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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Oct. 15, 1834)-
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher J. Atkinson
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc 1834-
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end 183u
mods:dateCreated April 11, 1835
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
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mods:caption 1835
mods:number 1835
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Key West (Fla.)
Monroe County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Monroe
mods:city Key West
mods:title Key West enquirer
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Key West enquirer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049046/00001
 Material Information
Title: Key West enquirer
Alternate title: Enquirer
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: J. Atkinson
Place of Publication: Key West Fla
Creation Date: April 11, 1835
Publication Date: 1834-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Key West (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Monroe County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Monroe -- Key West
Coordinates: 24.559167 x -81.784031 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Oct. 15, 1834)-
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002042438
oclc - 33270645
notis - AKN0302
lccn - sn 95026781
System ID: UF00049046:00001

Full Text

/A~4~ L~ ~

~fr~C-4 IJ-d~2L44AA

Published every Saturday, at FIVE DOL-
LARS per annum. .
ADVEr.TIsEMENTS inserted at the rate of
One Dollar and Fifty Cents per square, for
the first insertion, and Seventy-Five Cents
for each subsequent continuance. All Ad-
vertisements will be continued until other-
wise ordered. None will be-considered
less than A square.
No stubscription will be iAjoutinued-,
unless at-the option of the Editor, until all
.ear tire paid.
SAll letters to the Editor on business,
must be Post Paid. :

Forethe information of Mariners generally,
we have procured from the Collector the
following schedule of the situation of the
Light housess along the Florida shore,
under his superintence.
-Situated on the South side of Key Bis-'
cayne, about 400 yards from the beach.-
The Light may be considered 70 feet above
the level of the sea, distant from the gulf
stream about 7 miles. Vessels drawing 10
feet may approach within 2 1.2 miles of the
light* Lat. 25 47 N--Long. 80 42 W.
on Carysford's Reef, near the site of the
old one, in Lat. 25 08 N.-Long. 80,27 W.
It is easily -distinguisheOd, as two distinct
lights are shown, which can generally be
seen at the distance of 12 miles. Its ob',
ject is to warn vessels from the dangerous
rocks and shoals near which it is placed.
KEY WEST LIGHT-Stands on the
S. West Point of the Island of Key West,
is in Lat. 2433 1-2 N.--Long.81 52 1-2
W.; erected for the purpose of guiding ves-
spls when entering the harbor; the direc-
dons for which are as follows : Bring the
light to bear N. N. W. and the Sand Key
Light to bear W. S. W. and you cross the
Reeftin about 5 fathoms water; run for Key
West Light qntil within two miles, then
steer N, W. until you open Fleeming's Key
--which is a Mangrove Island in the north-
er part of the harbor, and then run for it.
The best anchorage is in the upper part of
the harbor. Height of the Light House
froq the level of 'the sea, 83 feet 6 inches.
Light Stationary.
'AND KEY LIG HT-Revolving once
in 54 seconds., It .is the best light on the
coast; S., W. by S. from Key West Light.
Lat. 24 26 N-Long- 81 57 W., situated
directly on the Reef. The Light 70 feet
above the sea.
TORTUGAS LIGHT-Stationary-on
one of the Dry Tortugas Islands, near the
western extremity of the Reef, in Lat. 24
31 N.-Long. 83 10 W.

Anew liht house has recently been
erected at the mouLi or --.mu-..--'
er, E. F. which was illumined for the first
time, on the 18th Dec. last. ,
"We have been politely furnished, by an
intelligent ship master, with the following
directions and bearings :-
Bring the light house to Leal S. by W.
half W. in four fathoms w ater, and make for
it. This will carry a vessel drawing 8 or
9 feet, safely in at high water. Continue
your course for the light, until you have 4
fathoms, and haul up N. W. by W. for the
mouth of the river. If the large house on
the starboard side of the river can be seen
over the north point of the beach, bring to
bear S. W. by W, halfW. and run for it un-
til you get the above bearing of the light,
then run for it as abore directed and you
will have the greatest depth of water that
there is on the bar. -
*, This light house will be of great impor.
stance, No notice, has, to our knowledge
been published of its erection. The conse
quence has been, that masters of vessel
have been deceived, and in one instance, i
vessel mistook the object for another light
and ran to St. Augustine, causing a dela]
in reaching her destination of several days





- I


. *

ESPFCTPULLY Inform the Printers
of the United States, to whom they have
long been individually known as established
Letter Founddrs, that they have now form-
ed a co-partnership in said business, and
hope from their united %kill and experience,
to be able to give full satisfaction to all who
may favor them with orders. .
The introduction of machinery in place
'of the tedious and unhealthy practice of
casting type by hand, long a desideratum 'by
"the Eurepean and American Founders, was,
by' American ingenuity, and a heavy expen-
diture of time and money, on the part four
senior partner, first successfully accomplish-
ed. Extensive use of themachin cast let-
ter, has fidly tested and established .its su-
periority in every particular, over that cast
by the old process,
The Letter Foundry business will here-
after be carried on by the parties before
named under the firm of White,Hagar & co.
Their specimen exhibits a complete series
"Tron. Diamond-to 14 lines Pica. The Book
and News type being'ltAtho most modern
light and style. I.
White, Hagar & Co. are agents for the
sale of the Smith and Rust Printing Press'
'es, which they can furnish to their custom
ess at the manufacturer's prices. Chases
Cases, Compos3tion Sticks, Ink and ever
article used in the Printing Business, kep
for sale, and furnished on the shortest no
twice. Old type take in exchange for neo
at 9 cents per pound J
N. B. Newspape*PJoprietors who giv
the above three inse.tiops, will be entitle'
to Five Dollars in sunich Hicles as they ma
Select from our speg ,?anetn.
N~v yorw?'IB33.

DRY.-The subscribers respectfully'
inform the printers, that they have recently
Completed a varietyof new fonts of letter
in the style of the latest European speci
meas, well calculated for ornamental prin- :
ting or sasteful 'display, and making an as-
sortment of Printing Types unrivalled in'
beauty, extent and variety. A book ofspe-'
cimens may be obtained at the Foundry,
No. 13, Chambers-street, near Chatham st.'
It contains specimens from Twelve Line
Pica to Pearl-comprising
45 forms of Roman Caps. with I. case.
35 do Italic do. do
5 do title Roman do do
5 do title Italic do do
5 do q sh'd Roman de do
17, do Antiqtie do do
12 do Black do do
5 do Open Black do do
2 do Script do do
5 do Germ'n Text do do
25 do Two l'ne rom'n caps with figs*
11 do Two lines Italic capitals.
10 do Sli'd Caps. of various kinds.
6 do Open do do
7 do Italic capitals and figures.
Besides ornamental letters, backslope,

music, lottery figures, piece fractions, su-
periors, astray nomical and othersigns, space
rules, brass rules, ornamental dashes, long
braces, more than two hundred kinds of
borders, and more ihan 1000 kinds of cuts
and ornaments for school, books, newspa-
pers and scientific works; orders for any of
which, or composing sticks, cases, chases,
&c will bee expected w:th the utmost promp-
titude, a iarge stock being always on hand.
They will also execute orders for printing
presses, ink, &c. which t hey will furnish at
the manufacturer's prices.
Printers of newspapers will please pub-
- lish this advertisement (with this note) three
times, sending a paper containing it to the
Foundry, and receive payment when they.
purchase four times the amount of their bills
from the Factory.
New York.
(*^Orders for the above Foundry will be
attended to immediately if sent to
M. No. 4 Broad-st. Charleston, S.C.
--My n ~~

iT is now about forty years, since the late
Dr. Samuel Lee, of Windham, Conn.,
(now deceased,) began to furnishthe public
with his celebrated "Lee's Windham Bil-
ious Pills," or Family Physic. Through the
agency of Dr" Isaac Thompson, of New
London, Gonfi., these much esteemed Bil-
ious Pills, or Family Physic, have 'continued
ever since they were made known to the
public, to give general satisfaction to those
who have made use of them, when obtained
genuine; but it is unfortunate for the public,
as well as to the proprietor of this celebrated
medicine, that these Pills have ofteEr been
counterfeited, and many families have had a
spurious article put upon them, when they
supposed they had obtained the genuine
article; and it is a lamentable fact, that
some few Druggists will purchase the spu-
rious article, (knowing them tobe such,)and
sell them as the genuine article, for the
paltry gain of two or three dollars on eacb
groce they purchase. The proprietor of
this valuable medicine considers it his duty
to the public to be at a very great expense
in advertising very extensively in the news-
papers of the different States, to guard them
against being longer imposed upon by hav-
ing counterfeit or spurious Lee,s Pills put
upon them, when they ask for the genuine
article. In order that the community may
be protected from such gross imposition,
the subscriber (now proprietor of these
celebrated Pills) signs his name at full
length, Isaac Thompson,"on a red label
that is on the outsine envelope that will be
found around each box of tbe. genuine Lee's
(Windham) Bilious Pills, or Family Physic.
If purchasers will only be particular to
inquire forThompson's Lee's Pills, and be
careful to observe that his name at full
length s4 signed on the red label aroufid
each box, in his own hand writing they
will be sure of obtainingihe genuinii article.
T'he above mentioned Piils may be had of
most of the respectable Druggists through.
out the United States, and of the subscri-
ber, (proprietor;) at New London, Connec.
ticut. i? ISAAC THOMPSQt.

