U.S.Dept. of Agriculture,
%jlori a 3ebi-t
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 4 NOVEMBER 4, 1929 No. 11
Farm Organizations Needed to Take Advantage of Federal
Farm Loans Under the New Law
Address by L. M. Rhodes, State Marketing Commissioner of Florida, to the Annual Conference
of Florida Agricultural Extension Agents at Gainesville, October 3, 1929.
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
( N order that we may discuss intelligently
"Farm Organizations Needed to Take
Advantage of Federal Farm Loans Under
the New Law," we must find out, if possi-
ble, the Federal Farm Board's understanding
of the law, and their intentions in the adminis-
tration of the law.
This is all the more difficult because the
Board has not as yet completed or developed a
comprehensive plan of organization, covering
investigational, economic, legal and financial
phases of their operations.
It takes time to make a thorough investiga-
tion of the entire economic condition of Agricul-
ture in a country with as vast a territory, as
gigantic in volume and with as many complex
problems in the industry as is the case with the
United States, including supply and demand,
condition and trends of markets and possibili-
ties of market expansion and by-product relief.
This important piece of farm legislation is an
agricultural marketing act, and therefore nec-
essarily covers numerous phases of agricultural
operations, from the field of production to the
table of consumption.
Fundamentally, this agricultural marketing
act is intended to be for agriculture what the
Federal Reserve Act is for commerce; what the
Transportation Act is for the railroads; what
the Protective Tariff is for the manufacturer.
The key to the program outlined in the bill,
and so far outlined by the Board, is cooperative
marketing of farm products, including surpluses
in large enough units to stabilize the market and
to dominate it within reasonable limits.
This cooperative marketing program in the
measure will require organization by the farm-
ers themselves, in the merchandising field. The
Board believes that organized selling is the
The bill does not provide crutches for a
crippled agriculture or lame farmers. It un-
dertakes to give them the elements of strength
that will enable them to walk alone.
This bill is not claimed to be perfect. It will
no doubt be improved in the future.
The two main features of the bill are: First,
the declaration of policy; second, the mechan-
ism provided to make the policy effective.
The measure recognizes and declares that one
of the functions of the government is to promote
the effective merchandising of agricultural com-
modities to interstate and foreign commerce, so
that the industry of agriculture will be on a
basis of economic equality with other industries.
The measure proposes to establish this eco-
nomic equality in four ways:
1. By minimizing speculation.
2. By preventing inefficient and wasteful
methods of distribution.
3. By encouraging the organization of pro-
ducers into effective associations or corpora-
tions, under their own control, for greater unity
of effort in marketing, in financing a farm mar-
keting system of producer-owned and producer-
controlled cooperative associations and other
4. By aiding in preventing and controlling
the surpluses in any agricultural commodity
through orderly production and distribution so
as to maintain advantageous domestic markets,
and prevent surpluses from causing undue and
excessive depressions and fluctuations in prices.
Commodity committees designated by the
Board and coming under its provisions, for each
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
commodity named by the cooperatives, hand-
ling these commodities, will work with the
Board in an advisory capacity, and will figure
in a substantial way in the formulation of
The Board has a revolving fund of $500,-
000,000. The Federal Farm Board cannot
spend any of this money. It is available for
only one purpose, to be loaned. The Board can
lend it to properly formed stabilization corpora-
tions and cooperative marketing associations.
The success or failure of this experiment of
farm relief therefore depends very largely on
whether stabilization corporations and coopera-
tive marketing associations function in a large
way and operate successfully.
And remember the Federal Farm Board will
extend loans, give advice, make rules and regu-
lations for stabilization corporations, but neither
the Board nor the Government assume any re-
sponsibility for their operations.
They are not government instrumentalities.
The government lends them money, but does not
take stock in them.
The stabilization corporations are to be
owned and operated under supervision by the
cooperatives. These cooperatives will own the
stock, name their own managers, and run the
Funds loaned by the Board for financing sur-
plus operations are a lien against the surplus
reserve only; hence if a commodity corporation
handles a surplus crop at a loss, that loss falls
on the revolving fund. So much for the opera-
tions of the act.
The Board has expressed itself as being
anxious to direct its efforts so as to avoid, or
decrease, wasteful surpluses.
It has also expressed its intentions to direct
its efforts through large scale central coopera-
It will also encourage the organization and
development of such organizations as a stabiliz-
ing element in marketing.
It will in no instance buy or sell agricultural
commodities. It will assist the farmers when
properly and sufficiently organized to do a
better job of selling themselves.
In other words, expanding and strengthening
the cooperative movement will be the policy of
The Board will call on other Federal and
State agencies for assistance and cooperation,
and utilize any of them that can and will con-
tribute to the cause.
Whether Florida is going to benefit mate-
rially from this new agricultural marketing act,
or receive cooperation and aid from the Board,
will depend on the farmers themselves. They
will have to place themselves in position to be
a part of the working program of the Board.
There are inherent difficulties which cannot be
overcome by the individual producer.
We cannot preserve small producing units
successfully in a business structure where or-
ganizations and combinations are the unchange-
So we must organize from the ground up, then
federate, in state or sectional units, according
to commodities, and be ready to take part in a
permanent program over a long period of time.
The Board was not organized to deal alone with
For instance, the Florida Citrus Growers, with
an industry representing an investment running
into hundreds of millions of dollars; shipping
from 40,000 to 60,000 carloads of fruit annually,
with an ever increasing tonnage; selling as they
do a crop valued at more than $50,000,000,
must organize into a grower-owned, grower-
controlled cooperative marketing association,
carried on by growers, composed of growers
and operated for growers, with the elements of
speculation eliminated if they expect to receive
the whole-hearted substantial aid, advice and
cooperation of the Farm Board; a federation or
organization on a cooperative basis of the
growers' organizations now in existence and the
addition of enough more growers to control the
output of the industry.
The vegetable and small fruit industry of the
State, representing a movement of 50,000 car-
loads with an annual output valued at $35,-
000,000, composed of thousands of growers pro-
ducing many different commodities, must come
together in cooperative effort as an industry be-
fore they can get recognition, financial assist-
ance, cooperation or advice from the Farm
There are already a score or more of fairly
good sized vegetable growers' associations in
the state, and many more small ones.
Some kind of an exchange, organization,
federation or other practical method of coopera-
tive group action should be adopted by these
associations already organized, and other grow-
ers organized and added to the movement until
the tonnage of the state could be moved through
one channel; uniform grades and standards
adopted by the entire industry; quality of the
highest order be maintained; shipments regu-
lated to the requirements of the trade; the
industry financed according to its needs; adver-
tising carried on to widen distribution and
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS.....
... Commissioner of Agriculture
Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
NOVEMBER 4, 1929
increase consumption; the best system of U. S.
Government inspection adopted; practical mar-
ket reporting secured; precooling plants, pack-
ing houses, storage houses and all other facili-
ties secured necessary to the development,
maintenance and profitable operation of our
Our poultry, dairy and live stock industries
should also be organized into local, county or
regional associations, and federated into state-
wide organizations. This is nothing new. For
several years I have been advocating such or-
ganizations. But they are certainly more neces-
sary now than at any time in the past.
Certainly if it was necessary for grain grow-
ers to organize the Farmers National Grain
Corporation, capitalized at $30,000,000, on the
26th of July; the National Chamber of Coopera-
tives, composed of the 2,000,000 members of
cooperative organizations in this country, to or-
ganize a few weeks ago; and the United Grow-
ers of America, a cooperative capitalized at
$50,000,000, for the purpose of marketing
fruits and vegetables, to organize, to cooperate
with the Federal Farm Board-Florida growers
should unite into state-wide grower-owned and
grower-controlled cooperatives for the same
And the Florida State Marketing Bureau is
ready to assist in formulating and perfecting
Plant City, known as the "Strawberry City of Florida,"
is again ready to harvest and ship a record crop of
luscious strawberries this season, which will open up
around Thanksgiving. J. S. Barnes, of the R. W. Burch
Company, Inc., packers, shippers and growers of straw-
berries, is very enthusiastic over the prospects for a big
crop and good prices this season. Good prices were ob-
tained last year, despite the heavy yield, and indications
are now that there will be as heavy a yield and as big a
demand this season. Predictions are now that Plant City
will sell $1,500,000 worth of berries from between 1,500
and 2,000 acres. Growers report their plants looking
well and healthy. Already one grower has brought a few
ripe berries in as a sample.
BRANCH OF MARKETING BUREAU
OPENING IN MIAMI
(Miami Herald, October 13, 1929)
F. H. Scruggs, a trained market news specialist re-
cently added to the staff of the State Marketing Bureau
at Jacksonville under the administration of State Market-
ing Commissioner L. M. Rhodes, in the expansion of the
bureau's service throughout the state, will be in Miami
and Dade county Monday and Tuesday of this week to
open a branch of the state marketing service here in
Miami. One other similar branch will be opened in the
state at Tampa.
This extended service for Miami and vicinity will em-
brace a wider dissemination of vegetable market infor-
mation to growers as well as various cooperative and
other marketing agencies of the region. While here Mr.
Scruggs will, among other things, instruct Gregg Davis,
of the University of Miami, who is to have charge of
gathering of the necessary information.
