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Donald Hodel, President Reagan's choice for
Secretary of the Interior, was confirmed by the
Senate and took over the post Feb. 11.
Hodel left his post as Secretary of the
Department of Energy to replace William Clark,
A- -2 V .asA
Camp owners, huntrs. m st
ermit from tribe
February 1985 -
' Rese rvat ion i
ma y,,.e ri Ia be .pewi.g
Corporation gets the permit it needs to drill a S t- B^ Mfc
"wildcat" well, sources said.
the tribe's gas and oil mining lease.
"I A I 't,' ,I
This is a resourcccosuke on R he reservation wmay e spewant
to have exploited," said Carol Kruse, tribal :
planning director. sing f the Sabine Oil",
Corporation gets the, permit it needs to drill a -, :" ;
"idcat" well, sources said. -- mm ,..
TheN o known oil reserves lie bt 20 pereneath ofthe surfae s'of :
any oil-drawn off the reservation, accordbut Sabiing t! t
the tribe's gahat foows whatndis known leasthe Sunniland
Trend. About a dozen productive oil fields -^K ^f i --PT M'^ ^L ^ .
"hisg rL a resource on the reservation we want :-
to have forexploited, said Carol Kruse, tribal e
the-reservation but Sabine haschoednr t killing, 40 ,
site that follows what is;aknown as the Samniland
Trend. About a dozen productive oilfields
already IICKin Head Start program sold the ice-cream cones to raise money f
-approximately from-Fort Myers to 40-mile-bend ,
on Tamiami Tral (US.continued on page 4 ._..student portraits.41
Senat the confirms Donald Hodel for Secretary of the Interior,
sub -ial in-crease in income over tJ 2040 """' i:
per-year lease. Exxon- USA,. for instance, is*1:8 ,.
pum~ng 2500barrels of crude oil per ay from s,: .,..... .
its welf, sat ne-arby Raccoon Point. That mayj,.,-,. .-.- :':,. :
barrels at $25 each, for example,'woudeanthe :"... ::..
tribe -$12,500 a -day, or' more 'than- $4 million a'i:
'- "It will probably be; this spring at the earliest Gettin,, HutnRlygt i ik nwieCmll rn frgon)a
beor dilin tke, lae, acodigtoKein09 Norma Jean Tiger enviously wait their turn todotese.Teri
.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Ieor diintaepae"acrigtKvnalicking, Head Start program -sold the ice-cream cone or asmoyf
continued on *page 4 -student portraits.
"Senai te cofirms- Donald Hod~el for erty of thentro
- - -- - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ A, I X -Jk X A A, ~-- --- '' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - -- - --- -/ W \- -W
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, PO Box 440021, Miami, FL 33144 Vol. 7 No. 2
I IILLI- I I _
~I I I
In addition, the tribe is developing a widIlife-
management policy, that will"likely include a
permitting procedure for non-Indians who want
to hunt on or perhaps otherwise use the
reservation. Neither type of permit would be
issued for the tribe's adjacent state-lease land
until questions of jurisdiction are resolved, she
The occupancy permits, expected to be issued
this spring, "would authorize the existence of the
camps," said Kruse. "A permit would authorize
Camp owners and hunters on the Miccosukee
Reservation will soon have to buy permits from
the tribe if they want to keep using the land,
according to Carol Kruse, tribal planning
The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is currently
reviewing the tribe's draft policy for "occupancy
use permits" to allow squatters who have had
cabins on the land for years to continue using
them for $1,200 a year. The tribe has prohibited
the construction of new camps.
those persons listed on it to continue using the
Many of the 50 to more than 80 camnpi
estimated to exist on the reservation were built
years before the land was legally transferred to
the tribe in June 1984, and the camps are often
shared by several families.
