Group Title: AREC research report - Jay Agricultural Research and Education Center ; WF88-2
Title: Variety trials of summer annual grasses, sorghum and corn for silage, grain sorghum, red and white clovers, alyceclover, hairy indigo, and bermudagrass
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 Material Information
Title: Variety trials of summer annual grasses, sorghum and corn for silage, grain sorghum, red and white clovers, alyceclover, hairy indigo, and bermudagrass
Series Title: Jay, AREC research report
Physical Description: 24 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Dunavin, Leonard Sypret, 1930-
Peacock, H. A ( Hugh Anthony ), 1928-
Gorbet, Daniel W ( Daniel Wayne ), 1942-
Agricultural Research and Education Center, Jay
Publisher: Agricultural Research and Education Center
Place of Publication: Jay Fla
Publication Date: [1988]
 Subjects
Subject: Grasses -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Forage plants -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: L.S. Dunavin, H.A. Peacock, and D.W. Gorbet.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "January, 1988."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00053588
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 62299399

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---7



_7 Z Agricultural Research and Education Center
Jay, Florida 32565-9524

Jay, AREC Research Report WF88-2 January, 1988

Variety Trials of Summer Annual Grasses, Sorghum and Corn-for Silage.-Grain, -.
Sorghum, Red and White Clovers, Alyceclover, Hairy Indigo, and Bermudagrass.

L. S. Dunavin, H. A. Peacock, and D. W. Gorbet1

Summer Annual Grasses:
There were four millets and sixteen sorghum X sudangrass hybrids in the
summer annual grass trial in 1987. The trial was planted on April 6, 1987.
Millet was seeded at 10 pounds per acre and sorghum X sudangrass at 20 pounds per
acre. Rows were spaced three feet apart. Conversion factors are given in Table 1
for the use of those who would like to convert to metric units. The trial was
located on an Orangeburg sandy loam soil (Typic Paleudult). An application of 275
pounds per acre of 8-24-24 fertilizer was applied and disked into the soil on
March 13, 1987. Ammonium nitrate was applied at 200 pounds per acre on May 12
and at 100 pounds per acre on June 10, July 14, and August 10. The weather was
relatively wet in 1987, and climatological data are presented in Table 2. Harvests
were made on June 9, July 10, August 10, and October 2. Data for yield, height,
disease, and maturity are presented in Tables 3, 4, and 5.

Sorghum and Corn for Silage:
Ten forage sorghums and two corns were included in the silage trial in
1987. The trial was planted on April 6, 1987. Sorghum was seeded at ten pounds
per acre and corn was planted at 40 grains per 16-foot row and later thinned to
22 plants per row. Rows were on a 3-foot spacing. An application of 275 pounds
per acre of 8-24-24 fertilizer was applied and disked into the soil on March 13,
1987. Ammonium nitrate was applied at 200 pounds per acre on May 12, 1987 and
again following the first harvest of each variety. The soil was an Orangeburg
sandy loam (Typic Paleudult). The first harvest began on July 13 and continued
through August 6 as varieties became ready. The second or ratoon harvest occurred
on October 6 for two varieties, and the rest were all harvested on November 12
following a low temperaturecof 310 F with some frost on the preceding night.
Data on yield, lodging, height, and disease are presented in Tables 6, 7, and 8.

Red and White Clovers:
Two red clovers and Osceola white clover were included in a trial also
containing Flame crimson clover and Bigbee bersqem clover. These were seeded on
November 3, 1986 using two sources (Florida and Oregon) of seed for the experi-
mental red clover, Cycle 5. Red clover was seeded at 10 pounds per acre, crimson
and berseem at 20 pounds, and white clover at 6 pounds. All seed were inoculated
with commercial inoculants. The soil was a Dothan fine sandy loam (Plinthic
Paleudult). An application of 300 pounds per acre of 0-30-15 fertilizer was
disked into the soil prior to planting. Following planting the soil was culti-
packed. Harvests were made on April 6, May 21, July 14, and September 30. Of
course the cool-season clovers were not expected to produce during the summer.
The red clovers did not produce in September and were apparently lost during the
relatively wet summer. Data are presented in Table 9. A portion of this data was
previously presented in Jay, AREC Research Report WF87-4, Cool-Season Forage
Trials, 1986-87.

1Associate Professor of Agronomy, Professor and Center Director, AREC, Jay,
respectively, and Professor, AREC, Marianna.


- 1 -









Alyceclover and Hairy Indigo:
Seven alyceclovers and three hairy indigos were included in the 1987 trial.
The trial was planted on July 13, 1987 at a seeding rate of 15 pounds per acre.
Prior to planting, an application of 300 pounds per acre of 0-30-15 fertilizer
was disked into the soil which was an Orangeburg sandy loam (Typic Paleudult).
The single harvest was made on September 30, and data are presented in Table 10.

Bermudagrass:
Five of the six entries in this trial were set in the late summer of 1986.
The "second treatment" of the experimental bermudagrass was set on March 25, 1987.
The trial was located on a Red Bay sandy loam soil (Rhodic Paleudult). Applications
of 300 pounds per acre of 8-24-24 fertilizer were made on March 25 and August 27,
1987. Ammonium nitrate was applied at 200 pounds per acre on May 28, June 26,
August 4, and August 27, 1987. Harvests were made on May 27, June 25, July 30,
August 27, and September 30. Yield data are presented in Table 11 and indicate
that the experimental bermudagrass shows considerable potential.

