Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Chapter I: The horse of wood
 Chapter II: The sack of Troy
 Chapter III: Aeneas and Anchis...
 Chapter IV: Polydorus--Delos--Crete--the...
 Chapter V: King Helenus--the...
 Chapter VI: The shipwreck
 Chapter VII: Carthage
 Chapter VIII: Dido
 Chapter IX: The love and death...
 Chapter X: The funeral games of...
 Chapter XI: The funeral games...
 Chapter XII: The burning of the...
 Chapter XIII: The Sibyl
 Chapter XIV: The dwellings of the...
 Chapter XV: King Latinus
 Chapter XVI: The weath of Juno
 Chapter XVII: The gathering of...
 Chapter XVIII: King Evander
 Chapter XIX: The arms of Aenea...
 Chapter XX: Nisus and Euryalus
 Chapter XXI: The battle at the...
 Chapter XXII: The battle on the...
 Chapter XXIII: The council
 Chapter XXIV: The battle at the...
 Chapter XXV: The broken treaty
 Chapter XXVI: The death of...
 Back Cover

Title: Stories from Virgil
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049536/00001
 Material Information
Title: Stories from Virgil
Physical Description: xii, 266, 2 p. : ill. ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Church, Alfred John, 1829-1912
Pinelli, Bartolomeo, 1781-1835 ( Illustrator )
Seely, Jackson, & Halliday ( Publisher )
Unwin Brothers ( Printer )
Gresham Press ( Printer )
Publisher: Seely, Jackson, & Halliday
Place of Publication: London (Fleet Street)
Manufacturer: Unwin Brothers, the Gresham Press
Publication Date: 1879
Subject: Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1879   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1879
Genre: Juvenile literature y 1879   ( rbgenr )
Juvenile literature y 1879.   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' catalogues   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
England -- Chilworth
Statement of Responsibility: by Rev. Alfred J. Church ; with twenty-four illustrations from Pinelli's designs.
General Note: Includes publisher's catalog.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049536
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001620984
oclc - 25223730
notis - AHP5557

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Half Title
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
    List of Illustrations
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
    Chapter I: The horse of wood
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Chapter II: The sack of Troy
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Chapter III: Aeneas and Anchises
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Chapter IV: Polydorus--Delos--Crete--the harpies
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Chapter V: King Helenus--the cyclops
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    Chapter VI: The shipwreck
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Chapter VII: Carthage
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
    Chapter VIII: Dido
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    Chapter IX: The love and death of Dido
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
    Chapter X: The funeral games of Anchises
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Chapter XI: The funeral games (continued)
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
    Chapter XII: The burning of the ships--the voyage to Italy
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
    Chapter XIII: The Sibyl
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
    Chapter XIV: The dwellings of the dead
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
    Chapter XV: King Latinus
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
    Chapter XVI: The weath of Juno
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
    Chapter XVII: The gathering of the chiefs
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
    Chapter XVIII: King Evander
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
    Chapter XIX: The arms of Aeneas
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
    Chapter XX: Nisus and Euryalus
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
    Chapter XXI: The battle at the camp
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
    Chapter XXII: The battle on the shore
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
    Chapter XXIII: The council
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
    Chapter XXIV: The battle at the city
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
    Chapter XXV: The broken treaty
        Page 245
        Page 246
        Page 247
        Page 248
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
    Chapter XXVI: The death of Turnus
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
        Page 256
        Page 257
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
        Page 261
        Page 262
        Page 263
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
        Page 267
        Page 268
    Back Cover
        Cover 3
        Cover 4
Full Text


V ,}


The Baldwin Library
,-, Universityda
M#!5 Floo ida


.! / / .




Head .lMster of King Edward's School, Retford,




All Rights reserved.




1. THE HORSE OF WOOD ... ... ... I

II. THE SACK OF TROY ..... ... 10

III. zENEAS AND ANCHISES ... ... ... 20



VI. THE SHIPWRECK ... ... ... 52

VII. CARTHAGE ... ... .. ... ... 58

VIII. DIDO ... ... ... ... ... 68





TO ITALY ... ... ... ... 115

XIII. THE SIBYL ... ... ... ... 124


XV. KING LATINUS .. ... .. ... 149
I ;'


XVI. THE WRATH OF JUNO ... ... ... 159


XVIII. KING EVANDER ... ... ... ... 173

.XIX. THE ARMS OF IENEAS ... ... ... 18I

XX. NISUS AND EURYALUS ... ... ... 190



XXIII. THE COUNCIL ... ... ... ... 226


XXV. THE BROKEN TREATY ... ... ... 245

XXVI. THE DEATH OF TURNUS ... ... ... 253


THE FLIGHT FROM TROY ... ... ... .FrontisPiece

LAOCOON ... ... ... .. .. ... 8

IENEAS AND HELEN ... ... ... ... 20


THE HARPIES ... ... .. ... ... 36

JUNO AND IEOLUS ... ... ... ... ... 54





CHARON AND THE GHOSTS ... ... ... 134

CERBERUS ... ... ,.. ... ... .. 136


THE FURY AT THE FEAST ... ... ... 142


ENEAS AND TIBER ... ... ... ,.. ... 174


HERCULES AND CACUS ... ... ... I78



NISUS AND EURYALUS ... ... ... ... 198


OF HIS DEATH ... ... ... ... 200



TIE DEATH OF CAMILLA ... ... ... 242







THE favour with which the public received
"Stories from Homer" has encouraged me to deal
in the same way with the IEneid. I have found
it a difficult task, and I must ask the indulgence
of my readers, who will certainly miss, not only
the freshness and simplicity of the great Greek
epic, but those chief characteristics of Virgil, his
supreme mastery of expression and the splen-
dour of his style. I beg them to remember
that I do not attempt to translate my original,
that while I add nothing (except, in a very few
instances, an explanatory phrase), I am con-
strained to leave out much; and that what
I leave out, or, at the most, very inadequately
render, will often be found to be that which
they have been accustomed most to admire in


the poet,-his brilliant rhetoric, his philosophy,
his imagination, and his pathos. My chief aim
has been to represent to English readers the
narrative, the interest of which is, perhaps,
scarcely appreciated.
The illustrations (with the exception of the
second, which is taken from a photograph of
the antique) have been adapted from a series
of designs, published early in this century, by
Pinelli, a Roman artist (1781-1835), who ac-
quired a considerable reputation among his
countrymen, especially for the power of repre-
senting energetic action. I may be allowed to
express my great obligations to the pains and
skill (to which indeed this volume is otherwise
much indebted) which have been used in making
these designs available for the present purpose.

September 25, 1878.




FOR ten years King Agamemnon and the men
of Greece laid siege to Troy. But though sen-
tence had gone forth against the city, yet the
day of its fall tarried, because certain of the gods
loved it well and defended it, as Apollo, and
Mars, the God of war, and Father Jupiter him-
self. Wherefore Minerva put it into the heart
of Epeius, Lord of the Isles, that he should make
a cunning device wherewith to take the city.
Now the device was this: he made a great
Horse of wood, feigning it to be a peace offering
to Minerva, that the Greeks might have a safe
return to their homes. In the belly of this
there hid themselves certain of the bravest of
the chiefs, as Menelais, and Ulysses, and Thoas


the ZEtolian, and Machaon, the great physician,
and Pyrrhus son of Achilles (but Achilles
himself was dead, slain by Paris, Apollo help-
ing, even as he was about to take the city), and
others also, and with them Epeius himself. But
the rest of the people made as if they had
departed to their homes; only they went not
further than Tenedos, which was an island near
to the coast.
Great joy was there in Troy when it was
noised abroad that the men of Greece had
departed. The gates were opened, and the
people went forth to see the plain and the camp.
And one said to another, as they went, Here
they set the battle in array, and there were the
tents of the fierce Achilles, and there, lay the
ships." And some stood and marvelled at the
great peace-offering to Minerva, even the Horse
of wood. And Thymcetes, who was one of the
elders of the city, was the first who advised that
it should be brought within the walls and set in
the citadel. But whether he gave this counsel
out of a false heart, or because the Gods would
have it so, no man knows. And Capys, and
others with him, said that it should be drowned


in water, or burned with fire, or that men should
pierce it and see whether there were aught within.
And the people were divided, some crying one
thing and some another. Then came forward
the priest Laocoon, and a great company with
him, crying, What madness is this ? Think
ye that the men of Greece are indeed departed,
or that there is any profit in their gifts ? Surely,
there are armed men in this mighty Horse; or
haply they have made it that they may look down
upon our walls. Touch it not, for as for these men
of Greece, I fear them, even though they bring
gifts in their hands."
And as he spake he cast his great spear at the
Horse, so that it sounded again. But the Gods
would not that Troy should be saved.
Meanwhile there came certain shepherds,
dragging with them one whose hands were
bound behind his back. He had come forth to
them, they said, of his own accord, when they
were in the field. And first the young men
gathered about him mocking him, but when he
cried aloud, What place is left for me, for the
Greeks suffer me not to live, and the men of
Troy cry for vengeance upon me ?" they rather

pitied him, and bade him speak, and say whence
he came and what he had to tell.
Then the man spake, turning to King Priam:
I will speak the truth, whatever befall me. My
name is Sinon, and I deny not that I am a.
Greek. Haply thou hast heard the name of
Palamedes, whom the Greeks slew, but now,
being dead, lament; and the cause was that,
because he counselled peace, men falsely accused
him of treason. Now, of this Palamedes I was
a poor kinsman, and followed him to Troy. And
when he was dead, through the false witness of
Ulysses, I lived in great grief and trouble, nor
could I hold my peace, but sware that if ever I
came back to Argos I would avenge me of him
that had done this deed. Then did Ulysses,
seek occasion against me, whispering evil things,
nor rested till at the last, Calchas the soothsayer
helping him-but what profit it that I should
tell these things ? For doubtless ye hold one
Greek to be even as another. Wherefore slay
me, and doubtless ye will do a pleasure to Ulysses
and the sons of Atreus."
Then they bade him tell on, and he said,-
"Often would the Greeks have fled to their


