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 Manufacturing in Florida
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Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00061
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00061
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    Manufacturing in Florida
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Jfloriba 3ebieto

PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA


DECEMBER 3, 1928

TABLE OF CONTENTS


No. 13


Manufacturing in Florida ....... .......
Making of Ties Is New Industry .. .... ..
Port Clearance inl 1928 Exceeds That of 1927.............................
West Florida Is Inter< sted in Vetch Crop .
First Carlad of Vegetables Loaded at Mabel
Carload of Palms Are Shipped to Philadelphia ................
New Industry for Fern Growers of Volusia County ............
County To Be Advertised in North Press
Summary of the Employment of American Steam and Motor
M erch an t V vessels ..... ....... .................. .. .......... .............
Has Gathered 1,450 Bushels of Pine Cones .......... .....
Cream Station To Open Here Tuesday .............. ........ .............
400 Acres of Everglades Land Now Planted ... ... ............
Gilbert's "Ribault" Watermelon Makes Excellent Showing .......
Volusia County Exhibit Accepted in Big Milwaukt e Fair.........
S h ip to E u ro p e ....... ...... ... ..... .............. ... .. .. .... .. ... ..
S traw berries ............ ............................ ... .. .... ..
Strawberries of Pinellas Are $1 a Quart ...... .... ..................
New Industry Is Created by Reforestation ....... ... ............
Bee IKepers Seek Clearing House for State Honey Output....
Cocoanut Rail Rate Cut Will Benefit Tampa................. ......
Forestry Movies Are Under Way in Florida .....................
Jacksonville Lists 36 New Industries Started This Year .............
Constable Looks for Good Fishing Season This Year............ .....
Air Mail Service Starts December 1........................................
Pensacola Has Chance to Get Naval Stores Station...................
Polk County Farmers Build Eight Silos ......... ................ .........
Sixteen States Represented in Egg-Laying Contest ...................


Page
H astings W ill Plant Narcissi ..... .............................. ........ .... .. 10
Show Interest in Poultry Association ..... .............................. 10
Graceville Farmers Are Marketing Peanuts .................................... 10
State to Spend Half a Million for Advertising............................ 11
Cukes Bring $4.01 a Crate and Cars Are Being Moved ........... 11
Splendid Pecans Are Grown on John Black's Place ... ............... 11
Farmers at Stuart to Plant More Potatoes ................ ................ 11
South Florida Rabbits Lauded By Fehr, Judge. .......................... 12
F lorida's P respects ................................................. ........... 12
Collier County to Market Large Crop of Early Tomatoes ........... 12
Rainbow Trout Thriving in Silver Spring........ ....... ................... 13
Fuller's Earth Company Expands ............. ..... ................ 13
Cuba Seeking Florida Trade .. ....................................................... 13
Poultry M market Opens Saturday..... .............................................. 13
Ocala Man Takes Eighty-Six Ribbons on Ducks .......................... 13
Florida Citrus Fruit on Exhibition at Exposition......................... 14
Sugar-Making Has Now Given Way to Refining of Syrup ......... 14
Will Commence to Ship Beans Next Week .................................... 14
Guava Grows in M elbourne Area............................................... .. 14
P ensacola E exhibit .. ... ............ .... ................. ...................... 14
Express Shipment Produce Expected the Coming Week.. ........... 15
Asiatic Oil Company Puts Big Plant Here.. .... ............................. 15
Trains Bring New Tourists to City... ... ...................................... 15
P oultry Im ported ...... .. .. ... ........... ....... ... ......... .................. 15
H ardee's Crops Bring $2,000,000 ........................... ................ 16
E. A. Gardiner Grows Fine Kaffir Corn.............. .......................... 16
Sperry Has New Lemon That May Mean Wealth to Florida........ 16
Jackson County Products ..................... ....................................... 16
DeSoto Shipping Early Cucumbers at Good Prices....................... 16


MANUFACTURING IN FLORIDA


By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture


thought of Florida as a manufacturing
state. Like all the Southern states, Flor-
ida has been engaged all these past years
in getting out raw materials, much of which
have been shipped to our friends in the North,
there to be made into the finished product and
shipped back to us for home consumption.
Under this system we have been the loser. Our
raw materials never brought into our pockets
as much as we paid out when we bought them
back after they had run through the factory.
Happily the South is rapidly awakening to
its possibilities as an industrial field. In Florida
the past three years have witnessed a marked
activity in this long-deferred line. Manufactur-
ing enterprises have begun to operate all over
the state.
Florida is ready with the three essentials to
successful manufacturing.
FIRST-Raw Material.
This, Florida has in abundance. Timber,
minerals, fibres, tobacco, sugar cane, fruits and


vegetables for canning, fish and oysters for can-
ning, tung oil production, peanut oil production,
grasses and bamboo for paper manufacture-
all these offer opportunities of large importance
for manufacturing.
In these days, when practically all of us ride
in cars, it is of interest to note that two-thirds
of the crude rubber of the world is utilized
each year in the United States. This rubber is
shipped to us from the other side of the world.
In case of war or some break in trade relations
with the nations controlling the crude rubber
supply, our vast manufactures dependent upon
these imports would be paralyzed and the
American people might soon be forced to use
their feet or equip their cars with all-steel tires.
To provide against such a calamity, that great
"Wizard of Menlo Park," Thomas A. Edison, in
conjunction with Henry Ford and Harvey Fire-
stone, is carrying on extensive experimentation
near Fort Myers in order to develop rubber-
bearing plants from which our future supply of
crude rubber may be obtained. If these experi-


Vol. 3








2 FLORIDA REVIEW


ments succeed we shall see in Florida a new in-
dustry of vital importance to all the nation.
Each man, woman and child in the United
States consumes an average of 110 pounds of
sugar per year. Almost half of this was im-
ported. Florida has a big future in this in-
dustry. In the Everglades area and in other
sections of the State we have soils admirably
adapted to the production of sugar cane. Be-
yond a doubt, this vast opportunity is going to
be utilized. It is not an extravagant assertion
to say that within another decade or so Florida
may be filling the sugar bowls of America.

SECOND-Power.
Not only has Florida supplies of raw mate-
rials, but she has the second requisite for manu-
facturing, which is power. Within the past few
years $100,000,000 has been expended in Flor-
ida for new construction for electric light and
power service. Electric power is now available
through a network of wires reached at a dis-
tance of not over twenty miles from any point
of importance in the state.
THIRD-Transportation Facilities.
Florida has these-in her ports, her railroads
and her highways. Of the ports she has six of
major importance and fifteen or twenty of minor
importance. Florida's physical shape is such
that the most distant point in the state is not
over 72 miles from salt water.. It can, there-
fore, be readily seen that no point in Florida is
far from either deep ports as existing at present
or as will be brought about by the creation of
more and better ports and inland canals.
Of railroads, Florida has 8,220 miles. Six
great trunk lines serve the state. Almost 150
million dollars for new lines and improvements
have been spent by railroads in Florida since
1920.
Of highways, Florida has more than 8,000
miles of hard-surfaced roads and several thou-
sand miles of good graded roads, reaching into
every county of the state. Considering the avail-
ability of raw material, power and transporta-
tion at almost every point in the state, factory
locations may follow the modern trend of avoid-
ing congested city areas, and factory towns may
be located at points considered most desirable.
To all this may be added Florida's climate,
with mild, open winters and the resultant bodily
comfort for factory workers. Almost any in-
dustry that can find the essentials for success
in Florida may be established or expanded here
with more advantage than in states not so for-
tunately situated.


