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mods:extent 4 v. : ill. ; 45 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1985
mods:number 1985
mods:title Miccosukee clans crier
mods:subject SUBJ650_1 lcsh
mods:topic Indians of North America
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Mikasuki Indians
Miami (Fla.)
Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
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Miccosukee Everglades news
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Miccosukee Everglades news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00053712/00009
 Material Information
Title: Miccosukee Everglades news
Physical Description: 4 v. : ill. ; 45 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
Place of Publication: Miami Fla
Creation Date: November 1, 1985
Publication Date: 1982-1985
Frequency: monthly
Subjects / Keywords: Indians of North America -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Mikasuki Indians -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Miami (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 10 (Oct. 1982)-v. 7, no. 9 (Nov. 1985).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002033559
oclc - 36179317
notis - AKM1263
lccn - sn 97027662
System ID: UF00053712:00009
 Related Items
Preceded by: Miccosukee clans crier

Full Text

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Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, PO Box 440021, Miami, FL 33144


Behind the scenes at BAND OF THE HAND, the movie being shot in Miami and (in photo) in
The Everglades. Paul Michael Glaser is directing the film which is a Tri-Star Pictures release.
Michael Mann es Executive director. (Photo: James Armfield)

Billy Cypress Elected to NCAI Board


Conceptual Master Plan for

Alligator Alley

Reservation is Developed

mission, the Florida Governor's Council, represented
by Joe Quetone, Director and Ginger Pierce, Execu-
tive Assistant as well as USET Director, Curtis Os-
ceola were also present.

OVEMER 19' .
~~ ~ .J

Photographic Archive
1447 S.W. Grand Drvie
Ft. Lauderdale. FL 33312

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In October, Miccosukee Community Members |
such as Eleanor Billie and Virginia Poole had the
opportunity to be discovered. Tri-Stari'
Productions from Hollywood, California were,
filming on the Miccosukee 40 Mile Bend
Reservation. Over 100 Miccosukee community
residents were extras in the film "Band of the
The movie, produced by Michael Mann and
directed by Paul Michael Glaser is a story about
five young men from Miami who participants in a
drug re-hab program. Steve Lang stars as a
Vietnam Veteran who has been given the
challenge of rehabilitating the youth. To do so he
takes them into the heart of the Everglades where
they learn the traditional ways of the Miccosukee.
The boys meet a Miccosukee young man, Joe,
who takes charge of their education, said Lee
Tiger Tribal Marketing Director.
After undergoing many tests of patience,
strength and survival, including bouts with
Alligators, the youth finally "graduate" but before
returning to the city to help fight drugs and
crime, they are given a large celebrationparty by
the Miccosukee Indians.
Buffalo Tiger, Tribal Chairman, said that the
Tribe welcomes production firms such as Tri-Star
filming on the reservation, because it provides
extra income for the people and positive publicity
for the Tribe.

Tribal Employees, Indian and Non-Indian alike
are entitled to a 20 per cent discount at the
Miccosukee Gift Shop. So Shop early- buy
something special for your family and friends at
the Miccosukee Gift Shop.
On October 3, Buffalo Tiger, Tribal Chairman
and Kay Maley, Government Programs Manager
attended a fund raising dinner for Tribal
Governance in Washington, D.C.
The black-tie event was hosted by the
Americans for Indian Opportunity. Senator
Robert Dole of Kansas provided the opening
remarks and introduction of Morris Udall, the
respected statesman from.Arizona. Udall recieved
special recognition for his on-going commitment
to Native Americans. Standing by his side, La
Donna Harris director of AIO, proudly watched
as Congressman Udall was bestowed with gifts of
appreciation from Tribal leaders in attendance
from throughout the United States, including
Chairman Tiger who presented him with a hand
made Miccosukee Indian Jacket.

'' -_


of an "Indian Epcot", in which many tribes would
- be represented. The area would include a gas station,
rest area and possibly and Indian restaurant.
Chairman Tiger said the Tribe "will start looking
for funds", and that in the meantime the Business
Council will discuss "What to establish first".
"I Thought the whole plan was good", saidChairman
"These people are sensitive enough not to destroy
the property, to keep it Indian, close to nature".
Surrounding lands,most of which would be preserved,
could be used for alligator farming, silvaculture (plant
nuirseries) and an aquaculture experimental station,
in addition to the existing cow pastures, the planners
Pat McBride of the McBride Group spoke of "pre-
serving the dramatic view from the interchange, sa-
ving that window" before any development begins.

Professional planners contracted by the Tribe have
presented a conceptual master plan for developing
the Alligator Alley Reservation. Much of the plan
centers around the 1-75 interchange that is to be
constructed on the reservation in the next five years.
The Tribal Business Council will decide whether
and how much of the flexible plan to adopt, although
Tribal Chairman Buffalo Tiger indicated it would be
a "piece by piece" process.
Post, Buckley Schuh and Jernigan, Inc., (PBSJ)
and the McBride Group propose developing a multi-
attraction theme based on "wilderness adventure"
rather than a "plastic, created environment, "along
with other non-tourist enterprises.
The tourist area could consist of campground
lodge, canoe trails, airboat rides, nature trails and
re-created living Indian Villagewhere tourists might
even get to try making fry bread, sweetgrass baskets
or patchwork. It could include Chairman Tiger's idea

to the position of Southeastern Area Vice President.
In his acceptance speech, Mr. Cypress stressed thr
need for national Indian organizations to strengthen'
communications and present a unified Indian voict
on national issues.
Although Eddie Tullis, Chairman, Poarch Band of
Creeks decided not to seek re-election for the position
of First Vice-President of NCAI, the Southeast will
continue to hold one of the officer's seats through
Beaufort Rollins, also of Poarch Band of Creeks,
who was elected to the office of the treasurer. Reuben
Snake, Winnebago Tribe, became the new NCAI

During the week of October 7 11, 1985 a National
Assembly of Indian Nations was held in Tulsa,
Oklahoma. As a result of a joint resolution developed
and approved in June of this year by the executive
boards of the National Tribal Chairmen's Association
and the National Congress of American Indians,
1,000 persons representing over 130 Indian tribes
participated in NCAI s 42nd. Annual Convention.
Southeastern Tribes were well represented by Sem-
inole, Cherokee, Lumbi, Poarch Band of Creeks,
Catawba, Haliwa-Saponi and Miccosukee.
Buffalo Tiger, Tribal Chairman, Billy Cypress,


I ;



2 Miccosukee Everglades News





' .. I *

Tommy TigeA, Left, Bitty CyprAs, Right,; Part o6
f* Tribal EveMglades Study Team.

Al .-.

J oi*;l

Tribat Everglade Stady Team Sarvey Triba, Lands

On Monday, October 21, the Miccosukee
Tribal Everglades Study team, lead by Billy
Cypress, launched their third annual study of the
Tribe's lands north of the Tamiami Trail. This
year's study, which lasted 4 days rather than the
usual 5, focused on recording overall changes on
the hammocks which occurred during the past
The study team, comprised of the same
individuals as in past years: Jimmy Tiger, Tommie
Tiger, and Jackson Tiger were accompanied by
several Tribal members and staff this year, stated
Mr. Cypress.
In fact, one day 5 students from the
Miccosukee Indian School joined the group. As
they paused at the various hammocks Jimmy
Tiger explained how these lands are a part of the
children's heritage.
One community member remarked that while
riding out deep in the glades she became very
aware of the significance of these lands to her and
her people. She thought how important it was for
her ancestors to remain on these lands and how
they had to fight to do so. And now, how the
Tribal leadership has to fight different kinds of
battles to protect these lands for Miccosukee.
Mr. Cypress stated the purpose of the study is







to document for the Tribe the actual condition of
these lands. Too often scientists and others who
have no practical experience make decisions
regarding the Everglades. During this year's study
the team found the following changes had taken
place: &
SotUtheast Section basically the same as last
year, but did notice more ducks in the area and
found an improved hunting camp on one

hammock. Airboat usage had declined in this
Northeast Section More deer tracks, evidence
of recent fires, but little soil damage.
Northwest Section Vegetation coming back
where oil pipeline was placed underground. -
Southwest: Remains same as it was 25 years
ago. No fire damage although increased usage by

the reservation lands, and establishing mechamnisms
to document and record changes in the natural habitat.
The department works in close conjunction with the
Tribe's Land Use Planner, Marjorie Slater Kaplan
and the Tribal Land Enforcement Officer, Larry
Leon. Although all staff are currently working out of
the Tribe's Forty Mile Bend Headquarters, the Busi-
ness Council is seeking resources to establish a head-
quarter on the Alligator Alley Reservation as soon as
In the meantime if you don't see Steve or Jerry
whizzing by in the program's airboat or jeep, you
can reach them at 223-8380, extension 380.

tter over two years of knocking on Congressional
S Interior Department doors, in March of this year
Miccosukee Tribe received official notice of fun d-
for its BIA contracted Real Estate Services
-)gram. A part of the Tribe's Government Programs
iision,this new department,headed by Steve Ter-
IResource Manager, provides assistance in the
nagement of the Tribe's 76,000 acre Alligator
ey Reservation which was transferred into federal
t in 1982.
In October, Jerry Cypress was hired as a Realty
Aide to Assist Mr. Terry in administering the hunting
camp permit project, instituting boundary signs on

J"iy Cype6as, Reafty Aide hetps get the Ptoguamn
AiMboat xady Po& uae..

