LARGE ,B o
DUCKS AND SWANS.
No. I.-THE CHINESE TEAL, OR No. 3.-THE SHOVELER DUCK
MANDARIN DUCK, is a magnificently takes its name from the shape of its
attired bird, the brilliant plumage of the beak, which widens out at the end very
male contrasting finely with the more much like a shovel. It is seen in Great
sombre dress of the female. It is occa- Britain in the winter months, but is not
sionally seen in Zoological Gardens, found in American waters. Its flesh is
where, on account of its peculiar mark- considered by many to be equal to that
ings, and the formation of its wings, it of the far-famed Canvas-back Duck,
is as much of a curiosity as a veritable which is a native of North America.
Tycoon. The legs of Ducks are set further
During the summer months the Teal backward than those of geese, so that
lays aside its gorgeous robes, its bril- they move with more difficulty over the
liant crest, and fan-shaped wings, and ground, and have a more waddling
appears in a costume similar to that gait.
worn by its mate. The Mandarin Duck
No. 4.-THE BLACK SWAN is a na-
is held in such high esteem by the na- s -
tive of Australia, but specimens may be
tives of China, that they are loath to found in Great Britain and America.
found in Great Britain and America.
have any specimens leave the country. Visitors to Central Park have often
No. 2.--THE MALLARD, or GREEN- stopped to admire the handsome bird as
HEAD, is the wild duck of Europe and it floated on the bosom of the lake, its
America. It is a handsome bird, and blood-red beak contrasting finely with
much sought after by sportsmen. Its its glossy black plumage. It is not so
flesh is considered a great delicacy, and familiar to us as the White Swan, nor is
there is always a demand for its eggs. it as graceful in its movements.
Decoy ducks are made use of to at-
tract the Mallards toward the tunnels, No. 5.-THE WHITE SWAN is the
or nets, which are large at one end and most royal of all the water-birds, and
small at the other. Into these the wild has no equal in grace, or in purity of
ducks swim to escape the sportsman's plumage.
gun, and are seized as soon as they poke It is found, in its wild state, in the
their bills through the little end of what eastern part of Europe and in Asia; in
they find out, too late, is a veritable its half-tame state it has long tLen an
death-trap. ornament of our ponds, lakes and rivers.
The Baldwin Library
I I -.
No. I.-THE CORMORANT, OR SEA No. 3.-THE WANDERING AL-
RAVEN, is fcund on the rocky coasts BATROSS is the largest of all the
of Europe, and in certain parts of Asia. web-footed birds, and such a voracious
In China the Cormorants are tamed, eater that it can well be placed among
and trained to catch fish for the use of the Cormorants. It has a powerful and
their owners. The nest of the Cor- peculiar beak, and is so strong of wing
morant is made of sticks, seaweed, and that it can sail through the air for days
grass, and as they build them closely and days without resting.
together, and are not at all neat in their It builds its nest on the top of high
habits, the air in their neighborhood is mountains, especially those near the
almost unfit to breathe. The bird is a Cape of Good Hope, and wanders
great glutton, and its name has been over the Southern Seas where it is fre-
given to those who devour greedily quently met with by voyagers in those
whatever comes in their way. regions.
No. 2.-THE PELICAN, is the best No. 4.-THE GREAT AUK was for-
known of the Cormorant family, and is merely found in Northern Europe, in the
distinguished by the large pouch which Arctic Seas, and along the coast of
is attached to its huge beak. This Newfoundland. As it has not been
pouch serves as a basket in which to met with for a number of years, it is
carry home the fish it scoops up in supposed to have died out altogether.
large numbers, and when filled gives The bird seems to be sitting down when
the bird a very funny appearance. As standing up, and altogether presents a
it waddles along the thievish Hawk very awkward appearance.
swoops down and scares it so that the
poor Pelican screams with terror. The No. 5.-THE KING PENGUIN bears
Hawk watches its chance, pops its bill some resemblance to the Great Auk,
into the open basket of fish, and helps except in the shape of its bill which is
itself so liberally that the Pelican has to much smaller. It roosts standing, and
go back and refill its empty pouch. uses its wings as fore-legs when in a
It is capable of being quite playful, but hurry to get over the ground, and for
when out of temper will slap its bill to- paddles when it is in the water. It
gether and flaps its wings with a sound feeds on cuttle-fish, and is found in the
as if somebody was being beaten. South Pacific Ocean.
