----g --TL" .*7 1
The BaldwNin tibraiY
BEARSa. I A Z G G-
I3EARS IN A ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN
AT THE BEAR FAMILY
BY ERNEST INGERSOLL
WITH TEN TRUE BEAR STORIES
'" *'.' V T?
D. LOTHROP AND COMPANY
FRANKLIN AND HAWLEY STREETS
D. LOTHROP AND COMPANY
PRESSWORK BY BERWICK & SMITH, 118 PURCHASE JITREET, HO3TON.
A GLANCE AT THE BEAR FAMILY Ernest Ingersoll 7
AN UNINVITED GUEST B. P. Sillaber 3\. .
GRANDMOTHER'S BEAR STORY Brenda Aubert 16
GRANDFATHER'S BEAR STORY F. E. Hamilton 20
Too FOND OF MAPLE SUGAR Irving L. Beman 23
Two BEARS Amanda B. Harris 26
SWAKING UP A BEAR Maurice Thompson 30
HANNAH'S SNARES M. B. 33
THE ARTIST AND THE BEAR .Uncle Chitty 38
THE BEARS OF BERNE C. G. T. 41
HANGING A BEAR Irving L. Beman 44
- :r~~ _
A GLANCE AT THE BEAR FAMILY.
S OT soon shall I forget one But we soon found that we were by no means the
day of wild travelling in first who had slept there. Here, in a sort of natu-
that splendid region of ral log house, where several spruces, by fallingcriss-
S Wyoming, which lies just cross, had formed a pen for which the far-reaching
"south of Yellowstone boughs of the great trees still standing furnished a
S Park. We broke our good roof, the floor was dug down, and the leaves
S camp at sunrise, and the and rubbish which had been blown in by the wind
".t *- first ten miles lay across were crushed and matted together. A glance told
f .. rolling grassy hills, us who this pioneer was who had found his cabin
whence the eye could ready and his bed made-Mr. Grizzly Bear!
take in a wide view of mountains, savannas, and Further on we could trace where he had walked,
woodland. The whole length of the mysterious perhaps that very day- certainly yesterday-by
an# majestic Wind River range stood out behind the herbs which he had crushed under his heavy
us, blue-black as far up as the timber grew, and step, and we knew that he had crossed the brook
above that all white with snow, many of the peaks at a certain place by the broad, human-like track
showing not a fleck to mar their sparkling cones, in the muddy margin. Here he pawed deep down
Before noon we could see the storm-clouds chas- among the leaves after roots; there he overturned
ing each other through the chasms, and puffs of a heavy log, probably searching for insects under-
cold fleecy mist drifted away from the summits neath; and then, as the sun grew warm and the
like smoke from the mouth of a cannon. Listen- flies troublesome, he had made straight for the
ing to the low growling of the far thunder it was high, rocky uplands, to get a taste of snow, and let
easy to imagine Storm Kings really at war among the breezes, cool from Fremont'sglacier, blowstrong
those tempest-breeding heights. against his shaggy sides.
Turning in from the plains to the entrance of It is very curious that bears should be so fond of
a long east-and-west valley which gave passage these great altitudes. Down in the San Juan
through the mountains on the western side of the Mountains of Southern Colorado, which lift their
Green River basin, we happily struck an Indian thin, sharp pinnacles of brittle rock thousands of
trail, and followed the well-trodden pathway up a feet above where even the humblest little sprig of
long ravine, along an exceedingly picturesque brook, a spruce can grow, we used to hear, and some-
where trout were sliding through sunny shallows or times see them, scaling the highest points ; and in
leaping miniature cascades, and the willows that climbing one very lofty and precipitous spire, Mr.
arched over the deep beaver-ponds were full of A. D. Wilson suddenly came upon a bear, lying
singing birds. We scarcely knew when we had on the very tip-top, where it could gaze a hundred
reached the highest point of the pass, and wound miles in any direction. There actually wasn't
about through open groves of evergreen with an room for both on that narrow peak, and, as Mr.
ease which was luxury after our experience of the Wilson was far too polite a man to dispossess a
tangled, log-obstructed forests encountered the friend of so excellent an outlook, he just apolo-
week before. Finally, as the sun declined, we gized for the intrusion, and moved hastily down-
ascended a little way the bed of a torrent which ward.
came down a narrow, tortuous valley at the side, The bear was not to be outdone, and it scampered,
where black-tailed deer were common, stopped in rolled, slid and leaped down the steep loose rocks
a spruce grove, and made us springy beds of on the other side, with the most amazing celerity.
boughs, while the cook prepared supper. Why it didn't break its big neck, tumble over some
8 A GLANCE AT THE BEAR FAMILY.
precipice, or crush through some treacherous snow- down to the ground, and the tarsus lies flat as in
bridge into a crevice whence it could not have ourselves; but as this bone is proportionately very
climbed out, is a wonder to everybody who saw long, and the leg bones are very short, you have
that headlong, panic-stricken rush. It is curious that awkward great foot which is so characteristic.
to us what in the world the bear could have been It is because of this structure that he is able to get
doing all alone on that bleak, lofty pinnacle of about so well with his enormous weight, climbing
barren rock; but then, no doubt, it wondered and descending the roughest of mountain-sides,
just as much what we wanted up there! pushing his way through dense jungles, and, in the
One of the first technical words I ever learned case of the smaller species, shinning up to where
was plantigradee." I was told that the bear was the best fruit and nuts are to be found, or the bees
a plantigrade animal; that is, he walked on the have hidden their sweet stores in some hollow
full length of his foot, just as I did. This set me to tree-top.
studying how this was, and I was surprised to find Bruin inhabits all parts of the world, from the
that the large majority of animals never touch their farthest stretch of land or ice toward the poles, to
heels to the ground at all, but walk on their toes, the vast forests that encircle the equator, except
You can understand this easily if you look at a in Australia. There are not many different
skeleton, or the picture of one. At the lower (or kinds, but in former ages there seem to have
hinder) end of the backbone is a large circular been more species, and some of a greater size
mass of very solid bone which supports the trunk of than any now existing. The soil on the floors of
the body, and is called the pelvis. Attached to this, many caves in England and Southern Franq$ is
like two pillars supporting it, are the bones of the full of the bones of bygone animals, among which,
legs. These consist of
the thigh bone (femur),
the double shin bone
(tibia and fibula), the -
bones of the heel and
ankle (tarsus), those of o ir
the instep metatarsuss),
and the toes (phalanges).
Now all these bones of
your leg and mine oc-
cur in a dog's leg, but
in different proportions.
The thigh bone is very
short and heavy, and
nearly wholly hidden
in the body; it is the ,
tibia and fibula which
makes the upper part of
the external leg, and the
slender lower portion is
A SUDDEN MEETING.
not the shin, as it seems
to be, but it is the metatarsus, stretched out and it appears, flourished a giant of a bear, much larger
standing erect, instead of lying flat down as it does than the grizzly, known as the cave bear. The
in my foot ; the dog's "ankle and "heel," there- grizzly, by the way, was also an inhabitant of
fore, are half-way up his leg, where you have sup- Europe and Asia in those days, together with the
posed was his knee (not noticing that it bent the brown bear, which still exists in the colder parts
wrong way), and it is only his toes that support of the Old World.
him on the ground. He is digitigrade." We know the huge cave-bear certainly lived
In the bear, on the contrary, the heel is brought late enough to be killed and eaten by the savage
A GLANCE AT THE BEAR FAMILY. 9
men who, with stone implements of warfare and in the world, but since he is more slender, does
the chase, hunted them in those early years when not exceed, if he equals, in weight, the grizzly,
the sites of the great capitals of Europe were which sometimes tips the scale at eight hundred
unmarked in tangled forest; but we do not know pounds. His head is narrow and pointed, and
what cause led to its disappearance, any more than the whole frame is extremely muscular. The
we know why the grizzly has survived in abundance fur of the polar bear is of a dirty white color
to the present here in America, but has wholly throughout; the hair is very long, also, and close
died out on the other side of the Atlantic. It is to the skin is a woolly down which helps to make
hard to believe that those wild ancestors of ours the exceedingly warm coat necessary in those
were able to exterminate them with their rude high latitudes where it is winter pretty much
weapons of flint, and we must probably conclude all the year round. Another peculiar feature is
that some change in the climate the almost webbed
gradually caused their disappear- condition of his broad
ance, along with the lion, tiger, th feet, enabling him to
and various other wild beasts swim with ease. He
which used to roam through Eng- is a denizen of the
lish and French forests, but now a whole Arctic zone.
are found only in the torrid wandering southward
zone. at least to the limits
Out if I wander on in this of tree-growth, and
fashion I shall never get through, northward to the very
and from the pres- pole unless there
ent tense bear, you really is an open sea
will vote me back to there; and even then
the past tense bore. he may sometimes
In America we drift to that mysteri-
have three races of ous point where all
these animals, the -- longitudes and lati-
tudes converge, on
floating ice. His scientific name is Tha-
The grizzly bear -that giant of our
Western mountain ranges, whose expressive
name is Ursus horribilis, has been the central
figure of too many tales of adventure not to
have become pretty well known already to
the readers of WIDE AWAKE. They are fa-
miliar with the shape of the heavy square head
and massive jaws with its formidable teeth;
they have heard of the gigantic strength
which bends gun-barrels and shakes stately
trees till they are almost uprooted; of the
amazing speed of so ponderous a beast; of
the thick fur varying in tint from the bright
UP A BEE-TREE. bay of a young cinnamon to the grizzled,
yellowish-brown of an aged inhabitant of
polar, the grizzly, and the black bears; the first the northern- sierras; and they know just where
and last are also inhabitants of Europe, and, as I they can put their hand on endless stories, all
said before, the grizzly used to be. of which they firmly believe, of dreadful encoun-
The polar bear has the longest body of any bear ters and marvellous escapes with this king of
o1 A GLANCE AT THE BEAR FAMILY.
American wild beasts, for which every boy has days indicates the approach of that long night
born with him an interest as absorbing and in- which reigns in the frigid zone, the female polar
stinctive as is his sister's dread of a spider. Oh, bear seeks some nook where there is a comfortable
hurry up!" I think I hear him call out impa- carpet of moss, and lies down. She has had a long
tiently; hurry up! We know all about the summer of seal-catching and cranberry-picking,
grizzly. Haven't we read Mr. Adams and Cap- and under her hide are thick layers of fat. She
tain Mayne Reid? All right; if you have feels fatigued and drowsy, and stretching herself in
read those books attentively you ought to know the lee of a rock, goes to sleep. Perhaps that
something about it, and I will hurry up to tell you very first night the leaden clouds shake down the
about a bear nearer at home. thickly flying flakes, and for days and days it not
I doubt if there is a State in the Union (unless once stops snowing; but the bear never looks
it be Delaware, Rhode Island, and possibly Con- out to see what is happening. She is contentedly
necticut) where it would not be possible to shoot asleep and sucking her paws- so it is said, but I
a black bear; and very good fun it is to do it, too, won't vouch for that!- and lets the snow drift
though hard work. Now it is about this "little over her until she is buried a dozen or more feet
black bear," this Ursus Americanus, that I want deep in that fleecy mound. But the snow by no
especially to tell you, though I have been a long means lies close upon her, as it would upon a
time coming at it. buried log. The heat of her body keeps it thawed
Did you ever see one wild in the woods? You for a little distance, so that she is in a snow-cave
are sitting on a side-hill, perhaps, gazing off across rather than immersed in a drift, while the warmth
the valley, when your eye is attracted by a curious of her breath keeps open a little chimney up
black spot on the opposite slope, which does not through the roof so that she is in no danger of
look precisely like either a burned stump or suffocation.
