t.S5 Dept. of Airictdsu
r. -' e. 1 1
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Vol. 3 A
Florida Birds Win at Madison Square
Greenwood Proud of Its Peanut Industry ....
1,500 Eggs Being Hatched at Farm .
Fourth Florida Home Egg Laying Contest ...
Chicken and Egg Market an Asset to Palaitka ...
Record Breaking Potato Yield Produced This Season .
Hardee Poultry Farmers Doing Good Business
Poultrymen of Six Counties Organize cooperative e Body.
T he R ailroads H elp .......... .................................... .. .
Largest Celery Pre-cooling Plant Now Operating at Sanford
Potato Season Starts at Bunnell This Week ...
New York Company to Build Canning Plant at Lakelaund
Florida Exports Reveal Increase ... . .. ... .....
Farmer Canning Company Hits Production Stride
Miami Industry Starts Favorably ... ....... ..
Florida Fisheries Important.. ... .............
New Market for (itrus ...... ..
Big Milkman Looks Over This Region ..
Conference Recommendations .
Sauerkraut Valued as Healthful Food ......... .
Lee Again Becoming Egg-Shipping Center ... .......
String Bean C'rop Movenment Now at Peak for Season
Local Poultry Plant Growing......... ......................
First Tomato Car Shipped ........ .
Miami Urged to Can Pineapples of Cuba. ...
PRIL 1, 1929
E OF CONTENTS
Doctor Praises Certified Milk Sold in Tanmpa ..
Ph'losphate Shows Big Increase in Shiplments .
Forestry Meni Going on Tour to the Everglades
Nine Hundred Acres of Cucumbers Planted ......
I ., Industry for Fernandina-Fish Mleal Plant to Open ...
* .ml. I Cheese Will Fly with First Air Mail to New York......
Leesburg Buying Depot for Milk and Poultry Opens ...........
Immokalee Experimental Farm Ships Car of Vegetables ....
Money Rolls in as Beans Go Out .... .................
The Marshall Farm Receives 2,750 Chicks .............
Schools for Agriculture Study ..... .................... ....
Range Cattle Improvement Profitable
Making Money Raising Chickens in This County Now .
Solid Carlot Shipment of Sponge Is Made ...
Bradenton's Apartment Houses Are Filled for First Time
Shipment of Fruits to Foreign Lands Accomplished Fact
Homestead Canning Company Benefits Both Farmer and Labor
Thirty-five Thousand Acres Will Be Planted to Tomatoes
Cost of Egg Production Is Cut to Minimum
4010 Hampers of Beans Picked Off One and Two-thirds Acres
Potato Digging on 127 Acres to Start Here Soon
Local Men Interested in Broiler Industry. ........
Dania Tomato Day Success ..........
Poultry Raising Requires Skill ... ........ ................. ....
Rabbit Show Big Success ... ......... ..... ............
Howey Juice Plant Using New Process Starts Operation
Cabbage and Peppers Moving from DeSoto ......................
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
NYONE who will study the history of
agriculture will find that crude methods
of farming have wrought havoc with
millions of acres of productive lands in
various parts of the world. We see agricultural
desolation in India, Persia, Arabia, China,
Greece, Rome, Russia, the United States. The
only country that has withstood abuse for thou-
sands of years is Egypt, which is replenished
annually by the overflow from the Nile.
The lands that were once occupied by Syria
Sand Assyria contained a teeming population,
but much of the areas of these ancient empires
is a desert. The same is true of Palestine,
Greece, Southern Italy and parts of Spain.
The practice of soil conservation began in
time to save western and northern Europe for
modern civilization. There were a few authori-
ties on agriculture even in ancient times, but
they had little influence on the great mass of
farmers. Even modern scientific agriculture,
with all the farm journals, agricultural books,
agricultural colleges and Federal farm exten-
sion service to help in the work of dissemination
of knowledge, only a small per cent of the
farmers consistently use scientific methods.
Where the rainfall is copious, as is usually
the case in the United States east of the Great
Plains, soil erosion is the greatest menace to
agriculture. Millions of acres have been al-
lowed to become unfit for cultivation because
of erosion and crude farming. In looking over
these acres they make one think of agricultural
desolation. Soil conservation is the greatest
need in food production; however, there are
instances where these depleted acres are not
worth reclaiming. Nothing short of reforesta-
tion will render the millions of acres of gullies
If it had not been for the invention of im-
proved farm machinery agriculture would have
fallen behind in meeting the demand for farm
There is nothing more depressing than to
ride through a country scarred with gullies-
dry, sterile acres baking in the sun, robbed of
all fertility by reckless, heedless methods of
cultivation. Next to this is a forest burned to
a charred skeleton. Waste is the economic sin
that brings its own retribution.
There is no greater hindrance to the welfare
of the next generation than poor soil. If the
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
present generation depletes the soil, deliber-
ately or through neglect or indifference, it visits
its sin on the innocent of the next generation.
Lands so rolling and porous that no method of
cultivation will save them should never have
been cleared. When they are, the only remedy
is reforestation, or in'some instances permanent
When the drastic process of readjustment
now going on in farm life has completed its
program there will be little need for the small
one-horse poor farm to be operated. Gradually
they are being abandoned.
If one could ride across this country in dif-
ferent directions, from any point to any other
point, and see no land cultivated that was not
worth it in crop profits, what a glorious thing
it would be! Every poor acre of land cultivated
represents wasted energy, labor lost, disap-
pointment, poverty. May the time come when
there will be no toil wasted on unproductive
FLORIDA BIRDS WIN AT MADISON SQUARE
Lake Worth Chickens Win Over 10,000 from
All Over U. S. and Foreign Countries
(Lake City Reporter, March 8, 1929)
Seven prizes on nine birds entered in the International
Poultry Exhibit at Madison Square Garden, New York
City, is the record hung up by Robert G. Williams, Lake
Worth poultry fancier.
The nine entries of Mr. Williams included cocks, cock-
erels, hens and pullets. His cocks were awarded second
and fourth prizes; his.hens, third and fourth; the cock-
erels, third, and the pullets first and second. All the
entries were Silver Wyandotte breed.
A significant feature of Mr. Williams' entries is the
fact that the pullets and cockerels were hatched and
raised in Lake Worth and went through the hurricane of
last September. They were young chicks when Mr.
Williams went north last summer and he left them in the
care of Mr. Fancher, who runs a poultry ranch on Lake
Mr. Williams is especially pleased over this feature as
the locally hatched birds were given first place over the
whole show in which over 10,000 birds from all parts of
the United States and foreign countries are entered. It
demonstrates beyond a doubt, local poultry fanciers point
out, that Florida is an ideal location for the poultry in-
dustry, and that it offers a world of opportunity to raisers
of fancy poultry as well as those who go into the busi-
ness on a commercial basis.
Mr. Williams came to Lake Worth about three years
ago from Barre, Mass., bringing with him a few of his
prized White Wyandottes. His birds have been con-
sistent prize winners at the Palm Beach County Fair and
at other poultry shows in the state.
Mr. Williams, who resides in Groveland Park, Lake
Worth, was recently appointed a member of the board of
directors of the Palm Beach County Fair Association.-
Lake Worth Leader.
GREENWOOD PROUD OF ITS PEANUT
Tons of Shelled Product Daily Go Into Northern
Markets-A Community Long Recognized
For Its Soil and Hospitality
(Floridan, March 8, 1929)
A few days ago a representative of The Floridan
visited the big peanut enterprise at Greenwood, of which
Mr. A. D. Harkins is the general manager. Mr. Harkins
was on duty although it was Saturday afternoon, and
the employes were busy loading up tons of shelled pea-
nuts on railway cars for northern points, where they are
used in various commercial products.
The peanut industry now leads in Jackson county, and
this year's crop promises to be a bumper one. Growers
are more and more giving attention to scientific methods,
which means less confusion and better prices.
The Greenwood peanut mill is one of the largest in
Florida, if not the largest, and shows the importance of
this industry in Jackson county. This mill, according to
Mr. Harkins, handles annually from $300,000 to $400,000
worth of peanuts, and the county will raise, including
what is consumed by the hogs, more than a million dollars
worth of the product each year.
As the peanuts sent to market are all shelled, there
are mountains of peanut hulls that accumulate, but which
are of no use at present.
"We are investigating," said Mr. Harkins, "as to the
adaptability of the hulls for rayon, which is a product
supplanting silk, and of which hundreds of millions of
dollars worth is used annually. Various kinds of wood
is used for its production and I believe similar use will
be found for peanut hulls, which would give added pros-
perity to the peanut industry."
The capacity of the Greenwood mill is 50 tons a day,
and provides not only a handsome payroll for Greenwood,
but gives a market for the product for an army of
growers of that section.
Greenwood, prior to, and following ante-bellum days,
was accepted as one of the south's most progressive farm-
ing sections. Its rich soil today excites much interest
among expert agriculturists.
Standing in historic glory are many of the old southern
homes, which were the boyhood and girlhood homes of
men and women prominent not only in Marianna, but
various sections of the nation.
Before the Civil War, Greenwood was noted for its
education facilities. The academy and many of the old
mansions have long since been reduced to ashes, but the
environments still lend a charm to the living and the
community is still famed for its hospitality and its rich
1,500 EGGS BEING HATCHED AT FARM
(St. Petersburg Times, Jan. 27, 1929)
The White Feather Farm on Haines road, Safety
Harbor, which specializes in the production of pedigreed
White Leghorns, has some 1,500 eggs from selected lay-
ing strains in the incubator, the first hatch from which
will come off this week. J. M. Mook, owner and man-
ager, is a Leghorn enthusiast, believing this particular
breed of fowl best adapted to local conditions. The White
Feather Farm pen took first prize at the Pinellas county
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO .........Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS .......... Director Bureau of Immigration
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 3 APRIL 1, 1929 No. 21
FOURTH FLORIDA HOME EGG LAYING
January Report and Summary Report Compiled
First of the Month
(Highlands County News, March 8, 1929)
Fifty-nine poultry producers sent in their report for
the month of January representing 13,274 birds.
The average egg production for the month of January
was 13.50 eggs per bird. This is a new high record for
the month, being about two eggs greater than obtained
in any of the other three contests.
The high backyard flock is a flock of S. C. White Leg-
horns owned by Cobb and Belcher, Lake Worth. This
flock averaged 23.64 eggs per bird.
The high farm flock is a flock of Barred Plymouth
Rocks owned by Geo. S. Rowley, West Palm Beach. This
flock had an average egg production of 18.34 eggs per
In the commercial flock we find a flock of S. C. White
Leghorns owned by Mrs. R. D. Gregory, Bonifay, is high
with an average egg production of 21.03 eggs per bird.