Grain Sorghum Jay:
Cultivars of 76 grain sorghums were tested in a single replicated trial in
1987 on a Red Bay sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult) to determine yield, height, heading
date, lodging, and disease reaction. All cultivars were planted April 16 at a seed-
ing rate of 12 seed per foot of row [8 to 12 lbs seed/A (8.9 to 13.4 kg/ha)
depending on seed size] in rows 3-foot (0.9 m) apart. A preplant application of
500 lbs/A (560 kg/ha) of 8-24-24 was disked into the soil and 200 Ibs/A (224 kg/ha)
ammonium nitrate was applied as a top dressing. A preemergence application of
1 lb of atrazine and 4 lbs of propachlor per acre (1.12 and 4,5 kg/ha, respectively)
controlled weedy grasses on broadleaves except nutsedge and morningglory. Soil
insect control consisted of 20 Ibs/A (22.4 kg/ha) Furadan applied in a band 6
inches (15.24 cm) deep under the row before planting. Grain was harvested August
27 and dried to 12% moisture before weighing.

Yields were poor for all cultivars because of some preharvest seed sprouting
and other undertermined causes. The season was extremely wet with 39.0 inches
(99.06 cm) of rainfall from April 1 through August 27..The 39-year average for
AREC, Jay is 30.79 inches (78.21 cm) for the same time period. Leaf diseases were
evident (primarily anthracnose, Colletotrichum graminicola) but were not severe
enough for differential variety reaction. Data on yield and other agronomic
characteristics are presented in Table 12. The highest yielding hybrid in the test
was Northrup King Savanna 5 with 4130 lbs/A (4630 kg/ha) followed by Gro Agri
GSA-1180 with 3740 lbs/A (4190 kg/ha) and McCurdy 84-74 with 3670 lbs/A (4110
kg/ha). Yields were at least 2000 lbs/A (2240 kg/ha) less than usual. Two-,
three-, four-, and five-year average yields of hybrids grown at AREC, Jay are
presented in Table 13. The highest yielding hybrid averaged over five years was
McCurdy M-57YG. The highest yielding hybrid averaged over four years was McCurdy
M-57YG. The highest yielding hybrid averaged over three years was Northrup King
Savanna 5. The highest yielding hybrid averaged over two years was Conlee4Rustler.

Grain Sorghum Marianna:
Two plantings of commercial grain sorghum hybrids were made at the AREC,
Marianna in 1987. The early planting was on April 13 and the late planting on July
22. Both plantings were irrigated. Each test had 57-entries. Fertilizer for the
early-planted trial included 350 pounds per acre of 20-10-18 fertilizer plus
minors pre-plant incorporated, 300 pounds per acre of 13-13-13 fertilizer applied
on May 15 and 200 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate on May 26. Fertilizer for
the late-planted trial included 350 pounds per acre of 13-13-13 fertilizer at


-2-


r
I









planting and 200 pounds per acre of ammonium nitrate on August 24. Yield and
other data from the April and July trials are presented in Tables 14 and 15,
respectively. Average yields for grain sorghum cultivar tests 1985, 1986, 1987
from April planting dates are presented in Table 16. The rainfall data for
Marianna for the 1987 season are presented in Table 17.

The highest yielding hybrid from the early planting was DeKalb DK49. The
highest yielding hybrid from the late planting was Jacques 707. The highest
yielding hybrid averaged over the three years was Young ORO T XTRA. The highest
yielding hybrid averaged over two years was Jacques 707.


- 3 -









Table 1. Conversion factors from English to metric units.


English Unit


Factor


Metric Unit


pounds per acre

pounds per acre

tons (English)

tons (English) per acre

inches

yards

miles

acres

o Fahrenheit


multiply

multiply

multiply

multiply

multiply

multiply

multiply

multiply

0.556 (o


by 1.12

by 0.00112

by 0.9072

by 2.24

by 2.54

by 0.914

by 1.609

by 0.405

F-32)


kilograms per hectare

metric tons per hectare

tons (metric)

tons (metric) per hectare

centimeters

meters

kilometers

hectares

o Celsius


Table 2. Climatological data for the Agricultural Research and Education Center, Jay, 1987.

Precipitation Temperature

inches OF Solar Radiation

Month 1987 39-year Av. Avg. Max. Avg. Min. Watts per square metert

January 6.25 4.9.6 58.6 35.7 72,855

February 8.07 5.21 62.3 42.1 71,285

March 5.90 6.10 70.6 46.4 118,031

April 0.51 4.81 76.6 48.0 176,932

May 5.56 4.38 84.9 63.6 144,028

June 10.12 7.08 88.6 68.5 149,810

July 12.04 7.92 91.5 70.3 159,656+

August 10.77 6.60 91.9 71.8 122,749+

September 3.20 6.13 87.2 64.6 131,013

October 1.09 3.42 77.1 44.1 150,382

November 6.65 3.83 71.3 45.3 79,992+

December 2.47 5.35 65.7 43.7 74,944

Total or Avg. 72.63 65.79 77.2 53.7 1,451,677

tThe solar radiometer was out of operation during 12 days in 1987.

4 -




Table 3. Summer annual grass variety trial, AREC, Jay. 1987,

Yield of dry forage


Pounds per acret


Entry

Gahi-3

Hygrazer

Grazer N-2

GSA 1757

HiGrazer

Tastemaker DR

GK 600

3-Mil-X

Dine-a-mite

Sooner Sweet

357

11A

Sucro Sorgo 405

AFC 1001

X-405

Super Sweet 10

Graze-N-Bale

X-756

X-5531

X-732

LSD (t .05)


(M) t

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(M)

(M)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(M)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)

(SXS)


Brand

Ga. A.E.S.

Agra Tech

Asgrow

Gro Agri

Ala. Farm. Coop.