shadow of a jutting rock. There is no particular Do you think she is cold there? Not a
shale to this small blot on the sunny hillside, but bit of it-too warm, no doubt, at first. I have
somehow it attracts your attention, and in a few never been so uncomfortable from heat as some
minutes you see it move, shuffling along through the nights in sleeping out of doors when two or three
bushes without any seeming hurry, yet at a pretty inches only of snow had spread its blanket over
good pace, and finally disappearing around the my bed, and I did not dare move uhtil I was ready
corner of a ledge, or, going off into the woods, to get up, for fear of spilling a lot of it down the
Then is your time to hurry cautiously after it and back of my naked neck. Arctic travellers find a
get a shot. hut of snow the best possible protection against
The bear is born in the winter time, and usu- cold, while the Eskimo houses, built of blocks
ally has a twin brother or sister, but generally his of ice, are so warm that the family go almost en-
first sight of the world is not until he is several tirely unclothed, although they have only a curtain
weeks old, for he is born in the den in the rocks, of sealskin for a door and the climate outside may
or the half underground burrow where his mother be severe enough to freeze whiskey, so that, instead
has spent the winter in one almost continuous of drinking, they must break it up with a hatchet
sleep. This is called the hibernation of bears, or, and eat it like rock candy. The male polar bear
as the hunters say, their "holing-up; and it is a hibernates also, but not with the constancy of the
habit of all those species that live in cold countries, female, for he is often noticed abroad on fine days
where the ground freezes so hard that they are in mid-winter.
unable to dig for the roots which form the staple In the spring, when the advancing sun begins to
of their food, while there is little of anything else weaken the icy shell over her, the female bear, now
to be had. In warm climates bears are abroad all a mother of two little fellows about as big as
the year round. The most remarkable example of Spitz dogs, rouses herself, breaks out through
the hibernation of these animals is the case of the the snow, and leads forth her little cubs into
female polar bear. the world; but sometimes, when repeated melt-
As soon as the winter shuts down, when snow ings and freezing have caked 'the surface of
begins to fall heavily and the shortening of the the snow above her unusually hard, she is too
A GLANCE AT THE BEAR FAMILY. I
weak with her long fast and the suckling of her when you come suddenly upon him. He does noi
bairns to break through, and so all three starve to show the reckless courage of the cat-tribe, whose
death in their snow-prison, cold yellow eyes never confess a craven spirit in
This is the extreme of hibernation. The grizzly the presence of an enemy however new, or a peril
and the black bear are not pushed to so hard con- never so threatening; yet when cornered the bear
editions, finding plenty of hollow trees, sheltered will fight terribly. The bear's mind, like his body,
cavities in ledges of rocks, and hollow spaces under is thick and heavy. It takes him a long time to
windfalls of trees, where the leaves have drifted in, get hold of an idea, or, when once he has got it,
to make a bed in which they may sleep away the to let it go. Though sluggish and not very inquis-
*^ -.--=---3 B.g- -._--- =-
.... .. .... ---
THE OLAR BEAR. AN INTERRUPTED DINNER.
colder day, and where they may afterwards return itive, Bruin is playful. He likes to find a warm
as to a sort of home when night overtakes them in mud-hole and wallow in it with other bears, cover.
that vicinity, ing himself completely with the soft muck. Then
When, in the spring, the bears first come out of he lies down in the sun and sleeps, little disturbed
their winter lairs, they are lean and hungry. It by the flies and mosquitoes that otherwise would
often happens that the season is delayed, or food annoy him. In the Catskills, I have seen such
extraordinarily hard to get; and at such times they bear-wallows at the spring-head of some stream
become very bold, walking openly into settlements, which had been resorted to by these animals
seizing sheep, calves and pigs, and even attacking for generations, and regular paths came down
children unprovoked. As a rule, however, the to them from the adjacent heights.
bear is good-natured and rather timid, almost When taken young, bears make pleasant pets
always turning tail and trotting unconcernedly off for a time, though it is hardly ever safe to trust
12 A GLANCE AT THE BEAR FAMILY.
them after they get their full size. They seem to until oiue clay an old hunter explained it to me.
have little real love or gratitude in their disposi- You see," he remarked in his big voice, the
tions. You have all read Mr. Bret Harte's capital Injuns keep'em down by burnin' on 'em over every
story of Miggles and her pet grizzly "Joaquin." little while. The trees ain't got no chance to grow
That is not an exaggeration, nor is his beautiful high then, and the limbs all come out close to the
tale of Baby Sylvester ;" there are many such ground. That makes it easy for the bears to get
bears kept as pets in the West. One I saw at at the acorns, on which the grizzlies mostly feed in
Rawlins, Wyoming, years ago, was an exceed- the fall, and they come here in droves sometimes.
ingly amusing fellow. The funniest of all his Then Mr. Injun, he comes too, and his squaw
tricks was to see him sit up on his haunches, and gets her b'ar meat to jerk for winter stores."
holding in his paws a bottle of soda water, tug Oh, I see !" said I. The Indians bring the
away at the spring wire fastenings of the stopper, acorns by keeping the oaks dwarfed,-the acorns
until at last, with a sudden pop which always bring the bears, and the bears bring the Indians.
astonished him, the fizz burst out into his face. It's a sort of merry-go-round every year."
Then he would fall over on his back and greedily "That's about the size of it," said he.
drink down the last drop of the sparkling liquid Except by his attacks on the barn-yard, I doubt
with the most comical air of intense delight, after whether our Eastern black bears get much flesh to
which he would carefully lick off every bit of the
foam which had dripped upon his fur.
All bears seem to like sweet things. I have
heard of a pet black bear which found the cellar
door open one day, and making his way to the
molasses cask, succeeded in turning the faucet
and then let the sticky stream run into his mouth
until he was completely gorged with syrup. Mean-
while, he had tipped over a box of ashes, and when
found, was lying sound asleep in a pool of molasses, '
his long, fine fur completely matted with ashes and
treacle, the sorriest Bruin ever seen The wild
bees find in him t eir greatest and almost only
enemy besides the wasps. He is in high luck
when he discovers the hollow tree where their
combs hang, and he despoils the treasure in spite of
all their attempts to sting his nose; farmers fre-
quently suffer from his attacks upon their hives
also. The general food of bears, however, is veg-
etable. They eat fruit and green corn when they ,
can get them, devour the beechnuts, and other
" mast," and search under the leaves for roots and L;' VyS -' .
tubers. Down on the southern slope of the Rocky ..
Mountains, where those sparkling rivers form,
which, after their brief play in green meadows THE AR AND THE SA WATER.
and under picturesque crags, flow away through
the hot and dreary sands of cactus plains, south- eat. But the grizzlies make way with a good
westward to the great cafions of the Rio Colorado, many of the very young and very old antelopes,
the foothills are clothed with wide tracts of dense deer, and smaller game of their mountains, while
oak-bushes only three or four feet high, through the polar bear lives almost wholly on seals, which
which the narrow Indian trails wind. Up in the he steals upon while they are dozing upon the ice,.
mountains, the oaks grew to good size, and I was or catches by fair chase in the water, for he cam
greatly puzzled to account for these thick bushes dive and swim with -great skill and speed.
AN UNINVITED GUEST.
W HEN Col. Frank Johnson and his two sons They did not stop to tell him, but scampered off as
settled on the banks of Pleasant Creek and fast as possible, without letting the grass grow under
commenced sawing lumber with the newly invented their feet. When they found that the bear was not
gang-saw, it was a perfect wilderness. Their hut of following them, Dick, the older, expressed himself
logs was erected on a slight hill overlooking the stream very sorry that he had not fired at the brute, but Tom
on which their rough mill was situated, and these two thought they had done better to retreat; saying, that
structures were fully ten miles from any habitation, while bear venison was very good upon a table, it
One who looks to-day upon the pretty little town of didn't seem so attractive to him in its raw condition.
Johnsonville can hardly realize that its origin was of This was the first bear they had seen, but their father
so recent a date. told them there was a bare possibility of their seeing
Great trees wooded the banks of the creek, through more sometime.
which a path had been cut from the house to the mill, They were rather on the lookout for bears after this,
the track of which to-day bears the name, Tom's fearing lest some trouble might be bruin; but they
Avenue," so called by the old man in admiration of kept away, and soon the boys thought nothing about
his son Thomas, who was the hero of the story I am them. And they went on pretty much as they had
now telling. done, sawing out lots of lumber, which purchasers
The mill was in constant operation, night and day, from below made rafts of and run down the creek to
with one or the other of the three, and sometimes its junction with the great river. The saw employed
two of them, to watch the process of sawing; all of was, as I have said, the new gang-saw, which made a
them being required when the sawing of one log was whole log into boards at one time. When the saw
completed to put in another. When two had the was running, some portion of the machinery was ap-
watch by night, one would lie down under blankets plied to drawing the log through as fast as it was
brought from the house, to be called when wanted by sawed.
the other. In summer it was a luxury to break off One night the saw had commenced busily running
the spruce boughs and make a bed of them, and the through a large log, with Tom on the watch. Dick
boys, who were sixteen and eighteen years old, en- had lain down under his blankets, and their father
joyed this wild life very much. was at the house awaiting a summons to help "jerk a
Their mother being dead, they had to do their own new log." It was very still outside, and the ruddy
cooking and mending, and were very handy house- light from pitch faggots, that burned on a great
keepers. They were handy also with the gun and stone, shone through the open sides of the mill and
fishing rod, and the woods were full of deer and other lighted up the forest all around. It was a weary
game, and the creek with fish. They lived like watch for Tom, though he had become accustomed
princes on what they procured in this way. It was to it, and he beat his feet upon the floor and warmed
fun for them to range the woods and fish in the stream, himself at the fire when he felt cold until eleven
and they would take turns to watch the saw while one o'clock had arrived, as he judged by the stars. Dick
went hunting, or, at times, they would both go to- was to be awakened at midnight, and his father was
gether, leaving their father at the mill. to be called soon after, so to keep up his spirits he
One day they went further into the forest than.usual took the lunch he had brought to the mill, which was
in search of game, when they were startled by the placed in a side nook, and, seating himself on the
breaking of branches, and a huge bear came out of a log which was slowly being sawed, he spread his re-
little opening and stood on his hind legs before them, past out and began to eat it.
looking very inquiringly as to what their errand was. He had scarcely made way with one mouthful,
14 AN UNINVITED GUEST.
when he heard a sound which caused him to suspend vigorous race. A few moments after, as he ran, he
the second one, and wait with open mouth, eyes and thought of Dick, and without considering his own
ears, to have the sound repeated. He could not weakness in the event of an encounter with the enemy,
make out the nature of it or where it came from. It he turned back. The bear had either not commenced
seemed'a sort of growl or snort, and amidst the noise the pursuit, or had given it up, and Tom feared that
the saw was making, it was not possible to determine he might have found poor Dick and be even then
its character. It might have been Dick snoring as he making a meal of him. Returning toward the mill,
lay hidden by the blankets, so he stopped eating and and keeping behind the trees as he went, he at last
listened. Very soon the sound was repeated, nearer got to a place where he could see the whole interior,
and there, to his astonishment, was the bear seated
IN- .. P Uon the log making free with his supper, while Dick lay
e i .c still snoozing undisturbed.
"n The bear rather prolonged his meal, as if he relished
Sdt : l it, while the log was travelling toward the saw. The
animal's face was turned from it, and, as he finished
Si the last crumb, he swayed his body from side to side
with a show of satisfaction, and arose upon his hind
legs as if he were about to dance. At that moment
the saw struck him from behind, whereupon he turned
S with a howl 'of pain which brought Dick to his feet,
1` and, throwing his arms about the traversing saw, in a
moment he was dead, his blood smearing the log on
which he lay.