Our last enumeration lists a grand total of
7,517 industries now functioning in the State
of Florida. These turn out annually products
valued at more than $250,000,000. Our manu-
facturing has shown a most remarkable growth
in recent years, the increase having been more
than three hundred per cent in the last decade.
Captains of industry are coming southward.
The industrial center of our nation fifty years
from now will be in the Land of Dixie. Florida
wants factories. They will thrive here, and
those who work in them will have a fair chance
to enjoy what God meant that all of us might
enjoy HEALTH, HAPPINESS AND PROS-
PERITY.

MAKING OF TIES IS NEW INDUSTRY

Coral Gables Women Have Established Pros-
perous Trade

(Miami Daily News, Oct. 22, 1928)
One of the newest industries in the greater Miami
area, turning out Miami-made products, is the Tropical
Tie Manufacturing Co., 2709 Ponce de Leon boulevard,
Coral Gables, in which Mrs. D. T. Bibb, 1231 Capri
street, and Mrs. R. D. Miller, 1047 Astoria avenue, are
co-partners.
The business, which manufactures and distributes an
attractive line of wash ties of light material, pastel shades
and modernistic patterns, was organized last September.
It now employs five people, whose capacity is taxed to
the limit by the number of orders handled.
Originating with Mrs. Bibb, for several years a resident
of Coral Gables, the idea of manufacturing ties for wear
with the light clothing of the tropics gained strength after
an advertisement had been inserted in a newspaper by
C. H. Ehrman, president of the Bank of Coral Gables,
suggesting the establishment of a tie factory in Coral
Gables.
Mrs. Bibb received many helpful suggestions as to
methods of organizing the business, placing it on an
operation basis and marketing the product, from the
banker, it is said. Mrs. Bibb interested Mrs. Miller, who
agreed to enter into the business with her. Encourage-
ment also was given them by the Coral Gables Chamber
of Commerce, the city administration and business men
of the city.
The ties are made of everfast wash material, which
does not twist or turn after being laundered. Colors are
soft, as a rule, and patterns are widely varied. Ties are
also made to order. They are marketed through leading
stores in Miami, Burdine's and Pollock & Berg, and ex-
pansion of the distribution area over the entire state is
planned for the coming season.
The first three days of last week an exhibit of "Trop
ical" ties was given at the Bank of Coral Gables, which
attracted wide attention.
During the season the officers of the company expect
to install new machines and increase the size of the
working force.

A 50-gallon barrel of dill pickles was recently fur-
nished to the University dining hall by A. W. Leland,
foreman of the College of Agriculture farm. The cucum-
bers were grown and pickled on the farm.









FLORIDA REVIEW 3


tltoria Rb6ifdu

Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

NATHAN MAYO... ..............Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS...............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR.........................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.


Vol. 3


DECEMBER 3, 1928


PORT CLEARANCE IN 1928 EXCEEDS THAT
OF 1927

Value of Cargoes Will Reach $280,000,000

(Tampa Tribune, Nov. 9, 1928)
Phenomenal increases in the value of cargoes shipped
in and out of the port of Tampa during the first nine
months of 1928 as compared to the corresponding period
last year indicate the total this year will exceed $280,-
000,000, or $40,000,000 more than the 1927 figure, F. M.
Sack, statistician and secretary of the chamber of com-
merce, announced yesterday.
Reports from January 1 to September 30, inclusive,
show the value of cargoes received and exported by
water were valued at $234,946,706 and were carried by
3,341 steamers. Last year's cargo value over the entire
12 months was $240,000,000, and Mr. Sack based his
prediction for the 1928 valuation on the fact that the
last three months of this year probably will be the busiest
from the standpoint of quantity and value of imports and
exports. The total number of vessels entering and leav-
ing the port during the nine months of 1928 was 46 more
than the entire ship roster for 1927.
Ship Classifications
Out of the number of vessels passing Egmont light in
and out of Tampa this year, 3071 were American bot-
toms and 271 flew the flags of 14 foreign nations, divided
as follows: Panama, 32; Norway, 18; British, 32; Ger-
man, 16; Italian, 25; Dutch, 6; French, 4; Swedish, 11;
Spanish, 8; Danish, 3; Mexican, 2; Japanese, 7; Nica-
raguan, 35; Cuban, 72. The total tonnage, entering and
clearing, was announced as 2,055,378, and the cargo was
divided into the 10 following groups:
Group 1.-Animals and animal products, value $11,-
559,000; entered 23,118 tons; none cleared. Includes
canned milk, canned foods and fertilizer ingredients.
Group 2.-Vegetable products, value $10,457,000; en-
tered, 19,550 tons; cleared, 1,364 tons. Includes vege-
table oils, seeds and beverages.
Group 3.-Other vegetable products, value $21,269,-
000; entered, 41,486 tons; cleared, 1,052 tons. Includes
fruits, all edibles and sugar.
Group 4.-Textiles, value $928,000; entered, 1,820
tons; cleared, 56 tons. Includes dry goods, automobile
tires and other products.
Group 5.-Wood and paper, value $9,499,850; entered,
21,807 tons; cleared, 168,190 tons. Includes pine and
cedar lumber.
Group 6.-Non-metallic minerals, value $46,000,200;
entered, 569,465 tons; cleared, 5,550 tons. Includes
crude oil, gasoline and kerosene.


Group 7.-Ores and metals, value $18,673,000; en-
tered, 31,684 tons; cleared, 5,662 tons. Includes glass-
ware and paints.
Group 8.-Machinery, value $4,612,000; entered, 6,454
tons; cleared, 2,770 tons. Includes automobiles and other
vehicles.
Group 9.-Chemicals and allied products, value $6,-
680,815; entered,'39,377 tons; cleared, 1,296,786 tons.
Includes phosphate and cement.
Group 10.-General cargoes, value $102,825,000; en-
tered and cleared, 205,650 tons.

WEST FLORIDA IS INTERESTED IN VETCH
CROP

Local Agent Finds Counties Planting for First
Time This Year

(Pensacola Journal, Oct. 14, 1928)
West Florida farmers are beginning to get interested
in growing vetch and Austrian peas, according to County
Agent E. P. Scott, of Escambia county. Demonstrations
conducted by several county agents last year are respon-
sible for much of the interest, he believes.
Scott spent a good part of the month working with
farmers of three counties in the interest of these crops.
After spending a week in his own county taking orders
for seed, he went to Okaloosa and Santa Rosa counties
and assisted the agents in these counties in bringing the
matter before their farmers.
J. G. Hudson, county agent of Santa Rosa county, re-
ports that during September he held a series of meetings,
using vetch slides to show the beneficial effects of grow-
ing this winter cover crop. As a result several farmers
will plant vetch this fall for the first time, he says.
In Washington county 25 farmers have purchased co-
operatively nearly 4,200 pounds of Austrian peas, says
Gus York, county agent. Most of the farmers are plant-
ing about five acres each, he says. These farmers de-
cided to plant the peas and bought the seed without a
rally or campaign of any kind, declares the agent. He
ascribes the interest to a trip made to a demonstration
started last year.
Considerably more than 100 acres will be planted to
these two crops in Walton county, according to Mitchell
Wilkins, county agent. Five meetings were held in Sep-
tember and many farmers decided to try a few acres of
the cover crops. Orders are still coming in for seed, he
declares.

