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UF
mods:note dates or sequential designation No. 1 (Oct. 1, 1881)-
"Independent."
Published at: Kissimmee, Fla., <1882>.
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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mods:publisher Geo. Eugene Bryson
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Newspapers
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Kissimmee (Fla.)
Newspapers
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Orange County (Fla.)
Newspapers
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Kissimmee
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sobekcm:Name Geo. Eugene Bryson
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Florida
CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049045/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida
Uniform Title: Florida (Hawkinsville, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Geo. Eugene Bryson
Place of Publication: Hawkinsville Orange County Fla
Creation Date: October 1, 1881
Publication Date: 1881-
Frequency: weekly[]
monthly[ former oct. 1, 1881-]
weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Hawkinsville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Kissimmee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Orange County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Orange -- Hawkinsville
United States -- Florida -- Orange -- Kissimmee
Coordinates: 28.303889 x -81.412778 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: No. 1 (Oct. 1, 1881)-
General Note: "Independent."
General Note: Published at: Kissimmee, Fla., <1882>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002015763
oclc - 32686871
notis - AKK3155
lccn - sn 95026063
System ID: UF00049045:00001

Full Text

f^ -^.t^ X W L ^X ,. ^/ .i -'-J .,





Copyright, 1881, by GEo. Eugene Bryson, Proprietic.
O, 3Florida, romantic land.
PUBLISHED Enraptured I thy praises sing. FIFTY CENTS
MONTHLY. ]For 1WatiLre similes on every lihand, PER ANNUM.
-A-nd. Winter is as fair as Spring."

. NUMBER 1. OCTOBER 1, 1881. OIROULATION 2,500,
____________ ____ _________ J*______________________ '______________i__i


moment the thought of the danger that
threatened the man to whom her pure
heart was given had overpowered her,
but now she drew her stately form up to
its full height and answered with a
firmness that surprised herself:
Go, Pierre Blatoun. I despise and
defy you and your base threats. Mon-
sieur De Ville is able to guard" himself;
he has no need to fear-a boasting cow-
ard. Go.!"
She pointed to the garden gate. He
opened his lips as if to speak, but an
imperious gesture compelled even his
unruly temper to obedience. He de-
parted in silence, with a hea-gy scowl on
his handsome face. So far as his shal-
low, selfish nature could love, he loved
Marie Secour; and he had refused to
believe At she could prefer a poor man
to himH only now had be become
convince, that her decision was final;
and though it would have been the
same had no Francois De Ville existed,
he chose to believe otherwise and to act
in accordance with that belief.
A week from the time that his oath
of vengeance had passed his lips, its ful-
fillment began.
The sun was sinking low in the west,
when Marie, waiting for other lover as
usual in the beautiful little garden that
surrounded her mother's cottage, heard
the gate swing open and sprang forward
to welcome a fine, noble-looking young
fellow, with clear, open gray eyes and a
frank, happy expression-only now the
eyes looked somewhat weary, and the
smile with which he greeted his be-
trothed lacked its wonted brightness.
Love's eye is keen to note the change
on the beloved One's face, and Marie's
glad smile died away in quick alTari. ..
[The continuation of this story will be found
in THE FLORIDA of November 1, 1881--next
issue.] .

Marrying in a Foreign Land.
The question of marrying in a foreign
land is becoming decidedly complicated.
A woman recently sued a man in Nurem-
burg, Germany, for a breach of promise to
marry her. The case went on appeal to
the Court of Supreme Judicature, which
dismissed it on the strength of a
Nuremnburg ordinance published on
October 8, 1852. This -municipal
ordinance says : "Marriage being
a public estate, the engagement for
marriage shall take place in the pres-
ence of at least two male relatives
or two other impartial men, specially
called in as witnesses, who, in case of
need can testify to the engagement."
The defendant in the cause alluded to
proved that only women were present
at .the engagement, and this was
deemed sufficient for dismissing the
case from court. Complications, how-
ever, arise no less from the variety of
the marriage laws in this country. Thus
no legal marriage can take place in
Rhode Island save before a clergyman
domiciled in that state. All persons
about to conclude a marriage must be
sure of satisfying the local law on their
part as well as the law of the state or


country in which they desire to have
their marriages considered valid at law.
In Rhode Island, (or instance, a mar-
riage between blacks anid whites is ille-
gal. The law everywhere protects the
clergyman or civil officer who joins
people in marriage, provided he has
obeyed the law, while the persons mar-
rying assume nearly the whole respon-
sibility for the legality of their act.
Nor is this wrong in principle, mar-
tiage being essentially a contract be-
tween two parties, of o which the
clergyman or civil officer is lit-
tle more, in the eye of the
law, than a public and official witness.
The marriage ceremony between for-
eigners, or persons from different states,
or an American and a foreigner, or two
Americans, may be legal on the part of
the officiating person and yet illegal on
the part of the contracting parties. '


[Written expressly for THE FLORIDA.]
WOMAN.


FAMILIAR PHRASES.
~ *
rhe Origin of Some of Them-A Story ot
Artemus Ward.
Out in the Cold.-An expression fre-
quently applied in the United States
and England to persons who have been
driven out of office or who have not ob-
tained the appointments they had de-
sired and solicited. It is nearly a cen-
tury old, and was one of the sayings of
P. H. B. Wyndhim, in 1874.
Castles in the Air.-Used by Robert
Burtonin his "Anatomy of Melancholy,"
over 250 years ago, and since used by
Dean Swift, Henry Fielding, Philip Sid-
ney, Colley Cibber, Charles Churchill,
William Shenstouse, and innumer-
able others, until it has become a very
common expression.
Dead as a Door-nail.-Taken from the
door-nail, the nail on which, in old
doors, the knocker strikes, and there-
fore used as a comparison to any one
irrevocably dead; one who has fallen
(as Virgil says) multan orta ; i. e., with
abundant death, such as reiteration of
strokes on the head naturally produce.
Better Late than Never.-Originated
in 1557 (in the reign of Philip and
Mary) with Thomas Tussen, who put it
into his "Five Hundred Points of Good
Husbandry," but it became among the
household sayings whei put by John
Bunyan, the half-insrpired tinker, into
his immortal "Pilgrim's Progress."
Poltroon,.-Derived from the Latin
"lpbllice truncus," one that is deprived,
or has deprived himself, of his thumb.
In old times a self-Ahutilation of this
description was not infrequent on the
part of some cowardly, shrinking fel-
_low-.who wished to escape his share in
the defense of his country ; he would
cut off his right thumb, and at once be-
come incapable of drawing the bow,
'nd thus useless for wars. It is not to
be wondered at that the policee truncus"
-the poltroon-first applied to a cow-
ard of this sort, should afterwards be-
come a name of scorn affixed to every
base and cowardly evader of, the duties
and dangers of life.
Go Out to See a Man.-This expres-
sion, which is often heard, was origi-
nated by "Artemus Ward." The story
of its inception is as follows: Once the
lamented humorist was engaged to fill
an evening in the lecture course of a
prominent literary institution of a New
England city. During the lecture an
individual who occupied a seat on one
of the front benches seemed determined
to resist the speaker's efforts to make
him laugh. Artemus soon discovered
both the listener and his intention, and
concentrated all his powers on him.
For a long time it seemed as if the man
had the best of it, but by and by one of
Brown's queer conceits took effect.
The obstinate fellow gave way and
laughed and kicked like a delighted
school-boy. Artemus celebrated his
victory by coolly announcing to his
audience: "Ladies and gentlemen, this
will terminate the first act, and we will
drop the curtain for a few moments ;
while the concert is being arranged for
the next act the lecturer will take the


