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Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00079
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00079
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    Principle versus policy
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
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        Page 10
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Full Text
Ut .pt. of Agriculture,








Jfloriba R3ebiet

PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY

BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA


Vol. 4. SEPTE


Principle Versus Policy.. ..... .. ........ ............... .............
Railroad Is Putting on Forestry, Poultry and Egg and Other
Farm Demonstrations .............................. ...........................
North Florida Shows Huge Cattle Increase.................................
Survey of Fertile Territory Shows Good Yields................ .....
Pensacola Goes Over Top with New Plant Site........................
Name Editor to Head Poultry Cooperative..............................
Poultry Association Supplies Piggly Wiggly ... .......... .............
Edwards Farm Has Been Stocked with Fine Beef Cattle.............
Cattle Bring Splendid Price................. .... ... ...........................
Local Wool Clip Nets the Growers 36.10 Cents Per Pound..........
Car of Fat Hogs Out in October .................... ..............................
Florida Growers To Be Aided by U. S. Farm Board .....................
Status of Tick Eradication in the State of Florida ...................
D ip p in g P a y s .................... ......... ............................ .......... ...........
New Region in Tick Program ..................................... .................
W ell P leased w ith T obacco....... .......................................................
Fine Cattle R aised H ere........ ...................................... .............
Auburndale Citrus Exchange Pays Growers Refunds....................
D ixie Products at E astern Fairs .......................................................
Corn Crop Good in Holmes County.................................................


MMBER 2, 1929 No. 7

OF CONTENTS
Page Page


American Agricultural Service, Incorporated ..................... 9
M ayo Sees End of Fly in Florida .................................................. 9
World Champ Dairy Cows Tour the South............................. 10
A Marvelous Crop of Crotalaria ............................... ...... 10
Glade Section Has 1,000-Acre Dairy at Ojus................. ......... 10
Crowds at Rabbit Fair.............. ....................... 11
Bulb Growing Opportunity Pointed Out by Inquiries ................ 11
Cars of Grapes Sent to Market by Bay County......................... 11
Way Pointed to Cash In on Oil of Orange ........................... ....... 12
Parramore Company Shipping Beans ....................... ......... 13
Tobacco at Local Market Continues to Bring High Prices ........ 13
To H ave M monthly H og Sales ............................... ...................... ... 13
Florida an Agricultural State.......................................................... 14
Old Orange Tree .................................................................... ... 14
Fish for Fertilizer. ...................................................... ................. 14
Seminole People Ship Eight Cars of Grapes .... ...................... 15
Seaboard to Run Excursion from Virginia to Florida................. 15
$50,000,000 of P produce Sold.............................................. .............. 15
Manufacture of Vinegar from Grapefruit Juice ................. ........... 15
Florida for H ay and Forage.............................. ............................ 16
Canning Firm Buying Guavas...................................................... 16
Growers in Hardee Made Profits on Eggplants .................. ..... 16


PRINCIPLE VERSUS POLICY

By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture


HERE is an ancient adage that "Honesty
is the best policy." That is a very low
standard by which to measure honesty.
No one deserves any credit for his honesty
if he has no higher motive than that it is good
business policy. If he is dishonest at heart the
devil knows it.
Honesty is the only policy that is a credit to
the individual. It is the only policy that God
recognizes. It is the best balance in which to
weigh one to determine his character and
worth.
However, laws of restriction and requirement
are made for those who are not honest from
principle nor policy. They have to be coerced,
regulated according to a standard set up by
the body making.the law. As a rule the laws
of a country interpret the public conscience of
the country. Even a set of convicts would enact
a set of laws much better than they are in their
conduct.
We have lawbreakers who excuse themselves
on the ground that they do not endorse the law.
This is the argument of an anarchist. We have
people disobeying our fruit inspection law,
which was passed for the benefit of the growers
and not for the benefit of the inspectors. The


fruit men themselves, by a vast majority, favor
a fruit inspection law. The situation with no
inspection, no protection to the purchaser, no
regulation, would be one of chaos preceding a
breakdown of the industry. There ought not to
be a necessity for inspection of anything by
the State. If there were no necessity for gov-
ernmental regulation the philosophy of the
anarchist is correct. Regulation is a penalty
the human race pays for its truancy.
When standards are set up for any specific
business and any violation of the standard re-
flects discredit on those engaged in it, lowers
the good will of the public and places a barrier
to honest business, the offender is a criminal
both in the eyes of the law and of the people
whose business he is bringing into disrepute. He
who lives as though he never expected to sell
but one crop of fruit and cares not how badly
he fools his customers, knows he is deceiving,
defrauding and damaging the sale of future
sales, has no scruples of conscience nor standard
of honor, needs to be branded for what he is
by having his place of business locked up and
made to know that he is living in civilization
and not in a jungle where ethics and honesty
are unknown.







2 FLORIDA REVIEW


RAILROAD IS PUTTING ON FORESTRY,
POULTRY AND EGG AND OTHER
FARM DEMONSTRATIONS

(By W. E. French, General Industrial Agent, in Enter-
prise-Recorder, August 9, 1929)
Commencing in the month of August the Georgia &
Florida Railroad, through its Agricultural and Industrial
Extension Department, will conduct a very important
series of demonstrations and exhibits.
The first and perhaps one of the most important ex-
hibitions of the season will be sponsored by the Amer-
ican Forestry Association, the Georgia Forestry Asso-
ciation, the State College of Agriculture and the Georgia
& Florida Railroad. As a result of an agreement be-
tween these different agencies the Georgia & Florida
Railroad's special exhibition car number 101, containing
one of the most complete forestry product displays ever
assembled will be operated over the entire line of rail-
road, starting at Greenwood, S. C., stopping one day
each at all important points on the line to and including
Madison, Florida. While the mission of this exhibit will
be to acquaint the people with the vast destruction of
present and future forests, the materials of the exhibit
will not be limited to fire protection alone, but will
include products and by-products of the forest. The car
will be equipped with scenes-in-action portraying the
damages done to trees and wild life by forest fires, the
work of erosion, and the destruction of soil. Pictures of
forests and parks of Georgia will show the need of such
in the state and the products will show the absolute
dependence of man upon the forest.
One of the outstanding features will be the collection
of forest products, which includes cloth, clothing, food,
explosives, oils, acids, pulp wood products such as kraft
paper, stationery, twine, rope, as well as naval stores
and other products used in reclamation and flotation.
Special attention has been given to rayon, fibres used in
the manufacture of rugs and other household articles,
and the manufacture of paper. These exhibits show the
processes from raw materials through various stages
until they are used by the public, and make an endeavor
to impress the need of better utilization of forest re-
sources in order to insure a perpetuation of our forests.
A miniature reproduction of a southern forest and
adjoining country, including a town with homes, saw-
mill, turpentine plant and other industries dependent
upon the forest for raw materials showing the damage
of forest and wood fires to the trees and grazing lands
will be shown, while a similar exhibit shows the benefits
derived by protecting these areas. The car will also be
equipped with motion pictures which are to be shown
daily either in the extra passenger coach which will be
carried for that purpose or in some more convenient
building. These pictures depict southern life in the tim-
bered regions. These are incorporated in a romance
written and produced by the personnel of the Southern
Forestry Educational Project of the American Forestry
Association, which has been conducting an educational
campaign in several southern states for theopast year.
These pictures were filmed in Georgia with Georgia
people playing the leading roles.
Shortly following the reforestation campaign through
the courtesy of the State College of Agriculture a com-
plete poultry demonstration will be conducted under the
direction of college experts. This demonstration will
occupy an entire baggage car and the lecture work and
conferences will be held in the railroad's official demon-


station car and the passenger coach. An effort will also
be made by the railroad representatives accompanying
these cars to interest our farmers in the organization of
a cooperative egg and poultry association covering the
Georgia & Florida Railroad territory. There will be
other exhibitions, conferences and demonstrations held
immediately following the above, including an intensive
campaign to revive cooperative truck growing and the
acquiring of canning plants or similar industries.
Another special movement will be made to encourage
land settlement, first by acquiring suitable locations for
placing settlers. The tobacco industry will also come in
for a campaign, especially for the encouragement of not
too great an increase but a movement to obtain quality;
the season's crop-1929-being the best demonstration
to serve that end. The strawberry and asparagus plant-
ing will continue to be one of the leading efforts made
by the Georgia & Florida Railroad, and during August
and September, which are the months for planting straw-
berry beds, an expert will devote his time assisting all
strawberry growers. The railroad, wherever it receives
encouragement, will devote considerable time in coopera-
tion with county agents establishing poultry, pig and corn
clubs among the boys and girls throughout its entire
territory. During the summer, fall and winter of 1929-
1930 the Georgia & Florida Railroad proposes to devote
a great deal of time to the rural uplift in Georgia, South
Carolina and Florida.


NORTH FLORIDA SHOWS HUGE CATTLE
INCREASE

State Is Coming to the Front, Says Educator

(Daily Democrat, August 13, 1929)
Gainesville, Fla., Aug. 12.-North Florida is destined
to become a great beef cattle section in the opinion of
Professor C. H. Willoughby of the Florida College of
Agriculture, who has recently completed a month's sur-
vey of cattle conditions in that part of the State. Pro-
fessor Willoughby bases his opinion on the facts as he
found them in his survey, which covered all of the state
from the Alabama line to the east coast, and as far south
as tick eradication work has progressed.
The survey was made for the Agricultural Extension
Division for the purpose of finding the number of im-
proved beef cattle on farms in the territory covered, how
they are being handled, what steps are being taken to
improve the range cattle, and the extent of improved
pastures. During his trip Professor Willoughby inter-
viewed a number of the largest cattle raisers in the State
and obtained first hand information.
During the past few years great strides have been
taken by the beef cattle growers of North Florida,
Professor Willoughby found. The eradication of the
Texas fever tick has been followed in almost every
county by the importation of good beef type bulls. The
results of crossing the purebred Angus and Hereford
bulls with the native range cows is surprising, he states.
Large numbers of these half-blood animals may be found
in Liberty county.
Most of the work toward introducing better beef
cattle into this section has been done by the county agents
and members of the live stock sanitary board, according
to Professor Willoughby. This work is going forward
at present and several car loads of young bulls will be
placed in a number of counties this fall.








