U.S.Dept. of Agricultre,
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 4 MAY 5, 1930 No. 23
A PLEASANT PLACE TO LIVE
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
HOOSING a place to live is one of the
problems which is easier to solve now
than it used to be. With modern methods
of transportation and of providing food,
raiment and shelter it is possible for man to live
almost anywhere that animal life can exist, ex-
cept in the remotest polar regions. But there
are preferences as to temperature, precipita-
tion, altitude, topography, drainage, proximity
to ocean, mountains, mines, cities, forests, crops,
manufactures, etc., and these preferences keep
people on the shift in an attempt to accommo-
date themselves to their surroundings and find
the least objectionable place for their pleasure
and profits. No one country offers all the ad-
vantages for man's permanent abode, and few
that do not meet some of the requirements for
Physiological, psychological, economic and
recreational requirements determine the choice
of different climates. If the requirements were
the same for everyone there would be only one
country preferred as a place of residence. This
would be unfortunate.
Some prefer sports in snow and ice to bath-
ing in southern seas or resting neathh palm and
pine. Some prefer skiing in the snow-covered
mountains to motoring amid tropical verdure or
angling in pleasant vales. Some prefer the
sharp wind from frozen zones to spicy breezes
that blow soft o'er sunny isles.
But the great mass of mankind would rather
have a temperature from 60 to 80 degrees than
from zero to 20 degrees below. There is where
Florida comes in. Let yourself loose and try
it once, and see for yourself which YOU prefer.
People do not stay all the time where they
prefer to have their home. More and more
there is a shifting, both permanently and tempo-
rarily. Travel is on the increase year by year.
A trip is planned as an annual affair by thou-
sands and at longer intervals by other thou-
sands. As to how long the jburfly is to be is
measured by the-Jengtf of the purse. A vaca-
tion usually means a trip.
Now, how many plfn a trip north in the
winter and south in-the-summer? Hundreds of
thousands go north, or to the mountains, in the
summer. A few thousands go on a southern
trip in the summer, but hundreds of thousands
go south in the winter. All of which means that
the great mass of people prefer mild climate for
winter and moderately cool climate for summer.
As an illustration of how people of means
view this question of climate, we list below a
few of the many who have come to Florida to
live because they like the climate. With all the
world to choose from, they decided on Florida.
This state is becoming the residential capital of
Some of the pioneer residents who were full-
handed and developers by nature were Flagler,
Plant and Chipley. They chose different parts
of the state and different kinds of business for
Others came and either made the state their
home or made annual visits during the winter
months. Men like Chauncey M. Depew, who
stayed each winter at St. Augustine till eighty-
odd years of age. Men like Conner, who made
it his home until death. Men like John D.
Rockefeller, who has lived at Ormond Beach in
the winter for many years. Men like Thomas
A. Edison, who has spent his winters in Fort
Myers for a great part of his life. A list of suc-
cessful business men, who have built homes in
Florida, would include the following:
Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, John Ring-
ling, Caleb Johnson, T. A. Farnsworth, James
Deering, Alexander S. Taylor, W. J. Howey, J.
C. Penney, Leo Nash, Richard Schaddelee,
James D. Tew, W. N. Reynolds, August Heck-
scher, George Kingston, Richard H. Edmonds,
E. C. Cale, E. N. Morrow, Charles M. Hays, W.
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
R. Beckwith, Dr. O. S. Fitzsimmons, Edward F.
Hutton, Charles R. Hall, E. A. Smith, R. E. Olds,
C. B. Chadwick, Edward F. Hutton, J. R. An-
thony, L. M. Futch, Irving J. Thomas, C. W.
Jordan, Thomas Meighan-and hundreds of
others who are helping to make Florida the resi-
dential capital de luxe of America.
FLORIDA IN THE SUN
A recent issue of the New York Sun says that
"Florida is absolutely unique among the forty-
eight states. Crowded with curious and fasci-
nating things. The only state in the Union
favored by nature with an inexhaustible and de-
pendable steam heating plant. Bigger than all
New England with Massachusetts left out. In-
come about a half billion dollars a year. For
the historian and the antiquarian, rich in
shrines and lore. Gilded idleness and the ex-
treme of fashion exists almost side by side with
the plodding industry of soil-stained farmers.
A million sun-seekers pour in by railroad, steam-
ship, motor car, airplane and even bicycle.
Champions of all kinds of sport hie to this land
for training, fun and profit. Two hundred and
fifty million dollars in real money dumped into
Florida this season by this amazing horde of
snow-dodgers. The natural winter playground
of all the eastern part of the country. So easy
to reach. Has about everything a state needs,
properly developed and utilized. Raises 200
kinds of crops and she can raise some of them
four times a year. Fruit, vegetables, fish, lum-
ber and poultry to occupy her profitably and
steadily the year around."
U. OF I. TEST HAILED AS MAJOR FARM
(From Sidney (Ill.) Times, Champaign County, March
One of the most recent major aids to the vast farming
industry of Illinois and America has come out of the
experimental laboratories of the University of Illinois
College of Agriculture. It is a simple and workable field
test for available phosphorus in soils.
Scientists have been working for years trying to per-
fect such a test, but it remained for the university work-
ers to put on the finishing touches. Investigators in at
least three other states have been working on a phos-
phorous test, but they are not field tests in the sense that
the Illinois test is one which can be readily applied in
the field. Farmers as well as scientists have been anxious
to get such a test.
Announcement of the test focuses public attention
upon the inestimable benefits which the state is reaping
from the research and investigational work being carried
on by the experiment station of the University of Illinois
College of Agriculture, according to Director H. W.
Mumford. So great have been the demands for new and
reliable facts that the station is conducting some 250
separate projects dealing with soil maintenance, crop im-
provement, profitable feeding, plant and animal disease
control, efficient production and harvesting, better mar-
keting and distribution, better farm living conditions and
other phases of farming and homemaking. Out of one of
these experiments came the new test for phosphorus.
It is well known that many of the soils of the middle
west are short on available phosphorus for crop growth.
In fact, after soil acidity has been corrected and a
proper rotation has been established, phosphorus often
remains a limiting factor in efficient crop production.
Value of the new test lies in the fact that it helps to
determine: (1) the necessity for phosphorus and (2) the
approximate need of phosphorus for a given area.
The new test will function in much the same way as the
soil acidity test which the agricultural college has brought
into wide use on farms of the state during the past few
years. This acidity test has saved Illinois farmers thous-
ands of dollars by making it possible for them to apply
no more and no less limestone than was needed to get
good crop returns.
The test is applicable not only in one community but
in any part of the world. It has a distinct advantage
over other tests of its kind in that it is cheap and easy
to use under field conditions.
A patent to protect farmers against commercial ex-
ploitation of the new test has been applied for by the
university. The test was devised by R. H. Bray, a mem-
ber of the agricultural college agronomy department.
A solution made up to a definite chemical formula, a
small tin rod and some test tubes or vials are all the
materials required. The test is made by shaking 1 part
of soil with about 3 parts of the solution in a small test
tube or vial. Only enough shaking to mix the soil and
solution is required. When settled, after about five
minutes, the soil should occupy about one-third of the
tube and the solution two-thirds. The clear solution is
then stirred gently with a tin rod and without disturbing
the settled soil until maximum intensity of blue color
develops. This requires from 10 to 20 seconds, depend-
ing upon the amount of phosphate present in the soil
being tested. The blue color results from the chemical
"reducing" action which takes place when the tin dis-
solves in the acid solution.
Reliability of the new test for taking the guesswork
out of phosphate fertilization was checked by tests made
on more than 500 soil samples from 31 experiment fields
located in different parts of the state and also on samples
from farms and demonstration plots.
The Inspection Bureau of the State Department of
Agriculture is conducting an "educational" campaign
among syrup manufacturers of the state to see that the
pure food and drug law is not violated with regard to
the proper branding of their product. Officials of the
bureau said it was a "common thing" to find infractions
of the law where syrup manufacturers and distributors
had failed to properly label the contents of their pack-
ages. Many of the manufacturers and distributors are
buying syrup from farmers and selling the finished
product absolutely devoid of label, -and many of those
labeling their syrup do so improperly, it was stated. The
law, it was pointed out, provides that all syrups shall be
labeled with the ingredients which go in the mixture, and
the label must also show the name and address of the
person manufacturing the syrup together with a state-
ment of the contents in weight.-Ocala Star, April 8,
FLORIDA REVIEW 8
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO .. .... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS........ .Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926. at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 4 MAY 5, 1930 No. 23
In the issue of the Review of March 17
appeared an address by State Marketing
Commissioner L. M. Rhodes, delivered be-
fore the Sumter County Growers Associa-
tion, February 20, and through an error in
printing this address Mr. Rhodes was
quoted as saying that practically 80 per
cent of our farm commodities are con-
trolled and sold by cooperative associa-
tions when he should have been credited
with saying that "practically 80 per cent
of our farm commodities are not controlled
and sold by cooperative associations."
"BACK TO FARM" MOVEMENT PREDICTED
(Florida Times-Union, April 8, 1930)
Appearing in Ithaca, at Cornell University recently,
Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt told the crowd gathered to
observe Farm and Home Week that the pendulum is due
to swing back and cause a movement towards the farms,
instead of away from them, as has been noted in the past.
Emphasizing as the great objective the improvement in
conditions on the farms and the possibilities of the
farmers to live rather than merely exist, while engaged
in agricultural pursuits, the governor of New York
stressed the economic side of farm life, and remarked
on the many things done to increase efficiency and bring
greater comfort to the farmer.
"All sorts of factors are involved," the governor said,
"better roads, better schools, better health facilities,
better churches, lower rates for electricity, lower rates
for telephones." These were things which he declared
would help to turn attention to the possibilities in farm-
ing; the old idea that there was only hard work, discom-
fort and little chance to accomplish anything on a farm
was indicated as passing.