occasion to go out to see a man," and
with perfect sang froid he left the plat-
form for the ante-room, where he took
a pull from a flask of old Bourbon.
Hero.-This word comes to us from
other tongues. It belongs to the
Greeks of old. They seem to have
used it in the first instance to desig-
nate the hordes that overrun their coun-
try. For a time it was applied promits.
cuously o to all the men in the army-
Eventually it came to mean such only
as had become prodigies, and was ap-
plied to these whether distinguished in
wa, arts, philosophy or even personal
charms. -The endowments that made
the hero a wonder to others were ac-
counted for, according to the supersti-
tion of the time, on the ground that,
whatever his seeming parentage, he was
really the Offspring of some 'divinity,
and the ready invention of mythology


soon produced a fable affiliating him on
one or other of the gods. So soon as
one was fairly placed on the calendar of
heroes, a cormn was erected on his
tomb, sacrifices were offered to him,
and he became the object of prayer for
supernatural aid. In this the Romans
followed the Greeks, and we find that
among their heroes six were held in
such honor that they were said to have
been received into the communion of
the twelve great gods. Of these one is
XEsculapius, whose fame was won by
the art of healing. Among ourselves
the word has generally signified one
who.displayed a very high degree of
valor and self-devotion in the cause of
country, or some such cause.
Life in. High Altitudes.
The greatest height to which men
have ever mounted is about five and a
half miles above the sea level, and the
balloonists who ventured on that ex-
periment were very glad to come down.
Short as their stay in the upper regions
was they were almost frozen and almost.
suffocated. The cold so benumbed their
hands that, had they not taken the pre-
caution to carry with them chemicals
for the production of a little artificial
heat they would have become helpless
and lost their lives from inability to
pull a rope and let out the gas of the
air-ship. The air which they breathed
was too thin to support life, and they
felt all the sensations of partial strang-
ling or drowning. Of course any labor
at such a height was impossible.
The census shows that the elevation
at which men can live and work to ad-
vantage, and which they therefore gen-
erally choose, is a very low one. Th6
average height of the United States
above the sea level is about 2, 00 feet,
but the. mean elevation of the popula-
tion is only about 700 feet. -A height
of 10,000 feet is considerably less than
two miles,yet of all the50,000,000 of peo.
ple in our country only 26,400 live at
that elevation.
Not only men but other animals and
plants as well, find the struggle of ex-
istence harder as they rise higher. As
plants and animals diminish in number,
the means 'of supporting human life
rapidly decrease, so that the upward
growth of the population, so to speak,
is checked long before the cold becomes
too severe to be endured or the air too,
thin for breathing.
The bulk of the little band who
reached a height of ten thousand feet
are miners, and could be nothing else.
More than three-fourths of the,whole
population choose to live at less than
one thousand feet, or considerably less
than one-fifth of a mile above the sea,
and only three per cent. of the inhabi-
tants make their homes at a height of
two thousand feet. If it were possible
to walk upward from the earth as read-
ily as upon its surface, an ordinary pe-
destrian in half an hour could pass the
limit at which human life can be per-
manently maintained; and in a little
more than an hour he -would reach a
point where it could not exist, at all. I


the builders of Babel had ever scaled
the mountains beyond their plain vision
not a miracle would have been required
to convince them that their enterprise
was a great waste of labor.
It is a curious fact that most of the
eminent men who flourished in the
Revolution had an especial penchant
for widows. Washington married a
widow, Aaron Burr's wife was the widow
of Colonel Provost of the British army.
John Hancock had an especial taste for
widows, Mr. Madison took a widow, and
so did Stephen Hopkins, so did Ambrose
Gwinett, so did Patrick Henry, and so
did at least one-fourth of all the patri-
ots and heroes of the days that tried
men's souls as well as their pockets.
The Count de la Mirandole in 1825
left a legacy to his favorite carp, which
he had nourished for years.


SBY JOS. DANA MILLER.


Woman how bright to-day thy name appears.
Let Memphis answer! 'Mid the fever's.
breath .
Thou walked an angel, amid falling tears,
And shrieks, and groans, and hideous sounds
of death.
.~~~~~~~n .'- 1 i
Saynot ag.iin heroic deeds expired
With the he:oic age; here is a spark"
O a far nobler spirit than inspired
Boadicea or.a Joan of Arc.
[fte unselfishness and self-sac rificing devo-
tion of woman wa.-i made conspicuous during
the great yellow-fever scourge in Mlemphis. To
escape the pestilence children deserted parents,
parents fled from their offspring, brothers
froin sisters, and husbands from wives; butI to
the everlasting credit of woman be it recorded
that in no instance was a wife known to desert
her husband ]

[Writtep especially for THE FLORIDA.]
COALS OF PIRE.

A STORY IN FOUR CHAPTERS.

By "HELEN HARCOURT."
CHAPTER ONE.

"And this is your answer? Remem-
ber, I ask you for the lat time-will
you be my wife? Twice you have
scorned my plea. Think well, Marie
Secour; you are poor and I am rich. I
can give you all that heart can wish, and
for what do you refuse such a chance as
this? Do you think I do"* not know ?"
and the young man's black eyes flashed
'with a dangerous fire. It is that pit-
iful beggar, Francois De Ville, who has
come between me and all I care for on
earth! He is a low-"
"Not another word, Pierre Blatoun,"
cried the maiden to whom he spoke, the
bright color rushing ,to her lovely
cheeks as she sprang to her feet in un-
controllable indignation-'" not another
word! You are not worthy to be the
servant of the man you malign. Be-
gone, and sep that you keep your word.
Let, this be the last time that I am
forced to listen to your false professions
of love-love I would sooner leap into
yonder river than become your wife.
This is my final answer."
"It is true then!" hissed the young
man, his dark face growing livid. "You
do indeed love, that beggarly clerk!
Harken then, fair lady," and carried
away by a tempest of passion Pierre
Blatoun grasped the young girl roughly
by the arm, shaking her to and fro-
harken then, and remember that I amn
a man who never breaks his word. I
will pursue De Ville from this day for-
ward. I will strike him down when he
least expects it-I will crush him to the
earth, and finally I will take his wretch-
ed life; but I will do it in such a way
that no one can lay his death at my
doer. Whisper loving words in his ear,
Marie Secour, and don't forget that
your precious lover is doomed to death,


and by your own lips."
He flung her roughly from him as he
ended, and she sank half fainting on"
the rustic seat from which she had
arisen, while her persecutor strode rap-
idly away. He had gone but a few
steps when he as abruptly'returned.
"Marie," he said, hoarsely, "I give
you one more chance. Speak! Will
you be my wife? Say./es, and then"-
he could not repress a sneer-"your
dear Francois will'be safe from my ven-
geance, Otherwise"-and he raised his
clenched fist on high-" I swear by all
that is sacredl on earth and in heaven
to kill him-yes, kill him as I would a
dog !"
Marie Secour was no coward. For a







~F~ = -Alaarn~c-rar~u~-- -- --~U- ~aP~I~rq~-~ ~ 1. -- ~._ I~r~C 'i----.


1F JL 0 It ID_ -.
DEVOTED
TO THE DIFFUSION OF
TRUTH, THE ESTABLISHMENT
OF JUSTICE, THE DISSEMINATION OF
PUCBE LITERATURE, AND THE DEVELOP-
MEXT OF THE, INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICUL-
TURAL INTERESTS OF "THE ITALY OF AMERICA."

