Key West enquirer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049046/00075
 Material Information
Title: Key West enquirer
Alternate title: Enquirer
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: J. Atkinson
Place of Publication: Key West Fla
Creation Date: June 11, 1836
Publication Date: 1834-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Key West (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Monroe County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Monroe -- Key West
Coordinates: 24.559167 x -81.784031 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Oct. 15, 1834)-
Funding: Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: PJ-50006-05
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved. Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002042438
oclc - 33270645
notis - AKN0302
lccn - sn 95026781
System ID: UF00049046:00075

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WEST FLORIDA 'JUNE' u>isse:' : ; Vbt. *. No.. 23.-WHOIE |Vo. 76. .
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; _h ___' ____ ..._. _',.0------.___ .
shall COUNTY COURTS. we profess lobe fully aware'of" the respoiuibilities ,
pilotage, and the pilot so speaking him
The Key West, .Inquirer.. be entitled to carry said vessel out, unless The County Courts: having a limited civ devolving upon':Ii.; It is an engine Y,

.., the captain refuses! to take a p.ilOlOPt, in ii,jurisdictivn and original jurisdiction" aU of 'lalmense'power, and ,when'wiselyconducted ,.'

PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT which case the pilot shall be entitled to half matters relating to Estates, Guardians, is calculated to advance,the best interest

DOLLARS PER ANNUM. pilotage out. Wards, & FIVE I '
in Sec. 9. All pilotage shall.be.. recoverable several counties avmi- nnuaIl1' .to subserve those interest*. Cherishing 1
(( atadistancemust pay forthwith before any justice of the'peace I an ardent attachment to the free institutionsof '11 J

advance or hate an agent In'tbis city upon affidavit of any pilot, that he spokes 'APPELLATE 'COURT. ;, our native soil, we shall ever ,endeavor .
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the rate of id vossel'or boarded her outside the to support them, and to impress on the mind;

One Dollar and Fifty Cents per:square, (of prescribed limits, and that the captain of ,The Court ofAppeals, ..cppswting.of, the. of the people a,due sense of the inestimable
the Courts as privileges they have inherited To this
said vessel refuses .to pilotage or half Judges, of several Superior
fiftceu lines,) for the first insertion, and pilotage,in or out a* the pay case may be. held annually !at .Tallahassee .'the first end our columns,will on,all occasions op

Sevenlv-Five Cents for each subsequent !Monday, January. 4 alto the advocates of any,rational systemofgeneral
continuance. All Advertisements will be ---' :....- ? education {-believing as we do,

continued until otherwise ordered. ,None FLORIDA DIRECTORY. OFhICERS'OF THE: 'CUSTOMS.. thatthet: only who understand their rights
'Compiled for tho'Key West Inquirer. can beat appreciate'' and will most,watchfully ;
DistrictofAu i ustine.-Co1lec'torjI lin
will be considered less than a square. g \ f: : guard them. The,public authorities,
Any error will'corrected and additionmade Rodman': "
(Q T-No subscription will be discontinued on the Editor's being' notified, : of such -- .' t I in due administration of tbelrlawthl'powera, j

(unless at the option of the Editor,) until all error or omission. "-."F District of Pensacola" .C Uect Robert\ will be sustained-but, should an occasion
, unfortunately present' itself to our notice
arrears are paid. t. J i Mitchell. Inspector Mitchell.. 'Surveyor .I
.business EXECUTIVE. "Wm. .M. Loftin. ,,1' we,will not hesitate to denounce 'what we'
letters the Editor on
All to .. :
to be an To
may'conceive abuse. promote'
Governor, RICHARD 1'. CALL. Secretary .
I 'J :- il'fl' ,,t: "
must be Post PaiJ. ... 'R' \ -the of
GEORGE',K. WALxcR.LEGISLATURE. District of., 8,1. ,Johns-Coilector, ,James -general prosperity, ;our-,
..... *" common country and .full de ,
,Dell. iloratio :, .
the information of transient vessel I Inspector, l exter. 'I velopement, of ,the rich resources :'pf.this '

passing, Key West', we' give' tho 'following, The Legislative Council. is composed.V ,of District"of St. Marks Collector, Jesse H:! Territory, -to encourage the observance of

HATES OF, PILOTAGE. /': twebty:six members, divided among, nine Willis '' 'Inspector,' Burr H. Duval. 'Inspector an orderly deportment insocietytoTostera'spirit

as established by the County Court. teen' Counties, as follows. Leon.'JFWr; I ; Augustus Steele; TampaBay.Dialrictof'ApalachicolaCollector I of.generous 'eroulation.-'smoG,our i
industrious citiiens in
,,_ ',1 ; their)1 respective,, d
:Escambia.7W; Ga&den: Two Jackson, i >- '
Be it ordered by the County Court,that all branches I:of .business. These '
I are, amongour ,
I 3
TwoJefferson, Two St. Johns Two ;
; ; G.J. '
the ,
shall be to
Vessels subject followingrates objects;. ,
Walton,' Washington, Franklin, Madison .
of Floyd. Inspector, W. D. .Price., '
Pilotage. r In the' proceedings :of the Federal.(Government f
Hamilton Columbia a
JHival Nassau ,
Sec. I. All vessels of War l as
Floridiap are i
'drawing 5'an'd not more > PER root1For Mosquito, Hillsborough, and: Monroe, District of Key West-Collector.Wtlliam; other United
One each.Delegate. corned! as an1 citizens,of ihe .
than 14 feet, $2 00 A. Wbitehead.. Inspector, and Deputy States, and entertain as lively an interest in ., '

Drawing 14 and ,not more Collector, Adam Gordop. Inspector, Stephen the doctrines'it avows and the measures it .
to M. WHITE.
than 18 feet, 2 !25 : Congress' ; R. Mallory.! ;Temp. Weigher ,andGauger pursues. Its'acts and p'riDclple.the; ,
Drawing 18 and Dot over : ELECTIONS.- \ William H ,Wall. Appraisers, will''not improperly become the Subjects-of I''

21 feet, t. -.2 60 I Charles'M. Wells, George E. Weavdr.Inspectors' calm,'but at the same time thorough consid 'L'

\" "Over SI feet, .''3.00... The elections for members of Legislative Charles Howe,, IndianKey.. oration*. In the, politics;,of.the' Territory* ,

Sec. 2. All Merchant Ves :;: .. Council take place annually on the second John'jubOle', Cape Florida.' of.co noL part must bo,taken;' pattbitoj'{ } \
sets drawing 5 and not 1 Monday in October; and Delt'gat. to Con Charlotte Harbor Inspector. Alex* a''' blind zealot'or infuriated ,partizan,, blit 'j

over twelve feet, shall 5 I'>Vn,rnoT, gress May. Biennially. on., the first Monday. in ander Patterson. that of a,d dispassionate,and impartial I qui. 7 d.';. t[i '

pay, $1. 50 '' rer. In,assuming this Krouodj'whicn willresolutely '; \
All. above 12 and not over : / S. / \ be maintained,river pledge 'ourselves .
JUDICIALV.: W'eetFiorida
18 feet, 2'00' Dankpf; Appalachicolachatered1829Capital ; r thai every ,communication; 'of-w|>at-: :ti