Remarking that one of the principal causes for the trek
of thousands, especially the young people, from the farm
to the city has been because the farms have been cut
off from the amusements and the interests which the
urban communities provide, Governor Roosevelt declared
that we must take more intelligent interest in the whole
problem of making farm life more socially interesting
as well as more financially profitable. The economic
reasons for the movement away from the farms included
the attempt to cultivate too many acres of land at a
loss; the effort made to raise crops that are unsuitable
to soil and climate are causes that lead only to dis-
Governor Roosevelt talked of antiquated marketing
processes yet prevalent in some sections, and admitted
that the tax burden was sometimes too heavy to be borne
with patience. Development of educational facilities in
suburban sections will help to make the farmers con-
tented, and will do much towards keeping the boys and
girls on the farms. The problems that appear to the
governor of the great state of New York are no different,
except in detail, from those to be found everywhere in
Florida is doing much to make life on the farm satis-
factory, comfortable and profitable. Extension of good
roads is one of the big things going on, and extension of
school facilities, and help in many other ways, such as
the advice and counsel of state and county agents, work-
ing out from and with the aid of the department of agri-
culture. The Florida farmer has in his favor a mild,
delightful climate, with, in many sections, highly fertile
lands and an almost endless variety in choice of crops.
But even here there is not yet that complete contentment
found in rural sections, and there is yet some movement
away from the farms.
The governor of New York is visualizing a return of
the pendulum, and the reasons for expecting a swing
back to the fields and meadows and valleys and hillsides,
away from the crowds and the noise and intense compe-
tition of the cities are excellent. He sees the approach
of the electric servant, to bring light and power to the
farms; he notes the building of new school houses and
churches and theatres; the probability of an increasing
improvement in marketing conditions and business
methods, applied where before much had been left to
chance. The two main reasons assigned to the move-
ment away from the farm, economic and social, he be-
lieves are being met, and he predicts good to come from
the attention to and amelioration of these troubles.
BIG POTATO PATCH
(Orlando Evening Reporter-Star, April 8, 1930)
The Indian River Fruit Growers' Company, with head-
quarters at Vero Beach, evidently grows something be-
sides fruit. A story in the Press-Journal of this pretty
little city down where the "tropics begin" tells of a 250-
acre potato patch which yielded this company a return of
10,000 barrels of spuds.
A solid train of 55 cars would have been required to
haul this crop to market had they all been ready for
shipment at the same time. Coming as they did ahead of
the crop farther north, they brought good prices and
netted the growers nice money. This company has sev-
eral thousand acres of land under cultivation. A crop of
150 acres of tomatoes is about ready for market.
Following the harvesting of the potato crop, it is the
practice of this company to plant the same land to corn,
which matures in June and July. This practice is being
followed this year again, as the company has been very
successful with its corn crop. The potatoes just mar-
keted were matured in 90 days.
In field and garden crops Vero Beach territory is
rapidly forging to the front. Indian river products,
whether of fruit or vegetables, have a top place in all
markets. A progressive class of farmers is making In-
dian River county a proud asset to the state. Diversified
farming is growing beyond the primary stage over there.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
MILK FOR FOOD, NUTRITION AND HEALTH
Home Economics Department Urges Use of
Recently an interesting and instructive folder was
issued by Miss Mary A. Stennis, Extension Nutritionist
of the Florida Agricultural Extension Division, setting
forth the value of milk for food, nutrition and health,
and in the main follows:
For four years the Home Economics Department of
the Florida Agricultural Extension Division has promoted
a constructive educational food, nutrition and health
program, stressing fresh Florida fruits, vegetables and
milk. Demonstrations, exhibits, stories, posters, plays,
and pageants have played a part in making milk popular
throughout the state.
Animal (rat) feeding demonstrations have told the
story well in thirteen counties. Child feeding demon-
strations have been made in ten counties. Records made
by the home demonstration agents of Marion, Columbia,
and Hillsboro counties are as follows: Eighty children
who were below average weight and who had no milk to
drink were selected as "demonstrators." One quart of
milk each, daily, was added for one month to the usual
diet. As a result, seventy children gained more than
two pounds each and some gained, in many cases, in
appearance of skin, hair, eyes, expression, posture, and
attitude toward work. Only ten children failed to gain
and did so for reason of physical defects, which were
not removed, or for reasons of illness. In each county
records show that there was at least a temporary in-
crease in the consumption of milk by the children at
large. In some instances there was as much as 25%
The Baby Needs Milk
Mother's milk is best for the young baby. Milk gives
the baby the food needed during the first few months to
grow strong, healthy, and happy. Milk, plus fruit and
vegetable juice, keeps the baby growing through the next
The Little Child Needs Milk
From mother's milk to cow's milk--a pint-a-day and
up to a quart-a-day is the milky way to growth and
health. To be sturdy, to be straight, to be happy while
they grow, young children must have tissue building food.
Not every food makes new tissues-bones, muscles,
teeth. Milk supplies some of all the many materials
needed. During the period of greatest growth the child
needs the most milk. Increase the pint-a-day to a
quart-a-day and the little child will become the school-
child with a healthy body, straight back, strong limbs,
good teeth, glossy hair and smooth skin.
The School Child Needs Milk
The milk habit, the quart-a-day, gives the child one
habit he does not have to change when he starts to school.
Milk helps the school child to "keep growing" and to
meet the task of working and playing harder than he
did at home.
Milk helps the school child resist the diseases that
contact him when he enters school and community life.
Milk helps to prevent faulty food habits.
Milk helps the school child balance the meal that he
must eat when away from home-the school lunch.
The College Student Needs Milk
Whole milk, from a pint to a quart-a-day, should con-
tinue to be the basis of the daily diet.
Milk is the sure choice for the college student who
must select his own meals at the college cafeteria or
other places away from home.
Even the most "grown-up" of college students con-
tinues to grow and develop during the usual college age
and good clean milk is the safest builder.
Working People Need Milk
Milk helps to keep them well.
Milk helps them to work without wearing out.
Milk gives "muscle tone."
Milk prevents fatigue.
Mother Needs Milk
Milk keeps her strong and helps her to build a strong
body for her baby.
The mother's milk drinking habit teaches the child
that milk is good.
Milk Products Are Valuable
Buttermilk, skim milk, and cottage cheese are good
foods, but they all lack some of the food value of whole
milk. The fat, rich in calories and in vitamin content,
has been removed. In cottage cheese the whey contain-
ing much of the mineral and sugar has been drained. A
generous spread of butter should supplement these
products, especially in the diets of children. Some whole
milk is always needed.
Milk for Protein
In food, certain substances, called proteins, are neces-
sary for growth and body building. Milk can supply the
protein needs of the body.
Milk supplies the best protein known to nature, says
Dr. Walter H. Eddy. The baby gets all his protein from
milk. The grown-up should get a good part of his from
whole or skim milk, buttermilk, clabber or cheese. Eggs,
fish and meat contain good protein and should form a
part of the diet. Cereals and vegetables have protein,
but its value is not so high as is that of milk.
Milk supplies the cheapest as well as the best pro-
tein. One quart of milk furnishes as much protein as
seven ounces of steak or four large eggs. Milk protein
is good for everybody.
Children need it most since each year they add from
five to fifteen pounds of bone, blood, and muscle.
Milk for Vitamins
Milk supplies vitamins, growth and health factors
which prevent certain diseases, stimulates appetite, help
the body to resist infectious diseases, and bring about
health and normal development.
Whole milk, cream and butter are economical sources
of vitamin A. Other sources are egg-yolk, liver, leafy
vegetables and cod-liver oil.
Milk has not enough of vitamin D needed for tooth
and bone formation. Cod-liver oil is rich in D.
Milk, fresh from properly fed cows, has vitamin B
and C, but stale, poor or heated milk may be lacking in
these vitamins. Fresh fruit (especially citrus and to-
mato) and green vegetables supply B and C. Every
baby should, after a few weeks, have orange or tomato
juice and, if the baby cannot have direct sunlight, he
should have cod-liver oil to supplement the milk diet.
Milk for Minerals
Many minerals are needed in the body. Milk con-
tains many minerals but two are most important-cal-
cium (lime) and phosphorus, which are much needed in
building strong bones, hard teeth and other tissues. They
also help the body work in other important ways. One
quart of milk will furnish as much calcium (lime) as ten
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
large oranges, thirty-two eggs, or twenty pounds of
beef. Other good sources of phosphorus are whole
cereals, eggs, meat and fish.
Milk supplies iron in small amount, but in valuable
form. Leafy vegetables, egg yolks, liver and beef are
good sources of iron and should supplement a milk diet.
Vegetable juice should be added early to the baby's diet.
Milk for Energy
Milk supplies fat and sugar, both of which are in a
form easily used by the body. The fat is an emulsion,
the first state of digestion, and the sugar is in an easily
digested form. Both fat and sugar are in proper propor-
tion for a balanced diet.
Milk needs supplementing to supply a satisfactory diet.
As has been said, certain minerals and vitamins are lack-
ing in milk but are supplied in green vegetables and
egg yolks. Meat, fish and eggs add protein and give
variety and added flavor. Roughage is necessary. Vege-
tables and fruits supply bulk. More energy food is essen-
tial for children. Bread, cereals, potatoes, a little sugar,
and some extra fat (as butter) have an important place
in addition to milk in the diet.
Clean, fresh milk from healthy animals is safe if kept
properly. Milk should be quickly cooled, covered and
kept cool. It should be carefully handled in clean vessels.
WHAT EXPERTS SAY ABOUT MILK
"Milk Is Unexcelled for Children."-M. J. Rose-
nau, M. D.
"Milk Is the Most Nearly Perfect Food."-Crum-
"Milk Supplies the Best Protein Known to
Nature."-Dr. Walter H. Eddy.
