U.S.Dept. of Agriculture,
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
JULY 15, 1929
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Arbitraries .. ...... 1
Mediterranean Fruit Fly Must Be Eradicated ....... 2
Ranch Business Best in Years, Say Cattlemen .. ..... 2
Florida Honey Is Being Sought .... .. ................ 3
Florida Home Markets ..... ................. 4
State Export Figures Jump ... .. ........... .. ... ...... 4
List of Publications Sent Free Upon Request .. ... 5
Pigeon Venture Is Successful .......... ... ....... .... ........... 5
Three Thousand Dollars Paid for Live Poultry in Thirty Days. 6
Another Link Marks Extension Work of Lime Products Company 6
Melbourne Dairy Owner Makes Outstanding Record ......... ... 7
Canaveral Harbor Development Means Business for Brevard ..... 7
Nearly Two Million Lobsters Are Hatched at Key West ... ...... 7
Popularity of Florida Fruit Hits New Peak ... ............. 8
Company Formed to Build Railroad to Cook's Hammock ... 9
Farmers' W eek .......... .. ... .... .... .. ....... ... .. 9
State Inspectors Find Local Bulbs in Good Condition ........ 9
250,000 Baby Chicks To Be Hatched Next Season ..................... 10
Real Estate Sales Good ... ...... ............................. ....... ....... 10
Bulb Culture in Davenport Shows Growing Industry................. 10
New Grape Product Goes on Sale Here ........ ....... .................... 10
Poultry Raising in Davenport Is Profitable..................................... 11
Capons Are Found Profitable Crop ........................... .............. 11
Hastings Potato Growers Association Refunds Cash ................ 11
Tobacco Curing Starts in Holmes County................................... 11
Tourists a Large Factor in World Finance ................................ 12
Optimistic as to Dairying in the South........ ................................ 13
Bermuda Onions Are a Profitable Crop Here.................................. 13
Blueberries Moving in Carload Lots .............................. ............... 13
Florida Lumber Men Are Developing Uraguan Trade................... 14
Interchangeable ............................ ... ....... ............... .................. 14
Florida Grapefruit Sold in Switzerland....................................... 14
Broom Factory Looms as Possibility .............................. .. ........ 15
Growers Here Succeed with Abacca Pines .................................... 15
An If for Farmers, with Apologies to Iudyard Kipling............... 15
Fight Medfly by Growing Crops Immune to It .. .. ................... 16
Farrow Says State Needs Hatcheries................... ...................... 16
Will Begin Shipping Grape Crop Monday.................................... 16
By T. J. BROOKS, Assistant Commissioner of Agriculture
N ARBITRARY element is often admitted
into a business equation which changes
results from that of a set determining
principle. Equities are recognized as not
covered by general principles of justice, excep-
tions to the rule of common practice.
Arbitraries are recognized by legislative
bodies in authorizing commissions to promul-
gate rules and regulations not covered by
statute. When things are done contrary to cold-
blooded reason in deference to abnormal con-
ditions, it is in recognition of the human
element, aside from strict rules of business
The subject of arbitraries is well illustrated
by the railroads in fixing freight rates. The
Interstate Commerce Commission also recog-
nizes this element in permitting so many rates,
based on other things than distance.
Had all railroads been built according to a
well worked-out plan, with due regard for re-
sources and population to be accommodated,
the apparent necessity for so many different
tariff schedules would not have existed. If the
government owned and operated the railroads
there could be readjustments of tracks and
regulations as to freight and passenger service.
That would obviate the necessity for so many
rates. A system of railroads built with system,
eliminating all non-paying lines, would accom-
modate a zone system of freight and passenger
charges just as parcel post mail is regulated.
This would eliminate a great deal of incon-
venience, expense and public dissatisfaction.
But so long as roads are owned and operated
by private capital, and so long as they are laid
out on such uneconomical lines, and so long as
competition is a leading factor in operation,
there will be incongruities, injustices and arbi-
traries in the making of freight and passenger
If every railroad were compelled to charge
exclusively on a mileage basis, there would be
thousands of miles of tracks abandoned, and
millions of people now accommodated by these
lines would lose their service and suffer a vast
decrease in property value.
The question which the Interstate Commerce
Commission is confronted with is whether, in
the long run, it would be better to allow all
those lines that would operate at a loss under
a zone system to go into bankruptcy or allow a
division of railroad service between competing
lines that can serve the same people on longer
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
hauls, but at the same price charged by the
shorter routes; the viewpoint of admitting the
arbitrary element to rule in making up rates has
always held sway.
There are also shippers who are interested in
arbitrary rates on freight. A flagrant illustra-
tion of this is shown in the case of the Florida
and California orange growers.
If California orange growers were compelled
to pay the same freight per mile that the
Florida orange growers pay, it would mean that
the far western orchardists would have to aban-
don the business. With the exception of sup-
plying the west-of-the-plains territory, they
would have to cut down their groves. Rather
than have them suffer this immense loss, the
Interstate Commerce Commission has allowed a
system of rates that allow a competition in the
big eastern markets with Florida oranges.
At present Florida can put a box of oranges
in any eastern market cheaper than California,
but not as cheap per mile of shipment. This
discrimination has been looked upon by many
Floridians as unfair and unjust. Why live close
to a great market if there is not a material ad-
vantage in location?
All efficient and rapid transportation is ad-
vantageous, mainly because it eliminates the
disadvantage of distance. This disadvantage is
also minimized by the arbitrary lessening of the
distance-cost of getting products to market.
Are such arbitraries justifiable?
What would be the outcome if they were
MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT FLY MUST BE
(American Fruit Grower, June, 1929)
In spite of all existing precautions designed to prevent
the entrance of insect pests, the most destructive insect
known to the fruit industry, the Mediterranean fruit fly
has gained a foothold in America, having been located
in some hundreds of orchards in nine counties in the
State of Florida.
The seriousness of this pest may be better understood
when it is known that it attacks, in addition to the citrus
fruits, at least seventy fruits and vegetables, including
the apple, pear, peach, plum, prune, cherry, quince,
avocado, persimmon and mulberry.
The larvae of the Mediterranean fruit fly may be
carried in any infested fruits or vegetables that may out-
wardly appear to be perfectly sound. There is a source
for uneasiness in the thought that infested fruit may
have been shipped from Florida to other states, where
infestations may yet appear.
Unchecked, or even only partially controlled, this in-
sect may safely be depended upon to ultimately wipe
out the fruit industry as far north as the Virginias,
Kentucky, Tennessee, lower Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and
westward to and including all of California. Only in
the extreme northern states, where the winters are severe,
can the commercial fruit grower feel any relief from
apprehension until the last vestige of this insect is utterly
Some slight comfort may possibly be derived from the
thought that the initial infestation in this country
occurred in a state where men and equipment were
readily at hand to meet the situation at the outset.
Dr. Wilmon Newell, plant commissioner of the State
Plant Board of Florida, who has been placed in charge of
the eradication campaign for both the Florida and the
Federal activities, is not a novice at the work. He
headed the work of eradicating the citrus canker in
1915, and brought the issue to a successful conclusion.
Given the men, equipment and money, it is safe to pre-
dict that success will crown the efforts of the organiza-
tion under his direction.
But the fight has just begun, and it is not a local affair.
The success or failure of this campaign will directly
affect every fruit grower in America. The campaign
may require a few or many years. It must be successful.
While it is to be hoped that the fruit fly has not
spread outside the nine Florida counties in which it has
been found, another year will be needed to determine
whether or not this hope has foundation in fact. If the
infestation has indeed been localized, the problem is one
of money alone, for experienced men have the present
situation as well in hand as possible.
Money and more money will be needed. The
$4,250,000 appropriated by Congress will be wisely and
effectively used, but more may be necessary. If ten
million or twice ten million prove necessary, the money
must be provided out of the national treasury, for it is
a national industry that is threatened.
The good State of Florida has had its share of dis-
asters, possibly more than its share, during its long and
honorable history, courteously declining with thanks such
outside assistance as has at times been offered. But
though the direction and operation of the present cam-
paign of eradication is very properly in the hands of
the competent officials of the Florida State Plant Board,
the nation should and will pay the cost. A national in-
dustry is seriously threatened by what amounts in actual
fact to a foreign invasion. The invasion must be re-
pulsed. The Mediterranean fruit fly must be exterm-
RANCH BUSINESS BEST IN YEARS, SAY
(Hendry County News, June 20, 1929)
Carey Carlton of Arcadia, who owns the locally
famous Circle Bar Ranch northeast of LaBelle, was in
LaBelle Wednesday attending to business interests here.
Mr. Carlton states that he will soon drive twelve hundred
head of cattle to the Circle Bar Ranch from Charlotte
county on the Myakka river. They are being brought
here for the summer to fatten on the fine pastures this
section of Florida now affords, and will be ready for
market this fall.
Mr. Carlton states that the cattle business in Florida
is better now than it has been for several years. After
the slump in prices following the war for several years
Florida's cattle were sold off at extremely low prices.
Raisers became discouraged and breeding was decidedly
lessened with the result that the demand now exceeds the
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO................ Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS............Asst. Commissioner of Agriculture
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 4 JULY 15, 1929 No. 4
We have received this letter, which speaks for itself.-
Lacoochee, Fla., June 30, 1929.
Dear Sir:-This letter is to call your attention to a
discovery that I have made in the last 30 days-a means
of ridding groves and fields of the fruit fly or cotton fields
of boll weevil, in fact to stop all insects from damaging
all plant life, trees of all kinds, any plant that grows fruit
above the ground or in the ground, potatoes, beets,
turnips. This plan stops all bugs, worms or flies. The
coming crop of oranges and grapefruit can be saved and
the cost will not be prohibitive. If you want full in-
formation on the above subject I will give it to you in
full detail. This plan will cut out all insect pests as
completely as yellow fever was cut out of Florida and
Box 181, Lacoochee, Florida.
