May 14, 1979
Cosme-Odessa Well Field
i City of St.. Petersburg :
1929 The Cosme Well Field was developed by the Pinellas
Water Company and is located in northwest Hillsborough
1940 The City of St. Petersburg purchased the Pinellas Water
Company and the Cosme Well Field.
1950-1955 The Cosme Well Field was expanded to accommodate the
growing water demands of the City of St. Petersburg.
This expansion was along the Seaboard Airline Railroad
right-of-ways to the south and east of Odessa causing
the well field to be referred to as Cosme-Odessa, and
bringing the total acreage to approximately 632 acres.
February 1972 The need for .regulation of the City of St. Petersburg's
South Pasco, Cosme-Odessa, and Section 21 well fields,
established during Public hearings held in December
1971 and January 1972, led the Board of Governors of the
Southwest Florida Water Management District to issue
Order No. 72-1 establishing potentiometric surface
regulatory levels for the Cosme-Odessa and Section 21
July 1973 The Board of Governors of the Southwest Florida Water
Management District, by Order No. 73-1D, declared that
a water shortage existed within an area of the south
three miles of Pasco County and the north eight miles
of Pinellas and Hillsborough Counties lying between
State Road 55 (U.S. 19) and State Road 45 (U.S. 41).
September 1973 Due to a still existing water shortage, the Southwest
Florida Water Management District entered Order No.
73-5D requiring that withdrawals of water in Cosme-
Odessa be limited to staff recommended potentiometric
levels and that water conserving practices be immediately
constituted in the water shortage area.
November 1973 The Southwest Florida Water Management District Governing
Board, the City of St. Petersburg, Hillsborough, Pinellas,
and Pasco counties mutually agreed to investigate the
feasibility of developing a well field at Cypress Creek
in conjuction with the District acquisition of this pro-
perty for a flood detention reservoir. This five party
agreement was entered into because the City of St. Peters-
burg and Pinellas County water supply sources at Section
21, Cosme-Odessa, Eldridge Wilde, and South Pasco well
fields were inadequate to meet future demands. The "Five
Party Agreement" involved a regional solution to water
At the regular public hearing, Order No. 73-6R was
entered which established in addition to existing re-
gulatory monitor levels, a gallonage cap upon the Section
21 and Cosine-Odessa well fields. The total maximum
withdrawals from the combined well fields could not
exceed 168 million gallons per week non- cumulative with
production reasonably balanced between the two well fields.
April 1974 The Governing Board of the Southwest Florida Water
Management District issued Order No. 74-11R amending
Order No. 72-1 and extending a hearing date to consider
establishing monitor levels for the shallow aquifer in
the well field from August 10 to August 14, 1974.
, May 14, 1979
Cosme-Odessa Well Field
June 1974 Order'No. 74-34 was entered at the Southwest Florida
Water Management District public hearing amending Orders
No. 73-5D, 72-1, and 73-6R. This Order called for the
City of St. Petersburg to require water conserving
devices on all new construction based on the availability
of the devicKe
August 1974 District staff recommended to the Governing Board during
the regular public hearings that it was not practical
to use shallow aquifer regulatory levels for regulating
well fields. The Governing Board requested that suggestions
or recommendations from the other 4 parties to the "Five
Party Agreement" be solicited. There were no objections
from Pinellas County or the City of St. Petersburg however,
Hillsborough and Pasco Counties did object to the staff
October 1974 District staff recommended that consideration of shallow
aquifer regulatory levels be presented at the November
13, 1974 Public Hearing.
November 1974 During the shallow aquifer regulatory level hearing,
District staff recommended the use of potentiometric
levels as prime regulatory indicators using shallow
aquifer levels as a check on the potentiometric regulations.
The hearings were continued to the December meeting.
December 1974 The shallow aquifer regulatory hearings were continued
for 90 days with a request from the Governing Board for
staff to request any suggestions or recommendations as
to specific monitor levels or means of setting monitor
January 1975 A program for issuance of permits authoring the consump-
tive use of water was implemented commencing January 1,
1976. Existing users prior to January 1, 1976 were
allowed to be continued through December 31, 1976 without
a Consumptive Use Permit.
March 1975 The shallow aquifer regulatory hearings were continued
to May 1975.
May 1975 The public hearings for setting shallow aquifer regulatory
levels were closed upon District Staff's recommendation
that, because of the insufficient evidence, it was not
feasible to establish these levels.