The summary report shows an average egg production
for the three months of 28.84 eggs.
The high producing backyard, farm, and commercial
flocks have averaged 55.24-51.33-50.06 eggs per bird
for the first three months.
During the month of January 57 birds died and 448
birds were culled. This means .4 per cent died and 3.3
per cent were culled.
The prospects of the Grow Healthy Chick Campaign
going over big become brighter every day. Over 175
producers are enrolled. Enroll before it is too late. The
slogan of this campaign is "Healthy Chicks Mean Healthy
CHICKEN AND EGG MARKET AN ASSET
(Times Herald, March 8, 1929)
The origin and opening of a live poultry and egg
market by the Merryday Grocery Co., at Second and
Laurel streets, is a progressive step by this live firm that
opens for the farmers and poultry raisers of Putnam
county a ready market for their products.
Dr. L. W. Warren, of the Merryday Grocery Company,
stated that the Palatka Poultry, Egg & Produce Co. was
opened upon the advocacy of the Putnam County Cham-
ber of Commerce, who emphasized the need of a ready
cash market for chickens and eggs. Plans are being
made to reship such in car lots. In the meantime, bring
in your chickens and eggs and get the top cash market
prices for them.
RECORD BREAKING POTATO YIELD PRO-
DUCED THIS SEASON AT BROADVIEW
(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, Feb. 26, 1929)
Seventy-two barrels to the acre, in case you don't
know, is a big crop of potatoes for St. Lucie county, so
big in fact that such yields have rarely, if ever, been
But Tom Goodwin, manager of Broadview Farm, west
of Fort Pierce, has a 72-barrel yield to his credit this
year on seven acres of his 110-acre potato crop. And
the lowest production on the 20 acres already harvested
was 56 barrels per acre, which is considered an excellent
average for this section.
However, Mr. Goodwin is not satisfied and predicts
that with favorable conditions he will beat the 72-barrel
yield next year. He bases his prediction on the fact that
his potato land is improving with use. The seven acres
that produced the heaviest yield this season has been the
longest under cultivation.
It isn't Mr. Goodwin's policy to leave the improvement
of his farming land entirely to nature. As soon as the
potato crop is harvested he plants all the ground to cow-
peas and a part of it to corn. Enough corn and peavine
hay are harvested to feed his stock during the year and
the remaining humus is then turned under. The result
of this procedure is to improve the quality of the soil at
a rapid rate and eliminate the expense of buying feed.
Another unusual thing about this year's potato crop at
Broadview is the fact that the spuds are grading from
85 to 90 per cent No. 1. The No. 1 potatoes are selling
at $9.00 per barrel f. o. b. and No. 2's at $7.
While the potato crop is the principal one being grown
at Broadview this season Mr. Goodwin has made good
profits from 30 acres of string beans planted at various
times, but the biggest per acre income will come from
two acres of strawberries. He expects to pick 6,000
quarts of berries before the season ends late in May.
All are being sold locally at an average price of 40 cents
per quart. The first pickings about Thanksgiving
brought $1 per quart. The Broadview berries are of as
fine quality as any ever grown in Florida.
Mr. Goodwin came to St. Lucie county from the
Hastings district, where he grew potatoes for many years.
He insists that St. Lucie county soil can be built up to
produce as heavy crops as are grown at Hastings, and
points out that the smaller frost risk here and the higher
prices received makes potato growing a much better busi-
ness in this county than where he came from.
HARDEE POULTRY FARMERS DOING GOOD
(Tampa Times, March 2, 1929)
Wauchula, March 2.-Hardee county farmers are mak-
ing good money from their poultry these days.
This week Coe and Son report the sale of 210 chicks
less than 10 weeks old for the sum of $144.80. These
were some of the chicks bought from the Beverly farms.
Eggs are being quoted at 35 cents a dozen and hens
are selling for 28 cents a pound.
There is a brisk demand for baby chicks and local
hatcheries are busy turning out hundreds of them each
A 10,000 chicken poultry farm is soon to be estab-
lished near here, H. M. Alexander, former owner of
Beverly farms, announced this week. Simon Griffin will
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
POULTRYMEN OF SIX COUNTIES
ORGANIZE COOPERATIVE BODY
(Tampa Tribune, March 7, 1929)
Orlando, March 6.-(Special)-Poultrymen of six
Central Florida counties are organizing a new coopera-
tive marketing association and hundreds of poultrymen
already have joined the new body.
The association is being formed under the leadership
of Julian Langner, Pacific coast expert in organized farm
marketing, and the plan is meeting with such favorable
reception that it is predicted it will become state-wide
within the next few months.
"Local associations," Mr. Langner said today, "are not
sufficient to take care of the problem of orderly market-
ing of eggs in Florida. The poultry industry must be
organized and operate as one unit. Potentially Florida
is probably the greatest poultry producing state in the
Union, but the successful commercial poultryman of the
north and east cannot be induced to bring his money and
settle in Florida unless you can show him he can make his
money productive. Local associations in one county com-
pete with local associations in another county for the
same markets. Furthermore our locals are not truly
representative of the industry, as few, if any, have the
support of at least 70 per cent of the producers in the
territory they serve."
Mr. Langner's plan provides for retention of local units
in a central association which will do all the marketing.
The central will have packing houses at strategic points
and do all the candling, grading and packing as well as
The association also plans to store eggs in Tampa,
Orlando and Jacksonville.
THE RAILROADS HELP
(Tampa Times, Jan. 29, 1929)
When it comes to advertising Florida the railroads help
wonderfully. This is true of many railroad lines
throughout the country, but particularly so of the
Atlantic Coast Line and the Seaboard Air Line, which
render Florida her principal traffic service.
Both of these lines have recently issued new Florida
literature, some of which has been commented on by the
state chamber of commerce after this fashion, in a
The Seaboard Air Line railway has issued three hand-
some advertising booklets about Florida as a winter
resort for distribution in the north this season, and is
making use of another issued last season and devoted
to the "Healing Waters of Espiritu Santo Springs" at
A special booklet on the Mountain Lake bird sancutary
and the Singing Tower, at Mountain Lake, is one of the
finest of its type ever issued by a railroad. It is de-
signed especially for distribution in the north, and com-
paratively few have found their way into Florida. An-
other booklet, "The Route of the Orange Blossom
Special," is descriptive of Florida resorts and is a verit-
able hotel list of the state. Still another, "Across Flor-
ida," is devoted to descriptive matter and photographs
of resorts in southern Florida, including those of the
West Coast, the Ridge, and the East Coast.
The Atlantic Coast Line railroad is seeking to stimu-
late the demand for Florida celery, and to this end has
reissued its pamphlet on the vegetable which has become
synonomous with Sanford and Seminole county. Both
covers of the pamphlet bear the title "Florida Celery,"
and carry pictures, in colors, of a stalk of celery. Four
pages are devoted to a description of the Florida in-
dustry, and recipes, while another is composed of opin-
ions from nationally known health authorities relative
to the value of celery in the diet. The sixth page is
descriptive of the lines of the railroad in Florida.
Thousands of copies of the pamphlets are being dis-
tributed through the railroad's agencies in all parts of the
country, and aboard its trains.
While there is no getting away from the fact that
Florida has .done much for the railroads that serve her
there is less room for disputing that these railroads have
also done much for Florida. In advertising alone, what
they give the state during the run of a year would amount
to a large sum. Of course this advertising is indulged
with the view of getting business for the railroad, but it
makes business for Florida, too.
LARGEST CELERY PRE-COOLING PLANT
NOW OPERATING AT SANFORD
Weekly Payroll of $10,000 Opens With Season
at Peak-Plant Cost $100,000
(Special to Times-Union, March 10, 1929)
Sanford, March 9.-Pouring out enough washed and
pre-cooled celery to fill thirty refrigerator cars every
fifteen hours, the new $100,000 plant of the Dutton
Celery Pre-Cooling Company just completed here, is
swinging into peak production for the first time with the
height of Seminole county celery shipping season ap-
The huge plant employs 700 persons to do just three
things: First, cut the celery in the fields and bring it
to the plant; second, to wash from each stalk every trace
of dirt, and third, to cool the product to within half a
degree of freezing to keep it crisp and fresh on its long
journey to northern markets.
The cooling of the celery is the plant's unique feature.
Without precooling, the refrigerator cars carrying celery
to market are iced several times en route, which costs
the grower approximately $40 a car. The pre-cooling
process eliminates icing of the cars after they leave the
plant, and consequently, saves growers money, according
to officials of the company.
Has Special Equipment
Special refrigeration equipment was developed for the
Dutton plant. On endless chain conveyors the crates of
celery after washing are carried into the cooling chamber.
Here each crate is submerged in an individual tank of
water kept at a temperature of 32% degrees. These
tanks moving on long conveyors carry the celery for
thirty minutes. From the tanks the celery is rushed down
a long tunnel to refrigerator cars, half a dozen of which
are loaded at either side.
The new plant's weekly payroll ranges close to $10,000
and the payroll for the season will be approximately
$200,000. Three hundred men are employed in the wash-
ing and precooling processes. Ten field crews of thirty
men each cut the celery. The 100 other employes serve
in the office and as truck drivers and executives.
Dutton, himself, was a pioneer in the business of pre-
cooling celery. He designed, equipped and managed the
first pre-cooling plant in the United States for shipping
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
POTATO SEASON STARTS AT BUNNELL
Yield About 40 Barrels to Acre-Two Cars
Sent Out Thursday
(Hastings Herald, March 8, 1929)
The potato harvest season began at Bunnell, Wednes-
day, when G. E. Allen started digging. Mr. Allen is only
digging about 90 acres, which is said to have been
affected by blight, and will probably cease digging opera-
tions for a while unless blight gets into his other fields.
According to good authority, the potatoes are coming
out in fairly good shape, and averaging about 40 barrels
to the acre, and grading out about 72 per cent No. Is.
Two cars rolled from Bunnell Thursday.
It has been the hope of many who are deeply interested
in the deal that the growers would not start harvesting
their potatoes until they are fully matured. Of course,
the Bunnell section was planted earlier this year than
was the immediate Hasting section, and naturally they
would be expected to dig first, but Thursday some grow-
ers in the Federal Point district were preparing to start
digging today (Friday). It is believed by many that
growers of this section should wait at least ten or twelve
days longer before digging in order to give Bunnell a
chance to clean up its stock of older potatoes.
