Group Title: AREC research report - Jay Agricultural Research and Education Center ; WF90-2
Title: Variety trials of warm-season perennial grasses, grain sorghum, alfalfa, and various warm-season legumes
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00053592/00001
 Material Information
Title: Variety trials of warm-season perennial grasses, grain sorghum, alfalfa, and various warm-season legumes
Series Title: Jay, AREC research report
Physical Description: 22 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Dunavin, Leonard Sypret, 1930-
Peacock, H. A ( Hugh Anthony ), 1928-
Gorbet, Daniel W ( Daniel Wayne ), 1942-
Agricultural Research and Education Center, Jay
Publisher: Agricultural Research and Education Center Jay
Place of Publication: Jay Fla
Publication Date: [1990]
 Subjects
Subject: Grasses -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Forage plants -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: L.S. Dunavin, H.A. Peacock, and D.W. Gorbet.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "January, 1990."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00053592
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62296157

Full Text
100



4e-o zAgricultural Research and Education Center
Jay, Florida 32565-9524

Jay, AREC Research Report WF90-2 January, 1990

Variety Trials of Warm-Season Perennial Grasses, Grain Sorghum,
Alfalfa, and Various Warm-Season Legumes.

L. S. Dunavin, H. A. Peacock, D. W. Gorbett

Warm-Season Perennial Grasses:
This trial included an experimental bermudagrass which was set in the late
summer of 1986 and a second treatment of the grass which was set on March 25,
1987. Tifton 78, Tifton 44, and Florona were set in the late summer of 1986.
Tifton 9 bahiagrass was included in the trial and was planted on May 17, 1988.
The trial was located on a Red Bay sandy loam soil (Rhodic Paleudult). An
application of 300 pounds per acre of 8-24-24 fertilizer was made on March 13,
1989 and again on September 7, 1989. Ammonium nitrate was applied at 200 pounds
per acre on June 7, July 12, and August 10 and at 100 pounds per acre on Septem-
ber 7. Conversion factors are given in Table 1 for the use of those who would
like to convert to metric units. Climatological data are presented in Table 2.
The grasseswere harvested five times and data are presented in Table 3. These
data indicate the apparent superiority, from a yield standpoint, of the experimen-
tal bermudagrass.

Alfalfa:
Twelve alfalfa varieties were included in the 1989 trial. These were planted
on October 28, 1987 on an Orangeburg loamy sand- soil (Typic Paleudult). An
application of 400 pounds per acre of 0-30-15 fertilizer and 6 pounds per acre of
boron was made on September 23, 1988. Applications of 200 pounds per acre of 60%
muriate of potash were made on April 25, June 19, and August 25, 1989. Harvests
were made on April 17, May 16, June 13, July 19, and August 22, 1989. A sixth
harvest was expected; however, a sudden infestation by velvetbean caterpillar
over the weekend of September 16-17, 1989 completely stripped the foliage. Data
are presented in Table 4.

Warm-Season Legumes:
Two entries each of alyceclover and hairy indigo and eight entries of
aeschynomene were included in a warm-season legume trial in 1989. The trial was
planted on June 20, 1989 on an Orangeburg sandy loam soil (Typic Paleudult). An
application of 350 pounds per acre of 0-30-15 fertilizer was disked into the soil
on June 19, 1989. Two harvests were made. Regrowth from both hairy indigo entries
and from common alyceclover was poor. An early frost on October.20, 1989 (320 F)
killed all plants so the final harvest was made that day. Data are given for yield
in Table 5.

Grain Sorghum Jay:
Cultivars of 54 grain sorghums were tested in a single replicated trial in
1989 on an Orangeburg sandy loam (Typic Paleudult) to determine yield, heading date,
head type, lodging, disease reaction, height, and bird depredation. All cultivars
were planted April 26 at a seeding rate of 12 seed per foot of row (8 to 12 lbs
seed/A depending on seed size) in rows 3-feet apart. A preplant application of

tAssociate Professor of Agronomy,, Professor and Center Director, AREC, Jay,
respectively, and Professor, AREC, Marianna.


- I -








250 lbs/A of 8-24-24 was disked into the soil and 100 Ibs/A ammonium nitrate was
applied as a top dressing. A preemergence application of 1 lb of atrazine and 4 Ibs
of propachlor per acre controlled weedy grasses and broadleaves except some
morningglory. Soil insect control consisted of 20 Ibs/A Furadan applied in a band
6 inches under the row prior to planting. Grain was harvested August 9 and dried
to 12% moisture before weighing. Precipitation for April through August at AREC,
Jay is shown in Table 6.

Yields were good for most cultivars. The 23.96 inches of rainfall did not
appear to harm the grain sorghum but helped all cultivars make a decent yield.
From April 1 through August 9, there were 43.97 inches of rainfall (Table 6). The
41-year average for this time period at AREC, Jay is 31.13 inches. In spite of
all the excess, and at times heavy rainfall, leaf diseases (primarily anthracnose,
Colletotrichum graminicola) were unusually light. The more than adequate rainfall
combined with non-severe leaf diseases allowed the grain sorghum plants to produce
a full grain load.

Data on yield and other agronomic characteristics are presented in Table 7.
The highest yielding hybrid in the test was Delta and Pine Land Funk's G-1711 with
8910 lbs/A followed by Conlee Wrangler with 8710 lbs/A and DeKalb X-866 with 8620
lbs/A grain. Two other entries, Asgrow Topaz and Helena Hyperformer HSC Wings,
yielded more than 8000 lbs/A grain. The mean for the test was 7070 lbs/A (about
6 bushels/A more than the highest yielding entry in our hybrid corn test). Two-,
three-, four-, and five-year average yields of hybrids grown at AREC, Jay are
presented in Table 8. The highest yielding hybrid averaged over five years was
Delta and Pine Land Funk's G-1711. The highest yielding hybrid averaged over four
years, three years, and two years was also Delta and Pine Land Funk's G-1711.