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BIRDS OF PREY.
No. I.-THE KITE has long pointed woods, and builds its nest on the top-
wings and a long forked tail which most boughs of a lofty tree. It can be
enable -it to sweep smoothly and grace- trained to catch rabbits and hares and
fully through the air. It is not the such kind of game, and displays great
least bit dainty about its food, but will patience and skill in securing its prey.
eat fish, flesh, or fowl wherever it may It perches on a bough, and waits until
be found. It makes its home in the the timid animals steal out in search of
woods, and builds its nest in the forked food or water, then pounces on them in
branch of a big tree. The KITE is a a most ferocious manner. The Gos-
native of Great Britain, and being of hawk is found in Europe and Asia, and
an affectionate disposition is very easily has also been seen in Africa.
No. 4.-THE CRESTED EAGLE has a
No. 2.-THE PEREGRINE, OR PIL- tuft of feathers on its head, which, when
GRIM FALCON, ranks above all the raised, gives the bird a most fierce and
hawks that were ever trained for the warlike expression. It is not so large
chase. It is most graceful in its move- as the Bald-headed Eagle, nor can it
ments, and dashes through the air with fly so swiftly through the air, but it has
wonderful speed and fury, sometimes just as cruel talons, and as sharp a
at the rate of a hundred and fifty miles beak. It is a native of North America,
an hour. When thoroughly tamed it and makes its home in the deep forests,
shows a great attachment for its owner, and preys on the young deer and the
whom it will single out from among a other small animals that it finds there.
crowd of people. At one time sports-
men made great use of Falcons, espe- No. 5.-THE BALD-HEADED EAGLE
cially in chasing the Grouse, of which is so called because of the whiteness of
the bird is exceedingly fond. It is a its head and neck. Its tail is also white,
native of Great Britain, and builds its but the rest of its body is a light brown,
nest on some lofty shelf of a steep rock. plentifully streaked with black This
pirate of the air is fond of fish, but
No. 3. -THE GOS- HAWK cannot being awkward in taking them from the
take long flights through the air, and on water, watches its chance to rob the
that account has to seek its prey upon fish-hawks, who are more expert at
the ground. It makes its home in the that kind of sport. It has a keen, bright
BIRDS OF PREY.
eye; a strong beak; sharp claws; and "THE EAGLE'S NEST."
powerful wings, that enable it to lift From the mountain path there came the
burdens greater than its own weight. sound of joyous whistling, that gave token of a
It is found in Great Britain and Amer- merry heart and a brave spirit. It was Rudy
on his way to meet his friend Vessinaud.
ica, and makes its nest in the top of a "' Come with me,' he said; 'I shall need
tall tree, or on the summit of some high your help. I want to carry off the young
cliff, near the sea-coast. Specimens eaglet from the top of the cliff. We will
take young Ragli with us.
are found among the Rocky Moun- "'An easy task!' said Vessinaud. 'You
tains, and on that part of the sea-coast might as well try to take down the moon!
of Lon Island which has not yet been You seem to be in wonderfully good spirits.'
of Long Island which has not yet"' Of course I am, and with good reason.
invaded by the dwellings of man. I am thinking of Babette, who will soon be
A native of Long Island once sh&t my bride. Her father said she was too far
above me; higher than the eagles nest. I
an eagle on the wing, and wounded it will have both, said I'
so that he thought it would be easy to "'All right' said the miller; I will give her
capture. ut the bird kept the man at to you when you bring me the young eaglet.