Miccosukee Everglades News is published on or
about the 15th of each month by the Miccosukee
Tribe of Indians of Florida.
Letters to the editor regarding community issues
are invited. All letters must be signed to be
considered for publication. Published letters, which
may be edited, express the opinion of the author and
not necessarily that of the tribal administration or

news articles. Contributors can bring their work to the
newspaper office, in the neighborhood building, or
leave it in the paper's mailbox in the administrative
Advertising is accepted. Call or write to the editor
at the address at the left for rates and more
Subscriptions are $10 for one year, $18 for two.
Send check or money order with complete address to







Everglades News
PO Box 440021, Tamiami Station
Miami, Florida 33144
Buffalo Tiger, Tribal Chairman
WPIlAmann illip Tranna Rntlin

__ __~__

_ __

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_I -


Collier and Monroe Counties. The problems included
a considerable amount of vandalism, burglaries,
thefts, alcohol and drug abuse as well as random
gunshots being fired into Indian camps and homes
by non-Indians. In addition numerous automobile
accidents, not infrequent hit and runs and constant
medical emergencies made the absence of 24 hour
police patrol coverage felt daily.
The Department takes pride in the fact the Depart-
ment's patrol policies regarding high visibility and
availability, have been successful in meeting the law
enforcement needs of the Miccosukee Community.
The Department has been successful in reducing
traffic accidents significantly. The availability of
illegal drugs has been reduced to a trickle. Burglaries
of Tribal Businesses as well as the random gunshots
being fired into Indian camps and homes has been
eliminated. This has also resulted in the Tribe provi-
ding safe environment for tourists who travel through.
or visit the Miccosukee Recreational facilities., ,
In 1981 the Miccosukee Tribe's land base grew too
266,138 acres. The Department has been working
under the direction and guidance of the Tribal Coun-
cil. With the assistance of the Government Programs
and Planning Departments, plans have been made to
expand police operations to cover the Miccosukee
Federal Reservation in Broward County. The tenta-
tive plans are to establish a Miccosukee Police Sub-
station in the vicinity of Snake Road and Alligator
Alley. At present the Department has been accepting
complaints from Hunting Camps owners located on
the Alley Reservation in an effort to identify what
problems exist. To date there are approximately 739
camp owners and members legally using the area.
These are exciting times for the Department, as
growth always is. The accomplishments of the Mic-
cosukee Police Department are the direct result of
staff, Tribal Council and community working towards
a common goal, a safer and better environment for
Miccosukee children and adults -to live in.

Tony Zecca, Mieeosfukee Polie CUhie

cement Jurisdiction. The contract extended the autho-
rity of the Department to include the area north and
adjacent to the permit area, this included the Micco-
sukee General Council House, Tribal and private
owned Indian Businesses and Indian camps located
within this area and on October 19, 1982, the agree-
ment was -amended to include U.S. Highway 41
(Tamiami Trail).
Prior to the existence of the Miccosukee Police
Department, the Miccosukee Indian Community suf-
fered from a multitude of law enforcement related
problems. There was the conflict of five jurisdictional
areas surrounding the main concentration of Tribal
educational and administrative offices and homes.
Adding to the problem was the fact that Miccosukee
Indian people live in camps and homes in Dade,

The IMTS Learning Center opened its doors in
1975. Presently it is staffed by Donna Rodio, Direc-
tor/Instructor and Shirley Frank, Secretary/Aide. The
classroom area is located in the neighborhood Facili-
ties Building; class hours are from 8:30 A.M. to 4:30
P.M. Monday through Friday. The training design is
focused on self-instructional academics (Reading,
Math and Language)and personal, social and employ-
ability skills to promote success to students in his/her
program of job preparation. Individualized instruction
is provided to focus on each student's vocational goal.
During the last fiscal year, twenty-eight adult stu-
dents participated in testing, job exploration, G.E.D.
preparation, basic education and employability and
personal information skills. This year's goal is to
reach just as many or more people who need help or
seek information to make changes or accomplish-
ments in their lives.
The three other Vocational Education Programs:
Clerical Skills, Home Furnishings and Jewelry Ma-
king were provided last year to promote employment
and new tribal enterprise. The Clerical Skills Program
provided training in all phases of office procedures

from 3:30 P.M. to 8:00 P.M. on Friday ifi the Big
Mac Building.
In addition to the advanced studies for the G.E.D.,
Cynthia also encourages adults who have little or no
education to attend classes to learn useful skills in
Math or English. The Adult learnerwho speaks little
or no English isi especially invited to participate in
these classes and will be tutored with the help of
Nellie Smith, the Bi-lingual Aide.
Special educational needs of the community are
met either through the Adult Education or the Lea-
rning Center Program.These special topics are presen-'
ted by request and can include anything relating to
life skills. Some of the more popular presentations
have been: income tax preparation, cash register'
practice; nutrition and cooking, forms preparation
such as loan applications and mail ordering and after
school high school tutoring.
All the staff of the Adult and Vocational Education
Program extend an open invitation to all community
members to sign up for classes or stop in for assistance
with a special need. Let us help you meet your
educational or personal goals.

for studelits seeking positions and also for those
employed who wished to upgrade their skills. Of the
twenty-four students who enrolled in classes, five
advanced or were placed Jn positions.
In the Jewelry Making Class, forty-one students
learned the fine art of jewelry fabrication and repair.
Almost half of the students sold some of their crea-
tions for profit. Hpme furnishings and Patchwork
Sewing Classes supported eleven students who not
only constructed articles for personal use, but also
completed projects for buyers.
These three latter programs are still anticipating
the awarding of State or Federal funds for this fiscal
year. The funding of these programs is necessary to
re-establish the availability of diverse opportunities
reflected by the community's needs.
The Adult Education Program, implemented in
1964, was attended by thirty-five students in fiscal
year 1985. Five of those students ,obtained their
G.E.D. Two people received job promotions for their
accomplishment. The present Adult Education In-
structor is Cynthia-Greene who holds classes Tuesday
through Thursday from 3:30 P.M. to 9:00 P.M. and


PIP from $40 with'
REGULARLY $43 coupon .
Liability from 132

" ,A Between Tropical Supermarket and Saylor's Hardware
I !'.r a 0 999 12804 sw S street, Miami IJ

Subscriptioni to AMkcosukoe Eyergfdes News are S10 for one year
S (12 issue) or $18 for two years (24 ibum).
I i

! Name:



.Addres: -
a .A-., ~. A.-_ ,.. .. AL _L_.L .. ___,...a ,..J^ .,..,. iri Pw"la,-t ,. I

Cindu Bett. teXft. XeAox OvAa'ttrA. uviA-jA uiith- ^Sh!oAl Fxhankh -hlnh lan'iA.m

Miccosukee Everglades News'


Police Protection

A Community Matter

By Tony Zecca

On October of this year, the Miccosukee Police
Department completed nine years of continuous po-
lice protection to Miccosukee Indian people living in
camps and homes located in Dade and Collier Coun-
ties and to employees, transients and visitors to the
The Department in its young existence, has steadily
gained the respect of the Miccosukee Indian Commu-
nity and the general public. This has come about as
a result of a greater awareness and confidence on the
part of the community, in the services their police,
department provides. As a result the Department has
experienced a continuous increase in demands for
police services. For the calendar year 1978 the De-
partment handled 1,821 incidents which included
reports of crimes and request for assistance and other
non criminal type police services. For calendar year
1982 the Department handled 5,635 incidents and
7,328 for calendar year 1984. This represents a subs-
tancial increase in the services provided by the De-
partment, this has been accomplished without increa-
sing staff.
The Miccosukee Tribeds Police Department has also
gained the respect of other police agencies in the
southeast Florida area on a federal,state and local
level. On January 24, 1979, after 2 years of negotia-
tions, at the ceremony held at Tribal Headquarters,
the Dade County Manager presented Tribal Chairman
Buffalo Tiger, a contract for Concurrent Law Enfor-

Miccosukee Adults "Learn New Skills

By Donna Rodio0

for VISA / Commercial Checking Accounts / Certificates of
S Deposit / NOW Accounts / NOW-Plus Accounts / IRA Ac-
counts / Savings Accounts / "Money Market Plus" Accounts /
Safe Deposit Boxes/Drive-In Tellers / Bank by Mail / 24-Hour
Depository / Publix and HONOR Automatic Tellers / Com-
mercial Loans / Real Estate Loans / Installment Loans / U.S.
Savings Bonds / Collections / Travelers, Checks / Christmas
Plan Accounts / Cashier Checks, Bank Money Orders / Payrolls
/ Depository for Federal Social Security, Withholding Taxes.
950 SW 57th AVENUE / MIAMI, FLA. 33144 /266-1000
Branches: 6600 SW 8th Street and 11439 Bird Road / Miami
Mom/l,xl'kr C r-l'^ I An i r' iril lii-! ri I I a ,'iar / Aff41Ili=1 1 ita ff Filnri_

