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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 4, no. 10 (Oct. 1982)-v. 7, no. 9 (Nov. 1985).
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mods:publisher Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
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mods:dateIssued marc 1982-1985
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mods:extent 4 v. : ill. ; 45 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1985
mods:number 1985
mods:title Miccosukee clans crier
mods:subject SUBJ650_1 lcsh
mods:topic Indians of North America
mods:geographic Florida
Mikasuki Indians
Miami (Fla.)
Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Dade
mods:city Miami
Miccosukee Everglades news
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Miccosukee Everglades news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00053712/00006
 Material Information
Title: Miccosukee Everglades news
Physical Description: 4 v. : ill. ; 45 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
Place of Publication: Miami Fla
Creation Date: June 1, 1985
Publication Date: 1982-1985
Frequency: monthly
Subjects / Keywords: Indians of North America -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Mikasuki Indians -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Miami (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 10 (Oct. 1982)-v. 7, no. 9 (Nov. 1985).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002033559
oclc - 36179317
notis - AKM1263
lccn - sn 97027662
System ID: UF00053712:00006
 Related Items
Preceded by: Miccosukee clans crier

Full Text


Sabine Oil drills on site on reservation


- -


- / I w- - /"- / X



Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, PO Box 440021, Miami, FL 33144 Vol. 7, No. 6



OGraduation/awards ceremony: story on
page 2,:photos on8 & 9
*Hurricane information and tracking
map: 6 & 7
JPoisonous plants: 10
*Dr. Rehbein tournament: 10
*National Indian news: 1 1
*Health Notes: 12


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w v v ~`r r T Y ~vvYYIW T 9 -9 9--9 -9" ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -w -9 ~9T-4 4-V 4

resources. .the tribes are moving to take over
land and water now. Timber and minerals can't
be far behind. .. ."
When Indian Truth reprinted Conley's
editorial from April 1984, the quarterly pro-
Indian rights journal called the opinion piece "an
unapologetic manifesto of extreme right-wing
anti-Indian sentiment. .an example of
particularly hateful and bigoted writing. .Read
it and weep."
In that editorial, Conley stated, "There is no..
reason today to bleed over what happened to
continued on pago 2

Music festival

expands a ay for

more bands, crafts

No jukebox couldbeat the varietyof music that
will be playing at the Miccosukee T'ribe's
Everglades Music Festival this July.
After nine years as a weekend gig, the event's
tenth anniversary is being celebrated with an
extra day of live musicanda more precise title:
Everglades International Music and Crafts
Festival. It begins Friday, July 19, and ends the
following Sunday.
From country, pop rock and reggae to salsa,
rhythm-and-blues and maybe even jazz, one style
of band or another will be playing in the outdoor
amphitheater at frequent intervals from. 10 a.m.
until sundown all three days. Festival planners
hope to schedule a Polynesian act, too.
The Tiger-Tiger Band-whose founding
members are Miccosukee brothers Stephen and
Lee Tiger-are hosts for the. affair. Their
repertoire includes covers of popular '60s and
recent songs, along with such powerful originals
as "Great Radio Wasteland" and "I am Indian."
"We're asking Richie Havens to come back, be-
cause last year it wasn't fair, not enough people
knew he was coming," said Lee, also the tribe's
marketing and public relations director.
continued onpag 3

treaty rights. Or, as I advocate, will bring about
the end of the treaties once and for all."
According to the editorial, the proposal was
from the S/SPAWN Committe for the voters
and taxpayers of Washington and the country.:
Conley quotes the first sentence: "The Tndians'
unique culture must be protected, but we must
also assure that all U.S. citizens receive equal
treatment and that none is allowed any special
advantage over another." .
Conley writes that not only do the treaties deny
equal rights to all Americans, but that "the
Indian situation, if allowed to expand unchecked,
will strike deeply at all of our natural

Outdoor Life editor Clare Conley has done it
A year after publishing his editorial calling for
an end to all Indian treaties the U.S. government
has made, Conley restated his radical opinion in
another editorial in the magazine's May 1985
Referring to the recent proposal of a group of
Washington state residents for a presidential
commission to study federal Indian policies,
Conley writes:
"If nothing else, making people aware of the
total extent.of the problem will be a giant first
step in deciding how we will deal with Indian

Graduation means summer vocation from school for Randall Huggins, left, who was
graduated from kindergarten, and Priscilla Buster, who was graduated to junior
high. Story on page 2, photos on pages 8 and 9.

Sabine Oil Corporation and the Miccosukee
Tribe should know by the end of June whether a
wildcat well site on tribal land will yield crude oil.
The company began drilling the wel May 26 on
the federal reservation in Broward. A
spokesperson said drilling to the proposed depth
of 11,500 feet and testing for the presence of oil
would take about 30 days "if everything goes
without any problems.",
Sabne got the tribe's permission and the
required government permits before preparing to
drill at the wildcat site, so called because no oil
reserves are known to exist there. The site, which
a iw. ch .....& ar., T.mA. ia aA milan rn lh nf

of Snake

Road, does, however,

follow the

Sunniland Trend. The trend consists of about a
dozen commerical oil fields from the Fort Myers
area southwest to about 40-mile bend on
Tamiami Trail (U.S. 41).
According to Carter Cline, a division land
manager for Sabine, once the drilling is done the
company will test for quantities of crude oil large
enough to be worth removing.
"We'll actually core out a sample of the rock
formation, somewhere around four inches wide,
through the thicknsAs of the formation, and then
we'll run an electric log down, "said Cline. '"Then
depending on the evaluation of the core sample
al.d the leotrical Inlr we'll know whether to start

National writer calls for end to Indian treaties


news articles. Contributors can bring their workto t he
newspaper office, in the neighborhood building, or
leave it in the paper's mailbox in the administrative
Advertising is accepted. Call or write to the editor
at the address at the left for rates and 'more
Subscriptions are $10 for one year, $18 for two.
Send check or money order with complete address to
address at left.

- i

2 M*vwmwAmb& Pjn^dm NlsMw

June 1985


Getting agrip on
things is Ida Osceola,
who leads the
struggle of her
Head Start/kinder-
garten classmates
in a tug-o-war
match. The young-
sters were celebrating
the last day of school.