This data will be transmitted daily to J. S. Rainey,
county agricultural agent, who in turn will forward the
same to the State Marketing Bureau at Jacksonville,
from whence it will be broadcast throughout the state
daily by radio. This service is designed to keep growers
as well as all shipping agencies and others in touch with
daily markets and marketing conditions of all the larger
consuming centers as well as to local and state produc-
CATTLE RAISED IN FLORIDA AT LESS COST
Punta Gordan, Recently in Gainesville, Stated
It Can Be Done
(Punta Gorda Herald, September 13, 1929)
That Florida cattlemen can raise good cattle at an
overhead cost of at least 50 per cent less than can the
cattlemen of Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and other midwestern
and northern cattle states, was the statement made by
C. M. Carrier of this city, when, in August, he was in
Gainesville inspecting the test pasture lots at the experi-
ment station of the department of agriculture of the
University of Florida.
In an item about Mr. Carrier's visit there and his
statement about cattle raising in Florida, the Gainesville
Sun says that right then and there he started an argu-
ment with some of the old timers who have been in the
business here for many years, but he stuck to his point
that, given good stock, the Florida cattle raiser can, by
fencing his land and paying attention to improved perma-
nent pastures, and with a much longer season, do better
and make more money than can cattle raisers in other
At the present time, according to the Sun, Mr. Carrier
and his associates are fencing more than 25,000 acres
of rich prairie land in Charlotte and DeSoto counties
northeast of here, establishing a large ranch on which
they expect to raise high-grade cattle for the Florida
winter demand which, Mr. Carrier contends, the Florida
cattlemen have never been able to meet.
Not so long ago Mr. Carrier disposed of an enormous
cattle ranch in eastern Cuba to the well known Lykes
brothers of Tampa, receiving approximately $350,000 for
land and cattle on the island.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
THE BACK COUNTRY
Poultry Raisers Maintaining Flocks of 1,000
Birds or Less Realize More Substantial Re-
turns from Better Bred Stock and Rigid
Sanitation Than Larger Operators Indiffer-
ent to These Rules.
(By C. Clinton Page, in Miami Herald, October 13, 1929)
Highland Oaks Farm, located four miles east of Fort
Meade on the Frostproof-Avon Park road in the West
Coast area, is the name of an extraordinary poultry
breeding and egg plant. It is owned by Franklin Stevens,
an exceptionally resourceful and energetic individual
who can do a lot of things and do them well.
This farm gets its name from the fact that there are
15 large live oak trees around the house and in the front
yard. Four of these trees the owner told me were set
out by previous owners of the place 45 years ago. This
poultry plant is located on a 10-acre tract, five acres of
which was set to oranges about six years ago. The
whole 10 acres has a good elevation and excellent drain-
age. The residence, surrounded by those grand old oaks
and some tropical trees and shrubs, has a most pic-
turesque setting. The lawn and grounds are spacious
and occupy something more than an acre.
Highland Oaks Farm, though a commercial plant, is
not outstanding because of the size of the flock, but
rather because of the excellent breeding and high egg
production of the birds; the exceptional sanitary regula-
tions employed in the care of both fowls and houses,
and the substantially built and convenient arrangement
of all buildings and equipment of the entire plant, which,
with a few minor exceptions, has been built by its owner.
The major portion of the flock of a few less than 1,000
birds is of the famous Tom Barron strain of White
Leghorns, with an ancestry of better than 200-egg hens
Mr. Stevens started this plant in June, 1927, with 48
Barron pullets and a few weeks later 200 more. The
latter were the progeny of imported Barron stock. The
Tom Barron strain of Leghorns was chosen, Mr. Stevens
said, because of its larger size and apparently greater
vigor. His original idea was to establish an exclusively
egg producing plant and cater to a high class trade in
strictly fresh table eggs.
He installed a 300-egg incubator with the intention of
incubating only his own carefully selected eggs for the
maintenance of his own laying flock. According to this
plan be hatched about 800 pullets, selling off the cock-
erels as meat fowls, though many of them would have
made exceptional breeders had they been allowed to
After rigidly culling out weak pullets and some of the
lighter producers of the old flock of 250 hens this laying
flock went into the winter season of 1927-28 with approx-
imately 700 layers. These showed extra good production
through the season, ranging from 50 per cent to as high
as 75 per cent at the peak of the egg flow.
During 1928 and up into the early part of 1929 neigh-
bors and many others passing by Highland Oaks were so
impressed with this flock of handsome White Leghorn hens
and generally attractive surroundings of the place that
they wanted a closer-up view and to know something
about its methods of handling. Many of the passersby
stopped in and this resulted in a demand for both baby
chicks and hatching eggs, as well as meat fowls, by these
callers, so that the owner of the place was compelled to
do hatching above his own needs.
Baby chicks from the Grade A matings at Highland
Oaks Farm have been selling at $20 per 100 and $17 per
100 for the flock-run matings. Hatching eggs from these
matings were sold at $2.50 and $1.50 per setting of 13
eggs, respectively. The demand for both baby chicks
and hatching eggs, Mr. Stevens said, was greater than
he was able to supply and orders were turned away for
more than 5,000 baby chicks besides many for hatching
eggs, and still others from those who wanted pullets ready
to begin laying.
Recently he installed a 1,200-egg Buckeye incubator
for the purpose of hatching a limited supply of chicks to
meet a part of the demand for foundation stock. Already
many orders have been booked at Highland Oaks Farm
for baby chicks and pullets ready to lay. His laying
flock, which Mr. Stevens said had shown a flock average
during the past year of 165 eggs per hen, he has recently
culled to about 500 hens from which his mating pens
will be made up in time to begin hatching in December,
with indications that he will have calls for many more
chicks, pullets and eggs than he can supply.
A fine flock of pullets about ready to lay are now com-
ing on for fall and winter production. These were
hatched from the farm's best layers and Mr. Stevens is
expecting with these to beat his record of the past season,
of 165 eggs per hen, the coming year. His goal is to
build a flock of 3,000 to 5,000 birds that will average 200
eggs per hen-a high standard indeed. But with the
maintenance of his present program of sanitation, care-
ful feeding, and rigid culling and generally ideal con-
ditions he should be able to achieve this enviable record
within the next year. The layers are yarded in the citrus
grove which affords ample shade, and the feeding is at-
tended to with religious regularity.
Water pipes, supplied from an elevated tank, run into
each yard. Water tubs holding approximately four
gallons are kept full of fresh water by means of an
automatic valve. Each tub is thoroughly cleansed daily.
The larger roosting house, 12x80 feet, with accommoda-
tions for 500 fowls, has a cement floor. The roosts are
built from 16 to 18 inches above the floor and wire
netting keeps the birds from getting under the roosts.
These floors are cleaned once a week and the droppings
sold as fertilizer at $25 per ton.
The nests are built in batteries of 40, each outside the
roosting house, because the owner considers this plan
both more sanitary and convenient than if they were
built under the dropping boards inside the roosting house
in accordance with more common practice. The nests are
renewed and sprayed once a month. The roosting house
is thoroughly cleaned once a week and sprayed monthly,
as are also the brooder houses. Rigid sanitation is main.
stained throughout the plant as the best and most eco-
nomic means of preventing disease and insect infesta-
Most of the table and hatching eggs produced have
been sold at Fort Meade. The eggs have brought prices
in line with the Jacksonville market quotations, except
those sold at the place to passersby. These have sold
at an average of 50 cents per dozen. Meat fowls simi-
larly disposed of on the place have brought 35 to 40
cents per pound. At the peak of production during last
year a limited number of eggs were sold in Miami.
The raising of a few Indian Runner ducks has been
found profitable at 40 cents per pound, with some de-
mand for duck eggs, and this division will be increased
FLORIDA REVIEW 6
somewhat. A herd of 35 meat rabbits has also been in-
stalled at Highland Oaks to meet a demand by those who
prefer a young rabbit now and then to a young chicken.
This department is also to be expanded as demand
When asked for some figures as to receipts and ex-
penses of operation of this plant to indicate approxi-
mate profits, Mr. Stevens said: "While we keep a pretty
accurate account of all our transactions here, I feel that
our place is rather too small and unpretentious as a
commercial plant to make any showing of public interest,
and I prefer not to publish the figures in detail.
"You may say, however, that from our flock of an
average of about 700 adult hens throughout the year we
have realized an aggregate cash return from the sale of
table eggs, hatching eggs, meat fowls and the droppings
of better than $3 per hen for the past year on this basis
of 700 hens. We have piled up no big bank account-and.
I'm glad we didn't since the closing of our bank recently
got what we did have-but we have made a good living.
"Meanwhile, we have been improving and expanding
the plant and flock to where it is much more valuable
and capable of a much larger volume of business by
the employment of some extra help. Thus far Mrs.
Stevens and I have done all the work. She has watched
and aided in all the details of caring for the stock the
same as I have. Indeed, the wife has been a fine god-
mother to all these chicks at breeding time. She has
been equally attentive to the adult flock when yours
truly had to be away temporarily or otherwise engaged.
Without this mutual interest and team work our success
and margin of profit would have been relatively smaller.
"Any one who enters the poultry game with the idea
that it is a rosy road to fortune will soon find out that
he or she is greatly mistaken; that to make money out
of it requires all the attention, constant effort and busi-
ness sagacity involved in any other line of business.
Moreover, the successful operation of even a small poul-
try plant requires constant attention 365 days a year.
