VOLUME 5 NUMBER 3 DECEMBER-JANUARY 1971-72
REPORT IN THIS ISSUE
Governor Reubin Askew has thanked
the more than 150 experts from the fields
V" 8!i of science, government, agriculture and
conservation for their contributions to
einern aide.- Bot" his Governor's Conference on the Ever-
glades held in Miami Beach in September.
D isl o t The full report, printed as a public
service for Water management Bulletin
readers, appears on pages four, five, and
So t six of this issue. It was thought that while
"most people have read excerpts from the
u we q a w report, many might like to have a copy of
"the full report for their files.
Governor Askew stated: "I want to
take this opportunity to thank all the
dedicated Floridians who contributed so
much to Florida by their attendance at
this water conference, mostly at their
own time and expense.
"It has been estimated that the State
of Florida received more than a million
dollars worth of free talent at this confer-
MOBILE LABORATORY This new mobile lab went into operation this month under ence. I especially want to thank Professor
the supervision and operation of Jan Browning, environmental engineer; and Ken Foote, John DeGrove of Florida Atlantic Uni-
engineering aide. Both men work for the Hydrology Section of the FCD Engineering versity and Professor Arthur Marshall of
Department. Eventually the section hopes to compile a bank of water quality data on the University of Miami, as well as the
every canal in the District. This lab will have the capability of testing such items as group chairmen and recorders for their
dissolved oxygen levels, temperature, conductivity, chlorides and many other tests. immense help in making the conference,
They have a contract with a commercial lab where the water samples can be taken for probably the first of its kind in Florida,
more extensive tests. When the lab is not actually located at a canal site making direct such a success."
observations it will be parked in the District's parking lot and used in the same manner
as a stationary lab in the building. As the District becomes more and more concerned A listing of persons participating in
about water quality, as well as water quantity, this new feature is expended to produce the conference appears on Page 7 of this
excellent results in their constant fight against pollution. issue.
WATER MANAGEMENT BULLETIN, a D de Cour?,y Official
Published by the
Central and Southern Florida
FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT
901 Evernia Street Endorses FCD Plan
West Palm Beach, Florida 33401
Reubin O'D. Askew, Governor Garrett Sloan, Director of the Depart- and the Water Pollution Control Federa-
GOVERNING BOARD ment of Water and Sewers for the City of tion held recently in Miami Beach.
R. W. Padrick, Chairman Miami, has endorsed the Central and
John G. DuPuis, Jr., Vice Chairman Southern Florida Flood Control District Sloan pointed out that the Flood
C. A. Thomas and Corps of Engineers plan to backpump Control District plan would not only
M/Gen. H. J. Sands, Jr., USAF (ret) coastal canals. satisfy local water needs but would also
Robert L. Clark, J supply the Everglades National Park with
Robert L. Clark, Jr. Sloan's speech was presented at a sufficient water. The plan calls for install-
G. E. Dail, Jr., Executite Director technical session held under the auspices ing large pumping stations at the eastern
Lawrence J. Nunn of the 22nd annual joint conference of edge of the conservation areas. During dry
Editor the American Water Works Association periods these pumping stations would
take water from the coastal canals back
into the Conservation Areas. Sloan noted
Cities Asked To Pass that "the great water losses to the sea,
now experienced, would greatly be re-
duced and water of good quality could be
Model Water Ordinance retained for storage."
In addition, the plan calls for "raising
the levees of dikes around Lake Okee-
A model municipal ordinance restrict- wading pools not equipped with a recir- ee r
chobee so that an additional four feet of
ing use of water by individuals, business culating system.
water could be stored with no additional
and industry, and municipalities during It would crack down on wasteage of evaporation losses," Sloan said.