Chuck Thourot, one of the owners of the
Headhunter Camp in the area known as the
.continued on page 4
~g ~~b,~t~ ',~~~~d~~ ~.'~~~ 4~ ~f,~ ,(),,+~,~,,~~,~;,+,,~:, ~~~ ~ ,~,,~~~?~,~,+,~L+,.~b~~~lti)~.~,h~+, ~ ~~k~~~d~~ ~i~ ~c;~:J, ~ -c.~ ~,1, _r~:;
Energy Secretary in late 1982. He was given the
Interior Department's Outstanding Service
Award in 1974 for his energy conservation
efforts. Hodel's professional experience in the
past 25 years has been primarily in the field of
Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs John Fritz
has been Acting Assistant Secretary, and the
Oklahoma Cherokee appears to be the leading
candidate for the permanent position.
A spokesperson from the Interior
r-_ -*- --_A. --l. A.- : A __ _- 1 d*
Classmates carry Margaux Doctor,
"alcohol," to the "stomach,"
played by students squatting in
the foreground. The students were
learning the organs that alcohol
affects at a regular prevention-
Woman seeks adopted brother
PO Box 440021, Tamiami Station
Miami, Florida 33144
A newspaper is more than a report of current
events, it is a forum for ideas. It is the means for
presenting new ideas, for questioning old ideas
and for debating opposing ones.
What that means is anyone can have a say,
including you. In print, right here. That's what
letters to the editor are for. You just write down
whatever's on your mind regarding this
community, or Florida, or Indian Country, or
America, and as long as you don't libel anyone
A very brief definition of libel includes any
statement that conveys an unjustly unfavorable
impression, or one published without just cause
that tends to expose a person or group to public
contempt. In other words, no personal attacks
allowed. Letters are to share ideas, not promote
You must meet two other conditions before
_ I __
1 -11 / I / t
*. I I ,
SMiccosukee Everglades News
your letter will be considered for publication. You
cannot accuse anyone of a crime for which that
person has not been convicted. And you must
sign your name, which will be printed with your
Here are the rules the paper will follow: All
signed letters that pertain to our readers and that
are not libelous will be printed. Letters will notbe
read before publication by anyone other than the
editor unless libel is suspected. Letters that are
merely negative toward one view or another will
be printed without prior review.
In such cases where libel is a possibility, copies
of the letter with the author's name concealed
will be distributed to a pre-appointed committee
for review. The committee will vote on whether
the letter is potentially libelous. If the committee
determines the letter is not libelous, the letter will
be printed. If it determines the letter is potentially
libelous, a copy will be forwarded to tribal
attorneys for a final decision on whether the
letter is legally safe to publish.
The committee consists of Virginia Pool0e,
tribal health director; Renee Billie, bilingual
instructor; and Tony Zecca, tribal police chief.
This committee will also convene if any other
circumstances arise requiring a decision beyond
the duties of the editor.
In the event that the subject matter of a
potentially libelous letter presents a conflict of
interest to a committee member (is about the
member, for instance), the members) agrees, by
virtue of membership, to allow the editor to
appoint an alternate to vote on that issue.
So have your say, readers. Complain, praise,
rant or rave. If what you're saying is worth
repeating, we'll do it gladly.
Pipe line make s
moving oil safer
Getting crude oil out of the Everglades should
be safer tothe threatened environment now that
Exxon USAis using a pipeline that crosses under
the Miccosukee Reservation.
The company had used trucks to transport oil
from its well at Raccoon Point, which is
southwest of the reservation. But trucks
overturned at least twice on the private 11-mile
road from the well, dumping oil into the
ecologically fragile marsh.
Although construction of the underground
pipeline destroyed a 23-mile path of sawgrass--
which Exxon is legally obligated to restore-
state environmental regulators considered it the
safest alternative to trucks because the risk of
spills is lower. A company spokesperson
described the system as "state of the art."'
"It's a six-inch [diameter] steel pipe with a
concrete outer coating," said Richard Dorney for
Exxon's public affairs office. "It has full
corrosion-inhibitor and leak-detection systems.
We have lines that have been in for over 50 years
and have lasted, and they're not under the same
design. This is state of the art technology."
The company has restored some of the damage
from construction, said Dorney, but it has yet to
begin the major task of replacing sawgrass.