Particularly does this attention apply to the proper feed-
ing and sanitary conditions if one is to realize near
"In conclusion, and notwithstanding my own liking
for the various phases of poultry raising, I would advise
that unless you like poultry well enough, aside from the
monetary consideration, to give your flock the attention
necessary you had better try something else. On the
other hand, for one adapted and who likes the care of
fowls, there is no more enjoyable work, and the returns
are in proportion to those of any other line in which the
same amount of money and time are involved. Poultry
raising is a real business proposition and to make a
success of it it must be handled on a business basis and
not according to any sentimental fancy or get-rich-quick
The 10-acre tract now occupied by Highland Oaks
Farm, Mr. Stevens said, was at one time part of a
quarter-section acquired by a small English colony 25
years or so ago. Following the dissolution of this more
or less fanciful colony and the abandonment of the prop-
erty it was subdivided. Mr. Stevens bought his 10 acres
in 1922, with no other improvements than a small house,
for $1,800. He planted most of it to Temple oranges as
a grove enterprise.
He sold it in 1925 for $15,000, but had to take it back
early in 1927 because the speculative purchaser was
unable to meet any of the deferred payments. On re-
suming occupancy he found the grove had been seriously
neglected and decided to redevelop the property as a
modern though modest egg farm. However, the grove
is now being rehabilitated.
The owner is a man of rather unique versatility.
Probably just past 50, he has been engaged in many lines
of work and business, all the way from farming to editing
and printing weekly newspapers. Besides being employed
in various clerical positions and in large construction
contracts he has also played in a city orchestra. The
remarkable thing is that whatever he does is done well.
This fact is perceptibly borne out in the neat and sub-
stantial buildings at Highland Oaks; the clever appli-
cation manifested in both convenience and arrangement
of construction and even in the plumbing, all of which
Mr. Stevens has done himself, in addition to carrying on
his part of the hatching, care and rearing of the present
Highland Oaks Farm, though not a large or especially
elaborate commercial poultry plant, is one of the most
substantial and attractive of anywhere near its size in
all Polk county. It will readily arouse the admiration
of, if not the envy, of any man or woman passing by who
has the genuine poultry bug.
LIVE STOCK ARE TO BE EXHIBITED AT
Fancy Farm Animals to Add to Interest of Big
(Pensacola Journal, October 13, 1929)
Marianna, Oct. 12.-At the request of live stock
growers in west Florida the Satsuma Orange Festival
Association has decided to have a live stock exhibition
during the event which takes place November 14, 15 and
The interest in live stock in this section has intensified
to such an extent that it is believed that a live stock
exhibition in connection with the festival will add to the
C. C. Hodge, county agent of Leon county, has written
the association that he will have a full carload of pure-
bred Jersey calves which will be placed on exhibition.
Other counties are being organized in order to secure
aroused interest in this feature.
Sam Rountree, county agent of Jackson county, has
been selected director of the live stock exhibits. Mr.
Rountree began work this week visiting various com-
munities and reports 100 per cent cooperation on the
part of live stock growers in this and adjoining counties.
All the boys' pig clubs are interested and will also have
Another new feature for the festival will be a forestry
display under the auspices of the State Forestry De-
partment. Arrangements have been made for this added
feature and the Festival Association gladly complied with
the request of the Forestry Department to have such a
display during the three days of the Orange Festival.
Will Award Cups
In addition to the various cash prizes, to be awarded,
the Festival Association has received several silver cups
which will be awarded to various county exhibits and also
to individual exhibitors. Silver cups will also be given
for the best county, community and individual floats in
the Orange parade.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
PRODUCTS EXPORTED FROM FLORIDA
Foodstuffs. Toilet articles.
Fresh and canned fruits. Petroleum asphalt.
Fish. Citrus packing machinery.
Leather manufactures. Cement.
Naval stores. Scrap iron and steel.
Honey. Steel products.
Fruit juices. Plumbing supplies.
Rubber goods. Hardware.
Essential oils. Chemicals.
Tobacco. Electrical equipment.
Musical instruments. Machinery.
Clothing manufactures. Office equipment and supplies.
Petroleum products. Paints and lacquers.
Earthen products. Phosphate rock.
A FEW FACTS ABOUT FLORIDA TRUCK
(Orlando Sentinel, October 15, 1929)
Central and South Florida truck lands usually produce
three crops annually, never less than two. In very few
regions elsewhere will seasons permit of two crops and
in fewer regions will they permit three crops annually.
People often say that the reason Florida's truck gross
income an acre is so high can be attributed to the three
crop system. Yet figures from the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture show that, crop for crop, Florida's
average yield an acre brings a better monetary return
than the average for the country.
Here are the government figures:
T ob acco ................... ......
White Potatoes ..........:.......
Celery ........ ........
Sugar Cane ......................
Snap Beans ......................
L ettuce ........... .................
T om atoes ..........................
Green Peas .......................
For U. S.
In this connection, we call especial attention to the
Webster-Center Hill section of Florida. Farmers of that
region usually have one or more acres with overhead
irrigation and quite an acreage not irrigated. In Center
Hill one year a two-acre irrigated tract in town produced
truck that sold for $2,900. That same year a check on
the irrigated tracts around Webster showed that the
smallest gross return from any irrigated acre was in
excess of $500; and that acre belonged to a widow who
was forced to market at a sacrifice. Indeed, so profitable
has truck growing proven around Webster, Center Hill
and Bushnell that truck patches are preferred to citrus
Florida truck lands have proven money makers for
farmers who have been willing to learn methods of cul-
tivation adapted to the soil and locality. There are
thousands upon thousands of acres in Florida awaiting
the coming of truck farmers. When they have come and
have made adjustments to Florida conditions, they will
find that not only are gross returns from Florida truck-
ing acres the highest in the country, but that the net
profits will prove also not otherwise.
We stress that last statement because there are those
who contend that Florida cultivation costs eat up net
profits. This is a mistaken idea.
We call attention further to the fact that Florida
soils will hold the humus put on them. There is no
erosive process going on continually. Year after year
barnyard fertilizers applied to the land keep building it
up. This observation, of course, does not apply to commer-
cial fertilizers whose effect is relatively temporary and
more immediately profitable. Florida lands will be richer
a hundred, two hundred, four hundred years from now
than they are today. That is, provided they are properly
Florida has the soil, the climate, the market. Surely
farmers over the country will learn some day to think of
Florida as a land in which to grow stuff rather than as
a land in which to spend a winter vacation.
FLORIDA'S BANNER SEASON PREDICTED
BY RAIL OFFICIAL
(Milton Gazette, October 14, 1929)
Judging by early indications, particularly the hauling
of extra sleeping cars to care for overflow tourist travel,
this will be the most successful winter that Florida has
known, believes S. G. Linderbeck, assistant general pas-
senger agent for the Seaboard Air Line railway. His
prediction was founded on the fact that the New York
Florida Limited last night carried an overflow car to
Miami, and that on Sunday night the Southern States
Special to Miami carried an extra car with a second at-
tached to the New York-Florida for St. Petersburg.
Last week the Atlantic Coast Line railroad brought in
the first overflow southbound sleeper, destined for Key
West, and it was heralded as the beginning of the winter
Tourists are entering the state by rail and water in
larger numbers than before at this stage of the season.
Owing to high water north of Jacksonville, in Georgia,
motorists have been unable to come through and have
sought bookings aboard Jacksonville-bound steamers.
Both the Clyde line and the Merchants and Miners line
have reported heavy embarkation at coast points, with
the Clyde line ships bringing in tourists picked up at
Charleston, and the Merchants and Miners boats embark-
ing motorists and their automobiles at Savannah.
MORE THAN TEN TONS OF HOGS ARE
SOLD AT OCALA
(Florida Times-Union, October 16, 1929)
Ocala, Oct. 15.-More than ten tons of hogs were sold
here today at the regular weekly live stock sale, recently
instituted. Eighteen farmers brought 124 hogs to the
local cash market.
They were shipped to William E. Dennis, Inc., Jack-
QUARANTINE ORDER NO. 1, OKLAHOMA
STATE PLANT BOARD
Amplifying and Explaining Quarantine No. 1,
of the State Board of Agriculture, Pro-
mulgated on September 23, 1929
Public notice is hereby given that hereafter, till fur
their notice, citrus and other Florida fruits and vege.
tables that are hosts of the Mediterranean fruit fly, may
be shipped into Oklahoma, direct from Florida, in accord-
ance with the rules and orders promulgated by the Plant
Quarantine and Control Administration of Washington,
D. C., for shipping said citrus and other fruits and vege-
tables into the eighteen southern and western states and
territory, which are named as follows: Alabama, Arizona,
Arkansas, California, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Missis-
sippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma,
Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and
Washington, and the Territory of Porto Rico; provided,
a certificate is attached to the way-bill of each shipment
and a copy forwarded to the Oklahoma State Plant
Board, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, showing clearly that
said shipment conforms strictly to some order or quaran-
tine regulations issued by said Plant Quarantine and Con-
This order is effective immediately.
Done at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, this 19th day of
H. B. CORDELL,
Attest: Ex-Officio Chairman.
H. N. NAYLOR, Secretary.
FLORIDA'S TUNG OIL INDUSTRY
(St. Petersburg Independent, October 12, 1929)
Six years ago there were in all Florida approximately
14,000 tung trees in a few groves in a restricted area
of the state, and little was known about the valuable
oil derived from tung nuts-an oil which may be pro-
cured only in one other country, China. The latest im-
portation statistics showed that the United States was
paying China tung oil producers around $16,000,000 a
In 1924 the 14,000 trees had been increased to 39,000,
and a year later the number was 102,000. Within the
next two years the number was trebled, and it is esti-
mated that there are now more than 450,000 trees in the
state. Some 200,000 of these trees are now yielding
nuts and oil is being manufactured. The tung-oil in-
dustry of the state centers in Alachua county at present,
but new groves are springing up in adjoining counties and
counties further westward, and it is predicted that within
the next few years tung groves will be found all over the
central, northern and northwestern parts of the state.