"Milk Is a Public Necessity."-New York Med-
"Milk Is a 'Protective' Food."-Dr. Henry Han-
"Milk Is Easily and Completely Digested."-
Crumbine and Tobey.
(Ft. Lauderdale News, April 9, 1930)
There is likely to be a surplus of fluid milk during the
next few months in most sections of Florida, the milk
inspection division of the State Department of Agricul-
ture warns. Increased consumption will solve the prob-
One or two gallons of milk a day and one dish of ice
cream a day consumed by each citizen of Florida would
eliminate the surplus. Health authorities recommend
that the growing girl or boy should drink a quart of
milk a day.
And why not? It is nutritious, wholesome and it builds
bone, muscle and brain.
It is advisable to patronize local dairymen, where op-
portunity is given to see the conditions under which milk
is produced. The fact that local milk can be delivered
soon after milking guarantees a fresh supply.
Drink plenty of milk. Insist on getting good milk.
PANAMA CITY GETS $5,000,000 PAPER
Construction of Mill to Begin at Once-To Have
Daily Capacity of 400 Tons, Carrying
(Panama City Pilot, April 11, 1930)
Work is to start immediately on the five million dollar
kraft paper and pulp mill, which is to be located at Bay
Harbor. This was completely determined at a special
called meeting of the city commission held in the city
hall on Thursday evening, April 10th, for the purpose of
settling the matter.
Resolutions drawn up by the city of Panama City and
the Southern Kraft Corporation, a subsidiary of the In-
ternational Paper Company, were practically unani-
mously adopted following a general discussion of the
proposed project by the city commissioners and throngs
of interested citizens. When put to a final vote the
entire assemblage rose to its feet in a body with loud
clapping of hands and cheering.
The site selected for the mill is located at Bay Harbor
and comprises approximately 190 acres, much being
waterfront property facing St. Andrews Bay, where large
municipal docks will be built. The first unit of the mill
will have a daily capacity of 200 tons per day and, it
was announced, the capacity will be increased to 400
tons per day.
Major J. H. Friend, of the Southern Kraft Corporation,
stated Thursday evening that they were ready to begin
work at once and that they hoped to be shipping 200 tons
of paper daily from Panama City within eleven months
and that within twenty-four months the output would be
This will mean, stated the official of the Southern
Kraft Corporation, a large payroll for Panama City, as
the corporation does not plan to maintain any stores or
a commissary, nor will they own any residences for their
employees to occupy, thus giving rental agents and real
estate people and merchants an opportunity for an in-
crease in patronage.
STATE LEASES SAW-GRASS LANDS TO A
PAPER MILL GROUP
(Polk County Record, April 9, 1930)
Tallahassee, April 9.-(A. P.)-The Trustees of the
Internal Improvement Board today leased to the Lake
Griffin Pulp and Grass Corporation, of Florida, saw grass
rights to 30,000 acres of state land for the manufacture
of paper pulp.
The lease was given on condition that the corporation
build a mill to manufacture the paper by the expiration
of a three-year period. If the mill is built by that time,
the board agreed to give the corporation a further
10-year lease on the saw grass at 50 cents an acre as a
minimum or the amount of the taxes on the lands if in
excess of the 50 cents an acre.
The corporation is to reserve an additional area of saw
grass lands of the state at the rate of 30,000 acres for
each 50-ton daily capacity of its mill.
The board was advised by officials of the corporation
that it planned to erect a million dollar mill on Lake
Griffin and that its expenditures may run as high as
$4,000,000 for the three-year period. The saw grass
lands involved in the lease include any such lands owned
by the state.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
SATSUMA IS TURNING SUNSHINE INTO
GOLD-FUTURE NOW ASSURED
Tremendous Possibilities and Potentialities Are
(St. Augustine Record, April 17, 1930)
No resort city in Florida is blessed with a finer back
country, more potential wealth at its very door, or more
year around payrolls in its midst than St. Augustine.
In many tourist towns in Florida, there are no sub-
stantial year around payrolls, such communities depend-
ing almost wholly upon the tourist business. In St.
Augustine there are the general shops of the Florida East
Coast Railway, the general offices of the Florida East
Coast Railway, a large fish business, a big shrimp pack-
ing and shipping business, the payroll of the Record
Printing Company, general offices of the Model Land
Company, a number of cigar factories, together with
other industries. St. Augustine, too, has a rich back
country, including the Hastings and Elkton potato sec-
tion with its total crop running from four to six million
dollars annually. This county is also shipping lettuce,
celery and other truck commodities, placing on the mar-
ket last month, according to the official report of the
county agent, more carrots than any other Florida
county. In addition to all this, St. Augustine has her
broad, smooth, drivable beaches-Vilano and St. Augus-
tine Beach-to attract people during the long summer
months and capable of development comparable to that
of Jacksonville and Daytona Beach, lying to the north
and south of St. Augustine's ocean frontage.
No county in Florida can boast of possessing such
fertile soil. The land bordering the St. Johns river
possesses a rich black loam, beneath which lies a strata
of clay and shell, a condition brought about by inunda-
tion by the river water in ages past. This condition,
coupled with incomparable climate, makes this section
especially adaptable to the citrus industry.
Before going into the detail of the Satsuma industry
and the bright prospects for its development here (that
really is what this story is to be about), let us remember
that the State of Florida and county of St. Johns now
have admirable systems of good roads. Every important
section of this county is served, and it is possible for one
to drive from any county seat in Florida to any other
county seat on modern highways. The federal govern-
ment has taken over the canal, and already two crews
with equipment are working in the canal north of St.
Augustine, with another about to begin operations near
Summer Haven south of this city. Work of widening
and deepening this inland waterway for yachts is also
under way near Miami and the Palm Beaches. St.
Augustine now has a municipal pier, properly designed
and well constructed, so that this community may expect
to reap its share of the yacht business next season; and
word comes from the north that the shipbuilding yards
are behind with their orders, so great is the demand for
yachts. It is believed every year will see more and more
of these floating palaces and smaller craft in Florida
waters. And on top of all this good news comes the
statement that August Heckscher, now a resident of St.
Augustine, with the help of others, is going to make an
effort to eliminate all preventable disease, avoidable
suffering and dire poverty in this county-making it a
model community from a welfare standpoint, a county
that will serve as an example and inspiration to other
counties of the country. This millionaire philanthropist
has employed a number of workers who are at this time
making a survey of the county, looking to the creation
of that Utopian condition.
In years past the lack of good roads retarded the de-
velopment of the rich back country of St. Johns, but
today, with ribbons of highways leading in every direc-
tion to new lands, the path of the county's prosperity is
Full and due credit must be given to the men who
looked into the future and then boldly launched into a
road and bridge program such as would have been be-
yond the pale of the most vivid imagination ten years
ago. Starting with the construction of the Prison Farm
road, a small connecting link of but a mile and a half
in length, the program reached out to include that well-
built, much-used 10-mile boulevard down Anastasia
Another peerless stretch connects St. Augustine with
Orangedale through the Mill Creek section to Shands
Bridge, while a ten-mile pavement leads off from the St.
Augustine-Jacksonville highway to the Julington Creek
bridge. With St. Augustine as a hub, perfect county
roads grew out to link the mother city of the county with
Moultrie, Switzerland, Orangedale, Picolata, Tocoi, River-
dale and Hastings in the western part of the county.
Those same roads in spreading out over St. Johns county
have opened up virtually every mile of one of the most
fertile and productive farming counties in the state.
Thus, from a road system that provided but three
arterial outlets from the county seat, St., Johns now
boasts of roads that carry traffic out and into the county
from virtually every conceivable angle. In fact, St. Johns
county presents a highway expansion program that stands
out as a signal example to the whole of Florida.
Now comes a revival of the citrus industry in this
county. More than half a century ago St. Johns was
the leading citrus county in the state, and groves planted
between Palatka and Jacksonville before the Civil War
are still bearing and furnishing incomes from four to six
thousand dollars a year to their owners. A number of
groves at San Mateo, Mandarin and at least one even
closer to Jacksonville have survived all of the freezes.
Seventy-five years ago a price of $150 an acre was paid
for lands along the St. Johns river in this county, sales
being made to persons who bought the lands for citrus
purposes and planted the acreage to oranges.
The fact that citrus is often damaged by cold in the
southern and central part of the state while the groves
along the St. Johns river in north Florida escape is due
to the warmth given by the river, which is wider for a
longer distance between Palatka and Jacksonville than
anywhere else throughout its entire length. At the
Shands bridge it is two and a quarter miles wide, directly
across; but inasmuch as most of the cold waves come
from the northwest, the chilled air crosses the river
diagonally, and this, together with the bends in the
river, causes this cold air to pass over from four to six
miles of water. The volume of the river is replaced
every few minutes by sun-warmed water from the
southern part of the state, the flow of the river being
northward. The lower strata of air striking the orange
groves therefore become warm before they reach the St.
Johns county side of the river.
Groves are being sold almost every week in the St.
Johns river section of this county, and a good many
thousand trees have been set out in recent months by
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
capitalists from the north who are developing this sec-
Development of this fertile empire was predicted by
those who sponsored the road program, and now the ful-
fillment of that prediction is coming about through the
foresightedness and efforts of the Tocoi Development
Company, in the preparation of five-acre tracts of Sat-
suma Orange groves on their property at Tocoi, 12 miles
west of St. Augustine.
A careful study was made of the soil in that section
of the country with the result that Satsuma groves were
laid out. "Soil at Tocoi is of the most fertile in Florida
and is especially adapted to the growth of Satsuma
oranges," declared W. B. Mathis, field manager of Glenn
Saint Mary Nurseries, after examining the grounds in
West St. Johns county.
