U.S.Dept. of Agricultur6,
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 4 DECEMBER 2, 1929 No. 13
A Speech Delivered by T. J. Brooks at Trinity Methodist Church, Tallahassee, November 10, 1929
We will let Holy Writ introduce our subject
for the evening:
Isaiah 2:4-And he shall judge among the nations, and
shall rebuke many people; and they shall beat their
swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning-
hooks: nation shall not life up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war any more.
Luke 2:13-14-And suddenly there was with the
angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and
Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good
will toward men.
John 14:27-Peace I leave with you, my peace I give
Eph. 6:14-15-Stand therefore, having your loins girt
about with truth, and having on the breastplate of
And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel
Mat. 5:9-Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall
be called the children of God.
RMISTICE DAY is a day of celebration
of peace after the worst war in the
history of the world. We celebrate
peace because we prefer peace to war.
Humanity does not have war thrust upon it.
Mankind bring war about by deliberation. The
masses who fight usually have little to do in
bringing it on, but those in authority either
deliberately or inadvertently brought it about.
If war is so bad there should be found a way
to prevent or avoid it. It is little to man's credit
that he has not found that way long ago.
It has come to the point in history that man
must choose between peace and annihilation.
Another struggle like the last one would mean
the end of civilization. The means of destruc-
tion are so deadly that in four years' time with
the same nations engaged the havoc wrought
would be as far greater than the last one as it
was ahead of any previous war of the same
duration. Millions would be cut down while
pursuing their daily toil by an unseen death-
dealing agency. More than ever before would
non-combatants suffer. Poison gas has been so
perfected and the handling of bombs loaded
with it can be directed with such accuracy that
no city could hope to escape, and even thinly
populated districts would suffer.
When our government entered the World
War and millions of men volunteered and other
millions were conscripted they went forth from
millions of homes and left vacant chairs,
which were constant reminders to those left be-
hind. The heartstrings of mothers, fathers,
sisters, brothers, sweethearts, kith and kin ex-
tended from these homes to the battle fields
beyond the sea. Those heartstrings were taut
with interest and anxiety until Armistice Day.
Who is not thrilled by the sight of marching
armies keeping step with the wild grand music
of war? Who is not entranced by the majestic
roar of artillery and the thunder of cannon and
bomb? But alas, what does it all mean?
Another war! Think of it! Guns that throw
shells 25 miles, or 416 feet below the horizon!
Battleships can see each other's masts only 14
miles. Gunners must fire at targets over the
curvature of the earth. Water-proof powder;
ammunition with projectiles and fuses so sensi-
tive as to explode upon impact with a dirigible
or so inert as to penetrate heavy ship's armor
and then explode; powder that will explode in
a gun and show no flash at the muzzle; bombs
weighing from a few pounds to two tons; gas
that will leave no living breathing thing for
miles around when released from bombs. An
electrically aimed gun can throw 18 explosive
shells a minute within an airplane's area as
high as any plane can operate.
New tanks carrying machine guns and gas-
throwing equipment mean good-by to trench
According to the chairman of the Foreign
Affairs Committee, Senator William E. Borah,
"Step by step for the last ten years, while talk-
ing of disarmament and peace, while professing
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
that we want peace, there have been fastened
upon the world the heaviest military establish-
ments in all history. There are more men under
arms at present than at the beginning of the
Billions of dollars are wasted annually on
war preparations. The wars of Napoleon cost
England alone $4,000,000,000. The Franco-
Prussian War cost $3,000,000,000; the Russia-
Japanese War cost $2,000,000,000; the Civil
War of the U. S. cost $6,500,000,000; the World
War cost $255,000,000,000. What millions have
been killed and maimed in wars which left no
lasting good as a result. What claim has man
to being civilized if he cannot settle national
differences without a resort to arms?
CAUSES OF WAR
Every war is brought about by some number
of four causes.
1-A desire for conquest for the vain glory
of ruling, of having dominion, of exercising
power; in other words, vanity. This was a
prompting that urged some of the world's great
conquerors to lead armies of conquest, as they
had no higher ambition than to exalt them-
selves and rule with despotic power extensive
2-The desire for conquest for economic ad-
vantage, to collect tribute; in other words,
cupidity, covetousness. It was this desire that
prompted men like Xerxes to exhaust the mili-
tary resources of a great military empire in his
efforts to conquer Greece. It was this that
animated Alexander and Caesar and Napoleon
who left a trail of blood in their footsteps as
their heritage to coming generations.
3-The third great cause for war is intoler-
ance. The desire to arbitrarily hold in the
ascendency organizations based on certain doc-
trines; in other words, bigotry.
First we have examples of this in the doctrine
of the divine right of kings, which is the con-
tention of monarchy; monarchs assuming the
right to rule by birth in a certain family, not by
merit or qualification or service, but merely
under the fetish idea that certain families were
born to rule and transmit their right to rulership
A second division of the third cause of war
is the divine right of aristocracy; autocracy ex-
ercised by a select few who arrogate to them-
selves their right to govern mankind. This is
closely allied to the doctrine of monarchy, but
goes further and includes a larger element of
A third division of the third cause of wars is
the doctrine of the right of wealth to rule-
plutocracy. Wealth can be the most subser-
vient and obedient of social forces when it has
to be, but when given power, it becomes as
tyrannical as any despot who ever wore a crown
or wielded a scepter. Plutocracy will join
hands with either monarchy, autocracy or any
other power that will advance its interest and
insure its control.
The fourth division in the third cause of war
is the theory of the infallibility of religious
ideas. We have this exemplified in the work
of the inquisition, where freedom of conscience
and freedom of worship was denied and those
who refused to submit and violate their con-
science by denying their faith were persecuted,
tortured and put to death by the thousands.
We find it mixed with fanaticism in the crusades
in the middle ages, exhausting men and money
in the vain attempt to take from the Turks the
empty tomb of Christ.
4-This cause of war is the desire for
self-determination, the resentment against the
aggression of those in power who abuse their
privileges; in other words, the desire for liberty.
This is the only legitimate cause for war. When
a people rebel against tyranny, oppression, ex-
tortion and injustice, they are inspired by a
worthy purpose. You will note that every
cause of war, except one, is anti-christain and
against that kind of civilization that takes in
consideration the welfare of the masses of
people. Christianity is the apostle of freedom.
We are told that we should know the truth and
the truth will make us free. It has nothing in
common with vain glory, as the scriptures tell
us that "pride goeth before destruction with a
haughty spirit before a fall." It is against
cupidity, for, in the decalogue, we are com-
manded, "thou shalt not covet." It is against
bigotry, for Christ told us that he that would be
greatest should humble himself and be servant
of all. He taught tolerance, forgiveness, mercy,
love. We can have military disarmament only
after we have moral disarmament. That was
the message delivered to the world in the Con-
ference held between Premier MacDonald and
President Hoover. When Elihu Root and Mr.
MacDonald were speaking in New York from
the same platform, that was their message
broadcasted throughout the country.
How are we to ever arrive at moral disarma-
ment? There is but one way and that is for
each nation to view its neighbor as the United
States views Canada; where there is a stretch
of over 3,000 miles of boundaryline and not a
single fort, not a frowning gun, not so much as
a sentinel and, yet, no one on either side is
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO.. .... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS ...Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 4 DECEMBER 2, 1929 No. 13
ever disturbed in the least by the fear of war.
Why not that kind of good fellowship between
all nations, where no people stand in awe or
dread of those of any other nation? There are
two instances in the history of this country
which may be cited as evidence that this nation
has set a highwater mark in the exercise of
patriotism, where patriotism reaches beyond the
boundaries of native country and takes in man-
kind: When Cuba was struggling for inde-
pendence the United States took the side of
Cuba because it was evident that her cause was
just. Here was an instance where there was no
rivalry whatsoever between the two belligerent
governments, Spain and United States, but
where war was declared by the United States
in order to free Cuba from Spanish tyranny.
Here was an instance of a great sovereignty
reaching out across an arm of a sea, without
hope of recompense or reward, entering into
military conflict for the sake of the weak against
the strong because the weak had justice on
In another instance, when the World War rent
asunder a continent over a question that little
concerned the United States, it took the side of
democracy against autocracy and monarchy
and, in that struggle in which most of the civil-
ized world was engaged the only flag that was
unfurled along the battle line from the North
Sea to the Dardinelles that wanted not one
dollar of indemnity, not one foot of land, not
one concession of sovereignty from any nation
engaged in the struggle, was the Stars and
Stripes. I think these two instances prove that
there is a broader conscience evolving from the
bosom of humanity and making itself manifest
among the sovereignties of the world.
The last great struggle between the forces
that make for war and the forces that make for
peace is not to be fought between crown heads,
autocracies, nor governments dominated by
cupidity or bigotry; but this last great struggle
is to be between the forces that make for in-
dustrial strife and industrial peace. This phase
of the subject steps from contests between
nations to contests between elements within
nations; from international wars to so-called
civil wars, and it is the problem of statesmen-
ship to so order the affairs of our social and
industrial life as to make industrial peace per-
manent and do away with the forces that make
for industrial warfare.
Mankind may be more or less impressed by
the careers of those characters that have made
spectacular epochs in history, but it loves only
those leaders who have left their impress on
humanity for good. We give a large place in
history to great conquerors, but we give a large
place in our hearts to those who have been a
blessing to the human race. As examples of
these two classes of leaders, let us think of the
careers of men like Genghis Kahn, the Mongol
scourge, in whose wars five millions perished;
for two weeks his army slaughtered the inhabi-
tants of Herat until approximately a million
were butchered. Think of Tamerlane, the
Tartar flame, who erected in Bagdad a pyramid
of 80,000 skulls as a warning to those who
would not bow to his rulership. Think of
Alexander the Great, whose conquests extended
from the valley of the Rhine to the torrid land
of India and from the sleepy Nile to the north-
ern shores of the Black Sea, and finally dying
of debaucheries in the conquered city of
Babylon. Think of Julius Caesar, whose sword
was dipped in the blood of a continent and
whose conquests extended from the Red Sea on
the south to the Baltic Sea on the north, and
from the Arabian Deserts to the British Isles.