AFRICAN PINEAPPLE CO.
Rua da Conceicao 17-2,
Lisbon, Portugal. Lisbon, 13th June, 1929.
Mr. Jose Guilherme Piodella,
Portugese Vice Consul,
Key West, Florida, U. S. A.
Dear Sir.-We owe your. address to the American Con-
sulate in Lisbon.
Being desirous of obtaining first-choice pineapple
plants, and trusting that through your kindness we will
be able to get them, we have taken the liberty of writing
to you on the matter.
We intend to cultivate for export purposes and the
fruits are to be exported green, i. e., not canned, so it
will be of the greatest importance for us to obtain plants
of the best quality, prolific, producing large-sized fruit
and absolutely free from diseases.
We should prefer the "Smooth Cayenne" variety, but
if this should be difficult to obtain we would not mind
buying any other variety of absolutely recognized supe-
riority such as "Red Spanish," "Abaka," "Cabezona,"
"Black Antigua" or "Sugar Loaf."
The quantity we need at present would be about
We would consider it a great favour if you would put
us in contact with any supplier who you really can trust.
In the event of his being able to supply us with the
"Smooth Cayenne", or other variety, we would be very
glad if he could cable us, indicating the variety, price
and quantity of plants he can supply. Our cable address
is: Rovisal-Lisbon. We would of course need to know
his telegraphic address as we may need it.
In the case of our coming to an agreement, we will
establish a credit at the supplier's favour in a bank there.
Thanking you in advance for your kind and valuable
assistance, and begging you to pardon us the trouble we
are giving you, believe us, dear sir,
Yours very truly,
AFRICAN PINEAPPLE CO.
We have received this letter, which speaks for itself.-
Jacksonville, Fla., June 30, 1929.
Dear Sir:-I have at last perfected an idea that
will destroy the hyacinths from the lakes and rivers of
Florida, without harming the fish.
Possibly you are not the one that will be interested in
my idea, but if not please hand this to the proper person
Thanking you in advance, I am,
S. W. RICARD.
Route 5, Box 410.
P. S.-Stamped envelope enclosed for your con-
venience. Thanks. S. W. R.
FLORIDA HONEY IS BEING SOUGHT
Northern Jobbers Say Product Popular-Urge
State to Raise Bees
(Winter Haven Chief, June 18, 1929)
There is a great field for Florida in one industry that
has as yet been barely touched-that of bee culture-
and northern markets are anxious to secure honey
products of the orange blossom variety. This is the
interesting news brought back to Winter Haven recently
by Prof. Norman F. Winckler, well-known local citizen
and Florida booster, who was away from the city on a
five months business trip for the Florida Products Cor-
poration, manufacturers of canned citrus products.
Mr. Winckler, while in Washington, D. C., first became
aware of the great field Florida bee culturists had in the
larger centers of the country. He was informed by no
less an authority than J. E. Dyer Company, Inc., leading
Washington general jobbers and distributors of honey
and fruit products, that there was an unlimited oppor-
tunity for the sale of honey made in the famous orange
section of Florida. This led Windkler to investigate in
other cities and he found the same condition existing
in many of them. The consensus of the northern jobbers
is that the Florida product was superior to any kind of
honey handled in their numerous markets and that bee
culture should be encouraged in the ridge and lake sec-
tion of Florida.
Since returning home, Winckler has been in touch with
local beekeepers and has encouraged them to add to their
equipment and increase their hive capacity and then
ship cooperatively at a moderate price to northern job-
bers, thereby laying the foundation for an industry that
can be made one of the most important in Florida in a
Alligators have become so scarce in Florida their
destruction is prohibited by law in a number of counties
in the state.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA HOME MARKETS
(Marketing Bureau Bulletin, July 1, 1929)
Carlot fruit and vegetable shipments from Florida are,
through the efforts of the Florida State Marketing Bureau
and the U. S. Department of Agriculture, available by
shipping season in either state or county totals. The
Florida shipper or association is therefore able to know
what has been shipped from the State; yet the number
T om atoes .......................
O ranges ......................
C abbag e ..........................
G rap es .........................
L em ons ............ ...........
O n ion s ........... ..............
P ears .. ... ...... ............
P potatoes ............. .........
Sweet Potatoes ...............
There has been considerable publicity and discussion
about the amount of products brought into Florida. The
above will show the number of cars of the principal com-
modities Florida ships that were unloaded in both Jack-
sonville and Tampa in the years 1927 and 1928, the
periods in which the greatest unloads were made, the
state unloading the greatest number of cars of each
product shown. It will be observed that the heaviest im-
portation is in the summer or fall months when Florida
production is the lightest and it will be noticed that in
the cases where Florida leads in unloads in these two
home markets-with grapefruit, oranges and tomatoes-
it was in the spring months when Florida production
was the heaviest; in other words, the off-season of Florida
production in the summer months is the time of heaviest
unloads, and while an unload is not always an imported
car, states other than Florida led in unloads in 13 out of
16 of the ranking states. California led in five compared
to Florida's leading in three.
In the 1927-28 season Florida shipped 1,532 cars
cabbage, 9,895 cars celery, 1,630 cars lettuce, 7,899 cars
white potatoes, 662 cars strawberries, 186 cars sweet
potatoes, 8,391 cars tomatoes and 9,572 cars watermelons,
and yet the two largest home markets permitted out-
side states to unload the greatest number of all these
vegetables except tomatoes. Interesting, isn't it?
In the final analysis if Florida shipped proportionately
as many cars in the summer and early fall months as in
the winter and spring months, the opportunity for im-
ports would be less inviting, but the ratio of competition
with these same outside states in the summer months
would be for markets outside Flordia far greater than
the competition Florida has in the winter-spring season
proper. The above presents a condition and with it a
problem. Is there a solution?
So far as Florida markets are concerned, and as to
Florida feeding herself the year round, that can be done
amply and efficiently only by continuing sufficient winter
of carlots imported into Florida have not so far been
generally available from official sources.
The United States Department of Agriculture has tabu-
lated carlot unload records for Jacksonville and Tampa
for the years 1927 and 1928, and from their tabulation
as basis, the following compilation will give some idea of
the volume of fruits and vegetables unloaded in these
two Florida cities: (Total carlots for the calendar years
Heaviest Period Contributor
February, May ................ ...... .......... .......Florida
August, October, March, Mlay........................ .... Florida
Decem ber, M arch ........................................ .... ..Florida
July, N ovem ber .................................... .. ... .. V irginia
June, September .................................. .. ..California
November, February ........................... ............ California
August, November ............................... ... ...California
A pril, Ju n e ....................................... .. ......... ... .Im p orts
March, May, September, December ................... California
September, November ........................ ..... .......California
June, A ugust ......... ... ........................ ................G eorgia
August, September ............................ ... .....W ashington
October, March, July, September... .......... ...... ...Maine
April, May.......................North Carolina-Alabama 1 each
January, March, September, December........ .. ....Georgia
June, A ugust ........................................ .................G eorgia
and spring crops to adequately supply home markets and
profitably distribute surplus products among outside mar-
kets, and produce sufficient summer crops to also ade-
quately supply individual homes and home markets and
at least compete with imported carlots being sold in home
markets. No one envies these states for the distribution
in Florida. We would simply rather see Florida pro-
ducers have the money. The above figures indicate that
outside producers have used the telescope to discover
that which we fail to see right at us.
NEILL RHODES, Assistant Commissioner.
STATE EXPORT FIGURES JUMP
Pensacola's Total Climbs Along with Them
(Pensacola Journal, June 22, 1929)
Exports of merchandise from Florida were valued at
$28,539,253 during 1928 as compared with $27,995,559
for the preceding year, an increase of $543,694, accord-
ing to figures received today by the Pensacola Chamber
of Commerce from the department of commerce.
Pensacola figures prominently in this increase in ex-
portation. This port exported large quantities of lumber,
timber, naval stores, cotton, farm machinery, metals and
other products during the year.
Figures for the state showed that southern pine boards,
planks and scantling, one of Pensacola's principal ex-
ports, headed the list, with rosin, another leading local
export, second. Phosphate rock was third and turpen-
tine, also shipped from here in large quantities, fourth.
Other leading commodities were: Grapefruit, metals and
manufactures of metal, machinery and vehicles, sawn
timber, leaf tobacco, vegetables and preparations, hogs,
raw cotton, logs and hewn timber.
Florida was one of the 31 states showing an increase
in the value of exports, according to the report.
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS SENT FREE UPON
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS SENT FREE UPON
Department of Agriculture, Tallahassee, Fla.
Japanese Cane Growing in Florida.
Wheat and Rye Growing in Florida.
Indian Runner Ducks.
Handbook of Dairying.
Florida Farm Census (U. S. Gov. 1925).
Satsumas in Florida.
Celery Growing in Florida.
Handbook for Florida Growers and Shippers.
Rare Crops and Ornamentals.
Grape Growing in Florida.
35 3 Handbook for Florida Poultrymen.
36 3 Soils and Fertilizers.
37 1 Florida Quarterly Bulletin, October, 1926.
37 1 Rural Home Life in Florida.
37 3 Compendium for Farmers.
36 3 Agricultural Statistics for Florida, 1927.
38 4 Agricultural Themes.
39 1 Agricultural Information.
39 2 Transition.
Fifth State Census, 1925.
Interesting Facts About Florida.
List of Chambers of Commerce.
Outline of State Government.
Graphic Charts of Commodity Prices.
Florida of Today.
Sightseeing in Florida.
Four Years of State Advertising.
Eighteenth Biennial Report, 1923-1924.
Nineteenth Biennial Report, 1925-1926.
