Title: Excerpts from Governor Graham's Address
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 Material Information
Title: Excerpts from Governor Graham's Address
Alternate Title: Excerpts from Governor Graham's Address October 23, 1980 speaking about the Environmental Reorganization Act of 1975.
Physical Description: 28p.
Language: English
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
General Note: Box 2, Folder 3A ( STATE WATER POLICY ), Item 33
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00051043
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
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(2. IT SHOULD CLARIFY THE STATUTORY MEANING OF "REASONABLE



BENEFICIAL USE", THE CORNERSTONE OF WATER MANAGEMENT IN FLORIDA.



FLORIDA STATUTE PROPERLY REQUIRES THIS CONCEPT OF "REASONABLE



BENEFICIAL USE" TO BE A YARDSTICK BY WHICH WATER MANAGEMENT



DISTRICTS MEASURE THEIR DECISIONS ON WATER QUANTITY PERMITS.



IT IS ESSENTIAL HOWEVER, THAT THE STATE WATER POLICY



CLEARLY ARTICULATE FACTORS WHICH SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN



ADHERING TO THIS REQUIREMENT OF "REASONABLE BENEFICIAL



USE."--A VITAL MEASURE OF WATER USE IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST.




-18-










HERE IS AN ARTICLE FROM THE AUGUST 20, 1979



ISSUE OF FORBES MAGAZINE, ENTITLED "THE WATER CRISIS: IT'S



ALMOST HERE." HERE IS ONE FROM THE OCTOBER 1979 ISSUE OF



BIOSCIENCE ENTITLED "WATER: THE NEXT RESOURCE CRISIS."



AND HERE IS AN ENTIRE SECTION FROM THE ORLANDO SENTINEL



FROM SEPTEMBER OF THIS YEAR ENTITLED: "FLORIDA'S WATER:



CLEAN IT OR KILL IT."











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3, IT SHOULD REQUIRE THAT PERMITTED USES OF WATER BE



LIMITED TO REASONABLE, BENEFICIAL USES, AND THAT WATER



CONSERVATION BE A CONDITION OF WATER USE. THE PERMITTING



PROCESS IS CRUCIAL TO SEEING THAT THE THEORETICAL GOALS OF



POLICY BECOME ACTUAL FACT.



(4 IT SHOULD CONTAIN RESRICTIS ON FLOOD HAZARD AR



DgELO0,ET, FLORIDA CAN NO LONGER AFFORD THE ALL OUT



"DIG IT, DITCH IT, DRAIN IT" APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT.



WE'VE PLAYED ALL THE TRICKS ON MOTHER NATURE WE CAN



GET AWAY WITH.

'Ii r










IT IS NO OVERSTATEMENT TO SAY THAT THE LEADERSHIP



OF THE FIVE WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS WILL, TO A GREAT



EXTENT, CONTROL THE COURSE OF FLORIDA'S FUTURE, ACCORDINGLY,



I CONSIDER MY APPOINTMENTS TO THESE DISTRICTS TO BE AMONG



THE MOST IMPORTANT THAT I WILL MAKE AS GOVERNOR,










5 IT SHOULD BE REQUIRED THAT BENEFICIARIES PAY FOR



WATER MANAGEMENT WORKS WHERE APPROPRIATE.
^^. ---- ^^ ^


6 FINALLY, IT SHOULD PROVIDE FOR THE CONTROL AND
vrr---- __L ------------__~ 1111~11


TREATMENT OF STORMWATER RUN-OFF. NEW DEVELOPMENT IN



FLORIDA SHOULD BE REQUIRED TO RETAIN RUN-OFF TO APPROXIMATE



PRIOR CONDITIONS, CONTROL OF EXISTING RUN-OFF PROBLEMS



SHOULD BE DEALT WITH ON A LONG-TERM, COST-EFFECTIVE BASIS.











-20-










WE HAVE AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE FOR DEALING



WITH WATER ISSUES IN FLORIDA THAT HAS SERVED AND WILL



CONTINUE TO SERVE US WELL, THE INTENT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL



REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1975 WAS TO MERGE WATER QUALITY



MANAGEMENT WITH WATER QUANTITY MANAGEMENT BY MESHING



THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION'S



RESPONSIBILITIES WITH THOSE OF THE WATER MANAGEMENT



DISTRICTS.