-All- nvtfiw. Ifi- end--- riftf--.' oKnvA---.- : Superior. Courts riedictihn.EAsTlaw having. ; 'ftdmiralty'Ju.: .. '.. ; 4500,000. .oeyer ne+-..n.-. ,and-__ n trom___ "whatsn.H ____. __ JsMt,4.awill.be _____._. ;1
,18 feet, ''-5 : '.1 II' J I''e'1<< nt i-i, .Cashier. thankfullyreceived( and
: '&TRJC1'.o..CdfY1trillihE I >" \ ,- ? ,. ,-. ." ," ,. ._;; ''> respectfully II l>
All above 18 feet shall '
?pay > Counties( attended, to I alwavs, under ,the .provisq, ,
Nassau,4t./ohns Duval Columbia
.. 3.Vessels arriving or departing thro* Alachua,Hillaboruiigli-,part, of r Bank#:. of, Pensa'cola J iChitfero V1831-:Cap wbjph (as r being unsha'cklcd: }by personal ob ., '.:1
Utjot.t v" .
thq North West Passage, and drawing four Mosquito. ji.: ,-. J.I<"!. PresidentWalter'irarj500,000/' f M !Unration ori',>ayt,nJudlC)1rf.Wftt.( strictly ,
(eetol'.upwardsexcept.sucb as are herein 'Gregory." Cashier l ; i'c1b ore5to, tbaf nothing 6currllousof low's ,
Judge it
ROBERT: Jt4 nioKnJlMts Attorney,, 1
after mentioned, shall pay $2 00, THOMAH.5. 5 DOUGLASS., Mai..baJ,, $h'.uauxBihra :..,I j.., *: >, James Catliiu '.' -T> Into or personally'ourcolumns abuiiro t) .. 'sba11 fever* be admittei' "*,
J p'r
All Vessels bound through the NorthWest :
Bank of SU Augustine Chartered 1831, I "The.progressive t advancement id Artif $ :
Pass and toucbing at Key Weit.forthe "" the |
purpose of landing,passengers, letters, The regular terms are held-as follows:- .- Capital.$300,000. .'"' I Sciences add .O nerit' Literature' o!. 'oIJ !\ <,1\

or obtaining supplies of provisions, wood or For St. Johns and Mosquito t'ountie ;' at .(Aotyetinoperatioii.J, -. .). '...'\ ,; own and other lands, will always receive 1I
shall St. Augustine oa the second evtondays.i in proper notice and our, selections'from the' .
water, depart'without being subject Merchants and Planters
Bank Florida I
Match and October. lighter
Vss.au'County, oftbdslaywtllwebopebp':
the above ordinances, unless the master of Tallahaasee'Cbtrtered 13& t I, f
the said vessel shall request a pilot to'take on the second Mondays iu.April, amMS'o. ; : ', .. both instructing.and amusing (a our readers. \
Capital $200,000. '
charge of such vessel and take her out over ,vember. For Ala,hua,Columbia and- fl ills- President 'Cashier' ;Measures have already b.eDtak'for a fair 'intopybangs :

the.Bar; for which services ho shall receive borough Counties, !at New nansvilie, on tIe t with lome of',the beat' bewspiKraind'periodicafs ,
the usual rates of pilotage. All pilots detained April Wednesdays and Nove after nber.the AndforDuvalt'ountyat third Mondays: Central,, Bank" of.r-Florida, Tallahassee" '; : t :'and'for,every1 our subscribers' effort, will I ,:
on of any vessel, by the request Chartered S
other commander, shall receive for Jacksonville,on' the first Mondays i President Ben 1832-Capital $1,000,000 i' pleasant and useful fireside,cotnpaniod. "...
each and every day's' enice.tbree dollars! Mayaad December. Chancery-terms are .; Cashier'Leslie'A. In're turn ne ask the liberal support of the

per day,over and above his pilotage. Fishing held at St. Augustine the second Mondays Thompson.. public, E. CHANDLER.. -
Smacks and Wrecking Vessels shall not in, July and SeptemberMIDDLE Commercial Bank of Florida,Apalaciiioola, Cr ..SES QliS,. ,
be -- .
subject to this ordinance. Tallahassee .
Flor. '
Chartered ,
1832 ,
DliT& -Capital $500,000. :
Sec. 4. Be itfurther ordained, That any of Leon, Gadsden Hamilton Jefferson Counties President.C. Msclav;.CashierM'Clark.Union'Bank S .(p ttrEditors' friendly to the advancement"' ,

vasscl having passed the buoy on,the Bar of and Madison I -I -, r of literature. will. confer u faror by giving '. '
the North West Passage, before the. above an insertion in t
having of FloridaTallahassee, Char '" ,their,,"per. .r.o' "
been boarded by a pilot, shall not be obligedto Judge THOMAS RAMOALL. Attorney tuml 1B3,-Capital $3,000.000 Ml9l3t ". C. 'I; B.v:: :" '
JAMES D., WESTCOTT. Marshal THOMAS ill T i. i i ni, i, I lJ
take the HUgi
but in
same ; case a pilot President j(
goes j Jobn'G. Gamble, Cashier John A '1"//
on board by the of ESTIN' RANDOLPH.; "' Resort .forInv'a1idsEiE .*
request bercaptain,then Parkbill. >
t ;
j he shall I receive the usual pilotage. .... : iJ
Sco. 5. Be it further ordained That all The regular terms are held as follows Farmers Bank of Florida Mariana / SUBSCRIBER having ,.efed; .. .
Chartered 1. hi f
For Hamilton County, at the first lelrol1; Indian Key, 'has determined t, f
vessels bound into the Port of Key West, on 1834: '" a ; -4\
Capital $75,000
and spoken by a pilot,Boca Chica bearing Mondays in June 'and December. For .x. .(Not in operation. '.,.' to open HOUSE, for' boardidff>rid. ':Iil -.. ;'
l .
North or North Westerly. ,shall pay full Madison County at Sao Pedro, on the .' )' '" ,?. lodging, and believing il to be one'of the L: .;' $ .
I Thursdays after the first Mondays in June ; moor/ 'favorable' situations' in !the [Unite, "*' "ji
pilotage at the same rates as though she had Bank of Jacksonville CharteredrAZS a.1 ; '. '
and December. And for the States for rvba '
been brought In over the main ship channel. remainder of persons are suffering(rom ; A :
All vessel,arriving and not having been the District, at Tallahassee on the first Capital $75,000.cNotyret'ln pulmonary dispepUeand numerous QI'O.IW.f .< (11 r'l
i Mondays in April and October' J :: operation.) diseases, and obliged to eeek 'w ; i,
spoken by a pilot before passing the above i'p" ;a refuga train 'q'
named limit, and being three miles from the r \ .t. .. the chill blasts of a northern: winter,be.feels' .I 'j

light bouse'on Key West,shall only be 'ubj.tct WESTERIC D1sTfZOT-Compriinthe ,- "V: PROSPECTUSOf. xs,'i', safe'ia sayjng that Indian Key cannot!.; : : It'I"

to pay half pilotage } but if not spoken Counties of Esc mbb,Walton Washington surpassed for beauty,, b.ealtb and; 1 : '

until after passing the aforesaid limits in Franklin and Jackson. .' Frost bas never been kno"o'he.-....: I m \

that case she shall bd exempted from paying Judge, JoHjr' A. 'C..uflaor. Attorney, The Florida Intelligence thermometer seldop below 65 or 60 f ,WJ r' :ii' ;,
! aartil&2r%.. GEOROC: WALKER. Marshal J. W. EXUM. ter,nor up to 90 in summer. 'Itts'entirely';,', J ,';,1\;\

! \ Sec. 6. Ba it further ordained 'That all IT Las frequently.been subject of invidious exposed to the sea from every.point of.tho.' i a .i :

, vessels airy"-ng through the West Pass, and The regular terms are held as ,follows observation, that amidst so populous and compass. .f 45f1 : J jf' "
the East ebd of the Dry Rocks to the For Escambia' i intelligent community us that of Florida 1
County,at Pensacolaon the of bU table add bar shall 'bass
Westward of Sand Key, tearing Southwest, first Mondays in May and November. For .o few native newspapers {(if the term ':!!.91 eoodas the market will anJUended '. 1t t I
shall be used have ,
pay ful.'pilotage,but stunt spoken until Walton County on tha first ( been decently,sustained. We by ezperigaced'aerrautsd ,
palling ,tie aforesaid Monday in .hare all and Private rooms>> i
limits seen
,and being March and third in deplored the evil; but the forlodginggentknienladiessod '
i, three miles torn Key West Monday November. people .of'the famines .
light, only half For Washington Territory are certainly a t
County on the second neaUy. arrange : The .,'" ,$
shaU undersigned Mjp*
pilotage be,recovered, but if spoken Monday iu March and fourth reading people; and it i.thought fhit be by diligent ;
Mondayin attention,and
after passing the aforesaid limits, shall be November For fault (if fault there be) canin almost industry merit s LI
Jackscn the
County,at Mari every ciistoraui bit friends and ;
: : 'tbd'pitolio' ,
exempted fran paying pilotage, instance be traced,either to the 1/
ana, on the third Moitdaj in March aDd the incapacity general' v 8. A.' SPENCER.' .
Sec. 7. B4 it further ordained or negligence of Intrusted II
' That all first Monday in December And for Frank those with ',the -
pilots who still bring a vessel into this port, lin County on the first Monday in Apt U and management of tbq papers whcn| have here II mdCeyMonroe County,Terri4ti" '!

