Title: Chief Hydrologist. "Ways and Means of Increasing Our Natural Water Crop,"
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00051601/00001
 Material Information
Title: Chief Hydrologist. "Ways and Means of Increasing Our Natural Water Crop,"
Alternate Title: Chief Hydrologist. "Ways and Means of Increasing Our Natural Water Crop," Hydroscope (Feb. 1973).
Physical Description: 1p.
Language: English
Publication Date: Oct. 1972
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
General Note: Box 3, Folder 5A ( WATER SHORTAGE, VOL. I. B3F5 ), Item 10
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00051601
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

SDL DROPLETS Reap Program Axed

The United States is going through the Hundreds of deep wells drilled for various
B.? S biggest building boom in its history; and in reasons some time ago have been aban-
Florida, the boom is bigger than anywhere donned and left flowing for years. Records of
else. But today's boom is different from the locations of these wells have long been
those that have occurred here in the past. lost. In more recent times the availability of
Ten years ago, 75 per cent of all new housing fresh water in high stress areas such as the
units going up in Florida were single family I'eace Basin is becoming critical and the
-- 1, 7". A homes. Today in south Florida, where the importance of stopping the unrestrained
": -. boom is most intense, 75 per cent of the new flow of these renegade wells is growing also.
.... ----structures are condominiums. (Fla. Dept. of Their unending waste not only deprives the
S(.. A commerce) area of available fresh water but brings on a
When the Districts' Permit Section was more formidable danger-salt intrusion of
first established, it was estimated that there the remaining fresh water supplies,-which
would be approximately 200 well drillers .... .. could take generations to rectify.
who would be seeking registration.
By September of 1971, after only eleven A USGS study on ,ong Island, N.J., has The Federal Government has been
months of registering drillers, 673 had been shown that after sources of pollution have assisting local programs to cap these wells
registered along with 254 drilling con- been found and stopped, it will still take 25 to through its Rural Environment Assistance
tractors. This was the first indication of the :11 years to flush sewage-contaminated Program (HEAP) by providing funds to
scope of well drilling operations that were water from the shallow water-table cover at least a part of this sometimes ex-
then being carried out throughout the aquifers. However, it will take 500 to 3000 pensive process. This assistance was
District. years for such water that has entered the brought to an abrupt halt December 27 when
Since that time the number of wells have artesian system to move the eleven miles :he U. S. Agriculture Department an-
neen increasing steadily. necessary for it to be seaward of the barrier nounced that the HEAP program had been
In 1971, some 9,914 wells were put down to beaches at the south shore of the island, eliminated completely.
:ap the underground supply of fresh water. (Groundwater Newsletter)
,n 1972 this figure jumped to 13,512. :AL t /
Curiously, the number of men and com-
nanies who drill the wells has leveled off. From The Desk Of The Chief Hydrologis '
contractors registered with the District as
of January 1973 numbered 275, as were 567 Editor's note: This is the second part of a feasible. Hold a fresh-water head behind
'rs. two-part series. Last month Mr. Parker each dam at least 212 feet above msl (mean
-- directed his comments toward Hillsborough seal level) and higher if possible. These
HYDROSCOPE County's present water supply situation dams will not only prevent bleeding off of
including the quantity of fresh water that is fresh-water, but will prevent salt-water
This document is produced at an available for use and approximately how encroachment both in the dammed-off
annual printing and postage cost of much is being used. This month his com- section of the canals and streams and in the
$2859.00 to provide public officials and ments concern ways we can improve the aquifer at depths directly related to the
private citizens a current source of availability of our fresh water supply. height to which fresh-water head can be
information about the Southwest held above msl--each foot of fresh-water
Florida Water Management District above msl depresses encroaching salt water
and its programs. WAYS AND MEANS OF INCREASING by about 40 feet. By holding fresh-water to
S OUR NATURAL WATER CROP 2.5 feet above msl, salt-water would thus be
BOARD OF GOVERNORS of the Southwest held to -100 feet msl in the aquifer.
Florida Waterdemand (withdrawal) exceeds the b. Reduce Et evapotranspirationn) losses.
DERRILL S. McATEER, Chairman average annual replenishment from nature, This can best be accomplished by
S.C. BEXLEY, JR., Vice Chairman there are several courses of action that can lowering the water table in swampy and
be taken to obtain the additional water marshy places below the reach of water-
THOMAS M. VAN DER VEER, Asst. needed. No attempt is made here to place wasting plants. Choices of areas will have to
secretary these in order of preference (greatest ad- mae.ie to decide what areas can be utilized
JOHN A. ANDERSON, Treasurer vantage) for each must be evaluated. Ts and wated. and w ones not used. Sme areas must be
has not yet been done, but is a hydrologic saved from lowering the water level in order
:!ERMAN BEVILLE, Asst. Treasurer duty that must be accomplished as soon as to preser'e natural forest and swamp en-
JOE E. HILL, Member possiblevironments for esthetics as well as sanc-
JOE ERI, Member Augment present sources by tuaries for wildlife. Our large well-fields are
a. NIeducing r unof losses to the Bay. Some prime examples of how efficiently this
ROBERT E. VAUGHN, Member devices might- be: works.
MASON WINES, Member 1. Establish and utilize more flood-
'ALD FEASTER Acting Executive retention res rvoirs, c. Ineuce waste f wat for water, par-
ctor 2. Create aquifer recharge facilities in 1. Increase charges for water, par-
actor association with such reservoirs to hurry ticularly for large users, so as to obtain the
flood waters into aquifer storage. joint benefits of augmenting income
rticls prepared by 3. establish salt-water control dams on (needed to pay for increased costs of water
.. D. VERGAI{A and S. MELODIE canals and streams entering the Bay, and supply and management) and causing
OLESON place these dams as near the Bay as tIydro 4)

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