U.S.Dept. of AgriOulture,
Washing% n, D.C.
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
SEPTEMBER 15, 193S -
NGS WILL ,EIN 1950
By T. J. BROOKS, Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture
fF the trend of things in the United States
continues during the next twenty years
as it has during the last twenty years we
shall see something like the following:
A few holding companies will control all the
banks other than those set up by the Federal
Government-Federal Reserve, Land Banks
and Intermediate Credit Banks.
All railroads will be merged and under one
directorate. Thousands of miles of trackage
will be abandoned.
Trucks and busses will have most of the light
freight and the larger part of the passenger
Airways will have assumed large proportion
and will have taken over an appreciable per-
centage of freight or passenger traffic.
Radios will be as numerous as bath tubs.
Small towns will be smaller and cities will be
Farm population will be reduced to one-fifth
of the total population.
In the grain belt farming will be done on a
large scale, directed by managers. Each man-
ager will operate thousands of acres of land.
The owners will be stockholders. The farm
labor will be done by wage-earners the same
as in manufacturing at present. Farm products
will be marketed by large sales organizations,
and purchases will be made through purchasing
departments in this organziation. Millions of
acres of poor land now being cultivated in many
states will be abandoned for agricultural pur-
One-teacher country schools will be aban-
Country schools will be consolidated schools.
A larger number of students will be enrolled
in correspondence courses than in the colleges
Foreign shipping will be vastly augmented,
and the greater part of the increase will be be-
tween the two Americas.
Sociological changes will reflect these eco-
nomic changes. There will be fewer and fewer
individually conducted business establishments.
Mercantile business will be consolidated as
other kinds. The more people that work for
wages the more there will be a change in the
home life. This will show radical effect in the
rearing of children and this in turn will affect
the minds of the children of the next generation.
Churches in the country will be almost totally
abandoned. Various denominations will grad-
ually merge into one. New methods of busi-
ness organization and procedure will be
Home conveniences will multiply till the well-
to-do can operate with very little drudgery.
Preventable diseases will gradually disap-
pear. Longevity will extend by several years.
The birth rate will materially decrease.
Labor and capital will no longer bring about
strikes or lock-outs. Neither capital nor labor
can master. The Government will intervene in
all disputes that cause serious trouble.
Very few things will be classed as luxuries.
Everything that ministers to the physical or
mental advantage and comfort of human beings
will be considered a necessity.
High-tension civilization will have reached a
point where inefficiency will be automatically
Beggary will not be allowed. Those in-
capable of earning a living will be cared for at
Taxes will be shifted to a different basis.
Earning power and taxes will be coordinated.
Confiscation by taxes will be unknown except
where owner is proved to make false returns.
Some of these things are desirable and some
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
GOOD NEWS FROM FLORIDA
(Tuscaloosa (Ala.) News, July 4, 1930)
Removal of the embargo upon Florida fruit over. a
large portion of the state will be welcome news to the
millions of Americans who have missed the sweet and
lucious fruits of the sunshine state during the past year,
quite aside from the gratification that will be experienced
over the knowledge that Florida is emerging from a
The Florida fruit embargo was followed by a real
scarcity of oranges and grapefruit and such as became
available was not in the same class as that which is grown
in Florida. The condition served to awaken a new ap-
preciation of the excellence of the purely southern
product and millions of breakfast tables will be scenes
of rejoicing with the return of the really superlative
Lifting of the quarantine means tens of millions of
dollars for Florida fruit growers, and the development
should do much toward restoring normal conditions in
this oft-stricken state.
TEN-ACRE TRUCK AND BERRY TRACTS
APPEAR MOST POPULAR
Several New Homes To Be Built and Land To
(Plant City Courier, August 22, 1930)
While there is no real estate boom in the Plant City
section, there has been a consistent sale of both im-
proved and unimproved property recently to an extent
that shows a healthy economic condition in that line.
While the building program in Plant City has not been
extensive, there has been some work done, including
the rebuilding of the Miles Garage and the G. A. Carey,
Inc., packing house now under construction.
In the rural sections near Plant City has been con-
structed quite recently a number of comfortable homes.
There has been many 10-acre tracts in this section sold
and in many instances the land is to be cleared and
houses built. Some of those who purchased have come
from distant states and expect to engage in strawberry
and vegetable growing.
Wayne Thomas reports sales of three tracts near
Turkey Creek to Jos. Gutman of New York; forty acres
of the Loomis land at Welcome to A. C. Knighton;
forty acres of Coronet land at Hopewell to Geo. J.
Gentry; forty acres near Alafia to C. H. Massie, and the
Jack A. Johnston grove at Thonotosassa to Swift & Co.
J. D. Hardnett, of the Dover Land Company, reported
the following sales made recently:
A fifteen-acre truck farm owned by Lucy Munro sold
to William R. Thomas, who is preparing to build a house
on the tract. It is located two miles southwest of Plant
Leonard Bessant, employed at the Kilgore Seed Com-
pany, has purchased 10 acres of Lucy Munro, adjoining
the tract purchased by William R. Thomas, and is pre-
paring to build.
L. J. Ferguson to J. T. Hughes, of Sanford, 20 acres
just off the new road 17, near Dover.
C. H. Dorman has purchased 10 acres owned by the
Hillsboro State Bank, located near Dover, and has already
started improving the tract.
Dr. J. F. Robertson has purchased the H. J. Renshaw
tract of 10 acres adjoining Dover on the east.
John E. Hancock of Auburndale, purchased two 20-acre
farms from Charles Allen, near Cork Academy, and has
moved three families on the land.
Whilden and Wilson, of Dover, purchased from Dave
Wingate 10 acres one-quarter mile west of Dover and
are clearing the land. Several acres are already under
Vincent Schwartz has purchased the George C. Bartoo
home in Dover.
G. Myers, station agent at Dover, has purchased a
home from George C. Bartoo.
The Holley farm at Springhead has been sold to a Mr.
Jones of Texas.
Peter Haddix sold a 10-acre farm to W. L. Whatley.
Among the sales made by private owners in this sec-
Ten-acre farm by Peter Haddix to Richard Rogers.
Thomas Snow sold a 15-acre farm two miles south of
Dover to A. Roivisto, of Detroit, Mich. The farm is in
truck cultivation and bearing groves.
SUGAR MILL IS BEING RENOVATED FOR
Is Expected to Run at Full Capacity Entire
(Clewiston News, August 22, 1930)
According to information received from P. G. Bishop,
operating vice-president of the Southern Sugar Company,
work is being continued on the mill house preparing for
the grinding season which is expected to get under way
Due to the expected heavy grinding season the
hydraulic cane dump which is used to dump the cane
from the railroad cars into the mill conveyor, is being
strengthened and repaired. New pistons are being
placed in engine number two in the mill house, several
mill rollers are being grooved-these rollers are used to
crush the cane as it passes along the conveyor-additional
raw juice tanks are being erected to take care of the
additional juice before it starts on its way to be manu-
factured into raw sugar.
A new automatic sugar scale is being installed. This
new scale will replace the old one used last year due to
the fact that with increased production the present scale
will not take care of the additional work. The mill is
expected to be operated twenty-four hours a day, and
according to Mr. Bishop the mill will be operated at full
capacity the entire season.
New railroads are to be built before the grinding sea-
son, which will enable those handling the cane in the
fields to keep plenty of cane on hand to keep the mill in
All equipment is being put in shape for efficient work
and with their valuable experience gained last year with
labor no trouble is anticipated for this year.
Work in the fields is progressing rapidly, most of the
cane has been laid by, a few sections are being weeded
and the ditches kept clean so that any additional water
will drain into the lateral canals. Approximately $3,-
500,000 is expected from the 1931 cane crop in this
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO ............ Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS ........Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
SEPTEMBER 15, 1930
(Ft. Pierce Tribune, August 12, 1930)
Another bulletin has come to our desk, "Agriculture
and Related Subjects," the quarterly bulletin of the
Department of Agriculture, by Nathan Mayo. With his
usual eye for good material for these bulletins, Mr. Mayo
has selected the best available. His opening article on
"Farming Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow," deals
thoroughly, yet briefly, with what the requirements of
agriculture have been in the past, and of what we face
for the future.