GEO. EUGENE BRYSON, Publisher.

PUBLICATION AND BUSINESS OFFICE:
POSTOFFICE BUILDING,
IHAWKINSVILLE, ORANGE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
Branch Office: ORLANDO, FLA,
If


C- -~--~- ----- -----------c--


Superstitious About Love.
No event in human life has, from the
earliest times, been associated with a
more extensive folk-lore than maxiae.
Beginning with love divinations these
are of every conceivable kind, the anx-
ious maiden apparently having left no
stone unturned in her anxiety to ascer-
tain her lot in thp marriage state. Some
cut the common brake or fern just
above the root to ascertain the initials
of her future husband's name. Again,
nuts and apples are very favorite love-
tests. The mode of procedure is for a
girl to place on the bars of a grate a
nut, repeating this incantation :
I if he loves me pop and fly;
If he hates me live and die.
Great .is the dismay if the anxious
face of the inquirer gradually perceives
the nut, instead of making the hoped-
for pop, die and make no sign. One
means of divination is to throw a lady-
bug into the air, repeating meanwhile
the subjoined couplet: ,
Fly away east and fly away west,
Show rme where lives the one I like best.
Should this little insect chance to fly
in the direction of the house where the
loved one resides it is regarded as a
highly-favorable omon. Another species
of love-divination once observed con-
sisted in obtaining five bay leaves, four
of which the anxious maiden pinned at
the four corners of her pillow, and the
fifth in the middle. If she was for-
tunate enough to dream of her lover, it
was a sure sign that he would be mar-
ried to her in the course of the year.
Friday has been held a good day of the
week for love omens, and in Norfolk
the following lines are repeated on
three Friday nights successively, as on
the last one it is believed that the young,
lady will dream of her future husband :
To-night, to-night, is Friday night,
Lay me down in dirty white,
Dream who my husband is to be;
And lay my children by my side,
If I'm to live to be his.bride." I
In selecting the time for the marriage
ceremony precautions of every kind
have aenerallv been taken to avoid an







b, ut.,u.jj =iv u~nu, U euw uriues 0ei1g
found bold enough to run the risk of
incurring bad luck from being married
on a day of ill-omen. In days gone by
Sunday appears to have been a popular
day .for marriages. It is above all
things necessary that the sun should
shine on the bride and it is deemed ab-
soltitely necessary by very many that
she should weep on her wedding-day, if
it be only a few tears, the omission of
such an act being considered "ominous
of her future happiness. It is, too,
the height of ill-!uck for either the.
bride or the bridegroom to meet a fun,
eral on going to or coming from church,
as it is death to one of them. In Sussex


a bride on her return home from church,
is often robbed of all the pins about
her dress by the single Women present,
from a belief that whoever possesses
one of them will be married in the
course of a year and evil fortune will
sooner or later inevitably overtake the
bride who keeps even one pin used in
the marriage toilet. "Flinging the
stocking" was an old marriage custom
in England. The young men took the
bride's stockings and the girls those of
the bridegroom, each of whom, sitting at
the foot of the bed, threw the stock-
ing over their heads, endeavoring to
make it fall upon that of- the bride or
her spouse; if the bridegroom's stock-
ing, thrown by the girls, fell upon the
bridegroom's head it was a sign that
they themselves would soon be married,
and similar luck was derived from the
falling of the bride's stockings, thrown
by the young men. There is a super-
stitious notion in some places that when
the bride retires to rest on her wedding
night her bridesmaids should lay her
stockings across, as this act is supposed
to guarantee her future prosperity in
the marriage state.
King Kalakaua does not particularly
admire the Parisians., His exceeding
frankness to the Minister of Foreign
Affairs must have astonished that offi-
cial. "I am," he said, "delighted with
Paris. It is a city of splendid palaces.
But when you have such public build-
ings, why do you not try and have finer
men to put in them? The beauty of
your- palaces jars with the plainness of
their inhabitants."


climate that deals kindly with gray
airs, and where your prospect for a
long life will be enhanced. Take a
second thought before it is too.late, for
this move that you are about to make
will be your last. The noonday radi-
ance of the genial sun beckons to the
sunny vales, rich slopes, woodlands
and prairies of inexhaustible, fertility of
the Southern States. There will be
more Northern capital invested at the
South in 1881 than in all previous years
since the war. The tide of prosperity
is just beginning to set in that direc-
tion, and it is irresistible that nothing
will ever check until the measure of
Southern hope is full to overflowing.
There are plenty of healthy locations in
that section, and the percentage of old
people is as large as any part of America,.
Go South, old man; go South, live long,
die happy and "well fixed," and let
your grave be dug neathh the evergreen
magnolias, where the mocking birds
Swill daily sing a requiem, until time
shall be no more.- Wisconsin Cosmopoli-
tan.,

Florida Sunniness.
In point of salubrity; in point of gen-
eral healthfulness; in point of comfort;
'in point of life-giving strength, and in
point of buoyancy, the climate of Florida
in this section at the present time can-
not be anywhere else surpassed. It is
also delightful, day and night. The
days are long, and white men are seen
in the fields at work all hours. The
nights are cool, the breezes refreshing,
and sleep is enjoyed without interrup-
tion. The morning hour finds one en-
tirely restored and free from languor.
Sancho would have doubled his bless-
ings on the head of the man who in-
vented sleep if he could have had an all-
night "snooze" in Florida.
No one leaves the St. Johns during
the summer because of the climate.
Those that go most generally meet with
worse climate than they left at home.
A summer residence on the banks of the
St. Johns is ina every particular more








Others go on business; others, again,
because the labor of the season is prac-
tically closed, and they need and will
have a little recreation. But the great
majority go on business, and to witness
the stirring times of our Northern see-
"tion and to greet old friends and ac-
quaintances. Our Northern settlers
most invariably have left behind them
relatives whom they wish to see, and
also to familiarize themselves with the
ways of the commission merchants. Our
old settlers, these who can afford it., go
because of habits long since contracted
and which they are slow to. free them-


selves. But, we repeat, that none go
because they have to do it. There is no
such thing as "endurance" in this sec-
tion in a climatic sense. We do not en-
tion in a climatic sense. We do not en-
dure-our climate is c0ol and delicious,!
the heat not in the least intolerable or
oppressive, and, therefore, the word
"endure" is a misnomer. The only
objection to our summers are their
length. They begin in March and end
in October-seven months. But after
all they pass away quickly. Our work
is light, and we put in a good deal of
time visiting our neighbors, a thing not
so convenient in winter when every-
body is busy with their crops, and our
fruit going forward to market. The
Florida winter is only the more pleasant
in having so many agreeable people
from the North with us to give us
society and opportunities to show what
a delightful land we possess, and what
it is capable of producing 'when
"tackled" with the hand of cultivation.
-Putnam Journal -

There are men in this world who at-
tend church all the Sundays in the year,
and who never think of admiring the
beautiful colored windows -on the oppo-
site side of the church until the collec-
tion box comes around.

The Elmira Advertiser says that 300
miles of red tape are yearly-required to
run the Washington departments. A
few miles of hemp might be introduced,
we believe, without much detriment to
the service.