According to recent newspaper reports, prices were
quoted as ranging from $10 to $11.50 and even as high
as $12. These prices may have been misconstrued by
some of the local growers. According to latest reports
received by this office, prices quoted by various northern
terminal markets ranged from $10 to $11 for No. Is,
and after deducting freight and other handling charges,
would put the price down to about $8 to $8.50 shipping
It was also reported that there were 7,300 carloads of
potatoes shipped last season and that there would be
around 5,000 cars to move this season. A close check on
last season's movement shows about 6,500 cars from this
section. Taking into consideration the cut in acreage
this year, it is now estimated that there will be between
3,500 and 4,000 cars to move from the Hastings belt this
season, making it one of the shortest crops in production
for a number of years.
NEW YORK COMPANY TO BUILD CANNING
PLANT AT LAKELAND
(Lakeland Ledger, Jan. 16, 1929)
Officials of a New York canning and packing com-
pany will come here next week to decide on the location
for a canning plant that they purpose to have ready by
September to can Florida citrus fruit and vegetables, C.
L. Kingsbury, of the company, states. He says that after
canvassing the whole of Florida, his company has decided
on Lakeland. The company expects to give employment
to 175 men and women. A twin plant, 230 feet on one
side and 120 feet on the other, will be separated by a
spur from the A. C. L. tracks, leaving platform space
alongside of both buildings. Machinery of the latest de-
sign will be run by electric power, it is stated, and can-
ning on a large scale will be carried on.
A school will be started by the company for the train-
ing of women in the art of canning, in charge of two
proficient women from the company's plants in the north.
There is no stock for sale, it is stated, the company being
a closed corporation.
The demand for canned vegetables as well as for pre-
serves, jams and marmalades has become so great in the
north, due to the housewife's refraining from producing
such foods, has forced this company, it is stated, to come
to Florida where vegetables can be raised quickly.
Crushed strawberries, used in ice cream parlors, will
be packed in one gallon jars as well as in kegs; the
demand for strawberry preserves, jams and jelly being
so great, the company will start its own acreage on a
large scale, Mr. Kingsbury says, and he also states that
samples of soil have been sent to the company's chemists
and asparagus beds will be put out, the fresh products to
be sent by express to northern markets as well as canned
products. Trucks will be operated to and from the farms
of Polk county, the company buying vegetables and fruits
and paying cash at the farm and grove, says Mr. Kings-
FLORIDA EXPORTS REVEAL INCREASE
Shipment Figures Are Taken as an Indication
of Good Times
According to information received by the Jacksonville
District Office of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce, exports of merchandise from Florida were
valued at $8,317,630 during the second quarter of 1928
compared with $7,879,550 in the corresponding period
of 1927, an increase of $438,080.
Boards, planks and scantlings (southern pine), valued
at $1,875,829, ranked first in order of value among the
commodities sent from the state to foreign markets dur-
ing the three month period. Exports of rosin were valued
at $1,798,601, followed in order by phosphate rock,
$1,422,588; metals and manufactures of metal, $544,213;
grapefruit, $487,982; turpentine, $447,157; vegetables
and preparations of vegetables, $298,050; machinery and
vehicles, $205,686; sawed timber (southern pine),
$166,582; leaf tobacco, $127,156; and hogs, $105,675.
Meat and fish products, oranges, raw cotton, logs and
hewn timber, wood manufactures, refined petroleum
products, and other non-metallic mineral products, in-
edible animals and animal products were included among
the diversified commodities exported from the state dur-
ing the three months.
FARMER CANNING COMPANY HITS
(Dade County Times, March 8, 1929)
The S. T. and J. L. Farmer Canning Co., whose plant
at Coral Gables is capable of turning out 36,000 cans of
tomatoes and 6,000 bottles of tomato ketchup daily, re-
ports satisfactory production figures have been reached,
and it is estimated that 1,000,000 cans of tomatoes will
be put up this season. During the past few days a
capacity of 30,000 to 32,000 cans has been maintained.
Shipments are being made to Philadelphia by boat,
where orders for delivery of twenty-five cars have been
placed. There are about 24,000 cans to the carload. The
brand shipped is "Farmer's Hand Packed Tomatoes." At
the present time about 60 people are employed at the
Farmer plant, and plans are being made to increase this
number to 100.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
MIAMI INDUSTRY STARTS FAVORABLY
Bohlander Chemical Co. Developing Sales Dis-
tribution Throughout U. S.
(Miami News, March 7, 1929)
Miami's newest industry, the Bohlander Chemical
Company, 809 N. E. First avenue, promises to be one of
the most extensive in the near future. Commencing with
two lines, which are now on the local market, and have
been shipped to Jacksonville and Tampa, also to Cin-
cinnati, there will be followed in succession several of the
24 products that have been perfected by Dr. John Boh-
lander, A. M. M. D.
The company plans to distribute its products through-
out the United States and Canada. Already definite re-
quests for the distribution of the New Bohlander Iodine
have been had from British interests, who wish to have
the distribution for England, France and Belgium.
The New Bohlander Iodines are water soluble and oil
soluble. They are free from potassium and sodium salts
and are soluble in water and oil, and non-alcoholic solu-
The company is already in production and has a large
quantity of materials, including boxes, bottles and con-
centrated iodine, on hand, all of which is bought and paid
Dr. John J. Bohlander, chemist and vice-president of
the company, is in Miami, in charge of the local labora-
tory. His father, John Bohlander, A. M. M. D., is now
in Cincinnati, and plans to move here in the near future,
when he will bring with him the laboratory equipment
from the Cincinnati laboratory.
Leslie R. Acton, secretary-treasurer of the company,
has been a resident of Miami for some years. Mr. Acton
is a certified public accountant and was associated with
the late Walter Flanders throughout his career in the
J. A. Riach, president of the Bohlander Chemical Com-
pany, has been a Miami resident for many years and
was publicity director for the Miami Shores Company,
and sales and publicity manager for the Venetian Islands
Company. Mr. Riach will devote much of his time to
the building of a nationwide, as well as.an international
sales organization, and will also have charge of the pub-
licity of the Bohlander Products.
The board of directors is composed of the above with
E. L. Stapp, of Stapp, Gourley, Vining & Ward, promi-
nent Miami attorney.
FLORIDA FISHERIES IMPORTANT
(Lake Wales News, March 7, 1929)
An annual income in excess of $25,000,000 is credited
to Florida by the latest bulletin of the United States
Bureau of Fisheries, which shows a production of
86,895,922 pounds of fish on the East Coast and
73,266,267 pounds on the West Coast, the total of Florida
exceeding that of any other state in the southeast.
The only sponge fishery in North America is in the
Gulf, off the west coast of Florida, centered at Tarpon
Springs. At one time the industry was quite important
at Key West. The largest clam beds in the country are
in the Gulf off Lee and Collier counties and cover sev-
eral hundred square miles in area. Two canneries are in
operation, at Marco and Caxambas, and clams are put up
in several different styles, using as high as 200,000
bushels yearly. Key West is one of the principal markets
in the U. S. for marine turtles, of which there are three
varieties, the green turtle, the loggerhead and the hawks-
bill. Turtles are canned and also shipped alive. They
weigh from 10 to 200 pounds. The crawfish, or Florida
lobster, is also an important source of income at Key
West. The Florida lobster is not quite as large as its
northern relative, but it makes just as good food. In
weight they range from one to six pounds. The largest
of the shellfish family is the conch, in weight ranging
from one to five pounds. The large thick shells are beau-
tifully tinted. Parts of the shells are exported to
Europe, where they are utilized by cameo cutters.
The mullet is the principal edible fish caught in Florida
waters and is found along both coasts. The jewfish is
the largest of the finny tribe found in Florida waters.
The largest specimen ever caught weighed 693 pounds,
and was taken with shark tackle thirty-five miles south
of Miami. The Spanish mackerel is also important in
Florida waters. Among game fish are the tarpon, barra-
cuda and sailfish. President-elect Hoover has been try-
ing his luck with game fish among the keys south of
Miami. In all the edible fish in Florida waters number
several hundred varieties.
NEW MARKET FOR CITRUS
(Clearwater Sun and Herald, March 2, 1929)
Dr. P. H. Rolfs, at one time dean of the Florida Agri-
cultural College, and now head of the Brazilian Agricul-
tural College, will be one of the principal speakers at
the forty-second annual convention of the Florida State
Horticultural Society, to be held in Clearwater, April 9,
10 and 11. That Dr. Rolfs will bring to the citrus grow-
ers a message of importance is indicated by the following
extract from a recent letter written by Dr. Rolfs from
"It seems to me that the citrus growers of Florida
have been sleeping most of the time, and when they were
awake they spent most of their energy in crabbing at
each other. When we want to eat canned grapefruit,
it is the South African product that we have to buy in
Rio de Janeiro. All of the small cities and even many
villages have on sale 'California' apples and pears. Some-
times these originate in Oregon, frequently in Washing-
ton, and not infrequently in New Zealand or South
Africa. But where, oh where, do you find a single Flor-
ida product in the Brazilian market? Just now there are
large quantities of Argentine apples and plums competing
with the North American apples. Argentine grapes will
be coming in pretty soon. I mention these just to show
that there is no lack of market, but that it simply needs
someone to go out after it."
Many other speakers of note will appear before the
convention, and the subjects to be discussed will include
irrigation, how to combat insects and disease, how to
increase production, marketing problems and so on. All
the discussions will be led by practical men, experts in
their respective lines, and at the end of each talk ques-
tions are to be fired at the speaker. Thus all points of
value will be brought out in fullest possible form.
There is no grower in Florida but may profit from
these discussions. Come loaded with questions. Note
down now all the problems that are puzzling you. There
is an excellent chance that you will find the answers at
BIG MILKMAN LOOKS OVER THIS REGION
Borden Company Official Likes West Florida,
(Pensacola News, March 8, 1929)
G. E. Holliday, of New York, stockholder of the Borden
Milk Co., one of the largest of its kind in the world,
likes Pensacola and is coming back again.
Mr. Holliday left here yesterday afternoon after hav-
ing spent the past several days here "just looking over
Mr. Holliday has gone to Palm Beach, where he will
spend the remainder of the winter. He said that he
stopped by here because he had heard so much of Pen-
sacola, and wanted to find out about it.
During his stay here Mr. Holliday looked over the
entire section. He said that on his next trip here he
expected to look over the West Florida section completely
between Pensacola and Panama City.
Asked if he was here looking over the city for his
company, Mr. Holliday said that he was simply here on a
visit, and that there was no business attached to his visit.