FIRST CARLOAD OF VEGETABLES LOADED
AT MABEL

(Groveland Graphic, Nov. 8, 1928)
The first carload of fall vegetables moved from this
section of Florida last Saturday, containing 363 hampers
of beans, cucumbers and squash, and was purchased by
the firm of Beville & Oldham, of Center Hill, for
$1,333.05. The packing was handled under the super-
vision of L. K. Merritt, of Mascotte. Some of the grow-
ers who helped load it included A. P. Slone and Fred
Thomas, of Mascotte. Other growers came from the
Center Hill, Mabel and Webster sections.
The beans especially commanded a nice price of $4.00
per hamper.
The fall vegetable crop in this section, while very short
of other crops, is good and is expected to make up in
price what it may lack in quantity.









4 FLORIDA REVIEW


CARLOAD OF PALMS ARE SHIPPED TO
PHILADELPHIA

Everglades Nursery Fills Big Order for Deco-
rative Use

(Ft. Myers Press, Oct. 29, 1928)
A new market for palm trees was opened today with
the shipment of a solid carload of Areca Lutescens by
the Everglades Nursery to Philadelphia,. where they will
be used by the Robert Craig Company as house and
lobby decorations. The Craig Company are one of the
largest floral concerns in Philadelphia and will probably
use the entire output of the Everglades Nursery.
The contract for the palms was closed between James
E. Hendry and Mr. Craig on the latter's visit to this city
last week. The shipment was made up of 500 Arecas,
each one neatly transplanted in an individual tub. The
palms will be kept indoors to save them from the winter
weather, which is now sweeping on all the states above
the Mason-Dixon line.
For many years the Philadelphia concern have pur-
chased their decorative palms from California. Upon
Mr. Craig's visit to this city he found he could secure a
better variety of ornamental palms here and that ship-
ment could be made much easier. Potted palms are
favored by many interior decorators for use in homes,
hotel lobbies and restaurants.
Within the last few years the fame of Fort Myers as
the "City of Palms" has grown to such an extent that
all markets look to this city to supply palms both for
transplanting and for ornamental purposes. Mr. Hendry
has shipped many carloads of palms to other Florida
cities and recently shipped 20 carloads of Fort Myers
palms to California.

NEW INDUSTRY FOR FERN GROWERS OF
VOLUSIA COUNTY

(DeLand Sun, Nov. 5, 1928)
By Claude A. Wright
What promises to be one of the best paying agricul-
tural industries in Florida is now being successfully pro-
moted among the fern growers of Volusia county.
For several years the United States Department of
Agriculture has advocated the growing of the chayote
(pronounced chi-o-ti), which is a vegetable belonging to
the cucumber or squash family and has its origin in trop-
ical America.
But it has remained for Victor Lofberg to demonstrate
that it is the fern grower who is in a position, with his
equipment already established, to reap the harvest of gold
.promised by the United States Department of Agricul-
ture as a reward for planting this new squash.
The chayote grows on a trellis overhead, such as is
built to shade ferns, and, according to officials of the
Department of Agriculture, there is no reason in the
world why every fern-grower cannot grow the chayote
and realize an extra $1,000 or $1,500 profit per acre with
no trouble whatever except to pick and pack the fruit,
which is probably the simplest and easiest of all vegetables
to handle and one of the best shippers of all, since the
vegetable is solid and will keep from five to six weeks
under ordinary temperatures and from a temperature of
from 45 to 55 degrees F.
There are a number of reasons why this new vegetable
is particularly adapted to planting in ferneries. In the
first place, the seed is planted at the side of each post


in the fernery and the vine grows up the post and spreads
out over the top of the trellis, giving an extra amount
of shade to the ferns in the summer time, and bears a
crop in late October, November and early December.
The first frost kills the vines, allowing the sunshine to
again sift through the trellis when it is needed. But the
roots are perennial and the vine sprouts again with the
first warm weather in spring to produce another crop in
May and June. Like grapes, the crop is heavier each
year as the roots grow older.
The plant needs no cultivation any more than to keep
the weeds down, which is done in all well-regulated fern-
eries anyway, and it needs no extra fertilizer any more
than is ordinarily given to the ferns.
Mr. Lofberg has been growing chayotes in his fernery
for several years and now has about an acre devoted to
this vegetable, which is producing between 15,000 and
18,000 pounds of fruit. Mr. Lofberg states that he has
no trouble in obtaining 10 cents a pound in the wholesale
market. The fruit can be picked at any stage of its
growth, and as far as its edible qualities are concerned,
it is undoubtedly the aristocrat of the entire squash
family.
The chayote has only one seed, which is edible and has
a delicious flavor. The seed is not removed for cooking,
but is cooked with the flesh of the fruit, and when thus
cooked the seed blends itself with the fruit, so it is not
realized that there is any seed at all.
An organization is now being formed among the fern
growers of the county not only to grow this wonderful
vegetable, which produces from 100 to 250 pounds of
fruit to the vine twice a year, but to market the crop in
a cooperative way, so that the marketing will be done in
an orderly manner and profits kept steady and substan-
tial. Thus this new industry will be launched with a
cooperative organization right from the beginning.
So much interest in Mr. Lofberg's experiments in
propagating one of the finest varieties of the chayote
has been shown by officials of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture that Dr. David Fairchild, government
agricultural explorer, came to see Mr. Lofberg's produc-
tion of the vegetable immediately upon his return to
Washington from a three-year stay in South Africa, and
pronounced the fruit the finest of its kind he had ever
seen.

COUNTY TO BE ADVERTISED IN NORTH
PRESS

Several Sunday Papers in North Will Carry Ads
on Columbia

(Lake City Reporter, Oct. 19, 1928)
The chamber of commerce placed a contract Thursday
morning with an advertising agency for advertisements
of Columbia county to run for seventeen weeks in a
number of Sunday newspapers published in large cities
of the country. The newspapers that will carry the ad-
vertising are the New York World, Chicago Tribune,
Cleveland Plain Dealer, Cincinnati Enquirer and St. Louis
Post-Dispatch. The first advertisements will appear next
Sunday.
The chamber of commerce has had a series of four
booklets on Columbia county published and will mail
them out in answer to inquiries resulting from the adver-
tising. The booklets cover the following subjects:
Columbia county, general farming, live stock, poultry.








FLORIDA REVIEW 5


United States Shipping Summary of the Employment of American Steam and
Board Motor Merchant Vessels of 1,000 Gross Tons REPORT
Bureau of Research and Over, October 1, 1928 D l No 300
Division of Statistics Table I
Division of Statistics (Does not include Lake or River tonnage)

Passenger and General Cargo Tankers TOTAL
SERVICES Combination General Cargo Tankers TOTAL
No. Gross Tons No. Gross Tons No. Gross Tons No. Gross Tons

PRIVATELY OWNED-

*Nearby Foreign ................. 33 140,450 61 188,399 66 431,346 160 760,195
Overseas Foreign................... 32 348,398 142 799,365 41 282,482 215 1,430,245
Coastwise................................ 99 500,849 412 1,681,816 214 1,363,284 725 3,545,949
Laid-up Vessels .................... 24 86,964 107 313,763 30 178,322 161 579,049


Total Privately Owned .......... 188 1,076,661 722 2,983,343 351 2,255,434 1,261 6,315,438


GOVERNMENT OWNED-

Nearby Foreign. ... .. **2 19,244 1 7,045 3 26,289
Nearby Foreign ...................... **2 19,244 ...... .................. 1 7,045 1 3 26,289
Overseas Foreign.................... 11 187,871 a226 1,299,352 .. ... ....... ... .237 1,487,223
Coastw ise...... ....................... ...... ... .............. 1 6,295 1 6,295
Government Service.............. 2 7,255 ...... ............2. 7,255
Laid-up Vessels........ .............. 2 37,733 a487 2,408,132 9 56,153 498 2,502,018


Total Government Owned...... 15 244,848 715 3,714,739 11 69,493 741 4,029,080


Total American Fleet............. 203 1,321,509 1,437 6,698,082 362 2,324,927 2,002 10,344,518


* Nearby includes Canada, Mexico, Central America, West Indies and North Coast South America to and including
the Guianas. ** Panama R. R. Vessels. a Includes two Panama R. R. Vessels.