FLORIDA REVIEW 3


111rihi &161fu
'Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida


NATHAN MAYO.
T. J. BROOKS


.... Commissioner of Agriculture
Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture


Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1920, at the Post Office
at Tallahasse, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.


Vol. 4


SEPTEMBER 2, 1929


SURVEY OF FERTILE TERRITORY SHOWS
GOOD YIELDS AND MORE ATTENTION
GIVEN TO LIVESTOCK

Steadily Growing Trend to Dairying and Raising
of Purebred Cattle Shown in Reports
from Many Towns

(Pensacola Journal, July 25, 1929)
Escambia county farmers face a banner year according
to County Agent E. P. Scott. Many cars of early sweet
potatoes have been shipped. The yield was 120 to 140
bushels an acre. The corn crop is good and large
amounts of grapes have been marketed. At least 10
cars of Satsumas will be marketed. Forty cars of Irish
potatoes have been shipped. Poultry farmers are getting
good prices for their products.
How rich is West Florida? How rich is South
Alabama?
Count their beans, their cucumbers, their ears of corn,
their sweet potatoes and their Satsumas before you
answer.
Count their myriad crops, their fertile acres and try
to estimate the riches of these sections. Can you do it?
No, you can not and no one else can. But we can find
out the crops that are being raised, the products that
are being marketed, the acres that are yielding wealth.
The Pensacola Journal a few days ago asked its cor-
respondents in strategic cities to advise this paper of the
crops that were being marketed, of the products return-
ing the most profit, and the general crop conditions. All
sent in stories of unbounded optimism. We were sur-
prised at the variety of crops raised. We felt a new faith
in West Florida. We were amazed at the multiplicity of
foods that spring from the soil of this homeland.
It was not possible to get reports from every town.
But we did get them from centers of agricultural popu-
lation. These reports give a broad conception of the crop
outlook, the farm revenue, and the wonderful future that
West Florida and South Alabama offer to the farmer.
Dairying Gains
We will not attempt to tell in a few words the facts
set forth by these reports. You will profit by reading
the details in the following columns. But these facts
are outstanding:
There is a steadily growing trend to dairying and live-
stock raising with realization that these factors offer
sure revenue.
Crops throughout West Florida and South Alabama
are good and this year will return a big revenue.
In the Graceville area the crops are the best in years.
There were 15,000 bushels of cucumbers sold at over $1


a bushel and 564 cars of watermelons shipped this season,
among other crops.
In Holmes county the tobacco crop is returning a good
profit though the cotton acreage has been reduced and
the income from the latter crop is not so large.
In Baldwin county, Alabama, a wide variety of crops
is producing a good profit. Fall and winter vegetables
are being raised so that farmers have an all-year-round
income. Dairying and poultry raising are gaining favor
according to the Robertsdale correspondent. The Foley
correspondent stresses the profit of Irish and sweet
potatoes and says the Satsuma crop is good.
Blueberries and Pecans
Laurel Hill takes pride in her blueberry and pecan
crops. One firm shipped 500 crates of tomatoes and the
corn crop is heavy.
In Santa Rosa county the corn crop is good, peanuts
are plenty, the sand pear market is improving and dairy-
ing is going ahead by leaps and bounds.
In north Escambia county carloads of Irish potatoes
and watermelons have been shipped. Escambia's bounti-
ful crop outlook is well known through statements issued
by County Agent Scott.


PENSACOLA GOES OVER TOP WITH NEW
PLANT SITE

Contribution from J. H. Smithwick Completes
$40,000 Mill Fund

(Milton Gazette, August 13, 1929)
A telegraphed contribution of $500 from former Con-
gressman John H. Smithwick put over the top the needed
$40,000 with which a site will be purchased and provided
for locating an immense paper mill on the shores of
Bayou Chico, just beyond the city limits. The fact that
such a fund is in hand was made known today in a tele-
gram sent to those who are endeavoring to locate a plant
in a suitable location in the south. A representative of
the Pensacola interests will leave Monday for New York
to sign a contract with the owners of the plant. The
guarantee of a site was requested for bringing here one
of the most important industries secured in some years.
No stock in the mill was offered for sale here and a site
of their own selection was all the promoters from the
State of Vermont wanted. This site was provided within
three days.

NAME EDITOR TO HEAD POULTRY
COOPERATIVE

(Daily Democrat, July 31, 1929)
Marvin H. Walker, editor of the Florida Grower, has
been appointed by Commissioner of Agriculture Nathan
Mayo as a director of the new Gulf Coast Poultry
Cooperative to represent the state's interest in the new
egg cooperatives now being formed throughout the state.
The poultry association being organized on the Gulf
coast is exactly the same in all of its fundamental prin-
ciples as the Orlando association and an agreement is
now being worked out by Mr. Langner, in charge of or-
ganization work, for both associations, whereby the two
bodies will work through interlocking management form-
ing the nucleus of a new state-wide poultry marketing
body to which will be added as organization work pro-
ceeds in northeast, west and south Florida.







4 FLORIDA REVIEW


POULTRY ASSOCIATION SUPPLIES PIGGLY
WIGGLY

(Haines City Herald, August 1, 1929)
Tampa, July 30.-Organized poultrymen, members of
the Central Florida Poultry Producers Association of
Orlando, yesterday made a contract here with the South
Florida Stores Corporation to supply its Piggly Wiggly
stores in Tampa, St. Petersburg, Lakeland, Winter
Haven and Haines City with their new "Sunlaid" carton
eggs, effective next Saturday.
It is the largest deal ever made for the sale of fresh
Florida carton eggs and it illustrates how Florida poultry-
men, properly organized, can successfully promote their
eggs in a large way. C. Roscoe Ryan, sales manager of
the Central Florida Association, said that the west coast
business under this contract would be turned over to the
Gulf Coast Poultry Producers Cooperative Association
of Tampa as soon as the organization of this new asso-
ciation is completed. Both associations will market their
carton eggs under the "Sunlaid" trade name, under the
direction of Mr. Ryan.

EDWARDS FARM HAS BEEN STOCKED
WITH FINE BEEF CATTLE

Well Known Ocala Banker Supplying Ocala
Market with "Baby Beef" of Superior
Quality

(Ocala Star, August 1, 1929)
Announcement Wednesday of the plans for the estab-
lishment of a stock yard and cash market for cattle and
hogs makes an account of the activities being conducted
by John L. Edwards, president of the Ocala National
Bank, on his big farm south of Ocala of more than
ordinary interest. Mr. Edwards was a farmer and cattle-
man before he became a banker, and has never lost his
love for these forms of activities. His farm, which is
located about five and a half miles from Ocala on the
Shady road, comprises about 550 acres, of which the
greater portion is being used for pasture for his fine
herd of black polled Angus cattle, and his pure blood
and grade Berkshire, Duroc and Hampshire hogs.
Old-fashioned general "hog and hominy" farming is
what Mr. Edwards follows, and he has approximately 200
acres under cultivation in corn, velvet beans, cowpeas,
peanuts and sweet potatoes. Part of the land he is work-
ing this summer belongs to neighbors, and he is also
adding to his pasturage by grazing upon adjoining prop-
erty, as well as on his own.
Mr. Edwards' pride is his herd of some 75 fine beef
cattle, most of them being pure-bred or grade black
polled Angus. He has a few of other breeds, but plans
to dispose of them this coming fall and winter. He has
a fine pure-bred bull, entitled to registry, though he has
never secured the necessary papers, and his yearlings
and heifers from this stock are as fine looking cattle as
one could desire. "Baby beef" is what he puts on the
market, and he has now probably forty steers and cows
that will go to the butcher this year. His two-year-old
steers will easily dress from 350 to 400 pounds each.
Mention of these fine cattle, which show what can be
done on pasture in Marion county, would not be complete
without saying something about his plans for further
building up his herd. He has one of the finest full-
blooded registered black polled Angus bull calves that


can be found anywhere. This animal, which is only nine
months old, is almost as large as a full grown range cow,
broad of back, with great wide, heavy shoulders, and
when grown will be a magnificent beast. With it he also
secured a heifer calf of a different strain of the same
breed. He plans when these animals are old enough to
not only raise steers for himself but also males to be sold
to other breeders.
Besides his cattle Mr. Edwards has a large herd of
fine hogs ranging in pastures and feeding on peanuts,
corn and other crops grown by him. He has in the neigh-
borhood of 150 shoats and pigs that will be ready for
market this year, besides a number of fine brood sows
and a pure-bred registered Berkshire male.
Naturally Mr. Edwards has but little time to give to
his farming operations and relies largely on the work of
his manager and other employes. He manages, however,
to visit the place for a short while nearly every afternoon
and look over operations, and keeps in close touch with
what is going on. While his farm is his hobby and amuse-
ment, Mr. Edwards is spending the time on it that others
give to golf and recreation. He insists that it must be
self supporting, and while figures are not available at
this time he is certain that the end of the year will
show that it has paid him a substantial profit, though
probably not what it would have done had he been able
to devote all his time to its management.


CATTLE BRING SPLENDID PRICE

Holmes County Men Get $1,500 for Only 38
Head

(Bonifay Advertiser, August 6, 1929)
Thirty-eight Holmes county range steers from one to
two years old, including a few grade Herefords, brought
the tidy sum of $1,500 in a sale this week.
The lucky owners of this herd were the Forehand
Brothers and Frank Johnson, living about 14 miles north
of Bonifay; the lucky buyer was H. D. Howell, who
purchased the stock to butcher for the Jitney-Jungle
Market in this city. This insures to this market a
superior supply -of beef for many weeks to come. Mr.
Howell bid in competition with several Alabama buyers.
Figure a little. That is just right at $40 per head-and
they are range cattle-not stall fed, or even field finished.
What would these same cattle, at the same age and at
the same time of year brought in the old days of tick
infestation?
Such bunches were sometimes sold at that time for a
$10 average or less. These figures speak loudly in de-
fense of the tick eradication crusade which at one time
divided the honest opinion of our people.
The beef cattle industry has arrived, and with it the
dairy business. From now on both of these interests
will develop along progressTve, up-to-date lines. Pure
bred cattle will multiply; fenced pastures will extend
and improve; feed and forage crops will increase in yield
and variety-and the farmers' roll will begin to grow.
But the best result will be the increased fertility of soil
and the greater safety of farm operations due to the only
really successful diversification in farming-that which
makes live stock an important factor.