Helena

Agra Tech

Conlee

Conlee

Triumph

Sunbelt

Gro Agri

Northrup-King

Ala. Farm. Coop.

DeKalb

Triumph

Helena

DeKalb

DeKalb

DeKalb


t(M) indicates a millet; (SXS) indicates a sorghum X sudangrass hybrid.

*Pounds per acre X 1.12 = kilograms per hectare.

PLANTED: April 6, 1987.

SOIL: Orangeburg sandy loam (Typic Paleudult)

FERTILIZER: 275 lb./acre of 8-24-24 on 13 Mar. 87; 200 lb./acre of ammonium

nitrate on 12 May 87 and 100 lb./acre on 10 June, 14 July, and
10 August 87. 5 -


4


9 June

2840

3700

4160

4150

2840

2360

3470

2840

3140

2860

2230

2280

4470

2460

2850

2370

2510

1860

1200

1130

1810


10 July

3250

2520

2730

2960

2150

2790

2500

2420

2610

2800

2890

1870

2400

2630

1620

2430

2520

1550

1440

1270

1020


10 Aug.

3080

2990

3060

2700

2750

3080

2460

2720

2610

2020

2480

2060

1030

1790

1740

1610

1180

1060

1500

600

1140


2 Oct.

4110

3230

2210

2060

3600

2630

2320

2600

2120

2130

1720

2600

490

1350

1570

760

530

1560

1760

1150

1130


Total

13,280

12,440

12,160

11,870

11,340

10,860

10,750

10,580

10,480

9,810

9,320

8,810

8,390

8,230

7,780

7,170

6,740

6,030

5,900

4,150

4.110


T -- w









Table 4. Height and disease of summer annual

Height

inches


Entry 9 June 10 J

X-756 34

X-405 43

X-732 34

X-5531 33

AFC 1001 65 6

HiGrazer 59

11A 53

GSA 1757 69

Hygrazer 67

GK 600 52

Grazer N-2 65

Super Sweet 10 59

Sooner Sweet 59

Sucro Sorgo 405 68

3-Mil-X 48

Graze-N-Bale 57

Tastemaker DR 55

Dine-a-mite 61

357 57

Gahi-3 57

inches X 2.54 = centimeters.


ruly

36

5

4

3

31

61

61

65

63

53

59

59

59

59

56

53

59

62

62

67


grasses, AREC, Jay. 1987.

Disease

0 = none; 10 = total coverage


10 Aug. 2 Oct. 10 Aug.


2 Oct.


-6-










Table 5. Maturity


of summer annual grasses at harvest, AREC,

Maturity


Jay. 1987.


Entry

X-756

X-405

X-732

X-5531

AFC 1001

HiGrazer

11A

GSA 1757

Hygrazer

GK 600

Grazer N-2

Super Sweet 10

Sooner Sweet

Sucro Sorgo 405

3-Mil-X

Graze-N-Bale

Tastemaker DR

Dine-a-mite

357

Gahi-3


9 June

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Anthesis

Boot

Boot

Boot

Anthesis

Anthesis

Boot

Boot

Anthesis

Vegetative

Boot

Anthesis

Boot

Anthesis

Boot

Boot


10 July

Anthesis

Boot

Boot

Anthesis

Anthesis

Boot

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Anthesis

Vegetative

Boot

Vegetative

Vegetative

Anthesis

Boot

Vegetative

Boot

Boot

Boot


10 Aug.

Anthesis

Boot

Anthesis

Anthesis

Anthesis

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Anthesis

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Anthesis

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Vegetative

Boot


2 Oct.

Anthesis

Anthesis

Anthesis

Anthesis

Anthesis

Boot +

Boot +

Boot +

Anthesis

Anthesis

Anthesis

Boot

Anthesis

Vegetative

Anthesis

Boot

Anthesis

Anthesis

Anthesis

Anthesis +


- 7-


Boot Anthesis +









Table 6. Silage variety trial. AREC, Jay. 1987.

Season Total Yields

Pounds Per Acret

Entry Brand Total Dry Matter Dry Grain

FS-25E forage sorghum DeKalb 23,120 4900

86S forage sorghum Agra Tech 21,970 5110

Super Sile 20 forage sorghum Triumph 20,780 4260

555 forage sorghum Sunbelt 19,220 4350

347 forage sorghum Ala. Farm. Coop. 18,400 3830

Cow Vittles II forage sorghum Conlee 18,100 3290

GSA 1586 forage sorghum Gro Agri 17,430 2500

FS-5 forage sorghum DeKalb 14,230 3220

Pay Day forage sorghum Conlee 11,080 3690

Pik Nik forage sorghum Conlee 9,440 1580

8150 corn McCurdy 9,430 4240

3389 corn Pioneer 8,520 4090

LSD (t .05) ---- ------- 6,820 ---

tMultiply pounds per acre by 1.12 to obtain kilograms per hectare.

PLANTED: April 6, 1987.

FERTILIZER: 275 pounds per acre of 8-24-24 on 13 Mar. 87; 200 pounds per

acre of ammonium nitrate on 12 May 87 and again following the

first harvest of each variety.

SOIL: Orangeburg sandy loam (Typic Paleudult).