Grain Sorghum Marianna:
Two plantings of commercial grain sorghum hybrids were made at AREC, Marianna in
1989. The early planting..of 64 hybrids was made April 17 and the late planting of
the same 64 hybrids was made July 26. Both plantings were irrigated. Fertilizer for
the early-planted trial included 350 lbs/A of 20-10-18 preplant incorporated and
300 lbs/A ammonium nitrate applied as a top dressing on May 23. Fertilizer for the
late-planted trial included 400 lbs/A 13-13-13 postplanting (August 4) and 300
lbs/A ammonium nitrate as a top dressing on August 21. Data on yield and other
agronomic characteristics from the early and late plantings (April and July) are
presented in Tables 9 and 10. The highest yielding hybrid from the early planting
was Asgrow Chaparral with 5763 lbs/A grain followed by Conlee Wrangler with 5726
lbs/A and George Warner W-876-DR with 5672 lbs/A grain. Average yield for the test
was 5084 lbs/A. Disease ratings were high on many entries. Northrup King Savanna 5
was least affected by anthracnose and fusarium stalk rot.

The highest yielding hybrid from the late planting was Nor.thrup King Savanna
5 with 3299 Ibs/A grain. Average yield for the test was 2077 lbs/A. Late planting
hybrids yielded poorly because of a very high incidence of anthracnose and fusarium
stalk rot and a missed critical irrigation at heading. The rainfall data for Marianna
AREC for the 1989 season are presented in Table 11.

Yields for the early planting at Marianna in 1987, 1988, 1989, and two- and
three-year average yields are presented in Table 12. The highest yielding hybrid
averaged over three years was Conlee FFR331. The highest yielding hybrid averaged
over two years was Helena Hyperformer 1330DR...


-2-








Yields for the late plantings at Marianna in 1987, 1988, 1989, and two- and
three-year average yields are presented in Table 13. The highest yielding hybrid
averaged over three years was Northrup King Savanna 5. The highest yielding hybrid
averaged over two years was Helena Hyperformer 1330DR.

The average yield of the grain hybrids grown at both Jay and Marianna are
presented in Table 14. The highest yielding hybrid from the average of the two
locations was Delta and Pine Land Funks G-1711 with 7280 Ibs/A grain. This was
followed by Conlee Wrangler with 7218 Ibs/A and George Warner W-876-DR with 6756
lbs/A grain. Other hybrids that averaged more than 6500 Ibs/A were Jacques 606E,
Helena Hyperformer 1330DR, Helena Hyperformer HSC Wings, Helena Hyperformer HSC
Cherokee, George Warner W-917-E, DeKalb X-866, Cargill 6670, and Conlee Exp 421CG.
The overall mean for the two tests was 6077 lbs/A grain.


Table 1. Conversion factors from English to metric units.


English Unit
pounds per acre
pounds per acre
tons (English)
tons (English) per acre
inches
yards
miles
acres
o Fahrenheit


Factor
multiply by 1.12
multiply by 0.00112
multiply by 0.9072
multiply by 2.24
multiply by 2.54
multiply by 0.914
multiply by 1.609
multiply by 0.405
0.556 ( F-32)


Metric Unit
kilograms per hectare
metric tons per ectare
tons (metric)
tons (metric) per hectare
centimeters
meters
kilometers
hectares
o Celsius


Table 2. Climatological data for the Agricultural Research and Education Center, Jay, 1989.


Precipitation

inches


Month 1989 41-year Avg. Avg. Ma:
January 0.66 4.87 69.4
February 2.65 5.17 65.1
March 7.79 6.14 72.1
April 2.84 4.74 77.3
May 8.45 4.39 84.3
June 23.96 7.50 88.0
July 7.94 7.90 90.2
August 3.00 6.60 92.1
September 6.81 6.45 86.4
October 3.75 3.48 78.2
November 10.76 4.02 71.0
December 4.98 5.24 54.8
Total or Avg. 83.59 66.50 77.4
tThe solar radiometer was out of operation during 5


Temperature


Solat Radiation


. Avg. Min. Watts per square meter
45.1 74,341
43.0 84,512
52.0 114,699
51.5 166,352
61.1 163.564
69.3 145,259
71.4 150,461
69.8 160,851
65.8 107,606t
52.4 123,197
46.2 88,751
33.2 68,955
55.1 1,448,548t
days in September, 1989.


-3-


x








Table 3. Bermudagrass cultivar trial, AREC, Jay. 1989.


--Entry


Dry matter

31 May 10 July 9 Aug. 9 Sept. 5 Oct. Total

Pounds per acret


Exp. bermudagrass (Tr. #2)* 2070 4760 3360 2390 1350 13,930

Exp. bermudagrass 1880 5060 2980 2260 1210 13,390

Tifton 9 bahiagrass 2220 2270 2290 2070 1010 9,860

Tifton 78 bermudagrass 1660 2980 2190 1550 640 9,020

Tifton 44 bermudagrass 1300 2450 2560 1530 530 8,370

Florona stargrass 120 1070 1490 1730 600 5,010

LSD (t .05) 500 850 720 400 320 1,970

tPounds per acre X 1.12 = kilograms per hectare.

*Set on 25 March 87. The other bermudagrasses were set in late summer 1986.

Tifton 9 bahiagrass was planted on 17 May 88.

SOIL: Red Bay sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult).