Nineteenth Census of Crops and Manufactures, 1926-
Twentieth Biennial Report, 1927-1928.
Periodicals for which permanent mailing lists are main-
tained; any name placed thereon free of charge upon
direct request: Florida Review, semi-monthly; Quarterly
Bulletin, January, April, July, October; Biennial Report,
Special Bulletins-New Series
1. What and When to Plant.
2. Citrus Growing in Florida.
3. Irish Potatoes in Florida.
4. Papaya Culture in Florida.
5. Beekeeping in Florida.
6. Domestic Rabbit Raising in Florida.
7. Sorghum for Silage and Forage.
8. Dwarf Essex Rape as a Winter Forage in Florida.
9. Peanuts in Florida.
10. Watermelons in Florida.
11. Tung Oil Trees in Florida.
12. Live Stock Raising in Florida.
13. Strawberries in Florida.
14. Some Drug Plants in Florida.
15. The Waterways of Florida.
16. Native Plant Life and Plant Immigrants.
17. The Proposed National Park in the Everglades.
18. Soil Improving Crops for Florida.
19. Commercial Bulb Production in Florida.
20. Florida Mangoes.
21. Hog Raising in Florida.
Generalized Soil Map of Florida.
Highway Map of Florida.
Latitude Map of Florida.
Resource Map of Florida.
PIGEON VENTURE IS SUCCESSFUL
(Miami Herald, June 19, 1929)
Redland, Fla., June 18.-An experiment that opens a
new gate of opportunity is being carried on in the Red-
land district by John Heuer, who has a pigeon farm on
Bauer drive west of Redland road. Mr. Heuer says that
this is one industry in which the demand exceeds the
supply and he has no difficulty in disposing of all his
Heuer, who is a University of Illinois man, is raising
the birds on his father's grove as a side issue, but finds
that in two years the experiment has attained the pro-
portions of a bona fide business venture. Starting with
six pairs of birds in 1927 he now has over 500. The
squabs he sells at from 75 cents to $1.25 apiece in
Miami, catering largely to the hotels and restaurants, and
selling some to the fancy meat markets. The birds run
from 12 ounces to a pound in weight.
Climatic conditions here seem particularly favorable
for the breeding of pigeons, said Mr. Heuer. Plenty of
air and sunshine, he believes, is the secret of their ability
to thrive here. He has had very little disease with which
to combat. Careful attention to the diet and to sani-
tary conditions has practically eliminated this. An
abundance of lettuce and other greens with the regula-
tion pigeon feed and plenty of fresh water keeps the
birds in good health.
The Heuer flock is divided among several pens with
35 pairs to the pen. The roosting house is 28 feet wide
with pens inside measuring 10 by 10 feet. From these
pens are the wire enclosed runways, 16 by 10, with
passageways between. Careful watch is kept for any
sickness and the afflicted birds are removed at once.
Less hardy specimens are quickly eliminated and the
breeding of the finer specimens encouraged. White Kings
and Homers are the varieties raised.
While the pens cover a comparatively small area now,
Mr. Heuer has seven acres at his command and says he
can branch out almost indefinitely. As his flock grows
larger he expects to add further pens and runways.
Percy Manley has recently started a similar venture
on a smaller scale at his place on the Dixie highway at
the corner of King's highway. His flock numbers about
THREE THOUSAND DOLLARS PAID FOR
LIVE POULTRY IN THIRTY DAYS BY
Ocala Market Price for Live Fryers Is 28 Cents
Per Pound-Higher Than Texas
(Ocala Star, June 26, 1929)
Over $3,000 was paid Marion county poultrymen this
month for frying-size chickens and hens between May
25 and June 25, both dates inclusive, by the Southland
Creamery, according to Manager W. L. Trimble, and still
larger purchases are expected to be made during the next
three months, which constitute the peak season for this
industry. The purchases made between the dates men-
tioned total 11,1321/ pounds.
Few people realize the extent to which this branch of
the poultry industry has grown, and the effect it has had
in stabilizing the year-round market for the poultry
raiser, who desires to dispose of his surplus fowls. Where
a few years ago fryers were frequently a drug on the
market, being handled only in local stores, they now can
dispose of all they raise, at prices based on market con-
ditions throughout the southern states. Last year a total
of 48,000 pounds of poultry were handled by the
creamery, the returns to the raisers being in the neigh-
borhood of $13,440. Mr. Trimble expects to see these
figures exceeded this year by a large amount.
The poultry dressing plant of the creamery is located
at the corner of Wyomina and Watula streets. Here the
farmer brings his fowls, one to several hundred, where
they are weighed and placed in coops. Here they are
kept for from 10 days to longer, during which time they
are fed on milk and other fattening feeds. After hav-
ing reached prime condition the birds are killed in the
most scientific fashion and dry picked. It is an interest-
ing sight to watch this process. The birds are hung up
by the feet one by one by the butcher, who makes in-
cisions in their throat and brain, at the same time hang-
ing a vessel beneath the head to catch the blood. While
this is draining, he picks all the larger feathers from the
body and wings, after which it is handed over to have
the pin feathers removed. At the time the Star repre-
sentative witnessed this process a chicken was being
killed and rough picked every two minutes, and eight
women and boys were being kept busy picking the small
After the dressing process is completed, the birds are
taken to the storage plant at the creamery. Here they
are placed in a cooling room, the temperature of which
is a little above freezing, where they remain for 24 hours,
after which they are sorted according to size, and graded,
all fowls showing any blemishes whatever being placed in
class two. From the cooling room they go to another
room that, when visited, was being kept at a temperature
of 18 degrees below zero. Here they are thoroughly
frozen, after which they are packed in cases and kept
till they can be sold at a profit next winter. The season
for storage chickens will not open before December, Mr.
Prices for live fryers this season are averaging around
28 cents a pound, Mr. Trimble stated. The market re-
ports of all southern storage plants are watched daily, and
the local price is based on their average, taking into con-
sideration the cost of transportation from the plant to
the markets it is expected to reach. Thus the Ocala price
is approximately three cents higher than the packers in
Texas are paying, the cost of shipping dressed chickens
from that state to Ocala and Daytona Beach, where the
Southland sells most of its poultry during the winter,
being that much per pound.
While live poultry is purchased by the local plant at
all times during the year, the rush season starts in May,
when poultrymen start disposing of surplus cockerels and
pullets for fryers, and lasts till about September, when
they have disposed of their surplus hens and are getting
ready for their new laying flocks to start operations.
The establishment of the plant has had a surprisingly
tonic effect on the year-round market, and local market
men and grocers estimate has increased local consump-
tion of poultry here approximately 40 per cent.
In the days before the plant was established local
dealers were afraid of becoming overloaded with poultry
which they would have to dispose of at a loss, and would
handle only what they thought they could dispose of over
the week-end. This resulted in the housewife who wished
a chicken for dinner in the middle of the week being fre-
quently unable to secure one. Now with the creamery
buying poultry by the hundreds, it has a capacity for
handling 300 birds a day, the local marketman can keep
a supply on hand sufficient to meet the demand, or can
secure them of the size desired direct from the cold
ANOTHER LINK MARKS EXTENSION WORK
OF LIME PRODUCTS COMPANY
Company Buys Thousands of Acres of Valuable
Lands-Now Owns Fifteen Thousand
Acres in Jackson County
(Marianna Floridan, June 21, 1929)
One of the most important realty transactions in the
history of Jackson county took place yesterday in the
purchase of approximately 6,000 acres of valuable land
in Jackson county by the Marianna Lime Products Com-
pany from the First National Bank of this city, and
comprising practically all of the landed areas of the bank.
"The purchase of these properties," said J. F. Lowden,
vice-president of the Marianna Lime Products Company,
"became necessary for the extension work embraced in
the plans of the organization. These lands will mostly
be used for the cattle industry of the Marianna Fruit
Company, which is a subsidiary company of the Lime
Products Company. This will be necessary for pasturage,
and the providing of food products for the cattle. The
lands are located in several sections of the county, and
have been accepted by experts not only valuable for
future productiveness, but ideal for the cattle industry."
The transfer of these properties was made yesterday,
following the close of negotiations which have been pend-
ing for the past several days. This latest acquisition of
lands by the Lime Products Company gives the organ-
ization about fifteen thousand acres of most valuable
lands in Jackson county.
Mr. Lowden, in speaking of the future of dairy
products for Jackson county, informs the Floridan that
he had a conference with T. J. Fenn, vice-president and
general manager of the Monticello Creamery Co., and
that Mr. Fenn will visit Marianna either this or next
week for the purpose of inquiring into the advisability
to at once establish a milk station in Marianna. Mr.
Fenn gave assurance that as soon as the quantity of milk
produced in Jackson county would justify it that Mari-
anna would have a modern creamery.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
MELBOURNE DAIRY OWNER MAKES OUT-
Thirteen Cows Produce Over 5,500 Quarts Milk
Apiece in Twelve Months
(Cocoa Tribune, June 20, 1929)
L. G. Rotgers, Melbourne dairyman, has a herd of
cows of which he can be justly proud. Thirteen cows
kept on record for a period of twelve months produced
an average of over 5,500 pounds of milk apiece; in other
words, these cows produced 2,571 quarts of milk each
during the year. One cow produced over 7,000 pounds.
This is considerably above the reported average for
Florida dairies as well as above the reported average for
all the other states in the Union, says County Agent W.
R. Briggs. The reported average for Denmark, a typical
dairy country, is 5,666 pounds. The average of 120
cow-testing associations in the United States and for the
District of Columbia is 6,077.
Not only is the record for these cows worth honor-
able mention, but the record itself, inasmuch as this is
the only dairy in the county completing the twelve months
records in cooperation with the County Agricultural
Mr. and Mrs. Rotgers both deserve a great deal of
credit for this work. In addition to knowing that they
have some good cows, they know just which cows are the
best and which cows need to be disposed of in order to
make their business more profitable.