OPhotos on pages 8 & 9

school. Honorable mentions were-. given to
Barbara Billie, junior high; Priscilla Buster,
upper elementary; and Angie Cypress, first
Agnes Frank was named volunteer parent of
the year in Head Start, and Joy Chrisjohn was
named Miccosukee School Booster of the Year
and Joanne Junker was named Outstanding
Teacher of the Year by the school board.
The education staff gave certificates of
appreciation to Steve Chrisjohn, vocational
education, and to the entire health staff for
interdepartmental cooperation in the school's
culture program. Health was also commended for
its work in prevention education in the school.
Assistant Tribal Chairman Billy Cypress gave
a brief commencement speech. Scheduled
speaker Joe Quetone of the Florida Governor's
Council on Indian Affairs canceled because of

attendance, 98 percent. Others recognized for
,good attendance were Heather Cypress, Gabriel
Osceola, Jolene Osceola and Brint Roland.
Angie Cypress and Brina Cypress were each
awarded for excellence in Miccosukee language
arts. For creative excellence, medals were given
to- Agnes Cypress, Joseph Osceola, Helen
Tigertail, Sean Billie and Willie D. Osceola.
Pamela Billie was given a medallion, the
highest honor in the school for citizenship.
Barbara Billie and Charlotte Billie were also
commended for citizenship.
Several new awards were introduced this year.
Margaux Doctor won the Principal's Award for
Most Academic Improvement, and Priscilla
Buster and Mike Osceola received honorable
Jolene Osceola won the Chairman's Award for
Highest Academic Achievement, a plaque, for
having the highest grade-point average in the

Ten students were graduated and even more
were awarded for their achievements in the
Miccosukee School at a ceremony May 17.
Head Start graduates were Tony Shawn Bert,
Jordan Cypress and Jacqueline Osceola. Randall
Huggins and Ida Osceola were graduated from
kindergarten, and Priscilla Buster was graduated
to junior high. And these people earned their
general equivalency diplomas: Eleanor Billie,
'Gina Cypress, Marla Sanders and Roberta
Head Start Director Josie Maymi gave out five
awards to students. Talbert Cypress, Houston
Cypress and Ida Osceola were named best all-
around students among the three, year olds, four
years olds and kindergarteners, respectively,and
Talbert also. was awarded for his perfect
attendance. Summer Rockwell won an award for
best nutrition.
In higher grades, Ryan Billie and Eeyao
Osceola were awarded for having the best

An ~ lvrr r

Indians should keep the land they have, and
abide by the laws of the country regardless of
whether they are on a reservation.
Conley stated that the Bureau of Indian
Affairs "perpetuates the idea that Americans
must pay and pay forever for what happened 100
years ago," and that if non-Indian voters didn't
campaign to end the Indian treaty rights "'we
might yet give this country back to the Indians."

from page 1
Indians during the settlement of this country by,
non-Indians. I am not ignoring the fact that
some Indians today live in poverty. But we have
paid dearly trying to help them."
Conley then' offered his solution of directly
paying all the tribes $1.6 billion for 10 years to
end all treaty rights. He didn't suggest how to
divide the money among the tribes, but said the

Miccosukee Everglades News is published on or
about the 15th of each month by the Miccosukee
Tribe of Irndians of Florida.
-Letters to the editor regarding community issues
are invited. All letters must be signed to be
considered for publication. Published letters, which
may be edited, express the opinion of the author and
not necessarily that of the tribal administration or
The paper also welcomes contributions of art and

Wendy tobourne, Editor,



Tribe offering local

class for certified

nursing assistants

At least 14 community people so far have
registered for a nursing-assistant training
program that is being offered on the reservation
for the first time, and which is free.
Studeuts who pass the course will be state
certified nwrsig assistants who can work in
hospitals, clinirs, nursing homes or private
homes-, according to Crystal Hiplrins, tribal
preventiu-earncation coordinator. A registered
nurse herself, Hiplkln will teach the 27-week
I* course.
The Dade County School Board waii<^,, Iwe92-
Sper-son fee when 12 people had enrolled. Now
1 the dcla will cost each student about $20 for two
The class was scheduled to begin June 4, but
Hipkins said her contract from the school board
had been delayed by at least two weeks. The
earliest the course will begin is Tuesday, June 18,
r which is the tentative deadline for enrolling. The
class will then meet every Tuesday, Wednesday
and Thursday from 5 to 8 p.m. in the Miccosukee
: Library. Clinical practice-actually working in a
health-care facility-will take place either for
short periods once a week or for longer sessions
one Saturday a month, said Hipkins.
Students do not need a high-school diploma or
a general equivalency diploma to register.
Interested persons can contact Hipkins for
details, or see Lou Hererra, higher education
Coordinator, to enroll.

Students of Miccosukee School graduate,

get awards

Magazine editor

writes for end of all

U.S.-lndian treaties

Everglades News
PO Box 440021, Tainiami Station
Miami Florida 33144

June 1985 Miccosk.g Evergles

American Indians

A researcher trying to fnd a cause for the high
rate of alcoholism amonr4 g A rican Inaisne
Discovered that they no longer have the natural
istan ce to alcohol that racially -milor Asians

. James O. Whittaker, a odal psychologist at
Penn State Univerity's Capitol Campus, found
studies by Japan. and Germno scieut~ s that
show a significant percentage of people in'some
populations lack an enzyme that metabolizes
alcohol in the body.
One study demonstrated that about 40 percent
aof the Japanese pnatihon lack the eluymle.


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lost natural resistance to alco1

Those-are the people who, after one or two drinks, Whittaker collect hair root from Navajo
become flashed and nauseous and get a severe Tndians in New Mexico for is study. He i
headache. Few people with such reactions can -discovered that only about 15 percent f. the i
drink to the point of alcoholism. Indians lcked the- eiyme, which is about the
Whittaker wanted to know whether American same percentage of non-indn in the United d :
Tndians generally have the enzyme, whether 'States who lack the eluyue. .: ,
they could drihk without getting sick. They are Whittaker concluded that American dians
genetically similar to Korean, Chinese, ,Ihave changed their genetic make-up-once
Phillipino and other Asiane, who were shown in similar to. Atiiah1-.by reprodnuing om inter-...
the foreign studies to have high percentage of racial and intertibal marriaes.Eventually a
people who lacked the enzyme. gre terpeientageof e ation acqiedthe
SA chemical analysis of a person's hair roots enzyme and losthebiologicalabilitytore the
-reveals whether the. enzyme is present, s d. .g. .; ,I

Trespassers sto ppd at

H^ ^T 'respassers won't be able to .cars. motor boats and airboats.Non-
S. launch their boats ito Miee Indians who own hunting eamp on
B" ~Broward reservation now that a',animncks in the reservation are
": gate s in their way. allowed on the land if they get a
SThe South Florida Watet permit fm the i .
Management ;Dis rit (SFWMD) ; The S MD a to erect the-
Serected the gate onLevee-28 a ae1982Stement
Smtecepto which Jts south from ment, Wich called fo the
Alaftor Alley(StatRoad a84) then , 'a allnvolved "
curves east nto the reivation.eThe rotei the. .
.l:,> gate was placed on the reservation's "cquired federal re".rvationx
west boundary .where the leve *
crosses. No-trespassing signS l be
The tribe requested the gate to : posted raroundii the reservation
-restrict access of non-Indias and boundary in the future.f ,





* r
: I


from page 1
Havens is a singer/guitarist
probably best known from the
Woodstock era for such songs as
"Freedom" and the George Harrison
composition "Here Comes the Sun."
Admission to the festival includes
access to the Miccosukee Indian
Village, where the arts and crafts of
local Indians and other cultural
groups will be displayed to buy or

admire, Alligator-wrestling shows
will take place regularly throughout
each day.