Satsumas are successfully grown in Northern Florida
but are not generally found in Southern or Central Flor-
ida or California. Satsumas are marketed in October, a
month earlier than most other oranges, thereby lessening
market competition and invariably bringing a good price.
The supply of Satsuma oranges never has and probably
never will equal the demand, the territory in which they
can be grown being so limited. For the past 15 years
the minimum price for Satsuma oranges has been $6.00
a box, with each year seeing an increase. According to
the market of Satsumas for the past 15 years, a five-acre
grove should pay the owner $5,000 per annum, and with
the market at $12.00 per box, as it was during the past
year, an income practically doubling that sum should be
With St. Johns county in the territory able to produce
Satsumas, enhanced by the advantage of the most desir-
able climatic conditions, there is no doubt that the indus-
try is one of the most outstanding in this section of the
state. Satsuma groves have always proved profitable in
Northwestern Florida in spite of the fact that often the
groves are damaged by frost. Surely, with soil equal, if
not better, and a climate which excels that of that sec-
tion, temperatures averaging nearly ten degrees lower,
St. Johns is blessed as no other county in the state.
THE FLORIDA ORANGE
(Winter Haven Chief, April 9, 1930)
If anyone is in doubt about the fact that neighboring
states of Dixie, where the embargo against Florida citrus
fruit has been maintained since last summer, are sending
up a loud yell for Florida fruit and are protesting against
the stuff they are receiving from California, an editorial
printed recently in the Savannah Press ought to con-
vince them that such is the case. Our friend Marshall
Schoenthaler of this city has been spending some time
in and around Savannah looking after the interests of the
Fiber Container Corporation of America, of which he is
southeastern manager, and he has had plenty of oppor-
tunity to observe the markets there and note the demand
for Florida citrus fruit. He substantiates the editorial
which appeared in the Press. The Chief is indebted to
Mr. Schoenthaler for a copy of the editorial which we
pass along to the readers of the Chief. Here it is:
The Savannah Press has had a chapter on oranges.
There is complaint in Savannah at this time that the
Florida orange is practically extinct here, and the pur-
chaser must rely upon the unsatisfactory California fruit
for the nearest approach to the orange tree.
The fruit fly is given as an explanation why the Florida
orange has disappeared in this section. It may be shipped
north, because the larvae does not spread in cold
climate, we are told. In Savannah, where the weather is
usually warm, the larvae spreads, and is a menace.
In spite of the fact that we have had a very cold
spring, the Florida orange in Savannah is conspicuous
for its absence. The California orange is a small and
unsatisfactory substitute. There is real complaint over
this situation and the consequent high prices. We under-
stand that Florida has taken charge of the quarantine
itself, and the federal government is glad to be relieved
of it. If it is true that Florida is going to monopolize
the quarantine, we trust the state will see to it that
some of their oranges come this way.
The present situation which dumps California oranges
into Savannah and ships Florida oranges into New York
is only satisfactory to the railroads, which get the long
haul in both cases. We don't begrudge the railroads the
long haul, but we do weep for the absence of Florida
orange juice in this vicinity.
EVERGLADES LAND WELL SUITED FOR
CULTURE OF PEANUTS
(Plant City Courier, April 8, 1930)
Shawano plantation in the Everglades, a few miles
from Belle Glade, is devoted chiefly to growing peanuts.
Clinton C. Page, writing in the Miami Herald, says there
is no agricultural development in that region which is
more constructive or extensive.
While this company was founded in 1852 and has been
chiefly engaged in the manufacture of wood pulp for
conversion into paper and various other articles of com-
merce, with large plants in both Canada and the United
States, its list of products has since been largely in-
creased and now embraces many other lines.
Fifteen miles southeast of Belle Glade and stretching
far into the interior reaches of the Everglades is located
the 70,000-acre tract owned by the Brown Company, con-
sisting of four brothers, H. J., O. B., W. R. and D. P.
Brown. It is known as the Shawano Plantation, the
actual development of which began in 1925. The grow-
ing of peanuts in large commercial quantities is the prin-
cipal agricultural pursuit there. Peanuts, because the
oil extracted from the nuts is used in the manufacture
of a lard substitute or cooking fat having superior quali-
The reason for the existence of such an industry here
is because the owners and their scientists alike were im-
pressed by the two years of preliminary experimental
work prior to entering upon the present development,
with the great fertility of the sawgrass muck soils which
comprise that area. Abundant latent fertility exists in
this soil, their chemists have found, and from whose pro-
gressive scientific studies have been evolved simple and
feasible means for the release of that latent fertility.
These means, stated briefly, are those of adding the
metallic salts of copper and zinc to the soil for the pur-
pose of precipitating excess proteins and toxic matters
therefrom, which brings it to. a highly desirable and pro-
The raising of peanuts is a specialized industry. On
this project planting usually begins about March 1 at
the rate of 45 to 50 pounds of seed to the acre. About
120 days are required to grow the crop. The yield here
is from 1,000 to 1,500 pounds of nuts per acre as com-
pared to an average in old peanut districts of from 600
to 900 pounds per acre.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
DON'T KILL THE LAYER
(The Poultry Item, March, 1930)
We go by fads too much. Fashions in business have
to run their course just as with women's clothes or men's
hats. Some poultrymen still follow the fad of killing the
female at the end of the pullet year. What would you
think of the dairyman who kills his high caliber cows
at the end of their first milking year? Of course this in
unthinkable. But, if a hen has proved during her pullet
year that she is a great layer, why in the world should
she be killed? I have considered the "reasons" set forth
a good many times, and am still unconvinced.
A reliable authority gives us the following record of a
Leghorn hen: She laid a total of 969 eggs in seven years.
Her yearly output was as follows: First year, 105; second
year, 163; third, 138; fourth, 159; fifth, 160, sixth, 133;
seventh, 111. This might have been an exceptional bird,
but it is the poultryman's business to recognize the ex-
ceptional birds and see that they are given the best
possible care as long as they are useful.
This comes under the head of culling the layers this
spring. It is pretty difficult to spot the non-layer. It
is the task of an expert to determine by a physical ex-
amination whether a hen in March is worth keeping over
another year. She must be a pretty good one. Unless
you are sure she is laying as many as twelve dozen eggs
in twelve months she better go to the market. The day
of the weak layer is past. But the day of the real layer
is here. Don't kill the hen that lays your golden eggs.
You have had all the anxiety and skillful manipulation of
methods and circumstances to get her raised from a baby
old enough or big enough to lay an egg. You did all this
for the exclusive purpose of having her lay eggs for you.
She has laid 150 eggs on her first trial trip. Why kill
her? Keep her as the apple of your eye. If she laid 150
eggs this year she may do the same next year, barring
accidents. Two thousand such hens would bring you an
annual income of some $5,000 above the cost of their
feed. Check this up and see whether I am right.
State Department of Agriculture Presents Loving Cup to
Trenton Future Farmer Chapter
(Farm and Live Stock Record, April, 1930)
An annual banquet of the Future Farmers of Florida
held in Jacksonville Saturday night, March 22, marked
the end of a week's activity of that organization as
awards were made to winners in the judging contests held
in connection with the agriculture displays in the Florida
State Fair. Announcement of winners and addresses
from men prominent in agricultural and other circles of
the state were features of the banquet.
Cooperation Was Keynote
Cooperation was the keynote of the speeches to the
young men of the state organization. Mayor John T.
Alsop, in a welcoming address to the 150 young agricul-
turists attending the banquet, stressed the need of
cooperation and organization of the farmers of the
country in order that prices paid for their produce will
be on a more equal basis with those the farmers are
forced to pay for commercial products which form a part
of their living necessities.
Pointing out the advantages of the farm industry,
which the speakers said was becoming a profession and
which must be viewed from a professional standpoint,
the addresses to the organization of future farm operators
of the state all carried the same message of cooperation
and organization, along with education, while pointing
out the advantages, natural and commercial, that are en-
joyed by agriculturists of Florida.
Prominent among the speakers for the annual ban-
quet affair were: Robert D. Maltby, of Washington,
federal agent for agricultural education; W. S. Cawthon,
state superintendent of public instruction, Tallahassee; J.
F. Bazmore, state manager of Chile nitrate of soda edu-
cation bureau, Orlando; J. C. Sellers, editor of the Farm
and Livestock Record, and editorial writer on the Florida
Times-Union, Jacksonville; M. Magoon, poultry specialist
for Duval county, Jacksonville; C. O. Holly, state super-
visor of trade and industrial education, Tallahassee; A.
R. Johnson, master teacher of vocational education for
Florida, Sanford, and J. F. Williams, state supervisor of
agricultural education, Tallahassee.
Prize Winners Announced
Following are the winners in the judging contests as
announced by Mr. Williams: High team in the contest
was from Trenton and was composed of Jas. Coleman,
Tommie Lee Scott and Rankin Cox. The team was pre-
sented with a large and handsome silver cup known as the
State Department of Agriculture trophy, valued at $100.
Vegetable judging contest: Sweet potatoes-First,
Shelton Ken, Penney Farms; second, Emerson Bishop,
Aucilla; third, George Smith, Greensboro. Peppers-
First, Norton Wilkins, Apopka; second, J. Coleman, Tren-
ton; third, Franklin Smith, Monticello. Eggplant-First,
Jesse Shaw, Alachua; second, Kirby Render, Crescent
City; third, Tommie L. Scott, Trenton. Winning team,
Poultry judging: Rhode Island Reds-First, Trible
Dicks, Mason City; second, Louis Ford, Malone; third,
Clark Durrance, Sopchoppy. White Minorcas-First,
Jack Picard, Waldo; second, Austin Martin, Bell; third,
Tommie L. Scott, Trenton. White Leghorns-First, Joe
Smith, Baker; second, William Brewer, Greensboro; third,
Jim Nicholson, Tate. Winning team, Greensboro.