Are you willing to help me ?' .asked Rudy.
bay with its fierce beak and talons, and 'Certainly we are,' said Vessinaud and
the latter was at a loss to know how Ragli, 'but of what use will it be ? You will
Ss s t F- surely break your neck.'
he should secure the eagle alive. Fi- ,"' No danger. It is only cowards that fall.
nally he encased his hands and arms Come on!'
in strong bags, and, thus protected, So at midnight they set out, carrying with
Sa r them poles, ladders, and ropes. They had to
seized the wounded bird and bore it off make a path for themselves through the
in triumph An empty crockery crate dense growth of trees and the tangled under-
served for a cage, and the noble cap- brush, and over the rough rocks and rolling
served for a cage, ad the noble cap-stones. Higher and higher they went, up
tive, making the best of the situation, into the loneliness and darkness of the night.
soon became of great use to its owner, The sides of the rocks almost met, and
the light came only- through a small opening
and as valuable as a watch-dog. If a at the top. At a little distance from the edge
tramp, or a strange creature of any sort could be heard the sound of the roaring
came on the place, the bird would at waters in the yawning abyss beneath them.
came on the place, the bird would at "h tes on a stnc to wait calmly
The three sat on a st.:ni to wait calmly
once make it known, and keep up the for the dawn of day, when the parent eagle
cry of alarm until its master appeared would leave the nest, as it would be necessary
to shoot her before they made any attempt to
to drive the intruder away. get possession of the young one.
A fine description of the perils to be Rudy sat as motionless as a stone image,
encountered in undertaking to capture with his gun ready to fire, and his gaze fixed
steadily on the highest point of the cliff,
the young eaglet, is found in Hans where the eagle's nest lay concealed beneath
Andersen's story of the overhanging rock.
BIRDS OF PREY.
"Time passes slowly to those who have to goal, and the prize was not far distant. The
wait. The night seemed unusually long to the fifth ladder, which appeared to reach the nest,
three hunters. At last they heard a great was supported by the sides of the rock, yet
rustling and whirring above them, like the swung to and fro and flapped about like a
moving of mighty wings, and a large hover- slender reed. It seemed a most dangerous
ing object darkrnr-,:d the air. Two guns were undertaking to ascend it, but Rudy knew
ready to aim at the dark body of the eagle as how to climb, and he was not to be shaken
soon as it rose from the nest. Then a shot from his purpose.
was fired! For an instant there was a solemn When at length he stood on the topmost
pause; the bird fluttered its wide-spreading round of the ladder, he found that he was
wings, and seemed to fill the whole of the still some distance below the eagle's nest, and
chasm, threatening to drag Ll,.\in the hunters not even able to see into it. There was no
in its fall. way in which he could possibly reach it
But slowly-slowly-slowly the eagle except by using his hands and climbing. He
sank into the abyss, and the branches of the tried the strength of the stunted trees, and
trees and bushes were broken by its weight. the thick underbrush upon wh' h the nest
"Then the hunters began to stir them- rested, and of which it was formed, and find-
selves; three of the longest ladders were ing they would support his weight he seized
bound together; the topmost rung would just them firmly and swung himself clear of the
reach the edge of the rock 'that hung over ladder until his head and breast were above
the abyss, but no farther. -'The eagle's nest the nest. The stench that came from it
lay in a sheltered nook much higher up, and almost made him let go his hold, for in it
the sides of the rock were as smooth and lay the putrid remains of lambs, chamois, and
straight as a wall. birds. In a corner of the nest sat the young
After consulting they decided to bind eaglet, a large and powerful bird, though still
together two more ladders, to hoist them unable to fly.
over the cavity, and fasten them above the "Rudy fixed his eyes utll-'.l it, held on
three already in place. It was a tec'ous and tightly with one hand, and with the other
difficult task, that could only be accom- threw a noose around the bird. The string
polished by those having stout hearts, steady slipped over its body, and down t., its. legs.