Festival patrons will also be able
to buy enough ethnic foods for
breakfast, lunch and dinner., And if
they don't want to miss any
opportunity for fun, they can take a
ride on the Everglades' sea of grass
in an airboat.

pay someone to do the work. Then a
few people volunteered their time
and labor.
Sonny Billie was one of them. He
finished the job done by the family.
of Nancy Jim, the brothers of
Minnie 'Bert and a member of the
local. Tree of Life Fellowship,"
Cynthia Greene. '


Family and friends of Martha
Willie dried up the chances of the
elderly widow getting rained on this
season when they fixed the leaky
roofs of two of her chickees.
Willie paid for the palmetto fronds
to re-cover her sleeping and cooking
chickees, but she couldn't afford to

Jacqueline Osceola, top, seems puzzled by her first-place
ribbons, but Glen Tiger, bottom left, and Ida Osceola are all
smiles. The winners had competed in field activities .


S.W. 8 ST. TRAIL-- 128th AVENUE


12786 S.W. 8 ST.

6698 SW 8th



Florida 33144


Service andparts departments: 261-1141

Discount on Parts


- m r- m--- n a w a a m i I v m i- | i wusi


Subscriptions to Micosuke Everglades News are $10 for on year
(12 issues) or $18 for two years (24 issues).


Monday Friday:

- 8

! Address:

w .,

Ih business 30 years

Mail this form with check or money order to: Miccosukee Everglades News,
P.O. Box 440021,Miami, Florida, 33144.
a a mwC*iI



may play at festival


Willie gets new roofs for chickees

No. 1

Western Trail Auto



Want ads
Finding a new place to work or to sell crafts
can be easy. Just check the bulletin boards in
the tribal administrative complex. Most jobs
advertised are at other tribes, and there's
.wsllly at least one notice for a festival or
crafts showin one place or another. Local
items are posted there, too, such as commrnnity
meeting notices and tribal job openings.

"Sample FSU

for VISA J Commercial Checking Accounts / Certificates of
Deposit / NOW Accounts / NOW-Plus Accounts j/IRA Ac-
counts / Savings Accounts / '.Money Market Plus" Accounts /
Safe Deposit Boxes / Drive-ln Tellers i Bank by Mail / 24'-Hour
Depository / Publix and HONOR Automatic Tellers / Com-,
mercial Loans / Real Estate Loans / Installment Loans / U.S.
Savings Bonds / Collections / Travelers Checks / Christmas
Plan Accounts / Cashier Checks, Bank Money Orders / Payrolls
/ Depository for Federal Social Security, Withholding Taxes.i
950 SW 57th AVENUE / MIAMI, F LA. 33144 / 266-1000
Branches: 6600 SW 8th Street and 11439 Bird Road / Miami
-Member FDIC / An Equal Housing Lender/[Affiliate of Flori-
da Commercial Banks, Inc., a registered bank holding company,


- i "

L.IIII IF-~ --611 ~ I ir I C rC I

; I I I IlC II

4 M..clf Evo dt NHw

-June 1985

Morningstar Osceola, JTPA Trainee. Eric
Cypress was another to get a job, but his is
with the National Park Service's Youth
Conservation Corps at Ochopee or Oasis.
lRdion Ellis Jr. now drives about a quarter
mile farther each day to get to work. He
resigned as manager of the Shark Valley
tourist center, Everglades National Park, to
become manager of the Miccosukee Gift Shop.
In turn, Bill Russell, a Shark Valley employee
and husband of tribal employee Marilyn
Russell, was promoted to manage the park's
tourist center.

The April 1985 edition of, Indian Truth
contains two in-depth articles of interest to
anyone concerned about preserving the past
and future of indian peoples. "Much Ado'
About Artifacts/' by Sandy: Hingston,
explores the moral and legal controversies
regarding possession of and public acoMaM to
Tndian artifacts, "Redefining the Tribe," by
Rob Williamp, looks at the chaung status of
Tndian commimities, and how coill.mues to be -
formed by non-Tndian politics. The publication
is available in the Miccosukee Library. ,

In Memorium .
Ruth- Hilgendorf, member of the Delta
Kappa Gamma sorority and a long-time
supporter of the Miccosukee Tribe, died May 7.
She suffered from cancer. Hilgendorf was
instrumental in getting the sorority 's
international chapter to partially fund the
tribal librarian's salary for nearly 10'years,
and she was active in all the Indian projects
her local chapter organized. Hilgendorf is
survived by her husband, Edwin, two
daughters and several grandeildren.:


Community members between the ages of 14
and 21 have a chance to attend Florida State
University in Tallahassee for two weeks this
summer. Participants in the Florida Indian
Youth Program will live the college life,
attending -classes made just for them,,
socializing with other Indian youths from
Florida, doing their own laundry and sharing
dorm rooms with classmates. The experience
starts Sunday, July 14, and ends Saturday,
July 27. Contact Florence Doty or Morningstar
Osceola in the employment and training
office, neighborhood building, for details.






7220N.KendallDrive O 661-2521






;t .-

tribal talk

Apply now
The Mkicoeemke Tribe needs to fill at least
four jobs. Two are for teachers, one is for a
foreman and one is a resource manager for the
Browad reservation. The Miccosukee School
needs a junior high instructor for all subjects
and a Chapter I raimlial teacher, both for the
'85-86 year. The tribe's summer youth
employment needs a project foreman to
supervise workers in the Jobs Training and
Plaoeomnt Act (JTPA) positions, and the
reservation in Broward needs a resource
manager to handle real-estate services and
monitor land leases.

Twist and shout
The tribal recmrtion program isplanninU a
youth social dance Saturday, July 6. The age
limit and time have not been established, but
the dance will take place in the recreation hall.
Check with Cassandra Osceola, recreation
supervisor, for detAila.

Hiring department
"Your're hired." Those were the words they
wanted to hear from the tribal personnel
department, and these people did: Clifton
Huggins, buildings and grounds custodian,
administrative complex; Jodie Marie Jim,
maintenance worker for Indian Village;
Delores Billie, administrative coordinator for
education; Marjorie Slater-Kaplan, land-use
planner for the planning department; and

Going, going...
The Miccosukee Police Department will
auction a car it has seized within two months.
The car is a 1977 Cadillac, which is parked in
the police lot for bidders to inspect. The action
may be by sealed bids, but notices will be
posted in the community explaining the
auction and deadline for bids. For more info,
call the police.