Think of Napoleon, that lion swimming in blood,
who went over Europe tying laurels to his brow
with heartstrings of the dying; the powers of
his mind throbbing in midnight dreams shook
the civilized world; his eagles were never awed
whether they soared above the Alps or shrieked
amid the flames of Moscow. "Before his foot-
fall thrones trembled and the frontiers of king-
doms oscillated on the maps of the world."
And think of the Kaiser, who uncapped hell
and caused to be swung into battle line 25
million soldiers and precipitated the most terri-
ble war in all the annals of time. Take all these
characters and put them together and you do
not have those qualities which appeal to the
moral conscience of mankind, nor do they re-
ceive the homage or adoration of succeeding
But, on the other hand, there are great his-
toric characters who have a permanent place in
the appreciation, love and gratitude of all
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
people, all nationalities, all races, and will have
to the end of time. Men like Moses, who led
from slavery to liberty and who delivered to
the world the decalogue carved amid the
thunders of Sinai. Men like the Christian
martyrs who met their God on the flames of
persecution. Men like Copernicus, who mapped
the stars for forty years while he hid his dis-
coveries from fanatical priests who would have
destroyed them. Men like Newton, who dropped
the plummet of science in the ocean of truth
and whose name will last when crowns are in
the junk heap and thrones are dust. Women
like Florence Nightingale, who made nurseries
of battlefields; men like John Howard, who
dared to visit prisons and pest houses that he
might deliver to the world a message of deliver-
ance for the oppressed and unfortunate; men
like Jean Dunant, the Swiss, who conceived the
Red Cross while visiting the wounded on battle-
fields; men like Columbus, who lead the Old
World to the New; men like Washington, who,
without ostentation or gewgaws, stood the
stern patriot and apostle of freedom and exem-
plified the superiority of that kingliness that
rules in human hearts to that of tinsiled royalty
based on fear and braced by bayonets. His
character reaches not its loftiest peak while
crossing the Delaware amid the floes of ice or
receiving the sword of Cornwallis at Yorktown,
but when he refused a crown offered him by
admiring soldiers and refused pay for his ser-
vices as a General or as President of the United
The agencies that make for war are at work.
The agencies that make for peace are at work.
The general tendency is toward peace. Con-
scription of wealth as well as men is the next
step. Bringing the people to realize that an-
other great war would mean annihilation of
millions of non-combatants is another duty.
Education as to the real causes of war in each
instance will go far toward moral disarmament.
So we have evidence that the forces that
make for peace are valid, strong, impressive
and dominant when aroused to action, and that
is the hope that some day we may have an
Armistice that will be permanent and universal.
May I close by quoting:
Hebrew 12:14-"Follow peace with all men and holi-
ness, without which none shall see the Lord."
Sarasota is building a $500,000 pre-cooling plant.
Forty thousand dollars was the price paid for 90 acres
of ground near Winter Garden, 65 of which are in
BEANS BRINGING $2.50 HAMPER
Thousands of Hampers Being Shipped from
Center Hill and Mabel
(Groveland Graphic, November 7, 1929)
The movement of fall beans commenced to get well
under way last Saturday with something like 1,000
hampers of new beans being shipped from Mabel. The
price seems to be improving, bringing $2.50 per hamper
at the time of going to press. Heaviest movement right
now is from Mabel, with Center Hill showing heavier
loadings. The bulk of the Mascotte bean are being
shipped from Mabel. Mr. L. K. Merritt is in charge of
the packing house at Mabel. The heaviest part of the
bean movement will not be reached until about two weeks
hence, provided no cold snap visits Florida in the mean-
(Tampa Tribune, November 6, 1929)
The fact that $13,000,000 of Florida money went out
of the state last year for beef, and $25,000,000 for dairy
products, both of which could have been produced here,
is very important; but in connection with the subject we
run onto another fact that also is important, but not
nearly as important to us as it is amazing.
As a report from Commissioner Mayo's office tells us,
and as everybody knows, tick eradication must be the
foundation of the profitable cattle industry that would
keep this $38,000,000 of Florida money at home. But
where are we at in the matter of tick eradication?
A map in this report tells us that beginning in the ex-
treme Alabama corner county, Escambia, and coming
east to Baker and Dixie, and then down in the southeast
tip with Martin, Palm Beach, Broward, Dade and Mon-
roe-29 counties in all-the tick has been completely
eradicated, and those counties are released from state
and federal quarantine. Figures also are given of the
number of purebred beef cattle that have been intro-
duced in those northern and western counties as a re-
sult of tick eradication. That is fine.
Then up next to these upper counties are six in which
tick eradication will be completed July 1 next year. And
then come five in which the regular work will begin
March 1, next.
That leaves the solid Central Florida and most of south
Florida-from Volusia to St. Lucie on the East Coast,
and from Citrus to Collier on the West Coast, and all
the counties between-26 counties in the heart of Flor-
ida's development-shown on this map as quarantined
or tick infested.
It is a very ugly map, and Peerless Pinellas, Hills-
borough, Polk, Orange, and so forth, are right in the
middle of the ugliest part of it. It is something of a
revelation to us, and we scarcely can understand it. How
is it that with all its boasted progressiveness Central and
South Florida-except the Palm Beach-Dade strip-ap-
pears on the official map as the dontgivadam part of the
whole state as to cattle tick eradication?
What is the matter? How and why do the people of
the 26 central Florida counties, which many of them
like to claim are really Florida, to have their counties
under state and federal cattle quarantine because of the
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
COLLIER COUNTY CANNING COMPANY IS
EXPERIMENTING WITH MANY
(Ft. Myers Press, November 7, 1929)
At a Hallow'en dinner given by Mr. and Mrs. Ed Scott
last Thursday night at Deep Lake the importance of
grapefruit and grapefruit by-products was effectively
demonstrated. Every service, from the entrees and the
body of the dinner to the desserts and drinks, was either
made up completely from the grapefruit or was so
flavored in some manner. Yet, with so much grapefruit,
to the pleasant surprise of the hosts as well as the guests,
the dinner was a huge success.
Possibly the festive atmosphere played its part; the
setting of the spread surrounding a bearing grapefruit
tree decorated with tiny, many colored electric lights;
the mellow, lurid lighting effect of the grounds with
spooky faces and caricatures appearing from the tallest
branches of the shrubbery and liveoaks and dotting the
clusters of grass on the ground; the rushing waters of
the canal, electrically lighted beneath the surface; at any
rate the dinner was delightful.
Mr. Scott, the local manager of the Collier County
Canning Company, had prepared an apology to his guests
for using them as subjects of an experiment for his com-
pany's prospective products, but we feel that the pleas-
ing results should be very gratifying to all who were
fortunate enough to attend this unique festival.
A number of very valuable discoveries were made dur-
ing the several weeks required in the preparation of the
numerous services presented at this dinner. It has been
believed impossible to commercially prepare a pure grape-
fruit jelly that will test out satsifactorily for firmness
and flavor. We understand that such a product is now
assured. Samples were served at the dinner, some being
made with the addition of commercial pectin, while others
were made from the pure grapefruit alone with only
Among other services of especial note were marma-
lades and grapefruit butter, made from pure grapefruit
and sugar, and so nearly free from the usual bitter taste
that some questioned its grapefruit origin. Bottled grape-
fruit sodas and sherbet also opened the field for con-
We understand that while the grapefruit crop at Deep
Lake Grove is considerably short this year that the can-
ning plant will run to capacity with tomatoes and the
grapefruit which are available, utilizing every part of the
grapefruit in its manufacture. The management is very
optimistic over the coming season's prospects and a num-
ber of additional units are already under discussion for
the enlargement of its field, including the canning and
manufacture of guavas and guava marmalades, pastes
The numerous hammocks surrounding the Deep Lake
region are admirably suited for the commercial cultiva-
tion of guavas. For a great many years guavas have
been well known in Florida, growing in small patches
around almost every farm home. Recently a number of
guava jelly manufacturing establishments have demon-
strated the value of this industry and have bought guavas
from all over the state, which were shipped in to their
plant and successfully manufactured into the several
products of this fruit. The Collier County Canning
Company hopes to be in a position to handle the guavas
which arrive in the market the latter part of the sum-
mer. They will be able to pursue the manufacture of
these by-products of the grapefruit, and coming at a
later season than grapefruit it will fill in a part of the
gap between seasons.
It is understood that some experiments 'are being con-
templated in the cultivation and growth of certain semi-
wild berries for the purpose of manufacture of jellies
and other canned and preserved products, which will
greatly add to the 4-C Products.
FLORIDA FARMS BRING HIGHER INCOME
Total for Five Years Passes $100,000,000 Mark,
Survey of U. S. Reveals
(St. Petersburg Times, November 10, 1929)
Jacksonville, Nov. 9.-During the five-year period from
1924 to 1928, Florida's gross income from crops and
livestock was $1,940 per farm, while the per capital based
on farm population was $438.00, according to C. V.
Rahnor, director of research of the Florida State Cham-
ber of Commerce. In comparison with the number of
farms operated in the states of South Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama and Tennessee, Florida leads in gross income
per farm by $800. The next highest state in the group
is Georgia with an average of $1,404. The Florida aver-
age is $100 higher than that given for the entire United
The total average of Florida's gross income from crops
and livestock for the five-year period, says Director
Rahnor, is $114,912,000. The total for 1928 was $125,-
901,000. Average cash income over the same five years
was $102,404,000, of which $87,062,000 was derived from
farm crops and $15,342,000 livestock. Figures used in
this comparison are taken from United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture tabulations just released.
