Title: "Statement To Governor Reubin O'D Askew, From The Governor's Conference on Water Management In South Florida," and "Panel Members Listed." Water Manag
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Title: "Statement To Governor Reubin O'D Askew, From The Governor's Conference on Water Management In South Florida," and "Panel Members Listed." Water Manag
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Statement To Governor

Reubin O'D. Askew

From The Governor's Conference On

Water Manpgement In South Florida

There is a water crisis in South Florida today. This crisis hja 5. Research and funding which should begin immediately to
long range and short-range aspects. Eveiy major water area in the study what to do about recycling water and sewage
South Florida basin, Everglades National Park, the conservation effluents and solid waste disposal.
areas, Lake Okeechobce and the Kissimmee Valley is steadily
deteriorating in quality from a variety of polluting sources that LAND RECLAMATION
arc detailed below. The quantity of water, though potentially There should be no further draining of wetlands for any
adequate for today's demand, cannot now be managed effectively purpose. As an initial step in controlling the drainage of wetlands,
over wet/dry cycles to assure avminimum adequate water supply it is recommended that Chapter 98 of the Florida Statutes
in extended drought periods. (Soil drainage district law 1913) be repealed. Wetlands are the
most biologically productive of all lands. The need to preserve
WATER SUPPLY QUANTITY them stems from their value for recreation, water storage, aquatic
To initiate an action program to solve problems in the area of productivity, nutrient removal and for aquifer recharge. A program
water quantity, a careful assessment must be made of water should be initiated to reflood the marshes of the Kissimmee
demands linked to projected growth. For an adequate long-range Valley. Agricultural lands and marshes not presently in production
water supply, the State must have an enforceable comprehensive below Lake Okeechobee should also be reflooded. The initial
land and water use plan. This plan must be developed immediately. efforts should be pilot projects that can provide a clearer assess
It must be designed to limit increases in population and ment of the benefits and techniques of reflooding. It is crucial to
"machines, with their attendant demands on the water supply, to a reverse the process of the steady loss of organic soils2 Reflooding
level that will insure a quality environment. Such a management is the primary method for accomplishing this objective. This
plan would include, as its first objective, a complete inventory program should include the acquisition and consolidation of lands
and assessment of long-range water resources. The controlling by the State in selected areas north of Conservation Area Three
factor in this water resource assessment should be the water supply and/or near Conservation Area Two as a major pilot program.
that can be anticipated in times of shortest supply. A result of Its purpose shall be to determine the effect of controlling water
this planning effort would be a water budget system based on levels, filtering pollutants and recycling wastes to build up organic
available resources. This system would serve as a limitation on oils. Muck conservation programs should be coordinated
allowable population increases. pursued immediately by the Central and Southern Florida Flood
WATER SUPPLY QUALITY Control District and Trustees of the Internal Improvement Trust
Water quality is a far graver problem in the long run than is Fund. Even if mucklands are not used for agriculture, their
water quantity. The quality of the water in the South Florida preservation and restoration are necessary to maintain the
water basin is deteriorating. This deterioration stems from the ecological balance of the South Florida basin. Reestablishment
introduction into the basin of pesticides, herbicides, animal and of sawgrass may be the best solution to replenishment of the
industrial wastes, heavy metals, salt water, sewage and heated mucklands. However, other approaches should be considered on
waters. Channelization has contributed substantially to the process an experimental basis, including the use of organic material such
of deterioration. Water quality in the basin may be restored and as sewage sludge.
maintained by: (A minority position held that limited drainage of wetlands to
I. Zoning or acquiring the flood plains in the basin, serve a clear public interest, under strict controls, may be
2. Reflooding the Kissimmee marshes. justified.)
3. Initiating a comprehensive treatment program to treat POPULATION
pollutants at the source before they enter the water system. There is a limit to the number of people which the South
(This would necessitate initiation of treatment procedures Florida basin can support and at the same time maintain a
in agricultural areas and up grading existing procedures in
urban areas.)