FERTILIZER: 300 lb./acre of 8-24-24 on 13 March 89 and on 7 September 89;

200 lb./acre of ammonium nitrate on 7 June 89, 12 July 89, and

10 August 89 and 100 lb./acre ammonium nitrate on 7 September 89.

PRECIPITATION: March 7.79"

April 2.84"

May 8.45"

June 23.96"

July 8.48"

August 3.00"

September 6.18"


-4 -







Table 4. Alfalfa cultivar trial, AREC, Jay. 1989.


Cultiv

Fla. 77

Fla. G84-2S

C/W 475

Fla. 77S

WL Southern

NAPB 38.

AP 8660

WL 516,

86-213

C/W 448

GT 13R

WL 605

LSD (t .05)

tPounds per

PLANTED:

SOIL:

FERTILIZER:





NOTE:


Dry Matter

17 April 16 May 13 June 19 July 22 Aug. Total

Pounds per acret


iar


3610 3230

3550 3250

3540 3470

3660 3260

Special 3270 3130

3690 2900

3430 2950

3440 2690

3540 2480

3270 2630

3230 2320

3150 2180

N.S. 450

acre X 1.12 = kilograms per

October 28, 1987.


2290

2190

2420

2240

2370

2230

2070

1910

1830

1910

1680

1340

290

hectare.


2970

2720

2590

2650

2690

2310

2400

2380

2260

2260

2400

1970

420


1800

1910

1560

1350

1160

760

730

730

890

860

1020

510

590


13,900

13,620

13,580

13,160

12,620

11,890

11,580

11,150

11,000

10,930

10,650

9,150

1.740


Orangeburg loamy sand (Typic Paleudult).

400 lb./acre 0-30-15 and 6 lb./acre boron on 23 Sept. 88;

200 lb./acre 60% muriate of potash on 25 Apr. 89, 19 June

89, and on 25 Aug. 89.

A sixth harvest was expected this year; however, a sudden

infestation by velvetbean caterpillar over the weekend of

16-17 September completely stripped the foliage.


-5 -


,






Table 5. Aeschynomene and other legumes, AREC, Jay. 1989.

Dry Matter

28 August 20 October Total

Entr~ Pounds per acret


Flamingo hairy indigo

FLHI 101 common hairy indigo

UFKQ16 aeschynomene

UFKQ55 aeschynomene

Fla. common aeschynomene

UFKQ21 aeschynomene

UFKQ6 aeschynomene

FLAC 100 common alyceclover

UFKQ11 aeschynomene

UFKQ1 aeschynomene

UFKQ1F aeschynomene

FL 3 alyceclover

LSD (t .05)


6500

5300

3170

2960

3410

2790

2910

4920

2870

3480

3090

3060

730


460

780

2890

2710

1910

2460

2320

300

2300

1270

1630

1190

940


6960

6080

6060

5670

5320

5250

5230

5220

5170

4750

4720

4250

1240


tPounds per

PLANTED:

SOIL:

FERTILIZER:

Note:


acre X 1.12 = kilograms per hectare.

20 June 89.

Orangeburg sandy loam (Typic Paleudult).

350 lb./acre of 0-30-15 on 19 June 89.

Killed by frost on 20 Oct. 89 (320 F).


-6-








Table 6. Agricultural Research and Education Center, Jay


1989 Precipitation


April May
2.09
0.02


1.40


Day
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31


0.21


0.20


0.44
0.02


0.05
0.04


1.33

2.28
0.75
0.05


0.01


Monthly Total 2.84


Month
June


0.26

1.48
0.01
0.83
9.89




0.03
1.22
6.76
0.66

0.02
0.02
0.01
0.34
0.30


0.07
0.06
0.61



0.29


July
0.20
0.61
1.00
0.15
1.32
0.04

0.27





0.03
0.01

1.47

0.29
0.26
0.21
0.67
0.25
0.60
0.58

0.52


August
0.21








0.03





0.02


0.37
0.81


1.41

0.15


3.00


2.13


8.45 23.96


8.48


- 7 -






Page 1 of 2


Table 7. Statewide Grain Cultivar Test 1989

Agricultural Research and Education Center
Jay, Florida


Brand
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow


Al Farmers Coop
Al Farmers Coop
Al Farmers Coop
Al Farmers Coop
Big Crop Seed

Big Crop Seed
Big Crop Seed
Agra Tech.
Agra Tech
Agra Tech

Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Cargill

Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill


Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
D&PL Funks

D&PL Funks
D&PL Funks
D&PL Funks
DeKalb
DeKalb

DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb


Hybrid
GS-712
Osage
Seneca
Topaz
XP5128

AFC 401
AFC 402
FFR 321DR
AFC 861
Optima

Ole'
Maxima
GK802G
805WG
GK712G

Exp 421CG
Wrangler
Rustler
Tophand II
630

6670
5572
4462
1022
R1090


R109A
847
X15277
DR1125
G-1711


G-522DR
RA787
HW7380
X-867
X-980

X-967
X-866
DK-37
DK-60
DK-64


Height1/
58
55
46
56
53


Disease!
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
2.0


1.0
1.0
1.8
1.3
1.0

1.5
1.0
1.0
1.0
2.0

1.0
1.0
1.3
1.3
2.3

1.5
1.0
2.3
2.0
1.3

1.3
2.0
1.0
1.3
1.0

2.3
1.5
2.0
1.3
1.3

1.0
1.3
1.8
1.3
1.0


Head-/
shape
C
C
SO
SO
SO


Lodging-
1.8
1.0
1.0
1.3
1.5


1.8
2.0
1.5
1.5
1.5

1.5
2.0
1.3
2.0
1.5

1.3
1.8
1.5
1.5
2.0

1.8
1.3
1.5
2.0
1.0

1.0
2.0
1.3
1.3
1.5

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.8

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.8


Continued ---


-8-


GrainV/
color
R
R
R
R
R


Days
mid-
bloom
65
65
60
64
63


WYE
W
R
R
R

R
R
R
W
R


62
63
64
62
54


Yield
Ibs/A
7840
6490
6100
8030
6390


6390
6870
6680
6870
6900

6780
7740
6970
6680
6290

7940
8710
7360
5810
5900

7550
'7450
6580
6000
7450

6780
7840
6780
7070
8910

6490
7450
5900
6780
6870

7070
8620
5900
6200
6870


Stand--
1.0
1.0
1.3
1.0
1.0


1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.3

1.3
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.5
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.5
1.0
1.0