~rb~brJr. U~3

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-- ~~---

4 Miceosukee Everglades News

am'nmu~mllb to&

My name Elvis Tippy Cypress and I'm
Miccosukee Indian and I lived on the reservation
for many years. And I'm a candidate for the
Chairman of the Miccosukee Tribe. Because I feel
that I am qualified for the position of Tribe
There are a big number of problems coming up,
many of these problems are made by the Business
Council. These problems are the result of the
Business Council not telling us what goes on.
Maybe, some decisions were made and we have
not been told of those decisions! Many
ACTIONS need to be looked in to! We need
more information about all that goes on during
the Business Council Meetings. I want to be
elected so that I can find out the answers to the
SHere are some of the problems:
1- Who gave permission to the Business

that the young people do not know how to make
laws were young at one time. Maybe they forget
something were the Council members at the
restaurant on Wednesday insulting us? Do They
Think we are children. Only children set down
quietly and listen to the Medicine man. Our
mothers gave us our life and helped us to live.
Why can't a woman also be a law maker? ? Some
old men want to have everything for themselves.
A woman can be a good law maker.
5- Last point is this.
Why is not the Business Council Telling us how
much money the Gas Station is making?. How
much is the Restaurant making? How much
money is the General Sore making? Also how
much money is The Cultural
these Tribal Enterprises are not making money.
We got to know Why! !

Council to send the alligators to Spain?
Why were the alligators given to Spain?
What did we get for the alligators? ?
2- Why has not the Business Council told us
all about the new land that we are going to buy?
3- We need to know and understand
completely the laws about the new land that is
being added to our reservation, can we hunt and
fish on this land any time we want to? What are
the Laws? ? If we do something wrong on this
new land do we see our Council or do we go to
the White man Court?
4- Some people think that the young people
are not intelligent to make laws. We are now
young but we all grow old. These people who say

I am a candidate for the Chairmanship of the
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida. I have
lived on the reservation for the past twenty-two
years and if I'm elected I will continue to live
among the group of people that I will be
representing. I am proud of our tribe however, I
have seen the neglect of the Tribal member's
needs and opinions by the present administration.
If I am elected I will end this neglect and
disregard of the people and return the power and
authority back to the Miccosukee General
Council composed of all tribal members.
My election will bring an end to the
withdrawals of funds -and spending of tribal
monies without the approval of tribal members:;

To all tribal members:
This is a reminder that all qualified members
(18 years and older and registered with the Tribe)
may vote in the upcoming November 10, 1985
It is important that you vote if you plan to be
off the reservation on election day you may
request an ABSENTEE BALLOT. When youtt
receive the ballot fill it in and return it prior to
(before) the election date. Any tribal member
anywhere off the reservation may vote this way.
To get an absentee ballot request in writing or call
the secretary of the Business Council.
Every vote is important. Please take the time to
participate in this election.

Tribal members will also have a voice in future
plans and goals of the tribe. We have come a long
way. Together we have a long way to go.
I am not new to tribal politics as I have served
three terms as Assistant Chairman and actively
participated in the development and
establishment of our Tribal Constitution.
Thank you for your consideration of me as a
candidate. Please vote for me on Sunday,
November 10, 1985, you can make the

Sonny Billie

Paid Political Advertisement




7220 H.Kendall Drive 0 661-2521

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NEW, BLA ZER ,4x4s

7220, N. Kendall Drive 0 661"-2521






The impact of the highly industrialized
American economy has had an immeasurable
effect on the culture of the original inhabitants of
the United States.
Miccosukees have always strived to preserve the
Tribe's culture and provide its members with the
security of a homeland they would never have to
Even as early as 1954, the Miccosukees
expressed these feelings to President Eisenhower,
by sending him a "Buckskin of Recognition"
which stated their strong feelings on preserving
their traditional way of life as well as their
determination in having rights to their homeland.
In order for the Miccosukees to function in a
more effective manner within the American
economic system, and be able to receive BIA
health, education, housing and welfare programs,
it was necessary to become a federally recognized
On January 11, 1962, the Miccosukee
Constitution and Bylaws were approved, and the
tribe was officially organized as the "Miccosukee
Tribe of Indians of Florida". Buffalo Tiger,, who
since the early 1950s had been chosen to act as
intermediary in negotiations with the
non-Indians, was elected as Tribal Chairman in
the tribe's first official election. This political
structure was quite different from the traditional
leadership, however, was necessary to deal with
agencies on federal and state levels.
Since the 1950s, the Tribe has made great
strides in its pursuit of permanent homelands, and
tried to provide its people with a better quality of
living conditions. The following is a brief
description of the Tribe's accomplishments and
activities under the leadership of Chairman Tiger.

Tribal Formation
Ta- 4I1^M 1-1.9, 1 a ron. +ho Qamrxninnra filpriors mit


Tribe. When I was acting as tribal spokesman, in,
the early 1950s, I was paid no salary. To support
my family, I depended upon the income of my
wife who worked within the Dade County
educational system.
In the late 1950s, the Association on American
Indian Affairs offered assistance by paying me
$50.00 per week. This was not a salary, but
helped to provide food for my family.

After federal recognition in 1962, I received
my first salary. It was $100.00 per week, which
was paid out of our State Reservation lease
The Miccosukee people began to see many new
improvements when the Tribe took responsibility
for administering its own programs, including
health, education and other social services. Over
the years, we have continued this progress and
conditions have steadily improved.
The Business Council and I have worked hard
for the benefit of the Tribe. This work has often
meant very long hours, but the opportunity to
help and serve the Miccosukee community made
it rewarding and enjoyable. I also knew that I was
fulfilling a promise and trust made to the Tribe
many years before.
I am proud of the progress the Tribe has made.
We continue to move forward.
The Tribe is presently seeking to establish a 3rd
Reservation for the purpose of pursuing economic
development programs. Revenues derived by way
of the intended enterprise would benefit tribal
members through:

-Educational programs,
-Housing assistance, and
-Health care insurance for


the community.

Many new jobs for Miccosukees will be
available in the future. Miccosukee people should
strive to improve their job skills. There is a great
potential for better positions and higher paying
jobs for members who are prepared to take these
The doors are open to many new economic
development pursuits. The Tribe needs strong,
qualified, and experienced leadership to continue
its progress.
I have always respected the Miccosukee culture
and religion, and have never allowed the Tribe's
business pursuits to interfere with these
traditional beliefs. A separation between tradition
and business must be maintained for the
preservation of the Miccosukee Culture.
I am experienced in all areas of tribal
administration and have made many influential
friendships at county, state, national and
international levels.
My commitment and dedication to the
Miccosukee Tribe has been proven many times
over the past years.
Since the 1950s, our Tribe has come a long
way. We are respected by other Indian people as
well as by non-Indian governments Our
achievements, economic development, and
community progress are things this Tribe can be
proud of. I hope you will vote to continue this
progress and to allow me to continue to guide the
Miccosukee people through the challenges of the
Paid Political Advertisement

I have been Chairman of the Miccosukee Tribe
of Indians of Florida since 1962.
In the early 1950s, respected tribal members
asked me to represent them in negotiations with
the non-Indians. I agreed to their request and
have devoted myself to helping my people in any
way within my power.
Times have not always been easy for me or the

--Quarterly dividend checks,
-Additional youth recreation activities
services, including half-way houses,


Land Settlement. The Miccosukees did not wish
to receive payment for their lands in Florida, but
rather to retain their homelands.
In 1954, Buffalo Tiger attended the
Congressional Hearings regarding termination of
Indian tribes, and testified in support of their
During the 1950s, the Miccosukees sought
separate recognition from the Seminoles as a
distinct tribe.
On May 14, 1971, Officers of the Miccosukee
Corporation acting for the Tribe, signed a
contract with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, under
the Buy Indian Act, to operate all its BIA health,
education, and social service programs. The Tribe
became the 1st to administer all its on-reservation
The Tribe played a major role in helping to
establish PL-93-638 (The Indian
Self-Determination Act) in 1974. This law paved
the way for many tribes to contract on an equal
basis, with the federal government to provide
health, education and social services for their
tribal members.
Land Aquisition and Management
Land Aquisition and Management