: The imposition upon the public in count
terfeiting the above Pills, winch when gen
uine have been so fully tested for fort
years, that the proprietor calls upon 1hic
ters throughout the Union to warn th
" public, by inserting the above advertise
m ment a few times in their paperI, whic
' will greatly benefit their subscribers, an
y they cannot give them more importax
t- I information than'by inserting the advertise
- ment, gratis. They who cannot afford to d
this, are authorized to receive eoe doll#
from me. or any one of my agents, th<
e se ding to me. or said agent, pap4
d ,co j training said advertisement. I. T'
H AVIN&-Purchasedof Mr.RICHAS


"--SJ7O- 0 i iriTLED THi -.


T HIN IUNDERSIGNED, begs leave re-
Sspectfully, to offer prcpositions to this
enlightened public, to publish a weekly
newspaper under the above title. It shall
be principally devoted to Commercial Ii-
telligence-party controversy shall be en-
tirely excluded.
.The undersigned is fully aware of the,
difficulty of the task he is about to under-
take, ani in consideration of his want of
experience, has obtained the polite offer of
assistance from friends, whose age and
, qualifications render them competent to-
the task. For itls owu pamr he pledges
himself,' that, so far as his health and-
strength will permit-the public may rely
upon the utmost regularity in the publica-
tion of the paper.
Great pains will lie taken to obtain the:
earliest and most correct intelligence of
Wrecks and Wrecked Property; and also
reports of vessels passing near the Florida
,GENTLEMEN friendly to the under
taking will please receive subscript;o and
forward the names to the Editor as soon as
possible. ,,I,,

October 1, 1834.
'. ci *irA TrA MVDITT1RV

:Devoted to Commerce-Agriculture-Pol-
itis--Literature-and General
S intelligence.
To be edited and published in the city. of
S( Savannah, Geo.
N presenting to the public the prospec-
tos of the Savannah Mercury, a just re-
gard for the feelings of those 'we expect to
serve, as well as. a compliance which time
bas sanctioned, renders it necessary to give
"a briefsynopsis of the principles which shal
gdveran s in our editorial duties-We ar(
impressed with the belief, that in a govern
e meat likoours,tbe_p servatinn -off thi I .b
brties of the People mainly depends on-thei
Syirtue, intelligence and patriotism, and th
dissemination of sound political knowledge
Among them, and being actuated by a sin
.t cere desire to advance the cause of Stat
- Rights and Constitutional Libe*y, wesha
Support the doctrines of the State Bigh
r Party of Geo ia, as set forth in the Virgii
y ia and Kentucky Resolutionsof 1798-99.
r and which were so triumphantly maintain;
Sby the State of Georgia in 1825.-0, and
and thereby assist in perpetuating the in
D .imible blestiogs we enjoy under our prc

ea" form of governent, and which.ar

RONALDSON his long established and
very exteniiv4 Type Foubdry, the subscri-
bers have fonied a co-partnership for the'
purpose of continuing said business, and ford
the convenience of their friends and pat-
rons, have removed their establishment to a
more central partof the city. As it is their
intention to keep on hand a good assortment
of the best t pe, and to make such additions
and improvements as the taste of the trade
and the wapts of the country require, they
flatter themselves that this establishment
will merit a large share of patronage. They
have now several fonts on hand, which can
be turnish d at a few hours notice, and are-
-prepared ko make fonts ot all weights and
sizes, from Pearl to 22 line Pica, including
a great variety of Ornamental Letter.-
Their assortment of Cuts and Dashes, Brass'
Role, and other ornaments Will be found to
be v ryextensive, of which specimens will
be forwarded to Printers as soon- as they
can 4e prepared.
Pricing Presses of every description,
Printiig Ink of the most approved qualities,,
Compoing Sticks, Brass Galleys, Imposing
Stones Cases, Papen. and Press Boards,
Standiz. Presses, Furniture, together with
a compete assortment of all' articles used
in a Pritiing Office will be kept constantly
on hand
Small fonts, suitable for Book-binders,
in great variety, may be had when called
for.. '
Ozderifrom all parts of the Union will be
promptly and most carefully attended, to,-
and particularly in asiplvine~ .1~- i* anl
fonts furnished by their predecessors,'Bin
ny & Roialdson, and Richard Ronaldson.
Stereotyping in all its branches, executed
by L. Jo0nson, as heretofore.
No. 6, George St. Philadelphia, 1833.
.(-Piblishers of Newspapers who insert
this advertisement, and forward a paper
containing it to J. & S. will be entitled to
$3, payable in settlement of their accounts
when their bills amount to not less than $10.
S, J. S.

enfuieolclhe a mfwc s u F, uixpscS u _aio
ing and drinking, or eating and drinking
to live--domestic cookery-chemistry-
and a great variety of curious,, valuable,
and interesting knowledge, of the highest
importance to all and hitherto hidden
from the mass of mankind.
Contributed to by a number of practisng
The object of this work is to presenteve-
ry subject connected with diseases and itW
treatment, which, by its simplicity and&ier'
spicuity of its details,, shall' enable all who
wish, to be thoroughly informed in this most
interesting andi important of sciences.
The advantages of such a publication to,
all ranks of society need ndt be inusised up-'
on, since they must suggest'themselves to
every reflecting mind. Under the infliu-
f-:" ,tthediffusion ofsound medical know-
ledge among aYciaU w ian must b
disarmed of the dangerous weapons V-.w.
which it wars so successivelyagainstth life
of man; the'abusive employment of medi-
cines so baneful to health, will give place to
the rational administration of remedial
agents, and the scientific and experienced
physician will be aided in his efforts to al-
leviate the sufferings of humanity, NIothi
ing that can add to the utility of the work,
shall be neglected. The principles of deit,
and regimen shall be explained, and their
application enforced. The ingredients' of
secret remedies shall be given and the whols
subjectof miteria medical shall be discuisedA
and explained in alucid and simple style.:
A Apremium of $100 will be awarded
to the writer of the best essay (not exceed";
Sing 20 pagea octav*o) on the a vantages to
the community of the general diffusion of
i medical knowledge. The essays 'are to 0b
directed, post paid, to the editor, in afl f.
June next.
The award of the premium will depend
upon the decision of several eminent phyi-
^7-Editors, postmasters and.others, arq
respectfully invited to act as agents. ADN,
person who remits ten dollars will have. ten
copies forwarded him'. Pertons remitting
Sone'dollar will have eight numbers sent.-
e Alldistant'commiunications to be addressed
e to the editor, No. 6 Cortlahdt street, New
l York, (and must be post paid;) Yearly sub-
e scribers to commence with No. 1.
- ** The editor has great ibein beinh


7, ;
e s

this publication __ :

INFORMS the public that he has opened
this city where the btisiness is carried on ip
all itsgarioeu branches. B2 ad, Caskes of
every description, Navy and Pilot' Bread,
&c. &c. are kept'coistwitly on Ibiad,fr@esh
by the subscriber.
SKey West, Nov. 16, [(tfI

, ,. :'_ .. .,-* \-.
St. I- -',- +


I 1 S ATURDA. APRMh 1__3_ 08
. x 1 1 1 . ... . .. .


------ ----- --

eat form of government, and whidh are
guaranteed unto us, so long as each-depart-
men t of her is kept within its legitimate
sphere of action. We are in favor of a.
strict construction of the Constitution-and
opposed te all systems which have for their
object the taxing of the many for the bene-
fit of the few, or of laying restrictions upon
Commerce or domestic industry-and shall
resist all encroachments by the Federal
Government on the rights of the States an4
the liberties of the People. But whilst we
thus express n-- preference for the, princei
pies of the.State ightT'ar'tyor C enir w,
we shall support that party only so long as
they adhere to those principles,-our motto
being emphatically "Principles, not men,",
and du ambition to do and sustain right.
As we design making the Mercury a vehicle
of general information to all classes of the
community, we shall at all times endeavor
to present to our patrons, regardless of la.
bor or expense, the latest Commercial and
Political Intelligence, both Foreign and
Domestic ; 'with as great a variety of Lit-
erary and Miscellaneous matter, as our lim-
its will permit. Our columns will remain
open to th teminperate discussion of any
subject connected with' th'e public good, ex*::
cluding all scuirillity and personal spleen.
In fine, whatever will be productive of spee-
dily rendering beneficial the varied natural
advantages of our State. elevating the corn
mercial character of our city, d ineliii
ting the moral; social and political condi-
tion of our people, will' meet with our ardent
and humble support.
The Savannah Mercury will be published.
daily throughout the' year, on a super royal
sheet, at Seven Dollars per annum, payable
semi-annually in advance.
The Mercury for the co imtry wil1be'puhV'.
lished to meet the arrangement of the mailts/
three times a week at the office of the Sak
vannah Mercury, and will be sent to all:
parts of the Union, or delivered in the City#,
at Four Dollars per annum, payable in ad-
vance, or Five at the expiration of six
months. It will contain all the Intelligence
Commercial, Political. Lif --r -v -
. iel. iuMng advertisements, prob.9
lished in thedaily paper.
Advertisements will be conspicuously in,
serted in both papers, at 75 cents per square.
of fourteen lines, for the first insertion, and
thirty-seven and a lialf cents, for eaci suc-
ceeding publication. -
All communications by mail. Inust bie
post paid.