homes, being weary of the war, but still the
stormy sea hindered them. And when this
Horse that ye see had been built, most of all
did the dreadful thunder roll from the one end
of the heaven to the other. Then the Greeks
sent one who should inquire of Apollo; and
Apollo answered them thus: 'Men of Greece,
even as ye appeased the winds with blood when
ye came to Troy, so must ye appease them
with blood now that ye would go from thence.'
Then did men tremble to think on whom the
doom should fall, and Ulysses, with much
clamour, drew forth Calchas the soothsayer
into the midst, and bade him say who it was
that the Gods would have as a sacrifice. Then
did many forebode evil for me. Ten days did
the soothsayer keep silence, saying that he
would not give any one to death. But then,
for in truth the two had planned the matter
beforehand, he spake, appointing me to die.
And to this thing they all agreed, each being
glad to turn to another that which he feared
for himself. But when the day was come, and
all things were ready, the salted meal for the
sacrifice and the garlands, lo! I burst my


bonds and fled, and hid myself in the sedges of
a pool, waiting till they should have set sail, if
haply that might be. But never shall I see
country, or father, or children again. For
doubtless on these will they take vengeance
for my flight. Only do thou, O king, have pity
on me, who have suffered many things, and yet
have harmed no man."
And King Priam had pity on him, and bade
them loose his bonds, saying, Whoever thou
art, forget now thy country. Henceforth thou
art one of us. But tell me true: why made
they this huge Horse ? Who contrived it ?
What seek they by it ? to please the Gods or
to further their siege ?"
Then said Sinon, and as he spake he
stretched his hands to the sky, I call you to
witness, ye everlasting fires of heaven, that
with good right I now break my oath of fealty
and reveal the secrets of my countrymen.
Listen then, O king. All our hope has ever
been in the help of Minerva. But, from the
day when Diomed and Ulysses dared, having
bloody hands, to snatch her image from her
holy place in Troy, her face was turned from


us. Well do I remember how the eyes of the
image, well-nigh before they had set it in the
camp, blazed with wrath, and how the salt
sweat stood upon its limbs, aye, and how it thrice
leapt from the ground, shaking shield and spear.
Then Calchas told us that we must cross the
seas again, and seek at home fresh omens
for our war. And this, indeed, they are doing
even now, and will return anon. Also the
soothsayer said, 'Meanwhile ye must make
the likeness of a Horse, to be a peace-offering to
Minerva. And take heed that ye make it huge
of bulk, so that the men of Troy may not re-
ceive it into their gates, nor bring it within
their walls, and get safety for themselves
thereby. For if,' he said, 'the men of Troy
harm this image at all, they shall surely perish;
but if they bring it into their city, then shall
Asia lay siege hereafter to the city of Pelops,
and our children shall suffer the doom which
we would fain have brought on Troy.'"
These words wrought much on the men of
Troy, and as they pondered on them, lo! the
Gods sent another marvel to deceive them.
For while Laocoon, the priest of Neptune, was


slaying a bull at the altar of his god, there
came two serpents across the sea from Tenedos,
whose heads and necks, whereon were thick
manes of hair, were high above the waves, and
many scaly coils trailed behind in the waters.
And when they reached the land they still sped
forward. Their eyes were red as blood and
blazed with fire, and their forked tongues hissed
loud for rage. Then all the men of Troy grew
pale with fear and fled away, but these turned
not aside this way or that, seeking Laocoin
where he stood. And first they wrapped them-
selves about his little sons, one serpent about
each, and began to devour them. And when
the father would have given help to his children,
having a sword in his hand, they seized upon
himself, and bound him fast with their folds.
Twice they compassed about his body, and
twice his neck, lifting their heads far above
him. And all the while he strove to tear them
away with his hands, his priest's garlands drip-
ping with blood. Nor did he cease to cry hor-
ribly aloud, even as a bull bellows when after
an ill stroke of the axe it flees from the altar.
But when their work was done, the two glided




i. ." (


44 -~

-; --- -- -



to the citadel of Minerva, and hid themselves
beneath the feet and the shield of the goddess.
And men said one to another, "Lo! the priest
Laocoon has been judged according to his
deeds; for he cast his spear against this holy
thing, and now the Gods have slain him." Then
all cried out together that the Horse of wood
must be drawn to the citadel. Whereupon they
opened the Scaan Gate, and pulled down the
wall that was thereby, and put rollers under the
feet of the Horse, and joined ropes thereto. So,
in much joy, they drew it into the city, youths
and maidens singing about it the while, and
laying their hands to the ropes with great glad-
ness. And yet there wanted not signs and
tokens of evil to come. Four times it halted
on the threshold of the gate, and men might
have heard a clashing of arms within. Cas-
sandra also opened her mouth, prophesying
evil: but no man heeded her, for that was ever
the doom upon her, not to be believed speaking
truth. So the men of Troy drew the Horse
into the city. And that night they kept a feast
to all the Gods with great joy, not knowing that
the last day of the great city had come.



BUT when night was now fully come, and the
men of Troy lay asleep, lo! from the ship of
King Agamemnon there rose up a flame for a
signal to the Greeks; and these straightway
manned their ships, and made across the sea
from Tenedos, there being a great calm, and the
moon also giving them light. Sinon likewise
opened a secret door that was in the great
Horse, and the chiefs issued forth therefrom,
and opened the gates of the city, slaying those
that kept watch.
Meanwhile there came a vision to AEneas,
who now, Hector being dead, was the chief hope
and stay of the men of Troy. It was Hector's
self that he seemed to see, but not such as he
had seen him coming back rejoicing with the
arms of Achilles, or setting fire to the ships, but
even as he lay after that Achilles dragged him


at his chariot wheels, covered with dust and blood,
his feet swollen and pierced through with thongs.
To him said zEneas, not knowing what he said,
"Why hast thou tarried so long ? Much have we
suffered waiting for thee! And what grief hath
marked thy face ? and whence these wounds ? "
But to this the spirit answered nothing, but
said, groaning the while, "Fly, son of Venus, fly,
and save thee from these flames. The enemy
is in the walls, and Troy hath utterly perished.
If any hand could have saved our city, this hand
had done so. Thou art now the hope of Troy.
Take then her Gods, and flee with them for
company, seeking the city that thou shalt one
day build across the sea."
And now the alarm of battle came nearer and
nearer, and /Eneas, waking from sleep, climbed
upon the roof, and looked on the city. As a
shepherd stands, and sees a fierce flame sweep-
ing before the south wind over the corn-fields or
a flood rushing down from the mountains, so he
stood. And as he looked, the great palace of
Deiphobus sank down in the fire, and the house
of Ucalegon, that was hard by, blazed forth, till
the sea by Sigeuim shone with the light. Then,


scarce knowing what he sought,. he girded on
his armour, thinking, perchance, that he might
yet win some place of vantage, or, at the least,
might avenge himself on the enemy, or find
honour in his death. But as he passed from
out of his house there met him Panthus, the
priest of Apollo that was on the citadel, who
cried to him, "O Eneas, the glory is departed
from Troy, and the Greeks have the mastery
in the city; for armed men are coming forth
from the great Horse of wood, and thousands
also swarm in at the gates, which Sinon hath
treacherously opened." And as he spake others
came up under the light of the moon, as
Hypanis, and Dymas, and young Corcebus,
who had but newly come to Troy, seeking
Cassandra to be his wife. To whom /Eneas
spake: If ye are minded, my brethren, to
follow me to the death, come on. For how
things fare this night ye see. The Gods who
were the stay of this city have departed from
it; nor is aught remaining to which we may
bring succour. Yet can we die as brave men in
battle. And haply he that counts his life to be
lost may yet save it." Then, even as ravening


wolves hasten through the mist seeking for
prey, so they went through the city, doing
dreadful deeds. And for a while the men of
Greece fled before them.
First of all there met them Androgeos with a
great company following him, who, thinking
them to be friends, said, Haste, comrades,
why are ye so late ? We are spoiling this city
of Troy, and ye are but newly come from the
ships." But forthwith, for they answered him
not as he had looked for, he knew that he had
fallen among enemies. Then even as one who
treads upon a snake unawares among thorns,
and flies from it when it rises angrily against
him with swelling neck, so Androgeos would
have fled. But the men of Troy rushed on,
and, seeing that they knew all the place, and
that great fear was upon the Greeks, slew
many men. Then said Corcebus, "We have
good luck in this matter, my friends. Come now,
let us change our shields, and put upon us the
armour of these Greeks. For whether we deal
with our enemy by craft or by force, who will
ask ? Then he took to himself the helmet and
shield of Androgeos, and also girded his sword

upon him. In like manner did the others, and
thus going disguised among the Greeks slew
many, so that some again fled to the ships and
some were fain to climb into the Horse of wood.
But lo! men came dragging by the hair from
the temple of Minerva the virgin Cassandra,
whom when Corcebus beheld, and how she
lifted up her eyes to heaven (but as for her
hands, they were bound with iron), he endured
not the sight, but threw himself upon those that
dragged her, the others following him. Then
did a grievous mischance befall them, for the
men of Troy that stood upon the roof of the
temple cast spears against them, judging them
to be enemies. The Greeks also, being wroth
that the virgin should be taken from them,
fought the more fiercely, and many who had
before been put to flight in the city came
against them, and prevailed, being indeed many
against few. Then first of all fell Corcebus, being
slain by Peneleus the Bceotian, and Rhipeus
also, the most righteous of all the sons of Troy.
But the Gods dealt not with him after his
righteousness. Hypanis also was slain and
Dymas, and Panthus escaped not for all that


more than other men he feared the Gods and
was also the priest of Apollo.
Then was IEneas severed from the rest,
having with him two only, Iphitus and Pelias,
Iphitus being an old man and Pelias sorely
wounded by Ulysses. And these, hearing a
great shouting, hastened to the palace of King
Priam, where the battle was fiercer than in any
place beside. For some of the Greeks were
seeking to climb the walls, laying ladders there-
to, whereon they stood, holding forth their
shields with their left hands, and with their right
grasping the roofs. And the men of Troy, on
the other hand, being in the last extremity, tore
down the battlements and the gilded beams
wherewith the men of old had adorned the
palace. Then /Eneas, knowing of a secret door
whereby the unhappy Andromache in past days
had been wont to enter, bringing her son
Astyanax to his grandfather, climbed on to the
roof, and joined himself to those that fought there-
from. Now upon this roof there was a tower,
whence all Troy could be seen, and the camp
of the Greeks and the ships. This the men of
Troy loosened from its foundations with bars