During his stay Mr. Holliday was shown over the sec-
tion by F. L. Sanford of the Frisco railroad.
(Bradenton Herald, Feb. 28, 1929)
A score of recommendations, half of which relate to
legislation and the remaining half of a general nature,
have come out of the Agriculture Group Conference of
the All-Florida Congress which was held in Palm Beach
during February. These recommendations may be re-
garded as the fruit of careful study of numerous prob-
lems and embody much that is of a common sense nature.
The nature of the recommendations reveals the thought
of the conference and are reproduced here in order to
show the thought and study problems of this nature are
1. That tick eradication appropriations should be in-
creased so that all counties may be made tick free more
quickly than present schedule provides and at the earliest
2. That the butter fat content of ice cream mixture
should be adjusted to meet the demands of Florida con-
ditions in support of our own state dairying interests.
The present unduly high standard of 14 per cent is not
enforced and could hardly be enforced.
3. That the state laws governing permissible bacteria
in milk, cream and ice cream should be strengthened so
that smaller towns and villages may have protection now
offered the larger cities.
4. That a commission be appointed for study for tax
equalization as related to agricultural interests.
5. That imitation fruit juices should be more clearly
branded and the use of orange, lemon, tangerine and
grapefruit in connection with imitation or diluted bever-
ages should be completely prohibited by state law.
6. That county agents should be placed under the
direct authority of State College of Agriculture, as in
most progressive states, and detached from local county
7. That the green fruit and the fruit inspection law
should be strengthened to provide for most rigid enforce-
ment, and for the utilization of federal inspection
8. That adequate appropriation be provided for State
Plant Board to increase its inspection at ports of entry,
inclusive of whatever inspection may be required at air
ports, and to further increase closer working relations
with federal departments.
9. That larger appropriations be sought for the Agri-
cultural Department and the Florida State Marketing
Bureau for the printing of reports, bulletins, and in-
creased market news service.
10. That legislation be enacted to so apportion the tax
burden that owners of land suited for reforestation pur-
poses would be encouraged to devote it to the produc-
tion of forest crops and in every way to cooperate with
the State Forestry Commission.
The following additional recommendations other than
legislative were proposed and recommended for adoption
by the Florida State Chamber of Commerce:
1. That the state chamber lend its support to the
Florida Citrus Clearing House Association to the end
that the association may be greatest possible service to
the citrus growers of the state.
2. That the Florida State Chamber of Commerce ex-
tend their thanks and appreciation to the officials of rail-
roads serving the state for their helpful attitude and
cooperation in matters pertaining to agricultural develop-
ment and progress and particularly for their aid in ob-
taining the installation of the new mixing-in-transit rate
3. That efforts be continued to obtain from the
federal government tariff protection for Florida grain,
citrus, vegetables and other products.
4. That the Florida state authorities be encouraged
to cooperate as far as possible with authorities of sister
states and the federal government and in enlisting the
cooperation of private agencies in agricultural research
and extension work.
5. That the President of the United States and the
Congress of the United States be urged and requested to
provide in the annual budget of the Department of Com-
merce of the United States, for the employment of
special experts to be stationed in Europe, whose business
it will be to assist in finding markets for Florida grape-
fruit and oranges, and for her other agricultural
6. That the state chamber continue to use its influence
through its agricultural reclamation committee in co-
operation with committees of other states to obtain the
cooperation of the federal government in establishment
of one or more agricultural reclamation projects within
7. That the educational campaign established stand-
ardization of agricultural development projects be con-
tinued by the State Chamber.
8. That efforts be continued for the further establish-
ment of experimental farms or stations for Florida's
9. That the state chamber should promote the educa-
tional campaign to acquaint Floridians with the range
and excellence of Florida's agricultural products and to
make Florida's products more generally available in local
restaurants, hotels and retail markets.
10. That an educational campaign be fostered to better
acquaint the public with Florida's diversified agricultural
A five-acre field of corn in Washington county gave
an average yield of 50.5 bushels per acre. The corn was
grown by a member of the five-acre corn contest under
the direction of Gus York, county agent.
SAUERKRAUT VALUED AS HEALTHFUL
Miss Pansy I. Norton Gives Recipes for Use of
Dade County Surplus Cabbage Crop
(The Miami Herald, March 18, 1929)
To utilize and save hundreds of tons of cabbage now
going to waste in Dade county for lack of a market,
Miss Pansy I. Norton, county home demonstration agent,
is making a campaign through the Home Demonstration
Clubs to teach the value of cabbage as a food and proper
methods of cooking and utilizing it.
Cabbage is a valuable food as a roughage necessary
for intestinal action. It contains all the vitamins im-
portant for growth and health, it is rich in lime, potash,
phosphorus and in iron and calcium, the bone building
substances, Miss Norton said.
"Cabbage contains a volatile oil that is rich in sulphur
and hydrogen and this is driven off by careless cooking.
The odor of sulphur and hydrogen, in combination, is
strong and penetrating and lingers long, and for this
reason improperly cooked cabbage not only makes its
presence objectionable, but it loses its color and flavor,
is hard to digest and really unfit for food, so let us learn
to cook this fine, valuable food correctly.
"It has been only in recent years that the value of
sauerkraut has come to be known to every American
housewife. This food, which is one of the best stomach
regulators, now is used in large quantities. Due to the
large amount of lactic acid present in sauerkraut it is
beneficial in keeping the intestinal tract free from dis-
ease-producing germs. Few housewives are acquainted
with the ease with which sauerkraut may be made from
fresh cabbage directly from the farms."
The following recipes are suggested by Miss Norton:
Sauerkraut: Cabbage is converted into sauerkraut by
a lactic acid fermentation. This fermentation is carried
out in a brine made from the juice of the cabbage which
is drawn out by the salt. Kraut making affords a con-
venient means of conserving surplus cabbage during
periods of temporary over-production. Sauerkraut, as
well as the juice from sauerkraut, is a most valuable and
healthful food and should be more commonly used in
Method: Select sound heads of mature cabbage. One
pound of salt is used with 40 pounds of cabbage, two
ounces with five pounds of cabbage, and two level tea-
spoons with one pound of cabbage.
Remove outside leaves. Quarter the head and cut out
the core. Weigh cabbage. For shredding, a kraut cut-
ting machine is convenient. Mix salt and cabbage in
large pan thoroughly for even distribution. Pack cab-
bage gently but not too lightly in crock until nearly full.
Cover with a cloth, plate and weight. Fermentation will
be complete in six to eight days, if temperature is kept
at 86 degrees F. At lower temperature, 10 to 12 days
may be required. Daily care must be given to sauer-
kraut. A scum soon forms on the surface of the brine.
As this scum tends to destroy the acidity and may affect
the cabbage, it should be skimmed off from time to time.
This may be canned by heating kraut, pack in jars, and
process 25 minutes.
Fruit jars of one or two quart capacity with glass
covers are best. After the jar has been filled the rubber
and top are placed in position for sealing and left this
way for two or three weeks for fermentation to take
place. The jars are then sealed. While fermentation is
going on there is likely to be a little overflow, so the jars
should be placed where this will do no damage.
Larger quantities of kraut may be packed in stone
jars or kegs. The surface of the kraut may be covered
with two or three thicknesses of green cabbage leaves
which are weighted down. The top should be kept on
tightly to keep out dust and dirt. After 10 days, but
not longer than two weeks, kraut packed in larger con-
tainers should be transferred into fruit jars and the jars
sealed. No heating or cooking is necessary.
Canned Cabbage: Break leaves from head and steam
until fiber is softened, pack in jars, adding one tablespoon
salt each; process or cook in jars 40 minutes.
Ways of Serving Cabbage: Relish, uncooked:
2 gallons ground cabbage 2 cups salt
2 qts. white vinegar %-lb. white mustard seed
2% lbs. sugar
Mix cabbage and salt, cover with boiling water and let
stand over night. Squeeze cabbage out dry, mix
thoroughly with sugar, mustard seed and vinegar. Put
in jars and seal. Do not fill containers full, as cabbage
will swell. Watch containers and cover with vinegar if
Steamed Cabbage: Quarter head of cabbage or shred,
rinse with cold water, dust with salt, place in a utensil
in a steamer and steam 45 minutes, or until tender. If
chopped fine, the cabbage will cook in 30 minutes. Add
a pound of butter and a little pepper to a medium-sized
Boiled Cabbage: Prepare as directed, rinse in cold
water and plunge into boiling water containing a tea-
spoon of salt to the quart; cook uncovered. If shredded,
or chopped, boil rapidly for 10 or 15 minutes. If quar-
tered, boil 20 minutes or until tender. Drain and serve
with one tablespoon of butter or bacon drippings to a
medium-sized cabbage. Salt and pepper as needed.
4 cups sauerkraut Lettuce
1 doz. stuffed eggs 6 tbsp salad oil
(Olive, corn or cotton or mayonnaise prepared with
Place lettuce leaf on individual salad plates. Add por-
tion of sauerkraut, use liberal amount of oil or mayon-
naise. Halve the olives, slice the egg and garnish.
Ground salted peanuts may be added and chipped ice
will add crispness.
A cabbage demonstration on the making of sauerkraut,
cannnig of cabbage, both in tin and glass cans, and the
making of relishes will be held in the courthouse, in office
1107, by the home demonstration department, Tuesday,
In addition to this demonstration there will be a
demonstration held by the home demonstration women
in the following clubs: Ojus, Fulford, White Belt, Opa-
Locka, Hialeah, Buena Vista, Olympic Heights, Coconut
Grove, South Allapattah Gardens, Princeton, Redlands,
Homestead and Florida City.
On March 25th there will be a demonstration at Prince-
ton, and March 26th there will be a demonstration at
A cash prize will be given to the best cabbage recipe
sent the home demonstration office, not later than March
23rd. Railey-Milam Hardware Company will give these
prizes, consisting of canning equipment, to the person
bringing in the largest and best head of cabbage by
March 22nd. All cabbage must be in not later than five
o'clock on that date; a display will be made of these
cabbage heads on March 23rd. This is open to the entire
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
LEE AGAIN BECOMING EGG-SHIPPING
Over Twelve Thousand Eggs Shipped Monday.
Things Looking Up
(Enterprise-Recorder, March 8, 1929)
The town of Lee is attaining quite a bit of importance
in the egg shipping line again, 1,050 dozen, or 12,600
eggs having been shipped by the merchants of the town
Monday to Jacksonville.