Estimated gross income from farm and livestock pro-
duction in Florida during 1928, by commodity, is as
follows: Corn, $1,292,000; oats, $1,000,000; cotton lint,
$1,672,000; cotton seed, $199,000; tobacco, $2,687,000;
Irish potatoes, $8,282,000; sweet potatoes, $3,368,000;
truck crops, $30,364,000; hay and sweet sorghum forage,
$38,000; cow peas, $23,000; peanuts, $959,000; peaches,
$147,000; pears, $48,000; grapes, $40,000; strawberries,
$1,886,000; pecans, $112,000; oranges, $30,550,000;
grapefruit, $13,950,000; other fruits, $64,000; sugar cane
and sugar, $1,133,000; farm gardens, $2,126,000; nursery
products, $936,000; forest products, $3,112,000; green-
house products, $354,000; cattle and calves, $3,735,000;
hogs, $6,523,000; sheep and lambs, $53,000; poultry
(chicken), $2,478,000; eggs (hen), $3,561,000; milk
and milk products, $5,904,000; wool and mohair, $58,000;
bee products, $228,000. Total crops and animal products
During September, 1929, says Mr. Rahnor, the index
number of retail prices paid for commodities in Florida
used in living and production was 154, which was 2 points
lower than September, 1928. This indicates the farmer
paid less for goods which he purchased during 1929. The
index number for September of prices received was 141,
the same as September, 1928. The index number of the
ratio of prices received to prices paid was 92 during
September, 1929, one point higher than 1928. These
index numbers reflect a favorable condition for'the
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
BAY COUNTY GETS FINE CATTLE
(By Pearl Strickland, Corresponding Secretary, Panama
City Chamber of Commerce)
Mr. John A. Sorenson and son, John Jr., arrived last
week from Minot, North Dakota, with two carloads of
stock and household goods, making the trip in eight days.
They brought twenty-one head of fancy cattle, Guern-
sey stock from the same herd from which J. C. Penney
purchased his $4,000 cow which took the grand sweep-
stakes championship at the St. Louis National Dairy
Show last month.
Mr. Sorensen has brought to Bay county the founda-
tion stock of this fine blooded Guernsey cattle, and they
are now installed on the Hobbs farm near Bay Head,
property bought last year by Mr. H. P. Olsen, of Wis-
consin, and which will be operated hereafter as the Bay
Head Farms Company, with Mr. Sorensen as general
manager and Mr. H. P. Olsen as president.
Mr. Olsen expects to visit here again early in Decem-
ber and quite frequently thereafter.
Mr. Sorensen's assistant, who has been with him a
number of years, is driving through from North Dakota
by auto and expects to arrive shortly.
Until his family arrives, Mr. Sorensen will spend con-
siderable time at High Point with Mr. West, at the same
time taking care of his stock and getting the work
started toward building up Bay Head Farms.
Other stock which Mr. Sorensen brought with him
consists of several head of very fine Duroc Jersey hogs,
probably the largest and heaviest of their kind of any
to be found in the county, also some registered sheep
and some Partridge Wyandotte chickens.
This up-to-date farmer installed his radio in the front
car and had music every day on his trip, and at the same
time had his cream separator in operation, milking cows
twice daily en route, and selling of the cream for ship-
ments to the creameries, in addition to having milk for
the smaller stock.
Mr. Sorensen, with a party of men from the north,
which Mr. Nat West was instrumental in bringing to this
section, was among the guests at High Point last sum-
mer, and while here determined to make the develop-
ment which is being started. He is well pleased, and
says there is no doubt but that this section of Florida will
soon become the leading dairy section of the south.
The organization of the Bay Head Farms is one of the
most forward steps ever undertaken in Bay county.
The Ward County Independent, of Minot, North Da-
kota, has the following interesting item relative to Mr.
Sorensen and his Florida plans:
correspondence with him, endeavoring to secure his herd
of cattle and his services as manager. They offered such
a good price for the cattle and such a tempting figure
for his services that Mr. Sorensen could not well pass
up the opportunity.
To Push Diversification
Bay Head Farms, Inc., is owned by a group of south-
ern men who are fostering dairying, beef cattle, hogs,
sheep, poultry, citrus fruits and vegetables in Florida.
Their idea is to prove by demonstrations the value of
diversification. The farm which is. now being improved
is located on St. Andrews Bay between two rivers. It
is ten miles from Panama City, on a paved highway, and
two and a half miles from Bayou George station. Large
pine trees are found on some parts of the farm, from
which turpentine royalties are secured.
Mr. Sorensen and family extend a cordial invitation
to their North Dakota friends to visit them in their new
home. John promises some excellent fishing either in
fresh or salt water. Plans are being made to build a
golf course on the farm.
Mr. Sorensen's herd of twenty Guernseys represents
some of the best individuals in the west. They are of the
May Rose Golden Secret breeding. One of the animals
holds the state record in Class B.B.B., a 305-day record
of two milkings per day, netting 408 pounds of butter-
fat. Some of the Sorensen cows have won blue ribbons
on the fair circuit.
Mr. Sorensen came to Minot in the spring of 1913 and
for eight years was in charge of Col. Person's herd of
Guernseys, proving that North Dakota cows could be
made record producers.
For seven years Mr. Sorensen was superintendent of
the Ward County Farm, while Mrs. Sorensen was the
matron. They made an enviable record there. Mr.
Sorensen built up a fine herd of Guernseys at the County
Farm. For two years he has been farming for himself
near Logan, where he has continued breeding Guernsey
Mr. Sorensen is a graduate of the St. Paul Experiment
Station, dairy department. He majored in dairying.
Ever since the organization of the Northwest Fair at
Minot, Mr. Sorensen has served as superintendent of
the live stock department and he has contributed much
to the success of the fair. He has taken a live interest
in community affairs and at one time delivered a series
of addresses on dairying at the farmers' institutes.
Mr. Sorensen and family are numbered among the
very best folks in Ward county. A host of friends re-
gret much their removal from this district, to which
they have contributed so much.
JOHN A. SORENSEN TAKES FLORIDA JOB FLORIDA COTTON CROP IS LARGER THIS
V A D
Guernsey Breeder of Ward County Will Man-
age Big Farm
John A. Sorensen, for many years one of the most
prominent breeders of dairy cattle for the northwest,
left Monday for Panama City, Florida, where he has
accepted a position as manager of Bay Head Farms, Inc.
Mr. Sorensen sold to Bay Head Farms, Inc., his entire
herd of Guernsey cattle and his Duroc Jersey hogs and is
accompanying the animals to Florida, expecting to arrive
with them in about ten days.
Mr. Sorensen returned from Panama City, Florida,
recently, where he looked over the big 2,220-acre farm.
For some time the owners of the farm have been in
(St. Petersburg Times, November 17, 1929)
Orlando, Nov. 16.-(A. P.)-Florida produced nearly
twice as much cotton this year as last, the Bureau of
Agricultural Economics, United States Department of
Agriculture, announced. The production this year was
estimated at 30,000 bales compared with 19,000 bales
harvested in 1928.
Other cotton statistics for the state announced by the
bureau include, total abandonment after July 1, pre-
liminary, 3 per cent; 108,000 acres for harvest; 195
pounds as the 10-year average yield per acre from 1918
to 1927, with 97 pounds in 1928 and 182 pounds indi-
cated for 1929, and 17,000 bales as the harvest for 1927.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
Jacksonville, Dec. 2.-(F. S. C. C.)-Florida's foreign
trade for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1928, amounted
to 1,643,971 tons in exports and 828,359 tons of im-
ports, valued at $82,000,000, according to the Research
Bureau of the Florida State Chamber of Commerce.
Exports cleared through Florida ports during this
period were distributed to thirty-three foreign countries,
practically covering the entire globe. Phosphate was
the leading commodity exported, with lumber second and
naval stores third. The shipments made, grouped under
seventeen commodity headings, expressed in long tons,
comprised: Phosphate, 873,587; lumber, 420,847; naval
stores, 104,275; fertilizer, 1,249; provisions, 79,838;
non-metalic minerals, 30,119; metals and metal manu-
factures, 60,659; coke, 17,491; chemicals, 7,028; cot-
ton seed oil cake, 5,454; cotton, 3,096; petroleum, 4,670;
coal tar pitch, 8,100; paper, 665; ice, 2,355; shrimp, 9,
and a total of 24,529 tons of unclassified or miscella-
neous cargo according to U. S. Department figures.
Imports received at Florida ports are given as fol-
lows, expressed in long tons: Salt, 136; lumber, 6,264;
fertilizer, 232,992; creosote, 15,980; non-metalic min-
erals, 17,227; petroleum, 355,480; sugar, 54,285; coffee,
9,108; tobacco, 3,460; paper, 3,611; fruits and vege-
tables, 32,947; bones, 3,474; whale oil, 13,500; iron and
steel, 4,713; cement, 22,404; bananas, 21,012; mahogany,
1,433; miscellaneous, 30,333.
Tampa .......... ... .............
Key W est ....... ..............................
P en sacola ............ ...... ..............
Fernandina ................ ...............
Boca Grande ..................................
M iam i ........... ............. ...
Panama City ..................................
St. Andrews .....................................
Port St. Joe. ....................................
FLORIDA FARM LOANS
(Evening Reporter-Star, November 5, 1929)
From a statement of Senator John S. Taylor, as pub.
lished in the St. Petersburg Times, we learn that the
three million dollars to be loaned to Florida by the
federal farm board is to be made through the Citrus
Exchange, and the loans will be made on packing houses
and equipment up to 60 per cent or the appraised value
of these properties. This places a considerable respon-
sibility on the Citrus Exchange and lays an obligation
upon the executive board to use that money to the best
possible advantage for the entire industry.
Senator Taylor states that the money will be used
so far as necessary to pay off existing mortgages on
packing houses. This is all right enough providing the
mortgage indebtedness is not so large as to absorb the
greater portion of the loan and thus leave the grower
with a mere pittance. Any arrangement that does not
give relief to the grower to as large an extent as to the
owners of packing houses will be a mistake. The pack-
ing house is dependent upon the grower for business.
Many of the packing house owners are also large grow-
ers, however, and know the entire problem.
Too frequently, the actual producer of soil com-
modities is left in the background; this has been Amer-
ica's mistake and accounts for the many abandoned
farms, groves and orchards. However, many of the
packing house owners are also growers and conse-
quently fully appreciate the situation of the grower. Mr.