Page 2 of 2


Table 7. Statewide Grain Cultivar Test 1989, AREC, Jay, FL. (Continued)


Hybrid
M-565
W-844-E
W-632-W
W-917-E
W-876-DR


Heights/ Disease2/
54 1.5
56 2.5
58 1.0
63 1.5
64 1.0


Head/
shape
SO
C
0
C
SO


Lodging-4
1.8
1.5
1.8
1.8
1.5


Gro Agri
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer


Jacques
Jacques
Jacques
Pioneer


GSC1299
HSC Cherokee
HSC Wings
1225DR
1330DR


606E
477W
505
8333


Mean
LSD05
CV%


1.4
0.8
38


1.6
N.S.
28


- 63 7070
1550
14


1.1
N.S.
22


/Plant height in inches.
-/Disease rating (primary anthracnose): 1 = 10% of leaf infected to 10 = 100% of leaf infected
/Head shape: 0 = open; C = compact; SO = semi-open.
4/Lodging: 1 = all plants erect; 5 = all plants down.
5Grain color: R = Red; W-= White; WYE = Whitewith yellow endosperm.
--Stand: 1 = no skips; 10 = 100% skips.
Planted 26 April, 1989. Fertilized with 250 lbs/A 8-24-24 preplant incorporated. Topdressed
with 200 lbs/A ammonium nitrate. Harvested 9 August, 1989. Plots 1 row 25' long and 36"
apart. Planted into .an Orangeburg sandy loam.



















,-1


-9 -


Brand


DeKalb
George
George
George
George


Warner
Warner
Warner
Warner


Grain5/
color
R
R
W
R
R


Days
mid-
bloom
64
65
61
64
61


Yield
lbs/A
6780
7740
6970
7450
7840


Stand
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0


1.8
2.0
1.3
1.3
1.3

1.5
1.0
1.8
1.5


1.5
1.8
1.8
1.5
1.8

1.3
2.0
1.5
1.8


6780
7940
8030
7360
7940

7940
6490
6200
6390


1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.3
1.0
1.3
1.0





Page 1 of 2

Table 8. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, and Average
Yield.

Agricultural Research and Education Center
Jay, Florida

Yield Lbs/Acre
1988- 1987- 1986- 1985-
1989 1989 1989 1989
Brand Hybrid 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Ave. Ave. Ave. Ave.
Asgrow GS-712 ---- ---- ---- ---- 7840------- --- ---
Asgrow Osage ----------------6490-- --
Asgrow Seneca --- -- --- ---- 6100 ---- --
Asgrow Topaz 5030 4510 2290 3780 8030 5900 4700 4650 4730
Asgrow XP5128 ---- -------- ---- 6390 -- -- -- --

AL Farmers Coop AFC401 ---- ---- ---- ---- 6390 --- -- --- ----
AL Farmers Coop AFC402 -- -- 3290 6870 5080 --- -- ---
AL Farmers Coop FFR321DR --- 5120 2750 3780 6680 5230 4390 4580 ---
AL Farmers Coop AFC861 --- 4360 2900 4070 6870 5470 3650 3820
Big Crop Seed Optima --- --- --6900 --- -- ---

Big Crop Seed Ole' ------6780 -
Big Crop Seed Maxima ------ ---- --7740 ---- ---- -- ----
Agra Tech GK802G 3870 4580 2900 3580 6970 5280 4480 4510 4380
Agra Tech 805WG -- -- ---- -- 6680 -- -- -- ---
Agra Tech GK712G --- 5040 2900 3190 6290 4740 4130 4360 ---

Conlee ExP421CG --- -- --- --'7940------- --
Conlee Wrangler -4580 2530 3390 8710 6050 4880 4800 --
Conlee Rustler 5040 3210 3780 7360 5570 4780 4850 ---
Conlee Tophand II 4840 4810 2680 3870 5810 4840 4120 4290 4400
Cargill 630 -- -- --- -- 5900 ---

Cargill 6670 -- 4380 1990 3580 7550 5560 4370 4380 --
Cargill 5572 --- 4130 3130 3200 7450 5320 4590 4480 ---
Cargill 4462 -- 4280 2600 3290 6580 4940 4160 4190 --
Carg&il 1022 .. ----- 2680 2810 6000 4400 3830 --
Cargill R1090 --- --- 2140 3480 7450 5460 4360

Cargill R109A --- -- 4160 6780 5470 --
Cargill 847 --- ---- 7840 --- ----
Cargill X15277 -- --- --6780 ---
Cargill DR1125 --- --- 1990 3780 7070 5430 4280 --
D&PL Funks G-1711 3730 4740 2980 4460 8910 6680 5450 5270 4960

D&PL Funks G-522DR --- ---- 3780 6490 5140 --- ---
D&PL Funks RA787 --- 4460 2830 3480 7450 5460 4590 4560
D&PL Funks HW7380 --- --- 3130 3680 5900 4790 4240 -
DeKalb -X-867- 6780 ---- ---- --- ---
DeKalb X-980 6870 ----