There have been successful negotiations of two
oil exploration leases, and two oil pipeline leases
since 1965. These leases enable the Tribe to meet
community needs and expand enterprise
Farming and Cattle Grazing leases, since 1965,
have generated $412,786.00 for the Tribe. The
Farming, Cattle Grazing, Oil Exploration and Oil
Pipeline leases are all within the lands of the
Miccosukee Alligator Alley Reservation.
In 1983, the Tribe's Land Settlement
Agreement was finalized after many years of
negotiations. Approximately 76,800 acres of land
located in Broward County, Florida, was
transferred from the State of Florida into federal
trust, and became the Miccosukee Federal
Reservation (also known as Alligator Alley
Reservation). In addition, 3 parcels of land,
located in Dade County, Florida, were transferred
into federal trust and became part of the
Miccosukee land holdings. Approximately
189,000 acres, located in Dade and Broward
Counties, were established as an official Leased
Area in perpetuity. The Tribe shares the
jurisdiction with the State of Floirda and Water
Management District over these Florida
Everglades lands. The Miccosukees are guaranteed
the right to hunt, fish, live, and utilize the lands
for traditional purposes. In addition, the Tribe
has a right to fifty percent of any revenue derived
by the State of Florida from subsurface
development. The Tribe may require that any
subsurface development must be done in a
manner which protects the natural beauty of the
leased area and does not disrupt tribal uses. These
Leased Area lands had been the Miccosukees
homeland for more than a century. Compensation
for damages were paid to the Tribe from the State
of Florida in the amount of $975,000 on March
31, 1983. These monies were used to partially
snonsor Enternrisp improvements *as follows:

In 1959, the State Reservation was divided
between the Miccosukee and Seminole Tribes.
In 1962, the National Park Service issued a
special use permit to the Bureau of Indian Affairs
on behalf of the Tribe. The 50-year Permit, issued
directly to the Tribe since 1973, furnished the
Miccosukee with 333.3 acres and provided them
with a place for their "administrative and
educational facilities and a place to live, sell and
make handicrafts".
In 1962, 3 parcels (4.7 acres) of land were
dedicated to the Tribe by the State of Florida for
the "sole use and benefit of the Indians". The
Tribe's general store, restaurant and service
ntin' n o alneo.ted nn these lands. There are olans

Miccosukee Everglades News 5





Ill I

In 1984, the Miccosukee Cultural Embassy was
established. The purpose of the Embassy is to
promote understanding and sharing of cultural
history of American Indians with other peoples of
the world.

Community Development

traditional Indian standards and "non-Indian
The Tribal recreational activities provide
community members of all age groups with
family participatory activities, thereby
reinforcing traditional family values. The
Recreation facility, constructed in 1977, has
provided hours of enjoyment to families in- the
community. Movies, billiard games, gym
equipment, exercise classes, video games and
television are offered, as well as, tennis, soft ball,
and basket ball tournaments.
A Community Action Agency was established
in the mid 1960s.

Inter-Tribal Affiliations


6-tom page 5

Restaurant renovation, construction of additional
outside bays at the Service Station, construction
of the Amphitheater, Museum, Restrooms, and
additions to the Gift Shop and General Store.
General improvements were also made to the
Village grounds.
A celebration of Peace was held on July 17,
1983, at the Miccosukee Indian Village. The
ceremony was to celebrate at long last reaching
their Settlement Agreement with the State of
Florida and United States.
E This recognition of land rights is a fulfillment
of pledges made many years ago in Spain, Great
Britain, and the United States.
As of April 10, 1985, any non-Indian who
resided on the Miccosukee Reservation lands, had
to obtain a "Permit for Temporary Occupancy"
to remain on the land. 50 permits were purchased
S through October 1985 at $1,200.00 each.
SHunting licenses are offered to interested
S "Permit" holders for a fee of $25.00.
SThis 'Permit" has been proposed within the
Leased Area lands as well, however, has not been

Economic Development

The, Tribe's economic development began in
1964, when a service station, general store and
restaurant were constructed with a loan from the
Bureau of Indian Affairs. In May 1982, the loan
had been completely satisfied with tribal oil lease
Over the years, the Tribe has constructed a new
general store, and made improvements to the
service station and restaurant.
The Tribe's Arts Festival, held every December
since 1974, and Music Festival, held every July
since 1976, are of major importance to the
Miccosukees. The festivals instill a more positive
image of Indians and their own distinct artistic
abilities, while improving communications and
awareness between Indians and non-Indians.
SIn 1975, a stage and seating area was built in
,the Miccosukee Indian Village to accommodate
entertainers and tourists who attended the Tribe's
annual festivals. Due to increased festival
attendance, in July 1983, a new Amphitheater
Was constructed.
On March 28, 1977, the Culture Center and
Gift Shop (including inventory) were purchased
. from Jimmy Tiger. The purchase was made with
l revenues from tribal oil leases.
| In 1983, a major renovation of the Culture
i Center, Restrooms and Gift Shop was completed.
SIn addition, the Tribe purchased an Airboat
On December 26, 1983, the Tribe realized a
long time goal, the completion of its beautiful
Miccosukee Museum, containing displays
! dipicting Miccosukee life and exhibits from other
Countries as well.
! In November, 1984, the Tribe's unique

Alligator Arena was completed.
I Since completion of the Alligator Arena and
other recent Enterprise Improvements, there has
"een an 8.2 percent increase of Visitors to the
SVillage in comparison to last year.
The Tribe participates in international
marketing/promotions, representing not only the
Tribe, but Dade County (in which it is located)
and .the State of Florida as well. These
promotional efforts have greatly increased the
Tribe's tourist industry and are important, as a
Means for the public to recognize the
Miccosukees distinct from the Seminoles.
On December 21, 1984, collection of the 5
Percent Miccosukee Sales Tax began at the Tribe's

In 1963, a Health Survey was conducted on the
Reservation through the Florida State Board of
In 1963, Indian Health Service began health
care delivery services to the Tribe through the
Dade County Public Health Service.
The Tribe desired to provide an even more
comprehensive Health Care Program to its people.
As a result, a Clinic facility was constructed and
the Tribe signed a contract, in 1974, with the
Indian Health Service to administer its own health
care delivery system.
Over the years, the Tribe's Water System has
greatly improved, providing safe, clean water for
the community. However, the Tribe does
recognize a need for an additional water tower
The Tribe is continually improving the housing
stock available to Tribal members. Construction
of frame homes began in 1965 and continued
until 1975, when cement block structures were
built. These homes met building code
requirements and had modern styling,
airconditioning, and all the amenities.
Approximately $1,691,400.00 ($123,000 from
tribal funds) were expended over the years for
new community housing and improvements.
The Tribe, which began its educational
programs in a one-room portable school building
in 1962, have constructed An Elementary School
and gymnasium, Library, Junior and Senior High
School, a modular school building, and a
Vocational Education Building.
In December 1980, Miccosukee Elementary,
Junior and Senior High Schools met the
accreditation standards of Southern Association of
Colleges and Schools, representing the schools'
high quality of education. The Tribal bilingual
educational system is set up to "provide the
community with the skills and understanding
required to function in the majority culture
without losing their own culture".
The following are among the educational
programs offered on reservation from 1962:

Buffalo Tiger played an integral part in the
formation of the following organizations.
-Along with the Cherokee, Seminole and
Choctaw Tribes, established the United South and,
Eastern Tribes organization in 1968. USET's
purpose is to promote the common welfare,
improve the health and education of Indian
people, and to join forces for debates with the
federal government on various Indian matters.
-The National Tribal Chairmen's Association,
established July 12, 1971.
-Worked with Governor Askews Commission
on Human Relations from 1971 through 1974.
-Appointed by President Nixon to serve on
the National Council on Indian Opportunity in
-Assisted in the formation of the Florida
Governor's Council on Indian Affairs in 1974.
This non-profit organization provides technical
assistance to federally recognized tribes within
the State of Florida.
Recently, a Legislative Committee has been
formed for the Florida Governor's Council. This
committee reviews pending bills that could have
an impact on Indian tribes, and makes
recommendations to the Governor.

Future Plans

Development on the Tribe's Alligator Alley
Reservation will begin after completion of
Interstate 1-75. The Miccosukees have been
granted an Interchange at Snake Road as part of
the 1-75 design, by the Florida Department of
Transportation. DOT will continue to work with
the Tribe regarding 1-75 progress, and the
establishment of their economic development
The Tribe is seeking to acquire additional
reservation lands near their existing property for
the purpose of facilitating tribal economic
development, self-government and housing.
The Tribe plans to make additional
improvements to its existing enterprises located
on the 40-Mile-Bend Reservation.
The Miccosukee Tribe has displayed fortitude,
perseverance, and patience in all its endeavors.
It's integrity has earned the Tribe respect and
many friends, including other tribes,
Congressmen, Senators, local, state and federal
officials, and foreign dignataries.
If the Tribe is to continue to expand, and
explore new community economic development
avenues, its self-determination and excellence in
local, state, national and international relations
must be maintained.
Onl through experienced and stron
Only through experienced and strong

1964- Adult Education
1966- Headstart
1975- Learning Center
1977- Community Library
1970- Higher Education
1980- Vocational Education


Since 1972, the Miccosukee Tribe has been
operating manpower training programs on the
40-Mile Bend Reservation.
Prior to 1976, there was no tribal law
enforcement on the Reservation. In December
1976, the Miccosukee Police Department was
established and a new facility was constructed. In
addition, a Fire Station facility was constructed
in 1983.
In November 1978, the Tribal Criminal and
Civil Code was adopted by the General Council.
The 1st Tribal Court session was held on June 1,
1981 and 2 judges were selected. The court
system, which has 1 traditional and 1