"emergency situations" has been sent to water because of faulty plumbing which
all municipalities in the 18-county Flood is known to be out of repair. Sloan also noted that this plan "is the
Control District. Penalties imposed for infractions of only existing well defined plan for meeting
The ordinance, approved by the FCD the ordinance include a fine not to exceed Southeastern Florida's growing water
Governing Board at a recent meeting, $500, or imprisonment for not more than requirements."
defines "emergency situation" as that 60 days. In addition the city commission The speaker noted that for the first
which shall be "determined by the FCD or director of utilities would be given time in history, the 1970-71 drought
due to prolonged drought conditions the power to suspend water service from forced Miami to draw directly upon Lake
resulting in the serious shortage of fresh any property when the provisions of the Okeechobee for its water. He stated that
water supply" in any area or city in the ordinance have been violated. Miami has traditionally obtained water
District. from wells drilled into the Biscyane
Its application would apply to all 0AA0pAAAA *%AOrAAAAA Aquifer, a sponge-like limestone forma-
persons using water both in and outside tion. It is usually recharged by rainfall,
a city, regardless of whether the water or if rainfall is insufficient, it obtains
used is by contract with the municipality KH water by seepage from the FCD's con-
or taken from the city water supply K eep servation areas or canals.
Restrictions listed under the ordinance But during April and May, water table
include, in part: sprinkling, watering or C levels in the aquifer had dropped to ele-
irrigating lawns, shrubs, gardens or vege- YOUR vation 1.0 feet, 1 feet below the required
tables, washing of automobiles, trucks, level to salt water out of Miami's well
campers, boats, railroad cars, or any other fields. Water was released from Conserva-
type of mobile equipment, except by ) tion Areas into canals that supply the
bona fide business enterprise where W aterw ays fields to alleviate the situation.
vehicle washing is done. Sloan noted that "when this resource
The ordinance also covers exterior was exhausted, water was brought in from
surface washing of sidewalks, houses, C lean Lake Okeechobee for over 20 days. If the
mobile homes, office buildings; operation June rains had not arrived, there was less
of any ornamental fountain or other than two months of supply from Lake
structure using water without a recirculat- *AAAAAtAAAAAAAAAAAAA*AA Okeechobee storage remaining.
Everglades Snapping Back
Biologists Survey Shows
Fish populations decimated by record In the initial post-drought investigation contention that the ecology of the region
drought conditions in Conservation Area in Conservation Area 2 three weeks ago, is "tough," and not as "delicately bal-
3 in the Everglades are recovering very FCD biologists discovered an "amazing" anced" as some ecologists have claimed.
slowly, but native vegetation is snapping survival rate for largemouth bass and a Dineen has spent nine years studying the
back satisfactorily, biologists with the variety of other species. aquatic Everglades community.
Central and Southern Florida Flood "But it was a different story in the Even though the chief biologist often
Control District (FCD) reported today. interior of Area 3. We found juvenile comments on the ruggedness of the Ever-
These were the conclusions reached shellcracker and warmouth perch, but glades ecology, he admits he was surprised
by three FCD specialists in the fields of we didn't turn up any bass," said Walter over the survival of fish in Area 2 and was
aquatic and fisheries biology and botany Dineen, Chief Biologist of the FCD's impressed with the speedy comeback of
after a three-day biological investigation Environmental Division. the flora in Area 3.
in Area 3 recently. "But the plant communities are re- D i h w
Dineen indicated he was disappointed
It was the second in a series of post- spending beautifully," Dineen reported, over the survival rate of fish in Area 3,
i over the survival rate of fish in Area 3
drought studies being conducted in the adding, "We found Area 3 rich and
-,oo nr ,_ .,but he pointed out there are a great
Flood Control District's Conservation alive. Everything was lush and green." number of big brood female bass that
Areas, where water levels have been Dineen's two post-drought probes into survived in the deep canals in Area 3.
rising slowly, the Everglades are proving his long-held These females will replenish the conserva-
"There will be a tremendous spawn in
P f Hg Cps Area 3 this winter. There will be a high
ri vo te H unting C o m s survival rate for the young bass because
they will have a rather uncompetitive
T BD BD I J G I situation. They'll have 100,000 acres to
To Be 0 a nn n G d e S live and grow in," Dineen said, adding
that small forage fish and other food will
The Central and Southern Florida state lands." be plentiful.