Cattle and hogs: Hampshires-First, Joe Blake, Tate;
second, Ronald Boyles, Alachua; third, Glen Wilkinson,
Baker. Duroc Jerseys-First, Fred Kirkland, Baker;
second, Oscar Ormond, Waldo; third, William Harvey,
Sanford. Dairy cows-First, Tommie L. Scott, Trenton;
second, Claybourne Sapp, Bell; third, Joe Blake, Tate.
Winning team, Trenton.
More Than 100 Boys in Teams
Twenty-one teams composed of more than a hundred
boys from various schools of the state were entered in
the judging contests. J. F. Williams, Jr., was in charge .
of the events, assisted by H. E. Wood, assistant state
agriculture education supervisor; C. H. Willoughby, pro-
fessor of animal husbandry, University of Florida; Dr.
E. W. Garris, professor of agricultural education, Univer-
sity of Florida; S. W. Hyatt, specialist in fruit and vege-
tables, state marketing bureau; M. Magoon, Poultry
specialist of Duval county.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
MEMBERS OF JUDGING TEAM REPRESENTING TRENTON FUTURE FARMERS' CHAPTER
Reading left to right: Rankin Cox; Prof. J. E. McIntyre, Teacher of Vocational Agriculture, in charge of team;
James Coleman and Tommie Lee Scott
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
ARE YOU MAKING WHAT YOU SHOULD
(By Frank W. Brumley, College of Agriculture)
There has been a rapid increase in commercial poultry
farming near large cities since 1921. From 1920 to 1925
the U. S. census shows that there was an increase of 7 per
cent in the population of the U. S. and a 16 per cent in-
crease in the eggs produced in these five years. In Flor-
ida there has been a 30 per cent increase in pouplation
and a 47 per cent increase in the eggs produced during
this period. Some of our Florida counties, near the
larger cities, show more than a 100 per cent increase in
the eggs produced during these five years. The increase
in the production of eggs in Florida for this period was
three times that of the U. S. and no doubt increased con-
tinuously in 1926 and 1927. This has been partially
brought about by the fact that since 1920 poultry farm-
ing has been relatively more profitable than many other
types of farming. The price of eggs from 1920 to 1929
has averaged 14 per cent more than the price of grains,
if compared with the pre-war prices of these products.
This has given the commercial egg farmer a distinct ad-
vantage because 65 to 75 per cent of his cash expenses
are for food. In periods when the prices of grains are
relatively higher than eggs and poultry products, the com-
mercial poultryman is at a disadvantage.
One planning to go into the business of any kind should
thoroughly investigate the chances of returns on his labor
and capital before entering. With the idea of impartially
securing data of this kindfor any who desired such in-
formation, and to help the farmers already engaged in
commercial egg farming, the college of agriculture began
a study of commercial egg farms in 1926. Farmers over
the state cooperated in keeping flock records of expenses,
receipts, eggs collected, deaths and other poultry infor-
mation. Complete records have been secured from 60
farms for 1929, 104 farms for 1928, and 20 farms for
1926. It is interesting to note that for each of the three
years the average egg production, mortality, pounds of
feed consumed per bird, and size of flock, was almost the
same, but that the returns varied greatly from farm to
farm between the years.
The variation in returns from farm to farm was largely
caused by differences in management, and efficiency, but
the variation in returns from year to year was largely
caused by changes in prices.
Value of Eggs Over Feed Cost
One way to measure profits in poultry farming is by
the value of eggs per bird above feed cost per bird. In
1928, when 104 records were secured, the value of eggs
above feed cost ranged between 36c per bird on the lowest
farm, to $3.62 per bird on the highest farm with an aver-
age of $1.96. During this year prices of eggs were the
lowest and feed the highest of any of the three years.
In 1926, the reverse of this was true, showing high priced
eggs and low priced feed. During this year the value of
eggs above cost of feed was $2.76 per bird for all flocks.
In 1929 the prices of eggs and feed were between the high
and low years, and the returns per bird above feed cost
were $2.30. The three year average value of eggs above
feed cost was about $2.35 per bird. The average egg
production was between 145 and 150 eggs per bird, and
the average pounds of feed was between 77 and 79 pounds
per bird for each of the three years. The yearly price of
eggs received by the farmers ranged from 36 to 40 cents
and the yearly average price paid per 100 pounds of feed
for all farms was from $2.72 to $3.00 for the three years.
On a large number of farms and over a period of years,
the value of eggs produced by the laying flock in 12
months will be about twice the cost of the feed for the
laying flock for the 12 months. On good farms and in
more profitable years, the value of eggs should be ex-
pected to be more than twice as large as the feed cost
per bird; on poor farms, and in unprofitable years it will
be less than twice as large. The method used to obtain
this measure of profit was to subtract from the value of
all eggs sold, set and used in the home, the cost of feed
for the laying flock only, and divide the remainder by
the yearly average number of birds in flocks. The weak-
ness of using this as a measure of returns is that a farmer
may be securing efficient use of money spent for feed by
having a well balanced formula, high producing stock,
or a high percentage of pullets, and still fail to make the
profit he should. The remaining half of the value of
eggs above feed cost is not all profit and often rapidly
disappears in other cash farm expenses, labor, marketing
expenses, replacement costs and other overhead expenses.
Receipts Less Expenses
Another measure of returns which is used for measur-
ing profits is known as farm receipts less expenses.
When using this method, all sales of eggs, poultry, ma-
nure, feed bags, and any increase in stock on hand over
the beginning of the year are entered as receipts. The
expenses are composed of feed, sprays, labor hired, medi-
cines, taxes, repairs, and any decrease in the value of
stock. These inventories showing any decrease or in-
crease in stock are very important if properly made, and,
if combined with a record of cash expenses and receipts,
give one of the best types of records for poultrymen to
keep. Let us see what returns the farms in this three-
year study shows by this slightly more complete way of
measuring returns. In the profitable year of 1926 the
farm receipts, less expenses, for 20 farms averaging 800
birds each, was $1,800 per farm, or about $2.25 per bird.
In 1928, the least profitable year, the returns from 104
farms averaging 700 birds was about $700, or $1.00 per
bird. In 1929, 60 farms averaging 800 birds each re-
ceived $1,100 per farm, or about $1.38 per bird above
expenses. These average sums of $1,800, $700, and
$1,100 for the different years are the amounts the farm
operators received for their labor and interest on their
capital invested in the farm. An average of these three
years seems to show that with a flock of 700 to 800 birds
one could expect about an average of $1,200 per year
for his labor and use of capital. In addition to the $1,200,
these farm operators used in the home $175 worth of
poultry and dairy products, garden products, fuel, fruits,
and vegetables, that was not included in the farm sales.
If it were desired to find the operator's returns for
his labor only, interest on the farm investment would
have to be deducted from the $1,200. The average in-
vestment for 104 farms in 1928, was about $8,000 (in-
cludes $2,000 dwelling, all land, fences, buildings, equip-
ment and livestock). Seven per cent interest on this sum
or $560, leaves $640 for the operator's labor. This is
called the operator's labor income. In addition to this
sum he has a house to live in and the farm products fur-
nished the home by the farm given above.
The returns given here are only averages, there being
relatively as many farmers making more or less than
this sum. If you run your farm more efficiently than the
average it should return more, but some must expect less.
Farmers with large flocks, several years experience, near
a good market for eggs, using well bred stock and oper-
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
ating their farms efficiently should make larger returns
than these; while farmers with small flocks, lack of ex-
perience, in poor location and having high operating ex-
penses will find it difficult to secure average returns.
One farmer with these things in his favor made be-
tween $2,500 and $3,000 each of the three years; while
another farmer without them made below $500 each of
the three years.
No matter what the measure of farm returns used,
it will be found that it varies greatly from year to year
and from farm to farm. Even in the least profitable
year, 1928, the profits were high on some farms. Dur-
ing that year the ten most profitable farms made an aver-
age of $2,400 per farm above expenses, $1,600 return
for the operator's labor, and $2.67 per bird above feed
They secured higher returns by doing the things upon
which profits depend better than the average farmer did
them. Maybe a summary of how they operated their
farms will help you in securing greater returns. They
had an average of 1200 birds per farm, 162 eggs per
bird for the year, and 32 eggs per bird during the three
winter months, November, December and January. They
obtained this production with average feed cost per bird
and average feed cost per 100 pounds feed purchased,
since nine out of ten of them had their own feed formula.
They kept their laying flocks composed of 73 per cent
pullets and marketed their eggs so as to obtain two cents
a dozen above the average price. Larger flocks and
higher egg production enabled them to keep a larger
number of birds per man and have a greater output in
dozens of eggs per man, than the average and with less
labor per thousand birds.
If you are a farmer and planning to stay in the poultry
business, you can do little to effect the cycles of high
and low prices. But you can increase the size of your
flock and improve your management practices so as to
give the most efficient use of man labor and lowest pos-
sible operating expense per bird. This will give you an
advantage in the years of relatively low returns, as well
as in the years of high returns. Florida poultry farms
in general are far from being large enough. Considering
the labor of the operator, hired labor, and family help
used on the chickens, there were only 500 birds kept per
man on the 104 farms studied in 1928. This is giving
very poor labor efficiency on our poultry farms. No one
can expect a year's pay from a flock only large enough
for six months work.
Any one planning to enter the poultry business with
no previous experience should start with a small flock
and increase slowly as he gains in experience. A person
may have ability, education and plenty of business experi-
ence in another line and still fail in the poultry business
until he learns that some poultry farms are more profit-
able than others because of certain practices, and until
it is known what these practices are it is best to go slow.
Most of those who have entered the poultry business only
for a short time, and who have failed to stick, have been
those who have had little poultry experience and those
who expected greater profits than could be made imme-
diately. There are a large number of poultrymen mak-
ing a good living from their business, but it comes as
success does in any line with plenty of hard work, careful
study, experience and efficient management.