"Half of Farm Lands Said to be in Hands of Tenant
Farmers," is another timely article with predictions along
this line. Under "Florida Statistics" it is shown that
this state has a total area of 37,000,000 acres, of which
3,000,000 are under water, 4,000,000 in prairie, 2,400,000
in actual cultivation, and 1,500,000 populated, with an
assessed valuation of $613,700,000; an income from crops
of $135,000,000; income from manufacturing, $250,-
000,000; income from minerals, $20,000,000; income
from fish, $19,000,000; exports, $50,000,000; imports,
$30,000,000; railroad mileage, 8,200; hard-surfaced high-
ways, 7,500; tonnage hauled by railroads, 18,060,000;
tonnage hauled by ships, 10,000,000. Florida leads in the
production of grapefruit, celery, tomatoes, soy beans,
eggplants, cucumbers, peppers, and Irish potatoes. It
produces 84 per cent of the Fuller's earth found in this
country, and 84 per cent of the phosphate. The fruit
and truck crops on 300,000 acres average in value per
acre is $285, which is 10 per cent of the total amount of
these crops in the United States in carlot shipments.
FLORIDA, THE RICHEST OF ALL
(Perry Herald, August 21, 1930)
Here is something to tell inquirers, seeking informa-
tion about Florida, its progress and present standing:
During the past ten years, from 1920 to 1930, there
has been an increase of 277.49 per cent in the number
of automobiles registered in Florida.
In 1920 the number of automobiles registered with the
state depatrment totaled 80,163.
This year the number of automobiles registered with
the department at Tallahassee totaled 302,610.
Since Florida's population, according to the recent
census, is 1,468,635, there is an automobile for every
4.8 persons in the state.
This means that if all the home automobiles were
loaded up with home folks, every man, woman and child
in Florida could go riding at the same time.
And they could go riding on 15,000 miles of good
roads, and could see in every county of their state poten-
tial and honest wealth that easily places our Florida at
the top of the list. They could also see opportunities
that will bring something worth while as normal times
Tell this to strangers. You can prove it.
FLORIDA GUIDEPOSTS OF PROGRESS
(Florida Realty Journal, August, 1930)
$60,000,000 will be probable gross returns of the com-
ing citrus yield, which is four per cent above the 10-year
average and the crop will be 22,000,000 boxes, based
on reliable estimates.
$30,000 cash was paid by Florida Collier Hotels, Inc.,
for thirty feet of land next to the Tampa Terrace Hotel
in Tampa for beautification purposes. The ground will
be made into a tropical garden for the hotel patrons.
$1,500,000 in contracts for construction of new pack-
ing houses have been let by Polk and Highlands county
fruit men to take care of the coming crop.
$300,000 is the reported price paid for 1,200 acres in
Collier county by Spooner, Henderson & Co., to be de-
veloped as a truck farm.
$2,100,000 represented the price obtained for the Plant
City berry crop this season, approximately 7,000,000
quarts being marketed and 5,000 people in the area earn-
ing their living by the crop, Realtor Wayne Thomas, of
Plant City, told the Tampa Board at a recent meeting.
$13,000,000 is the estimated cost of completing the
Overseas Highway between Miami and Key West. Fran-
chise has been granted for construction of toll bridges
across the water gaps, and work will probably begin
within six months.
$23,000,000 expenditure is represented in develop-
ments started or definitely planned for North Miami
$900,000 was approximate price paid by the City of
Miami Beach for the golf course purchased from Carl
$150,000 will be put into construction of a factory at
Tampa by the Del Monte people, world famous canners
of fruits and vegetables, for extensive canning of grape-
fruit. Five hundred people will be employed at the
height of the canning season.
25,000 gallons of frozen orange juice was shipped by
the Tampa Terminal Company to one Chicago concern, to
be distributed like milk from house to house throughout
10,000,000 narcissus bulbs of marketable quality were
produced in seven Florida counties this season, a major
portion being produced in Volusia county. The market-
able crop is estimated to bring nearly a million dollars.
HOME OF JAS. L. GILES, MAYOR OF ORLANDO
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
FLORIDA TOPS DIXIE IN CONSTRUCTION
State Total for Year Almost Equal to Record
for Last Year
(Times-Union, August 25, 1930)
Construction contracts let during the first seven months
of 1930 in the southeast aggregated $197,217,700 as
compared with $193,276,800 for the corresponding period
of 1929, and Florida with construction contracts totaling
$5,969,600 for July led the five other states-the Caro-
linas, Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee-in contract
awards for the month, according to information received
yesterday from the F. W. Dodge Corporation, New York.
July contract record for Florida showed $3,637,100 for
public works and utilities; for residential buildings,
$1,233,600; for non-residential buildings, $1,098,900.
For the first seven months of 1930 new construction un-
dertaken in Florida totaled $33,719,200 as against
$33,966,600 in the corresponding period of 1929.
Contracts awarded for new construction in the south-
eastern territory during July totaled $20,514,100 as com-
pared with $26,271,500 in July 1929, according to the
figures furnished by the New York corporation. The July
record showed $9,830,700 for public works and utilities;
$5,806,100 for non-residential buildings, and $4,877,300
for residential buildings. Of the non-residential total,
$1,747,900 was for commercial structures, $1,581,300 for
educational buildings, $1,040,700 for industrial plants,
and $1,436,200 for other non-residential types. Con-
tracts for the first seven months of 1930 in this territory
aggregated $197,217,700 for a gain of $3,940,900 over
the same period last year.
Tennessee was second in the July construction awards
with a total of $5,510,700 and Georgia was third with
$3,558,400 for the month, the figures showed.
ILL WIND BLOWS GOOD
(Levy County Journal, August 21, 1930)
The ill wind that is causing distress and economic loss
in other parts of the country now seems to be a wind
that will blow Florida good. Floridians are not so cal-
loused as to be thankful for the misfortunes of those
who have been hit hard by the drouth, but we can do
nobody harm by being thankful that it brings good for-
tune to us.
As told in the Journal yesterday, L. M. Rhodes, state
marketing commissioner, sees how Florida vegetable
growers and live stock raisers will reap a much more
valuable harvest this fall by reason of the destruction of
crops in the northern and western states.
The Florida vegetable crop which will be ready for
market in a month or so will find a great demand because
of the failure of vegetable crops elsewhere, he pointed
out. This is perfectly plain.
He goes further and points out that live stock will
bring a better price this fall because western farmers
have been dumping their cattle on the market recently.
They are doing this in order to get money because their
field crops have been burned up. The supply of western
cattle therefore will undoubtedly be shorter this fall, and
this will bring about better prices for those who do have
cattle to market.
These items of news, added to the already bright pros-
pects of the big citrus crop, give Floridians most sub-
stantial ground for feeling extremely optimistic and
Money is beginning to flow already in preparation
for handling the great citrus crop, which will bring at
least $60,000,000 into the state. Packing plants are be-
ing repaired, enlarged and new ones are being built. In
two counties, Highlands and Polk, a total of $1,500,000
is being spent just now on such work. This includes
two new canneries as well as additions to packing plants.
While the gross price to be received for the citrus
crop is estimated at $60,000,000 this does not begin to
cover the amount of money that will be circulated by
reason of the harvesting and selling of the crop. This
will run into untold millions. The money being spent
just now on packing and canning plants is money newly
put into circulation, and some of it has come from outside
The total of $60,000,000 gross return from the citrus
crop is based on a crop of 20,000,000 boxes at $3 per
box at the state line. This may prove too low an esti-
mate as the crop is estimated at 20 to 22 million boxes,
and the price may easily go higher than $3 because of
the fact that canneries will take the culls and thus keep
them off the market where they tend to destroy the price
of the better fruit.
At any rate, there will be a tremendous amount of
money circulating in Florida during the next few months,
and after that comes the tourist crop.
SEVEN SHIPS LOADING FOLEY LUMBER
Mill Doing Good Business as Compared with
(Taylor County News, August 21, 1930)
Seven ships were lying at the Brooks-Scanlon docks at
Commodore's Point in Jacksonville loading lumber from
the Foley mill at one time last week and the mill is main-
taining a good crew sawing lumber.
The rumor that the company disposed of seventy-five
million feet of lumber at one sale was without founda-
tion, but the company did book an order for three and a
half million feet one day last week.
