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!-- Florida ruralist ( Newspaper ) --
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mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1894)-
Ceased in Dec. 1895?
"Devoted to grove, farm, and garden."
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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mods:title Southern ruralist
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Interlachen (Fla.)
Newspapers
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Putnam County (Fla.)
Newspapers
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The Florida ruralist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049044/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Florida ruralist
Physical Description: 2 v. : ; 35 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Geo. W. Hastings & Co.
Place of Publication: Interlachen Putnam County Fla
Creation Date: April 1, 1894
Publication Date: 1894-
Frequency: monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Interlachen (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Putnam County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Putnam -- Interlachen
Coordinates: 29.622778 x -81.894722 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1894)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in Dec. 1895?
General Note: "Devoted to grove, farm, and garden."
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744619
oclc - 01414556
notis - AJF7381
lccn - sn 96027377
System ID: UF00049044:00001
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Southern ruralist

Full Text




























norROSPECriVE AND PROSPECTIVE,
A quarter of a century has passed
since a certain evening in April we went
into our daily newspaper < (fice in a
Northern city to make ready its col-
umns lor the next morning's issue, when
the messenger boy brought in the associ-
atled pri -s dispati-h-'-"South Carolina
lias passed the ordinance of secession.
Fort Sumpter has !lred upon," and
wih ith came ...... message:
64With, ghsiplland retard
WO tid eryou .jur Beauredrd."
T.l- v came llhe dispatch:
"Wasl'i rger, President Lin-
coln calls fo-,CO men to suppress the
rebellion." Tihe streets were filled with
an excited populace; mjte aics leaving
the shops, the farmed liis farm, aill
crowding, around tlhe bulletin boards for
tlhe latest news. 'lThus began the great
foutr Yeirs civil war that decided the
quest 0.1slavery, and that while the
' Slates ere sovereign, the United.States
were a nation, one and inseparable, now
and forever. .1son and Dixon's line,"
formerly a Chinese wall between the
people of the North and of the South,
was removed and cast into the depths of
the sea.
We do not recall these matters of our
national history to awaken feelings of
bitterness,, but to contrast the present
with the past., anlit in.ourhumble way to
help the country to realize the oblitera-
tion of these lines thatonce separated this
people.
Florida at that time was a "terra in-
cognita," the home of the Seminole,
which the government had in vain made
the effort to subdue. As it was also the
home of the alligator, the moccasin and
the rattle snake, a region of swamps and
malaria, infested with mosquitos and
fle.ts; almost unknown except along its
navigable waters courses. In the ham-
mocks the orange and cotton would
grow, bu thie sandhills were barren as
the sand of the sea shore.
Thle outside world was slow in being
undeceived. The men who attempted
the. making of an orange grove on the
sand hills was laughed at. He might
get health and be free from noisome in-
sects, but he could not make an orange
grove.
The past few years have demonstrated
tllat in the rolling pine lands of Florida
the growing of oranges is not only pra
ticable but that the fruit is equally
good as the hammock grown, and th
bears transportation better. As an ilIt
tration, from the young groves at Inter-
lachen, within less than two miles of the"
station have been shipped 100 carloads of


the golden fruit, from high rolling pine
Lajad, this yean.


I I -


Interlachen, Platnarq CotIoty, Plackla.


. lor ol


,~P P rr r. OF

S' INTERLACHEN. er pockets the money for which the lots
and lands are sold. Locate where schools,
SWhile THE RURALIST will be devoted churches, stores and shops are estab-
iainly to the agricultural and horticult- listed. transportation facilities are good,
.ral interests of Florida, and the devel- and where th promoters of the town are
pmert of the State, it will not beneg staying by it and give encouragement to
ctful of the local interests of the all newenterpriss, or if ouwish tobe
Driving town in whicli it is published. gi colov in the forest select one not
Interlachen is an incorporated town far lrom where the necessities of life are
rithl mayor, marshal, clerk, collector, accessible.
4&nd a cmmon council. It hlias one or
he flne", own halls in the State, with THE WVONDERI UL PEA.
'.ounci cliamber, mayor's office, and a
Handsomely seated hall for public en- There is a fitness in the name of thew
rtainments. new discovery in -forage plants. Noth-
SIt has one of the best school buildings ing describes so-well the wonderful pro- i
the county, four church organizations, duc'iveness of both vine and peas, and
"'oreatical. Episcopal Methodist in this productiveness on new poor soils,
tnd 1Lptist,p twoexcell.nt church edifi- land on impoverishedold lands, is thehope
et-s, C angregtionil aind Episcopal, and of the l'farmer, and particularly of the
umber on the gpour.i for a MelCthoritst. Southern farmer, for with its introduc-
-k lo-.ge of free and accepted masons, a lion tlhe practicability of general farm-
jid i.-telegraplh tfice, a money order ing and stock raising is settled. Withl
,ost office, expresso fflice and four passen- out production of f, ed for stock on: the
.ea tr..in s daily.; f... i-- a-rm generalfa-rring is not practicable,
1t has one of the largest wholesale veg- for milk and butter, pork and lard,
table and flower seed stores ia the South chickens and eggs, are the essentials of
nd a citrus nursery and rose ga;trdens. a farmer's life, and animal manures are
SIt has four general stores, one dry his maiu reliance in making productive
goods and notion store, one drugstore, the soil. To obtain these hlie must have.
one barber shop and fruit store, two stock, and stock must have food, and the
:iveries, one lumber yard, one black- wonderful pea will furnish green and
smith shop, one plumbing and two dress- dry fodder for horses and cattle, as well
making establishments, one carpenter as a substitute for corn.
Ihop, one shoe shop, ant one guava jelly The pea will make firmer and sweeter
and orange marmalade factory. pork and lard thancorn, and the avidiy
SIt has six orange packing houses, one with which they are eaten by poultry
with steam Dower running three ma- indicates that in the pea is found a uni-
chines, for wrapping and printing and a versal suTbstitute for corn and hay, the
machine for washing oranges, with a basis of all stock food, and the one.essen-
capacity of 8.500 boxes a day. tial to making farming and stock raising
It has two hotels, capableof entertain- practicable on the sandy pine lands of
ing 100 guests, and numerous boarding the South.
houses. 'lie question is asked, in what does.
It has 2,000 acres in orange groves the wonderful pea dilfer from any other
within two miles of its depot fast corn- field pea, the whipporwill, the unknown,-
.ling into bearing. and other varieties? We reply that our
SIt has numerous clear water lakes, experience lias shown that the Wonder-
.aboundinz in flsh, with fishing, boating ful planted side by side with the un-
'and bathing facilities. known, the heaviest yielder of the field
It has a refined, cultured community varieties, has produced 50 to 100 per
,of well-to-dopeople who welcome heartily cent. more of vine and peas than the
every worthy new comer to a com mu- latter. In contrast with the conch pea,
nity where there are no exacticns of its folkige covers the ground six weeks
,fashion and where it is no dishonor to earlier than the conch, produces ten
.ywork. [times the amount of seed, and it is
IT HAS NO SALOONS, AND NO USE FOR claimed by those who use the pea for
THIAT CLASS OF lySTITUTIONS. food fr horses that a bushel of the peas,
If you like our style you are invited to fed with other grain, is equivalent to
cast in your lot with us. one and one-half bushels of cora fed in i
;the same way.
COLONIKs. The wonderful pea is a starter, and
requires no commercial fertilizer or
If you wish to seek a home in Florida animal manures on new pine land. It is
in numbers, send some one in whom you a great consumer of nitrogen but the
!have confidence in his judgment and in- plant has the ability to gather not only (


tegrity to spy out the land. Avoid a sufficient quantity from the atmos- 1
Sboom towns. Towns that boom up, phere to give it a growth, ten, twenty t
usually boom down as soon as the boom and scitetimes forty feet in length, v


but to store up in the droppi-ng leaf and
decaying vine and brandcling roots a
large supply in the soil for succeeding
crops, and it becomes pre-eminently the
renovating crop. The capability of any
plant to do this, we know, is disputed,
but is every year a fact becoming more
thoroughly established, in the growth
of leguminous plants, and the one th:At
will make the most foliage and return
the most humus to the soil is the one
that gives promise of the quickest
restoration to ihe soil of any original
matter essential to the plaW4 growth
that has not the ability thi'us to ob-
tain its. nutriment from the atmos-
phere, and yet must have that element
of fertility so costly in chemical fertile
zers.
flThe.wond.rful pea is also ansumer
of potash and phosphoric cr and
where these are not itl the soi1/lhey will
haitve to be supplied to the plants when
-,tivuobus cropping is adopted.
The pea may be planted as early as
it will escape late Irosts and up to the
middle of June or 1st of July. If it is
not intended to cut for fodder shortly
after it begins to bear, it should be
planted late in the season four to six feet
apart in rows, and three feet apart in
hills and not over three stalks allowed to
grow in each hill. It may be planted a
little more closely if fodder is the only or
main object, ajnd several cuttings taken
off. Planted the L1t of May or as soon
as secure from late frosts, one cutting
of fodder when the pods begin to form,
will not lessen the crop of peas from the
immediate second grow th.
The peas are gathered by hand pick-
ing and can be picked for 5 to 8 cents a
barrel, probably 30 cents a bushel of
shelled peas. The hogs and cattle may
be turned into the fitld or turkeys and
chickens allowed to forage wlrere they
will fatten themselves.
If planted in corn do not plant until
the corn is in silk, nor closer than each
other row and every other hill, giving
the corn a chance to ripen before the
peas cover it.
In planting to mulch the. ground be-
tween the orange trees, plant but two
rows four feet apart. They will cover
the ground, keeping dowln grass and
weeds and protect and keep moist the
ground and save cultivating except im-
mediately around the trees.

CAUTION.

Do not buy Florida lands or town lots
without seeing them, particularly lots
offered for from $3 to $10 They are
ikely to be dear at nothing, f you pay


the taxes. Places where lots are sold at
iuch prices do not make towns.






























































































'1.


I


THE FLORIDA RURALIST.


I- L L -I- _ __ __ _


2


APKar, 1894.


The Vmeless Yam.
In the year'1865, just after the close
of the war, my father, T. D. Padelford,
near Edwards, Hinds County, Miss.,
found in a patch of the old fashioned,,
long vine yellow yam a hill of potatoes
that attracted his attention so much
that he kept close'watch of it all during
its growing season. The next year he
planted this odd looking potato by the
side of its parent (the long-vine yam) for
a thorough and impartial test, and at
the end of the season found, to his de-
light and surprise, the new potato to
)yield one-fourth more than its parent.
Its vines were very short and stubby,
and of a bunchy appearance; its fruit
was of larger size, a great deal sweeter,
arid of prettier shape, and also much
earlier; its leaves set very close together,
making it very short-jointed and heavy
set. which produces a dense shade under
the hill, which makes it withstand
drouths splendidly. In fact, it resem-
bles its parent only in one respect, and
that- was in its amber yellow color. It
was such a great improvement that my
father sent some of them to several of his
friends in the county (Hinds) to get their,
views, all of whom adopted this yam to-
the rejection of all other kinds they were
planting. The bunch yam proved to be
no trouble to cultivate, owing to its hav-
ing no troublesome vines to interfere.
SA great many are under the impres-
sion that sweet potatoes .yill mix by
two or more kinds -txing planted to-.
gether. I will say here that my obser-
vation and experience with the sweet
potato are' that they do not mix. All
plants mix only by polle.iization,through
the medium of the bloom. I have often
seen sw< et potato blooms, but never
saw them maturetheir seed pod. Now,
admitting that they do mature their
seed pod, we would have to plant the lit-
tle seed derived from said seed pod to
obtain new and different varieties. The
sweet potato, as does many other kinds
of plants that do not mature their seed
pod, frequently sports off, and form new
varieties in this way as did the bunch
yam sport off from the old long-vincd
yam. Sport is a phrase used by garden-
ers and botanists, which means to divert
to spring off, the cause of which I am
not able to explain.
Some one has changed the name of
bunch yam to the vineless yam. I saw
the vineless yam advertised last season
and procured some of them to test. I "
planted them side by side with the
bunch yam, and, as I thought they
would do, proved to be the bunch yam
under a new name. .
Farmers ought to plant of the sweet


potato largely. I have reference to
the Southern farmers. All stock on a
farm will eat them with a relish and fat-
ten rapidly;, the sweeter the potato, the
faster they will fatten. Many of us pay
too little attention to the potato patch,
and neglect it when the grass begins to
grow to spend our time on some other
crop, after going to the trouble and ex-
pense in preparing our land and setting
our slips or cuttings. We should raise
enough sweet potatoes for the hogs, cows
and horses besides furnishing our tables
with a splendid dish, as we can raise
moresweet potatoes (in bushels)to the
acre than anything we could plant. W<
have the advantage of our Northern
friends in this crop, as they cannot keep
them through their extremely cold win-
ter. If we will dig our crop in open
cool weather, we can rely on keeping
them, but it is death to let them take a
cold rain; they should never become
chilled from any such cause. I succeed
in keeping sweet potatoe well banked .


