Title: Statement of Clyde S. Conover for Presentation at the Public Meeting
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00051365/00001
 Material Information
Title: Statement of Clyde S. Conover for Presentation at the Public Meeting
Alternate Title: Statement of Clyde S. Conover for Presentation at the Public Meeting July 9, 1969, Brooksville, Florida, Relative to Rules and Regulations Governing Well Drilling and Registration of Drillers.
Physical Description: 5p.
Language: English
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
General Note: Box 3, Folder 2 ( SWFWMD (R) HISTORY - LAWS, RULES FIRST ORDERS - B3F2 ), Item 54
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00051365
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text
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ly" Is '" Cly:d S. am.District Chief of the Water

Talla~h.S.,--.The.eologic&I y is pesed to have.the pr ivile ge
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with the environment and be of maximum benefit to the publ ic. Some

sort of authority or regulatory agency operating under rules and regu-

lations is needed to insure that development of the water resources

fits the environmental conditions and is in the public interest.

In Florida, like most of the nation, population was relatively

sparse and cities were relatively small during the early years of

water resource development. Domestic and industrial water needs

were small; irrigation of crops in Florida was essentially non-existent.

Under these conditions the development of a water supply, such as from

a well for a household, was an individual matter. The success or

failure of such individual act-ions was essentially the concern only

of the particular developer. The effects of development were hardly

noticed by others.

However, present water demands by cities, industries, agriculture,

and others are large, and .a-ch development has an effect upon the other.

Uncoordinated development without order may lead to chaos; it is

competitive, promiscuous, and ruinous. Without overall planning,

certain detrimental effects occur or will occur. Some of the detri-

.-"aTT2 (w.t,.. elor. uncoo.rd i nated develop-

ment of water are: inordinate reduction of supply, deterioration of

supply, excessive lowering or drying of lakes, and significant decrease

in flow of springs and streams. Other possible effects are pollution

of waters by surface and underground disposal of wastes and encroach-

ment by salt water.

Inordinate reduction of supply results when wells of large

capacity are closely spaced and the total pumpage taxes the ability

of the aquifer system to supply the water. As a result, water levels


in the aquifer system lower to such an extent that the yields of the

wells are significantly reduced.

Deterioration of supply results when inferior water moves to wells.

This is brought about by a number of interrelated situations. First,

inferior water may move upward from depth to the wells because of

excessive pumping and consequent uncurbed lowering of water levels.

Second, inferior water may move into fresh-water aquifers by wells

drilled overly deep into salt water or by wells that are poorly or

inadequately cased. Third, inferior water may migrate laterally to

wells due to inadequate control of surficial canals or to locating

pfwells too close to the coast.

Excessive lowering of lakes and significant decrease in flow of

springs and streams result when wells of significant capacity are

located so that pumping inordinately affects a lake, stream, or spring.

Pollution of ground waters results from injecting wastes into

fresh-water aquifers. This can be done by means of wells finished

In a fresh-water aquifer or by infiltration to the fresh-water aquifer

of liquid and .solid wases from disposal sites. Waste disposal wells

completed at dei into oor qua) mty water may also pollute fresh

H waters if not properly cased or if the geologic and hydrologic con-

ditions are such that the fresh and salt-water systems are interconnected.

Encroachment of salt water results from lowering of water levels

by wells, as mentioned above, and from construction of canals and

drains so that salt water moves inland through the aquifer system.


Detrimental effects mentioned can be mitigated by coordinated

development tailored to the geologic and hydrologic conditions and to

the existing and planned development of the particular area. Simply,

the depth, construction, location, and rate of extraction of water

from wells, and the location and construction of drains and canals

are key elements in effectuating efficient use of our water resources.

The fact that such detrimental effects as yet are not widespread

in Florida is due to Florida's good fortune in having a naturally

abundant supply of water. Because of burgeoning population in Florida,

particularly as exemplified in the west-central part, the side effects

of the many individual and uncoordinated water developments may

potentially inflict costly and irreparable harm on the water resources

of the area. Rules and regulations are the guideposts of civilization.

Conservation of natural resources with due regard to physical laws

protects man.

I Water is a dynamic resource, being continually renewed by nature

and continually depleted by man. Further, both the natural environ-

S:mental i' t orRf-atd-the -vej" e nts by man are not uniform every-

"where. Rules and regulations promulgated to conserve and promote

wise and effective development and management of water and land resources

thus must be flexible and tailored to particular areas and situations.

The proposed rules and regulations of the Southwest Florida

Water Managment District (Regulatory) for the development, control,

conservation and use of water resources, with particular reference to

ground water, are a step in the direction of bringing about coordinated

development that will be compatible with the hydrologic and geologic

environment and will promote conservation of the resource to the

benefit of all.

The proposed rules and regulations are flexible and provide a

means by which decisions as to well construction, such as depths and

casing, and well location, can be tailored to the particular environ-

ment through the mechanism of applications to drill and the issuance

of permits. The rules and regulations provide for maintaining current

knowledge of water developments and water use as deemed necessary.

This is an aspect of water resource accounting and evaluation by

which decision as to current and potential adequacy of supply may

be based, The regulatiOns should not only conserve and protect the

water resources bat also should promote beneficial use.

The U.S. Survey, through its program of investigations
'of .r O e nt oIf the basic facts in cooperation

: th..e S h "t Dst rict t d other state,

latn SS )ks d to 4ance of

ca. s cano

bIr tdevil ,ojeft a-d can best maage their ..wa't.er -resoure

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