Tom rushed in just as Dick rushed out. They
met furiously in the doorway, each throwing the other
down, and each cried out Help !" as loud as he
could. Their father heard the sound at the house,
and in a moment they heard his feet in the lane. He
reached them almost as soon as they had recovered
"Well, boys, what's the matter ? said he.
S "Matter cried Tom, "just look in there I've
sawed a big brute of a bear all up into venison
Mr. Johnson and his boys hurried in-and there was
Sthe monster most happily cut up for use ; and the old
IN HAPPY UNCONSCIOUSNESS. man complimented his boy on the neatness of his
execution, which would bear admiring scrutiny as a
and louder than before, and this time leaving Tom in work of art; indeed, a better he never saw.
no doubt regarding it. He looked in the direction Such is the story that was told to me while sojourn-
from whence the noise came, and there, showing ing in the village of Johnsonville, and Esquire John-
plainly in the light which flashed out upon him, was son, now president of the bank, and last year repre-
a huge black bear, his eyes glowing, and showing an sentative of the General Court, was pointed out to me
evident intention of coming in without an invitation. as the identical Tom who served up the bear. Dick
Tom did not long hesitate what to do. His descen was running a woolen mill up in New Hampshire, a
from the log was a remarkably speedy movement, and prosperous and worthy citizen.
forgetting his brother Dick, who lay in blessed uncon-
sciousness, he darted for the opening the opposite of NOTE BY THE AUTHOR. The foregoing sketch maybe relied
that by which the bear was entering, expecting a on, because I have seen the ruins of the old mill where the main
IN A NEW SETTLEMENT. [5
transaction is supposed to have occurred; similar in logic to long ago. I never saw it, but if it was, it but corroborates the
Mark Twain's testimony regarding the residence of Mary of possibility of this of mine, with this difference-that, happening
Magdala he knew the Scriptural account of it was true, be- at so very early a day, was before gang-saws were known, and
cause the house was right there before his eyes. I am informed therefore the bear was simply sawn in two; whereas, in my
by- the Editor of THE WIDE AWAKE that an account of a story the superior genius is shown in sawing the bear into veni-
similar circumstance among the "first settlers was published son "stakes by means of the newer invention.
GRANDMOTHER'S BEAR STORY.
T HE dear old grandmother who so often told neighbors, and it was hard work clearing the land,
me this bear story has been twenty years in planting and gathering in crops; but women and
her grave. She was eighty when she died, and this children worked together with the men-folk, and the
happened to her when she was only ten years old. clearings grew larger and larger each year. They
She lived with her father and mother in one of the raised cows and sheep, and at last each family owned
pretty villages in eastern Massachusetts; but they a yoke of oxen.
were not very well off, and the family was large, and Then," said grandmother, and here she always
they grew poorer and poorer every year, until at last began to warm in her narration, we thought our-
her father and mother thought they would leave their selves pretty forehanded. There was only one churn
old home, and go away off in the northern woods in the neighborhood, and that belonged to Mrs. Craig,
where they could have more land to raise food. So, who lived on the river road about a mile from our
with half a dozen of their old neighbors, who were as house. One night when father went over to borrow
poor as themselves, they went up among the green the churn, Mrs. Craig told him to be sure and bring
New Hampshire hills. There were no railroads in it back sometime in the morning as she wanted to use
those days, and it took as long to journey over the it herself. So mother hurried round and got the cream
hundred miles as it would now to make a voyage to in before sunrise, and came to my bed and told me if I
Europe. There were but few good roads, and most would jump up and churn I might carry the churn
of the way led through forests, so that all they carried home.
had to be strapped on the horses' backs. It was about ten o'clock when I started for Mrs.
Grandmother was then eight years old, and they Craig's. It was a warm lovely spring day, and the
thought her large enough to walk; and walk she did churn was light in my sturdy little arms, and I en-
the entire hundred miles Her mother and the joyed my walk, which lay along the banks of the little
two younger children rode on one horse, and their river, now swollen with the late spring rains till it
few goods were strapped on the other one. There rushed foaming and tumbling over the stones. I
were five other families with them, and as there were went happily along, now and then stopping to pick a
children belonging to each household, the little folks violet, till just as I got about half way there I heard a
at least had jolly times on the journey. At night great noise of crackling bushes, and then, right in the
they slept on the sweet pine boughs, by the side path before me, came a great black bear with a white
of a great fire that roared and crackled all night face. He was dripping wet, as if he had just come
long. up out of the water, and he seemed surprised to see
They were almost two weeks going to their new me, for he stopped and looked at me as much as to
homes; but at last, when they were beginning to be say, Well, little girl, where did you come from ?'
thoroughly tired, they came to the place: a broad But he didn't offer to touch me.
beautiful table-land shut in on every side by lofty "At first I was too frightened to run, and I only
mountains, just growing green in the bright spring stood and stared at him. I suppose this must have
sunshine. Here, on the banks of a lovely little lake, saved my life, for since I have often heard that a wild
they made their homes, and not very near each other, beast never attacks any one who has the courage to
At first they had pretty hard times, and they could look him steadily in the face. Anyway the bear
not help being a little homesick when they thought of didn't offer to touch me, and by and by I began to
the blue sparkling sea that they had seen every day think I might get away. So I set the churn down
of their lives until now. The mountains seemed to carefully, and then began to go backwards, all the
shut them in impassably from their old homes and time looking straight at the bear, who sat down like
." - i,.. .
.l ., ": r.' -.: :.'
II; .-. 'r
-\ / ; T
,, .... b
AN D THEN, RIGHT IN THE PATH, A GREAT BLACK BEAR WITH A WHITE FACE.
,'~ r- b'i? r-. ,
I ,':p ..: ".
, ., -. ~ y~%a-. .j~~I i ." iri ,p ''-
...4 a, ,,
...,~ .... :.'. ., t. .' ....
,,. .. : "k _ ..'.-'-
..... .:;il ... ..1 1 1 I I II II" ' .. -' ' .. II
ll ~ ~ ~ ~ AN HN IH NTIPT1AGETBAK ER1 AWIEfAC*
GRANDMOTHER'S BEAR STORY. 19
a big dog and looked after me, but did not offer to "' Why, he came out of the bushes,' I said.
follow. Father looked at the tracks again. 'Well, he's gone
At last a turn in the road hid him from sight, and off into the woods now, and I guess you and I had
then I ran as fast as I could. Father was at work in better carry this churn home, and then I'll see you
a field only a little way off, and I ran all the way safe back to mother.'
there. He stopped working when he saw me coming, So he picked up the churn, and still holding me
and I suppose I must have looked singular enough, tightly by the hand, we went on to Mrs. Craig's.
for I had lost my bonnet, and my hair was flying in "' Why, Mr. Cross,' cried Mrs. Craig as she saw us,
the wind; and I jumped right over the low fence, 'did you leave your work to bring that home ? Now
and ran up to him and put my arms round him and that's too bad. I thought one o' the children could
began to cry. do it, or I shouldn't have said a word about its being
"'Why, Betty he said, what's the matter ? brought home this morning. '
"But I couldn't speak. "Then father had to tell her about the bear, and
Betty,' he cried, tell me quick what is the mat- finished by saying, 'She was so frightened that she
ter? Are the children or your mother sick or really thought it had a white face.'
dead?' "'Well, it did have a white face,' I cried.
"I shook my head. 'No,' I managed to say, 'it's Mrs. Craig laughed. 'I don't wonder you
the bear.' thought so, child,' she said. 'Why, it scares me to
"'The bear!' he exclaimed, looking quickly think of it.'
around. 'Why, child, there's nothing here! Did you Then father went home with me, and mother was
think you saw a bear?' frightened enough when she heard the story. I
By this time I had grown a little calmer, and I shan't dare to let one of you children out of my
said, 'I did see one. Mother sent me to carry the sight again,' she said; but she too laughed a little
churn home, and just as I got by the Bend, I heard a over the white face. I suppose I must have been a
noise, and a great black bear with a white face stood little cross about this; anyway, father told me not to
"right in the road before me.' say again that it had a white face, and mother told
Oh, how father laughed at that me to go and lie down a little while, and I didn't
'Why, Betty,' he said, 'there never was a bear dare to disobey either of them; so I went and lay
with a white face. It was only Mrs. Craig's black down on my trundle-bed, and I cried a little, but I
sheep: you know that has a white face.' kept saying to myself, 'It did have a white face, I
'But I know it was a bear,' I persisted, and it know it did !'
sat right down just like Carlo, and watched me out of "Well, it was not long before everybody in town
sight.' knew that Betty Cross had come pretty near being
Well,' said father, 'I s'pose I must go with you eaten by a bear, and was so frightened that she
and see about it, but I guess you'll find it was noth- thought it had a white face; and of course every-
ing but a sheep,' and he laughed again. I said noth- body laughed at that. I didn't say anything, but I
ing, but took his hand and we went back to the kne,, I was right; and oh, how I did hope somebody
road. would kill the bear, and then others would know I
'Well,' said father as we came in sight of the was right.
churn still standing where I had left it; 'well, Betty, "Well, one day my eldest brother came home from
there's your churn, but where's your bear ?' the mill, where he had been to have some corn
I don't know where he is now, but he sat in the ground. He was greatly excited, and as soon as he
road the other side of the churn when I ran off,' I came into the house he exclaimed, 'Well, Betty's in
answered. the right on't! The bear did have a white face.
"Father went up to the churn, still holding my hand, I've just seen Burns who lives the other side of the
and stooping down looked at the ground. When he river, and he saw the bear. He says it's the great-
got up, he was not laughing, but he held my hand est wonder Betty wasn't killed, for the bear was so
tighter than before as he said, 'A bear sure enough, hungry that he tackled one of his two-year old steers,
and a big one too! Why, Betty, child! Where were and would have killed it if he and his hired man
your eyes that you didn't see him before ?' hadn't drove him off with pitchforks, and the bear
20 GRANDFATHER'S BEAR STORY.
sprang into the river and swam across, and must have "We heard a few weeks after that the bear was
come right up in front of Betty, for Mr. Burns says it killing sheep in the other part of the town, and there
was close by the Bend.' all the men turned out and had a grand bear-hunt,
Oh, how I clapped my hands! and I cried, 'I knew and at last tracked him to his den in the woods,
it had a white face, I knew it had! '" where he was soon killed. He was an immense ani-
"Mother didn't say much then; but when I went mal, and almost everybody went to see him, but I
to bed that night she kissed me and said, 'Thank didn't care to. I thought I had seen him all I needed
God, my little daughter is safe at home;' and I knew to; and I have never since seen nor heard of a white-
she was thinking of the bear. faced bear."
GRANDFATHER'S BEAR STORY.
IT was in the fall of 1835 or 1836, I think, that the and we began at the old Howard lot, which lay almost
corn-crop was so very heavy. Almost every farm- where Warrington Corners now are. It was bright
er about here had thousands of bushels growing along and still and not at all cold, and the excitement kept
the hillsides and on the new land. This country us awake; but no bear came to disturb the corn, and
was in fact all new then, for the big woods on the hill consequently we didn't shoot any. At about four in the
back of the barn stretched away southward as far as morning we went home to obtain a little sleep before
the Mohawk, and northward even to the Adirondack our day's work in the fields.