And"not only this, but every year is and yet they are not grown because
demonstrating the fact that general there is no oil factory in Florida and the
farming in connection wiLth orange grow- cost of transportation to the mills of the
ing is practicable. .That no longer need North is so great that we cannot pay the
Florida pay tribute to the North for its freight and compete with the West. 'It
hay and corn and potatoes., but with the would be far cheaper to pay the freight
new substitute for stock feed and reno- on the manufactured oil than on the
voting crops adapted to the soil and cli- beans in bulk.
mate, the production of beef and pork. Florida has millions of palmettoes,
milk and butter, chickens and eggs is from which tannin is easily and cheaply
possible in the most healthy portions of extracted. Land owners would be only
our State. too glad to have these grubbed upand
To develop and extend the production taken away. We are sending vast quan-
of all thati is consumed on the farm by tities of cowhides out of the State wvhiclh
present tillers of the soil, and growersof might be converted into leather at home,
oranges and to be amediumofcommuni- and the leather could be made into shoes
cation to a large middle class of well to and harness for home consumption and
do farmers in the North who would like at a profit. Again, alter the tanning
a change from the rigors of a Northern liquid has been extracted from the pal-
winter, making known to them the pos- metto, the libre of the plants can be
sibilities of our soil and climate, under utilized for mattresses and in upholster-
intelligent cultivation, and the warm ing furniture, and the by-product thus
welcome they will receive not only from turned to profitable account. If we wait
a large number of residents already here until agriculture shall be fully de-
from every Northern State, but also from eloped, the land cleared and the pal-
emigrants from South Carolina, Georgia, metto burned, all of this native product
Tennessee, Alabama and other Southern will be lost. To clear and opefi it up to
States, all working in harmony with cultiv-ation means also the destruction of
New Englanders and yearly new comers the native forests. Already millions of
from the ereat Northwest, Canada and dollars worth of timber have been con-
Marnitoba, is in our mind in publishing sumed in log fires to prepare land for
the RURALIST. cultivation. Furniture factories might
Florida is prominently an agricultural be established where this timber could-
and horticultural State, and mustL everbe be utilized, cnd thus avaluableindustry
so. It wiU be the principal occupation would be built up, which would assist
of its present and future population, and stimulate agricultural development.
Its resources are yet little known but Every year oranges to the amount of
every year becoming developed. There thousands of boxes drop on the ground
is but one Florida. Its population must and are wasted. These might be turned
necessarily be cosmopolitan. In working to account in the manufacture of Cider,
out the possibilitiesof its soil and climate wine and jellies. The Northern farmer
must come- its success. To men with who would allow the windfall apples of
some means who areindustriousand men his orchard to decay on the ground
of good judgment, wve believe there is would be considered hopeless, wasteful.
better promise of pecuniary success in Yet the loss goes on here to the extent
Florida'than in other portions of the of thousands of dollars annually for
country, and w th pecunrvary success hant of the manufacturing plants to
what is better, a longer more healthy !ilize the otherwise unsalable fruit.
and more comfortable life. A cordian )The enumeration might go on indefl-
welcome awaits these who will come an ely. We need manufactures to aid
s e e. "
see. .riculture. Until we shall have-them,
MIANUFACTURING IN LFLORIDA. a-griculture cannot hope to attain the
he loid Ciie us-n best results. The manufacturing inter-
T l tests of Florida might be made ten times
needs of manufactories in the State says more important than the orange indus-
the soil and climate of Florida offer try, which has given the State its special
greater inducements to agricultural and A, riculturist.
horticultural enterprise than any other
portion of the country, and that we are THE MYRICA RUBRA.
on the threshold of a development that ---
will place this State ahead of all others Speaking of a new fruit -and timber
in its agricultural productions. Our tree that has been recently introduced
products, says the Citizen. are those the into California, (and Californians by the
world needs and is willing to pay for, way show great enterprise in the matter
and pecuniary return to the farmer and of introducing new .fruits) the Chipco


fruit grower here are greater than those Champion says:
to the grain growers and stock raisers in J. W. Mills, .oremam of the Unitd
the West. But there are many lines of States Experiment station north of town,
manufacturing which must go hand in tells us.he has received at his station a
hand with the cultivation of the soil be- tree of the Myrica Rubra for trial. The
fore the best results can be attained, and tree is a native of Japan, and this is
to neglect these enterprises would be to said to be the only one in California. It
handicap farming operations, is valuable alike for its fruit and for its-
The Citizen then refers to some of the timber. The tree attains a height of
products which could be profitably man- from fifty to sixty feet, and a diameter
ufactured from its raw state into a of from two and a half to three feet. It
finished product. Fibre plants, for in- is evergreen, and resembles in its
stance offer a great field for the develop- foliage the Magnolia. It is said to stand
ment of a great industry. When home a temperature of fifteen degrees F. with-
factories, says our, contemporary, shall out injury. The timber resembles birds-
be in operation the profit to the farmer eye maple, but it is of finer grain and
will be incr ased. soft. The fruit averages one inch in
The castor bean thrives here as in no length and three-fourths of an inch in
their part of the United States, and is diameter, is dark red in color, with a
t injured by frost. The plant is al- pit. It ripens in July, and is said to
kst a perennial, and produces beans at bear a strong resemblance in flavor and
all seasons of the year. It improves the utility to the blackberry. It propagates
soil that it grows upon, and, once started, from the seed true to its kind. Mr.
takes care of itself. It is safe to assert Mills thinks the fruit promises to be a
that castor beans can be produced in valuable one for California horticultur-
Florida at less than half the cost that ists, and its growth willbe watched with
they can be on :the prairies of K sas, I interest. .


under an open shed, with plenty of dirt
all around, within a foot of the top of
the bank, which I leave open for ventila-
tion. My desire is to raise plenty of
sweet potatoes and live at home.-The
Florida Agriculturist.

Study Your Soil.
It is not to be supposed. that every
farmer has or can have a great deal o.f
knowledge of agricultural chemistry;
but in this age of literature on the sub-
ject, and the practical, careful experi-
ments being conducted by experiment
stations and individuals, the results Of
which are made public, couched in t-.
plainest English, it. Js fair to pr-...
that the average farmer could, if le'
would, increase his store of knowled 6
of this important subject. I am awa4
of the fact that many times cheap ferti'
izers are bought because it is a questions.'
of cheap brands or none at all, but i1'
nine out of every ten of such cases ig-
would have.been better policy to invest'
the same sum of money in half th-( -
quantity of fertilizer, and bought the
brand rich in someone or more chemi-
cal properties which were essential to a
certain crop on which the grower de-
pended for a main money crop.
In my. section there are extensive
marl beds, and I can point out farm
after farm which hEs received no other
fertilizer in years: they are, simply
marleded" to death.1
There are dozens of brands of cheap
fertilizers in the market, and in many
cases the cheaper theprice the more is
claimed for it as a general fertilizer; a
sort of panacea for all the ills that soil
is heir to. .
.As in the case of marl, so with cer-
tain commercial fertilizers-they are
applied not only because they are cheap,
but because the farmer does not know
-its.value to his soil; too often it is a case
of simply "fertilizer" without the
slightest regard to the needs of the soil.
Surely, the needs of the soil should be
studied as closely as the needs of one's
live stock, Why give your soil con-
tinued closes of phosphoric acid when it
needs nitrogen, any more than to keep
your cattle on a steady diet of hay or
corn fodder when they need grain?-0.
R. K., in Farm and Fireside ...
FLORIDA CANE.
Dr. H. H. Wiley, chemist in chief of the
department of agriculture, has recently
returned from! Florida to Washington
whither he had been to visit the United
States experiment station at Runnymede'
in that State. The doctor brought with
him several, specimens of sugar cane
grown at the station, and since his re-
turn the same have been analyzed with


most satisfactory results. Of the ribbon
cane which amounted to ninety-nine per
cent. of the cane in the field, the analy-
sis revealed sucrose in juice about 19.50
per cent. showing 342 pounds of sucrose
per ton of cane. Comparison of analyses
-made of Cuban cane show the highest
polarization of juice in the latter to have
been 18.20, at and from that down to
15.29 per cent. according to the month
when tested.
"The Rninymede cane," said Dr.
Wiley. "was gathered at random, and,
therefore, the figures of the Cuban cane
given for comparison are for unselected
cane also. I have no hesitation in say-
ing," the doctor added, "that I believe
that a yield of twenty to twenty-five tons
of cane per acre can be secured by proper
cultivation on these Florida sand lands,
where our cane was grown."
T wings you warint, and would have to
pay the cash for, free. S.e Premium
List.







--- -------- --- ---- -


CURES WHEUE AlLI ELSEFFAIL S.
Best Coug.brpd. Tastes God. Use


A RETIRED BUSINESS WOMAN,

A Page From Her History.
T;:e important experience of others are
Ilterestinso. liefo!'owhin i- ;no exception:
"I hiad been troubl)led vit Ii h earr, disease 25
year., much of tiat time very seriously. For
five yea's 1 wv'-;iIrealedl I)y eone physician con-
tinuously. I was in businebs, ut obl)ied 10
retire on 'account of my health. A phy-
sician told my friendIs that I could not lie a
month. My teetali d limbs were. badiy swol-
len, and I was indeed in a serious condition
when aenlem udirected my attention to
Dr. Miles' New Hleziri. Cure, an/| said that Ilis
sister, who had been-afflicted wvilh heart, dis-
ease, had been cured by the remedy, and waI
again a strong, health v woman. I purch,-.e(.d
a b)otle of t llr lteh'l Cure, alld less 1han
an hour after taking the fir-.,t do:-,e I could
feel t decided improvement in 1 Ie circuLation
-of my" b'oAd. Men I had l1aken threo edo.es I
-coul.l move my ankle., something I had not
done for nmo iths a ndmy Jiml)s had been swol-
len sooio:(i.if"uhat t hey seemed a lmo:..' putrihed.
Before I had taken one bottle of the New
learrt Cure the swelliu" h.,. a!l 1 ;'oe down.
and I vwas so mu.h better i ihat I did my own,
woik, On my recommendation si other; are
ta kn this v~alua~ble remedy."--Mrs.. Mor-aa,
569 W. Itarrison St., CIiicago, 111.
Dr. Miles' New Heart. Cure, a discovery of an
eminent specialist in heart di.,ea-e, .issold Iby
.11 druggists on a, positive guarmtee.or sent
by th- Dr'. Miles Medical Co..Elk',art, Ind., on
receipt of price, Sl per hot tle, six b)otles for
$5, express prepaid. It is posit ively free from
all opiates or dangerous drti .Ve.o




FRESH YEAST.,
EVERY DAY, by Matr
S10 cts. T package, addrep, M
OUSENIHOLD DEPARTMENT.
'The Florida A sr ltialt
DzLAND, FLA. w
Full directions accompany each package.

fnt 1 for nrits an'd
1lasl TVegetables
r>ti, t '."It' are especially beneficial for
Frnit. ,al Vegetables of all kinds; on sandy
soils it .I impossible to raise a marketable
arti:le v without lP'otash.
J-'-:i pil e: for PFruits and Vegetables should
cont;.ivi f om 1.2 to 15 per ceut. of Potash.
at cr'i'.-ers containing sufficiet Potashor
alp' P tash Salts,such as
IVlRaIAE OF POTASH,
SULPHATE OF POTASH
.AND KAINIT.
tulfrmnotion and Pa-,px,/ets free. Address
GERMAN KAFLI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York City.