A representative of the News saw J. S. Foley yester-
day and learned that his company was doing a good
business as compared to the lumber trade generally, the
chief sales being heavy and low grade lumber.
This sort of sales is piling a surplus of high grade
lumber on the grounds and the company has just ex-
tended its overhead tracks in order to pile up a greater
amount of finished stock and avoid closing down any part
of the plant. This will provide a larger amount of lum-
ber to fill orders which are looked for later in the year.
Three boats of the Foley company left Jacksonville a
week ago today for coastwise delivery and others are
loading. As soon as the tug returns to port three more
ships will be ready to take out, while a large shipment
has just been made to Cuba.
The new camp near Hampton Springs is nearing com-
pletion and the Carbur camp will soon be abandoned.
The machine shop at Carbur has been combined with the
Foley shop, only the blacksmith shop and some hand
workers being left at Carbur.
There is a construction crew at the Hampton Springs
camp; four miles of rails have been laid and in about
a month this camp will be opened. The new camp is
being built on a high plat of ground with the best possible
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
PECAN GROWING IN FLORIDA
(Florida Times-Union, August 28, 1930)
Calling attention to the possibility of adding another
major crop to the list for Florida, a bulletin has just been
issued by the United States Department of Agriculture
which indicates the desirability of undertaking this cul-
ture in almost any part of the state. It is not suggested
that the Everglades section would be suitable for raising
pecan trees, but other than that the government agents
believe they would do very well. From the printed report
it is clear that there are great possibilities in extension
of pecan culture. The growers produce about 12,000,000
pounds of the improved varieties annually, and these are
sold, in the shell, to consumers. About 38,000,000 pounds
of seedling varieties are raised and shelled for commer-
cial use. They go into the hands of the confectioners
and also are sold for canning.
The bulletin says the greater part of the improved nuts
are produced in the southern states east of the Missis-
sippi river. Only a limited quantity of pecans are im-
ported from Mexico, and there are practically no exports.
A revised estimate, based on a special survey, from the
United States Year Book of Agriculture for 1930, gives
Florida an average production of 1,395,200 pounds, and
this is reached through calculations for five years, during
which time it fluctuated from nearly two million pounds
to four hundred thousand pounds-the figure for last
Discussing the pecan and its possibilities in Florida,
the St. Petersburg Independent has remarked on the
small per capital consumption of the nut, which is gen-
erally admitted to be most nutritious and is certainly
delicious. The bulletin from the department of agricul-
ture explains the small use of pecans as being caused
through the prevailing idea of high prices. That the
pecan has been considered as a luxury is not very good
for the extension of cultivation and production. Lack
of advertising is also remarked as responsible for the
comparatively small sales.
The Independent declares that "no finer pecans are
grown anywhere than in Florida," adding that "so far
most of the pecan groves have been developed in
northern and northwestern Florida, where the annual
yield has been as heavy, and the nuts produced as large
as the best of Georgia and Alabama. But it is now
known that fine pecan groves may be developed any-
where in the central part of the state and in the upper
parts of south Florida." The newspaper admits that
but few pecan trees have been raised in Pinellas, but is
satisfied that those in the county are flourishing and pro-
duce excellent nuts.
Probably a much greater market could be developed
for pecans, and that would mean a greater call for the
large, thin-shelled nuts, and also for the smaller varie-
ties, that are excellent, although not as showy. There
is little question as to the possibilities of pecans as a
big crop in Florida, but, naturally, there needs be prepa-
ration and patience. The pecan grove does not come
quickly into bearing; requiring under the most favorable
conditions a matter of ten to fourteen years from the
seed. But once established a pecan grove is a substan-
tial and excellent money investment that will pay regu-
larly with only a little care and attention.
"There would be a wide market for pecans retailed at
slightly lower prices than those commonly encountered,"
says the Independent, "for the pecan is a rich food nut,
and it is in demand both for raw consumption and for
use in connection with candy making and in various
other ways." The pecan is packed in tins successfully,
and is in demand in this way for use in cakes and sand-
THE FLORIDA POULTRY INDUSTRY IS
Canning of Poultry Meat Proves Helpful
(Auburndale Journal, August 22, 1930)
Gainesville, Aug. 22.-Florida poultrymen received
$14,000,000 from their poultry and eggs during 1929,
F. W. Risher, state marketing bureau, stated here dur-
ing Farmers' Week. About $9,000,000 of this money
came from eggs and $5,000,000 from poultry meat.
In telling of the progress of the industry he said that
from 1920 to 1928 the number of chickens in the state
had increased 66 per cent. Cooperative marketing in the
state has also made rapid progress. By the close of 1930
seven poultry cooperatives will handle almost $1,000,000
worth of poultry and eggs.
In 1929 there were close to 450,000,000 chickens on
the farms of this country, and 139 cooperative organiza-
tions handled 4,500,000 cases of eggs, and 10,000,000
pounds of poultry valued at $50,000,000.
In this country we consume 207 eggs per person while
in Canada 337 are consumed. Many believe that with a
better quality eggs, and a better package, our customers
would eat more eggs, he said.
On July 1, 1930, there were over 10,000,000 cases of
eggs in storage, he said. This is an increase of 2,500,000
cases over last year, and 1,250,000 over the last five-year
average." At the present time 30 plants are canning
poultry meats, a new venture which seems to be proving
convenient and popular with housewives.
Now is the time for Florida poultrymen to keep on
growing out hens; a better day is coming, he concluded.
PRAISE IS GIVEN FLORIDA BY PAPER IN
(From Daily Facts, Redlands, California)
An automobile tour that carried them 8,500 miles
through southern states, has been completed by Mr. and
Mrs. W. H. Wyckoff of Mill Creek Canyon. They re-
turned this week, after six months away from home, with
a month spent in Miami and two months in St. Peters-
They found the roads excellent and experienced no
difficulty throughout the journey. They left Redlands
on November 1 and saw much of the states of Texas,
Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi, besides others that
Florida's roads, they found, are exceptionally good and
rank with the very best in the world. At important in-
tersections they found underpasses and overpasses, so
that boulevard stops are unnecessary. The hotels are
equipped for the very best accommodations and the state
is coming back strong, finding the tourist crop, after all,
the most important and profitable.
In St. Petersburg alone, it was found that the tourists
are bringing a half million dollars a day into the com-
munity. The Wyckoffs reported that the automobile
camps along the way are exceptionally good; in fact,
many of them are really houses, well equipped and with
all conveniences.-Delray Beach News, Aug. 22, 1930.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
FLORIDA SHOWS GREAT GROWTH FRUIT
Puts Up More Canned Grapefruit Than Any
(Lake Wales Highlander, August 22, 1930)
Referring to the business of canning grapefruit as "a
steadily growing industry which has increased produc-
tion in the United States and Porto Rico during the past
10 years from 2,000 cases to approximately 1,850,000,"
the Foodstuffs Division of the Department of Commerce
in the most recent of its several highly informative and
timely publications on the industry, also brings out the
fact that Florida is the chief producing area for this
delicious comestible. The title of this publication is
"Canned Grapefruit Production and Trade," and copies
can be obtained from the Florida office of the Depart-
ment of Commerce, Chamber of Commerce building,
Jacksonville, upon remittance of the purchase price of 10
cents per copy.
Accepted as a substitute in both the domestic and
foreign trade, canned grapefruit finds its greatest variety
of uses in the United States, where it is employed as a
breakfast fruit, in the preparation of fruit salads, fruit
cups, and other fruit preparations. About the same
methods of serving are used in Canada, but in the United
Kingdom, which Canada takes the greater part of the
10 per cent of the total production which is exported, its
use is confined almost entirely to "hors d'oeuvres" be-
fore the mid-day and evening meals, it not being the
British custom to use fruit for breakfast.
Canned grapefruit juice has been canned in consider-
able quantities in Florida during recent years. Most of
this has been consumed in the United States, although
increasing demand abroad is noted, mainly in Canada
and the United Kingdom.
A BOOST FROM BOSTON
(Tampa Tribune, August 23, 1930)
For these kind words all Florida thanks the Boston
A welcome note of optimism is heard from Florida.
This is a decided change from the sounds of lamentation
which followed the bursting of the inflated real estate
boom and the difficulties of the growers of grapefruit
The outlook for citrus fruit is reported extremely good.
