Trail Blazers .... ..... ... ..... .... 1
Muckland Farms Now Ocklawaha Operative Farms ... .
Farmer Builds Fish Hatchery .
Industrial Development Essential to Florida 4
Mellon Gives Library to Palatkans .. 5
Florida Gets $1,000,000 for Waterway Projects 5
Zephyrhills to Ship First Cucumbers Today ..... 5
A Good Investment for Uncle Sam Is a Good One for Us (
Survey Made for Poultry Possibilities ... ........ 6
Yellow Squash Beginning to Move...... .......... ...... .. 6
Business at Platform Is Increasing... ... ...... 7
Mills Has the Largest Truck Farm ... 7
Bean Growers Urged to Save Seed Crop......... ..... .. 7
Land Laboratory Plot a Necessity to Good Teaching in Voca-
tional Agriculture .. .... .... .... .. ... .. .. 8
D airy R evival ............ ...................... ... ... .... ..... 8
Rainey Says That Ridge Groves Are Best in the World 8
New Booklet Issued by State Department of Agriculture .. 9
Planting Tung Trees ... ... ... ....... 9
Dairy Costing $30,000 Proves Successful in Everglades ..
G irls 4-H R records ............. ....... .... .. ... 10
U.S.Dept. of Agriculture,
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
APRIL 15, 1929
Cucumbers Bring Good Prices ... ..... ..
Vegetable Shipments Mount to 333 Cars From County......
Seven Thousand Quarts Berries .................. .
Farmers Keel) in Touch with World News..
Three More Governors Send Thanks for Fruit.....................
New Type of Spark Plug To Be Manufactured Here .......
Produce Buyers Trying Out Auction Block in Wauchula..
Carload of Produce To Be Shipped Today....... .................
W rite Your Friends in the North .......... ............
More Ships Carry Florida Fruit Abroad ......................
C ream ery G row ing ... ........... ............ .... ...............
Better Cattle for Wakulla County by Use of Pure-Breds.
Large Gain in Florida Fisheries ........................................
Cream Market Is Established at Bonifay.... ................
W akulla County Now M making Ice ... .....................................
Florida Clays Are Being Tested at Gainesville ................
Operation of Potato Canning Plant To Begin Soon .........
Tom atoes Yield Good Return..... ................ .....................
First Cucumbers Sent From Winter Garden .................
Poultry Association Gets Charter From Tallahassee.. ......
Planning Big Tobacco Crop ......... .. ... ................. ....
Walter Issues Catalogue on Duck Raising.... ........... ........
An Address by T. J. BROOKS at St. Augustine, Florida, April 3, 1929
On the occasion of the celebration of the completion of the Old Spanish Trail from St. Augustine, Florida, to San
Diego, California, and the dedication of a marker as a memorial erected by the Exchange Club.
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
AM asked by Governor Carlton to ex-
press his profound regrets that he could
not be with you today on this occasion.
The Legislature convened yesterday and
it was impossible for him to be away from the
When any people shall lose interest in the
great turning-points of history and the in-
dividuals who have left their footprints on the
sands of time it will be a sad day for progress.
Our capacity for progress can be measured by
our appreciation of the great things that have
been done by those who have gone before.
Civilization is dependent upon our appreciation
of the good and great.
We are glad to welcome all visitors on this
occasion. We hope you will not let your
journey end here, but will see more of our com-
monwealth. When the poet Kipling said "East
is East and West is West, and never the twain
shall meet," he was thinking of certain philoso-
phies of life and not of people, commerce,
science or government. California and Florida
and all the states between and many states to
the north are shaking hands here today. Dis-
tance and direction have ceased to mean what
they once did. Forever the twain shall meet.
Florida has been under five flags and cost the
United States $5,000,000. The first governor
of Florida was Andrew Jackson, who served
two terms as President of the United States.
We are permitted to participate in the cele-
bration of this natal day of this country and in
the dedication of a marker which is to be a
perpetual memorial to the completion of the
most noted highway in the western hemis-
phere-the Old Spanish Trail. It stretches
from the Atlantic's storm-tossed waves to the
Pacific's golden strand, over three thousand
miles of historic America.
Four hundred and sixteen years ago the first
stretch of this trail was made from an anchored
ship up the beach on the coast of Florida. The
four centuries that have followed have been the
most remarkable in all history. The topography
of the earth has been changed more during this
period than during all previous time since the
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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2 FLORIDA REVIEW
first trail was made leading out from the gate
that was guarded by a flaming sword.
At the time of the early explorations of
America, Spain was the most influential nation
in the world, and was the master trail blazer.
First and last, Spain claimed sovereignty over
more than half the New World.
Highways were built by Rome more than two
thousand years ago, and they are good roads
today. I rode along the Appian Way leading
out from the city of Rome, and it is as passable
as when Saint Paul approached the city in
chains. Along it on either side are the ruins of
tombs of masonry where notables had been
buried. These tombs were originally veneered
with marble, but they have long since been
stripped of it by vandals, who sold it for profit.
The great highways of the ancient world were
built by slaves for the use of armies bent on
conquest. Our highways are built for the vic-
tories of peace, for business, for time-saving,
for pleasure and comfort.
Napoleon the Great had his engineers to as-
certain the horsepower it takes to haul a given
weight on a given vehicle over every character
of road. That was before steam, electricity or
gas was used as a motive power. We are build-
ing roads today that require the least horse-
power to transport both passengers and freight.
The wonderful network of hard-surfaced high-
ways in this country of "magnificent distances"
is one of the wonders of modern progress.
When the first traces of what is now designated
as the Old Spanish Trail were made in the
trackless wilderness, there were not as many
white people in the Western Hemisphere as
there are now in St. Augustine. And to a great
extent the explorers followed the old Indian
"Lo, the poor Indian
Whose untutored mind was never taught to stray
So far as solar walk or milky way"
had his trails, which in some instances are
today the streets of cities.
The bells of the little chapels of the Spanish
Missions broke the silence and called to re-
ligious service in many a lonesome settlement of
Indians before European civilization was per-
manently planted west of the Atlantic. A hun-
dred years before the Pilgrims set foot on
Plymouth Rock the Spanish were penetrating
the country along the route now designated as
the Old Spanish Trail.
Trail blazers have led the human race from
the morning of the world to the present in the
conquest of the continents. Ours has been a
nation of trail blazers. From a howling wilder-
ness, inhabited by dark-skinned savages, Amer-
ica has been transformed into a country of the
most spectacular, remarkable and complex
civilization of all time. In four centuries we of
the United States have come up from a few
thousand pioneers to a nation of 120,000,000
The Indians had no highways-only paths.
Today we have a mileage of surfaced highways
equal to six times around the earth at the
equator and also 2,700,000 miles of local roads.
For the purchase and maintenance we have
$15,000,000,000 invested in vehicles to use on
these roads. We have 250,000 miles of rail-
roads capitalized at $23,000,000,000.
Our merchant marine vessel tonnage is 14,-
000,000, and the port tonnage 74,000,000.
Our manufacturing output is $63,000,000,000
annually. The mines yield $5,500,000,000 a
year. Agriculture has $57,000,000,000 in-
vested; 360,000,000 acres in cultivation produce
$10,000,000,000 in values annually.
The educational budget of the United States
is approximately $2,500,000,000. We have
25,000,000 children enrolled in the public
schools, and $4,600,000,000 invested in school
property. There are 2,000,000 students in
private schools and 820,000 in colleges and
We have blazed trails to forests, to farms, to
factories, to mines, to cities, to schools, to
studies, to laboratories, to temples of worship.
Find the kind of trails that were blazed and
traveled by any people in any age and you will
know what they thought and how they lived.
Columbus was the world's greatest ocean trail
blazer, Lindbergh the greatest air trail blazer,
Copernicus the greatest trail blazer of the
siderial heavens-a veritable Columbus of the
skies. We can hardly designate the greatest in
We think that this nation has been the
greatest trail blazer in government. It set the
example for the first time of treating newly
acquired territory with the same consideration
that is given the original states of the Union.
No other government, ancient, mediaeval or
modern, has ever pursued that policy. When-
ever the people of a newly acquired country
comply with the regular requirements for state-
hood they are accepted with all the preroga-
tives, rights and privileges of the older states.
Another instance of an innovation in govern-
mental policy may be cited in the attitude in the
World War in the matter of advantages to
accrue to the victors. The only diplomats
gathered around the council table at Versailles
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO ... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS Director Bureau of Immigration
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, nit the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1921).
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
APRIL 15, 1929
that represented a nation that refused to par-
ticipate in the division of spoils, that wanted
not a foot of land, a cent of indemnity nor con-
cession of sovereignty were those representing
the United States.
To a large degree all the nations of the earth
are neighbors. Methods of transportation and
communication have been so perfected that
they have broken down the barriers of space
and topographical hindrances. The airship
defies mountains and seas, adverse temperatures
and the red tape of governmental passports.
The radio blazes a new trail in the domain of
magnetic space. A medium is used to convey
words in all directions for thousands of miles,
going in straight lines through all manner of
obstacles. In Goldsmith's Traveler he observes
that the most dreary wastes of mountain re-
cesses are not without their compensation:
"Yet still, even here, content can spread a charm,
Redress the clime, and all its rage disarm."
Man was given dominion over the handiwork
of the Creator in this world. He has gained
that mastery by dint of hard work and patient
perseverance until now the elements answer to
his call from atom to globe. He looks out and
beyond to the swirling orbs of space, measures
their magnitude, determines their composition
and tracks their orbits through the skies. The
trail of the comet is calculated and its return
is dated with accuracy.
May our purposes be as lofty as our visions,
our nobility as high as our farflung dares and
our hopes as sublime as the message delivered
to man by Him who blazed for us the path to
supernal glory. It is only when man forgets
self for a noble purpose that he measures up to
the full stature of his supreme powers. Count
yourself blessed if you feel the impulse to do
and dare in those lines of work which inspire
and exalt the most worthwhile of mankind.