GEEO, H.FERNALD,-


Hardware and a ints,


S ---AGENT FOR .-- ..

Acme Harrows, Wood's Mowing" Maclines,
Brilly Plows, Charter Oak Stoves,
Scythes, Snatns, Hay Rakes, Lawn Mowers, Gasoliner Stoves, and all seasonable
goods. I1 am Contractor fop Irrigation of Groves, and am headquarters
for Iron Pipe, Pumps, Boilers, Spraying Outfits, Plumbing, Steam
and Gas Fitting, Tin Roofing and Metal Work.
Builders' Supplies, Doors, Sash and Blinds,


APRiL, 1894.


3


t


THREE DESIRABLE PLANTS.
Some years ago Mr. E. II. Hart wrote
S of acacias; "And will they all grow in
Florida? Indeed they will; and with
greater luxuriance and rapidity,perhaps,
than elsewhere under the'sun; for the
S conditions of sandy soil,showery climate,
and bright sun hine are precisely those
in which acacias revel. No difficulty,
either, in suiting the various whims or
, tastes of everybody, since the varieties
are as diverse in size and appearance as
are seen in the canines and ophidians of
c."- he animal kingdom. Some are low
shrubs, others ithmense trees hundreds
S of feet high, often furnishing the post.
durable timber and precious gums, like
the gum arabic of commerce, useful
alike in medicine and the arts, and all
are beauliful'alike in leaf and flower,
Every species of acacia we have seen
has been strikingly beautiful either in
flower or foliage, or both; but of these
S the variety par excellence for beauty of
foliage is Acacia loplhanthlia speciosa,
Raised from seed which we imported
from Italy. A writer in an English gard-
ening paper says of it, 'It has such
large, finely-divided, elegant, soft, green
leaves, that the. finest fernis look
poor beside them." AYhen 'looking at
our batch of thrifty plants we are in-
clined to agree with the Enalish writer-,
and to add that while the foliage it as
graceful and beautiful as a fern the
Plant isalso as decoraliveas a palm. In
England this acacia is grown extensively
as an ornamental potplant, being a great
favorite not only on account of its ex-
treme beauty but because it" withstands
dtist, heat, smoke and other vicissitudes,
with impunity. By. judicious use, of
the pruning knife it is made to branch
and kept in the form of a beautiful little
symmetrical plant. We do not know
how it will take to open ground life in
Florida, but presume it will, like many
other spies, rapidly attain to the pro-
portions of a tree. But even if it should
not prove adapted to the open ground-
from lack of -hardiness, or any other
cause-it is well worth growing as an
ornamental pot plant for the veranda or
window. .,
The jessamines are a fine class of plants,
noted for either the great beauty or de-
licious fragrance ,of their flowers, in
some instances both qualities being com-
bined in the same flower. All are easily
grown, taking to our soil and climate as
readily as though indigenous to the State.
While we admire them all we are espec-
iafly charmed with Jasminum hirsutum;
and bv the way, our specimen is the


only one we have ever seen in Florida,
though it may be grown in some locali-
ties, but we. do not remember to have
ever lead of it or heard it spoken of. It
grows upright in a nice, bushy shape,
about three feet high and quite dense.
Every twig and branchlet is white
with umbels of flowers each as large as
a cent piece, with from six to nine petals
and deliciously fragrant. It is a very
Sprofuse bloomer, and the umbels are
just right to pick for button-hole bou-
quets or to pin at a lady's throat.
The third plant is Duranta Plumieri,
generally called Golden Dewdrop by
those in this State who grow it. It is a
native ot the West Indies and South
America, grows vigorously in almost all
parts of Florida and in the poorest soil.
The beautiful blue for-get-me-not-like
flowers appear in great abundance in
slender racemes toward the end of the
brunches; and are followed by clusters
of god inhr
of golden berries, hanging graceful
prof usion adnd giviig-the -pldat its popu-


lar name. In growth it is compact, the
foliage is evergreen and, as a correspon-
dent once stated in this department, it
is rendered ornamental by its flowers and
berries at least nine months of the year.
-Florida Agriculturist.


More PotashNeeded.
1. Foddercrops, pasture grasses, corn
stover and hay all remove largeamounts
of potash from the soil, and these crops
occupy a large proportion of our im-
proved lands.
2. The urine of our domestic animals
contains about four-fifths of the total
potash of their excrements.
3. When urine is allowed to waste,
the manure is poor in potash.
4. When manures areexposed to rains,
much of the potash, Leing soluble, is
washed away.
5. Nearly all the special fertilizers are
especially rich in phosphoric acid, and
do not contain enough potash.
6. Sjprphosphates were the first fer-
tiliz ,r to came into general use among
our farmers. r
7. When the farmer buys a fertilizer,
he st ill, finetimes out of ten, cal'.8s for a
phosphat- .
8: As a result ofthe above conditions
our soils se-m to be quite generally in
need of more liberal applications of pot-
ash, *.. .
9. in the case of corn the need of pot-
ash "appears to be particularly tromi '
nent. .
10. For a good crop of corn the fertil.-
izer uspd should supply 310 to 125 1b. of
actual potash per acre; 200 to 250 lb. of
muriate of potash or one ton (50 bu.)of
good wood ashes will do this.
110 With ordinary farm or s able ma-
nure it will generally pay, to use some
potash for corn;125to 15091b. ofmuriate
of potash has given profitable results.
12. The liberal use of potash means
more clover in our fields, more nitrogen
taken from the air, more milk in the
pail, a richer manure heap, and store-
houses and barns full to overflowing. It,
means also a sod which When turnecrwill
heip every other Crop.
13, For the potato crop the sulphate
appears to be much superior to themuri-
ste of potash, promoting both yield and
q'inli'y in much Liuber degree; 300 to
400 Ib. of high grade sulphate of potash
furnishes enough element,
14. For oats, rye and grass, nitrate
of soda applied just as the growth begins
in spring has proved very beneficial; 300
to 400 lb. per acre should be applied.-
Prof. W. P. Brooks, Mass. Agricultural
College.


"You are old my dear grandma." the little gir
:: aid -
As she Mla by the fire with dolly.
"r. as white as the snow are the hairs on your
head-
Yet you always look rosy and jolly.
Pray tell me. dear w-andma. the reason of this
Why y.vou always look healthy and sprliely.
Why .ou never are pale when you give me a kiss.
Why you take sudh long walxs morn and
nigrhtly !" _
"The reason, my darling." her grandma replied
Iq simple, it needs no description.
I've always ePen wpll, fr I keep by my side
A bottle cf Piorce's Prescmiption,"
All ages and all conditions of woman-
hiood will find just the help that woman
needs in Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescrip-
tion. That's a matter lhat's guaran-
teed. I it can't bm done. then the med&-
cine costs you nothing-its makers don't
wHilttyour money.
For all derangements, irregularities
and weaknesses peculiar to the sex, "-Fa-
vorite Prescription is the only remedy so
certain ahat it can be guarabntepd. If it
failsto benefit or cure, you- have your
money back,
Sa....at!rrh ed- po si ti.e.
Dr. Sage's Catarrh ,-redy positively
cttres eatrrh.-


Lowest prices guaranteed. Write for Circulars and Prices.
GEO. H. PFERNALD,-


SANFORD, FLA.


THE FLORIDA RURALIS T.


You Can't Do It!
Yno ean't tran-act your ordinary business
prq)p<(rly whlen you have a

Si0.-4eadache,
.

)i<., rd, rod Soni-l,. To-pid Liver, Con i-
A, ti, m. (lii I- ai F v, or aly of i tRe-40!
i't l A ib .i.,a s. t bl neJ to

Malaria.

STlI eenuino neDr. C. MTeIr, s Livr Pills
rure :t-!I 111s,,s-dli-, .-e. -nd ii-o- nghly erad-
cate foxi the i ust a I al u iaalU

.0 ,011.
roison.., ..

A. a medicine for-genernl family use


Dir. Co McLane's


Liver Pills..
aa


have iio equal.
Price 25 Cents
SB1d by ail r.iggists and dealers in medi-
cines. Sent by mail on rectipt of the price

Fleming Brothers Company, Propr's,
Pittsburgh, Pa,
..... ,J r ~~. r.




1") I hW Times Hard
SPrices Low |.-

R-113 UW
B,3 ()ily l$90 for a Superb lASON & LE
AM 1AMLIN- rgam. 4 pets teed s. C La
z3 111 tops,nItic h Case. 05 ca,;h
}3 and ;^ mnonthlly. RE Iduced C
m $115. \WRITE US. L
|1' Beautiful 1IEnRLING Mirror Top ela
13 on0 11 60. 4 setsIteed s,ll itops. C f:
3 NV W RITE Us.
2 3 Lovely New Styles at $65 and
faj $75. \\i'rrE Us. Is
Elegant New Pianos only $225. 1C
'21 N\'ONDERFUL, aL the PRiCE.. .
NV WHIE i r U. C,'
0 Tremendous bargains in nearly C
rt-j new Pianos an l U,,as, used .C
t: a ri tile only3. XR'n'itI-,E U S. CC.d
j 1il you ,ant a Piano or Organ,'i
!,yw is the line to buy it ,'H
'IGHT. WRITE US. g.'.
Write .s any'iow. Trade JR ,i
dull and you 'an't asl more C
I question ns (t~ lioi 'ianos and C^.-'
(Or ans tlan we \\'anfc to an- C
"a swer. 'Iry iL,.pleasye. (S *



t SAVNNA, GA. CIE
.. .. 0 ., O ,|
(a Enf ? jrj~jn1^^^ APJadu







I I I I _- 1 -- --


--


The Florida luralist.

PUBLISHED MONTHLY
AT INTERLACHEN, FLORIDA.





I.