DeKalb X-967 --- -- --- --- 7070 --- -- ---
DeKalb X-866 -- -- -- 8620 ----
DeKalb DK-37 -- -- 5900 --- ---
DeKalb DK-60 ----- 6200- -
DeKalb DK-64 329 443Q 3290 4060 6870 5460 4740 4660 4510

Continued ---
10 -






Page 2 of 2

Table 8. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988,-1989, and Average
Yield AREC, Jay (Continued)


Yield Lbs/Acre
1988- 1987- 1986- 1985-


Brand
DeKalb


Warner
Warner
Warner
Warner


performer
performer
performer
performer


Hybrid
M-565
W-844-E
W-632-W
W-917-E
W-876-DR

GSC1299
HSC Cherokee
HSC Wings
1225DR
1330DR


606E
477W
505
8333

Mean


1985 1986 1987 1988
'4310 4200 2600 3480


3680


4740


---- --- ---- ----- 7070 ---

1786 781 480 1210 1550 ---
8 16 15 23 14 ---


- 11 -


George
George
George
George


Gro Agri
Helena H
Helena H
Helena H
Helena H

Jacques
Jacques
Jacques
Pioneer


1989
6780
7740
6970
7450
7840

6780
7940
8030
7360
7940

7940
6490
6200
6390


1989
Ave.
5130






5080
6100
5900
5180
5760

6050

4700
4980


1989
Ave.
4290






4430






5030

4100
4240


1989
Ave.
4260


4360


3130






2980

2900
2750


1989
Ave.
4270


4230


3390
4260
3780
3000
3580

4160

3190
3580


LSD05
CV%





Page 1 of 2


Table 9. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1989

Agricultural Research and Education Center
Marianna, Florida

EARLY PLANTING


Brand


Asgrow
Conlee
George Warner
D&PL Funks
Al Farmers Coop


Hybrid
Chaparral
Wrangler
W-876-DR
G-1711
AFC 861


Days
mid-
bloom
60
64
62
64
62


Heigh tI
54
63
41
53
53


Disease2/
7.2
4.8
5.3
3.7
4.5


Lodging/
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0


Helena Hyperformer
George Warner
McCurdy
Cargill
Cargill

Conlee
Helena Hyperformer
Conlee
Northrup King
DeKalb

Conlee
Northrup King
Helena Hyperformer
DeKalb
DeKalb

Al Farmers Coop
Agra Tech
Gro Agri
D&PL Funks
Conlee


AREC
DeKalb
Conlee
Cargill
George Warner

Big Crop Seed
Jacques
DeKalb
Al Farmers Coop
DeKalb

George Warner
DeKalb
Jacques
Cargill
Agra Tech

Continued ---


HSC Cherokee
W-917-E
M-57YG
X15277
6670

861
1330DR
Exp 471
NK2665
DK-49

FFR 331
Savanna 5
HSC Wings
X-967
DK-64


AFC 402
GK802G
GSC1299
RA787
Rustler


66X54
X-864
Tophand II
5572
W-632-W

Maxima
606E
X-867
FFR 321DR
M-565

W-844-E
DK-60
477W
847
GK712G


Head/
shape
SO
SC
SO
SC
SC


Grainin5
color
R
R
R
R
R


Yield
lbs/A
5763
5726
5672
5649
5617


5.8
3.3
4.5
6.7
3.3

3.3
5.7
6.0
4.0
3.0

6.2
2.7
4.0
4.8
4.0

4.5
7.3
4.2
5.5
4.2

3.8
3.3
6.5
5.5
4.8

4.2
5.5
4.3
7.0
6.2

6.0
4.7
4.5
6.0
5.2


1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

2.0
2.0
1.0
1.0
2.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

2.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0


R
R+
R
R
R

R
R
R
R
R-

R
RBr
R
R
R


SO
0
SO
' SO
0

SC
SO
SC
SO
SO

SC
SC
0
SC
SO


5568
5568
5549
5522
5513

5508
5495
5468
5463
5391

5377
5354
5345
5327
5313

5304
5282
5272
5254
5250

5232
5209
5195
5186
5186

5136
5077
5059
5037
5023

5023
5014
4996
4959
4959


- 12 -








Table 9. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1989. AREC, Marianna -
(Continued)


Page 2 of 2

Early Planting


Brand
Asgrow
Cargill
Helena Hyperformer
Asgrow
Big Crop Seed

DeKalb
Jacques
Cargill
Al Farmers Coop
Asgrow


Cargill
Big Crop Seed
Cargill
D&PL Funks
DeKalb

Agra Tech
Cargill
D&PL Funks
Cargill
DeKalb

DeKalb
Pioneer
Asgrow
Asgrow


Hybrid
Topaz
R1090
1225DR
Osage
Optima


X-866
505
4462
AFC 401
GS-712


630
Ole'
DR1125
G-522DR
X-980

805WG
1022
HW7380
R109A
DK-42Y

DK-37
8333
XP5128
Seneca


Grand Means:


63 54
LSD


5.3 1.1
for Yield (alpha =


5084
.05): 625


--Plant height in inches.
1/Disease rating (primarily Anthracnose): 1 = no disease; 10 = plant dead from disease.
3/Lodging: 5 = all plants down; 1 = all plants erect.
k/Head shape: VO = very open; 0 = open; SO = semi-open; SC = semi-compact; C = compact.
5/Grain color: R = red; BR = brown; RBr = reddish brown; YE = yellow; W = white.


PLANTED:
iOT SIZE:
I: .ED LAYOUT:
.iuTILIZER:
HERBICIDE:
INSECTICIDE:
IRRIGATION:
SOIL:
.VEST:


April 17, 1989.
2-row plots, 20' long and 36" apart.
RCB, 4 reps.
350 #/A of 20-10-20 ppi; 300 #/A of ammonium nitrate, May 23.
Milogard 1.8 a.i., preemerge.
Sevin 80W, 2 #/A, 3 times; Lannate 1 qt/A once.
2 times (1.75"/A, total).
Chipola loamy sand.
July 28, 1989.