Mountains; and the nearest house to this one then The second watch was held on old Mr. Brayton's
was more than a mile distant right down the creek, land, and again we were disappointed, for we saw no
It was this fall when the corn-crop was so good, that bears. The day following I remember how hard it was
the neighbors began to be troubled by bears. In for me to keep awake. The weather was warm, and
those days we often left the corn standing in the every half-hour I would actually go to sleep standing
field, bundled or in shocks, until late in the fall; up and leaning on my hoe-handle. I was digging
and while so standing, the bears used to come out potatoes, and when the cows were milked at night
of the woods and eat it. They are very fond of and I went into the house after my gun, it seemed as
green corn, and will eat it even when ripe, and though I could not lift the old-fashioned fowling-
probably the beechnuts and berries upon which they piece; the truth was, I was entirely worn out. Your
live at that season were not very plenty that year. At grandmother noticed .my condition, and said she
any rate, the rascals began to steal the corn and do would advise me not to watch that night, especially
so much damage that the farmers got together and as it was a little cloudy and she didn't believe that
decided to have a grand hunt and drive them away. we could see a bear in the dark anyway. But I told
Accordingly some ten or a dozen of us men-folks her that the others were going, and I must not shirk
met one evening at the old mill about four miles my part of the work because I was tired. Probably
from here to decide upon the plan to be followed, all the men felt as badly as I did.
As the bears had only been seen at night, and as Well, if some one must watch why not let Ned ?"
they worked mostly in the corn-fields, it was agreed said grandma. He's wild to go, and I am sure that
that we should meet every evening for a week, as it he can do as much good as any of you have for the
was moonlight just at that time, and each night watch past two nights."
some one of the various fields where Bruin had been. A' I can shoot, too, father, if a bear only comes!"
Well, the first night there were nine of us to watch, cried Ned; don't you remember how I beat you
We had shotguns loaded with buck-shot and bullets, shooting squirrels the other day ? Please let me go! "
GRANDFATHER'S BEAR STORY. 21
The boy seemed so anxious and I was so tired that the hunt, as he was called, began to post the men
I consented, feeling sure that he would be safe about the lot. One was placed close to the road,
enough; and with a joyful face he shouldered the old another close to the woods, a third near a little clump
musket and marched off down the road the happiest of trees; and Ned, who was but a little fellow and
hunter of all the party, I am sure. On that night the not more than thirteen years old at the time, was
largest corn-field for ten miles around was to be stationed at the lower corner of the corn-patch just
watched. Uncle Jo Dixon's we called it, although back of uncle Jo's cabin. They put him there
it belonged to a man who lived on the other side of probably because they thought that no bear would
the river ten miles away. I suppose it was named ever visit that part of the field, and they wanted to
uncle Jo's field because a poor old man by that name have the boy safely out of the way.
lived in a little cabin just at one corner of the lot Well, it grew dark and the time passed. For a
few hours the strangeness of Ned's position acted
-. .- .. sharply upon his nerves, and his eyes were wide open
S.-."and his ears waiting for the slightest sound, while he
g rasped the rough old gun as firmly as a soldier on
picket duty and longed for some opportunity to prove
his prowess. But as the hours grew toward midnight
his spirits flagged, and little by little his eyelids fell,
his clasp upon the gun became less firm, and the
voice of the hoot-owl and the chirping of the crickets
-, sounded more indistinctly in his ears until he slid
Y I gently to the ground and slept. He was hidden be-
"hind a great shock of corn and partly covered by it,
Sso that the dew did not fall upon him, and the fresh
night air only made his slumbers the deeper.
The big yellow moon came slowly up the eastern
sky, sailed grandly overhead for a time, and then as
slowly began to descend along her western pathway;
the frogs had sung their choruses through and
"through again, and retired at last to rest; and only
now and then the cry of some little bird, disturbed
on his perch in the woods near at hand, broke the
stillness; but the boy slept on. At last, just as the
twinkling stars in the east had begun to grow pale
----- and the gray dawn was driving the night from the
_- f-- hilltops, there came another sound, clearer and
S heavier, advancing toward where Ned lay. Tramp,
LYING IN WAIT FOR BRUIN. tramp, tramp, as the animal slowly moved along,
rustle, rustle, rustle, as it passed the dry shocks of
and generally worked in that field when he worked corn; until the intruder was within ten yards of
anywhere. His only earthly possession was a lean where the boy lay, when suddenly, with a start, Ned
gray horse, very old and stiff, which he used to ride awoke, and in an instant sat bolt upright the bear
to mill or down to the store once in a while. How was before him !
the poor man kept alive no one knew, but we all The great dark body came straight toward him
thought him a miser, I remember, and the boys with slow and heavy tread. For a moment he was
reckoned that uncle Jo had gold buried somewhere. frightened, and well he might be, for he had never
It was to this great field that Ned went. When seen such an enormous animal before ; but then the
he reached the spot he found all the rest of the party hunter spirit revived, and grasping his gun he aimed
on hand, and after he had told them that he was to it as well as his trembling hand would allow him to
represent his father for that night, the captain of and pulled the trigger. There was a flash, a heavy
22 A BEAR HUNT.
report, a rattle as the shot and bullets went, whizzing Near and nearer they drew, each one ready to use
among the corn-shocks, and with a wild snort his his rifle should Bruin prove to be only playing dead,
enemy dashed away. near and nearer, until one uttered a quick cry of
The boy listened breathlessly. His shot had astonishment, and springing forward lifted the end
aroused the other watchers, and all around the field of a long swinging tail and cried out, This is the
he could hear them shouting to each other as the bear that we have killed It's uncle Jo's old gray
heavy trampling of the animal indicated the horse !"
course he was taking; then there came another shot, Yes, it was a poor horse after all that Ned had
and following that a third ; and excited beyond en- shot at, old Jo's horse. The animal must have been
durance, Ned dropped his gun and sprang away helping himself to the corn, and the poor fellow paid
toward the place whence the sounds proceeded. As dearly for his scanty meal. As two others besides
he approached the edge of the lot he met others also Ned had shot at him it was agreed that all should
running, and when at last they discovered the spot contribute to pay uncle Jo for him.
close to the fence where the beast had fallen, the That ended our bear hunting, and it was the only
entire party were collected together. bear, evidently, that had molested that corn-field.
A BEAR HUNT.
-= -. -_ -----
A BEAR HUNT.
TOO FOND OF MAPLE SUGAR.
T HE sugar-making season was closing along the As the slope was bare, Mr. Lyman and the two
river valley. The April sun was riding high boys walked to the brow of the hill where the ever-
and shining warmly; the snow was gone from the greens began, from which point all the way to their
lowlands and south-sloping hillsides, and the maple destination there was more or less snow.
buds were swelling rapidly toward leaf-bursting. Away they went at the dignified rate of two miles
Plainly, no more pure-flavored sugar could be ob- an hour, but as happy and chatty as if their steeds
trained from the Lymans' sugar-bush" that season. were dapple-grays," with strings of merry bells and
But, over the hills six miles away, where the a three-hundred-dollar sleigh.
Lymans' relatives, the Deans and the Allisons, lived, In due season they reached their friends, and a
it was different. That locality was much higher with- jolly time they had visiting, on matters past, present
out the sunny exposure and southern opening of the and future. The men looked at the stock of cattle,
valley, the soil was colder, the forests denser, and, all the mill-yard of saw-logs, talked of their work, and
things considered, the prospect was fair for a week compared notes generally; the women recounted in-
more of sugar-making. door affairs; the children whispered and giggled and
So thought the Lymans on Friday evening when romped; and all did justice to the warm sugar. Next
they found it necessary to make the last "run of sap" day they went to meeting in proper form, and in the
into molasses, because it would not "grain; and as evening attended class-meeting.
they sat talking it over, it was decided to make their Monday morning bright and early, after a break-
friends a visit, going Saturday afternoon and return- fast of buckwheat cakes and maple syrup, they were
ing Monday forenoon. The children were joyous -off for home, Mr. and Mrs. Lyman, grandmother,
over the prospect, for the families were very affec- Amos and George -big boys of seventeen and fifteen
tionate relatives. Their intermarriage cemented -Mary and the baby. Onward they trudged till to-
them most closely. Mrs. Lyman was a Dean; Mrs. ward noon, the snow everywhere less than on Satur-
Dean was an Allison, and Mrs. Allison was a Lyman; day, but the sturdy oxen making sure work of it.
and there were from three to six children in each When they reached the outskirts of the "sugar-bush,"
family. They moved from the East at the same time, through which the road led around the hill, Mr.
and had prospered much alike. The Allisons and Lyman said:
Deans, however, had settled on a small stream among "Now, Mary, if you can walk the rest o' the way
the hills where the two men had built a mill, while the with the boys, we'll set the kettles and other things at
Lymans had preferred the river valley, the camp right on the sled, and take 'em to the
Immediately after the Saturday dinner they all house."
made ready for the start. The "best clothes were "All right, I'd like to, on the green grass," re-
donned; the hymn-book was taken from the chest, sponded Mary, a buxom lassie of ten years; and
for they were faithful Methodists and expected to springing off, she joined her brothers on the grassy
"go to meeting' at the Hill meetin'-house;" the big, bank at the roadside. How gay and birdlike
ox-sled was nearly filled with straw for warmth, and children are when spring first uncovers the ground,
some comfortable split-bottomed chairs tied in as after the long snowy winter!
seats for mother and grandmother; the oxen were They had gone but a few rods further when the
yoked-big, lank, gentle-eyed fellows ; the stock was oxen began to lift their noses, bend forward their
fed a double portion, and Mr. Weston, who lived ears, and look earnestly ahead, as if they smelt,
across the river, was engaged to come over and feed heard or saw, something quite uncommon; but Mr.
again Sunday morning. Lyman could discover nothing strange, and remark-
24 TOO FOND OF MAPLE SUGAR.
ing that the creatures were probably excited by their team, whoaing, hawing and geeing with the vehe-
near approach to home, with a loud Whoa haw, go mence of a first-class backwoodsman; but to little
'long!" urged them on. But the oxen did not "go purpose, for they were beside themselves with
'long" very well; they swung around now this way terror. Finally, however, he succeeded in driving
and now that, stopped often, and acted so wild and them. along till they were opposite the object of their
nervous that Mrs. Lyman called out excitedly: fears, which was now some rods above the camp
Stop, husband, stop, and let mother and me out. among the trees; but here he lost all control of them,
I'm afraid o' the creatures, they act so. They'll tip and they rushed in wild and characteristic awkward-
us over yet." ness down the hill homeward. With no team to take
The boys and Mary were watching the proceedings his attention, Mr. Lyman turned aside to learn the
from the roadside, and Amos called : cause of all this commotion. The two women and Mary
"Hold on, mother; let me take the baby and then were standing by the camp fireplace, while George
you can help grandmother." and Amos had gone up nearer to the creature. Sure
Just as he stepped back on the grassy bank with the enough, it was a bear; but Amos' suspicion was a
S., 3-^ i|; ^ \ ... Jl
C' -^' .' > 'i II ^ I -. ;
little, one in his arms, keen-eyed Mary exclaimed in slander against the poor animal, for it had only
an agitated undertone: thrust its head deep into a sugar kettle and could not
"1Oh my! what's that running around down by the remove it.
sugar-camp ? Bears are very fond of sweet things, and no doubt
Looking in that direction, Amos and George saw this one had been attracted to the camp by the smell
certain movements that astonished them very much. of sugar; and after lickling out various other vessels,
A bear! a bear shouted George. But what had come to this kettle, an old-fashioned iron pot,
a looking head !" and finding the inside surface peculiarly inviting, had
"If it's a bear, he's drunk! See him tumble!" pushed his head deeper and deeper into it until it
exclaimed Amos. Here, mother, take the baby." slipped over his big bony jaws and thick ears. In
Mrs. Lyman took the child, and the boys bounded this predicament he could neither see nor hear, and
away to investigate the mystery, while Mary wished his mouth was effectually shut as to mischief, so that,
she was a boy and brave enough to go with her although his mighty paws were free, they were harm-
brothers. less so long as the kettle held him prisoner. He
meantime Mr man w hin trouble with the now was trying to run away but, being unable to
little, one in his arms, keen-eyed Mary exclaimed in slander against the poor animal, for it had only
an agitated undertone: thrust its head deep into a sugar kettle and could not
"Oh my! what's that running around down by the remove it.