The yield of the coming season is not expected to break
the Florida record, but the present estimate is that it
will exceed last year's slender crop by 4,000,000 boxes.
This is a far better reliance than trafficking in land
titles which proved to be little more than scraps of paper
when buyers came to their senses. The present optimism
comes straight from the soil which, as everyone should
know, is particularly adapted to growing fruit.
Out of the bad seasons due to the fruit fly has come
a harmonious organization of growers. Now that the
fruit fly has been defeated and better times seem immi-
nent the organization should be able to push its products
into prominence. The Florida group has not been as alert
about this as have some of the combinations in other
parts of the country. But the evidence points to greater
activity. Growers in Florida are satisfied that the con-
ditions have been made right and they intend to push
their advantage in a businesslike way. As their pros-
perity increases it will have a favorable reaction on many
The "Florida group" is rapidly developing that alert-
ness which it has hitherto lacked. Not only the citrus
group, but all other groups. "Greater activity"-and
HOOKER TO PLANT 150 ACRES IN WINTER
Says Prospects for Good Crops This Fall Are
(Clewiston News, August 22, 1930)
W. C. Hooker announced Tuesday that he was pre-
paring ground and would plant one hundred acres in
cabbage. Mr. Hooker has leased a large tract of land
near the Benbow plantation on the Moore Haven road.
Approximately $3,000 will be required to prepare the
land and harvest the crop.
Mr. Hooker is one of the largest planters on the
southern shores of the lake and has already about ten
acres planted in eggplants, with twenty planted in beans.
The outlook for a bumper crop and a good market is
very encouraging, stated the planter.
Mr. Hooker operates the Clewiston Packing Company
each season and represents J. P. Cochran in this section.
His packing house will be the only one in operation in
the Clewiston section this year.
Beginning September 1st and continuing for sixty days
all planters in this section will be preparing and planting
a crop of fall beans. Ideal weather has prevailed all
summer and the outlook for continuance of such weather
is very promising.
With federal aid to those who suffered loss during
the past season and the tariff on all vegetables produced
in the Everglades, farming in this section should be
HEAVY SHIPMENTS OF COTTON
ANTICIPATED FROM PENSACOLA
(Florida Times-Union, August 25, 1930)
Pensacola, Aug. 24.- (Special) -Northwest Florida
growers planted more acreage in cotton the last season
than ever before and as a result there will be more cotton
marketed from this area than for any previous season.
Much of the cotton is finding an outlet at the port of
It is estimated that upward of 30,000 bales will be
handled here this season, practically all of which will
come from what is referred to as Pensacola territory.
Trucks are to be seen lined up by scores each day at the
compress and these trucks are loaded with from 12 to
20 bales, with some of them bringing 24 bales short
Cotton is reaching the local compress, located a mile
north of the city, from southeast Alabama and west
Florida. Dothan, Florala, Elba, Geneva, Atmore and
other points in Alabama, and Graceville, Marianna, Bon-
ifay, DeFuniak Springs, Crestview, Milton and other
points in west Florida are sending cotton to the compress.
Exporting on a comparatively small scale has been
reported thus far, less than 10,000 bales have moved.
This week, however, four steamers are to load out with
varying cargoes, the Dutch steamer Delshaven clearing
with approximately 5,000 bales for Germany.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
NOTICEABLE PROGRESS IS MADE ON
HUGE PAPER MILL BUILDINGS AT
(Pensacola Journal, August 24, 1930)
Panama City, Aug. 23.-Construction work on the
huge plant of the Southern Kraft Paper Mill at Bay
Harbor is steadily progressing. Each week sees a notice-
able difference in the general appearance of the gigantic
plant. Seven additional spur tracks to the one that has
been laid for several years have been laid, these leading
into various houses that comprise the plant.
Daily, cars of materials are unloaded and worked into
the large buildings. The brick walls of the digest build-
ing, the largest one of all, are being laid this week. Much
of the steel frame work of sides and top of the building
has been put up and work on this is going steadily ahead.
In fact all work in every department is right up to
600 Men at Work
With approximately 600 men at work on the plant
furnishing a payroll of $10,000 per week, makes this an
asset to Panama City and vicinity.
Excavation of the basement of the power house has
been completed and the foundation floor has been laid.
Work is well under way on the immense smoke stack
that is to reach 320 feet in the air; this will be of con-
crete construction. The power house is being erected
at the extreme northern end of the digest building,
which is over 800 feet in length.
Excavation is well under way on the municipal docks
and these too will be completed on schedule time. The
Layne Central Company of Montgomery and Memphis
have been on the project of drilling wells for water
supply and they also are going ahead with their part of
Many of the huge digesters and dryers have been de-
posited on the site and will be installed as soon as con-
ditions warrant, or rather as soon as work has progressed
The offices at the plant have been enlarged where the
officials, stenographers, engineers and others sit and
direct the great movement. Russ Engineering Company
of Pittsburgh have located in a frame building, where
they have an office. They have arrived to install the
machinery and boilers.
This great industry, stated to be the largest of its
knid in the entire world, is fast developing and it has
been stated will be exporting paper to distant ports of
the world within less than six months. Hardly seven
months have elapsed since the first shovel of earth was
turned on the project and when this was turned trees
went down, houses disappeared like magic and construc-
tion, excavation, filling, etc., went forward with a rush.
This work is rushing steadily on, except its advance is
not quite so marvelous to the eye, as at first.
SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SUN
(Winter Haven Chief, August 25, 1930)
Now that canneries have come to the citrus belt of
Florida and are prepared to take care of the surplus
fruit, the Florida grower has put his hands in his pockets,
stretched himself on top of the world and exclaimed,
"That's that." But his remark is a little premature.
Another new departure has appeared on the horizon,
which, if developed, may establish the citrus grower even
more firmly on "top of the world."
This latest departure comes in the shape of a "quick
freezing" process which is being developed by large food
corporations of the north to use in shipping farm produce
and meats to far-distant points. This freezing process
imparts a temperature of 50 degrees to the food so
quickly that no cell-destroying ice crystals have time to
form, and the original freshness of the product is there-
fore preserved. The system has been tried out in various
parts of the north and found to be highly successful.
Whether or not it will prove successful in the shipping
of citrus products will depend entirely on the enterpris-
ing ability of Florida growers.
Florida has built up her citrus industry in the past by
taking advantage of every opportunity that offered itself
to popularize citrus fruits and increase sales. If fruit
juices can be frozen for long periods of time and kept
in its original state of freshness at the same time, it is
certain that such a venture would prove profitable. It is
at least worth trying.
(New Port Richey Press, August 29, 1930)
Our tour from New Port Richey northward has been
a pleasant trip excepting for the unusual experience of
motoring through a drought gripped country. From
North Carolina on through Virginia into Maryland,
Pennsylvania and other states, everything was found
sered brown from a lack of rain, and the intense heat
through which the unfortunate inhabitants are being
forced to exist. Fields that are generally green with
succulent grass and vegetation look like midwinter,
cattle are starving, the corn crops are a total failure and
gloom permeates the country.
Business throughout the north is poor, and countless
numbers are out of employment. Add to the usual
number of unemployed the farmers who must need seek
work to purchase what they generally grow, and there is
a most acute situation all through the north and east.
With winter near, no money with which to purchase coal
or food, many are looking forward with dread to the
long, bitter winter.
In Florida it's different. The weather, as usual, has
been fine all summer, with an abundance of rain, and of
course the winters are always the best in America.
Florida crops are good, the citrus alone being estimated
at nearly $60,000,000 for the approaching season.
Many northern people, who usually make an Euro-
pean tour during the cold winter months in their
northern homes, plan to spend the winter in Florida in-
stead. Others less fortunate plan to live in Florida this
winter to avoid excessive coal bills, and to be where there
is green stuff growing. All will spend money in Florida,
and while the north is suffering in many ways, Florida
is more fortunate, and looks forward to a banner season.
The New York Sun in a review of the food situation
in the country says that "Florida by reason of its unique
climate is virtually the vegetable garden of the nation
during the winter months. Thanks to the enterprise of
the railroads, modern methods of refrigeration are mak-
ing it possible to ship entire trainloads of fruits and
vegetables out of Florida to the markets of the North and
West."-Florida Times-Union, August 24, 1930.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
PINEAPPLES IN FLORIDA
Tallahassee, Florida.-(A. P.)-Commissioner Nathan
Mayo of the Florida Department of Agriculture is in-
vestigating reports that a revival of the pineapple grow-
ing industry is underway in the state. Commissioner
Mayo promised that his department would do all in its
power to encourage and assist growers interested in re-
turning the pineapple to Florida fields.