When Florida cucumbers bring $10 a crate, who
wouldn't be a Florida trucker?-Tampa Tribune, April 5,
SUGAR AND VEGETABLES SHIPPED FROM
Cold Waves or High Water Can Not Stop the
Farmers in This Section from Getting
Stuff to Market
(Okeechobee News, April 11, 1930)
Yes, there has been some cold. On top of that rains
that have interfered with the farmers, but you just
can't keep them down, and notwithstanding all these
things shipments of sugar and vegetables are going on
just the same, as can be seen from the reports that have
been given us from the East Coast Railroad, the Seaboard
and the Railway Express Company.
Really, after all that has happened you would hardly
think there could be anything left, but this is all right.
The Okeechobee section is a wonderful section and no
doubt about it, hence when the figures were handed us
we were not at all surprised.
We are not going to ask you to take our word for it,
bust just call your attention to the following, which is
all the evidence needed. But, if things are going on like
this now, what will be the result when the flood control
bill gets through the United States Congress and people
all over the country who want to come in here and farm
have the protection from high water. The influx will be
simply enormous. You cannot keep them out, and as one
citizen remarked, now is the time for all of us to be get-
ting ready to meet this development, which js bound to
come, for there is no doubt of the flood control bill go-
Then add to that the tariff issue, which is a foregone
conclusion, and you will see that Okeechobee is just
sitting on the verge of a most stupendous development.
But take a look at the figures and see for yourself:
Railway Express Company reports for past day or two:
Peppers, 214 crates; beans, 933 crates; eggplant, 27
crates; tomatoes, 77 crates; collards and greens, 230
crates; fish, 135 barrels.
Night Operator Bond of the East Coast states that
during the past few days 22 cars, not barrels, of raw
sugar were shipped from this station. Rain or shine,
cold or hot, you simply cannot keep this country down.
Sometime in the future, when the years have flown
We hope to hold a leisure loan;
Then we'll call up the friends who helped us add
A few more facts to the knowledge fad.
Some facts are good and some are bad,
Some 'twere better we'd never had;
But these are worthy to be kept in store-
The ones we gathered around Florida's shore.
Words are plenty and of every kind,
And, yet 'tis always hard to find
The ones that will best our thoughts express
Without fear of grammatical mess.
These are the best and I've searched around
In the region where my thoughts abound;
Thank you Florida for the joy we've had,
That sends us home so happy and glad.
-Maude Duncan, Mars, Pa.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
(Citrus County Chronicle, April 17, 1930)
'Tis the time of Orange Blossom in Florida and as
come to us, every year at this season, we are impelled to
ask why some gifted guy doesn't write a musical comedy
with that as the theme song?
"'Tis the Time of Orange Blossom in Florida."
Who that can write would not be inspired by such a
topic? And who that likes life and light and gaiety but
would be tickled pink with the musical comedy evolved
from such a title?
Think of the Chorus of Orange Packers, the Bevy of
Bathing Beauties, the Collection of College Charmers, the
Trio of Tender Tourists and the other chorus numbers
that could be used!
Think of the lyrics! "'Tis the Time of Orange Bloom
in Florida," "Down the Long, Long Water Lanes of
Tampa Bay," "Merry, Merry Maids at Miami Beaches,"
"When the Tourist Takes Her Airplane Trip to Sky-
land," "New Skies Are Blue Skies," and many others.
We call on Ed Lambright, or Bill Glenn, or Joe Wilson,
or Lucile Smith, or Avery Powell, or some other bright
guy to do this little thing for Florida.
"'Tis Orange Blossom Time in Florida."-Lake Wales
This scribe is not a wise guy, nor even a theme song
writer, but the following may be changed, added to,
killed, or what not by the other alleged wise guys-Ed
Lambright, Bill Glenn, Lucile Smith or Avery Powell,
and out of these scrambled words may come a real theme
song-who knows? However, we insist that Lucile be
designated to write the music. Here 'tis:
'Tis Orange Blossom Time in Florida
'Tis Orange Blossom Time
In Florida's sunny clime.
The mocking birds are singing
Night and day.
The bloom now on the trees
Wafts a sweet scented breeze
Throughout the land
Where countless thousands play.
Florida invites you
To the Kingdom of the Sun,
Where all the time is Summer Time
And joyous, frolicsome fun.
Where everybody's happy
And life is bright and gay,
Where all life lasts much longer
And dull cares speed away.
The beaches are calling you-
Always something grand to do-
Playing golf, fishing, hunting,
You're never lonesome or blue
When Florida's calling to you
To come where all the nations now
Philadelphia took 7,708 cars of citrus in 1929, the re-
port of the Philadelphia market news service of the de-
partment of agriculture shows. Florida supplies all the
grapefruit and tangerines and 60 per cent of the oranges,
or a total of more than 5,500 cars.-Gainesville Evening
News, April 9, 1930.
TWO FARMERS MAKING GOOD
English Peas and Syrup Found to be Paying
(Taylor County News, April 10, 1930)
The News had, as very pleasant callers Saturday, two
men of the San Pedro section that are making good on
Taylor county land. These were Oscar Roberts and J.
T. Aman, each working a good acreage and both rais-
ing good crops.
Right now Mr. Roberts is picking English peas from
a patch of a little more than an acre in extent and is
getting fair prices for his crop. He is selling most of the
crop locally. Another farmer that has a good patch of
peas is that of Davis and Putnal and we understand that
they too are doing well with them.
J. T. Aman is determined that Taylor shall not have to
import any more syrup and he has planted two acres of
his best land in sugar cane and this means a good crop
for he knows just how to cultivate the crop and those
folks in that neighborhood are experts in syrup making.
Between Mr. Aman and Mr. Roberts several hundred
cans of syrup will be ready in the fall for the Perry
SIGNS OF PROSPERITY
(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, April 17, 1930)
Florida bank clearings reached a new high mark in
March and totaled more than in any month since April,
March clearings in the seven cities having clearing
house associations were $15,000,000 ahead of February,
reaching the big sum of $122,772,985.30.
At the same time bank deposits were forging upward
and banks everywhere throughout the state were steadily
strengthening their positions.
These are certainly not indications of commercial de-
pression. On the contrary they constitute the best possi-
ble proof that economic conditions are on the upward
trend in Florida. They are the results of one of the
most successful tourist seasons in the state's history,
satisfactory prices for citrus fruits and other crops and
growing confidence in Florida's banking institutions.
An idea of the part played by the fruit crop in improv-
ing the general financial situation may be gained from a
report recently issued by the Florida Citrus Growers'
Clearing House Association. According to this report
Florida grapefruit sold in the four northeastern auctions
during the past season averaged $1.73 net on the tree.
The previous season's average in the same auctions was
$1.00 net on the tree. This season's oranges in those auc-
tions sold at prices which netted the growers an average
of $1.82 net on the tree, while a year ago the average
amounted to only 85 cents.
The western auctions showed similar gains. Oranges
averaged $2.01 on the trees as against 56 cents the pre-
vious season and grapefruit brought an average of $2.05
as against 78 cents the year before.
Under marketing conditions that were no more favor-
able than a year ago, Florida fruit returned a great deal
more money to the growers. Besides affecting bank
clearings and bank deposits this may be taken as strong
evidence of the value of controlled marketing as made
possible by the Clearing House.
FLORIDA REVIEW 18
FLORIDA MENU MOST ATTRACTIVE
(Florida Times-Union, April 11, 1930)
It is often remarked that Florida can feed herself, and
do it well, if making the effort. As a matter of fact,
Florida could sit at home and be served with products of
the state, enjoying a variety and excellence of viands,
delicacies and substantial, such as would not be possible
to the residents of many other sections. At least the
majority of other states must go abroad for many things
Florida has at her door, and of the things that grow it is
possible to get them at times of year when they are un-
available elsewhere. Although Florida has enjoyed open
weather all the winter, practically, with fruits and vege-
tables maturing since January; and in April being well
accustomed to seeing all the gardens and fields abloom
and flourishing, it is yet winter in much of the country.
Few states north of Florida have produced anything
more than the hardiest of vegetables; the early fruits are
Illustrating the possibilities of the table in this favored
land the committee in charge of the Florida products
dinner, a feature of the meeting of Southern Commercial
Secretaries, at Daytona Beach this week, secured a feast
that in variety and excellence could scarcely be excelled
anywhere or any time, and it was as the name suggests, a
menu prepared with things grown and produced in this
state. From the state capital, Tallahassee, to Key West,
contributions had been secured for the dinner, and if the
secretaries and their friends who enjoyed it were not
pleased it may have been from incapacity-the physical
handicap which prevents sampling of so many good
The menu card showed, as a preliminary, fresh papaya,
from Miami. Perhaps some of the visitors were not
familiar with even the name of this delicacy. But it was
there-in the flesh-and pronounced delicious. Next in
order was a fruit cocktail, which everyone now under-
stands is a mixture of chopped fruits; and these had come
from Polk county. Turtle soup, the turtle dating-if
that is the proper word for it-from Key West. Of
course they could have had a turtle from the jetties at
the mouth of the St. Johns river; but it was thought
best to let in the farthest south applicant. Shrimp, a la
Newbergh, another sea-food contribution, this coming
from New Smyrna, was offered then; and coming in the
order mentioned were "sunlaid eggs" from the extensive
poultry farms of Orlando; fried rabbit from the rab-
bitries of DeLand. Roast beef-the product of Daytona
Beach, was remarked as substantial and excellent. In
the salad were found fresh cucumbers from Leesburg,
green peppers from Fort Lauderdale-a section that
raises peppers by the mile-celery hearts from the Celery
City, Sanford, and to make the dressing, grapefruit
vinegar from Miami.