HAS GATHERED 1,450 BUSHELS OF PINE
CONES


L. L. Segars Gathering Cones for M. B. Wilder.
Nature Has Endowed Pine with Remark-
able Method of Propagation


(Lake City Reporter, Oct. 19, 1928)
L. L. Segars has gathered 1,450 bushels of slash pine
cones for M. B. Wilder, agent for the Columbia Land
Corporation, and the cones are now being dried so they
can be flailed for extracting the seed. Mr. Segars cov-
ered considerable territory in gathering the cones and
had as many as 75 negroes at work at one time picking
them up.
The seed from the cones will be planted in land owned
by the Columbia Land Corporation. From three-quarters
to one pound of seed are secured from a bushel of cones.
The growth of pine trees on a tract of land can be hast-
ened by planting the seed in even and regular distribution
instead of waiting for the process of nature.
The pine presents an interesting biologic study. That
the pine is highly rated in the economy of nature seems
to be indicated by the plan mother nature has adopted
for the propagation of the pine. To each small black
pine seed is attached a long streamer as light as a piece
of butterfly wing. When the cone opens the streamer
carrying the seed will ride the breeze and the seeds will
be distributed all over the surrounding country. No other
kind of timber so quickly propagates itself.


CREAM STATION TO OPEN HERE TUESDAY

(Okaloosa News-Journal, Oct. 26, 1928)
The Crestview Creamery station will open for business
at the Producers Association building, Tuesday, October
30, at 8 a. m. Every Tuesday the cream station will be
opened for those who have cream to sell.
This is a permanent station and you can depend on the
service functioning every Tuesday. You can save your
cream (it will keep for a week without deteriorating in
the least) and market it as above stated. This cream
station was gotten through the following gentlemen, who
subscribed the amount necessary to secure the station
for Crestview:
C. F. Manning, $50; Gerlach Motor Co., P. Steele, D.
H. McCallum, W. H. Graham, Dann Cobb, H. H. Harris
and W. D. Douglass, each $25.
We earnestly solicit you to bring in any amount of
cream you may have on hand from one quart up. As
Tuesday is the opening day, we want to get as many to
come to the station as possible. Remember that your
cream will be tested and you will receive the money for
same on the spot. We worked very hard to get these
conditions where the farmer can sell his cream for cash
as soon as delivered. There is nothing that will bring in
money faster than the cow, hen and hog. Dairying will
develop our county faster than any other enterprise we
farmers can go into.
The creamery station at Baker will be opened every
Wednesday. Your cream will be tested and paid for as
soon as delivered. The Bank of Baker will receive your
cream and pay for it.










FLORIDA REVIEW


400 ACRES OF EVERGLADES LAND NOW
PLANTED

Vegetables Already Blooming in Storm-Swept
Sections

(Palm Beach Times, Oct. 27, 1928)
Nearly 400 acres of farm lands are now planted in the
storm-swept sections of the Everglades, and in at least
two places beans, planted since the hurricane, are in
bloom and will be ready for marketing within two weeks,
it was reported here today at the office of County Farm
Agent S. W. Hiatt.
The report, the first of a series of weekly reports, was
made by C. B. Savage, of the county agent's office, and
C. D. Byrd, vice-president of the West Palm Beach Fruit
Company.
Acreage now planted was listed as follows: 250 acres
around Port Myaca, 20 acres between Belle Glade and
South Bay, 100 acres north of Canal Point on the east
side of the ridge, and 20 acres between Canal Point and
Pahokee.
The blooming bean vines are to be seen on the Phipps
properties near Port Myaca and on the farm of F. H.
Freedman, near Chosen, the report stated.

GILBERT'S "RIBAULT" WATERMELON
MAKES EXCELLENT SHOWING

Fine Melons Grow in Very Poor Season-Prize
Offer Brings Contestants from Twenty
Different States

(Monticello News, Oct. 12, 1928)
Mr. D. H. Gilbert, the seed man, offered last spring
$100.00 in prizes for the largest melons of his new
Ribault variety. The offer brought contestants from
twenty different states and although it was one of the
worst seasons for many years, some of the melons were
exceedingly large and fine.
The melon winning the first prize weighed 85 pounds;
the second prize melon tipped the scales at 75, while the
third prize was divided between two melons, each weigh-
ing 73 pounds.
There were contestants in Florida, Georgia, Alabama,
Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana,
Oklahoma, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Kansas, Minnesota, Virginia, California, Arizona, Colo-
rado and Delaware.
The winning melons were grown in Florida, Minnesota,
Arkansas and Alabama.
There were 763 contestants in all, and the smallest
Ribault melon entered was 44 pounds, with only four re-
ports less than 50 pounds.
Considering the weather conditions this season we
should say this is a wonderful showing for this new
Ribault melon, propagated here in Jefferson county.

The "all-mash method" of feeding poultry, which has
come into use recently, can be practiced successfully.
One of the advantages of this method-which consists of
supplying the entire ration in ground form kept con-
stantly before the birds-is that every fowl is sure to
get a balanced ration instead of varying proportions of
scratch feed and mash.


VOLUSIA COUNTY EXHIBIT ACCEPTED IN
BIG MILWAUKEE FAIR

Agricultural Products To Be Displayed In
Wisconsin

(DeLand News, Oct. 26, 1928)
Word was received from Milwaukee, Wis., by Mayor
Brown, accepting DeLand and Volusia's citrus and agri-
cultural exhibit for the Milwaukee Auditorium Poultry,
Pigeon and Pet Show, which also includes displays of
other kinds. The letter was from Albert T. Keipper,
executive chairman, who gave the thanks of the organiza-
tion to the local body for offering their exhibit, and went
so far as to donate free space in the auditorium for it.
The show is to be staged on November 22, 23, 24, 25,
at Milwaukee, and the committee here is making arrange-
ments now for the Volusia county display. It was stated
in the communication that this exhibit would be sold
after the show, the proceeds to go to charitable institu-
tions.

SHIP TO EUROPE

(Miami Herald, Nov. 8, 1928)
Some day when rail and water transportation and back
country safeguarding bring the citrus fruit crop nearer
Miami's harbor, we will find a foreign grapefruit and
orange market already developed and asking for more
participants.
During the present month more than 50,000 boxes of
citrus fruit will be shipped from Jacksonville to Liver-
pool, England, by refrigerated steamer. The largest
single load since Florida-to-England citrus traffic was
started last year will be sent out on the Darien probably
this week. She will haul 12,000 boxes to the breakfast
tables of England to supplement a shipment unloaded in
satisfactory condition there November 1.
In December it is estimated that 50,000 boxes or more
will be sent through the same port to Liverpool for dis-
tribution there. What is to keep Miami from reaping
some of that same harvest? What is keeping this section
from sending her surplus citrus crops to France and Ger-
many and the British Isles? Nothing, except the scarcity
of citrus products in Miami's immediate vicinity, and the
lack of rail and highway connection by a short route to
the citrus fields of Florida's ridge section.
That's something else to be thinking of. If Miami
spends her time in forward-looking movements like these,
and in caring for her ever-growing crop of winter visitors,
her people won't have time for anything but prosperity.