of iron, and thrust it over, so that it fell upon
the enemy, slaying many of them. But not the
less did others press forward, casting the while
stones and javelins and all that came to their
Meanwhile others sought to break down the
gates of the palace, Pyrrhus, son of Achilles,
being foremost among them, clad in shining
armour of bronze. Like to a serpent was he,
which sleeps indeed during the winter, but in
the spring comes forth into the light, full fed
on evil herbs, and, having cast his skin and
renewed his youth, lifts his head into the light
of the sun and hisses with forked tongue. And
with Pyrrhus were tall Periphas, and Autome-
don, who had been armour-bearer to his father
Achilles, and following them the youth of Scyros,
which was the kingdom of his grandfather
Lycomedes. With a great battle-axe he hewed
through the doors, breaking down also the door-
posts, though they were plated with bronze,
making, as it were, a great window, through
which a man might see the palace within, the
hall of King Priam, and of the kings who had
reigned aforetime in Troy. But when they that


were within perceived it, there arose a great cry
of women wailing aloud and clinging to the
doors and kissing them. But ever Pyrrhus
pressed on, fierce and strong as ever was his
father Achilles, nor could aught stand against
him, either the doors or they that guarded them.
Then, as a river bursts its banks and overflows
the plain, so did the sons of Greece rush into
the palace.
But old Priam, when he saw the enemy in his
hall, girded on him his armour, which now by
reason of old age he had long laid aside, and
took a spear in his hand, and would have gone
against the adversary, only Queen Hecuba
called to him from where she sat. For she and
her daughters had fled to the great altar of the
household Gods, and sat crowded about it like
unto doves that are driven by a storm. Now
the altar stood in an open court that was in the
midst of the palace, with a great bay-tree above
it. So when she saw Priam, how he had girded
himself with armour as a youth, she cried to
him and said, "What hath bewitched thee, that
thou girdest thyself with armour ? It is not the
sword that shall help us this day; no, not though


my own Hector were here, but rather the Gods
and their altars. Come hither to us, for here
thou wilt be safe, or at the least wilt die with
So she made the old man sit down in the
midst. But lo! there came flying through the
palace, Polites, his son, wounded to death by the
spear of Pyrrhus, and Pyrrhus close behind him.
And he, even as he came into the sight of his
father and his mother, fell dead upon the ground.
But when King Priam saw it he contained not
himself, but cried aloud, Now may the gods, if
there be any justice in heaven, recompense thee
for this wickedness, seeing that thou hast not
spared to slay the son before his father's eyes.
Great Achilles, whom thou falsely callest thy sire,
did hot thus to Priam, though he was an enemy,
but reverenced right and truth, and gave the
body of Hector for burial, and sent me back to
my city."
And as he spake the old man cast a spear,
but aimless and without force, and that pierced
not even the boss of the shield. Then said the
son of Achilles, Go thou and tell my father of
his unworthy son and all these evil deeds. And


that thou mayest tell him, die!" And as he
spake he caught in his left hand the old man's
white hair, and dragged him, slipping the while
in the blood of his own son, to the altar, and then,
lifting his sword high for a blow, drave it to the
hilt in the old man's side. So King Priam, who
had ruled mightily over many peoples and coun-
tries in the land of Asia, was slain that night,
having first seen Troy burning about him, and
his citadel laid even with the ground. So was
his carcass cast out upon the earth, headless,
and without a name.



ALL these things, indeed, 'Eneas beheld, but
could not bear help, being one against many.
But when the deed was done, and the old man
lay dead, he bethought him of his father An-
chises, and his wife Cretisa, and of his little son
Ascanius, and how he had left them without de-
fence at home. But as he turned to seek them,
the night being now, by reason of many fires, as
clear as the day, he espied Helen sitting in the
temple of Vesta, where she had sought sanc-
tuary; for she feared the men of Troy, to whom
.she had brought ruin and destruction, and not
less her own husband, whom she had deceived.
Then was his wrath kindled, and he spake to
himself, "Shall this evil woman return safe to
Sparta ? Shall she see again her home and her
children, with Trojan women forsooth to be her
handmaidens ? Shall Troy be burnt and King



|E7 7

-- 71-,


Priam be slain, and she take no harm ? Not
so; for though there be no glory to be won from
such a deed, yet shall I satisfy myself, taking
vengeance upon her for my kinsmen and my
countrymen." But while he thought these
things in his heart, lo! there appeared unto
him Venus, his mother, made manifest as he
had never seen her before, as fair and as tall as
the dwellers in heaven behold her. Then
Venus spake thus, What meaneth all this
rage, my son ? Hast thou no care for me ?
Hast thou forgotten thy father Anchises, and
thy wife, and thy little son ? Of a surety the
fire and the sword had consumed them long
since but that I cared for them and saved them.
It is not Helen; no, nor Paris, that hath laid
low this great city of Troy, but the wrath of the
Gods. See now, for I will take away the mist
that covers thine eyes; see how Neptune with
his trident is overthrowing the walls and root-
ing up the city from its foundations; and how
Juno stands with spear and shield in the Scaean
Gate, and calls fresh hosts from the ships; and
how Pallas sits on the height with the storm-
cloud about her and her Gorgon shield; and


how Father Jupiter himself stirs up the enemy
against Troy. Fly, therefore, my son. I will
not leave thee till thou shalt reach thy father's
house." And as she spake she vanished in the
Then did /Eneas see dreadful forms and
Gods who were the enemies of Troy, and before
his eyes the whole city seemed to sink down
into the fire. Even as a mountain oak upon
the hills on which the woodmen ply their
axes bows its head while all its boughs shake
about it, till at last, as blow comes after blow,
with a mighty groan it falls crashing down
from the height, even so the city seemed to fall.
Then did IEneas pass on his way, the goddess
leading him, and the flames gave place to him,
and the javelins harmed him not.
But when he was come to his house he be-
thought him first of the old man his father; but
when he would have carried him to the hills,
Anchises would not, being loath to live in some
strange country when Troy had perished.
" Nay," said he, fly ye who are strong and in
the flower of your days. But as for me, if the
Gods had willed that I should live, they had saved


this dwelling for me. Enough is it, yea, and
more than enough, that once I have seen this
city taken, and lived. Bid me, then, farewell
as though I were dead. Death will I find for
myself. And truly I have long lingered here
a useless stock and hated of the Gods since
Jupiter smote me with the blast of his thunder."
Nor could the old man be moved from his
purpose, though his son and his son's wife, and
even the child Ascanius, besought him with many
tears that he should not make yet heavier the
doom that was upon them. Then was /Eneas
minded to go back to the battle and die. For
what hope was left? "Thoughtest thou, my
father," he cried, that I should flee and leave
thee behind ? What evil word is this that has
fallen from thy lips ? If the Gods will have it
that nought of Troy should be left, and thou
be minded that thou and thine should perish
with the city, be it so. The way is easy; soon
will Pyrrhus be here; Pyrrhus, red with Priam's
blood; Pyrrhus, who slays the son before the
face of the father, and the father at the altar.
Was it for this, kind Mother Venus, that thou
broughtest me safe through fire and sword, to


see the enemy in my home, and my father and
my wife and my son lying slaughtered together ?
Comrades, give me my arms, and take me back
to the battle. At the least I will die avenged."
But as he girded on his arms and would have
departed from the house, his wife Cretisa caught
his feet upon the threshold, staying him, and
held out the little Ascanius, saying, If thou
goest to thy death, take wife and child with
thee; but if thou hopest aught from arms, guard
first the house where thou hast father and wife
and child."
And lo! as she spake there befell a mighty
marvel, for before the face of father and mother
there was seen to shine a light on the head of
the boy Ascanius, and to play upon his waving
hair and glitter on his temples. And when they
feared to see this thing, and would have stifled
the flame or quenched it with water, the old man
Anchises in great joy raised his eyes to heaven,
and cried aloud, "0 Father Jupiter, if prayer
move thee at all, give thine aid and make this
omen sure." And even as he spake the thunder
rolled on his left hand, and a star shot through
the skies, leaving a long trail of light behind,


and passed over the house-tops till it was hidden
in the woods of Ida. Then the old man lifted
himself up and did obeisance to the star, and
said, I delay no more: whithersoever ye lead
I will follow. Gods of my country, save my
house and my grandson. This omen is of you.
And now, my son, I refuse not to go."
Then said IEneas, and as he spake the fire
came nearer, and the light was clearer to see,
and the heat more fierce, Climb, dear father, on
my shoulders; I will bear thee, nor grow weary
with the weight. We will be saved or perish
together. The little Ascanius shall go with
me, and my wife follow behind, not over near.
And ye, servants of my house, hearken to me;
ye mind how that to one who passes out of the
city there is a tomb and a temple of Ceres in a
lonely place, and an ancient cypress-tree hard
by. There will we gather by divers ways.
And do thou, my father, take the holy images in
thy hands, for as for me, who have but newly
come from battle, I may not touch them till I
have washed me in the running stream."
And as he spake he put a cloak of lion's skin
upon his shoulders, and the old man sat thereon.