sugar-camp ?" Bears are very fond of sweet things, and no doubt
Looking in that direction, Amos and George saw this one had been attracted to the camp by the smell
certain movements that astonished them very much. of sugar; and after lickling out various other vessels,
"A bear! a bear!" shouted George. "But what had come to this kettle, an old-fashioned iron pot,
a looking head i" and finding the inside surface peculiarly inviting, had
"If it's a bear, he's drunk! See him tumble!" pushed his head deeper and deeper into it until it
exclaimed Amos. "Here, mother, take the baby." slipped over his big bony jaws and thick ears. In
Mrs. Lyman took the child, and the boys bounded this predicament he could neither see nor hear, and
away to investigate the mystery, while Mary wished his mouth was effectually shut as to mischief, so that,
she was a boy and brave enough to go with her although his mighty paws were free, they were harm-
brothers, less so long as the kettle held him prisoner. He
Meantime Mr. Lyman was having trouble with the now was trying to run away, but, being unable to
TOO FOND OF MA PLE SUGAR. 25
make out the points of compass or perceive the logs, baby to the house, take care o' the oxen, and get
stumps and trees in his path, was like a person play- some ropes; and we'll see if we can lead him to
ing carelessly at "blind-man's buff," constantly run- the corn-barn and shut him up."
ning against obstacles and tumbling himself over, In half an hour he returned, and after careful
and upon regaining his feet starting off in another managing they had Bruin altered, and by much
direction. Amos and George, fearless of him in his pulling and hauling got him under way toward his
misfortune, were amusing themselves by pulling his quarters. Once started on open ground, he struck
stubbed tail, George even venturing to leap astride into such a pace that it required their utmost effort
of him and ride several rods. to keep him from running away as the oxen had
"Oh, don't! don't! boys," called Mrs. Lyman. done. At length, mainly by the creature's eagerness
"What if it should come off all at once; he'd kill to escape, they steered him into the corn-barn,
you in an instant." a strong log building, and made him fast by a
"Which do you mean, mother, the kettle or the chain.
tail?" gleefully responded Amos. "They're both When they had assured themselves that he was
fast enough ; so never fear. He's tried to get the absolutely secure, the problem arose how to remove
kettle off till he's scratched his neck dreadfully." the kettle. The only way seemed to be to break it
in pieces; yet of course the instant this was done
Sthe ugly mouth and keen eyes would be at liberty,
and he might make matters lively for his liberator
tt if within reach.
Amos insisted that this task belonged by right
to him, because he was spryer than George, who was
Stood young, or than his father, who was too old. Mr.
Lyman hesitated, having not the greatest confidence
7 '^ in his son's agility. After much parleying, however,
Amos gained his point.
S "You must not strike on top, or at the side," said
Mr. Lyman, "or you may not only break the kettle,
14' but kill the bear too. Strike well back along the
"I neck on the under side, so as to crush the rim round
the top of the kettle."
"Taking the hammer in hand, Amos approached
the bear. All the family stood near the door, but
"" where they could instantly dart into the house if
." "Now do take care !" said the anxious mother.
"Of the bear, do you mean ?" laughed Amos; and
then added in a pompous tone, like a hero of many
victories, "Oh pshaw, mother he's tied so short he
.-* 'can't come an inch this way; and if he could, I'm
i too spry for him."
Going up within convenient striking distance, he
swung the hammer two or three times just where he
SURE ENOUGH, IT WAS A BEAR. wished to strike so as to make accurate work of it,
and then gave the kettle a ringing blow.
Every few minutes the animal would stand on his But the only result was to startle the bear and
haunches and paw at the kettle with a vigor that cause him to spring suddenly forward, which in turn
would have removed it had that been possible, so scared Amos that he tripped over his own heels
Finally, Mr. Lyman said: and fell awkwardly through the doorway upon the
Boys, you stay and watch him, and I'll carry the ground outside; this frightened the baby, a child of
26 TWO BEARS.
three years, and Mary, so that one cried and the blinking at the light, seeming amazed at the sudden
other screamed. But the rest of the family were change. But in a few days he developed a fierce
greatly amused, Mrs. Lyman saying: and restless temper, and being several years old,
How spry, oh, how very spry you are, Amos and very large, it was found impossible to tame him
But Amos sprang to his feet and marched in to try in the least.
it again. The bear had changed position, giving All that summer they kept him firmly chained in
chance for a fairer blow at the kettle, and this time the corn-barn and fed him well; but as winter
it snapped in pieces, leaving the creature's head free approached he grew more and more savage, and so
once more. But instead of offering his liberator any they made a lap-robe of his furry hide, and meat of
violence or showing the least ferocity, he sat quietly the best parts of his flesh.
t .. .. I. 1 :'
'i^ k..',-i 8"" .S t '
I WISH somebody would tell me who has written love over the sea to the bears at Berne. When he
a good book about bears," wrote Theodore was at the White Mountains, he used to watch the
Parker to one of his friends; and again : Is there half-tamed ones kept there, by the hour together,
any good monograph on bears ?" And he sent his studying their ways, and feeding them with nuts
TWO BEARS. 27
and sugar. It hardly need be added that this was that I met at the sea-shore last summer. We were
his favorite animal, and the wonder is that he did going down to the beach, five of us--for I had
not have one of his own; but he did the next thing four children in charge -when we met two Ital-
to it, for he had pictures of bears all over his house, ians, one leading an enormous brownish-black bear,
and images of them in plaster, in ivory and wood; the other carrying a strong stake. They had just
and whoever wanted to give him a pleasure," says come down the avenue from a house back among
his biographer, "could do so by bringing him an the trees, and we had heard them shouting:
odder bear than usual." More than all this, the Come out and see the bar-r! Come out and see
pet name by which he called his wife was Bear," the bar-r!"
or for the daintiest diminutive, Bearsie;" and in They evidently had not had very good success,
writing of this, he said that he had various symbols and when they saw our little party did not think
of Beauty and the Beast about his rooms. we were worth stopping for; but Johnny called
Perhaps it is the first time his bear-ship has been out:
so honored as to be taken into the affections of "Hold on! I've got some money;" and pro-
a distinguished man; though we all know that he ceeded to drag out the contents of his pocket to
became identified with a certain family of distinction find it-fish-lines, strings, chewing-gum, marbles,
in England centuries ago, and that "a rampant buttons, a top, a handkerchief, and then a roll of
bear chained to the rugged staff was on their coat lozenges, and five pennies. I say now," cried he,
of arms, on their banners, worn as a badge by their "let him do five cents worth."
retainers, sculptured in the stone of their castles, "I've got three," said my other lad; and the
carven in the oak wainscotting of their halls, and entire sum being handed to one of the men the
graven on their plate and jewels, and that wherever bear was made to stand up like a man," then to
one sees this device he may recognize the ownership hold the stake "like a soldier" with his gun, and
of the ancient house of Warwick. then to hug it; and after this very unsatisfactory
I am sorry my experience with bears has not been performance, which the boys did not think their
a more extensive one they always seemed such money's worth, the men would have gone on had
comical creatures, except for their size and clumsi- not the sight of my purse kept them waiting. On
ness and, perhaps, their claws; as amusing to have inspection, however, the contents proved not very
about as a monkey. available; namely, a baggage-check and a key, a
Bruin is a queer compound of ferocity and weak- bank bill which they could not change, some Charles-
ness; of sluggishness and quick movements; a town horse-car tickets, a dozen postage stamps that
creature that will doze all winter, and roam about they would have nothing to do with, though Johnny
all summer; will wallow in a muddy pool, or "shinny tried to assure them that anybody would give money
up a tree;" go on all fours, or walk erect like a man; for them, and one forlorn five-cent piece.
will kill a sheep and carry it off when he wants It was in vain to beg them to stop and show
something to eat, or, quite as willingly, paw the ants us his tricks we were such an impoverished and
out of a dead log and swallow them by the handful, insignificant company; but just then Garibaldi went
or make his meal of wild honey. through a series of performances on his own account.
Just study his face when he is tired or satisfied Smelling or spying Johnny's checkerberry lozenges,
- he does look so silly and idiotic, letting his jaw which the owner held loosely, quite forgetful of them,
fall and his tongue come out of his half-open mouth; he grabbed the roll, and holding it tight between
he is the picture of imbecility, so senseless and so both fore paws stood up on his hind ones and
ridiculous you can but laugh, and he looks as if began to crunch them, stopping only to bestow on
he could make fun of himself. But to me the bear us a grin of delight. Just then his master gave him
face and ways have always been pathetic, as well a rap over the ears, and as if this was the signal,
as ludicrous; from the poor Polar bear I once saw he commenced dancing forward and back; he whirled
in a menagerie on one of the hottest July days, himself round, he waltzed, and then he stood on
trying to keep cool on his cake of ice, and seeming his head; and what was best of all, the men could
to ask everybody who passed to give him a fan or not stop him nor start him, and the four children
do something for him, to the show-bear Garibaldi just screamed and squealed with delight, while their
28 TWO BEARS.
elder companion laughed till the tears streamed help get an education with when they grew older.
down her cheeks. So that it was a very serious matter when it was
Johnny said that the men were mad as fire," and found one spring morning that two of the lambs had
that the bear did it on his own hook," and that any been killed during the night. They soon saw that it
way we had "our money's worth." We were very had been done by a bear; for the wild-cat, which was
much afraid, however, that Garibaldi would get a the only other savage beast about there, always tore
whipping; but what could we do about it? That was its victims in the neck, while the bear drags them
a tame bear, now about a wild one. away into the bushes, and pulling back the skin from
There were four boys who lived at the foot of a a leg or two, perhaps, eats the flesh clean, making
mountain; that is, the mountain was half a mile off, thorough'work as far as he goes, and leaving both
but between it and their father's farm-house, which skin and bone unharmed.
stood at the end of the road, was a high hill and then The older boys were furiously angry, but the
r*- -_' ',
S'.- A 9. --
- \' i "''"'" .
> f' .... ,
GARIBALDI PERFORMS ON HIS OWN ACCOUNT.
a ravine, and all the country clear to the very summit younger ones cried; and their father and uncles said
was covered with woods. There were bears and wild- that a trap must be set at once. And this is how it
cats up there, for it was sixty years ago, before there was done : to a hollow place in the woods near by
were many settlers in that region. Now there is a they dragged old logs, (for he would have suspected
carriage-road clear to the tip-top, something if he had seen new ones,) which they laid
The boys they all had Bible names, Eli, Nathaniel, up in cob-house fashion, building a pen of size suitable
David and Isaiah--were genuine farm-boys, who for his accommodation, and leaving a space large
dropped corn in the spring, and husked in autumn, enough for him to squeeze himself into it at one end.
and raised calves and cosset lambs, and set traps for The whole was carelessly covered with brush wood
woodchucks and rabbits. The calves and lambs and dead leaves, so that there was nothing unusual
were their own, and when any were sold they had in its appearance. But within, away in the darkness,
the money, which they put into a savings bank, to secured to a heavy log, was a trap, baited with a
TWO BEARS. 29
piece of the poor lamb's flesh; and two sets of iron to get away, which would soon have been successful.
prongs, made like great hooked fingers, were waiting By the time they had got him down to the barn-
to snap together and hold him fast the instant his yard, a crowd had gathered, and before night a hun-
foot touched them. dred persons had been to see him-for it was a great
Now we'll fix him," said Eli. event-and among them came the doctor, who said
He shan't get any more of our lambs," piped at once that the foot was of no further use ; and tak-
little Isaiah. ing out his surgical instruments, he cut it off.