Flood Control District (FCD) Governing A five-man team of ecologists has The biologist commented that the
Board has moved to abolish all illegal issued a report that such camps in the present poor condition of the fishery in
private permanent camps on public owned Everglades are generally harmful to Area 3 was not unexpected because that
lands in the vast Everglades water conser- wildlife, region of the Everglades was "drier a lot
ovation areas. FCD Governing Board Chairman longer" than Conservation Area 2.
The action came after Don Morgan, Robert W. Padrick, with full Board sup- Despite the post-drought interruption
Director of the FCD's Department of port, ordered the staff to immediately in the sports fishery, there is one way in
Planning and Resource Use, told the ascertain the exact locations of the camps which anglers will benefit from the pro-
Board a team of employees sent into and check with Broward County officials longed drawdown, Dineen said.
Conservation Area 2 on Thursday had to see whether building and health depart- He explained that underwater vegeta-
discovered one new camp under construc- ment permits had been sought. tion clogging the sloughs frequented by
tion and extensive additions being added "We must bring this to the attention anglers in Area 3 was killed or retarded,
to two others. of the Attorney General at once," Padrick creating more open fishing areas for
Although some camps are built on said. "He has stated publicly that if these anglers.
private land, most were built on public camps are on state land, they are trespas- "The sloughs will be easier to fish
lands under permits obtained from the sers and will be removed." this winter", the biologist predicted.
Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Padrick said the FCD "has ample basis The investigations being conducted in
Commission. to proceed in view of the fact that one Areas 2 and 3 are producing the first
FCD Attorney Robert Grafton told of the prime recommendations issued at reported documentary evidence of the
the Governing Board that State Attorney the recent Governor's Conference on effects of the severe and prolonged
General Robert Shevin has "ruled the Water Resources in South Florida was drought on the flora and fauna of the
Game Commission doesn't have the that all non-public facilities in the Con- Everglades. The studies will be continued
authority to issue permits for camps on servation Areas should be removed." by the FCD staff of biologists.
Statement To Governor
Reubin O'D. Askew
From The Governor's Conference On
Water Management In South Florida
There is a water crisis in South Florida today. This crisis has 5. Research and funding which should begin immediately to
long-range and short-range aspects. Every major water area in the study what to do about recycling water and sewage
South Florida basin, Everglades National Park, the conservation effluents and solid waste disposal.
areas, .Lake Okeechobee and the Kissimmee Valley is steadily
deteriorating in quality from a variety of polluting sources that LAND RECLAMATION
are detailed below. The quantity of water, though potentially There should be no further draining of wetlands1 for any
adequate for today's demand, cannot now be managed effectively purpose. As an initial step in controlling the drainage of wetlands,
over wet/dry cycles to assure a minimum adequate water supply it is recommended that Chapter 298 of the Florida Statutes
in extended drought periods. (Soil drainage district law 1913) be repealed. Wetlands are the ,
most biologically productive of all lands. The need to preserve
them stems from their value for recreation, water storage, aquatic
To initiate an action program to solve problems in the area of r r
Srr r i productivity, nutrient removal and for aquifer recharge. A program
water quantity, a careful assessment must be made of water should be initiated to reflood the marshes of the Kissimmee
demands linked to projected growth. For an adequate long-range Valley. Agricultural lands and marshes not presently i
Valley. Agricultural lands and marshes not presently in production
water supply, the State must have an enforceable comprehensive below Lake Okeechobee should also be reflooded. The initial
land and water use plan. This plan must be developed immediately. efforts should be pilot projects that can provide a cl
efforts should be pilot projects that can provide a clearer assess-
It must be designed to limit increases in population and
ment of the benefits and techniques of reflooding. It is crucial to
machines, with their attendant demands on the water supply, to a reverse the process of the steady loss of organic soils2
reverse the process of the steady loss of organic soils. Reflooding
level that will insure a quality environment. Such a management r accom g ts
i jis the primary method for accomplishing this objective. This
plan would include, as its first objective, a complete inventory eth c i.
program should include the acquisition and consolidation of lands
and assessment of long-range water resources. The controlling by the State in selected areas north of Conservation
by the State in selected areas north of Conservation Area Three
factor in this water resource assessment should be the water supply n
supy. tand/or near Conservation Area Two as a major pilot program.