STRAWBERRIES

(Orlando Sentinel, Oct. 23, 1928)
Few fruits are more perishable than strawberries, yet
Florida strawberries are transported 1,500 miles or more
by rail and reach the great markets in first-class condi-
tion to command top prices. The early berries, which
come into bearing about the first of December, as well
as the late crop, are shipped by "pony" refrigerators.
The bulk crop moves by freight. About 500 cars of ber-
ries a winter are shipped over the Atlantic Coast Line.

Spuds Johnson says that as long as we are not in a
position to change it, there is no need to worry about the
weather.


FLORIDA


REVIEW








FLORIDA REVIEW 7


STRAWBERRIES OF PINELLAS ARE $1 A
QUART

Northern Demand at Christmas to Be Met from
Clearwater Section

(Clearwater Herald, Nov. 4, 1928)
Christmas strawberries, grown in the Clearwater sec-
tion, will be laid down in the northern markets at a price
of $1 a quart.
That is the prediction of J. W. Williamson, president
of the Pinellas County Berry Growers Association.
For the first time the growers of this county will take
their crops to the northern and eastern markets. Here-
tofore little effort was made beyond satisfying the local
demand.
A meeting of the members of the association will be
held next Wednesday to perfect plans for shipping. It
is proposed that a shipping platform be erected at the
intersection of the Seaboard and Coast Line tracks in
Clearwater, thus to secure convenience and economy
both of handling and money.
"The outlook is favorable," said Mr. Williamson. "I
estimate that we now have between sixty and seventy
acres under cultivation in this county. We shall start
picking in the latter half of December, and will continue
until the middle of May. When you figure that straw-
berry growing gives employment on the average to five
persons to each acre for five months you can get an idea
of the importance of the industry. An important feature
is that the picking offers work to entire families-men,
women and children of working age."

NEW INDUSTRY IS CREATED BY REFORES-
TATION

Number of Large Land Owners Turn Attention
to Seed Threshing Operations

(Times-Union, Oct. 23, 1928)
Southern commerce is becoming definitely affiliated
with reforestation efforts, and in the awakening a new
industry has sprung into existence.
Catering to their own needs as well as those of smaller
operators, a number of large land-owners of this section
of the country, including Columbia Farm Lands Company
of Columbia and Baker counties of this state, and the
Long Bell Lumber Company of New Orleans, La., the
latter the largest lumber concern in the United States,
have begun thrashing operations for slash pine seed from
cones obtained from trees on their property. Aiding
them, and in fact leading the way from a demonstration
standpoint and particularly in behalf of the smaller land-
owners, the Florida Forest Service, under the direction
of Harry Lee Baker, state forester, is thrashing out some
seed, C. H. Coulter, of the service, being assigned to the
work, with headquarters for the time being in this city.
Disclosure of the new industry from a commercial
point of view was made yesterday during the annual ses-
sion here of the Florida Board of Forestry. In appearing
before the board in behalf of a contemplated cooperative
fire protection district comprising 170,239 acres in Co-
lumbia and Baker counties, M. J. Roess, representing the
Columbia Farm Lands Company, owners of the property,
announced that M. B. Wilder, of Lake City, an operator
for the company, had collected a total of 1,200 bushels
of slash pine cones to meet a demand for such seeds. It


is estimated that a bushel of cones yields a pound and a
half of seeds, figured on a basis of 15,000 seeds to a
pound. Forester Baker then disclosed the state board
activities and those of the Long Bell Lumber Company
at Fargo, Ga., and of Alex Sessoms near Cogden, Ga.,
the Long Bell Company having gathered, it was an-
nounced, a carload of cones. The seeds extracted by
the state board operatives will be planted for the pro-
duction of planting stock at the nursery maintained at
the State Prison Farm at Raiford, said stock to be dis-
tributed to farmers and other land-owners for reforesta-
tion purposes.
The board meeting was featured by the approval of
the Columbia-Baker county project, which will bring to
a total of 720,000 acres the area now under cooperative
fire protection of land-owner, state and federal govern-
ments. An additional 60,000 acres will likely be added,
it was announced by Mr. Baker, in the Black Creek pro-
tection project, and additional areas now under consid-
eration will bring the state total within the next few
months, he said, to 1,000,000 acres.
Forester Baker presented his first annual report, which
went into detail as to the initiation of the work in this
state and the progress so far attained. Indicating an
interest in reforestation, Mr. Baker's report declared that
"the demand for planting stock and for assistance in
forestry practice has been much heavier than had been
anticipated," and announced that from the Raiford nur-
sery "about 4,000 seedlings will be available for planting
next spring." Mr. Baker also pointed out in his report
that Forest Assistant C. H. Coulter is actively engaged
on that part of the service program which "calls for at
least one planting demonstration plot in each county
where timber growing is practiced." The report outlined
the progress of the cooperative protection efforts at the
following tracts: Black Creek, Tyler, West Bay, Bonifay,
Lake Kerr, Southwest Marion county, Wakulla county
and Bradford county. The cooperation of the press of
the state was highly commended in the report.


BEE KEEPERS SEEK CLEARING HOUSE FOR
STATE HONEY OUTPUT

(Tampa Tribune, Oct. 27, 1928)
With 38 per cent of the supply signed up and an objec-
tive of 60 per cent, members of the Florida State Bee
Keepers Association are quietly organizing a cooperative
organization similar to the citrus growers' clearing house,
and efforts are being made to establish headquarters in
Tampa.
The basic principles of the clearing house setup have
been incorporated in the bee keepers movement, includ-
ing standardization of grades. In fact, the success of
the clearing house inspired the apiarists to emulate the
example set by the citrus growers.
Tentative plans for the bee keepers' organization call
for a systematic sign-up of 200 men and women engaged
in the industry and the eventual establishment of a cen-
tral blending and packing station. The annual honey
output in Florida is estimated at more than 2,000 tons.
Affairs of the association and the membersihp campaign
are being directed by the following board of managers:
H. E. Rish, Gulf county; J. H. Booth, Hendry county;
L. M. Lewis, Gadsden county; Charles Mack, Brevard
county; W. C. Williams, Lake county; Dr. Waldo Horton,
Polk county; W. K. Knott, Orange county, and J. W.
Barney, Manatee county.









8 FLORIDA REVIEW


COCOANUT RAIL RATE CUT WILL BENEFIT
TAMPA

Importation Business Will Be Revived

(Tampa Tribune, Nov. 23, 1928)
The cocoanut and banana importing business in Tampa,
which has been throttled slowly by high freight rates to
southeastern and Virginia destinations, will be revived
December 1 as a result of general revisions of tariffs on
these commodities from Tampa to points throughout the
southeastern territory.
The revisions, according to J. W. Donnell, general
manager of the Tampa Traffic Association, contemplate
material reductions in both banana and cocoanut rates,
ranging from one-half to 10 cents per hundredweight.
"The readjustment in rates from Tampa," Mr. Donnell
said, "are parts and parcels of general revisions covering
rates on bananas from all gulf and South Atlantic ports
in compliance with a decision of the Interstate Commerce
Commission rendered in disposing of matters under
docket No. 2761. The basis for the new rates as revised
is that of a mileage or distance scale prescribed by the
commission to be used by the carriers as a maximum.
"The reductions in the cocoanut rates will have the
effect of reducing to some extent the present advantage
now enjoyed by other gulf ports over Tampa. The car-
riers contemplate on or about January 1, a further general
revision on cocoanuts from all gulf and South Atlantic
ports other than Tampa, which will, when effective, place
Tampa on a competitive basis with all of these parts in
the importation of cocoanuts destined to the southeastern
and Virginia territories. As a matter of fact after this
general revision becomes effective the rates on cocoanuts
in the so-called Tampa trade territory will be lower in
numerous instances than from Mobile, Pensacola and
New Orleans, which ports now enjoy an undue advantage
over Tampa.