Read all about it

Single parents can provide happy homes, too'

Classified Advertising
Buy, Sell or Say it Here
Call 305/223-8380, ext. 342

..... Twylia: Remembering you on
I^,- :,, your birthday. You are special to
": '- us. Love you always...
..-Mom & Keith

^ To our Dad: Though we don't see
each other much you're always in
our hearts. Happy Father's Day
I and Happy Birthday.
-, Brina, Brian and Jason

In Loving Memory of my father, Businnt Spial-
Henry Clay, who passed away Business Development Speocal.
July 8, 1984. Father's Day is lonely Ist, salary $17,500 to $21,000.
without you, Dad. Responsible for assisting American
-Love, Cindy Bert Indian businesses in Baltimore
P.S. We miss you, too, Grandpa Metropolitan Area in obtaining
-Love Andrew Jr., Dion & Mitzi Metropolitan Area in obtaining
resources and technical assistance
Wishing The man who's been in to be successful. Must be a college
my life for twenty-one years "A graduate with at least a B.A. or
Very Special Father's Day." Keep B.S. Degree. Must have at least
up the good work, Dad. Love you one year experience working with
very much. business programs, as well as one
-Laura year experience in resource
development. Send resume to:
Baltimore American Indian
Father's Day holds a tender Center, 113 S. Broadway,
memory for my dad, and for my Baltimore, MD 21231, Attn: Barry
brother, who would have turned Richardson. Closing date: June
29 then. 28, 1985.



Miccsukee Everglades News 5

June 1985

Editor's note: The following article was
aapted by Laura Topping, child development
case worker, from the Ross Laboratories
brochure, "The singleparent family."

Many parents in this community remember
growing up in large families with lots of different
relatives always near to give love, care and.
guidance. At one time, large families were
necmmmary; many hands were needed to hunt,
fish, plant and sew. But times have changed and
fbmilioe are now less dependent on each other,
and individual parents are more self-reliant in-
providing for their children. As a result, being
unmarried is becoming recognized as an
acceptable way to live, and we are increasingly
aware that one parent and a child-or children--
are just as much a family as any other number
and Pombination of people.
Children of single-parent families can feel the
same love and security as children from two--
parent homes, resulting in their being equally'
well-behaved and respected members of their
home, school and community. A child changing
from an unhappy two-parent home to a well-
adjusted, single-parent home with adequate
financial resources can feel even more love,
closenesp and attention from a parent than
Single parents can compensate for the absence
of the other parent at home by encouraging the
parent who does not live there to remain a major
part of his or her children's lives. The single
parent also may rely on aunts, uncles, cousins
and other adults to help give support and
understanding to a child. The extended family
and grandparents especially can help to fill the
role of the absent parent.
With only one parent in the home, there is a
clearneed for children to assume responsibilities
as soon as they are ready. They can be helpful
members of the family in many ways, and their
help is truly needed,. Putting toys in a box and
emptying wastebaskets add extra hands and,
more importantly, help children feel good about
Most children in single-parent families have
experienced a.sense of loss. They once lived with

both parents but, because of separation, divorce
or death, they now live with only one. During this
time of loss, open and honest communication
between parent and child is important And, in
the case of divorce or separation, the two parents
need to communicate constructively for the sake
of the child. Discussions can benefit everyone
. involved by providing time to share feelings and-
ask questions. Divorced parents need to help
their children understand that the problems are
between the two parents, not between the parents
and children.
There are ex-husbands and ex-wives, but there
are no ex-children. There is a different kind of
love between husband and wife than between
parent ahd child. Children can be assured that
even though their parents became distant from
one another and could no longer live together
happily, their love for their children is
unchanged. Parents- can show they continue
to love their children and are concerned about
Surviving the new
'When it is impossible to avoid changes and
stress, parents can try to use these experiences to
teach their children how to make the most of
difficult situations.,
.Parents who overprotect their children from
difficult situations deny them valuable
experiences. These children may come to feel that
they deserve constant attention or special favors
from all adults. Helping children see that they
can handle these situations makes them think
better of themselves and also helps them develop,
the ability to live in this less-than-perfect world.-
Some children, especially younger ones,
become comfortable in 'a new single-parent
family almost immediately. Others may take
years. Childrenzof any age survive new situations
best when they" are treated with honesty, ,
compassion and understanding.

Enjoying each parent
Children often know what's going on in the
family, but cannot be sure of parents' thoughts
and feelings. Parents need to state their feelings
clearly and behave consistently with what they
say. A mother shouldn't use a child as a go-

between to send messages about child-support
payments to the father. And a father shouldn't
use the child as an informer to find out about the
mother's recent dates.
It is a bonus for children of separated or
divorced parents to have the. opportunity to
spend comfortable, quality time with their
mother and father, one at a time. They don't have
to choose one parent or the other, but can have
them both. At home with one parent, children
need to be seen as children, not as substitute
husbands or wives for decision making or
constant companionship. Nor should they expect
always tobe entertained when visiting a parent.
They can participate in that parent's life by
helping with grocery shopping or cleaning and
washing the car, for example.,
Neither mother nor father should try to be
"superparent/" They need to have realistic ideas
about their time, energies and feelings for
themselves as persons and as parents. And their
children can be encouraged to be realistic, too.
Virtually all children of separation and divorce
have fantasies that their parents will get back
together again, maybe if they, the children, are
especially good. Just as children have been
helped to understand that they didn't cause the
separation, they need to be helped to understand
that they cannot control a coming together

Working .
The majority. of single mothers must work,
some continuing on in jobs and some becoming
employed for the first time. Juggling a job,
upkeep of a house, and perhaps a return to
schooling as well is typical. Working not only
provides income but also a sense of independence
and adult companionship for single parents,
making them happier parents for children to live
It is the quality of the hours spent with a
child, not the number, that makes the difference
between.rich relationships and less than
satisfying ones. Single parents and their
children can carve out quality time in their busy
lives to go to new places and revisit familiar,
enjoyable ones, even for an hour or two.