- 8 -









Table 7. Silage variety trial. AREC, Jay. 1987


First Har-

Pounds per a

Total Dry


Entry

FS-25E

86S

Super Sile 20

555

347

Cow Vittles II

GSA 1586

FS-5

Pay Day

Pik Nik

8150

3389

LSD (t .05)


forage

forage

forage

forage

forage

forage

forage

forage

forage

forage

corn

corn


sorghum

sorghum

sorghum

sorghum

sorghum

sorghum

sorghum

sorghum

sorghum

sorghum


Matter

12,420

13,500

14,910

12,560

12,560

11,490

12,510

8,260

6,390

7,430

9,430

8,520

5.090


C

I

I

I







I







J

I


rest Ratoon Harvest

icret Pounds per acret

Dry Total Dry Dry

?rain Matter Grain

4470 10,700 430

4860 8,470 250

4030 5,870 230

4020 6,660 330

3770 5,840 60

3220 6,610 70

2500 4,920 0

2560 5,970 660

3130 4,690 560

L560 2,010 20

2A0 --


4090


2.860


tPounds per acre X 1.12 = kilograms per hectare.


-9-









Table 8. Agronomic characteristics of silage varieties, AREC, Jay. 1987.


First Harvest


Ratoon Harvest


Entry

3389

8150

555

347

FS-25E

FS-5

GSA 1586

Pik Nik

Pay Day

Super Sile 20

Cow Vittles II

86S


Lodged Date Height Disease

(%) Harvested inches (0-10)t

1 20 July 74 2

0 20 July 87 1

1 28 July 91 4

42 3 Aug. 90 4

0 28 July 86 3

1 13 July 84 6

33 6 Aug. 99 4

0 24 July 72 7

0 13 July 55 3

42 2 Aug. 97 4

58 2 Aug. 95 4

17 28 July 97 4


Lodged Date Height

(%) Harvested inches


Disease

(0-10)+


12 Nov. 83 4

12 Nov. 81 3

12 Nov. 89 3

6 Oct. 88 8

12 Nov. 72 3

12 Nov. 55 5

6 Oct. 58 6

12 Nov. 81 4

12 Nov. 79 3

12 Nov. 92 3


tO = no disease;


10 = complete coverage.


- 10 -


...... q









Table 9. Red Clover and Other Clovers, AREC, Jay, 1986-87.

Dry Matter

6 Apr. 87 21 May 87 14 July 87 30 Sept. 87 Total

Entry Pounds Per Acre

Cycle 5 Red (Fla. seed) 4160 3690 2890 0 10,740

Cycle 5 Red (Oregon seed) 4600 3470 2540 0 10,610

pRedmn R3P 1970 3270 2380 0 9.620


Bigbee Berseem

Osceola white

Flame crimson

LSD (t .05)

PLANTED:

SEED RATE/ACRE:



SOIL:

FERTILIZER:


5660 3580 ---

3200 2370 2220

4850 0 ---

1440 870 N.S.

November 3, 1986.

Red Clover, 10 lb.; Crimson and Berseem, 20

clover, 6 lb.

Dothan fine sandy loam (Plinthic Paleudult).

300 lb./acre 0-30-15 on 3 Nov. 86.


350


9,240

8,140

4,850


lb.; white


- 11 -







Table 10. Alyceclover and hairy indigo, AREC, Jay. 1987.

Dry Matter

Entry Maturity Pounds per acret

FL44 hairy indigo seed pods 11,410

FL3 alyceclover seed pods : 7,850

FL101 hairy indigo few seed pods 6,950

FL24 hairy indigo 10% bloom 6,700

FL7 alyceclover seed pods 6,310

FL4 alyceclover 10% bloom 6,110

FL2 alyceclover seed pods 5,820

FL100 alyceclover seed pods 5,800

FL1 alyceclover seed pods 5,750

FL6 alyceclover seed pods 5,380

LSD (t .05) -------- 1,830

tPounds Per Acre X 1.12 = kilograms per hectare.


PLANTED:

HARVESTED:

SOIL:


July 13, 1987.

September 30, 1987.

Orangeburg sandy loam (Typic Paleudult).


- 12 -









Table 11. Bermudagrass cultivar trial, AREC, Jay. 1987.


Dry


Matter


Entry

Exp. bermudagrass

Tifton 78

Exp. bermudagrass (Tr. #2)t

Cane Patch

Tifton 44

Puerto Rico Stargrass

LSD (t .05)

tSet on March 25, 1987. The


27 May 25 June 30 July 27 Aug. 30 Sept. Total

Pounds Per Acre


1630

1360

170

750

640

130

450


2130

1710

830

1140

800

150

270


5940

4420

3020

2460

2980

990

1000


3510

3890

3520

2850

3040

1170

1220


4130

3380

3720

3140

2130

1840

420


17,340

14,760

11,260

10,340

9,590

4,280

1,810


others were set in the late summer of 1986.


FERTILIZER:





SOIL:

PRECIPITATION:


300 pounds per acre 8-24-24 on 25 March 87 and on 27 August 87;

200 pounds per acre ammonium nitrate on 28 May, 26 June, 4 August,

and 27 August 87.

Red Bay sandy loam (Rhodic Paleudult).

March 5.90"

April 0.51"

May 5..56"

June 10.12"

July 12.04"

August 10.77"

September 3.20"