shall be eptiUed to carry her out,unless the Thursday after the third Monday in Decem 'tofore suceeurvely.been projected. ,In the Ilorr 0f Florida. November7tbl836., %for .' .

commander can show good 'and sufficient ber, City of Tallabauee.alone,as we are Inform. I vjrTbejgt.Augustine Iferald, { \i 7" ,. ...
cause to contrary.' Any vessel ed,, a print been
arriving haa. ton Courer '
unwaveringly and ( Philadelphia Saturday < L', .
at this ou er, ,
tnde.taiasha p K rt without a pilot, shall have liber SoimiERW steadilyforseveral. years: but probably itna .Now York Advocate ana Jmirri* '.. r'..::: .. I ,I rlloatDe
ty rt.without pilot, unless the DISTRICTComprising the sot met with tae all Commercial --- -- .
wish cap County of Monroe and part of totire approval nf Gazette win gfv*the } ll
one. Mosquito. parties, and under the 'above five insertions
persuasion that :; and forward their
ana .
,see J. If any pilot shall speak vessel Judge JAMES WEBB. Attorney,WJLUAKlt U er' ,and a different print would be accepta accounts to this office,for p payment.". -, H 4 ;
bound b thiport, outside the limits,and MAavtiv Af reLaJ'ii.TuOwu EAsnlf. ble to some and not altogether dlspleajin' A. 6ObAc. tt- '
N01'JCE.-3AW&lf & '
the"capain of said to others! have been >M ,
vessel shall refuse to Tbe regular terms induced to sswb the h
take a'pilot, he shall held at Key ,West Prospectus.. attorney inact da'r. '
be liable pr :
to Cull ,
pay I II on the first Mondays in t ingByabsgace. t JAMES
May and November. WEt3t3; .
r f In awumbg the Press a '" .
charge of a public March] 7,1868;; (l ,
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I FOR TilE.6 'KEY WEST,INQUIUEIE:,,:.'1I Into execution. There is indeed already able for flooring. Good cypress also .' The hostile operations in Florida hare
I '. navigable communication between these abounds in,many places Ship timber for been disastrous, and have excited much
: sourn ORIDA-NO. III. places at high water through the glade. vessels of perhaps fifty tons burthen is suf- commiseration through the whole country
I The project of opening the inland navigation ficiently plenty. But for larger vessels and the conduct of the Indians has been* ,

IN last I promised to give the readers which already exists along the coast there is none. The live oak that abounds without any justification. Butsuch scenes I
f whom my these, letters are intended, some nearly (tie whole distance from Cape Florida throughout the country is said to good for in a greater or less degree have attended
account) of the muskeloes, who, togetherwith to the mouth of St. Johns River, is nothing on account of the large trunks and every Indian war, nor do I see any princi.
their fellow aborigines, the Seminoles, frequently alluded to. There are now but branches being l hollow or rotten at the cen- pIe, peculiarly applicable to Florida, which
now contc'nding'vitr.. tho intruding four or five haulovcrs interrupting this tre. Beyond this, it is believed that Cape would require compensation to be provided:
whites arc for the possession of this Territory. channel, which when opened, taken in connection Florida has no valuable timber whatever. to her citizens, and would not at the same
But as we have now just entered upon the with the inland navigation from I had hopes of being able, before this time extend to other districts of country
I !t musketoc campaign, it may he well to postpone Charleston to the St. John, and the channel time, to speak of these things from person. ravaged in a similar manner. As to property (
a full report of proceedings: until !it inside the reef south of Cape Florida, al observation; but since the Seminole Indians they have none, except the annuities
is concluded, when from personal experience will complete on inland navigation from have vanquished the armies of the payable to them, and their possessions West
I shall be better qualified to give a true one of our most importont Atlantic Citiesto United Statesand taken possession of the of the Mississippi. An act of Congress in
account of the numbers and ferocity of this the Gulf of Mexico. Would not sucha Florida Peninsnla, that pleasure must be 1796, first establishes the principle, that if
little foe, and\ ,,the best system of defence communication be of vast importance to-. postponed until our rulers see fit to take a any Indians in amity with the I'niled' States
against their aggressions. I may here observe the United States, especially tn time of respite from partisan warfare and turn their shall cross the boundary line and commit
however, Ujat they are not as numerous war? and is not the project worthy of the attention to their depopulated country, and depredations upon our citizens, the amount
nor as voracious as exaggerated report serious consideration of Congress Wouldit the voice of their massacred fellow citizens of the injury under the circumstances stated
I had led me to anticipate. not also bring Cape Florida, and indeed blood which cries to them from the in the Act, should be ascertained, and an
Since the appearance of my former numbers the whole eastern coast of the Peninsulainto ground" L. WINDSOR 'SMITH.As eventual indemnification guaranteed by the
I it has been suggested that t, in several high favors and give it great additional United States. It was farther provided that
important particulars, they underrate the importance. Inasmuch as no other portion. some of our readers may not' have the amount paid on this account should be
j value and the merits$ of tho territory upon of the United States extends into a tropical seen it, we insert the following letter of the deducted: from any annuity due to the proper -

which they treat; and upon a repcrusal; oft clime, this, Com its very nature, should be Secretary of War, in answer to one written tribe. This principle wits embodied in
cherished and improved. It la a matter of the intercourse Act of 1602 and in
t tho The again
them I incline to same opinion. !by our delegate in Congress, relative to the
soil is doubtless better, and tile lands susceptible no small importance to the nation that some 1834. But it applies only, as you perceive
* of cultivation more extensive than corner of oar immense territory be found spoliations of.the Seminole Indians in Flor to Indians in a state of amity, and if it M
i the stranger would be likely to infer from better suited' to the growth of. the SugarCane ida. to be extended to those! tribes commuting

these letters. Though the strip of land between than the lands now under cultivation War Department, 1836. open hostilities,that measure must be !taken
the everglade andjthe sea ist out 4 or.I Hero[ on the eastern coast of South Flori-. Sir-I hare had the lypnor to receive by Congress. It is to be observed: that
5 miles wide at the Miami, yet h.widens'Iome : da they may be found, beyond the reach of your letter of the 12th inst. and have submitted only a portion of the:Seminole: Indians !have
toward the southand very materially the frost which renders the sugar crop far- it to the President: who has instruc- been In a state of hostility. Many of them
towards the north. In speaking of the soils ther north so uncertainand commutes sucha ted me to communicate to you this answer. have not only remained at peace, but have
very thin and stony I had reference to drawback upon the profits of the planter. In carrying out the policy which has aided our troop in! their operations. Whether -
., that in the immediate vicinity of Cape Florida There are large tracts of good sugar land been adopted, not less for the sake of the ,.under these circumstances, the annuity
I ; but even there,many places are found scattered along the coast from Musketoo to Indians than for that of the Governmentand should; continue to be paid, is a question
where it is two and three feet deep. At Cape }Florida which are shut out from citizens of the United States, it was hot yet determined.As .
New River also, fifteen or twenty miles to market on accouut of the difficulty of ap- found necessary to remove the Scmit.ole to the cession by the Seminoles of
one, two, and three feet. Underneath along the eastern coast of the peninsula is of the Mississippi river. Their condition; residence West of the Mississippi, that
, lies that same bed of limestone that form: hazardous! ,and the inlets to the inland chan was the subject of investigation in. both measure cannot be adopted. They must t
the substratum of tho entire Southern coast. nels between Muskeloe and Cape Florida, Houses: of Congress, and documents re- exist somewhere and if that land is taken
. This Blond is very valuable, inasmuch as it are so shoal and variable as to forbid any ceived from yourself and other persons, demonstrated from them they have no place to removeto.
is easily dug from the ground; and so soft settlements upon the valuable tanda inside the necessity of their removal. And besides, it is in the country set
" ., that it may be cut into any shape with, al- Upon Indian River, which is navigable in Under these circumstances, a council was:: apart for the permanent residence of the
mss) any instrument.. After exposure fo a straight direction for more than a hundred directed be held with them, which was Indian, and it is an established feature in
the air it soon becomes hard and turns miles,and'in various directions, including done, and a treaty concluded by Colonel the policy of removal, that no right of soil