MUCKLAND FARMS NOW OCKLAWAHA
Cows, Hogs, Poultry to Supplant Truck Crops
(Leesburg Commercial, March 26, 1929)
Fifteen hundred acre tract of land formerly known
as the "Muckland Farms," located in the vicinity of
Starkes Ferry and understood to have been owned by
the Azel Ford estates, henceforth is to be known as
the Ocklawaha Company Operative Farms and devoted
wholly to the growing of staple crops, with H. L. Wiley
as the operating head, it has been ascertained by the
local chamber of commerce from responsible executives
of the undertaking.
Truck crops will be entirely discarded in the future
plans of the enterprise, and cows, hogs and poultry
raised. Much attention will be paid to the development
of a dairy industry, on a butterfat basis, the production
of which will be disposed of through the Leesburg buy-
ing station of the Southland Creamery.
Fifty acres of corn is being planted and as much or
more land put into other feed crops, some of which it is
expected will be ready in not to exceed sixty days.
About thirty cows are to be milked, beginning in two or
three weeks, and the herd will be increased to between
75 and 100 within six or eight months.
FARMER BUILDS FISH HATCHERY
Jackson County Man Uses Wet Lands on His
(St. Petersburg Times, March 24, 1929)
Tallahassee, Feb. 23.-(A. P.)-How J. D. Smith, of
Marianna, Jackson county land owner and member of
the Florida Legislature, established a "private" fish
hatchery of his own on his lands, resulting in the propa-
gation of many valuable fish, was told to officials of the
state game and fresh water fish by Smith himself in a
letter received here.
The lands, timber and cut-over, are situated among a
chain of cypress ponds and wet lands. The small lakes
generally have fish in them, it was stated, but they go
dry during long arid spells and the fish are destroyed by
Smith ditched a running stream in his land, and
dammed up the overflow, filling the fish-raising sites with
fresh water the year around, and covering the vast acre-
age of wet lands that could never be used for other pur-
poses. Last year he planted about 600 large fish in the
lakes which, he said, thrived, as they had no enemies to
interfere with the monthly spawning during that season
of the year. One thousand black bass fingerlings were
successfully raised, the department was informed, so
that now, about a year from the start of the "hatchery,"
the place has become filled with varieties of choice fresh
"Those who have visited this wild life promotion claim
that it is wonderful to see the stock of fish that has been
propagated in these waters so quickly, for already it has
become one of the best fresh water fishing grounds found
in Florida," the letter said.
Florida has thousands of such locations that could be
converted into similar fish plants at small cost, Mr.
Smith said. They could be made profitable as an invest-
ment, he stated.
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ESSENTIAL
(By Joe Hugh Reese, Davenport, Florida, in Manu-
facturers Record, March 14, 1929)
[Several years prior to the real estate boom in Florida,
the editor of the Manufacturers Record in addressing a
meeting of realtors said: "You cannot maintain the
present prices of real estate unless you develop the in-
dustrial interests of the community in order to create
employment for people." The prices then prevailing
were almost insignificant as compared with prices pre-
vailing during the boom period.
For years the Manufacturers Record has vigorously
urged a fuller development of the industrial potentiali-
ties of Florida. The following article discusses some
phases of activity in Florida, indicating that in some parts
of the state people have been so obsessed with the im-
mense value of the tourist business that they have not
been willing to encourage industrial development. They
apparently forget that Los Angeles, one of the wonder
cities of the world as a tourist resort, is also a vast
manufacturing center, and in that city more than 50 new
industries were established in one month, a few years
ago. Los Angeles realizes that smokestacks and well paid
industrial workers give a permanent foundation for its
growth and wealth, while lessening none of its enthusiasm
for the tourist business.
Florida must take the same position if it would develop
its great advantages for the employment not only of its
present population, but also of the millions who would
like to live in Florida if they could find employment. At
present the tourist business and the trucking and citrus
industry are largely concentrated, so far as income is
concerned, in about four months of the year. In other
words, Florida is trying to live twelve months on four
months' income. To attain its greatest prosperity it must
have an income, such as exists in other states, for 12
months of the year. Otherwise, it can never attain that
full degree of prosperity which nature seems to have in-
tended for it.-Editor Manufacturers Record.]
Florida's pre-eminence as a tourist resort has cramped
its industrial expansion in a great measure. It is neces-
sary to travel only a short distance beyond the borders of
this state to discover that nearly everyone regards
Florida only as a playground, a health resort and a
region where oranges and grapefruit are grown. Even
otherwise well informed people seem to attach no greater
importance to Florida's possibilities than those men-
tioned. It has come to be a habit of mind and, since
there is no particular urge for people to get out of it,
millions continue to think of Florida in just this way-
and in no other.
Indeed, it may be that Florida people themselves are
largely responsible for this erroneous view. Men promi-
nent in some of Florida's attractive towns and cities fre-
quently are merchants or hotel proprietors, and they
are mostly interested in attracting the tourist, so that
they may reap a harvest while the season lasts, and after
that is over they are content to betake themselves else-
where and either do business or enjoy themselves at a
summer resort, returning to Florida in the fall to re-
sume at the old stand. Some once small business men
have become bankers and men of affairs, but they retain
the same point of view-that Florida is a tourist state,
and nothing else. Not only do they fail to take any
serious interest in the development of industries, but
many are covertly, if not openly, opposed to the idea.
To such men, industries mean only smoking chimneys
and workmen clad in overalls, who would crowd the
tourist in his sport clothes off the streets. Moreover, in
general, advertising matter sent out from Florida has
contained little or nothing concerning its industrial ad-
vantages, and there has been no direct bid to industrially
inclined capital, except in isolated instances.
Of course, there are some industries in Florida, some
large and considerable enterprises which are not to be
set at naught; yet the industrial surface of this state has
hardly been scratched-the possibilities have been
scarcely more than indicated. An "industrial atmos-
phere" has not been created, except to a limited extent.
To begin at the beginning, and to touch an acute ques-
tion in Florida at this time: Florida has one of the
largest crops of citrus fruits still on the trees that it has
ever produced, yet prices are such that many growers
do not find it profitable to gather or ship the fruit. Many
who have made shipments have been presented with
"account sales" in red. It has been somewhat generally
agreed that the shipment of green fruit early in the
season was partly responsible for this condition, but this
season the Commissioner of Agriculture assumed personal
charge of the inspection and there can be no question
that it has been more rigid than ever.
It is not the purpose of this article to discuss coopera-
tive marketing or any phase of that question. The fact
is plain and evident that the growers would not be in
their present plight if they had any profitable way of
selling their surplus products. There are a few plants
in Florida that make a business of canning grapefruit
and a few juice plants. The Florida Industrial Survey
gives the total number as nine, and the number of all
plants, large and small, engaged in the canning and
preserving of fruits and vegetables as 111. But it
doesn't take half an eye to see that the number and
capacity of these plants is wholly inadequate, when much
of the fruit crop goes to waste because there is no market
for it, and at the same time half the country is crying for
fruit and can't get it.
The situation is true also of the tomato crop. Our
growers or their representatives, are racing to Washing-
ton to get the tariff on tomatoes increased, claiming they
cannot compete with the pauper labor of Cuba and
Mexico, and there is no wonder they can't when half
their crops are wasted on the ground. I have seen won-
derful bean fields in the Everglades go to waste because
the current price was not sufficient to pay for the pick-
ing. If there had been a cannery where these beans
might have been sold, at even a small profit, the farmer
might have employed his land and his time to some ad-
vantage. The identical, or a similar, condition is true
in relation to nearly all forms of farming in Florida. The
land as a rule is so productive that farmers do well when
they get their products into a good market, but when
this is not the case, they lose, because of the highly
perishable nature of the plants they grow. There is no
way of utilizing their surplus, or non-salable products.
This situation opens the door of opportunity for the
cannery. Unquestionably one of the greatest industrial
possibilities exists in the utilization of waste farm
products by canning and preserving and the dehydrating
process. In hotels and on railroad diners, if one calls
for orange marmalade he gets, more than likely, a jar
that came from London, and if he calls for figs he gets
Texas or California figs, yet Florida can produce a
better quality of marmalade than is made from the
oranges shipped from Spain to London, and an equal
quality of figs that come from other places. Four figs
served in an individual jar on a Pullman diner cost forty
cents, ten cents a fig. I had a neighbor in Orlando who
gathered 300 quarts of figs from one tree and, after
supplying all his neighbors free and preserving all that
he wished, he sold the rest at 25 cents a quart. More
and more people are depending on canned vegetables,
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
because fresh vegetables are uncertain and high. This
should not be in a country as productive as ours. The
possibilities of the canning industry are great, and ex-
tend to clams, oysters, shrimp and other forms of edible
This subject is of the utmost importance, because
Florida should utilize its products and give employment
to its people, not only for the profit in the industry it-
self, but as a means of stabilizing its fresh fruit and
vegetable markets. This should be evident to all, yet
many men who should take the leading part in such
matters do not appear to be interested, because they
are obsessed by the idea that Florida is a tourist state,
and nothing else.
The canning of milk and the manufacture of butter
and cheese are other phases of this industry which it is
pertinent to mention. There are more than 1,000
dairies of 10 cows or more in Florida. During the tourist
season there is ample demand for all the milk these
dairies produce, and great quantities of milk are shipped
in from other states, but in the summer there is a lack
of demand, and the dairies suffer the same kind of inert-
ness of demand that their farmer friends experience.
There is room in Florida for many times as many dairies
as now exist.
With almost unlimited capacity for production, with
35,000,000 acres of land and only 1,500,000 in cultiva-
tion, Florida is not yet a self-supporting state, and lacks
much of so being because so many of our best citizens
believe the tourist is our salvation. No one need delude
himself with the idea that the tourist season, no matter
how good or prosperous, is going to produce enough
revenue to last all the year. There are too many people
in Florida now to live on the tourist; there must be other
means of employment and other sources of revenue.
We have intimations and hear rumors now and again
that great things are in store for Florida in an industrial
way. At Daytona Beach, L. M. Drake established and has
maintained a laboratory for several years where he has
been experimenting in Florida clays. The plant cost
him more than $40,000, all personally borne. A great
man is Mr. Drake, engaged in a great work for the
development of one of the great natural resources of a
great state. But, does it seem just right that he should
tread the path alone; that there should be so little in-
terest in these matters by men in commanding positions?