Ascanius also laid hold of his hand, and Cretisa
followed behind. So he went in much dread and
trembling. For indeed before sword and spear of
the enemy he had not feared, but now he feared for
them that were with him. But when he was come
nigh unto the gates, and the journey was well-
nigh finished, there befell a grievous mischance,
for there was heard a sound as of many feet
through the darkness; and the old man cried to
him, Fly, my son, fly; they are coming. I see
the flashing of shields and swords." But as
Aneas hasted to go, Cretisa his wife was severed
from him. But whether she wandered from the
way or sat down in weariness, no man may say.
Only he saw her no more, nor knew her to be
lost till, all his company being met at the temple
of Ceres, she only was found wanting. Very
grievous did the thing seem to him, nor did he
cease to cry out in his wrath against Gods and
men. Also he bade his comrades have a care of
his father and his son, and of the household
Gods, and girded him again with arms, and so
passed into the city. And first he went to the
wall, and to the gate by which he had come forth,
and then to his house, if haply she had returned



thither. But there indeed the men of Greece
were come, and the fire had well-nigh mastered
it. And after that he went to the citadel and
to the palace of King Priam. And lo! in the
porch of Juno's temple, Phcenix and Ulysses
were keeping guard over the spoil, even the trea-
sur e of the temples, tables of the Gods, and solid
cups of gold, and raiment, and a long array of
them that had been taken captive, children and
w omen. But not the less did he seek his wife
through all the streets of the city, yea, and called
her aloud by name. But lo! as he called, the
image of her whom he sought seemed to stand
before him, only greater than she had been
while she was yet alive. And the spirit spake,
saying, "Why art thou vainly troubled ? These
things have not befallen us against the pleasure
of the Gods. The ruler of Olympus willeth not
that Cretisa should bear thee company in thy
journey. For thou hast a long journey to take,
and many seas to cross, till thou come to the
Hesperian shore, where Lydian Tiber flows softly
through a good land and a fertile. There shalt
thou have great prosperity, and take to thyself a
wife of royal race. Weep not then for Cretisa,


whom thou lovest, nor think that I shall be car-
ried away to be a bond-slave to some Grecian
woman. Such fate befits not a daughter of
Dardanus and daughter-in-law of Venus. The
mighty Mother of the Gods keepeth me in this
land to serve her. And now, farewell, and love
the young Ascanius, even thy son and mine."
So spake the spirit, and, when .Eneas wept
and would have spoken, vanished out of his
sight. Thrice he would have cast his arms about
her neck, and thrice the image mocked him,
being thin as air and fleeting as a dream. Then,
the night being now spent, he sought his
comrades, and found with much joy and wonder
that a great company of men and women were
gathered together, and were willing, all of them,
to follow him whithersoever he went. And now
the morning star rose over Mount Ida, and
/Eneas, seeing that the Greeks held the city,
and that there was no longer any hope of suc-
cour, went his way to the mountains, taking
with him his father.



Now for what remained of that year (for it was
the time of summer when Troy was taken),
.Eneas, and they that were gathered to him,
builded themselves ships for the voyage, dwell-
ing the while under Mount Ida; and when the
summer was well-nigh come again the work
was finished, and the old man Anchises com-
manded that they should tarry no longer.
Whereupon they sailed, taking also their Gods
with them.
There was a certain land of Thrace, which
the god Mars loved beyond all other lands,
whereof in time past the fierce Lycurgus, who
would have slain Bacchus, was king. Here,
therefore, for the men of the land were friendly,
or, at the least, had been before evil days came
upon Troy, /Eneas builded him a city, and
called it after his own name. But, after awhile,

as he did sacrifice on a certain day to his mother,
even Venus, that he might have a blessing on
his work, slaying also a white bull to Jupiter,
there befell a certain horrible thing. For hard
by the place where he did sacrifice there was a
little hill, with much cornel and myrtle upon it,
whereto AEneas coming would have plucked
wands having leaves upon them, that he might
cover therewith the altars. But lo! when he
plucked a wand there dropped drops of blood
therefrom. Whereupon great fear came on
him, and wonder also. And when seeking to
know the cause of the thing he plucked other
wands also, there dropped blood even as before.
Then, having prayed to the nymphs of the
land and to Father Mars that they would turn
all evil from him, he essayed the third time
with all his might, setting his knee against the
ground, to pluck forth a wand. Whereupon
there issued from the hill a lamentable voice,
saying, /Eneas, why doest thou me such cruel
hurt, nor leaves me in peace in my grave ?
For indeed I am no stranger to thee, nor
strange is this blood which thou seest. Fly, for
the land is cruel, and the shore greedy of gain.


I am Polydorus. Here was I pierced through
with spears, which have grown into these wands
that thou seest."
But .Eneas when he heard the voice was sore
dismayed, and he remembered him how King
Priam, thinking that it might fare ill with him
and the great city of Troy, had sent his son,
Polydorus, by stealth, and much gold with
him, to Polymestor, who was king of Thrace,
and how the king, when Troy had now perished,
slew the boy, and took the gold to himself.
For of a truth the love of gold is the root of all
evil. And /Eneas told the thing to his father
and to the chiefs; and the sentence of all was
that they should depart from the evil land. But
first they made a great funeral for Polydorus,
making a high mound of earth, and building
thereon an altar to the dead. This also they
bound about with garlands of sad coloured
wool and cypress, and the women of Troy stood
about it with their hair loosened, as is the use
of them that mourn. They offered also bowls
of warm milk and blood, and laid the spirit in
the tomb, bidding him farewell three times with
a loud voice.

After this, when the time for voyaging was
come, and the south wind blew softly, they
launched the ships and set sail. And first they
came to the island of Delos, which, having
been used to wander over the sea, the Lord
of the Silver Bow made fast, binding it to
Myconos and Gyaros, and found there quiet
anchorage. And when they landed to worship,
there met them Anius, who was priest and king
of the place, having a crown of bay-leaves
about his head, who knew Anchises for a friend
in time past, and used to them much hospitality.
Then did they pray to the god, saying, Give
us, we beseech thee, a home where we may
dwell, and a name upon the earth, and a city
that shall abide, even a second Troy for them
that have escaped from the hands of Achilles
and the Greeks. And do thou answer us, and
incline our hearts that we may know."
But when /Eneas had ended these words,
straightway the place was shaken, even the
gates of the temple and the bay-trees that were
hard by. And when they were all fallen to the
ground there came a voice, saying, "Son of
Dardanus, the land that first bare you shall


receive you again. Seek, then, your ancient
mother. Thence shall the children of .Eneas
bear rule over all lands, yea, and their children's
children to many generations." Which when
they had heard, they greatly rejoiced, and would
fain know what was the city whither Phcebus
would have them go, that they might cease
from their wanderings. Then Anchises, ponder-
ing in his heart the things which he had learnt
from men of old time, spake thus: "There
lieth in mid ocean a certain island of Crete,
wherein is a mountain, Ida. There was the
first beginning of our nation. Thence came
Teucer, our first father, to the land of Troy.
Let us go, then, whither the Gods would send
us, first doing sacrifice to the Winds; and, in-
deed, if but Jupiter help us, 'tis but a three
days' journey for our ships."
So they offered sacrifice, a bull to Neptune
and a bull to the beautiful Apollo, and a black
sheep to the Storm and a white sheep to the
West Wind. There came also a rumour that
Idomeneus the Cretan had fled from his father's
kingdom, and that the land was ready for him
who should take it. Whereupon the men of

Troy set sail with a good heart, and passing
among the islands that are called Cyclades, the
wind blowing favourably behind them, so came
to Crete. There they builded a city, and called
its name Pergamea, after Pergama, which was
the citadel of Troy. And for a while they tilled
the soil; also they married and were given in
marriage, as purposing to abide in the land.
But there came a wasting sickness on the men,
and a blight also on the trees and harvests, filling
the year with death. The fields likewise were
parched with drought, and the staff of bread
was broken. Then the old Anchises bade them
go yet again to the oracle at Delos, and inquire
of the god what end there should be of these
troubles, whence they should seek for help, and
whither they should go.
But as AEneas slept there appeared to him
the household Gods, which he had carried out
of the burning of Troy, very clear to see in the
light of the moon, which shone through the
window of his chamber. And they spake unto
him, saying, Apollo bids us tell thee here that
which he will tell thee if thou goest to Delos.
We who have followed thee over many seas,


even we will bring thy children's children to
great honour, and make their city ruler over
many nations. Faint not, therefore, at thy long
wandering. Thou must seek yet another home.
For it was not in Crete that Apollo bade thee
dwell. There is a land which the Greeks call
Hesperia; an ancient land, whose inhabitants
are mighty men of valour; a land of vineyards
and wheat. There is our proper home, and
thence came Dardanus our father. Do thou,
therefore, tell these things to the old man
Anchises. Seek ye for the land of Hesperia,
which men also call Italy; but as for Crete,
Jupiter willeth not that ye should dwell there."
And for a while ./Eneas lay in great fear,
with a cold sweat upon him, so clear was the
vision of those whom he saw, nor in anywise
like unto a dream. Then he rose up from his
bed, and after prayer and sacrifice told the thing
to Anchises. And the old man saw that he
had been deceived in this matter, and he said,
" O my son, now do I remember how Cas-
sandra was wont to prophesy these things to
me, and would speak of Hesperia and of the
land of Italy. But, indeed, no man thought in


those days that the men of Troy should voyage
to Hesperia, nor did any take account of the
words of Cassandra. But now let us heed the
oracle of Apollo, and depart."
So the men of Troy made their ships ready
and departed. And after a while, when they
could no more see the land, there fell a great
storm upon them, with a strong wind and great
rolling waves, and much lightning also. Thus
were they driven out of their course, and for
three days and nights saw neither the sun nor
the stars. But on the fourth day they came to
a land where they saw hills, and smoke rising
therefrom. Then did the men ply their oars
amainn, and soon came to the shore. Now this
place they found to be one of certain islands
which men name the Strophades. And upon
these islands dwell creatures which are called
Harpies, very evil indeed, having the counte-
nances of women and wings like unto the wings
of birds and long claws. Also their faces are
pale as with much hunger. Now when the men
of Troy were come to this land, they saw many
herds of oxen and flocks of goats thereon, nor
any one to watch them. Of these they slew such





as they needed, and, not forgetting to give due
share to the Gods, made a great feast upon the
shore. But lo! even while they made merry,
there came a great rushing of wings, and the
Harpies came upon them, making great havoc
of the meat and fouling all things most horribly.
And when they had departed, the men of Troy
sought another place where they might do sac-
rifice and eat their meat in peace. But when
the Harpies had come thither also and done in
the same fashion, ZEneas commanded that the
men should draw their swords and do battle with
the beasts. Therefore, the Harpies coming yet
again, Misenus with his trumpet gave the sound
for battle. But lo! they fought as those that
beat the air, seeing that neither sword nor spear
availed to wound the beasts. Then again these
departed, one only remaining, by name Celaeno,
who, sitting on a rock, spake after this fashion:
" Do ye purpose, sons of Laomedon, to fight for
these cattle that ye have wrongfully taken,
or to drive the Harpies from their kingdom
and inheritance ? Hear, therefore, my words,
which indeed the almighty Father told to
Phcebus, and Phoebus told to me. Ye journey


to Italy, and to Italy shall ye come. Only ye
shall not build a city, and wall it about with
walls, till dreadful hunger shall cause you to
eat the very tables whereon ye sup."
So saying, she departed. But when great
fear was fallen upon all, Anchises lifted up his
hands to heaven and prayed to the Gods that
they would keep that evil from them.