Every morning, for a week, all four of them went It was decided to keep Bruin; so a pen was built
up to look after the trap; Eli and Nat very bravely, for him, and he was chained to a post and made as
for they they were of great courage, these mountain comfortable as possible. The loss of his foot occa-
boys ; David and Isaiah keeping at : safe distance in sioned him no trouble, and he seemed to mind noth-
the rear. Then there came on a long storm which ing about it except to lick the stump carefully more
kept them at home, and when the,7 next went the pen or less every day, under which treatment it soon
was in ruins and the trap and log were gone. Nat healed, and ever after he used it just as handily as if
was for running off to sound the alarm, but Eli, noth- the original paw was still there. The boys, being
ing daunted, cried out: well disposed towards him now that he was a captive,
Hold on Here's the trail, let's investigate. He hung about his quarters at every odd minute, and
can't get away unless his foot comes off." became quite familiar with him.
So three of them followed the zig-zag track through He gradually came into ownership of the name of
the woods nearly a quarter of a mile, while the other Billy," and knew himself as a steady, half-tamed
sped off for help. But before reinforcements could bear, venturing far enough to take a sweet apple
arrive, poor Bruin was found lying dead, the trap still from the hands of his young masters, though retreating
attached to him, having worn himself out and starved as soon as he had secured it. Eli was always of the
and bled to death. He was of such immense size, opinion that if it had been within their means to have
and his strength had been so great, that these plucky furnished Billy with liberal rations of honey day after
boys would have had more than their match if they day they might have taught him many tricks and de-
had found him as they expected where the trap was veloped wonderful gifts, which, as it was, were lost to
set. the world. But nuts, apples, corn and mutton were
Well, that bear had his skin taken off, and it was inadequate to do it.
stretched out on the side of the barn to dry, and the After summer came on, it was a matter of concern
next winter the boys had it for a sleigh-robe; and to the boys that he was growing so lazy, and they
nothing further was heard of bears until about the thought something ought to be done about it.
time when the corn was beginning to ripen, when Eli I tell you what," said Eli, "let's exercise him;
and Nat, going out one day to see if there were any and I know how. We'll take off his chain, put that
ears left tender enough to roast, found that somebody long strong rope of father's through his collar, and
or something had been in between the rows, broken tie a good knot at the middle of the rope; then you
down the stalks, stripped off the husks, gnawed, take hold of one end, Nat, and I will the other, and
trampled and made shameful havoc, we'll run him. He needs it."
"Bears!" said Eli; "we must set another trap;" No sooner said than they proceeded to carry out
which was done, and before the end of a week another the plan; and straightening the rope, with Billy mid-
was caught, smaller than the first, way between them, away went Eli and Nat at the
This time Eli and his father found him; and as top of their speed across the field, David and Isaiah
they had taken with them a horn to sound if help was racing after. Billy seemed to enjoy it as much as
needed they soon called together the men from the they did; and as the little boys said, it was tre-
scattered houses down the valley. mendous fun." At the end of a half mile, however,
The first thing was to tear away the pen, then a he gave out, and, as they told the story, "he just
plank was laid over the bear to keep him down while dropped and rolled over, and you could not get
a chain could be put around his neck, and the trap him on his feet again any more than if he was
be taken off. On unfastening the cruel prongs, it dead."
was found that the foot was torn to rags in his efforts He became used to it after some practice, and
30 WAKING UP A BEAR.
they made a business of running the bear," when- special occasions; and there was a prospect of his be-
ever they thought he needed it, as fast as they could coming a noted bear, if he had not met with an un-
go, never stopping till he gave the signal of his hav- timely death. It is too bad to end his story so, but
ing had enough of it, by dropping just where he hap- it is the exact truth, that an old gentleman, who
opened to be; and then, as Eli said, a cannon would came to see him one day, became so frightened when
not have started him till he was ready to go again." he saw the chain begin to lengthen in his direction,
The second year, they took him round to the neigh- that he caught up a club and struck poor Billy such a
boring towns and exhibited him at musters and on blow on the head that he fell dead on the spot.
i. -7, 0 ,i r: ,-
WAKING UP A BEAR.
good Uncle Ben on his knee;
den. ad me.
I' _'._' ..5- _" '" "4,
-look. ders broad and stron. i.
The good old man, he loved us so! he laid aside his A fine old man was Uncle Ben. His beard was white
book, and long,
And, over his specs, at each of us he took a kindly His limbs were big, his hands were rough, his shoul-
look. ders broad and strong,
WAKING UP A BEAR. 31
His voice was soft and tender, his eyes were gray And I with but one bullet, no pistol and no knife !
and keen; I never had felt so put out or so vexed in all my life.
A braver man than Uncle Ben no one has ever
e n n n "It was more than ten miles back to camp, the
straightest I could go;
"Be silent as three little mice," he said, and then But back I started with my gun slung on my shoul-
began der so.
The thrilling story of the bear; and, somehow, thus And now the deer, they frisked and played all
"And now the deer, they frisked and played all
it ran: round me as I went,
As if they knew just what that hole in my old shot-
"It was in the far off mountains, and I was hunting pouch meant.
Wild woods were all around me and not a house was "They wagged their heads and tossed their tails and
near. pranced across the path,
At which, your dear old uncle's breast could hardly
"Luck somehow was against me I could not find hold his wrath.
Not a hoof or horn or flickering tail repaid my wan- "I couldn't shoot! That bullet might save my life
during. or hair,
If I chanced to meet an Indian or intrude upon a.
"I looked and looked, I walked and walked among bear.
the trees and stones,
Over sweet beds of moss and flowers, and s.:.ie-
times over bones.
"Yes, bones, my dears, where bears and wolves lad j ] '
eaten dinners free, V
Of now a goat and now a deer and now a man ''.'
"Seeing these empty tables made me hungry
"And I stopped to eat what lunch I had before
'twas hardly noon. -
"When I reached into my shot-pouch for my i-4
knife and venison,
Lo, in the bottom was a hole! My knife and '
meat were gone !
"My bullets, too? Yes, all of them. Dear
children I was sad;
For, come what might, that in my gun was all _
the charge I had.
" Just think of savage Indians who would kill
me for my hair !
Just think of wolves and panthers Think of i-'
s grizzly bear! I RAISED MY GUN, AND THEN--N
32 WAKING UP A BEAR.
" And, sure enough, a bear it was, asleep within his His feet were broad and Ifeavy, his nails were sharp
den and long !
Beneath a shelving cliff of rocks, that startled Uncle
Ben. "There were bones piled all around him in his shal-
low dismal den;
"I came upon him all at once, whilst clambering And there, no doubt, he meant to gnaw the bones of
down a bluff Uncle Ben.
Whose brush was low and thorny, and whose sides
were steep and rough. I saw he wished to eat me by the way he licked his
" I tried to stop but couldn't, till I got right at his As he stood up on his hind feet and spread his ugly
He yawned and winked, licked out his tongue, then
growled, and up he rose. "And then he stepped forth towards me with a sav-
age snarl and snort;
" 0, such a bear He was as big as neighbor Jones' My heart beat like a kettle-drum, my breath came
cow ; quick and short;
With eyes that glared so terribly, I cannot show you
how! He reached to take me in his arms, his hungry
mouth he spread,
"There, in that little hollow before that awful brute, His eyes with fury sparkled, his tongue was fiery red.
With just one bullet, and no knife, and scarcely room
to shoot, "I felt cold fear creep through my breast, I felt it
lift my hair;
"1 stood in blank bewilderment for the merest There was need for rapid action, I had no time to
breath or two, spare;
Thinking whatever in the world was best for me to
do. So, mustering all my nerve and strength, I raised
my gun- and then-
"O, but his eyes were fiendisheand his teeth were I ran off down the hollow Now, kiss your Uncle
white and strong, Ben."
A WAY down in Maine, near the Penobscot riverC piece" with them when they set off for school, and
several years ago lived a bright little Yankee one eventful Saturday she was taken to see the
girl named Hannah Buck. snares.
Her father was a lumberman; that is, he used to Well, one day she took it into her little head that
chop down the great primeval forest trees and trim it would be a fine thing to set some snares of her
off the branches; and the giant logs thus made ready own; so the next Saturday she coaxed to be taken
were floated down the river to Bangor, where they again to see the snares; and this time she noticed
were sawed into lumber at the great sawmills, particularly how they were made.
Little Hannah had three brothers, John and That day, after dinner, she called her little brother
Charles, older than she, and William, younger. The William out into the woodshed, and there told him
district school was two miles from their home; and her plans. They then at once started for the woods.
at the time of which I am telling you, only John and Hannah chose a different path than the one the boys
Charles attended, Hannah and Willie being too traversed every day, for she thought she should not
young to walk so far. The nearest way to school was like them to find her snares.
by a path, a mile or more of which led through a "Does you really know how to set snares ?" queried
thick wood. The boys nearly always went that way, Willie, as they trudged along.
since it was nearest, although it was really dan- "Yes, sir, I do," replied Hannah, indignantly.
gerous to do so; for wildcats and wolves were "Haven't I seen the boys' snares ever so many
numerous in that region, and occasionally a bear was times? And see what a nice strong string I have!
seen. I found it among father's tools. I guess there can't
One fall night, as the boys were well on their way anything break that! I can't myself, so I brought
home, they saw a flock of quails. Charlie proposed mamma's scissors to cut it."
that they should set some snares in the bushes on The adventurous little girl set four snares, the best
either side of the path, and perhaps they might catch she could, although she found hard work in bending
game enough for a dinner! down the young saplings.
Accordingly, the next morning they started early for On the way home Hannah cautioned Willie not to
school, that they might have time to set the snares, say a word about the snares to anybody: "'cause,
Charlie set his on the east side of the path while Willie, we want to s'prise the folks, you know."
John chose the west, each setting a dozen snares. Willie kept the secret faithfully, though, at night,
Only boys can imagine how anxiously they waited when they went up to bed, he did want to tell his
the close of school. However, their impatience re- brothers very, very much.
suited in disappointment, for not a thing did they Hannah thought about the snares all the afternoon,
find in their snares that night. The next day they and wondered and wondered whether they would
were more successful, for in the morning John catch anything; and at night after she went to bed,
found a quail in one of his snares, and at night she fell asleep, thinking of her snares.
Charlie found two quails on his side of the path. And after she was asleep, she dreamed-oh, what
The boys were in high spirits over this. Their a dream! It was a dream, but truly our little
parents were pleased, too, and the whole family en- huntress thought that she heard a fearful noise in the
joyed the game dinner. Frequently, too, after that yard; then a scratching and scraping on the side of
were the young sportsmen successful. the house; and then-oh, such terror!-saw a great
Little Hannah was never weary of hearing about wildcat spring in at the open window and leap right
their ventures and their luck, and she often went "a on her bed.
34 HANNAH' S SNARES.
She tried to jump out and run to her mother; but into her lap, and finally, by kindly questioning, drew
she was rigid and could not move. In terror she the whole story from her, how she had set the snares,
cried out, 0 Mr. Wildcat, please don't hurt me, her dream, her morning visit to the woods.
I'm a good girl Mr. Buck came in in time to hear the last part of
Goodgirl!" roared the cat in a voice as loud as her story.
thunder. "Good girl! I should think you were a "Perhaps she really has caught something," said
goodgirl! What did you do this very afternoon ?" he, as he took down his gun. At any rate, I'll go
"Nothing, good Mr. Cat," besought Hannah, "but and see. Come, Hannah, and show the way."
help mother and play oh, I set some snares Oh, no, no! cried Hannah.
"Yes," thundered the beast, "that's it! you set "I will!" exclaimed little Willie. "I know the
some snares! Did you ask your mother if you way. I helped set 'em, I did."
might ?" "Come along, then," said Mr. Buck smiling. "I'll
"No," tremblingly replied the little hunter, carry you."