According to Dr. Henry Mace Payne, consulting en-
gineer of the American Mining Congress, Washington,
Florida has four metallic and 13 non-metallic minerals in
commercial quantity and quality, but with the exception
of lime rock and phosphate, they are not being mined to
any great extent.
But why enumerate? There are opportunities of an
industrial character in Florida by the score, made so by
the infinity of its natural resources and by its geograph-
ical location. The recent good-will tour of President
Hoover to Latin American countries helped and other
agencies are at work to increase our trade with those
countries. Florida stands at a strategic point for quick
transportation and communication with them. Its most
appreciated asset is its climate. We all know that, but
its great deposits of clay and minerals, its fisheries with
their many possibilities, its long extent of coast line and
its many inland waters, along with the resources of its
soils, cause it to be a field of fruitful endeavor for the
farmer, the ranchman, the miner and the manufacturer
who have the vision and the will to achieve.
MELLON GIVES LIBRARY TO PALATKANS
Forty Thousand Dollar Structure To Be Memo-
rial to Capitalist's Wife
(Times-Union, March 17, 1929)
Palatka, March 16.-J. R. Mellon, Pittsburgh capitalist,
and winter resident of Palatka for the past forty-seven
years, is to give to the City of Palatka a $40,000 library
building, as a memorial to his wife, as soon as a suitable
site can be obtained.
It is probable that the building will be located either
on the east or west side of the city hall. The city com-
mission is making efforts to decide upon a site suitable
to Mr. Mellon. Mr. Mellon stated that the matter of
the library had been under consideration for some time.
The building proposed will likely be a two-story fire-
proof structure. One of the stories will be a basement
for recording work. The upper story is to be equipped
with the latest metal book shelves and casings. Spacious
reading and study rooms will be a feature of the struc-
ture. It is to be modern throughout.
Mr. Mellon is a brother of Secretary of Treasury
FLORIDA GETS $1,000,000 FOR WATERWAY
(The Docket, March, 1929)
Washington.-Federal aid in allotments totalling $41,-
587,960 for river and harbor improvements and mainte-
nance for the fiscal year beginning July 1st, has just
been announced by the Secretary of War.
Florida will receive nearly one million dollars for its
share of the nation's allotment, including projects and
rivers in all sections of the State.
The allotments include:
Waterway between Beaufort, S. C., and St. Johns
river, Florida, $50,000; St. Johns river, Florida, Jack-
sonville to ocean, $360,000; Oklawaha river, Florida,
$10,000; harbor at Miami (Biscayne bay), Florida,
$175,000; harbor at Key West, $20,000; Caloosahatchee
river, Florida, $12,000; Charlotte harbor, Florida,
$21,000; Sarasota bay, Florida, $12,000; channel from
Clearwater harbor through Boca Ciega to Tampa bay,
Florida, $10,000; Tampa harbor, Florida, $65,000; re-
moval of water hyacinths in Florida, $7,500; Carrabelle
harbor and bar, Florida, $1,500; Apalachicola bay,
Florida, $10,000; Apalachicola river, Florida, the cutoff,
Lee slough and lower Chipola river, $2,500.
Channel from Apalachicola river to St. Andrews bay,
$2,000; St. Andrews bay, $5,000; Choctawatchee river,
Florida, and Alabama, $8,000; harbor at Pensacola,
ZEPHYRHILLS TO SHIP FIRST CUCUMBERS
(Tampa Tribune, March 5, 1929)
Zephyrhills, March 4.-(Special)-Cucumber picking
started today on the Thompson & Naber field of 10 acres
here and the first shipment will be made tomorrow.
Favorable weather in the last few days has hastened
maturity of the crop, which was expected to be ready
in about 10 days. So far as can be learned, this ship-
ment will be first of the spring crop from the west coast.
They will go to New York.
A GOOD INVESTMENT FOR UNCLE SAM IS
A GOOD ONE FOR US
(By T. W. LeQuatte, in Farm Life, April, 1929)
Uncle Sam bought Florida from Spain for $5,000,000.
He paid $15,000,000 to France for the Louisiana pur-
chase. Russia received $7,200,000 for Alaska.
These were all big land deals. Each has shown an
annual profit that dwarfs into insignificance the private
profits of automobile, or steel, or oil companies or other
financial marvels of our time.
Uncle Sam got a bargain in each of these real estate
investments because the original owners could not
develop the land. Spain was poor. France was busy.
Russia had a surplus of cheap land.
Individuals could not have handled these bargains.
The job was too big. It required too long for develop-
ment. It could not be finished within the life of one
man. Just now there is an opportunity for Uncle Sam
to underwrite another big land deal and direct its de-
velopment at a profit.
Millions of acres of land, mostly in the timbered area
east of the great plains of the west have proven to be
unsuitable for plow land. These thin-soiled acres are
holding back the progress of the people who are vainly
trying to plow and plant and cultivate them and harvest
crops at a profit. This land will raise good trees now
as it has done in the past. But it cannot be plowed at a
profit. The soil is not suitable.
The country does not need the farm products raised
at a loss on this sub-standard soil. If these semi-barren
acres were turned back to timber the problem of our
present surplus of farm products would be solved.
No interference with private enterprise is proposed.
Private enterprise cannot and will not do this long-drawn
out job. It is the kind of responsibility that Uncle
Sam's corporation, the United States of America in
which we are all stockholders, is admirably fitted to un-
It is very definitely and very plainly a case of protect-
ing and conserving and promoting the value of natural
The people who have been gradually starving to death
in an attempt to farm this poor land can make more
money and live in better homes and raise their families
to be better citizens if they turn to employment on
farms more suited to the plow or take up other pursuits.
This sub-standard land cannot support them. Its
original thin layer of fertility is gone. Nature never
intended it to raise farm crops. But even the low price
the government could afford to pay for it would give
them a start elsewhere.
This big land deal is ripe for action now. It is even
more important than Florida or Louisiana or Alaska were
in their time. It is a bigger bargain than these other
great purchases were at the time they were made. All
the land under consideration is located within easy
access to markets. The demand for lumber and other
wood products does not need to be created. It is here
now. It will continue throughout the years. It will
increase with the growth of the population. Every year
adds to the value of every tree from which salable wood
products may eventually be cut.
It will take time to develop the project, but as in-
dividual stockholders in Uncle Sam's corporation we, and
the people who come after us, shall each make a profit
on the timber. As individual users of building material
and other wood products we shall all save money. As
farmers we shall have our troublesome surplus turned
into an asset instead of a liability.
In the form of b -products, during the development of
this vast project, we shall have grazing rights and hunt-
ing and fishing rights and a larger conservation and
better control of our rainfall.
We could bequeath no finer heritage to coming genera-
tions and no greater service could be rendered to the
people of our own times than to grow trees where trees
SURVEY MADE FOR POULTRY POSSIBILI-
Representative of Armour and Company Gets
Data on Production
(Plant City Courier, March 26, 1929)
Sufficient interest in Hillsborough county and Plant
City in connection with the possible establishment of a
plant here for the buying of poultry products is held by
Armour & Company, Chicago, to warrant a tentative
survey of this section, it was revealed yesterday by the
visit to this city of Joseph A. Mendel, asssitant district
produce manager of the southeastern section, with head-
quarters in Atlanta. Mr. Mendel spent some time here
conferring with poultrymen of this section and business
men regarding the possible volume of poultry products
that could be expected to come this way should such a
plant be established.
Mr. Mendel in no way committed his firm to the pro-
ject, but intimated that the great organization is evidently
interested or it would not make a survey of this county
and this particular field. This is the only survey of this
nature being made in the state of Florida and it naturally
points to the possibility of serious consideration of the
establishment of a plant in the county. Mr. Mendel was
frank in expressing his belief in the desirability of estab-
lishing that plant in Plant City.
While here he secured estimated figures regarding the
available poultry and eggs of this territory, which would
include a radius of from 20 to 30 miles. Plant City's
position as a rail intersection point and close proximity
to other poultry producing sectors impressed the repre-
sentative from the Chicago firm.
The proposed plant would buy poultry and eggs. In
other similar plants large quantities of friers are pur-
chased and fed in batteries before selling or placed in
cold storage. At one plant 28,000 head are being con-
stantly fed by the firm. The eggs are also purchased
largely for placing in cold storage.
Establishment of such a plant would offer a steady
year-around market for poultry producers of this section
and it is believed that it would be a great boon to the
industry in this section.
YELLOW SQUASH BEGINNING TO MOVE
FROM HERE NOW
(Plant City Courier, March 15, 1929)
The shipment of yellow squash out of Plant City was
inaugurated this week with indications that from twenty
to forty packages would be forwarded last night.
Wednesday 13 packages were shipped out of here in
addition to some which was bought for other cities near
by. The price yesterday was from $2.25 to $2.50 a
crate. Some beans are also moving and were command-
ing $2 yesterday at the local platform.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
BUSINESS AT PLATFORM IS INCREASING
Shipments Picked Up Considerably This Week.
Price on Strawberries Shows Marked
(Palmetto News, March 15, 1929)
Shipments over the cash buyers' platform here are
gradually increasing, this week's business showing a
marked increase over last week. The number of straw-
berries rolling has grown considerably, and the price has
risen some and has a tendency to continue to climb.
The price went way down last week, but this week
berries have commanded from 12 cents to 18 cents a
quart cash, the price being governed by the quality and
This week's prices on vegetables at the platform
ranged as follows: Yellow squash, $1.50 per hamper and
$3.00 per crate; white squash, $1.25 a crate; cucumbers,
from $4.00 to $4.50 per hamper; beans, stringless, $2.00
a hamper; Refugee and other varieties, from $1.60 to
$1.75 per hamper; English peas, from $1.25 to $2.25 a
hamper; peppers, fancy, $1.50 crate; eggplant, $2.00 to
$2.50 crate; cabbage, 40 cents a hamper; celery, $1.00 a
crate; sweet potatoes, 3 c a pound; tomatoes, from $2.00
to $2.25 per crate, and $3.00 to $4.00 per field box.