Taylor himself is a large grower and a member of the
executive board that will have to do with the handling
of this large fund, and there is every reason to believe
that it will be used so as to help growers and packing
house owners to rewrite their indebtedness on long time
and at a much lower rate of interest than they are now
FLORIDA'S WIDENING MARKET
(St. Petersburg Times, November 5, 1929)
The general recognition by health authorities every-
where of the value of citrus fruits augurs a practically
unlimited demand for them within a very short time.
And it is not a fad, or any dietary faker's fancy, but the
advice of physicians of the regular schools after extended
and thorough tests. A glimpse of this phase of the citrus
industry's future that is significant is seen in this editorial
from the Wall Street News:
"Florida fruit is gaining such popularity in certain
European countries as to merit serious governmental and
commercial attention. Sweden, for example, this year
enacted legislation removing the duty of seventy cents a
box on Florida oranges. According to a report of the
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, the step
was taken upon the advice of Swedish medical authorities
who are encouraging greater consumption of citrus
fruits. The Florida Citrus Growers Clearing House As-
sociation has just been advised that the South Atlantic
Steamship Line has materially increased its citrus fruit
refrigeration accommodations for the exportation of
oranges and grapefruit to Liverpool. Demand for grape-
fruit has been steadily increasing in England for sev-
eral years. The cost is much higher than in this country,
and the smaller sizes are mostly in demand. In that
country, too, prominent physicians are urging the people
to eat more citrus fruits."
And not only are Florida citrus fruits of finer quality
than any other, but they are produced much nearer to
the great markets of this country and to all of Europe.
FLORIDA AND TOBACCO
(Miami Post, November 9, 1929)
Florida paid $2,109,904.52 into the United States
treasury during the first nine months of 1929 as taxes
on cigars manufactured in the state. This represents the
third highest tax payment made on this commodity in
the United States during the period as shown by figures
released through the Bureau of Internal Revenue. To-
bacco taxes paid by Florida covering all sources which
includes cigars, cigarettes, snuff and other tobacco pro-
ducts, as well as cigarette papers and tubes, totals
$2,119,804.00, and places Florida thirteenth on the list
of tobacco tax-paying states.
In addition to its tobacco manufacture industry, Flor-
ida has developed a good-sized tobacco producing belt,
which has expanded until it now covers eighteen counties
in the north and north central sections of the state. This
belt grows flue-cured, Sumatra and wrapper types of
tobacco. In 1928 the crop covered a total of 12,000
acres and produced an average of 768 pounds to the acre.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
CANNING FACTORY BEGINS OPERATIONS
Plant to Have Capacity of Twelve Hundred
Cases Per Day
(Tarpon Springs Leader, November 5, 1929)
Tarpon Springs' canning factory, which has been
erected at an approximate cost of $22,000, will be ready
to open for business Monday morning, it was learned
today. The first unit will be placed in operation at that
Manager Frank Burkhart, who had charge of erection
of the big building and of installing machinery for Tug-
well & Wiseman, Inc., owners, states that everything
will be in readiness for the first day's work by quitting
time tomorrow afternoon, although the plant is not ready
for capacity production.
Approximately forty men and women will be employed
at the beginning of the canning season, but this number
will be increased as rapidly as facilities can be prepared
with which they can work. The plant has floor space
and will have machinery to provide for more than 150
workers, and this capacity probably will be reached early
in the season.
The building, which is 90 feet by 148 feet, has been
described as one of the most modern in the state. An
expert in cannery construction, who is not connected
with the local plant, told a Leader reporter that the
building has been constructed and machinery arranged
in such a way as to produce the most efficient work
possible. He declared that the working conditions will
be excellent, and that the cannery compares favorably
with any in the state.
The building has floor space in the canning department
of 88 by 96 feet, with the balance of the first floor, and
all of the second floor of 60 by 996 feet, to be used for
storing the finished products and supplies.
Has Capacity of 1,200 Cases
The plant has a capacity production of 700 to 800
cases of grapefruit and 400 cases of orange and grape-
fruit juice daily. The tables which come into contact
with the fruit have stainless steel tops, protecting and
guaranteeing the cleanliness of all fruit. This steel con-
struction eliminates ordinary wear. Each of the four
units of equipment has a separate motor, which insures
economical operation of one or all units.
The hand-peel process, which is used in preparing the
grapefruit, is the latest method, Mr. Burkhart stated.
The fruit is handled on automatic conveyors throughout
the plant. The fruit is peeled by workers as it passes
on conveyors, stainless steel knives being used. The
peeled fruit is placed in aluminum pans and transferred
by belts to sectionizers, who remove the whole sections
of fruit, which are automatically carried to packing
Here workers place the fruit in cans, with a predeter-
mined amount of granulated sugar syrup. The cans thus
filled are weighed to insure uniformity, and then pre-
heated before sealing. They are transferred thence to
the sterilizing tank, sealed, and then carried to the cool-
ing tank before being labeled and cased by machines in
The grapefruit juice and orange juice are canned by
the Burkhart process, originated by Frank Burkhart,
manager of the plant, and for which process patents are
pending. The canning of these two products, which has
been most difficult in the canning industry, is simplified
by this method, which prevents any action of the fruit
juice on the can and preserves the natural flavor.
Juice canned in this way has been passed on by one
of the country's largest sanitariums, the report of which
declared that vitamins of the fruit are not affected by
the process. This analysis showed that the juice re-
mained in its natural state and that the health-giving
qualities of the citrus were available for the same pur-
poses as in the natural fruit. The Burkhart process is
said to mark a new era in canning of juices and is far
ahead of the old methods used.
Work of erecting the plant, which is located on the
Seaboard Railway at Disston avenue, began August 1,
and since that time a weekly payroll averaging $400 has
been paid by Tugwell & Wiseman here. All building
materials and fixtures were purchased from supply houses
here and all contract work has been done by local firms.
Tarpon Springs Labor Used
All labor used will be hired from among Tarpon
Springs people and the payroll at the beginning of pro-
duction will be $11,000 or more weekly, it is stated.
This amount is expected to be steadily increased as pro-
duction is speeded up, and will be spent largely with
The first carload of cans for the factory was received
yesterday and the cans have been stored in the ware-
house of the building. "We will be ready for fruit Mon-
day morning," Mr. Burkhart said. Prices will be paid
according to standard scales in this section, he added.
Mr. Burkhart has asked all those who applied for work
to report personally or by telephone Wednesday after-
noon, so he can notify those who applied first to report
for work. They will begin at 7:30 o'clock on Monday
morning. Thereafter the starting hour will be 7 A. M.
for peelers and 7:30 for the sectionizers.
The factory has been assured a supply of fruit and
will have the cooperation of the Elfers and Palm Harbor
packing houses, Mr. Burkhart said. The entire supply
will be procured from the houses in these two towns in
the Tarpon Springs area, he added.
Mr. Burkhart expressed his appreciation of the con-
sideration shown to the officers of the factory by Tarpon
Springs people and business men and of the cooperation
of supply firms and workmen in sacrificing part of their
profits for the project. He has issued a welcome to
visitors to inspect the plant and see the work that has
TUNG OIL IMPORTED FROM CHINA
AMOUNTS TO 79,606,835 POUNDS
(Farm and Live Stock, November 10, 1929)
Tung oil shipments from Hankow, China, in September
totaled 8,398,000 pounds, the United States receiving of
this quantity 6,638,000 pounds, the rest going to Europe,
according to advices received by the Jacksonville district
office of the United States Department of Commerce, it
was announced recently.
Range of prices at Hankow during the month were:
Per pound, open .117, high .137, low .117, close .137.
The September shipments received in the United States
brought the year's total to 79,606,835 pounds.
Estimated unsold stocks on hand at Hankow at the
end of the month were approximately 1,400 short tons.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
HERNANDO TO HAVE TUNG OIL INDUSTRY
Biggest Project of Its Kind in State-Will Spend
$750,000.00 and Plant 4,440 Acres to
Tung Oil Trees
(Brooksville Herald, November 8, 1929)
Final arrangements for what growers here declare to
be the greatest agricultural project ever put over in
this county, were completed this week with the signing
of papers in Tampa and Brooksville that will make Her-
nando county the home of the largest tung oil industry
in Florida, comprising the planting of 4,440 acres in trees
and meaning the expenditure of over $750,000.00 when
plans have been worked out completely.
A. L. Mathews, president of the Florida West Coast
Tung Oil Company, was reached by the Herald at Sebring
over long-distance telephone yesterday morning to
verify the report of the completed arrangements.
Mathews stated that his company has bought 1,240 acres
between Garden Grove and Masaryktown and 3,200
acres in the western section of the county. These two
large tracts of land are to be planted to the tung oil
trees during the period from January to March, as the
young trees cannot be set until they have become dor-
mant. Fifty thousand of the trees will be set out this
winter, Mathews said, the plants coming from the com-
pany's great nursery at Avon Park.
Mr. Mathews explained that the Florida West Coast
Tung Oil Company has been working on the project for
four years and that it was not until this week that their
vision of the great industry materialized. "All plans
have been completed," he stated, "and the project is an
assured thing for your county." The company will have
its headquarters in Tampa with a branch office in Brooks-
ville, he said.
He observed that it was impossible to give complete
data of the undertaking on such short notice over the
telephone, but that next week would release a full story
of the project, telling the directors and other officers
of the company and other information connected with
the work. He added, however, that the tung oil busi-
ness is only in its infancy in this nation and its pros-
pects are unlimited as the oil is absolutely essential to
the paint, oil and varnish industries.
Mathews, the president of the company, is a promi-
nent engineer of the state and is known over Florida
for his successful business ventures. He was educated
at the University of Nebraska and since coming to this
state has been identified with the sugar industry, hav-
ing business connections over the United States, Porto
Rico and Cuba. He has been sent on agricultural in-
vestigation trips to every part of the world. He came to
Florida in 1921 and for many years was a member of
the board of county commissioners of Palm Beach
county, and was also chairman of the city planning board
of Palm Beach.