THEN they set sail, and, the south wind blowing,
passed by Zacynthus and Dulichium, and also
Ithaca, which they cursed as they passed, be-
cause it was the land of the hateful Ulysses,
and so came to Actium, where they landed.
There also they did sacrifice to the Gods, and
had games of wrestling and others, rejoicing
that they had passed safely through so many
cities of their enemies. And there they wintered,
and IEneas fixed on the doors of the temple of
Apollo a shield of bronze which he had won in
battle from the valiant Abas, writing thereon
But when the spring was come they set sail,
and, leaving behind them the land of Phaeacia,
came to Buthrotum that is in Epirus. There
indeed they heard a marvellous thing, even that


Helenus, the son of Priam, was king in these
parts, in the room of Pyrrhus, the son of
Achilles, having also to wife Andromache, who
was the widow of Hector. And when /Eneas,
wishing to know whether these things were so,
journeyed towards the city, lo! in a grove hard
by, by a river which also was called Simois,
there stood this same Andromache, and made
offerings to the spirit of Hector not without
many tears. And at the first when she saw
JEneas, and that he wore such arms as the men
of Troy were used to wear, she swooned with
fear, but after a while spake thus: "Is this
indeed a real thing that I see? Art thou
alive ? or, if thou art dead, tell me, where is
my Hector?" So she cried and wept aloud.
And /Eneas answered her: Yes, lady, this is
flesh and blood, and not a spirit, that thou seest.
But as for thee, what fortune has befallen thee ?
Art thou still wedded to Pyrrhus ? "
And she, casting down her eyes, made answer,
" daughter of Priam, happy beyond thy sisters
in that thou wast slain at the tomb of Achilles,
nor wast taken to be a prey of the conqueror !
But as for me I was borne across the sea, to be


slave of the haughty son of Achilles. And
when he took to wife Hermione, who was the
daughter of Helen, he gave me to Helenus,
as a slave is given to a slave. But Pyrrhus,
after awhile, Orestes slew, taking him unawares,
even by the altar of his father. And when he
was dead, part of his kingdom came to Helenus,
who hath called the land Chaonia, after Chaon of
Troy; and hath also builded a citadel, a new
Pergama, upon the hills. But tell me, was it
some storm that drave thee hither, or chance, or,
lastly, some sending of the Gods? And is As-
canius yet alive-the boy whom I remember ?
Does he yet think of his mother that is dead ?
And is he stout and of a good courage, as befits
the son of /Eneas and sister's son to Hector ?"
And while she spake there came Helenus
from the city with a great company, and bade
welcome to his friends with much joy. And
/Eneas saw how that all things were ordered
and named even as they had been at Troy,
only the things at Troy had been great, and
these were very small. And afterwards King
Helenus made a feast to them in his house,
and they drank together and were merry.


But after certain days were passed, AEneas,
seeing that the wind favoured them, spake to
Helenus, knowing him also to be a prophet of
the Gods: Tell me now, seeing that thou art
wise in all manner of divination and prophecy,
how it will fare with us. For indeed all things
have seemed to favour us, and we go not on
this journey against the will of the Gods, yet did
the Harpy Celeno prophesy evil things, that we
should endure great extremity of hunger. Say,
then, of what things I should most beware, and
how I shall best prosper."
Then Helenus, after due sacrifice, led ZEneas
to the temple of Phcebus. And when they were
come thither, and the god had breathed into the
seer, even into Helenus, the spirit of prophecy,
he spake, saying, "Son of Venus, that thou
takest thy journey across the sea with favour
of the Gods, is manifest. Hearken, therefore,
and I will inform thee of certain things, though
indeed they be few out of many, by which thou
mayest more safely cross unknown seas and get
thee to thy haven in Italy. Much indeed the
Fates suffer me not to know, and much Juno
forbids me to speak. Know then, first of all,


that Italy, which thou ignorantly thinkest to be
close at hand, is yet far away across many seas.
And let this be a sign to thee that thou art
indeed come to the place where thou wouldst
be. When thou shalt see a white sow and
thirty pigs at her teats, then hast thou found
the place of thy city that shall be. And as to
the devouring of thy tables for famine, heed it
not: Apollo will help thee at need. But seek
not to find a dwelling place on this shore of
Italy which is near at hand, seeing that it is
inhabited by the accursed sons of Greece.
And when thou hast passed it by, and art come
to the land of Sicily, and shalt see the strait of
Pelorus open before thee, do thou keep to thy
left hand and avoid the way that is on thy
right. For here in days past was the land rent
asunder, so that the waters of the sea flow
between cities and fields that of old time were
joined together. And on the right hand is
Scylla, and on the left Charybdis the whirlpool.
But Scylla dwelleth in her cave, a monster
dreadful to behold; for to the middle she is a fair
woman, but a beast of the sea below, even the
belly of a dolphin, with heads as of a wolf.


Wherefore it will be better for thee to fetch a
compass round the whole land of Sicily than to
come nigh these things, or to see them with
thine eyes. Do thou also remember this, at all
places and times, before all other Gods to wor-
ship Juno, that thou mayest persuade her, and
so make thy way safely to Italy. And when
thou art come thither, seek the Sibyl that
dwelleth at Cumae, the mad prophetess that
writeth the sayings of Fate upon the leaves of
a tree. For these indeed at the first abide in
their places, but, the gate being opened, the
wind blows them hither and thither. And
when they are scattered she careth not to join
them again, so that they who would inquire
of her depart without an answer. Refuse not
to tarry awhile, that thou mayest take counsel
of her, though all things seem to prosper thy
journey and thy comrades chide thy delay.
For she shall tell thee all that shall befall thee
in Italy---what wars thou shalt wage, and
what perils thou must endure, and what avoid.
So much, and no more, is it lawful for me
to utter. Do thou depart, and magnify our
country of Troy even to the heaven."


And when the seer had ended these sayings
he commanded his people that they should
carry to the ships gifts: gold, and carvings of
ivory, and much silver, and caldrons that had
been wrought at Dodona; also a coat of chain
mail, and a helmet with a fair plume, which
Pyrrhus had worn. Also he gave gifts to the
old man Anchises. Horses, too, he gave, and
guides for the journey, and tackling for the
ships, and arms for the whole company. Then
did he bid farewell to the old Anchises. An-
dromache also came, bringing broidered robes,
and for Ascanius a Phrygian cloak, and many
like things, which she gave him, saying, Take
these works of my hands, that they may wit-
ness to thee of the abiding love of her that was
once Hector's wife. For indeed thou art the
very image of my Astyanax; so like are thy
eyes and face and hands. And indeed he
would now be of an age with thee." Then
AEneas also said farewell, weeping the while.
" Be ye happy, whose wanderings are over and
rest already won; ye have no seas to cross,
nor fields of Italy, still flying as we advance, to
seek. Rather ye have the likeness of Troy


before your eyes. And be sure that if ever I
come to this land of Italy which I seek, there
shall be friendship between you and me, and
between your children and my children, for
Then they set sail, and at eventide drew their
ships to the land and slept on the beach. But
at midnight Palinurus, the pilot, rising from
his bed, took note of the winds and of the stars,
even of Arcturus, and the Greater Bear and the
Less, and Orion with his belt of gold. Seeing
therefore that all things boded fair weather to
come, he blew loud the signal that they should
depart; which they did forthwith. And when
the morning was now growing red in the east,
behold a land with hills dimly seen and shores
lying low in the sea. And, first of all, the old
man Anchises cried, "Lo! there is Italy," and
after him all the company. Then took Anchises
a mighty cup, and filled it with wine, and, stand-
ing on the stern, said, Gods of sea and land,
and ye that have power of the air, give us an
easy journey, and send such winds as may
favour us." And even as he spake the wind
blew more strongly behind. Also the harbour


mouth grew wider to behold, and on the hills
was seen a temple of Minerva. And lo! upon
the shore four horses white as snow, which the
old man seeing, said, : Thou speakest of war,
land of the stranger; for the horse signifieth
war, yet doth he also use himself to run in the
chariot, and to bear the bit in company; there-
fore also will we hope for peace." Then did they
sacrifice to Minerva, and to Juno also, which
rites the seer Helenus had chiefly commanded.
And this being done they trimmed their sails
and departed from the shore, fearing lest some
enemy, the Greeks being in that place, should
set upon them. So did they pass by Tarentum,
which Hercules builded, also the hills of
Caulon, and Scylacium, where many ships are
broken. And from Scylacium they beheld
ZEtna, and heard a great roaring of the sea, and
saw also the waves rising up to heaven. Then
said Anchises, "Lo! this is that Charybdis
whereof the seer Helenus spake to us. Ply
your oars, my comrades, and let us fly there-
from." So they strove amain in rowing, and
Palinurus also steered to the left, all the other
ships following him. And many times the waves