The platform committee has completed the small struc-
ture just west of the platform, built for an office, rest
room, and lunch stand, and the same has been leased
to and is being run by Mrs. C. A. Jones, wife of one of
the buyers. She is running a cool drink stand and lunch
MILLS HAS THE LARGEST TRUCK FARM
Will Soon Ship Beans from 65 Acres-Also Has
65 Acres in Watermelons
(Dade City Banner, March 8, 1929)
An interesting picture, presenting forcibly the possi-
bilities of truck farming in Pasco county, is shown by a
290-acre vegetable farm about two and one-half miles
northeast of Dade City. This farm, by far the largest
devoted to vegetables in this county, is the property of
F. N. Mills, who also owns a number of other farms in
Pasco county and has successfully produced and marketed
truck crops here for a number of years.
Mr. Mills' vegetable farm is on a direct line between
Dade City and the Slaughter community. It consists of
an almost solid body of rich low-hammock soil and is
surrounded by other farm land of unusual fertility. Fol-
lowing section lines by Mr. Mills' property it is only 7 %
miles from Dade City to Slaughter and a paved highway
through this territory has been considered several times
in the past. Such road would not only give access to
hundreds of acres of rich land now idle, but would give
Slaughter a direct route to the county seat, with a sav-
ing of half the distance now required to go around by
Lacoochee. Mr. Mills was greatly handicapped when he
first began farming in that section because of poor roads.
He made his own road, however, by filling in a substan-
tial dump through a slough at a cost of about $1,100.
This road, a county highway, is now being worked by
county road workers and will be in good shape for the
marketing of beans when they begin moving about the
first of April.
Of the 290 acres of Mr. Mills' farm, 270 are in culti-
vation this year. He has 65 acres in beans, 65 acres in
melons, four acres in squash, four acres in peas and the
remainder will be planted to corn and velvet beans. His
beans are now beginning to show four or five buds on
every stalk and will be loaded with flowers and small
beans within the next six or eight days. He will prob-
ably begin shipping beans in carlots by the first of April.
From 35 acres in beans last year, Mr. Mills marketed
3,400 hampers of string beans, which brought returns of
around $7,000. Being several weeks earlier this year, he
anticipates better returns from his crop. Between every
other row of beans a row of corn will be planted. The
corn planted in this manner will produce around 25
bushels per acre, adding considerably to the net returns
from his farm.
His 65 acres of watermelons are filled with strong,
healthy plants, just beginning to run. Corn with velvet
beans will also be planted between each row of melons.
The payroll from Mr. Mills' farming operations is in
itself a considerable item. He is employing around 15
to 20 workmen at the present time, and will require the
services of about 75 or 80 pickers when he begins ship-
A number of persons from Dade City have recently
visited Mr. Mills' bean and melon fields. Included in the
sight-seers were a number of tourists, who were surprised
to find such extensive truck farming and vegetables so
far advanced in Pasco county at this season.
BEAN GROWERS URGED TO SAVE SEED
Department Experts Visit District and Predict
(Vero Beach Journal, March 15, 1929)
The probability of a shortage of bean seed for next
season has stimulated the United States Department of
Agriculture to send experts out to study the situation
in all bean producing sections of the country. The bean
crop in the fields in the western states, from whence the
bulk of the seed crop is obtained, has been destroyed by
storms. Last Monday W. J. Zaumeyer of the U. S. De-
partment of Agriculture, and L. D. Coulter, representing
the D. M. Ferry Seed Co., called upon County Agent
W. E. Evans and were taken through the bean growing
sections in Indian River county.
They expressed surprise at the wide extent of land
planted to beans and were pleased with the fine quality
of beans in the several districts. The men are making a
careful survey of the bean growing districts in the state
with the view of inducing growers to save seed from the
present crop for next fall plantings as no seed will be
available until next November and the supply will be
Seed can be gathered from the bean vines, where no
disease has developed, and be kept until fall. This prac-
tice has been followed in previous years by some growers
in this county. The bean seed must be kept in a dry
place and fumigated frequently with carbon bisulphide
to destroy weevils, or the seed can be safely stored in
cold storage until planting time. County Agent Evans
has a supply of department bulletins giving instructions
how to gather and preserve bean seed in this section of
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
Car of Celery Grown in Land Laboratory Plot, Sanford, Florida
LAND LABORATORY PLOT A NECESSITY
TO GOOD TEACHING IN VOCA-
(Vocational News, March 15, 1929)
As indicated by the sign on this refrigerator car of
celery, the vocational agriculture class in the Sanford
High School has been successfully putting into practice
on the school land laboratory plot the theory learned in
the classroom relative to the best methods of celery
It is such practices as the above that make the students
of vocational agriculture feel justified in calling them-
selves Future Farmers of Florida. It is this same ability
of the boys to successfully put into practice on the home
farm the things taught in the vocational agriculture class,
that has proved to the farmers, as well as other citizens,
the value of vocational agriculture in the high school
Alex R. Johnson, instructor of vocational agriculture,
Sanford High School, as proved by the above picture, has
found the land laboratory plot a valuable aid in the
teaching of vocational agriculture on the "doing level."
It is hoped that the few teachers of vocational agriculture
who still think of the land laboratory plot as "just an-
other state requirement" will be inspired by the use that
is being made of land laboratory plots in other schools
and soon make their own a valuable aid to teaching and
an asset in their communities.
(Clearwater Sun and Herald, March 24, 1929)
Lake and Sumter counties are agog over a revival of
the dairy industry. The Leesburg Chamber of Commerce
has been active in promoting dairy and poultry meetings
throughout the district, and many new milk stations have
been established. Any town that promotes the welfare
of the farmers in its territory is merely promoting its
RAINEY SAYS THAT RIDGE GROVES ARE
BEST IN THE WORLD
Illinois Congressman Buys 10-Acre Holly Hill
(By W. S. Allen, in Davenport Times, March 22, 1929)
Congressman Henry T. Rainey, Democrat, Illinois, de-
clared during an interview that the citrus groves of the
Florida Ridge, extending from Davenport to Sebring, are
the most marvelous in the world.
This statement was made after a motor trip down the
ridge, in company with Mrs. Rainey and a few Daven-
port friends, where they are guests at the Holly Hill
Inn, for their first visit. The party stopped at the
Mountain Lake carillon, where they were entertained
by Edward W. Bok and shown the interior of the sing-
ing tower. Mr. Bok and Congressman Rainey are close
Congressman and Mrs. Rainey are most enthusiastic
over their visit to Davenport. They have had many trips
through the Holly Hill Groves. "They are marvelous,"
declared the Congressman. "I have never seen any-
thing to compare with them." One feature which
strongly appealed to him, was the system by which the
groves are given expert care, without any trouble or
annoyance to the grove owner. Congressman Rainey was
so pleased with the groves that he has become the proud
owner of a 10-acre Holly Hill Grove.
Congressman Rainey has acquired a new habit since
his arrival in Davenport. He claims never to have had a
golf club in his hands for playing on any previous occa-
sion, but the temptation to play the "Minnie" course on
the lawn of the Holly Hill Inn was so great that he gave
way and now enjoys his round of golf along with others.
The Illinois legislator is rounding out his 26th year as
a congressman. While his state went Republican in the
last election, he was given the largest majority of his
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
NEW BOOKLET ISSUED BY STATE DE-
PARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
(Times-Union, March 24, 1929)
The Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agricul-
ture of the State of Florida, has issued a most attractive
booklet, "Florida of Today." It is the popular railroad
folder size, with bright colors suggesting the pretty
spots of Florida. This booklet tells in pictures, words
and figures about the Florida of today, treating phases
of industry, agriculture and sports. The facts given are
all substantiated by authentic figures, most of which will
surprise people who have not kept themselves well in-
formed on the activities and progress of this state in the
past few years. A few of the facts handled in the
booklet are as follows: Florida has more sunshine in
winter and less in summer than any northern state.
Florida has the oldest permanent white settlement in the
United States. It has 35,000,000 acres; 2,841,000 acres
are in water. It has a thousand miles of coast line. It
is the largest state east of the Mississippi river except
Georgia. Its elevation is from tidewater to over 300
feet. Its mean annual temperature is from 68.8 to 72.3
degrees. Its highest temperature for thirty years was
100.7 degrees. Florida is in the same isothermal zone
as the Madeira Islands, Southern Spain, Sicily, Egypt,
Southern Palestine, Northern Arabia, Northern India,
Southern China, Northern Mexico and the Hawaiian
Islands. Florida is the land of romance, legend, song and
story from "Way Down Upon De Suwannee River" to
the oversea route along the keys.
PLANTING TUNG TREES
Land Bought and Extensive Operations Com-
menced by the Southern Tung Oil Company
(Suwannee Democrat, March 22, 1929)
We were very much gratified on Wednesday morning
to receive a call from Messrs. W. T. Watson and Howard
Steele, of the Southern Tung Oil Company. These
gentlemen have in charge the operations of this com-
pany in Florida, which at the present time is confined
to the counties of Suwannee, Duval and Nassau, and are
most thoroughly posted on all the points relating to the
tung oil industry, which is at present attracting so much
attention not only from the people of this state but also
in adjoining states.
The work of the company while at present only in its
infancy is of no small magnitude, and they are now en-
gaged in transplanting several thousand trees in the
northern end of the county which will cover approxi-
mately some two hundred acres of land. Mr. Watson
spoke in most enthusiastic terms of the lands and climatic
conditions of Suwannee county favorable to the tung
trees; that nowhere in this country could more favorable
conditions be found, that they were the same as were to
be found in China where this industry had proven to be
There is very little real reliable information that is
current in regard to the raising of the tung trees, how to
go at the work or what is really to be expected from the
planting of the trees. We have to acknowledge that we
are not fully posted, but from what information we have
been able to gather, if properly handled, the industry
would prove a profitable one. It is not one that the
owner of land can expect to get independently rich from
in a single season, but from what we have learned it
would seem that after the fourth year the owner of a
tung orchard would have every reason to expect a profit-
able return from his capital invested, provided he gives
a reasonable amount of care and attention to the trees.