'*: 'J\'

TheFamily Physician and Gazkfte of Hu-
man Life.
Being a Library of Health and" Hygenii,
and of Popular and General: Medical
Knowledge, rendered :familiar t~4 very
individual: embracing every subject con-
nected with the prevention, treatment,
and cure of diseases-the qualities of
medicines--their go6d and ill effects o.
lfealt-thc inredients ofse ret or pt-

. I

What is it but a map of busy lifel-CowpER.
KaY WEST, April 3, 1835.
Mt. AiTIMusoq- -
SI a:-'As considerable
interest Whs been manifestedby s'me of the
ctisenrs of Key West, in the measures ta.
kd l-toerecta Jail unt .a L-of tber-
It. mryatta rmafiks and statements having,
-t been naide which have not always been ot
the nature which it would bepr wemed the
character of those concerned world have
prompted-Iam led to.request you to in-
-ad rtteaccompanying correspondence, in
-order ,that ,the community may be enligh-
tened upon the: subject.

T'seasurer's Efce,
Tallahassee, March 16, 1885.
MWu. A. WrTBHAnD Esa.
S Commissioner otke Jail, Ke~ West.
SinR-Having been recently called on by
7 his" Excellency Governor Eaton, to show,
tbe situationand paugiso of the building
of a Jail and Cistern at Key West, found
-this.department entirely without the means
of doing so, therefore have to request your,
attention to this 'subject. 'Refer you to
'"an Act-to provide for the building a Jail
'aKey West," approved 10th Feb. 1831,
'ad to the additional Act on the same sub.
ject approved 30th Jan. 1832, by the 4th
section of the first Act, it will be seen, that
an account of your receipts and expendi
tures ought to have been forwarded from
timieto time to this department, and by the
second Act a fdll account was required,and
uew"btkids executed. As those conditions
"' ^_ n-otbeen complied with-fromany thing
ift- have Iqsav'w ii, _a.C- 1 r-"j"ft have
to requst you will transmit me by the next
mail boat via St. Marks, an account ofyour
receipts, with the names of all the auction-
jers, the same was received, the amount of
y -ur expenditures, and such other informa-
tion as will- enable me to comply withi.the
call lately made upon this department.. It
has become more necessary this business
should be brought to a close, as the time
expired on the 1i0th of February last, when
thep auction taxes ceased to be applicable
to1-the work contemplated;.
Very respectfullyYours,&o.
Treasurer Ter. Florida.
,P. S. We have never been informed who
S 'as associated with you as Commissioner,
SKEY WEST, April 1, 1835.
STreasurer Ter.'torida.
'Sia-tJ have recdived'your Fetter of the
I6th'barch informing me, that on being
called on by his'Excellency the Governoi
to' show the progress made in building a
Jail and. Cistern at this place, you found
thd Treasury Deprtament of the: Territory
without the means of doing so and request
ting from me the desired information.
ava myself of the first convenient oppor
tpnity to forward my reply, and hope I shall
be able to convince you that I have no
'been so unmindful of the conditions anm
reqvisonsof the two Acts re .rAr "
yoot letter aa ~.wnm imply, beggmn
leave firk to observe, that the office of Jai
Commissioner was one entirely unsough
6y oe, having been conferred by the Le
'slative Council without my knowledge
'he eiquiry relative to the condition of th
Jail was to be anticipated from the natur
of the final presetment of Thelast Gran
Jury of Monroe County, and I am happy;
to have it in my power to furnish all the in
formation desired.

The report required to be made to th
succeeding Legislature by. the Act of,40tI
.Feb. 1831, was duly rendered byMr.: L
M. Stone, (then associated with 'me in th
commission,) and myself, under date c
_Dc.-' a, lastm --accompanied by' a ac
count of bur receipts and expenditures u]
to that time, which 1 have every reason t(
believe was duly received. A bond als<
was duly executed in accordance with th
provisions of the Act. On the 30th Jan
uary 1832 the second Act became a law
and on the 5th day of April next ensuing
withinn three months "a full account" a
receipts and expenditures by me, was foi
warded to the Treasurer of the Territor:
accompanied by a communication date
the sam6'dfa, which I know -was received
as it is potied in the Report Othe Finanoi
Committebof Ihae Legislative Council, da
ted Mare tli 1833. This better convey
*%ea sk, Vp. asumuw thav C
new bonti Sad'been executed by me, an(
if it is n6 Ihow to be found nor my several
reports and acqunts rendered, atthetimei
mentioned the fault certainly rests not witl
...ri e. ; ,
Mr. L. M. Stone having, removed front
Key Westearly inlt832, the whole duty oW
S;the Commission dtevlved upon me until
S'the spring 'of last yeag (when Mr,F. A
.< '- "," -. j *' '
, ';0" .. I'

Browne 9as appointed in the place of Mr,
Stone,) and I have endeavored to subserve
the public interest to the best of my ability.
kOf the appointment of Mr. Browne I d.
not notify any one at the seat of Goverti-
ment, not deeming it anduty d of mine so
todo. ,
Great difficulty was, experienced in o'o-
taining proposals to erect theJailand water
repeatedly advertising, only two w.recei-
vred; one, from Mr. R. Pitzpatric, plopo-
sing to erect a building 26 feet by 1, feet,
Co*ntairng two' rnoms, wihh a cistern ad-
joining for the sum of ..3200Q 'Twewe
hundred dollars more thanahe whole sum
appropriated for the object; and -the other
from Col. J. L Simonton, proposing to
erect a JaiLwithout a Cistern ;(theCistern
attached.4o the court house bing-thought
fully, stffcientor both buildiis,V 26 ft by
34 ft; also containing two, roans, for the
sum of $1699.- This last pro ositiun was
accepted, and the building was completed
in May last. It has been, sin. U1ten, in
almost constant use-althougl the bond
entered into by the contractor foT the faith-
ful performance of the work, h.s not yet
been cancelled, in consequence or a defect
in the workmanship, -which wilf \soon be
obviated. The Judge, Marshal ea4de. .
:Attorney for the Distrit, having bee called
upon b3 the Commissteners anO Contractor
4to determine what more should be done by
the latter, to render the building sucln as
was contemplatedini the.agreenment en!ed
into with the Commissioners; made a ioport
in January last, the substance of yhich
was, that the Contractor had .appaently
executed the contract oh his part ingood
faith, but that some of the workmei em-
ployed by him had not performed thIr diu-
ties with equal fidelity; and they conclude
with saying while they are prevented from
speaking of a portion of the wok dhe up-
' on the Jail-as being creditable to g l skill
of the mechanics employed, they nerthe-.
'less believe the building to be astrmg one,
.-fr tirinaddition,to what ihaswlat y, been
done, a-coat of plaster ermi~rast2
be added to the outside of the walls (which
they recommend the Contractor todo) th
Jail will then be one of the be& in the
Territory, and will answer all the purposes
for which one is required at this e."
The suggestion contained in the report
Swill be followed by the Contractor so soot
as proper materials can be procured, am
Sthe Jailhwit then-beconsideredentirely the
property of the Territory.
I would call your attention to the ac
companying account o,6lmy receipts an
expenditures---in which Iave included the
, *items of the accountsalrea4y rendered, bu
which it" would seem are no lonAgerio
n.iu mm u. a& imisury uepartnem altougE
referred to in official returns to ltie-Legis
lative Council which were plited arindcii
culated through the Territory. A balance
of $30 65 is- inmy hands-subjec to you
Before coicluding,I would obsewe tha
after the purchaseof a lot on which to erec
the Jail, the Court House was removed t
Ia site in the public square at a conSiderabl
Distance from its old location, and as thi
would materially 'add to the distance b(
Stween that building and the ,ail it wa
Thought by the officers of the cort an
Others consulted, that the Jail. wold b
t more conveniently situated in the samn
da public square with theczourt house, "pa
Stieularty a'thisloeatien would obviate tt:
Necessity' for a Cistern, and it was censi
g quently so erected. Tlie lot is therbfoi
t unoccupied and at the disposal of the L
gislative Council. ,
," J would respectfolHy request that the be
S ance in my hands mayrbedrawn for assbx
e as convenient in order that my connecik
S with the Jail Commission may be closed
y I amrespectfully, .

to the Y~tices of the Peace in saft City,
to be by them appropriated for the improve-
ments of said City, in any manner which
they the said Justices may deem most prop
er for that object; and the said Justices
shall demand from the Mayor and Alder.
men of said City, and their officers, all the
books, accounts and vouchers, showing the
amount of taxes collected by them, and
all money' -reii6d by them; and upon re-
fusal being made by any of them, the per-
son so refusing to comply with This law,,.
shall be fined for every refusal, the sumn of,'
fifty dollars, to be recovered forthwith be.-
fore any Justice of the Peace in the Coun.
ty, who shall immediately give judgement,
on application therefore, and all fiaes collec-
tod as aforesaid, shall be applied to the pur-
poses of improving the said City.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That
io taxes other than Territorial or County
taxes shall be collected within- the limits
,of said City after ,the passage of this act."

i 4



e .