lifted them to the heaven, and many times
caused them to go down to the deep. But at the
last, at setting of the sun, they came to the
land of the Cyclops.
There, indeed, they lay in a harbour, well
sheltered from all winds that blow, but all the
night AEtna thundered dreadfully, sending forth
a cloud with smoke of pitch, and ashes fiery hot,
and also balls of fire, and rocks withal that had
been melted with heat. For indeed men say that
the giant Enceladus lieth under this mountain,
being scorched with the lightning of Jupiter, and
that from him cometh forth this flame; also
that when, being weary, he turneth from one side
to the other, the whole land of the Three Capes
is shaken. All that night they lay in much fear,
nor knew what the cause of this uproar might
be, for indeed the sky was cloudy, nor could the
moon be seen.
And when it was morning, lo there came forth
from the woods a stranger, very miserable to be-
hold, in filthy garments fastened with thorns, and
with beard unshaven, who stretched out to them
his hands as one who prayed. And the men of
Troy knew him to be a Greek. But he, seeing


them, and knowing of what country they were,
stood awhile in great fear, but afterwards ran
very swiftly towards them, and used to them
many prayers, weeping also the while. "I
pray you, men of Troy, by the stars and by the
Gods, and by this air which we breathe, to take
me away from this land, whithersoever ye will.
And indeed I ask not whither. That I am a
Greek, I confess, and also that I bare arms
against Troy. Wherefore drown me, if ye will,
in the sea. For gladly will I die, if die I must,
by the hands of men."
And he clung to their knees. Then /Eneas
bade him tell who he was, and how he came to
be in this plight. And the man made answer,
"I am a man of Ithaca, and a comrade of the
unhappy Ulysses. My name is Achaemenides,
and my father was Adamastus. And when my
comrades fled from this accursed shore they
left me in the Cyclops' cave. Hideous is he to
see, and savage, and of exceeding great stature,
and he feeds on the flesh of men. I myself saw
with these eyes how he lay and caught two of
my companions and brake them on the stone;
aye, and I saw their limbs quiver between his

teeth. Yet did he not do such things un-
punished, for Ulysses endured not to behold
these deeds, and when the giant lay asleep,
being overcome with wine, we, after prayer made
to the Gods and lots cast what each should do,
bored out his eye, for one eye he had, huge as
a round shield of Argos, or as the circle of the
sun, and so did we avenge our comrades' death.
Do ye then fly with all the speed ye may. For
know that as this shepherd Polyphemus--a
shepherd he is by trade so are a hundred
other Cyclop6s, huge and savage as he, who
dwell on these shores and wander over the
hills. And now for three months have I dwelt
in these woods, eating berries and cornels and
herbs of the field. And when I saw your ships
I hastened to meet them. Do ye with me,
therefore, as ye will, so that I flee from this
accursed race."
And even while he spake the men of Troy saw
the shepherd Polyphemus among his flocks, and
that he made as if he would come to the shore.
Horrible to behold was he, huge and shapeless
and blind. And when he came to the sea he
washed the blood from the wound, grinding his


teeth the while, and though he went far into
the sea, yet did not the waves touch his middle.
And the men of Troy, having taken the sup-
pliant on board, fled with all their might; and
he hearing their rowing would have reached to
them, but could not. Therefore did he shout
aloud, and the Cyclopes hearing him hasted to
the shore. Then did the men of Troy behold
them, a horrid company, tall as a grove of oaks
or cypresses. Nor knew they in their fear
what they should do, seeing that on the one
hand was the land of the Cyclop s, and on the
other Scylla and Charybdis, of which the seer
Helenus had bidden them beware. But while
they doubted, there blew a north wind from
Pelorus, wherewith they sailed onwards, and
Acheemenides with them. So they came to
Ortygia, whither, as men say, the river Alpheiis
floweth under the sea from the land of Pelops,
and so mingleth with Arethusa; and afterwards
they passed the promontory of Pachynus, Ca-
marina also, and Gela, and other cities like-
wise, till they came to Lilybaeum, and so at last
to Drepanum. There the old man Anchises died,
and was buried.



NOT many days after IEneas and his companions
set sail. But scarce were they out of sight of
the land of Sicily when Juno espied them,
Very wroth was she that they should be now
drawing near to the end of their journey, and
she said to herself Shall I be baulked of my
purpose, nor be able to keep these men of Troy
from Italy ? Minerva, indeed, because one man
sinned, even Ajax Oileus, burned the fleet of
the Greeks, and drowned the men in the sea.
For the ships she smote with the thunderbolts
of Jupiter; and as for Ajax, him she caught up
with a whirlwind, and dashed him upon the
rocks, piercing him through. Only I, though
I be both sister and wife to Jupiter, avail
nothing against this people. And who that
heareth this in after time shall pay me due
honour and sacrifice ?"


Then she went, thinking these things in her
heart, to the land of AEolia, where King
/Eolus keepeth the winds under bolt and bar.
Mightily do they roar within the mountain, but
their king restraineth them and keepeth them
in bounds, being indeed set to do this very thing,
lest they should carry both the heavens and the
earth before them in their great fury. To him
said Juno, " O Eolus, whom Jupiter hath made
king of the winds, a nation which I hate is sail-
ing over the Tuscan sea. Loose now thy storms
against them, and drown their ships in the sea.
And hearken what I will do for thee. Twelve
maidens I have that wait on me continually,
who are passing fair, and the fairest of all, even
Deiopeia, I will give thee to wife."
To whom answered King IEolus, It is for
thee, 0 Queen, to order what thou wilt, it being
of thy gift that I hold this sovereignty and eat
at the table of the Gods."
So saying he drave in with his spear the
folding-doors of the prison of the winds, and
these straightway in a great host rushed forth,
even all the winds together, and rolled great
waves upon the shore. And straightway there


arose a great shouting of men and straining of
cables; nor could the sky nor the light of the
day be seen any more, but a darkness as of night
came down upon the sea, and there were thun-
ders and lightning over the whole heavens.
Then did /Eneas grow cold with fear, and
stretching out his hands to heaven he cried,
Happy they who fell under the walls of Troy,
before their fathers' eyes! Would to the Gods
that thou hadst slain me, Diomed, bravest of
the Greeks, even as Hector fell by the spear
of Achilles, or tall Sarpedon, or all the brave
warriors whose dead bodies Simois rolled
down to the sea!"
But as he spake a blast of wind struck his
sails from before, and his ship was turned broad-
side to the waves. Three others also were
tossed upon the rocks which men call the
"Altars," and three into the quicksands of the
Syrtis. And another, in which sailed the men
of Lycia, with Orontes, their chief, was struck
upon the stern by a great sea and sunk. And
when tEneas looked, lo there were some swim-
ming in the waves, and broken planks also, and
arms and treasures of Troy. Others also were

"-! A"l




shattered by the waves, as those of Ilioneus and
Achates, and of Abas and the old man Alethes.
But King Neptune was aware of the tumult
where he sat at the bottom of the sea, and rais-
ing his head above the waves, looked forth and
saw how the ships were scattered abroad and
the men of Troy were in sore peril. Also he
knew his sister's wrath and her craft. Then he
called to him the winds and said, What is this,
ye winds, that ye trouble heaven and earth with-
out leave of me ? Now will I-but I must first
bid the waves be still, only be sure that ye shall
not thus escape hereafter. Begone, and tell your
king that the dominion over the sea belongeth
unto me, and bid him keep him to his rocks."
Then he bade the waves be still; also he
scattered the clouds and brought back the sun.
And Cymothea and Triton, gods of the sea, drew
the ships from the rocks, Neptune also lifting
them with his trident. Likewise he opened the
quicksands, and delivered the ships that were
therein. And this being done he crossed the
sea in his chariot, and the waves beholding him
sank to rest, even as it befalls when there is
sedition in the city, and the people are wroth,


and men throw stones and firebrands, till lo!
of a sudden there cometh forth a reverend sire, a
good man and true, and all men are silent and
hearken to him ; and the uproar is stayed. So
was the sea stilled, beholding its king.
Then XEneas and his companions, being sore
wearied with the storm, made for the nearest
shore, even Africa, where they found a haven
running far into the land, into which the waves
come not till their force be spent. On either
side thereof are cliffs very high, and shining
woods over them. Also at the harbour's head
is a cave and a spring of sweet water within, a,
dwelling-place of the Nymphs. Hither came
iEneas, with seven ships. Right glad were the
men of Troy to stand upon the dry land again.
Then Achates struck a spark out of flint, and
they lighted a fire with leaves and the like;
also they took of the wheat which had been in
the ships, and made ready to parch and to bruise
it, that they might eat. Meanwhile AEneas
had:-climbed the cliff, if haply he might see
some of his companions' ships. These indeed
hex saw not, but he espied three great stags
upon the shore and a herd following them.




I' "

.._ I i, i'' "



Wherefore, taking the arrows and the bow
which Achates bare with him, he let fly, slaying
the leaders and others also, till he had gotten
seven, one for each ship. Then made he his
way to the landing-place, and divided the prey.
Also he made distribution of the wine which
Acestes, their host in Sicily, had given them as
they were about to depart, and spake comfort-
able words to them, saying, 0 my friends,
be ye sure that there will be an end to these
troubles; and indeed ye have suffered worse
things before. Be ye of good cheer therefore.
Haply ye shall one day have pleasure in think-
ing of these things. For be sure that the Gods
have prepared a dwelling-place for us in Italy,
where we shall build a new Troy, in great peace
and happiness. Wherefore endure unto the
day of prosperity."
Then they made ready the feast, and roasted
of the meat upon spits, and boiled other in
water. Also they drank of the wine and were
comforted. And after supper they talked much
of them that were absent, doubting whether
they were alive or dead.



ALL these things did Jupiter behold; and even
as he beheld them there came to him Venus,
having a sad countenance and her shining eyes
dim with tears, and spake: O great Father, that
rulest all things, what have AEneas and the men
of Troy sinned against thee, that the whole world
is shut against them ? Didst not thou promise
that they should rule over land and sea ? Why,
then, art thou turned back from thy purpose ?
With this I was wont to comfort myself for the
evil fate of Troy, but lo! this same fate follows
them still, nor is there any end to their troubles.
And yet it was granted to Antenor, himself
also a man of Troy, that he should escape from
the Greeks, and coming to the Liburnian land,
where Timavus flows with much noise into the
sea, build a city and find rest for himself. But
we, who are thy children, are kept far from the
land which thou hast sworn to give us."