The National Indian. Traders
Association is compiling a trade
directory, and Indian artisans and
dealers can get listed in the book
The "c computer- assisted"d
publication will list American
Indian arts and crafts wholesalers
iand retailers "so that a buyer in
Europe .or Asia interested in
purchasing Indian art has current,
reliable information readily
available," said Gerald Smith, a

member of the association.
Artisans or dealers should submit
the following information for a
listing: company name, address and
telephone number; whether it is a
wholesale or retail business, or both;
whether it is Indian owned; and
specialties, if any, such as beadwork
or silver. Send it to the association at
P.O -Box 1263, 3575 South Fox,
Englewood, Colorado, 80150-1263.
Proof of tribal affiliation is not

Summer session at the Miccosu-
kee School begins Monday, June 17,
.but this year, there's no open
"This time it's only. fbr those
Chapter I students who need extra
help," said Principal Marie Osceola.
Randy Cromer and Maria Belton,
instructors during the last regular
session, will teach summer school.
Classes will be held from 9 a.m. to2
p.m. through the last day, Friday,
July 12.
Meanwhile,.Osceola is looking for

two new teachers for -the '85-86
school year. At least two teachers-
Cromer and Kathy Pollack-are
moving on to other jobs, and several
positions will be consolidated next
Osceola said the tribe has already
started advertising for Chapter I
remedial instructor and for a junior
high teacher who will handle all
subjects for that level.
The fall session is tentatively
scheduled to begin Monday, August

Indian art dealers to be listed

Summer school starts Ju ne 17

6 Mco Evfmkd NOw,



. 1


' i







If you plan to leave the area in the event of a,
hurricane, gas up your vehicle and go as early as
possible, avoiding roads near any major
waterways. Realize that roads may become
jammed with people fleeing, or flooded by
torrential rains. If you live in a chickee or mobile
home, don't stay. Hurricanes can blow those
structures around like scraps of paper. If you live
in a storm-safe house and plan to stay home,
make sure you have the following supplies while
the weather is good:

-Dock small boats, or better, move them to a
safe shelter
-Move objects such. as bicycles, lawn furniture
and garbage cans indoors
-Stock any emergency supplies not already in
the house
-Wedge sliding-glass doors to prevent them
from lifting out of the tracks

A hurricane warning is announced when a
hurricane is expected to strike a specified area in
24 hours or less. Take it seriously:
-If you live in a chickee or trailer, leave
-Keep the radio on for weather updates
-Bring pets indoors
-Scour bathtub, swab with bleach, rinse
thoroughly and let dry, then fill with water; boil
this water before using to drink or cook
-Fill jugs with water, freeze some
-Turn refrigerator thermostat to coldest
setting, cover with blankets; open only when
-Securely cover windows with boards from
the outside (taping windows will not prevent
them from shattering)
-Stay indoors on downwind side of house,
away from windows
After weather authorities announce the storm
has passed, conditions are not necessarily safe
Drive carefully, and only when necessary.
Flooding may undermine roads, causing pot
holes or even collapse. Watch out for dangling
power lines and fallen tree limbs, which could be
If returning home after evacuating for storm,
check the, house first for gas leaks arid food

Prepare for hurri<

Prepare, don't panic.
That motto can be a life saver in the event of a
hurricane. The rage of one of these wind-and-
water storms can strike any time, especially
during the Atlantic hurricane season, June 1
through Nov. 30. To help the Everglades
community better prepare for such a potential,
disaster, Miccosukee Everglades News has
compiled this pull-out section for families to save.
Information was supplied by the American Red
Cross of Dade County and the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Hurricanes originate as rather small cyclones
over tropical waters. The storms are propelled at
15 to 50 miles per hour by the heat released as
vapor condenses, and by external forces, with
constant wind speeds of at least 74 miles per
The winds blow in a spiral 20 to 30 miles wide,
starting at the rim of the calm center, or eye. Near
the eye winds may gust to more than 200 miles
per hour.
In the deceiving eye of hurricane, winds are,
light and skies are relatively clear. But the winds
begin again suddenly-blowing from the
opposite direction--when the eye passes over.
Wind and wave destruction is mainly a
problem near the coast, while flooding is likely to
occur inland, such as in the Everglades. And
floods are generally more destructive. The NOAA
reports that drowning-either from coastal-
storm srges or inland flooding-is the greatest
cause of hurricane deaths.

Plan now
Before a hurricane even threatens, plan how to
keep yourself and family safe and to protect your
home. ,

battery-operated radio
extra batteries
extra flashlight bulbs
emergency cooking facilities
fuel for lantern
canned foods and milk
non-electric can opener
extra medicine
extra babyfood and diapers
first-aid kit
strong boards for covering windows


A hurricane Watch is issued when hurricane
conditions threaten to strike within 24 to 36
hours. Here's what to do right away if a watch is
-Check for NOAA bulletins on any local radio
-Fill the car's gas tank


Inland dwellers

need to plan for

hurricanes now

People who live on Miccosakee land or
elsewhere in the Everglades need to take
diffmnt precautions than city dwellers during
hIurricane -o
Telephone and power lines may be blown down
by a storm, and so may be the tribal police radio
tower, which would make communication near
mpossible. Some people may need to evacuate
their homes but have- no safe means of
For such reasons, the tribe has developed a
detailed emergency plan for the community, and
families are encouraged to likewise make
preparations before a storm threatens to hit.
People who live in chickens and mobile homes
should plan to leave them in the event of a
hurricane. Make arrangements now to stay with
relatives or fiends in a safe house, or plan to stay
in the Mlocosukee School gymnasium, which has
been designated a storm shelter by the American
Red Cross ofDade County. See drawings on how
to secure your chicken before leaving.
Before going to the shelter, pack any
medication needed and blankets or pillows to sit
on. Beverages will probably be available
immediately, but food must be flown in and may
take several hours.
If a hurricane threatens this area, the tribe will
hold a community meeting to inform everyone
who will be responsible for specific duties during
the emergency period. In the meantime, read the
general information below and get ready for a
hurricane while there is time.

Keep your chickee
from blowing away
To use method illustrated above,
use 48-inch wide chicken wire
over the roof and tie it down with
5/8-inch rope, secured in the
ground with stakes. To follow
method at left, nail two-by-fours
to the roof supports, then use
5/8-inch rope to secure the
boards, as shown. Use nail sizes
20D,.16D, 8D and 6D.

during calm before one hits





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To track. a storm:

The NOAA issues advisories f<
cyclones-potential hurricanes-a
intervals beginning at 6 a.m. The adv
the name of the storm, position o
intensity and movement forecast.
Center positions are given -by la
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8 Mftu.Lw Evoeralad NwM

June 1985

June 1985 Miccosukee Everglades NewsM

-IW o ....... ... ....IL
Grads and winners.

m ,,,y s i- ii, ...............-..-

From et, both pages, top row: Tony Shown Bert,
Jocqlueline Osceolo, Ida Osceola, Houston Cypress, Jordan
Cypes, Ido Oseo1 middle irew: Ryon Bllli, Summer
Roke, Pamela Bile, Eeyoo Oscol, Tolbert Cypress, '',
Jo--_e O -c.ol, .....m ,.ew: Angle Cypres, IRoberto,,.
Sonders, Gino Cypress, Eleanor 81ie, Marda Sanders, "'