* Extracts from the proceedings of the Board
of Aldermen of Key Weet,atl he two '
last meetings of that body. .
Wednesday April ist 1836.
'The Committee Io 'whom xwas referred tho -
act of the Legislative- Council of Flori-..
da, approved 29th January 1835, having
examined the same, beg leave to report::
That they find the said law as published
in the, Floridian, Extra, a paper printed
at Tallahassce, io the following .vords,
to wi*t
S ',rActto repeal An Act entitled An Act
to incorporate the City oJ Key West."_
4 Sec. -1. Be it enacted by the Governor
and Legislative Council of the Territory
of Florida,. That the act to incorporate the'
City 6f Key West, passedd 23d day of Jan.
nary, 1832, be, and the same is hereby te-
peaiea.-e' -
S'Sec. 2. Be it farther enacted, Thatali
the money which ha -been collected by the
Mayor and Aldermen before the passage o
this act, in any manner whatsoever, orwhicli
may be collected. by them after the.passage
ofrthis act, for. taxeslevied by them, or fori
debts due for property sold in said incor
portion by them, shall be paid over by, th
said Mayor and Aldermen, or their officers,-

They further-report, that under the act
of 1832 above referred to,and now attempt-
ed to be repealed, the present City, Govern-
ment, consistingof a Mayor and Aldermen,
was organized, legally and according to its
provisions; and the members of this Board
having been sworn into office, were to serve
until the first Monday of April, instant.-
That among other duties they collected
taxes, and expended. the same, for the im-
provement of the streets, and to promote
the health and comfort of said City. That
neither .te -Mayor nor Aldermen have re-
ceived any compensation for their services,
but- the same were-rendered gratuitously to
the City. That all the money collected
has been expended for the public good, and
not for the private emolument of any mem-
ber of this Board..
YouroComnnittee-have heard,. that a few
persons, 'most of whom are naturalized
citizens, not perfectly accustomed to our
laws, objected to the payment of taxes, and
for the purpose of avoiding the payment of.
the same, petitioned the Legislative Coun-
cil to repeal the City Char4er. They also
knew, that. a petition from many. of our in-
tetigent and active citizens-was sent to our
representative, pray ing for some slight mod-
ification of the Charter. There is no evi-
dence that this last petition was laid before
the Council, while it would seem, that the
first mentioned. petition received a large
share of consideration, by the enactment of
the law above recited, By the 2d section
.of this law it is provided, that all the mop-
ey which has in any manner been collected
by this Corporation, shall be paid over to
the Justiees-of the Peace of this City, un.
.,.w 7-- iaainifon public MhUl
provements or not. It is not then a provis-
ion lbr disposing of any unexpended bal-
ance that may be-left, but, acool, and de-
liberate demand of our private funds to the
extent of all the taxes that have been col-
lected-since the incorporation of this City
until the date of this law!! The burst of
indignation, with which this law was recei-
ved by our intelligent fellow citizens, is
evidence, that here, where the facts are well
known, the reputation of the members of
this Corporation will not be affected by the
passage of this extraordinary law. The
2d section is calculated to injure the reput'
station of the members, because it gives the
impression to. those, unacquainted with,
Florida legislation, that the members of this
Board have appropriated the funds of the'
public to their own private emolument..---
Such 'must have been the impression of a
majority of the Legislative Council, or the
act must have been "read by its title" only,
and passed without examination. But by
whaln misrepresentation this impression has
been givenis beyond the knowledge of this'
Committee. They cannot refrain, however,
froinexpressmg their surprise, that the Go-
Vernor and Legislative Council of "Florida,
should in one of their deliberate, and pub-
lic acts, violate the Constitutiona of the
United States, and the organic la.wof Con.
gress, and that too, in a matter where the
rights of individuals are concerned. 'The
i organic law, as it is called by way of em-
Sphasis, is the language of Congress ad-
dressed to the Governor and Legislative
Council of Florida, in thle way of restraint.;
audit.but repeals the Constitution,.where it
declares that "no.ex pest fact law shall
ever-be passed, nor shall private property
be taken for public uses without a just com.
pensation." And yet the 2d section of the
act under consideration, by making those
actsa.which were lawfulat the time of their
performance unlawful and punishable now,1
is emphatically an "ex post facto law" in
its broadest sense. The acts of this Board
were not only lawful beyond cavil before
the 29th ofJanmuary, but were also dean.
ded by the oaths the members took at the
time of their organization. But by the 2d

section,lhese same lawful acts, required by
official duty, became unlawful and are pun-
ishable by legislative provision!! A mere
statement of the provisions of this section,
in the judgement of your Committee, is.
sufficient to render it odious.
It professes also to give power to any
Justice" f the Peace, disposed to aAt thd,
petty tyrant, to take the private and individ-

The subjoined article will i he worth prem
servation, as a matter of reference.
Andrew Jackson, of Tenn. President.
Martin Van Buren,of N. Y. Vice President:
John F6rsyth, of Georgia, Sec. .of State.'
Levi Woodbury, of N..H.., "* Treasury.
Lewis Cass, of, Ohio, War.
Mahlon Dickerson, of N.J. Navyr.
Wmn. T. Barry, of Ky. P. M. General..
B. F. Butler, of N. Y. Attorney
John Bell, of Tenn. Speaker ofthe House.


N. Hamps
Rhode Isls
New York
New Jerse
N. Carolin
S. Carolin

Robert P. Dunlap,
hire Wm. Badger
setts John Davis
Wm. A. Palmer
and John B. Franci3s -
ut SamuelA. Fpt
Wm. L. Marey.
,y Peter D. Vroom
nia George Wolf
Caleb B. Bennett
James thomas
Lit. W. Tazewell
a David L. Swaim
a George M'Duffio.
Wilson Lurnpkii
Robert Lucas
(Ac'tg )J. 1T. Morbhead
Noah Noble
Jo 'ph Duncan ',
David Dunktlin
John Gale
* Wmtn.arr6i ;,
i HI. G. Runnells
Edward D. White




PresidenttJackisorn omploted his sixty-
eighth year on the 1Ii inst. We are sor-
ry to learn that thePresident has been uni-y
well for some dayrpast.--Alexandria Ga-
ste, l9th1inst..(" "




= -. -T

ual property of tlie members of this Board
for public uses, and so far from making
"just compenrsation,1' it affixes a penalty of
fifty dollars for every objection to this spe-
cies of legatized robbery.
By the objections of the Executive.to
this law, it appears, that the 2d section waa
originally more objectionable than at pres-
ent, by making the Justice a modern Gesler,
from whose decision there could be no ap.
Your Committee wish to speak respect-
fully of the exercise of Legislative power,
but they discover in dtiacl under conside-
ration a tone and spirit unexampled in mod,
ern times, destructive of the rights of oth-
ers, and well calculated to arouse a just
indignation in those having a proper sense
of self-respect. A silent acquiescence
would become tame and submissive slaves,
who are accustonied to crouch at the foot-
stool of power.
SThere can be no palliation for the act in1
question. Misrepresentation, might have
been an inducement to repeal the charter;
but it could be no excuse for robbing the
pockets of others. If evils really existed,.
the ballot-box might have cured them. If
wrongs were done, the law gave a remedy.
There was no call for such extraordinarry
legislation. The haste was indecent, as a
few days would have terminated the City
In the opinion of your Committee, the
said act of 29th January is null and void,
because it is contrary to the organic law-
yet your Committee recommend an appli-
cation to Congress to repeal the same, that
our Statute Book be not jollutedwaith evi-
dences of personal legislation.
They also recommend, that proper steps
be taken to procure copies of such repre-
sentations as were placed before the Legis-
lative Council.
GEO. E. WEAVER. ) Com-
On motion of A. F.. Tiff,
Resolved, That ther port of tho dom;_
mittee be accepted, and that the sametUeo
published in the Key West Enquirer.
Saturday April 4th 1835.
On suggestion of the Mayor, resolved
u unanimously, that the aroutmt of fines as-
sessed and paid by the members of this.
Board for absences during the year,behig
Pt2 in amount, be presented to the Sunday
Schoot'Library at Key West.
On motion of Aid. Fontane, resolved
unanimously, that the sum of ten dollars
be placed in the hands of W.A. Whiteheadi
Esq. for the purpose of vaccinating persoiaws
unable-to arip thin Ar.eno iroof.'.-- -:.--
On motion of Aid. Weaver, resolved
unanimously, that the balance of fuiids be -
longing to the corporation, and.notes-for li-
censes,.taxes, &c. be placed in the hands
of W. A. Whitehead, Esq. for the purpose
of'purchasing hose and buckets for the fire
Engine of this city, and that the said White-
head be authorised to expend the same foe
that purpose.
(Signed.) A. GORDON, Mappr..
A.true copy,
A. F. TIFT, Ao't.1Syc'..