Then her father kissed her once and again,
and answered smiling, Fear not, my daughter,
the fate of thy children changeth not. Thou
shalt see this city for which thou lookest, and
shalt receive thy son, the great-hearted AEneas,
into the heavens. Hearken, therefore, and I will
tell thee things to come. IEneas shall war with
the nations of Italy, and shall subdue them, and
build a city, and rule therein for three years.
And after the space of thirty years shall the boy
Ascanius, who shall hereafter be called Itilus
also, change the place of his throne from La-
vinium unto Alba ; and for three hundred years
shall there be kings in Alba of the kindred of
Hector. Then shall a priestess bear to Mars
twin sons, whom a she-wolf shall suckle; of
whom the one, even Romulus, shall build a
city, dedicating it to Mars, and call it Rome,
after his own name. To which city have I
given empire without bound or end. And
Juno also shall repent her of her wrath, and
join counsel with me, cherishing the men of
Rome, so that they shall bear rule even over
Argos and Mycena."
And when he had said this, he sent down his


messenger, even Mercury, to turn the heart of
Dido and her people, where they dwelt in the
city of Carthage, which they had builded, so
that they should deal kindly with the strangers.
Now it came to pass on the next day that
.Eneas, having first hidden his ships in a bay
that was well covered with trees, went forth to
spy out the new land whither he was come, and
Achates only went with him. And AEneas had
in each hand a broad-pointed spear. And as he
went there met him in the middle of the wood
his mother, but habited as a Spartan virgin, for
she had hung a bow from her shoulders after the
fashion of a huntress, and her hair was loose, and
her tunic short to the knees, and her garments
gathered in a knot upon her breast. Then first
the false huntress spake, If perchance ye have
seen one of my sisters wandering hereabouts,
make known to me the place. She is girded
with a quiver, and is clothed with the skin of a
spotted lynx, or, may be, she hunts a wild boar
with horn and hound."
To whom /Eneas, I have not seen nor heard
sister of thine, 0 virgin-for what shall I call
thee ? for, of a surety, neither is thy look


as of a mortal woman, nor yet thy voice. A
goddess certainly thou art, sister of Phcebus,
or, haply, one of the nymphs. But whosoever
thou art, look favourably upon us and help us.
Tell us in what land we be, for the winds have
driven us hither, and we know not aught of
place or people."
And Venus said, Nay, stranger I am not
such as ye think. We virgins of Tyre are wont
to carry a quiver and to wear a buskin of purple.
For indeed it is a Tyrian city that is hard by,
though the land be Lybia. And of this city
Dido is queen, having come hither from Tyre,
flying from the wrongdoing of her brother.
And indeed the story of the thing is long,
but I will recount the chief matter thereof
to thee. The husband of this Dido was one
Sichaeus, richest among all the men of Phze-
nicia, and greatly beloved of his wife, whom he
married from a virgin. Now the brother of this
Sichaeus was Pygmalion, the king of the coun-
try, and he exceeded all men in wickedness.
And when there arose a quarrel between them,
the king, being exceedingly mad after gold, took
him unaware, even as he did sacrifice at the altar,


and slew him. And the king hid the matter
many days from Dido, and cheated her with
false hopes. But at the last there came to her
in her dreams the likeness of the dead man,
baring his wounds and showing the wickedness
which had been done. Also he bade her make
haste and fly from that land, and, that she might
do this the more easily, told her of great treasure,
gold and silver, that was hidden in the earth.
And Dido, being much moved by these things,
made ready for flight; also she sought for com-
panions, and there came together to her all as
many as hated the king or feared him. Then
did they seize ships that chanced to be ready, and
laded them with gold, even the treasure of King
Pygmalion, and so fled across the sea. And in
all this was a woman the leader. Then came
they to this place, where thou seest the walls and
citadel of Carthage, and bought so much land
as they could cover with a bull's hide. And
now do ye answer me this, Whence come ye,
and whither do ye go ?"
Then answered /Eneas, Should I tell the
whole story of our wanderings, and thou have
leisure to hear, evening would come ere I could


make an end. We are men of Troy, who, hav-
ing journeyed over many seas, have now been
driven by storms to this shore of Lybia. And
as for me, men call me the prince IEneas. The
land I seek is Italy, and my race is from Jupiter
himself. With twenty ships did I set sail, going
in the way whereon the Gods sent me. And of
these scarce seven are left. And now, seeing
that Europe and Asia endure me not, I wander
over the desert places of Africa."
But Venus suffered him not to speak more,
but said, Whoever thou art, stranger, that art
come to this Tyrian city, thou art surely beloved
by the Gods. And now go, show thyself to
the queen. And as for thy ships and thy com-
panions, I tell that they are safe in the haven,
if I have not learnt augury in vain. See those
twenty swans, how joyously they fly! And now
there cometh an eagle swooping down from
the sky, putting them to confusion, but now
again they move in due order, and some are
settling on the earth and some preparing to
settle. Even so doth it fare with thy ships, for
either are they already in the haven or enter
thereinto with sails full set."


And as she spake she turned away, and there
shone a rosy light from her neck, also there
came from her hair a sweet savour as of am-
brosia, and her garments grew unto her feet;
and /Eneas perceived that she was his mother,
and cried aloud,-
0 my mother, why dost thou mock me so
often with false shows, nor sufferest me to join
my hand unto thy hand, and to speak with thee
face to face ? "
And he went towards the walls of the city.
But Venus covered him and his companions
with a mist, that no man might see them, or
hinder them, or inquire of their business, and
then departed to Paphos, where was her temple
and also many altars of incense. Then the men
hastened on their way, and mounting a hill
which hung over the city, marvelled to behold
it, for indeed it was very great and noble, with
mighty gates and streets, and a multitude that
walked therein. For some built the walls and
the citadel, rolling great stones with their hands,
and others marked out places for houses. Also
they chose those that should give judgment and
bear rule in the city. Some, too, digged out


harbours, and others laid the foundations of a
theatre, and cut out great pillars of stone. Like
to bees they were, when, the summer being newly
come, the young swarms go forth, or when they
labour filling the cells with honey, and some
receive the burdens of those that return from the
fields, and others keep off the drones from the
hive. Even so laboured the men of Tyre. And
when AEneas beheld them he cried, Happy ye,
who even now have a city to dwell in! And
being yet hidden with the mist, he went in at
the gate and mingled with the men, being seen
of none.
Now in the midst of the city was a wood, very
thick with trees, and here the men of Carthage,
first coming to the land from their voyage, had
digged out of the ground that which Juno had
said should be a sign to them, even a horse's
head; for that, finding this, their city would be
mighty in war, and full of riches. Here, then,
Dido was building a temple to Juno, very splen-
did, with threshold of bronze, and many steps
thereunto; of bronze also were the door-posts
and the gates. And here befell a thing which
gave much comfort and courage to /Eneas ; for


as he stood and regarded the place, waiting also
for the queen, he saw set forth in order upon
the walls the battles that had been fought at
Troy, the sons of Atreus also, and King Priam,
and fierce Achilles. Then said he, not without
tears, Is there any land, 0 Achates, that is not
filled with our sorrows ? Seest thou Priam ?
Yet withal there is a reward for virtue here
also, and tears and pity for the troubles of men.
Fear not, therefore. Surely the fame of these
things shall profit us."
Then he looked, satisfying his soul with the
paintings on the walls. For there was the
city of Troy. In this part of the field the
Greeks fled and the youth of Troy pursued
them, and in that the men of Troy fled, and
Achilles followed hard upon them in his chariot.
Also he saw the white tents of Rhesus, King of
Thrace, whom the fierce Diomed slew in his
sleep, when he was newly come to Troy, and
drave his horses to the camp before they ate of
the grass of the fields of Troy or drank the waters
of Xanthus. There also Troilus was pictured,
ill-matched in battle with the great Achilles.
His horses bare him along; but he lay on his


back in the chariot, yet holding the reins, and
his neck and head were dragged upon the earth,
and the spear-point made a trail in the dust.
And in another place the women of Troy went
suppliant-wise to the temple of Minerva, bearing
a great and beautiful robe, sad and beating their
breasts, and with hair unbound; but the goddess
regarded them not. Also Achilles dragged the
body of Hector three times round the walls of
Troy, and was selling it for gold. And /Eneas
groaned when he saw the man whom he loved,
and the old man Priam reaching out helpless
hands. Also he knew himself, fighting in the
midst of the Grecian chiefs; black Memnon
also he knew, and the hosts of the East; and
Penthesilea leading the army of the Amazons,
with shields shaped as the moon. Fierce she
was to see, with one breast bared for battle, and
a golden girdle beneath it, a damsel daring to
fight with men.



