S"- 11-- TIAM .UjTR__.III1UN:IrMES.Snday-. M'aV 1 75
Nuclear Power Decision
Will Touch State
WASHINGTON Traveling by automobile, it is roughly
1,000 miles from Arcadia, Fla., to the New Senate Office
"Building in Washington, D.C. Most people would take two
days to make the trip.
By air, the distance between the two points is shorter and :< -
with good ground connections you can make the trip in less
than four hours. Ask the cab driver for the Dirksen Office
Building, because that is the new name for the New Senate Ja c k I.. \ :::5
Office Building. ^ s "h.
BY NUCLEAR power, it takes about 12 years to get from
"Arcadia to Washington and back, by way of Tallahassee. n B .**, .
Whether that is a good thing or a bad thing depends on your
point of view, but the people who were testifying on the sub- F
ject Friday in Room 3110 were complaining.
Sen. Richard Stone of Tallahassee was presiding over
"w hat Sen. Henry Scoop Jackson of Washington State said was
the 18th day of hearings (and the last, he hoped) held during
"the past five years on a national land use planning policy. which I would not wish on any of you," Dunlop said.
The method used to select and approve new electricity He proposed a one-time national licensing of nuclear plant
,generating plants, both fossil and nuclear powered, is a par- "hardware" so companies would not have to answer the
"'ftcularly sticky point in the development of any such policy.
.- The people of DeSoto County and parts of the Tampa Bay same questions for each individual site approval. He said his
,area will feel the impact of any decision Congress makes on company had instituted n "open plannsite approval. He said his
;':the subject. The Florida Power and Light Co. has announced public and regulatory agencies "to better inform those
. plans to construct a huge nuclear powered generating plant groups and learn their concerns early enough in the planrse
, -:on a 24,000-acre site northeast of Arcadia. process to enable us to be responsive to the plannwith
PART OF the plan envisions building an 16,000-acre ar- minimum of cost and delay."
.ficial lake at the site with water drawn from the Peace Answering a question by Stone, Dunlop said this would be
ftiB;ver at flood periods. 'he company's policy on its proposed DeSoto County plan.
-,, The Senate Interior Committee is considering two bills STONE NOTED that neither the administration bi or the
(i*which would have an influence on the Arcadia plant site Jackson bill would permit the arrangement suggested by
,: One bill, proposed by the Ford Administration, would give And he questioned whether state authorities shouldn't be
he federal government an overriding role in determining the allowed to require additional cooling towers or other equip-
,eed for and the site of new electricity generating plants. It nent on federally approved nuclear plant designs.
.Js a left-over section of the administration's stalled "Project Those and similar questions will be answered in the Ar-
^Jhdependence." .adia area during the next 12 years, give or take a few years
.:. The other bill. proposed by Jackson and 26 other senators, )ne way or the other.
"is a broader land resource planning act which Jackson labels At any rate, Dunlop said it will take Florida Power and
^."a state's rights bill." It also seeks to hasten the licensing of ,ight another 24 months to finish its detailed study of the
r iew electric plants but at least at first glance, gives the 3eSoto site.
^ states a larger voice in the process. -- --------- -
.^< Richard D. Lamm, Colorado's young new governor,
^',leaded with the committee to give the states a dominant
^role in the process.
^\ NO ISSUE has brought the nation's governors closer
Siogether, he said, than the threat of the federal government
;gre-empting land use planning. Jackson said his bill does not
Pfi re-empt state control of energy siting.
'"z Robert Moretti, a member of the California Energy Re-
7i*-ources Conservation and Development Commission, de-
s-cribed how his state seeks to select new sites for energy
-, Do you do that secretly or openly? Stone wanted to know.
t_, All openly at public hearings, replied Moretti.
",- Do you think that approach increases the value of the land
under consideration? asked Stone.
".: IT MAY HAVE some effect, but there hasn't been enough
,.experience to tell, answered Moretti.
"f"^ "What if it did," demanded Sen. Clifford Hansen, a Wyom-
S-*jng Republican. "It would certainly be better than keeping it
'"*secret and letting it leak out to some friend of a commis-
There are cynics in Wyoming, too.
-.." The strongest, if not the most relevant, testimony of the
S-*day, came from Dr. Donald D. Dunlop, a vice president for
environmentalta l affairs of. the Florida Power and Light Com-
,,pany. The Miami-based firm is the fifth largest electric corn-
''ljany in the nation and produces half of all electricity used in
r^. Using the company's efforts to construct a second nuclear
,;power plant in St. Lucie County near Fort Pierce as an exam-
^ple. Dunlop said it takes 12 yoars to plan. win approval of,
,-ind build a nuclear generating plant that has an expected life
,- f about 46 years.
," PitE-CONST'rlUC'TION planning and approval by federal
r-"and state authorities takes more than five years, he said.
Construction takes five years, and at least two more years
.re needed to get an op-rating license from the Nuclear Icteg-
,; "'(,.r-c- n. -,i I 1 ^,,:,'e 1r., -:! t__ .y is that --,ottil ,,a p<-r-
^ jnst t,, bIl, d" : ,r;, !, ar ip,',/.,t'r pl,-i'',' ,, ir~itllh; l' r-'p,,ri.-tsc .