CANAVERAL HARBOR DEVELOPMENT
MEANS BUSINESS FOR BREVARD
(Rockledge Press, June 8, 1929)
One of the greatest steps forward that Brevard county
has ever taken was when the Governor signed House Bill
ten thirty-one, creating Canaveral Harbor District.
For more than thirty years Canaveral has been com-
mented on as the natural harbor for the central east
coast of Florida. It is quite possible the reason why de-
velopment at this point has been delayed so long, is be-
cause necessity has not demanded it before. But when
necessity demands a thing that object very often comes
into existence. One of the great necessities for a harbor
is the natural resources at Canaveral.
But what does the development of Canaveral mean to
Brevard county? It means activity, movement of goods,
movement of tourists. It will bring in raw materials. A
harbor means employment of people to make these raw
materials into useful forms, and it ships and sells them
in markets at home and abroad. Thus it will mean pros-
perity to the whole of Brevard county.
There are two kinds of harbors-transit and creative.
The transit serves as a freight platform over which is
the movement of goods. A creative harbor not only
ships commodities but by its activities creates the raw
materials into the finished product. Key West is largely
a transit port, Tampa and Jacksonville are transit and
creative, Miami at present is but slightly creative, while
Fernandina is becoming a creative port, particularly in
What kind of a port will Brevard county have with the
development of Canaveral?
At Canaveral is the largest and finest shrimp bed in
the world-fifteen miles wide and twenty miles long.
It is from this bed that Fernandina gets a great deal
of the shrimp that supply Fernandina canneries. Boats
come from as far north as Savannah, Ga., to Canaveral.
They get their cargoes of shrimp and return to the home
port to unload, re-ice and then return to Canaveral after
another load, spending fifty-six hours running time.
This past season thousands of bushels of Canaveral
shrimp have been unloaded at Ft. Pierce, and there iced
and barreled and shipped from Miami in refrigerated
boats to the northern markets. And not one penny does
Brevard county realize from this. It is estimated that
the waters of Brevard county this past season supplied
ports outside of this county with a half million bushels
No where in southern waters is to be found a better
field for fishing than at Canaveral. Here the Atlantic
abounds with the best of sea food.
The Menhaden fish industry is becoming quite a factor
in Florida. The Menhaden is used in the manufacture
of such commodities as fertilizer, stock feeds for cattle,
hogs and poultry, paints, soaps, insecticides, lubricants,
leathers and oils for a multiplicity of purposes. Accord-
ing to the last "industrial survey of Florida," on page
238, we are informed that the finest menhaden grounds
are off the coast of Cape Canaveral. Schools of these
fish are sometimes miles in length. Jacksonville is hand-
ling one hundred thousand barrels of these fish daily.
From the standpoint of fish and shrimp alone Canaveral
will naturally become a creative as well as a transit port.
The condition of the citrus industry in Florida today
demands that every cost possible must be eliminated
from the production and marketing of these fruits. And
it is a well known fact that rail freight rates are one of
the big cost factors. And it is quite natural that the
citrus growers will welcome water facilities for trans-
Brevard county can congratulate herself that a step
has been taken forward toward a harbor.
NEARLY TWO MILLION LOBSTERS ARE
HATCHED AT KEY WEST FOR STATE
(Lake Worth Leader, June 22, 1929)
Tallahassee.-Two days of hatching in the lobster
hatchery recently erected at Key West by the State Shell
Fish Department, brought 1,990,000 spiny lobsters, or
Florida Crayfish, for the waters of the state, T. R.
Hodges, state shell fish commissioner, announced.
Mr. Hodges said he expected to produce over 200,-
000,000 crayfish at the hatchery this year, in addition to
the ones produced by the large hatchery, which, he said,
will probably run the grand total to over 400,000,000.
The lobsters are to be distributed along the rocky
coasts of Florida to restock the depleted waters.
The hatching will continue until about August 1, when
the spawning season is considered over.
The State Shell Fish Department, assisted by the
United States Bureau of Fisheries, hatched 38,800,000
crayfish last season, the commissioner said, the first spiny
lobster, or crayfish, ever known to be hatched artificially.
The Bureau of Fisheries at Washington is taking an
active interest in the work being carried on by the shell
fish department, and Chief Fish Culturist Leach of the
bureau has announced his intention to come to Florida
soon to observe hatching operations.
The crayfish is the most delightful crustacean pro-
duced in the southern waters of Florida, and demands a
high price in the northern and local markets, Commis-
sioner Hodges said.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
. k*- '-' k a 4.
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Ducks at State Farm, Raiford, Florida.
POPULARITY OF FLORIDA FRUIT HITS
Foreigners Crying for Citrus-Prefer Smaller
Fruit and Are Willing to Pay More
to Get It
(Jacksonville Journal, June 21, 1929)
Englishmen, Frenchmen, Germans, Swedes, Norwe-
gians and Danes are beginning to clamor for Florida
grapefruit and Florida oranges.
Restaurants are featuring Florida grapefruit at all
meals. Chain stores in the British Isles and in western
Europe are beginning to carry Florida citrus as a feature
of their stocks.
Seen First Hand
This is the news which Harry E. Dicristina, pioneer in
the exporting of fruit from Jacksonville, and growers'
and shippers' agent, brought back from his recent trip
abroad, his second in 12 months.
The purpose of this trip was to make a survey of
"The 1928 and 1929 season will show a 300 per cent
increase in the sales of Florida grapefruit in England,"
he said today.
They Buy More
And that isn't all, Mr. Dicristina added. "I have made
arrangements with my various connections in Europe to
supply them with 25,000 boxes monthly during the com-
ing season, two times as much as they distributed this
The exporter found that the British are peculiar about
their fruit. They don't want large grapefruit. They
prefer the smaller sizes and are willing to pay more
money for them.
Pays to Advertise
This year he introduced bronzed and russetted fruit
into the European markets. Prices at first were ruled
low, compared to the bright fruit. However, many of
the dealers advertised that the bronzed fruit was sweeter,
and a better price and heavier demand resulted. The
British want their oranges sweet, as they are generally
used for desserts.
Interest in Florida fruit has grown to the extent, he
said, that many of his dealers are keeping funds in Jack-
sonville and Tampa banks to make necessary cash ad-
vances to growers and shippers.
Germany, France, Holland and the Scandinavian
countries are becoming markets for grapefruit. Adver-
tising campaigns have been launched to increase the
The Mediterranean fruit fly, as yet, hasn't affected the
markets, because it has been in existence in Europe for
years, and no ban has been placed on Florida fruits.
However, there is a chance Great Britain will place
an embargo, if the fly spreads, because that nation is
encouraging its colonies to grow more citrus.
Canned grapefruit also has taken Europe by storm,
Mr. Dicristina said. More than 50,000 cases have been
booked in Great Britain alone for the next season, and
other countries are expected to buy 150,000 cases.
Refrigerated steamships have made possible the ship-
ments across the seas in recent years.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
COMPANY FORMED TO BUILD RAILROAD
TO COOK'S HAMMOCK
Proposed New Railroad Will Open Rich Agri-
cultural and Phosphate Section to
(Suwannee Democrat, June 21, 1929)
The Mayo Free Press says:
The biggest industrial development ever experienced
in Lafayette county is in prospect as a result of the form-
ing of a company to build a railroad to Cook's Hammock
from Mayo, which was made public this week. The rail-
road, to be known as the Mayo & Cook's Hammock Rail-
road Company, is being formed by Mr. Henry L. Pierce,
of Jacksonville, and Mr. Charles A. Parrish, of Lakeland,
and application for charter is now before the Interstate
Commerce Commission and the Governor. The line will
tap one of the richest agricultural sections of Florida,
and also rich deposits of high grade phosphate rock, prob-
ably the largest unworked deposit in the country.
Messrs. Pierce, Parrish and Memminger have been in
Mayo this week getting final details in shape, and have
several surveying crews at work locating the right-of-way
for the proposed railroad.
According to the application for letters patent filed
with the Governor, Mr. Pierce will be the first president
of the railroad corporation, Mr. Parrish will be vice-presi-
dent, and Mr. Memminger will be secretary and treasurer.
Several companies own phosphate deposits in the
southern end of Lafayette county, but lack of freight
facilities has held up development of this industry. Ex-
tensive prospecting has shown that the deposits of phos-
phate at Cook's Hammock are sufficient to keep mills
busy for years to come, and estimates of tonnage of
high grade phosphate rock in that vicinity run into the
millions of tons. With the proposed railroad in opera-
tion, it is very probable that other companies interested
in Cook's Hammock phosphate lands will install plants,
and since the deposits are so extensive and of such high
grade, it is quite possible that the Cook's Hammock area
will become a highly developed field.
Formation of the railroad company, long looked for-
ward to by citizens of this county, means much to the
future prosperity of this county, and this section of
Florida in general, and local people are jubilant over the
The eighth annual Farmers' and Fruit Growers' Week
will be held at the College of Agriculture, University of
Florida, Gainesville, during the week of August 12-17,
At that time a program of peculiar interest to Florida
farmers and farm women will be presented. It will be
divided into sections, so that various subjects can be dis-
cussed at the same time. This year the sections of the
program will be: Citrus, small fruits and pecans; truck
crops; farm crops and live stock; beekeeping; poultry;
and home economics. Between 11 and 12 o'clock each
day there will be a general session of all visitors.
State Plant Board authorities have agreed to furnish
one speaker for the general session, to discuss the fruit
fly. This speaker will probably be either Plant Commis-
sioner Wilmon Newell or Prof. H. Harold Hume. It is
probable also that they will furnish someone to answer
questions on the fly in the citrus section.