- 13 -


---









Table 12. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1987

Agricultural Research and Education Center-i
Jay, Florida


Brand
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow

McCurdy
McCurdy
McCurdy
Pioneer
Pioneer


Pioneer
Pioneer
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee

Conlee
.Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee

Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
DeKalb


DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
Agra Tech

Agra Tech
Agra Tech
Northrup King
Northrup King
Northrup King

Continued ---


* Hybrid
Corral
Topaz
Sierra
Double TX
Chaparral

84-74
M-57YG
M-747
8300
8222


8226
8333
Tophand TA
AFC862
AFC863

AFC861
FFR421
FFR331
FFR321
Wrangler

Ranger
Tophand II
Rustler
Rawhide
DK-38

DK-424
M-565
DK-49
DK-64
GK-802G

GK-712G
GK-552G
NK-2665
Savanna 5
2660


--Yield---
lbs/A kg/ha
2060 2310
2290 2560
3820 4280
1990 2230
3440 3850


3670
3290
3290
2370
1990

2680
2750
2750
2750
2830

2900
1830
2440
2750
2520

2600
2680
3210
2680
2440

3440
2600
2750
3290
2900

2900
2680
3440
4130
3520


4110
3680
3680
2650
2230

3000
3080
3080
3080
3170

3250
2050
2730
3080
2820

2910
3000
3600
3000
2730

3850
2910
3080
3680
3250

3250
3000
3850
4630
3940


Height
inches
55
49
48
55
53

50
53
49
47
44


Mid-
bloom
days -
61
66
60
64
67

68
64
64
65
64


Head
type'3
SO
SO
SO
SC
SO

SC
SO
SO
0
0


Lodging4/
3
3
3
4
3

3
3
3
2
3


- 14 -









Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1987. AREC, Jay. (Continued)


---Yield---


Brand
R. C. Young
R. C. Young
R. C. Young
Jacques
Jacques

Jacques
Jacques
Funks
Funks
Funks

Funks
Funks
Funks
Funks
Alabama Farmers Coop


Alabama Farmers
Alabama Farmers
Alabama Farmers
Gro Agri
.Gro Agri

Gro Agri
Gro Agri
Gro Agri
Triumph
Triumph

Triumph
Coker
Coker
Coker
Helena Chemical


Coop
Coop
Coop


Corp


Helena Chemical Corp
Sunbelt
Pennington
Cargill
Cargill


Hybrid
ORO-XTRA
ORO-T-XTRA
ORO-G-XTRA
707
606.

J-71A
505
G-522DR
RA-787
HW-7269


G-1711
HW-6624
G-1602
HW-7380
FFR331

FFR321
FFR752
FFR421
GSA-1180
GSA-1290

GSC-1299
GSC-1295
GSC-1313
Two 70-D
Two 80-D


TR-60G
7675
7737
7638
1330


1226
444
Penngrain DR
DR-1125
6670


lbs/A
3520
2680.
2980
2600
2980

2750
2900
3210
2830
2140

2980
3060
2440
3130
3440


2680
2220
2830
3740
2900

3130
2600
2290
2750
2830

2060
2680
2900
2830
2520

2440
2440
1760
1990
1990


kg/ha
3940
3000
3340
2910
3340

3080
3250
3600
3170
2400


Height
inches
47
60
53
57
50

101
50
50
53
88


Mid-
bloom
days=2
64
66
66
64
64-

81
64
65
69
86


Head
type_3/
SO
SC
SO
SO
SO

0
SO
SO
SO
SO


Lodging7!
3
4
3
4
4

2
2
3
3
2


3340
3430
2730
3510
3850

3000
2490
3170
4190
3250

3510
2910
2560
3080
3170

2310
3000
3250
3170
2820

2730
2730
1970
2230
2230


Continued --


- 15 -








Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1987. AREC, Jay. (Continued)


Brand
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill

Cargill


Hybrid
5572
4462
1022
C-70
R-1090


1096Y

LSD05

LSD01

cv %


---Yield--
lbs/A kg/ha
3130 3510
2600 2910
2680 3200
3060 3430.
2140 2400

2680 3000


Height
inches
52
51
49
46
51


Mid-
bloom
days.2/
65
63
61
60
69


Head.
type-
SC
0
0
0
SO
SO


4/
Lodging:
3
4
4
2
2


50 ,69 SC.


480 540

640 710

15 15


I/Fertilized with 500 lbs/A 8-24-24. Planted on 16 April 1987, top dressed with
200 lbs/A ammonium nitrate. Harvested 27 August. Soil was Red Bay sandy loam.
2/Days from planting to mid-bloom.
2/SO = Semi-open; SC = Semi-compact; 0 = Open; C = Compact.
k/Based on rating of 1 = all plants erect to 10 = all plants down.


- 16 -








Table 13. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, and
Average Yields.

Agricultural Research and Education Center
Jay, Florida


Yield lbs/Acre


Brand
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow
Asgrow


McCurdy
McCurdy
McCurdy
Pioneer
Pioneer

Pioneer
Pioneer
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee

Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee

Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
Conlee
DeKalb

DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
DeKalb
Agra Tech


Agra Tech
Agra Tech
Northrup King
Northrup King
Northrup King

R. C. Young
R. C. Young
R. C. Young
Jacques
Jacques

Continued ---


Hybrid -
Corral
Topaz
Sierra
Double TX
Chaparral

84-74
M-57YG
M-747
8300
8222

8226
8333
Tophand TA
AFC862
AFC863


AFC861
FFR421
FFR331
FFR321
Wrangler

Ranger
Tophand II
Rustler
Rawhide
DK-38

DK-42Y
M-565
DK-49
DK-64
GK-802G

GK-712G
GK-552G
NK-2665
Savanna 5
2660

ORO-XTRA
ORO-T-XTRA
ORO-G-XTRA
707
606


1983

5330


6680


6590


1984

6780


6780


6290


1985

5030

4450
5420

4890
4840
4060
3480
4110


3680


1986-
1987
1986 1987 Ave.
3740 2060 2900


4510

4130
4130

4360
4580
4430
4430
5040

5350
4740
3970
3820
4430


2290
3820
1990
3440

3670
3290
3290
2370
1990

2680
2750
2750
2750
2830


3400

3060
3780

4020
3940
3860
3400
3520

4020
3740
3360
3280
3630


1983-
1985
Ave.