Exxon's permit from the state requires that the
company restore as much damage as possible.
"We've already begun the work of putting the
big rocks back in, making sure they don't stick
up, and we've put seed and hay on the levee
walls," he said. "We double-ditched when we
were digging, which means we took the topsoil
and stacked it in one pile and put the subsoil in
another, and we've replaced both layers.
"We're working with consultants on the
restoration of the sawgrass," said Dorney. He
"would not get into" the concern that fast-
growing cattails would take over the ravaged
area before the sawgrass could revive "because
that's a purely scientific question."
"That's why we have consultants. But we
won't begin sawgrass restoration until the wet
season ends in June or July," he said.
In the meantime, each day Exxon is pumping
2,500 barrels of oil through the pipeline, six miles
of which cross under the reservation to connect to
an existing line. A limit on the number of trucks
allowed to the well had kept production down to
1,600 barrels per day, Dorney said.
Kirby Owen Plain, and you were
also given an Indian name by our
grandfather (he is very old, going on
79 this year).
Please, if you read this, Joe (or
anyone who knows him), contact
me. I love you even though we
1077 Tashmoo Avenue
RR 4, Sarnia, Ontario
To the editor.
Please post the following notice. I
am trying to contact my brother. I
have met and visited' with his
adoptive parents in Niagara Falls.'
Please, if you read this, contact
Sherry Plain at the address below.
I have been looking for you for a
long time. You were born in Sarnia
on July 23, 1964. I am a year older.
Our natural mother named you
The paper also welcomes contributions of art and
poetry. Contributors can bring their work to the
newspaper office, in the neighborhood building, or leave
it in the paper'smailbox in the administrative building.
Advertising is accepted. Call or write to the editor at
the above address for rates and more information.
Miccosukee Everglades News is published the first
week of each month by the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of
Letters to the editor regarding community issues are
encouraged. All letters must be signed to be considered
for publication, and they may be edited. Published letters
Here's what happens to letters to the editor
February 1985 Miccosukee Everglades blews
Bringing up baby
Lionel Rockwell, in the arms of mother Debbie, left, books like he's ready for a
nap following a shower in his and three other babies' honor. Above, Ashiey
Elaine gnaws on the chicken bone mom Shirley Frank keelsahl o.Tia
Human Services hosted the shower, also hon oring James Billibr et 7t
14 . ... ,
Diane and Wayne Billie; Chief Charlie Jumper Osceola, bornNv oDbi
Osceola; and He'ath 'Cody Bert, born Nov 28 to Sue Jane adTn et
I1 1/03 S. Dixie Hwy. (Next to Pumpernik's) Miami, FL 33156
''":! oi* K p Krst
">" Faris* atens* oios rin
Botqe ltig it
"Thank you for your business for over, 35 years"A
S.- Lynn Paskewich, Owner
I I II.
SIGN OF SERVICE
for VISA / Commercial Checking Accounts /Certificates of
Deposit / NOW Accounts / NOW-Plus Accounts / IRA Ac-
counts / Savings Accounts / "Money Market Plus" Accounts /
Safe Deposit Boxes / Drive-In Tellers / Bank by Mail / 24-Hour
Depository / Publix and HONOR Automatic Tellers / Com-
mercial Loans / Real Estate Loans / Installment Loans / U.S.
Savings Bonds / Collections / Travelers Checks / Christmas
Plan Accounts / Cashier Checks, Bank Money Orders / Payrolls
/ Depository for Federal Social Security, Withholding Taxes.
950 SW 57th AVENUE /MIAMI, FLA. 33144 / 266-1000
Branches: 6600 SW 8th Street and 11439 Bird Road / Miami
Mimhpr FlrU / An F'ail Hnousinn eI under/ Affiliate of Flori-
INVITATION FOR BIDS
Sealed bids for the work described herein will be received until 2:00 PM,
February 28, 1985 by the Finance Department, Miccoukee Tribe of Indians, PO
Box 440021, Miami, Florida 33144, ATTN: Mike Hernandez, and at that time
publicly opened in the Round Room of the Tribal Administration Building,
Miccosukee 40-Mile-Bend Reservation, U.S. 41, Miami, Florida.