that can be anticipated in times of shortest supply. A result of r o r
g r Its purpose shall be to determine the effect of controlling water
this planning effort would be a water budget system based on
available resources. This system would serve as a limitation on levels, filtering pollutants and recycling wastes to build up organic
available resources. This system would serve as a limitation on 1
allo e p n soils. Muck conservation programs should be coordinated and
allowable population increases.
pursued immediately by the Central and Southern Florida Flood
WATER SUPPLY QUALITY Control District and Trustees of the Internal Improvement Trust
Water quality is a far graver problem in the long run than is Fund. Even if mucklands are not used for agriculture, their
water quantity. The quality of the water in the South Florida preservation and restoration are necessary to maintain the
water basin is deteriorating. This deterioration stems from the ecological balance of the South Florida basin. Reestablishment
introduction into the basin of pesticides, herbicides, animal and of sawgrass may be the best solution to replenishment of the
industrial wastes, heavy metals, salt water, sewage and heated mucklands. However, other approaches should be considered on
waters. Channelization has contributed substantially to the process an experimental basis, including the use of organic material such
of deterioration. Water quality in the basin may be restored and as sewage sludge.
maintained by: (A minority position held that limited drainage of wetlands to
1. Zoning or acquiring the flood plains in the basin, serve a clear public interest, under strict controls, may be
2. Reflooding the Kissimmee marshes, justified.)
3. Initiating a comprehensive treatment program to treat POPULATION
pollutants at the source before they enter the water system. There is a limit to the number of people which the South
There is a limit to the number of people which the South
(This would necessitate initiation of treatment procedures Florida basin can support and at the same time maintain a
Florida basin can support and at the same time maintain a
in agricultural areas and up-grading existing procedures in
4. Phasing out back pumping into Lake Okeechobee or 1Wetlands, swamps, marshes, bogs, etc.
requiring effective treatment at the source before back 2Organic soils in the South Florida-Everglades area are commonly referred
pumping. to as muck or muckland.
quality environment. The State and app iate regional agencies materials.
must develop a comprehensive land and water use plan with (B) Lake Okeechobee
enforcement machinery to limit population. This is especially Recognizing that Lake Okeechobee is the hub of water quantity
crucial in the South Florida region. The population level must and quality in South Florida, the most important and overriding
be one that can be supported by the available natural resources, consideration should be not only to maintain the present quality
especially water, in order to sustain a quality environment. A of the lake but also to improve it. Specific consideration should
State comprehensive land and water use plan would include an be given to assure that all water inputs into Lake Okeechobee
assessment of the quality and quantity of these resources. are of high quality. Two primary inputs which could improve the
Moreover, it would set density controls on further development quality of water are (1) reflooding of the Kissimmee Valley flood
by regions and sub-regions. plain and (2) assuring that only high quality water is back pumped f
into the lake. We should consider the following ways, in
addition, to assure high quality lake water:
Localized ground water problems are common in South 1. An appropriate monitoring and enforcement program.
Florida, but they are especially severe in South Dade County and 2. Allowing a maximum high water level mark of seventeen
in portions of Collier and Lee Counties. Ground water contamin- and one-half feet. Higher controlled elevations will not be
nations and depletion problems include salt water intrusion, considered unless it can be clearly shown that such elevation
uncontrolled drilling of wells, drainage well pollution, inefficient would have no adverse effect on the environment of Lake
waste water disposal systems, septic tanks and sanitary land fill. Okeechobee, its water quality or the ecosystem of South
Solutions to ground water problems include: Florida.
1. A State Drilling Code requiring licensing of all wells and 3 Allowing no cattle or agricultural activities inside the diked
well drillersarea of the lake and immediate cancellation of all agricultural
2. Purchase or zoning of lands to protect recharge areas. and mineral leases inside the diked area.
3. Plugging of abandoned artesian wells. 4. Ways should be sought to replace chemical control of
4. Installation of secondary controls in major canals to hold aquatic weeds with alternate methods which are not
higher heads of water. harmful to the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem.