nearly white.I.hare y the St. LMcie' more than two hundred,. aid Uadsden, the Commissioner, for the CCg shall be acquired by the United States or
oevejr been !at, New' River, but as probably (climate considered) the best sugar lion of their claims in Florida, and for by white persons in that region, but that
the former mostly now at Key ,West, the opportunity this river has a variable and shilling bar Mississippi. Tin's treaty was not negotiated Missouri, so far north as the Indian locations
. of obtaining correct information respecting upon which there are at tunes not more than with a view to the benefit of the gov extend shall separate their, settlements .
': its locality and many of its characteristicsare two feet water. At-present 1 believe there ernrnentof the United States only, but in from ours. If once a cession is ob
: almost eq-ial to personal inspection. are five feet, yet so hazardous is the approach pursuance of a general system of policy, tained and a white settlement formed in
Now River possesses many advantages pe- to it, and so uncertain the depth of and with a view to ensure the welfare of: the midst of that district of country, we
culiar to that place, as well as some pecul- water and the position of the channel: that the Indians, and at the same time to pro may abandon all hopes ol the permanent
disadvantages, It is sufficiently south Indian river can never be sealed: until something mote the interests of the Territory Tins I establishment of the Indians.
foi the growth of tropical; fruits; fish and is done to open a better way to it. explanation of the motives which led to Such propositions as }ou make have
fowl are plenty; the soil deep; the available The haulover which connects tins river the treaty, is given to correct the misapprehension never yet been acted upon by the Executive -
: lands comparatively extensive; the Comply with Musketoe Lagoon, is said to 1Jt but which you seem to entertain, that And without! entering into any consideration -
root more abundant than in any other pan about 120 rods across in all probability an arrangement was made by the Genera : of the of tho territory; and lastly,and most to its it might be lemoved for two, or at the mat Government for the cession of land in Flo- general law of nations ought to regulate
f credit, it is universally admitted that no tree thousand dollars. Thus a good outlet rida, independently of the interests of tilt our intercourse with the Indians during a
would be made to the north of Cape Car state of hostilities the
, rnusketoes, or almost none, ever find their Territory or consequences
" way into this quarter of the country. But naveral throngh Musketoc inlet. The above This Department has never had the flowing therefrom, and applicable to any
t, the great difficulty is that the place has no considerations, it appears to me, must tooii slightest reason to believe that the Indiana pacification that may be granted, I am instructed -
harbor-no means of approach, except for er or later induce Congress to order a survey were unjustly deprived of their possessions by the President to say, that ho
email craft, and even for them only at favorable of this coast with a view to having in Florida. The reasons given by themselves does not fed himself at liberty to introduce,
times. The bar at the mouth of opened this inland communication from contained in a communication madeto by his own authority, any principle into
about one end to the other. the operations of the Government so new
tbo river has usually but four feet Congress for not emigrating, are certainly
water upon it, though it is said that the The possibility of draining or lowering the very frivolous, and obviously shew and important as that suggested by you.
sands sometimes so shift as to render the waters of the Everglaue, bO as to reuaiuj that tbey were aware of the nature of their Very respectfully, ,
channel deeper. The entrance is narrow much valuable land now frequently inundated ngayements. The high character of Col. Your ob't serv'l, \
is often spoken ot. '1 hat tins can be LEWIS CASS. /
"dangerous. There are neither islands Gadsden, and the publicity of the/ transactions
not reefs off the coast,as at Capo ,Florida, done is very probable. That great reservoir of the council at Payne's landing, the lIon. Jos. M. White,
,to break tho force of the sea, which rolls of water is sustained by a nugc 01 soft al appointment of a deputation. conformity House of Representatives.
there tremendous and breakers. limestone, which It cut down suincieutiy with the the
up waves treaty, to visit and examine :
There >i? no harbor for many miles above! would certainly have the intended t-Uect. country, West, the Couverationsubscqucnt.: KfcY: \VfcST INQUIRER
and below, and boats intending to enteror In what manner this is to bu done, 1 have ly entered into by that deputation, which
,leave the river, in case of unfavorable not heard suggested. If-a most annoying rendered the conditional arrangement en SATURDAY,JUNE'U, 183G. _
winds if within must remain there U little word thai often comes m tho way WARS AND ItUMORS
or tered iato at Payne's lauding absolute, and OF WARS.
without, must make the harbor at the Cape of our scheming -!if the borders of lacglade the agreement made by all the influential An arrival on yesterday morning from
and there wait the pleasure of wind and are so situated as to admit, withouttoo Seminole Cluets
with Gen. Clinch, Gen.
Mobile in of the Mercantile
put us possession -
.x tide. Of course no vessels which navigate great expense, oi channels Leiug cut Thompson and Lieut. Harm, in April,
the ocean can ever touch at that place so as to let out the water III places uhert 835, iil which they renewed their pledgesto Advertiser of that Ci pf %';\Ia)'.
Cape Florida, howeverthough inferior to there'are now no natural streams, a valua remove-all spew they fully understoodthe The news brought by almost -' !'al
New 'River m most other respects, has a ble and double purpose might thereby be obligations they had contracted, and gives additional t accounts, offeptedatioru
commodious bather for vessels drawing 8 effected. Thus much land would be stveeu that there i is no foundation for tho repre- of the Indians-human !,uttered
or 9. feet water; or for anything that can from inundation, and new streams bo conducted aentaiian ,hat they"kftd.been: unjustly de-
pass the bare where according to the best across me country, much to its ad prived of their lands in'Fprida.: property destroyed.Hid r (.-try laid
information 1 can gather, there is eleven vantage. Perhaps somo good mill sues waste. The Mercantile 'c: ntiias advices
You that
feet water at ordinary spring tides. might be creaieU in lilt immediate vicinity made to propose for application should be from. Columbus, (Geo j.f.je. Utilities
Congress complete indemnification
Considering then the relative o:' valuablo timber perhaps sun liiu -
advantagesof for the Josses of the sufferers. If and destruction of livesaW rlflff rty by the
each of these places, some may be expected whether this project is tuasnbie: or not,m us;: +
as ( presume you mean,that such an application Creek Indians. Two CtaafttftiM of Vol-
to prefer the one and some the other. remain a question until the situation of the
it would indeed be inconsiderate in a person country is better understood la the mean should be made by the President, unteers had left Mobil, JMJd I marched to
wishing to fettle in .South Florida,to uuic there can bo no harm in offering these I am instructed to say the President does the protection of their fello slJTerer'-
think such
neglect B thorough examination of both.It suggestion 10 the public.A not a measure should originate The of advancedS25OOOfur
with him. It City Corporation MoW\
is for
a subject legislative
should be favor of New
luislortune of the
great under
country the of the .
consideration You Companies.The
farther use
River, ,that a navigable channel between consideration H ot valua- propose, as
t that place Bud Biscayne Bay may be opened bio timber. There u pitch m abundance another alternative, that Gen, Scott be Mercantile also has the Official report :-
pine -
., digging, to the depth of from one to four russ-gratned as to render u unfit ibrpiaiuihg. so- Indians, until the property of the nation be between the Texian and Afacion armiesin
fuel, I am told,would a sufficient .> It oe useful surrendered to pay these claims, as far as "T
open passage may however
in alt cases it will and that be which the former so galling p. *
for the New River boats. Such when rough boards go; they 'required to
or a or bouse are
timber surrender victorious but for the ,tit,
a portion of the land West of ; Jengthjlt p
similar measure must in time be carried required; and doubtless: much of it suit t
is the Mississippi: and the lateness of the boafif ***** itt