Since 1921 the number of commercial banks in the
United States decreased from 30,000 to 26,000, accord-
ing to a recent financial survey.








FLORIDA REVIEW 5


LOCAL WOOL CLIP NETS THE GROWERS
36.10 CENTS PER POUND

Saturday's Price Exceeds Citronelle and Bay
Minette Figures by Almost Two Cents

(DeFuniak Breeze, August 8, 1929)
Walton county's wool clip, including a portion of that
of adjoining counties, sold here at auction on Saturday
morning, brought a price of 36.10 cents per pound, the
highest price at which wool has sold east of the Mississippi
river this year.
The Bay Minette wool, and which auction is usually
regarded as setting the wool price for this portion of the
southern states, sold at 34% cents, and the Citronelle
clip sold for 34%3 cents. At both of these places the
growers pay two per cent commission for the sales, and
which nets them a correspondingly less figure than the
price indicates, while here, W. L. Cawthon, who has
conducted these annual wool auctions almost since the
"memory of man runneth not to the contrary," makes
no charge for his services, and the two per cent added
to the price bid Saturday for the local clip, means,
virtually, a price of 36.82 for the wool sold here.
The local clip was purchased by J. G. Allison, repre-
senting the purchasers, the Marine Junk Company of
Pensacola, and who will get their wool in three ship-
ments: a shipment will be made from Milligan on
August 15; from DeFuniak on August 20, and from
Chipley two days later. The three shipments will total
between 75,000 and 80,000 pounds.
Mr. Cawthon is in receipt of the following letter from
the Ferguson Cotton Company, of Shreveport, one of
the largest purchasers of wool in the south:
"Dear Sir: We thank you for wiring us the results
of your wool sale, and so far as we know this is the
highest price paid east of the Mississippi river this year.
We regret having been unable to attend the sale, but
found that we had already purchased our requirements.
However, next year we hope to be able to do something
for you.
"Very truly yours,
"Ferguson Cotton Company."
The price paid at Saturday's auction was practically
the same price as that at which the 1927 clip sold, but
was more than seven cents less than the price paid for
the wool of last year, when the clip netted the Walton
county growers 43.59 cents per pound.


CAR OF FAT HOGS OUT IN OCTOBER

(DeFuniak Breeze, August 8, 1929)
Farmers and Fruit Growers Week will be held August
12 to 17. Every farmer iri Walton county is invited to
attend the short course at Gainesville next week.
Farmers will be permitted to camp, free of charge, on the
University grounds, or board and lodging can be secured
for $1.50 per day. Spend a week at the University as
your vacation.
County Agent Wilkins expects to ship out the first
car of fat hogs some time in October. Farmers who will
have hogs to ship by that time should get in touch with
the agent. Fat hogs must weigh at least 165 pounds to
go as number one hogs. If they fall below this weight
they will not bring the top market. Due to the abund-
ance of feed in the county this year there is no reason


why this county cannot ship out several cars of hogs
this fall and winter.
Premium lists for the Walton county fair will be sent
out this week. Extra copies can be secured at the office
of the chamber of commerce.
The county agent will leave DeFuniak Springs the first
of next week to attend the Farmers and Fruit Growers
short course at Gainesville.
Walton county farmers are now beginning to realize
that both cotton and corn can be successfully grown
after Austrian peas and vetch, without the use of com-
mercial fertilizers. But this is only one-half of the story,
for it is also found that when the peas and vetch are
sown in October, they can be grazed with hogs, cows,
calves or any other live stock, during the winter months,
and then can be turned under the latter part of March
or first of April, and they will furnish enough fertilizer
to equal five or ten dollars worth of commercial fer-
tilizer per acre. The seed and inoculation to plant one
acre to this crop will cost three dollars. Each acre of
peas and vetch will carry one cow, or four grown shoats,
for three months. The gains made by the live stock will
pay for the seed, and the value of the plant as fertilizer,
when turned under, is clear profit to the farmer.
Walton county farmers spent $40,000 for fertilizers
this year. Due to bad weather conditions, many of them
will never be enabled to pay for this fertilizer.
The method of fertilizing crops in this county will
have to be changed. Farmers must produce their own
fertilizer by growing nitrogenous crops. Until this is
done, the county will be full of poor, helpless farmers.
The following slogan should be adopted in this county:
"Plant Peas and Vetch, and Grow Your Own Fertilizer."
County Agent Wilkins will have a large supply of both
peas and vetch seed to supply farmers in this county.
Get your orders in early.


FLORIDA GROWERS TO BE AIDED BY U. S.
FARM BOARD

Exchanges Get First Loan of Huge Fund of
Uncle Sam

(Sarasota Times, August 9, 1929)
Washington, Aug. 9.-(A. P.)-Agriculturists of the
south, rather than those of the great wheat regions, are
the first to get a share of the federal farm board's
$500,000,000 revolving fund.
Recognizing the menace of the Mediterranean fruit fly
and the need for emergency aid to minimize the loss
from its depredations, the board's first loan has been
allotted to the Florida United Growers and the Florida
Citrus Growers Exchange to help those cooperatives in
the preparation of this year's crop so it can be marketed.
The money is to be used to equip distribution plants
of the organizations with heating and pre-cooling facili-
ties to meet government requirements for treatment of
fruit which has been exposed to the fly to prevent spread
of the larvae into unaffected regions.
The request of a group of Florida citrus marketing
associations for several million dollars for organization
purposes, meanwhile, has been held up pending the
working out of a permanent, more unified cooperative
program by them, and the board turned its attention
today to the problems of cotton organizations which have
asked for financial aid.







6 FLORIDA REVIEW


STATUS OF TICK ERADICATION IN THE STATE OF FLORIDA


White Area: Released from State and Federal
Quarantine.


Black Shaded Area: Systematic tick eradication in
progress. Will be completed July 1, 1930.


Red Shaded Area: Preliminary tick eradication.
Regular dipping of cattle will begin March 1,
1930.


Red Area: Quarantined or tick infested area.


Red numerals indicate the number of pure bred beef
cattle introduced in tick-free counties as the result of
tick eradication.


Florida imports annually over $13,000,000.00 worth of beef and over
$25,000,000.00 worth of dairy products. All of these products can
be produced in Florida through the development of our cattle in-
dustry. Tick eradication is the foundation of a profitable cattle
industry, the success of which depends upon the co-operation of every
citizen of the State.


'drg~~
-b,
.'








FLORIDA REVIEW 7


DIPPING PAYS

Laurel Hill, Fla., Aug. 14, 1929.
Dr. J. V. Knapp,
Tallahassee, Florida.
Dear Sir-I am sorry I omitted writing you sooner. I
have about seventy-five or one hundred head of one-half
breed of Aberdeen. I have 40 or 45 Aberdeens from one
to three years old. I can't ship any for I can get as much
for them here as I could to ship them. I can't hunt them
up as fast as they want to buy them. We are just now
getting the worth of our cattle. The only thing we have
ever had in our State to improve our cattle was fine
bulls and dipping. Dipping is the essential of stock
salvation.
I would like to buy one hundred head of young cattle
if the price is reasonable. I would want them shipped
over here where I could take care of them.
What is the price of one-year-old Herefords?
Thank you for your letters. Write me again. I like
to get your letters. I am working for the beef type.
Yours truly,
J. J. SUMMERLIN.


NEW REGION IN TICK PROGRAM

Work to Extend in County South and East of
River

(Times-Union, July 29, 1929)
Preliminary work looking toward the initiation next
March of cattle fever tick eradication efforts in that part
of Duval county to the south and east of the St. Johns
river will begin within the next few weeks, it was an-
nounced yesterday by Dr. T. W. Cole, inspector in charge
of the field activities in Florida of the United States
Bureau of Animal Industry.
Dr. Cole's announcement stated that he had conferred
with Dr. J. R. Wirthlin, the inspector who will direct the
work, and had instructed him to proceed with the neces-
sary steps to get the existing vats in condition and build
what other vats are considered necessary. Dr. Wirthlin,
veteran tick expert, has charge of the eradication pro-
gram in the western part of the county. That got under
way in March of this year.
The last survey made of the southside area, in 1920,
disclosed nineteen vats ready for use, Dr. Cole said.
Many of these, of course, will have to be renovated, and
it may be necessary to construct new ones to take care
of the dipping program, he further said.
Dr. Wirthlin indicated that he would make a survey of
the countryside within the next few days, placing his
operatives in the field as soon as possible.

WELL PLEASED WITH TOBACCO

(Enterprise-Recorder, August 2, 1929)
G. W. Young of the Pinetta section was among those
in the city Tuesday. Mr. Young says he is well pleased
with his tobacco sales so far. He had made three sales
at the Saunders warehouse, getting a 20c average the
first day, a 24c average the next, and on Monday he sold
a quantity of third primings, 874 pounds, getting just a
fraction of a cent less than a 35c average on them.
Mr. Young said he was not quite through. He had 12
acres and 16 curings, and so far had sold seven curings.


FINE CATTLE RAISED HERE

Punta Gorda Man Says Cost of Production in
Florida Fifty Per Cent Less Than in
Middle-Western States

(Gainesville Sun, August 8, 1929)
That Florida cattle men can raise good cattle at an
overhead cost of at least 50 per cent less than can the
cattle men of Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and other mid-
western and northern cattle states, was the statement
made yesterday morning by C. M. Carrier of Punta
Gorda, who made a tour of inspection of the test pasture
lots out at the experiment station of the department of
agriculture of the University of Florida.
Mr. Carrier right there and then started an argument
with some of the old timers who have been in the busi-
ness here for many years, but he stuck to his point that,
given good stock, the Florida cattle raiser can, by fenc-
ing his land and paying attention to improved perma-
nent pastures, and with a much longer season, do better
and make more money than can the cattle raisers in other
states.
At the present time Mr. Carrier and his associates are
fencing more than 25,000 acres of rich prairie land in
Charlotte and DeSoto counties, northeast of Punta
Gorda. Here they are establishing a large ranch on
which they expect to raise high-grade cattle for the
Florida winter demand which, according to Mr. Carrier,
the Florida cattle men have never been able to meet.
Only recently Mr. Carrier disposed of an enormous
cattle ranch in eastern Cuba to the well-known Lykes
brothers of South Florida, receiving approximately
$350,000 for land and cattle on the island.