Florida.
The North American continent was
first discovered by Cabot, a Venetian
navigator, who was. in the service of
England, and had sworn allegiance to
that crown. He first discovered Labra-
dor, which in Venetian means laborer,
and he christened the coast north of the
St. Lawrence Labrador, because the
natives were at work industriously
building huts on his arrival.
SSailing down the coast he called the
country Florida south of the Gulf of
the St. Lawrence, on account of the
great profusion of wild flowers, Florida
being a Venetian provincialism having
reference to flowers. Cabot nor his son
never saw that portion ot America known
as Florida to-day, and the whole of
North America for a quarter of a century
after discovery was known as Labrador
and Florida. To these divisions
Mexico was added by Cortez, and dur-
ing the 200 years that followed the
northern part of the new world was di-
vided up into Labrador, now France,
New England, New Holland, California,
New Spain, etc., whistling down Florida
till nothing but the peninsula now
bearing that name was known by the
original title "There was a great many
pretty stories published about the St.
Johns river being discovered on Pas-
cua Florida (Easfer Sun ), but the
foregoing is the true or'in of the
name, and some day when North
America becomes one empire, and a
united people will look about for a
name for the nation, Florida being the
first appellation will no doubt be se-
lected as the most appropriate and
beautiful; then our great grand-children
will beFloridians.-John A. Macdonald.

Grecian Beauty.
Much has been said in praise of
Grecian beauty, and the men are hand-
some in every sense of the word. We
might well imagine them to have been
models of Phideas and Praxiteles.
Their large eyes, black as jet, sparkle








lue men; some possess fine eyes and
hair, but asa rule they have bad figures,
and some defect in the face generally
spoils the good features. It is among
them, however, that $he old oriental
customs are most strictly preserved ;
while the men are gradually undergoing
the process of civilization they, in a
moral point of view, remain stationary,
and are just as they were fifty years

ago. It may, indeed, be said that, with
the exception of Athens, the women
possess no individual existence, and
count as nothing in society.. The men


have reserved every privilege for them.
selves, leaving \to their helpmates the
care of the house and family. In the
towns, where servants are kept, they
are of the poorest class of peasants, who
know, nothing, and receive miserable
wages. The families are generally
large--seven or eight little children de-
mand a another's constant attention.
The morning begins by directing the
work of each servant, repeating the
same thing a hundred times, scolding,
screaming, even beating them to be
understood., In the evening, when the
children are sleeping, if there remain
some little time, the poor, worn-out
mother sits down to her spinning-wheel
to spin silk, to sew or knit, or, if it be
summer-time, to look after her cocoons,
happy if she has not to do the work of
her incompetent servants over again.

Many strange sounds, real or imagi-
nary, have been heard in the workings
of Nature's processes. There have been
reported to exist on a distant island in
the Bay of Bengal a phenomenon known

as the "Barisal guns," which is often
heard at the beginning of a rain-fall,
and is like the sound of the firing 'of a
cannon. An observer has decided that
these sounds are atmospheric and in
some way connected with electricity.
Mr. Horne, reporting on the villages of
the Himalayas, describes exceedingly
powerful noises heard in the highest
mountain peaks, to which the natives
can ascribe no cause. Above the ,town
of Koimbatur, in Madras, is a pond
which the natives carefully shun, be-
cause frightful noises issue from its
depths.


SUBSCRIPTION PRICE:
FIFTY CENTS per annumn, postage prepaid; pay-
able iuvariabl'v in advance. Specimea ,copies,
Five Cents each. 4-a- A lilbral CASH commis-
sion will be allowed those who procure sub-
scribers for the FLORIDA.
ADVERTISING RATES
Will be cheerfully furnished to all applicants.
Parties who use space in our advertising columns
must promptly meet all promises made by them
therein, as, in every case of dishonorable deal-
ing, we shall upon reliable information promptly
denounce the fraud.
MONEY should be sent by P. O. money order
or registered letter, so as to provide, as ifar as
possible, against its loss by mail. Aer Money
orders should be made payable at Orlando.
Address all remittances for subscription or
ve rtisements, and other business letters, to
THE PUBLISHER OF "FLORIDA,"
Hawkinsville, Orange Co., Fla.


Florida Winter.
Oh, winter, beautiful and bright,
I breathe thy warm delicious air,
And watch the splendors of the night,"
Where all around is gay and fair.
I roam as in a waking dream,
The garden of Hesperides,
And see the golden fruitage gleam
Amid the stately orange trees.
Unfading green is on the hill,
The vales are decked with countless flowers,
While hums the bee and song bird trills
Qstw Qa n-%ic.;n 4-1-t n i.-rvn e ,,,,, M, ,,







a n.^^ ^^IA- as *.ijsig, JL^U-CO i eau.
Through countless vistas in the wood
I see the windows of the morn,
Ope to the world a glowing flood
Of glory when the day is born.
\And when with robes of Tyrian dye
The evening comes when day is done,
I see around the radiant sky
A hundred sunsets" blent in one.
I walk upon enchanted ground,
Where fiction changes into truth,
For hoary winter here hath found
The fountain of eternal youth."


Oh, Florida, romantic land,
Enraptured I thy praises sing,
For nature smiles on every hand,
And winter is as fair as spring.
-Mrs. Jennie S. Perkins, in "_Redding's
Honest Facts About, 7lorida."

" Go South, Young lMan; Go South.",
You came to this country years ago
and here you have spent the best years
of your life; you have worked hard
early and late, indoor and out, in all
kinds of weather, but you have failed to
secure, a competence to provide for de-
clining years that are already upon you.
A mortgage upon your farm threatens
to, and will, swallow it in the near
future, and you have once more made
up your mind to emigrate, and in your
old age make another and final effort to
better yourself, and, strange as it may
seem, you too are turning yoir face to-
ward the setting sun. You contemplate
moving to the cold and frozen West.
Your friends advise you to do it; your
pastor tells you of good openings out
there on the line of the railroads that
carry him for half fare, and you see
many others going there and have
caught the contagion yourself; and,
furthermore, ak subsidized" press pats
you on the back and says, amen. -Pause
a moment, old mroan; you have not the
vigor to withstand the blizzards of that
boreal section. If you were younger
you might take the chances, but it is
too late now .
At the south of U- both are broad
acres-millions of them-that can be
bought for one dollar per acre, in a








"iDlra~-h~-,,~Jai~u_~siIPllld~ll~ -MUbll~---~-~ ,_I -~q


Fn L RID _.
S *,,
...Hiher, higher, EVER HIGHER,
Lei the watchword be 5ASPIRE.1' "

GEO. EUGENE BRYSON, Editor.

Special Contributors:
WILL'WALLACE HARNEY,
"HELEN HARCOURT,"
JOHN WINSLOW.SNYDER,
JOSEPH DANA IlILLER,
JOHN A. MACDONALD,
I. MCQUEEN AULD,
JAMES AUSTIN FYNES, JR.,
HERMITT"
CC IGMA)"
ALBERT S. MATLACK,
WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY,
LULA K. SKINNER,
An I other well-known Authors.

Correspondence
Solicited from all sections. "r Letters requir-
ing a reply, to insure prompt attention, should
be accompanied by sufficient postage. o
Address all communications intended for
editorial attention to the
EDITOR OF FLORIDA,"
Hawkinsville, OrangeCo., Fla.


THE FLORIDA'S


FACTS FOR THE CURIOUS.


FOR THE FAIR SEX.