4 1.,:

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10 A cckeeseEeiodeu Now

Beware of these poisonous plants

June 1985

Melaleuca (Melaleuca quinqueneruia) This
tree, which grows quite tall, has a peeling
whitish bark somewhat like a birch. It is
rntmon all over South Florida as it was
introduced: originally to drain the
Everglades because it transpires huge
amounts- of water. The oil of" this' plant
contains substances that capn. cause
gastrointestinal problems. Seek a doctor's
Florida Arrowroot Description same as
above. Can cause congestion oflungs wheh
pollen is breathed..Seek medical aidi.
Melaleuca Description same as above.
When this plant flowers an allergic
substance is released that can incite
respiratory problems including. inflam-
mation of the epithelial tissues. Those
sensitive should avoid such plants but seek
medical advice if a condition persists.
Brazilian Pepper ($chinus terebinthi-
folius) This thickly growing tree has more
than one trunk and leaves that have a
peppery odor. It is native to Brazil and was
introduced to the United States as early as
the mid-1800s. Respiratory problems can be
sever. Individuals with asthma conditions
should stay clear of this one.
Australian Pine (Cas uarina equisetif olia)
The branches of this tree resemble
somewhat an ostrich-like bird named
Casuarius. It is actually not a pine but more
closely related to the oak family. Symptoms
from inhalation of dust include difficulty in
breathing and tightness in the chest.
Problems require emergency medical aid
especially in individuals with problems
related to pneumonitis or hay fever.
Poisonwood (Metopium toxiferum) This
plant has green leaves that are alternate and
somewhat ovate (egg-shaped), usually five to
a cluster. The bark is reddish-brown, mottled
with dark gummy secretions. These
secretions are poisonous to the touch
causing severe epithelial inflammation,
which is treatable by thoroughly washing
with Fels-Naptha soap and much water.
Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) This
is a three-leafed vine that is extremely
common in Florida. Many trees and bushes
bear this plant where vines have been found
with four-inch-diameter stems. Flowers are
white with five petals. The substance
secreted by this plant is very irritating to the
skin and will remain so on clothing and
anything else it touches for long periods of
time. Symptoms are itching and burning
'and sever inflammation. Wash with Fels-
Naptha and check with a physician
regarding lotions or steroid creams
; Brazilian Pepper Previously described
'' above. The oils from this plant and its seeds
can cause an extremely itchy rash. Swelling

of the eyes and general discomfort is not
uncommon. First aid would include simply
washing the sap from the skin and
application of certain lotions. See a
Wild Lantana Previously described above.
SEpithelial discolorations, skin lesions and
Sdermatitis are not uncommon from contact
with the leaves of this plant. Fels-Naptha
cleansing and thorough rinsing are
) Finally, a few hints to remember:
s *Know the area you are going to be hiking
e in, for instance, the type- of plants found
S there, if possible.
d *Do not handle plants you are not
9 acquainted with.
d *Seek medical assistance quickly if you
s experience any symptoms.
1. Tim B. Morgan is a park ranger naturalist
. fnr Evralades National Park. Shark Valley.

By Tim B. Morgan
Abundant snshine year-round' and an
aegea aaIIa of 65 inches cream
in South Florida a rch scenario of lush sub-

tropicl fl'a an aspcacua landmuape
beckoning locals and travelers alike to
expore and xpeeno a myriad of plant

egardless whether you are a native or a
visitor to"South Florida, however,
probabity has it yoqu will come in contact
wither in dose proximity to one of a number"
of potentially harmful plant types. The
a ty to identity the more conoronly
encountered speesin the field is of key
importance inpreventing a painful,
comfortable experience, or in the extreme
case, a fatal outcome. ..
Forsake of clarity Ithave divided the more
commonly occurring species into three
divoions according to each plant's method
of transmistion to man. Division .One is
itled "IngefiwU" ,and considers several of
hose South Florida plants that -are toxic
when swallowed.. Division Two is
"Respiratory" and inlUdes several spes
that aggravate respiratory sensitivities in
some individualsU Finally, Division Three,
"Contact," which lists those plants
m-ndering adverse reactions when touched
or handled.
A short description of each, toxic effects
and suggestions for first aid follows each
p s name, Be it far from complete, it is
this short listWill be beneficial to
those hiking and exploring the beautiful
South Florida landscape.
Eastern Coral Bean (Erythrina herbacea)
This shrub or tree grows up to 30 feet, has
green branches with three leaves about six
inches long that are shaped like an
arrowhead. The fruit resembles a bean pod
and contains scarlet-colored seeds. These
seeds contain several extremely toxic
substances that have actually been used as
rodent poisons. Symptoms of seed ingestion
include lethargy (sluggishness), depression
and loss of equilibrium (or balance). First aid
requires immediate medical attention. Take
along any sample of the ingested seed.
Wild Balsam Apple (Momordica
charantia) This is a climbing vine with
leaves that lobe into seven parts. Fruit is a
berry, usually orange, that when ripe opens
up exposing many seeds. Again the seeds are
very toxic causing gastrointestinal disorder
and vomiting. First aid requires mducement
of vomiting and medical attention.
Rosary Bean (Abrus precatorius) This
plant is a small vine with white pea-like
flowers. Pods from the plant contain about
eight red seeds. When eaten these seeds can
be fatal. The substance in them is probably
one of+ the most, toxic known to man.
Symptoms include vomiting, hemorrhaging
from inside, diarrhea and a decrease in heart
rate. First aid requires inducement o\
vomiting and immediate medical attention

SWild Lantana (Lantana involucrata) This
shrub grows to about five feet tall with
narrow stems and leaves that are serrated
and elliptical in shape. Flowers are white
and blue. The fruit is also blue and can be
eaten when ripe. When unripe, however, they
are poisonous. The unripe fruit causes
Vomiting, diarrhea and eventually could
cause death if medical help is not sought
Induce vomiting if possible.
Florida Arrowroot (Zamia floridana
Often called coontie by Florida Indians, thij
Plant looks like a fernm and belongs to th
cycad family. The stem is potato shaped an(
under the ground surface. When cooke,
properly the stem can be used in the making
of Seminole bread. When improperly washed
a residual poison remains that cause
S gastrointestinal discomfort and vomiting
Inducement of vomiting is encouraged

..IN "+



Top: Barefooted Stanley "Medicine Man" Frank, Jr.
(Tail Gators) dribbles into his team's court; middle:
Nora Billie (Miccosukee Sundown) keeps her back
between her opponent and the ball; bottom: Tommy
Tiger, Jr. (Trail 41), left, prepares to block a pass by
Eddie Tiger (Trail Gators).
Rehbein tournament results
Big Cypress Recreation beat Immokalee
Motown for the men's championship of the Dr.
Rehbein Memorial Tournament, which
Miccosukee Recreation hosted.
Gwen Cherry Park won the women's
championship, leaving Frank's Cigarets from
Hollywood in second place.
BC Recreation was defeatedd until it played
second-ranked Immokalee in the double-
elimination tournament. When the No. 2 team
won, the teams had to play once more to
determine the winners.