Since becoming interested in tung oil, Mathews has
compiled a booklet on the possibilities of the industry in
Florida. In this booklet he states that the U. S. De-
partment of Commerce is intensely interested in the de-
velopment of the industry in this country and will lend
every assistance possible; that the U. S. Department of
Agriculture was responsible for the introduction of the
first trees in this country over twenty years ago and the
distribution of the same in various parts of the United
States, to determine which section was best adapted to its
cultivation, and that the State Experiment Station at
Gainesville has 4,000 acres of the trees planted, some
of which are the oldest in the United States, having
been planted seventeen years ago. He says that the
National Paint, Oil and Varnish Association has been
instrumental in organizing tung oil companies and has
encouraged to the limit the development of a domestic
supply of this product which is an essential to their in-
NEW USES FOR TUNG OIL DISCOVERED;
LACQUER CAN BE APPLIED TO STEEL
(Palatka News, November 7, 1929)
According to reports which have been received from
the research department of the National Paint and
Varnish Association at Washington by Loveland &
Tanner, Inc., fiscal agents of the Tung Oil Corporation
of Florida, new uses for this oil are being discovered
daily, indicating that there is no limit to the possibilities
of this unique commodity.
Among these new uses may be mentioned that a new
lacquer made from tung oil can now be applied directly
to steel, iron or wood surface with remarkable wearing
qualities. This discovery will revolutionize the painting
of automobiles, steel, furniture, cabinets and metal
products. An artificial silk made from tung oil combined
with cellulose, a by-product of sugar cane, is superior
in wearing quality and attractiveness to rayon, cannot
be distinguished from the natural silk except by experts.
Tung oil added to a concrete block mixture makes these
blocks impervious to moisture, thus curing the most ob-
jectionable feature of concrete blocks as structural units.
Heretofore concrete blocks have absorbed as much as 30
per cent of their weight in moisture and have proven
very unsatisfactory in the construction of walls and par-
titions. A new oil cloth made from tung oil and wood
fibers and taking colors of all shades is now being manu-
factured and has proven to be far superior to the ordi-
nary oil cloth and almost indestructible.
Since the introduction of tung oil into paints and
varnishes has already revolutionized the paint and varnish
industry and since new uses are being discovered almost
daily, it would appear that this unusual commodity is
bound to become a tremendous industry in those limited
areas on which it thrives, such as is the area composed of
the counties in north central Florida. It seems espe-
cially true when it is known that the total importations
of tung oil, which represents all that is grown and dis-
tilled in the world at the present time, amounts annually
to less than $15,000,000. Those in position to realize
the extent of the demand for tung oil in the United
States alone say that this country can absorb at least
$100,000,000 worth of this commodity every year. The
market is "hungry" for tung oil and the organizers of
the Tung Oil Corporation of Florida believe that there
is room for unlimited planting of tung oil trees in this
county and they feel assured that there is no danger of
over-production in this generation.
GROW CUCUMBERS IN WINTER UNDER
(Pensacola Journal, November 17, 1929)
Vero Beach, Nov. 16.-The Indian River Fruit Grow-
ers, of Wabasso, have built a three-acre cloth shade house
under which they will grow winter cucumbers, W. E.
Evans, county agent of Indian River county, announced.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
A NEW AVENUE FOR FLORIDA ORANGE
(Marianna Floridan, November 15, 1929)
Considerable interest is being shown in the announce-
ment that frozen orange juice in solid form and put up
in a package like a carton of butter is among the proba-
bilities of the future merchandising program of ice cream
Plans call for the extraction and solidification of the
juice by a continuous freezing process at plants located in
the orange-growing centers, from where it will be shipped
under solidifying carbon dioxide refrigeration, held in
cold rooms by ice manufacturers and distributed by them
to their dealers' cabinets.
The experimental stage, it is said, is past and the
preparations for production on a large scale at an early
A field crate of cull oranges, selling for 55 cents, will
produce five gallons of juice, which can be completely pro-
cessed as a frozen product for about 46 cents a gallon.
THINGS THAT WE HAVE LEARNED ABOUT
GRAPES IN FLORIDA
Practices We Have Found to be Safe in Produc-
ing and Marketing the Crop
(By Edgar M. Dunn, in November Florida Grower)
Nearly three years ago, right after the heavy January
freezes of 1927, we realized that another major Florida
industry was needed in our fruit world, and if possible a
fruit industry without frost handicap.
Grapes were indicated, and for over two years past a
large part of our time has been employed in helping to
interest other people in the Florida grape industry, the
companies with which we are connected, having been
employed in experimental work on Florida grapes long
before we entered the picture, and some of them having
harvested in 1926 the first carlot shipments as a result
of their labors.
Florida grapes have a natural birthright of early
ripening, which cannot be equalled by any other known
grape state of this country. This appears to be in-
fluenced by two factors, the first, of course, being the
variety of grape grown and the other the altitude of the
Florida grapes have been marketed among the first
ten per cent of the grapes of the entire U. S. A., the
other states that send a part of the production to reach
markets along with our entire state production being
Arizona and California. And the highland grapes (mar-
keted in May, June and July) have been entirely dis-
posed of with very little competition from other states,
Florida's entire highland crop being absorbed among the
first two per cent of the grapes of this country.
During that three years of observation, there have
been frosty nights that blighted in December, January
and February. But grapes have not suffered.
And during that trio of observation years, we have
twice seen fruit crops of Florida hit by fall storms. But
grapes had been long since harvested.
And while we have had our eyes glued to the micro-
scope of watching the grape industry, we have twice
seen actual damage to trees themselves as well as crops
by high winds. But grape vines have safely weathered
And then 1929-the Medfly year, as it will be event-
ually known, just filled the cup of grape satisfaction.
Despite all claims to the contrary by some people,
there was not one single case of attack of a Florida
vineyard by the Mediterranean fruit fly-and in central
Florida grapes were ripened for markets in the protec-
tive zones, being the last of the suspected fruits allowed
to remain on the vines by the quarantine forces.
We have learned in our three years of watching, that
all Florida is very liable to spring drouth. Also that
while older grape vines planted on land with the proper
moisture holding subsoil are not nearly as susceptible to
drouth as many other Florida tree fruits, yet the young
grape vine does require for best results some recognition
that dry weather hinders proper growth. For them, with
their smaller, shorter roots that do not reach the spongy
subsoil, the moisture must be kept nearer the surface.
CANE GROWERS MAKE CONTRACTS TO
(Wakulla County News, November 15, 1929)
Quincy.-L. J. Clark, Greensboro, director for Gadsden
county of the Cane Growers' Cooperative Association,
announces that contract was entered into at Montgomery,
Alabama, recently, with canners of Atlanta, Columbus,
Montgomery and. Cairo for the sale of 10,000 34-gallon
barrels of syrup, 85,000 gallons of which will be fur-
nished by Gadsden county cane growers.
A meeting of the committee and buyers was held at
the Jefferson Davis Hotel where, according to Mr. Clark,
the utmost harmony prevailed. Representatives of the
canning industry were high in their praise of the Cane
Growers' Cooperative Association, designated as one of
the few organizations of farmers that has endured and
is conducted on a business-like basis. Organizations such
as this are beneficial to both producer and buyer, it was
pointed out, and the opportunity it gives for collective
bargaining, uniform prices, satisfactory grading and
proper weights were stressed as essential to the welfare
of grower and canner alike.
The price received was 50 cents a gallon for A-1
syrup, with barrels furnished. On this basis Gadsden's
crop will yield a return of $42,500 to association mem-
bers alone. While this is 5 cents a gallon less than pro-
ducers received last year, the Louisiana crop is consider-
ably larger than during the previous year, which in-
fluenced in large measure the price of this higher grade
syrup, which is used extensively for flavoring the
Louisiana product. The output in Florida, Georgia and
Alabama will also be materially increased due to a better
growing season and some increase in acreage. The cost
of barrels alone for the 10,000 barrels of syrup sold will
amount to $17,500, says Mr. Clark.
FLORIDA PEANUTS SENT BY WATER TO
(Tampa Tribune, November 12, 1929)
Branford, Nov. 11.-(Special)-The first carload of
shelled peanuts turned out by the plant here is being
sent out by truck to Jacksonville, whence it will be
taken by water to Seattle, by way of the Panama Canal.
The plant will be operated 24 hours a day through the
peanut harvest season and is giving employment to 75
or 80 persons.
DAHLBERG CONFIDENT STATE WILL LEAD
WHOLE COUNTRY IN PRODUCTION
(St. Petersburg Independent, November 6, 1929)
Tallahassee, Nov. 6.-(A. P.)-A compactly built,
energetic and apparently youthful man tapped sharply
with his forefinger on the conference table of the state
internal improvement board at a meeting of that body
just held, as he outlined a program that he believes will
place Florida in the forefront of sugar producing states
with an annual output of half a million tons.
"Gradually we will make nature behave herself in the
Everglades," the man, B. G. Dahlberg, president of the
Southern Sugar Company, declared, bringing to a climax
his graphic account of what he and his associates are
doing and plan to do in transforming the waste lands
of southern Florida into a thriving cane-producing sec-
tion with a population of some 150,000 centered in three
or four cities and supported by the industry from eight
Great Problem Ahead
In order to attain this goal, Mr. Dahlberg said, a
program has been adopted that contemplates the erection
of a mill of 5,000 tons of cane daily capacity and culti-
vation of 20,000 acres additional in cane each year until
the eight mills and necessary acreage to keep them in
operation during the season are completed.
The nucleus was established with the opening of the
mill at Clewiston. This year it is estimated that 2,500
tons of sugar will be produced from this mill. This mill
produced sugar last year and the capacity will be in-
creased to 4,000 tons of cane a day this year, it is esti-
As Mr. Dahlberg speaks of sugar, acreage and cane, he
uses figures in the millions as glibly as though he were
speaking of hundreds. For instance, he said a million
dollars is being invested now in the crop on 20,000 acres
to prepare for the new mill; that Florida should produce
from 2,000,000 to 3,000,000 tons of sugar each year;
that his firm must spend $9,000,000 at once to take care
of expansion and that an investment of $15,000,000 in
the near future is contemplated.