-10-










WORKING TOGETHER, THE DE.R. AND THE WATER MANAGEMENT



DISTRICTS SHOULD DEVELOP SOLUTIONS TO FLORIDA'S WATER



RESOURCE PROBLEMS WHICH ARE CONSISTENT WITH THE OVERALL



STATE POLICY, THESE SOLUTIONS SHOULD BE DETAILED AND



AREA SPECIFIC,



















-21-










THIS MAKES EMINENT GOOD SENSE. WATER IS CLEARLY



NO LONGER AN ISSUE OF LOCAL OR EVEN REGIONAL CONCERN.



SKEPTICS WHO THINK OTHERWISE NEED ONLY LOOK TO THE WESTERN



REGION OF THE UNITED STATES TO SEE WHERE A PAROCHIAL



APPROACH TO WATER LEADS,



SERIOUS DISPUTES OVER WATER IN THAT AREA USUALLY



END UP WITH REGION AGAINST REGION IN THE STATE COURTS, OR



WITH STATE AGAINST STATE IN THE U.S. SUPREME COURT.







-11-










THESE PLANS SHOULD BE IMPLEMENTED THROUGH



REGIONAL DISTRICTS AS RECOMMENDED BY THE RESOURCE



MANAGEMENT TASK FORCE. AND THEY SHOULD BE MODIFIED



AS THE STATE WATER POLICY IS REVISED.
























-22-











I HAVE ASKED THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL



REGULATION SECRETARY, JAKE VARN, TO DEVELOP AND ADOPT
.



A STATE WATER POLICY THIS YEAR. WITH THE D.E.R.'S



STATEWIDE OVERVIEW AND COORDINATING FUNCTION, A(A WITH



THE VARIOUS MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS' REGIONAL EXPERTISE, WE



SHOULD HAVE A FLEXIBLE, WORKABLE STRUCTURE TO MEET



FLORIDA'S FUTURE WATER NEEDS,












-12-









I ENVISION THE DE.R, DELEGATING MORE AND MORE OF


ITS DUTIES TO ITS DISTRICT OFFICE( 0TO WATER MANAGEMENT


DISTRICTS,SO THAT THE DECISIONS CAN BE MADE AS CLOSE AS


POSSIBLE TO THE PLACE WHERE THOSE DECISIONS WILL BE


IMPLEMENTED. BUT THAT WILL ONLY WORK IF THOSE DECISIONS
~-7

ARE ENLIGHTENEDI OT PAROCHIAL, BECAUSE AS WE'VE SEEN


OVER THE YEARS WATER PROBLEMS TRANSCEND LOCAL POLITICAL


BOUNDARIES.


-23-










THE NEXT STEP IS TO INTEGRATE WATER RESOURCE



MANAGEMENT WITH LAND MANAGEMENT THROUGH REGIONAL PLANNING



COUNCILS. THAT WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED BY TH APPOINTMENTS



OF WATER MANAGEMENT BOARD MEMBERS TO THE REGIONAL



PLANNING COUNCILS



WHEN THE REGIONAL PLANNING COUNCIL DEVELOPS REGIONAL



IMPACT DECISIONS, CONCERNS ABOUT WATER USE OR ABUSE WILL



BE REFLECTED.







-13-








WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS, ALONG WITH REGIONAL PLANNING

9,
COUNCILS, MUST COME TO GRIPS WITH HOW TO RESPOND TO ISSUES


ON THE HORIZON NOW: FIRST, PROVIDING AN ADEQUATE WATER



SUPPLY, A GOOD EXAMPLE IS THE RECENT ASSUMPTION OF THE KEYS


AQUEDUCT BY THE SOUTH FLORIDA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT.


SECONDLY, PROVIDING FOR SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL. THE D.E.R.



RECENTLY CONDUCTED A STUDY THAT REVEALED THAT CERTAIN


HAZARDOUS WASTE DUMPING SITES MIGHT CONTAIINATE DRINKING


WATER SUPPLIES IN FLORIDA.




-24-









WHAT ARE THE NECESSARY ELEMENTS OF A STATE WATER



POLICY?