"Then you did something without your mother's Soon, in company with John and Charlie, they
permission. I must punish you for it! Did you tell reached the wood. Willie pointed out the first snare ;
your mother when you came home ?" and how the wise and experienced elder brother
"No," faltered Hannah. laughed to see the way it was set!
"Then you deceived your mother. I must punish Why," exclaimed Charlie, "that noose is large
you for that, too. Now let me tell you what else I enough to lasso a buffalo!"
must punish you for; you caught me in one of your "Anyway, it's good and strong," said Johnnie,
horrid snares whilst I was seeking food for my looking at it again.
young; but Igot away, and am now come to "I should say so," said their father, for I see
Here poor little Hannah, crying aloud, woke up. Hannah has taken my linen twine to-" but just
There was no wildcat in the room. All was still then they heard a low growl, and hastily directing
and peaceful. The beautiful moonlight filled the their steps toward the sound, they soon came in sight
room. Hannah knew she had been dreaming, still of the second snare, where Mr. Buck was very much
she was frightened, and it was a long time before she astonished to behold a huge black bear struggling in
could fall asleep again. She resolved that the first the bushes.
thing she did in the morning should be to tell her After despatching him, they found the noose
mother about the snares, really around the bear's neck; but some twigs had
She awoke rather late the next morning. She become caught in the knot in such a manner as to
made haste down stairs, and into the kitchen where prevent its drawing up very tight. Thus the bear
her mother was busily preparing breakfast. "had escaped strangulation, although he could not
Now, all the while Hannah was dressing, she firmly make his escape.
intended to tell her mother at once about the snares; "Well, my little daughter," said Mr. Buck, as he
but by the time she entered the kitchen, she had entered the kitchen, "you have beaten the boys all
concluded that she would just go and look at the hollow at snaring."
snares first, so she only said "Good-morning, mother," Oh, father, did you kill the wildcat ?"
took her sun-bonnet and went out into the yard. As "Wildcat! No, you-"
soon as she turned the corner she started on a run for Oh dear, now he will come he will make
the woods. In her first snare she found nothing; but it all true !" And here Hannah began to cry
as she approached the second, she heard a growl, and again.
stopped speechless as she saw two great eyes staring Hannah, stop crying! There was no wildcat
at her. She did not take a second look; she ran there, but a bear! said Mr. Buck.
back home as fast as her little feet could carry her, "A bear!" exclaimed Mrs. Buck and Hannah
shrieking and crying, "Oh the wildcat! the wild- together.
cat !" "Yes, a bear, and a big one too. Come, let's eat
She rushed into the kitchen, ran and hid her face breakfast, and then we will all go out to the woods
in her mother's dress, and cried and sobbed, and see him."
The astonished mother lifted her little daughter Mr. Buck skinned and cut up the bear, and, with
LITL ANA IS MRESUCESFU TAN HEHOED
TAME BEARS. 37
the boys' help, carried it to the house. He sold a to a bear or a wildcat gave her a sickening shiver.
large portion of the meat; and the money which he Still, for a long time, in that section of country,
received, with the bounty, he gave Hannah, to be all she was pointed out and spoken of as the little girl
her own. who caught the bear;" and more than one old
But the little huntress never could be persuaded to hunter went out of his way to call at the lumberman's
set any more snares. It was nearly a year before her house, ostensibly for a drink of water," but really
dream faded from her consciousness, and any allusion for a glimpse of Hannah.
THE ARTIST AND THE BEAR.
F OUR long years the artist and I worked together the party got to talking of Indians and bears, and
and camped together, and rode side by side telling stories we had heard or known some time of
among the crags and the forests and the cafions of fights with one or with the other. There were espe-
the Rocky mountains. Night after night our blankets cially a good many bear stories told, and more than
have been spread beside the camp-fire, sometimes we one of the grizzly bear, and how, wounded by a rifle
two alone, sometimes surrounded by three or four shot, he would often live long enough to kill or maim
companions, but alone, or with a larger party, the the hunter, or to cripple him for life. The fact was
artist and I have always been together. stated that the grizzly bear would often live for some
Often, for days and weeks, we rode and worked and seconds when shot clear through the heart; and one
sketched and slept without seeing a single human story told where the bear and the hunter had been
being but the laboring men who were our packers," found side by side dead; the death-shot of the bear
and often, from the very loneliness of our surround- not having killed him soon enough to save the poor
ings, riding for hours through the great wilderness man's life.
without exchanging a single word. Being so much I remember lying there on my heavy overcoat, and
together, and so much alone together I know the artist meditating the chances of a single shot with my light
pretty well, and I know he is a brave, cool man, and rifle if a bear should attack me, and finally, I think,
this story is to be a story of his bravery and his coolness coming to the conclusion that, as I had not lost any
and one that will show something of what a lonely bears, I had not better hunt much for them.
kind of a life is led away off among the great moun- The artist sat on the ground close by me, cleaning
tains of the West. his gun, and giving the lock now and then an omi-
One night a little party of four of,us were camped nous snap, as much as if he had thought, "I guess
close up under the snow drifts which all summer long you are a pretty good bear gun I think I would like
patch the mountain summits. The place of the camp to try you on a grizzly just once, anyhow."
was a little grassy valley just at the mouth of a deep The artist had a new gun and a particularly fine
cafton, and all surrounded by the heaviest kind of one; but he hadn't shot any thing with it for some
dark pine timber, and watered by a little stream not time, and, though he did not say much, he evidently
more than an hour away from its mother snow-drift, had made up his mind to shoot something pretty
We were more than a hundred miles from the nearest soon.
house, and, lying that evening by our camp-fire, could After we had talked and told stories by the camp-
distinctly hear now and then the crackling of a bush fire light for an hour or two we all went off to sleep,
or dry branch, as some deer came stealing round to and, sleeping soundly till the next morning woke up
see what the great camp-fire blaze could mean, or at daylight to find that it was- raining a little, but in
what new kind of an animal it was which had come spite of it we determined to climb up one of the high
to keep him company in this lonely place. mountains near us.
Sometimes, too, a mule would give a startled snort We were all pretty heavily loaded ; with our instru-
as he smelled out the neighborhood of a prowling ments, our big over-coats, our note-books, our rifles
bear, for our faithful mules were good guards, and and field glasses. I remember the artist carried his
never let a bad intruder into camp without giving army overcoat on one arm, his rifle on the other,
their warning, while a geological hammer hung at his belt, and a
Away off in so lonely a place, it is not strange that field-glass and a sketch-book case were slung from his
THE ARTIST AND THE BEAR. 39
shoulders. During the day we all got separated, and stand there a moment so fixedly that the bear evidently
were working round alone, and, though we saw and concluded he did not want anything to do with so
fired at several deer, all were too far off for us to hit foolish a fellow, and quietly dropping off the log he
them. As I said, we were all separated in the moun- started to walk away.
tains, but, as we are particularly interested in the By this time, though, the hunter's blood was up in
artist you and I will follow him, and leave the others the artist, and, moving quickly up two or three steps,
to get back to camp as best they may. he called out, Boo! boo "
As he worked and climbed along he was tempted Such impudence The bear turned round, and,
so many times to shoot at distant or running deer, that
when, late in the afternoon he left the mountain to
come down to camp, he found himself the possessor
of no game and only one cartridge.
It was still raining; he was tired, wet, hungry, and,
heavily loaded as he was, had still two miles through
the forest to walk before he would reach the camp-
fire. It was not a pleasant prospect for a weary man,
those last two miles at the end of a hard and rainy
day, but as there was no help for it he started man-
fully out, and shoving, jumping, stumbling, he worked
his way along.
He had already made about one half of the whole
distance, and was grumbling to himself because he
had seen and got no game all day. It was now almost
night. The early twilight was rapidly deepening the
forest darkness, the day noises were getting hushed,
the little birds were just peeping out good-nights, the
whole place getting more and more lonely and still,
when, picking himself up from a tired man's uncertain
stumble, he felt a shiver run through him, as, just
ahead in his path he heard a deep, ominous growl.
His eyes sought the direction of the sound, and there,
not more than twenty or thirty feet away, he saw,
above a heavy fallen log, the long humped back and
waving fur of an unmistakable grizzly bear!
Do you wonder he was startled ? away there alone
in the wild cation, hampered by his heavy load, and
having in his possession only one cartridge to meet so-
formidable an adversary right in his very path! The "
artist is a cool man, but that tried his nerves.
However, Bruin did not give him long to think, but,
raising himself with his forepaws on the log, he gave
another challenging growl, and stared the artist in his
face, those big jaws open, the eyes sparkling, and all
"1 AISINL HI-Is 015 LIBERATBLY.
the hair about his face erect with his anger and sur-
prise at this intrusion. The artist stood there, too, so trundling himself up to the log again, he raised at full
fixed with his astonishment that he hardly knew how height up over it, and looked down on his pigmy
to act. I do not believe that he was really frightened, antagonist with a deep and angry growl. He stood
for it is not easy to frighten him; but he certainly did there full breast towards the artist, towering above
40 BEARS IN A MELON PATCH.
him like a disturbed giant as he was. This time the The ball had gone through the animal, piercing both
artist did not hesitate a moment, but, rising his gun heart and lungs.
deliberately, he aimed it at the animal's broad breast. Our hunter did not stay by his fallen enemy long,
Doubting then if the lock was set rightly he lowered but, satisfied that it was really dead he left it lying
the gun, and, resetting it, he coolly raised it to his there, and hurried on through the forest in the grow-
shoulder, selected his mark, and carefully, slowly aim- ing darkness to the camp, and told us of his risky
ing, he fired, shot, and how his big dead bear was lying about a
The rifle's crash went echoing down the cation, and mile up the caion. The artist was a proud and happy
before the smoke had cleared away the bear was tear- man that night, and very thankful too.
ing through the timber. Three or four jumps were The next morning we helped him skin it, and
all he made, and, pitching forward, all was still. The carried the skin to camp to stretch and dry, and then
hunter listened for a moment, but no noise was in the he brought it with him East to have it dressed and
woods except the still evening chirpings. Then mov- trimmed; and to-night, as I sit here writing in our
ing cautiously forward, he found the dead body of his bachelor quarters, the artist sits opposite me at the
grizzly bear stretched out upon the ground some thirty table, and his grizzly bear-skin lies between us as a
feet from the log where it had stood opposing him. handsome rug, a trophy and a memento of the West.
BEARS IN A MELON PATCH. (From a paintingg owned by Prof. F. N. 0is.)
THE BEARS OF BERNE.
T HE Somervillers were travelling in Europe. They the ancient word born, which means "bear." The
had visited so many cities, they had seen so ancient Teutons held a bear in such veneration, that
many pictures and statues, and so much ancient ar- they always spoke of him under breath, and called
mor; they had been to so many cathedrals, and looked him The Wise Man "
at so many painted windows, that Jack and Nellie, It is said that they always politely apologized to him
who were only eight and ten years old, had really
become quite weary of grandeur, and had boldly de-
clared that they would not go out to see anything
more, unless it were a castle. Just think of children
who could be pleased with nothing but a palace !
But there was still something left to charm them.
What do you think it could be ? Let me whisper it
low, for I am sure you will be quite shocked- it was
One lovely July day they arrived in Berne, a city
of Switzerland. The city itself looked lovely, nestling
in the arm of the River Aar, and perched upon a
promontory seventeen hundred feet above the level
of the sea. There was not a cloud to be seen; and -
there, against the summer sky, rose one long stretch
of snowy peaks, glittering in the sunlight. This was
what they came to see, -" the Bernese Oberland."