Mr. Dahlberg came to Tallahassee to arrange a transfer
of lands with the state on an acre for acre basis, in order
to block in his holdings near the site for the Canal Point
mill he plans to construct within a year. The new mill,
he said, will have a capacity of 5,000 tons of cane a day.
The next two sites for mills contemplated are at South
Bay, and Indiantown, he said.
While Mr. Dahlberg is sold on the Everglades he thinks
it is only worth what .it is made to produce and that the
spending of enormous sums of money is necessary to
safeguard investment in crops. On account of the drain-
age work already accomplished in the area, the sugar
producer predicts the south side of the lake will produce
this year 10,000 cars of vegetables.
His method of protection from water he compares to
that long in use in Holland and consists of dikes and
In all of his activities Mr. Dahlberg follows an original
source. He has seen to it that even his negro laborers
have comfortable quarters on well kept streets with
parkways and flowers. In order that they may be well
fed and in good health he sells them necessities at cost,
departing widely from the traditional custom of commis-
series to add a few cents to the retail price of each
"I am not interested in days of labor," he told news-
papermen after appearing before the board. "I am only
interested in units of labor. Men working for the
Southern Sugar Company can buy what they need at
cost so the poor black negro can get something nourish-
ing under his belt and if his wife wants a red calico
dress, she can have it-yes, and a blue one too."
WILSON TELLS OF TURKEY RAISING IN
County Agent Predicts It May Become Profit-
able Industry Here
(Bradenton Herald, November 10, 1929)
The raising of turkeys in Manatee county may become
a very profitable industry. On visiting S. C. Corwin's
farm in the Palmetto hammock one may see a fine lot of
turkeys raised by Miss Edith Corwin, daughter of Mr.
Corwin. In February Miss Corwin had seven hens and
one gobbler, and has raised forty-two fine turkeys with
a total of fifty head on the place at this time. They
range in sizes from seven to fifteen pounds. All of these
turkeys will be marketed locally for Thanksgiving and
Christmas trade, County Agent Wilson said yesterday.
Mrs. O. H. Tatum of Myakka City has also made a
success of raising turkeys this year. Mrs. Tatum started
with two hens and one gobbler, and now has even fifty
turkeys on the farm.
Miss Corwin and Mrs. Tatum state that they had fine
success in raising the turkeys, having a very low mor-
tality, and the birds have grown very fast and now these
two farms have at least ninety head of fine turkeys that
will be sold in the county this winter. Each one will re-
tain a few head for breeding stock next spring.
FARMERS BUY 10,000 ACRES OF STATE
Pelican Lake Property in Everglades Sold to
Group of Growers for $50,000
(Miami Herald, November 6, 1929)
Tallahassee, Fla., Nov. 5.-(A. P.)-The State In-
ternal Improvement Board ratified the sale of about
$50,000 worth of land in Pelican Lake and listened to
charges of alleged collusion in the sale of state lands in
one of the warmest sessions in its history.
The $50,000 land sale and collusion charges came to-
gether. The board ratified the sale of about 10,000 acres
in Pelican Lake to the Pelican Lake Farms, Inc., over the
protest of Turner Wallis, local engineer who had bid for
The charges of collusion came from members of a
delegation from the Pelican Lake Farms, Inc., and those
opposed to the transfer of the property to that organiza-
tion. They declared they had been told by various per-
sons that "other persons in with the board could better
facilitate the purchase of lands from the state."
The impression had been left with them, they said, that
the land could not be bought "any other way than
through' those on the inside."
The board went on record as opposed to acceptance
of any future bids for state lands unless the bids were
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
ELFERS GROWERS GET GOOD PRICES
Fifteen Carlots Shipped in September Net $2.60
(Tarpon Springs Leader, November 5, 1929)
Citrus growers of Elfers, whose September pick of
grapefruit, amounting to fifteen carloads, was handled
through the Elfers Citrus Exchange, have received checks
which netted them $2.60 a box on the tree, a price re-
garded as extraordinarily good and in marked contrast
to returns last year.
The October pick was pooled and handled in the same
way, Edward Campbell, president of the exchange, which
is a sub-exchange of the Florida Citrus Exchange, said
yesterday. This amounted to 75 cars of grapefruit, three
of oranges and one car of tangerines, the latter moving
yesterday. The net on this movement has not been de-
But the September record was so good, Mr. Campbell
said yesterday, that it has created still greater interest
among growers who have been working together for the
"In the last year we have stressed the need of co-
operation, and the September figures have proved the
wisdom of that to everyone hereabout," Mr. Campbell
said. "Naturally, we are delighted. September ship-
ments were much greater than the same month last year.
To get $1.60 a box for grapefruit on the tree will keep
growers out of the red and give them a profit besides.
I attribute much of the success of this cooperative under-
taking to W. H. Smith, manager of the Elfers Exchange.
"A few years ago we were scattered, hitting in the
dark, so to speak. But now we are pulling together,
convinced it is the only proper way, and we pooled our
crop and you see what we get. Fruit from Elfers has a
fine rating. It ought to have, when you consider its
quality. Right now it looks as if we are going to have a
fine, profitable season, and citrus prosperity spreads, as
you know, into many lines in Florida."
BANK BACKING FOR FLORIDA AGRICUL-
(Orlando Sentinel, November 6, 1929)
It is of prime significance to Florida's present and
future agriculture that a bank of the size and import-
ance of the Barnett National in Jacksonville has seen
fit to finance the operations of the Florida Plumosus
Growers Association, which recently completed its or-
Delving into the reason for this, several vital con-
siderations are apparent on the face of things. The bank
has agreed to advance all of the cash capital required
to commence operations, which means, first of all, that
they thought well of the association's plan of organiza-
tion as a cooperative, and of its policies in connection
with marketing procedure. The fact that the mem-
bers had signed ironclad agreements to sell their plu-
mosus through the association gave the bank a feeling
that there was permanence back of the plan. These
agreements are equivalent to cash capital. They repre-
sent the crops which growers have contracted to deliver
to the association.
Another point in favor of the loan is the fact that
real marketing experts have been engaged to handle the
managerial operations of the organization. To a banker
that meant a business-like administration, and wherever
you have intelligence and experience back of an enter-
prise, it stands a better chance of success.
The advance of this capital is not a collateral loan.
Collateral is not necessary with the form of organiza-
tion which the plumosus growers have adopted, because
it is the industry itself which is being backed. Banks
can afford to back an organized industry, because in-
dustries as a whole do not fail. It is the unorganized
individual that usually falls by the wayside, and in this
particular loan negotiation Florida farmers have a very
tangible expression of the general banking attitude.
Education, organization, cooperation, should be the
slogan of every agricultural endeavor in the state. It
spells sure success.
MONEY IN POULTRY IF YOU WILL GET IT
(By Edward H. Johnson, in Farm Journal)
Any one can keep a few chickens; in fact, chickens
will practically keep themselves. All they require is an
old shed, wagon or tree to roost in; an old pan, trough
or hole in the ground for water; a few scraps from the
table, and a handful of grain when you happen to think
of it. They will go without water for hours while you
are absent from home.
But it requires knowledge and skill to care for poultry
and make money out of the undertaking. It requires
a constant vigilance against vermin and disease. It re-
quires properly constructed houses and good equipment.
It requires careful feeding, with a knowledge of the
feeds necessary for growing, fattening, egg-production,
etc. Above all, it requires that infinite, painstaking at-
tention to detail which is essential to success in almost
Lack of knowledge should not discourage the man who
wants to keep chickens, because one of the most satis-
factory features of the business is that he can begin on
a small scale and learn as he goes along. The care of a
few birds will give the beginner the necessary expe-
rience, and with this and a proper amount of study, the
size of his flock can be increased fairly rapidly.
Begin Small, Grow Big
Another good reason for beginning in a small way is
that only a little capital is required. For a few birds,
only one house is necessary; as your flock increases in
size, you can easily build and equip more houses. You
can expand with the profits from your flock, investing
no additional capital in the business. This method of
expansion may seem slow, but it is certainly very safe
Some persons hesitate to enter the poultry business
because of the fear of overproduction. There is little
need to be afraid of this. Of course, a local market can
be flooded with chickens and eggs, if there are too many
persons engaged in the business in that particular
But it should be remembered that there is always a
good market in some other town or city a few miles
away, if there is not in yours. For every locality where
there are too many poultry-farms, there are several
others where there are not enough. This condition in-
sures a good, steady market throughout the country as
a whole. If you desire to raise poultry, however, the
best plan is to select a locality where the business is not
crowded, as the local market is not to be overlooked.
FLORIDA REVIEW 18
POULTRY TAKES PLACE IN SUN
Four-Year-Old Industry Fast Making Record in
(By M. U. Mounts, County Agricultural Agent, in Palm
Beach Times, November 6, 1929)
In less than four years the poultry industry has
emerged from obscurity and taken its place among the
major agricultural activities of the county. In 1925
only a few people in the county kept poultry and these
were only small backyard flocks, not a commercial poultry
plant could be found in all the county. In 1929 we find
a wonderful increase in poultrying. Approximately forty
commercial poultry plants are in operation in the county
at present with a total of around 30,000 laying hens.
Many of the poultrymen carry on their poultry work
in connection with other trades or business, but a few of
our larger poultrymen spend their entire time directing
the business of their poultry plants.
Poultrymen in Palm Beach county find many advan-
tages that this section offers over more northern locali-
ties. We have a fair summer market and the best winter
market in the United States. Eggs never went below
35 cents a dozen last summer and in the winter of
1928-29 sold as high as 80 cents. An attempt is being
made to develop in the buying, the habit of purchasing
direct from the poultryman. This is a material ad-
vantage to both consumer and producer, insuring a
strictly fresh product to the consumer and giving the
advantage of retail prices to the poultryman.