Men's Work and lromens.
The finest looking specimens of man-
hood, in every class, are to be found
among men between the ages of thirty-
five and fifty, but how many comely
women can be found even among those
who have compassed only the smaller
number of yearsmentioned above ? The
homework of women, whether she 6e
wife or servant, needs revision ; if only
genius can enable a person to be at the
same time master and servant, nurse
and ruler, then genius in this direction,
if there is any, should make itself
known for the benefit of those who are
fighting magnificently against over-
whelming odds. With a slighter phy-
sique than man, a physique that is oc-
casionally subject to peculiar duties to
which that of man can offer no paral-
lel, woman is expected to daily endure
a strain that no man would tolerate for
any length of time. Until what is
modestly called housekeeping is recog-
nized as the noble science that it really
is, and is carefully studied, the slaugh-
ter of women by overwork will continue,
for at present it requires that every
woman shall be a prodigy of sense, min-
dustry and endurance.-New York Her-
ald.
Hawaiian Flower Girls.
The Hawaiians are passionately fond
of flowers. Bevies of happy, rolicking
native girls climb the sides of the
mountains or explore the picturesque
gorges in search of the choicest speei-
mens, and, having gathered enough to
supply the market for the day, they
dash down to Honolulu, riding horse-
back, man-fashion, at a terrific gait.
They are sure to bedeck themselves
first with leiss," or wreaths of flowers,
which encircle'their foreheads and hang
suspended from their necks like so
many necklaces glittering in the golden
sunlight. Suspended from the neck,


/ The ancient British used buciets
without hoops, cut out of solid timber.
Some of the Egyptian mummies are
encased in bandages more than 1,000
yards long.
Gas was first used as an illuminating
agent in 1702. Its first use in New York
was in 1827.
The term pin-money is derived from
an ancienttax in France to supply the
queen with pins.
The coffin of Lambert, the celebrated
"great man," was four feet and a half
wide and two feet deep.
The most common measure of capaci-
ty among the Romans was the Amphuor
nearly nine English gallons.
In 1822 the coast of Chili, one hun-
dred miles in extent, was raised from
two to six feet by an earthquake.
Huts, instead of tents, were used by
the ancient English soldiers, as the
modes of warfare consisted chiefly in
sieges and standing camps.
Buhl work, the process of inlaying by
use of the saw, derives its name from a
French workman, Boule, who invented
and carried it on during the reign of
Louis XIV,
Under the early laws of the Atheni-
ans a false witness was to be thrown
headlong from the capitol. Treading
down another's cornfield by night was
punishable by death.
There is a weekly sale in Paris of
toads, which are brought in casks filled
with damp moss. One hundred good
toads are worth from $15 to $17. These
are bought for gardens.
The term Quaker was first applied to
the sect in derision. When George
Fox, the founder, was brought before
the magistrate he told him to quake be-
fore the word of the Lord.


S.E. A. P. A.

Eighth Semi-Annual Meeting, to be held In
New Orleans, December, 1881.
For president, Jos. M. Salabes; for
1st vice, R. A. Southerland; for 2d vice,
Mis- Bessie Britton; for 3d vice, Geo.
R. Cake; for 4th vice, Miss Annie M.
Barnes; for 5.h vice, John L. Roemer;
for recording secretary, Will Reese; for
corresponding secretary, C. W. Darr;
for treasurer, MIiss Clara H. Tardy; for
editor, Evan R. Riale; for next place
of meeting, Philadelphia.

EDI FORMAL.
06L
y / GEEETING-As wve take our seat visions
/ of a former period rise up before us,-


- .-l .)


~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ J _.U 11^^ ,-*Mjwj~^ j Uw3A 1ii-uuz&e1 or
uurmng on ms nailr, o pulling t out moe, dexterously assort the various
cutting a hole two inches 10ng in his flowers, and string them up until the
head and throwing off his shoes. The leis is completed. As soon as the girls
horse recovered. get fairly at work they make leis with
During the plague in London in surprising rapidity, and spread them
1720-21, tobacco was considered an ex- out fantastically so as to attract the
cellent preventive for the dread disease, greatest attention, and invite belles and
,It was noticed that those who kept to- beaus to purchase. The flower girls
bacco shops were less likely to be. af- invite the Hawaiian public to patroniize
fected than others, and the use of it them by singing songs, the burden of
was considered to be so beneficial that which is lovq, not in its most Platonic
even children were made to smoke, form, and their love-chants are usually
School children were obliged to smoke successful in drawing custom. At the
every morning, and were often whipped time that the famous French Henri
if they did not do so. Rochefort, passed through the Hawaiian
--1 capital, he was, while walking along,
Chinamen Buying Wives. literally covered with leis and maile
A Chinaman, when anxious to have a wreaths by a charming native beauty of
.A Chinaman, when anxious to have a ywe ite
wife of his own nation, sends a letter to sweet sixteen.
an agent in Hong Kong. A reporter has News and Notes for Women.
one of these epistles, but it is practically Four thousand three hundred and
impossible to translate it into English. seventy-three women are employed in
The following, however, is a condensed schools of Switzerland teaching
translation: "I want a wife. She must needlework .
be a maiden under 20 years of age, and e w .
must not have left her father's house. Many fashionable ladies who adopt
She must also have never read a book, the antique style of dress are modelling
and her eyelashes must be half an inch their coiffures after the beautiful head
in length. Her teeth must be as spark- ofPysche, waving the hair low over the
ling as the pearls of Ceylon. Her forehead, dAwing it back from the
breath must be like unto the scents of temples and twisting it low in the nape
the magnificent odorous groves of Java, of the neck, allowing a few short ring-W
and her attire must be from the silken lets to escape from the coils of the
weavers of Ka-Li-Ching, which are on hair.
the banks of the greatest river in the Madras, the so-called benighted
world-the ever flowing Yang-tse-Ki- Presidency of India, is.the first to ree-
ang." The price of a Chinesed woman, ognize the claims of women to import-
delivered in Sidney, is 38 ; but two ant offices. The Gazette announces the
Chinese women only cost 52. There- appointment of a lady, Mis Pogson, to
fore, the heathen Chinese import the be Meteorological Reporter to the Gov-
women in couples. The importer never ernment of that Presidency. Miss Pog-
sees his women before they arrive, and son has for some years discharged with
then he generally selects the best look- great ability the duties of Assistant
ing one. The other is shown round to Government Astronomer.
a number of well-to-do Chinese, and The two wealthiest widows in England
after they have inspected her she is are the. Hon. Mrs. Meynell-Ingram,
submitted to what may be called public daughter of Lord Halifax, and Mrs.
auction. The writer happened to be Gerard Leigh. The first inherited from
present at one of these sales. A young her husband two splendid seats, each
girl, aged about 19, was offered, and with a deer park, and an income above
after some spirited bidding she was $150,000 a year. Mrs. Gerard Leigh,
purchased by a wealthy Chinese store- who sails in the finest steam yacht
keeper, whose place of business is in afloat, owns Luton Park, formerly the
one of the leading towns of New South seat of the Butefamily, and a fine house
Wales, for 120. The melancholy as- in Grosvenor square, London. She en-
pett of the celestial girl as she went tertains liberally, whereas Mrs. Meynell
away in company with the man who Ingram lives quietly.
purchased her was deplorable to the Rhadzimair silk is largely imported for
last degree.-North China Herald, fall wear.I .