: APR~T. 1894


4


HOW TO GET A START IN FARING
IN FLORIDA.
Without something to start with, you
will find it a difficult matter, and yet
some do make a beginning with nothing
but their hands. We are too fast. It
does require something besides hands,
and muscle. It requires brains. It re-
quires an adaptation of means toends. It
requires foresight. It requires self-e'e-
nial. It requires credit. If you pos
sess the former you can get the latter.
You can buy land in Florida if you will
improve it, on credit, from $1 an acre
up to $100( or $1,000 according to loca-
tion. The nearer to town and market
the higher you will have to pay and the
less You will want.
We will assume that you have some
means; that by your own labor you will
clear five acres; and plant it in cow
peas. This crop will furnish feed for a
horse and cow during the summer with-
in eight to twelve weeks of planting,
and make h-iy and grain for winter for
the horse and cow, and with the surplus
milk from-the cow, not needed by the
family, and with the peas, two pigs can
be fattened, and a small flock of chick-
ens raised. The ground occupied by the.
peas will be in good condition for a crop
of sweet potatoes the following year, and
tlhe manure from the horse and cow, and
pigs and chickens can be applied to
a half acre for a kitchen garden.
In the meantime you will be clearing
another five acres to be planted in peas,
and the pens with the sweet potatoes will
keep another cow and another horse.and
two more pi-s afida larger number of
chickens, and their excrement you will
compost with muck or vegetable growth
of every kind roucan accumulate, and
f,.rtilize a larger piece of liazd. The
new pea ground you can put in sweet
potatoes, and the sweet potato ground in
in corn or cassava or millet. or some-
thingelse on whichstock will thrive and
manure will be increased. This for a
start. If near a town you can sell milk.
If not you can make butter. If you
have a team the pr3babili':ies are that,
therd'will beadtrmand for it the most or
their leis ore time. Aro mnd your huse
you will have started some orange trees
and a kitchen garden and the slips from
chamber and kitchen will keep theri--
growing. -A whole community will be
ready to help a man they see gelt ng
along, if he in turn lends a hand in bet-
tering the condition of the community.
If you have the wherewith to purchase
forilizers success 'will come quicker.
Butl it is better to go slew than to go in
debt, and habits-of economy will be a
valuable preparation for afterlife.


CALIFORNIA AND FLOhLID CON.-
TiAhTED.

It is well sometimes to get i disinter-
ested insight into CiCalirorni climate and
j productions, as it tends to make the res-
idents of Florida cease th ir regrets that
they had not made investments in the
Golden rather than the Peninsular State.
The following extract from a resident
and property holder in the orange center
of the State will be read with interest by
Floridians at least.
"This has been a very peculiar winter
for a warm country, as on Nov. 19Lh,
last itsnowed all day, melting off in the
valley, but leaving the mountains all
around us covered with the 'beautiful,'
and as a consequence we have had it
cold ever since, and in January, as you
have already heard, so cold as to freeze
a great portion of the orange crop. I
think fully three-fourths of the crop is
unfit for market. This is sad, but I be-
lieve it to be t'u. ". ""
"The sound fruit is so souri that it is


monthly visits. TWe hope to reach that
class and encourage them in better
methods, and incite in them desires for
more expensive pipers that treat sub-
jects more extensively.
We have faith ivy Florida, and in its
agricultural and horticultural resources.
We have faith in its climate as a health
restorer. We believe in its capacity to
support as dense a population as anyv
State in the Union. We have had ten
years' experience of the benefits of its
climate. We hope to be instrumental,
through the columns of THE RURALIST,
in leading others to a similar experience.
We expect many inquirers, and where
they are of general interest shall answer
them through its columns
Every new country has its drawbacks.
A large class who co:ne to Florida are
among those,
"Who n.ver are. but always to be blest."
They make a start with enthusiam, ob-
stacles get in their pathway, they hear
of some new Eldorado, sell out to the
first purchaser who will give them
enough to move, just on their eve of
success. The new arrival gecs the ben-
efit. We frequently hear of these people
and of their "'regrets." The new place
was not what they expected.
Florida needs settlers more than tour-
ists; workers more than money; farmers
more than mechanics; minen who will till
a few acres thoroughly rather than large
areas poorly, and at a loss, men who
will combine general farming and truck
raising with orange growing; men who
will not consider it mean to be frugal
or parsimonious, to be economical; men
who will make a study of soil and cli-
mate; men who have ideas, "and who
will put them in practice. We hope to
reach such men. We hope to induce
them to come to Florida.
There are many compensations in

Florida for the absence of many comforts
and luxuries to be had in older commu-
nities. The possibility of an out door
life 3G5 days in the year is no mean
consideration. Winter vegetables and
fruits, boating, hunting and fishirig on
clear water lakes is better than close
confinement in furnace heated rooms.
What though our soil is not as fertile, it
can be made so in the long seasons, and


will produce two and three.crops in asea-
son. Florida is not. a pa r. dise, but we some-
times think as we sit at our breakfast
tablc 1With doors open in Februar y and
March li-teninr to the Joyful notes of
the mocking bird, and thile perfume of
the yellow jessamine is borne through the
open window, it is as near it as we will
find in this world.
Our advertising columns will bg open
to every Florida interest in harmony
with its object, and to every means of
attaining them. Our columns will be
open to the experience of the farmer and
horticulturist, and his contribution is
invited. We expect to co-operate with
our brethren of the press in working out
the destiny of the peninsular State, and
believe it can be most quickJy accomp-
lished by demonstrating in every town
the practicability of general farming, in
connection with-orange growing. When
that is done Northern farmers will be
convinced that Florida is the place for
them.


mie ing with slow sale, and altogether I
must say that the outlook for the fruit
growers is not bright.
"I fail to find anything in this country
to induce anyone to make it a home
here. The IState and county govern-
ments are the worst that can be imagined
and taxes are very high, so high indeed"
as to be burdensome. In the city the
rate is $3 85 per $100, the city rate being
sixty-five cents and the State and county
$3 20, and this with'all property assessed
at a cash value, which in many instan- "
ces is more than the properly will -sell
for.
"Just think, this county, with a pop-
ulation of about 10,000, paying ove'-- -
$300,000 a year in taxes. How long,
think*you, woutild any other people stand
such oppression? Here everything has
been built on boom, and boom it must
be until the end.
*All the fine drives and good roads in
the city are mostly made and maintained
at tie expense ofthe abutting 1 ropprty,
and as to the county roads* we have
none worthy of the name, and I cannot
think what our taxes will be when we
attempt to make roads and build neces-
sary public buildings.
"Then add to this the enormous
water tax, which must be paid or noth-
ing grown. But enough in this line. It
is yet cold here, murcury down to 28 de-
,rees this morning (March 5th) and to-
nightbidl fair to be cold amain. It
is considered rank treason here to speak
the truth about the country."

LIVING ON $500.

Can a person live on that* amount per
year in Florida,?
Not at a first class hotel. But there
are persons all over Florida living on an
expenditure of-from $1.50 to $2, $3, $4,
and $ 5 a week, and claim that they are
living well. And it is easily seen that
with $500 or less a rental of from $3 to
$6 a month can be paid for a comfort-
able cottage,$100 to $150 for the table,
and a large margin is left in the $500 for
other expenditures for a small family.
Fuel and clothing need cost little in
Florida, you can spend 330 ,:ut of the
355 days in the year out of doors, and
the-exactions of fashion are few. You
who have fixed incomes, be they small
or great, come and try a home ia the
best climate in tlie world.

SUITED TO THE TIMES.

With the low prices of oranges and
farm produce money istlifficult to com-
mand, and to part with $2 or even $1 is
felt by most farmers and orange growers. .


THE RURALIST will just fit that class.
We aim to give an epitome of farm and
grove matters, together with Flbrida
news, gathered during the month and
delivered at your nearest postoffice for
25 cents, and if you will work us up clubs
we will pay you well for it. We expect
many thousands will take the RIURALIST
who never before have taken a Florida
paper. See our premiums. They con-
tain something you want and will have
to pay out money for, and with the RU-
RALIST yOU can get them for nothing.
The price of THE RURALIST for one
year is only the price of ,
Five very poor cigars; or
Five nmougs of beer; or
Average price of one dozen eggs; or
One pound of butter; or
One half grown chicken; or
Two and a half hour's labor; or
One hour's use of horse and' wagon.
Show this list to your nei ghbor, with
a copy of THE RUR-BALIST, and get hit-
"you may send on my name with
the club your are getting up."


SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, 25 CENTS A YEAR


Letters containing remittances or on business
sho-ld be addressed to GE'. W. HASTINGS & CO.,
Publishers.


Contibntions 'for the paper should be ad-
dre-tsel, EDITOR RUR 0.IST.


Adv rtising Rates--$1 per inch each insprtion


This is a sample copy of THE
FLORIDA RURALIST.
This is the only sample copy
that will be sent you. -
It is an invitation to you to sub-
scribe. -
If you are at all interested in
Florida it will pay you to subscribe.
If you get it regularly you will
have to subscribe or somebody for
you.


It will tell -you about general
, farming and orange growing in
Florida.
If you are not living in Florid'a
it will probably make vou wantt o
SEE PREMIUM LIST.

OUR OBJECT,

In commencing the publication of an-
other newspaper in Floi idn. thle public
Will naturally inquire, What are its
aims, its expectations, its obejcts? and
it is proper the public should have a
candid answer.
Primarily, our object is to do good
and make money, which we consider a
laudable one.
Secondly, to advance the agricultural.
horticultural, intellectual, moral and
material interests of the State and of the
town and county in which THE RURAL-
IST is published. This also we consider
laudable.
Thirdly, we hope tomake THE RURAL-
IST a cheap medium of informali)n to
the agricultural and horticultural resi-
dents of the State, of new discoveries in
seeds and plants, methods of cultivation,
results of 'experiments on newly tried
seeds and methods not only, butt to ac-
quaint the people of northern States of
the possibilities of general farming and
stock raising in the pine sandy lands of
Florida, in connection with orange grow-
ing and cotton raising, and in this way
be an instrument of changing our pine
forests into comfortable homes in the
"best climate in the world." By liberal
advertising of THE RURALIST in northern
papers of large circulation we hope to
reach the northern farmers, many of
whom are weary of northern winters, and
need only to be informed of the prob-
abilites of success in general farming in
Florida in connection with orange grow--
ing, to be induced to come and see.
It is not expected to occupy the field
of any other paper anl parciularily our
larger agricultural papers. But there
are thousands of agriculturists in Florida
and adjoining States that do not feel
able to pay $3 for a paper and -who may
be induced to pay 25 cents for twelve


THE FLORIDA RURALIST.





























































T \v._) ^^^ Q ^ B B I ^ ^
of seeds, or t fwo %
Wonderful Pea andoner
ithe most desirable ornamental
Florida.
For $1 received as above we will send
four copies of, TIIE FLORIDA RVRALIST
one year. .
Four 10 cent oreight 5 cent packages
of seeds, or four small packages of The
Wonderful Pea and two Grevilla R c-
busta.
For $5 and a Ilubof twenty subscribers
we will senpd. twenty copies of THE FLOR-
IDA RURALIST one year, and $5 worth of
seeris, advertise 1 to be sent by mail (not
including introductory packages) from
H. G. Hastings' catalogue for 1894 at
cataloglie prices and two budded roses
from Hastings & Wylie's collection.
You can eat, your cake and have it too.

Ind ian red cob corn stands the drouth,
This has been an old time Florida
winter.
Orange trees never looked more pro-
mising at this season of the year.
The business of Interlachen is well re.
presented in its columns but not all of it.
Muck, stable manure and humus of all
kinds are great auxiliaries to chemical
fertilizers.

Sweet potatoes are cheap food for
stock and good food for man. Plant
more of them.

Cow Peas and Beggar Weed should be
Florida's chief reliance for stock foo4
and soil renovation.
Florida has free concerts all thle day
and part of the night. "Listen to the
Mocking bird."


The great depression in the North is
little felt in the South. Lt is compelling,
however, some northern men to sell some
groves at half their value. A grand op-
portunity for men with some money.

Interlachen is no longer a town with-
out children. F the photographers at one time.


FERTILIZERS.

Commercial fertilizers are a great
boon to almost .any farmer, in sooner.
reaching results be it in general farming
or orange growing. But success is pos-
sible without chemical fertilizers by a
slower process, even as did our fathers
before chemicals were ever heard of, and
it will be one of the aimsof the RURALIST
to show the way. We want the expe-
rience of all who have discovered the way.