Thursday, August 15, will be given over to dairying
in the live stock section. This dairy day is expected to
draw a crowd well exceeding the 400 who attended last
The poultry program this year will be divided into
elementary and advanced subjects. The elementary part
will be presented Monday afternoon and Tuesday, while
the advanced subjects will occupy the remainder of the
Members of the State Home Demonstration are pre-
paring a splendid program for the women. The number
of women attending Farmers' Week each year has been
increasing until it might appropriately be called "farm
Entertainment will be a special feature each day, the
night programs being given over entirely to recreation.
Wednesday afternoon will be devoted to the annual
Farmers' Week picnic.
No fees are charged for any of the lectures or enter-
tainments. The only expenses will be for room and
board. Visitors who desire to do so may obtain room and
board in the University dormitories at very reasonable
rates. Those who prefer to room in town may obtain
assistance and information from Farmers' Week head-
quarters. Those in charge of the week urge prospective
visitors to make reservations in advance, particularly if
rooms in the dormitories are desired.
Water, lights, toilet facilities and camping space will
be provided free for those who wish to camp on the
campus during the week. Prospective campers should
bring their own tents, beds, etc. Meals may be obtained
at the University commons, if desired.
A number of organizations have already signified their
intention of holding meetings at the college during the
week. Among these are:
Florida Baby Chick Association, probably Friday,
Florida Beekeepers' Association, probably Wednesday,
State Dairymen's Association, Thursday, August 15.
State Council of Senior Home Demonstration Work.
Preliminary printed programs will be available about
August 1. Copies of these and other information can be
obtained by writing to the Agricultural Extension Divi-
sion at Gainesville.
STATE INSPECTORS FIND LOCAL BULBS IN
(DeLand Sun, June 21, 1929)
J. R. Springer and Henry A. Noxines of Gainesville,
official state inspectors of narcissus bulbs, are in DeLand
today on a tour of inspection.
They report that bulbs are comparatively free from
disease and -that they are far superior at present to any
other time in the history of the industry. The percentage
of round or saleable bulbs is higher than ever, they de-
clare, and generally speaking the industry is in good con-
Growers are beginning to understand cultural methods
and marked improvement is being shown in the quality
as well as the quantity of bulbs being raised. Wider in-
terest is being shown in the business, the experts report,
and it is believed that a better market for bulbs will be
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
250,000 BABY CHICKS TO BE HATCHED
Anticipated Production of Orange Hatchery Is
Given Out by Edward F. Hall
(Orlando Reporter-Star, June 25, 1929)
Two hundred and fifty thousand baby chicks is the
anticipated production of the Orange Hatchery for the
season of 1929 and 1930. Mr. and Mrs. Edward F. Hall,
owners and operators of the Orange Hatchery, are now in
the north and Mr. Hall has spent the past month in the
plant of the Smith Incubator Co. at Cleveland becoming
familiar with the very latest developments of the hatchery
industry with the intention of doubling the capacity of
its present hatchery at Apopka. Over 100,000 chicks
were produced in this plant this season.
Mr. Hall will attend the convention of the American
Baby Chick Association at Peoria, Ill., July 9-13, and
then return to install the new equipment that will double
his present capacity and in addtiion to a new 47,000
capacity Smith unit it means that brooding quarters will
be provided for upwards of 20,000 chicks at one time.
The Orange Hatchery is already the recognized leader
among Florida's hatcheries and with the proposed ex-
pansion this plant will be second to none in the entire
The location of this industry in Orange county is
directly traced to the Southern National Poultry Show
held in Orlando in 1927. Mr. Hall came to see the show
from Daytona, where he was then living. The Smith
Incubator Co. of Cleveland exhibited there and thus it
was possible to get the producer and user together.
Both the Orange county and the Orlando Chamber of
Commerce may well be proud of the real concrete results
of united effort in fostering and encouraging industries
of this kind. It is possible to make Orange county,
Florida, a larger producer of poultry products than any
other county in any state. It is hatcheries such as Mr.
Hall is operating that makes this possible.
Chickens hatched in Orange county and eggs from
Orlando in orange colored cartons sent to all sections
of the country will do much to make a nation think of
Orlando, Orange county, Florida.
We are mighty proud of Mr. Hall's attainments, proud
of the climate that lets us produce earlier and better
chicks, proud of the fact that Orange county is soon to
become as famous for its poultry as it now is for its
citrus and truck.
"Let's go, Orlando."
REAL ESTATE SALES GOOD
(Times-Union, June 30, 1929)
Winter Park, June 29.-Real estate sales in Winter
Park during the past season total $275,000, according
to a survey conducted by the Winter Park Chamber of
Commerce during the past week.
True to the city's slogan, the "City of Homes," most
of the transactions were for the purchase of homes. More
than thirty-five individual sales were consummated, one
being for the purchase of a pretentious estate on Lake
Maitland by General Carty, retired, of the United
States Army. An apartment house, the El Cortez, was
acquired by a local capitalist.
Homes being built at the present time for H. M.
Sinclair, $35,000; Mrs. Grace E. Kretsinger, $20,000;
W. B. Follett, $25,000; Miles H. Dawson, $15,000, and
several smaller structures, brings the total of construc-
tion activities to over $100,000.00. A number of other
homes are in prospect, with work to start in the late
summer or early fall.
In addition to the above mentioned projects, Rollins
College will build a $35,000 dormitory this summer for
the opening of the coming school year the last of Sep-
A demand for house rentals forecasts a good season
BULB CULTURE IN DAVENPORT SHOWS
Zangen Plantation Successful with Caladiums
(Davenport Times, May 17, 1929)
Beginning the fifth year of operation, O. V. Zangen,
practical horticulturist, has completed the planting of
about 75,000 bulbs on his Caladium plantation in Daven-
Mr. Zangen came here in 1924 from Orlando and
bought the Foley property, which includes a modern
residence and a tract of good Norfolk sand-clay soil on
a knoll bordering the south side of Holly Hill Drive, due
south of Lake Davenport. He was told that Caladium
bulbs, a native of the hammocks of Brazil, would not
thrive on sand hills such as are found around here. He
has proven otherwise, however, much to the astonish-
ment of the Florida bulb experts.
His success, and that has been proven, is the result of
continuous hard work, thorough experimentation, close
attention to details and the application of scientific horti-
cultural methods. Just how Mr. Zangen has made these
sand hills produce some of the finest varieties of Cala-
dium bulbs is not a great secret, but on the other hand
the method is not being made public at this time. Suffice
to say, that Caladium bulbs can be successfully grown
on Norfolk sand hills.
The annual production of Mr. Zangen's Caladium
plantation ranges from 50,000 to 100,000 bulbs, which
are shipped to bulb and seed men and florists throughout
the United States and many foreign countries, even in-
cluding British India and South Africa. The growing
season extends from April to December, both here and
in the northern states. The bulb is one of the most
decorative of the exclusive foliage type of ornamentals
and its wide variety of coloring lends a distinctive beauty
to any lawn, park or garden. One of the features of
the Caladium is the ever changing colors of the leaves.
One variety shown in the slat house was a delicate pink
and green. This color deepens as the plant grows older
and the same change in coloring is found in many other
NEW GRAPE PRODUCT GOES ON SALE
(Orlanda Reporter-Star, June 21, 1929)
An interesting treatment of fresh unfermented grape
juice is that devised by Dr. Charles Demko of Altoona,
chairman of the agriculture committee of the Lake
County Chamber of Commerce, by which the juice is
frozen solid and kept in cold storage and then distributed
to various drug stores of the city where it is to be
The product is to be handled by the New Ice Company.
POULTRY RAISING IN DAVENPORT IS
POULTRY RAISING IN DAVENPORT IS
Miss Beery's Ranch Shows Good Income in 1928
(Davenport Times, May 17, 1929)
Coincident with the concerted drive in Polk county to
revive the poultrymen's cooperative association and the
actual operation of the Central Florida Poultry Pro-
ducer's Cooperative Association, it will be interesting to
learn something of the cost and profit of poultry raising
as obtained from authentic figures submitted by Miss
Mary Beery of Davenport, who is entering her third
year in the poultry business of this community.
In one of the poultry houses, which the writer visited
this week, were about seven hundred White Leghorns
ranging in age from two to ten weeks old, all lively and
healthy and eagerly looking forward to the day when
they can become "egg machines."
In the other poultry house were 312 well-developed,
active White Leghorn hens, all under two years of age,
forming the production plant. The hens all seemed happy
and glad that they lived in Florida. It is this flock on
which Miss Beery makes her profit.
Scanning a record of 1928 which is kept by Miss Beery
on a strictly business basis, it was learned that her flock
of White Leghorns produced 3,743 and one-quarter dozen
eggs last year, the total returns from which was $1,530.10
or an average price of 41 cents per dozen.
Going further into the figures on this report, the per-
centage of production was shown to be 47 per cent, the
total hen days as 8,043, the average number of hens to
be 301 and the income from each hen as $5.08. The
income derived from poultry sold, such as fryers and
older fowl, showed a net return of $234.97. The total
feed bill for the year was $769.40, and it must be re-
membered that Miss Beery feeds her flock entirely "from
the bag." This cost can be considerably lowered by
raising part of the feed on the place. Thus, with all
these figures we have a net cost of producing a dozen
eggs at 21 cents, or an average profit of 20 cents a
dozen and better than a net profit of $2.50 per hen over
and above all costs. Just how much could be made with
a larger flock can be seen by doubling and tripling a
CAPONS ARE FOUND PROFITABLE CROP
(Daily Democrat, June 23, 1929)
There is one poultry flock in Leon county which con-
tains over 1,000 fowls, and during the twelve years the
owner has engaged in the business, only White Orping-
tons have been raised.