tC 4 1o ci, aro ia3 no juunawnon tor
the fact, ^ ___
What Cenitral Park Has Done for New
York.
Central park, New York, covers 840
acres, of which 143 acres are occupied
by reservoirs for water and hine acres
by transverse roads for commerce. Five
acres have been appropriated to build-
ings foreign to the purpose of the park,
so that the space for public recreation
within the limits is 683 acres. There
are fifty-five of smooth meadows, about
400 acres of wooded land, on which are
500,000 tees, shrubs and vines; forty-
three and a quarter acres covered with
water, of which the lake occupies one-
half ; about ten miles of carriage ways;
six miles of riding roads and thirty
miles of foot walks. Twenty-five years
ago the region of the park was rough
and uninviting. In 1856 the population
of the three wards in that locality-the
Twelfth, Nineteenth and Twenty-second
-was but 58,127, while in 1880 it was
351,515, an increase of 293,388.
SThis is an increase of 500 per cent. or
twenty per cent. a year. T14e population
of all other parts of the city in 1855
was 571,618, and in 1880 it was 855,062,
showing an increase of 283,379, or just
about fifty per-cent.-say two per cent. a
year. In 1856 the, entire value of real
estate in New York was $340,992,098 ;
in 1881, $976,735,19S--increate $635,-
763,101, or a little over 180 per cent.
At this rate the threewards in question
would have now a valuation of only
$74,002,222, whereas th y have a valua-
tion of more than four times that
amount, their value rising from $26,-
426,565 to $412,562,889, or nearly 1,100
per cent. The cost of Central park up
to the beginning of this year (except
for care and keeping) has been : For
land, $5,028,844 10; for construction,
$10,872,986.25; total $15,901,830.35.
This is a trifling sum compared with
the rise of property in even one of the
three surrounding wards and even less
if the benefits to health and comfort
that spring from Central park are taken
into consideration.
"Never get nothing' right in the pa-
pers," moaned an old man in the bastile
last night. "Name spelled wrong in
the police report again this morning,"-
Rochester Democrat


S. tv^.u.^wi u re)1nqu1sai the pur-
S suits of other years, so unwilling to
\ forget the old-time hopes, ambitions
and enjoyments, that we now send forth
S\ the initial number of the FLORIDA, and,
S once again,:assume the role ofafn editor.

OUR PLATPOlI.-It is our aim to make
the FLORIDA a Republican platform-
not in the political sense, but as acces-
sible to the free thoughts and interests
of our people in general.
We have no land to sell. no hobbies
to, ride, no cliques to serve, and no
special locality to build up; but it is
our intention that this paper shall rep-
resent the interests not of one county
alone, but of the entire State.
If, therefore, you have a live, useful
thought, send it to us for publication.

WHAT A PIGMY !-Size does not de-
termine value. There is no necessary
connection between immensity and
Quality. The merit of a publication
does not consist in its largeness, but in
the character of its contents; which
paves the way for saying that the
FLORIDA, though a pigmy in size, is not
to be discouraged by the patronizing
glances of its giant contemporaries; but
enters the arena of joufirnalism determ-
ined that it shall more than make up in
quality what may be lacking in quan-
tity.

Miss HARCOURT, the author of "Coals
of Fire," our new serial story-the
opening chapter of which appears in
this issue of the FLORIDA-is a regular
contributor to the Golden Days, and, we
dare say, the best story-writer in the
Southeast.

THE PHILADELPHIA Golden Days is un-
doubtedly the purest literary journal
now published, and the FLORIDA takes
pleasure in recommending it to the
youth of the land.,

We would call special attention to the
Charleston Line advertisement in this
issue. In addition to being a pleasant
and superior passenger route, it is, also,
one of the best lines for the transporta-.
tion of Florida fruits and vegetables to
the Northern markets.


LITERARY REVIEW.

DEVOTED TO CRITICISM, COMMENT
AND GENERAL REMIARKS.

Conducted by JAMiES L. ELDERDICE-

o]BOOK PUBLISHERS are cordially invited
and earnestly requested to send their publica-
tions for review. Periodicals will be noticed
when marked copies are sent. Address JAMES
L. ELDERDICE, Princess Anne, Md.
A FEW GEMS. BY JULIA M. DANA. 20 Pp. 5
CENTS. J. H. RIoHMOND, PUBLISHER, CEDAR
RAPIDS, IA., 1879.
This is the modest (?) title of a really credit-
able volume. Miss Dana, as apoet, is superior.
There is that inexpressible delicacy of express-
ing beautiful sentiments which stamps the true
born poet.
"The Silent City is the longest and per-
haps the most ambitious effort; bu t we are
tempted to pronounce The Dying Boy" and
" The Tiny Lock of Hair qems of poetry which
not only please the mind, but also stir the
depths of feeling. I
W.hat co-eptiaon more beautiful than that of
death casting a shadow over the face of a dying
boy, just as the setting sun throws its fading
rays across the casement where the couch of
the sick had been placed by loving friends, that
his dying evesiight drink in the view.
The soul l he sunshine went out of the
woods together .
"From off the forest and-the fields
He watched each gathered beam,
And when the glory lZeft he hilis
His feet, were in the stream.,
True poets are so scarce that it is to be hopeI
Miss Dana will dignify our literature with
othlier productions from her cultured pen.

RiCARDn GERtiER.-If Mr. Geruer's nine
years' experience as an author has been the
means of improving his most execrable Atyle
of composition we have yet to discover it. But
worse than his faults of style, irredeemably
bad as they are, we regard his vulgarity and
impertinence. His conceit, which has well-
nigh become chronic, pushes itself forward on
all occasions. It is a witty remark that a






































































ij


JOSEPH gKR-AMER,,
E PROFESSIONAL BARBER,
Opposite White'm Store,
ORLANDO, FLA.
r Clean towels a specialty.


EnRoute to Florida!


; I 2 HOURS S.AVEE .D.
BY THE
di~rleston "Line,


I -I- -~-- --I- -- C ~ -~ ~ ---I -~I .-uU


1


- -BIWII------ --------~ -a~-- I ~ I-


pay for his original cost. Breeding in-
and-in in the swine family won't answer.
Always use new males.-American Ru-
ral Rome.
Recipes.
STOMrATO SAUCE.-Nine ripe tomatoes,
peeled and cut small, red pepper
chopped fine, one teacupful of vinegar,
two tablespoonfuls brown sugar, one
tablespoonful of salt, one teaspoonful
ginger, one of cloves, one of allspice
put vinegar in last; stew one hour. ,
RICE PUDDING ConD.-Two quarts of
milk, one gill of rice, one teacup brown
sugar, one stick of cinnamon about
three inches long; wTsh- the rice insa
colander to remove the floury particles,
which are so much loose starch, and
spoil the pudding; put it in the baking
dish, scattering in a quarter of a pound
of raisins; cook very slowly for two
hours. Keep a cover over the dish un-
til the last half hour, when the upper
skin may be allowed to brown ; do not
stir it, as this breaks up the rice; it
ought to look like rich yellow cream
when done. A large' piece of thick
paper or a large plate can be used to
cover up the pudding dish. -
PICKLED UCUMBERS.-Wash with dare
your cucumbers, and place in jars.
Make a weak brine (a handful of salt to
a gallon and a-half of water). When
scalding hot turn over the cucumbers
and cover; repeat this process three,
mornings in succession, taking care to
skim thoroughly. On the fourth day
have ready a porcelain kettle of vinegar,
to which has been added a piece of
alum the size of a walnut. When
scalding hot, put in as many, cucum-
bers as may be covered with the
vinegar; do not let them boil
but skim out as soon as scaldedthrough,
and replace with others, adding each
time a small piece of alum. When this
process is through, thri6w out the vine-
gar, and replace with good eider or
white wine vinegar; add spices, mus-
tard seed and red pepper. Sort the
pickles and place them in stone or glass
jars, turn over the hot spiced vinegar;
seal and put away the jars not wanted-
for immediate use. Pickles thus pre-
pared are fine and crisp at the expira-
tion of a y .r. Those that are kept in
open-mouth jars may be covered with a
cloth, which will need to be taken off
and rinsed occasionally.