Every orange grower should have at
least one horse, one cow, one or more
pigs and a flock of chickens. Then lihe
would be a farmer, too, if he raised the
feed consumed on the place, and would
Sbe independent.
t -o .
Tomatoes and other vegetables from
the gaiden right through the winter,


THE FLORI.DA RURALIST.


APRIL, 1894.


- V----------~'


HUSTLERS WANTED.


come is limited and economizifig is nec-
essary. Here little fuel is-required and
that can be had for cost of cutting and
hauling.
Three hundred to $1,000 will purchase
a very comfortable home, with orange
trees already advanced to meet the pres-
ent needs of the family.
Groceries are about the same price as
in the North, freight added. Fish are
5 to 10 cents per pound, sweet potatoes
40 to 60 cents per bushel, and vegetables
can be raised in ,he garden or bought
cheaply. The strawberry season ex-
tends from January to July, and melons,
peaches, pears, etc., continue until or-
anges are ripe.

INTERLACHEN LAKES.

'We have in theenvirons of Interlachen
two lakes of surpassing beauty. "Had
we Lake Lagonda in our city (said a
visitor, mentioning his horre) a million
dol ars would not buy it." L-ke La-
gonda is a copious spring, and not one of
the sources of the Ocklawaha River.
Lake Chipco's shores form a complete
ammphitheatre, and both mirror beauties
of sky and land that it is (tifilicut to con-
ceive of, much less to describe. Mari-
ner's Lake, many times larger is equally
beautiful and has a hard track for a two
mile drive. -

35 CENTS WORTH IN E1,ACH ISSUE.

In the columns of the RURALIST will
befodnd few advertisements, no stories,
no miscellany, no general news. Our
aim is to crowd its columns with m-atters
of especial interest to tdie rural commu-.
nity already in Florida, and to the
friends of residents who wish to know
facts about the State and the practica-
bility of general farming in connection
with orange and fruit growing. We ex-
pect to have in every issue something
that will be worth to every farmer ihe
twelve monthly visits. It will not fill
the place of the home paper, with. its
home department, its serial, its markets,'
etc. But it will be a good paper to send
to friends who have half a mind to come
and see what kind of a place Florida is
foi" a home. We shall send but one sam-
ple copy to non-subscribers. That sam-
ple copy will be an invitation to yo'u to
send 25 cents for a year's subscription
for yourself and ano her 25 cents with
the address of somebody at home in the
North who.you would like to come here.
t

CAN I GE T WORK IN FLORIDA?

That depends. If you are able and


willing to work, you can. I( you are not
very particular what yo-==tir--Thee
price you get, you can. If you are capa-
ble, your employer will soon find it out,
or somebody else will. There is always
room up higher, and a capable worker
soon gets there. If you have some means,
and when out of employment spend your
leisure in making za home, have orange
.trees growing while you sleep, cat the
breed of carefulness and be jealous of the
lossof time,watch expenses, adapt means
to ends, have foresight as well as hind-
sight, be not discouraged at obstacles,
in a few years you will have not only
employment but a competency in Florida.


LEGUM.INOUS PLANTS.
The Massachusetts-Ploughman, than
which there is no better authority, says:
Hay from the legumes (pea vine.) is
twice or more than twice as rich in pro-
tein i as that from grasses. They have
the power of gathering large quantities
of plant food from natural sources.
Many, if not all our common legumes
acquire considerable quanitites of nitro-
gen from the air. Their roots penetrate
deep into the sub-soil, and they thus ob-
tainrplant food fiom depths beyond the.
reach of plants with a smaller root de-
velopment. They have manurial value..-
When the crop is fed, most of the nitro-
gen, phosphoric acid, potash ahd other
fertilizing ingredientsgo into excrement,
liquid and solid, and if preserved make
a rich manure. The large amount of
plant food left behind in stubble and
roots after removal of the crop, furnish
a cheap and valuable store of plant food
for following cops. The be-
gini ers deserve to take a more particular
place in dairy food." Legume.
now serves to form blood, muscles, bone
and milk and its- consequent feeding
value exceeds that of the grasses, corn
fodder, corn stover or straw."
The above extracts would seem to. in-
dicate that hay from legumes (pea hav)
is in the future toreceive mere attention
from the successful farmer,; and that in
this new discovery his barns may be more
easily filled, his manure pile be enriched
and enlarged, his product of milk and
butter increase d. and intensive farming
sooner brought within his reach, and, as
a consequence, an increase of the com-


TOP GRAFTING.

Many farmers who have good orchards
suffer loss by allowing a few trbes which
bear wo:'tIliL-ss fruit to) remain 'year afler
year. Wii-n this pjor fruit is about to
fall the owner resolves to chllane the tops
next spring by grafting, but before the
time comes around he has forgotten his
resolution and the tree remains. This
may be prevented by placing some
permanent mark on them or "blazing"
the spare branches.
Ini inserting the graf:s the common
mistake should be avoided of setting
them out at some distance from the
center, thus allowing much of the de-
fective growth to remain after all, So-
lect shoots never m-)re than an inch or
t.\o in diameter and make short stumps
of them for inserting the grafts. A
round and compact head may thun be
given. If a sufficient number of grafts
are inserted the fruit may be changed
in a very few years from the useless sorts
to the best by this operation. Home
and Farm.

PREMJIUUIS FOse SUBRACII ERS TO
S THINE URALIST.
A We desire a larger circulation among
farmers, horticulturists, truckers and
every other class of people who have a
kitchen flower garden. We want it
quickly and are willing to pay liberally
fur it.
Our terms for THE FLORIDA RURALIST
are 25 centsa year in advance.
For 3 cents received prior to the Ist
of June we \% ill sC.n-l with the RURALIST
SI1 package of tlie Wenderful Pea,
one 10 centt package of


"Success comes to him who waits,"
but it comes sooner to him who hustles.
Florida needs hustlers. Not the hutry,
worry, nervous fellows always in a hurry
but who accomplish nothing, but the
get-up-and-get-there.
There are wonderful possibilities in
this State for those who will take ad-
vantage of opportunities-nay, those
who will make opportunities. "I am
satisfied the South is the place to op-
Serate," wrote a hustling friend of ours
urn from the South, and
or fortunes,
~on the fa4rm
!ho will come
od place for
cp om fortable
homes, that wom, eN.igen ies
and perplexities .of merchantile or a
mafiufacturing life. A good pace for
mechanics who are out of employment,
and have saved a little to begin in life
again, by an acquaintance with the
soil. No danger of freezing or starving
in Florida. If you"have a trade,-a use
for it will be found a part of the time.
If you have some capital and are hustlers
no danger but that. you will succeed. In
the course of time you may get back to
your old employment where you are, by
waiting; but with grove and farm 30o11
may be on the wav to a comfortable old
age wilh a competency, by hustlingr
here where the competition is not as
rreat as in the over crowded cities of the
North, and hustlers are not so common.

GRAPE FHUIT OR POMELO.

This fruit is little. known in the North
outside of a few cities. To eat it was
formerly considered a fad. The taste,
like that of the tomato, had to be ac-
quired. But the present season the de-
mand has been far greater than the sup-
ply. The price has 1uled some 2 per
cent. above the oranges, and the pomelo
isbecoming a necessity. To those who
acquire the taste tt becomes to the morn-
ing meal almost as indispensable as the
cup of coffee and beside the grape fruit
the orange tastes almost insipid. The ,
manner of eating it is to cut transversely
(a half one is sufficient for a meal) and
with a driving of sugar eat with a spoon,
(One method is to squeeze the juice from
the half fruit into a large saucer, and
drink, or eat the juice with a spoon, as
may be to one's liking, and with or
without sugar. The pulp is also cut up
and served at tea as sauce, after stand-
ing a few hours in sugar.
The grape fruit has come to stay, and
the men who have groves of it are for-
tunate indeed. It scarcely takes fifty


to make a box,and it brings more than a
boxcf 200 oranges.
It is a tonic. It helps digestion. It
removes a bad taste in the mouth. It
destroys the cholera bacilli, and its use
is becoming very fashionable, and after
learning to tike it, a necessity.

FIVE VILLAGES.

Interlachen is the center of four vil-
liages in aradiusof three miles. Morris-
ville on the east, Keuka on the west,
Mariners' Lake on the north and Pleasant
Valley on the south, and all of these
villages will have mention in the present
or future numbers of THE RURALIST.

FIXED INCOMES.

By which we mean persons deriving
an income from bonds, stocks, mort-
gages, annuities, etc., and are not de-
pendent upon salaries or labor.
To that class Interlachen has special
inducements, particularly when that in-


forls and enjoyments of life.
Amoqg the common legumes, field
peas, beans, clover, alftira, be-g, yeaL ,
in fact any plant that produces a spl)lii
seed, a portion only are adapted to
soil and climate of Florida, but the field,
(cow) pea seems es:,cci.illy adapted to
our tlhin soil and hot climate, and in its
mosG productive varieties are found the
road to success in general farming and
stock raising. CombIned with orange
growing, agriculture and horticulture
are as promising in Florida as in any
State in the Union.

NOT A BOOMER.
Interiachen is not a boom town. With-
out booming it has grown into a commu-
nity" of so!id citizens. TiHE RUALIST is
not issued to boom any one interest. I's
columns are open to all enterprises in
harmony with the aims and objects of
the paper-thile advancement 6' the hor-
ticultural,*agricultural, moral and intel-
lectual interests6"f the town and State
.and to. slow the desirability and possi-
bility of general farming and -orange
growling in combination, even on pine
sand lands.







_---11~5 11 II L 1:-I ___


-^*-- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ J V*- Lb* A* Ad U .. -. __ ^


I


We make the largest and hardest brick made in Georgia.
We can take oie of our softest burned brick-andt t -;
drive a tenpenny nail through an irch balr!.d
Write for Prices. Daily Capa ity;' i
....1. ..p
w : .1. Tf. .. :1! :;i~, ,,,,,vmdw i .


w..IH8LL C'O
(ESTABLlShED187L .)
Sanford, Florida.
THE fVOiLESALE ItOUSE FOR
Hardware, Stoves


S Door, Sash, Blinds


Manufacturers of the
:Pas e' t eo adlc'e ,
80 i r 1.ad er
-- ....

Orange Groves, Fire Protectors, -Painters, etc.

Cheapest House in the SLtate fObr umps, Iron Pipes,,
Spr ying and Irri. atinr Ontfits, l0l[nnhig._
< s l i((ii^<."., a

S'URE DEATH!


rTO


.:IE. PX EPLn


___


Extract of Tobacoo.


Guaranteed to Kill all Kinds of Insects, such as Scal
Red Spiders, Cutworms, Cabbage Worms, etc.


: l3 o : 3:E 1 7 7 N'o PaLV--:

ULcuiStille Spirit-Cure TobaCcoCU.,
LOUISVILLE, KY.
M O. PAINTEi & CO., STATE AGENTS,
DeLANO. FLA.

For Lowest Prices -


Seal Presses, Stencils Brass Checks
And all Kinds of Rubber Stamps
Write to No L. E0 4 BROS., DLand7 1&a.
^.' ^
d'-.