By the arrival of the John Dennison from
Charleston, papers have been received from
that city up to the 29th March and from,
New York of the 19th.
The intelligence they bring to us rela-
tive to our affairs with Franoq; ib of so pa-i
prospects of iar dissipated.
Letters received trom Washington state
that among the lost projects, from the man-
ner in which business was delayed to the
last week of the session, of congress, was
the appropriation for the Lighthouse on
Egmont Island at the entrance of the North
West passage into the harbor of Key West.
The case of the Brig Lexington (stran-
ded on the Florida Reef on her voyage to
Norfolk from New Orleans, whose arrival
here was announced last week) came up
before his Honor Judge Webb on the 8th
inst. The decision of the Court has not
yet been made known. It is understood
that the vessel and cargo have been valued
at S13,700 by the appraisers.appointed by
the Court.
By the arrival of the IU S. Transport
Schr. Motto, Capt. AnRSTnoNG, from New
Orleans, papers of that city up to the 25th
March, and Mobile papers ofthe 23d March
have been received at this office. They
contain nothing of imuch importance.
We have been informed that those per.
sons owing balances 'to the Corporation,
have not hesitated, but willingly given new
notes, so that the finds can be made avail.
able to the use of tei Engine.
This shbows that our citizens do not wish
to avoid the payment of taxes, under
the color of the late nullifying law of the
Legislative Council.. It is evident to us*
that whatever they might think of the char-
ter, they disapprove of the manner in which
it was repealed.
We have been requested to give public.
ty to the last acts of the Corporation, in
order that those who have aid %av* -.a,
niow w hat- as been done with the funds
on hand, and by doing so, it was thought
proper to republish the report of the Com.
The first Monday in April has passed by
and no election for Mayor and Aldermer
having taken place in accordance with the
will of the late Honorable Legislative Coun
cil, Key West-is W~ithout a City Govern
meant. It is fortunate' however, we think
that the measures'tdken to deprive us of
wholesome jurisdiction of our own consti
tuting were inadvertently carried no further
than to abrogate the charter, and to cause
the restitution of the taxes levied under i'
The law of the 25th January does not abol
ish or render void the ordinances vhic
have been passed by the Corporation onl
so far as they relate to taxation, arid con
sequently they will remain in force unt
repealed by a subsequent corporation c
the next Legislative Council, should th

charter not be revived, a thing far from b<
ing improbable without considering the ur
constitutionality of its abrogation ; for
Appears to be"part and parcel of the sy4
tern of legislation at present in Florida, t
-repeal or modify, ekch session, about nin
but of every ten acts which previousL
,gislatures have enacted.. To such an e
S tent is this carried, that were we -of th
many who are yearly liberated from ti
Sbanids, of matrimony through the intervene
tion of the Council, we should delibera
-long and Aeeply on the propriety of enter
S ing again.thi marriage state, for fear son
Subsequent Legislature might repeal tl
bill of divorce aud, we find ourself in ti
awkward fix of a man unexpectedly bli
sed with two wives"
We consider it fortunate that the ordi
ance for removing nuisances, and other
enacted by the late Corporation are not.a
'nauled, as we are consequently better pp
pared to pass a year without further reg
lations. 'Doctors differ' upon all point
S' wever, and perhaps some of our reader
imay not agree with us in our opinion as
the extent of the law; we do not doubt


e- We would draw the attention of our Law
n- makers to the following article from the N
it Orleans Bulletin, containing by far the bes
S, preventive we have ever seen in the shajp
to, of Legislative provisions.
ie A GNGim AL'SEiTLER.-By theMexica
e- laws, if a person kills another in a duel, li
X.- becomes responsible for all the debtsof t
he deceased. Probably no code of pion h could have established a more equitabi
decision, or one more' likely to prevent, tl
[1- sad effects often resulting 'from the braya
lte does of those in whose
.r- 'Souls we find,
ne What' avoid of blood and spirits, filled wil
he wind"
he .Such a law might not probably have
as. effect of preventing a challenge being se
by 'i poor man whom misfortune has ma,
dened-as reckless of his own fate he rimig
!n- be thus disposed to compound with t
ers creditors, leaving his opponent asRhtiE
in.- utor; but it would prevent the hasty acce
e. tance of any Challenge, and compel t
adjustment of disputes, in some other ma
Snrer, even if it did not prevent the'caus
nts of contest.
ers Ma.. EDITOR.-As onre t' the first fru
to of the destruction of our corporation,
its will' state, that on the sixth and sever

correctness, and should we be so unforlu-
nately placed as to require theaid of the
ordinances mentioned, we will most cer-.
tainly profit by the omission ,to have them
Every one more or less likes to have his
labors duly appreciated, and we are there.
fore warranted in expressing our gratifica-
tion at the favorable manner in which the,
Enquirer is spoken of in the New Orleans
Bulletin of 9th March. The editor noti-
cing our editorial article relating to tlye
weather at Key West during the year 1834,
observes:-" The editor contends stoutly
for the beauty and salubrity of the chlmate of
Key West-its character, he says, is as far
removed from the one it wears in theestim-
ation of his northern brethren, as he is from
the Antipodes. He thinks highly of his
little gem of the ocean, and reveals a lively
affection for it. He should pray for the
inversion of Burns' prayer.
"0, would some power the gifcie gie us,
To' see ourselves as others see us'!"
We plead 'guilty' to the charge of the
Bulletin, and would with pleasure offer the
prayer heprescribes, could it be of service
in removing impressions injurious to Key
West. Fourteen years ago, the Island we
inhabit presented only the aspect which
nature gave it; the fisherman, in his small
fore and aft vessel supplying the market
,of Havana-the wrecker from the Bahamas
deriving his support from the misfortune of
others-and occasionally the pirate, in
search of his prey, were the only beings
whose footsteps marked its sands, or whose
fires illumined its solitary shores. Early in
the year 1821 was the first settlement made
here, and since then, the Island has gradual-
ly increased in importance and risen in the
estimation of the people generally through.
out the country. It has combated howev-
er in its progress, with all sorts of calumny,
exaggeration, and error, at times; aimed at
its location or its healthfulness; at others,
with a more deadly purpose at the nature
and character of its population. Much
has its prosperity been retarded by these
endeavors of its enemies, or of persons but
little acquainted with its true situation. to
Snim. Yioepimo; butwe 'thinkwe
may safely say, that for a year or two past,
t a less unfavorable eye has been cast upon us
. and our place of residence.
By letters received from Nassau, N. P.
we learn that an act has passed establislh-
ing there a Deposite, for the furtherance olf
, the Trade between the United States and
n the Spanish Colonies of Cuba and Porto
e Rico, to take effect upon the Ist March
For this purpose vessels were exemptec
from tonnage duty, the pilotage is reduced
" and convenient stores are now erecting foi
E, storage upon the lowest terms.
a The above intelligence contained in thi
i- latest papers from the North escaped onu
r noticeat the time of their receipt. Solonj
e as our trade with the Spanish colonies ir
t. the West Indies continues to be on th
.* footing it now is, Nassau must inevitable
h be benefitted from the operation of the ac
y mentioned.
S As the prevention of Duelling has often
!1 engaged the attention of the Florida Lc
)r gislature and sundry acts for the purpose
ie having been passed only to be repealed-

days of April inst. I saw six porks strutting
the streets and grunting their approbation
of. the "Pull-down" and nullifying families.'
The chigoe3 will soon make their appear-
ance, and Key West will again suffer in
reputation as having more plagues than
ever descended on Egypt. When once a
bad name has been given, it is hard getting
rid of it. Once begin to descend the hill
and every scavenger bestows a kick. Thus
itfares with Key West. She gets perhaps
more than her shareof kicks-but the worst
kick .of all, is the kick she gave herself
through the agency of the Legislative'
Council. YoursN S.
rort :T3 ZiEQUIRER.
From the scrap book of a young gentle.
Sman about town.
"He alone" says Seneca, "can be truly
said to live, who devotes himself to some
purpose. of usefulness and activity. The
man who indulges in apathy, and sinks into
forgetfulness, renders his house like a sep-
'ulchre in which he is virtually entombed."
SRose's Sallust.