Monday's shipments were of Saturday's receipts, it be-
ing estimated that around 1,500 dozen were shipped dur-
ing the week ending Monday. Price received by the
farmers was 25 cents a dozen.
Some years ago Lee was quite an egg shipping center,
but the moving away of several of the people to South
Florida prior to and during the boom and the fact that
trucks now pick up large supplies of eggs at the farmers'
homes caused the town's shipping to dwindle. Pleasing
to say, however, the place is now regaining its prestige
as an egg center.
Things Looking Up
In speaking of things in general, W. N. Webb, promi-
nent merchant of Lee, said that conditions around there
were looking up quite a bit, showing considerable im-
provement lately, and with large crops being planted, a
reasonably good season would show quite a degree of
STRING BEAN CROP MOVEMENT NOW AT
PEAK FOR SEASON
Harvesting Requires a Large Number of Labor-
ers in the Fields
(Vero Beach Journal, March 1, 1929)
The bean fields around Winter Beach present scenes
of great activity with hundreds of pickers busily en-
gaged in gathering the crop. Prices have been ruling
fairly strong and thousands of hampers have been going
out daily by express to the northern markets. The vines
are holding up very well and three to four pickings will
be possible in many fields.
The bean section around Winter Beach is well known
to northern buyers and many sales are made at the sta-
tion platform. This district has been shipping beans to
the northern markets for the past thirty years. Prior
to the advent of the railroad, crops were grown on John's
Island and on the peninsula and sent north by boats to
Many growers produce two to three crops each year
on the same land. There are tracts upon which con-
tinuous crops have been made for ten to twelve successive
years without crop rotation. The soil is a medium sandy
loam and seems to be particularly adapted to the pro-
duction of beans of excellent quality. Yields of 150 to
200 hampers per acre are regarded as good crops by the
growers. With returns from $2.50 to $4.00 per hamper,
a handsome income is realized from a crop that is made
in sixty days.
Owing to the sheltered location of the bean fields, the
crops are seldom injured by cold weather in the spring.
Green and wax beans are produced in several varieties,
according to the demands of the markets to be served.
In order to obtain the best prices the peculiar demands
of the market must be studied by the shippers.
LOCAL POULTRY PLANT GROWING
(Holmes County Advertiser, March 1, 1929)
The Gregory Poultry Plant in Bonifay is duplicating
its remarkable record of last year. It is in all proba-
bility the largest trap nested flock in West Florida, ex-
cluding the National Egg Laying Contest at Chipley. The
Gregory plant made a remarkable record last year, in
which there were selected over seventy hens that made
records of 200 eggs and over, and were in other respects
suitable for breeding purposes.
To carry out the plan for this flock a pedigreed male
bird was recently purchased to introduce new blood. This
is a Tancred bird pedigreed in that famous strain. There
is not in the pedigree of this individual a single female
that has not had an official record of 251 eggs or more
per year, and his grand dam reached 299 eggs in one
year. It is such quality as this which makes it good
poultry husbandry to bring this breeding bird all the
way from the State of Washington at a cost reaching
well up toward the $100 mark.
By modern methods of mating much greater service
can be gotten from one bird than under the old. This
makes it possible to multiply productive blood lines more
rapidly. Eggs from this remarkable mating can be
secured, in limited numbers, by engaging them now. The
results of a wide use of these by breeders in this section
will do much to increase production and provide founda-
tion stock for a wonderful industry growing up through-
out Holmes and adjoining counties.
In the meantime the general flock of several hundred
laying hens mated to choice males of suitable blood rela-
tionship, is showing a splendid production, ranging above
70 per cent. Many of these eggs are being used for
hatching by other breeders. These are, of course, cheaper
than those from the choice stock, but are of real out-
standing value as shown by the substantial records of the
pens from which they come.
From present indications the coming season will see
notable advances in many quarters. The poultry industry
is destined to a large development in Florida and West
Florida has marked advantages which must inevitably put
it at the head. The one thing needed is being done in
the training of a large number of skilled poultry husband-
men who are building lines and strains of real merit based
upon sound foundation stock and handled by approved
and up to date methods.
FIRST TOMATO CAR SHIPPED
Movement from This County Will Soon Be Well
(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, March 12, 1929)
St. Lucie county's first solid carload shipment of toma-
toes for the new season has been forwarded by the Indian
River Fruit and Vegetable Union, according to Frank B.
Goodwin, manager. The tomatoes came from the com-
pany's own acreage. Less than carlot shipments have
been made for some time.
Carload movement is expected to get under way in
good shape around the first of April. The total acreage
in tomatoes is estimated by County Agent Alfred Warren
at around 1,500 acres, constituting the largest crop in
the history of the county.
The crop condition is favorable and a heavy yield is
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
MIAMI URGED TO CAN PINEAPPLES OF
Dr. Cyrus F. Wicker, University of Miami, Sees
Big Opportunity Here
(Miami Herald, March 1, 1929)
An opportunity exists for Miami industrial develop-
ment in the canning of Cuban pineapples, millions of
which are rotting on the ground in the Pinar del Rio
province of Cuba, southwest of Havana, Dr. Cyrus F.
Wicker, assistant professor of international law at the
University of Miami, who has returned from a visit to
Cuba, said yesterday.
Dr. Wicker pointed out that promotion of such an in-
dustry would be in line with the efforts to bring about
an exchange of trade with Cuba, which later would extend
to other countries of Latin America.
The pineapples could be brought to Miami at a low
cost by boat, and there is a duty of 18 cents a dozen
collected by the United States customs. There is no
Cuban export tax. By canning the pineapple here, the
duty is saved on the cans and importation of the finished
product, which would be considerably greater than on
the raw fruit, he said.
The Hawaiian crop of 9,000,000 cases last year was
short about 25 per cent of the demand, he said.
The Cuban government is anxious to bring about con-
sumption of the pineapples and will lend every aid, and
Cuban capital will finance the picking, crating and ex-
DOCTOR PRAISES CERTIFIED MILK SOLD
Says Product Equal to Best in Country
(Tampa Tribune, March 11, 1929)
High praise for the fine quality of certified milk sold
in Tampa was given here yesterday by Dr. Harris Moak,
of Brooklyn, secretary of the American association of
medical milk commissions, after a thorough inspection of
two plants producing it.
"The result of my inspection was extremely favorable,"
said Dr. Moak, who visits every certified-selling city east
of the Mississippi river. "I could scarcely believe that
such improvement could be made in equipment and con-
trol since I was here a year ago. I have visited practi-
cally all of the certified farms east of the Mississippi and
I feel that I have good background for my statement
that the quality here is the best, and equal to the best
found elsewhere in the country. You have here now cer-
tified milk which fully meets the approval of the national
association, and my association is glad to inform people
coming to Tampa that they can get top quality product."
Inform Visitors of Quality
Dr. Moak explained that the national association re-
ceives inquiries every day by telegraph, telephone and
letter from persons going to certain cities as to the char-
acter of the milk supply.
"We have been asked this winter by mothers contem-
plating a trip to Tampa, with their young children, and
by elderly people and convalescents, what sort of milk
was sold here," said Dr. Moak, "and we informed all
officially that Tampa certified milk measured up to the
highest standards. This is one of the big features of our
work at headquarters-informing the people as to milk
conditions in hundreds of cities. You can readily see the
"So I think it is well for the people of Tampa, con-
cerned with the welfare of their community, to know
what they have and to know how it is rated. In the
work of bringing about this new condition here the
national association found that Dr. Douglas D. Martin,
chairman of the local milk commission, had done amaz-
ingly .good work. He took hold locally in a wonderful
way and has kept constantly in touch with our associa-
tion. Now we come here and find a perfect record and a
Says Milk Worth Extra Cost
Dr. Moak with Dr. Paul Fisher, health officer of Lake-
land; Dr. Martin, Dr. C. W. Bartlett, health officer of
Tampa, and Dr. J. S. Schubert, veterinarian of the Hills-
borough county medical association's milk commission,
inspected the dairies of Rhodin Brothers, who supply
certified milk through the Tampa Stock Farm Dairy Com-
pany, and the dairy of Dr. J. D. Wilbanks, who supplies
it through Lane Brothers, and found conditions excellent.
"Certified milk costs more than the best grade A, but
it is worth it," said Dr. Moak. "It is sold raw. The
physician, having this fine base product, knows what to do
with it with a delicate baby. We know only too well
what might happen to that delicate baby with inferior
PHOSPHATE SHOWS BIG INCREASE IN
February Shipments from Tampa Make Marked
Gain Over Last Year
(Polk County Record, March 5, 1929)
Tampa, Fla., March 5.--(Special) -Phosphate and
lumber exports from Tampa during February were car-
ried to many foreign countries. Phosphate tonnage
showed a marked increase over the same period last
year, while the lumber exports showed a slight decrease.
Nine foreign countries received 62,231 tons of phos-
phate from Tampa. Countries receiving the product
were: Germany, 19,549 tons; Japan, 11,233; Holland,
9,981; Danzig Free State, 7,007; Spain, 4,027; Russia,
4,027; Belgium, 2,751; Italy, 2,200, and British Colum-
bia, 513 tons. A shipment of 800 bags of acid phosphate
also was made to Porto Rico.
The volume represents an increase of 14,773 tons over
February, 1928, as only 47,458 tons were shipped to
foreign countries that month last year.
Fifteen countries and possessions received lumber,
4,907,515 feet being shipped. This figure is slightly
lower than for the same period last year when 5,749,077
The greatest volume shipped from Tampa during
February was to Porto Rico. Several ports in the little
United States possession received 1,386,000 feet. Other
countries receiving lumber were England, 568,000 feet;
Cuba, 477,000; Guadaloupe, 428,000; Granada, 474,000;
British West Indies, 234,515; Spain, 234,000; Italy,
247,000; Martinique, 201,000; Trinidad, 174,000;
Jamaica, 192,000; Holland, 132,000; Haiti, 109,000; Ger-
many, 31,000, and France, 22,000 feet.
Shipments of both commodities are expected to show
an increase this month. At the present time there are
about nine ships headed for Tampa to load lumber, while
more than 15 are on the way here for phosphate.
FORESTRY MEN GOING ON TOUR TO THE
High Officials Leave This Morning for Week's
Trip Down State
(Times-Union, March 4, 1929)
High officials of the American Forestry Association,
which met here in annual convention Wednesday and
Thursday of last week, are to see for themselves some-
thing of the Florida Everglades.