INFORMATION REGARDING BIDDING MATERIAL, BID GUARANTEE
Drawings and specifications will be available after February 3, 1985, and may
be obtained from the Miccosukee Tribal Planning Department between the hours
of 8:30 a.m. and 3:30 p.m. at a cost of .10.00 per set of documents, not
refundable. Check or money order would be made payable to the "Miccosukee
Tribe of Indians" ( no cash will be accepted). Bid documents, LIMIT 2 SETS
MAXIMUM, are not to be returned. A BID GUARANTEE equal to 20% of the bid
price will be required. If the bid guarantee is in the form of a bid bond, AIA
Document A310 will be used. When a certified or cashier's check is used as a
guarantee, it shall be made payable to the "Miccosukee Tribe of indians."
Payment Bond amounting to fifty percent (50%) of the contract price, and also, a
Performance Bond equal to one hundred percent (100%) of the contract price will
be required from the successful bidder.,
DESCRIPTION OF WORK: Construction of a 2,000 sq. ft. addition to the existing
LOCATION OF CONSTRUCTION: 20 miles west of Krome Avenue (S.R. 27) and
Tamiami Traioll (U.S. 41).
For more information contact Miccosukee Tribal Planning Department, phone
--WW in v v w .v.
. I f
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r. r:~r~ t
Miccosukee Everglades News
Local rock group Tiger-Tiger is going to New
York in search of a record company to make an
album from a master tape the half-Indian band
Band members will eventually finance the
album themselves if they can't find a label to
back them, said Miccosukee Indian Stephen
Tiger, guitarist and lead singer. In either case, he
said, the songs will be released on cassette tape to
"Shoutin' at the World" and "All Put Together
Again." The remixes are of "I am Indian," "River
of Grass," "Tropical Paradise" and "Spaceage
Tiger wrote all the songs except "Shoutin'," for
which lead guitarist Dennis Sanders composed
the music. Ron Huff is the band's drummer and
its other Tiger is Stephen's brother, Lee, who
plays bass guitar.
sell at the Miccosukee Tribe's gift shop.
Four of the songs are new, one was recorded as
a single six months ago, and four are remixed
versions of some of their previously recorded
songs. The single, "United State of Mind," was
recently aired on WSHE FM radio's "local she
The new songs, some of which the band
performed at the tribe's recent Indian Arts
Festival, are "Radio Wasteland," "Try,"
.Levee-28 gap, said he's "kind of happy to see" the
tribe's attempt to control exploitation of tribal
land. He was one of 13 camp owners who met
with Kruse and BillyL Cypress, assistant tribal
chairman, before the policy wasdrafted.
"I thought the cost was a little high, but
generally the whole policy I am in. favor of,"
Thourot said "The fee might be a financial
Hardship to individual camp owners who don't
have anyone to share the cost with.
."But the land belongs to the Miccosukees and
_- ... ._*.i *L.'--=A- ..- 1 L ..^- A. 411..U...,. A^. ,.^4 4^
and to me it's worth the $1,200 to keep my camp."
Kruse said the Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission would help enforce the permits,
but "details haven't been worked out ."
The tribe is considering issuing a copy of the
permit to be posted at each camp and stickers for
camp users to affix to their swamp vehicles.
The occupancy and vehicle permits for camp
users "would in no way imply any hunting or
fishing rights," said Kruse. Those rights will be
regulated separately, she said.
I".....:-A - 1 1.^ . 1^..- r,1%, a-- -aaa--^1. alf ^f
commission's Everglades Wildlife Management
Area. But the western half, divided by Levee 28,
has been and is closed to everyone but
Kruse said that by the 1985-86 hunting season,
which begins this fall, "people who want to hunt
in that portion that is open, in addition to all the
requirements of the game commission, will be
required to have a permit from the Miccosekem
Tribe to be on the reservation.
