and efficient utilization of our water resources will re-
quire a cooperative spirit and trust among the political
bodies. In the past cooperation and trust have not existed.
The biggest challenge facing the proposed authority is to
prove that water-rich and water-poor counties can work
together to satisfy.the water needs of all our citizens.
In sum, we feel that there are ample supplies of water
available for existing and foreseeable uses. Our current
problem is one of optimum development and management of the
water resources we have rather than the availability of
water. By proper spacing wells, avoiding excessive pumping
rates, and distributing well fields, the authority can
minimize the drawdowns between wells and well fields. In
the same manner the authority can minimize the conflicts
between the water users throughout the area. Eventually,
however, if our water demands continue to increase, the time
will come when the water supply within the territorial
boundary of the authority will not be adequate for one-time
use. When we reach this stage, the authority must be pre-
pared to go beyond the territorial boundary for water, make -;
reuse of water, recharge the aquifer with flood water and
utilize any other means available to augment the available
supply, if the needs are to be fully met.
In closing, we feel that we have identified the
problem and created the authority capable of solving
the problem. We respectfully ask for the Department's
favorable recommendation so that we can get on with the
task at hand.
Your letter of September 23, 1974, specifically
requested that the agreement should contain a "provision
recognizing the jurisdiction of Southwest Florida Water
Management District and the Department of Natural Resources
in the regulation and conservation of the water resources."
We see no necessity for such a provision. The District
and Department derive their jurisdiction and authority
from the statutes, not this agreement.
In closing, we want to strongly urge the Division
to support our efforts to create this Authority. This
agreement is the culmination of many hours of work by
each of the parties. For this authority to resolve the
water supply problems of our area, the parties must con-
tinue to show the cooperative spirit and trust that has
developed over the past months. The problems we face de-
mand an authority capable of long-range planning and
regional development. While this authority may be the
first, the problem it seeks to solve will be faced in the
future throughout the state. Providing a problem-solv-
ing authority will be of benefit to our area as well as
the State of Florida.
While it might be advantageous to have this
authority cover a larger geographical area, recall that
this is the first step. The authority has the ability
to expand and bring in other counties. All parties have
had some reservations about the authority and have
recognized that there are some risks involved. But
there are risks with any new entity governmental or
private. All agree that this authority deserves the
opportunity to function.
Water resources have little relationship to
political boundaries. To attain the maximum beneficial
E. The effect or impact of any proposed
authority on any municipality, county
or existing authority or authorities.
Comment. Since the proposed authority will be a
source of additional water to the existing systems, it is
our opinion that it will have a very favorable impact.
Since Hillsborough County, Pasco County and Pinellas
County are members of the authority, the authority must
have a favorable impact on the counties. The two major
municipal suppliers, the City of Tampa and the City of
St. Petersburg, are also members of the authority and
will enjoy the favorable impact. Most of the other ;
municipalities in Pinellas County receive water from the
City of St. Petersburg or Pinellas County, thereby
bringing a favorable impact to these municipal systems
as well. At this time there are no existing authori-
ties within the proposed authority. It is our opinion
that the proposed authority will have a favorable im-
pact on most of the existing systems.
F. The existing needs of the water users
within the area of the authority.
Comment. For the past couple of years the citizens
served by the City of St. Petersburg, the City of Tampa
and Pinellas County have endured some type of restricted
water use. Our earlier comments have clearly set out
that the problem is one of development and transmission,
not supply. There are ample supplies of water avail-
able. The solution lies in bringing the water to the
people. All of the major users in the Hillsborough-
Pasco-Pinellas County area are experiencing problems
in meeting the existing needs of the water users. The
proposed authority is the best solution for resolving
the existing as well as future needs of the water users.
sure that an adequate water supply will be
available to all citizens within the
Comment. The agreement creating the authority
adopts a budget for the first year and provides the
authority with funding for its first five years. It
is the parties intent that after five years the
authority should be generating enough revenue from the
sale of water that contributions from the counties will
not be needed. In addition to these contributions and
the revenue from the sale of water, the authority has
the power to issue bonds for the construction of water
supply facilities. While the authority will also seek
federal funds for construction, the authority currently
has sufficient sources of funding. The authority will
possess the financial ability to design, construct,
operate and maintain the necessary water supply
The primary role of the authority will be to co-
ordinate the activities of the member parties. We don't
envision a new bureaucracy. It is our intent that the
authority will utilize the staffs of the members to the
maximum degree. We feel that the staffs of the member
parties possess considerable expertise, knowledge and
ability and that before hiring a new staff we should
use our existing staffs. Additionally, each city and
county has consultants that are available if necessary.