5. Construction of additional salt water intrusion control 5. Nutrient removal by periodic commercial harvesting of the
facilities, except on natural rivers, according to a salinity lake's extensive fish population.
control line established along the entire South Florida coast. 6. Nutrient removal by harvesting of aquatic weeds.
6. Elimination of the disposal of improperly treated waste
waters. (C) Everglades Outside the Park
7. Consideration of all artificial recharge methods which do Everything possible should be done to retain and enhance
not impair the quality of the ground water. those areas in their natural condition. There is a need for
not impair the quality oo the ground water.
8. Consideration, after study, of filling in certain canals in continuous monitoring and control of these water resources since
the South Dade County area to improve ground water they provide the supplies to total South Florida area, including
quality. urban areas. A specific objective should be to maintain and restore
9. Prohibition of deep cuts made into the aquifer at the salt the sawgrass. Present intrusion of non-public interests should be
water line which cannot be adequately controlled by removed from Conservation Areas 1, 2, and 3 and all privately
salinity barriers to prevent salt water intrusion, owned lands in said areas be purchased. It is important that the
Water quality, quantity and development controls described else- Big Cypress area be purchased to the greatest extent possible and
where in this report will also improve ground water conditions in that land use controls be established immediately in the Big
the basin. Cypress to control development and to preserve this area for the
public benefit. Other potentially valuable areas that need protec-
GEOGRAPHIC CONSIDERATIONS tion are the Shark River Slough, its head water areas and the
The South Florida water resources can only be understood by general area near Canal C-111.
considering the entire area. The area begins with the Kissimmee
Valley chain of lakes in the north, extends southward through (D) Everglades National Park
Lake Okeechobee, the Everglades (including the Big Cypress) and We should attempt to maintain the water quality and quantity
encompasses all coastal and estuarine areas. Any significant of the Park adequate for the purpose for which the Park was
change in water quality or quantity in one part of the total area created. Where it is deemed advisable, exotic plants and animals
must be considered in light of its effects on the rest of the system. should be controlled in the Park and throughout the Everglades
(A) The Kissimmee Valley
Pollutants entering the Kissimmee Valley have cumulative SHORT TERM PROBLEMS
adverse effects on water quality in the Kissimmee chain of lakes An inter-agency committee should be established immediately
J and in Lake Okeechobee. The Kissimmee lakes and marshes to consider short term water management problems. The purpose
should be restored to their historic conditions and levels to the of this committee shall be to develop an ecologically sound body
greatest extent possible in order to improve the quality of the of guidelines and policy to be followed in the resolution of short
water entering Lake Okeechobee. Action should be taken to term problems of the region. There should be an educational
restore fish resources and wildlife habitats. Contamination by program to alert the public to the possibilities and consequences
pastured livestock must be reduced. Techniques should be investi- of water shortage.
gated to increase restoration of selective areas to their natural (A) Fire Prevention and Control
condition by use of advance waste disposal and composting Through programmed burning maintain an approximation of
the original fire regime of the area. ThL.c should be controlled regional board shall be composed of nine (9) members appointed
burning to protect the natural plant and animal systems and to by the Governor. Three year staggered terms shall be used. The
prevent an undesirable build-up of plant materials. Man should board shall represent the diverse interests in the region. It should
be excluded from critical areas in times of drought. Fire laws hold periodic public hearings in its region for the purpose of
should be strictly enforced. receiving input from the public. It shall develop and implement a
(B) Intrusion of Salt Water regional comprehensive land and water use plan in accordance
To prevent the intrusion of salt water within the coastal areas, with the State plan. The development of this regional plan should
the fresh water head should be maintained as high as feasible. commence at once with the proper funding and legislative
When a water shortage is anticipated, restriction of water use will authority, even in the absence of an adequate statewide plan.
be necessary in order to maintain this head of fresh water during In the development of these long range plans, procedures should
the drought. Temporary dams should be built on canals, when be adopted which allow and encourage full public participation
necessary, with an established emergency system of permitting and input.