Buildings can be much more economically constructed
in Palm Beach county than in other poultry sections fur-
ther north. Our warm climate does not require heavy
construction to protect the birds from cold and gives
the growing birds the advantages of long periods of sun-
light and warmth.
Few people seem to realize that it is as important for
poultry to receive a steady supply of green feed as for
dairy cattle to have pasturage available. Green feed
supplies succulency to the poultry ration, increases the
appetite for grain rations and supplies vitamins neces-
sary for building strong, vigorous birds. At no time is
green feed so important as in the breeding pen. Without
an ample supply of invigorating green feed it will be
difficult to get fertility to insure good hatches.
Every poultryman knows the necessity of having
strong, vigorous baby chicks. Green feed supplied to the
breeding pen helps to instill strength and stamina to the
young stock. Not only does green feed make healthier
birds, but it increases the quality of the marketed egg.
Birds fed no green food will produce a pale yolk, while
where the ration includes this necessary green food the
yolk is firmer and has a richer color.
Several of the county poultrymen are using ample
green feed for the needs of their flock. Where the flock
is allowed to range, this is of course no problem, but
flocks confined to runs must be supplied green foods in
an easily accessible form. R. M. Fancher of Lake Worth
is outstanding in the way he has met this problem. He
alternates the pens used by his birds and while one run
is vacant he has it busy growing green feed that will be
available when the flock is turned back in. At the
present time his poultry run looks like a Kansas sun-
flower patch. He has numerous sunflowers with a seed
head easily eight inches in diameter and stalks six to
eight feet high. The birds have learned to fly up on the
stalk of the sunflower and their weight bends it down
where the seeds from the head can be taken. After that
the large green leaves disappear and everything but the
stalk is used by the birds. In addition to the sunflowers,
Mr. Fancher has a run dense with cowpeas standing knee
high. Some runs were limed heavily and then plowed; in
these we find very satisfactory stands of lespedeza and
alfalfa. Some melilotus and buckwheat is also growing
on the Fancher farm. The buckwheat has produced seed
that is large and well filled.
For winter green feed dwarf essex rape is used and
this grows nicely all during the winter months. It is
especially good for winter planting, because it is very
resistant to cold weather.
These green feeds have been grown at the Fancher
poultry farm without the use of any commercial fer-
tilizer. Poultry droppings were the only materials ap-
plied to these plantings.
SPOT CASH AT POULTRY SALE
Morning Event at Archer and Afternoon Event
at Newberry Next Thursday; Farmers Asked
to Extend Fullest Measure Cooperation
(Gainesville Sun, November 11, 1929)
The Alachua county agent and home demonstration
agent are cooperating with the State Marketing Bureau
in an effort to establish a cooperative poultry sales pro-
gram in Alachua county. The first attempt at this was
made in October, when sales were held in Archer and
Gainesville. Those bringing poultry to the sales were
well satisfied with the prices received.
A second sale of this kind is scheduled for Thursday
of this week, November 14, and, as on the first occasion,
the sale will be held in two communities, the first from
8 to 12 noon at Archer, and the second from 1 to 4
P. M. at Newberry. Farmers anywhere in this territory
are urged to bring in any surplus stock they may have
and receive cash for their offerings on the basis of 24
cents for heavy hens, 20 for light, 25 for fryers, 30
cents for broilers, 22 cents for stags and springers, and
22 cents for roosters.
According to a statement made Saturday by County
Agent Fred L. Craft, the object of these sales is to
stimulate more interest in poultry production by pro-
viding the poultry growers a ready cash market. If the
growers will only cooperate, Mr. Craft says, the sales
will be continued from time to time, but it is up to the
farmers themselves to make the program a success.
ARCADIAN FATTENS HOGS ON POTATOES
LEFT AT HARVEST
(Tampa Tribune, November 17, 1929)
Arcadia, Nov. 16.-(Special)-W. A. Neal, president
of the Nocatee Vegetable Growers Association, is making
profit from hogs at slight cost in money. Neal had a
bumper crop of sweet potatoes harvested from a 10-acre
field south of the city. In this field the hogs are allowed
to roam, feeding on the potatoes left in harvesting.
Neal bought 60 hogs and in a short time began to sell
them off. He has the hogs butchered and sells them
dressed at excellent prices.
Not only are the left-over potatoes feeding and fat-
tening the hogs, but the porkers are plowing up the field
and fertilizing it for the next planting, which probably
will be Irish potatoes.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
PRICES GOOD AS BEAN DEAL OPENS IN
Car Lot Movement Is Under Way from Lake
Stations-New York and Boston Get All
Cars and Express from This Region
(Everglades News, November 8, 1929)
The bean deal is getting started in the upper Ever-
Quotations of $6 a hamper for beans are reported
from New York. Sales of Glades beans were made in
New York this week at $4.50 and $5.00.
Records of the Canal Point station of the Florida
East Coast Railroad show that on November 1, L. L.
Stuckey loaded a solid car of beans at Canal Point and
W. H. Vann loaded a solid car at Sand Cut siding, three
miles north of Canal Point. Both cars were billed for
diversion at Potomac Yards. On Monday, Nov. 4, Mr.
Stuckey rolled his second car, this also being billed for
diversion at Potomac Yards. He was loading a car
Wednesday. W. H. Vann rolled a car to New York
Wednesday, the 6th. He had an iced car at Station
O. B. 304 yesterday for loading today and tomorrow.
Agent Reddick said he had no orders for cars here today.
H. L. Douglas, of Belle Glade, billed a solid car of
beans Wednesday to W. C. Deyo, New York, the car
rolling early the next morning, and he was loading a
second car yesterday.
The first express from the region was on Sunday, when
323 hampers of beans went out, of which L. L. Stuckey
furnished 278. The Stuckey express beans sold in Boston
Tuesday morning. One hundred and ninety hampers of
beans went out by express Tuesday morning. J. H.
Barwick billed out 140 of these 190 hampers.
Mr. Douglas, who rolled the car from Belle Glade
Wednesday night, said the beans were grown by Cook
Brothers on the Griffin land on the lake front northwest
of Belle Glade. Cook Brothers' beans made up the
larger part of the car that was loading at Belle Glade
MOTION PICTURES TO BE SHOWN TO PRO-
MOTE DEVELOPMENT OF LIVESTOCK
(Ocala Banner, November 8, 1929)
Free movies will be shown at twenty schoolhouses in
The United States Department of Agriculture some
time ago decided to carry to the farmers, dairymen and
others interested a story in pictures showing valuable
ways of performing different kinds of service for the
greatest good to all concerned.
A truck has been equipped with every detail to prop-
erly carry out the aims of the department. The pictures
are especially made to promote livestock development in
the southeastern states, and stockowners who have viewed
this picture in other southern states as well as Florida
derived the greatest amount possible of valuable infor-
The truck is equipped with an electric light plant and
it carries a complete motion picture fire-proof outfit.
The pictures shown are entirely educational and deal
almost wholly with agriculture and live stock raising,
both from an educational point of view. The pictures
which will be shown will be viewed by people of all ages
with the greatest interest. There are six reels of pic-
tures, and included in the lot are some -which depict
beautiful mountain scenery.
There will be no admission charges and no collections.
The educational display is for the benefit of the farmers
and stockmen, and all that is required is the presence
of every one. It is believed that the evening will be
The schedule has been arranged, which will cover the
Buck Pond-Thursday, Dec. 5, at 7:30 P. M.
Dunnellon-Friday, Dec. 6, at 7:30 P. M.
Belleview-Saturday, Dec. 7, at 7:30 P. M.
Ocklawaha-Monday, Dec. 9, at 7:30 P. M.
Summerfield-Tuesday, Dec. 10, at 7:30 P. M.
Weirsdale-Wednesday, Dec. 11, at 7:30 P. M.
The pictures at each school indicated above will be
started promptly at 7:30 P. M., and farmers with their
families are urged to be on hand promptly in order to
get the full benefit of the pictures.
GROWERS URGED TO PLANT DIFFERENT
(Gadsden County Times, November 6, 1929)
Gainesville, Fla.-Potato growers should consider trial
plantings of some varieties other than the Spaulding
Rose, Dr. L. O. Gratz, associate plant pathologist of the
Florida Experiment Station, believes. In experiments he
has found that the Spaulding Rose is considerably out-
yielded by such varieties as Irish Cobblers, Green Moun-
tains and Bliss Triumphs. The tests were conducted at
Hastings and in the Everglades, and had been running
for five years when his report, issued as Bulletin 201 of
the Florida Experiment Station, was made public.
Dr. Gratz found that the varieties mentioned gave
larger yields of primes and marketable potatoes than
the Spaulding Rose. Weather conditions during the five
years were quite variable, so that the different varieties
had had fair tests under different conditions. However,
Dr. Gratz does not recommend that growers abandon
the Spaulding entirely-rather, that they try some of
these other varieties on a small scale and see what re-
sults may be accomplished. The market for Florida po-
tatoes expects Spaulding Roses and it may be that the
other varieties would sell as readily.
EGGPLANT MOVING IN VOLUME FROM
(Plant City Courier, November 5, 1929)
Brooksville.-Eleven solid cars of eggplant have moved
to northern markets from Hernando county in the last
two weeks, and express shipments of squash and pepper
have been moving regularly. Beans will begin to move
about November 5.
Much of the crop is being sold to buyers on the plat-
form at good prices. Eggplant has been netting the
growers $2 to $2.50 a crate; squash, $1.50 to $2.50;
The quality of the vegetables is exceptionally fine and
the yield high. One grower, E. M. Tuttle, of Spring
Lake, has already picked 150 crates of eggplant from
one acre, and the season has just begun.
J. T. Daniels, citrus and vegetable grower of Spring
Lake, is handling most of the vegetables at the S. A. L.
packing house here. Solid cars and express shipments
also are moving from Istachatta.