"The-tribe doesn't want indiscriminate public
use of the reservation," she said. "It wants to
Tiger-Tiger taking master tape to record labels
permit to drill
oil well here
from page 1
Irwin, Sabine's consulting
ecologist. "We're just starting the
p pjoqe '. Th i m-it would-
take about 30 days to do the
Irwin said he expects "no
adverse environmental impacts"
from the activity at the three-acre
drilling site because "it's the most
vironmentally acceptable site
you could ask for." The area is in an
finproved cow pasture a mile north
of Alligator Alley (State Road 84)
and 500 feet east of the ftnpaved
Sabine's permit application must
be approved by the reservation's
federal trustees, the Bureaus of
Indian Affairs and Land
Tribe to regul-ate non-Indian camps
- ;; ------ -
Miccosukee Everglades News
C HEVR, OLET--
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7220 .N Kendall Drive 0 661-2521
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6698 SW 8th Street
Miami, Florida 33144._,
Service and parts departments: 261-1141
OPEN 7 DAYS:
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* Subscriptions to Mkcosukee Everlodws News areo $10 for one yr
I (12 issues) or $18 for two years (24 issues).
Seven-year-old Jeffrey Chrisjohn
may be an amateur at motocross
racing, but he's still a winner.
Jeffrey recently won first place in
the novice. division of his age
category at a competition in South
Trams at Shark Valley
Delta Kappa Gamma member
Ruth Hilgendorf became seriously
ill recently, according to Lou
Herrera, higher education
coordinator, who said the tribe
wishes her a swift recovery.
Hilgendorf helped get the sorority's
international organization to
partially fund the tribal librarian's
salary for nearly 10 years, and she
has been active in all the Indian
Tram tours at Shark Valley,
Everglades National Park, are now
-i inning every hour on the hour. The
first tour each day starts at 9 a.m.
and the last one at 4 p.m. Adult fare
is $4.05, children ride for $2.10 and
p eoole at least 62 years old ride for
The tribal adult education
department extends congratula-
ions to Gina Cypress and Roberta
Sanders for passing the long tests
that earned them General
Equivalency Diplomas (GED).
Others in the tribe can get the same
test preparation from instructor
Cynthia Greene anytime between 1
and 9 p.m. Monday through
Thursday, or between 8:30 a.m. and
4:30 p.m. Friday.
If you need help figuring your
income tax, get it free from Mike
Hernandez or Maxine Gonzalez.
Just go to the tribal finance office
between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. If
neither one can help you right away
you can set up a time to come back
later. The service is available
through Monday, April 15, the
deadline for postmarking tax
The trial for Seminole Tribal
Chairman James Billie has been
postponed indefinitely, according
to Billie's attorney, Jim Shore.
Billie is charged with the felony of
killing a Florida panther, an
endangered species, on one of the
Finishing first, III/
Good thing for students that
physical education instructor Kathy
Pollack doesn't ask her students to
do what she does. Pollack recently
won first place in a triathelon
sponsored by the Broward County
Parks and Recreation Department.
That means she was the first to
finish a quarter-mile swim, a 12-mile
run and a four-and-a-half-mile bike
A thousand free words
They're free and they're worth at
least a thousand words. McGraw-
Hill Publishing Company has
donated boxes of new hardcover and
paperback books that the
Miccosukee Community Library is
giving away. Some are normally
priced at $20 and up, and there's
nothing to lose by checking them
Miccosukee students probably
haven't met them yet, but John and
Rosemary Bartholomew are getting
ready for them. Or rather, they're
getting everglades National Park's
Environmental Education Center
ready for them. The Bartholomews
have been volunteering since
December, helping prepare for
student activities later this year.