Brent brow and lily skin
A loving heart and a leal within
Is better than gowd or gentle kin." '
"The worthlessness of a man's word may
always be known by the extravagant means
Iheuses to enforce it." Irving.
The most certain means of rendering
the ace beautiful is to beautify the mind
andto purify it from vice. IHe who would
malie his countenance intelligent must so
first make his mind. .He who would im
part o the face its most fascinating charms
musfstore the mind with religion and vir-
tue, vhich will diffuse over it every expres-
sion t sublime content." Gellert.
6* n the world has once got hold of a
lie it 4p astonishing how hard it is to get it
out of he world. ***** The best exam-
ple of ie vitality of a fine saying which
has th advantage of being a fallacy, is in
the ev, hackneyed piece of nonsense at-
tribute. to Archimedes, viz: "that he could
move e erth, if he had any place at a
distan from it to fix a prop for his lever,"
and pcsons wherever they meet with it
take A bimedes for an extraordinary great
man, ad, cry "Lord how wonderful." Now
if Archimedes had found his place, Lis
prop, a.d his lever,, and if he could have
moved 'ith the swiftness of a cannon ball
480 mibs every hour, it wouki have taken
him jus 44,963,540,000,000 years to have
--_ g 8 'England and the English."
iver is openloyal and true; who-
ever is 'of humane and affable demeanor;
whoever 'is honorable in himself, and in his
judgment of others, and requires no law
but his ord to make him fulfil an engage-
ment; sa ch a man is a gentleman; and such
a man may be found among the tillers of
the earth De Vere.
"The principles of evil have a fatal ac-
tivity. With every exertion, the best of'
men can do but a moderate amount ofgood;-
but it seeins in the power of the most con-
temptible individual to do incalculable mis-
chief. Irting.
"The pain which is at first felt, whin-the
infant branch is torn from the Parent tree,-
is one of the most poignant we have to en-
dpre through life; there are other griefs
Which wound more deeply, which leave be-
hind them scars never to be effaced, which
Sbiuise the spirit, and sometimes break the
Sheartr.-but never do we feel so much the
wknt of love, and the keen necessity of be-
ing loved, as when we are first launched
from the havenof ofur boyhood into the
"wide ad4 stormy sea of life."
Sou Ley'Ls Lfe of Nelson..

S Cheer thee, my Nymphalin," said the
t Price, "we will lay the tempest;" and he
-waved his sword and muttered the charms
e whiel& curb the winds and roll back the
marching thunder; but for once the tempest
I ceased. not at his spells; and now, as the
e fairies sped along the troubled air,a paleand
6E beautiful for~n met them by the way, and
r. the iaiies paused and trembled. For the
power of that shape could vanquish even
e. them, It was the form of a female with
- golden hair, crowned with a chaplet of
withered leaves; her bosom, of an excee-
ding beauty, lay bare to the wind, and an
infant was- clapped between them, hushed
into a sleep' so still, (hat neither the roar of
thunder, por. the vivid lightning flashing
e, from ,cloud to cloud, oudld e eruile,
i, much less arousaetbe slumberer. And the
I- face qf the female was unutterably calm
it and sweet, (thougri with ,a something of
is severe,)there was no line of wrinkle in her
- hueless brow;'care never wrote its defacing
P" characters upon that everlasting beauty. I,
Cle kuew no borrow or change; ghosthlike and

n- shadowy,floated on that shape through thi
s 'abyss of time, governing the world with ar
unquestioned and noiseless sway. And
ts fthe,bhildren ofthe green solitudes of thd
I earth-the lovely fairies of my tale, shod
th dered as they gazed and recognized th<









April 5, U. 8. Revenue Cutter Washing'
ton, Randolph, from a cruise. 6, 1 Fair
American, Xemenez, Tampa Ba, sundries
to mister. Schooner Blacksmith) Roberts,
Flor. Reef, P. C. Greene 'Schr Amelia,
Fitzgerald, Nassau, N.P. 'P C Greene. 7,
81 Reynard, Cape Florida. 8, U. S. Tran-
sport Schr Motto, Armstr6og, New Orleans
via Tampa Bay, passengers, W. H. Wall,
Dr. Myers, from N.O., and Mr. Jerrison of
Tampa Bay. 9, Schr John Dennison, Cole,
Charleston, via Indian Key.
April 5, 81 Translator
9, 8 auwipize, mrintiAite, Tampa Bay,
sundries F A Browne. SchrBlacksmi',
Roberts, Reef, P C Greene. 0 '
A topsail schr with a white signal passe,
through the N. W. passage yesterday mor-
ning (10th) bound to the Westward.

N OTICE-All persons having claims
against the estate of David Coffin Pinck-
ham deceased, are hereby notified that they
must be presented to the subscriber on or
before the 15th day of June next, or they
will be forever barred, according to the
terms of the' statute, Persons remaining
yet indebted to said estate are requested to
make payment previous to thatday. :
Key West April 11, 1835. [n26-ew .
HE Office of the Clerk of the Superi
Court will be open for business during
the following hours, viz: From 7 till 9A.M.
from 12 M. till 2 P. M., and from till 9 ia ,
the evening. LEGAL DocUMTTs of every
kind will be drawn up on application, a.0,
with the greatest despatch.
Key Wet April 11, 1835. [n6-tf]
N OTICE All persons having demands
against the estate of Henry S. Water-
house, are hereby required to present them
without delay, and all persons indebted to
said estate are requested 0o make immedia-
te payment to JACOB HOUSEMAN.'
April 10,1835. [n262w] Ad'mr.
sold on Monday the 20th day of April
1835 at Indian Key, for Cash, the entire
property of t-eiare or..,-'r.vernouse,
consisting of a splendid Library of choice
books, together with a lot of Medicines, &
well kept Furniture. W. H. FLETCHER,
April 10,1835. [n2S2wJ Auc't
T HE UNDERSIGNED proposes open-
T. Iing a school in the town of Key West;
in which will be taught Reading, Writing,
Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography
with the art of projecting maps; Ancient &
,Modern History, Rhetoric, Moral and Nat-
ural Philosophy, Chemistry,, Astronomy,
Political Economy, Logic, the higher bran,
ches of Mathematics, and in short, every
branch that may be deemed necessary fgr.a
complete .English education. The school
to be kept at the Court House, and to go
into operation as soon as a sufficient num-
ber of scholars can be Jad t jtIrit the 1
mdvriIned In mne undertlkii g. Hours et
attendance, from 9 to 12 o'clock A M. and -
from 3 to 5 o'clock P. M.
Te rms, two to four dollars per nathb, ao-
cording to the branches taught. 7
April 4, 1835. [(Stf.]
CusTro-Hov,,MARCH 17, 1835.
Apalachicola, Flrida.



form of Death. Death vindicated-"And
why ?" said the beautiful shape, with a voice
soft as the last sighs of a dyidg babe ,
'why trouble ye the air with spells; milne
s the hour and the empire, and the storm
s the creature of my power. Far yonder to
he west it sweeps over .the sea,and the ship
leases to vex the waves;, it smites the.for.
est, and the destined tree, tor W ptm its
oots, feels the winter strip the gladness
rom its bouRhs no more! the roar or the.
element is t ie herald of eternal stillness
o their victims; and they who hear the
progresss of my power, idly shudder at the
:oming of peace. And thou, 0 tender
laughter of the fairy kings, why grievest
hou at a mortal's doom? Knowest thoua
not that sorrow cometh with years, and that
o live is to. mourn! Blessed is the flower
hat nipped in its early spring, feels not the
blast that one by one scatters its blossoms
around it, and leaves but the barren, stem.
-Blessed are the young whom I clasp to
my breast, and lull into the sleep which. the
itorm cannot break, nor the morrow arouse
to sorrow or toil. The heart that is stilled
in the bloom of its first emotions-that
turns with its first throb to thie eye of love,
as yet unlearned in the possibility of change
-has exhausted already the wine of life,
und is saved only from the lees. 'As the
mother soothes to sleep the wail of her
troubled child, I open my arms to the
vexed spiritand my bosom cradles the
ULquiet to repose '-PilgrAmsof the Rhine.

(^F-The undersigned, inbehalf of all in-
terested, acknowledges with thanks, the re-
ceipt of twelve dollars from Adam Gordon,
Esq. as a donation from the late city author-
ities to the Sunday School Library of 1t.
Paul's Church. W. A. WHITEHZAD.
Key West, April 7, 1835.