- 13 -


Days
mid-
bloom
64
62
63
65
62


Height/
52
49
52
54
55


DiseaseV/
6.7
6.7
7.2
7.2
8.0


Lodging2/
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0


Head/
shape
SO
VO
SO
SC
SO


Grain5/
color
R
R
R
R+
R


R
R
R
WYE
R


4.5
6.3
5.2
4.0
4.2

5.7
7.7
7.8
6.2
4.2

4.5
6.0
4.8
8.0
4.7

6.5
5.3
6.2
8.5


Yield
lbs/A
4914
4900
4891
4832
4823

4823
4819
4814
4810
4782

4778
4764
4755
4705
4696

4692
4669
4610
4606
4524

4474
4442
4220
4211


1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

2.0
1.0
1.0
1.0


R
R
R
R
R

W
R
R
R
YE

R
R
R
R






Page 1 of 2


Table 10. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1989

Agricultural Research and Education Center
Marianna, Florida

LATE PLANTING


Brand
Northrup King
DeKalb
Gro Agri
DeKalb
Conlee


Hybrid
Savanna 5
DK-64
GSC1299
X-866
Rustler


Days
mid-
bloom
54
57
56
63
56


HeightL/
57
50
47
50
46


Disease/
4.3
6.3
6.3
6.0
7.8


Jacques
Jacques
D&PL Funks
Northrup King
DeKalb

Cargill
Agra Tech
Pioneer
Al Farmers Coop
Conlee

DeKalb
Asgrow
McCurdy
Jacques
DeKalb

George Warner
George Warner
Big Crop Seed
Cargill
Al Farmers Coop

Asgrow
Helena Hyperformer
Cargill
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer

Cargill
DeKalb
DeKalb
Al Farmers Coop
Conlee

Asgrow
Conlee
DeKalb
D&PL Funks
Cargill


477W
606E
RA787
NK2665
DK-49

6670
805WG
8333
AFC 401
861

X-867
GS-712
M-57YG
505
X-0864

W-876-DR
W-632-W
Maxima
630
AFC 861


XP5128
SHSC Wings
1022
HSC Cherokee
S1330DR

,4462
DK-42Y
X-980
AFC 402
Tophand II

Chaparral
FFR 331
DK-37
G-1711
R1090


Continued ---


Lodging./
1.7
2.2
1.7
1.3
2.3


Head/
shape
C
SO
SO
SO
SO


Grain5/
color
RBr
R
R
R
R


Yield
Ibs/A
3299
2958
2895
2800
2682


53
56
59
56
59


W
R
R
R
R

R
W
R
WYE
R

R
R
R
R
R

R
W
R
R
R


7.7
8.8
8.2
7.2
5.8

7.5
7.8
8.7
8.0
7.3

4.2
6.7
8.0
9.2
4.8

8.3
8.2
7.7
9.0
8.0

9.0
8.2
9.0
9.0
9.0

8.8
7.5
6.0
8.7
9.2

9.3
9.0
9.3
7.5
9.5


1.5
2.5
2.0
1.7
2.2

2.0
1.5
2.0
1.3
2.2

1.0
1.8
2.3
1.8
1.0

2.7
1.5
2.2
2.2
2.3

2.2:
2.5
2.3
2.6
3.3

2.0
1.5
1.0
2.3
2.2

1.7
3.0
1.5
2.2
3.8


2677
2668
2636
2568
2514

2509
2487
2482
2478
2423

2378
2369
2360
2355
2355

2350
2332
2296
2282
2260

-2246
2237
2232
2155
2128

2083
2069
2069
2042
2019

2006
2001
1992
1919
1910


- 14 -


------








Table 10. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1989. AREC, Marianna
(Continued)


Page 2 of 2

- Late Planting


Brand


Conlee
Cargill
Agra Tech
Agra Tech
D&PL-Funks


Hybrid
Wrangler
X15277
GK712G
GK802G
G-522DR


Days
mid-
bloom Heightl/
55 49
59 46
52 39
55 40
55 42


DeKalb
Asgrow
George Warner
Cargill
Big Crop Seed

Cargill
Cargill
George Warner
D&PL Funks
DeKalb


Asgrow
Helena Hyperformer
Al Farmers Coop
Cargill
AREC

Conlee
Asgrow
Big Crop Seed
DeKalb


M-565
Topaz
W-917-E
5572
Ole'

847
R109A
W-844-E
HW7380
X-967

Seneca
1225DR
FFR 321DR
DR1125
66X54

Exp 471
Osage
Optima
DK-60


Grand Means:


56 44


LSD for Yield (alpha = .05)


1IPlant height in inches.
2'Disease rating (primarily Anthracnose): 1
31Lodging: 5 = all plants down; 1 = all pla
4Head shape: VO = very open; 0 = open; SO
5/Grain color: R = red; Br = brown; RBr = r


PLANTED:
PLOT SIZE:
fELD LAYOUT:
FERTILIZER:
HERBICIDE:
INSECTICIDE:

IRRIGATION:
SOIL:
HARVEST:


607


= no disease; 10 = plant dead from disease.
nts erect.
= semi-open; SC = semi-compact; C = compact.
eddish brown; YE = yellow;. W = white.


July 26, 1989.
2-row plots, 20' long and 36" apart.
'RCB, 4 reps.
400 #/A 13-13-13, August 4; 300 #/A ammonium nitrate, August 21.
Gramoxone, 12 oz/A and Dual, 1 pt/A, ppi, September 15.
Lorsban 15G, 8 #/A, August 2; Orthene, 1-1/3 #/A, August 10; Dipel,
1 qt/A, August 21.
4 times (3.75"/A, total); missed one critical irrigation at heading.
Chipola loamy sand.
November 13 and 14, 1989.