6 Mlecokee Everglades News




I : r: ~: 1

A Healthy Year in Review

By George McMullen


Micceosukee Everglades News 7

The Miccosukee Child Welfare Program assists the
Tribal Court in developing procedures in the area of
child welfare matters and legal advice to families and
youth involved in judicial systems. The program
provides advocacy for children, families and youth
and works with individual families who face problems
which threaten family cohesiveness and tribal culture.
Of beneficial importance to the Tribe is the pro-
gam's provision of preventive and supportive servi-
ces. The program feels that training and education
directed to adolescents in areas such as substance
abuse, child rearing and other life skills consistent
with tribal culture, are essential in preventing family
crisis. The program hopes to continue to target the
community teenagers in planning and delivery of
services. Activities are presented which explore social
values and decision making and which provide youth
with meaningful alternatives so that drug/alchohol
abuse and other negative behaviors become unattrac-
tive and incompatible with strivings of growth, ac-
complishment and cultural pride.
As the Child Welfare Program continues to grow,
our goals for the future are to provide the very best
treatment services locally in order to eliminate the
need to seek services off the reservation. Additional,
we hope to see more youth involved in community

V. Mianch Ptincipat. Mchael FAank, Maintenance Dept.
Mintne BeLt, CultuAat Language

leadership roles and assisting in the planning of com-
munity activities such as recreational and cultural
programs and youth workers who will be models for
younger children.

The following is a brief summary of some of the
activities and accomplishments of the different pro-
grams conducted by the Miccosukee Health Depart-
Immunizations The first kind of defense against
very serious illnesses in infants and young children.
Immunizations help protect children from such disea s -
es as polio, tetanus, mumps, diptheria, and measles.
This year (October 1984 September 1985) our
community's immunization rate was over 98 percent
one of the best in the nation!
Transportation and Translation This year the
TOW staff provided 205 transportation and transla-
tion services to community members for their doctor,
dentist, and hospital appointments. Almost half were
for the elderly who need special assistance and inter-
Dental Program Preventive dental is a major part
of the Miccosukee Dental Program. Terri Weichman,
the Higienist, spends a great deal of time in the school
showing children how to brush, giving fluoride rinses,
and teaching good dental habits. Cleanings and emer-
gency care are also available in the Clinic. This past
year, dental services expanded to include "sealants"
. which "coat" children teeth to fight off cavities.
Terri also provides information on dental care to her
patients on a one-to-one basis anbd frequently gives
presentations to small groups, like WIC parents, on
special topics.
WIC-The Health Department assumed responsabil-
ity for the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
Program in June. WIC is a food supplement program
whichincludes diet assessments, nutrition education,
and good health care. For next year, the WIC staff
plans to introduce a few new and creative activities
to its nutrition education program. These include food



Iteft to Aight) Minnie BeAt., cuuaL Language
DirectoA'. Jennie KBitie, CteAk o6 the Couxt.
Dk. Raquet Bild, Ca Andy Bu.6tea, Indian Vouth Counetior'

TheAea6a Weigman, VDental Hygenist Clean, community
MembeA' s teeth

for school-aged children, adult activities, special
workshops and presentations, home visits, and coun-
seling sessions. This year the TMiccosukee Human
Services Program hosted the 4th Annual Alcohol
conference for the USET Area Tribes. The Confe-
rence focused on "Prevention Education" and was a
tremendous success.
Health Fair Each year this Department sponsors a
day of Health-related information and activities design-
ed to promote interest in, and greater knowledge of
health care and healtiyways of living.This year's
Health Fair was in April and the theme was "A
Carnival of Health". In addition to a day full of
clowns, games, musi-, a Talent Show, bicycle races,

titioner and TOW'S see more community members,
providing healthcare and education. In the Clinic,
community members receive treatment and medica-
tion for illnesses and accidents, and if necessary,
referrals to physicians in town. This past year there
have been more Home Visits than ever before over
150 more than last year!
Human Services The effects of alcoholism and drug
abuse can destroy lives and families, and seriously
effect our community's overall health. The goal of
the Human Services Program is to help community
members deal with the personal, emotional, and





Program for the Entire


By Laura Topping

A Recipe For


Take a lot of time, a lot of patience, a lot of
listening and a lot of walking, add a vest, a note book
and mix with a genuine interest in people.
Anyone who's spent any time on the Miccosukee
reservation complex in the last year should be able,
to identify the outcome of these ingredients. Forthose
who haven't, it's Andy Buster, Indian Youth Officer.
Over a year ago, as a result of community mem-
bers' concerns about the education and well-being of
MiccosukeeYouth, the Business Council established
the position of Indian Youth Officer.Formerly assign-
ed ,: under the umbrella of the Tribal Health Depart-
ment, Human Service component, Mr. Busters
office is now located in the Tribal Court Building.
Recently after evaluating the effectiveness of this
position, the Business Council has directed Mr. Bus-
ter to work more closely with TribalCourt probation
ers assigned to community service work. And, when
he's not making his other appointed rounds includin'-
monitoring school attendance and working with pa r_-
ents in an effort to curb absenteeism, he can be found
assisting community members with special needs.
Mr. Buster sees the role the Tribal Council has
.given him as one designed to help community mem-
bers improve their learning, coping and decision-ma-
king skills. His task is to assist the Tribe in making
constructive changes within the community by work-
ing with community members so that they might be
more responsive to the individual needs of their
fellow members. His ultimate goal is to eliminate
those conditions within the community which produce
mental health problems.



History has shown that environmental health pro-
grams of any community, large or small, Indian or
non-Indian, ultimately determines the overall quality
of health of that community. The term, Environmen-
tal Health, encompasses a wide variety of programs
directly linked to providing a healthy and safe com-
munity environment. In this endeavor, the Miccosu-
kee Environmental Health and Safety Department has
accomplished a great deal during the past fiscal year
with many more functions and services to be added
this year.
Significant improvements and accomplishments
during the past year, as well as those scheduled for
this year, are consistent with major goals of the tribe:
(1) To strengthen the awareness and understanding
of good health care and sanitationihabits and practices
within the Miccosukee Community; (2) To formulate
and conduct special training programs for Miccosukee
food service workers in concepts and procedures
relating to good public health practices; and (3) To
develop and implement environmental health and
safety education and training programs and activities
designed to meet the needs of the Miccosukee Com-
With these goals in mind, the Environmental
Health and Safety Department routinely provides a
multitude of vital community services, such as:
----Continuous monitoring of community Drinking
and Water supply systems.
-Monthly inspections of all Tribal Service facili-
-Training programs in food service sanitation for

Health Clinic, and all other government facilities.
-Training programs and consultations of infection
control procedures within the community.
-Training programs and technical assistance in
insect and rodent control within the community.
-Establishment of a Rabies Control program; and
coordination of an annual Rabies vaccination clinic
conducted by the Dade County' Health Department.
-Monthly safety and fire prevention inspection of
all government facilities.
In addition to continuing all of these programs into
the new year, a number of new programs and services
will be developed and implemented. The most note-
worthy involves Home Surveys; that is providing
technical assistance andtraining sessionsfor individual

home owners on sanitation practices, home care and
maintenance, water and waste system. utilization,
care and maintenance. Another vital program curren-
tly in the development stage, is the Community Injury
Control program, designed to prevent or reduce
injury rates among the Miccosukee Community. A
third, equally important program, also in the develop-
ment stage, is the reinstatement and training of a
viable volunteer Fire Department.
The Environmental Health and Safety Department,
consisting of Ron Logan, Howard Jim and Jimmie
Poole, is constantly on the move with the primary
goal of providing a healthy and safe environment for
the Miccosukee Community to live, work... and

by Virginia Poole
The Health Department tries to achieve its goal
of maintaining a healthy community through a
combined effort of direct care at the Clinic,
preventative care and education, and contract
medical care with doctors, dentists, and hospitals
in Miami. This is a challenging task because even
though the Tribe is small in number, we have
many of the same health concerns and problems
as those of a large Tribe.
The Health staff provides a variety of services
to the community, but the most important are
those which help people learn more about good
health and prevent illnesses, diseases, and
accidents before they can harm you.

special person YOU. Your attendance at Health
Department activities, such as workshops, clinics,
meetings, and the Health Fair, help you to learn
more about "Good Health" and different ways of
healthy living.
Your cooperation with the instructions given
to you by the Nurse Practitioner are especially
important. (For example these may be about how
and when to take medication, or what to do to
prevent colds, or when to come in to the Clinic
Finally, it is important to keep your
appointments with doctors and dentists. If you
cannot keep an appointment -call the Clinic to let
us know the day before. Also, please be sure you
bring vour referral slit to vour anointment and

0Miccosukee Everglades News




By Lou Herrera
The Higher Education Program provides assistance
to students who are interested in attending institutions
of post-secondary education (colleges and/or univer-
The first goal of this program is to help Miccosukee
youngsters and adults achieve self determination
through educating and preparing themselves to deal
with our modern wold.
Last school year (1984-1985) the program helped
seventeen students, who were enrolled in colleges
and universities in the State of Florida and other
states. Some of these students took college courses
here on the Reservation through Miami Dade Com-
munity College.
The Program's goals for the future include contin-
uing to provide financial assistance to students, as
well as counseling them in choosing careers and/or
institutions to pursue their programs of interest and
selecting courses within these programs which are at
their level of functioning .