Taking a camera along for some snaps of wild life in
the Glades area, George D. Pratt of New York City,
president of the association; O. M. Butler of Washing-
ton, D. C., executive secretary, and George Hewlett
Myers of Washington, D. C., a director in the associa-
tion, are to leave Jacksonville this morning on a week's
tour of the state, which will take them into the Ever-
glades, featured by a boat trip from Flamingo, a bit of
village on the Gulf side of the tip of the Florida penin-
sula, into White Water bay, the most southern arm of
the Gulf of Mexico extending into the peninsula. W. C.
McCormick, regional director of the association's educa-
tional projects in the south, will be the official guide of
the trip, which is to be made by automobile. Mrs. Pratt
and Mrs. Butler and Mrs. Pratt's son, Sherman, are also
to be members of the party.
A jaunt into Georgia to see the educational exhibit of
the association at St. Marys will be the program for the
first day of the tour, according to the itinerary as an-
nounced last night by Mr. McCormick. The party will
pass through Jacksonville en route to Ocala, via St.
Augustine and Daytona Beach tomorrow morning, the
night being spent at Ocala following a sight-seeing trip
to Silver Springs during the afternoon. From Ocala the
party, on Wednesday, will move to Lake Wales to give
Bok's singing tower and bird sanctuary the once over,
from Lake Wales the tour being continued to Sarasota.
From Sarasota, where Wednesday night will be spent, the
party will proceed to Miami via the Tamiami Trail and
from the Magic City it will go into the Royal Palm State
Park, on to Flamingo for the boat trip, provided the
weather warrants such an excursion.
Mr. Pratt leaves the party at West Palm Beach next
Monday, while the other members proceed by motor up
the central part of the peninsula into Georgia, headed
for Atlanta, where a meeting is to be held on Saturday,
NINE HUNDRED ACRES OF CUCUMBERS
(Enterprise-Recorder, March 1, 1929)
Winter Garden, Feb. 26.-Nine hundred acres of
cucumbers have been planted in west Orange county
within the past few weeks. Nearly one-third of this crop
is well on the way to making fruit, due to having been
developed under board protection during cool spells. The
first shipments will move forward within three weeks
with the bulk of the yield coming out a month later.
The crop is valued at better than a million dollars to west
Orange county, with a fair market and no untoward
Almost as many acres of cabbage are either maturing
now or will reach the market within the next six weeks.
Present cabbage prices have been unsatisfactory and
much of the winter stand has been disposed of at a
fraction above production cost.
LARGE INDUSTRY FOR FERNANDINA-
FISH MEAL PLANT TO OPEN SOON
County Forces Are Building Road from Old
Town Northward to the New Fish Meal
(Nassau County Leader, March 1, 1929)
The plant of the Fish Meal Company, located north of
Old Town, is rapidly nearing completion, the work being
done under the able direction of Mr. O. R. Haverstick,
for the company.
The personnel of the company is Mr. W. B. Blades,
president; A. R. Marks, secretary and treasurer, both of
Newbern, N. C., and Mr. W. A. Mace, of Beaufort, who
are well known locally, they having conducted The Fer-
nandina Fisheries Company here last year.
The new plant is a welcome addition to Fernandina's
industry, it being the largest yet to be established, and
is to be operated in a modern way, the entire installation
of machinery having been carefully planned to meet re-
quirements of the primary product as a stock food. The
company will specialize in the production of fish meal,
which has lately been determined to be of great value
as a food for stock and poultry. Menhaden fish is the
raw product from which the meal is made, a portion of
the output being acid scrap for fertilizer. The by product
of fish oil is refined and used by soap and paint manu-
Ten sea-going boats will serve the company, each of
which is manned by a minimum crew of twenty, and the
plant itself will employ an average of seventy-five men.
The buildings present an imposing appearance, the main
section of the plant being housed in a building eighty by
four hundred feet, in addition to which there is a two-
story office and commissary, a kitchen and dining room
for the men, a salt house and a seine house. The plant
location fronts one thousand feet on inner Cumberland
Sound with an equal depth, and docks have been con-
structed on which there are two elevators and conveyers
to care for the unloading of the fish from the boats.
This plant, including the boats, when completed will
represent a cost of approximately $450,000.00 and the
average monthly payroll will be $50,000.00.
Work begun this week by the county forces to con-
struct a road from Old Town northward will be com-
pleted and the road ready for use by the time The Fish
Meal Company is ready to begin operation. This will be
around April 1st. This new road will make this plant
and others located in the same area accessible for bulk
commodities by truck and automobile, where heretofore
water transportation was possible only.
TAMPA CHEESE WILL FLY WITH FIRST
AIR MAIL TO NEW YORK
(Tampa Times, Feb. 28, 1929)
The first shipment of cheese ever to leave Florida by
air will sail through the sunny skies from Drew field
tomorrow with the inauguration of air mail service from
here to the north.
Samples of cottage cheese made by the Tampa Stock
Farms Dairies will be sent to Barren G. Collier, of
Collier county, Florida, who is now at his New York resi-
dence. The shipment was ordered-by long distance tele-
phone. The fame of Tampa's cheese had evidently been
bruited about New York, it was said.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
LEESBURG BUYING DEPOT FOR MILK AND
Takes Space at City Ice Plant-I. Holland Is
(Leesburg Commercial, March 1, 1929)
First definite evidence of success of the local chamber
of commerce campaign for establishing the dairy industry
and stabilizing poultry raising in the Leesburg district is
the opening today of the buying depot, a branch of the
Southland Creamery Company of Ocala, in the offices of
the municipal light, water and ice plant on Fifth street.
Manager of the new project will be I. Holland, who
has been connected with the Ocala concern for a con-
siderable length of time .and is thoroughly conversant
with all the details of the work planned for the buying
station. Mr. Holland will make his home in Leesburg,
it was stated by Mr. W. L. Trimble, of the Southland
"We are all ready for business," said Mr. Trimble in
a telephone conversation with a representative of the local
chamber of commerce, which has been sponsoring the
installation of the buying depot, Thursday, "and will be
in position to receive produce not later than Monday,
March 4. We feel that this opportunity to dispose of
dairying and poultry products will mean a great deal to
the people of the Leesburg district, and assure them that
we shall do our best to make the proposition a huge
IMMOKALEE EXPERIMENTAL FARM SHIPS
CAR OF VEGETABLES
First Car of Mixed Vegetables Goes to North-
ern Markets-Vegetables of Exceptional
Quality-Grown Without Fertilizer
(Collier County News, Feb. 21, 1929)
On February the 15th of last week the Immokalee
Experimental Farm shipped its first car of mixed vege-
tables to the northern markets. Three hundred one
crates of cabbage, 95 crates of peppers, 106 crates of
tomatoes went forward from this virgin section of a new
This agricultural experiment is under the direction of
Charles M. Collier, Jr., of Everglades, and under the
management of Joseph Aymonin, expert farmer, who, for
two years, has been demonstrating the productivity of
these lands. The vegetables sold last week were grown
largely without fertilizer, and were said to be of ex-
ceptional quality. The farm consists of about 100 acres
under cultivation at present, about 75 of which is set to
peppers. This is one of the best paying crops grown in
the state. The plants continue to bear for months and
the peppers reached the price of $14 per crate at one
time this year. Two hundred crates per acre is a com-
Tomatoes at present are quoted at $3.50 per crate
and the market is improving with each week. From two
to three hundred crates per acre is an average yield for
this crop. From these figures may be seen something of
the value of the undeveloped agricultural resources of
This county with its own peculiar physical conditions
presents certain unique agricultural problems which un-
questionably will be worked out in the course of a very
short time. The proper moisture control is one of the
most perplexing of these problems. The Immokalee
Farm and others along the highway have gone a long
way in demonstrating that this water control problem
can be solved. It has been proven that the porous rock
under the soil will facilitate drainage and irrigation with
even greater efficiency than tiling. Water flows through
it readily and rises under the soil to be carried by
capillary attraction up through the soil to the roots of
the growing plants. While other farmers are praying for
it to rain or quit raining, the men in this region can con-
trol to any desired degree the moisture in the seed bed
of their farm.
At present, farmers in certain sections are limited by
a lack of complete drainage system, but that water con-
trol can be achieved is assured by these demonstration
farms which have already proved the worth of farming
in Collier county. The one prime essential in agriculture
is soil. That one thing, unquestionably, the county has.
There are few sections in the state having a more fertile
or better constituted soil than a large section of this
country. When the other factors suggested above are
known by the masses to be under control the land above
Carnestown, Deep Lake, and reaching north of Immok-
alee will come to be one of the richest agricultural sec-
tions in Florida.
MONEY ROLLS IN AS BEANS GO OUT
Bank Deposits Mount as Growers Get Returns
from Their Shipments
(Everglades News, March 1, 1929)
Bank deposits were increased quickly when shipment
of beans got under way, and the Bank of Pahokee and
the Bank of Canal Point now have more money on deposit
than they ever had. The record of the number of checks
handled was broken in Saturday's business, but the total
of the deposits was larger Monday.
Cashier E. G. Kilpatrick, Jr., of the Bank of Pahokee,
reports that the deposits made on Monday totaled
$69,000, which was the biggest day's business he ever
had. The Bank of Pahokee is the oldest bank in Palm
Beach county. Payment of checks amounted to about
$40,000, leaving the net increase in deposits that day
$30,000. J. M. Elliott, cashier of the Bank of Canal
Point, reports deposits in similar and proportionate
How fast the deposits mount will depend more upon
the prices at which beans are to sell than on the num-
ber of cars forwarded, but with an estimate of 150 cars
to be forwarded this week, the deposits are certain to
THE MARSHALL FARM RECEIVES 2,750
(Greenville Progress, Feb. 28, 1929)
The largest shipment of young chicks so far reported
as being received here this season came on Wednesday
of last week, consigned to the Marshall Farm, just north
of Greenville on the Greenville and Quitman road, which
consisted of 2,750 young chicks.
The Marshall farm is one of the modernly improved
farms in North Florida and is an example which, if fol-
lowed by others, would soon make this section of the
state one of the garden spots of the south.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
SCHOOLS FOR AGRICULTURE STUDY
State Well Equipped to Instruct Youth in Farm
(Palm Beach Post, Feb. 26, 1929)
Tallahassee, Feb. 25.-(A. P.)-Florida now has 50
vocational agricultural high schools, including seven for
negroes, it was announced at the State Department of
It was erroneously stated recently that the state had
been unable, because of a lack of funds, to enter over a
dozen schools of the commonwealth with vocational agri-
cultural departments. This referred only to home eco-
nomics classes, it was explained.
Vocational agricultural departments are established
and functioning in thirty-three counties, with a number
having more than one such school.