. ApnR, IS-


Lee Co., in the interior and to Tarpon
Springs on the gulf coast; 23 of the 36
stations report frost during the month.
The frost of the 18th was the most ex-
tensive, being reported by 17 stations.
Following are places and dates of
frosts:-Amelia, light, 5th, 6th, 26th;
killing, 16th; Archer, -5th-, 17th, 26tb,
27th; killing, 6th, 16th; Federal Point,
light, 5th; Green Cove Springs, light, 6th,
7th, 25th, 26th; killing, 4th, 15th, 16th.
Jacksonville, killing, 5th, 6th, 26th.
Lake City, ligat, 5ch; killing, 6th, 26%
27th; Orange Park, killing, 6th, 16lth;-
St. Augustine, killing, 5th, 16th; Brooks-'
ville, light 4th, 15th, 16th, q11h, 27th;
Eustis, light, 16th, 27th; Homeland,
light, 16th, 17th, 27th; Kissimmee, light,
26th; Ocala, light, 6th, 16th; Orange City,
light, 27ih; Oxford, light 5th, 6th, 16th,
17th, 27th; Plant City, light, 16th, 17th,
27th; Tampa,, light, 27th; Tarpon Springs,
light, 16th; Titusville, killing, 16ch" near
Myers in Lee County, killing, 16th, 17th,
27t1h; Mosely Hall, light, 7th, 17th, 27th"
killing. 5th, 6th, 26th; ice on dates of-
killing frosts; Tallahassee, killing, 5th,
6th, 16th, 26th.
PRECIPITATION.
The mean precipitation, 2.33 inches
-isabout half an inch below tie Feb-
ruary average for Florida. The rainfall
was hef.vy in the western portion and
light in the eastern and southern sect-_
ions, ranging from 11.19 inches at Talla-
hassee to 0.02 of an inch ai. Key West
I Tallahassee also reports the greatest
Amount in any 24 consecutive hours, 3.90
inches on the 21st. Average number of
clear days, 12; partly cloudy, 10; cloudy,
6; rainy, 7. .

Temperature.
.* : ^ -
STATIONS. a "



Amelia ........ ..... 7319 311X 64.6 49.3.57.0
richerr .... ........ 85,10132"X 173.350.161.7 104.88
Brooksville....... 8j1 i I I 15 70 8 52.8 G 8.7 3421
Clermo t........... 1 3716 74 0 3 1 64 0 6 1.82
DeLaud ............. 87 X135 X 73-851.6627 4 .....
Eustis ................ S-X 73516p I .953 .i642 6 1 0 98
Grasmere ....... 83 i0 34 16 71.9 53 3 64 4 113
Green Cove Sp'g 79 10 33 15',67 3 45 1157.7; 1 88
Homeland ............ 8iX! a 1 75.8 52.1 .66 .7 4
Jaeksonvi l 0... ... S0,1033 X]i7.4 5:, t 5.4|64 2 3.4
Jupiera Poi........ 83[ 3;0-34 16 7.0 6. 0 6l.25. 9 02.1
Ke. Weste......... 82 3 27i6. 55167.4 63.872.2 1 3,06

Kissimmee ........ 8310 34 16 78 6 55 066. 8 4 1.40
Loke Cit .......... 778 0 31 16 69.6 53 1 8. 1 945
Jacksonville...... 80, p.0,,33X 9i. 5',j2s 58 .4.,.3-1
Ju ierr *ts l ..and.. 8"-'1.3 126276.01.590 6S.5 3 0.2t
orey est lla..... 82 3055866. 67.8 150,0
Mullnietey ........ 85X [4015|8655 0.06.6S 432 t.40

k M y .......... 0 31 4 66 9 17 6. 4 5
aNaewe....a....... 82"23 39|1 7|7.8 521 962. 4 1.426
MO sel H aillb....... 87 1X 3 10 8 61 ... 6.:.; 4S ._i8 15 .....

"Ocalab .... :........... 81: 21 3]2 16! ... .. I.. ...|.i.O 511.43
Ora~nge Ci, y ....... 86'14 33 27,7." 8 49.8 62 81 3'0.48
Oandob............ S6 .i. 3i 15 75.4 54.11 8, 7 0.9S
Oxford b ............ 80. X- 3 16.....It..... 15. 71 7 I 83


Pensacola ....... 71 18,29 16 6t.li47 1 5.1 17 9 22
Plant CtMy......... 86 X 33 16,78.1 52 6 (l5.45 1.98
,St., Augustine.... 81 14 ,,31 I 70 0 4-.1|59,0' 7. 1.C6I
St. Petersburg ... 82 11,i38 16 74.3 55.7:65 001.90
Tampa ... ........ 80 l2i 16 73.4155) 7, 4.66 92.73
Tallahassee....... 77-19'2.S 16 61 4 .6 51.315 ......
Tarpon Sprlngs. 85 14 36 i,16,74.354.2 61 2, 7 1.92
Titu-ville *.. 81!22 3.5 1673 6 S54.8 61 2: 410.45


I ILPE AND UNRIPE BANANAS.
Whether for' shipment or home con.
sumption the fruit is cut as soon as it
is ''full"-that is, when it has reached
its adult form and size, but is still quite
green. The plant is cut off by a single
blow of a machete wiI'lded by a powerful
arm. As it falls the bunch is caught,
lopped off and laid aside, while the har-
vester goes on to the nex launch. It is
a -popular supposition that bananas
6'ripened on the tree" are incomparably
Superior to those cut green. But as a
matter of fact one never eats them thu
ripened in Jamaica, They are said no
to be so good; at all events, one finds no
better fruit in texture or flavor than
the best of our own markets. But every
lover of this fruit knows that its qual-
ity varies extraordinarily as it is offered
to us. This is due partly to the different
sources from which it comes. The best
that is brought to us comes from Ja-
maica. It is also due still more to the
condition of the fruit when cut. Ba-
inanas which are perfectly full will ripen
mellow and delicious; but those cut when
immature, as too many are, will turn
yellow, yet never truly ripen, retaining
always their hard texture and unripe
taste. In Jamaica, as elsewhere, the
competition of buyers leads the unscru-
pulous ones to accept fruit of any sort,
even when totally unfit, and this sort of
competition makes all the more unavail-
ing the effortss of1 honest buyers to raise
the standu.rd and to teach the people
towithhold their fruit until it isproperly
S developed. Americans can give mora
support to these efforts by accepting
only such fruit as is mature at any
price. A little pains ,ill- on :.able-
one to distinguish g-oof1--.-J'A10bfr-tlIt
t -, ffkh;f i, Mts: fi]ult .t5; gi0ye i genera-t.
h M .tD 410 tt"ffdeeret n
-thetAtihm Ces
P-01",17"-aa -i vl... be found that
-t| e tu h-arest, deepest 3el-
tQ1_4-;i.t argulr are the most ma-
tu re and best.-James E. Humphrey, in
the Popular Science Monthly for Febru-
'"" aIN. ," "
FLO1:IDA IN MID-^ INTER. \
- This report is based upon observations
taken during February, 1894, at 35
stations, representing 23 counties of the
State. T ER-U-. .
'I'EMPER vrmiE. .


)Prieto-'rs


Paints, Leads, Oils. Brick
S..Lime, Cement, Iron, Lead
ver and Fire-Olay Pipes, -
And all Building Materials.


Sev


*
*^-


The T mean temperature for February,
63.6 degrees, is Nabout two degrees below
the normal (C4.7) for the State.
The warm period occurred during the
2nd and 4:1h weeks when nearly all thff
highest temperaturesfq' the month.were
. recorded; the ldwest temperatures were
registered during the 1st and 3rd weeks.
The wvarmwst weather of the month
entered about the lOth and the coldest
about the IG6h. The greatest monthly
range of temperature, 53 degrees, occur-
. .. t,-,\ ... .. .. .-. \,...... ,,-d. ; 1..


S





t=u U. gL 2. Ln 'i- ~K OU TWO or more day s.
least, 27 degrees, at Kel West; the great- th 0day-
C, e Weather.30 daysv--mnximum temperature. 23.
est daily range, 41 degrees, was observed minimum temperature, 28 days.
n ~ b Eye observations dry thermomdteter.
at Orlando and the least, 2 degrees, at E.R. DEMAIN. Dir pefor.
Orange Park and Tallahassee. Kissim- Jacksonville, Florida. March 15th, 1894.
mee-reports the highest mean maxi-
mum temperature, 7&6, and Pensacola IoS Jar.
the lowest, 61.1. The highest mean How to make a rose jar the incense
minimum temperatre, 7.8, occurred bearer it should be.insteadof the sad
minimum W es andte lowes, 4occurreddisappointment it generally proves, may
at Key West and the lowest, 45.6, at be of interest to my readers. The chief
Tallahassee. The highest temperature, secret of success in the preparation of a
86 degrees, occurred at Orange City, Or- jar of this kind, lies in having the rose
lando and Plant City, and the "lowest, petals perfectly dry, before placing them
in the jar. If the slightest moisture is
2S at Mosely H1all and Tallahassee, ? "n Jare the slightest moistu i
2S at Mosely Ucll and lTillahassee, present, the petals are certain to mould.
making the monthly range for the After carefully drying them, sprinkle a
State 58 degrees. For the State:-moan little salt on each layer, as it is arranged.
maximum, 72.1; mean minimum,. 53.0; in the jar, and every ten days add a
mean rane, 19. and mean6..dteaspoonfulofualchohol. Keeplethe jar
meanrn 1 a tightly closed until it is well filled -wii1
OnST. the petals, and then when it is desired
Frost occurred as far south as 'Titus- ume roo. reve t
vleonth east coast; as fa otharoma to esca.-Exchange.
ville on the east coast; asfar 6ou'th W" change. "


THE FLORIDA R;URALIST.


Bricklw,


BFie$~


S~Iic~ie:I


FL_ RT IVER IKCK CO.,


CRHUGER & PACE,' -- Prc
ALBANY, GEORGIA.


1 -.L -- -


If youare troubled -with Red Spider or other destucti!*
S insects, Write for pamphlet regarding our


' Rose Leaf








;C ~ -1 I I I L I 1 -- L- _C ~ LCII I ~_~_~T I ~ _I _I ~I _-~--LC~


carefully oere, cre cf ifhe Io. t we, o
killing out the hce is to wash the boxts
altl-over with coal oil and tl (n eft fire to
itf ard let it burn off. TLis is a litt'fe
more trouble than washing either with
coal oil,whitewesh or carbolic acid wash,
but it is also more effectual.
With sitting bens, whenever the chicks
are'batched out the nestssbould be thor-
oughly cleaned out. and fr:sh material
supplied before usirg tILe nreEt aaain.
The nests should be protected over-
head, and csprcially so i in the saDIe
room with bthe roests in crder to keep
them clean. Comfortable nesls is an
important item in thb marag. n.rnt of
poultryeand it will pay to take a little
pains to provide.-Fruit Growers' Jour-
nal.
The Wonderful Cow Pea makes gene-
ral farming and stock raising practi-
cable on sandy pine lands.
The Pensacola Lumber Co. is doing a
rushing business, having sol l over
60,000 feet of Lumber during the past
six weeks. Their rapidly increasing busi-
ness has forced them to move their busti-,
ness and yards ain part to Buena Vista.
Tiey now have a cargo on the way of
100,000 feet of lumber, and ar carry ing
in their yards not le-s than 50 000 feet
at any time, also an assortment of sash,
doors and blinds.
Deafness Ciannot be cared
by local applications, .as they cannot!
reach the diseased portion of the ea,
There is only one way to cure DeafiI(s9
and that is by constitutional remedies-
Deafness is caused by an i: flamed co;
edition of the mucous lilin-e rf the E3
tachian Tube. When this tube gets inc
flamed you have a rumblinm- sound C.!
imperffct hearing, sudt w hFn ift is er--
tireiv closed Deafness is the result, a.nd
unless the inflamation can 'ie taken cut
and this tiibe rpstorted to-is nr rmal c.?'n-
dition,hearing will he demt oy.d foreve;"
nine cases out of ten are CepJs,- by
catarrh, wehi,-li is nothir.z bnt ?n m.
flanked condition of thema1 nm1 s1d '.1-c1,.
WVe will ive One lHtnidre D Ilors fr
any case of D-*afne's (saud h en 'arnh)
that. cannot ne cure'i by HHll's-*Catarrh
Care. -Send for circn'irs, frp.
FJ. CHEN Y C ., T.ledo, 0..
AWp"Sold. byv Drieists, 75.