::~t~annP ~iat;ll~ouro.:I~

- -




/ *.)

t. rqcuir uthhiuoi z tiee," sald a moth.,
-er ofher innocent son, when bidding him
farewell, "but that you will bring ime back
your present countenance."
What shall I bring to thee, mother of mine ?
SWhat shall I bring to thee l -
Saltl I bring the jewels that burn and shine
In the depth of the shadowy sea I
Shall I bring the garland a hero wears,
By the wondering world entwined,
Whose leaves can cover a thousand cares,
And smile o'er a clouded mind?
Shall I bring- the deep and sacred stores
Of knowledge, the high and free,
That thrills the heart on the hallowed shore.
Of classic Italy?

What are jewels, my boy, to me?
..THou art the gem I prize!
And tnri t.tihat fe.arfill sea.
Will be where thy vessel flies!
The wreath the hero Aoves, is won
By the life blood of the brave?
4And the brow must loose, ere it wear the,
The miles that mercy gave !
Dearly earned in the volume's wreath,"
That opens the lamp at night;
While the fairer ray of hope and health
Goes out by the sickly light.
Bring me that innocent brow, my boy. !
r. Ing me that Shadowless eye
SBri.ng tlie the tone of genderr joy,
-. at breathe.si thyast"good bye!"
Sken for 1835.

.. .. ., ',. .- -",A
.+ : ,,: .- .'-. ,.

From the Long Island Star.
Come to me, come to me, gentle Hope,
Thou wanderer wild and bright,
I've missed thee many a weary day,
No flowers have bloomed on my lonely
tUome baci, come back to-night!
Why must I linger thus?
At least, sweet spirit, bring
The vanished dreams that long ago,
Departed with their living glow,
On Fanec 's wearied wing.
Drop healing dew-again-r-again-
On me thy beams be shed!
Give me before I sink to rest,
Some gentle gleam-or vision blest-.
Be thy lightpinions spread
Around, me-.'tis a weary thing,
Youth stirring at the heatt,
To tread a pathway tim and lone,
To hear tio voices beckoning on,
-To be, 'midst throngs, apart.
So hath my lot been long,
8y the dark waters cast,
DUZ SuU 1.-l ai4tnLA&mgaze4_
On future bright unwritten days,
Effacing the dim Past.
Come to me: come to me, blessed Hppe!
Though bat in visions, come 1
If not on life thy hues may shine,
Tkhe world of dreams can yet be mine,
O'er that thylight be thrown!
There may loved forms arise,
Kind smiles and eyes of light,
Voices, like music, soft and clear
Lingering upon my ravished ear,
So may I greet to-night
The Sought-the Beautiful in dreams,
And thus like the sweet night-flower,
Hidiag it.aues from the sister train,
Th. heart whose wealth would be poured
-r Shall bioomniT e-o1Miaot2.*;
From the New Yorker.
Coi, gentle althetura once more;
V fold thy balmy wing;
Come, as in glad'ning days of yore,
And on my soul thy blessings pour-.
Strengthen, I pray, Life s feeble string!
1Come, twine thy priceless wreath again,
Around my aching brow;
SBid eikness loose its cumbrous chain,-.
tid life flow fresh through every vein,
'Tis all I ask or wish for now.
Come, gentle Health! I pray thee shed
'Thy light around my way;
O raise once more my drooping head-
And lift me from this suffering bed,
.Let nothing earthly speak decay;
Thrown aer this weak.and wasting form
The garo or rrappiuma.
Restore Youth's glad, unfettered charm,
*lith every thought and feeling warm,
) That was so wont my soul to bless*
.Cne gentle Health! my thoughts stillclin
'Vato this fleeting Earth,
Though well I know that perishing
.ath set its seal on every thing
That lives or blooms of mortal birth,
-aut O! it is so still sad
T part with life in Youth's sweet noon,
,When every thing looks bright and glad,
And all the Earth in smiles is clad-
To die! Oisit not too soon ?
Come, gentle Health! Ihe hectic flush
Is deep'ning-n-my cheek;
"And brtghtei glows the fever-blush,
And in my heart's mysterious hush
Do Sdiange and mournful whisperings
ShadoW*s are hanging o'er my heart,
And Griefsits on my soul.
When will these restless nights depart ?
When will Pain's stinging, cankering dart
O'er this poor frame be reft control?
0 all in vain! the warning tone
Deepens-"Its word is Death!" .
'- must depait,inyouth, alone-
The cherished hope to live hath flown
Like flight of bird on Summer's breath!
Peace must be nigh! this weary soul
Which long for life hath striv'n,
Will sink to rest-the "golden bowl"
. Be broken-and the spirit, whole,
Will find its home in Heaven! StELLA.

Two numbers more will close the first
year, and we now give notice that a.l who
desire to continue the Magaziae, may signi-
fy their intentions by a seasonable advance
Sfor the second ) ear.
If any of the subscribers should hot re-
ceive all their numbers, they can request
.the post master to notify us of such as are
missing, and they shall be sent again free of'

Ten copies free of postage.
Q7'-To accommodate associationsschools9
and individuals, for the distribution, we will
deliver at any post office in the United
States, free, of postage, ten copies to one
address for ten dollars remitted to us with-
out cost. LILL(,,WAJT& CO.
Boston, Feb. 15.


A Semi-monthly Journal of Literature and
Sthe Arts. r' e
B. Brown, G, H. Brow,,, Pitorr.
More.tban two years have elapsed since
the commencement of the Amaranth,
during that period it hab received a ite,4
increase of patronage. To be is lault u
the common lot of humanity, and we make
no p etence ofan exemption from the charge;
however, our intentions are to have as few
.erzorsn m possible, waie we o 4eavor tatl

I I ,. --

Circular to Parents, TeachersSchool Cor-
mittees, and all who feel an interest in the
improvement of youth.
fT is not quite a year since Parley's Mag-
azine was commenced, during ihat short
period the numberof subscribers have in-
creased to 20,000, and the work has receiv-
ed, every where, the most unqualified ap-
probation. It has found its way to tho s-7
hands of families,, and while it has entered
the social circle, its unobtrusive lessons
have, we trust, often had a salutary influ-
ence on the juvenile mind and heart. It-
has also foundiits way to the school room ;
and many classes of pupils have been cheer.
ed twice a month by the welcome voice of
the teacher bMding them to lay aside, for a
few days,'Athe class book which they have,
read over and over, perhaps twenty times,
and read the pages of Parley's Magazine.---
The demand for the work, to be used in
schools, is rapidly increasing.
Encouraged by such unexampled success,
the publishers have resolved to render it
still more worthy of so liberal a patronage.,
and not to remit their exertions till tiey see,
it introduced into families and schools,
throughout the whole length-and breadth of
the United States.
In this view they have secured new aid
in the editorial department. The late edi--
tor of the Juvenile Rambler, who in addi.
tion to his qualifications as a writer for th
young, has the advantage of Inany years pe-
perience as a teacher, will henceforth as-
sist in conducting it.
We proposeto present in the progress .of
such volume, a great variety of interesting
important topics,*among which are tho fol-
I. Natural History, of beasts, birds fish-
es, reptiles, insects, plants, flowers, ees,
the human frame, &c, .
II. Biography ; especially for the .oung.
Ili. Geography; accounts of place man-
ners, customs &c. I
IV. Travels and Voyages; in various
parts e'othe world.
V. Lively descriptions of the-ciioit4iec
of nature and art; in each of tht United
States, and in other countries.
VI. Lessons on objects that 4iily sur-
round children in the parlor, nursery, gar-
den, &c. Accounts of trades and employ-
VII. Particular duties of the y ung; to
parents,, teachers, brothers, sister, &&c.
VIII. Bible lessons and stories.
IX Narratives ; such as are wet authen-
ticated, original tales.
X. Parables, fables, and prover s, where
the morals is obvious and excellent.
XI. Poetry; adapted to the youthful ca.
paucity and feelings.
JiXHII. Intelligence ; emtbracing accounts
o uvenue jwuho, swvevtiej aatx*m L,
ble occurrences.
Many of these subjects will be illustrated
by numerous and beautiful engravings, pre-
pared by the best artists,and selected with
a view not only to adorn the work, but to
improve the taste, cultivate the Wind, and
raise the affections of the youthto appro-:
priate and worthy objects, #We would
make them better children, betterbrothers,
better sisters, better pupils, better associ-
ates and, in the end, better citi "ns.
We beg the friends of education, espe. -
cially parents and teachers, to yiew theo
matter in this light. Let children look up
on the pictures, not as pictures merely;
but let them be taught to study them. What
can be more rich valuable materials for in.
structive lesson-tt n--. .? <
SAfter this brief explanation of our princi-
ples and purposes, we ask the cooperation
of all Wvho receive this circular. Will you
aid us by your influence in this great work,
the formation of mind aid character for the
rising generation2 Willtou assist us allin
your power, in our endeav rs to introduce
to 4merican schools, parlo s, and firesides, t
the stories~and lessons of Pa-er!sagazine?
Every single number of the new volume
will have a strong paper cover, abundantly
sufficient to preserve the work in good order
for binding, and for use in schools.
The yearly subscription being oze dollar
our frinds-till perceive the impra ticabil-
ity of keeping open so many thousand ac-
counts. It is therefore indispensable that
we should require payment always in ad-
vance. .