After observing the existing systems and facili-
ties of the City of St. Petersburg, City of Tampa, Hills-
borough County and Pinellas County, there is no ques-
tion that the authority has the necessary ability to
design, construct, operate and maintain any water supply
facilities the authority deems necessary.
water available within the authority's geographical area.
Through previous agreement the City of St. Petersburg, Pasco
County and Pinellas County have agreed to transfer their
interests in the Cypress Creek well field to the regional
water supply authority. It is anticipated that the Cypress
Creek well field will be the first step in establishing a
regional water supply system. The "Comprehensive Plan For
Areawide Water Systems In The Tampa Bay Region" also sets
forth certain recommendations on how additional water could
be made available. This report suggests facilities that
could provide an additional 281 million gallons of water per
day. In 1970, the U. S. Geological Survey statewide in-
ventory estimated the total daily water usage in Hills-
borough County, Pasco County and Pinellas County to be
approximately 250 million gallons per day. These facts only
reinforce our opinion that there are ample supplies of good
quality water available for existing and foreseeable uses.
It should also be recognized that an authority has the
ability to go beyond its geographic boundary to obtain
additional water. The "General Hydrology Of The Middle Gulf
Area, Florida" states that a conservative estimate of the
water available in the Middle Gulf study area (approximately
1700 square miles, consisting of all of Pinellas County and
part of Hillsborough, Pasco, Hernando and Citrus Counties)
is 2550 million gallons per day or 900 billion gallons per
year. Again, the problem we face is not one of water quantity,
the problem is one of proper development and transmission.
D. The ability of the proposed authority
to design, construct, operate and main-
tain water supply facilities in the loca-
tions and at the times necessary to in-
Comment. Unless an authority can provide water
at a reasonable cost, there is no need to go to the ex-
pense of building water production facilities. Pinellas
County and the City of St. Petersburg have already
recognized the economic desirability of constructing a
joint pipeline to the Cypress Creek well field. This
pipeline has the capacity to deliver 130 million gallons
of water per day. Presently the combined daily water
usage by the City of St. Petersburg and Pinellas County
from their existing facilities is 70 million gallons
per day. It is obvious that the pipeline under con-
struction will more than adequately serve the additional
water demands of the City and County for many, many
years. This is the type of project we envision that the
authority will eventually be constructing. It is
apparent that this pipeline is and should be utilized
as a regional facility. The real cost in developing
water supplies is the cost of the transmission facilities.
As our coastal areas continue to grow and we move farther
inland for our water, it will be in everyone's best eco-
nomic interest to have and share common facilities.
Already we have examples where municipal and county trans-
mission lines exist practically side-by-side.
The cooperative manner in which the Southwest
Florida Water Management District, the City of St.
Petersburg, Pinellas County and Pasco County are de-
veloping the Cypress Creek well field is another ex-
ample of how we can maximize the development of our water
C. The availability of a dependable and
adequate water supply.
Comment. In creating this authority it is our
opinion that for the immediate future there is sufficient
ties is not the type of regional authority contemplated
by the act. At one point in the legislative process
the proposed legislation provided that any regional
water supply authority had to consist of at least two
counties. This requirement was eliminated when the
guidelines were incorporated. Without a doubt, the
regional authorities envisioned by this legislation are
multi-county in nature.
It is generally acknowledged that if wells and well
fields are located at maximum distances from lakes, other
wells and well fields that the effects of the pumping
would be minimized, if not eliminated. While there may
be some question as to the quantity of water that is avail-
able within the proposed authority, there is little ques-
tion that there is more than an adequate supply of water
available for the immediate future.
Based upon the following reports, "Hydrologic
Effects of Pumping From The Floridan Aquifer In North-
west Hillsborough, Northeast Pinellas, and Southwest
Pasco Counties" by the U.S.G.S. (1968), "General Hydrology
Of The Middle Gulf Area, Florida" by U.S.G.S. (1970),
"Estimated Effects Of Ground-Water Pumping In Pasco
County, Florida" by W, F. Guyton and Associates (1974)
and "Comprehensive Plan For Areawide Water Systems In
The Tampa Bay Region" by the Tampa Bay Regional Planning
Council and Southwest Florida Water Management District
(1974), copies of which are attached, it is our opinion
that the geographical territory of Hillsborough County,
Pasco County and Pinellas County is of sufficient size
and character to reduce the environmental effects of im-
proper or excessive withdrawals of water from concentrated
B. The maximum economic development of
the water resources within the terri-
tory of the proposed authority.