And School of Shorthand, Trl-
angular E1c ck, M aco r, C<*
The grand work being done by ihis
College in preparing young ladies and
young gentlemen f >r the successful man-
agement ,f business affairs and in secur-
ing for their graduates the most honora-
hie and !uc'ative employment, aInd bas
brouisht froth the admi'ration of all wlio


appreciate tI;e value of a school which
c rries out its obligations. ..
Here, m:Av be ha1 a most thorough
course of instruction in the Shorthard
and Commercial Departm nls. This
scbool now rivals the oldet BnsimF as
Colleges of the North, for being equirg
ped with an able corp' ni teclser- lc -
all the b(tN r mfthods. Wity should n.-t
; person be as thorough after gruiuatlg
there as they would be should they
spend about four times the -mount of
money in going cff to some distaLt-
ichool?
Their terms are within the reach of
all. This school maintains a fult att r.d-
ance ba-ed ,rpon its merits and hbsnt ver
practiced any of the ca chy schemes
used by some schools for tie utrpo0e of
keeping their school fail. Their best ad-
vertisements are theie numereu grrdu- .
-ates now holdinie positions. 01 the mary
Business Colileges* now bidine' f,.rtLe
patronage of the public, this Cuillg, has
gained a better reputation for thorough-
npsci than any other in the State.


U1RE E WE8E Al1.LE&,FAU.
Best Cough Syrup. 'Tates Good. Use
in time. Sold by drogists.
.1 -,,I.-r. _


E


ArtL 1894.


composedof and what they contained,
every poultry raiser would .have to* tell
where he kept his hens and what they
were fed on. Eggs which are Tai 1 by hens
properly fed, have one-third more nour-
ishment than those which are laid by
liens whose existence is a daily scramble
for something to eat. Tne lawi of nature
works with the hen in the same way it
does with beef, mutton, and other meats.
An e4g is an egg, and beef is beef, but
steak cut Irom our Florida beeves sells
for 10cents a pound, while Western beef
brings 18 and 20 cents. Why ? Because
it is better and contains more nourish-
ment; the cattle have been fed on the
best food. It is the same with vegetables.
Those grown on rich soil are worth
double those grownon poor lande; every
one knows the difference. It is the same
with eggs. Good, clean feel, mak s the
hens lay heavier, richer, more wholesome
aud more nourishing eggs than they
would under other circumstances.
Amelia Island being right on the sea,
is cool in the summer. There is plenty of
oyster shells, good markets and good
transportation facilities and has a very
healthful climate.
All poultry yards should be large
enough to let one half of them be used at.
a time, so that tbe other half may be air-.
ing. Half of a yard should be sown with
grain and turnips. This gives the hen
plenty of green food, which is very essen-
tial for egg producing. Besides that, it
gives them clean, fresh ground to scratch
in, which helps to ward off disease.


PLEASANT VALLEYr
As its name indicates is a pleasant
valley and lies souThwest and adjoining
Interlachen. The valley is well advanced
by the improvement of well-to-do people
who year by year are making more and
more attractive homes.

Every person who reads this copy of
THE FLORIDA MURALIST, knows one or
three or nineteen others who will join
them with 25 cents each, foi the cheap.
(st information in rgard to the grove,
i .rm, the kitch-n and fl wer garden
shed, and they will all get their
y back. Se Premium List.

LOBIDA POULTRY RAISING.

obably no business can be carried
on so successfully with a small capital.
and no business which will return such
profits to the investor for the amount
invested as raising poultry. And it
would be hard to find a place better
suited for this business than Amelia Is-
land.
One with a very small caoitalecan m ke
a good living here. With $25 00 one may
buy 50 good hens, and some roosters.
These hens will lay and hatch 500 chictks.
Supposing one quarter of these fails to
mature, the investor would have 875
chicks. Now allow one half of these for
roosters and you have 187 hens which
will begin to lay.
If properly fed, six months from being
hatched, the male chiCkens sold will pay-
for food to bring the pullets to laying
pggs. Now, supposing you get eioht
-dozen eggs a d(lay, at 20 cents a dozen,
you will have $1.60 a day. Dedud 25
cents a day forfeed and it wiltleave $1.35.
The best writers on the subject and those
who have had experience say that hens
properly cared f'or will net $2 50 a year.
Supposing that 187 hens, properly fed
and cared for yield $2.50 a head npt for
one year. The annual income from these
hens will be $467 50.
These results have been reached many
a time and can be again, but care and
good judgment are necessary. You inust
have the best breeds. Foreggs, the best
chickens are: Bx*:)wn Leghorns, White
Leghorns, Black Minorcas and Plymou h
Rocks. The Leghorns and Minorcas do ,
not set for tan first two years,- but are
good for the table. Plymo th Rocks

and other breeds, in fact. all fowls raised
for profit should be kept in yards, from
ten to fifteen in a yard. Twenty by thir-
ty feet is plenty large enough. I? con-
venient, chickens shoul.'be let our half
an hour each davy to pick green grass and
for exercise. "
Give them plenty of green food, meal


and gravel. I give them whole grain
twice a day, oats, wheat, and corn, in
this proportion: One quart of corn, four
of wheat and four of oats. They should
have plenty of fresh water. Their houses
for roosting should be up from the
ground and free from draughts. The
perches or roosts must be kept painted
with coal tar. If this is done every six
months it will keep off the vermin.
Hens should never be allowed to lay
eggs in their houses. Put boxes in the
yard and then you can move them. Let
them lay on the ground under the boxes.
Never keep a ben over two years. Keep
young ones-if you want eggS. Ilens kept
in yards and fed on good, wbolt some food
are preferable to those which run about
and gobble up everything that is loose.
Hens are the filthiest fowls in the world;
the buzzard cannot hold a Candle to them
in this regard, andhe eggs and flesh are
affected by the food a hen eats. If con.
amars of eggs realized what eggs are


would
kitchen and flower garden,^ cure
school privileges, ia a well established
Atown, and in cultivated society.

The Texas Farm & Rinch is an ideal
farm, stock, and home p.per.
You need not stop at a club of two, or
four, or twenty. Additions can be made
at any time.


One hundred carloads of oranges from
Inter:achen's infant groves this season.
They are young but smart.
"Few publications" slid a Northern
reader, "have so able a corps of contrib-
utors as the Florida Agricultural
papers.'
Read the article on Leguminous Plants.
If you are a farmer it will be worth five
dollars to you this year. It will cost you
only 2 cents. ,-
N1 orange grower, trucker, farmer, or
resident in Florida can well bff >rd to be
without the I{iRALIST. Stnd 25 cents to
the publishers.
St will raise? a-
mium List.
d have i


thae com-






some of the enj >yments experienced here.
of the .eatesT winter not toell all abouthern
Floridaders. SendThat would be too big a con-r.
Whytract. Bivert its publishers willthroug ain to tellh
the truth about Florida, wich is better.? -
With evnumbery club, of two or more you
somget the 2 monthly viments experienof THE FLORIDAe.
The RURALIST and the full value of yabourt
Flmoney in seeds ant would plane too big-. a conPrem-



ium List.
tract. But itsT will advise no one toell
Stpurchase lands Florida, town lotshch in Florida.
without seeing themryclub, orf two orh more yough
gettheir own agents, wy visitsofTHE FLknow.RIDA
BRUying property ighe f unseen is like otrad-
money in seeds andsight unseen. Don't doPrem-
u.. .. L ist. -- -









Swish their northern friends to know
about the UALState, will do thvise handsome to
purchase lands or town lots in stamps Florida
s Without seeing themss or buyigf their friendsrough
or their owu agents, whom send the moneyow.
SBaying property sigh unseen is liketrard
ing jackknives sight unseen. Don't- do


,-wish their no 'rthern friends to know
about the State, will do the handsome
thin: by inclosing 25 cents in stamps' or
silver'. with the addres.3 ef their friends,
.for the R URALIST. You send the money
and we will do the rest..
This number of the RURALIST will reached
a-good many people in the North. If you
like it, and want to know more about
Florida and its possibilities in orange
growing in connection with stock raising
and general farming; inclose 25 cents to
the publishers, or what is better, get
some one to j >in you and send 50 cents.
Better still. Get three others to join you
and send $1. One dollar is so easily sent
I -a letter. ,- i


J. B.


For Little Chicks.


Millet seed makes one of the best feeds
for 3 young chickens as soon as they are
old enough to pick u) the grains. With
young fowls as well as older ones, more
or less grain is necessary to secure the
best thrift, and millet seed is usually
cheap enough to feed to a good advan-
tage. Cracked wheat is another good
return for growing chickens, and cracked
sorghum seed can be used in tIhe same
with corn meal and wheat, equal parts,
scalded well with milk but not made
sloppy, is another g-)od ration, and is
better than corn meal alone. "'Sale
bread soaked in milk and squeezed until
reasonably dry is another good feed. It
is a good plan in feeding to keep a vessel
filled with sweet milk where they can help
themselves. Cadre must be taken to not
allow the mi k to get sour, as it may in-
duce diarrhea. Curd is good, but is
better relished by young turkeys than
chickens. ,
The Nests*.
In nearly all cases if they can be se-
cured, boxes make the best nests, ap,
with a little trouble in arranging them,
they can be fixed so that they can be
taken down readily and cleaned. As the
nest is one of the worst places for the
breeding and thriving of lice, it is import-
ant that the nests be fixed so that they
can be cleaned readily. They should be
placed near the floor for two reasons.
One is, that if properly arranged they
can be made more comfortable, while
they can also be made more convenient
for the hens. The nests should be made
as comfortable as possible, and yet not
so deep that the hens will be obliged to
jump down on the eggs in order to get
into the niests.
Clean, dry straw makes the .best nest
material. PUt a few stems of tobacco in
the bottom of the nests and the straw
placed over them will hdlp materially in
keeping out the lice. -But even with this,
it will be best to take the nests out and
clean out the material and barn it. If


fTHE FLORIDA RITTRALIST,





.- .4w


C. A. BRUSH,


INTERLACHEN

Real- Estate agency.
BEARING ORANGE GROVES,
$nia l Orargp- Groves. Lirge 0-ane G-roves,
Dwel ifig fIo-'es Cit gs aMil Unni-
proved Prolpei tl in and a-on 1 Illn-
(eilach-ati, V1 1til ln Co.,
Florida. by
LOTT ALLEN. REAL ESTATE AGENT
INTERL\CIIEN. FLiA.


INTERLACHEN

Liveryand Sale Stables,
JOSHUA R. CONE, Proprietor.
Hors-s BT-inlift and Sol 1. andl PeardAd by
the Dy or Wt ek, Live v T r. t s for
Exoinesion armiess tY all .
Pla es ol lIee:t
AT REASONABLE RATES.

O. S. WH 1PP, M D.
6 DEALER IN

I S Medicines, Oils,
Varnish, Paints, Brushes,
Fancy Articles, Fine Perfumery
INTERLACHEN, .FLA.



Ban folfdi -h.-
.


CONFECTIONERY, BREAD, PIES, AND

CAKES, SCHOOL BOOKS,

ETC., ETC. .. .-,
.
INTERLACHEN, FLA.

W. I. MANN,
DEALER IN
Dry Goods, Groceries,
Sho s, Notions,
HAY GRAIN FERTILIZERS,
HARDWARE, ETC.,
3%lANIV3LE, FLA.
POSTMAN TER,
RAILROAD and EXPRESS AGENT.