The agricultural department has been advised that
pineapple plants are being set out in Broward, Palm
Beach, Martin, St. Lucie and Okeechobee counties and
that actual shipments of the fruit have gone out of
Highlands county this summer.
Pineapple growing ranked high in Florida's industries
in past years, department officials said, but plant dis-
eases, foreign competition and the real estate "boom"
combined to strike a death blow to the industry. Officials
said that they welcomed the return of the pineapple to
Florida and would do all possible to encourage a revival
of interest among growers.
Florida grown pineapples are of fine quality and
flavor and offer big opportunities to both growers and
canners, they said.
Fort Lauderdale, Florida.-(A. P.)-Ten reasons why
he believes the pineapple industry has a definite future
in Broward county and the State of Florida were given
here by R. A. Carlton, agricultural agent for the Sea-
board Air Line railroad, in an address before the local
He listed his reasons as:
1-Florida pineapples do not compete for any other
crop for land as they require sand land that has not been
found suitable for other crops.
2-The pineapple crop does not compete for labor
with any other crop, the harvest time coming between
May 15 and September 1, during the lull or slack period
when labor is cheap.
3-Pineapples are not affected by flood or drought.
4-No expensive equipment is required for preparing
the land, planting the crop and harvesting it.
5-Pineapples are not affected by insects or diseases
to any great extent.
6-A pineapple crop would extend the canning season.
7-The pineapple crop requires little supervision dur-
8-Pineapple planting may be rapidly expanded.
9-Florida planting produces more profitable crops
than any other pineapple producing area in the world.
Comparative statistics show yearly for Porto Rico, two
crops; Cuba, three or four; Hawaii, three, and Florida,
as many as ten crops a year.
10-Pineapples can be grown and loaded aboard trains
in Florida for $1.40 a crate as compared with $2.57 pro-
duction cost in Porto Rico.
LOCAL GIN HAVING ITS
MOST PROFITABLE SEASON
(DeFuniak Breeze, August 28, 1930)
The local gin has ginned approximately four hundred
bales up until Tuesday of this week, and is now running
night and day, in order to meet the demands made upon
There are several reasons for the considerable activity
to be found at the gin this year-not least of which is
that the local market is usually about twenty-five points-
a fourth of a cent a pound-over that offered at com-
peting south Florida points, and about $2.00 more per
ton is being offered here for cotton seed. Another rea-
son is the excellent roads now available to the northern
portion of the county and beyond, is bringing much
cotton here this year that heretofore was ginned in
There will be a cooperative cotton sale here today
(Thursday) at which time, according to present indica-
tions, something like a hundred bales will be sold.
FLORIDA PURCHASES EIGHTY MILLIONS
IN FOOD ELSEWHERE
(Cocoa Tribune, August 28, 1930)
While Florida is known as a state where vegetables
and fruits are grown extensively, it is surprising to
know that the state spends $80,000,000 annually for im-
ported food stuffs, according to S. H. Hobbs, Jr., who
has investigated the statistics along this line for southern
states. The foodstuffs that Florida buys are items such
as butter, cream, milk, canned vegetables and fruits,
meats, grits, meal, flour, and various other articles, the
most of which can be produced here. Mr. Hobbs says:
"Bringing coal to Newcastle has long been cited as
the height of folly. I submit that importing food into
the south is the folly of follies. It is a ludicrous fact
that the section of the United States best suited to grow
food and feed products, a section where farmers pre-
dominate in the population, is notorious for the volume
of imported food and feed. The following table con-
servatively estimates the cash we send out each year for
V irginia ...................................... $ 80,000,000
N orth Carolina ............................ 180,000,000
South Carolina ............................ 135,000,000
G eorgia ....................................... 240,000,000
F lorida .......................................... 80,000,000
A labam a ........................... ........ 128,000,000
M ississippi ................................... 168,000,000
Tennessee ................ ........... 85,000,000
Total .......................... ....... $1,096,000,000
"If one doubts the reasonableness of these figures, let
him inventory the stock of any grocery store and see
what per cent of the stock is supplied by the entire south.
In my studies in several North Carolina towns I have
found that around ninety per cent of the contents of
grocery stores come from outside the south. There are
many things that these eight states cannot produce, but
for them to export one billion dollars in cold cash an-
nually for imported food is absurd, and it is a practice
that must be stopped if we are to accumulate wealth.
Think what it would mean to these eight states if this
enormous sum could be retained just one year!"
Mr. Hobbs' figures are very surprising, indeed. Florida
markets many thousands of carloads of vegetables and
fruits each year, but the state yet has to produce enough
meats, dairy products, poultry, etc., to take care of the
great need for local marketing in the great Sunshine
State. We believe that Florida can get the benefit of
this huge $80,000,000 expenditure if the effort is made,
or at least half of it, if the state's dairy, cattle and
poultry business is worked up. Eighty million dollars
sent away from Florida annually is a lot of money. We
hope that it can be kept at home.
POLK COUNTY HOME OF FRED S. BATES AT DAVENPORT
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
BULB GROWING MAKES FRANK BOYS A
Hardee Soil Well Adapted to Growing of Bulbs
(Florida Advocate, August 29, 1930)
Hard times hasn't hit the Frank boys and their bulb
A few minutes' conversation with the Frank brothers,
Harold and Walter, will convince even the most skeptical
that these boys have made and will continue to make
money growing bulbs in Hardee county.
Last week the Frank boys sold $1,000 worth of gladioli
bulbs, and are just beginning to market their supply of
bulbs for fall and winter planting. They have about
100,000 round or blooming bulbs to market.
Besides that, they have on hand 35,000 mother bulbs
and 90,000 splits, most of which they'll plant, beginning
It now takes only 400 mother bulbs to make a bushel,
whereas it formerly took 700, and 700 splits make a
bushel where it formerly required 1,100. This is because
the land upon which they were grown last year was
ideally suited to them and made fine, large bulbs.
This winter the Frank boys are also going to try out
Calla and Easter lilies in addition to their gladiolus and
Harold showed the Advocate reporter a new bulb he
has grown which he thinks has great possibilities. It is a
cross between a Chinese sacred lily and a paper white
narcissus. The lily is yellow and the narcissus white, and
this cross made a cream-colored flower with a long, stiff
stem and a flower about the size of a Chinese lily. The
Franks have 2,000 of these new bulbs which they are
going to try out this winter. Incidentally, they haven't
named the new creation yet.
The Frank boys will tell you there is good money in
bulb growing in this county. They've proved it to their
NORTHERN GROWER HAS FAITH IN THE
Among contacts made during the past week by the
representative of The Back Country department of The
Herald was a brief visit at the five-acre fruit tract being
developed in a modest way by C. J. Farrell at N. W.
Fifty-first street and Twenty-seventh avenue.
Mr. Farrell is a native of England, but has been in
America for a quarter of a century. He came to Miami
five years ago from near Niagara Falls, N. Y., where he
had been successfully engaged in fruit raising-apples,
pears, plums and some of the small fruits-for several
years. He came here mainly for his health, having suf-
fered for some time from bronchial trouble, and from
which he was quickly relieved by south Florida's benefi-
He bought the five acres at the above location shortly
after coming here and was fortunate in securing it at
much less than boom prices. It was but natural, of
course, that he should give his early attention to fruit
culture here in view of his northern successful expe-
rience, even though the fruits here are much different, as
well as the climatic conditions. However, instead of set-
ting citrus or avocados he first became interested in the
papaya, to which he has stuck with exceptional tenacity
and perseverance in spite of the destructive windstorms
that have interfered since he began.
He now has about 800 plants and trees of this fruit
in all stages from seedlings a few weeks old to trees now
laden with ripening fruit. He says he had 1,400 well-
developed trees when the wind storm of last September
struck his place and wrecked half of them.
As an indication of Mr. Farrell's faith in the papaya
as a profitable fruit, he states, after his past three years'
propagation and observation of the operation of other
growers of the section, that 150 to 200 producing papaya
trees from selected varieties properly fertilized and cared
for will yield a living for the grower and a small family.