AUBURNDALE CITRUS EXCHANGE PAYS
GROWERS REFUNDS OF MORE THAN
$11,600

(Winter Haven Chief, August 11, 1929)
Payment of refunds aggregating $11,600 by the
Auburndale Citrus Growers Association to its 90 mem-
bers was reported to the Florida Citrus Exchange, parent
organization, at Tampa, yesterday. The exchange re-
cently refunded its members more than $68,000, which
is in addition to refunds which many oF its associations
now are making.
From an operation viewpoint, both the exchange and
its associations made headway last season in savings to
members as example by the Auburndale refund, ex-
change officials said. Virtually all of the associations
made good savings in operation expenses.
Of the grower refund made by the association, $7,600,
representing four cents a box, was a refund on the
operating charge of this season, Manager W. A. Stanford
reported. The balance, $4,000, is a payment of equity
certificates, repaying grower members for the cost of
the packing houses and equipment. The association has
been freed from indebtedness and has an investment in
plant and equipment comparatively valued at $73,000.
Included in the assets is a new precooling plant erected
last season at a cost of $26,000.
The refund checks were given to the members at a
picnic at a lake near Auburndale attended by 150 growers
of the community and members of their families.







8 FLORIDA REVIEW


DIXIE PRODUCTS AT EASTERN FAIRS

Atlantic Coast Line Will Show Products of
Farms, Forests, Factories and Mines of
Southeast

(Clay County Times, August 2, 1929)
Jacksonville, Fla., Aug. 1.-It was announced here
yesterday by the Agricultural and Industrial Department
of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad that this company
will show a very comprehensive and attractive exhibit of
agricultural, horticultural and industrial products at
Eastern fairs during August, September and October.
The announcement said that this display has been as-
sembled here from Coast Line territory during the past
year, and that it will be started on its eastern tour on
Wednesday of next week.
It is claimed that this exhibit contains the most com-
plete and attractive display of products of the south-
eastern section that has ever been shown in the north.
It will contain samples of almost every crop grown in
this section as well as products of the forests, factories
and mines. It will contain eighty-five large museum jars
of fruits, vegetables and melons preserved in chemicals
showing their natural colors; twenty-four different varie-
ties of pecans; forty-seven kinds and varieties of field
seeds; eighteen kinds, varieties and grades of flowering
and ornamental bulbs; twenty minerals; a large display
of jellies, preserves, marmalades, syrup and honey;
twenty-eight kinds of vegetable oils and products being
recovered from pine and other woods; about thirty
leguminous and grass hays; fifty kinds of grasses,
legumes and cereals; thirty-seven different native woods
suitable for the manufacture of furniture and other
wood products, as well as displays of corn, cotton, pea-
nuts, cigar and bright leaf tobaccos, and numerous other
products of interest, including watermelons, pumpkins,
sugar cane, crude cane sugar, tung oil nuts, canned
citrus products, fresh pineapples, persimmons, limes and
pomegranates, Cassina tea and syrup, fish, sponges,
pottery, timber bamboo, cocoanuts, and a number of
little-known tropical fruits from southern Florida.
For transporting the exhibit one of the latest model
steel baggage cars has been equipped and painted in
Coast Line colors of olive green and gold. On either
side of the car is painted the Atlantic Coast Line trade-
mark showing the six states served by the line, and in-
formation to the effect that the car contains an exhibit
of products from "THE NATION'S GARDEN SPOT." It
was stated, however, that the exhibit will not be shown
in the car as too few people would be reached in this
way. Space has been contracted for in main buildings
at the fairs, and the exhibit will be set up in these build-
ings where it is expected that more than a million people
who visit these fairs every year will have the opportunity
of seeing it under the most favorable conditions. A
corps of well-trained men who are intimately acquainted
with conditions in the southeast will be with the display
to give information and answer questions concerning
this section. It was said that an abundant supply of
literature describing the climate, the agricultural and in-
dustrial opportunities, as well as points of interest to
tourists will be distributed to interested visitors.
According to the announcement, the fairs at which
the exhibit will be shown are: Orange County Fair,
Middletown, N. Y., August 12-17; Washington County
Fair, Hudson Falls, N. Y., August 20-24; Dutchess


County Fair, Rhinebeck, N. Y., August 27-31; Rochester
Exposition, Rochester, N. Y., September 2-7; Reading
Fair, Reading, Pa., September 10-14; Great Allentown
Fair, Allentown, Pa., September 17-21; Doylestown
Fair, Doylestown, Pa., September 24-28; Trenton Inter-
State Fair, Trenton, N. J., September 30-October 5;
York Fair, York, Pa., October 8-12, and The Great
Frederick Fair, Frederick, Md., October 15-18. A similar
exhibit was shown by the Coast Line in the New England
states last year where it attracted a great deal of atten-
tion.
It was stated that this exhibit, which will cost the
railroad several thousands of dollars, will be shown by
the Coast Line in an effort to attract visitors, settlers
and capital, to draw attention to agricultural and horti-
cultural products grown in the southeast and thereby
increase the market demand for them, and to bring to
the attention of manufacturers and capitalists the in-
dustrial opportunities of this section. Those who have
friends, correspondents and customers in the territory
to be visited are being urged to tell them about this
exhibit and to ask them to be sure to see it.


CORN CROP GOOD IN HOLMES COUNTY

(Pensacola Journal, July 28, 1929)
Bonifay, Fla., July 27.-Holmes county's crops promise
well for the season as a whole. General feed and forage
crops have not been better for years. Chief among them
is corn, which will probably be the best for many years.
Peanuts, too, are making a fine showing. The practice
of "hogging" corn and peanuts is growing, and this crop
will practically all be marketed this way. Cotton has
made a fine growth and in most instances has set on
well. Weevils are everywhere, but serious only in spots.
One week of wet, cloudy weather got most of the middle
crop, but most fields are putting on top crops, ranging
from scant to good. Picking will begin in forward fields
this week.
Sweet potatoes are making the best crop and the best
acreage for years. Many patches are ready for market
and movement will begin soon. Tobacco harvest is com-
pleted-the acreage in the county was well above 300.
Quality was good and good prices are being realized.
The watermelon crop was good with the usual acreage.
Early shipments realized splendid returns. Only at the
close were they draggy. Most growers came clear and
many "hopped up." Shipments at Holmes county points
and Holmes county shipments at outside points would
aggregate 1,000 cars.
Fruit, with the exception of peaches, is fine. Satsuma
and blueberry growers have not reached a stage of de-
velopment in the county justifying car or even express
shipments, but the local market will have a good home
supply. Gardens have never been so numerous, so exten-
sive, or so luxurious.
Pastures have been good throughout. Many cars of
cattle have been shipped from Bonifay so far this year,
and stock is in splendid condition. Holmes county is well
stocked with hogs in better than average condition and
much better than average prospect for late summer
pasture and finishing feeds.


There are in the United States 375,000 gasoline filling
stations. Records show that one out of four go out of
business each year.










FLORIDA REVIEW


AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE,
INCORPORATED

(Progressive Farmer, August 10, 1929)
The American Farm Bureau Federation has taken an
important forward step for organized agriculture in pro-
viding national service for farmers' cooperative market-
ing associations, under the name of "American Agricul-
tural Service, Incorporated." This is a separate corpora-
tion from the American Farm Bureau Federation itself,
though it is brought into existence mainly through the
activities of the Farm Bureau Federation and will de-
rive its main support from that organization.
Representatives of cooperative associations sat in with
representatives of the Farm Bureau in considering the
necessity for this service for cooperatives and the plans
for supplying the service. The discussions in these con-
ferences have extended over a number of years, and it
may be fairly said that there is a strong feeling that
there is a real need for the service that the American
Farm Bureau Federation is setting up in American Agri-
cultural Service, Inc.
Further, there is a real desire on the part of the Farm
Bureau Federation to render this service to cooperative
associations effectively and efficiently, and on a fair and
advantageous basis of cooperation with cooperatives and
with other general farm organizations. It is not the
purpose of Agricultural Service to do things for coopera-
tives which they can best do for themselves working
separately or together. Nor is there intention to render
services now effectively performed by the state or
federal governments, or their agencies. There is no in-
tention of duplication of present services to cooperatives.
Certainly there should be no such duplication or crossing
of efforts, as they could only result in friction and harm.
The American Farm Bureau Federation has been ac-
tive in promoting the organization of cooperative mar-
keting associations. A number of the cotton cooperatives
carry "Farm Bureau" as a part of the official names of
the associations, as Alabama Farm Bureau Cotton Asso-
ciation, Texas Farm Bureau Cotton Association, etc.
Altogether, a considerable number of farm cooperatives
have been organized by the state farm bureaus among
their members in the various states.
Other general farm organizations, as the National
Grange and the Farmers' Union, have done likewise in
states where there are working units of their organi-
zations. It has been through the efforts of the Farm
Bureaus of the various states and the other general farm
organizations, that many of 12,000 farm cooperatives
now in existence, with memberships totaling 2,000,000
and doing a total business around $2,000,000,000 have
been brought into existence.
The membership of Farm Bureaus and cooperatives in
many sections of the country are largely the same, and
in some cases almost identical. Always where the two
organizations are in the same territory there is over-
lapping, or largely common membership. The success
of the cooperative helps the general farm organization
and the success of the parent general farm organization
helps the cooperative. In fact, there are not infrequently
critical times when cooperative marketing associations
sorely need the helpful services of their general farm
organizations to fight their battles with the general
public, and now and then to strengthen their position
with their own membership.
That the various Farm Bureaus and their Federation
are vitally interested in the progress of cooperatives is