Following is the location of the departments:
Alachua (two schools), Hawthorne, Ft. Lauderdale,
Melbourne, Altha, Penney Farms, Ft. White, Lake City,
Homestead, Lemon City (three), Coconut Grove, Gon-
zalez, Greensboro, Quincy, Trenton, Moore Haven,
Sebring, Plant City (three), Vero Beach, Malone, Sneads,
Graceville, Marianna, Aucilla, Eustis, Leesburg, Mont-
verde, Alva, Tallahassee, Madison, Summerfield, Baker,
Laurel Hill, Apopka, St. Cloud, Delray, Canal Point,
Winter Haven, Crescent City, Ft. Pierce, Milton, Sanford,
Barberville, Sopchoppy and DeFuniak Springs.
The announcement recently regarding the limited num-
ber of home economics departments was in connection
with a recent federal appropriation of home economics
and vocational agricultural schools. The federal funds
must be "matched" by state appropriations before the
former will become available, and W. S. Cawthon, State
Superintendent of Public Instruction, expressed himself
as hopeful that the coming legislature would appropriate
the necessary funds for Florida to participate.
RANGE CATTLE IMPROVEMENT
Florida Cattleman Gives Experience Crossing
Scrub Stock with Pure Breed Type
(Lake City Reporter, March 8, 1929)
In an interview with Mr. Samson Hart, a cattleman of
West Florida, owning a herd of range cattle in Okaloosa
county, Mr. Hart advised that the state veterinarian and
the veterinarians of the U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry,
discussed with him the advantage of using pure bred beef
type bulls, crossing them with the native scrub cattle.
The discussions took place during the systematic tick
eradication campaign in Okaloosa county.
"I was finally persuaded to purchase some pure bred
registered beef type bulls. I now have about 150 half
breed calves, their dams being scrub cows and their sires
pure bred beef type bulls, Aberdeen Angus and Herford,"
said Mr. Hart. We quote Mr. Hart further:
"A short time ago I had to make a business trip to
Montgomery, Ala. The thought struck me that I had an
opportunity to find out just what there was to all this
talk about using pure bred bulls. I put nine of the half
breed calves in my truck and took them with me to
Montgomery. I would have been satisfied had I received
8 or 9c per pound for them. Imagine my surprise when
I received 11c per pound. I had nine of the calves and
they ranged in age from three to five months old and
averaged me $20.00 a round. I immediately purchased
three more pure bred registered bulls, two for myself
and one for a brother-in-law in Santa Rosa county. I
now have seven pure bred registered bulls and expect to
add to this number until I have a sufficient number for
my herd of five hundred cows. Tick eradication in Oka-
loosa county was a success and cattlemen who opposed
the work are now convinced that it will lead to a better
cattle industry in my section. The cattle fever tick is
gone and I am taking advantage of it. I expect to raise
the best cattle possible under range conditions. My ex-
perience with the calves has convinced me that it pays."
Dr. R. L. Brinkman, veterinarian, working with the
State Live Stock Sanitary Board in final tick eradication
and live stock improvement, calls attention to the fact
that in southeast Georgia where pure bred beef type
bulls were introduced following tick eradication, feeders
from Tennessee and Virginia are purchasing off the
ranges, yearling half breed steers, and are shipping them
to their respective states, putting them on feed and
finishing them. They are paying from $40.00 to $50.00 per
head for these yearlings. A scrub steer at a year old is
worth now about $10.00. Figuring a half-breed yearling
at only $30.00, his value over and above that of a scrub
is $20.00. A pure bred bull can easily sire thirty calves
in a year. This would make a profit of $600.00 for the
first year's calf crop over and above what the same num-
ber of scrub yearlings would bring. Surely this is the
most profitable investment that a cattle man can make.
MAKING MONEY RAISING CHICKENS IN
THIS COUNTY NOW
(Florida Advocate, March 1, 1929)
Wednesday morning we were shown a check for
$144.80, which was in payment for chickens sold that
day by Simon Griffin, who has charge of the poultry
owned by Messrs. Coe and Son, who recently bought the
stock of the Beverly Poultry Farm here.
The chicks sold Wednesday were less than ten weeks
old and were sold to an east coast man, who paid cash
for them when he bought them, hauling them to the east
coast for disposal. There were 210 chickens in the lot.
H. M. Alexander, former owner of Beverly Poultry
Farm, states that he expects soon to establish a poultry
farm on the west side of Peace river near where the Dixie
Highway crosses the river between here and Zolfo
Springs. He expects to start with about 10,000 chicks.
Mr. Griffin will have charge of this farm.
Eggs are up in price now and were being quoted on
the Jacksonville market at thirty-five cents a dozen Wed-
nesday. Hens are bringing twenty-eight cents a pound,
with a good market for all poultry, including baby
chicks, fryers, pullets, hens and roosters.
SOLID CARLOT SHIPMENT OF SPONGE IS
(Tarpon Springs Leader, Feb. 26, 1929)
A solid carlot of sponge was shipped last week by
George Emmanuel & Co., producers and exporters of
sponges, to Schroeder and Tremayne of St. Louis.
This is said to be the first solid carload of sponge that
has left this city in some time. It consisted of 140 bales
of Rock Island sheepswool sponge, the highest grade of
deep water sponge obtainable.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
BRADENTON'S APARTMENT HOUSES ARE
FILLED FOR FIRST TIME
Some Restaurants Serving More Than 1,000
For the first time in the history of Bradenton, the Point
Pleasant, Seminole, El Patio and Royal Palm apartments
are all full. The same is true of nearly all the older
apartment houses, such as the Manatee River, River Shore
and Layman apartments, the Herald learned yesterday
in an investigation of the amount of business being done
by Bradenton apartment houses this season.
Last week the Herald carried a survey of hotels and
restaurants, showing them all to be doing an exceptional
business, and this week shows if anything an increase
over that of last week, with the larger hotels doing ap-
proximately 90 per cent capacity business.
The larger restaurants are enjoying exceedingly good
patronage, one of them alone having had a number of
days recently when more than 1,000 meals were served
According to one of Bradenton's leading business men,
a careful observer, and noted for his thoughtful inves-
tigation of civic problems, the present season is unques-
tionably the best ever had by the city from a tourist
viewpoint, there being more visitors in the city now than
It is the consensus of hotel men, restaurant proprietors
and apartment house managers that March will continue
to hold its own, despite a certain percentage of people
returning north early, and that the month will likely be
the peer of any other in the city's history.
Individual homes that have accommodations for room-
ers are also doing a splendid business. One woman told
The Herald representative that she had turned away 19
people wanting rooms, her house being full.
SHIPMENT OF FRUIT TO FOREIGN LANDS
Fruit Shipped from Howey to Consumers Direct
(Leesburg Commercial, March 6, 1929)
Howey, March 5.-(A. P.)-Sales of specially packed
oranges and grapefruit direct to the consumer in Great
Britain may sound like a marketing Utopia, but it is an
accomplished fact. A grove owner here shipped one pack-
age of grapefruit and a full standard box of oranges
today to E. G. Bruce of Stoneywood, Aberdeen, Scotland,
on special order. The shipment will go by express.
Box fruit has been shipped from Howey direct to con-
sumers in the north for many years, but it was not until
December of last year that the fruit was put up in
special packages of one dozen grapefruit and two dozen
oranges. During the past month orders have come in at
the rate of over twenty a day, and yesterday brought the
order from Scotland, the first of this kind yet recorded.
Prices on the special cartons range from $5.00 a box
to $1.15 for a dozen 70's for grapefruit, and from $5.00
a box to $1.00 for a carton of two dozen oranges of the
176 size. The fruit shipped to this class of trade is hand
selected in the grove, and is put through the regular
packing house process, the packages being sent out by
parcel post, and the boxes by express. Over 500 orders
have been filled in the past three weeks.
HOMESTEAD CANNING COMPANY BENE-
FITS BOTH FARMER AND LABOR
(Homestead Enterprise, March 8, 1929)
The recent action of growers in a meeting at Goulds,
in deciding that they would raise the price of ripes in
the field, due to the fact that labor conditions are demor-
alized by these picking operations, calls attention to the
fact that at least one local cannery is already respecting
the wishes of the farmers, and always has during its sev-
eral years of operation here.
The Homestead Canning Co., headed by E. H. Stevens
and C. G. Reaburn, prominent Roanoke, Va., canners, is
buying all its tomatoes direct from the farmers and in-
stead of being a drawback to them, is an aid. In the first
place the farmer makes a small profit on the sale, and in
the second, it allows him to hold his forces together be-
tween green tomato picking operations. Only one man
is supplying the cannery who is not a grower.
Approximately a thousand cases of canned tomatoes
are put up on an average day, Mr. Stevens said. This
requires about one thousand crates of tomatoes and a
force of between 75 and 100 people. A large part of
the crew is white and the balance is negro women who
would not work in the fields, so that no useful farm
labor is lost. The payroll and payments for tomatoes
during the few weeks the cannery will operate will run
around $20,000. The total amount of money involved in
the operation is in excess of $100,000, Mr. Stevens said.
They expect to put up around 40,000 to 50,000 cases this
season. Twenty car loads of tomatoes have been shipped
to date, under the "Homestead" brand, and about as
many more will be shipped out. It is a sight to see the
4,000 cases (100,000 cans) in the storage room ready
for labeling and shipment, and visitors are welcome to
call and see the sanitary methods used.
The writer has been in scores of canneries in Florida,
Maryland and Virginia, and has seen few as clean as the
Homestead Canning Co.
Another tomato cannery is operating in Florida City,
and one at Princeton and one at South Miami. One
grower made the statement Monday night that he had
sold $4,000 worth of ripes this season.
THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND ACRES WILL BE
PLANTED TO TOMATOES
That Is the Estimate Made of Crop by Those
Who Have Gone Over the Fields in
(Palmetto News, March 1, 1929)
The acreage that will be set to tomatoes in Manatee
county this spring is estimated by those who have sized
up the situation as being around thirty-five thousand
acres. The farmers are now getting their farms ready
for this crop, and many are engaged in setting out plants.