4 Phasing out batk pumrnping into Lake Okeechobee or Iwctla.,ds, swa.nps, marshes, bugs, cit
requiring t:efctive treatment at the source before back Ot)rgJitt soils in tihe South Florlda Everglades area are c..,mnintliy reficr c
pumping. t, as iui tck Or inItIkland

quality clIVII Llilic nt. Thllte Sl .t *. t i .I l tc u l, IL ics ,I.ti .Irl .
niust develop a LIIl o I .'l lCt -ilvl 1.1i1l .l111 WA lI uLISI plill Will (i) Llake )kt OkC lihubel
lenforcemelinlt aiii. 111 y to liilllit population. IT Is sp. i.illy Recognilzng that I.Lake (.keclhobee is the hub of water quantity
crucial in the South 1lo ida .I giLn. Tl lic pi)iptl.i Ict V lvcl I i quiiality inl South Florida, the almost important and overriding
be one that call bIe suptpoId by Ihi availl.blC nIItlIIl l IC',l IL.'t ilsider.ationl lihould be not only to Iliain the present quality
especially water, in orMdr to sustain .i iuality ,iivii nIIIIfinL. A of th l ake but also to improve it. Specific consideration should
State comlpichlinsivc land .and water use plan would inLludl .111 bL givI to assure lhat all water inputs into Lake Okeechobce
aisseliisnt of the quality and quality of these (Ise'oSILCS ,ie of high quality. 'wo primary inputs which could improve the
Moreover, it would set denslity control oil lurtlher develolt)l)m nt quality of water are (1) reflooding of the Kissinnee Valley flood
by regions anld sub-regions. plain and (2) assuring that only high quality water is back pumped
into tihe lake. We should consider the following ways, ini
GROUND W AI'EK addition, to assure high quality lake water:
Localized ground water problems aic cLolmmon iln South 1. An appropriate monitoring and enforcement program.
Florida, but they are especially severe in South I)ade County and 2. Allowing a nmaxiimun high water level mark of seventeen
in portions of Collier and Lee Counties. (;round water coitailino- and one-half feet. Higher controlled elevations will not be
nations and depletion problems include salt water intrusion, considered unless it can be clearly shown that such elevation
uncontrolled drilling of wells, drainage well pollution, inefficielit would have no adverse effect on the environment of Lake
waste water disposal systems, septic tanks and sanitary land fill. Okeechobee, its water quality or the ecosystem of South
Solutions to ground water problems include: Florida.
1. A State Drilling Code requiring licensing of all wells and 3. Allowing no cattle or agricultural activities inside the diked
well drillers. area of the lake and immediate cancellation of all agricultural
2. Purchase or zoning of lands to protect recharge areas. and mineral leases inside the diked area.
3. Plugging of abandoned artesian wells. 4. Ways should be sought to replace chemical control of
4. Installation of secondary controls in major canals to hold aquatic weeds with alternate methods which are not
higher heads of water. harmful to the Lake Okeechobee ecosystem.
5. Construction of additional salt water intrusion control 5. Nutrient removal by periodic commercial harvesting of the
facilities, except on natural rivers, according to a salinity lake's extensive fish population.
control line established along the entire South Florida coast. 6. Nutrient removal by harvesting of aquatic weeds.
6. Elimination of the disposal of improperly treated waste t
waters. (C) Everglades Outside the Park
7. Consideration of all artificial recharge methods which do Everything possible should be done to retain and enhance
not impair the quality of the ground water. those areas in their natural condition. There is a need for
not impair the quality of the ground water.
8. Consideration, after study, of filling in certain canals in continuous monitoring and control of these water resources since
the South Dade County yea to improve ground water they provide the supplies to total South Florida area, including
quality. urban areas. A specific objective should be to maintain and restore
9. Prohibition of deep cuts made into the aquifer at the salt the sawgrass. Present intrusion of non-public interests should be
water line which cannot be adequately controlled by removed from Conservation Areas 1, 2, and 3 and all privately
salinity barriers to prevent salt water intrusion. owned lands in said areas be purchased. It is important that the
Water quality, quantity and development controls described else- Dig Cypress area be purchased to the greatest exnt possible and
where in this report will also improve ground water conditions in that land u"e control be stbliohed immediately in the Aig
the basins Cypress to control development and to preserve this area for the
public benefit. Other potentially valuable areas that need protect
GEFOGRAPHIC CONSIDERATIONS tion are the Shark River Slough, its head water areas and the
The South Florida water resources can only be understood by eirl area near Canal C-l ot,
considering the entire area. The area begins with the Kissimmee
Valley chain of lakes in the north, extends southward through (I) Everglades National Park
Lake Okeechobee, the Everglades (including the Pig Cypress) and We should attempt to maintain the water quality and quantity
encompasses all coastal and estuarine areas. Any significant of the Park adequate for the purpose for which the Park was
change in water quality or quantity in one part of the total area created. Where it is deemed advisable, exotic plants and animals
must be considered in light of its effects on the rest of the system. should be controlled in the Park and throughout the Everglades
(A) The Kissimmee Valley
Pollutants entering the Kissimmee Valley have cumulative SHORT TERM PROBLEMS
adverse effects on water quality in the Kissimmee chain of lakes An inter-agency committee should be established immediately
and in Lake Okeechobee. The Kissimmee lakes and marshes to consider short term water mallagement problems. The purpose
should be restored to their historic conditions and levels to the of this committee shall be to develop an ecologically sound body
greatest extent possible in order to improve the quality of the o. guidelies aid policy to be followed in the resolution of short
water entering Lake ()keechobe. Action should be taken to term problems of the region. There should be an educational
restore fish resources and wildlife habitats. Contaminatioli by plogram to alert the public to the possibilities and colsequciIcL,
pastured livestock must be reduced. Techniques should be invest of water shortage.