Everglades Sunset
The Sawgrass weaves forever
Into the Horizon.
Pink and white clouds veer
Swimming, drifting, then gone.
Canals, flame red, sunset where
Birds swooping beckon
"Follow me!" like past and future seers
Peace fills me and I'm calm.
Cynthia Rowntree Greene

Tahtched roof shudders gently
Under rain or wind.
Flies buzz in spirals under leaves
Cooling those beneath the cypress bend.
Resting, growing, loving, learning at knees
Warmed by a fire the family thieves
Changing forever my culture's end.

Cynthia Rowntree Greene

Have you Read a Book

with Your

Child Today?

Children who are not spoken to will not learn to
speak; children who are not answered will stop asking
questions; and children who are not told stories and
are not read to will have few reasons for wanting to
learn to read.
The desire to read is not born in a child. It is
planted by parents and teachers. Few children learn
to love books by themselves, they need someone to
show them the way.
Begin by reading to children as soon as possible
even if it is only for 5 minutes a day, or by telling
a story to them through a picture book or maybe a
drawing you have done.
Seeing your enjoyment and experiencing this shar-
ing process, will not only show children a reason
for wanting to learn to read, but will also share with
them your very special gift of love.

New Library

The Miccosukee Community Library is NOW
OPEN. In this coming year the Library will be
introducing many new and exciting programs for the
Miccosukee community.
There will be a "Pre-school Story Hour" for the
community's younger members. Along with books
and stories, the Pre-school Hour will introduce the
children to art, music, poetry, fingerplays, nursery
rhymes and jingles.
For the adults ,in the community, we,will be invit-
ing special guest speakers and arranging for an assort-
ment of demonstrations, V
Look for these programs to be starting soon. Until
then, we invite the Miccosukee community to come
into your library and see some of the new magazines,
local newspapers, and books that are ready and wait-
ing for you on the shelves and in the magazine racks.
The Library will open from 8:30 a.m. till 4:30
p.m. Monday thru Friday.
We look forward to seeing-you and will be here
to assist you in any way we can.


Book Reviews

by Laura Palazesi

Check your local public library or order through
interlibrary loan from the State Library of Florida.

Yue, David and Charlotte. The Tipi: A Center of
Native American Life. Alfred A. Knopf, New York,
Although intended for older children, this book is
appropriate for all ages. Line drawings accompany
detailed descriptions of what it was like to be an
Indian child on the Great Plains, how tips were built
and furnished, and the different types of tipis. Of
special interest is the significance of the placement
'of tipis and customs one followed while in a tipi.

Fritz, Jean. The Good Giants and the Bad Puk-
wudgies. Illustrated by Tomie de Paola, G.P. Put-
nam's Sons, New York, 1982.
Full page illustrations bring to life the Indian legend
of how Cape Cod Massachusetts and the surroundings
islands were formed. The Wampanoag Tribe of the
Algonquin Indians told stories of the giant Maushop
and the bad little pukwudgies who were always caus-
ing trouble.This is a read aloud story for the entire

Pitcher, George S. Florida Living Cookbook.
Pineapple Press, Englewood, Florida, 1985.
This cookbook is divided into sections on fruits
and desserts, fish and shellfish, vegetables and meats
and poultry. All recipes are easy to-follow and use
common ingredients. The usual and unusual are co-
vered, with descriptions and line drawings of the
not-so-well-know items. Want to have a dinner of
conch, malanga fritters and carambolas pie? It's all

Powers, Bob and Marc Barasch. Crafting Tur-
quoise Jewelry: The Basics of Style and Technique.
Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA, 1978.
After outlining the history of turquoise and how it
is obtained, this book gives detailed instructions on
making various pieces of jewelry. A glossary, list of
suppliers and measurements makes this a valuable
guide for the beginner or advanced jewelry maker.
Line drawings of the process and color plates of the
finished product are included.

Environmental Health
By Ron Logan

and Safety






ance and enrollment policies were strengthened.
This action was taken for the purpose of encouraging
regular attendance and to stress the importance of
education for Miccosukee youth.

Ms. Osceola-Branch states that the success of the
concerted efforts of the school staff, parents and
Tribal administration were evidenced by increased
input of ideas and sharing concerns at parent meet-
ings, improved parental attendance at meetings and
school functions, and the increase in student's acade-
mic achievement as measured by the results of the
standardizedachievement tests. All levels showed
improvement of scores but more significant gains
were made at the elementary level.

While much progress has been made toward
strengthening the Miccosukee Indian School pro-
gram, continued focus of efforts to achieve and main-
tain high academic standards, develop student pride
in achievement, and further develop parental support
are goals to work toward this coming year.

Until 1962, most Miccosukee children did not
attend school. The first school, a portable one room
classroom, opened at Miccosukee in December,
1962. Now less than 25 years later the Miccosukee
Indian School is a fully accredited bilingual/bicultural
school serving 65 students in grades K-10. The pro-
gram emphasizes the presentation of the Miccosukee
language and culture combined with formal instruc-
tion in English in the areas of reading and writing
skills, math, science, English, social studies and
physical education.

During the last school year, under the administra-
tion of Marie Osceola-Branch, Principal, and the
guidance and policies of the School Board Members,
Jenny Billie, Andy Buster, Nancy Jim, Andrew Bert
andLois Billie,emphasis was placed on individualiz-
ing instruction to meet each student's needs and the
curriculum for grades K-9 were revised to ensure that
the program met or exceeded Dade County and /or
State of Florida standards.
In addition to raising the academic standars,attendr





(ltet to right) Detor BiLtLe, ...-.I AdministAative Coordinator.
Crystal Hipkin6, Computer Languagea Intructo6. Lisa Biie, SeceetaAy

Micco6ukee Indian School, cookh pause jo/r the camera.

Nina Frank, lebt. Margie SandehA, right


During the first grading period, August 12-October
10, 1985, the following students earned the following


Houston Cypress
Douglas Daye
Audrey Osceola,
Eeyao Osceola
Ida Osceola
John K. Osceola
Jolene Osceola
Joseph Osceola
Joshya Osceola
Summer Rockwell
Daryl Sanders
Phillips Sanders

Kevin Bert
Tony S. Bert
Charlotte Billie
Duane Billie
Duane Billie
Ryan Billie
Sean Billie
Ursula Billie
Priscilla Buster
Angie Cypress
Farren Cypress
Heather Cypress






'- l..



Ryan Billie
Angie Cypress
Farren Cypress
Houston Cypress

Etlementau School Children and Sue Jane BeAt (second 6rom tiaht)

Phillirn ConAperc

Miecosukke Everglades News 9


Students Sample a

Taste of Industry




By Pamela Billie, Upper Elementary

Wednesday the lth of September, the second
through sixth grade went on a field trip to the Holsum
Bakery. The Bakery was nice, but it was very hot in
the cooking area.
We had two tour guides: Mr. Wilson and Mrs
Collinsworth. When we got to the bakery Mrs. Co-
Ilinsworth talked to us about the dangers of the ma-
chines. She told us that the kitchen was almost as
big as three football fields and the chefs make 155
loaves of bread in a minute. Everybody had to wear
a chef's hat.
After the talk we went on a tour of the kitchen
area. I liked the dough-making machine and the taste
of the bread. We watched the bread come out of the
oven. It comes out on a moving rack called a conveyor
belt. The bread cools off as it moves along the belt
and it cools off in 20 minutes. By the time it's cool
it is at a machine that bags it. There is an eye in the
machine that sees the bread coming. When the bread
passes the eye a bag blows up and a loaf of bread
goes into the bag. After this it goes on another
machine that ties the bag.
I liked the tour that Mr. Wilson gave us. We all
got a loaf of raisin bread when w.e left. We said
"Thanks you for the raisin bread" and the tour.

Now and Then



(95% or




Honor Roll
Mahalat Gordon
Mick Osceola
Ricky Osceola
Willie D. Osceola



step toward achieving its major goal of self-suffic-
iency when it became the first Indian Tribe in the
nation to contract for all on-reservatin programs form-
erly provided and administered by the BIA. To
ensure that contracts and grants were administered in
an effective and timely manner, the Business Council
established a Resource Management Department
whose responsibilities included monitoring contract
Over the next 7 years, when Tribal programs ex-
panded, the Business Council recognized the need to
strengthen internal controls.. and centralize the coor-
dination of Tribal governmental services. In 1978,
the Council approved the establishment of a Tribal
Government Programs Division comprised of 7 de-

Now, in 1985 the division, currently headed by
Kay Maley, employs over 80 staff assigned to 15
different departments. During the past year, the Go-
vernment Programs Office staff: Alice J. Osceola,
Eleanor Billie and Gina Cypress provided a wide
variety of administrative and clerical services for the
Tribe including personnel, computerized monitoring
reports, federal regulatory reviews, and grant and
contract preparation and review.