- 15 -


Disease!2/
9.5
8.8
8.8
9.2
9.5


Lodging-/
3.5
2.0
2.0
2.2
2.5


Headl4/
shape
SO
SO
SO
SO
SO


Grain5/
color
R
R
R
R
R


Yield
Ibs/A
1860
1856
1838
1829
1815


55
55
57
55
54

58
51
56
55
68


9.3
9.2
8.7
9.3
9.2

9.3
9.7
9.3
7.7
6.5

9.3
9.7
9.3
9.2
9.2

9.2
9.5
9.2
5.7


2.2
2.0
1.5
2.5
1.8

1.7
2.7
1.8
1.5
1.0

1.5
2.2
2.7
1.7
3.2

2.3
1.5
2.0
1.2


1788
1788
1756
1752
1693

1670
1665
1643
1624
1620

1525
1511
1475
1461
1416

1230
1225
1221
1157

2077


R
R
R
R
R

R
R+
R
R


_


Brand








Agricultural Research and Education Center, Marianna.


1989 Precipitation


April May June
1.26
1.94


0.87
0.28


0.03
0.19 0.30
0.40
0.92
4.81


Month
July August September October November
0.70 0.23 2.02
2.57 0.03 0.01


0.15


1.27
0.74
1.29
0.12
0.05


0.10
0.60


Day
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31


0.42




0.03 0.28
0.97
0.06

0.90
0.01


1.40


0.09
0.05
0.01 3.16


2.81


2.69
1.98


0.95
0.09
0.60
0.04


0.02
0.07


0.40


1.34


0.23
0.90


1.51
0.50
0.27


1.01


0.38


0.10 0.33


2.16
0.07


0.02
0.31
0.32


0.01


0.46


0.01

0.52
0.53
0.01
0.27
0.01


0.06
T
0.39


Monthly Total 3.63


7.01 12.90 11.19


3.06


3.36


7.20 4.71


- 16 -


0.87 0.05
1.16 1.35


Table 11.





Page 1 of 2

Table 12. Average Yields for'Grain Sorghum Cultivar Tests 1987, 1988, and 1989 -
EARLY PLANTING.


Agricultural


Research and Education Center
Marianna, Florida


Brand
Conlee
Conlee
*Northrup King
DeKalb
McCurdy

Gro Agri
DeKalb
D&PL Funks
Asgrow
Conlee

Conlee
Cargill
Northrup King
Agra Tech
Cargill


Conlee
Asgrow
Cargill
D&PL Funks
Asgrow

Cargill
Pioneer
Cargill
Cargill

Helena Hyperformer
Gro Agri
Gro Agri
Gro Agri
Pennington
Gro Agri
D&PL Funks

Al Farmers Coop

DeKalb
Helena Hyperformer
D&PL Funks
DeKalb
Helena Hyperformer

Asgrow
DeKalb
D&PL Funks
Helena Hyperformer
Agra Tech


Hybrid
TFFR 331
Wrangler
Savanna 5
DK-49
M-57-YG

GSC1299
DK-64
G-1711
Chaparral
Rustler

861
6670
NK2665
GK802G
5572


Tophand II
GS-712
DR1125
HW7380
Topaz

R1090
8333
4462
1022

1330DR
GSC1295
GSA1290
GSC1313
Penngrain DR
GSA1180
G-1602

FFR 321DR

X-864
HSC Wings
RA787
X-867
HSC Cherokee

Osage
M-565
G-522DR
1225DR
GK712G


Continued ---


Yield in
1988
6100
5630
5700
5310
5410

5790
5610
5490
5420
5210

5080
4910
4950
5270
5460


1987
4890
4830
5090
5440
5030

4870
4940
4700
4560
5040

4690
4840
4820
4610
4500

4290
4147
4300
4420
4370

4243
4200
3700
3450

5130
4860
4320
4250
4450
3780
3410

4535


5240
5600
5370
5270
4910

4920
5150
5060
4520

6170
4900
5200
5130
4910
4340
4670


lbs/acre
1989
5377
5726
5354
5391
5549

5272
5313
5649
5763
5250

5508
5513
5463
5282
5186


5195
4782
4755
4610
4914

4900
4442
4814
4669


5037

5209
5345
5254
5059
5568

4832
5023
4705
4891
4959


Avg.
5456
5395
5381
5380
5330

5311
5288
5280
5248
5167

5093
5088
5078
5054
5049


. 4908
4843
4808
4767
4731

4688
4597
4525
4213

5650
4880
4760
4690
4680
4060
4040


4786

5640
5393
5362
5265
5244

5101
5087
4993
4901
4785


6070
5440
5470
5470
4920"

5370
5150
5280
4910
4610


- 17 -





Page 2 of 2

Table 12. Average Yields for Grain Sorghum Cultivar Tests 1987, 1988, and 1989 -
EARLY PLANTING (Continued)

Yield in lbs/acre
Brand Hybrid 1987 1988 1989 Avg.
Cargill R109A 4670 4606 4638
DeKalb DK-42Y 4570 4524 4547
DeKalb DK-37 4440 4474 4457


- 18 -






Page 1 of 2

Table 13. Average Yields for Grain Sorghum Cultivar Tests 1987, 1988, and 1989 -
LATE PLANTING.


