltimore ing small seeds as easily as a canary
Oriole. They are small birds, and are It is very fond of apple-pips, and in a
found only i,. the warm parts of Asia and few moments will cut a hole through
NAfrica. Some species hang their nests the fruit and pick out the seeds and eat
over the water, and only a short dis- them with great relish. The Crossbill
tance above it, so as to protect them from is a native of Sweden and Norway.
the young monkeys that swarm in the
forests. Should these rogues attempt to No. 4.-THE MISSEL THRUSH-
rob the nests, they would be borne down the largest and handsomest of the
by their own weight and treated to a Thrush family-is one (f the best
good ducking. known of the British birds. It has a
The Red-billed Weaver Bird depends rich, clear, ringing voice, and seems to
on the Buffalo for its food and is found sing most sweetly in stormy weather.
wherever that animal exists. It perches It is fond of insects, and small fruits,
on its head, horns, and every part of its and so can do great good and great
body, and searches vigorously under the harm to the gardens it frequents.
rough hair for the insects and parasites
it is sure to find there. It also warns No. 5-THE BLACKBIRD is well-
the Buffalo when an enemy is near, and known and much admired for the rich-
the animal is well pleased to have a ness and sweetness of its song. It is a
flock of these birds feeding on its back. favorite cage-bird, and can be trained
to whistle tunes with remarkable pre-
No. 2.-THE PARADISF WHIDAH cision. It is also a great mimic, and will
BIRD is a native of \Vestern Africa, and imitate the voices of other birds, even
is remarkable for its length of tail, which teaching itself to crow like a cock, and
it flirts about gracefully from bough to to cackle like a hen. The American
bough, as it moves hither and thither in Blackbird differs from many of the
search of insects. It is frequently seen others of the same name, as it has a
in captivity, and is a great ornament to dash of bright red on its wings. It is
an aviary, where it takes a high perch so common a bird that sportsmen con-
that it may have room for its train, sider it their lawful prey.
r! P- L,s