ORANGE NURSERY.
Orange eroves m:ide a(ndl cared fi)r.
Ora-wie and vg. tihle loand, well locate o1,
for silein small and lar-e lols.
Everything guaranteed to be as repre-
s~ntc-d, "


New York Exchange Bought and Su!d.
Collections a Spcialty.
x" o


C. L. Yates,


Corner Boylston St. and Tropic Avenue,
Interlaohen, Fla.

Lumber, B ick and Lime For Sale,


'APRIL 1894.


~


FLANM VILLB, DR. LENTE ON'9 E CLI3IMTE OF
FLORIDA.
For the RURiALIST:
AUOUT FLON.1-A. rk..
our,.,A We insrt short extracts from a letter
It is fortunate lor the United Sates of Dr. Latte on the climatclogy uf Flor-
that it has a Florid-i-aland between the id,:
seas whose frui's aud climate can in O ''With regard to thewinterclimateand
part of the world be sopa.ssed. It is its wonderfully strange to; know that a undet-rstan!ingl'., .haviua- treated hun-
land sc possss .d id. so niw to so enter-. dreds fi easts sent me by physicians all
pristng a p-'o!,lI as nPr, fou-nd iliro)ughIut .over the eountr., and having conversed
0h' N rtth, but this may boce?.eunt;ed for with a great na, y highly intelligent pe-.
by theestrauments caused [y he r, pl,', who have trav-l.d the world over in
anid by the further ict. that a p:opl, -a.
y e h etory -f the race shows, incline t search o(f hea lth, and whose v-rdiet is
move wesrward and on about their mn-reapt to be uubias(ed than my owr,
na ive latitude, or that of any one whose inter't lies in
One who sppnds a winter inFlridn, one country or in any oaty. Almost
whose home is in tho North w'twre th o o
rigor of winter is so hard, speciallyy to without exception, I think I may safy
the aged or infirm, will readily see what say without any esxptior, this verdict
he has gained to his conmf. rt and his life. li has bien hatt the winter climate of Flor
The anit Saniard t ida. is far superior !o that of any of the
on these sA.res, bt-fo)re i fie l.tyiar of (he ul,ual rp.qor's of E irone or ATia.
foundation of "he old fort and St. Aueus usl rsor o E roe or A
tine, had some foundation for ti.e i.sa It is diffi ult to convey a definite idea
there must be a tonutaia into 'which if ofthe ibeury of the elmateand its fit'ass
one plune, decay would nt only. be ar- for the treatment of certain disease.
rested but at so~lute ypuith would C(;,.Ue .
back to the failing body on accent cf The erudite and aecomplis hd editor of
age. Doubt klss what gave rise to this ila Copeland's Mcdi.ja Dictionary truly sa s:
was the res oration oi ph'-ysical vigor. "The climate of FYosiJa is wholly pPcii-
-which reanir.tesaa na- i t-,is climae liar." Oe must remain here atleast
with its concomitants. ifcbin the last
few years the tide frIm the North l.a. through one winter to appreciate it. It
begun to fl.-)w his way wh-n the 2old is quite deff rent from that of any other
blasts of winter drove them to closer ISjtuthern State, and one may Feea rea-
quarters than thov liked. -
When the rvel reachs Jckonvil'e son for this f be ill examine its tbpog-
following outthedis.ipo-iti-n of bumali'ty raDby. Juttinug out, as it does from the
when in motion to go to the end, toey main body cf this country, in ae.. mnari
continue down the c'eoat whern they tire lively narrow s'r'p, not ov.r a hundred
told is the natural hbome c-f fil the trop- miles across theOp+ninula, t here is no
ical fruits, to the fab"Md laDiian R ver
country-arnywhere to getc the Mgrua est portion that is not movie or IPss ifluenced
railroad haul cutcof thnm. A- a cotse- by the breezes from the Gulf or the
quence the eastern c-Jas towns are over- Oc.an, ptesentiig many features of a'
ran., -thehighest, pr-ceF a aro id-.Thsularciim.-xe. Thimay paiv (p)an whby,
for "the vtry poorest acc-mmnodations w.-r i
and many who are in Florida for their when a tempetur-e of 85' or 90 is al
-health are driven ba-k sooner than theCy most intolerable, at certal,3 seasons of
should go ( account of their meanat; cf ,the vear .i ether S-atets, it is, quite co-
being sUffliri to met 4 tuch extrava- forable here
Sga8tt pi,:, --rtable ere
The in nef central -art of Ithe S:af e
ab I LL IT FLORIDA.
abounds in'stu-t, t y piu f r(-sts h;s h are sI k I lOIhA. are
constau.fy ireihiu u the ilere It has the most suitablee climalein
witl the liAx f rs,.gA uce so hetug a
life giving. Lo kiugr on a map oP will the word.
Pepe Paika situated on ,the St,. ,Jhns It is a health resort for ibhcuFands.
River %hili is rpachf.d y-F rceon naviga.
tr on ann frm wbinh b,-FIt, id S)uthpru Ithas 34,713.600 acres of solid land,
Rair Road pluns westwar, intao hedeep and 4.400 f-quaro miles of water.
pine forest, a. iak, oi wcldious It has 1200 miles f sea coast
beaut and thoh orage roves yet 200 iles c A cosr.
in their inianc,, bui ch'e already are. It has nineteen large rivers, with a
bponninnto p ,.-k hsome <;fthe money total in:iand nav!ga!iin of more than
they have cot. S.nioni and villges 1.000 miles.
aredo'ted al. alonuon b his ,oad. A mon "
them Mannville may be m0 .:ionpd which it has 1 500 miles of railroad.
is sixteen miles west r,-n, l'Ii k ', and l i r s ra b or-
is one of the e.ost d(..i:'able places to 1 prcdues sxty million bushels of or-
sepnd th. winter. ages annually. ,
Of all F orida, there s no.t more than It produces more than one.half the S'a
one acre in f.,rty w, It )dnp~cd t0 the +r. ,c
growth of cra-ngosrnn. wicTpit. is thkn land coton crcp of the Uaited States.
into a, c i-nt t, t the pc'lula ion 8f ther It raises the finest oranges, pineapples,
U,:irdSt.,tof., must.obtain lh+:ir su,,rply .an c:coanu's in the world.
+(if th is d 1 c io -u f u,.i i. :o .t y fro m F lo r- .i..
ida and C ,liorni, it wiil at (once appear It exports annually immense quanti-


h.bow valuatlethbe ru-.r ndof tlimsSIa.e ties of early v.g-.tables.
must hi, e ,m, op cia! whoeL ir. it found Hl c.p
as herm in t;'iost tilh v i -ir spt in N It P0ossesses millions of ac:es of timber
the woild. Orange L',: w\vh c! now trees. -
may be uit at from t5 upwi e its naval stores are exbaustless.
w,)rth th, ir LUtsdrfds in but 0 ,f,-w Xea~ts..
MAlanrvilie asa .plae to pond the winter It. has sexten-ive herds of cattle, and
has n' ,j 'iup ,rir view.- .i-n a h1*l7 h t jillion of acres of Das.urage.
g"viig a:.d ucon,-mic stand pfoit. t:v:y
, of the grov..s.f from five t..)tn res ;r I It isL the best cuntry11 in the world for
now o'-, nrd by intr! ,ra mpn who spend raising suwar-cae& and lice..
their winters her, thy as eard fo-r by It procduces 200 different varieties of
the honest ]aborer wh-^. home i- here.
Atl the sm.elae 'fruis, vegetables woods-moye than any other State in the
etc., grow here- to great ptrfc- UnionD "
tion, and will soonernr lt r h c.,nned Its fisheries are extersive and their
a.,,d biei ped t?'.rp1aees n,11 ,-a kets wh% h e 1i
cannot h o ro an ,ed "vi h s. p-ri.a j possibilities are without limit.
fruti T. to eip izens of aid inL tf'n v i,,ity It 1 x;,or-ts InIr-ntan half a miriion dol.
of Ma, nvill are riis Tpin le lars' worth f fine sponges every year.
Pr1)eaching and S~i')dl'.,v s,'!so:,l p^r+ had --.
each Sunday. P.:t 'nfi:-r. 1,n1 si express I :s mineral springs are fountains of
company snp.ly t he.s wants of fhe p.Peo- healino.
ple. Persons f Nf .innul reputationown a
propatyr and spend tneir wmatfri here. Its ppulaion has ineroaspd seventy
Capt. Minn the proprietor f the v"illaap, p.-r cent. within the last 14 years.
has a lar,.,e home wi,;ch ii ever ,,l)'i to hsdob, henmlr0itrubc
p p ea, jcme <, / It has doubled rbh numbirrof itsr public
people M.hobe eck the boiwfl'R of iiia lo"
cality, being amron tte old t and bes' h >ois arid Ihe c-tmmon Echool attetnd-
informed settlers can give any detirpd in- ancJ in the las, four yea. .,
formation as to any section of tb State. It has the richest beds of phosphate in i
MnaeLERoY WILEY.Fla thewrld.
Mgannvitle, Fla. the world.'-. ..


LOTT ALLEN,-Jr.,
:WZ" M.csr Axxcd ,:WVa. &..

GROCERIES, ".

Dry Goods. Boots. Shoes,
Hats and Notions,
.INTERLACHEN, FLA..'
INTERLACHEN, FLA,.


P. H. EWING,
DEAL.E4 IN

General MIerchandise,
C,;r. Prospect and Bjyls:on Sts..,
INTERLACHEN, FLA.
Gricerie-,
HIIa 1are, .t ,tves,
B ott atd Sh,.es, Ci(,ling,
IIats and cops. and l all ticl s usually
kepr, in a \illue >tore.


THE H. G. HASTINGS CO'S Does a General Banking Business.


GO TO -

John C. Bowden

FOR FIRST CLASS

Northern Meats.


.LORIDA B PAPERS FREE
We will send You the ",South Florida
llome,"ti-.r,-e i,. uto on trial fortencentsand
insert your name in our "' Mailing List" free
of charge, which will biipg you hundreds of
sample copies of Florida newspapers, maps,
circulars, etc., and if you want to visit or lo-
cate in Florida, you can very easily decide
where to go and how o get there, and you
will be pleased wi the small investment of
io cts. Stamps taken. Address SOUTH
FLORIDA HOME, St. Petersburg, Fla.
(Copyrighted March I31 by Y. O.Lee.) I


THE FLORIDA RP.ALTST.


Dry Goo00ds, Notios,

and Miliney, -. '


Southern Seed House,
INTERLACHEN. FLAG
Sell Specially Selected airn Grown 8teds for
the Southern States.

The Wonderful Pea,
The time for 1plantirg this newly discovered
rorge atid ronovati g plant is from May 1t
to July 1st. .
Prices.
Ons Pint, 25 cents; onequart, 45 cents; by
miail !1o'.tiai,.
One Peck. 1.25 ;one Bushel, 4.25;10 Busheli,
$10. 0.free on board cars.
Send for Catalogue.
H. G. Hastings & Co.,
ItIerlachen, Fla.


Geo. E. Gillett,
DEALER IN


General Merchandise,

Groceries, Dry Gods,
BOOTS AND SHOE,
HA IS AND CLOTHING,
FERTILIZERS AND FLED
Of 9ll Kinds.


Carpenter and Builder,


THE
Interlachen Nurseries
I AND
R OSE GARDENS.
S orniuih all ihe standard variedti-s of or-
ange trees from o. e year Luds to beainug
trees.
All varieties of ros Ithat do well in Flor-
ida. Some large. iwo-yearold, wti ro,,ted,
M rs.Lal N-il, La France, and the -mot
' ta qu, o f all,
IThe Florida Rose.
A Address HASTING & WYLIE, Inter-
lachen, Fla., for 1894 catalogue.