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Mackintosh, who reside twelve
miles north of the city, specialize in this meat producing
variety. Eggs are only a secondary consideration, the
birds instead being marketed.
Mrs. Mackintosh manages the big flock, containing
more than 1,000 birds. Naturally eggs are produced,
but for the most part they are hatched and the fowls
brought to quick maturity and sold as capons and soft
roasters. The birds are averaged at ten pounds in
weight when sold and bring fifty cents a pound, while
other poultry is being sold at around twenty-five to
thirty-five cents a pound.
At the very start Mrs. Mackintosh tried another heavy
breed of chickens for the highly specialized trade now
being served, but misfortune in the way of diseases and
insect pests caused a change over to the Orpingtons. It
was found that this breed is much in demand in Eng-
land, where it originated, and menus in the finer hotels
and dining rooms specify Orpington meat when poultry
appears in the meal.
Although Mrs. Mackintosh has been engaged in the
production of poultry meat at their farm near this city
for more than a dozen years, she evidences all the en-
thusiasm when speaking of her experiences that one
finds in the beginner. Asked if she found the business
profitable, she said by all means, and stated that a
specialized trade such as hers offered one of the most
dependable and assured incomes always showing a profit.
Only first year birds are kept. No pullet is allowed
to turn into a hen and produce breeding eggs the second
year. She is marketed before she grows that old. About
three hundred pullets are used for breeding stock and
scientific feeding is employed from the very first week
to the last finishing stage just before marketing the
capons and roasters, both of which are produced in
All fowls are hatched on the farm. Caponizing is also
HASTINGS POTATO GROWERS ASSOCIA-
TION REFUNDS CASH
(Hastings Herald, June 14, 1929)
Many members of the Hastings Potato Growers Asso-
ciation were seen this week perambulating about town
wearing broad smiles which seemed to be indelible. The
incident was so unusual that a curious reporter began
digging in to find out what it was all about, and to his
amazement found that the association had bailed out
$52,000 in cold cash to its members from reserve funds.
This refund is made possible through the organization's
economical buying and selling service and represents a
part of the surplus accumulation in the cash reserves.
This week marked the third time since the beginning
of the Association that refunds have been made to its
members. In 1925 $26,000 was distributed; in 1927,
$52,000, and this week (1929) $52,000, making a total
of $130,000 actually refunded to growers in less than
four years, and leaving, a total of $286,000 in cash
The money released here this week has not only made
the association members feel good, but local merchants as
well. Officers are now preparing a full report which
will be published in the Herald as soon as completed.
TOBACCO CURING STARTS IN HOLMES
(Holmes County Advertiser, June 14, 1929)
W. W. Stott is curing what is believed to be the first
barn of tobacco this season for Holmes county. He re-
ports a good crop of four acres. Mr. Stott has been uni-
formly successful since going into the growing of the
leaf, and is pleased with results.
Taking the county as a whole the acreage has been cut
down more than one-half as compared with last year.
The result is an acreage under 200. It is in a most
promising condition, as compared with a very poor con-
dition last year. The general situation is favorable, as
acreage is small all through the southeast and market
conditions are favorable.
TOURISTS A LARGE FACTOR IN WORLD
(Literary Digest, June 8, 1929)
Tourist travel has become "a fact of primary import-
ance in the economy of nations," we read in a bulletin
of the National Industrial Conference Board, which is
only one of a number of recent discussions of the in-
creasingly important part tourist expenditures are play-
ing in world finance. "The American tourist is doing
his best to solve the problem of international settlements
that besets the experts," declares Glenn Griswold in the
Chicago Journal of Commerce, reflecting that the $900,-
000,000 our tourists may spend abroad this year "goes
a long way toward offsetting service on foreign debt and
unfavorable trade balances." Mr. Griswold thinks that
within a year our tourist expenditures will be in excess
of a billion dollars at the rate we are going.
Even now, says James M. Campbell in Advertising and
Selling, "Tourisme," as it is called over there, has be-
come one of Europe's major industries, involving
"directly or indirectly an aggregate expenditure of little
if any less than a billion dollars a year."
The National Industrial Conference Board, discussing
tourist activities, reminds us that precise figures are
lacking. We don't even have any precise check-up on the
number of tourists, to say nothing of how much they
spend. Bureau of Immigration figures show that in the
fiscal year of 1927-28, 430,955 American citizens came
into this country from abroad. That this includes dupli-
cations "is entirely immaterial in connection with the
economic aspects of travel," since two persons, each
spending a month abroad would spend about as much as
one person making two one-month visits. The Confer-
ence Board presents figures showing that before 1880
the number of citizens going abroad averaged less than
50,000 a year, and began to average 100,000 after 1900.
The figure of 282,586 was reached in 1914, since when
there has been the rapid rise to the 1928 figure just
given. The falling off of immigration travel, under the
new laws, has been partially made up for by the in-
crease of citizen travelers, especially those using tourist
third-class or "white-collar steerage." We are told that
the primary cause of this increased travel is not a matter
After all allowances are maae for the differences in
the purchasing value of the dollar, minimum comfort
travel is not essentially cheaper than it was thirty years
ago. What has taken place is not so much a change in
travel conditions as a change in mental attitude toward
The economic effects of travel are, we read on,
"summed up in the fact that the traveler leaves home
with his pockets full of money and comes back with them
When this occurs, as it does today, to hundreds of
thousands of American citizens it becomes through this
multiplication a fact to be reckoned with in interna-
tional economic relations. In the aggregate, the trav-
eler's pocketbook is something worth struggling for, and
there is a lively rivalry among the nations of Europe to
secure a share of its contents. The remark overheard in
Paris that the city was "inhabited by the French and
supported by the Americans" expresses crudely the obli-
gation of Paris shops, hotels, and restaurants to the
quarter of a million or more Americans who visit the city
annually. The efforts of Germany, Italy and, more
recently, Spain, to lure the traveler to those countries
is further evidence of the importance of tourist ex-
penditure in national economy.
In the adjustment of payments growing out of foreign
trade relations the American tourist has played a promi-
nent role. Since 1874 the exports of merchandise and
gold from the United States have, apart from two years,
1887 and 1888, exceeded the imports. When such a
movement is long continued it is usually explained as a
movement of capital. In the early stages of this appar-
ently "normal" excess of exports of tangible goods there
can be no doubt that a considerable part of it went to-
ward the payment of debts previously contracted in
Europe. Had no other element intervened, this process
would have soon reached an end. If then the excess of
exports of goods had continued, it would inevitably have
resulted, as has occurred in recent years, in our becoming
the creditor of foreign countries. Other things being
equal, the rapidity with which such a transformation of
the United States from a debtor to a creditor country
could take place would depend upon the margin of excess
of exports over imports.
If the change has come only gradually over a con-
siderable period of years, it has been largely due to the
influence of tourist expenditures. It is clear that if the
United States sells its goods abroad, it must buy some-
thing in return. The bulk of its purchases will be in the
form of foreign wares brought into this country; some of
them will be in evidences of debt either of American or
foreign origin previously held abroad, while some of these
purchases will be in the form of goods and services which
are consumed abroad by American citizens and residents.
From the standpoint of international trade, whatever the
traveler spends in foreign lands stands exactly upon a
parity with goods bought in foreign lands and brought
into this country for consumption here.
Between the years 1874 and 1895 the average annual
net tourist expenditures-what our tourists spend abroad
minus what foreign tourists spend in this country-have
been computed at $35,000,000, while in the period pre-
ceding the outbreak of the war, 1896-1914, they are esti-
mated at $170,000,000. After noting these figures the
Conference Board Bulletin goes on to reprint these De-
partment of Commerce estimates for the years since
Official figures for the last year are not yet available,
but it is generally assumed that they will exceed those
for 1927. In the Chicago Journal of Commerce Glenn
Griswold makes a rough estimate of net tourist expendi-
tures of $600,000,000 for this year and a gross of $900,-
000,000, and suggests that the spending abroad will
reach over a billion dollars in a year or two. The New
York Journal of Commerce makes a $750,000,000 esti-
mate, and then goes on to wonder just how much this
money is really doing for Europe. Of course, it says,
the American invasion is a recurrent phenomenon, and if
it failed to materialize, the loss would undoubtedly have
a most seriously weakening effect upon the exchanges of
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
the countries that rely upon a golden stream of tourist
expenditures. Their trade balances would suffer, and
they might be forced to seek foreign loans as a means
of balancing their accounts.
On the other hand, we are told, this influence, being
expected, is largely discounted in advance, and can not
"act to relieve exceptional capital shortages due to the
cessation of the flow of American long-term funds re-
sulting from borrowing operations in this market." Fur-
thermore: Tourist outlays support the industries that
tourists patronize and thus indirectly feed the springs of
Europe's capital supply. But the process is a slow one
and, moreover, it is a regular one that cannot be regarded
as a surrogate for exceptional deprivations due to the
cessation of investment-lending by Americans to Euro-
Even the temporary support to exchange which comes
from the tourist demand for foreign currencies will be
felt most by that country which least needs it at the
moment-that is by France. Germany, which would wel-
come and could utilize most effectively the millions that
our tourists will scatter about France, will get a rela-
tively small, though an increasing share of the total
Characterizing tourismm" as a "billion-dollar indus-
try," James M. Campbell calls attention in Advertising
and Selling to the efforts being made in Europe to en-
courage this business. The business being so profit-
able, "no wonder every country in Europe is trying to
get its share." The cooperative principle is everywhere
accepted, "in almost all the countries of continental
Europe the hotels, the railroads, the steamship com-
panies, and the air-lines have joined hands in an effort
to attract tourists."