Youth Fair ride coupons
Ride coupons for the Dade County
Youth Fair go on sale in the
community library beginning
Monday, March 4 through Tuesday,
March 12. The 20-coupon books will
cost $5, which is $3 less than when
purchased at the fair. The coupons
are good on more than 70 midway
Naples shows local art
Local artist LeRoy Osceola* is
displaying on consignment four of
his pen-and-ink drawings at the
Four Winds Gallery in Naples. The
gallery shows only works by Native
Americans, and it is looking to meet
the demands of the public for more
local Indian art. The gallery is at
1167 Third Street South, The Comrner
Building, Naples, phone (813) 263-'
Use it and lose it
There's still time to compete in the
weight-loss contest that ends March
31, 1985. Just weigh in at the clinic
and start exercising more. A trophy
will be awarded to the department
that loses the most pounds, and the
individual who does the same will
win a two-week membership to a
Answer this survey and help improve adult education here
WOd ian rR-'0H__.4_ -0..
The survey below was prepared by
Cynthia Greene, adult education
instructor, to get information from
community members on how to
make the program one they can
benefit from. Greene asks that
people drop off their answers in
either the Learning, Center or
newspaper office, both in the
neighborhood facilities building, or
in the Big Mac building. Parents can
have their children return the forms
to a teacher.
How you may be reached
1. Are you interested in any special
subject? What is it?
2. Circle the easiest time for you to
come to class:
-Working with money
-How to measure
-How to be a smart shopper:
(best buys, budgeting, saving on
utilities, advertising, phony sales,
loans, coping with rising. prices,
-How to care for the things you
own (car, furniture, house, clothes)
-How to prevent crime at and away
Tallahassee, Miami; legal contracts,
civil rights, courts)
3. What days can you cometo class?
4. Circle the following areas you are
interested in studying:
-GED -Reading -Math
-Understanding the News
-Using the Library
-How to get a driver's license
-What if I'm in an accident?
-How to choose, get and keep a job
budgeting money and
-How to do income tax forms
-How to get along with others
Physical education teacher Kathy Pollack lines up the
first-grade boys for a race around the track, above.
From left are Sean Billie, Phillip Sanders, Johnny Tigertail
and Ricky Osceola. Above right, racers start their lap in
unison. Right, Sean keeps his lead around the last cone
to win the race.
Ready, set, go!
Promise made good
The Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the
Flathead Reservation in Montana have
negotiated an end to an eight-year struggle to
take over a power-generating dam promised to
them 50 years ago. The tribes made a
compromise with the Montana Power
Company, which has operated the
hydroelectric Kerr dam on the reservation for
50 years, to train Indians to take over
operations in 30 years. Then tribal members
will run the facility for the following 20 years
The tribes also raised the annual rent from
$2.6 mini to $99 mIon, but agreed to
~ 3.` P;.IP b- (
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Miccosukee Everglades News 7
Sixteen alleged descendants of slaves owned
by Cherokee Indians have filed a $750 million
lawsuit arguing that rights owed to them have
The-suit states that an 1886 treaty recognizes
"freedmen" as citizens of the Cherokee Nation
and qualifies them for the same rights as
Cherokees. It claims the plaintiffs, as
descendants, are entitled to such benefits as
health care, housing, education,
training, business loans, energy
funds and employment benefits.
The plaintiffs, 14 of them from Oklahoma, ask
for $500 million in punitive damages and $250
million in compensatory damages. The tribe
and the federal government are implicated in the
Kids know how to
make the most of
most anything, and
for Wesley Frank,
squeezing shut his
eyes and sticking out
his tongue make a
zoom down the play-
ground slide all
the more fun.
Dennis Banks, the American Indian
Movement (AIM) leader who has been a fugitive
since 1975, surrendered recently and was
sentenced to three years in prison.
Banks jumped bond nine years ago after being
convicted for armed riot and assualt without
intent to kill in a 1973 attempt to burn down the
Custer County Courthouse in South Dakota
during a protest. Banks and others protested
that -a white who had killed an Indian was
being charged with manslaughter, not murder.
successfully fought extradition," said Banks in a
news conference two weeks after the sentencing.