The value of the product of the nuts is not alone con-
fined to the oil derived from the pressing of the seed,
but that also the by-product which is left after the oil
is extracted is valuable as a fertilizer. Nor is the oil
that is extracted merely confined to the manufacture of
paints, but is used in a large variety of products that is
of daily consumption in manufacture.
The planting of the trees in Suwannee county is under
the direction of Mr. Howard Steele, Agricultural En-
gineer for the company, the company having pur-
chased the property known as the "Poucher Place,"
located about two miles east from Suwannee Springs.
The present headquarters of the company is located in
Jacksonville, 229 West Forsyth street, and the company
invites all that desire information in regard to tung oil,
its growth, culture, etc., to communicate with them and
they will be glad to furnish any information in their
power. Mr. Steele will also be glad to have people visit
their operations in this county and will be glad to furnish
any information possible.
DAIRY COSTING $30,000 PROVES SUCCESS-
FUL IN EVERGLADES
(St. Petersburg Times, March 24, 1929)
Clewiston, March 23.-Activity of the Dahlberg in-
terests in the northern Everglades will be a boon to this
section and to the state not only from a sugar stand-
point, but from the viewpoint that as a pioneer, B. G.
Dahlberg is making possible a truer conception of the
vast possibilities of this section.
This is the opinion of many people of the northern
Everglades who in substantiation of their claims point
to the $30,000 dairy of 0. L. Jeffries at Clewiston, as
indicative of the dairying prospects here.
O. L. Jeffries who had years of experience in Colum-
bus, Ohio, after a study of conditions here announced
his intention of building a $30,000 dairy and of bring-
ing here from his northern farm a herd of thorough-
bred Guernsey cattle.
Cattle and dairymen of south Florida with whom
Jeffries talked advised strongly against it, pointing out
that the Guernseys would not thrive here and, too, that
it would be difficult to find a ready market for the milk.
But Jeffries insisted on carrying out his plan and
against the objections of the dairymen that the Guern-
seys would not thrive, he announced that his dairy would
be something new to this section. As for the possible
market, "he would take a chance."
The herd of thoroughbreds were brought in after the
elaborate dairy was completed, but they were not let
out on the prairies and forgotten as was the case with
some other Florida dairies. Screened airy barns with
the latest modern conveniences and appointments were
ready for the herd which was brought here late in
October and the fresh green grass of the Everglades,
according to Jeffries, was a treat for the st6ck which
had come from the freezing north.
Little canvassing for the local trade was done. There
wasn't sufficient time. Local people after one visit to
the modern dairy, and a sample of the rich milk, imme-
diately placed orders for daily delivery and today
Jeffries says not only has the venture been a success
from every standpoint, but that he plans to practically
double his stock within the next year to meet the in-
creasing demands for the trade.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
GIRLS 4-H RECORDS
(Progressive Farmer, March 23, 1929)
Alabama and Florida girls can gather from these figures
below something of their fine records in 1928, as
Georgia and Alabama boys were given the chance to do
from the figures given last week.
What Florida 4-H Girls Did Last Year
"We do not emphasize numbers so much as we do
thoroughness with demonstrators; thus the influence of
the demonstrators will be felt in the communities," said
Miss Virginia P. Moore, assistant state home demonstra-
tion agent, in sending us a summary of Florida girls'
club work in 1928. With Miss Moore's statement in
mind, the following summaries of definite girls' demon-
strations completed in 1928 should be of particular in-
Adopting improved practices in bread making...... 1,026
Adopting improved practices in meat cookery...... 994
Adopting improved practices in vegetable cookery 3,098
Adopting improved practices in preparation of
dairy product dishes............................ ....... 2,236
Adopting improved practices in meal preparation
and service ....................... .......... ........... 3,515
Adopting improved practices in preserving fruits
and vegetables .................................................. 1,815
'Adopting improved practices in preserving meats
a n d fish .................... .............. .......... ............... 2 5 0
Balancing family meals according to approved
methods for the first time................................ .. 2,353
Preparing better school lunches for the first time 2,622
Adopting improved practices in renovation and
rem odeling .............. ........ ........................... 2,176
Adopting improved practices in costume designing 1,345
Adopting improved practices in infant wardrobe
planning ............. ................................. 139
Adopting improved practices in children's ward-
robe planning .............................................. 974
Following a systematized plan of household work
for the first tim e................................................. 151
Following improved laundry practices for the first
time ........................................ ............... 252
Making budgets and keeping accounts for the
first tim e ........................ ...... .. ............ 241
Adopting improved practices in selection and ar-
rangement of furnishings this year.................. 1,774
Adopting improved practices in the repairing and
remodeling of furnishings this year.................... 1,353
Adopting improved practices in wall, woodwork,
and floor treatment this year............................ 881
Adopting improved practices in growing fruit
trees ................... .................................. 1,111
Adopting improved practices in growing bush and
sm all fruits ........ ............. ................... ......... 966
Adopting improved practices in growing grapes.... 463
Adopting improved practices in growing vege-
ta b le s ..................................... ..... ...... ..... 2 ,8 3 7
Growing winter gardens for the first time............ 1,459
Total profit on poultry demonstrations conducted
by girls ............. ....................... ... .. ... ...$22,779
Girls assisted in obtaining standardbred eggs for
hatching ....................... ...... ........ ............ 596
Adopting improved practices in early hatching
and chick rearing this year............................... 708
Cows or calves in result demonstrations raised or
m managed by girls .................................... .... ... 115
Completing home beautification program ............ 3,511
Completing home health-sanitation project .......... 3,864
There are 200,000 known kinds of tree-attacking in-
sects. It is estimated that these cause a loss of one
hundred millions of dollars every year.
CUCUMBERS BRING GOOD PRICES, ARE
Over 100 Cars Shipped at Estimated Total of
(Leesburg Commercial, March 24, 1929)
Nearly one hundred carloads of cucumbers shipped
from Bushnell, Center Hill, Webster and other points
in the Leesburg trade territory last week sold at from
$1,500 to $2,500 a car, and are believed to have averaged
well up to $2,000, bringing into the district little, if any,
less than $200,000, according to survey made by the
local chamber of commerce. Less than one-fourth of the
crop has been marketed and while prices already are
dropping, demand is reported as continuing good and
prospects are excellent for the growers of cukess" to
make a real "killing."
Movement of the spring production of string beans
also commenced during the week, though these early
shipments have been exclusively by express. Forwarding
of cabbage has continued, though in reduced volume,
only about 50 cars having been moved as compared with
over 75 during the preceding six-day period.
Bushnell dispatches of cucumbers included 200
hampers by express and some 25 carloads by refrigerator
freight. Beville & Olin, Chandler & Davis, and Sumter
County Growers were the principal buyers. Coleman
shipments, handled by R. C. Bridges and H. K. Cren-
shaw, chiefly consisted of 28 carloads of cabbage.
Cucumber movement from Center Hill included 260
crates by express and 25 cars sold by Beville & Olin and
Lamb & Dixon. A carload of cabbage, a few hampers
of English peas and 150 crates of beans were included.
Webster sent out 300 hampers of cucumbers by express
and 32 carloads. Fifty pony refrigerators of straw-
berries, bringing 15 cents a quart, were shipped by R.
J. Head and W. W. Lance.
Leesburg proper cabbage movement consisted of two
carloads forwarded by A. S. Herlong & Co., 12 by Lees-
burg Trucking association and one by G. B. Spivey.
District shipments for the season have been over 300
carloads, or about one-eighth of the entire state's output.
VEGETABLE SHIPMENTS MOUNT TO 333
CARS FROM COUNTY
(Ft. Myers Tropical News, March 24, 1929)
Vegetable shipments from Lee county this season
mounted to a total of 333 carloads with the movement
of 25 cars last week, which was a slight decrease from
the previous week's operations. The citrus movement
also fell off slightly from the 41-car peak of the preced-
ing week, operations last week aggregating 38 cars,
which brought the season's fruit total to 857 cars.
Fourteen cars of truck were moved by the Lee County
Cooperative Growers, being divided six potatoes, two
peppers, four mixed and two in express packages.
Geraci Packing Company reported four cars of eggplant
and peppers and one of potatoes, while Biggar & Biggar
shipped approximately six cars of mixed produce.
The Lee County Packing Company, as usual, was the
heaviest citrus operator with 19 cars of grapefruit, five
of oranges and one mixed. Five mixed cars and one of
grapefruit were rolled by the Fort Myers Cooperative
Citrus Growers Association, and the two packing houses
at Alva shipped seven cars over the Seaboard Air Line
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
SEVEN THOUSAND QUARTS BERRIES
A. Horn, Former Tennessee Grower, Doing Well
(Arcadian, March 21, 1929)
A. Horn, who came to DeSoto county more than a
year ago and entered into the small fruit and truck gar-
dening line, is meeting with considerable success, and
this year made good again with his strawberries. Mr.
Horn had been a strawberry grower in Tennessee for
many years, coming here from near Chattanooga.
This season he has sold from his berry fields 7,000
quarts of fruit, for which he averaged about thirty cents
a quart-an unusually good price, it is said. For some
he got only fifteen cents, while some of his early berries,
being extra fine, commanded a price of sixty cents a
The robins have caused Mr. Horn and other growers
much annoyance this season. Mr. Horn has adopted
numerous expedients to keep off the birds. He has
stretched strings over his beds, to these attaching bright
pieces of paper, pieces of glass, tin contrivances which
would make a noise, etc., each one proving effective for
a time, but as soon as the birds found there was no
menace in the scheme it was necessary to adopt some
other form of device.
Mr. Horn also has about thirty acres planted to water-
melons, three acres of tomatoes and an acre in cucum-
bers, all of which are looking fine. Six acres were
originally planted to strawberries, but about an acre of
the settings died. The ground thus vacated is used by
planting tomatoes where the berries died out.
FARMERS KEEP IN TOUCH WITH WORLD
Survey Shows That 70 to 80 Per Cent of Florida
Farmers Take Daily Paper
(Polk County Record, March 14, 1929)
Although many persons have assumed heretofore that
the farmer is quite out of touch with the daily activities
of the rest of the world, the fact now is disclosed that
most farmers keep as closely in contact with current
events as do their city cousins.