... ,


f ,

'I' \




could have been off tho reef, on'TJiunr.-' i1
J. Libellant while pursuing his got :
received: we are unable to insert it this ship only to secure tho chance attachment.of scalping regular 1836, tho occupation 'as, a wrecker at the day the 2nd Juno inst., after which day the '

week Gen. Houston is himself in New those. to whom they profess Tortugas Reefs, discovered a, \essel on tides commenced decreasing and continue

[Enquirer. Loggerheadand so to do until the next full moon. Where,
from between
Orleans, for the purpose of recovering shore on the reef lying
Islands fore the said Libellant that the processof
I of the 'fortugas prays
Sand two
the wounds he received in the battle. MORE INDIAN Keys, .
and proceeded immediately; ,board this Honorable Court'may issue,
Columbus Enquirer office, May 14. the into possession the said Barque Eleanor, :i
In the Senate of the United States, on |df her, when be found that she was "
Previous to our last publication all the Eleanor of St. Johns, N. B.,Jno. her tackle, apparel, boats, furniture and
the 9th May, an animated debate took place settlers below the Federal road, had come Davison Barque master,laden with a cargo of 1658 cargo, and that such other proceedings be.: : '

relative to tho acknowledgement by our in. Since that time the Indians have destroyed bales of,cotton, and bound from New Orleans had as arc usual in Admiralty,and that upon

Government, of the Independence of Texas a family (Mr. Davis' consisting of to the port of Liverpool, in England, tho )hearing of the cause such sums.:of

Mr. Preston of S. C. advocated warmly 7 persons, a few miles above tho federal and that she had struck the reef about 3 money decreed to him and his associatesby .

the of a petition road; and many of the settlers in that neighborhood o'clock A. M. of the same day. That,heoflered way of salvage as theirservicea may have
measure in support
have fled to town. his assistance to the master which merited, and as to justice shall appertain. ]

presented by him from several memorialistsof The plantations below Fort Mitchell have, not accepted. That at 12 o'clock of the And whereas, the Honorable the Judgeof

Philadelphia Mr. Porter spoko againstthe been sacked, and a few negroes are missing.! same was day at the request of: the Captain of: tho said Court for the said District,hath 1

measure. Several of the buildings on these plantations (ho Barque, ho carried: out in ship's! boats' ordered and.directed Tuesday the 14th
burned to tile ground on Tuesday of June instant for all ,
were '
and with his own crow,' consisting of 11',.. day persons .
CREEK: WAR AND MASSACRE and Wednesday nights. The bridges 'assisted by the crew of tho Sloop'Plume ': cerned to be cited and intimated to 'ap .

Columbus,May 13, 1836. also on the Big Uchee and Little Ucliec men, ,six men, and the crew of the Schr. pear at the. Court House at Key West in I

The misguided Indians have at length have also been burned. The furniture of Delight, consisting of five men. the small! said District, to shew' 'cause, if any they j
the deserted houses which have been visitedis ''
commenced the work of death, which has bower anchor of tho ship,with 200 fathoms' have, why judgment should not pass as ,

so long been apprehended by onr settlers destroyed, and cattle killed. of chain cable. That at 11 o'clock ,on, prayed: ,
A scouting party of fifty men went out that You arc therefore.hereby authorised,em-
in the new counties of Alabama. A large Tuesday the 31st, the Captain finding i
I body of them, variously estimated from 500 yesterday, but returned without, finding Indians he could not relieve his vessel without,discharging powered,.and strictly enjoined, "pet mplori.
except a small party of friendly Indians 1 t to cite and admonish all whalSoe I
tho Schooner ly
have about 25 of the ;
to 1500 warriors, congregated a part cargo I
I miles south east from this city, and are who were coming in for protection. Whale hauled alongside and commenced; haying or pretending to haveanyr; ght,,*
Last night it was expected that the plan title claim or interest in or to the said .'
. scouring the head quarter, indiscriminately taking on board cotton., That, befpre.50 ,
tations in Broken Arrow Bend,from 3 to 7 I Eleanor her &c.&c.; by set"<
j butchering our neighbors, men, women and bales were placed on board, the Schr began Barque cargo,
, miles below this would be burned. A .
children-plundering their houses,destr,)'ing par to strike the bottom, and,by, the, time that viilg on'the'said'Jno. Davison, the master, *

their slock, and laying waste their farms. ty of 40 whites and 15 friendly Indians, she had got 189 bales on board it became necessary this monition, arid by affixing: a true copy ;

On Monday last this city presented a scene repaired to the place, to defend the planta to haul her off for>> her preservation, hereof the mainmast of the said Barque l'
tions. returned this The and
of confusion and distress, such as we never They morning. as the sea was rough and she struck heavily and by all other lawful ways, mean, I

before witnessed. Our streets were crowded Indians did not show themselves. fore and aft That the flume then hauled -. methods whereby this monition may be made' j .

with wagons, carts, horses and footmen This morning a letter was received fromMarshal's alongside and took out 211..\bales cotton,) most public and notorious be and appear''I
settlement 15 miles above this
I flying for safety from the rifle and tomahawk working till one o'clock at, night, then at the time and 'placo' aforesaid, before' t
information that tho
I of the Indians-many of them having containing neighbors stopped to rest tho men, and recommenced the Judge aforesaid, and'also to ttend'1 1
had embodied themselves in
left behind their all of earlhly possessions- yesterday (3J discharging ,into the Plume at 6, and finished upon every session and sessions to be held
number had small brush with about
t and some their protectors and friends,husbands ,) they a loading her at 9., That all hands there and from thence until a definite'sen*',

1 wives and children, who had fallen fifty Indians, killed one and woundod several then )hove on the chain it thenbeing high)I (once shall be read and promulged in the ,
t others. So that it is certain that they,
, before the murderous savage.: We are un- hos'ileabove the federal road also.From water spring tides, until it was apparentthat said business inclusively, if them or any of

nble to ascertain with any certainty the arc I more cotton would 'have to be taken them shall think it their duty so'td dp, 10 : ; ,
all learn the Hitchetccs
names or the number of those who have Uchecs and we Tallassecs can all hostile.,: out before tho ship would float. Then he abide by, arid perform', all and singular '
I been murdered by these lawless savages-: This is the opinion of Neo Micco the! Hauled the Schr Delight, alongside and such judicial acts as are necessary and

William Flourpoy, Hammond, M'Kissac, head Chief loaded her with 65 bales, of cotton, when by l law d'to' be dorid and 1cx dited1in

wife and overseers, Davis, lobbs, several r I finding that more assistance was requisite the premises; andfurther to"do and 'receivc *-

negroes, and in all probability irnny others, [From the N. Y. American.] : employed the wrecking chtI: Hester Ann' wJiiif unto law and justice shall tipper-i i

(wo fear D. Wellborn among them,) have APPEAL IN BEHALF OF THE FAM":' with a crew of seven men to assist, and lain, under the pain 'bf the'law: and'-con." ;

been killed,and the Indians are yet pursuing the Schr Whale and Sloop Plume also pro-'' tempt thereof the absence="or contumacy of

i their bloody work. Where it will, end, ILJES OF MAJ. DADE .& HIS COMPANIONS seeded to discharge that part.of the cotton' them and'every of them in' ,anywise trot

t Heaven only knows. [which was on deck and placed i itq"one of withstanding. And whatsoever you'shall bi