5680





6100


5660


4360 2900 3630
3360 1830 2600
4050 2440 3240
5120 2750 3940
4580 2530 3550


6000


2610

4940


7400


6630
5570

6000
6630
6490


6290


3870

5320


5810


7740
6780

6290
5810
6780


4840


3530

3730
4310

3920
3870


3730
5810
6780
4500

4890
4840
4840


3850
4810
5040

2750

3970
4200
4970
4430
4580

5040
4050
4510

4360

4430
5040
4430
4740


2600
2680
3210
2680
2440


3220
3740
4120

2600


3440 3700
2600 3400
2750.3860
3290 3860
2900 3740


2900
2680
3440
4130
3520

3520
2680
2980
2600
2980


3970
3360
3980

3940

3980
3860
3700
3670


5710


3340

4660


5710





7050
5620

5730
5760
6040


- 17 -


1983-
1986
Ave.

5390





5720


5500


1983-
1987
Ave.

4790





5230


4800


5480


3190

4490


5390






5300

5400
5580
5640


4920


3040

4280


4970






4950

5030
5000
5100









Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, and Average Yields.
AREC, Jay. (Continued)


Yield lbs/Acre


Brand
Jacques
Jacques
Funks
Funks
Funks


Funks
Funks
Funks
Funks
Alabama


Farmers Coop


Alabama Farmers Co<
Alabama Farmers Coc
Alabama Farmers Coc
Gro Agri
Gro Agri

Gro Agri
Gro Agri
Gro Agri
Triumph
Triumph

Triumph
Coker
Coker
Coker
Helena Chemical Coi

Helena Chemical Col
Sunbelt
Pennington
Cargill
Cargill

Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill
Cargill

Cargill


- Hybrid
J-71A
505
G-522DR
RA-787
HW-7269


G-1711
HW-6624
G-1602
HW-7380
FFR331

FFR321
FFR752
FFR421
GSA-1180
GSA-1290

GSC-1299
GSC-1295
GSC-1313
Two 70-D
Two 80-D

TR-60G
7675
7737
7638
1330-DRC


rp 1226-DRC
444
Penngrain DR
DR-125
6670

5572
4462
1022
C-70
R-1090

1096Y

LSD05

CV %


1983


5760


5940




5610
7740


5130


1984 1985


6290 4690


5810




6780
6290


6290


3730










2900




5280
4110


5030






4110


1986


4970
4660
1530

4740
4360


4050

5120

3360







4200
m----


4970
5040




4430
4740

4380

4130
4280


1987

2900
3210
2830
2140

2980
3060
2440
3130
3440

2680
2220
2830
3740
2900

3130
2600
2290
2750
2830

2060
2680
2900
2830
2520

2440
2440
1760
1990
1990

3130
2600
2680
3060
2140


1986- 1983- 1983-
1987 1985 1986
Ave. Ave. Ave.
---- ---- -w--
---- ---- ----
4090 5580 5430
3240 -- --
1840


3860
3710


3740

3900

3100







3100



3820
3970




3440
3250

3180

3630
3440


4890




5890
6050


5180


5470


5070


---- --- ------- 2680 ----

1170 1786 1786 781 480 ---

15 20 8 16 15


- 18 -


1983-
1987
Ave.


4980


4920


4410
4410

---


Yield- ibs/Acre


'-"
""
"" ""
"" "'-
""





'I


Table 14. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar.Test 1987

Agricultural Research and Education Center
Marianna, Florida

EARLY PLANTING


Brand
bTekaTl b
Helena
Northrup-King
Young
Conlee


Variety
DK 49
Hy Per. 1330 DRC
Savanna 5
ORO G XTRA
Rustler


McCurdy M57 YG
Jacques 707
Young ORO T XTRA
Asgrow Double TX
Dekalb .DK 64

Cargill 1096Y
AL Farmers Coop FFR 331.
Coker C7737
Groagri GSC 1299
Groagri GSC 1295

Cargill 6670
Conlee Wrangler
Northrup-King 2665
Funk G-1711
Conlee 861

SNorthrup-King 2660
Triumph Two 80-D
Triumph Two 70-D
AL Farmers Coop FFR Exp. 752
Sunbelt 444


Agra Tech
Jacques
Asgrow
AL Farmers
Pioneer

Cargill
Helena
Pennington
Funk
Asgrow


Groagri
Coker
Cargill
Conlee
Groagri


GK 802G
Sorghum 606
Chaparral
Coop FFR 321
8300


5572
Hy Per. 1226 DRC
Penngrain DR
HW 7380
Topaz


GSA 1290
C7638
DR 1125
Top Hand II
GSC 1313


48
48
48
49
49


46
.44
47
46
52


4.7
4.7
3.7
3.5
4.8


4.2
4.3
5.2
4.5
8.0


Continued --


- 19 -


2
Lodging
2
2
3
2
2


Head3
shape
SC
SO
C
SO
SO


4
Grain4
color
R
R
RBr
R
R


Yield
(1bs/A)
5440
5130
5090
5070
5040


Days to
mid-
bloom
66
64
63
66
64


S65
65
64
65
65

68
65
66
64
64

64
64
64
66
65

64
66
65
67
65


Plant
height
(inches)
51
58
59
51
51


53
59
59
56
51

56
58
52
53
49

52
60
48
53
52

47
50
49
52
45


Disease1
rating
2.5
3.2
3.0
3.0
3.2


2.8
3.0
3.0
5.3
3.5

3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
4.7

3.2
3.2
3.3
3.2
3.0

4.8
3.0
4.5
3.0
5.7


5030
5030
5000
4970
4940

4900
4890
4880
4870
4860

4840
4830
4820
4700
4690

4680
4670
4650
4620
4610

4610
4610
4560
4540
4500

4500
4490
4450
4420
4370

4320
4310
4300
4290
4250








STATEWIDE GRAIN SORGHUM CULTIVAR TEST 1987 (EARLY PLANTING) (Continued)