smoke signal:

Buried treasure
A Louisiana judge has ruled that the Tunica
Trsnre--two tons of Indian artifacts-
belongs to the Tunica-Biloxi tribe, and not to
the man who dug up the funeral offerings.
Judge C. I.onton Sartain said extensive
records early as 1730 show that the 150-acre
site on the Mississippi-Lonisiana border was
used by the tribe as a burial ground for more
than 30 years.
T.he artifacts] were burial goods then, and
they remain burial goods today. ."the judge
said. He also said that amateur archaeologist
Leona Charrier-who worked as a prison
guard at Louisiana State Penitentiary while
he excavated more than 100 graves between
1968 and 1987-did not have permission to
distrub the burial grounds. The artifacts
included glazed stone and earthenware,
brass and iron kettles, beads, copper,
crucifixes, rings, mtsket, and gunflints, items
which the Indians traditionally buried within
their dead for the spiritual afterlife.

Pot bust,
Cherokee Police confiscated about 11
pounds of marijuana and arrested three men
on the Qualla Reservation after following a tip
from the Cherokee Middle Grades principal.
The principal got the tip when questioning a
student siweycted to be under the influence of
pot The police chief and a deputy disguised
themselves as fishermen to approach the
suspected area in a remote part of the
reservation, then found marijuana seedlings
hidden by boards near a garden. The officers
then got permission to search the nearby
house from a man who appeared to live there.
They found marijuana, with an estimated
street value of about $13,000, mostly in jars in
plain view.

Masks unmasked
Three sacred masks of the Hopi Indians,
missing since at least 1979, were discovered at
the Art Institute of Chicago. The horned
initiation masks-touched and worn by a high
priest only once every 10 years-will be
returned to the tribe following a criminal trial.
Th masks were not known to be missing until
1979, when it was time to use them again in a
rite of the Soyal religious society.The Institute
received the masks from two Chicago
businessmen, who said they bought them from
Meryl PinsoffPlatt, an Illinois art dealer. Platt
said she bought them legitimately in Arizona,
but she was indicted for possession of stolen
property and interstate shipment of stolen

property. FBI and Bureau of Indian Affairs
officials say Platt could have obtained the
masks from someone who'stole them from the
kiva where they were stored.

6 .
Big Mountain Day
Big Mountain Day is July 6, a day for
picketing U.S. government buildings and
American multi-national corporations,
according to the Big Mountain Support Group
and the Survival Network. July 6 is the
Saturday in 1985 closest to the 1986 deadline
the federal government has set for relocating
more than 10,000 -Hopi and Navajo families
who live on Big Mountain. Where the most
traditional people of the two tribes have lived
for generations, Big Mountain is part of a
"joint-use area" that the government wants to
sell for mineral mining, according to the two
groups. The government started fencing 395
miles of the area, but when workers got to Big
Mountain, Indian--mostly elderly women-



B I* so a

White House honors,

scolds Navajo hero

An elderly Navajo woman honored for bravery
by President Reagan was scolded by a White
House aide after the ceremony becae she said
more than what was rehearsed, according to the
Washington Post.
Mae Chee Castillo, 72, was being praised for
rescuing 10 children from a burning bus with her
grandson's help. Reagan told her, "Mae,
thanks for showing that folks our age still have
plenty of spunk."
Castillo thanked the president, placed a
blanket in his hands, then said through a
"I see the many unmet needs of otherNative
American elderly who do not have ie basic
necessities of life such as food, housing,
electricity, water and health care.
"I plead with you to- recognize the needs of
Native American children and elderly-. Among
the many needs we have are educational
facilities, hospitals, senior cititne' services and
policies for the aged.
"We need to continue current levels ofeconomic
benefits, such as Social Security, since many,
many Native American elderly depend on this
support for their only source of income.."'"
She said they needed federal funds beenee'"in
Indian Country, there is little or no private
sector." She told Reagan, "we have no
roads. .in your position, please help us."
Reagan responded to the unexpected pilea:
"I think most of those things that you were
talking about here, and those problems, come
under we have called 'the safety net'and which
we intend to continue, and even with regard to
our battles to lower the deficit, these things will
not be done away with or reduced."
According to the Post, at the time Reagan was
proposing to cut cost-of-living adjustments by,
about half for the Social Security program and he
had endorsed the Senate budget compromise,
which reduces funding for programs such as
Medicaid and rural housing.
The White House confirmed that presidential
aide Anne Kelly tepi"manded Castillo. A
spokesperson quoted Kelly as telling Castillo, "It
was not what we had discussed."

Pueblo settles privacy

suit with newspaper

The Santo Domingo Pueblo settleda $3.6 $1
million lawsuit out of court with The New .
Mexican, a Santa Fe newspaper that published ^
two photographs of the pueblo's religious f^
The pueblo filed ,the suit in February 1984 ^
charging that two photographs published in the -

newspaper the previous month had violated the
pueblo's privacy. The suit also claimed the
photographer -disrupted the religious ceremony-, "
by flying low and circling over the area. The
pueblo had and has a ban on photography of its
social and cultural events.
The New Mexican has since published a letter
of apology and a news story about -an earlier
settlement, but tribal officials were further
Under the new settlement, the newspaper will
print a feature news story regarding the tribe's
reasons for banning, photography, in which
Indian historical and cultural experts are to be
consulted-It will also publish- a new apology,
establish a newsroom policy for handling news
and photographs about the Santo Domingo, and
designate one reporter to become familiar with
the Santo Domingo's customs, traditions andh
pueblo council policies.
..And for the next four years, the newspaper
agreed to. give $5,000. to the pueblo for
.scholarships for students at* the college or
university of their choice, and to sponsor two
summer internships at newspaper for a college or
trade school student or recent graduate.


June 1985

Mkcosukee Everglode News

Stopped them. The two groups are calling on
"all people of social conscience" to set up
informational picket lines on Big Mountain
Day. For information or to make donations,
write to Big Moutain News, 1412 Cypress
Street, Berkeley, California, or to'Survival
Network, PO Box 6130, Kansas City, Kansas,

Fritz on bingo
When John Fritz was a guest on the pre-
dawn Larry King Radio Talk Show in April,
the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Indian
Affairs was busy with calls from across the
nation. Several callers questioned the
operation of bingo parlors on Indian
reservations, but Fritz answered that he was
tired of "those who are so highly moralistic
about Indians making some money by having
bingo games on their reservations. Any time
the Indian government start making money
at something, the non-Indian sees a criminal
behind every bush, and I don't hear the same
clamor about the million-dollar state lotteries
that have proliferated across this country."