Tung oil, commonly known as China-wood oil, is the
chief base of all reliable waterproof paints and varnishes,
and is absolutely necessary to their manufacture. Prior
to the beginning of the civil wars in China tung oil was
available in sufficient quantities to keep American paint
manufacturers going, but since then the product has be-
come scarcer and scarcer and in the past few years im-
porters have found it difficult to supply the demands of
the trade. This scarcity of the product in China was the
main incentive for the growing of tung trees in Florida.
Experiments proved that the trees will grow in the
central and northern parts of the state even better than
in China, and as the raw nuts are marketable in the
groves at five cents a pound and up, and the oil whole-
sales at 16 cents a pound and up, the opportunity to
develop the industry was promptly utilized.
R. D. Sullivan, of New Orleans, an official of one of
the largest paint and varnish concerns in the United
States, says of the tung-oil industry in Florida: "I am
not mistaken when I say that Florida, within the next
few years, will produce much valuable oil. I mean tung
oil, used extensively in the manufacture of paints, var-
nishes, enamels, linoleum and soaps. I visited an experi-
mental grove near Gainesville and found the nut-bearing
trees, from which the oil is obtained, flourishing. The
quality of the Florida-produced tung oil is superior to the
product now imported from China. It will not be long
until the production of tung oil will be an important in-
dustry in the state."
In six years Florida is well on its way to leadership in
the production of tung oil. It is another example of how
fast Florida moves when it starts a development. It
may be expected that within 10 years it will be domi-
nating the tung-oil trade of the world, as it has domi-
nated the naval-stores trade.
CITRUS SHIPMENT REPORT
Winter Haven, Fla., October 21, 1929.
Mr. T. J. Brooks,
Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture,
Dear Mr. Brooks.-I give below, number of boxes of
citrus fruit shipped during the first half of October-1st
to 15th, inclusive-as reported to this office by our citrus
Grapefruit ................................. 391,419 boxes
Oranges ..................................... 20,564 boxes
Total.............. ... ............... 411,983 boxes
Yours very truly,
O. G. STRAUSS,
200-ACRE TRACTS SOLD FOR TOMATOES
(Melbourne Times-Journal, October 4, 1929)
A syndicate formed at Cissna Park, Illinois, has started
a 200-acre grove out in the Melbourne Farms, with Sam
Brown, banker, at the head of it. R. S. Woodrow, Chi-
cago, representative of Melbourne Farms, consummated
the deal. The groves out in this section will be bearing
within two or three years, and Melbourne should ship
hundreds of cars of produce from this section at that
time, providing a road is put in to the Kissimmee high-
way, which will permit hauling to our own railroad sta-
tion. If this is not done, Malabar will do the shipping.
Our packing house should be employing from 50 to 100
packers when this produce starts coming in, with its sub-
sequent payroll being spent here.
S. E. Rice is putting in 200 acres of tomatoes this year
out at the Farms. This is an exceptionally good year for
tomatoes, and with reasonable success this year, proving
the ground of this section favorable for this purpose,
next year will find many hundreds of acres in tomatoes,
which also should be packed and shipped here, providing
it can be hauled here.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA'S HEALTHIEST FOUR-H CLUB GIRLS
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
FLORIDA'S HEALTHIEST FOUR-H CLUB
Food Nutrition and Health has been the title of the
nutrition program of work for Four-H Club Girls in
Florida for four years. Special stress has been placed
on greater use of Florida fruits, vegetables, eggs, milk
As a result of the development of this program the
health standard of Four-H Club Girls has steadily
progressed. Three years ago when Florida entered the
National Health Contest her contestant stood near the
middle of the list. In 1928, Florida stood within eight-
tenths of winning first place.
This year, at the State contest in June, twenty counties
entered one girl each-the best. Two highest scoring
girls were selected to continue the contest until Novem-
ber. They are Mildred Hilliard (5 ft. 7%-in.), age 15,
Hernando county, and Florence Smock (5 ft. 4-in.), age
16, Lake county. Both girls, due to the courtesy of the
Florida Legislature and of Mr. Mayo, State Department
of Agriculture, will go to the International Congress of
Boys and Girls Clubs, Chicago, November, 1929. Only
one, the final winner, will enter the National Health
Dr. F. A. Brink, state board of health; Dr. F. L. Fort,
Jacksonville, Fla., and Miss Mary A. Stennis, extension
nutritionist, will make the final decision in the state con-
test early in November.
CHEERFUL PREDICTIONS FOR FLORIDA
(Lake Worth Leader, October 9, 1929)
"The sun is coming out from behind the clouds in
Florida," says the Industrial Index. "Business condi-
tions there are not yet normal, but they are steadily im-
proving, and the wonderful spirit of the people of that
much-tried state now glows in a finer flame than ever.
They believe in that peninsula and they are backing their
lives, their fortunes and every ounce of fighting strength.
They are sure to be winners."
The Georgia publication adds: "The feeling in Flor-
ida is perceptibly better. The fruit fly and the quaran-
tine against Florida fruit was a severe jolt. Then came
the closing of a number of banks. The first shock was
followed by a feeling of uncertainty. But in recent
weeks Florida has been coming out of the haze rapidly.
It has taken charge of itself and is working out in char-
acteristic fashion. Various towns now without banks
will not be bankless much longer, and the banking ser-
vice will be materially strengthened in small cities and
towns, where the present financial difficulties are not
adequate for normal requirements. The establishment of
these banks will be purely a business proposition. Banks
can make money in these towns, and alert bankers do
not let such opportunities go begging.
"The prediction is made that during the season now
opening, Florida will market 16,000,000 boxes of citrus
fruit. This will be the equivalent of two-thirds of last
year's production, which was large. Growers of grape-
fruit and oranges are greatly encouraged. A very suc-
cessful tourist season is anticipated. Many believe that
it will break all records. A heavy tourist movement to
Florida is clearly indicated.
"In the meantime cigars, phosphate, lumber, naval
stores and other Florida economic fundamentals continue
to function in the usual way. The planting of fruits and
vegetables, to be marketed during the coming winter,
proceeds on the usual large scale. Celery, lettuce, straw-
berries, grapes, tomatoes, beans, potatoes and other
products of a soil warm even in mid-winter, will bring
the usual flow of gladly-paid dollars to the favored sec-
tion where the constructive forces of nature never go on
As indicated in the Industrial Index, this state has so
much that is worth while, and enjoys so greatly the
favors of nature that one thing or another in the way of
annoyances or difficulties only make the people more
determined to stand by and bring the state to the fullest
success. Remarked as the one state in the Union show-
ing steady increase in the number of farmers and agri-
cultural products, the serious-minded investor under-
stands and is ready to look beyond transient troubles.
Among the assets of the state can be counted the good
will of her neighbors: Georgia and Alabama, and the
Carolinas, and beyond, appreciate the solidity and ex-
cellence of Florida's claims, and in enthusiastic pub-
licity such as has been quoted in the Index's generous talk
on her behalf. That Florida appreciates the good words
spoken about her is certain.
FLORIDIAN WINS IN POULTRY SHOW
Longwood Man Takes Honors at St. Louis Exhi-
(Miami Herald, October 18, 1929)
St. Louis, Oct. 17.-(A. P.)-Awards in the national
poultry show, held in connection with the national dairy
show, included: J. A. Bistline, Longwood, Fla., first,
Golden Wyandotte pullet; first, second, third and fourth
cocks; third and fifth cockerel; first hen; first, second,
fourth and fifth pullets; first young hen in Silver-Laced
TURKEY DAY TO BE HELD IN NOVEMBER
Chamber of Commerce Planning for Coopera-
tive Sale of Thanksgiving Bird in November
(Lake City Reporter, October 11, 1929)
Columbia county, and especially the Fort White sec-
tion, is rather famous for the large number of turkeys
shipped annually from points in the county, and it will be
interesting for the growers and others interested to learn
that plans are now being made for a cooperative turkey
sales day to be held in Lake City in the early days of
A cooperative turkey sales day will mean top-notch
prices for growers as well as a ready quick market. This
sales day is being sponsored by Secretary Karstedt of
the chamber of commerce, in cooperation with the State
Marketing Bureau, who will have a turkey specialist here.
Buyers from the large markets will be on hand to buy
Turkey raisers from the surrounding counties are
earnestly requested to bring their turkeys to Lake City
on that date, which will be announced later, and par-
ticipate in the sales. The sales date will be announced
However, farmers having turkeys for the Thanksgiv-
ing market should list them with the chamber of com-
merce, in order that the secretary may have an idea of
how many turkeys will be marketed here, so that trans-
portation, etc., may be cared for adequately.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA DAIRYMEN SHOULD USE
(Polk County Record, October 12, 1929)
Florida dairymen will save money by feeding home
mixed dairy feeds, Hamlin L. Brown, extension dairyman
for the Florida Agricultural Extension Division, urges in
a recent statement. He points out that if the feed is not
grown on the farm, October will be a good month to buy
Cottonseed meal is selling at the mills for $36 a ton,
and one pound of protein in 36 per cent cottonseed meal
costs 4% cents, while a pound of protein in most dairy
feed costs 10 to 15 cents.