FORESTRY MOVIES ARE UNDER WAY IN
FLORIDA

Two Motor Trucks Are Equipped with Motion
Picture Machines

(Highlands County News, Nov. 2, 1928)
With two motor trucks equipped with motion picture
machines and power generators on the road, the Southern
Forestry Educational project got off to a good start in
Florida with shows scheduled at Wellborn and New Har-
mony school houses in Suwannee county last week.
Interested audiences saw the story of forest destruc-
tion and regeneration depicted in a three-reel story of
life in the Ozark Mountains, and a two-reel portrayal of
the combination of cattle raising and forestry without
woods burning. In addition to motion pictures, the trucks
are equipped with lantern slides and forestry literature.
The relation of woods fires to the natural restocking of
the land with trees and the possibilities of reforesting by
planting seedlings, were placed before the audience, to-
gether with the relation of timber growing to general
farming and local prosperity.
These pictures and the lecturer that accompanies each
truck have been made possible by the American Forestry
Association and the Florida Forestry Association, and
are being shown in cooperation with the Florida Forest
Service. Harry Lee Baker, state forester, states that it


is the desire of the Florida Forest Service that these pic-
tures reach every county in Florida and every rural com-
munity within the counties.
According to Mr. Baker, the pine region covers approx-
imately 17,600,000 acres, and on 10,000,000 acres of the
state's area, nature's wood and turpentine producing fac-
tory has been forced to close down because the machines
are lacking or crippled. It is estimated that over one-
half of this idle land is to be found in non-productive
spaces within the second-growth stands of Florida brought
about by woods fires. These 10,000,000 acres constitute
an idle land problem that directly affects 71,000 wage-
earners and their dependents in the timber, turpentine
and allied industries and indirectly affects every indi-
vidual in the state by striking at the very vitals of social
and economic prosperity.
In addition to the motion picture shows, a unit director
for the campaign in Florida accompanies the two trucks
and is speaking to local civic organizations and making
arrangements for the carrying on of essay contests by
parent-teachers' associations and women's clubs.
This is the first time in the history of forestry in the
United States that such a large scale educational cam-
paign has been undertaken, and at its conclusion it is
hoped that the message of forest conservation will have
been carried to every man, woman and child in the state.
After the Suwannee county program is completed the
moving picture trucks will move to Bay county and then
to Escambia county, after which they will work eastward.


JACKSONVILLE LISTS 36 NEW INDUSTRIES
STARTED THIS YEAR

(Tampa Tribune, Nov. 4, 1928)
Jacksonville, Nov. 3.-(Special.) -Thirty-six new in-
dustries, representing plant investment of $3,482,100 and
employing 586 persons who receive $812,590 in annual
payrolls, have been established in Jacksonville since Feb-
ruary.
These facts were contained in a report submitted today
by Charles E. Muller, industrial secretary of the Chamber
of Commerce, to Elliott W. Butts, manager of the cham-
ber.
Mr. Muller's report covered an exhaustive study of
Jacksonville's industrial conditions. It discussed present
and future needs of the city as well as national industrial
trends.
The new plants located here this year manufacture
such products as poultry feed, minerals, concrete, petro-
leum, food products, soaps, oxygen and acetylene, lard
compounds, tile, marble, dry rending, fresh meats and
fruit and vegetable packing.
The industrial division is making a study of Jackson-
ville's opportunities for South American trade that this
city may be ready to enter the fields as trade develops.
Mr. Muller warns against bringing plants to Jackson-
ville for industrial activities to which this territory is
not best suited.
He also stresses Jacksonville's possible handicap in
competing with cities which offer special inducements
such as free plant sites and tax exemption to prospective
industries.
A special effort is being made, the report shows, to
bring to Jacksonville industries which can supply local
needs, now filled by purchases in other fields. Industries
utilizing Florida products, existing or potential, are also
being sought.









FLORIDA REVIEW 9


CONSTABLE LOOKS FOR GOOD FISHING
SEASON THIS YEAR

Says Many Boats to Make Canaveral Head-
quarters for Operations

(Cocoa Tribune, Oct. 18, 1928)
Returning last week from a trip north, W. C. Constable,
manager for the Johnson & Son Fish Company, of Cana-
veral, has been very busy preparing his boats and other-
wise getting ready for the coming fishing season in the
Atlantic ocean, opposite Canaveral.
Mr. Constable is extremely optimistic about the fishing
industry at Canaveral, stating to a Tribune man Tuesday
that he was looking for one hundred shrimping and fish-
ing boats to make Canaveral headquarters for the season.
While in New Jersey on his trip north the manager says
that many fishermen asked him if he could accommodate
them with docking facilities at Canaveral this winter.
With the completion of the boat-landing pier, which is
now under construction, Canaveral will be able to take
care of any number of boats, Mr. Constable told them,
with the result that several sloops of the fleet of New
Jersey will operate out of Canaveral this season.
Mr. Constable has had a bit of hard luck with his fleet
of boats this summer. At Salerno all of his craft were
destroyed during the last storm. When the September
blow came, he had just finished overhauling his engines
and repainting his boats at Canaveral. The high waves
from the ocean damaged them so badly that the boats had
to be reconditioned and repainted again, which work he
is doing now.
Twenty-seven shrimpers have engaged docking privi-
leges from Constable for the season, which will open
about November 15th. The vessels will operate out of
Canaveral instead of hauling their catches to Fernandina,
New Smyrna and Ft. Pierce, which will give the com-
munity pay-rolls which are badly needed. Constable
states that the shrimping beds along the Atlantic coast
of Florida only run from Fernandina to a point near
Canaveral, with the bulk of shrimp being found in the
ocean opposite Canaveral, which is much to the advan-
tage of this section.
With the completion of the boat-landing pier into the
ocean at Canaveral, which will serve as docking place for
the fleet of boats expected this winter, a new industry
will be begun in Brevard county, which has prospects of
growing to large proportions.

AIR MAIL SERVICE STARTS DECEMBER 1

(Gainesville Sun, Oct. 25, 1928)
Jacksonville, Oct. 29.-(A. P.)-Air mail service be-
tween Atlanta, Jacksonville and Miami will be inaugu-
rated on December 1, Geoffry S. Childs, vice-president of
the Pitcairn Aviation Company, announced here today.
The line will provide mail service between Florida
points and New York through the Atlanta-New York
connection at Atlanta.
The first south-bound plane will leave Atlanta at 7:00
o'clock on the morning of December 1, arriving in Jack-
sonville about 10 o'clock and in Miami at 1:00 o'clock,
Mr. Childs said.
The initial north-bound plane is scheduled to leave
Miami at 11 o'clock December 1, arriving in Jacksonville
about 2:00 o'clock in the afternoon, and in Atlanta at
5:00 o'clock, in time to make connection with the north-
bound air mail for New York.