Brand Variety
Cargill R1090
Pioneer 8226
Pioneer 8333
Asgrow Sierra
Triumph TR 60G


Days to Plant
mid- height
bloom (inches)
64 47
64 52
62 49
62 48
62 49


Young
Cargill
Agra Tech
Coker
Jacques

Conlee
Conlee
AL Farmers
Groagri
Cargill

Cargill
Funk


ORO XT.RA
C-70
GK 712G
C7675
505


Ranger
Rawhide
-Coop FFR 421
GSA 1180
4462

1022
G-1602


Avg.


1Disease rating
(rated July 27)
2Lodging: 5 = al
3Head shape: VO


4.3
CV = 4.3%


(primarily Anthracnose): 1 = no dise
plants down; 1= alplants erect.
l plants down; 1.= all plants erect.


LSD(.05)


ase; 10 = plant dead from disease


very open; 0 = open; SO = semi-open; SC = semi-compact, C = compact.


4Grain color: R = red; Br = brown; RBr = reddish brown; YE = yellow; W = white.


PLANTED:
PLOT SIZE:
FIELD LAYOUT:
FERTILIZER:


HERBICIDE:
INSECTICIDE:
IRRIGATION:
SOIL:
HARVEST:


April 13, 1987
2 rows, 20' long and 36" apart.
RCB, 4 reps
350#/A of 20-10-18 plus minors (ppi)
300#/A of 13-13-13 (May 15)
200#/A of Am. Nitrate (May 26)
Milogard 90W (1.8#/A April 14)
None
7 times, 5.4" total
Chipola Is
July 28 and 29


- 20 -


Disease1
rating
4.8
6.2
4.5
3.5
7.5


2
Lodging
1
1
2
2
2


Head3
shape

0
0
SO
SC


4
Grain
color
LtR
R+
R
LtR
R+


Yield
(Ibs/A)
4240
4220
4200
4200
4180


5.7
4.7
4.3
6.5
4.2


SO
SO
SO
SO
SO


47
45
47
48
45

50
44
481
45
50

47
45


61
62
.62
59
61

60
64


5.3
4.8
5.0
3.8
6.2

5.8
7.2


4170
4160
4150
4100
3920

3910
3870
3800
3780
3700

3450
3410


4490
= 187


=







Table 15. Statewide Grain Sorghum Cultivar Test 1987

Agricultural Research and .Education Center.
Marianna, Florida

LATE PLANTING


Brand
Jacques -
Conlee
Groagri
Northrup-King
Young


Funk
Triumph
Conlee
AL Farmers
Coker

Helena
Conlee
Young
Jacques
Dekalb

Asgrow
AL Farmers
Cargill
McCurdy
Groagri

Dekalb
Cargill
Pioneer
Cargill
Sunbelt


Pioneer
Coker
Cargill
Northrup-King
Northrup-King

Cargill
Cargill
Conlee
Young
Funk


Groagri
Asgrow
AL Farmers
Helena
Pennington


Variety
707
Rustler
GSC 1299
Savanna 5
ORO-G-XTRA


G-1711
Two 80-D
861
Coop FFR 331
C7737

Hy Per. 1330 DRC
Wrangler
ORO-T-XTRA
Sorghum 606
DK 64

Chaparral
Coop FFR Exp. 752
6670
M57 YG
GSA 1290

DK 49
1096Y
8333
1022
444


8300
C7675
R1090
2665
2660

C-70
4462
Rawhide
ORO-XTRA
HW 7380


GSA 1180
Sierra
Coop FFR 321
Hy Per. 1226 DRC
Penngrain DR


Continued--


- 21


Days to
mid-
bloom
58
59
59
59
59.


Plant
height
(inches)
57
46
48
63
49


Lodging2
1
1
1
1
1


Head3
shape
SC
SC
SO
C
SO


Grain4
color
R
R
R
RBr
R


59
59
59
59
.:58

58
59
59
59
59

55
60
59
58
57

58
59
56
57
57


Disease'
rating
4.0
4.0
3.5
3.7
3.7


3.3
3.7
3.7
3.8
3.7

4.2
3.5
3.5
3.7
3.8

4.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
4.3

3.7
4.2
4.7
7.3
6.5


5.8
7.0
4.8
3.8
7.8

6.0
7.2
6.7
6.7
: 4.8


SC
SO
SO
SC
SC

SSC
SC
SC
SO
SC

SO
SO
SC
SO
SO

SC
SO
0
SO
SO


R
R
R
R
LtR

R
R
R
R
R+


Yield
(Ibs/A)
5270
5260
5140
5040
4960


4940
4880
4860
4860
4820

4780
4760
4680
4620
4560

4550
4520
4470
4440
4430

4340
4270
4240
4080
4060

4010
3980
3930
3840
3830

3780
3740
3710
3690
3660


3640
3580
3540
3530
3470


54
53
58
58
57


5.5
5.5
5.0
8.0
6.0


i .







STATEWIDE GRAIN SORGHUM CULTIVAR TEST 1987 (LATE PLANTING) (Continued)


Brand
Coker
Triumph
Jacques
Cargill
Agra Tech


Asgrow
Cargill
Triumph
Asgrow
Conlee


Agra Tech
Groagri
Groagri
Conlee
AL Farmers

Pioneer
Funk


Variety
C7638--
Two 70-D
505
5572
GK 802G


Topaz
DR 1125
TR 60G
Double TX
Top Hand II


GK 712G
GSC 1295
GSC 1313
Ranger
Coop FFR 421

8226
G-1602


1
CV = 5.7%


LSD(.05) =


1Disease rating (primarily Anthracnose):
(rated November 6).