There will be plenty of corn, he says, that can be bought
for $1 a hundred pounds in carlot quantities, in northern
and western Florida, within the next 60 days.
Plenty of pea vine, soy beans, or peanut hay will in-
crease the flow of milk and lower the cost of production,
he said. He also said that dairymen with plenty of
silage stored are ready to meet competition.
Mr. Brown suggested that dairymen sow oats and rye
to provide winter grazing. Nothing will beat a mixture
of half rye and half oats sown two bushels to the acre
for stimulating the milk flow in mid-winter when prices
The attention of the dairymen in Polk county, and par-
ticularly of Bartow, is called to Mr. Brown's suggestion.
The feeds he recommends can be grown here in profu-
sion. Every dollar saved in feed of dairy cattle is a
dollar added to the profit of the dairy. Why shouldn't
a Bartow dairyman put himself in position to make
money, if growing feed rather than buying it will turn
HOLMES COUNTY ACTIVE IN BEEF
(Holmes County Advertiser, October 11, 1929)
The eradication of the cattle tick was the stimulus
which started a vigorous beef cattle movement in Holmes
county. Dr. Vara, our live stock specialist, has been
very active in different phases of this work, but espe-
cially so in the introduction of purebred beef cattle.
He says that there are now twenty-five pedigreed animals
in the county as a result of this movement, and that
definite plans have been made for the introduction of
sixteen more in the immediate future.
Twenty-five Purebreds Owned in County
To be specific in this matter the following list gives the
names of the owners and the description of these pure-
bred beef cattle:
P. L. Paul, Westville, 2 Hereford bulls and 2 Hereford
cows; E. S. Williams, Bonifay, 1 Aberdeen-Angus bull;
James Forehand, Bonifay, 1 Hereford bull; Forehand
Bros., Bonifay, 1 Hereford bull; W. P. Deshazo, Noma, 1
Aberdeen-Angus bull; C. A. Melvin, Bonifay, 1 milking
Shorthorn bull; Franklin Johnson, Geneva, 1 Hereford
bull; Green Bros., Darlington, 1 Aberdeen-Angus bull;
Glen Moore, Darlington, 2 Aberdeen-Angus bulls, 2 Here-
ford bulls; D. Hughes, Ponce de Leon, 1 Angus bull and
7 Angus cows; A. M. Royals, Darlington, 1 Hereford bull;
W. M. Cooey, Westville, 1 Aberdeen-Angus bull. Mak-
ing a total of 25 pure bred breeding animals.
Orders Placed for Sixteen More
Dr. R. L. Brinkman, live stock specialist of the State
Livestock Sanitary Board, working in cooperation with
Dr. Vara, is taking orders for a carload of purebred beef
cattle for Holmes, Washington and Walton county
breeders. Within two weeks the carload will be made up.
About one-half of this car will be for Holmes county, as
appears at present. There are already sixteen orders
taken for Holmes county and several more are pending.
They are as follows: A. L. Dyson, H. D. Howell, J. J.
Williams, D. P. Brock, and J. D. Parker, all of Bonifay,
are each down for one Aberdeen-Angus bull. J. B.
Stanley, Ponce de Leon, has ordered 1 Angus bull, and
D. Hughes will include his order for 1 more Angus
Purebred Herds Established
A study of these figures will show that D. Hughes will
have, as a result of this movement, one purebred Aber-
deen-Angus bull, seven cows, and ten heifers. Here is a
large herd of purebred beef cattle to start with. It is
the only real herd of purebred beef cattle of any kind
in this section of the state. However, P. L. Paul, with
his two Hereford bulls and two Hereford cows, has the
foundation of a purebred herd of Herefords, which, with
careful breeding and judicious purchases, could speedily
expand into a real herd of that breed. Holmes county
is taking the leadership in the beef cattle industry of
Grading Up Process
On the whole the process of grading up must be de-
pended upon for the rapid multiplication of real beef
cattle in our county. Already results are very apparent.
An outstanding instance of success in this line is that of
Mr. P. L. Paul, who lives six miles northwest of West-
ville. He has two purebred Hereford bulls and about 100
native cows. There have already been dropped about 35
excellent half-breed calves. These are making remark-
ably fine growth, and constitute a striking demonstration
of what can be done in Holmes county with purebred
bulls, under average range conditions. The meeting set
for October 17 for the purpose of looking over this herd
is announced elsewhere in this issue of The Advertiser.
It will be profitable for every stockman in Holmes county
to see this demonstration and to hear Dr. Brinkman and
Mr. Lewis talk about our live stock opportunities.
Fine Spirit Shown
D. Hughes, P. L. Paul and W. P. Deshazo, who were
the first three lucky men in the $50 prize drawing at the
Cummings' Ranch, made possible by the generosity of
Bonifay business men, have withdrawn in favor of A. L.
Dyson, who was the fourth man. The first three named
gentlemen already have purebred bulls, and though some
of them might have profited by taking advantage of their
good luck, they felt that the real intent of the donors
was better served by passing it to a new entrant in the
field of purebred beef cattle. This is a commendable
spirit and shows clear thinking and good judgment.
Dairying and the handling of beef cattle in the Ever-
glades and all south Florida will be advanced by the
success that attended the operation of a peanut drying
machine on the 65,000-acre plantation of the Brown
Company at Shawano, on the Hillsboro canal, south of
Belle Glade, according to the Everglades News. The
vines as well as the nuts were put through the drying
process; the vines were chopped and sacked and sacks of
the dried peanut hay sent out for tests. The reports are
favorable in all aspects and a good market has been
ascertained to exist. The peanut hay is said to be
superior to alfalfa and can be sold in competition to it.-
The Free Press, Tampa.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
DAIRYING RAPIDLY IS ON INCREASE IN
Jack Harkness Returns from a Tour of the State
Much Impressed with Outcome
(Evening Reporter-Star, October 10, 1929)
Progress in the development of the dairy industry in
Florida was reported by Jack Harkness, Florida state
representative of the International Sugar Feed Company
of Minneapolis and Memphis, when he returned here yes-
terday from Jacksonville and a tour of central Florida.
Harkness maintains state headquarters in Orlando.
According to Harkness the dairy industry is showing
considerable growth since last spring with more dairies
being opened and the already established dairies increas-
ing the number of heads maintained. He finds that the
farmer of Florida and particularly the central section of
the state is fast realizing the opportunities offered in the
raising of cattle both for dairy and market purposes.
The representative also found that the owners of a very
few cows as well as those operating large dairies were
now making use of specially prepared cattle feeds that
contain a well balanced ration.
Harkness said that he found business conditions in
general gradually improving in central Florida.
While in Jacksonville, where he visited several ware-
houses on business, Harkness broke three ribs and was
unable to drive his car for some time.
DAIRY MEETING AT BAKER AND LAUREL
HILL IS SUCCESS
(Okaloosa Messenger, October 10, 1929)
The all-day dairy meetings held at Baker on the 26th
of September and at Laurel Hill on the 27th, were
unusually successful in several ways. A hearty response
was had at both meetings in good crowds as a result of
invitations sent out over the county. Approximately 200
people were in attendance at Baker and about 50 at
Laurel Hill. Such an interest is indicative of a more
progressive spirit among the farmers of Okaloosa county.
The meetings were interesting throughout, and many
requests have been received to have similar meetings
Three men representing the state departments assisted
in the meetings: Mr. H. L. Brown, state dairy specialist;
Mr. J. Lee Smith, district agent for northwest Florida,
and Mr. J. M. Burgess, marketing expert from the State
Marketing Bureau. These men appeared on the program
several times and gave much inspirational and worthwhile
information. Practically every phase of home dairying
was discussed, and it is felt that with such information
at hand the farmer can tackle his dairying problems with
a much broader understanding.
Of particular interest to the groups was a discussion
on the buying of purebred cows and bulls for the county,
which it is hoped will be done this fall. Mr. Creel, a
teacher of vocational agriculture of Santa Rosa county,
told of the plan followed in his community which ap-
pealed to every one. Mr. George Pryor made an interest-
ing talk at Laurel Hill on the forming of purebred bull
associations. Mr. Pryor and Mr. Baker allowed their
vocational boys to attend the entire meetings. Mr.
Kierce, teaching vocational agriculture at Jay, brought
his entire class of about thirty boys to the Baker meet-
ing for which he is to be highly commended.
CATTLEMEN PLACING ORDERS FOR PURE
(Bristol Free Press, October 10, 1929)
Dr. J. V. Knapp, State Veterinarian, announces that
cattlemen in west Florida are now placing orders for
purebred registered bulls for use in grading up their
range cattle. These cattlemen, who have placed pure-
bred bulls with their herds, are so well pleased with the
results that they plan to purchase more, and cattlemen
who have watched the results obtained by former pur-
chasers are now ready to place their orders. The follow-
ing quoted letter is an example of the advantages of
breeding up range cattle by good sires:
"Dr. J. V. Knapp, Tallahassee, Florida.
"Dear Sir.-I am sorry I omitted writing any sooner.
I have got seventy-five or one hundred head of half-breed
Aberdeen Angus. I have got 40 or 45 Aberdeens from
one to three years old. I can't ship any for I can get as
much for them here as I could to ship them. I can't hunt
them up as fast as they want to buy them. We are just
now getting the worth of our cattle. The only thing we
have ever had in our state to improve our cattle was fine
bulls and dipping. Our cattle used to carry calves from
one to three years and now they bring calves every year.
"Signed, J. J. Summerlin."