Seven out of ten farmers take daily newspapers and
over half take local weekly papers. This statement is
based on the result of personal and uniform interviews of
representatives of The National Fertilizer Association
with 48,207 farmers in 35 states, including all those east
of the Mississippi river and Minnesota, North Dakota,
Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Kansas, Oklahoma
Previously the Association announced that eight out
of ten farmers interviewed said they take one or more
Of the 48,207 farmers who answered the question, "Do
you take a daily newspaper?" a total of 35,574, or 69.6
per cent said "yes."
The highest percentage was recorded in Kansas, where
all the 56 farmers interviewed said they take dailies.
The small number interviewed in this state, however, is
not sufficient to be indicative of all farmers in Kansas.
The survey was concentrated in states in which the
most fertilizer is consumed, as the primary purpose was
to determine the fertilizer practices of American farmers.
Very little fertilizer is used in the states not surveyed,
with the exception of the Pacific Coast states, which were
In two states-Michigan and Ohio-more than 90 per
cent of the farmers interviewed take daily papers.
Those states in which 80 to 90 per cent of the farmers
interviewed take dailies are: Indiana, Massachusetts,
Iowa, New York, Vermont, Maine, Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Connecticut and Pennsylvania.
Those in which 70 to 80 per cent take dailes are:
New Jersey, Rhode Island, Illinois, Maryland, Delaware
Those in which 60 to 70 per cent take dailies are:
Missouri, New Hampshire, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee
Those in which 50 to 60 per cent take dailies are:
Texas, West Virginia, Louisiana and South Carolina.
Those in which 40 to 50 per cent take dailies are:
North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama and Arkansas.
Oklahoma had 19.6 per cent, but here, as in Kansas,
the survey was hot sufficiently inclusive to be thoroughly
indicative, as only 56 farmers were interviewed in the
In reply to the question, "Does your daily have a
farm page or department?" 45.9 per cent of the farmers
interview said "yes." Over eight out of ten, or 83.6
per cent, said they are interested in farm news in their
newspapers.-The Fertilizer Review for February, 1929.
THREE MORE GOVERNORS SEND THANKS
New York, Michigan and New Jersey Execu-
tives Pleased with Florida Presents
(Evening Reporter-Star, March 17, 1929)
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor of New York, who re-
ceived a box of Blue Goose brand of oranges from the
American Fruit Growers, Inc., at Cocoa, and the Central
Florida Exposition, in recognition of the fact that more
than 200 winter visitors from New York state registered
on State Day at the exposition, has written the Central
Florida Exposition saying:
"The box of oranges which you sent has been re-
ceived and we are all enjoying them. I appreciate your
thought of me and thank you for sending them."
Governor Fred W. Green of Michigan wrote the ex-
position authorities thanking them for the box of Sealed-
sweet oranges from Clapp & Clapp and the exposition,
in recognition of the fact that more than 200 visitors
from Michigan registered at the exposition. Governor
"This will acknowledge your letter of February 20
notifying me of the box of Florida oranges sent by pre-
paid express. We are thoroughly enjoying them and
wish to extend my thanks for same. It is pleasing to
know that so many residents of Michigan who are spend-
ing the winter in Orlando attended the Central Florida
Governor Morgan F. Larson of New Jersey has written
the exposition management in reference to the box of
Lake County Citrus Sub-Exchange "Pride of Leesburg"
sealedsweet oranges and says: "I want to thank you
for your courtesy and thoughtfulness in sending me a
box of Florida oranges and grapefruit, which my family
and I are enjoying immensely. This fruit is truly de-
licious and the fruit growers should be proud of their
NEW TYPE OF SPARK PLUG TO BE MANU-
(St. Petersburg Times, March 24, 1929)
Charter application for the Leonard Spark Plug Co.,
the newest of the St. Petersburg industries connected
with the manufacture of motor cars and gas engines, has
just been forwarded to Tallahassee by Bilger & Grazier,
solicitors for the new corporation.
Interested in the organization of this new industry,
which will manufacture spark plugs of a new type and
pattern, are E. E. Rieck, Caleb Leonard, George M.
Bilger, M. C. Musser and C. E. Meyer.
Mr. Leonard, the patentee of the new spark plug, has
gone to New York to contract for the manufacture of
patterns and also for the manufacture of certain parts
of the plug. The parts will be shipped to St. Petersburg
for the present. Here the parts will be assembled, the
finishing will be carried through and here the plugs will
be put on the market.
Until sales reach a considerable figure, the manu-
facturing process here will be in a temporary structure
located at Fifty-sixth avenue and Twelfth street north.
The Leonard High Pressure Plug is expected to win
favor and as soon as is justified a factory building will
be erected at some other advantageous site in St. Peters-
Use in Airplanes
For initial production the company will turn out 1,000
spark plugs a day, of different kinds to suit the demand
for higher compression in motors. The new company
believes the Leonard plug will be especially available for
use in airplanes, for the motors in special boats and out.
board motors, as well as all makes of automobiles. It
is claimed the new plug will function when the com-
pression reaches 150 pounds.
Mr. Rieck is a well known business man of Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania, who has long had extensive interests in St.
Petersburg. In the Pennsylvania city he has built up one
of the huge industries in dairy products and the manu-
facture of ice cream.
Mr. Leonard, the inventor of the new plug, is a former
New Jersey man, and has had long years of experience
in mechanics, especially in the manufacture of motor
cars. He will be in charge of the manufacture here.
"We believe Florida offers the Ideal conditions for
manufacture," said one of the charter stockholders.
"Some of us have been paying entirely too much atten-
tion to the old idea that the finished product should be
made only in that locality which has the raw material.
Connecticut has no raw copper production, no zinc, coal,
oil, yet this state draws its copper from Arizona, Utah
or Montana; its zinc from Missouri, Arkansas and Okla-
homa; its coal from West Virginia and Pennsylvania;
its fuel oil from Texas and Oklahoma, and has set itself
up as the center for manufacture in bronze and brass
articles for the whole world. It does not seem to be
handicapped by location, and this in spite of its climate.
"It is true that the freight rates are slightly against
us for the present, but this is owing entirely to the fact
that we have had no persistent and concerted demand
for more reasonable rates. This can only adjust itself
when the manufacturers of the north realize that we have
here no such thing as the cost of labor turnover to com-
pute. They come here in sufficient numbers to have
their requests granted. Even now the absence of labor
turnover more than compensates for the difference in
"The cost of shipping spark plugs from St. Petersburg
to New York by freight, in less than carload lots, is now
only one-half cent per plug of average size. In addition
we have here an incomparable climate which makes an
employee a permanent fixture in population and eventually
makes him a veteran of experience and content."
The question of raw material will not bother the new
manufacturing enterprise. A single carload of raw mate-
rials needed will suffice for what would be a small
fortune gross in the sale of the plugs.
PRODUCE BUYERS TRYING OUT AUCTION
BLOCK IN WAUCHULA
Buyers Claim Can Handle Dozen or More Cars
(Florida Advocate, March 22, 1929)
Hardee county vegetable growers scratched their heads
this week and witnessed a sight never before seen in
this section, long famed for its cucumbers, beans, pota-
toes, squash and other vegetables.
The produce buyers this week inaugurated a new
scheme for handling vegetables, running them through an
The auction block was constructed last week at the
corner of Palmetto street and Fifth avenue north, just
north of the vegetable platform. Here trucks drive be-
tween a row of buyers who offer competitive bids. An
auctioneer cries out the prices offered and when the
highest bid is received he announces the produce sold
to the high bidder. Growers have the privilege of tak-
ing the highest price offered or of refusing it, as they
A charge of one cent a package is made for auction
fees and handling costs.
The auction block, talked about for a long time, was
first tried out Monday afternoon when 1,274 packages,
a little more than three carloads, were auctioned off, not
Tuesday's handling amounted to 1,095 packages, while
on Wednesday 1,209 packages went through the mart,
these being the packages being sold. Those not sold are
Prices ranged as follows the first of the week: Cucum-
bers, $4 to $5 for fancys, choice a dollar less, culls $1.50;
beans, $1.75 to $2.25; squash, $2.00 to $2.25; pepper,
$1.25; potatoes, $1.70 to $2.25.
Yesterday afternoon the following prices were being
offered: Cucumbers, $3.50 to $4.50; beans, $1.50 to
$2.25; yellow squash, $2.00 to $2.50; white squash,
$2.00; potatoes, $1.75 to $2.25; eggplant, $1.00 to $1.50.
Produce handled through the auction block during the
first three days this week totaled 3,578, or approximately
Buyers said they believe they can handle ten cars or
more with ease during the rush of the season. They
believe the auction block will prove beneficial to the
growers in that it will give all the buyers an opportunity
to bid on every package.
Growers, however, were not so optimistic the first of
the week, and it will probably take some time to become
accustomed to the new order of things. Whether or not
the auction block will prove beneficial and a success, re-
mains to be seen and is now only a matter of conjecture,
CARLOAD OF PRODUCE TO BE SHIPPED
Cooperative Association Will Begin Sending
Output from Melbourne
(Miami Herald, March 26, 1929)
Melbourne, Fla., March 25.-The South Brevard Co-
operative Association will ship their first carload of pro-
duce Tuesday, under their new organization. Many of
the members offered peppers for this first shipment at
the meeting Friday night at the Malabar Town Hall.
The board of directors reported that they had met with
W. J. Marshall and arranged to use the packing plant on
a percentage rental basis. S. E. Winfield suggested that
the secretary and treasurer, Harvey Huggins, be ap-
pointed manager of the association, and be paid on a
percentage basis for carrying on the business. There
are 47 farmers in the organization.
Suggestions were made as to exhibits at the Brevard
County Fair, April 25, 26, 27, which will be entered by
It was definitely decided to name the organization the
South Brevard Co-operative Association, growers of
Indian River fruits and vegetables, Malabar, Fla., and
that this marking would be used on all produce shipped
this season. They also plan to get the grower's red book
and keep it on file at the packing house.
Those attending the meeting were Joe Weber, L.