easy to be seen. This interest is selfish only to the
extent that it is selfish to see a part of itself succeed.
In helping their cooperatives the Farm Bureaus are
helping themselves. The kinds of services referred to
above, such as help in organization and representation
before the public, are more or less general. The char-
acter of service intended in American Agricultural Ser-
vice, Inc., is specific and technical, requiring training,
experience, and ability of a very high order. These
expert services are proposed to include matters of taxa-
tion, transportation, legislation, legal, economic research
in farm questions, the policies and practices of operating
farm cooperatives, etc. Through this new organization
"the best talent available in the various phases of coop-
erative marketing work will be provided cooperative asso-
ciations through the employment of the best experts
obtainable," the announcement of the establishment of
American Agricultural Service, Inc., declares.
The board of directors are well known for their con-
tributions not only to cooperative marketing, but to
general farm organizations and to the agricultural in-
dustry as well. These first directors are: S. H. Thomp-
son, president, American Farm Bureau Federation;
Frank O. Lowden, former governor of Illinois and well
known advocate of equality for agriculture; Edward A.
O'Neal, president, Alabama Cotton Growers' Coopera-
tive Association, and of the Alabama Farm Bureau; M.
S. Winder, executive secretary, American Farm Bureau
Federation; George A. Fox, former secretary, Illinois
Agricultural Association; Henry H. Parke, vice-president,
National Livestock Producers' Association; W. H. Settle,
president, Central Soft Wheat Cooperative Association,
and president Indiana Farm Bureau, and Frank E. Evans,
leading legal authority on cooperative marketing, Salt
Lake City, Utah.
It is expected that this new service will find its way
gradually by selecting one or two of the most needed
men to begin with, and then add others as there are
needs and resources for them. The success of the under-
taking will depend largely on the character of men
selected for the work and the spirit shown in offering the
service to cooperatives.
We commend and congratulate the foresight and
initiative of the American Farm Bureau Federation in
establishing American Agricultural Service, Inc.

MAYO SEES END OF FLY IN FLORIDA

Believes Pest Will Be Entirely Gone by October

(Florida State News, July 31, 1929)
An optimistic view of the fruit fly situation in Florida
was expressed by Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agri-
culture, in a short talk at the weekly luncheon of the
Kiwanis Club yesterday. With proper cooperation by
the people of the state with the state and federal authori-
ties it is believed that by October 15 Florida will be
flyless.
Fly Exterminated
Among other things, Mr. Mayo said the fly seems to
have been exterminated in Orange county, a wager having
been posted that not a single fly could now be found in
that county. Citrus fruit will be shipped, he said, after
certain processing, as well as other fruits and vegetables.
Mr. Mayo also told of the enlarged program of the State
Marketing Bureau and the consequent increased benefits
to Florida growers.


FLORIDA


REVIEW









10 FLORIDA REVIEW


WORLD CHAMP DAIRY COWS TOUR THE
SOUTH

Foremost Dairy Corporation Herds To Be Shown
at State Fairs

(Winter Haven Chief, July 31, 1929)
Jacksonville, Fla. (Special)-The internationally noted
herd of Foremost Guernsey dairy cattle, owned by J. C.
Penney, chairman of the board of the J. C. Penney Co.,
and of Foremost Dairy Products, Inc., will be shown at
leading state fairs in the south, starting in August and
continue into late October or early November, according
to word just received by Burdette G. Lewis, president of
the dairy organization.
This is the herd which last year took 75 per cent of
all the awards in the Guernsey breed at the National
Dairy show at Memphis, Tenn., and which was accorded
the premiums for premier breeders and premier ex-
hibitors at this internationally famous exposition.
Included in the herd will be May Royal's Shiek, four-
teen times a junior champion at leading shows last year;
May Royal's Elberta, junior champion heifer at every
show where she has been entered; Resolute's Eminent, a
son of the famous Shorewood Resolute, twice grand
champion at the National Dairy Show, and many other
winners of blue and purple ribbons at dairy shows and
state fairs.
The herd will be accompanied by J. C. Penney, who is
now in Europe but is returning to this country in August.
The last time that animals from the Foremost Guernsey
herd made a complete tour of the south was two years
ago, when they won the great bulk of awards at the
Southeastern States Fair at Atlanta, and when they were
also exhibited at several other southern fairs.
According to Jimmy Dodge, superintendent of the
stock-breeding farm, the circuit here will cover ten or
twelve fairs and every facility will be offered fair visitors
to study the results which may be obtained through the
scientific breeding of dairy cattle.
Before he left for Europe, Mr. Penney said: "I am
particularly interested in showing the best we have in
the south. Outside of my store interests, my greatest
investments are in the south. I feel that dairying will
be one of the things which will bring the southern states
up to their possible earning powers. The basis of suc-
cessful dairying is to be found in the right kind of dairy
herds.
"We have furnished foundation stocks for many herds
all over the country. In the south we are conducting
model dairy farms which can serve as guides for the
southern dairy farmers."
Mr. Lewis states that he will also accompany the herd
during its trip through the south and that arrangements
will be made to bring dairymen into the state fairs where
they will be shown the famous herd of cattle.

A MARVELOUS CROP OF CROTALARIA

(By W. E. Mann, in Bradenton Herald, Aug. 11, 1929)
Probably no more luxuriant crop of crotalaria has ever
been grown in Manatee county than that on the farm of
Samuel Mason, on the Bayshore road about two miles
south of Piney Point. Mr. Mason has a young grape-
fruit grove of about eight acres. Part of this grove is 18
months old and part is 30 month old. On April 9, last,
he sowed a twenty-foot strip between the rows of trees


with crotalaria seed. The result as seen today is little
short of marvelous. Many of the plants are six feet
high with long branches, bearing a' yellowish bloom
from which myriads of honey bees are busily engaged
in gathering honey. So dense is the growth that one
can not walk through it.
Crotalaria is a cover crop which draws nitrogen from
the air and conveys it to the soil through nodules on the
roots of the plants. Mr. Mason intends to drag this
dense growth down, then cut it into the soil with a disc
harrow. A large amount of humus will thus be added
to the soil, and the amount of commercial fertilizer
needed will be reduced to practically nothing.
Every farmer in the county should see this crop while
it is at its best. Grove owners especially may be able to
get information that will be of practical value to them.


GLADE SECTION HAS 1,000-ACRE DAIRY
AT OJUS


Great Wedge Driven Into "Nile" Region by Ives
Certified Plant

(Miami News, August 11, 1929)
Early, "middle period" and late-arrival Miamians
almost gasp at learning the extent to which the dairy
industries in Miami have expanded in recent years. It
was almost yesterday when cows, like other things,
"wouldn't do well" here. And now the first certified
dairy in Florida occupies 1,000 acres, just west of Ojus.
It also has the reputation of being the first dairy south
of Birmingham, Ala., to be certified.
Mrs. M. C. Ives is secretary and manager. Several
hundred acres of muck soil are each year planted under
her direct supervision to corn, sorghum, Napier grass and
other crops. These are fed both green, to supplement
extensive pastures of Bermuda grass, and as silage, from
a 300-ton capacity silo of concrete construction.
This dairy prides itself on feeding unusual quantities
of locally-raised feeds, instead of shipped in beet pulp,
in order to give the stock more vitamin D and ultra-
violet rays in green food form, in this manner creating a
product different from northern milk, created under
gloomier skies by "indoor" cows.
There are now over 500 head, comprising Jerseys,
Holsteins and Guernseys, Mrs. Ives said. Unproductive
or unprofitable cows are rigidly culled out. Replacements
are largely from selected stock raised on the premises.
There are six bulls of the three breeds mentioned.
Wells of unusual depth through concrete troughs
guarantee the freshest and purest water possible. Im-
plements and equipment are modern in every respect.
Fresh eggs, fryers and hens, together with some capons,
are sold direct from the milk wagons. These are pro-
duced by a special poultry plant on the place, with a stock
of several thousand chickens.
Mrs. Ives misses few opportunities for acquiring in-
formation which will further the interests of dairying in
Dade and Broward counties. She recently attended the
annual meeting of the Certified Milk Producers Associa-
tion of America, held at Montreal. She has been vice-
president of this association for some time, and was
unanimously reelected to this office at the last meeting.
Many of the world's foremost physicians, scientists and
research workers were in attendance.








FLORIDA REVIEW 11


CROWDS AT RABBIT FAIR

Marked Interest Developing in Progress of
Bunny Breeding Enthusiasts

(Manatee County Advertiser, August 2, 1929)
More than 100 rabbits, representing various breeds
of the West Coast Rabbit Breeders Association, enter-
tained hundreds of persons yesterday and last night at
the rabbit show in Bradenton, which was sponsored by
the association with a view to acquainting the public
with progress that has been made in a year and a half
by this organization, which now has approximately 4,000
rabbits of the various breeds.
There were white rabbits, grey rabbits, the chint,
Dutch, Flemish, New Zealand, Havana and others of the
rabbit tribe galore, making an excellent showing. The
animals were in perfect condition and were much ad-
mired because of their glossy coats and possibilities of
rabbit stew.
When Dr. C. W. Larrabee of Bradenton sponsored
organization of the association less than two years ago
there were a few scattered breeders in Manatee county
and the west coast who kept rabbits as pets.
A. N. Scnethmeir, now president of the association,
stated yesterday that a market generally is found for the
slaughtered rabbits locally, including Tampa and St.
Petersburg, which are largest consumers. The hides sell
in an established market at prices which take a wide
range, with 75 cents to $1 being somewhere near the
average. Some breeders dress the hides-of slaughtered
animals. They make a fine fur which commands re-
munerative prices at home or sent to the largest estab-
lished fur markets.
An increasing number of amateurs and persons who
would make the growing of rabbits a business are in-
terested in the enterprise. Dr. Larrabee states that he
has received many more orders locally and from abroad
than he could fill in the last year.
Confidence in the industry is strengthened by the ad-
mitted success of the project in California, where it
is said that 40,000 rabbits are slaughtered daily to
supply demands of Los Angeles and tributary territory.
The California breeders are reputed also to have estab-
lished a regular market for the pelts or fur.


