Title: State Water Use Plan (SWUP), Implications for the SWFWMD. The SWUP was developed by DER and addresses 15 of the major goal areas contained within the
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Title: State Water Use Plan (SWUP), Implications for the SWFWMD. The SWUP was developed by DER and addresses 15 of the major goal areas contained within the
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STATE WATER USE PLAN

Implications for the

SOUTHWEST FLORIDA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT


The State Comprehensive Plan (SCP), adopted by the legislature in
1985, contained 25 major goal statements and 293 policy
statements aimed at achieving these goals. These goal statements
and their attendant policies address a wide range of social,
economic, and environmental issues, all of which influence the
quality of life in Florida. Every state, regional and local unit
of government, including the water management districts, is
affected by the SCP.

As required by the State Comprehensive Plan, the State Water Use
Plan (SWUP) was developed by DER and addresses 15 of the major
goal areas contained within the SCP which were deemed to directly
or indirectly affect the management of water resources. Much of
the content and format of the SWUP was mandated by guidelines
promulgated by the Governor's Office of Planning and Budgeting
(OPB). These guidelines required that the SWUP be structured to
address each relevant goal and various "policy clusters". Policy
clusters were a mechanism developed by OPB to consolidate the
numerous policies contained within the SCP. Based upon the OPB
guidelines, the SWUP is structured as follows:

GOAL (SCP)

POLICY CLUSTER (OPB)

BACKGROUND STATEMENT (DER)

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES (DER)
(with measures)

OPERATING POLICIES (DER)

All 15 of the goals addressed within the SWUP contain specific
objectives for which the water management districts have been
identified as being partially or wholly responsible to
accomplish. These major goals address the following issues or
topics: health, public safety, water resources, coastal and
marine resources, natural systems and recreational lands,
hazardous and nonhazardous waste, mining, property rights, land
use, public facilities, transportation, governmental efficiency,
the economy, agriculture, and plan implementation. Summarized
on the following pages in a substantially abbreviated format are
the specific operating policies contained within the water
resources goal. Although other aspects of the SWUP have


significant implications for the district, it is recommended our
" initial focus be on those directly related to the water resources
goal. 1


_ _











Because of the short time period allowed for development of the
SWUP, minimal input was obtained from the water management
districts. However, the SWUP is intended to be a dynamic
planning process, involving subsequent revisions and
improvements. The focus of the water management districts should
be on providing coordinated input to these future revisions.
This initial SWUP provides guidance as to the key statewide
issues and responsibilities which the districts must address in
their long-range planning efforts.










STATE WATER USE PLAN


GOAL: HEALTH

POLICY CLUSTER: ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CARE PROTECTION

OBJECTIVE A: By 1995, the threat of Florida's
environmental health due to surface and
groundwater pollution will be less than
it is in 1985.


OPERATING POLICIES

(a) Protect surface and groundwater resources needed for water
supply.

(c) Require permits for all activities that may be a source of
surface or groundwater pollution such as construction,
expansion, modifications, or operation unless otherwise
exempted. Review all regulations on a periodic basis.
Ensure that the best available scientific knowledge is
incorporated into the water quality standards and criteria.

(e) Ensure that each known abandoned artesian well is plugged,
and mitigate damage to the groundwater resource if degraded.

(f) Prohibit or severely limit discharges of pollutants which may
impact on public and community water supply wellfields, high
recharge areas, and areas designated in local government
comprehensive plans as future water supply sources.

(g) Develop new pollution control technology for the treatment,
disposal, reclamation and reuse of wastewater and stormwater
discharges into surface and groundwater.

(h) Restore polluted surface and groundwater, and ensure their
subsequent maintenance.










GOAL: PUBLIC SAFETY


POLICY CLUSTER: SAFE AND SECURE CITIZENRY


OBJECTIVE A:


By 1995 all flood prone areas of the
state will be covered by emergency
evacuation and flood control plans.


OPERATING POLICIES:

(b) Provide technical assistance to regional and local
governments to protect against damage from flooding.

(c) Require regional and local agencies to protect inhabitants,
land, and other property from flooding through the
structural and nonstructural management of water systems.


OBJECTIVE B:


By 2005, Florida citizens will be
protected against the effects of
droughts and emergency water supply
shortages.