AN ACT to repeal An Act, to provide ior
the appointment of Pilots, and regulating
the rate of pilotage at Key West, and
for other purposes.
SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Goverhbr
and Legislative Council of the Territory
of Florida, That the Act passed 15th Feb.
1834, to provide for the appointment of
pilots and to regulate the rate of pilotage
at Key West, Ie, and the same is hereby
repealed, and that hereafter the appointment
of pilots, and the regulation of pilotage
in Monroe county, shall be by the county
court, when assembled for county purposes,
and the qualifications and duties of pilots,
and the rates of pilotage, shall be the same
as was established before the passage of
the before recited Aet* but the county
court shall hove full power to prescribe
other qualifications, and make any altera-
tious in regard to Pilots and Pilotage, as
they may deem proper and' requisite, and
to fine or dismiss any Pilot for improper
- conduct,- but no Pilot shall be appointed
or dismissed except when the judge of the
county court and three justices be present,
and concur in such appointment or dis-
rmissal, and the judge shall have power to
call three justices of the county together
to act upon any application for a' branch,>
r upon Fomplaint made against a Pilot,
and the Pilots now in commission shall
retain their branches until the next session
of the county court,-when upon applica.
tion to the court new branches -shall issue
to all such a the court may think proper
to grant branches to; -and each Pilot shall
before he receives his branch pay five dol-.
lars for the use of the county, and one
dollar to the clerk, who shalL also furnish
coach Pilot appoitned withtbe rules and,

oor productions shall be acceptable to our
readers, and approved by the community in
general. The Amaranth takes no part in
tue discussion of religion or politics, and,in
adhering to this rtue,we have excluded ma-
ny articles ftom its columns" The same reg-
ulation will be continued, although elegance
power and poignancy may sometimes re-
ceive a denial. The work is now perma-
nently established, although at its com-
rmencement there were probably those who
presaged itsduration to be but like Jonah's
gourd. It has been patronised by those
whom we should feel proud to' name, were
we permitted, and of whose continued kind-
ness and attention we have assurance.
The columns of the Amaranth embrace
original tales, essays, &c. from the pens of
wel knacwn and distinguished writers, and
we intend hereafter, to pay for such articles
as shil be acceptable, from those whose
communications will add interest to any
work extant. We are aware it will put us
to imuchexpense, but we are resolved to do
every thing in our power to render the work
worthy a liberal support, and the only way
to receive-the encouragement of the public
is to pay for-well written articles. We make
no pretensions to a superiority over other
literary works; we have an hired editors
to puff us into notice, nor do we send forth a
long-winded prospectus, to trumpet our own
literary consequence, and promising to out-
do all others. No, our journal can speak for
itself, and we wish for no one to subscribe,
unless he thinks it deserving of patronage.
Nothing is admitted4into the paper which
does n.ot possess merit; album poetry (!)
and communications upon dry and hacknic
subjects, unless of the very first order, are
entirely excluded. The selections are made
from tlh very best Foreign and American
Periodicals, with which the Editors are reg-
ularly supplied, and every thing of interest
and importance will have a place in its col-
umns. in noticing new publications, we
have, and shall continue to take an indepen-
dent course; we shall not be governed by
bribery, but make our remarks devoid of
fear, or the hope of favor. The drama shall
not be altogether neglected, but receive its
share of notice; the musical department al-
so, will command a share of attention.
The work is embellished occasionally with
engravings executed in the best manner,and
music witir accompaniments for the Piano
Forte, flute, &c. The terms, to city sub-
scribers, one dollar and fifty cents, in ad-
vance,or two dollarsat the end of six months.
As our country, subscribers will be taxed
postage on their papers, we shall exact but
one dollar, ifalvays paid in advance; other-
wise they will be charged the usual subscrip-
tion. These regulations will be strictly
adhered to.
No subscriptions received at a distance,
(except from agents,) unless accompanied
with the payment for one year in advance.
An cn o Ue-papwUx i u3i.. -4 AM-k
Bridgewater, Mass. where all communica
tions, &c. must be addressed to George H.
Brown, post paid, or they wiU remain dead
in the office. We are obliged to adopt this
rule, as our postage hasbecome a heavy tax-
upon us.
0(* The next volume of the Amaranth
will be issued weekly, $4 per annum, f the
size and style of the New-York Mirror,and
those of our subscribers who wish to have
the paper, will please notify us before the
expiration of the volume. A semi-monthly
edition will also be continued as usual, at
$1, 0.

"ES.CAPED from prison two negroes
committed as runaways-WILLIAM
JONES is about 5 feet 5 or 6 inches higb~
about .26 years of age, commonly wears
whiskers, speaks quick, and has a pleasing
countenance, commonly known by the name
is very stout, about 6 feet high, and about
30 years of age, speaks slow and is of a
downcast countenance, is known by the
name of Chambers, they say they aue free
and will endeavor to pass as such-it is sup-
posed they will try to get to the Indian na.
tion, as Bill has been seen at Indian river,
and the boat Chambers went offin has been
found to the northward of Cape Florida, on
the beach-'-'be above reward will be paid
for their delivery to me at Key West or
$50 for either of them,
Sheriff M. C.
Key West, Jan. 23, 1835. lnlStf]

Tallahassee, March 16, 1835.
1829, it is provided that all Bonds ex-
ecuted by Auctioneeis, shall be forwarded
by the Judge of the County Court to the
Treasurer,and that all auctioneersshallquar-
terly, in each year, commencing an the 1st
of January, transmit to the Treasurer un-
der oath taken before some Judge, a copy
fall saleseffected by him, with the amount,
at what time, and what place, and for whom
the same was made. Now all Auctioneers
are required to take notice ofsaid law, and
conform to it, or suits upon their bonds must
be instituted, Judges of the County Courts
are directed without delay to forward, pro-
perly certified and approved, the bonds of
Auctioneers in their possession.
W-.uro, nf tfhe.Tfirritnry of Florida.

T OTICE is hereby given, that an elec-
Stion for Delegate to Congress of the
territory of Florida for the County of Mon-
rQe, will be held on Monday the 4th day of
May, 1835 at the following places in said
county under the superintendence of the
following inspectors, viz:
In Key West, at the Engine House.
In Indian Key at the store of Jacob House-
man Esqr.
Given under my hand and seal this 1st
day of April 1835. WM. R. HACKLEY.
Judge M. C. C.
By the Judge:
[n24-4w] Clerk. M; C. C.

In the Superior Couri of the Southern Ju-
dicial District of Florida.
Richard Roberts,
57 Bales of Cotton, pick. In Admiralty
ed up at sea.
A L persons interested in the above case
are hereby notified, that all the residue,
of the money for which the above Cotton
was sold by the Marshal of this District,
after the payment of the salvage and expen-
ses in said cause, has been paid into the Re
gistry of the Court, where it will remain
for nine months, unless sooner claimed by
the person or persons entitled to the same,
or his or their legally authorized agent.
A, H. DAY,C'lk.

T HE Subscriber would inform his friends
I. T and the public, thatfhe is prepared to
attend to any business that may be entrust-
ed to his care in the
1tis office is up stairs in Mr. F. A. Browne's
War,.House, where hemay at all times be
He takes this opportunity of ,rendering
thanks for past favors, and hopes, by unre-
mitting attention to business, to mefite
continuance of public patronage.
10ec. 6, 1834. n8-tfj ,
a WE are authorized to an-
nounce WM. R. HACK-
LEY, Esq. as a candidate
to represent Monroe county
in the next Legislative Council of this Ter-
Norcb 14. 1635. [Cote])

C '111-

regulations established by the court in'
relation to Pilots and Pilotage; and every
Pilot shall give bond with 2 or more good
and sufficient securities to be approved
by the court, in the sum-of one thousand
dollars, to the Governor of the Terrtory.
and his snccssors in office, for the fai h ul
performance of his duties as a Pilot, which-
bond shall be recovered in any court of
competent jurisdiction), at the first term
after the bond shall be sued for, and all
Pilots in this county slhal review thdr
branches once a year.
Passed February 7th, 1835.
Approved February 14th, 1835

4 I

f0lr- Our exchange .list has increased to
such an extent, that we are obliged to erase
many valuable papers from our list, and
much againstour inclination; however, to
those who have, and still continue to pub-
lish our prospectus, we shall feel in .duty
bound, to extend towards them the hand of
Nov. 1st 1834.

' ,* .* .-*.