During the sentencing hearing he repeated his
fear that still an inmate seeking notoriety might
kill him. Russell Means, the founder of AIM, was
stabbed by an inmate while he was serving four
years on riot charges in a South Dakota prison.
Circuit Judge Marshall Young, the same judge
who presided at the 1975 trial, sentenced Banks.
The maximum sentence for the crimes is 15 years,
The Moapa Tribe in Nevada tried, but it
couldn't do it. The Moapas attempted to
legalize prostitution on their reservation this
past fall, but then-Interior Assistant
Secretary for Indian Affairs Ken Smith
disapproved the tribal ordinance. Smith
argued that the ordinance would act contrary
to federal policy, and the Ninth Circuit Court
agreed that was a legitimate reason for
rescinding the tribal ordinance.
Read all about it
To get an overview of what's happening in
Indian Country, try reading one of these
books. Peter Mathiessen's Indian Country
explores Indian life around the country on a
personal level. Now That the Buffalo's Gone:
A Study of Today's American Indians, by
Alvin M. Josephy, is a collection of case
studies on how Indian groups are dealing with
major issues such as water, land and hunting
Made in Hong Kong
Congress has directed the Secretary of
Commerce to study the economic problem of
imports and sales of counterfeit American
Indian asworkhad jewelry. ,
consultation with two other federal.agencies,
is to determine the extent of the problem,
estimate the value of the imported items and
the dollar amount legitimate Indian artisans
are losing on the counterfeit sales, and
determine how to change existing regulations
to rectify the problem.
A quenching law
The Ak-Chin Indian community, about the
same size as Miccosukee's 500-member tribe,
took another step toward self-determnination
when a water-supply settlement was enacted
into law. The law doubles the Ak-Chins' water
supply, which should allow them to expand
their $1 million farming operation. In 1961 the
tribe quit leasing its land, south of Pheonix,
Arizona, and began farming it themselves.
About half the profits are reinvested in the
program, and the remainder funds such tribal
services as police and a Head Start program:
Slave descendants sue Cherokees
AIM leader Banks sentenced to prison
Here's how to play it safe, protect teet
I I I a! F [ l
SAir-esukee Everalades News
What can one do to avoid contracting rabies
The most important measure is to make sure
your pet has a current rabies vaccination, and d<
not let it roam free. Avoid unfamiliar dogs and
cats since 85 percent of the people bitten are
attacked by animals other than their own. Wild
animals should not be kept as pets. The signs o
rabies in these animals are not well known ant
they cannot be effectively vaccinated with mos
dog and cat rabies vaccines.
What about rabies in wildlife?
Because of the abundance of wild animals ii
the Everglades, the chances of personal pets ant
people contracting rabies from wild animals i
far greater in our community than in the city
Discourage the feeding, handling and teasing o
wild animals, especially by children
Particularly avoid animals that behave in
strange manner. Do not attempt to aid injured o
sick animals but instead contact animal-contrc
' officers. Animals that appear dead may actually.
be Alive; therefore, do not pick them up with you
To protect your pet and the community, th
health department urges pet owners to brin
their dogs and cats to this vitally important
clinic. The shots are free and each vaccinated pe
will be issued a rabies-vaccination tag.
Environmental health work
y In the last two issues we talked about bacteria
r in relation to bacterial diseases and infections,
and how we can protect ourselves and family
e when handling, preparing and storing foods.
g In this issue we'll discuss bacteria-infested
t insects that can and do take every opportunity to
t contaminate our food sources, and what we can
do to protect against them.
m Houseflies and cockroaches carry disease-
ir producing bacteria both inside and outside their
bodies, and spread germs in various ways. The
housefly brushes bacteria from his body onto
kitchen utensils and uncovered food. This pest
can also spread the diseases of typhoid fever,
cholera, dysentery and -infantile diahrrea by
laying eggs, littering and regurgitating in
h uncovered food.