gated t'.' increase rest u'o. o selective areas to their natural (A) Fire Prevention aId Control
LUondltiui 3v uus: .. a.va'.- wastc disposal and Collplostillg lThl iugIh p.roranlnemied buLiti lllliatain ain approxililatllLon o'

the original fire regime of the area. There should be controlled regional board shall be composed of nine (9) members appointed
burning to protect the natural plant and animal systems and to by the Governor. Three year staggered terms shall be used. The
prevent an undesirable build-up of plant materials. Man should board shall represent the diverse interests in the region. It should
be excluded from critical areas in times of drought. Fire laws hold periodic public hearings in its region for the purpose of
should be strictly enforced. receiving input from the public. It shall develop and implement a
(p) Intrusion of Salt Water regional comprehensive land and water use plan in accordance
To prevent the intrusion of salt water within the coastal areas, with the State plan. The development of this regional plan should
the fresh water head should be maintained as high as feasible. commence at once with the proper funding and legislative
When a water shortage is anticipated, restriction of water use will authority, even in the absence of an adequate statewide plan.
be necessary in order to maintain this head of fresh water during In the development of these long range plans, procedures should
the drought. Temporary dams should be built on canals, when be adopted which allow and encourage fp public participation
necessary, with an established emergency system of permitting and input.
to allow construction of such dams. During droughts, navigation The geographical boundary of the South Florida regional land
service should be restricted in order to reduce loss of fresh water. and water management agency shall be the ssimme River
Canals should not be constructed which would allow salt water Basin, the Okchobee Basin, the Everglades and the Big
intrusion inland of the salt water 4e. Appropriate locl laws Cypress watershed, including all adjacent coastal and etuarine
would be established and enforced. areas. The regional land and water management agency shall be
establishment of Water Priore responsible for managing water quality and quantity for the long
(C) Estabishment of Water Priorities ters benefit of the eavironment of the region sad the State. The
Since there is competition for water by agriculture, urban are"a, agency sial be r eponsible for establihing policy nd gJidelines
conservation areas, estuaries and the i verglades National Park it is for such ativitie as drainage, watr us, well drillin, land use.
recommended that the total water supply be considered a common estay protocion, watere4 manaemip, o# Q o and soil
resource. Survival of the entire South Florida ecosystem, without conservation.
sacrificing any segment, should be th prime consideratioa. The regional agency sall have all powers ICWsary to develop
Maintaining the head of fresh water should be given first and implmet the regional ld ad er uwe plan including,
priority. The inter-agency committee should propose priorities bt n limited to, twin powers, eaoiant domain, police
ia i. over-all paz. powers such a intervention to protect thi eayVronmeot, permit
(P) tpulation of Water Use f drainage 4istric"s and 9asI. subpoena and investigative
A model water use priority ordinance should be developed powers ad research properly c 4odinasd with other agencies. A
for ue by all affected areas, establishing a mriqs of conaumptive law providing for public condclmnautto of la4 for environmental
9prols bae4d on th degree of water shocrte. protection ip easen;i l to 9 itlp9pRiap of the objectives
(P) Petirability of Cloud Seeding herein presented.