Another cattleman writes: "The bull has been on the
range since early spring with my herd and I am sure of
18 or 20 calves from him up to this time and he looks
as good as if I was feeding him. The bull is fine and
I am very well pleased, and only hope for more of this
class of stuff in this section."
Dr. R. L. Brinkman, veterinarian engaged in live stock
improvement work for the State Live Stock Sanitary
Board, will be in west Florida this week and part of next
week interviewing cattlemen and taking orders for pure-
bred registered cattle. These cattle will be selected with
greatest possible care and purchased and delivered to
cattlemen at cost. Cattlemen who desire to discuss live
stock development with Dr. Brinkman are urged to notify
their assistant state veterinarian, their county agent, or
communicate with the state veterinarian, or if you leave
word at the office of the Free Press we will ask Dr.
Brinkman to call on you.
FORT MYERS TO HAVE COLD STORAGE
(Tampa Tribune, October 9, 1929)
Fort Myers, Oct. 8.-(Special.)-Plans to build a
$100,000 cold storage plant here were announced today
by Joseph Spadero, millionaire New York contractor and
owner of considerable property in Lee county. The plant
will be completed during the present citrus and vegetable
season and will be available to local growers and mer-
chants for storage of fruit, vegetables, meat and all
Five carloads of material for the new plant have been
unloaded on the Seaboard siding at the East First street
crossing. Grading will start at once and. building opera-
tions will be under the supervision of Samuel Bruton,
local agent for the Spadero Holding Company.
Spadero has large land holdings in Lee county, includ-
ing the Kells grove on Orange river. In addition to his
cold storage project, the New Yorker is experimenting
with the production of citrus oils from green fruit.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
CATTLE INTERESTS WILL HAVE PLACE
Noted Musical Organizations Will Be Present at
Satsuma Orange Festival
(Tallahassee Daily Democrat, October 13, 1929)
Marianna, Oct. 12.-Aroused interest in the cattle in-
dustry of north and west Florida has resulted in a live
stock exhibit to be added to the many outstanding
features of the Satsuma orange festival to be held in
Marianna November 14, 15 and 16.
The Festival Association gladly complied with the re-
quest of many engaged in the cattle industry to provide
on the program this constructive feature which will ex-
hibit the highest grade of cattle now being produced in
north and west Florida.
In addition to the many outstanding attractions
secured, the association announces this week that in addi-
tion to the Thirteenth Coast Artillery band of Pensacola,
with forty pieces, other musical organizations which will
be a part of the festival program will include the naval
air station band of Pensacola, the Tallahassee municipal
band, and the 121st Field Artillery band of Dothan. The
latter was the only band tn the south that figured in the
inauguration of President Hoover. Negotiations are
pending whereby two other bands will probably be added.
Proffered participation in the festival parade has been
received and accepted from communities outside of north
and west Florida, thus adding to the magnitude of the
occasion, which promises to eclipse any former effort in
this entire section.
Marianna is alert in making preparation for a glorious
occasion and a most cordial welcome to the many thou-
sands who will attend is assured.
IMPROVING LIVE STOCK
(Ocala Star, October 10, 1929)
The Star believes that most of its readers, whether
they know the difference between a scrub steer or a pure-
bred animal or not, are much interested in steps that are
being taken to revive interest in the live stock industry
in Marion county. Some years ago when the voters of
this county outlawed the open range, we were told that
the no-fence law would drive the cattlemen from Marion
county, but four years after the law went into effect
they are still with us and, what is more important, many
of them have conformed their business to the new order
of things and are raising and butchering some of the
finest beeves that have ever been offered in the local
market. As proof of that statement, we sat next to a
cattle raiser the other evening at a small dinner party
where the principal item on the menu was a steak as
tender and juicy as ever came from a cold storage steer
raised on the western plains. Some one remarked on the
fine flavor and tenderness of the meat. In the discussion
that developed it was brought out that the cattle raiser
had butchered the steer from which the tender sirloin
was cut. One gentleman remarked that it was no longer
necessary for Florida butchers to buy western meats
with such fine cattle being offered by the local stockmen,
which goes to show that real progress is being made in
raising better live stock in Marion county.
What is true with reference to Marion county is true
in connection with the live stock industry in different
parts of the state, particularly west Florida, where the
tick eradication campaign has been pushed vigorously
and the open range, ticky cow was disappearing from the
picture. Commenting on the development of the live
stock industry there, the Tallahassee News says:
"One notable thing in connection with the movement
for production of purebred and graded cattle in Florida
is that no man who has tried it has regretted it. Those
who have gone about it in a systematic and practical
way have found the returns beyond their expectations.
"Since in the markets the price for graded calves from
the first cross is two cents more per pound than for scrub
stock, and a purebred yearling will bring over $60 as
against something like $20 for a scrub yearling, there is
no question that it pays to produce blooded stock. A
purebred bull calf that can be bought for $150 will more
than pay for himself the first year."
Cattlemen who have begun to realize that they can
sell one purebred yearling steer for what three head of
range stock would bring are turning their attention to
improving their herds and some Marion county raisers
who sold their holdings when the no-fence law went into
effect are again entering the live stock business, seeing
the possibility of greater returns from marketing fewer
head of better grade animals than they obtained from
scrub stock allowed to run wild on the range.
(Tampa Times, October 12, 1929)
Grosvenor Dawe remarks, in his column of Notes and
Comments in the Lake Placid News, that in the past five
years there has been a gradual increase in the tonnage of
commercial feeds inspected and used in Florida. The
biennial reports of the Department of Agriculture are
the authority for the following figures:
1923 ................ ............................... 215,529.76
1924 ................................................. 233,225.44
1925 ............. ................................ 234,308.12
1926 ............................... ... ........... 266,759.88
1927 .............. ................................. 274,710.02
1928 ............................................... 258,895.14
If all the interchanges of products between states were
to stop the nation's business would stagnate, but it is
poor business to shift heavy materials around from place
to place, if they can be produced for consumption locally.
From this point of view, Florida is backward-more feed
stuffs raised and less feed stuffs imported would do much
to strengthen our rural life.
This is something important. Undoubtedly much more
of our supply of feed stuffs can be produced in Florida
than there is-and produced profitably. Until we have
measurably stopped the leak indicated by this immense
importation of feed stuffs we cannot expect an approxi-
mately proper economic balance. It is the poorest sort of
business for a state to buy of other states soil products
which it can just as well, or better, produce for itself.
The decrease of importations for 1927 and 1928 indi-
cate that possibly we have begun to realize this. If such
is not the case it is high time we were doing so. As put
by Mr. Dawe: "More feed stuffs raised and less feed
stuffs imported would do much to strengthen our rural
life." And the strengthening of our rural life would
mean much to Florida-very much, indeed:
Exports from the port of Tampa for August, 1929,
were $80,173 greater than for August, 1927. Imports,
for the same period, increased $269,462. Growth not
FLORIDA REVIEW 18
BOYS' STATE PIG CLUB SHOW WILL BE
HELD IN JACKSONVILLE, NOV. 19
(Highland News, October 11, 1929)
The boys' state pig club show will be held at the
National Stockyards in Jacksonville, November 19, ac-
cording to an announcement by R. W. Blacklock, state
boys' club agent. Winners of various prize trips and club
scholarships will be determined at this time.
The pig club competition formerly has been a part of
the Florida State Fair. Arrangements were made by Mr.
Blacklock and Frank E. Dennis, of the National Stock-
yards, to hold it in the stockyards this year. It is ex-
pected that 100 pigs will be exhibited.
Among the prizes to be awarded at the show will be
the trip to the International Club Congress and Live
Stock Show, Chicago, given by Armour & Company to
the boy showing the champion fat barrow, and the $250
scholarship to the University of Florida, given by Frank
E. Dennis to the boy showing the champion breeding pig.
CASH POULTRY SALE SUCCESS
Morning Event at Newberry and Afternoon Sale
at Gainesville Bring Out Buyers Who
Pay Spot Cash for Offerings
(Gainesville Sun, October 10, 1929)
The first of a series of cash poultry sales in Alachua
county, arranged by Mrs. Grace F. Warren, Alachua
county home demonstration agent, was held yesterday, a
morning offering of choice poultry at Newberry and an
afternoon sale here in Gainesville. In each instance the
response to the efforts of those in charge were a gratify-
ing success. In Newberry Mrs. Warren had the active
assistance and backing of the Home Demonstration Club
of that town, members of the organization having for
some time been encouraging enlargement of home poul-
try flocks with the result that yesterday the surplus
chickens found a ready market.
F. W. Risher of the State Marketing Bureau had ar-
ranged for the presence of several buyers, who were on
hand and were glad to get all poultry offered for sale,
paying spot cash on the ground. Newberry poultry
raisers therefore have netted substantial amounts that
they otherwise would not have except for the systematic
planning of the state and county officials.
Twenty farmers and farm women participated in the
sale at Newberry, no commercial flocks being represented.
Approximately one thousand pounds of poultry changed
hands, the checks in payment totaling $227. The largest
check was $46.33, paid to H. G. Watson; the smallest
was for $2.38, paid to West Price, negro, who brought
the chickens to market in a crocus sack. One of the
best lots of chickens was from C. O. Greene, whose
daughter, while a member of the Girls' Home Demon-
stration Club, had replaced the farm mongrel flock with
pure bred Plymouth Rocks.
Mrs. P. E. Hodge, with her five young children, drove
to Newberry with chickens packed away in the back of
the buggy, selling her stock for $9.77. She then went
to a department store where she spent the poultry re-
ceipts for clothing for the children and needed articles
at the house.