1 = no disease; 10 = plant dead from disease


2Lodging: 5 = all plants down; 1 = all plants erect.
3Head shape: VO0= very open; 0 = open; SO = semi-open; SC = semi-compact; C = compact.


4Grain color:


PLANTED:
PLOT SIZE:
FIELD LAYOUT:
FERTILIZER:

HERBICIDE:
INSECTICIDE:
IRRIGATION:
SOIL:
HARVEST:


R = red; Br = brown; RBr = reddish brown; YE = yellow; W = white.


July 22, 1987
2 rows, 20' long and 36" apart
RCB, 4 reps
350#/A of 13-13-13 at planting
200#/A of Am. Nitrate (August 24)
Milogard 90W (1.9#/A, preemerge)
Sevin 80W (2#/A) for chinch bugs
7 times, 4.9" total
Chipola Is
November 18 and 19


- 22 -


Days to
mid-
bloom
-53-
58
55
,58
55


Plant
height
(inches)
41-
42
42
47
45


Disease
rating
6.0
7.7
4.5
6.3
6.2


2
Lodging
1
2
1
2
1


Grain4
color
R
R
R
R
R


Yield
(Ibs/A)
3450
3440
3430
3390
3370


Head3
shape
so
SO
SO
SO
SO


0
SO
SO
SO
SO


55
58
58
-57-
57


6.3
7.2
7.8
. 9.0
5.7

6.3
7.0
8.0
S8.8
9.2

7.2
9.8


Avg.


3340
3290
3280
3270
3250

3240
3010
2960
2880
2550

2180
1920


R
R
R
R
R

R
R


5.5


3950


3950
222


--1


1 1- nrt;





Average Yields for Grain Sorghum Cultivar Tests 1985, 1986, and 19871


Agricultural Research and Education Center
Marianna, Florida


Brand
Young
McCurdy
Asgrow
Northrup-King
Northrup-King

Pioneer
Young
Dekalb
Northrup-King
Triumph


Agra Tech
Young
Funk
Asgrow
Pioneer
Asgrow


McCurdy
Funk
Asgrow
Dekalb
McCurdy

Dekalb
Pioneer
Agra Tech
Dekalb


Cargill
Pennington
Cargill

Jacques
Conlee
Conlee
Dekalb
AL Farmers Coop

Conlee.
Coker
Sunbelt
Agra Tech
Conlee

AL Farmers Coop
Coker
Pioneer
Conlee
AL Farmers Coop


Variety
ORO T XTRA
M-57 YG
Double TX
2665
Savanna 5

8300
ORO G XTRA
DK 64
2660
Two 70-D


GK 802G
ORO XTRA
G-1711-
S Chaparral
8333
Topaz


84-74
G-522 DR
Colt
M-565
M-747

DK 42Y
8222
GK 552G
DK 38


6670
Penngrain DR
4462

707
861
Wrangler
DK 49
FFR 331

Rustler
C7737
444
DK 712G
Top Hand II


FFR 321
C7675
8226
Ranger
FFR 421


Yield in
1986
6600 ,
5890
5890
6480
6040

6040
5910
5870
6200
6020


5860
5970
5410
5830,
5550
4980

5940
5660
5380
4910
5180

5380
4640
4460
3060


1985
5630
5750
5760
5320
5270

5780
5270
5400
5280
5350


5490
5710
5180
4890
5130
5020

5450
5380
5490
4960
4660

4460
4570
-4590
4510


5620
4860
4980


6590
6710
6380
5780
6220

5710
5460
5660
5900
5680

5320
5350
5090
5050
4800


Ibs/acre
1987
5000
5030
4970
4820
5090

4500
5070
4940
4680
4650


4610
4170
4700
- 4560
4200
4370


4840
4450
3700


5030
4690
4830
5440
4890


5040
4880
4610
4150
4290


4540
4100
4220
3910
3800


1A11 data from April.planting dates.


- 23 -


5700
5520
:5440
4940
4920


4920
4610
4530
3790

5230
4660
4340

5810
5700
5610
5610
5560

5380
5170
5140
5030
4990


4930
4730
4660
4480
: 4300


Avg.
5740
5560
5540
5540
5470

5440
5420
5400
5390
5340

5320
5280
5100
5090
4960
4790


S, T Tble 16.




I-


**Table 17. 1987


Apr. May


0.18
0.19 -


Marianna AREC Rainfall (inches)"


June


Aug.


0.10
0.36
0.39


0.04


0.08


0.18


0.18
0.04
1.36
-0.12


0.64


0.03


11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Total


0.09
0.07
0.71
0.31


0.13
0.32
0.10
0.13
0.09

1.67
0.01


0.01


4.46


0.05


1.32
0.40
.0.24
0.05

0.02


0.49
1.67
0.07
0.12


0.92


5.43


0.05


0.43



0.26


0.09
0.02
0.04
0.47
1.60
5.51


0.24
0.05


2.00
0.77
0.57
0.04


0.47


4.18


Sept.

0.11
0.10
0.05


0.25
0.16
0.06


0.58


0.59
0.02


0.08

0.21


0.06

2.27


- 24 -


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

II 126207467 III
31262 07467 5777


Oct.


5
6
7
8
9


Nov.


0.75
0.29


0.13


0.40


1.86
0.62


0.06


0.37


4.02


0.06




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