Cockroaches feed on disease-carrying litter
and are attracted by food or filth. These pests
deposit their own litter wherever they travel,
especially in our uncovered food sources and on
kitchen utensils. Like the housefly, cockroaches
carry disease-producing germs on the inside and
outside of their bodies, and both the internally
produced and externally deposited germs with
which we come in contact with cause a variety of
intestinal illnesses, especially gastroenteritis.
To protect yourself and your family from
unnecessary exposure to the diseases and
illnesses caused by houseflies and cockroaches,
follow these suggestions:
-Keep food covered.
-Clean up scraps or crums from the floor, off
counter tops, stove and around campground.
-Wipe up spills immediately.
) -Clean inside of cabinets frequently with hot
soapy water and keep these areas dry.
-Place garbage in tightly sealed plastic bags
and keep garbage can covered.
-Spray under sinks in kitchen and bathroom
for cockroaches, and kill flies by spraying or
-Keep toilet facilities free of litter.
-Properly dispose of animal litter.
-Keep screens and door facings in good repair.
-Inspect grocery bags and soft-drink cartons
you bring home from the store. These are
favorite hiding places for cockroaches.
h Programs/training developer
,February is National Children's Dental Health
Month, oit's appropriate to review proper dental
~eare. ere's hd'w to brush and floss teeth
correctly, ard remember brush after, every meal
and floss every night
Place head of toothbrush alongside your teeth,
,bristles turned toward the gums. Move brush in
small circles being sure to clean where the gum
and tooth meet. Brush the outside of each tooth,
upper and lower and then the inside of all teeth.
Then brush the chewing surfaces of all teeth.
Always use a soft-bristled toothbrush, never a
hard one. Don't forget to brush your tongue.
Break off about 18 inches of dental floss and'
wind it on your middle fingers. Use your thumbs
or first fingers with an inch of floss between them
to guide the floss between yourteeth. Holding the
floss tightly, use a gentle sawing motion to put
the floss between your teeth. Never snap it in.
When the floss reaches the gumline, curve it
against one tooth and slide it between the gum
and tooth until you feel it stop. Move the floss
away from the gum by scraping the side of the
tooth. Without removing the floss, curve it
around the other tooth and clean there, too.
Repeat on all your teeth.
Floss goes under the gum line. It must
clean tooth surfaces on both sides of every space.
Remember Never snap the floss into the gums.
Holding floss tied in a circle.
Sometimes you can accidentally hurt yourself
or another person by not remembering simple
safetyrules. Sometimes the things you do don't
look dangerous, but they can realy mean trouble
for your teeth. Avoid doing- the following:
S-"Using your teeth to open things
. -O-pening doors quickly; someone may be
-Riding double on a bike
-Running on wet floors or sidewalks
-Running with pencils, sticks or other objects
in your mouth
-Not wearing seat belts in the car
-Not wearing plastic mouth protectors in
^^-+a,4 .a-,.-'a mIIh a, frnthall and horinzr. or not
Health department offers free
rabies shots to d4
In cooperation with the Dade County Public
Health Department, the Miccosukee Health
Department is sponsoring a Rabies Vaccination
Clinic for dogs and cats of the Miccosukee
community that are more than three months old.
The clinic will be held at 1 p.m., Wednesday, Feb.
20 at the Miccosukee Fire Station.
What is rabies?
Rabies is a disease of warm-blooded animals
and man. It is caused by a virus that affects the
brain and nervous system. The virus is
transmitted from animal to animal, and then to
man usually by bite. The virus is found in the
saliva of rabid animals and the disease is,
generally considered fatal in both man and
Can you acquire rabies without actually
Yes. The virus may enter yorbody through cuts
or scratches that have been in contact with the
saliva of a rabid animal.
What animals carry rabies in Florida?
All warm-blooded animals (not fish, reptiles,
amphibians or birds) can be carriers of the
disease. Dogs and cats are the most likely source
of infection for people. Wild animals, especially
accooons, bate, kunks and foxes should always
be suspect. Small, caged store-bought pets such
as gerbils, hamsters, mice and guinea pigs are
not usually infected.
food, cause illness
Revi w proper brushing and flossing
during National Dental Health Montl