BULB GROWING OPPORTUNITY POINTED
OUT BY INQUIRIES AND SUCCESS
NEAR AVON PARK

(Scenic Highlands Sun, August 3, 1929)
The chamber of commerce has received an inquiry
from a wholesale florist firm in Chicago as follows: "We
are in the market for paper white narcissus bulbs. If
there are any growers in your town, would you kindly
tell them we are in the market for bulbs?"
"We regretfully reply that none of these bulbs are
grown for market in the environs of Avon Park," says
Mayor C. S. Donaldson, "though some local parties have
been talking of going into this business. It is one of the
good opportunities we have for both home folks and
prospective settlers. Another profitable industry in
sight is fern growing for northern markets.
"As an indication of the money to be made from nar-
cissus bulb growing the chamber of commerce was given
some figures by the Frank Brothers vegetable growers on


the Wauchula road, 18 miles west of Avon Park and who
have entered into bulb culture. The steady market price
for the bulbs is $45 per thousand f. o. b. The bulb
growers at DeLand last season combined their main ship-
ments into three carloads, which brought $48,000 at the
railroad station. Other sales started several years ago
with a stock of only a few thousand bulbs, which, by re-
fusing to sell, they have built up to about 300,000 bulbs.
However, they intend to sell to northern buyers this fall
40,000 bulbs, which will net them $1,800. These receipts
they say are net profits, because the sale of narcissus
flowers each year at $40 per thousand pays all expenses.
Frank Brothers state that there is an unlimited Amer-
ican market for narcissus bulbs as the enormous imports
from Europe were stopped by the embargo on all plant
life in 1925. Importations had averaged forty-five
million bulbs annually, and with the embargo ahead the
imports jumped to sixty million bulbs. Every available
narcissus bulb in Europe was rushed to the United States.
"The only regions in which narcissus bulbs can be
grown in the United States apparently are favored spots
in South Carolina and more extensive areas in Florida.
A total of only four million bulbs are now being pro-
duced annually, whereas there is a demand for fifty
millions. Hence there is room for several thousand
persons to start in this bulb producing business. It will
take many years for the supply to reach the demand.
"While the largest production is paper white narcissus,
yet the Chinese sacred narcissus bulbs are also in big
demand and the production similarly short. There is at
Bradenton a large grower of these sacred narcissus. Any
persons desiring information about culture methods for
narcissus bulbs can obtain it from the Avon Park Cham-
ber of Commerce.
"As to the retail trade for narcissus bulbs. The 5 and
10 cent store chains buy them in carlots, the florists and
department stores also handling them in huge quantities.
They are very popular the country over for forcing into
bloom in the homes, planted in a pot or merely a vase or
saucer.


CARS OF GRAPES SENT TO MARKET BY
BAY COUNTY

Company Has Heavy Yield from 350 Acres of
Vines

(Pensacola Journal, August 11, 1929)
Panama City, Aug. 10.-There has been a shipment of
eight carloads of grapes and the manufacture of 45,000
gallons of grape juice for the season, reported from the
Seminole Plantation Company, which is located in the
northwestern part of Bay county, about 25 miles from
the city. This yield is estimated to be from 350 acres of
vines, 100 acres of which are producing this year for the
first time.
Most of the grapes shipped out in carload lots were
sold through the American Fruit Growers, Inc., to con-
sumers in large eastern and southern cities and are said
to have brought very satisfactory returns to the com-
pany. The grape juice will be reduced to syrup and
handled through agents in the larger cities throughout
the country. A large crushing machine has already been
installed by the company at Seminole Hills and a modern
plant for the reduction of the juice to syrup is now under
construction and will be completed and ready for opera-
tion within a few days.








FLORIDA REVIEW


WAY POINTED TO CASH IN ON OIL OF
ORANGE

Citrus Producers Are Showing Interest in By-
Products Industry

(Times-Union, August 11, 1929)
Florida producers of citrus fruits are showing an in-
creasing interest in the possibilities of developing a by-
products industry, such as is netting California growers
more than a million dollars cash annually.
Evidence of this is found in the number of inquiries
going to the chemical division of the United States De-
partment of Commerce, and, according to a statement
from the local district office yesterday, the opportunities
are open awaiting to be seized.
"With the facts of production and consumption fairly
well established," the statement read, "there is but little
question but that the present affords the Florida growers
an excellent opportunity to enter into citrus by-products
production."
Especially is this true as to the extraction of essential
oil of orange. This oil is now bringing from $4 to $5 a
pound, and yet it is necessary for the United States, a
great citrus fruit producer, to buy it in other countries.
For the first five months of 1929 imports were valued at
approximately $550,000.
Orange oil is made from materials that ordinarily are
of little value. It is believed that at some time in the
past, its production was attempted in Florida, but aban-
doned. In this connection, the department of commerce
suggests that if the producer is to maintain a constant
product from year to year to meet the potential demand,
cooperative produce organizations set aside a certain
amount of fruit for the by-products whether or not this.
fruit can be sold as such, in order to get a start.
Could Build Demand
In this way, it is suggested, a steady demand could be
built up, and, according to the department, "there is a
great possibility that after sufficient stock had been ac-
quired it would not be necessary to take any sound fruit
for by-products purposes. Naturally this problem re-
mains for the producers to solve in the best manner that
would serve their interests."
California cooperative and agricultural organizations
are reported to have made striking progress in the pro-
duction of by-products, dragging the grapefruit industry
out of the shadow of bankruptcy by utilizing surplus
fruits which consisted of good oversized and undersized
fruit. At the same time their efforts are said to have
made the United States independent of foreign sources
for citrus acids and pectins.
The United States Department of Agriculture has
compiled a mass of data concerning citrus by-products.
In connection with this the department of commerce
has gathered marketing information, embracing sugges-
tions as to the possibilities of making the products and
disposing of them.
"There is one advantage," says the department in a
statement issued through its local office by W. N. Pearce,
district manager, "that of tangibility which should be
perceptible to the citrus growers, and that is the utiliza-
tion of culls and odd sizes, for the production of oil will
keep just that much inferior fruit off the market, result-
ing in an increased consumption of high grade Florida
fruit.
"It is also possible to obtain a quantity of low grade
fruit, the returns on which are exceedingly small, espe-


cially in years when the crop is abundant. It is believed,
however, by those well informed on the subject that with
greater attention to marketing conditions this inferior
fruit can be more profitably utilized in the manufacture
of by-products and thus open a wider field for the better
grade. At present, there is without doubt enough low
grade fruit available to make possible the extraction of
a quantity of orange oil sufficient to supply a consider-
able portion of the domestic demand."
New Peeling Machine
For use in experiments of methods of extraction, a new
type of peeling machine has been devised which removes
the peel and at the same time ruptures the oil cells. In
order to recover the oil, distillation by both steam and
vacuum is employed. It was found, however, that the oil
obtained by means of steam distillation was not of good
quality. It was either water white or pale yellow in color
and possessed to only a very slight degree the valuable
odor-bearing and flavoring constituents desirable in
orange oil. For distilling under vacuum, a special type
of apparatus is necessary. This apparatus consists of a
copper retort connected with a condenser and so ar-
ranged that nearly all the air within the apparatus can
be removed by means of a vacuum pump. Distillation is
then accomplished either by means of heat from the steam
jacket, or by direct admission of steam into the retort.
Pressed orange oil is generally understood to mean the
oil which is pressed from the peel by hand. Where labor
is cheap, such a method of extraction is economically
possible, but where labor is relatively costly this method
cannot be used. Accordingly, methods were worked out
for applying heavy pressure without any great outlay of
money for hydraulic presses. This latter method could
possibly be used by those Florida growers establishing a
by-product industry, at least until such time as the in-
dustry could be established on a firm and profitable basis.
Machinery capable of producing greater quantities of oil
could of course be utilized after the industry reached
profitable and economical proportions.
After a plant is equipped, the cost of producing the
oil will depend entirely upon the price paid for the waste
fruit and the cost of labor. In United States Department
of Agriculture, the cost was about 15 cents for extracting
the oil from a standard field box of oranges of approx-
imately 100 pounds, and it is believed that on a com-
mercial scale the cost will not be greater for fruit de-
livered at the factory door.
Through experiments carried on by the department of
agriculture, the yield of oil was found to vary greatly
according to the variety, stage of growth, climatic con-
ditions, and the quality of the fruit. From data secured
by laboratory tests on several varieties from a great
number of localities, the yield was found to range from
2.5 to 9 ounces of oil per 100 pounds of fruit. Satis-
factory yields of oil have also been obtained by this pro-
cess from frosted fruit and from fruit in the earlier
stages of stem-end rot or showing only a small decayed
spot.
Yield Is Estimated
In commercial experiments with cull fruit obtained at
the packing houses at Orlando, the average yield of oil
per 100 pounds of fruit was about 5 ounces. It may
safely be assumed that from 4 to 5 ounces of oil can be
extracted from every standard field box containing ap-
proximately 100 pounds of ordinary cull oranges and
more from fair and good oranges.
To summarize the situation, the extraction of sweet
orange oil is a commercial possibility in Florida. As a


FLORIDA


REVIEW









FLORIDA REVIEW


source of raw material for extraction the culls, drops
and inferior grades of fruit may be used. A good mar-
ketable quality of oil may be produced by the process
of vacuum distillation.
Pressed oil extracted by the method described is of
excellent quality and a larger yield of oil is secured than
by the vacuum process.
The utilization of inferior or low grade fruit for the
extraction of oil will give a wider market for the better
grades of fruit and also tend to greater care in the
selection of these grades.
The yield of pressed oil from 100 pounds of ordinary
cull fruit is estimated to be from 4 to 5 ounces, and the
gross returns from this quantity of oil, based on the
average price for the ten years preceding 1916 would be
from 47 to 59 cents per standard field box.
The cost of extracting the oil from 100 pounds of cull
fruit is estimated to be about 15 cents, and the net re-
turns would be from 32 to 44 cents per standard field
box, assuming that the fruit is delivered at the factory
door.
In going over the figures relative to the cost of pro-
duction and yield in the above summary, it must be borne
in mind that the present market price of orange oil
makes the entering into its production much more in-
viting.
In connection with the machinery necessary for the
production of orange oil, it should be stated that the type
used in initial production is not very great. However,
should production in Florida be engaged in and ever
reach a large scale, the producer could then entertain and
look into the type of machinery now being employed in
California.
"In any event, it is thought this is a subject which
might well warrant the attention of chemists interested
in the welfare of Florida," says Mr. Pearce.
It would seem that with the utilization of citrus fruit
in the manufacture of orange oil, pectin, citric acid,
and other products, the by-product industry of the state
has a splendid opportunity and one which evidently has
been overlooked in the past.