As the diners would naturally ask for vegetables and
other things; that is, they would if time were given before
the things were served; provided were candied yams from
Kissimmee, fresh green beans from Fort Lauderdale. The
corn muffins that were so much appreciated were made
from Tallahassee cornmeal, and Ocala furnished the
butter-showing that Florida does not need to seek out-
side for fine dairy products. Plant City strawberries
with cream from Daytona, and ice cream from Ocala,
made what might be called a happy ending. But of
course there was an extra in the way of coffee-imported
and prepared at Jacksonville, and cigars from Tampa.
As should be recalled there were flowers in great
profusion and charming arrangement on the tables and
in the rooms. Gladiolas, fern, sprays and fresias were
used in abundance, and they came from Winter Park.
Souvenirs included candied and preserved fruits, jellies,
grapefruit juice, orange blossom honey, and other things,
contributed by Daytona Beach, Tavares, Apopka, Or-
lando, Kissimmee, Winter Haven, Clearwater, Howey-in-
the-Hills, Tallahassee and Cocoa. It was Florida day at
the Southern Commercial Secretaries' Association's
twenty-third annual meeting, and no doubt will be long
remembered by all who were there.
IMPORTANT PROPERTY TRANSFERS
Reports of Large Real Estate Transactions Are
Made Almost Daily
(Fort Lauderdale Herald, April 18, 1930)
Reports of important property transfers and construc-
tion plans continue to be made during this week, includ-
ing the purchase of Idlewyld property by Francis B.
Morris of Philadelphia, who will build a beautiful winter
residence here; sale of a home in Lauder-del-Mar to L.
H. Dresbach, trust officer of the Broward Bank and Trust
Company, by the Broward Estates Corporation, and pur-
chase of an Idlewyld home by Barrington Wight from
R. E. Dye.
In addition, a number of purchases of lots in desirable
residential sections have been reported by local real
estate men. M. R. McTigue, who handled the sale of a
home to Mr. Wight, reports the sale of the LeMar apart-
ments in Victoria Park to Mrs. Lillian Kerr of Colum-
bus, Ohio; sale of two lots in the Beverly Heights sec-
tion to Dr. J. A. Howard, and the sale of a tract of land
in Rio Vista having a 125-foot frontage on New river at
Plans for the winter home of Mr. Morris, who spent last
winter season in the Bosworth home in Idlewyld, which
are being prepared by L. W. Butchart, local architect and
builder, indicate that it will be one of the finest houses
in the city. It will cost approximately $60,000 to build,
and will be of West Indian type of architecture.
The residence will be of solid brick and reinforced
concrete construction with a roof of imported Cuban tile.
It will be two stories in height and will be 78 by 80 feet
in dimension. It will contain ten rooms. A feature of
the residence will be a patio facing Rio Idlewyld on which
all rooms of the residence will open. The site is just
south of the Ogden residence, one of the lovely homes
of the section, which was sold this winter. Purchase of
the site was handled by M. A. Hortt.
Contemplation of improvements and alterations to the
recently purchased Lauder-del-Mar residence have been
announced by Mr. Dresbach. Landscaping of the prem-
ises will also be done this summer. The house was
originally owned by Hugh T. Birch and is a two-story
Florida real estate is moving, Florida potatoes are be-
ing shipped, Florida celery bringing better prices than
ever before, Florida orange crop has no flies on it, Florida
crops in general are good. Florida sunshine is over all,
Florida orange blossoms on the air, now is the time to
remain in Florida and buy a home of your own, for
Florida will always be Florida.-Gainesville News, April
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
CUCUMBERS GOING OUT IN CARS NOW
Ten Carloads Out of Wauchula During Week
(Florida Advocate, April 11, 1930)
Strawberries have about moved out of the picture and
King Cucumber is holding sway in Hardee county now,
with the shipment of ten cars of cukes from Wauchula
during the week ending last night.
Shipping records kept by the Advocate revealed that
about 2,500 crates of vegetables moved out of Wauchula
this week and an additional 2,000 crates left Bowling
Green since April 1st, besides the carloads sent from
The first car of the season left here last Thursday.
There were two cars Saturday, two more Monday, two
Tuesday, one Wednesday and two yesterday. In addi-
tion, 524 crates went out of Wauchula by express.
Berry shipments have shown a steady decline in the
past two or three weeks and during the week ending
yesterday only 67,000 pints left this county, in one car
and 340 reefers. Bowling Green shipped the last car on
Friday of last week, while an additional 300 reefers left
that point. Forty reefers were sent out of Wauchula
during the week. The first car of the season was shipped
last December, and shipping has been rather steady since
Total strawberry shipments now stand at 3,838,088
pints, according to records kept by the Advocate. Re-
turns have exceeded $500,000. Berries were quoted at
ten cents a pint this week.
Shipments by express from Wauchula in carload lots
this year totaled 53 cars, as compared with 18 cars last
season. Total carload shipments from Bowling Green
are not available for this year. Last season it was 151
Vegetable prices were steady this week, with cucum-
bers topping the market at $3.75 to $4.25 a crate for
fancys. Choice brought a dollar less. Cull grades sold
for around one dollar. Beans, of which 1,346 crates were
shipped, were sold at $2.75 to $3.00 a hamper. Yellow
squash brought $4.00 and whites sold for $2.50 to $2.75.
There were only 63 crates sent out. Peppers sold for
$2.50 to $2.75, and 463 crates were shipped, while pota-
toes were quoted at $1.75 to $1.85 a crate. Shipments
totaled 107 crates.
There were 13 crates of eggplant shipped this week
also. Prices quoted are f. o. b. the local platform.
Cucumber shipping will be late getting into full swing
this season, while tomatoes are also late.
COQUINA IS TESTED
(St. Augustine Record, April 8, 1930)
Coquina, a stone quarried extensively in Florida, is
being experimented with by New York stone specialists
with a view to developing the stone for use in northern
climates. If the experiments are successful, the Florida
quarries will be able to offer serious competition to other
Coquina is one of the lightest stones in the world, and
is so soft that it can be cut with a hand saw. The cost
of quarrying is exceedingly less than the cost of quarry-
ing limestone, marble or sandstone, the three kinds of
stone most in use in the building trades.
Nicholson and Galloway, the New York company that
is conducting the experiments, says that the purpose of
the experiments is to harden the stone and lessen its
porousness. Coquina in its natural state absorbs great
quantities of water, which does no harm in Florida, but
which, in the north, freezes and expands, cracking the
The treated stone is to be used in the interior of the
Bermuda hotel at Tuckerstown, Bermuda. While the stone
that will go into the hotel has not yet been corrected for
porousness, according to Mayers, Murray and Phillip, the
architects, it has been greatly hardened.
St. Augustine has large deposits of coquina, and will
be greatly interested in the outcome of the tests now
HOG MARKET SALES FOR SEASON GROSS
(Ocala Weekly Star, April 11, 1930)
Approximately 35 carloads of hogs have been shipped
from Ocala since the opening of the Taylor and Martin
stockyards September 26 of last year. More than
$46,000 has been distributed among the hog raisers of
Marion and adjoining counties, who have taken ad-
vantage of this cash market, operated each week.
Due to the stock of meat animals on the farms hav-
ing been exhausted, the yards will be closed after to-
morrow and take a vacation until late in July, when they
will be reopened and the weekly sales days held once
more. While the greater part of the hogs handled have
been shipped to the packing houses, a considerable num-
ber have been sold locally for feeders or for butchering
by local dealers.
Four lots were brought to the market today, but due
to one breeder reporting that it would be impossible to
have his animals ready until tomorrow, the car planned
to ship will be held over and completed in the morning.
Farmers selling on today's market were E. P. Town-
send of Ocala, who had 25 head averaging 200 pounds;
J. B. Duvall, Reddick, 8 head, 1545 pounds; H. S. Camp,
Ocala, 9 head, 1695 pounds, and T. A. Thrash, Ocala,
35 head, 5390 pounds. Market quotations today were:
Tops, 7% cents, with other grades bringing 6 and 6%
cents per pound.
FLORIDA ONIONS BY CARLOADS
(Zephyrhills News, April 4, 1390)
Twenty-five years ago onions in Florida were grown
only in gardens for home use. Later they commenced
to ship them in small lots. Now the onion industry ranks
high in agricultural lines in Florida. The harvesting of
twenty acres of onions in the Pahokee section have
already begun rolling forth and the yield of graded onions
is expected to run around 200 bushels to the acre. In
that entire section this spring, it is expected that eighty
carloads of onions will be moved, which will establish a
new record for onion shipments.
The Florida dairyman asks charity of no man. He
offers to the people of Florida an honest product of
proven value, produced in Florida. He asks only fair
play. Fair play is not had when the homes of this state
consume products of other states at the expense of a
Florida product. "Florida Products for Florida People"
should be our slogan.-Polk County Record, April 8,
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
BLACKBERRY CROP OF FUTURE
Passed Experimental Stage-Makes Good on
Muck Sand Soil-Other Crops Good
(Okeechobee News, April 18, 1930)
Well, well, well, there are so many new things crop-
ping out before us as we make the rounds of this won-
derful section of still more wonderful Florida that we
hardly know where to begin to tell a story, and only as
the different ones appear before us can we tell of them.
This time it happens to be a most wonderful develop-
ment just below the Bonner Camp on Road 8, being the
home of D. S. Radebaugh, who has in the past been ex-
perimenting in the culture of blackberries. He has the
Marvel variety, some three acres, just now in fine fruiting
and giving promise of a most bounteous yield. Gee, but
they looked good to this little writer.
Mr. Radebaugh is an expert at growing blackberries,
and it is well worth a trip to his place to see them. The
vines look like they must be twenty feet long, and have
been trained on wire into arches that are fairly loaded
with immense berries. We would hardly dare say how
large, but they are big enough.