Every man, (except Gov Clay,) must now The massacre: of Major DauVa command the Keys so as,to be ready Jo takeout,more do in the premiseS, you shall duly certify \' I ,' t

see the necessity of prompt and vipilant in Florida, which thrilled, ra while,.every of the cotton to,(lighten.the Barque jfurther. ;into the J d, @.aforesaid.'*!, h*, ;_and :';;tf." !'

riiea"sureswith these deluded men. What bosom with horror, seems to be already if it should be found necessary. ptaConliesaiditogetherwiththesopresents; .. ,:\,,, i I,;

can 'be done? The new settlements of forgotten. It came upon us like a sudden That the Hester Ann hauled, alongside Witness, the Honorable James,Webby .- U

Alabama arc completely in their hands- thunderclap from a cloudless sky, and the at 12 and finished.loading at II at night, Judge of the said Court, for the :said Dine I. ,

and unless efficient meastirs are immediately thought of it seems to have vanished assaon. she having 1.80 bales cotton on board. Thaton triot, this l 6th day of,Juce?;A. D. 1836., + rand .

adopted we may not hope that our own Yet the reality,tho fatal reality of tho dread- Thursday the 2nd June hauled the of the ,Independence of the' UortdStates ,

frontiers will escape their depredations. It ful catastrophe is so deeply,though silently, Schr Whale alongside, the sea being heavy tbe sixtieth year. \
is altogether prohnblo that the surrounding felt by the widowed wives, the fatherless' took ALDEN A. M. JACKSON, Clerk. "fll"I
: I and the wind fresh, and out 12 hales, Therefore Know. Ye to all whom it J
may : ,
settlements of Georgia and Alabama will children,the bereaved parents,the mourning II and then employed in preparing purchasesto concern, that in pursuance of the'abovemo- ': ,I
1 experience a greater loss of life and property relatives of the gallant band that there strug I heave tho ship off if possible at\ that high nition;' fiornunder'the seal of the District' rtl!

: than has been known for many years from gled and died, as died Spartans at Thermopylae water, the tides beginning to neap. Thatas Court of the United States of America for : j

I an Indian war. It is supposed that the -should befelt, and acknowledged the Barque had been driven upon the the Southern District of ,Florida,. to me di-r I '

Creeks might raise a force of 5000 hostile too, by the nation whom they served reef with the spring tides if the ship had rected and delivered, 1 hereby give public \. ..

warriors--:and: nothing can prevent a regular and honored at the sacrifice of life. not been got off at the high tide on Thursday noticeto, all persons in any manner interested t'

organization: of this large force, but prompt What are tho facts? Major Dade, Captains which fortunately rose several inches therein! that they be and appear before. \ 'of

and systematic measures on the part of G. W. Gardiner and Frazer, Lieu tenants than usual the if the Superior:.Court: to be holden in and for
more greater part not "
the said: Dlstract'at the Court House in f
'If 'If If- Keaia .t.,
Georgia and Alabama. Bassinger, Mudge, and R. Hen
all of the have
must West i
cargo Key on Tuesday the 14th day"of !
As it i is, however, we have no hope of subduing derson and Dr. Gatlin, with more than 100 been taken out to float the ship, even if June at '10 'o'clock''a'the' forenoon of

the disturbers, except by a prompt men were, with tho exception of two or she had not bilged before it could have been that day, then and there to interpose their "

and efficient organization of volunteer corps. three privates, who dragged themselves dyne, of which.ihero was every possibility.That claims for the same, and to make-their allegations I'

We hope this step will be taken at once, wounded and bleeding, from the field of at about 9 o'clock all hands commen- in support tbeeeof.THOS. : r t I
slaughter: exterminated on the 28th of December EASTIN U.S.MIBy i(
both by Alabamians and Georgiansandthat ced 'heaving at tho windlass and capstcrn .
they will not wait for tho authority of last, by a band of Indians greatly 'and in about one hour perceived the shipmove JOS. A. TIOUftOND. M. "
Gen Jackson or Gov. Clay, to repel and superior number. No man fled, or turned United States Marshal's Office Uft. V/4 \t 1\
there %
\ then
being considerable "
sea on West !
8th June
Key 1836. '.tt
punish their enemies. Wo understand that to fly -though many,hid they attemptedit and she striking heavy. That at about: ... .. ?, ,JM

the officers of this Brigade, aro taking the: might probably have saved their lives- half past U-nat tho top of ibo tide the ship j -NO't'ICE. -No debt ;contracted :''v. i
hut each the
proper steps fur placing: the frontier in a emulating in courage swung to her anchor. That immediately by any of the' crew of British Barque Eleanor : r
of defence. Our and self-devotion, stood to his and fell
state volunteer post,
city companies afterwards a heavy squall arose and blew Jno' Davison master will be
paid by" ,
where he fought 'till death had claimed f 'I
the Guards and Blue them
are on all! directly on the reef just as sail Jiad been the Captain, or his Consignee. f" ., ,'f ;

every day, and on guard every night, the made on the ship, which had it struck. .... her O.. O'HARA.. '* W\1.t
Of tho officers Dado ---- -
city is under strict military law-and we Gardiner and Bas while on the reef must have caused her Key West, 4th Juno 1836. (22.w2J J l
have len .
believe that every necessary precaution is singer -wives with young destruction. .
in exercise to render our town secure. children, relyir.g heretofore on the pay of That the said drew NOTICE. All -1ft; '
Barquo at the time persons 'having daip1S
This, however is only a small of the their husbands for support-and now de- v 1 {
!she struck on the reef 15 feet 8 inches against the estate of Darius Clapp de 'd
wa ,
the cold t
frontier,and man feels' the pendent on charities of the world. .
every importance ter. That directly to )leeward of her there are requested to present-tbem to the undersigned -
of securing the whole. Will our Governordo The enlisted soldiers too, as wo learn, ul-|
but feet for
4 at low and
was water at the thOM
his duty? moat all had lamilies, and of the unmarried distanceof payment, indebted to
officers and soldiers it is 200 feet, and that she was aground : not to doubted '
We believe that the
ha..come when
rack amidships on which there but 1 eounts. MARY ANN CLAPP
that them contributed seven ., ,
many from
no compromise will answer the ones of, their payto among the aid of feet wateratlowwater. That the wind April, 30, 1836. [18-to] Ad'rare.NOTICEDSix ;
aged indigent
justice and humanly. Let the friendly' parents or was fresh with a considerable sea the i
sisters grea
Indians, if any such there are, be assembled ter of the time she
part lay on the reef and .
[Conclusion next week weeks afterdate I will +i1
inside theVa'ls nf 'fort ]
a and
strong that she driven
: was upas far on the reef as apply to tbe '
( Judge of the County Court for
receive all due protection. But it will "!,
not TIIEUNITEDSTATES. .i she could before the salvors
go commenced letters of Administration
OF AMERICA. } on the estate of
answer the purpose to trust them at large.' SOUTHERN JUDICIAL DISTRICT or I'LOI I lightening her That the Libellant and II. B. Crews dec'd. P. J. FONTANE. ,
If they are friendly it becomes them e
once his associates took out of the
RID -Ss. Aid
separate from the hostile party and take TolheManhaloftfie Superior Court for the 658 bales of cotton, a part of which/ amounting Barque Key WestApril 25, 1836. [IB-fit] ..

close quarters. And let an uncompromising i taid Dittrict-QREETItfG. to 232 bales hud %. '
they landed on the OTICE is hereby given,that the spring
war be waged against all who delay or! WHEREAS, George Eldridge, masterof Keys, and for which they have to return to J.' term of the Superior Court for the 4

refuse to come in; there is no-time now to the licensed wrecking schooner called .the Tortucas. Southern Judicial District Florida, held
enquire who arc friendly and who "hostile. the Whale in the city of Key West
are (who Libels for himself as well That but for the assistance is postponed bf
We understand runners have teensent all others rendered by His Honor James Webb', Judge of'
interested Ui him said
w> ) 'his .tho Libellant
to all who if refuse by nd his consorts, tho said District, to the second
are peaceable they Proctor R Hackley Monday la June
Esq. this
to come In, we had better suffer; tho"lotw of j filed his Libel: day Barque Eleanor would hare been totally leaguing i I & being tbe thirteenth day fcftaid
again i the
few than ( Barque lost, together with 'her: it I(j month, at which time Jurors
a men, to be longer harraased: by Eleanor, her &c. &c. cargo, as would witnesses : t
cargo stating, ailed- have been parties, and all others
tribe the i concerned will
a obtain our confidence but 10 ling, and propounding' crw unassitod *- attend
abuse it and who ; ; to ha.ro thrown overboard accordingly. ;;
wear the smiles of friend Toil enough ofj j

on Monday Hip got daof May, tbe cargo to hive lightened her so that aho1 I Key West.. March THOS 9,,1835.EASTIN(1.2., Marshal tjti


t-=.-_. ''4.. tt
"':;- -- ........ ......... t

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,I I .