PARRAMORE COMPANY SHIPPING BEANS

Cantey Farm Began Gathering Monday-Quar-
antine Restricting Shipments-June Corn
Not Doing Well

(Enterprise-Recorder, August 9, 1929)
The Parramore Tobacco Company began shipping
Kentucky Wonder Beans last week that were grown
under their tobacco shade. A hundred hampers were
sold in Jacksonville last week at $3 a hamper, and sev-
eral hundred more hampers would be ready from this
farm this week.
The quarantine on account of the fly is very injuri-
ously restricting shipments on the beans, as they can only
go to points in this state east and south of the Ochlocknee
river. It is said that an excellent market exists in
Atlanta for the beans, if only they were allowed to ship
them there.
The Cantey farm began picking beans Monday. They
planned to sell locally at first, later probably shipping.
Growers talked to relative to the Mexican June corn
planted under the shade reported disappointment, as a
budworm is ruining it.


TOBACCO AT LOCAL MARKET CONTINUES
TO BRING HIGH PRICES-GROWERS
ARE PLEASED

Suwannee Warehouse Enjoying Record Sales as
Live Oak Becomes Real Tobacco Center

(Suwannee Democrat, August 2, 1929)
With tobacco sales at Suwannee warehouse having
passed the half million mark and giving every indication
of running over 700,000 by the time the floor is cleared
off this evening, every one connected in any way with
tobacco and its future in Suwannee county and this sec-
tion of the state is highly enthused.
Total sales here all last season amounted to but
838,000, and that mark will be exceeded without doubt,
before the middle of next week. A very heavy sale was
expected today, and also next Tuesday.
Prices on tobacco sold at Live Oak this season have
actually and honestly averaged better than the South
Georgia markets. Many growers have been attracted
here from even the northern part of Hamilton county,
and they continue to come in large numbers from Colum-
bia, Alachua and Lafayette counties.
Mr. H. P. Cason of Lake City sold 1,474 pounds here
last Friday at an average of 29 cents. He says he will
sell all of his tobacco on the local market this year not
only because it is a good market, but because he is a
Florida man who stands by Florida institutions-a good
motto that everybody should follow.
Sales here last Thursday averaged 20.27; Friday,
21.22; Monday, 22.45; Tuesday, 23.73; Wednesday,
21.46. The average held up well yesterday and today,
with the exact figures unknown at the time the Democrat
went to press.
The buyers are so encouraged by the heavy volume of
tobacco passing through Suwannee warehouse that a
number of them have declared the showing to date war-
rants complete recognization on the part of the manu-
facturers of Florida tobacco and this market, rather than
running our totals in with Georgia as had been customary
in past years.
Another year it will be impossible for one warehouse
to handle all the bright leaf brought to Live Oak. Ac-
cordingly, many local business and professional men have
signified their intention to back a move for a second
warehouse. With one Florida market now established,
recognized warehouses will be possible for Lake City,
Gainesville, Alachua and other communities, but there
will be a much heavier acreage grown, and with the
reputation Live Oak has earned this year there should be
an increased amount marketed here in 1930 despite the
fact that warehouses might be constructed in nearby
cities.

TO HAVE MONTHLY HOG SALES

(Enterprise-Recorder, August 2, 1929)
County Agent Lawton announces that monthly hog
sales will be held here, beginning the first week in
September.
The State has put on a marketing specialist on hogs
and he will be here to assist in the sales.
Hogs are around 12c now and in fine physical con-
dition. Several are on feed now, and Mr. Lawton desires
that those with hogs that will make No. 1's by September
communicate with him about participating in the sale.


FLORIDA


REVIEW








14 FLORIDA REVIEW


FLORIDA AN AGRICULTURAL STATE

(Times-Union, July 28, 1929)
It is often remarked that Florida has wonderful oppor-
tunities for agricultural development, and no one would
dispute the fact. Frequently there are comments made
that suggest the limitations of this state to tropical and
semi-tropical productions; often there is criticism when
effort is made to enlist the activities of one or another
branch of agricultural development to expansion and
greater diversification. Those who have studied the soil
and climate understand that Florida has a wonderful
reward in store for the earnest, honest and enterprising
farmer, dairyman, stock or poultry raiser, who under-
takes the work along scientific lines and goes about his
business as a banker, merchant or manufacturer would,
seeking the full utilization of natural resources and solv-
ing problems as they appear with the lesson learned and
remembered for the next year or next crop.
Referring to a statement made by Senator Fletcher,
while in Orlando recently, the Reporter-Star tells of a
visit made by a former secretary of agriculture, and his
verdict regarding Florida. That Florida had two things
essential to successful agriculture-heat and moisture-
was remarked and the authority quoted had spent some
time in the state and looked around. "You can grow
such a great variety of crops there, and can plant and
harvest every month of the year," was said by the visitor,
who added that there was almost no end to the possibili-
ties in Florida. The Orlando newspaper goes on to say:
"An experienced and expert agriculturist would nat-
urally make this observance in Florida. He reasons from
cause to effect and sees the possibilities. He would not
expect success to come to his efforts at agriculture by
chance. He would apply intelligence to diligence and
would expect success. Several score of men high up in
agricultural and horticultural lines in other states have
visited Florida during the past six or eight years, and
this is the universal verdict they have arrived at.
"A few days ago we read in the Vero Beach Press-
Journal of the harvesting of a field of sixty acres of
corn and converting it into ensilage for a big herd of
dairy cattle. That was the first week in July. That
same week, Iowa farmers were just beginning to find
their corn sizeable enough to cultivate nicely. Corn
will be but one crop in a year in Iowa. The Vero Beach
crop of corn followed a potato crop planted and har-
vested since the first of 1929. Thus two valuable crops
have been harvested from the same field in six months.
"A field of sixty acres is a field like you see on the
western prairies. And the dairy herd is like the herds
you see in the dairy sections of Iowa and Illinois. Thus
two branches of agriculture are developing side by side
on the same farm. But it isn't being done in a guess-
and-b'-gosh way. It is being done in a scientific way.
For four years this particular farmer, with advice from
the Florida experiment station at Gainesville, has been
testing out different varieties of corn to ascertain which
is best adapted to the soil and climate. As a result, it
has been demonstrated that twelve tons of first-class
ensilage can be produced per acre. Few states that make
a specialty of dairying can make a showing that will
compare with this."
What is termed haphazard farming is remarked as be-
ing a waste of time in any part of the country. In
Florida the merest novice gets some results, but farming
in Florida needs and deserves the most careful attention.
Expert farmers are the ones who make money, culti-


vating the things that are especially adaptable to the
section of the state, or giving their time and using their
experience in raising poultry or cattle or conducting
dairy farms. There is home market for practically
everything that grows in the state-trainloads of stuff
goes out after having been sold at the railroad station.
The demand for many things used by the Florida
people and those who come here for a day or a month
or all winter, is as strong as could be found anywhere in
the world. Florida buys all manner of farm products from
states of the West and South and North and East.
"Florida has a hungering home market for the products
of the dairy and the poultry farm," declares the Reporter-
Star, and this is absolutely true. The call is for more
attention to farming-all kinds of farming-but farming
in a reasonable way will be the only kind paying divi-
dends. The amateur and the lazy and the make-shift
and dullard will do as poorly in Florida as he would at
home.

OLD ORANGE TREE

(Times-Union, July 19, 1929)
Near the village of Thonotosassa stands an orange tree
that is said to be 94 years of age. Details concerning
the aged tree were gathered by Mrs. Carlotta Fulwell,
granddaughter of William Miley, who is said to have
been the first white settler in the Thonotosassa section.
According to the records Miley found the tree full of
fruit and planted many of the groves in that section from
the seeds of the orange patriarch. It is stated that the
tree came from seeds cast aside by Major Francis Dade
in his march across the state in 1835. It stands sixty
feet high, has a limb spread of 56 feet and its trunk has
a 60-inch circumference a foot from the ground. Many
believe it to be the largest orange tree in Florida and
the oldest. The records show that Major Dade ate lunch
at the site of the tree and dropped the seeds from Cuban
oranges, which took root. This giant product from the
cast away seeds annually produced 10,000 oranges or
about 80 boxes of fruit before the big freeze in 1885, and
since the damage suffered then has produced about
9,000 oranges or 65 boxes. Commenting upon this fact,
the Clermont Press says: "From this story, which is
authentic in every respect, it is indicated that persons
wishing to establish a permanent and profitable holding
from which untold generations may profit, should set
orange trees, which, with proper care, apparently are
ageless so far as bearing is concerned." Major Dade's
body found a final resting place in the national ceme-
tery at St. Augustine. A marble shaft was raised in his
memory at West Point Military Academy, and a city,
county and park in Florida have been named in his honor.

FISH FOR FERTILIZER

A fleet of ten fish boats owned by the Fish Meal Com-
pany of Fernandina, four of which arrived in port re-
cently for general repairs, have caught within the past
three months a total of 40,000,000 fish, says the Fernan-
dina Leader. The fish, a greater part of which are known
as pogies, ranging from two inches to over a foot in
length, were caught along the coast from Fernandina to
Daytona Beach. The fishing season for this type of fish
begins April 15 and closes during the latter part of
September, when the boats leave Florida waters for fish-
ing along the Carolina coast, the Leader says.