OPTIMISTIC AS TO DAIRYING IN THE
(Times-Union, June 14, 1929)
A brief letter from an official of a cheese manufactur-
ing concern located in Chicago is, or ought to be, of
unusual and significant importance to land-owners in the
south. The letter in question, published in the current
issue of a manufacturers' journal, was written recently
by John H. Kraft, vice-president of the Kraft-Phoenix
Cheese Corporation, of Chicago, whose product is well
known to the public through extended use. Mr. Kraft
"We are most optimistic as to the development of the
dairy business in the south, and we do not regret having
entered into this field. While it is true there is a great
deal of educational work to be done, we are convinced
that the development is sound and that southern people
already thoroughly realize the advantages of the perma-
nent and regular income from dairy activities."
The foregoing brief expression with reference to dairy-
ing in the south is very significant. It indicates that
manufacturers of milk by-products are acquainted with
the dairying situation and conditions in the south, and
are hopeful of advancement in this important line of
agricultural industry. "We are most optimistic as to
the development of the dairy business in the south," says
Mr. Kraft. So are others who have been investigating
and studying conditions as actually they exist in this sec-
tion of the country, and as are prospects for more of
successful dairying being done in the future than at
It is a very encouraging indication that farmers and
owners of land adapted to dairying are among those
who are studying conditions of marketing, as well as of
dairying possibilities as they pertain to keeping of dairy
cattle, their feeding and pasturage. Dairymen know by
experience, others also, that milk production is not all
of dairying, not by a large margin. They know that
marketing is equally as essential to successful dairying as
is milk production, and more so, for without markets no
large quantities of milk can be sold. Furthermore, it is
known that milk and other dairy products consumers are
here, are everywhere throughout the south where there
are people, the difficulty being that either there are not
enough of milk consumers or that, generally speaking,
present consumers of milk do not use as much thereof
as they should. Here, as in other directions, is the need
for educational work such as Mr. Kraft mentions.
A great deal of educational work such as above re-
ferred to is being done, with good results, both to dairy-
men and to consumers of increased quantities of milk.
More, however, needs to be done in order that these re-
sults may be more numerous and movie beneficial. Even
with only slight increase in the number of dairy herds,
compared with what should be the number, advancement
is to be noted. And along with increased dairying in
Florida, and in the south generally, are coming to be
established creameries and manufactories wherein milk
is the raw material used, indicating that as there is more
and better dairying so will be further increase in the
number of such manufacturing concerns, that will aug-
ment home markets for milk and thus provide for any
surplus milk that may be produced.
Education, as to the value of milk as a food product,
increasing its consumption; education, also, with refer-
ence to proper marketing of milk, and in the need for
more of home manufacturing of by-products of milk-all
will lead to more and better dairying in the south, where
existing advantages for successful dairying are quite well
and generally known. And with education making head-
way, there is good reason for being optimistic with refer-
ence to the future dairying industry in the south.
BERMUDA ONIONS ARE A PROFITABLE
(Daily Democrat, June 25, 1929)
Steve Moore, of the Ivan section, has demonstrated
that Bermuda onions can be grown in Wakulla county
at a profit. He had about a tenth of an acre planted to
this variety of onions and it is reported the yield has
been far beyond his expectations. It is said that an acre
of the Wakulla land, with the use of a little fertilizer, will
produce five tons of Bermuda onions.
Some of the onions found in Mr. Moore's patch meas-
ured seven inches, according to D. M. Treadwell, county
BLUEBERRIES MOVING IN CARLOAD LOTS
FROM CRESTVIEW-MILTON SECTION
(Milton Gazette, June 21, 1929)
Milton blueberry growers are joining with the growers
of Crestview this week in shipping a carload of berries.
This will be the third carload of berries that have been
shipped out from this section this week, besides a large
number of crates shipped by express. The berry crop is
exceptionally good this season, and the price continues
quite satisfactory to the growers.
FLORIDA LUMBER MEN ARE DEVELOPING
FLORIDA LUMBER MEN ARE DEVELOPING
Small Republic One of Biggest Consumers
(Tampa Tribune, June 23, 1929)
Florida lumbermen have been turning to their atlases
and their children's geographies during the last month
in search of information about Uruguay and the Platte
river valley in South America where Florida pitch pine
has become popular and is rapidly overcoming compe-
tition from Pacific coast fir and Czecho-Slovakia pine.
Uruguay, a little republic about the size and shape of
Georgia, has received more lumber out of Tampa this
spring than any other country in the world except Argen-
tina, a much larger nation, situated across the Platte
river from Montevideo, Uruguan capital. The big Ger-
man freighter Simon von Utrecht has been loading lum-
ber at the Dantzler dock for over a week for Montevideo
and other Platte river ports.
Always One Loading
According to a Tampa shipping agent, there has been
at least one foreign steamship loading at a Tampa dock
for Uruguay every day during the spring, and his state-
ment was backed up by shipping records. In May the
British steamship Thistlebrae loaded 651,000 feet of pine,
followed by the Dutch Ruurlo with 650,000 feet, then
the Ullesmere, British, broke all records with more than
2,500,000 feet for Buenos Aires and Montevideo. The
Dutch ship Celaeno then loaded 800,000 feet, the Vallarsa
about 1,000,000 feet, and now the Simon von Utrecht is
nearing its high water line as heavy timbers go banging
into its hold. Each of these ships took more Florida pine
into Uruguay than total exports received there from this
state during the entire year of 1927.
Uruguay is the smallest and also one of the most pros-
perous and progressive nations on the South American
continent. It has a population of 1,698,000, more than
one-fourth of which live in Montevideo, the capital. It
is an agricultural country, consisting mostly of rolling,
grassy plains, with an unusually healthful climate and
even temperature. It is the same distance south of the
equator that Georgia is north. There are more than
2,000,000 acres under cultivation, nearly half of which
is planted annually to wheat, the balance mostly to maize,
oats and linseed. There are 41,000,000 acres devoted to
grazing, supporting 8,431,000 cattle and 14,514,000
(DeLand Sun, June 26, 1929)
Round trip tourist tickets to Miami via the Florida East
Coast Railway and to Punta Gorda, Fort Myers and
Naples by the Atlantic Coast Line, will be interchange-
able between the two railroads next season, according to
information received here from railroad officials. In
effect it established the long sought "circular tour" per-
mitting tourists to visit either the east or west coast on
their way north at the end of the season.
Much criticism has been directed at the railroads by
local chambers of commerce in past years for their re-
fusal to enter into an agreement to provide circular rout-
ing for tourists, in nearly every instance critics point-
ing out that the Seaboard Air Line had been generous
in permitting tourists to go south on one route and re-
turn on another while the other roads had declined to
do so. There is no parallel between the action of the
Seaboard and the refusal of the Coast Line and East
Coast to honor tickets issued by other lines, because
tourists who traveled on alternative routes on the Sea-
board never left the Seaboard's rails.
The agreement between the East Coast and the Coast
Line to honor the return ticket over the other line re-
sults from the close affiliation existing between the two
railroads. Because neither of these possesses a cross-
state line it is impossible for them to provide transporta-
tion from one to the other and those tourists who go to
south Florida down one coast and who desire to return
up the other will have to cross the state at their own
expense. This is expected to make little difference in
the number who will make the circular trip, however, be-
cause the Tamiami Trail has been publicized so widely
thousands will desire to take advantage of the oppor-
tunity to make a journey over it by bus.
Under the new plan the tourist who holds a round trip
ticket to Punta Gorda, Fort Myers or Naples can cross
the state and begin his return trip from Miami and visit
the east coast resorts while the tourist at Miami, holding
a return ticket over the Florida East Coast, may go to
either of the three west coast points, begin his north-
bound journey on the Atlantic Coast Line and visit the
series of resorts on the Gulf.
The one-way coach excursion rates to Florida next
fall and the same rates from Florida north late in the
spring are expected by the Florida State Chamber of
Commerce to result in a considerable increase in the
state's tourist business next winter. Because the rates
are one way early in the fall and late in the spring the
chamber believes it will have a tremendous effect upon
lengthening the season.
Regular winter excursion rates apply only to Jackson-
ville with the result that the saving in transportation
cost is considerably less than the average Floridian be-
lieves. The coach excursion rate will apply to destina-
tions in southern Florida and when compared with the
regular rate it develops that the saving is not so far short
of 50 per cent when the Pullman is added to the regular
one-way fare. The coach rate will be seventy-five per
cent of the one-way tariff.
The straight fare from Cincinnati to Fort Myers, for
example, is $38.15. The Pullman fare is an additional
$12.75, making a total of $50.90. The coach excursion
rate from Cincinnati to Fort Myers will be $28.61, a
saving of $22.29, almost enough to pay for a return
ticket, if the tourist does not depart until after April 15.
Information has been received that the railroads are
preparing to compete keenly for the coach excursion
business, which means that the accommodations to be
provided will be the best available. While the holder
of one of these tickets must travel in a coach all of the
trains handling them will be provided with dining cars
and other attractions.
FLORIDA GRAPEFRUIT SOLD IN SWITZER-
(Tampa Times, June 17, 1929)
Tavares, June 17.-A Lake county packing house re-
ceived a letter mailed in Lucerne, Switzerland, written
by Phil H. Cummings, a student of Rollins College,
Winter Park, in which he said: "As a citizen of Florida
it was very interesting to me when I bought a grape-
fruit in an Alpine village to find it to be Lake county
fruit. I enclose wrapper, returning it home from a long
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
BROOM FACTORY LOOMS AS POSSIBILITY
AFTER SUCCESSFUL EXPERIMENT
L. W. Pipkin Proves That Excellent Fibre Is
Grown Here-Market Is Steady and Crops
Offer Way Out to Farmers from Fly
(Melbourne Times-Journal, June 14, 1929)
A broom factory in Melbourne is more than a dream,
according to L. W. Pipkin, who is raising broom corn
successfully, with the very best grade of fibre. It has
been a hobby with him for some time out in Melbourne
Farms, and he has a friend who has also grown this type
of corn. "I have never seen better fibre than is raised
right here on Florida soil," said Mr. Pipkin in an inter-
view yesterday. "This fruit fly situation is mighty dis-
couraging to the farmers of this section with regards to
the future. They are making us turn our present crops
under, and are telling us not to plant new crops. This
broom corn appears to me as a solution to the farmer's
problem at this time. A broom factory in Melbourne
now means a way out for the farmer here during the
quarantine. It means not only broom corn, but manu-
"Our advantages for industries of this type are in-
creasing. We now have a water outlet nearby to the
market centers, which reduces shipping costs materially,
and adds this saving to the profits.