The Gainesville Sale
J. McL. Ridgell, secretary of the Gainesville Chamber
of Commerce, cooperated in arranging the afternoon sale
in Gainesville. Mrs. M. L. Trieste and Mrs. Annie
Trieste of Waldo, members of the Home Demonstration
Club in that town, were among those marketing poultry
at the Gainesville sale.
Miss Pearl Jordan, home demonstration agent for
Bradford and Union counties, attended the Gainesville
sale, talking with Mr. Risher and N. R. Mehrof, poultry-
man of the agricultural extension office at the University
of Florida, about possible assistance in her counties in
arranging similar sales to those in Alachua.
It was said last night that later on sales will be held
at other points in Alachua county, possibly at Archer at
an early date if enough poultry can be secured to make
it worth while for the buyers to attend.
SAVE CORN BY USING SKIM MILK FOR
(Farm and Grove Section)
What to do with skim milk is a problem that arises
on many farms where cream is being sold for butter
making, ice cream or other purposes. No better market
can be found for the skim milk than a bunch of good pigs,
according to Hamlin L. Brown, extension dairyman.
The average cow in Florida produces approximately
3,000 pounds of milk a year. About one-tenth of this
will be sold in the form of cream. It will require 1,500
pounds to raise a heifer calf to weaning time or about
600 pounds to grow the males to the proper stage for
veal. This leaves a normal surplus of 1,200 pounds of
skim milk for each heifer raised and 2,100 pounds for
each bull calf sold as veal.
The skim milk, when fed in the right proportion with
corn, supplies a complete balanced ration for pigs that is
unequaled by any other feed, says Mr. Brown. Tests
made by the Purdue experiment stations indicate that it
required 570 pounds of corn and 124 days for 100 pounds
of gain when corn alone was fed. When skim milk was
added to the ration only 306 pounds of corn and 56
days were required to make 100 pounds gain in pigs.
Weaning pigs need four to six pounds of milk to one
pound of corn. Pigs weighing from 50 to 100 pounds
should be fed about three pounds of milk to one pound
of corn, and as the pigs become heavier the amount of
proportion of milk is cut down.
CHINA FEARS FLORIDA IN TUNG OIL
(Ocala Star, October 3, 1929)
Shanghai.-(A. P.)-The fact that Florida planters
have begun to raise tung oil trees of both high quality
and in abundance has caused a shiver in the Chinese in-
dustry. Exports have already fallen off to an amazing
Tung oil, better known as China-wood oil, is a neces-
sary ingredient of paint driers and is used in many pre-
servative preparations for roofing, iron and steel.
It is especially valuable in varnish, its presence im-
parting a luster to the finish that gives a lacquer effect.
It is also used in soap, ink, drugs, paper and water-proof
Although its value has been known in China for centu-
ries, the western world knew little about the oil until
1896, when it was taken across the Pacific by an Amer-
ican. Now it has become a world-wide commodity.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
VEGETABLES YOU MAY AND MAY NOT
(Melbourne Sentinel, October 11, 1929)
Farmers, truck growers and gardeners in Florida will
be glad for the detailed information concerning what
vegetables may and what may not be planted, as con-
tained in a statement just issued from fruit fly head-
quarters at Orlando, as follows:
"What is referred to as the eradication area includes
the territory under quarantine, including zones formerly
designated as zone one and zone two, with a small amount
of additional area to straighten out the boundary lines.
"Within the boundary of an actually infested property,
such as a grove, nursery, farm, garden, yard or other
property in which an infestation has been found, a per-
mit must be obtained from the State Plant Board before
any host fruit or vegetable may be planted. In addition,
any work done on an infested property or plantings of
any nature must conform with such practices as are pre-
scribed as necessary to prevent the spread of the Medi-
terranean fruit fly.
"Planting within the eradication area, except within
an infested property, and non-host vegetables and field
crops, may be made without a permit and without any
regard to the host-free period.
"Plantings within the eradication area of host vege-
tables, namely, bush lima, pole lima and broad beans,
eggplant, peppers and tomatoes, must be made so as to
mature after October 1st and before June 15th. Seed
beds may be started at the usual time, provided the
plantings cannot reach a susceptible stage of maturity
before October 1st, the end of the host-free period.
"Lima beans, broad beans and peppers when for inter-
state shipment may be shipped without sterilization, but
only to the District of Columbia, Potomac Yards and to
Maryland, Pennsylvania and points north and east there-
"Tomatoes and eggplant may be shipped without ster-
ilization to all points north and east of the eighteen
"No shipment of host vegetables may be made within
the eradication area to any point in Florida outside the
"Peppers, lima and broad beans, tomatoes and eggplant
grown at points in Florida outside the eradication area
may be shipped under permit to any point in the United
States outside the eighteen southern and western states
which are closed to all Florida host crops.
"Shipments of all host fruits and vegetables wher-
ever grown in Florida may be made to points outside
the state only under permit. Such permits may be issued
only where state and federal regulations relative to pro-
duction and handling have been complied with fully.
"Cultural conditions, with respect to cover crops and
natural growths, must be such as to permit of suitable
and adequate inspection to determine whether drops of
all host vegetables are being picked and removed at semi-
weekly intervals. Drops and windfalls of all host vege-
tables are to be collected and buried in a pit, then to be
covered with oil and lime and not less than three feet
"From every property, as a condition to obtaining per-
mits for shipments therefrom, all summer fruiting host
trees or plants, wild or cultivated, which normally pro-
duce fruit susceptible to infestation during the host-free
period, must be removed. (Avocados, citrus, mango and
palm trees, banana plants and grapevines are excepted.)
"Non-host vegetables grown anywhere in Florida may
be shipped to any other state without restriction, and no
permit is required.
"Outside the eradication area in Florida there are no
planting restrictions and no host-free periods for vege-
tables is specified at any time of the year.
"The eighteen southern and western states which are
quarantined against all host crops from Florida are Ari-
zona, Arkansas, Alabama, California, Georgia, Idaho,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Caro-
lina, Oregon, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Tennes-
see, Utah and Washington.
"Of all vegetables customarily grown in Florida, only
bush lima, pole lima and broad beans, eggplant, peppers
and tomatoes are classed as host of the fruit fly and are
TO SHOW MANATEE HONEY AT TAMPA
Local Beekeepers Busy with Plans for Winning
(Manatee County Advertiser, October 4, 1929)
Manatee county bee-keepers and the many excellent
apiaries in the county are to have creditable representa-
tion at the South Florida Fair at Tampa.
R. E. Foster, state apiary inspector, and E. W. Mc-
Comber, district inspector for Manatee and adjoining
counties, were in the county this week in conference with
the county agent and a number of bee-keepers, and it is
believed that Manatee county will marshal a display of
honey and honey products that can not be surpassed in
Apiarists assert that conditions are admirable for pro-
duction of honey in Manatee county, where fields for
exploitation by the gatherers of nectar extend from the
gulf coast to the headwaters of the Manatee, embracing
a variety of bloom and nectar-bearing plants and flowers
that is almost limitless in possibilities of quantity and
flavor of product.
There's the lure of the palmetto in bloom, the saw-
grass flats, myriad of wild flowers and the blossoms of
the citrus groves furnishing variety and never-failing
supply of nectar.
It is possible to obtain honey consisting almost en-
tirely of the nectar of the orange blossoms in season,
and the same condition obtains with regard to the pal-
metto and the saw-grass, while honey bearing the fra-
grance of the most exquisite perfumes can be obtained
by domiciling colonies of the workers in grottoes where
exotics from the tropics flourish, or gardens where the
night-blooming jasmine flaunts its nectar-laden blossoms
to the early-rising workers.
COUNTY AGENT ON BULL BUYING TRIP
(Florida State News, October 13, 1929)
County Agent G. C. Hodge left yesterday for North
Carolina for the purpose of purchasing several Red
Polled beef bulls for Leon county cattlemen.
County Agent Hodge said he would buy eight or 10
of the animals if they are found to be the type of bull
Mr. Hodge's trip followed a concerted movement in
the county recently to replace all scrub beef bulls with
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
CITRUS YIELD FOR TWELVE YEARS IS
Government Forecast Would Put the Current
Season's Total in Seventh Place
(Times-Union, October 14, 1929)
Tallahassee, Oct. 13.-(A. P.)-If government predic-
tions regarding Florida's probable total citrus fruit pro-
duction for the current season prove correct, it will be
the seventh lowest crop in twelve years.
The lowest production in that period was recorded in
1918-19, when 8,900,000 boxes of oranges and grapefruit
were shipped. From that time on there was a steady
advance in total shipments until 1925-26, when a sharp
reduction took place, and again in 1927-28.
Last year the shipments totaled 23,200,000 boxes. This
year the government predicts the total will be 16,000,000
boxes, with oranges, including tangerines, estimated at
9,700,000 boxes and grapefruit at 6,300,000 boxes, in-
cluding rail, boat and express movements.
The figures are supplied by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture's bureau of agricultural economics,
at Orlando. The report said a light early bloom followed
the heavy crop of last season and that while some sections
had been materially helped by late bloom, the crop as a
whole was much below that of last season.