Schmitt, Jacob Hazlinger, C. P. Barnes, Frank Bohaty,
W. H. Gerlits, A. E. De Wolfe, Arne Johnson, William
F. Kloeppel, Math Michels, S. E. Winfield, L. G. Smith,
M. D. Sheckelton, Thomas Hazlinger, Herman S. Kloep-
pel, J. L. Kloeppel, Fred Michels, Herman Knief, T. J.
Knecht, B. J. Hunter, W. J. Marshall, D. J. Gerlits,
Thomas Barr, Jr., J. H. Minton, John Kuechenberg, D.
G. Gardner, E. J. Snyder, Bruce Ellis, M. O. Allison,
Theodore Weber, L. A. Whybrew, A. J. Claridge, W. E.
Gardner, Mike Jansick, Frank Heider. Clint Powers and
John Goodman were unable to attend, but were signed
up as new members.
WRITE YOUR FRIENDS IN THE NORTH
(Ocala Star, March 12, 1929)
The Star has received a copy of a circular that is
being distributed by the thousands in the north, east and
west by the Atlantic Coast Line advertising a series of
reduced rate excursions to all points in Florida, to be
run during the months of April and May. Three sepa-
rate excursions are listed, the dates of sale for tickets
being March 30, April 20, and May 11. Points at which
tickets are sold are Washington, D. C., Richmond, Peters-
burg, Norfolk, Portsmouth and Suffolk, Va., Cairo, Ill.,
Cincinnati, Ohio, Evansville, Ind., Louisville, Ky., and St.
Louis, Mo. Rates for these excursions are one fare for
the round trip plus 25 cents, with tickets, except for Key
West and Havana, Cuba, which have a longer limit, good
for 15 days.
Coming during the spring season, when our regular
tourist season is ending, these excursions, if they are
well patronized will give Florida a supplementary season
that will mean a great deal to all of us in increased
business at a time when many sections of the state are
accustomed to expect a lull. Those taking advantage of
the rates at that time will see the state at a time when
everything is at its best, and when our climate is its
loveliest. It will be an education for them about
Florida, which cannot help but result in benefit to us,
when they return home and tell their friends and neigh-
bors about their trip and us.
While the purpose of the Atlantic Coast Line in ad-
vertising these end of the season excursions is, of course,
the desire to create a southbound traffic at the time when
the bulk of the travel is in the opposite direction, it
cannot help but benefit Florida as much, or more, than
it will the railroad company. The people who will take
advantage of it will be largely those who have friends in
the state, or who have become interested and desire to
see it at a time when it is not crowded with tourists,
who want to know what Florida is when it has its com-
pany clothes off and its everyday ones on, so to speak.
They will come at a time when our fields will be showing
growing crops, in marked contrast with those of the
north, where planting has just been started. They will
find a mild, stimulating climate, at a season when the
spring storms and disagreeable weather of the north is
at its height, and they will be the more impressed as to
the advantages that Florida offers as a place of residence,
as well as a resort.
Ocala and Marion county people can do much to help
make these excursions a success by cooperating with the
railroad company. This can best be done by mentioning
them in writing friends living near the points from which
they will start, and telling them of the pleasures of see-
ing Florida in the spring time. If they are friends that
you would care to have in your home, now is a good time
to ask them to come and visit.
MORE SHIPS CARRY FLORIDA FRUIT
(Jacksonville Journal, March 24, 1929)
Tampa, Fla., March 22.-(A. P.)-Results obtained
this season from a single ship equipped for carrying citrus
fruit to northern markets has caused the Mallory line to
appropriate $225,000 for refrigeration equipment on
three other vessels, it was announced here today by John
E. Craig, first vice president of the line.
Citrus shipment by water is a new thing in this terri-
tory and promises to grow rapidly, he explained, adding
that a heated pier is planned for the New York terminal
in order to handle weekly shipments of grapefruit and
oranges from Florida next season.
(Times-Union, March 25, 1929)
The Land O' Sunshine Creamery has taken over the
storeroom adjoining their building at Monticello, and are
now buying all the eggs they can secure. They will be-
gin the manufacture of ice cream in April, says the
Monticello News. In addition to manufacturing more
butter than any previous week recently, 14,000 pounds,
they purchased and shipped 56 cases of eggs. The eggs
were bought from Jefferson county poultry raisers, and
the price paid was top of the market. The News says
that if the cream for the manufacture of all the butter
had been produced in Jefferson county, as were the eggs,
the county would be on the road to prospertiy. But the
county can produce many times that amount of cream
if the farmers will pay more attention to their dairy
herds, and this they are doing as fast as possible, the
News says. The creamery will soon put on a truck to
gather up cream and eggs.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
BETTER CATTLE FOR WAKULLA COUNTY
BY USE OF PUREBREDS
Advent of Registered Sires Will Improve Native
Stock-State Board Cooperating with All
(Gadsden County Times, March 21, 1929)
Cattle owners in Wakulla county have awakened to
the possibilities of the cattle industry in their county
and are arranging to purchase purebred registered bulls
with which to improve the native stock. On Thursday
night, March 7, Dr. R. L. Brinkman, veterinarian, con-
nected with the State Live Stock Sanitary Board and
working in cooperation with the U. S. Bureau of Animal
Industry in final tick eradication and live stock improve-
ment, gave a talk at the vocational school at Sopchoppy,
where Prof. Langford had persuaded a good crowd to
attend. The purpose of the meeting was to get a pure-
bred, registered bull placed at the school for the students
of agriculture. The response was gratifying and a sub-
stantial amount was pledged toward the purchase of the
Those attending the meeting stated that the balance
of the funds needed for the obtaining of the purebred
would be raised in a day or two. The bull is to be
placed with one of the students, who will take care of the
animal and carry on a permanent pasture demonstration,
under supervision of Prof. Langford, agricultural in-
structor and principal of the school. The students of
the agricultural school will each breed a cow or two to
the purebred sire and raise the calves, and thus give a
demonstration of the value of using purebred sires.
On his visit to the county, Dr. Brinkman was advised
by some of the cattlemen that there was quite a bit of
interest in the county in the improvement of the native
stock and he was persuaded to stay over and visit some
of the cattlemen. Prominent among the cattlemen who
persuaded Dr. Brinkman to stay was Clarence Morrison,
who with his brothers, is interested in a herd of range
cattle which they are planning to grade up by the use
of purebred bulls. In company with Mr. Morrison, Dr.
Brinkman visited cattlemen in the county and orders
were taken for purebred bulls. D. M. Tredwell, county
agent, cooperated in the movement and visited some of
the cattlemen with Dr. Brinkman and Mr. Morrison:
LARGE GAIN IN FLORIDA FISHERIES
(St. Petersburg Independent, March 26, 1929)
In two years the value of Florida fisheries increased
$5,839,721.50, according to the biennial report of T. R.
Hodges, shellfish commissioner. The total value of the
state's fish industry for the two years was $42,770,039.07.
The report is on the combined production of fresh and
salt-water fish, oysters, claims, crayfish, shrimp, crabs,
and the production of sponges. What may be expected
of this great industry, which is being rapidly developed,
is indicated by the work of the commissioner and his
forces during 1927 and 1928.
Five fish hatcheries were established and 41,575,000
fish and spiny lobsters were hatched and distributed in
various Florida fresh and salt waters. The public oyster
reefs were planted with 137,151 bushels of oysters and
shell, and the shell-fish production was increased 70,617
bushels over that of the preceding two years. The total
increase during the two years in the value of shell fish
Commissioner Hodges has been active in the enforce-
ment of laws regulating the taking of fish and shell-fish,
the result being an increase in fish production during the
two years of 25,326,804 pounds, the total number of
pounds yielded during the period being 198,378,378.
The total value of the production was approximately
$39,675,675.00, a gain of $5,650,360.80.
"The yield of sponge has been materially increased,"
says the report, "6,830,465 sponges having been handled
during the past two years, valued at $2,482,331.07.
This shows an increase of 1,902,010 sponge valued at
Summing up, the report says that "collections made
by the department have increased $17,813.29 over the
last biennial period, the total collections being $108,-
773.57. Three hundred and three arrests were made
for violation of the laws and two hundred and ninety-
three convictions were secured."
The fish and shell-fish industry is only one of Florida's
great sources of wealth and as yet it is not half developed.
But its gain in 1927 and 1928 shows that within the next
decade it should be yielding as much revenue in one year
as it is now yielding in two years.
CREAM MARKET IS ESTABLISHED AT
Facilities are now being provided for the sale and ship-
ment of butter fat, or cream, at Bonifay. The arrange-
ments were inaugurated by B. Bear, of the Pensacola
Dairy Co., who visited our section this week. Mr. Bear
reports that his company is enjoying a rapidly expanding
business, dependent upon shipments of cream from
various points tributary to Pensacola.
Those having cows and wishing to take advantage of
this opportunity should see Mr. Kelley Parker, or N. D.
Miller. At present the company is paying for butter
fat at the rate of 47 cents per pound f. o. b. Pensacola.
The transportation will cost less than two cents per
pound, thus leaving a net of 45 to 46 cents per pound to
the producer. The company will also provide cans for
shipment, and will otherwise facilitate the success of the
project, if local producers show an interest to justify.
There is no doubt that this is one of the promising
lines of development in our section. While maximum
profits will not be realized until producers have built
up their herds, systematized their farm methods to favor
feed and forage production, and become skilled in dairy
management generally, there is real money in it from
the start for those favorably situated. There are a
goodly number of such who should avail themselves of
the opportunity.-Holmes County Advertiser.
WAKULLA COUNTY NOW MAKING ICE
(Wakulla County News, March 21, 1929)
Wakulla county is now manufacturing ice for the first
time in her history. At St. Marks there has been an ice
plant installed which is now in operation. This is an-
other indication of the manner in which Wakulla is
going to develop.
As the population increases and as our industries grow,
and as the development of our natural resources become
more rapid, we will see many necessary plants installed
and put into operation.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
FLORIDA CLAYS ARE BEING TESTED AT
(Lakeland Ledger, March 19, 1929)
University of Florida, March 18.-(A. P.)-Physical
and chemical tests of Florida clays are being conducted
at the University of Florida to determine the nature and
usefulness of such products, and to also encourage a
more general utilization of them to the best advantage,
T. R. Leigh, head of the department of Chemistry at
the University, announced. The work being done at the
University is supplementary to the research problem on
clays being conducted by the staff of the State Geologist.