OPERATING POLICIES:

(b) Provide technical assistance to regional and local
governments in identifying possible sources of water for
emergency use.


OBJECTIVE C:


By 1995, the average yearly ratio of
flood insurance claims to flood
insurance policies for the period 1985-
1995 will be reduced as compared to the
rate for the period 1975-1985.


OPERATING POLICIES:

(b) Improve nonstructural methods of flood control.

(c) Require all new projects affecting floodplains or located in
floodplains to utilize nonstructural methods of flood
control to avoid the channelization and over-drainage of
natural riverine systems.

(e) Better enforce existing criteria for any structural work
that must be done in waters of the state to protect water
quality and the natural hydrologic functioning of these
systems and develop stricter criteria where needed.


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GOAL: WATER RESOURCES


POLICY CLUSTER: PROTECTION OF THE WATER SUPPLY


OBJECTIVE A:


Through 1995, surface water
supplies will be managed to promote
conservation, preserve natural
resources, and ensure that
available quantities are used for
reasonable-beneficial uses that do
not interfere with existing legal
uses and are consistent with the
public interest.


OPERATING POLICIES:

(a) Improve existing monitoring programs, develop an inventory
of surface water use, and develop forecasts of the demand
for and potential supply of surface water available for
reasonable-beneficial uses.

(b) Ensure that surface water necessary for the protection and
procreation of fish and wildlife, functioning of natural
ecosystems and recreation and navigation is reserved and
that use of surface water is limited to reasonable-
beneficial uses.

(c) Protect surface water supply sources.

(d) Optimize the use of water supplies within local regions
prior to any diversion of surface water across water
management district boundaries.

(e) Ensure that all local plans include policies for the control
of development which protect existing and future surface
waters from degradation.


OBJECTIVE B:


Through 1995, groundwater supplies will
be managed to promote conservation,
preserve natural resources, and ensure
that available quantities are used for
reasonable-beneficial uses which do not
interfere with existing legal uses and
are consistent with the public interest.


OPERATING POLICIES:

(a) Develop and maintain a statewide groundwater basin resource
inventory which identifies: groundwater basins and
associated recharge areas; areas in the basins that are
prone to contamination or overdraft from development;
criteria to establish minimum and maximum seasonal surface










and groundwater levels; areas suitable for future water
resource development within the groundwater basins; sources
of wastewater discharge suitable for reclamation and reuse,
and existing groundwater uses and potential quantities of
groundwater available for consumptive uses.

(c) Protect inhabitants, land, and other property from the
effects of shortages of groundwater by implementing water
conservation programs.

(d) Ensure that groundwater necessary for the protection and
procreation of fish and wildlife, functioning of natural
ecosystems and recreation and navigation is reserved from
use and that use of groundwater is limited to reasonable-
beneficial uses.

(e) Protect groundwater resources needed for water supply.

(f) Optimize the use of water supplies within local regions
prior to any diversion of groundwater across water
management district boundaries.

(h) Ensure that major potable groundwater supplies are not
overdrawn by implementing a consumptive use regulatory
program.

(i) Require coordinated and standardized forecasts of future
water demands.

(j) Ensure that all local government plans include policies for
the control of development which protect existing and future
groundwater supplies from degradation.

OBJECTIVE C: By 1990 Florida public water supply
systems will attain 90% compliance with
state standards.

OBJECTIVE D: By 1995 the cost of providing water
through desalinization shall not exceed
the cost of providing water through the
long distance transport of water.
OPERATING POLICIES:

(a) Improve the quality and increase the quantity of water
available though desalinization and other innovative
techniques.


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OBJECTIVE E:


By 1995 water conservation efforts will
have resulted in increased efficiency in
water used and necessary for irrigation,
mining, power development, and domestic,
municipal and industrial uses.


OPERATING POLICIES:

(a) Publicly owned or investor owned water and wastewater
systems should provide incentives for customers who use
effective water or wastewater saving devices.

(b) Require that new buildings and renovations have water-saving
devices installed.

(c) Require the consideration of water conservation measures for
all users through regulatory and nonregulatory programs and
review processes at all levels of government.