Pro-rata no go
The Department of Interior Solicitor denied
an application from a member of the Jicarilla
Apache Tribe for a pro-rata share of her tribe's
assets. Bernice Muskrat filed the application
in February 1985, claiming a 1907 law allows
the Interior Secretary to make pro-rata
payments of "any tribal or trust funds on
deposit in the treasury of the United States" to
any Indian who the Secretary "may deem to be
capable of managing his or her affairs."
Solicitor Frank Richardson countered that the
law is superceded by the tribe's constitution
and the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934.

Mormons modify
The Church of Jesus Christ Latter-Day
Saints, commonly known as the Mormon
Church, has modified its foster-home program
that takes Indian youths off reservations. The
Church places Navajo children in Mormon
homes supposedly to give them better
educations. Formerly, children from ages
eight to 18 participated in the program. The
Church has announced that by 1988, only
children from 14 to 18 will be placed in foster
homes. Last year, 2,639 Navajo youths were
played in Mormon homes.

BIA man gets 18
Don L. Anderson, a 53-year-old former land
operations officer for the Bureau of Indian
Affairs (BIA), was convicted on five of six
counts. He faces a total maximum penalty of

$45,000 in fines an# nearly 18 years in prison.
Alderson was twice found guilty of submitting
false claims to the government, once involving
a trip to Texas in 1980 and once regarding a
chain-link fence erected around his home in
Pine Ridge, South Dakota, in 1982. He was also
found guilty of converting $8,000 paid by D &Z
Aviation for a prairie-dog controlprogram and
of having a financial interest in a contract for
selling livestock to a member of the Cheyenne
Sioux River Tribe. Alderson was also
convicted for receiving $950 in 1982 from a feed
store that supplied oats for prairie-dog control, _
and for filing false time and attendance
reports while working for -the BIA at the
Cheyenne River and Pine Ridge reservations.

No more Onews
Budget cutbacks gave the ax to Blackfeet
Tribal News, the newspaper of the Blackfeet
Tribe. In a letter to subscribers, the Blackfeet
Media Department said, "The tribal council
funded us for only six months and have chosen
.not to supplement us for the next six."

Tribe of Indians of Florida, PO Box440021, Tamirni
Taniami Staion, Mimi, Florda 33144, 305/223-8380.,
All agencies, groups, and persons are invited to exa-
ine the State Man and to submit in writing any camMnts
and/or recommendations for consideration by the Micco-
sukee Tribe. Such written comments should be received at
above address on or before August 8, 1985.
This isan equal opportunity program. If you believe you
have been discriminated against because of race, color,
national origin, sex, handicap, religious or political
belief, write- immediately to the Secretary of
Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. r___

Notice for WIC State Plan
The Miccouokee Tribe of Indans of Florida propmes to
request the Food and NtrdMon Service, USDA, to release
federal fund to be used by the Miccosukee Tribe for the
dedvery of health and adCinirative services through a
Miccosukee WIC Progracn.
y 1August 15, 1985, a State Man, describing Miccosukee
WIC Progrcm_ operations, shail be subnItted to the FNS for
apprval.. Efforts to develop the plan arepresently under
way and are on Me at the Panning Dept., Miccosukee


Diabetes is an incurable disease,


Diabetics in the community are
reminded to go to the health clinic the
second Tuesday of each month at 8:30
a.m. for bloodwork and a snack. That's
July 9 and August 13 for the next two

Answers will be posted in the health clinic

WIC moves
Effective June 1, 1985, the tribal
health department, assumed
responsibility for administering the
Women, Infants and Children (WIC)
program, including WIC Food
Vouchers, which will now be issued by,
the health department in the
neighborhood building.
Issue dates for Food Vouchers will
remain the same; Group A on the first
Tuesday of each month, and Group B
on the third Tuesday of each month.

-- I I I I ill

c I



I12 M1c2cukee Everatde New

June 1985


sores that refuse to heal or are very slow to
frequent boils
pains or tingling in the arms or legs
inability to recover from minor illness
excessive thirst
passing of large amounts of urine
If you have any of these signsor symptoms
and there is no apparent reason for them,
make an appointment with the tribal nurse
practitioner. She will check you out, and if she
finds that you do have diabetes, she can help
you to get on a balanced diet and exercise
program that may keep you from having to
take daily insulin.
Remember, you can lead an active, normal
life with diabetes, as long as you follow your
diet, exercise and medication plan very
-Crystal Hipkins
Prevention-education coordinator

Diabetes is a chronic, life-long disease that
can be controlled by proper diet, adequate
exercise and daily medication. Some people
can control their diabet*_ by diet and exercise
alone, while others will have to use daily
insulin in addition to diet and exercise.
The definition of diabetes is "a disorder of
carbohydrate metabolism, characterized by
high levels of sugar in the blood and sugar in
the urine, resulting from not enough or poor
use of the insulin that the body normally
The cause of diabetes is still lmknown;
however, it is thought to be, in most cases, a
genetic disorder. At this time it is impossible to
point a finger at any one thing and say, "that
is why they have diabetes."
The signs and symptoms of diabetes are as
fatique or weakneen
low of weight

down. The circles may overlap.



























Stay within your suggested weight range.
Learn good foot care. Have check-ups when the
doctor or nurse advises, and them him or herhow
you feel. Talk with me, the nutritionist, to plan
your diet and exercise to help keep your body
-Terry Perrone

Eating wisely is of major importance in the
control of diabetes. A diet providing consistent
amounts of calories, carbohydrates, proteins and
fats helps maintain blood sugar and lipids within
the normal range. Regular foods are fine and can
be prepared by baking, boiling, broiling, roasting
and stewing. Here are some ways to eat wisely to
help control diabetes:
-eat with others (not alone) as much as
-eat regularly spaced meals
-eat slowly
-turn down second helpings
-snack'on low-calorie foods: some fruits,
vegetables, cheese or milk
-eat unsweetened or lightly sweetened foods
(rinse syrup off canned fruit)
-limit high-calorie foods like excess fats and
starches -
-avoid "junk" foods like pop, alcohol, sweets,
fried foods











~P~-- S






WIC participants are-
invited to meeting

The annual Women, Infants and
Children (WIC) meeting will be held at
3 p.m., June 18, in theRound Room. All
WIC participants are encouraged to
attend this important meeting.

health notes

but a normal

ife is still possible

Word search
There. are about 20 food words hidden in the
scramble below. Find the words and circle them.
Some are straight across and some are straight


Eating wisely helps control diabetes