The berries when ripe find a ready market at Miami,
West Palm Beach, Fort Pierce, and some have even
brought good prices in Jacksonville. The price ranges
from 35 to 45 cents per quart, and the intent of the
grower in this case is to follow up the great Florida
strawberry crop with Marvel blackberries, and so far the
work has proven most successful.
Mr. Radebaugh has been on this particular place for
the past three years and he has made a showing that he
may well feel proud of. Besides producing blackberries
this man has a garden in which all the various vege-
tables are growing in profusion. Corn, Irish potatoes,
tomatoes, eggplant, beans, onions, cabbage, peppers, and
a host of other things, just naturally making good, and
as Mr. Radebaugh says, on what is not called the richest
land, but known as the "sand land."
We will have to stop on this article this time, but we
will have considerably more to say in the near future,
but we just wanted to give vent to our feelings, but we
do want to add that in the opinion of Mr. Radebaugh the
blackberry is a fine crop for this section as it does not
get damaged to any extent by cold, drought or rain.
130,000 GLADIOLUS BULBS EXPERIMENT
(Clermont Press, April 17, 1930)
One hundred thirty thousand gladiolus bulbs are
being cultivated in this section by five different men,
according to V. K. Gimson, representative of the Pierce
Bulb Company, Orlando, the largest single sales force
for bulbs in packages in the United States.
These bulbs have been placed in all the different
varieties of soil in an effort to determine just which will
give best satisfaction. Mr. Gimson has set 65,000 on his
place east of the city, probably one of the highest spots
in the state, while to the west, W. P. Frisz has set 25,000
in heavy hammock land. L. K. LeDoux has 25,000,
Clarence Stevens 10,000, and Clayton Hull 5,000, all in
The policy is to set what are known as "Number 6"
bulbs, which are the small bulbs at the stage between
the bulblet and the commercial bulb, and the Pierce
Company guarantees a market for all that can be pro-
duced, probably 90% of marketable bulbs from the set-
ting of number 6 size.
News of the result of the experiment will be awaited
with interest, for each additional resource that lends
diversification to agricultural production is just that much
addition to the prosperity of the community as a whole.
DAIRYMAN BUYS PUREBRED BULLS FOR
Wellborn Man Also Buys Registered Bull; Sales
(Suwannee Democrat, April 18, 1930)
A. C. McLean, owner of the Suwannee Dairy, accom-
panied Dr. R. L. Brinkman to Valdosta, Tuesday, to at-
tend the sale of purebred Jersey bulls put on by the
Valdosta Chamber of Commerce and the Jersey Cattle
Club. Mr. McLean purchased four of the best animals
put up for sale. They are from some of the best breed-
ing obtainable and their dams have high production
records in both milk and cream.
Dr. Brinkman says: "The State Live Stock Sanitary
Board is pleased to note the bringing into Florida of
dairy-type bulls of the quality purchased by the Suwan-
nee Dairy." Dr. Brinkman is particularly pleased that
these bulls came to Suwannee county. This importation
brings the total number of purebreds in Suwannee to
Every dairyman in the county should visit the Suwan-
nee Dairy and see these bulls and determine to add a
purebred male to his herd. Another dairyman who is
building up his herd is J. P. Hatch, who purchased a fine
purebred male through the Board a short time ago.
At the Hereford sale, held at the National Stock Yards
in Jacksonville last Thursday, O. N. Powell of Wellborn
was one of those in attendance and bought a registered
bull. Some 1,000 farmers and cattlemen attended this
sale and all the bulls offered were sold.
HIGHLANDS GROWER USES NEW METHOD
(Miami News, April 20, 1930)
Florida's Highland and Indian River section growers
apparently are leading the way in a system devised to
prevent citrus fruit from spoiling and shrinking, symp-
toms classed as blue mold, stem end rot, aging, and wilt.
The appearance is also increased materially, according
to N. L. Brossit, who reported on the process in con-
siderable detail in a private meeting of horticulturists
at the convention in Sebring recently.
Briefly, the method consists first of a hot borax bath,
followed by a "cold plunge." This species of Turkish
bath is then also followed by a rub down with machinery,
in which quantities of beeswax and paraffin are employed
to stop up the pores. This treatment imparts a gloss of
unusually attractive appearance, in addition to sanitary
features difficult to secure in any other way. Fruit also
is said to ripen better, so that the consumer is not com-
pelled to buy a product literally rushed from producer
to table. Firms who are using the process include
Chestor F. Fosgate of Orlando, who has also extended
the process to tangerines, the carload shipment com-
mented upon with extreme favor by Jeorme A. Larocco
& Co., Water street, Chicago.
16 FLRIDA EVIE
GIVE GROWERS UNTIL JULY 1 TO SHIP
New Ruling Applies to Shipment of Vegetables
(Davenport Times, April 18, 1930)
The shipping period on Florida vegetables for this
season has been extended to July 1 and on grapes to
July 15, under revised regulations of the United States
plant quarantine and control administration, W. C.
O'Kane, federal executive and chairman of the federal
fly board, announced this week.
Administrative instructions as to the host-free period,
approved in Washington by Secretary of Agriculture
Hyde, also cover the addition of avocados, bananas and
persimmons to the list of citrus fruits and host vege-
tables which may remain on the trees or plants until such
time as they become susceptible to infestation by the
Mediterranean fruit fly.
Peppers and Lima beans and broad beans may be
shipped only to the northeastern states, when they have
been produced in the eradication area, under the ruling.
If raised outside that area they can move anywhere ex-
cept into the southern and western states.
Tomatoes and eggplants from the eradication area may
go anywhere except in the south and west, while if grown
outside the area they can be shipped to all parts of the
United States except Porto Rico, according to the rul-
All the new rulings are effective immediately, Mr.
O'Kane said, who added that detailed explanations will
be available immediately to interested growers and
CELERY-FROM SOUP TO NUTS
(Sanford Herald, April 17, 1930)
The other day we were showing some visitors one of
the Sanford celery fields, and the owner of the farm
kindly presented our guests with some stalks of celery,
freshly cut, washed, and ready to eat. As they rode
along, eating the celery in the round, so to speak, one
of the visitors said enthusiastically, "If I lived in San-
ford, I'd have celery on my table every single day." A
Sanford man who was with us replied, "I felt that way
when I first came here, but I got tired of it after a while
because there are so few ways to fix it." As this man's
wife happens to be an excellent housekeeper, it seems
that he must have spoken out of turn, because one of
the particularly desirable things about celery on the menu
is that it lends itself to so many different kinds of dishes.
First of all, of course, we think of raw celery, cold
and crisp, and cut so that every piece has a bit of the
heart. Then, there is stuffed celery, which we confess
is a particular weakness of ours. There is something
about the sight of stuffed celery on a table that tells
the epicure that here is a hostess who knows how to
make her calories delicious. Philadelphia cream cheese
with a sprinkling of paprika looks well and tastes even
better, but some people prefer a stuffing of cottage
cheese, or of American cheese mixed with cream.
To cook celery, housekeepers say, is a good way to
use the large outside stalks that are not delicate enofigh
to serve raw. Creamed celery with mushrooms, or just
plain creamed celery, is a welcome change at lunch from
the spinach and carrot routine. Braised celery is a de-
licious adjunct of roast beef, while celery and tomato
cooked together has a spicy Creole flavor, and the com-
binations of celery and cabbage may be served either
cooked as a vegetable, or raw as a salad with slaw dress-
In salads, dressings, and soups, the uses of celery are
limitless. Waldorf salad, celery, apple, and nut, is nice
for warm weather, and tomato stuffed with chopped
celery is another appetizing salad. The Thanksgiving
turkey dressing would be incomplete without celery, as
would southern gumbo, and for people who do not care
for onion, celery is a good substitute in meat loaf and
We heard of a new use for celery yesterday, which
will probably make it more popular than ever before. A
Sanford friend told us that she had a new recipe for
celery wine, and that she had heard that it was very
mellow and delicious. This came as somewhat of a sur-
prise to us, but after all, if such unromantic vegetables
as turnips and carrots are used to make wine, why not
celery? It seems then that celery fits in anywhere from
the soup to the fruit and cheese course, and is now go-
ing to be at home in the cellar as. well.
POULTRY GROUP OF FOUR COUNTIES TO
Meeting Held at Lauderdale to Discuss Coopera-
(Miami News, April 20, 1930)
Fort Lauderdale, April 19.-Plans for forming a poul-
trymen's cooperative marketing association, to be com-
posed of poultrymen from Martin, Palm Beach, Dade and
Broward counties, were discussed at a meeting Thursday
at the county court house. Over 50 poultry raisers,
chamber of commerce officials and county agricultural
A survey of the counties mentioned will be made in
regard to conditions for summer poultry raising.
Alexander Orr, Jr., president of the Miami chamber,
outlined the club's aims, especially stressing preliminary
work in Dade county. He explained that there were not
enough laying hens in Dade county to justify the neces-
sary overhead expense of a local group.
"It will take 40,000 laying hens to insure the success
of the association," he said.
J. S. Rainey, Dade county agricultural agent, also
spoke, pointing out the need for cooperative methods.
H. S. McClendon, agricultural agent for the Florida East
Coast railroad, told of the needs of standardization of
grade and pack of poultry products.
A meeting will be called in the near future for the
purpose of drafting by-laws and making other arrange-
ments for the formation of the association.
Hundreds of acres will be planted in sweet potatoes
this season, according to Paul Britt, representing the
Okaloosa Growers Association, who was at Bonifay the
latter part of the week to distribute potato draws. It
had been planned to distribute half the contracted for
quantity of draws this week and the other half two
weeks later, but owing to the development of the vines,
this plan was considered not feasible. Planters in large
numbers signed up for a supply of draws, and in this
way a cooperative plan will be established-Gainesville
Sun, April 10, 1930.