Cloud seeding i not considered a short term solution. There The regional agency shall be required by the State to relate to
was a diviaiop of opinions on the desirability of cloud seeding and coordinate wih duly constituted Stat saad reoonal organize
primarily due to a lack of knowledge, especially as to the possible tion operating i other functional areas.
adverse environmental effects. An opinion is that cloud seeding Finally, the conference recognizes that present funding for
may be more effective in producing a water supply during the environmental protection must be greatlyenlarged to accomplish
wet season to mitigate low water supplies 4W4g ti9 4ry seaop. the common goa of protecting the econosrc sp nvronmental
However, further research is recommended. voae Wof
(F) Schedules of Water Levels oI Lak Qkeechobee and t)hc .
Cocsauvation Areas
The inter-agency committee should develop and maintain
close coordination between the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, The citizen who have participate^ t
the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, the this Governor's Conference on
lorida Game iand Presh Water ish Commission, the U. S. Depart- Water Management in South Florida in
meant of t^ Interior and where appropriate, the Florida p y io mbld owled
Department 9f Natural Resources. The purpose should be to plry io d tckowldge
establish water levels n Lake Okeechobee and the Conservation and applaud the foresiao t aQd oayrOs
A a u wdI a to establish fleiblk regulation an4 4eliycry demonstrated by
schedules for all water needs in South Flori4,. G O'Q. Askew
Governor Loubit O'D. Askew
MANAGING AGENCY FOR THE SOUTH FLORIDA REGION in convening this meeting and offer their
Water management should be coordinated at the federal, state continuing support in accomplishing the
and regional levels, with the leadership role clearly being taken
by the State of Florida. At the state level there must be an agency objectives set forth to this statement.
or board that has all power necessary to develop and ensure
implementation of a comprehensive land and water use plan Approved in Plenary Session
for the State. The agency or board, whichever it may be, should September 24, 1971
report to the Goveaor.
A regional boar for South Florida shall be established. The

Panel Members Listed
Some 150 experts from the fields of C. Knecht, U. S. Sugar Corporation; Project; Don Crane, State Representative,
science, government, agriculture, and /Philip Lewis, State Senator, 33rd District; 52nd District; J. Walter Dineen, PCD;
conservation participated in the Gov- Bill Lund, Jupiter; Frank Nix, Everglades /Robert Graham, State Senator, 48th Dis
ernor's Conference on Water Management National Park; Gerald Parker, South West trict'Aaron Higer, U.S.G.S.; Mrs. Virginia
in South Florida. The panels were headed Florida Water Management District; Ted Hine, Miami; Dr. Wayne C. Huber, Uni
up by Professor John DeGrove of Florida Randall, State Representative, 112th Dis- versity of Florida; M. J. Kolpinski,
Atlantic University and Professor Arthur trict; J, W. Stevens, Broward County U.S.G.S.;Stanley D. Leach, U.S.G.S.;
Marshall of the University of Miami. Commission; Dr.lary Steward, U.S.D.A.; Larry Lukin, Palm Beach County nviron-
Names of spembers on the panel follow: Robert B. Steylter, Dade County Water- mental Director; Riley S. Miles, Water
Grol Scott, A bo Sewer Authority; Mrs. Joyce Tarnow, Users Association; Dr. William Morgan,
Group 1 a St Audubon Coral Gables; Wad Dr, William Woodley, University of Florida; Dr. Oscar T. Owre,
Society, Chairman, nd/Donld W.O.A. Audubon Society; Richard Pettigrew,
Morgan, PCD, Recorder. Panelists in Speaker of the House oRere tati
eluded: Dr. Harry A. Allison, University Group 3 Dr. Carl McKenry, Uni- Spe grof the HruseofRepreobee on;
of Florida; D. O Beck, Oceola Couny varsity of Florida, Chairman; and Colonel H.H. Ra son, Okeochobse
oFi 1, Bk sai sCommission; James F. Redfold, Uamr
Commisuon; Mrs. J. W. Bombard. J W. Sollohub, State Department of mmio Jam edrd, M
Tequesta; Richard Bogosian, Indian River Natural Resources, Recorder. Panelists Lry She s U. Depart t of the