to allow construction of such dams. During droughts, navigation The geographical boundary of the South Florida regional land
service should be restricted in order to reduce loss of fresh water. and water management agency shall be the Kissimmee River
Canals should not be constructed which would allow salt water Basin, the Okeechobee Basin, the Everglades and the Big
Cypress Watershed, including all adjacent coastal and extuarine
intrusion inland of the salt water line. Appropriate local laws Cypress Watershed, including all adjacent coastal an
should be established and enforced. areas. The regional land and water management agency shall be
responsible for managing water quality and quantity for the long
(C) Establishment of Water Priorities term benefit of the environment of the region and the State. The
Since there is competition for water by agriculture, urban areas, agency shall be responsible for establishing policy and guidelines
conservation areas, estuaries and the Everglades National Park it is for such activities as drainage, water use, well drilling, land use,
recommended that the total water supply be considered a common estuary protection, watershed management, flood control and soil
resource. Survival of the entire South Florida ecosystem, without conservation.
sacrificing any segment, should be the prime consideration. The regional agency shall have all powers necessary to develop
Maintaining the head of fresh water should be given first and implement the regional land and water use plan including,
priority. The inter-agency committee should propose priorities but not limited to, taxing powers, eminent domain, police
in its over-all plan. powers such as intervention to protect the environment, permits
(D) Regulation of Water Use for drainage districts and canals, subpoena and investigative
A model water use priority ordinance should be developed powers and research properly coordinated with other agencies. A
for use by all affected areas, establishing a series of consumptive law providing for public condemnation of lands for environmental
controls based on the degree of water shortage. protection is essential to the implementation of the objectives
(E) Desirability of Cloud Seeding herein presented.
Cloud seeding is not considered a short term solution. There The regional agency shall be required by the State to relate to
was a division of opinions on the desirability of cloud seeding and coordinate with duly constituted State and regional organiza-
primarily due to a lack of knowledge, especially as to the possible tions operating in other functional areas.
adverse environmental effects. An opinion is that cloud seeding Finally, the conference recognizes that present funding for
may be more effective in producing a water supply during the environmental protection must be greatly enlarged to accomplish
wet season to mitigate low water supplies during the dry season. the common goal of protecting the economic and environmental
However, further research is recommended. values of this State.
(F) Schedules of Water Levels in Lake Okeechobee and the
The inter-agency committee should develop and maintain
close coordination between the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, The citizens who have participated in
the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, the this Governor's Conference on
Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, the U. S. Depart- Water Management in South Florida in
ment of the Interior and where appropriate, the Florida
Department of Natural Resources. The purpose should be to plenary session assembled acknowledge
establish water levels in Lake Okeechobee and the Conservation and applaud the foresight and courage
Areas as well as to establish flexible regulation and delivery demonstrated by
schedules for all water needs in South Florida. Governor Reubin OD. Askew
Governor Reubin O'D. Askew
MANAGING AGENCY FOR THE SOUTH FLORIDA REGION in convening this meeting and offer their
Water management should be coordinated at the federal, state continuing support in accomplishing the
and regional levels, with the leadership role clearly being taken
by the State of Florida. At the state level there must be an agency objectives set forth in this statement.
or board that has all power necessary to develop and ensure
implementation of a comprehensive land and water use plan Approved in Plenary Session
for the State. The agency or board, whichever it may be, should September 24, 1971
report to the Governor.