Grapefruit was said to be lighter than oranges in com-
parison with last year, a shortage due to the recent
Total productions of grapefruit and oranges since the
season of 1918-1919, as given in the report, were:
Year 1918-1919, 8,900,000 boxes; 1919-1920, 12,500,-
000 boxes; 1920-1921, 13,200,000 boxes; 1921-1922,
13,300,000 boxes; 1922-1923, 16,900,000; 1923-1924,
20,400,000; 1924-1925, 19,200,000 boxes; 1925-1926,
14,700,000; 1926-1927, 16,600,000; 1927-1928, 13,600,-
000 boxes, and 1928-1929, 23,200,000 boxes.
GROWERS SEE CITRUS FERTILIZER, COVER
CROP TEST RESULTS
(Dixie County News, October 10, 1929)
Lake Alfred, Fla., Oct. 10.-Forty Highlands and
Manatee county citrus growers, led by County Agents
Louis H. Alsmeyer and Leo H. Wilson, recently made a
tour of the Citrus Experiment Station here, with the
special purpose of looking over the fertilizer and cover
crops test plots. Dr. R. W. Ruprecht, chemist; W. E.
Stokes, agronomist, and J. D. Warner, assistant, came
down from the main station at Gainesville and they, with
J. H. Jefferies, superintendent of the Citrus Station, ex-
plained the experimental plots.
The attending growers expressed themselves as well
pleased with the information obtained, and indicated that
they would use this information in making up their fall
fertilizer program. Most of the experiments had been
running continuously on the same plots for eight years.
Among the main observations made by the growers were
In tests comparing different sources of nitrogen, one
plot had received all its nitrogen in the form of manure,
another in the form of bloom, another in the form of
mixed fertilizers commonly applied, and containing nitro-
gen from both organic and inorganic sources, another
from sulphate of ammonia only, and another from
nitrate of soda only. All plots received the same amount
of nitrogen applied at the same time. In the plots which
have received only sulphate of ammonia and nitrate of
soda, inorganic nitrogen fertilizers, the trees had made
the best growth. Dr. Ruprecht pointed out that since
inorganic fertilizers are cheaper, it would seem that
growers could save money by using them exclusively.
In the potash fertilizer plots, where all the other fer-
tilizer elements had remained constant, it was found that
a fertilizer analyzing 5 per cent potash apparently was
giving as good results as the higher analyses. The plots
receiving only 3 per cent potash three times a year
yielded fruit which was considered slightly inferior to
that from the 5 per cent plots.
In the cover crop tests, trees on the crotalaria plots
were larger than those on the other plots, and apparently
it will be possible to reduce the amount of nitrogen con-
tained in the fertilizer applied in future. It was noted
that apparently the worst splitting of oranges occurred
on a plot on which no cover crops had been allowed to
grow since the beginning of the experiment five years
All of the plots at the station are fertilized three times
a year, and in any one test there is only one variable,
all other treatments being the same for each plot in the
82,000,000 BULBS ARE PRODUCED BY
(Hastings Herald, October 11, 1929)
Florida has taken its place in the commercial produc-
tion of narcissus bulbs, according to J. C. Goodwin, nur-
sery inspector of the State Plant Board. The storage
inspection of narcissus bulbs has just been completed,
and, according to official figures, 145 Florida growers
produced over 82,000,000 bulbs this season, with paper
whites predominating. This is nearly 43 per cent of the
total United States production.
According to inspection reports, 64,500,000 paper
whites, 14,500,000 Chinese sacred, 2,000,000 Soleil D'Ors
and 1,000,000 miscellaneous bulbs were harvested. Ap-
proximately 20,000,000 of these were round, marketable
bulbs, although not that many will be marketed.
Mr. Goodwin says that Florida-grown bulbs are being
welcomed in the northern markets to replace foreign
bulbs formerly imported. Inspectors report that the
quality of Florida bulbs this year is quite good.
So far, Florida bulbs are free of the major bulb pests.
State and federal inspectors, after careful checks, have
not been able to find the greater and lesser bulb flies in
WILL HAVE HONEY EXHIBITS AT FAIRS
(St. Petersburg Independent, October 8, 1929)
Clearwater, Oct. 8.-The Beekeepers' Association at
its latest meeting decided to exhibit honey at the Largo
and Tampa fairs, and William Gomme, county agent,
wishes all apiarists of Pinellas county to know that a
meeting has been called for Friday, at 8 o'clock in the
evening, at the Chamber of Commerce building in Largo.
There will be two speakers present who will explain
the details. A little help from each will enable the bee-
keepers to get much publicity and stabilize the industry,
the county agent believed.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
OPPORTUNITY FOR MARKETING SPANISH
MOSS-SHIPMENTS BEING MADE
(Plant City Courier, October 11, 1929)
Opportunity has come gently knocking at the door of
youngsters of this section who are ambitious and elders
who may want to earn an honest dollar by going out into
the land of clinging Spanish moss and reaping the harvest
There is a market in Plant City for black Spanish moss,
which is, in other words, the cured moss, not green moss
direct from the trees. This market is the Plant City
Moss and Fiber Company, North Gordon and Cherry
streets. It has been established by J. W. Sinton and H.
H. Keen, and already several shipments of moss have
been made to Atlanta.
It takes about three months to cure the green moss
and make it marketable here. Black moss is now bring-
ing four cents the pound at the local establishment.
According to Mr. Sinton, there is a large commercial
outlet for this commodity, which is used for furniture
and automobile cushions, and there is no reason what-
ever why many should not take advantage of the oppor-
tunity of gathering moss and curing it for sale. Florida
moss has hitherto been largely a waste product, but now
the opportunity arises wherein it can profitably be mar-
keted. The gathering and curing of the moss is not a
costly process, but merely a matter of time and patience.
Shipments of the moss are being made regularly each
week and it is the aim of the firm to increase these ship-
ments gradually. Local people who may be interested
in this new development and are willing to gather and
process the moss will find it remunerative. Anyone de-
siring to know how to proceed with the curing of the
moss may see Mr. Keen for further information.
WEST FLORIDA AND HER POSSIBILITIES
(R. J. Holley, in Milton Gazette, October 10, 1929)
West Florida hills look mighty good after the little
wind flurry out there, and now that the sun is smiling on
that wonderful country of "hawg and hominy" a ride
over the hills and dales brings to mind the fact that di-
versity is the ruling point in Florida history.
Cotton was once enthroned as king in west and central
Florida. The boll weevil changed all that, and folks who
depended upon cotton are planting other crops and find-
ing other acres of diamonds. Oranges were king in
south Florida until after the freeze and it was found
that vegetables could be grown at a profit.
Celery has been king at Sanford and other parts of
the state until the markets were filled up with it and
the prices were not so good last season. Now the growers
have found out that mixed cars of vegetables of all kinds
will help the situation quite a bit and this season will see
more mixed vegetables and not so much celery.
No grower in Florida should put all his eggs in one
basket year after year. This method will eventually ruin
any section--one crop will take all the life out of the
land in time. So diversity will be the rule in Florida and
diversified crops will bring this state back faster than
any other method. Certainly there is no reason for
Florida, of all states in the Union, depending upon any
Peanuts and fat hogs, corn and hay and forage crops
and fat cattle and dairy herds are being pushed forward
in central and west and north Florida. There are thou-
sands of acres of fine farming land in the valley of the
St. Johns river and in other sections of south and central
Florida-vacant lands at present that could be drained
and would pasture thousands of hogs and cattle and grow
corn and other crops for feed.
Farming and fruit growing, industries of certain kinds
and tourists are bound to make Florida greater and
greater, and storms and rumors of storms, bank failures
and rumors of bank failures will never stop the growth
of this state. If there is any brand of weather in the
world quite as good as Florida at all seasons it has never
yet been discovered. And aside from our climate, we
have everything to offer the winter visitors as well as the
investors and homeseekers.
GROWING GRAPES IN NORTHERN PART
(Melbourne Sentinel, October 11, 1929)
Grape culture is being given considerable attention in
the northern part of Brevard county. A number of farm-
ers are interested, it is said, in the growing of this
The prime mover perhaps in this horticultural endeavor
is O. H. Baggett. Last year he planted out one acre and
a half, and the outlook is so fine that he is putting out
an additional two and a half acres. He says he expects
to keep on until he has a real vineyard and proves to his
own satisfaction that grapes can be successfully grown
on Brevard county soil, of which he has no doubts at the
It is understood others in that section are planning to
increase their acreage in this fruit.
Those who have made a study of the matter say grapes
can be grown successfully here in this part of the county.
The progress that is being made in this direction will
be watched with more than passing interest as develop-
ments go on.
FLORIDA IS LEADING GRAPEFRUIT
(Citrus County Chronicle, October 10, 1929)
Florida leads the country in the volume of carload
shipments of grapefruit and tomatoes and some other
fruits and vegetables, based on reports in the season of
1928, according to data just compiled by the Bureau of
Agricultural Economics of the Department of Agricul-
ture, Senator Fletcher, of Florida, stated.
"The data furnished me by the Bureau of Agricultural
Economics," he said, "shows that Florida leads all other
states in a number of the important commodities of the
country. On the basis of carload shipments during 1928,
Florida's shipment of 15,618 carloads of grapefruit ex-
ceeds the carload record of all other states. It led all
other states in its carload shipments of 8,668 carloads of
tomatoes, 6,050 carloads of mixed citrus fruit, 1,632 car-
loads of peppers, 1,780 carloads of string beans, 1,572
carloads of cucumbers and 132 carloads of eggplant.
Nathan Mayo paid high compliment to the unconquer-
able spirit with which central Florida bore the brunt of
the Medfly invasion and said that spirit of citizenship has
challenged the admiration of Floridians and the world