MEMI ORAN D UM
TO: Charles M. Sanders, Director
Division of Interior Resources
Department of Natural Resources
RE: West Coast Regional Water Supply
DATE: October 17, 1974
Following your letter of September 23, 1974, and our
conference on October 1, 1974, we have prepared the follow-
ing comments. Our purpose in making these comments is to
assist the Department of Natural Resources in formulating
a recommendation to the Governor and Cabinet. As you are
aware, Section 7(1), Chapter 74-114, sets forth certain
minimum guidelines to be considered by the Governor and
Cabinet as they review any agreement for the creation of
a regional water supply authority. Our comments are
addressed to each of the statutory guidelines. Having
participated in the drafting of the legislation that
ultimately became Chapter 74-114, we are well acquainted .
with these guidelines and the legislative intent and pur-
pose for providing these guidelines.
A. The geographic territory of the pro-
posed authority is of sufficient size
and character as to reduce the environ-
mental effects of improper or excessive
withdrawals of water from concentrated
Comment. Section 7 provides that any two units of
local government can through agreement create a regional
water supply authority. If the foregoing provision was
the only criteria to be satisfied, it would be possible
for two cities to create a regional water supply
authority. An authority consisting of two municipali-
G.-)DINGS E.?ABRY O.K.REAVES
JOHN G. BAKER
EDWARD C.ADKINS EMILY WORTMAN LAWYER CARLTON, FIELDS, WARD, EM MANUEL, SMITH C CUTLER, P.A.
THOMAS D.AITKEN A.BROADDUS LIVINGSTON ATTORNEYS AT LAW
MICHAEL D.ANNIS WILLIAM F.MCGOWAN,JR.
JAMES W.AULT R.W.MEAD,JR.
RICHARD H. BARRY STEPHEN J. MITCHELL
DARRYL M.BLOODWORTH RANDY J.MORELL
JOHN W.BOULT JOE HORN MOUNT
STEPHEN J. OEZARTH DAVID G. MULOCK
PATRICK BROWN DAVID C.PARK THE EXCHANGE NATIONAL BANK BUILDING
ALBERT D.CAPOUANO ROBERT J.PLEUS, JR. P.O. BOX 3239
THOMAS A.CLARK WILLIAM M.REGISTER,JR.
PRESTON O.COCKEY,JR. OWEN RICE,JR. TAMPA.FLORIDA 33601
ERNEST L.CURRIN JUDITH F. RINSKY13)
EDWARD I.CUTLER PAUL A.SAAD TEL.(813) 223-5366
STEPHEN T.DEAN JEFFREY T. SAUER 2 NORTH PALAFOX ST. CNA BUILDING
PATRICK HAL DEKLE ROGER D. SCHWENKE P.O. BOX 12426 P. BOX 1171
DAVISSON F.DUNLAP G.THOMAS SMITH F A A .
JOSEPH D.EDWARDS ROBERT W.SM1TH PENSACOLA. FLORIDA 32582 ORLANDO. FLORIDA 32802
CHARLES H. EGERTON WM.REECE SMITH,JR. TEL.(904) 434-5441 TEL.(305) 849-0300
MICHEL G.EMMANUEL MERREL B.STAINTON
D.WALLACE FIELDS JACOB D.VARN
LEONARD H.GILBERT SYLVIA H.WALBOLT
MARVIN GREEN DAVID ELMER WARD PLEASE REPLY TO TIampa
EURICH Z.GR1FFIN LAWRENCE M.WATSON,JR.
RUTH B.HtMES PETER J. WINDERS
THOMAS F. CARD, JR. ROBERT L.YOUNG
WILLIAM D.KEETTEL PETER W.ZINOBER
JOHN PETER KIRTZ,JR. October 17, 1974
Mr. Charles M. Sanders, Director
Division of Interior Resources
Department of Natural Resources
202 Blount Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32304
Re: West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority
Enclosed is our memorandum that responds to your letter
of September 23, 1974. The memorandum has been circulated to all
of the parties for their comments.
I trust that the memorandum is sufficient, but should you
have any questions, please call. I would appreciate it if you
would confirm that the Governor and Cabinet will consider approving
the Agreement on October 29, 1974. Likewise, if you would advise
us of the time, date and place of the "little Cabinet meeting" and
any other meetings relating to this Authority, we'd appreciate it.
Very truly yours,
JDV:cs cob D. Varn