nerves, and clear heads. For a few moments Rudy tightened it, and thus sccuirri-d the bird
the two ladders hung swaying over the abyss, aliv-. Then tl-rowing the sling over his
but as soon as they were made fast, Rudy, shoulder, so that the bird hung far below him,
who was most anxious for success, had his with the aid of a rope, he I,-t himstlit' down,
foot on the lowest round: and his foot soon touched sa-ily the highest
The morning was intensely cold. Great round of the topmost ladder.
clouds of mist rose from below, and covered "Carefully, carefully, he stepped, ever re-
the rocks with moisture. The wind whistled eating to himself the lesson he had been
furiously, and every now and then shrieked taught when he first began to climb-' Hold
with fiendish laughter. To look down was fast, and fear not,'-and at last he stood in
certain death. A, Rti,:ly began to ascend, the safety on the ground with the young living
ladder trembled like the thin spun thread of eaglet, and was received by his admiring
the spider's web. His heart beat violently, companions with loud shouts of joy and con-
Onward and upward he went, grasping each gratulations."
rung of the ladder with firm hands. As the T l is i i n
fourth ladder was reached he felt more confi- The Eagle is the King of Birds and
dence. He was more than half way to the the emblem of American freedom.
PARROTS AND THEIR COUSINS.
No. I.-THE BLUE AND YELLOW MA- the startling phrases learned on ship-
CAW is a gorgeous creature, the board, or amid vulgar associations.
length of its tail, the brilliant color of There is something very human about
its plumage, and the peculiar markings its speech, and its droll ways are a source
around the eye, distinguishing it from of great amusement.
all the members of the Parrot family.
Its handsome dress is its only recom- No. 4.-THE COCKATOO is a native
mendation; for, although easily tamed, of Australia, and is distinguished by its
it has no very great powers of speech, handsome crest, of which it appears to
and its loud cry makes it a very disa- be exceedingly proud. It likes to attract
greeable companion to have in a house, attention, but will not bear being teased.
Some of the birds are very fine talk-
No. 2.-THE GREEN PARROT is ers, but most of them are content to ring
the kind with which we are most fami- the changes on their own name: "Cock-
liar. It is a native of South America, atoo! Pretty Cocky! At times they
and frequents the deep forests found in will break out into a harsh laugh, or a
that country. It has an affectionate dis- fierce yell, and seem to take delight in
position, is easily tamed, and can readily startling people. There are several
be taught words and sentences. It will varieties of Cockatoos, with different
even imitate the sound of the human colored plumage, and different shaped
voice, with peculiarities of expression, crests.
in such a way as to deceive many per-
sons; and will often sing and whistle No. 5.-THE WARBLING GRASS PAR-
with wonderful accuracy. The Parrot ROQUET, is found among the grass
is an amusing companion, and a great lands of Australia. It warbles a soft
favorite with most people. song, quite unlike the rough screech of
the Parrot, and never uses it feet in
No. 3.-THE GRAY PARROT is a picking up its food.
native of Western Africa, and has long
been celebrated for its wonderful powers No. 6.-SWINDERN'S LOVE-BIRDS
of imitation and its excellent memory. are the smallest of the baby-parrots,
Some funny stories are told of this talk- and are so named because of their great
ing-bird, who will often shock refined fondness for each other. If one is left
people by repeating in their presence without a mate it soon droops and dies.