This estimate is predicted on an average production of
approximately 150 pounds of fruit to the tree and a
wholesale price of 7 to 10 cents per pound for the fruit.
Mr. and Mrs. Farrell have recently begun raising
chickens, selecting the Rhode Island Reds, expecting to
market both eggs and meat fowls on a modest scale.
They are growing a few domestic rabbits as a meat
variety for the home table. Recently Mr. Farrell set a
few ever-bearing lemons, which, from the results already
obtained, he is encouraged to augment by further plant-
ings. His few trees are now covered with bloom and
fruit from just setting up to mature lemons.
Mr. Farrell and wife are pleased with Florida's climate
and agricultural potentialities. He thinks that with a
good break for the farmer and fruit grower for the next
couple of years Florida will make new and outstanding
history in agricultural and fruit production.
(Titusville Star-Advocate, August 26, 1930)
Even Florida, as diversified as it is in its farming, does
not produce enough of certain kinds of food for its in-
habitants. It must import millions of dollars worth. But
this may change. An organization of southeastern states
is under way to deal with the problem of needless im-
portation and the Leesburgh Commercial, recognizing the
importance of producing as much as we can at home,
points out the following facts on importation:
"For instance, this group of states imports over a
billion dollars worth of foodstuffs every year. Florida's
share is 80 millions. Florida stands third from the
bottom in per capital income, but stands first in per capital
wealth, having $2,239 for each person. Florida also
stands first in bank resources per capital, having $345,
with Virginia next with $268 and Tennessee next with
"Besides Florida's food bill of 80 million dollars, she
sends out annually 104 millions for automobiles, 25
millions for bond interest, 13 millions for fertilizers and
five millions for farm machinery. She buys the least
farm machinery of any state in the group, but only one
state (North Carolina) sends out more interest money.
Florida ties with Virginia for the lowest import food bill,
but the wealth produced by Virginia's farms, factories,
mines, forests and fisheries is two and one-half times as
great as Florida's."
As the Commercial says, the aim of the new organiza-
tion is to work towards reduction and eventual elimina-
tion of practically all of this food import bill of a billion
dollars a year. This is a worthy goal, especially in the
light of labor conditions. It will give us that much more
in the southeastern states to feed and clothe our own
families, promote educational facilities and accomplish
other worthwhile objects at home.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
Examining the Cotton is Mr. J. F. Burgess of the State Marketing Bureau.
COOPERATIVE COTTON SALE BRINGS
The Vocational Agriculture Department at DeFuniak
Springs (Liberty school) held a cooperative cotton sale
on August 28th, with the Florida State Marketing Bu-
reau assisting. There were 101,372 pounds of cotton
sold in the sale that brought the farmers the sum of
$11,000.00. From all the prices and information obtain-
able the price of 10.50 for middling cotton that was
gotten in the sale was $1.25 per bale more than any
farmer received within a radius of fifty miles of De-
Funiak that day. This made the 200 bales in the sale
net the farmers $250.00 more than they would have
gotten had the sale not been held.
The charge was not a cent to have the cotton sold,
and the farmers were given the privilege to withdraw
if they so desired, and we feel that the result was well
worth the effort. The cotton was sold by auction to the
highest bidder, and Fisher Hardware Co., one of the
local buyers, was the successful bidder, their bid being
10.50 for middling cotton.-
M. B. Jordan, the agricultural teacher at Liberty
school, has only been in the work since July 1st, but if
he gets results in the future as he has this short while
we predict for him great success. He graduated at the
University of Florida in June.
We hope that this is the sowing of seed for the co-
operative spirit to grow in our country, as there has
been but little cooperation among the producers of this
county. We are planning to organize a cooperative asso-
ciation in the near future.
THE THROUGH HIGHWAY
(Mobile (Ala.) News-Item, August 5, 1930)
Mobile has every right to expect the state to put first
emphasis on the highway from Montgomery to Mobile.
There is no need for urgent concern over constructing
highways down into Florida, when that is done at the
expense of highways leading to Alabama's coast.
The Florida connections ought to be built, and it is
unfortunate that there should be such lack of funds as
makes it impossible at present to build all the main high-
But certainly a road to funnel tourists out of Alabama
is not so conducive to state development as roads that
would encourage tourists to visit Alabama's coast.
If the state adheres to the plan to build the route
into Florida, then the administration is under obligation
to make immediate provision to construct the highway
from Montgomery, the capital, to Mobile, the seaport of
The whole state would benefit from the construction
of the Montgomery-Mobile route, and the benefit is de-
layed at greater expense than the road would cost.
CRAFT IS PLEASED WITH CROTALARIA
(South Florida Developer, August 29, 1930)
L. W. Craft of Palm City Farms is enthusiastic over
the success he is having with crotalaria as a cover crop
and humus maker. He is getting remarkably good re-
sults with it in his citrus grove, and has not found it
necessary to use fertilizer where he has applied it.
FLORIDA REVIEW 18
FLORIDA'S MASTER TEACHER
(By J. F. Williams, Jr., State Supervisor of Agricultural
T. A. Treadwell, teacher of vocational agriculture in
Jefferson county, was chosen as the Master Vocational
Agriculture Teacher of Florida during the school year
The selection of the Master Teacher was made by J. F.
Williams, Jr., State Supervisor of Agricultural Education,
based upon a rating of all of the teachers of vocational
agriculture using a uniform score card prepared by the
teachers and approved by the supervisor at the last
annual summer conference.
The selection of a Master Teacher of Vocational Agri-
culture is an annual affair, the contest being conducted
by the State Department of Agricultural Education and
sponsored by the Chilean Nitrate of Soda Educational
Bureau. This bureau awards an Atwater-Kent radio set
valued at $125.00 as a prize to the teacher of vocational
agriculture who is honored by being selected as Master
Teacher of Vocational Agriculture.
The following is a short summary of the work done
by T. A. Treadwell, which entitled him to this honor:
He taught a total of five different classes of vocational
agriculture throughout the year of the following types:
Two all-day classes, one at Aucilla and one at Monti-
cello; two day-unit classes, one at Wacissa and one at
Aucilla, and one evening class at Aucilla. As a teacher
of vocational agriculture Mr. Treadwell was expected to
train boys for the vocation of farming. In order to do
this efficiently he made fifty farm surveys of individual
farms in the county and then summarized these. Using
the summary of these farm surveys as a basis, he planned
a course of study, which, upon the completion of same,
should enable a boy to pleasantly and profitably engage
in the vocation of farming in Jefferson county.
He had a total enrollment of 55 pupils in all types of
classes and each one carried an acceptable supervised
practice program on his home farm and kept accurate
records of his project work.
The project work or supervised practice program of
Mr. Treadwell's pupils totaled 19 acres of cotton, 97
acres of peanuts, 144 acres of corn, 11 acres of sweet
potatoes, 10 acres of sugar cane, and 100 head of poultry
and 41 head of hogs. His pupils' total project labor in-
come for the past fiscal year was $4,584.59.
Mr. Treadwell belongs to the following professional
associations: American Vocational Association, Florida
Vocational Association, Florida Agricultural Teachers
Association, and the Florida Education Association. Last
year he attended the meetings of the last three named
and was elected president of the Florida Vocational Asso-
In an effort to further improve himself in his profes-
sion he has completed all residence and subject matter
requirements for his master's degree at the University of
Under his supervision school ground beautification pro-
grams were carried on at the Aucilla, Monticello and
Wacissa high schools. As secretary and treasurer of the
Jefferson County Fair Association he was instrumental in
staging one of the few county fairs held in north and
west Florida last year. The installation of the exhibit in
the Future Farmer booth at this fair was also under his
As a reward for having trained the best team in judg-
ing farm animals, as shown by the results of the Future
Farmer Judging Contests at the state fairs, he was
selected to take Florida's team to Kansas City to enter
the National Future Farmers of America Judging Contest
staged in connection with the American Royal Live Stock
T. A. TREADWELL
Florida's Master Teacher, Aucilla, Florida
Show. In this contest the team from Florida won
second place in beef cattle against the boys from thirty
states. Donald Davidson, Jefferson county's representa-
tive, was fourth high individual.