FLORIDA REVIEW 15


SEMINOLE PEOPLE SHIP EIGHT CARS OF
GRAPES

Modern Crushing Plant Is Installed by Company

(Lynn Haven Press, August 10, 1929)
A shipment of eight carloads of grapes and the manu-
facture of 45,000 gallons of grape juice for the present
season is reported from the vineyards of the Seminole
Plantation Company, which is located in the northwestern
part of Bay county, about twenty-five miles from the
city. The yield is from three hundred and fifty acres of
vines, one hundred of which are producing this year for
the first time.
The majority of the grapes shipped out in carload lots
were sold through the American Fruit Growers, Inc., to
consumers in large eastern and southern cities, and are
said to have brought very satisfactory returns to the com-
pany. The grape juice is to be reduced to syrup and
handled through agents in the larger cities throughout
the country. A large crushing machine has already been
installed by the company at Seminole Hills, and a modern
plant for the reduction of juice to syrup is now under
construction and will be completed and ready for opera-
tion within a few days.
The crushing plant has a capacity of from six to eight
thousand gallons of juice daily and the company plans
to use it in turning its entire crop into juice next year.
The reduction process consists in placing the juice in
vacuum boilers and subjecting it to a heat of about 130
degrees Fahrenheit, which is eighty-two degrees below
boiling point. In this manner the water in the juice is
evaporated without being subjected to a heat that would
destroy the yeast bacteria.
It is estimated that the company will have around
10,000 gallons of syrup, which will be offered the con-
sumer in that form, or may be diluted with water to the
consistency of grape juice again when it is placed on the
market.
Last year the company shipped fourteen cars of grapes
and made 7,000 gallons of juice. The production is ex-
pected to be much larger next year, with all the vine-
yards bearing this year having full crops, and in addition
one hundred and fifty acres of young vines which will
be producing for the first time.


SEABOARD TO RUN EXCURSION FROM
VIRGINIA TO FLORIDA

(Tampa Tribune, August 8, 1929)
F. H. Willis, division passenger agent of the Seaboard
Air Line, announced yesterday that his road was putting
on an excursion to Florida from Washington and Virginia
points October 5th at special low rates for the accom-
modation of persons who want to come here ahead of
the tourist season for a short trip. The round trip fare,
Washington to Tampa, will be $36.50, with a rate of
$32.50 from Richmond, Petersburg, Norfolk and Ports-
mouth to Tampa and return.
"These rates will be extensively advertised in the terri-
tory from which they will apply," said Mr. Willis, "and
we are confident the excursion will bring many visitors
to Florida. The tickets sold October 5th will be good for
return October 25th and will be good to all of the prin-
cipal points in Florida."


$50,000,000 OF PRODUCE SOLD

More Than 114,000 Carloads of Fruits and
Vegetables Shipped from State

(St. Petersburg Times, August 6, 1929)
More than 114,000 carloads of fruits and vegetables,
valued at approximately $50,000,000, were shipped from
Florida during the season from September 1, 1928, to
July 31, 1929, according to reports made Monday by
L. M. Rhodes, Commissioner of the State Marketing
Bureau.
During this period there were 35,596 carloads of
oranges; tangerines, 2,498; watermelons, 10,350; celery,
8,844; tomatoes, 8,028; potatoes, 5,062; beans, 4,109;
cabbage, 3,060; cucumbers, 2,206; strawberries, 2,095;
peppers, 1,402; remain, 348; corn, 283; eggplant, 240;
peas, 31; cauliflower, 28; sweet potatoes, 23; cantaloupes,
19; blueberries, 18; grapes, 17; pineapples, 5; squash, 1,
and carrots, 1.
The report showed that the citrus crop alone included
23,239,645 boxes in 63,673 carloads with a value of
$49,035,794.

MANUFACTURE OF VINEGAR FROM
GRAPEFRUIT JUICE

Plant Opening at Miami Expects to Prove Boon
to Entire State

(Lake Worth Leader, July 13, 1929)
Miami.-A new industry for Miami and Dade county
in the form of a vinegar manufacturing enterprise is one
that has great possibilities not only for southeastern
Florida but for other sections of the state and adjoining
states. The new concern, the Powell Florida Vinegar
Corporation, was organized some months ago as the
Powell Vinegar Company, Inc., with offices and factory
at S. W. 27th avenue and 27th street, produces vinegar
from the juice of grapefruit exclusively and has a daily
capacity of 4,000 gallons of the finished product.
The Powell Vinegar Corporation occupies a large two-
story building that has been equipped with modern ex-
tracting, sterilizing and bottling machinery, and outside
the building a group of large storage tanks have been
constructed with a capacity of nearly 200,000 gallons.
In these tanks a large quantity of grapefruit juice is
accumulated as a reserve to supply the plant and keep it
in operation all during the summer months until the
next crop of grapefruit matures. In one end of the
factory is a collection of 21 large conversion tanks,
through which the raw material is fed by gravity from a
principal receiving tank. These conversion tanks are
perforated near the bottom to let in air which, coming
into contact with the fermented juice, produces an acid
condition, converting it into vinegar.
From these tanks, composed entirely of wood, the
liquid is pumped to a large bronze metal container,
equipped with thick circular cotton disc pads through
which the vinegar is forced from the sides to a central
cavity, clearing it of all sediment. From this filter
machine the vinegar is then pumped into the outside
holding tank, from which it is in turn passed to the
bottling machines. Before being bottled the vinegar at
the Powell plant is thoroughly sterilized by passing
through a system of coils heated to a temperature of
180 degrees F. and it is bottled while it is still hot.








16 FLORIDA REVIEW


FLORIDA FOR HAY AND FORAGE

(Lake Worth Leader, August 5, 1929)
Intending to show the visitors at a number of big
fairs, south and west, some of the things that grow
abundantly and are produced in this State, a huge truck
carrying exhibits started out from Tallahassee recently,
and will make its first regular stop in Missouri, where
the Ozark state fair is to be held at Carthage. The truck
is decorated with Florida scenes and loaded with speci-
mens that must be of interest to the many who have not
yet visited this state. While the limts of space prevent
big displays, there will be found samples that tell the
story of Florida's many wonderful fruits, vegetables,
minerals, industries and opportunities.
Featuring hays, grain and forage in one of the exhibits
it will be shown that Florida produces more than a hun-
dred varieties of forage grasses and fifteen varieties of
hay. This will no doubt attract attention and create
interest among those who are now raising stock and
cattle. The livestock and dairying industries in Florida
are deserving of greater attention and the traveling
demonstration, going as far as the state of Minnesota,
will surely be valuable in answering many questions that
are raised by prospective homeseekers looking to the
far south.
More than a hundred varieties of fruit will be shown
in the fair truck, many specimens being the products
that grow only in this favored section of the country,
and are noted for their delicacy and other fine qualities.
The truck is to be in charge of J. A. Mackintosh, of Leon
county, an expert and authority on Florida agriculture,
who will be assisted by John Brown of Tallahassee. Fair
visitors will be given a great deal of information con-
cerning the way things grow and the chances for in-
dustry and agriculture to increase here.
Something that will surely please the people who visit
the Florida exhibit at the Western and Southern fairs
will unquestionably be the display of sponges. Sponge
fishing and the preparations of the sponges at Tarpon
Springs, is a big item in the business of that section of
the State. The Tarpon Springs sponge industry is the
largest development of this important business in the
country. The exhibitors will not only be able to show
sample sponges, but pictures, and to tell how the divers
work and what it means to the State.
Using the cabbage palmetto, which grows abundantly
in the State, the largest factory now utilizing the pal-
metto fiber in the country will be represented with
samples, and descriptions of the process by which the
fiber is prepared for use will be given. Indicating the
enormous resources of the Florida forests, the exhibition
truck will have specimens of the many products of the
pine tree. Sixteen products of the pine will be demon-
strated. The phosphate industry, which now reaches a
value well up in the millions, will also be illustrated by
,specimens of the rock and facts and figures and pictures
No tell how the mining is carried on.
As tobacco is one of the many things grown exten-
sively in Florida and the manufacture of cigars a sub-
stantial industry, there will be displayed samples of
cigars and the managers will explain how Tampa keeps
thousands of experts busy rolling the fragrant leaves and
sending the product all over the country. Tampa has a
special exhibit-but it will be told that cigars are made
in several of the cities, and that tobacco is grown on
thousands of acres in the State.
The traveling exhibit will no doubt attract attention


wherever it goes, and must result in greater interest in
Florida and its products. The state and county fairs to
be visited are in Missouri, Minnesota, Kansas, Oklahoma,
Texas and Illinois. It is probable that the journeying
truck and its managers will head back into Florida about
the middle of December.

CANNING FIRM BUYING GUAVAS

Bradenton Concern Paying Cash for Crop in
Lee, Collier and Hendry Counties

(Ft. Myers Press, August 7, 1929)
Buyers have contracted for approximately 100 tons of
guavas in Lee, Collier and Hendry counties to supply
the recently consolidated West Coast Preserving Com-
pany at Bradenton. The price paid for the guavas
averages $1 per 100 pounds or approximately 60 cents
per bushel. All varieties are used in making guava
jellies, preserves and paste.
Headquarters for the Bradenton preserving factory
have been established at the Adams Transfer Company
at 1912 Lee street, and cash will be paid for all fruit
delivered there. The guavas are transported in screened
trucks from Fort Myers to Bradenton and short runs are
made twice a week to Everglades and Felda to pick up
fruit. Jim Howell has charge of transportation.

GROWERS IN HARDEE MADE PROFITS ON
EGGPLANTS

(Florida Advocate, August 2, 1929)
There is always a way to make money in Florida,
especially in Hardee county, where fruit and vegetables
may be shipped practically all the year.
During the past year many growers have marketed
eggplant and pepper from their fall plantings, hardly
missing a week during the entire time since last October.
Since the close of the busy shipping season late in
June, more than one hundred crates of eggplant have
been sent out from Wauchula alone, with Bowling Green,
Zolfo Springs, and other points also making shipments
almost every week.
Growers have netted about two dollars a crate for their
eggplant this summer, the eggplant coming from old
patches which have yielded steadily since last October.
A ready market is found in the north, while some are
consumed locally.

Efforts of Florida lumbermen to widen the markets
for their products have resulted in popularizing Florida
pitch pine in Uruguay and the Platte valley in South
America. This is tending to overcome the competition
of the Pacific coast fir and Czecho-Slovakia pine, says
the Tampa Tribune. Uruguay, a little republic about
the size of Georgia, has received more lumber out of
Tampa so far this year than any other country in the
world except Argentina. According to Tampa shipping
agents, there has been at least one foreign steamship
loading at a Tampa dock for Uruguay every day during
the past spring. This statement is backed by shipping
records, the Tribune says. In May the British steamship
Thistlebrae loaded 651,000 feet of pine, followed by the
Dutch steamship Ruurlo, with 650,000 feet. Then the
Ullesmere, a British ship, broke all records with more
than 2,500,000 feet for Buenos Aires and Montevideo,
the Tribune says.




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