Agricultural


Research and Education Center
Marianna, Florida


Brand
Northrup King
Conlee
'Gro Agri
Conlee
DeKalb

DeKalb
D&PL Funks
Cargill
McCurdy
Conlee

Pioneer
Conlee
Northrup King
Cargill
Cargill

Cargill
Asgrow
D&PL Funks
Agra Tech
Agra Tech


Conlee
Cargill
Cargill
Asgrow


Helena Hyperformer
Gro Agri
Gro Agri
Pennington
Gro Agri
Gro Agri
D&PL Funks

Al Farmers Coop

Helena Hyperformer
Asgrow
DeKalb
D&PL Funks
DeKalb

,DeKalb
DeKalb
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer
DeKalb


Hybrid
Savanna 5
Rustler
GSC 1299
FFR 331
DK-49

DK-64
G-1711
6670
M-57-YG
861

8333
Wrangler
NK2665
1022
R1090

4462
Chaparral
HW7380
GK802G
GK712G


Tophand II
DR1125
5572
Topaz

1330DR
GSA1290
GSA1180
Penngrain DR
GSC1295
GSC1313
G1602

FFR 321DR

HSC Wings
GS-712
X-867
RA-787
X-864

DK-37
DK-42Y
HSC Cherokee
HSC 1225DR
M-565


Continued ---


1987
5037
5259
5136
4860
4338

4556
4941
4474
4438
4864

4238
4764
3843
4084
3929


Yield in
1988
5150
4011
3789
4406
4102

3362
4016
3807
3852
3321

3734
3598
3703
3331
3521

3403
2636
3668
3076
3090


2527
2886
2432
2350

4397
2859
2890
2813
2704
2024
1883


lbs/acre
1989
3299
2682
2895
2001
2514

2958
1919
2509
2360
2423

2482
1860
2568
2232
1910

2083
2006
1624
1829
1838


2019
1461
1752
1788


1475

2237
2369
2378
2636
2355

1992
2069
2155
1511
1788


3739
4551
3657
3371
3235

3249
3294
3385
3335

4778
4433
3644
3471
3013
2958
1919

3539


Avg.
4495
3984
3940
3756
3651

3625
3625
3597
3550
3536

3485
3407
3371
3216
3120

3075
3064
2983
2759
2721


2598
2547
2523
2491

4588
3646
3267
3142
2859
2491
1901

2507

3453
3311
3131
3097
3027

2750
2502
2248
2228
2215


4669
4252
3884
3557
3698

3507
2934
2341
2945
2641


- 19 -





Page 2 of 2

Table 13. Average Yields for Grain Sorghum Cultivar Tests 1987, 1988, and 1989 -
LATE PLANTING (Continued)

Yield in lbs/acre
Brand Hybrid 1987 1988 1989 Avg.
Cargill R109A 2704 1665 2185
Helena Hyperformer G-522DR 2400 1815 2108
Asgrow Osage 1407 1225 1316


- 20 -




Page 1 of 2


Table 14. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1989

Agricultural Research and Education Centers
Jay and Marianna, Florida


Brand
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow

Al Farmers Coop
Al Farmers Coop
Al Farmers Coop
Al Farmers Coop
Big Crop Seed

Big Crop Seed
Big Crop Seed
Agra Tech
Agra Tech
Agra Tech

Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Cargill

Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill


Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
D&PL Funks

D&PL Funks
D&PL Funks
D&PL Funks
DeKalb
DeKalb

DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb


Hybrid
GS-712
Osage
Seneca
Topaz
XP5128

AFC401
AFC402
FFR321DR
AFC861
Optima

Qle'
Maxima
GK802G
805WG
GK712G

Exp421CG
Wrangler
Rustler
Tophand II
630

6670
5572
4462
1022
R1090


R109A
847
X15277
DR1125
G-1711

G-522DR
RA787-
HW7380
X-867
X-980

X-967
X-866
DK-37
DK-60
DK-64


Yield lbs/A
Jay Marianna Ave.
7840 4782 6311
6490 4832 5661
6100 4211 5155
8030 4914 6472
6390 4220 5305


6390
6870
6680
6870
6900

6780
7740
6970
6680
6290

7940
8710
7360
5810
5900

7550
7450
6580
6000
7450

6780
7840
6780
7070
8910

6490
7450
5900
6780
6870

7070.
8620
5900
6200
6870


4810
5304
5037
5617
4823

4764
5136
5282
4692
4959

5468
5726
5250
5195
4778

5508
5186
4814
4669
4900

4606
4959
5522
4755
5649

4705
5254
4610
5059
4696

5327
4823
4474
5014
5313


5600
6087
5858
6244
5862

5772
6438
6126
5686
5624

6704
7218
6305
5502
5339

6529
6318
5697
5334
6175


5693
6400
6151
5912
7280

5598
6352
5255
5920
5783

6198
6722
5187
5607
6092


Continued ---


- 21 -






Page 2 of 2


Table 14. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1989-
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Jay and Marianna, FL (Continued) IIII 111111 III liii

3 1262 07468 371 4
Yield lbs/A


Gro Agri
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer
Helena Hyperformer


Hybrid
M-565
W-844-E
W-632-W
W-917-E
W-876-DR


GSC1299
HSC Cherokee
HSC Wings
1225DR
1330DR


606E
477W
505
8333


Jay
6780
7740
6970
7450
7840

6780
7940
8030
7360
7940

7940
6490
6200
6390


Marianna Ave.
5023 5902
5023 6382
5186 6078
5568 6509
5672 6756


5272
5568
5345
4891
5495

5077
4996
4819
4442


Mean 7070 5'
LSD05 1550
CV% 14

Data from Jay compiled by H. A. Peacock.
Data from Marianna compiled by D. W. Gorbet.


084
625


6026
6754
6688
6126
6718

6508
5743
5510
5416

6077


- 22 -


Brand


DeKalb
George
George
George
George


Warner
Warner
Warner
Warner


Jacques
Jacques
Jacques
Pioneer


--


1




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