Mr. Treadwell as local adviser for the Future Farmer
organization in Jefferson county has reason to be proud
of the record that individual boys from his local chap-
ters have made. Last year the vice-president, treasurer
and chairman of the executive committee of the State
Future Farmer organization were from the Jefferson
county chapters. This year the state president and state
treasurer are both members of the Aucilla chapter.
During the past fiscal year Mr. Treadwell has traveled
16,290 miles on official business; made 606 project visits
and over 100 individual service calls to farmers in re-
sponse to requests for assistance.
Last, but not least, I might mention that Mr. Treadwell
has kept vocational agriculture before the people of
Jefferson county by making three public addresses and
having written and had published 26 newspaper articles
concerning the work. He is now entering his sixth con-
secutive year as teacher of vocational agriculture in
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
PINEAPPLES ARE PLANTED IN POMPANO
Crew of 40 Works to Set Out First Slips in
Vicinity of Pompa Villa
(Miami Herald, August 25, 1930)
Pompano, Fla., Aug. 24.-A crew of 40 men was en-
gaged last week in clearing land at Pompa Villa, north
of here, for planting pineapples, under the direction of
F. Leffel of the Southland Grove Corporation. The set-
ting out of slips at Pompa Villa will be the first planting
of pineapples in this section in several years.
C. H. Pfunne said his organization would place out
pineapple slips as rapidly as they could be acquired from
Cuba and that he expected to have 20 acres cleared and
seeded within the next few weeks.
STRAWBERRY GROWERS VERY BUSY
(Sarasota Herald, August 21, 1930)
Down Plant City way, the section that gets the early
strawberry on the market in time for Thanksgiving din-
ner-at least a few-and then follows up with an in-
creasing supply of the luscious, delicious little fruit, to
delight the people north, south, east and west, things
are busy with the growers. The Plant City Courier says
that the people who go in for berries, early, red, sweet
and plenty, are now entering into that busy season of
preparation of ground and setting of plants for the com-
ing strawberry production season. "Since the first of the
month," the Courier remarks, "they have more and more
given attention to getting the ground ready. They are
now putting in plants, and in some places replacing those
that failed on account of a dry spell. Recent showers
have been a boon for the growers."
It is told that in some instances watering outfits have
been used to get the strawberry plants started, and it
was also found desirable to give them a little water after-
wards, during a period without rain. Because it was un-
usually dry in July, the amount of resetting will be con-
siderable; but the growers do not hesitate because of
such extra trouble. Florida strawberries have the call
early, and hold attention in the markets of the country
for several months, and the growers are very well pleased
with the way things have gone in the past few years.
The Courier says that with much replanting necessary,
there may be a large amount of berries in a late crop,
and this will be good news for the people of the state.
When the berries are meeting their first competition, in
the late spring, the prices naturally drop somewhat, and
the home folks get a chance. But the great bulk of the
Plant City crop is eagerly sought by the produce and
fruit people of the east and west, and things are lively
in Hillsborough county, where the strawberry comes to
perfection, and is handled expeditiously for the markets.
Plant City has many other products of value and im-
portance, of course. It is anticipating a good share in the
big movement of citrus fruits that will begin in the early
fall. It is also proud of the record made for early vege-
tables of various kinds. The section, which is, perhaps,
most famous because of the red berries that go out in a
steady stream for three months, or longer, is fertile and
has many expert and enterprising farmers practically
busy all the time, and glad of it.
The Courier says that there is likelihood of somewhat
increased acreage in the strawberry fields this year. It
was extensive last year, and the crop, between two and
three million quarts, brought the growers more than a
TOMATOES BY DECEMBER 10 EXPECTED
ON NAPLES TRACT OF 150 ACRES
(Ft. Myers Tropical News, August 27, 1930)
J. B. Janes & Co., of Everglades, the growers who are
said to have cleared $135,000 two years ago on 350
acres of tomatoes grown on the Tamiami Trail near
Carnestown, have leased 150 acres of the Naples Little
Farms from E. W. Crayton and according to Mr. Janes
expect to ship the first tomatoes of the season from this
section about December 10. Seed beds are out and the
young plants are showing excellent growth. A corps of
field hands will start transplanting in about two weeks.
Mr. Janes has also leased 200 acres near Deep Lake.
The Deep Lake vegetables, however, will not be on the
market as soon as the Naples product because of the in-
ability at this time to cultivate the land. The Janes com-
pany has purchased the old Florida Fruit Growers pack-
ing house at Deep Lake with a capacity of five cars of
vegetables a day. Tomatoes, eggplant and peppers will
be grown. Mr. Janes expects top prices this year be-
cause of the new tariff.
Another lessee of the Naples Little Farms this year is
P. J. Slight of Orlando, who will plant more than 200
acres in tomatoes, peppers and eggplant.
(Levy County Journal, August 28, 1930)
The St. Augustine Record tells us that more than 100
boats and crews, engaged in catching shrimp, are now
making their headquarters there. The closed season is
over, and boats are now re-assembling along the coast.
The shrimp industry in Florida reaches several millions
of dollars a year. Two canneries are operating in St.
Augustine. It is a large business at Fernandina.
Most of the shrimp consumed in Tampa comes from
Fernandina. Shrimp are not found on this coast. Along
the Atlantic seaboard they are plentiful and Florida sup-
plies a large part of the demand.-Tampa Tribune.
(Clearwater Sun and Herald, August 14, 1930)
Such is our ignorant state that never until yesterday
had we heard of the youngberry. We know now that it
is a cross of the dewberry and the loganberry. We learn
also that Pinellas soil is well adapted to its production,
and that there is an experimental growth at Crystal
Beach which promises well.
We welcome this newcomer to our horticultural midst.
May it prosper in our soil and enrich its growers after
the manner of the loganberry.
Yes, it is so-called from the fact that its first grower
was a gentleman by the name of Young.
A ride over some of the splendid paved highways in
Florida makes us long for just such roads in our own
state. 'Twould be mighty nice if number 1 was paved
from Columbus on down this way to the Florida line.
But we'll never get it until we insist on it from the state
highway department.-Blakely (Ga.) News.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
POULTRY GROUP TO BEGIN WORK ON
Eggs to be Gathered by Truck, Graded, Packed
and Marketed-Organization Includes
Dade, Palm Beach, Martin and
(Ft. Lauderdale News, August 27, 1930)
Gathering and marketing of eggs by the South Florida
Poultry Association will begin on October 1, it was an-
nounced this morning by D. D. Oliver, local member of
The organization includes Dade, Palm Beach, Martin
and Broward counties and has recently been formed in
an effort to standardize the egg supply of this section.
A truck of the association will make regular rounds,
beginning on October 1, Mr. Oliver said, and will collect
the eggs from all farmers who are members of the
group. These will be graded, packed and marketed
through the association.
J. E. Marcaux of Miami Shores was appointed tem-
porary manager of this work. The final plans for the
beginning of winter activities were completed at a meet-
ing held Monday at the Broward county court house.
(Ocala Star, August 27, 1930)
Aiding the distressed stock farmers and dairymen of
the drought stricken regions of Tennessee, Kentucky
and Ohio and at the same time helping the dairy in-
dustry of Marion county take a momentous forward step,
the members of the North Marion Dairy Association are
arranging for the purchase of two carloads of fine dairy
cattle from some of the leading stock farms in the last
named states. Hamlin L. Brown, dairy extension agent
of the state agricultural experiment station, is spending
some time in those states looking over the situation for
the dairy association and gathering information to be
used in guiding a committee of local dairymen who will
shortly join him for the purpose of selecting the cattle
to be purchased and shipped to this county to improve
the dairy herds now located here.
. This is real help that will prove advantageous both to
the farmers in the three states suffering so from drought
and to the dairy industry of this section as well. With
crops ruined from unprecedented lack of rain the dairy-
men and cattle raisers of the middle west were faced
with a shortage of feed stuffs and pasturage that made
the maintaining of their herds problematical to say the
least, and with summer rapidly drawing to a close, it is
doubtful if they will be able to carry their stock through
the coming winter without fearfully heavy losses. To
put the situation that faced them briefly they are con-
fronted with almost certain ruin.