Ceramics is one of Florida's oldest industries, Mr.
Leigh explained. Clay products that have been pro-
duced in Florida include common brick, face brick,
hollow block, drain tile, Portland cement and ornamental
The Florida clay deposits and clay working plants are
located in the northern and central portions of the state.
Florida kaolin, mined in Putnam and Lake counties, is
the purest kaolin found in the country, it was declared.
It is shipped north for use in the manufacture of high
grade white ware.
Florida fuller's earth, which is found in Gadsden and
Manatee counties, is extensively used in bleaching vege-
table oils and petroleum products, it was stated.
OPERATION OF POTATO CANNING PLANT
EXPECTED TO BEGIN AFTER APRIL 1
Only Plant of Kind in Existence Is Claim-Can-
ning Other Vegetables Is Being Planned
(Flagler Tribune, March 21, 1929)
Installation of machinery and other equipment in the
canning plant here, designed to preserve in tin No. 3
Irish potatoes, is being pushed rapidly to completion by
J. B. High, in charge of installation details. The plant
is located on Railroad street in the building formerly
occupied by the Bunnell Bottling Works. It is expected
that the plant will open for operations about April 1,
according to Mr. High. Additions and alterations have
already been made to the building and a complete steam
plant has been installed. The steam will be used in the
preserving process. Other mechanical equipment to be
installed will be operated electrically, Mr. High added.
Outstanding feature of the plant is that it is the only
one of its kind in the entire world, so far as known, and
the canning process is the only one which will success-
fully preserve new Irish potatoes in tin. Mr. W. B.
Tungate, one of the directors of the plant, is the in-
ventor of the secret process which will be used in pre-
serving the delicate flavor of the potato. It has been
demonstrated here to many people that the canned potato
can not be distinguished from those brought fresh from
the field, cooked and placed side by side with the canned
product to be eaten. The potato from the can retains all
of the delicate flavor and texture of the fresh, it was
said by those who have eaten both at a dinner here.
Farmers Have New Market
Farmers of the potato belt will have a new market
for what has been in the past practically a waste product,
the No. 3 potato. And he will, it was said, receive a
price for the product to net a good profit to the grower.
After the plant is put in operation approximately 25
persons will be employed to start, with a probable en-
largement of the plant after this season. However, two
shifts of 10 hours each will be maintained after the
plant begins running, Mr. High declared. The plant
will be operated this season as long as potatoes can be
secured. But the company expects to operate the plant
on a year round basis hereafter, putting up beans, toma-
toes and other vegetables as soon as a supply sufficient
to needs is grown.
Daily capacity of the factory, as worked out for the
season's schedule, will be 5,000 No. 2 cans a day. These
cans will contain one pound and four ounces, net, of
potatoes. Negotiations for purchase of the entire out-
put of the factory this season have been practically com-
pleted, officers of the company stated today. And it
was added that if the output should be increased four or
five times that of the present plant, a ready market is
The company was organized and financed here recently
by local business men and W. B. Tungate of Orlando
and A. D. Zachary of Sanford.
TOMATOES YIELD GOOD RETURN
Growers Realize Benefits of Increased Acreage
(Miami Herald, March 26, 1929)
Dania, Fla., March 25.-Farmers of the Dania district
are now beginning to reap the benefits of the large
acreage of tomatoes planted during the past months.
With the shipment from Mexican fields practically
stopped by the revolution prices have jumped in the last
two weeks from $1.25 to $3.50 for fancy pack toma-
toes and $3.00 and $3.25 for choice pack, f. o. b. Dania.
Recent rains have been of much value, bringing the crop
ahead rapidly and making a better quality fruit.
Some cars have been shipped on consignment at prices
as high as $4.00 to $4.25. The greater part of the sales
at present, however, are for cash at the lower prices.
Seven packing houses located on the Florida East
Coast tracks and two located outside the city are work-
ing full blast to care for the increased volume being
delivered to them.
The Florida Growers, one of the largest houses, is
being enlarged to twice its present size, as they are
handling the pack of many more growers than for sev-
H. C. Tubbs, packing the Whippet brand, is employ-
ing 20 hands; Braden and Westfalland, C. E. Vanden-
burg, packing under the brands of the East Coast
Growers Association; I. C. Williams and Richard Swan-
son, old time growers who have opened a new packing
house this year, and Ed Grothan, who is located on the
Federal Highway, are now giving employment to 150
During the week ending March 16, the Florida East
Coast Railroad handled 25 cars of tomatoes and during
this week have sent out 30 cars of tomatoes and four of
cabbage to northern markets. One full car of tomatoes
went by express to Detroit.
Since January 4, 78 cars of tomatoes and 66 cars of
cabbage have moved over the lines of the Florida East
Coast as compared with four cars of tomatoes and 10
cars of cabbage shipped during the same period last year.
In addition many trucks leave Dania daily, hauling
vegetables to Miami for shipment over the Clyde Line
and Merchants and Miners ships to northern markets.
FIRST CUCUMBERS SENT FROM WINTER
Average of $4.50 to $5.00 a Crate Realized by
Shippers on First of Crop
(Evening Reporter-Star, March 23, 1929)
Winter Garden, March 23.-The first cucumbers from
this big truck section have gone out by express and
shippers have realized on an average of from $4.50 to
$5.00 a crate. Carlot movements are expected to begin
next week and continue through the season of six to
Latest survey made of the Winter Garden area indi-
cates that while approximately 900 acres were planted
to cukes, some damage from sand storms and other
causes has cut down the crop to a bit better than 750
acres. With a favorable market and a gross yield of
around 400 crates per acre, at a seasonal average of $3
per crate, the crop is figured to bring approximately one
million dollars into the west Orange county banks within
the next two months.
There are about 200 acres of beans and peas now
growing, 30 acres of celery, one hundred acres of sweet
corn planted or to be put in for late spring, five acres of
egg plant, five acres of Irish potatoes, and 25 acres of
early tomatoes from which picking is already under
way. Five acres of squash are also coming along nicely
and will reach the big markets in the next few weeks.
A hundred acres of Danish red cabbage is ready for
the market, but no shipments of any moment are being
made. In addition to the red, there are about 400 acres
of green cabbage in various stages of growth, from
cutting sizes down to that planted a few weeks ago.
The cabbage market is off, and local growers are not
crowding their shipments.
The gross freight revenue to each the Seaboard and
Coast Line railroads for February, on citrus alone, ap-
proximated a half million dollars out of the Winter
Garden billing offices, divided about evenly between the
two lines. The next two months will see 3,000 acres
of truck move to market, and a thousand cars of citrus.
POULTRY ASSOCIATION GETS CHARTER
Egg Marketing Group Ready to Start Work
(Orlando Sentinel, March 27, 1929)
The charter of the Central Florida Poultry Producers
Co-operative Association was received yesterday from
Tallahassee, signed by the governor and was presented
to incorporators of the organization by Julian Langner,
co-operative marketing expert, who directed formation
of the association.
The charter will allow the association to undertake
the cooperative marketing of eggs produced in Central
Mr. Langner stated that more than 40,000 hens were
represented in the membership of the association in
Orange, Lake, Osceola and Seminole counties, and that
organization work was under way in Marion and Volusia
J. P. Williams, president of the Orlando Chamber of
Commerce, in a message to the poultrymen stated that
the Orlando Chamber of Commerce "is glad to have been
of assistance to the poultrymen in organizing this new
Karl Lehmann, secretary of the Orange County Cham-
ber of Commerce, who has been active in assisting the
poultrymen to organize, said, "The Orange County
Chamber of Commerce is glad to have had a part in
organizing and helping to finance your new organiza-
tion, as it realizes the importance of proper marketing
in developing the poultry industry."
Incorporators of the new association are: M. W.
Heatherington, president of the Orange county unit; A.
E. Pickard of Orange Heights, Orlando; Vail G. Dunlap,
Conway; C. G. Martin, Winter Garden; E. B. Stocking
of Gotha, representing the Orange county producers; F.
D. Hickock, Geneva, president of the Seminole County
Poultry Association, and J. A. Bistline, Sanford, repre-
senting Seminole county producers; L. E. Kellogg, Mt.
Dora, president of the Lake county association; J. S.
Allen, Umatilla, and W. H. Shaddick, Lady Lake, repre-
senting the Lake county producers.
PLANNING BIG TOBACCO CROP
Approximately Three Million Pounds To Be
Grown in Alachua County During Present
Season, Pound Declares
(Gainesville Sun, March 20, 1929)
Approximately three million pounds of tobacco will be
grown on 3,000 acres of tobacco land in Alachua county
during the present season, C. A. Pound told members
of the Rotary club in weekly luncheon session at the
Hotel Thomas yesterday.
Pound estimated that between $450,000 and $500,000
in cash would be realized from the crop if only half of
it is marketed locally.
He outlined plans of the chamber of commerce for
the building of a tobacco warehouse and establishment
of a tobacco market here. The warehouse, a building 100
by 300 feet, he said, would be used as a tobacco market
from six to eight weeks during the year.
An operator for the proposed warehouse has already
been secured, he said, the chamber of commerce having
arranged for the keeping of a man who has had 30
years experience in handling tobacco on Georgia and
Every one is assured of at least a fair return under
the proposed arrangement of the chamber of commerce,
WALTER ISSUES CATALOGUE ON DUCK
(Bradenton Herald, March 25, 1929)
What is believed to be the first catalogue ever issued
by a Florida duck farm was gotten out yesterday by the
Dixie Haven Farm, M. V. Walter, proprietor.
It is an eight-page booklet, with illustrations, and tells
of White Muscovy, Dark Muscovy, Mammoth Pekin and
White Runner ducks, and the Ream Strain of White
Leghorn chickens raised on the farm, which is several
miles southeast of Bradenton on the Manatee-Sarasota
Mr. Walter uses as his watchword in the poultry busi-
ness the motto, "Quality Always." He has been very
successful in the business and is considered an authority
on ducks throughout the west coast section.