PENSACOLA HAS CHANCE TO GET NAVAL
STORES STATION

Wernicke Believes City Is Best Site for Naval
Stores Unit

(Pensacola Journal, Oct. 28, 1928)
"Pensacola has an excellent chance to obtain the pro-
posed naval stores experiment station, which the industry
is planning to establish at some central location in the
turpentine producing belt."
This statement was made yesterday by O. H. L. Wer-
nicke, of this city.
Conference Here
"The naval stores producing belt lies along the South
Atlantic and Gulf seacoasts from Carolina to Texas, and
Pensacola is the most centrally located important city in
the region," he said. "The fact that the Pine Institute
of America and the Get-Together Naval Stores confer-
ence is to be held here February 21, 22 and 23, of next
year, gives Pensacola an excellent chance to secure among
members of the industry the strongest backing for estab-
lishment of the station here."
Mr. Wernicke was largely responsible for securing for
Pensacola the conference of these two organizations
which is to be held here. He reported that about 500
persons probably will attend.
The proposed station, with the office of naval stores
technology at Savannah and the industrial farm-products
division of the unit of chemical and technological re-
search at Washington, will attempt to solve problems re-
lating to naval stores.
Research Problems
Research done by the chemical and technological re-
search branch of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils on
naval stores begins with the turpentine gum in the cup
as it oozes from the tree and follows through to the final
utilization of the products.
It covers the handling of crude gum at the still, dis-
tillation of the gum into turpentine and rosin, packag-
ing and handling the products, and the study of the com-
position, properties and uses of the products with the
view to adapting them better to their uses.
Much progress already has been made in this line and
many of the larger problems remaining to be solved
await the opening of the proposed naval stores experi-
ment station.

POLK COUNTY FARMERS BUILD EIGHT
SILOS

(Ft. Meade Leader, Sept. 27, 1928)
Eight new silos during one summer is the record for
Polk county this year, according to County Agent Frank
Holland, who assisted the Polk County dairymen in mak-
ing plans for their silos.
A noticeable increase in the amount of home-grown
feed produced in the county is now evident, says Mr.
Holland. This spring three farmers had cat-tail millet
to feed in place of beet pulp. The result is that next
year at least a dozen farmers will raise this crop.
Every silo in the county is now full of feed, says Mr.
Holland. Present indications are that there will be at
least eight more silos built next summer, it is stated.

Flowers will last much longer if the ends of the stems
are dipped in boiling water as soon as plucked. This is
often spoken of as "sealing flowers."









10 FLORIDA REVIEW


SIXTEEN STATES REPRESENTED IN EGG-
LAYING CONTEST

(Washington County News, Nov. 8, 1928)
Michigan leads all states outside of Florida with the
number of pens entered in the third Florida National
Egg-Laying Contest, which opened here November 1st.
According to E. F. Stanton, supervisor, the third contest
has gotten off to an auspicious start. It will continue for
51 weeks, closing on October 23, 1929.
Pens entered in the third contest came from Florida
and sixteen other states scattered throughout the nation.
The number of pens entered from each state are as fol-
lows: Michigan 11, Alabama 5, South Carolina 5, Georgia
3, Pennsylvania 3, Iowa, Illinois and Mississippi 2 each,
Massachusetts, Delaware, Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee,
Washington, Wisconsin and New York, 1 each.
All of the breeds entered last year and two new ones
are represented in the third contest. The two new breeds
are Brown Leghorns and Anconas.
According to Mr. Stanton, the second contest, which
closed on October 22, resulted in better records than the
first contest. The average egg production per bird for
the 960 birds in the second contest was 191, or 4 eggs
per bird more than the average for the 500 birds in the
first contest.
The pen entered by A. J. O'Donovan, of Katonah,
N. Y., took first honors for all pens in the contest just
closing, with a record of 2,549 eggs. Pens entered by
Adam Glass, of Mobile, Ala., and E. H. Rucker, of Ot-
tumwa, Iowa, were close behind with records of 2,518
and 2,511 eggs respectively.
Birds owned by Pinebreeze Farm, Callahan, took first
honors and the cup offered for the Florida pen making
the highest record. This cup is given by the Florida
Farmer, Jacksonville, and must be won by the same
breeder three times before it becomes his permanent pos-
session. Last year it was won by Curtis & Cain, of
Chipley, now Webb, Wells & Cain.
Records made at the Florida contest, which is under the
direction of the Agricultural Extension Division, are be-
lieved to compare favorably with those obtained at other
contests in the United States. The standing of the Flor-
ida contest at last report placed it in tenth place among
all the contestants in the country.

HASTINGS WILL PLANT NARCISSI

Smith and Maltby to Set Out 1,000,000 Bulbs

(St. Augustine Record, Oct. 28, 1928)
Hastings, Oct. 27.-C. W. Smith and C. W. Maltby are
preparing ground for the planting of a million paper-
white narcissus bulbs. They decided that in order to cut
down the acreage to be planted in potatoes it would
be necessary to get something else to plant on the bal-
ance of their farm and decided on narcissus bulbs. The
bulbs were grown by the Halifax Bulb and Flower Farms
at Daytona Beach and will be planted and grown on the
Smith & Maltby farm under the direction of experienced
bulb growers until the local men learn the methods of
planting and cultivation of bulbs.
This variety is being grown quite extensively in Duval,
Clay and Volusia counties; and St. Johns county, in the
opinion of some experienced growers of bulbs, is in the
center of the bulb-producing section of the state, and
the potato lands here should prove to be as adaptable for
bulbs as for the production of Irish potatoes.


SHOW INTEREST POULTRY ASSOCIATION

Shippers Feel That Industry Is Ready for Big
Jump

(Gadsden County Times, Nov. 1, 1928)
Since the meeting held by the West Florida Poultry
Association on October 18, at which time the name of
the organization was changed to Florida Poultry Asso-
ciation, and new officers and directors were elected, there
has been evidence of a desire on the part of the members
to create additional activity in this body. The new in-
terest being manifested by the members is not because
there is a new set of officers at the head, but because
of a stern desire on their part to see the poultry and egg
industry develop into one of Gadsden's major endeavors.
It has been some time since a membership meeting was
held, and it goes to show what a live get-together of the
membership will do.
M. J. Stanfill, new president, in talking with C. W.
Williams, who has assumed the secretaryship of the poul-
try association for the purpose of keeping in close touch
with the workings of this body, to do other work neces-
sary to bring in new members, and principally to use his
influence in developing larger flocks of poultry in the
county, states that it is his intention to devote consider-
able time to the development of this industry and to
cooperate with the members.
He further states that Gadsden county has the oppor-
tunity of a life-time to increase the output of eggs and
poultry. The conditions here for raising fine poultry and
producing eggs, he said, is superb, and during the next
few weeks every farmer in the county will be requested
to increase his poultry pen by adding selected strains,
not with the idea of having the largest flock in the county,
as it were, but to participate in the program by adding
to his present stock on hand.
President Stanflll is of the opinion that it will be only
a short time before this section of Florida will be in a
position to supply a larger proportion of the demand for
eggs and poultry in other sections of the state, providing
the farmers are willing and will conscientiously enter into
the program to be offered shortly by the association.
The poultry and egg business is a profitable one, which
fact was clearly established at the recent meeting of the
association. A reasonable income is realized the year
around by the farmers who are now marketing their
products through this organization, but there is a feeling
among those who have been shipping that this industry
is ready for a big jump, especially in Gadsden county,
and President Stanfill hereby asks the farmers to seriously
consider the statements mentioned heretofore in this ar-
tice. Those desiring further information along these
lines can secure it by applying to Secretary Williams at
the Chamber of Commerce office, Quincy.