Vickie BArodie, s.mit, above Tiba Adm&ninitAation
PapeA woMAtk

Future plans call for the expansion of Tribal gov-
ernmental services onto the Alligator Alley Reserva-
tion, designing and implementing a comprehensive
staff development program and seeking new resources
to strengthen Tribal government programs' opera-

Etleanoat BUte, GouveAnment PAogAam6 Monitonng CteAk
FLLp, though FedeAal RegteAt

In 1971 the Miccosukee Tribe, under the leadership
of.Buffalo Tiger, Tribal Chairman, took a significant


Nearly every individual working for the Tribe
today participated in one of the above mentioned
programs at one time or another. Last year alone, 80
individuals were enrolled, in the Tribe's various em-
ployment and training programs. There are those,
too,who now have their own business having receiv-
ed their basic training through one or more of those
programs. Still others have elected to receive training
and take jobs off the reservation.
An important aspect of the employment and train-
ing programs offered on-reservation is that, Micco-
sukee Community people have the option of choosing
where they want to work here in the confort and
familiarity of family and friends or in town, where
it may be unfamiliar but perhaps a challenging and
new experience.
With all the plans for expansion and opening up
of additional Tribal enterprises, a variety of new and
interesting employment and training opportunities
will be made available for community members.


Moming.taA OAceola, leit, JTPA Secretay, wob., along
Aide Ftouence Poty, Aight,, Emptoyement and TAaining

Advisory Committee whose members are appointed
by the Business Council.The committee holds month-
ly open meetings to make decisions on expenditures,
community recreation activities and fund raising
events. They also attend Council and Community
meetings to observe the decision making process of
the tribe.

The Family Leisure Center raises its operating
funds by holding fund raising activities and through

The CAA's goal has been and continues to be to
provide access and information regarding tribal and.

The Community Action Agency provides commu-
nity, economic and related supportive services to
Miccosukee community members. The program has
four basic components which are, Elderly Care Pro-
ject, Community and Economic Services, Family
Leisure Center (Recreation) Program and Weatheriza-

Community and Economic Services include help
in applying for such services as Food Stamps, AFDC,
SSI and SSA benefits, unemployment compensation,
birth.records, drivers licenses. Transportation, inter-
pretive services, shopping assistance, outreach and
: nrfn ntin r-n trihnl meefincv znrn

The Elderly Care Component encompasses all of.
these services in addition to a Hot Meals Program
which delivers five days a week to the elderly, and
the handicapped. The elderly also operate a Arts &
Crafts Co-op sponsored by the Senior Community
Services Employment Program. The SCSEP employs
at least eight elderly to produce the crafts on a biweek-
ly schedule. The Co-op travels to various festivals
throughout Florida, manned by the CAA staff.
The Family Leisure Center Program operates four
nights per week and provides recreational activities.
The program sponsors community events and activi-
ties throughout the year. The youth especially look,
e........ *** m<-/ a ni,. .A1/ '^^fl'/^lrl *"- ... r\-w :^^ -r^ f^r .^^- .^ / ^

10 Miccosukee Everglades News


Government Programs Goal:




Employments and

Range from Clerica

Training Programs

to Construction

By Florence Doty
Tribal Administration has been offering employ-
ment and training opportunities for the community
since 1973. Many of you will remember those early-
days programs such as the Neighborhood Youth
Corps and the summer "SPEDY" program.
Those programs were the forerunners of the CETA
programs of the 70's and today's JTPA programs.
Remember, too, YCC, the Florida Indian Youth and
Indian Action Team programs.
Graphic Arts, auto mechanics, health careers, agri-
culture, secretarial, teacher aides, construction and
maintenance and repair are just a few of the kinds of
training situations and jobs that have been made
available. Buildings have been built, the neighbor-
hood beautification projects have enhanced the.natur-
al beauty of the environment and government and
community programs have been operated effectively
and efficiently because of the jobs and training situa-
tions created for the community members.


from Youth to Elderly

Serves the Spectrum,

By Betty O. Cypress

1 --

ju +fr *.*.*r .*s<**






The existence of bookkeeping and accounting ser-
vices on the Miccosukee Reservation came with the
formation of the Miccosukee Corporation in 1971
and subsequent contracting of Bureau of Indian Af-
fairs programs. The Bureau required these on-site
services as one of many pre-requisites for contracting.
A bookkeeper and clerk shared space with the Alcoho-
lism and Drug Abuse Prevention program in what
is now the Tribal Court House.
In a relatively short time, the Tribe became more
sophisticated in its dealings with Washington and
program funding continued to increase.
A move into the new Community Building in 1973
meant more space and additional staff. Manual led-
gers were transferred to a computer service bureau
and formal systems were taking shape.
Passage of the Indian Self-Determination Act of
1974 provided the vehicle by which written policies
and procedures were developed and the design of the
Finance Department was firmly in place.
Today, the Miccosukee Tribe generates over 200
jobs (60% of tdtal revenues) and 2.5 million dollars
annually in community based services; manages five
small businesses along theTamiami Trail and contin-
ues to expand its economic development activities
on the Trail and the Alligator Alley Reservations.
Financial management of these activities is handled
through a centralized finance department consisting
of ten employees: Department Director, Credit Offi-
cer/Tribal Accountant, Accounting Supervisor, Ac-
counts Payable Bookkepper, Accounts Payable
Clerk, Payroll Bookkeper, Administrative Assistant/
Accounts Receivable, Employee Benefits/Property
Control Specialist, Microfilm Clerk and Xerox Ope-
In April of this year and IBM-PC-XT was leased
and accounting software purchased. All programs
were transferred to the new system on October 1st.
Studies are now underway to secure comprehensive
payroll software. We are projecting a January 1st

,...". ":".?





Finance Dept. Sta66 took oveA PuAchase Ordeu Linda BlJe left, Payabte CleAk

IrAi Triota, right, Payable BookeepeA

Financial Services:

Fourteen Years of AccountabUility

total conversion date.
Financial Services, however, range beyond federal
programs and Tribal activities toMiccosukee commun-
ity members in the form of consumer credit counsel-

ing, assistance in starting small businesses, personal
income tax return preparation through VITA, and
IRS volunteer program, and other services on an as
need basis.

by Lee Tiger

public service, editorials, mailings, and other
special promotions.
This department also maintains contact with
various official offices from Federal, State and
County for the purpose of Tourism development,
public relations and promotions.
Through newspaper and magazine articles, the
tribe has gained international respect by
participating in travel and industry trade shows in
Europe, South America and Japan. This office
also does cooperative promotions with USTTA,
Florida Department of Commerce, Greater Miami
and the Beaches Tourist Development Council
which in turn give the necessary clout to maintain
a high image in the industry. Through these
images the tribe also gains a unique level of
respect for what the American Indians are doing
for themselves in the 1980's.

The marketing and public relations
department, highly supported by the Tribal
Council, is establishing domestic and international
recognition for the Miccosukee Tribe in order to
create a positive awareness and educate people to
have a better understanding and respect for the
cultural differences. At the same time, this
recognition generates revenues and jobs through
the Miccosukee Indian Village, Airboat Rides, and
In order to work effectively we first research
the markets for which areas should be targeted
each season by obtaining statistics from various
County and State Tourism agencies. These
agencies keep records of how and where the
Tourists visiting South Florida arrive. We then
reach these markets by attending domestic and
'international trade shows, workshops, advertising,


The Miccosukee Headstart Program, now in its
1 9th year of operation provides
bilingual/bicultural educational and supportive
activities for Miccosukee pre-schoolers ages 3-5.
Many children, when they enter the program,
speak only their native Miccosukee language. So it
isupto the staff Josie Maymi, director-teacher,
to prepare the 26 youngsters to enter the first
The program's success is a result of modern
teaching techniques combined with traditional
Miccosukee values surrounded by a caring and
dedicated staff, four of whom are Miccosukee.