PLUCKY GIRLS.
A Seaside Story--About tlhe Baby and
Money Making Lass-Killed a Crane.
Miss Nellie Reed is the name of a
young woman of Georgia who accom,
panted her uncle to Nag's Head, North
Carolina's delightfuJ resort. One after-
noon she accepted an invitation from
one of her admirers to go sailing on the
Sea. The day was pleasant and the
young folks enjoyed themselves, start-
ing just before sundown to return to
the shore. In going about the boom


struck the young man a terrific blow on
the head and hurled him into the water.
Miss Reed instantly seized a boat hook
and by hanging over the rail, exercising
her utmost strength, she was able to
drag her companion's body on board.
Her efforts to restore the young man to
consciousness were not so successful,
however, and it occurred to her that the
best thing to do was to sail, with all
speed for the shore. She had never
handled a boat, but she had watched
sailors closely, and in a few minutes the
craft was scudding along at lively speed.
Most persons would have been appalled
at such a task, especially as it grew
dark and the wind freshened. A steady
run of three-quarters of an hour brought
the boat to its landing, and then the
plucky Georgia miss delivered her
wounded charge into the hands of his
friends. The young man recovered from
the blow and the young woman became
the admired of the Nag's Head company.
Swope and Mrs. Swope are barely out
of their teens, and yet they have found
time to meet, to court, to love, to marry,
quarrel and to part. The Swopes live
at Mendota, Ill. When they parted tho
wife carried off the baby. The other
day the baby was taken by its mother to
the court house, and the father, snatch-
ing it from the maternal arms, tried to
get to his carriage near by. Mother,
mother-in-law and quite a number of
women performed a wild war dance
aro nd the paternal kindnapper, but the
kid was napped and placed in the hands
of a nurse in a neighboring town. Be'-
fore the child had been in the custody
of the nurse twenty-four hours the


mother made her appearance and, be-
fore the nurse could offer objections,
she caught up the child, skipped out of
the house, drove furiously over into her
county and arrived safely at her father's
house with the little charge. The spunky
heroine is now master of the situation.
Inasmuch as both husband and wife are
of wealthy and respectable families, the
affair is causing considerable interest
for miles around Mendota.
= Miss Jennie Henrie is the name of a
young woman who has won the admira-
tion of the people of Kansas. Some time
ago she secured a tract of land on Ash
creek. "To show what an enterprising
girl can do," says the Legan Enterprise,
"we will state that she came to that
place .several years ago with barely
enough means to sustain herself after
entering the land. She went to work
by the week and the money she earned
was invested in improvements on the
land until now, at which time she has
about thirty acres under cultivation, a
comfortable house, well furnished, and
other valuable improvements. By her
industry and perseverance she has
gained the admiration of all who know
her. She will soon have a deed to one
of the best tracts of landin that country.
We take pride in mentioning such in-
stances as this, and ,thus they will prove
a worthy example to some young men
we might mention to imitate."
SA few days ago a you ,woman who
is visiting at the Bonsall mansion in Ar-
kansas City heard an unusual fluttering
in the room where a lot of canaries were.
Upon going to seek the cause she dis-
covered a rattlesnake coiled around the
cage. The reptile was in the act of fas-
cinating one of the birds, as much by
the peculiar undulating motion of its
head as by its basilisk eyes. The fair
rescuer at once made an onslaught with
a pair of tongs and the snake was\
knocked from the cage. Shortly 'after-
wards the youIng woman found it coiled
around the leg of a table, and she
bruised its head so positively that it
gave up the ghost. The charmed eanary,
though it had not been touched by the
snake, died a few hours afterwards.
A young woman, who was visiting in
Elkton, Md., was out with a pleasure
party in Captain Jolliffe's boat when the
question of marksmanship with a pistol
was discussed. Captain Jolliffe had on
board a large caliber Smith & Wesson's
pistol. He pointed oys to hen a crane
feeding along the shore, at a distance of
about seventy-five yards, and asked her
to fire stit. As she was about to take aim
the crane flew, but she fired, striking it
and bringing it down,

WORDS OF W.SDOM.

Dissolute people let their soup grow
cold between, the plate and the mouth.
Learn to say no! and it will be of
more use to you than to be able to read
Latin.
"One soweth and another reapeth,"
is a verity that applies to evil as well as
good.


No better advice could be given an"
aspirant than the terse little counsel of
Emerson: "If you wafft success, suc-
ceed."
A great step has been gained when
one has a high standard for himself, and
measures himself on that ideal standard.
To cover a bad life and its fruit the
evil strive to divert attention from our-
selves by laying evil at the door of the
innocent.. ,
Business is business, and every man,
woman and child is on the high road to
respectability if not prosperity, when
they have learned to mind their own. '
It is very difficult to be learned ; it
seems as if people were worn out on the
way to great thoughts, and can never
enjoy them because they are too tired.
Life i's spo' complicated a game that
the devices of skill are liable to be de-
feated at every turn by air-blown
changes, incalculable as the descent of
the thistle-down.

F. M. Darnell, a dwarf, four feet four
inches high, caused a sensation in Co-
lumbus, Ga., by appearing in the streets
with a son only 33 inches high, though
nine years old. The father has four
children, two of whom are dwarfish,
while the other two are of the ordinary
height.


FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
Corn Smut,
Corn smutis a fungus which grows
from the substance of the plant, the
seed being carried into the stalks, ears
and other parts of the plant. The seed
.or spores are in the soil, and may be
,carried there in manure made from ani-
mals fed upon corn-fodder or corn ears'
infested with smut, Or the spores,
which are as fine and as light as the
finest dust, may be carried to fhe soil
;by the W ind and washed into it by rains.
At any rate it is there. It only makes
the matter worse to bury the smut; this
should be burned. If buried it remains
an the soil, and will infest a crop after
.some time is elapsed. The only thing
that can be done is to steep the seed in
strong brine or solution of blue vitrol
S(four ounces in a gallon of water,) to be
Sure the seed is pure, and then if smut
appears from infested ground to cut out
every smutty stalk and burn it.
To propagate the Currant.
SIn the month of' October select
healthy, well-ripened cuttings about a
foot in length, cutting them square off
just below the bottom bud. Set in a
well-prepared bed, some six inches
apart, leaving the top bud just above
the ground and pressing the earth, close
.around the lower end. As soon as cold'
weather sets in cover them some two or
three inches deep with coarse manure
.from the stables, which should be re-
moved in the spring. After that keep
down all weeds and cultivate thoroughly
during the summer. The same autumn
,of the following spring they may be
transplanted into a bed of deep rich
soil, about four feet apart,* and receive
a mulching about the roots of coarse
manure, and the following summer give
clean culture, cutting out all dead wood,
etc. The best varieties are the old Red
,Dutch, Versailles and Victoria.
Enriching Orchards.
Any farmer who has beep accustomed
to raising apples and has been uni-
formly successful will doubtless say
that if he expects to get good crops he
treats the orchard as he does for any
other crop. He manures it, and he finds
-that a manure that will do for most
other crops will do for the crop of ap-
ples. It is the neglect to manure or-
chards at all that causes them to bear
so poorly and the trees to look in bad
condition; nothing is better than wood
ashes for orchards, if we had the ashes;
but nearly everybody burns coal, except
in certain out-of-the-way sections, and
we must therefore resort to something
else. Next to wood ashes there isno fer-
tilizer better than barnyard manure. A
.liberal application of this, if only once
in three years, with careful pruning and
scraping of the trees and ferreting out
the borers and all other insects which "
lay concealed under the bark, will soon
make a change in the productiveness of
'the orchard. October and November


are the best months to. apply the man-
%are and to give the trunks of the trees
a good scraping off of all old bark.' If
the trunks were washed with whale oil,
soap, say one pound to a bucket of
water, there would not be many insects
left alive after the operation.,