County Commission; Richard Brusul, included: Lothian Ager, Game and Fresh Interior; P. SIpper, Higlands
Miami; T. J. Buchanan, U.S.G.S; Thomas Water Fish Commission; Dr. Taylor AleU- County Com on S neder,
B. Furman, University of Floridd; Joel andr, University of Florida; John Bethee, Uniersity oFlori lam Viners,
Guatafson, State Representative, 87th Directc Division of Fore0try; Mrs. Jean NAtive bL nso Wdit ; Jamse R. oodward
Ditrict; Fred W. John, B5eU Gde pooker, Fort 4auderdale1 Stephen p, VO. 341 trt James ood rd
Chamber of Commerce; Thamsu A. Clrk, Mayor Pade County; George GladoueCuntlS Co mState
Kmball, President National Wildi Fed. Cooper, Princeton; Mrs. Marjorie Stone- Grose 75th Dct, chairman; and
ration; Henry Littlso, 4keland; W4aa Douglas, Miami /)r. Charles So, engutati 75th DietriEt, C n en
Richard Kluks, verglades National Park; University of Florida; W. "Bsi" l- Joel ppber Tuses ofthe lternal
Harry H. Luck, Jr., South Ivorade ford State Representative, 40th Distrite; lmprovent Fund Recorder. Panlists
Planning Coundcil; oss Mcr uey, Uai- Georg Gardner, U. S. Department of the Pt
very of Miami; J hn McCue, Dad Interior; James H. HartweU, University Halt Department; William Sevi, Com-
County Public Work;t Howard Odum, of Miai; K. g. Huffstultler, B.PA.; Ry missiobnr Forid Publc Service Comm
Univrsity of Flrida; William Robrton., Knopke, State Senator. 3rd District; e Did a er, mi ofC
Everglades Natioal Pak; Dick Robinson, Dr. Charles Lovels, Denvr Wildlife Comme Joe Brs H e of ee-
Burau of Sport Fiseries and Wildlife; research Center; Art Mrshall, University s ivesCom e on Naral Re
Dr. Robert Simpson, .O.A.A.; Anelo of Mimi; William G. Meyors, Martinq omuirc; A yde Conove, o Cou.S
Tabita, Corps of nagineers; Dr. Kenneth County Commision; Martin Northrup, HAuSh M. wauu, S rde County Commi
Tefertiller, University of Florida; John W. Florida Audvbon Society; .n ion; Hsrry HrriS onroe County Comr-
Wakefield, U. 6. Department of Health, O'Connor, University of Miami; Vincent mion; Rober t Cry Harrisonr ounty orida
Education and Welfare; Geore V. Wren; Patton, Air and Water Pollution Control Ssa
Palm Beach County Comnssion; and Board; John Pennekamp, Miami Herald; Stae University; B. T. Hien Environ-
William Zinkl, Sr., State Repreentativ Rlph Poe, Orange County Commission; Florid Wildlife Federtion; Waer Kautz,
85th Distrjct. A. W. Sarrinen, consulting engineer;
William Schneider, U.S.G.S.. Bruce Scott, Florida Farm Bureau; r. Ariel Lugo,
Group 2 Dr. Robert Homs, Florida William Schneider, U.S.G.S.;BruceScott, Univty of Florida; John R. Maloy,
Group 2 Dr. Robert Heomn, Florid Lee County Commission; Garrett Slo., a lodVoh R Mloy
Atlantic University, Chairman and Dr. FCDLJohn Opel, Palm Beach Post-Times;
D ade County Water-Sewer Authority; and
Manley Boss, Florida Atlantic University, uWilliam V. Storch, FCD. George Patten, Legislative Aide to U. S.
Recorder. Panelists included; Durward Senator Lawton Cbiles; Earl Rich, High-
Boggess, U.S.G.S,; Joe Brown, Everglades Group 4 Dr. Lloyd B. Stover, Florida land County Commission; Lyman Rogers,
National Park; Dr. George Cornwell, Uni- International University, Chairman; and Conservation 70's; Dr. Epnest T. Smerdon,
versity of Florida; Gratton W. George, Jill Partington, Environmental Informa- University of Floirda;'Guy Spicola, State
Hendry County Commission; Dr. John tion Center, Recorder. Panelists included: Representative, 75th District; Dr. Durbin
Gerber, University of Florida; Robert Mrs. Jean Bellamy, Miami Chamber of C. Tabb, University of Miami; Richard
Gibbs, South Florida Environmental Commerce; Dr. J. I. Garcia Bengochea, Tillis, Department of Education, Tallahas-
Project; Robert Grafton. FCD; E. E. consulting engineer; Joe Carrol, Bureau of see; Reggie Walters, Director of Planning
Green, St. Luai Coun n "omismsion; Sport Fisheries and Wildlife; Dr. Frank C. for Dade County; Letster Whitaker, Sr.,
Theodore Haer.nr. _.. u. Enginers; Craighead, South Florida Environmental ColiUer County Commission.
'97 y

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