Agnes Frank and Theresa Osceola, assistant
teachers and Sonia Tiger and Mary Tigertail,
Ms. Maymi explains that their goal is to offer
educational activities, socialization skills, a
nutritionally balanced diet and a healthy physical
and mental development. She states that to do
this, the program works closely with the Tribe's
CAA and Health Departments.
Parental involvement is also a strong part of
the Headstart program. Ms. Maymi and her staff
encourage parents to take an active part since
they believe parents are the primary educators of
their children.

seek projects by which to generate increased
income to the Tribe, thus means by which to
improve the lifestyle of Miccosukees; assistance in

importance, often requiring action by the Tribe.
Maintaining contacts with state, regional and
national Indian organizations, as well as with state

Miccosukee Everglades News 11


By Sharon Savoldy





Established in the mid 1960's, the Tribe's first
Administration office was located in a storefront
on S.W. 68th Avenue and the. Trail. The office
relocated to the structure now used for Tribal
Court operations in 1970. In 1973, the
Administration Department moved to its present
facility. Through the years of operation and
additional responsibilities, the number of
employees has increased from 1 to the present 6
(including 1 trainee).
The purpose of the Administration Department
is to provide support and assistance to the Tribal
Chairman and Assistant Chairman, the Business
Council, tribal programs, and enterprises; to
ensure an efficient and effective administration of
the Tribe in all its endeavors, as well as to meet
and protect the social and economic concerns of
tribal members. Administration often acts as
liaison between the Tribal Council, representing
the Miccosukee people, and outside agencies -
county, state and federal, as well as international.
Administration assists community members by
providing them with a wide variety of services,
including limited financial help. License plates are
issued, transferred, renewed and records kept as
per Florida law. Enrollment records for members
of the Tribe are maintained and identification
cards issued. From the first income opportunity
in 1970, tribal member dividends have been
disbursed annually or semi-apnually, when land
lease income permits. Under direction of the
S General Council Secretary, Administration staff
assist in preparation for Tribal elections every 4
years. The staff also assist the Arts Festival
Committee in preparation and implementation of
two annual festivals.





stop to a showcase of quality American Indian
culture and crafts. This is part of a long term
vision held by our councilmen. The quality of the
craftsmanship has improved which draws buyers
back to the Gift Shop for repeat purchases. Under
the Council's support, Miccosukee crafts have
endured and flourished where other American
Indian Tribes have lost old skills.
It has always been important to the Business
Council that tribal members could produce crafts
at home, with their families, and earn money by
distributing these crafts through the Gift Shop.
During the past six months the opportunities have
improved. Craft producers have begun to show
artistic variance in their materials and designs.
This increases sales which requires more products
which produces more money for our people. As
the Gift Shop grows in reputation it also grows in
the ability to produce money for other tribal
needs and interests.
The goals for the future are to 1.) continue to
showcase quality American Indian products. 2.) to
develop and introduce "new" American Indian
arts and crafts to the public. 3.) to develop
knowledgeable dedicated sales personal who could-
eventually contribute to Miccosukee manage-
All of the changes will take place under the
watchful eye of the Business Council. Mr. Buffalo
Tiger has been available for support and advice.
He is a frequent cheerful visitor in the Gift Shop
demonstrating an outgoing demeanor to the


BY Andrea Sanchez
When the Miccosukee Restaurant was
constructed in 1964, it was with the Tribal
Council's belief that it would provide
Miccosukees with employment opportunities, as
well as a nice place to eat.
Since its opening, the Restaurant has served
many customers. Tourists seem to enjoy the food
and relaxed atmosphere of our nice facility. Many
of our visitors have been from foreign countries:
Spain, Germany, Africa and France are just a few.
Not only is the Miccosukee Restaurant well
known, it is an important representation of the
Miccosukee people.
One of our goals for the Restaurant is to
provide the public and community with a larger
variety of Indian foods.


Mirtha J. Cenal
Through the year of experience in working for
the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida at
their Cultural Embassy in Miami, we have
obtained several benefits which have been of great
advantage and recognition to the Miccosukee
Since the inauguration in November, 1984, our
Cultural Embassy was formally announced and
official notification given to different foreign
diplomatic offices, dignitaries and public officials
as to our wish to establish and extend new
relationships, to maintain and enhance the
present ones in South America, Europe and of
great importance, here in Miami, with the
different high government officials in the Anglo,
and mainly the large Spanish community, which
play a very important role in this city, so called
the "Key to the Americas".
We have set up two main departments here,
Marketing and Public Relations, Lee Tiger,
Director, and the department of Hispanic Affairs
Division, Conchita Torano, Director of
In general, at the Miccosukee Cultural Embassy
we maintain efforts toward friendly relationships,
the best communication and to inform the
general public, including students from high
school, upper education and professors, of
Miccosukee roots and culture. This office
provides a great advantage to the non-English
speaking Spanish community who are interested
in the Tribe but must be informed in their own
This property contains much natural beauty
and history that can be touched within the caves
found here, reviving memories of years ago when
Indians like Buffalo .Tiger, nowadays Tribal
Chairman, used to visit this place.
Hopefully, the Cultural Embassy will
eventually be set up to share directly with our
visitors and to give them, among other things, an
exhibition center of Miccosukee Culture; and for
Miccosukees to benefit from this wonderful and
elegant place.


by Stella McLaughlan
The Miccosukee Indian Village is designed to
heighten public awareness of the Miccosukee


people, traditions, and lifestyle, thereby helping
the Miccosukee Tribe preserve its unique cultural
The Miccosukee Indian Village assists in the
community education program through culture
day activities. It gives employment to 15-20
community members, as well it gives community
members opportunity to interact with local and
international tourists.
Admission into the Village includes scheduled
guided tours, alligator wrestling shows, Indian
Museum with a 10 minute film on the Everglades
and its people, a boardwalk with telescope, and
seasonal events. Open year round. In addition,
summer and winter festivals are hosted in the
Village. Thus far, the public has expressed much
interest and enjoyment in touring the Miccosukee
Village and Museum.
The Village has been owned and operated by
the Tribe since 1975, with many improvements
having taken place.
The Indian Village looks forward to continuing
to improve the quality of its facilities and
operations through and Indian Village
Improvement Program to be implemented in the
coming year.


by Edison Ellis, Jr.
In the past six months the Gift Shop in the
Miccosukee Village has graduate from a tourist





In 1963 the Tribe successfully negotiated with
Texaco, Inc. for a ten (10) year supplier contract
(renewed in 1974)' with a .B.I.A. loan (since
repaid) providing construction funds.
The service station opened in 1964. Of two
bays, the east side was utilized by the tribe for a
general store operation until construction of a
separate facility just east of the service station in
Previous to opening, the all Miccosukee staff
participated in an off-reservation, one month
general operational training program sponsored
by Texaco.
In 1983, the service station expanded with the
addition of three outside bays to the west side of
the main structure, made possible by way of the
tribally sponsored Enterprise Improvement
1984 brought successful negotiations with
Chevron U.S.A. for a three year supplier/station
improvement. agreement. This change became
necessary due to Texaco's inattention to our
Through twenty-one (21) years of operation,
the Tribal Council has endorsed this program for
provision of employment and service to the
Miccosukee community, tribalemployees and the
As a part of their employment, the staff have
undergone various types of training (mechanics,
aenaral nations_ dealina with the public a.tc.L).

Based on the fact that the Miccosukee Tribe of
Indians reside in Florida, it is impossible to
overlook that the spanish-speaking community in
this state is a very large one and that tourists
coming from Central, South America and Latin
countries in Europe arrive in Florida at the Miami
International Airport. With this in mind and-
the Department of Hispanic Affairs was created.
Our first goal was to let the hispanic families in
Florida to have a better knowledge of the
Miccosukee Indians, their roots, ways of life,
history, arts, crafts, etc."and to make them visit
the Indian Village, enjoy the alligator wrestling,
boat rides and also the Indian food at the
Miccosukee Restaurant. We also promote the Gift '
Shop because the influence of Indian clothes,
jewelry, ornaments etc. in today fashions is very .
important and we hope to have a lot to offer to
the tourists in a very near future. ,
We also work very closely with the Directors of
Hispanic Heritage Month and participate in all
affairs that Consulates from Latin countries and,
Spain have during that month.
As Director of Hispanic Affairs and Consultant
to the Tribe, my position is one of bringing
always the best to the Miccosukees and giving the
best of the Miccosukees to our visitors.
This principle applies to our trips out of the
country: Chile, Venezuela, Colombia, Argentina,

Brazil, Peru, Guatemala... they all know about the
Miccosukke Tribe of Indians of Florida, their
roots, history and present life.
Television and Newspapers, bring more visitors to
the Village which at the same time will result in
more availability of jobs for the Miccosukees and
abetter income for them.
A lot of improvements have been made in the
past four years and many more (many important
ones) will be made in the near future, as a result
of the combined effort of everyone who works in
this field.
The new offices for Marketing, P.R. and
Promotions are located at the Miccosukee
Cultural Embassy in Downtown Miami, a
beautiful place open every day under the
supervision of a very professional lady Mirtha J.
Cenal, which beautiful command of the spanish
speaking language entitles her to assit us with the
local latin community and also in our visits to
Spain where the amount of promotions to do is
so great and important that even Chairman Tiger
finds himself with very little time to rest.
I feel very proud of my job as Director of
Hispanic Promotions, it is a never ending job but
a most rewarding one, who lets me represent in a
very little way the Indian-Spanish friendship at
home and abroad.

Al.hnah th srvieo sa.n.ion has not shonm

w rrtlr forward ton rransinrt for qprnviex in

12 Miccosukee Everglades News

Director: Conchita Torano