The opportunity offered these cattle raisers in the
drought affected areas to dispose of their high grade
cattle to the members of the North Marion Dairy Asso-
ciation at this time comes very much in the nature of a
Godsend. It gives them the chance of securing a rea-
sonable amount of ready cash, where otherwise they
would have had prospects of nothing better than con-
tinually mounting expense bills for feed to replace the
crops they are unable to grow this summer, and will
help tide them over the months until they are able to
plant and produce another crop next year.
As far as the members of the North Marion Dairy
Association and the dairy industry of this county are
concerned, they will, besides aiding their fellows in dis-
tress, have increased greatly the value of their own herds
through the addition of the pure bred dairy animals, they
will secure and improve both the quantity and quality of
the milk produced in Marion county. It is really a case
of practical farm relief and will no doubt prove mutually
profitable to both dairymen of the three drought stricken
states and to our own dairy industry and that of Florida
It doubtless will be well also to call attention to the
fact that this action on the part of the North Marion
Dairy Association would have been impractical were it
not for the progress made in tick eradication work in
Marion county during the past few months.
Dates Are January 14, 15, 16, 17, With No
(Bowling Green Exponent, August 15, 1930)
The Bowling Green Business Men's Club have already
settled on the date of the next Strawberry Festival to
be held here. They have also decided on which street to
have it and whether to charge admission or not. Follow-
ing is the minutes of the meeting:
Club met at the Bowling Green Hotel at 12:30 August
13. Those present were C. T. Ratliff, chairman; Dr. W.
S. Pyatt, E. E. Fussell, R. M. Brandon, J. G. Allred, J. E.
King, M. Weiner, G. N. Albritton, P. F. Ratliff, M. V.
Altman, T. C. Perry, J. A. Albritton, W. H. Fortson, L. E.
Strickland, Kelon Peeples, L. E. Baggett, Mitch Dur-
rance, T. H. Jones, B. B. Perry, C. L. Taylor and E. S.
On motion of W. H. Fortson, seconded by J. G. Allred,
it was voted to hold the festival for four days, all present
voting in favor of that motion but three.
On motion it was also decided to hold the festival on
the following dates: January 14, 15, 16, 17, and the
opening exercises to be held at 2 p. m. on the first day.
It was also decided to hold the festival in the same
street as last year and to charge no admission. As a
committee to secure the governor to make the opening
address the following were appointed: G. N. Albritton,
J. A. Albritton, Dr. W. S. Pyatt.
As a committee to secure the engagement of the
Johnny Jones carnival the following committee was ap-
pointed: L. E. Strickland, T. H. Jones and C. T. Ratliff.
A discussion also came up in regard to the lands known
as the AAC lands, it having been rumored that it could
not be leased any more for farming. On motion of T. C.
Perry, seconded by L. E. Strickland, it was moved to
present the owners of said land with a resolution asking
them to lease it to whoever applied and would pay a
reasonable rent. Meeting adjourned.
A colony of four thousand Michigan citizens is being
formed at Ensley, near Pensacola, Florida, the result of
making Michigan people acquainted with what Florida
has. Incidents like this show why Florida continues to
grow rapidly in spite of sundry set-backs.-Rome (Ga.)
News-Tribune, June 29, 1930.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
AUSTRIAN PEAS CHEAP FERTILIZER FOR
CORN, SAYS CHIPLEY FARMER
(Gainesville Sun, August 29, 1930)
Using 300 pounds of commercial fertilizer and making
15 bushels of corn per acre didn't suit Ed. J. Meeks,
Chipley farmer. He recently explained at Farmers'
Week how that he was now making close to 60 bushels
per acre. The difference he credits mostly to Austrian
winter peas, as he was explaining how he gradually be-
came convinced of the value of this winter cover crop as
a nitrogen-making and soil-building plant.
He explained how that in 1928, when he had 18 acres
planted in winter peas, he had five acres just across the
fence, fertilized and managed just the same, that pro-
duced about 35 bushels per acre against 60 on the pea
He said that he was convinced that nitrogen was the
main element for corn, and that winter cover crops were
the cheapest sources of nitrogen. On his farm records
show that fertilizer cost for a bushel of corn was 25
cents from a commercial source and about five cents from
BACKWARD OR FORWARD
(Delray Beach News, August 29, 1930)
What is the true picture of Florida's development in
the last ten years? Would it be better, if we could, to
bring back the conditions that existed in 1920 and sub-
stitute them for the ones that prevail now? Have we
gone backward in the ten-year period?
The answer is both "yes" and "no."
Looking on the bright side, we see the tremendous
growth of the state-second in percentage of population
increase and eleventh in gain in actual population. We
also see the fine road system, the schools, hotels and all
the other private and public improvements, constructed
What of the other side of the picture? Delray Beach
may be taken as an example. In 1920 the debt of the
city was $82,500 and in 1930 it is approximately $1,-
250,000 or 15 times as great. In the same period the
population has increased from 1,051 to 2,431, or two and
one-third times as great. While our population was little
more than doubling the bonded debt of the city increased
If we could trade conditions in 1920 for those in 1930
and retain the experience we have gained in the mean-
time, we might prefer the transfer-that, however, is
useless talk for we have what we have and we must do
the best we can.
There is plenty of sunshine and it is not necessary
to dwell in the dark corners-dark as they may seem.
We are, therefore, ending this with a very fine compli-
ment to Florida from the Industrial Index:
Florida-poor Florida! She suffered so much during
the past decade! In population, in wealth, in industry, in
general development, in roads, in bridges, in hotels, in
schools, in municipal facilities, she lost so heavily! If we
just had the Florida of 1920 instead of the Florida of
The United States census gives some of the dis-
heartening details. Florida's population is now 1,465,969,
a gain of only 51.4 per cent in ten years. True, only
one other state, California, which increased 64.6 per cent
in population, had a greater percentage gain. California
and Florida are in a class to themselves, for the next
highest percentage increase was Michigan, 31.3. States
showing a population gain of 20 to 30 per cent were:
New Jersey 26.8, Texas 24.6, North Carolina 23.8,
Arizona 23.7, New York and Oregan, both 21.5.
The critical reader may point out that this is simply a
percentage increase, that Florida did not have any con-
siderable population in 1920 and so any gain to speak of
would account for a handsome percentage showing. The
population figures themselves will therefore be con-
During the ten years Florida's population increased
497,499. Only ten other states in the Union reported
a larger gain in actual population than did Florida.
These states, and the increases, follow: New York 2,224,-
328, California 2,215,421, Michigan 1,149,959, Texas
1,147,455, Illinois 1,145,003, Pennsylvania 918,328, Ohio
869,979, New Jersey 846,663, North Carolina 606,023,
Pity poor Florida! The second state in the Union in
percentage of population increase. The third in the
south, and the eleventh in the nation, in numerical in-
crease. Condolences are in order, and so in both respect
and affection we will affix this bit of crepe.
SWEET POTATO PROSPECTS
(Holmes County Advertiser, August 29, 1930)
The sweet potato crop will be shorter this year than
ever before since 1925. You will remember that was
the year when Holmes county shipped so many potatoes
at a satisfactory price. It may well be that this will
again be the result of a short crop.
The thirteen southeastern states produce 85 per cent
of the sweet potatoes of the United States. Their crop
is estimated at 57 million bushels as compared with 75
million last year. The shortage runs about the same all
over the United States-66 million this year as com-
pared with 84 million last year.
With potatoes selling around $1.00 per bushel they can
not be profitably fed to hogs at present or prospective
pork prices. It takes about two bushels of sweet potatoes
to equal one bushel of corn in fattening hogs.
The farmer who has a promising potato patch, even if
small, would do well to harvest them carefully and store
them safely. Better of course, would be to sell them at
digging time if a satisfactory price can be gotten. This
is a year, of course, when feed will be sorely needed.
It is equally true that cash will be needed. If potatoes
offer us extra cash crop at this time it will certainly come
in good play.
RAISE MORE DUCKS
(Perry Herald, August 28, 1930)
It is being pointed out that ducks are one of the most
profitable and best crops that the average farmer of
Florida can raise. They do not require the food that
other poultry does, for they do a lot of foraging for
themselves: There is plenty of water available on the
average farm, there is always a good market for them,
and they are not so susceptible to the common forms of
disease that bother other poultry. Several duck farmers
have tried them out in different sections of the state
and in almost all instances they have made money out