I .



,I o .
: -
THfi FIRST VIOLET. *, ,:... brook, but a mournful 'murmur-a sound I their variegated: beauty,the'rustling of slender ifestation, by the most extraordinary gambols -
BirTHO. *... S: MILLER, l3ASR I=MAKErt-.' hat well accorded with my solitary.violet., Bags, the rising and falling of the water- and motions of agility in leaping from I
;. Bui and anon.of, griefs subdued, Had there been a bed of those lovely flow' lilies, the breeze sweeping across the long top to bottom and end to end of the lame
The ever comes a token like a"Bc tpion' ers, I should have wished for the singing{ grass, the tall willows bending to their cage in which he is confined.-[Mobile
....sting, voice of a river, all silver and. sunshine; own shadows in the river, the slow clouds Merc. Adv. ,
Scarce seen, but with fresh bitterness im- but the brook had a low sound, and there mirrored below-all these were sights and --:- I
bued; was but one violet. I sat in silence, and sounds that accorded well with my varying From the I Asiatic Journal
And slight withal may be the things which gazed upon it; 1 wondered if the deep alleys moods. Then those dead leaves so closely NEW ZEALAND PURGATORY.
bring in Somerbywood yet contained those surrounding an object of Oh I
Back on the heart the weight which it would beauty; Mr. Puckey; a Missionary of the Church i
flowers. how like
fling sweet past pleasures they seemedthedark Society, in New Zealand, has given :
Aside forever; it may be a sounds A solitary flower, a sweet violet, how night closing upon a sunny day, the ofa visit he paid to .the Rcinga an account
s tone of music-summer's eve, or spring small a key opens the door of memory! grave surmounting a flower-bed, the bier place situated on a mountain at the a
1 ; A flower-the wind-the oceanwhichshall how, the veil rolled from the face of time, placed in a ball-room, the funeral bell Cape,where the souls of deceased North
wound, the gray, the forgotten years moved before knelling homeward the wedding party, the suffered to dwell. The natives personsare
Striking th electric chain wherewith we met I became a youthParkhousefieldsrose slow muffled of death believe
footsteps stealing that the soul
as soon as leaves the
bound. Childe Harold. body it
are darkly
[ ,
upon my sight; a lovely girl noiselessly behind us! hastens to the western coast, and
,. OUR thoughts thread- strange labyrinths, hung upon my arm-she bore a basket;now What changes had taken place since 1 the mountain by a ladder,called oka'e ascends
her face was hidden by tho stem of a mighty last saw a violet. Could I forget the dark
Intricate and mazes unknowneven proceeded to'explore
windings Rcngia. The
t tree, again her white kirtle faintly glan- room, lie narrow window on which the
to the will. They arc indeed the on- last resting-place of the spirits is on a hill
ly free denizens that roam unchecked down ced between the thick underwood, as she sunbeams beat not, lest they should become called Haumu, from whence they can look,
flew from in search of violets
the dark slopings which lead to the untrod my sight ; prisoners. Hope had whispered me away back on the country where their friends
non she emerged from behind the broora- from my green hills; Ambition had allured still and the are
den avenues of the Past. They alone dareto living; thought of this
climb the cloud-clothed battlements that covered bank, then stood like an angel of! me from my quiet woods; and they had all i them to cry, and cut themselves. Here causes
light between me and the sky. And then forsaken me-even Patience wearied we
look over the dim distance of the Future: grew I saw many dry wakaau (green branches
I closed the leaves on Comus, and we lis- with long and bent .the
watching, over pale !which native
they see the mist, the dense gathering, the ,a guide said, were the tokensof
faint gold-bursting;that announces sunshine, ,ened in the old wood for another voice, i paper her paler cheek. But memory went not : tho spirits who had rested at this place.

or tho blackness that heralds the thunder- 'To smooth the raven down of darknesstill I away; she still recognised the blue sky and 'After this, we went onover sandy hills and

+ storm.. Restless when the' body sleeps. it smiled.' :the bright sunshine, and iehed i- when she sandy beaches till WR, mmr*tn a freneb ....,..........
I ------ -- -uwuu "'
they wing away through the, pale- starlightof And trees started into enchanters,and spirits thought on such mornings. How fair the river; after which, we ascended a very high
memory,, they traverse dreary shores, sung in the brook. We saw their long primrose grew in Clifton Grove; what a hill, composed of craggy rocks, on which
wildernesses, desolate and wild places,peo- hair wavo in the water-flags. Then we woods gushing song there was then in the green were growing patches slippery grass,over
pled with the distorted shadows of wilder grew bold, and threaded -* lanes and alleys river ; how the sunshine slept upon the which it was very difficult to walk; and the
realities. When awake, like restiff steeds, green' Then, I stole away, not far,just with;the how the happy breezes were laden precipice, over which the road lay, hanging
perfume violets. Then
they start aside at objects that rear up on s 16 far as to see her lovely figure hurrying to rose the over the sea, made the travelling very dang
blossoming hawthorn the hill-side white
every hand, and bound away over immeasurable and fro, and calling upon my name; then with erous. When we arrived on the summit of
'\ plains, sweeping:earth, air, and sky, shE sat down in despair on the green moss, the daisies, the golden glow of king-cups, this high hill, we gradually deconded till
.'/, and ,even daring to .heed the vapory track her white drapery gaudy beds of crocuses;-all those we came to the water-edge. Here there is a
over which Time has hurried. still existed. And even their light hearts bole through a rock, into which the spiritsare
We find monitors in every thing around Made sunshine in a shady place,' and merry voices, were ranging through the said to go: after this,they ascend again,

1 us. Tho slow-pacing silvery cloud, as it and I thought of Una. A knot of wild' haunts of the dove-Dryads fair as those and then descend by the aka, which is a
glides, spirit like, over the ,blue fields of fillies of the valley shot up beside her, like which peopled the forests of poetry. Perchance branch of a tree(porjecting out of the rock,)
heaven, brings before our eyes the.white- a milk-white lamb. Then I stole gently, 1 had they were singing the songs which inclining downwards, with part of it broken
I'' robed idol of our youth, and we sigh to see; up to her-" How could you leave me?" 1 woven in my happier days. off by the violence of the wind; but which I
i it vanish like the object wo adored. The looked on her sweet face, on her gentle could they think of me? wish me went down by the aka to the Reingasomeyears