The Pigpen.
'Paralysis of the hind quarter in pigs is
sometimes caused by inflammation of
and consequent effusion upon the ani-
mal marrow, causing I^essure and loss
of nerve power. Sensation and power
of action may often be restored by the
application of a mild irritant to the
loins. Turpentine or a thin paste of
mustard rubbed upon the loins over the
cspine generally leads to a cure. It is
brought ola by colds and damp quarters,
or exposure to cold rains, and is more
Frequent in young pigs than old ones.
A chill will sometimes produce it sud-
lenly. The thoroughbred pig, instart-
ing a herd, is chiefly valuable in bteed-
ing to common stock. By using a thor--
oughbred boar upon common sows a half
blood is obtained that does very well for
breeding purposes, which can be further
improved by selecting the best sow pigs,
feeding them liberally and again getting
:a thoroughbred'boar to use with them.
If this is practiced a year or two it will
produce pigs equal to pure blood. But
,grade or impure males should never be
.used, as the tendency is to run back- to
,chased young, can bA obtained for a
small sum. He can be used one season
..nd then sold, or castrated and fed,
when he will, of himself almost or quitG



One of the following named fast and popular
steanmlships of the New York and Charleston
Steamship Line, sails fom Pier 27, Nohtr River,
New York, every WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY,
arriving ia Charleston in time to make close
connections with the steamer St. Johns for
F lo 'id a : .
CITY, OF COLUM1BIA, Capt. Wood1hill.
CITY OF ATLANTA, Capt. Lockwood.
S3IORRO CASTLE, Capt. Reed.
GEO. W. CLYDE, Capt. Winnett.
The City of Columbia has just been completed,
and makes the trip (in ordinary weather) be-
tween New York and CharleSton in FI'FTY-
Houris. No expense has' been spared in fitting
her np for the comfort of the patrons of the line.
She has Electric Lights in both main saloon and
staterooms.
The Charleston and Florida Stelim Packet
Company's palace steamer
ST. JOHNS, Capt. Vogel,
A new iron side-wheel steamer, built especially
for the Florida Route, has great speed, and
makes the trip from Charleston to (Jacksonville)
Florida in THIRTEEN -HOURS. She is mnagnifi-
centlyv furnished throughout having staterooms
with parlors adjoining, and dining saloon on
main deck. The St. Johns leaves Chatleston
every WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY. She connects
at Fernandina with ,the W. I. T. Co.'s Railroad
for Cedar Keys; at Jacksonville with the J. P.
& 31M. Railroad for Tallahassee and West Florida;
at Tocoi with the St. Johns Railroad for St.
Augustine, at Palatka with the F. S. Railroad
for all points in Middle Florida; steamers for
the Ocklawaha River, and wiI "the De Barry
Merchants' Line of steamers for Astor. De Land,
Blue Springs, Sanford, Enterprise and all points
on the upper St. Johns Rliver.
The Charleston Line is now as finely equipped
asany line on the coasl, and r.pectfiully aolikcits
a liberal share of the Florida-l)ound travel.
As our ships from Now York lapid at the same
wharf, in Charleston, as the steamer St. Johns
sails from for Florida, passengers are saved any
disagreeable transfer.
No extra charge for meals or staterooms.
Ticketssold toall points, and baggage checked
through. Staterooms secured in advance, ulpon
application to any of the agents of the line.
N. Y. & CHARLESTON STEAMSHIP CO.
J. W. QUINTARD & CO., Agents, Pier 27, North
River, New York City.
JAMES ADGER & Co and W. A. CO-URTENAY,
Agents, Charleston, S. C.
CHARLESTON & FLORIDA S. PACKET CO.
il.VENE4 & Co., Agents, Charleston, S. C.
C. A. NOYES, Ageut, Fernandina, Fia..
E. J. E. McL'[AuREN, Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
T. S. WALSa, Ticket Agent, Jacksonville, Fla.
T. A. PACETTI, Ticke iAgent, St. Augustine, Fla.
JOHN L. HOWARD, General Contracting Agent,
Jacksonville, Fla.
JOHN HARLESTON, General Mlaunager,
Adgei's South Wharf, Charleston, S. C.
$1,000 REWARD for any case of 1Biinc
Bleeding, Itching, Ulcerated "or Protrudiug
Piles that DeBing'sa Pile Remedy fails to cure. '
Prepared by J. P. Mliller,- 1. 'D., 915. Arch
street, Philadelphia, Pa. ovone genuine with-
out his signature. Send fbr circular. AIll
drnggi.-is or general stores have it or will get
it for you. $1. 8->ld in Orlando, Fla., by O. S.
Wilson & Co.. Dru. aists.
JOHN A. MACDONALD,

Attorney ani Goini o at Law,
."' AND -,,
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, .:
, U. S. L;nd Law a. specialty. Will select
State or U. S. Lands. Has located 1,000,000
acres in Florida. Established in Orange
county since 1866. Has brought over 2,000
families to Florida. R-et'ers all whio desire to
invest or make homes in Florida to the settlers
of West Orange, whom he located, and to
prominent gentlemen in various towns and
cities of the United States. Before settling in


Florida he located an d surveyed lands for
several yearn in Wisconsin, Michigan, lKansas
and other Western States. Office at
LAKE EUSTIS, FLA.
W ANTED-AGENTS lor the GOLDEN
DAWN; or, Light on the Great Future
in this life, through the dark valley, and in the
life eternal, ag seen in the best thoughts of lead-
ing authors and scholars, among whom are
Bishops Simpson, Foster, Warien, Hurst and
Foss, Joseph Cook, Bceclher, Talmage, Dr.
Carrie, Dr. Marlch, Dr. McCosh, Dr. Crosby,
Dr. Cuyler, Geo. D. Prentice, Dean Stanley,
Whittier, Longfellow and others. The subjects
treated are Death, Immortality, Millenium and
Second I Advent, the Resurrection, Judgment,
the Punishment of the Wicked, and tlie Reward
of the Rlighteous. A rich feast awaits the reader
of this book. It contains the grandest thoughts
of the world's greatest authors, on subjects of
the mot prof onnd interest to every one. Not
glcomv but brilliant. There is not a dvIl page
in the book. It is absolutely without a rival.
Everybody will read it. School Teachers,
Students, Young Men and Ladies, acting as
agents for this book,,are making over $100 a.
month. Sells fast. One agent sold 71 first 15
days, another 46 in 8 another 15 and 5 Bibles in 5 days; a lady sold
9 in 10 hours. Secure territory quick. Also
agents wanted for the bcst Illaustrated RIevised
New Testament, and for the tfinest Family Bibles
ever sold by Agents. Send for circulars.
P. W. ZIECLER & CO.,
915 Arch Street, Philkdelphia, Pa., 180 East
Adams Street, Chicago, Ill.


/