Mamma was enraptured, and even Jack and Nellie
were about to exclaim with the rest, How beauti- _
ful!" when, as if by magic, their eyes were drawn
from heaven to earth, for the coachman a wily old
rascal--had stopped right in front of a fountain,
"from which they thought they should never be able
to withdraw their wondering gaze.
What do you think they saw ?
"Why, simply, a statue of a jolly old fellow, standing
on the top of the fountain. He looked something
like Santa Claus; but he was not giving presents.
O, no! He was only eating babies. One delicious
morsel of a baby was just going down his throat, while THE FOUNTAIN STATUE.
a dozen or more, stowed away under his arm, and beforehand when killing him in the hunt. And, myboy,
peeping out of his great, basket-like pocket, were these people you see in the streets hold him in about
awaiting their turn with uproarious yells. the same veneration. If you keep your eyes open, you
"What is this funny place called? asked Jack, will see that the device of the Bear is blazoned all
with great delight. over the city on the public buildings. You probably
"This' is Berne," said papa. It is derived from will also see several live bears while you are here; for
42 THE BEARS OF BERNE.
I am certain that a public fund has been set apart for his wings, and crowed as though he had been an
centuries for the support of a large number of these energetic live cock. Beneath marched a procession
queer pets. When Napoleon I. was through here, of bears, all in full armor.
he carried off these public prot6ges, and placed them The children clapped their hands in concert, and
in the Jardin des Plantes. I believe the French peo- O-o-h's and M-y-y's mingled with the solemn
pie finally sent them back, after the fall of the empe- tones of the bell in the old clock tower.
ror, much to the joy of the Bernese." Wonders did not cease in this charming place, for
O, won't this be a jolly place, Nell ? cried Jack. they next drove to a large pit or den, where several
Nellie thought it would, provided the bears were of the public pets, real live bears, were kept; and as
-uitably confined, the Somervillers stepped out of their carriage, and
Just then the carriage stopped again, for the cocker, leaned over the railing to look at them, they only
added a few more to
the party of twenty-
--- five or thirty already
absorbed in the same
-- delightful occupation.
icul -"There are the
Smamma and papa,"
S,'i.i' said Nellie, as she
VQing1 ',I ,aH' ,, w pointed to two sober
S., it old wise-heads, who
b by,, seemed to be watch-
a t s mrell ing their little ones
St with some anxiety.
Poor mamma bear
d .. i b to was walking patient-
ly round and round
the raised edge of a
tank of water, where
a mischievous little
otr- one was taking a
b g_ hs ht- i iit bath, and splashing
the water all over
her, whenever he
THE BEARS OF BERNE. could get a chance.
although he had a squint in one eye, and could not She was afraid he would get drowned," said Jack,
see very well with the other, besides not understand- as little Bruin jumped out, and the old mamma
ing a word of their language, had, in some mysteri- smoothed his wet coat and patted his shaggy head.
ous way, discovered what would please the children. "Yes, and 0, isn't he naughty ? answered Nellie,
This time they stood in front of a tower, surmount- as the little fellow gave another plunge, and left poor
ed by a famous clock. The hour of twelve was just mamma in terror on the brink.
about to strike, and as the cocher pointed up, all eyes Two more little imps were climbing a tree.
were fixed upqn a stone image, holding in his hand a But just look over there," exclaimed Jack, point-
hammer, with which he struck the hours, while an ing across the wide den'to a party of boys, who had
odd little figure below sat in state, holding an hour- tied a wisp of hay to a long string, and were letting
glass with one hand, and swaying a sceptre with the it down within reach of two more baby bears, who
other. A majestic bear sat on one side, solemnly were standing on their hind legs and stretching up
bowing his head, while on the other a cock flapped their poor little heads to reach it. Of course the
UNCOMFORTABLE QUARTERS. 43
boys always pulled it away just as it came within who stood in the street with her huge basket, poured
reach of their mouths, and of course their disappoint- them into a fresh, round cabbage-leaf, which Nellie
ment was hailed each time with shouts of laughter, held on her lap for the benefit of the family.
I am forced to acknowledge that Jack said it was In almost every street through which they rode,
"splendid fun," and was just about plunging into the they did see an image of a bear, just as papa said
depths of his pocket for a string, when papa called they would, sometimes dressed in clothes, or in a suit
him to go; and also informed him that an English of armor, and sometimes in his own shaggy coat;
officer had once fallen into the pit, and had been im- sometimes lying down, or couchant, and sometimes
mediately devoured by the hungry bears; which gave rampant, or standing on his hind legs.
Master Jack a wholesome fear, and made him more Jack and Nellie, when they left Berne, pronounced
willing to depart. it the most charming city they had visited in a long
Papa said it was time to go back to the hotel; but time; and when they came home, they had more to
on their way, they stopped the carriage, and bought a tell ab out the Bears of Berne than about the pictures
quantity of black and red cherries, larger than any of the Louvre.
we ever see in America. The fat old market-woman
HANGING A BEAR.
H ANGMAN is an awful word. pieces, David, the smaller boy, took the shorter
It means the officer whose duty it is, when a piece ; and in order to carry it easily, they coiled it
murderer has been sentenced to be hanged, to fix the up, and each hung a coil over one shoulder and
rope around his neck and swing the wretched criminal around his body under the other arm. This being
off into eternity, arranged, they were off on the return trip.
It must be a dreadful task for the hangman. Yet Now such an errand was a very ordinary affair to
who would not ten thousand times prefer to be the the boys. Many times had they been over this hill
hangman than the criminal ? without even seeing a squirrel or hearing the hoot of
In some of the United States a murderer is impris- an owl. They had no expectation of an adventure,
oned for life instead of hanged; and to many people and being eager to see the mill frame go up, they
this seems equally just and far more humane, made all haste.
It is not, however, to write about this subject that Just as they reached the summit of the hill, where
I took my pen, but to tell the readers of the "WIDE the road was very crooked and thickly bordered with
AWAKE of a little hangman who saved his own life undergrowth, they came suddenly upon two black,
by hanging his would-be murderer in the very attempt furry-coated animals, about the size of large cats, at
to kill. play in the path. So crooked was the way, and so
It was long ago, in south-western Pennsylvania, fast were the boys hurrying, that they almost ran over
among the tributaries of the Monongahela River. the fat, little creatures before they saw them.
For many weeks the timbers for Mr. Seals' new Greatly frightened at the boys, the young bears, or
mill had been preparing, and at length the day of the cubs (for such they were), set up a pitiful crying, and
"raising" came. Early in the morning men began scrambled into the bushes out of sight.
to gather from the surrounding country, most of them But such little fellows never wander far from the
bearing guns, according to the custom of the border, old bear, and, as might be expected, the mother imme-
At ten o'clock they commenced placing the huge diately came ambling down the road to see what was
lower timbers of the mill, to make ready for the more the matter with her babies.
difficult afternoon task of raising the higher portions Now a mother bear is perhaps the most cross and
of the frame. During the noon lunch, while scores jealous of all animals. When she thinks her cubs
more of brawny backwoodsmen were arriving, Mr. are harmed or in danger, her rage seems to have no
Seals discovered that a quantity of rope would be limit.
useful in lifting the upper timbers. To borrow this, Not seeing or hearing her cubs, she evidently
he sent his own son James, fourteen years old, and thought them stolen or destroyed, and she rushed
another lad not quite so old, named David Grey, over after the boys, roaring as if she could devour a regi-
the hill to Colonel Wallace's mills, three miles distant. ment of them.
The road was wild and romantic. Winding in and At this, James threw his coil of rope on the ground,
out among great trees, here densely skirted with and shouting, "Run, Dave!" whirled and ran back
bushes, and there turning sharp around some ledge, it along the path as fast as he could go. But David's
climbed up and up for a mile or more, and then down legs were short, and running was not his forte; but he
and down through the old forest to the boys' desti- could climb like a monkey. So he sprang like a flash
nation, to a small tree with many low branches, and climbed
Gayly and rapidly they performed the first half of up it quicker than it takes me to write it.
the journey and obtained the rope. It being in two The old bear rushed straight to the tree and began
HANGING THlE ILEAR.
HANGING A BEAR. 47
climbing up after him. From branch to branch, up noose, and David gave it some careful twitches, until
went the boy, and close behind him, up came the it began to choke her. Enraged at his impudence,
furious animal, her small eyes glittering almost like she roared, and shook her head, and twisted her neck,
fire. David went up to where the tree was very but it would not come off. Then with one fore-paw
small, and he said, afterward, he was so scared he she tried to scratch it off; this was also a failure.
"wished it reached the moon, so he might escape All this time David was pulling as hard as he could
that way." to keep the noose tight.
But as the tree-top became smaller, the bear found Finding one paw would not do, the bear went at it
it impossible to climb higher, and stopping just with both.
beneath the boy, vented het disappointment in growl- But this proved her destruction, for she instantly
ing. Bears can climb best when the tree-trunk is lost her balance and fell toward the earth.
about twelve inches in diameter, and very small trees The rope was, however, too short to reach the
they cannot ascend at all. ground, and there she hung in mid-air, like a mur-
Well, there they were- David trembling, and bruin derer, and the boy was a real hangman.
roaring, and no telling where James and the cubs in For half an hour or so, she writhed and strug-
their mutual fright had gone. But David Grey was gled fearfully, almost shaking poor Davy from his
not the boy to let a bear pull him in pieces if it could place; but then all was still, and he knew she was
be prevented. At first he yelled repeatedly at her, dead.
"Go away! go and find your cubs!" But she did Trembling with excitement, he clambered down
not relish his advice, and only roared defiance, and sped away to make the event known. As he
Then he thought to take off his coat and drop it reached the "raising," a hundred men gathered
down to her, hoping she would be satisfied by tearing around him to hear the adventure, and their excite-
it up, and go away. But as he began to take it off, a ment almost equalled his own.
new thought was suggested by the coil of rope around The rest of my story is soon told. Men came, the
him. bear's carcass was taken down, and the skin being
He took one end of it and tied it firmly about the removed, was in time nicely tanned for a robe.
tree, just above the branch his feet were upon. With The little hangman was ever afterward regarded in
the other end he made what is called a slip-noose, a, that region as a true hero. And, surely, he did show
operation familiar to all boys who know how to use a very noble degree of coolness and courage in such
ropes. a danger.
Then he lifted the coil from around his body, and Nearly sixty years later, when he had become an
arranging it as best he could, tried to drop the noose aged man, the writer of this saw the bear's hide, and
over Madame Bear's head. heard old David Grey relate his adventure. It was
Two or three times he failed, the rope striking the before the blazing fire in a great fireplace in a coun-
animal in the face, and making her more furious than try house, and the white-haired pioneer wrapped the
ever. robe about him and strode back and forth like some
But at length he succeeded, proud chieftain, as he told the story of his hanging the
Plump over her head and around her neck went the bear.
D. l OTI' ROP& CO.'S .... '.
BABYLAND. 7 i : WYrEll U
SThe great reputation ',- -
-gV 'if i.,,22" .h "
oi this charming annual lhas beca l
x n by intri nsic merit, by exquisite I
ada ptatjoi i to the !-ncls of the nun I
iy the pu ity and dieicate h ontr
text, andl the charms of its beaut. .' '*
amuinng picturics. This volIune, arn W .
x icl tfeal ies, ini:ludes the nmo st '
fAl alAY ihabt Ceve publish iI -ca i
ixiti; jictircS atId XeisC, 1ccid i))iD .2;
pIyc; a -cries of twelve Ratiny) Da
and twe! li chapters in
the iiof Dull Rosy.
S'OUR LITTLE MEN N MEN 8
; i, I .I
.. -, 1. '- II I
"' ,'r" ,"' II'h-
J _j ,l 0
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MAX A u' iii -,-. '