September 1975 The City of St. Petersburg applied for a Consumptive
Use Permit for public water supply at an existing use
of 9 mgd and a new use of 19 mgd from 23 wells in the
Cosme-Odessa well field located in Hillsborough County
for off-site consumption. Quantities applied for were:
Average Annual: 19 mgd
Maximum Daily: 22 mgd
November 1975 District staff recommended that a Consumptive Use Permit
be granted to the City of St. Petersburg for the Cosme-
Odessa well field with the stipulations that:
1. Withdrawals remain under the same regulations as in
order No. 74-11R.
2. Well E-100 be modified to a chloride monitor well
3. Total maximum withdrawals from the combined Cosme-
Odessa and Section 21 well fields not exceed 168 million
gallons a week non-cumulative with the pumping balanced
between the two well fields. It was further stipulated
that the Cosme-Odessa Consumptive Use Permit might be
modified when the Section 21 Consumptive Use Permit
application was brought into public hearings.
May 14, 1979
Cosme-Odessa Well Field
January 1976 At these public hearings, both the Cosme-Odessa and
Section 21 Consumptive Use Permit applications were
^ addressed at the Southwest Florida Water Management
District. In addition to the requested quantities, the
applicant requested that the existing regulatory levels
be maintained, that the pumping cap be removed, and that
a 5 foot variance in the regulatory levels be allowed as
opposed to the 3 foot variance set forth in Order No. 73-6R.
Since the application did not refer to the desired quanti-
ties of water or the removal of the pumping cap, the
hearing was scheduled for continuation on February 18,
February 1976 At the continued hearings, permits were granted on
application No. 7500003 (Section 21) and 7500004 (Cosme-
Odessa) under the same regulations which the City of
St. Petersburg had been operating under through Order
No. 73-6R with one exception. During 1976 the City
would be allowed to exceed the 168 million gallons a
week cap in connection with each well field by up to
21 million gallons per week during any six weeks with
all production to be reasonably balanced between the
two well fields. Both permits were set to expire on
December 31, 1980.
March 1976 The Governing Board of the Southwest Florida Water
Management District issued Final Order No. 76-2 for
permit application 7500004, Cosme-Odessa, City of St.
August 1976 Permit No. 7500004 was issued to the City St. Petersburg
under Order No. 76-2 by the Governing Board of the South-
west Florida Water Management District. The combined
withdrawals for 23 wells were authorized at:
19 mgd average annual
22 mgd maximum daily
The Regulatory constraints of Chapter 16J were met with
the exception that the proposed withdrawals would cause
a drawdown of the potentiometric surface at the boundaries
of the applicants well field by more than five feet. The
amount of water consumptively used would exceed the water
crop by 3005% based on the availability of 632,000 gpd.
September 1976 The City of St. Petersburg filed a petition for a
Writ of Certiorari with the Second DistrictCourt of
Appeals to review the Southwest Florida Water Management
District final orders and permits. The City of St. Peters-
burg sought authorization to withdraw quantities of water
at Cosme-Odessa well field based on regulatory levels rather
thanlgallonage caps permitted for withdrawal by the South-
west Florida Water Management District. The petitioner
also sought to demonstrate the regulatory levels were
based on the water crop theory; the water crop theory
being in derogation of Chapter 373, maximum use of the
water resource, and the water crop theory limiting
withdrawals to the amount of property under control by
October 1977 The second District Court of Appeals upheld the decisions
of the Southwest Florida Water Management District
because the City of St. Petersburg failed to show that
Sthe regulatory levels of the aquifer, as set by the
'District, were established by other thanreference to the
test of significant harm to the water resources of the
area. The City of St. Petersburg then petitioned the
District Court of Appeals for a rehearing and asked that
the case be referred to the Florida Supreme Court.
1 ay 14, 1979
Cosme-Odessa Well Field
November 1977 The Second District Court of Appeals denied the petition,
r for a rehearing.
SJanuary 1978 The City of St. Petersburg filed a petition for a Writ
of Certiorari with the Florida Supreme Court and also
filed a petition for the Court to exercise jurisdiction
in the matter.
March 1978 The Florida Supreme Court denied a motion to take
jurisdiction in the matter.
January 1979 The Florida Supreme Court entered an Order denying the
City of St. Petersburg's petition-for a Writ of Certiorari.
This final dismissal exhausted the judicial avenues for
the City to petition the Southwest Florida Water Management
District's permitting decisions for the Cosme-Odessa Well