DEFINITIVE BUT FLEXIBLE:



IT SHOULD B DEFINITIVE ENOUGH TO PROVIDE FOR



STATEWIDE CONSISTENCY IN THE INTERPRETATION OF LAWS, BUT



FLEXIBLE ENOUGH FOR THE WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS TO



ADOPT SPECIFIC PROGRAMS TAILORED TO THEIR REGIONAL



REQUIREMENTS. SUCH A POLICY SHOULD BE UNDERSTANDABLE,



WORKABLE, AND IT SHOULD BE PRACTICAL.




-14-










SUCH COOPERATION WILL BECOME INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT



AS THE STATE'S POPULATION GROWS AND THE INTERRELATIONSHIP



OF ALL OF OUR NATURAL RESOURCES BECOMES MORE AND MORE



OBVIOUS, THE DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTES, FOR INSTANCE, WILL



BE OF INCREASING CONCERN TO THE WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS.




















-25-













I SHOULD PROBABLY ADD, GIVEN THE RATE AT WHICH



FLORIDA'S POPULATION IS GROWING, THAT WE NEED A WATER



POLICY SOON, ONE STATISTIC SHOULD MAKE THAT POINT VERY



CLEAR: BY THE YEAR 2000, THE UNITED STATES WILL GROW BY



38 PERCENT, FLORIDA WILL ACCOUNT FOR NEARLY ONE-SIXTH OF



THAT GROWTH, EVEN THOUGH WE CURRENTLY REPRESENT ONLY 4



PERCENT OF THE COUNTRY'S POPULATION.







-15-










FLORIDA HAS BEEN BLESSED WITH ABUNDANT WATER IN



THE PAST, BUT IN WHAT HAS BEEN CALLED AN ERA OF SHORTAGES,



IT WILL SURELY BE OUR NEXT MAJOR NATURAL RESOURCE CHALLENGE.



THE LEADERSHIP PROVIDED BY MANY OF YOU HERE TONIGHT



WILL, TO A GREAT EXTENT, DETERMINE FLORIDA'S FUTURE.



















-26-










WE HAVE ALREADY SEEN THE "WATER WAR SYNDROME" IN



THE TAMPA BAY REGION, AND WE'RE BEGINNING TO SEE SIGNS



OF IT IN CHARLOTTE HARBOR, BREVARD COUNTY, DESTIN/FT,WALTON,



AND ALONG THE URBAN EAST COAST,



FLORIDA NEEDS A STATEWIDE P IN PLACE BEFORE



ALL-OUT WATER PROBLEMS BECOME WATER CRISES.















-16-










ELEMENTS OF WATER POLICY:



I WOULD EXPECT A STATE WATER POLICY TO INCLUDE



"THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS:



( .) IT SHOULD PROTECT "NATURAL" WATER MANAGEMENT



SYSTEMS, PARTICULARLY WETLANDS AND FLOODPLAINS.



REGULATORY PROGRAMS NEED TO BE STRENGTHENED AND A HIGH



PRIORITY GIVEN TO THE ACQUISITION OF WETLANDS, PARTICULARLY



THOSE ADJACENT TO STATE SOVEREIGN LANDS,







-17-






EXCERPTS F A GOVERNOR GRAHAM'S ADDRESS OCI ER 23, 1980

1. The intent of the Environmental Reorganization Act of 1975 was to merge
water quality management with water quantity management by meshing the
Department of Environmental Regulation's responsibilities with those ot
the Water Management Districts.

2. We must develop and adopt a state water policy this year:

a. With the D.E.R.'s statewide overview and coordinating function;

b. With the various management districts' regional expertise; and thus

c. Have a flexible, workable structure to meet Florida's future water
needs.

3. I plan to Intergrate water resource management with land management through
the regional planning councils (appointments of water management board
members to the regional planning councils.)

4. A state water policy:

a. Should be definitive but flexible (definitive enough to provide for
statewide consistency in the interpretation of laws, but flexible
enough for the water management districts to adopt specific programs
tailored to their regional requirements).

b. Should be understandable, workable, and it should be practical.

c. Should have the following elements:

(1) It should protect "natural" water management systems, particularly
wetlands and floodplains.
(2) It should clarify the statutory meaning of "reasonable-beneficial
use",
(3) It should require that permitted uses of water be limited to
reasonable-beneficial uses, and that water conservation be a
condition of water use.
(4) It should contain restrictions on flood hazard area development.
(5) It should require that beneficiaries pay for water management
works where appropriate.
(6) It should provide for the control and treatment of stormwater
run-off.