About this amount of acreage was set in tomatoes last
year, but the heavy winds and late cold played havoc
with the crop and greatly reduced the number of cars
that were expected to roll. Both railroads are preparing
for a 35,000-acre crop this spring. If weather conditions
are favorable this year the farmers expect to make some
The railroads of the United States use about 130,-
000,000 new wood ties every year. There are about 3,000
to the mile.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
COST OF EGG PRODUCTION IS CUT TO
MINIMUM AT BAYWOOD POULTRY
Produced for as Low as 141/2 Cents Per Dozen
(Plant City Courier, March 8, 1929)
One of the greatest problems of the Florida poultry-
man is that of producing eggs at a cost sufficiently low
to enable him to realize a profit from his flock. In
addition to that, good birds must be kept and a constant
practice of culling out non-producers be maintained, ac-
cording to Oscar E. Baynard, proprietor of Baywood
Poultry Farm on the Knights road. Mr. Baynard has
been keeping some records of late which will doubtless
be of interest to those interested in the poultry game.
Among other things he has proven by this record is
the fact that he can produce eggs at a cost of 15 1-7
cents per dozen from a light breed and 16 cents per dozen
from a heavy breed. The cost of producing eggs from
Anconas, lighter eaters than White Leghorns, has been
lowered to 14 cents per dozen at the Baywood Poultry
Mr. Baynard's records reveal the following facts re-
garding production and the cost thereof:
Pen of 47 two-year-old White Leghorns, full sisters
of the hen owned by Rev. A. R. Larrick, which laid 276
eggs in its pullet year, laid during December, January
and February, 3,008 eggs, or a pen average of 64 eggs
per bird. On December 24th this pen laid 50, showing
that at least three hens laid twice during the day.
Pen of 47 pullets, daughters of above pen, laid during
December and January a total of 2,075 eggs. Pen re-
duced to 40 birds first of February and they laid during
that month 841 eggs, making a pen average of 65 eggs
per bird for the three months. The feed cost to produce
those eggs was 15 1-7 cents per dozen.
Pen of 18 Anconas laid during January and February
a total of 727 eggs or a pen average of 40 eggs per bird
at a feed cost of 14 cents per dozen.
Pen of 44 Barred Rock pullets hatched June 21, and
raised on Baywood Farm, began laying at 5V2 months.
Six eggs gathered from pen Dec. 21, when birds six
months old. From December 21 to February 21, or when
the birds were eight months old, they had laid a total of
2,055 eggs, which is a pen average of 46 2-3 eggs per
bird for the two months. During the full month of
January they laid 1,120 eggs, or a pen average of 25.45
per bird. During the full month of February they laid
983 eggs, or a pen average of 22.34 per bird. During
that month there were nine birds broody at one time.
These eggs were produced at a cost of 16 cents per dozen.
Baywood Poultry Farm uses its own mixture of mash
and scratch in feeding its flock.
400 HAMPERS OF BEANS PICKED OFF ONE
AND TWO-THIRDS ACRES HERE
(Okeechobee News, March 8, 1929)
Wm. G. Sellers reports that one day last week over
400 hampers of stringless beans were picked off about
one and two-third acres belonging to Mr. Sellers and Mr.
Jim Walker. That was the first picking. The land is
south of the city in the sand muck, and the beans were
of tip-top quality.
POTATO DIGGING ON 127 ACRES TO START
Yield Will Average Approximately $450 Per
Acre Is Belief
(Clewiston News, March 8, 1929)
Digging of potatoes on property of the Southern Sugar
Company will begin within the next three weeks on 127
acres which are planted to Red Bliss and Cobbler varie-
ties, it was announced yesterday by C. A. Jackson, local
agronomist, who said that the local potatoes will be
shipped some few weeks in advance of the heavy crop
from the Hasting section, which should insure a higher
Although no definite forecast of the possible yield was
made, Jackson said that present indications are that the
crop will be as good as that of last year, which averaged
approximately 200 bushels to the acre and brought an
average market price of $2.25 per bushel.
At this rate from the 127 acres this year there will
be picked more than 25,000 bushels of potatoes, and
according to last year's market return, approximately
$440 per acre.
The land on which the potatoes are grown includes in
addition to 22 acres in the Clewiston townsite, 92 acres
on either side of the Moore Haven road and this side
of the nine mile canal.
With potatoes shipped from the Clewiston area some
three weeks before the heavy shipments from the Hast-
ings section, it is believed possible that the area on the
southern rim of Okeechobee may successfully compete
with Hastings as the potato center of the state.
LOCAL MEN INTERESTED IN BROILER
Three New Homes and Broiler Plant Contracts
Let for Erection
(Highlands County News, March 1, 1929)
Contracts for the completion of three and maybe four
homes in Lakewood Terraces will be let this week, H. L.
Merrick announced Tuesday. Broiler plants will be
erected in connection with each of these houses and Mr.
Merrick is very optimistic regarding the outcome of the
broiler industry here. He said there are several local
men who are enthusiastic over the proposition and his
dream that Sebring will be the broiler center of the state
is on the high road towards realization.
At present there are three broiler plants in Sebring-
H. L. Merrick's and Norman Lane's in Lakewood Ter-
races, and Payne Sebring's. Mr. Merrick and Mr. Sebring
are shipping broilers right along now and Mr. Lane has
a batch ready for market now. Mr. Lane received his
first shipment of chicks a few days before Christmas and
they are now broilers.
John O. Wilson, of Harder Hall and Lakewood Ter-
races, on viewing Mr. Merrick's plant for the first time
expressed himself as being heartily in favor of the plan
and promised his cooperation and support to the fullest
extent. Since coming to Sebring several weeks ago he
has spent much time at Mr. Merrick's plant and has ac-
quainted himself with all details concerning it.
The forest fires in the United States cost us nearly a
hundred thousand dollars a day.
DANIA TOMATO DAY SUCCESS
Annual Festival of Broward City Widely At-
tended-Displays Are Attractive
(Ft. Lauderdale News, March 8, 1929)
Tomatoes to the right of you, tomatoes to the left of
you, tomatoes, tomatoes in every direction and every-
where, all kinds, varieties, and what have you, ripe toma-
toes, green tomatoes, tomatoes on the vine and in
baskets, in cans, in soup and pickles. Yesterday was
truly Tomato Day in Dania.
Situated at the edge of the East Marsh, a huge tract
of marl soil, Dania is in the very heart of the tomato
growing section of the east coast, and so great is the
production that an annual Tomato Day has been estab-
lished and the celebration yesterday was the second event
of its kind.
The celebration was held earlier this year than last
and tomatoes were more plentiful, consequently the dis-
play was greater and the celebration more successful.
Ceremonies started at noon with a barbecue luncheon
and the afternoon was spent in athletic contests, which
included a box making and packing contest. Dania is
said to have the most proficient tomato packers on the
east coast. The attractive booths drew lots of attention
as did also a splendid musical program.
The celebration was attended by a large number of
people from Deerfield to Miami.
POULTRY RAISING REQUIRES SKILL
(St. Petersburg Times, March 10, 1929)
According to J. M. Mook, of the White Feather Farm,
the day of the "hit or miss" poultryman has come and
gone. The successful poultryman of today, Mook says,
must have two things: First, reliable stock; second,
ability for management. The latter might be divided
into two essentials-sufficient capital and the will to
White Feather Farm, located on Haines road, one mile
south of Safety Harbor, was instituted about three years
ago with the object of putting in a breeding plant of the
highest type of single comb White Leghorn chickens to
produce quality eggs. This farm has entered pens in the
Florida National Egg Laying Contest to show the public
the ability of its stock to lay eggs. At present it is fifth
in the contest at Chipley out of 820 birds, competing with
breeders from 16 different states. The White Feather
entries were picked at random from the regular stock
and trap-nested for two months before being sent to the
All the White Feather breeders are trap-nested and
mated to pedigreed cockerels. The plant maintains a
mammoth Buckeye incubator which produces high quality,
vigorous and healthy chicks, hatches coming off four
times per week. The hatches are now averaging 80 per
cent. No eggs are hatched that weigh less than 23
ounces to the dozen-thus insuring large, sturdy chicks.
The plant consists of a laying house with a capacity
of 1,400 layers, a trap-nest house accommodating 300
hens and several colony breeding pens. All pullets are
raised on free range on the 24 acres. The sires of their
breeding pens are cockerels bought direct from L. C.
Beall, with pedigreed records of from 275 to 290 eggs.
RABBIT SHOW BIG SUCCESS
Bench Exhibitions Will Be Held Every Four
(St. Petersburg Times, Feb. 27, 1929)
So successful was the first show of the St. Petersburg
Rabbit Breeders Association Monday at the Green
Lantern Inn that the 30 members have decided to hold
like bench shows every four months each year, accord-
ing to information given Tuesday evening.
Exhibited at the show were the best of the rabbits in
this city, where there are already about 300 or more,
including chinchillas, white Flemish, white New Zealand
and other breeds. Entries were also shown from adjoin-
ing neighborhoods, the total entries being more than 100.
Many of the St. Petersburg rabbit breeders are mem-
bers not only of the local association but of the West
Coast Association and of the National Association, but
the local organization has not as yet affiliated with the
national body. The growth of the industry is so rapid
here, however, that this will probably be done in the near
The St. Petersburg association made a big showing at
the Largo fair, where thousands of people raved over the
beautiful specimens exhibited. The local breeders cap-
tured the bulk of the prizes.
HOWEY JUICE PLANT USING NEW PRO-
CESS STARTS OPERATION
(Ocala Star, March 5, 1929)
Howey, March 5.-Operation of the Howey Juice Plant
was started here today, with the new electrical process
developed by Henry Stephens of Wheeling, W. Va., re-
placing the old heat-treating method. Orange and grape-
fruit juice is being packed for the New York market,
according to C. C. Street, in charge of the merchandising
end of the business.
The electrical process of preserving citrus juices is
somewhat of an innovation, and it has caused widespread
comment throughout the industry. It has a distinct ad-
vantage over the heat treatment in that it destroys the
fermentive bacteria without affecting the flavor in any
way, as is the case with heat. The bacteria come into
contact with electrodes and the vibrations set up in the
tanks destroy them. There is no cooked taste whatever,
and the bottled juice is just as delicious as that taken
from a fresh orange, and it will keep indefinitely.
The product is being put up in glass containers, and
within a few days will be distributed throughout the New
York and other markets. The entire output for the
season has already been contracted for.
CABBAGE AND PEPPERS MOVING FROM
(Tampa Tribune, March 8, 1929)
Arcadia, March 7.-(Special)-Harley Watson of this
city shipped two carloads of cabbage this week to
northern markets. The cabbage was of fine quality and
was sent through shippers at Bartow. The Nocatee Vege-
table Growers Association is shipping consignments of
green peppers, but not in carload shipments as yet.
Farmers are busy looking after their cucumbers, water-
melons and sweet corn, expecting good crops from all
three. A good rain Tuesday was beneficial to farms.