A regional board for South Florida shall be established. The
Some 150 experts from the fields of C. Knecht, U. S. Sugar Corporation; Project; Don Crane, State Representative,
science, government, agriculture, and Philip Lewis, State Senator, 33rd District; 52nd District; J. Walter Dineen, FCD;
conservation participated in the Gov- Bill Lund, Jupiter; Frank Nix, Everglades Robert Graham, State Senator, 48th Dis-
ernor's Conference on Water Management National Park; Gerald Parker, South West trict; Aaron Higer, U.S.G.S.; Mrs. Virginia
in South Florida. The panels were headed Florida Water Management District; Ted Hine, Miami; Dr. WaLyne C. Huber, Uni-
up by Professor John DeGrove of Florida Randall, State Representative, 112th Dis- versity of Florida; M. J. Kolpinski,
Atlantic University and Professor Arthur trict; J. W. Stevens, Broward County U.S.G.S.; Stanley D. Leach, U.S.G.S.;
Marshall of the University of Miami. Commission;Dr.Kerry Steward, U.S.D.A.; Larry Lukin, Palm Beach County Environ-
Names of members on the panel follow: Robert B. Steylter, Dade County Water- mental Director; Riley S. Miles, Water
Sewer Authority; Mrs. Joyce Tarnow, Users Association; Dr. William Morgan,
Group 1 Hal Scott, Audubon Coral Gables; and Dr. William Woodley, University of Florida; Dr. Oscar T. Owre,
Society, Chairman, and Donald O. W.O.A.A. Audubon Society; Richard Pettigrew,
Morgan, FCD, Recorder. Panelists in- Speaker of the House of Representatives;
cluded: Dr. Harry A. Allison, University Group 3 Dr. Carl McKenry, Uni- H H. Raulerson, Okeechobee County
of Florida; B. O. Beck, Osceola County versity of Florida, Chairman; and Colonel Commission; James F. Redford, Miami;
Commission; Mrs. J. W. Bernhard, J. W. Sollohub, State Department of Larry Shanks, U. S. Department of the
Tequesta; Richard Bogosian, Indian River Natural Resources, Recorder. Panelists Interior; Cecil P. Skipper, Highlands
County Commission; Richard Brusulas, included: Lothian Ager, Game and Fresh County Commission; Dr. Sam Snedecor,
Miami; T. J. Buchanan, U.S.G.S; Thomas Water Fish Commission; Dr. Taylor Alex- University of Florida; William R. Vines,
E. Furman, University of Florida; Joel ander, University of Florida; John Bethea, Naples; Lorenzo Walker, State Representa-
Gustafson, State Representative, 87th Director Division of Forestry; Mrs. Jean tive, 113th District; James O. Woodward,
District; Fred W. John, Belle Glade Booker, Fort Lauderdale; Stephen P. Glades County Commission.
Chamber of Commerce; Thamas A. Clark, Mayor Dade County; George Group 5- Jack Shreve, State Repre-
Kimball, President National Wildlife Fed- Cooper, Princeton; Mrs. Marjorie Stone- tentative, 75th District, Chairman; and
eration; Henry Kittleson, Lakeland; man Douglas, Miami; Dr. Charles Eno, Joel Kupperberg, Trustees of the Internal
Richard Klukas, Everglades National Park; University of Florida; W. E. "Bill" Ful- J o e ner
Improvement Fund, Recorder. Panelists
Harry H. Kuck, Jr., South Everglades ford, State Representative, 40th District; included: Peter Bajet, Dade County
Planning Council; Ross McCluney, Uni- George Gardner, U. S. Department of the Health Department; William Bevis, Com-
versity of Miami; John McCue, Dade Interior; James H. Hartwell, University missioner Florida Public Service Commis-
County Public Works; Dr. Howard Odum, of Miami; K. K. Huffstultler, E.P.A.; Ray sion; David Blumbert, Miami Chamber of
University of Florida; William Robertson, Knopke, State Senator, 23rd District; Commerce; Joe Burgess House Repre-
Everglades National Park; Dick Robinson, Dr. Charles M. Loveless, Denver Wildlife senate Committee on Natr R
Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife; Research Center; Art Marshall, University sources; Aldine Combee, Polk County
Dr. Robert Simpson; N.O.A.A.; Angelo of Miami; William G. Meyers, Martin Commission; Clyde Conover, U.S.G.S.;
Tabita, Corps of Engineers; Dr. Kenneth County Commission; Martin Northrup, Hugh M. Evans, Brevard County Commis-
Tefertiller, University of Florida; John W. Florida Audubon Society; Dennis ; Hay H roe County
Wakefield, U. S. Department of Health, O'Connor, University of Miami; Vincent mission; Dr. Robert C. Harris, Florida
Education and Welfare; George V. Warren; Patton, Air and Water Pollution Control State University; E. T. Heinen, Environ-
Palm Beach County Commission; and Board; John Pennekamp, Miami Herald; mental Protective Agency; John C. Jones,
William Zinkil, Sr., State Representative Ralph Poe, Orange County Commission; Florida Wildlife Federation; Walter Kautz,
85th District. A. W. Sarrinen, consulting engineer; .