FLORIDA IS ACTIVELY COOPERATING IN
Florida One of 36 States Which Promoted Tree
(Ft. Myers Press, November 6, 1929)
Tallahassee, Nov. 6.-(A. P.)-Florida was one of 36
states of the nation which last year were active in pro-
moting reforestation work under terms of the so-called
Clarke-McNary act of Congress, the United States De-
partment of Agriculture's forest service division an-
Florida and West Virginia were operating forest nurse-
ries last year under agreements with the federal gov-
ernment, but their nurseries had not been in operation
long enough to produce planting stock for distribution
to farmers, as was done in 34 other states, the depart-
ment's announcement said.
The other 34 states where distribution of forest trees
for farm planting was recorded, 29,000,000 such plants
were given out.
Under the act, the states and territories cooperate
with the federal government in growing and distributing
forest nursery stock.
Planting stock grown in state nurseries was distrib-
uted by most of the states at cost, a few distributing
stock free to farmers for timber growing purposes.
The cooperating states during the year furnished a
total of 68,565,291 trees for planting. Of those,
28,757,448 were distributed to farmers under the Clarke-
McNary cooperation plan; 18,330,141 for planting on
private lands other than farms, and 21,477,702 for
planting on state lands.
Most of the planting stock furnished to farmers dur-
ing the year was to grow timber on farm woodlands,
although several states distributed trees for developing
shelter belts and windbreaks.
(Tampa Times, November 8, 1929)
Information comes from fruit fly eradication head-
quarters that September and October shipments of grape-
fruit out of Florida not only have set a record for early
movement, but have reduced the state's grapefruit crop
by more than 15 per cent of the estimated yield for this
year. The government's system of certifying shipments
this year for the first time makes it possible to account
accurately for every box of citrus fruit leaving the state.
Florida grapefruit shipments to and including October
31 amounted to 965,100 boxes, including export ship-
ments and movement to canneries in the state. The
earlier crop estimates from the bureau of agricultural
economics of the United States department of agricul-
ture put this season's grapefruit production at 6,300,000
boxes. Shipments to October 31 therefore amounted to
15.3 per cent of this season's crop. This leaves only
84.7 per cent of the Florida grapefruit crop to go to
market over the entire balance of the shipping season.
While the original government estimate was for
6,300,000 boxes of grapefruit, prominent citrus shippers
have expressed belief that these figures may be reduced,
because the records show that in very many instances
crops thus far picked have been below the estimated
yield of the properties from which they came.
Even though competition from other grapefruit ship-
ping areas may prevent any shortage of the grapefruit
supply for a time it is evident, with the short crop of
grapefruit all around and the very considerable portion
of the Florida crop which already has been moved, that
Florida grapefruit should be in a strong position in the
markets of the country.
FLORIDA EXPORTS ARE INCREASING
Customs Collector for State Gives Interesting
Data on Trade
(Wakulla County News, November 15, 1929)
Florida's export trade is steadily increasing and the
state is on a sound economic basis, as is evidenced from
actual governmental figures, Sidney C. Brown, United
States collector of customs for Florida, said Wednesday.
Mr. Brown, a resident of Tampa and a district governor
of the Lions Club, arrived here late Wednesday and
spoke at a meeting of the club Wednesday night.
The collector of customs has made a recent survey of
the Gulf Coast of the state, extending from Apalachicola
through Panama City to Pensacola. He was on his way
back to Tampa.
That Florida exports are on the upgrade is shown in
the fact that during the fiscal year ending June 1, 1929,
exports amounted to $58,022,475. This is an increase of
$287,362 over the previous year, when exports amounted
The record compiled at Pensacola is particularly re-
markable, Mr. Brown declared. Exports from that port
during the six months ending August 31 amounted to
$3,537,226, which is an increase of $833,687 over the
same period last year.
Other figures compiled by Mr. Brown to demonstrate
Florida's stability include the fact that the customs col-
lections for the fiscal year ending June 1, 1929, were
$4,092,901.62. Arrivals and departures of persons on
vessels engaged in foreign trade during that period were
134,398, he said.
NEW PORT RICHEY PLANT TO PRODUCE
(Tarpon Springs Leader, November 5, 1929)
New Port Richey, Nov. 2.-The employment of at least
thirty men is assured here through the organization of
the Gulf Pine Products Co., effected this week by Rollo
Draft, Frank I. Grey and Henry Dingus. The new com-
pany has been incorporated and has established offices in
New Port Richey to handle products derived from the
The corporation has already received orders for its
products in excess of 100 barrels weekly, making a two-
carload shipment necessary from the beginning, and deals
are pending whereby this amount will be more than
doubled, insuring the employment of fifty or more men.
As the work is rough and heavy, negroes will be mostly
employed, but those living near this city will be given
A plant is being constructed which will have a capacity
of 10,000 gallons weekly, and all kinds of pine will be
used, including stumps which otherwise would be useless.
Tar and rosin are the principal products, but a roof coat-
ing also is soon to be placed on the market. The roofing
material is said to be sun and weather-proof, and a de-
mand is being built up for this even before it has been
officially placed on the market.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA'S NEW MILK AND CREAM LAW
WILL BE ENFORCED PENDING DECISION
ON ITS CONSTITUTIONALITY
(DeLand Sun, November 18, 1929)
Tallahassee, Nov. 15.-(A. P.)--Until federal district
court at Jacksonville can pass upon the constitutionality
of Florida's new milk and cream law of the 1929 legis-
lature, the work of enforcing the act will proceed,
officials of the State Department of Agriculture said.
The court is to consider an application for an injunc-
tion against enforcing the law filed by A. B. Noble,
Hawkinsville, Ga., dairyman. Noble, among other things,
alleged that the law was discriminatory, and that Flor-
ida, by enacting such a measure was seeking to "erect a
Chinese wall" about the state to keep out outside milk
Machinery for enforcement of the law has been in
motion at the State Marketing Bureau at Jacksonville for
more than a month. The law became effective on Oct.
1. John M. Scott, former vice-director of the extension
division at Gainesville, is chief of the enforcement
The enforcement officers have laid down a schedule of
requirements for dairy operators that must be followed
as long as the law is in operation. It includes equipment
which the dairymen must have, and the methods of
handling dairy products. Among the former, the cows
must be healthy, stables clean, utensils properly steril-
ized and milk room or milk house free from contami-
In methods of handling the products the cows, stables,
milk room or house, utensils and milking and handling
of the milk must be carried out in a sanitary manner.
EDUCATION TOWARDS FARMING
(Daytona Beach News, November 14, 1929)
There are big opportunities in the state of Florida for
the farmer-including the citrus grower-who knows
agriculture, if one may say so, from the ground down.
Dr. John T. Tigert, president of the State University,
and incidentally one of the state's finest assets, pointed
out in a radio talk broadcast from Chicago the other
night, the advantages and opportunities which the trained
agriculturist might hope for in Florida.
He told of a Florida boy who produced 104% bushels
of corn per acre. He told of 79 boys contesting for a
scholarship at the university who produced an average
of nearly fifty bushels of corn per acre by using experi-
mental data secured from tests conducted on average
soils of the state. And, he adds as an aside, it was for-
merly thought that Florida soil could not be made subject
to much corn production!
"Everywhere now, through the leadership of the agri-
cultural experiment stations, agricultural extension work
in the colleges of agriculture, home demonstration, boys'
and girls' clubs, and other agencies, agricultural produc-
tion is being vastly extended," he said, speaking then of
the south in general. "New crops are being brought
into existence, old lands are being revived, and new en-
terprise is dawning."
And again: "Florida is an outstanding illustration of
the forward movement of the south. Since the World
War, no state in the Union has increased so rapidly in
wealth and population as the sunshine state; in fact, the
progress was a little too fast to be thoroughly sound and
substantial and the state was compelled to make some
readjustment of its financial structure recently because
of over-enthusiasm in boom days. Now, Florida is be-
ginning a steady and thoroughly controlled forward
movement that promises more for the future than any-
thing hitherto experienced. The state is a vast empire
containing 35 million acres of land exceeded in area by
Georgia alone of the states east of the Mississippi river.
About one-seventh of this land is now in farms. Florida
is primarily an agricultural community, though it has
produced manufactured products valued at $267,000,000
in a single year."
He points out that, in addition to citrus-which has
yielded annually as much as $50,000,000 to the state-
the principal crops are corn, peanuts, tobacco, cotton and
a large variety of vegetables, not to mention all the
other fruits besides citrus. The rapid elimination of the
cattle tick, he asserts, promises much for the livestock
industry. Poultry raising is growing. The Everglades
promise to become one of the world's greatest sugar-
bowls. Florida is second only to Virginia in fish pro-
duction. Its phosphates are 82 per cent of all sold in
the United States.
There is a lesson in all this for Floridans as well as
for northerners in over-populated parts of the United
States who feel the urge to pioneer in a newer, more
promising state. The lesson is to make trained farmers
out of our sons. The state has too many white-collar
men, too many salesmen, too many professional men. It
needs scientific agriculturists to develop its natural re-
sources. The college of agriculture of the University of
Florida, specializing in state soils and other agricultural
problems, is the proper training ground for the successful
PEANUTS PRODUCE WELL IN GADSDEN
(Gadsden County Times, November 6, 1929)
Gadsden county produced 125,250 bushels of peanuts
in 1928 and the same amount in 1927, according to
figures given out this week by the Gadsden County
Chamber of Commerce. Figures on the 1929 crop are
not available, but it is likely that more than this amount
was produced this year.
Values of the crops each of the above years, it is esti-
mated, were approximately $75,000.
Gadsden growers this year are marketing their peanuts
in Greenwood, Fla., one of the nearest towns in which a
shellery is located.
Interest in peanut culture is growing, the chamber of
commerce announces, and by the 1930 shelling season,
a peanut plant will be in operation at Hardaway, Fla.
FIRST QUART OF BERRIES BRINGS $5 AT
(Tampa Tribune, November 12, 1929)
Lakeland, Nov. 11.-(A. P.)-The first quart of straw-
berries marketed in this section this season brought the
fancy price of $5.00 here today.
A local civic club bought the berrries from George
Lewellyn, a Galloway trucker. They were full and ripe.
One thousand acres of land about eight miles south
of Milton has been acquired for sheep raising. The
owners raised sheep in South America for several years.