BUT while /Eneas marvelled to see these things
lo! there came, with a great throng of youths
behind her, Dido, most beautiful of women, fair
as Diana, when, on the banks of Eurotas or on
the hills of Cynthus, she leads the dance with a
thousand nymphs of the mountains about her.
On her shoulder she bears a quiver, and over-
tops them all, and her mother, even Latona,
silently rejoices to behold her. So fair and
seemly to see was Dido as she bare herself
right nobly in the midst, being busy in the
work of her kingdom. Then she sat herself
down on a lofty throne in the gate of the temple,
with many armed men about her. And she
did justice between man and man; also she
divided the work of the city, sharing it equally
or parting it by lot.
Then of a sudden /Eneas heard a great

DIDO. 69

clamour, and saw a company of men come
quickly to the place, among whom were Antheus
and Sergestus and Cloanthus, and others of the
men of Troy that had been parted from him in
the storm. Right glad was he to behold them,
yet was not without fear; and though he would
fain have come forth and caught them by the
hand, yet did he tarry, waiting to hear how the
men had fared, where they had left their ships,
and wherefore they were come.
Then Ilioneus, leave being now given that he
should speak, thus began: "O Queen, whom
Jupiter permits to build a new city in these
lands, we men of Troy, whom the winds have
carried over many seas, pray thee that thou
save our ships from fire, and spare a people that
serveth the Gods. For, indeed, we are not
come to waste the dwellings of this land, or to
carry off spoils to our ships. For, of a truth,
they who have suffered so much think not of
such deeds. There is a land which the Greeks
call Hesperia, but the people themselves Italy,
after the name of their chief; an ancient land,
mighty in arms and fertile of corn. Hither
were we journeying, when a storm arising scat-


tered our ships, and only these few that thou
seest escaped to the land. And can there be
nation so savage that it receiveth not ship-
wrecked men on its shore, but beareth arms
against them, and forbiddeth them to land ?
Nay, but if ye care not for men, yet regard the
Gods, who forget neither them that do right-
eously nor them that transgress. We had a
king, JEneas, than whom there lived not a man
more dutiful to Gods and men, and greater in
war. If indeed he be yet alive, then we fear
not at all. For of a truth it will not repent
thee to have helped us. And if not, other
friends have we, as Acestes of Sicily. Grant us,
therefore, to shelter our ships from the wind;
also to fit them with fresh timber from the woods,
and to make ready oars for rowing, so that, find-
ing again our king and our companions, we may
gain the land of Italy. But if he be dead, and
Ascanius his son lost also, then there is a dwell-
ing ready for us in the land of Sicily, with Acestes,
who is our friend."
Then Dido, her eyes bent on the ground,
thus spake, Fear not, men of Troy. If we
have seemed to deal harshly with you, pardon

DIDO. 71

us, seeing that, being newly settled in this land,
we must keep watch and ward over our coasts.
But as for the men of Troy, and their deeds in
arms, who knows them not ? Think not that
we in Carthage are so dull of heart, or dwell so
remote from man, that we are ignorant of these
things. Whether, therefore, ye will journey to
Italy, or rather return to Sicily and King Acestes,
know that I will give you all help, and protect you;
or, if ye will, settle in this land of ours. Yours
is this city which I am building. I will make
no difference between man of Troy and man of
Tyre. Would that your king also were here!
Surely I will send those that shall seek him in
all parts of Libya, lest haply he should be gone
astray in any forest or strange city of the land."
And when AEneas and Achates heard these
things they were glad, and would have come
forth from the cloud, and Achates said, What
thinkest thou? Lo, thy comrades are safe,
saving him whom we saw with our own eyes
drowned in the waves; and all other things are
according as thy mother said."
And even as he spake the cloud parted from
about them, and /Eneas stood forth, very bright


to behold, with face and breast as of a god,
for his mother had given to him hair beautiful
to see, and cast about him the purple light of
youth, even as a workman sets ivory in some
fair ornament, or compasseth about silver or
marble of Paros with gold. Then spake he to
the queen, "Lo! I am he whom ye seek, even
/Eneas of Troy, scarcely saved from the waters
of the sea. And as for thee, 0 Queen, seeing
that thou only hast been found to pity the
unspeakable sorrows of Troy, and biddest us,
though we be but poor exiles and lacking all
things, to share thy city and thy home, may the
Gods do so to thee as thou deserves. And,
of a truth, so long as the rivers run to the seas,
and the shadows fall on the hollows of the hills,
so long will thy name and thy glory survive,
whatever be the land to which the Gods shall
bring me." Then gave he his right hand to
Ilioneus, and his left hand to Sergestus, and
greeted them with great joy.
And Dido, hearing these things, was silent
for a while, but at the last she spake : What
ill fortune brings thee into perils so great ?
what power drave thee to these savage shores ?

DID O. 73

Well do I mind me how in days gone by there
came to Sidon one Teucer, who, having been
banished from his country, sought help from
Belus that he might find a kingdom for him-
self. And it chanced that in those days Belus,
my father, had newly conquered the land of
Cyprus. From that day did I know the tale
of Troy, and thy name also, and the chiefs of
Greece. Also I remember that Teucer spake
honourably of the men of Troy, saying that he
was himself sprung of the old Teucrian stock.
Come ye, therefore, to my palace. I too have
wandered far, even as you, and so have come to
this land, and having suffered much have learnt
to succour them that suffer."
So saying she led /Eneas into her palace;
also she sent to his companions in the ships
great store of provisions, even twenty oxen and
a hundred bristly swine and a hundred ewe
sheep with their lambs. But in the palace a
great feast was set forth, couches covered with
broidered purple, and silver vessels without end,
and cups of gold, whereon were embossed the
mighty deeds of the men of old time.
And in the mean time AEneas sent Achates in

haste to the ships, that he might fetch Ascanius
to the feast. Also he bade that the boy should
bring with him gifts of such things as they had
saved from the ruins of Troy, a mantle stiff with
broidery of gold and a veil bordered with yellow
acanthus, which the fair Helen had taken with
her, flying from her home; but Leda, her mother,
had given them to Helen; a sceptre likewise
which Ilione, first-born of the daughters of Priam,
had carried, and a necklace of pearls and a
double crown of jewels and gold.
But Venus was troubled in heart, fearing
evil to her son should the men of Tyre be
treacherous, after their wont, and Juno remem-
ber her wrath. Wherefore, taking counsel with
herself, she called to the winged boy, even
Love, that was her son, and spake, My son,
who art all my power and strength, who
laughest at the thunders of Jupiter, thou
knowest how Juno, being exceedingly wroth
against thy brother AEneas, causeth him to
wander out of the way over all lands. This
day Dido hath him in her palace, and speaketh
him-fair; but I fear me much how these things
may end. Wherefore hear thou that which I

DIDO. 75

purpose. Thy brother hath even now sent for the
boy Ascanius, that he may come to the palace,
bringing with him gifts of such things as they
saved from the ruins of Troy. Him will I
cause to fall into a deep sleep, and hide in
Cythera or Idalium, and do thou for one night
take upon thee his likeness. And when Queen
Dido at the feast shall hold thee in her lap, and
kiss and embrace thee, do thou breathe by
stealth thy fire into her heart."
Then did Love as his mother bade him,
and put off his wings, and took upon him the
shape of Ascanius, but on the boy Venus caused
there to fall a deep sleep, and carried him to
the woods of Idalium, and lapped him in sweet-
smelling flowers. And in his stead Love car-
ried the gifts to the queen. And when he was
come they sat down to the feast, the queen
being in the midst under a canopy. /Eneas
also and the men of Troy lay on coverlets of
purple, to whom serving-men brought water
and bread in baskets and napkins; and within
fifty handmaids were ready to replenish the
store of victual and to fan the fire; and a hundred
others, with pages as many, loaded the tables


with dishes and drinking-cups. Many men of
Tyre also were bidden to the feast. Much they
marvelled at the gifts of IEneas, and much at
the false Ascanius. Dido also could not satisfy
herself with looking on him, nor knew what
trouble he was preparing for her in the time
to come. And he, having first embraced the
father who was not his father, and clung about
his neck, addressed himself to Queen Dido, and
she ever followed him with her eyes, and some-
times would hold him on her lap. And still he
worked upon her that she should forget the dead
Sichaus and conceive a new love in her heart.
But when they first paused from the feast,
lo! men set great bowls upon the table and
filled them to the brim with wine. Then did
the queen call for a great vessel of gold, with
many jewels upon it, from which Belus, and all
the kings from Belus, had drunk, and called for
wine, and having filled it she cried, O Jupiter,
whom they call the god of hosts and guests,
cause that this be a day of joy for the men of
Troy and for them of Tyre, and that our
children remember it for ever. Also, Bacchus,
giver of joy, be present, and kindly Juno."

'W ltII ~ JI !I I- rr

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'' .".


DIDO. 77

And when she had touched the wine with her
lips, she handed the great cup to Prince Bitias,
who drank thereout a mighty draught, and the
other princes after him. Then the minstrel
lopas, whom Atlas himself had taught, sang to
the harp, of the moon, how she goes on her
way, and of the sun, how his light is darkened.
He sang also of men, and of the beasts of the
field, whence they come; and of the stars,
Arcturus, and the Greater Bear and the Less,
and the Hyades; and of the winter sun, why he
hastens to dip himself in the ocean; and of the
winter nights, why they tarry so long. The
queen also talked much of the story of Troy, of
Priam, and of Hector, asking many things, as
of the arms of Memnon, and of the horses of
Diomed, and of Achilles, how great he was.
And at last she said to IEneas, "Tell us now
thy story, how Troy was taken, and thy wander-
ings over land and sea." And /Eneas made
answer, Nay, O Queen, but thou biddest me
renew a sorrow unspeakable. Yet, if thou art
minded to hear these things, hearken." And
he told her all that had befallen him, even to
the day when his father Anchises died.



MUCH was Queen Dido moved by the story,
and much did she marvel at him that told it,
and scarce could sleep for thinking of him. And
the next day she spake to Anna, her sister, "O
my sister, I have been troubled this night with
ill dreams, and my heart is disquieted within
me. What a man is this stranger that hath
come to our shores! How noble of mien! How
bold in war! Sure I am that he is of the sons
of the Gods. What fortunes have been his Of
what wars he told us! Surely were I not stead-
fastly purposed that I would not yoke me again
in marriage, this were the man to whom I might
yield. Only he-for I will tell thee the truth, my
sister--only he, since the day when Sichaeus died
by his brother's hand, hath moved my heart. But
may the earth swallow me up, or the almighty
Father strike me with lightning, ere I stoop to


such baseness. The husband of my youth hath
carried with him my love, and he shall keep it
in his grave."
So she spake, with many tears. And her
sister made answer, Why wilt thou waste thy
youth in sorrow, without child or husband?
Thinkest thou that there is care or remembrance
of such things in the grave ? No suitors indeed
have pleased thee here or in Tyre, but wilt thou
also contend with a love that is after thine own
heart ? Think too of the nations among whom
thou dwellest, how fierce they are, and of thy
brother at Tyre, what he threatens against thee.
Surely it was by the will of the Gods, and of
Juno chiefly, that the ships of Troy came hither.
And this city, which thou buildest, to what
greatness will it grow if only thou wilt make
for thyself such alliance! How great will be the
glory of Carthage if the strength of Troy be
joined unto her! Only do thou pray to the Gods
and offer sacrifices; and, for the present, seeing
that the time of sailing is now past, make
excuse that these strangers tarry with thee
Thus did Anna comfort her sister and en-

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