murmuring river, sweeping along in liquid eyes, as they were uplifted in kind reproach, seated old oak on? the well-known bark, beneath the ago, when great numbers were killed
music between its willow-waving banks, just reaching,the margin of tears, and my There was pleasure in the thought in a fight. Our guide took us about 100
1! rolls away like our cherished hopes, and is heart reproached me, and 1 wondered how the dingy couch, the torn dictionary, theneglectp.d yards further; when lie directed our atten-
lost amid tho fofgetfulness of the ocean.-I 1 could leave her for a moment; then I candle,that had burnt down un- tion to a large lump of sea-weed,washed to
', Even music is heard with a sigh;,though it bound our violets in little bundle, and sho watched in the moments of wandering and fro by the waves of the sea, which he
awakens the echo of the eternal hills\ it BOOn forgave] met oh, I'could have bidden {thought; the expiring'fire, with its dying said was the doer which closed in the spirits
dies heavily upon the heart, like tho sweet myself behind the trees again, to be so embers; the low chilly fcehng that follows of the Rcinga. This latter place is called
: voices that have fur over faded away from woolly forgiven! But she left me-Death a sleepless night; the pile of paper, show- Mofatau: where, our guide remarked, they
: our hearts. The dancing leaf falls on out stole her-how I have hated him ever since!; ing confusedly its rows of scribbled lines; caught fish, which are always quite red,
I footpath, and its green beauty i is soon worn And the dead leaves that were strewn I voices in the streets; the sun struggling from the Kok traior red ochre,-with winch
away, like the happiness of childhood.- around my lonely violet seem neat emblems -, through a murky atmosphere;-form gloo the natives bedaub their: bodies and mats:
wither'and friends cold. far then 1 tho1 my contrasts to the little window in which
Flowers grow a thing so lovely-for !: the natives believe that painted garment*goI
The hope of Spring t too soon bursts into the of her. No, thoso bright leaves that gilt' the woodbine peeped. When free from I with the departed spirits. The scenery
jeility1of Summer; then comes the staid_ toted round the stalk of my little flower,I care and refreshed with slumber, the lark ,around the place was most uninviting,and
E. Autumn, solemnly demure, and her heavy were not so sunny as her silken locks; nay, awoke us with its song, when the woods calculated to inspire horror. The place
eyes are fixed() upon the darkness of Winter, the blue of her eye would shame the flow emerged from their misty canopy, and the has a a most barren appearance, while the
; Still there are patches of sunlight in our er's radiance, and her lips-so exquisite! early breeze brushed the gentle dew from screaming of the numerous sea-fowls, and
path.-itiny 'glades, which no gloomy umt and to die so young! and with hot heart the leaves; when contentment smoothed the sea roaring and dashing against the dis-
t brage overhangs-spots in the unfathomableI filled with love On! I had sooner that our pillow, and the white wings of peace mal black rocks, would suggest that it
I dfearirieifl of the forest, where we may sit spring had withheld its flowers forever!- wafted us into slumber; when we heard must have been the dreary aspect of the
I down fdf a moment and smile ero we resume The sweetest violet that ever blowed withered not a mournful sound in tho brook, and place that led the New Zealanders to choose
our'journey' through the deep soli when she died-the woods will never, sorrow violet. came not at the sight of the first such a situation as this for ther Hell.
tudes. bear such another! -
I was born at the foot of the green hills A little flower had assumed the reins of [London (Old) Monthly Magazine. TECUMSEII. The Indian warrior Tecumseh -

The silence of woods and the overhangingof my thoughta; how feeble a charioteer can CAUGHT who fell in the late American war,
antique boughs were but a little distance drive the fancy! Within one short hour I AT LAST.
was not only
from my.home. The song of the cuckoo lad visited the forest of old Sherwood.- An animal, supposed to be a sort of Lynx, an accomplished military
often rang above my roof tree. Meadows, Robin Hood!, in his garb of Lincoln green, or at all events of the species, Felis, which commander, but also a great natural states-
rain-bow colored with flowers, spread out t followed by his many outlaws, had swept .has been often seen within the last f four or man and orator. Among the many strange
, near mydw lling. The silver Treat woundalong before me. The bugle had sounded thru1 I i five weeks, prowling about in the neighborhood and some strongly characteristic events in

, past my door. The crown-rose ol the glimmering glades, and rude drinking- of Cypress Bluff*, on the TomLigbee his life, the council which the American I
I the whole wreath has not to me charm horns were seen waved to and fro by powerful river, was taken a few days since by General Harrison held with the Indians
enough to inspire a sonnet. But last spring, arms: keeping chorus to the loud John Smith Esq. of that place, in a com-
heavy with care, bowing beneath the cypress Derry Down that rang beneath the green mon {prairie corded snare. The animal resembles Vincennes, in 1811, affords an admirable
which now binds the poet's brew in wood tree. somewhat the peculiar kind of instance of tho sublimity which sometimes
}place} of the laurel, I emerged from the The dark groves of Newstead had again Leopard which is found in the Lebanon distinguished his eloquence. The chiefs

dusty din- of the metropolis, and wandered risen before the Arcady of England, where I mountains, near Jerusalem in Asia. Mr. of some tribes hat come to complain of a
among those few green fields which yet the mighty-minded Byron had so often trod.Again .] E. J. Merryman, agent of Peale's Museum
like solitary around its I purcase of lands which had been made
snread cases envtTons. traversed those violet-scattered solitudes Philadelphia, has purchased this
Many a dreary day had glided by, again paced the long oaken galleries production: of an American forest, at an from the Kickafpos. This council effected -
bearing its leading links along,since I had of that ancient abbey, lifted his skullcupto ,extraordinary p-iceand arrived in this city nothing, but broke up in confusion, inconsequence
seen a budding hawthorn. Oh! how sweetly n.y lips, rugged with the dregs of the with the creature in charge on the steam of Tecumseh having called
came tho fragrance of that morning aitt.t blood-red wine, seeing the smooth lakes on I boat Comet,that lies near the foot of Dau- General Harrison "a liar." It was in the
Tho birds that sang around me felt nota whose surface he loved to ride, or within phin street. He sails with it tomorrow in
greater thrill of delight than that which their sullen depths to plunge. The ruined I the brig Savoy, for Philadelphia. It will progress of the long talks that took place in

gushed silentlv from my heart; 1 gazed up windows with its eternal ivy; the old fountain -! be exhibited we understand at B. Walkm's the conference, that Tecumseh having fin
on the clear sky, and the young green that with its quaint imagery, the solemn Refreshment Room, next door to the Mansion ished one of his speeches, looked round,
carpeted the earth ; and wondered how, cloisteis, the rusted armour, the satyrs part-I House, this day, until two o'clock, the and seeing every one seated, while no scat
amid so much beauty and brightness, Sor ly covered with the green moss--his impressive -'I hour of closing the Custom House. We was prepared for him, a momentary frown
row dared to set her bleeding feet on such portrait above the wide fireplace-, must be allowed to express oar that
a lovely world. had all risen before me as distinctly as when so wre a curiosity, and one too that regret is beyond passed over his countenance Instantly.
Wandering along by an old hedge, stun- I first saw them. all doubt indigenous to the state,should General Harrison ordered that a chair

ted and ivied, (just such a hedge us the That simple violet brought tho velvet I,I be permitted to go abroad without any pr o- should be given him. Some person presented -

blackbird would; select, in a more retired valley of Sneinton before my mind's eve,- bability its ever returning. Why was i it one,and bowing, said to him,"War'
place, to build its firm nest,) I discovered a'' the rocky hermitage, the flowery banks, on not purchased for the Cabinet of Natural rior, your father, General Harrison, offers
,wild violet." 'By a mossy bank itgfewjth which 1 loved to sit and angle in the sunrise History of the Franklin Society in this dark flashed.
dead leaves lay around itsolitary,and blue, of morning,or the gray twilight of evo. place and thus made to adorn an institu you a seat. Tecumseh's eye
,and beautiful; not another comp;iuion nea r The finny.tribo had but few charms for me, tion of our own? My father!"he exclaimed, indignantly

it, it stood alone amidst the bursting o f unless it was to see them leap up and scatter The animal will be fed at 11 o'clock tending his arm towards the heavens; tbo
young' leaves and the decay of the old onesI the loosened and silver spray of the 1 at half past 1, on Lirifc-principally swat and sun is my father, and the earth is my mother
sat down beside it. A little brook gurgle river, like fairy stars in the sunshine, then low birds and martin's she nourishment I
gives me
** a species of dainty ; repose
d at'my fl'et-a low, faint meloJYtju I audible-not the glad singing of the full dreaming trees, the distant hills basking in fond pf which ascertained, fact he gives he i b mats especially :- upon her bosom." Ar he ended, be sit
down the
{ suddenly on ground.