'There are at present 5,000 broom factories in the
United States, and only eight of these are in the State of
Florida. This is a new industry which is just being
touched upon in the state, and some day will be a lead-
ing one, due to the fine quality fibre which it is possible
to grow in Florida soil. Although the farmer can grow
the broom corn and ship it to manufacturing centers, we
might just as well have the manufacturing facilities here,
and keep that money in the state."
Mr. Pipkin has been farming in the Melbourne Farms
for three years and has studied broom corn extensively
along with his other crops. He states that in the raw
State, the broom corn brings from six cents to ten cents
a pound, and that banks accept it as security for finan-
cial backing in many communities, so dependable is its
sale and market.
GROWERS HERE SUCCEED WITH ABACCA
Flat Woods Lands Proved Suitable for Raising
This Variety-Fine Crops Produced This
Season by St. Lucie Growers
(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, June 25, 1929)
Will St. Lucie county's pineapple industry ever come
There are men experienced in the business who believe
it will and on a larger scale than ever before.
Their predictions are based on what is being accom-
plished by a few growers in the production of the
Abacca variety in this county.
With the old pineapple district along the ridge ship-
ping crates of pineapples where it used to send carloads
to market there are at least three Abacca fields in the
county that will yield crops this season equal to any pro-
duced by the banner ridge fields when the Red Spanish
variety was in its glory here.
All of these fields are located in the flatwoods, one on
light, dry sandy soil and two on lower and heavier ground.
But in the condition of the plants and yield and quality
of fruit there is little difference in them.
The fact made" evident by these successful demonstra-
tions is that St. Lucie county has thousands of acres of
land suitable to growing pineapples, at least of one
variety. The fly in the ointment is the difficulty of
obtaining Abacca slips for new plantings. At present
nobody knows where they may be obtained. The first
Abacca slips planted in St. Lucie county many years ago
are said to have come from Cuba, but Cuban slips are
barred from the United States. Porto Rico is said to pro-
duce some Abaccas, but whether slips may be obtained
there is not known here.
Building up extensive plantings from slips from the
local fields would be a slow process, but may prove to be
the only way. In any event the growers are having no
difficulty in disposing of all the slips they do not want
for their own use.
AN IF FOR FARMERS, WITH APOLOGIES
TO RUDYARD KIPLING.
(By a Plain Dirt Farmer, out in Minnesota, and taken
from Farm Life)
If you can rise an hour before the daybreak
And work all day till hours after dark;
If you can run a mower or a hay rake
And make of manure spreading just a lark;
If you can ride a bucking cultivator
Back and forth and up and down the rows;
If you can to the cows and chickens cater;
Nor mind when horses tread upon your toes;
If you can stand the long hard grind of plowing
Nor weaken when the seeding times comes 'round;
If you can make your hay without allowing
A part of it to spoil upon the ground;
If you can gamble both with time and weather
In harvesting the grain that you have sown;
If you can keep the market facts together
And get a price for everything you've grown;
If you can build a fence with saw and hammer,
And spite of worn-out tools a good job do;
If you can face your banker and not stammer
While asking for "enough to see you through;"
If you can bear to see the notes you've given
Come due when you have not a cent on hand;
And so have soul and heart within you riven
Because it seems that you must lose your land;
If you can lead a calf and keep from cussing,
Or drive a pig and not get peeved at all;
If you can stanchion cows without much fussing,
And train each mule to seek his proper stall;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds worth of work that's done,
Then you should farm for everything that's in it,
And, which is more, you might "break even," son.
And that's how farming looks to one of its followers
who has a dash of literature in him, and can see the
The Florida State Celery Association completed or-
ganization at a meeting in Lakeland this week. Officers
were elected, and the association went on record as
favoring a state-wide celery clearing house. A fund of
$100,000 for advertising purposes was created.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
FIGHT MEDFLY BY GROWING CROPS
IMMUNE TO IT, SAYS COMMISSIONER
(Ft. Myers Press, June 25, 1929)
Leesburg, June 25.-(A. P.)-A suggestion that Flor-
ida, to combat the Mediterranean fruit fly, grow only
those crops immune to the pest, was advanced here in
an address by Commissioner of Agriculture Nathan Mayo.
The speech was delivered by Mr. Mayo at a chamber
of commerce gathering. The subject of his talk was
"Facing a Crisis."
The commissioner also said he was of the opinion that
the best method to eradicate the fly was to fight it by all
available methods at hand.
"If nothing were grown in the state that is affected by
the Mediterranean fruit fly, we could still grow more
crops than the average state can grow," he said.
Mr. Mayo listed the non-host crops as corn, oats,
sugar cane, peanuts, white and sweet potatoes, grass and
grass forage, tobacco, watermelons, clovers, beggarweed,
kudzu, beets, carrots, turnips, radishes, greens, ferns, and
Other Crops Open
"With the growing of feed, we can engage in livestock
raising, dairying, hog raising and poultry raising," he ex-
"It should be remembered that, although the boll
weevil caused the financial wreck of thousands, today
the states affected by this pest are wealthier than when
the weevil reached them. The same is true of the cattle
tick-more and better cattle are now in the southern
states than ever before.
"The sooner we take this matter of the fly pest seri-
ously, clean up and take all precautionary measures, the
better for all concerned. The shortage next season will
mean good prices for those who can ship, and those who
clean up first will be taken from under the quarantine
Import Too Much
"There is a great work to be done in utilizing our
home markets for fruits, vegetables, poultry and feeds
and meat products. We import far too many things that
we produce at home and ship out to other states or allow
to go to waste for want of knowing where to find a cus-
tomer. I have great faith in being able to develop a
market news service under our recent enlargement of the
scope and activities of the marketing bureau. We lack
in intimate knowledge of small home markets and small
home supply of farm products. I think this is the case
to some extent in every state, but more so in Florida be-
cause of our diversity of crops and small-acreage farming.
"The man with a bushel of surplus should be able to
supply the man who needs a bushel of supply if they are
not too far apart to justify paying the transportation
"One of our tasks will be to collect the small crops into
volume sufficient to justify shipping to centers of con-
sumption; also bring supplies to small markets, and even
to render it possible for individuals to get in touch with
each other and buy and sell direct.
"We Americans are reputed to be the most wasteful
people in all the world. We cannot continue to waste
and still compete with those who have learned the lesson
of thrift in the hard school of experience and are ready
to compete with us in the marts of trade at home and
"The department of agriculture is organized and
operated to serve the people of the state in every prac-
tical way possible, and it is the desire of those who are
directing its activities to render this service to the ad-
vantage of the greatest possible number."
FARROW SAYS STATE NEEDS HATCHERIES
Owner of Large Chickeries in the North Makes
Short Visit in This City
(Lakeland Ledger, June 17, 1929)
David T. Farrow, of Peoria, Ill., was in Orlando for a
short time today. He is the owner of the Farrow Chicke-
ries at Peoria, Ill., Phoenix, Ariz., and Platteville, Wis.,
and produces over 4,000,900 chicks a season. One day
this season they shipped 77,000 by parcel post from
Mr. Farrow stated that our greatest need here is
hatcheries, or "chickeries," as he terms them, of suffi-
cient capacity to supply the great and growing demand
there is for baby chicks in Florida.
At Peoria they operate a battery of 27 Smith incu-
bators, which have a capacity of 47,000 chicks at a filling,
and during a hatching season average between 125,000
and 135,000 chicks from each machine.
He is fully cognizant of the fact that Florida is one of
the very best markets that the hatcheries of Kentucky
and Tennessee have, and impresses the fact that our
climate, soil and other conditions warrant encouragement
to those interested in the poultry industry in Florida.
In commenting upon the development of the hatchery
business and its effect upon the poultry business, he
brought out a rather pertinent fact, and that was that
when they first started at Peoria they had great difficulty
in procuring suitable eggs from the proper stock, but
now since the demand is created, nearly all flocks in his
section are known as accredited flocks. The stock is
pure in strain, with large egg producers, and proper cull-
ing of unprofitable individuals is carefully followed.
He knew of and made inquiry regarding the Orange
hatchery, at Apopka, operated by Edward F. fall, and
assured us that Florida, and particularly Orlando, should
look carefully into this business.
His operations provide for a big producing plant in
the cities in which he is operating, where ready access to
the advantages of the parcel post is available, and en-
courages very much the location of a big producing plant
at Orlando. He knows our state, knows the present and
potential demand in Florida, and considers this the logical
It does one good to meet a hustling "go getter" such
as Mr. Farrow proved himself to be. He is a young man
with a vision and the nerve to go ahead.
He frankly has told us of probably our greatest need
and encourages the man or men who want to succeed to
take up the hatchery business, and impresses the fact that
his is a business for hustlers.
WILL BEGIN SHIPPING GRAPE CROP
(Daily Democrat, June 25, 1929)
The grape season is on and Captain A. Lewis of Sop-
choppy will begin shipping his product next Monday. He
has a vineyard of five acres which it is estimated will
bring him at least $500 to the acre for this season's crop.