3


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POLICY CLUSTER: PROTECTION OF WATER RESOURCES


OBJECTIVE A: In 1995, the quality of Florida's
surface waters will be as good or better
than it is in 1985.
OPERATING POLICIES:

(a) Require permits for all activities that may be a source of
surface water pollution such as construction, expansion,
modification, or operation unless exempted. see rest of
policy pg 30

(c) Develop and implement comprehensive basin plans for major
hydrologic systems to assess and abate the impacts of
pollution on the systems.

(d) Conduct long-term monitoring of surface waters, determine
water quality trends, and maintain a water quality data base
to provide all levels of government 'with sound scientific
data for environmental decisions.

(e) Evaluate water reclamation and reuse alternatives for
proposed wastewater disposal to surface water, including
consideration of economic and environmental feasibility.

(f) Require that best available control techniques be employed
for controlling stormwater runoff during urban renewal,
modernization, or major modifications to urban
infrastructure.

(g) Sponsor retrofitting programs to reduce surface water
pollution from discharge of domestic wastewater.

(h) Develop predictive water quality models based on land use to
determine the relationship between pollution and its effects
on surface waters, including the effectiveness of nonpoint
source best management practices.

(j) Manage surface waters to maximize the treatment potential of
natural or restored systems without degradation of such
systems.

(1) Reduce degradation of water resources through alternative
methods of stormwater treatment, disposal and reuse.


OBJECTIVE B: In 1995 the quality of Florida's groundwater
will be as good or better than it is in 1985.
OPERATING POLICIES:

(a) Require permits for all activities that may be a source of


I I










groundwater pollution such as construction, expansion,
modification, or operation unless otherwise exempted.

(c) Establish a groundwater quality monitoring network designed
to detect or predict contamination of groundwater resources.
see rest of policy pg 33

(d) Prevent overdraft of groundwater that will result in
contamination from salt water intrusion, surface pollutants,
or any other adverse environmental impacts.

(e) Ensure that each known abandoned artesian well is plugged,
and mitigate damage to the groundwater resource if degraded.

(f) Evaluate water reclamation and reuse alternatives for
proposed wastewater disposal to groundwater including
consideration of the economic and environmental feasibility.

(g) Prohibit or severely limit discharges of pollutants which
may impact on public and community water supply wellfields,
high recharge areas, and areas designated in local
government comprehensive plans as future water supply
sources.

(h) Determine the relationship between pollution and its effects
on groundwater, including an evaluation of the potential
uses of treated wastewater; the effectiveness of disposal by
land application; the feasibility of water reclamation and
reuse; and the effectiveness of groundwater clean-up
techniques and strategies.

(i) Develop new pollution control technology for the treatment,
disposal, and reclamation and reuse of wastewater and
stormwater discharges into groundwater.

(1) Require local governments to use the groundwater quality
information in their regulatory and land use planning
decisions.

OBJECTIVE C: By 1989 Florida's educational system will
have integrated water resource education
programs into its curriculum to stress the
importance of environmental protection, water
resource conservation and management, and the
preservation of natural systems.

OPERATING POLICIES:

(b) Inform the public about environmental conditions in Florida
using all available public information media.
9


2










POLICY CLUSTER: PROTECTION OF NATURAL SYSTEMS


OBJECTIVE A: Maintain and restore natural water
systems so they continue to function as
well as they do now.


OPERATING POLICIES:

(a) Protect the type, nature and functions of floodplains,
wetlands, waterways, estuaries and lakes. see rest of policy
pg 39

(b) Assist local governments in developing their watershed
management plans which coordinate land use and
infrastructure development.

(c) Establish consumptive use and other regulatory programs
which provide for minimum flows and levels and provide
protection to natural ecosystems.

(d) Adopt strict criteria for structural work in river systems
that will protect water quality and the natural functioning
of rivers.

(g) Protect environmentally sensitive natural water systems and
endangered species habitats.

(h) Sponsor research into the dynamics of natural water systems,
their primary productive benefits, instream flow needs of
fish and wildlife, and overall water management needs.

(k) Develop sediment criteria to identify pollution sources to
complement water column criteria for determining the health
of a water body.

(m) Adopt criteria for mitigation of unavoidable loss of natural
system functions due to development activity.


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