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No. I.-THE RHEA is the Ostrich of bird to catch. Its legs also furnish
South America. It is swift-footed, and weapons for defence, and so vigorously
very careful to keep out of harm's way. does it kick that even the wild beasts
The plumes of its wings are white, but of the jungles dare not come too near.
its general color is a dark grey. It is Its toe is armed with a strong sharp
easily tamed, and its singular antics claw, one blow from which often has a
afford great amusement to visitors at fatal effect. It lives on grains and veg-
Zoological Gardens. The full-grown tables, and swallows great stones to
RHEA is about five feet in height. aid its gizzard in grinding up the food,
and when shut up where rocks and
No. 2.-THE CASSOWARY is found stones are not provided, will devour
in the Malacca Islands, and is noted for nails, brick-bats, old shoes, and anything
its glossy black hair-like plumage, its else that comes handy. The feathers
helmet-like top-knot, and the beautiful of the OSTRICH are in such demand,
bright coloring around its neck. It has that parties in South Africa and Califor-
a fierce eye, and a savage disposition, nia have large farms where the birds
and when enraged will kick furiously, are kept, and bred, and from whence
and do serious damage with its great their lovely plumes are sent to market,
claws, the toes of which are as sharp as and a large profit made on the sales.
No. 4.-THE EMEU is a native of Aus-
No. 3.-THE OSTRICH is found at tralia, and resembles the CASSOWARY
home on the deserts of Africa. Its nest more than the OSTRICH. It has strong
is a hole scooped in the sand, and legs, and is swift-footed, and its wings
its eggs, of which there are a large are so- small as to be quite concealed by
number, are partly hatched by the heat its hair-like plumage. It scoops out its
of the sun. These eggs are not only nest in the sand, and its eggs-always
eaten, but the shells are used by the an uneven number-are at first a beau-
natives for various purposes. This tiful green hue which afterwards fades
Giant of Birds is from six to eight feet into a greenish brown. The EMEU is
high, and so strong that it can carry a of a brownish grey color; and being
man on its back its long and power- less timid than the Ostrich, it is more
ful legs enable it to run very swiftly, easily tamed, and made to feel quite at
and sportsmen find it a rather difficult home among strangers.
LONG-LEGS AND QUEER-BILLS.
No. I.-THE SPOON-BILL, is found No. 3.-THE BITTERN is a rare bird
in Europe, Asia and Africa, and fre- that is seldom seen, as it hides itself
quents the sea-shore and marshy places among the thick reeds all day long, and
in search of the soft moist food on at night wanders forth in search of
which it subsists. It builds its nest in prey. It is a species of heron, and has
open trees, on the banks of rivers, or the same sharp beak, and long slender
in the little islands and tufts of grass, legs. If disturbed, it aims its beak at
where it is fixed on tall reeds so that the eye of its enemy; and if in no con-
the eggs will not get wet. The drain- edition to fly, will fling itself on its back
ing of the marshy soil has driven the and fight desperately with foot and bill.
Spoon-bill away from places where it
used to exist, and it is now seldom seen No. 4.-THE SACRED IBIS is so
in the British Islands. called because of the evidences that it
was held in great reverence by the an-
No. 2.-THE STORK is another of cient Egyptians. It makes its appear-
the wading-birds which has been driven ance in Egypt when the waters of the
from many of its former haunts by the Nile begin to rise, and remains there
sportsman's gun, and the difficulty of until the river runs dry again, and its
obtaining food. It is quite common in supply of food is exhausted. Its flight
Holland, however, to which place it re- is lofty and strong, and it makes a pecu-
turns yearly from its winter quarters in liar cry when passing through the air.
Africa, and is held in great esteem by
the inhabitants. It is fond of making No. 5.-THE AUSTRALIAN JABI-
its nest on some high place, and is RU is one of the feathered giants and
encouraged to build on the top of a has a bill of enormous size. It feeds
house, or a chimney, as that is thought mostly on fish and eels, and is so wary
to be a good omen. in its movements that it is not easily
The Stork rests on one leg, and in caught, even by the eagle-eyed natives
this position, with its neck shortened by who lie in wait for it. The eyes of the
drawing its head backward, and its bill Jabiru are wonderfully keen, and its
partly concealed by the feathers on its plumage remarkably brilliant in color.
chest, it presents a very funny appear- It is a rare bird, and living specimens
ance. are seldom found in a state of captivity.
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