5. I envision D.E.R. delegating more and more of its duties to its District
Offices OR to Water Management Districts:

a. So that decisions can be made as close as possible to the place where
those decisions will be implemented;

b. But decisions should be enlightened, not parochial.

6. Issues on the horizon now:

a. Providing an adequate water supply.

b. Providing for solid water disposal.




















ADDRESS



BY GOVERNOR BOB GRAHAM



TO THE


ANNUAL MEETING OF THE FLORIDA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS
GOVERNING BOARD MEMBERS




TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA
OCTOBER 23, 1980










WHEN I WAS GROWING UP, I LIVED IN A CORAL ROCK HOUSE



NORTH OF MIAMI.



THE HOUSE WAS SOLIDLY BUILT, WHICH I SUPPOSE IS WHY



WE ALWAYS HAD NUMEROUS VISITORS WHEN HURRICANES ROLLED IN.



I REMEMBER IN PARTICULAR ONE BAD STORM THAT HIT IN



1947, I AWOKE AS USUAL ON THE MORNING AFTER STORMS WITH



KIDS SLEEPING ALL OVER THE FLOOR IN MY ROOM, AS WE LOOKED



OUT THE WINDOW THERE WAS WATER AS FAR AS YOU COULD SEE. THE



HOUSE HAD LITERALLY BECOME AN ISLAND.



-1-












SOMEONE REMARKED THAT IT WAS COLUMBUS DAY AND



SOMEONE ELSE COMMENTED THAT IF COLUMBUS HAD ARRIVED ON



A DAY LIKE THIS, HE WOULD HAVE TURNED RIGHT AROUND AND



GONE HOME,



THE HISTORY OF WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS IN



FLORIDA IS THE HISTORY OF FLORIDA.














-2-










THE FIRST SUCH AGENCIES WERE.CALLED "FLOOD CONTROL



DISTRICTS" BECAUSE IN THOSE DAYS THE ONLY PROBLEM WE HAD



WITH WATER WAS HOW TO GET RID OF IT, THE PREVAILING VIEW



OF WATER WAS VERY MUCH LIKE THE EARLY MIDWESTERN PIONEER'S



ATTITUDE TOWARD TREES: THEY WERE IN THE WAY. THEY HAD TO



BE CLEARED TO MAKE ROOM FOR CABINS AND CROPS, IN FLORIDA,



IT WAS PRIMARILY WATER THAT WAS IN THE WAY.











-3-










AGRICULTURE WAS THE PREDOMINANT INFLUENCE ON THE



EARLY BOARDS, SIMPLY BECAUSE THE FARMER WAS ONE PERSON



AFFECTED ON A DAILY BASIS BY TOO MUCH OR TOO LITTLE WATER.



THESE DAYS THE BROAD RANGE OF INTERESTS SERVING ON



WATER MANAGEMENT BOARDS REFLECTS THE MORE GENERALIZED



CONCERN ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS VITAL RESOURCE FOR



ALL FLORIDIANS.



HOW VITAL A RESOURCE IS WATER?







-4-










SOME OBSERVERS OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN AMERICA HAVE



BEGUN MAKING AN INTERESTING PERHAPS STARTLING



COMPARISON. THEY SAY: "IF YOU THOUGHT THE PETROLEUM



CRUNCH WAS BAD WAIT UNTIL THE WATER CRUNCH GETS



HERE."




















-5-










THERE IS A MAJOR DIFFERENCE WHEN YOU COMPARE



A SHORTAGE OF OIL WITH A SHORTAGE OF WATER: THERE ARE



ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY BUT NOWHERE ON THE



EARTH IS THERE A SUBSTITUTE FOR WATER.



FROM THE AQUEDUCTS OF ANCIENT ROME TO THOSE OF



MODERN CALIFORNIA, THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF WATER HAVE



DETERMINED THE VERY COURSE OF CIVILIZATIONS.











-6-











THERE IS ALREADY CONSIDERABLE INTEREST IN WATER



PROBLEMS AROUND THE UNITED STATES AND FLORIDA.


































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