Florida Farm Bureau; Dr. Ariel Lugo,
William Schneider, U.S.G.S.; Bruce Scott,
Group 2 Dr. Robert Homas, Florida University of Florida; John R. Maloy,
Atlantic University, Chairman and Dr. Dade County Water-Sewer Authority; and FCD; John Opel, Palm Beach Post-Times;
Manley Boss, Florida Atlantic University, William V. Storch, FCD. George Patten, Legislative Aide to U. S.
Recorder. Panelists included: Durward Senator Lawton Chiles; Earl Rich, High-
Boggess, U.S.G.S.; Joe Brown, Everglades Group 4 Dr. Lloyd B. Stover, Florida land County Commission; Lyman Rogers,
National Park; Dr. George Cornwell, Uni- International University, Chairman; and Conservation 70's; Dr. Ernest T. Smerdon,
versity of Florida; Gratton W. George, Bill Partington, Environmental Informa- University of Floirda; Guy Spicola, State
Hendry County Commission; Dr. John tion Center, Recorder. Panelists included: Representative, 75th District; Dr. Durbin
Gerber, University of Florida; Robert Mrs. Jean Bellamy, Miami Chamber of C. Tabb, University of Miami; Richard
Gibbs, South Florida Environmental Commerce; Dr. J. I. Garcia Bengochea, Tillis, Department of Education, Tallahas-
Project; Robert Grafton, FCD; E. E. consulting engineer; Joe Carrol, Bureau of see; Reggie Walters, Director of Planning
Green, St. Lucie County Commission; Sport Fisheries and Wildlife; Dr. Frank C. for Dade County; Lester Whitaker, Sr.,
Theodore Haeassner, Corps of Engineers; Craighead, South Florida Environmental Collier County Commission.
Low For This
Time Of Year
The FCD Governing Board received at
its November meeting, two comprehensive
reports on water conditions in central and
south Florida, both of which indicated
that water storage levels are far below
A report by Zeb Grant, FCD Director
of Field Services, painted a dismal pic-
ture for central Florida.
"We are going into this dry season in
worse condition than we were at this
time last year when we faced a drought
of major proportions," Grant said.
"All gages in the Upper Kissimmee
"Basin are just at or below the levels
recorded at this time last year most
of them are very deficient; and the lakes
in the Kissimmee Basin are, on the
average, more than two feet below r r
In a report on water conditions from "
Lake Okeechobee south, FCD Chief From the FCD Governin Board and Staff
Engineer, W. V. Storch said that although
water stored in Lake Okeechobee and the
three Everglades water conservation areas O ke R eopen
is slightly above levels at this time last eeane
year, they are far deficient of optimum
levels for this time of year. OKEE-TANTIE REOPENED A greatly enlarged and improved
His report reveals that rainfall in the Okee-Tantie Recreation Area has been opened by the Recreation
Lake Okeechobee area is deficient 49.7 Section of the Flood Control District. Roads -nd 75 parking
percent compared to the long-term aver- spurs have been paved, ample parking has mben ovided for the
age, the north Everglades off 42 percent; boat ramps, 100 cabbage palms along with Acacia, Euclypatus,
central Everglades down nearly 55 percent i Mimosa, Red Mapl, Syamr e, grapefruit and camphor trees
and the southern Everglades nearly 69 have been planted. The area. has been graded and grass planted.
percent. The comissary is ready to proviide food, beverages, fuel, etc.
"Ground water levels are very close
to or below last year," he stated.
He informed the Governing Board Bulk R
Water Management Bulletin Bulk Rate
that, as it had requested, a meeting has Published by U.S. Postage
been arranged with Dade, Broward and PAID
Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District West Palm Beach, F.
south Palm Beach County officials to P.. Box 1671, West Palm Beach Forida 33402 Permit No. 8
discuss possible trouble spots in the event
of deficient winter and spring rainfall. RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED
Plant a tre Y HON. SAM M. GIBBONS