GRACEVILLE FARMERS ARE MARKETING
PEANUTS

(Graceville News, Sept. 27, 1928)
The farmers of the Graceville territory have another
cash crop that is now being marketed, that is peanuts.
Already more than fifty tons of peanuts have been sold
to local buyers, besides many tons have been purchased
by the Brandon Mill and Elevator Co. This section has
an annual crop of 2,500 to 3,500 tons of peanuts. Pickers
are busy in all sections getting them ready for the market.









FLORIDA REVIEW 11


STATE TO SPEND HALF A MILLION FOR
ADVERTISING

Exchange $200,000, Clearing House $300,000
on Fruit Crop

(The Highlander, Oct. 30, 1928)
The major plans for the two big campaigns to adver-
tise Florida citrus practically are ready. These are the
$200,000 Florida Citrus Exchange program and the
$300,000 one of the Clearing House. Together, the two
will reach into every home in the United States, says
the Seald-Sweet Chronicle.
The Clearing House program will be devoted to com-
modity advertising. It will use national magazines,
newspapers of principal markets and radio.
The Exchange program will use newspapers throughout
the country, to which will be coupled dealer service work
directly with the retailers. Selection of the newspapers
has been such as to put Exchange ads in every town in
which Exchange fruit is or can be distributed. The
Exchange program will be devoted to advertising the Ex-
change brand, "Seald-Sweet," but has been designated
to couple in with and augment the commodity program
of the Clearing House to mutual benefit.
All advertising of the Exchange will stress and promi-
nently display three main points-"Seald-Sweet," "Flor-
ida," and "V4 more juice." The latter two will be
similarly treated in the Clearing House program. This
gives the Exchange growers cumulative advantage from
the commodity program, while the industry will gain
similar advantage from the Exchange advertising.
For several years, the Exchange, though limited in re-
sources available for advertising, has carried the burden
of selling the consumer on the merits of Florida citrus.
Now, through co-operation of most all factors in the
state industry, the Florida program will be extended to a
point that few expected would be reached for several
years.

CUKES BRING $4.00 A CRATE AND CARS
ARE BEING MOVED

Six Cars Have Been Shipped from Wauchula to
Date

(Florida Advocate, Nov. 2, 1928)
Hardee county farmers are selling cucumbers for $4.00
a crate for fancies and a dollar less for choice these
days, with the season getting into full swing now.
The first solid car of cukes went out last Saturday,
Oct. 27th. Another car was shipped Monday and two cars
left Tuesday. Two more went forward Wednesday, mak-
ing a total of six cars shipped this season.
Peppers, eggplants and squash are also being shipped
out, these commodities going out in express shipments
of small quantities.
Eggplants brought as high as $4.50 per crate last week-
end, but the price was reported a dollar less this week.
Peppers and squash also were bringing good prices on the
local vegetable market.
During the last week 848 crates of cucumbers were
sent out by express, with 72 crates of pepper, 63 crates
of eggplant and 19 crates of squash also being shipped.
Excellent weather for the past couple of weeks has
made the crops grow rapidly, and prospects for a good
season are excellent, growers say. The cucumber season


is just now in full swing. While rust is bad in some
places, there are many nice fields scattered throughout
the county and considerable revenue is expected from
cukes this season. The price so far has averaged about
four dollars a crate f. o. b. the shipping platform for
fancies, with choice $1.00 to $1.50 less.
Good yields of pepper and eggplant are also reported
and farmers anticipate considerable income from these
two crops this fall.
Strawberry planting has been completed now and pros-
pects for a good crop this winter are bright. The acre-
age will probably show an increase over last season, but
plants were scarce and many had to reduce their acre-
age on this account.
Fifteen buyers are at the local platform now. They
are: A. W. Fitzgerald, L. L. Johnson, Leslie Hord, C. A.
Gordon, H. L. Gordon, L. R. Fanning, W. L. Flowers, C.
R. Marsh, J. R. Neal, R. A. Taylor, J. B. Mixson, W. E.
McCoy, W. K. Southerland, J. Wiley Smith and W. S.
Shields.
More buyers are expected later in the season, as some
make this their headquarters during the strawberry
shipping season and others come for the spring vegetable
season.
Much extra railroad trackage has been put in, and
growers and shippers will have much better accommoda-
tions this season than last, with more than 1,400 feet of
additional side tracks and ample loading space on either
side of the tracks, so that cars may be loaded easily and
quickly. The crossings have also been improved and
warehouse trackage put in, the Atlantic Coast Line rail-
road company expending about $67,000 in improvements
during the past summer.


SPLENDID PECANS ARE GROWN ON JOHN
BLACK'S PLACE

(Milton Gazette, Nov. 9, 1928)
Some of the finest paper shell pecans exhibited in
Milton this season were brought to the Gazette this week
by Mr. John Black, who resides seven miles north of
town on the Munson road. These pecans average two
inches in length and are well-filled and rich. They are
from the orchard of approximately 30 trees on the Black
place. The trees were planted by Mr. Black's father a
number of years ago. Mr. Black says he believes pecans
eventually will prove probably Santa Rosa county's most
profitable orchard crop.

FARMERS AT STUART TO PLANT MORE
POTATOES

(Times-Union, Oct. 15, 1928)
Stuart, Oct. 14.-W. T. Phillips, Jr., F. U. Pitt of
Norfolk, Va., and G. W. Waller of Hastings were in
Stuart yesterday making arrangements with the farmers
throughout the county to plant a large crop of potatoes
this fall. These men, who operate in connection with the
large wholesale agricultural supply house of Phillips &
Company, Norfolk, Va., agree to finance the farmer to
the extent of any size potato crop that he wishes to plant.
They furnish all the seed and fertilizer and agree to pur-
chase his crop when it is grown. The firm engages heavily
in the exportation of potatoes, and deals with farmers
along the first tier of Eastern states from the northern
boundary to Martin county, Florida. Stuart is its most
southern purchasing point.










FLORIDA REVIEW


SOUTH FLORIDA RABBITS LAUDED BY
FEHR, JUDGE

Indianapolis Expert Says Industry Starting on
High Plane

(Miami News, Oct. 19, 1928)
Rabbit industry in South Florida will be second to
none if it is continued on its present high scale, John C.
Fehr, of Indianapolis, told 200 diners in the Alcazar
hotel Thursday night at the banquet of the Dade County
Rabbit and Cavy Breeders Association in connection with
the rabbit show being held this week on the mezzanine
floor of the News Tower by the association.
Mr. Fehr, who has been a rabbit expert and judge for
several years, said he had never seen an animal superior
to two Chinchillas owned by W. O. Talbot, while an
English spot fur rabbit owned by Paul Monser has uni-
form markings along the eyes, back and flanks that "could
not be duplicated in ten years." Archie Chapman, presi-
dent of the association, presided.
Announcement was made at the banquet of the award
of prize for best junior doe to W. A Briggs and best
junior buck to J. C. Racquet. Best doe and litter are
owned by Charles Habermehl. Special prize cup, fully
two feet high, was awarded to Victor J. Tatham's Annan-
dale Queen, valued at $200. Mr. Tatham also won an-
other cup for the best white fur and for the best senior
New Zealand white buck.
The quarters of the show were declared the best he
had ever seen by Mr. Fehr. He said his judging had
been conducted in fire stations, basements and even in
jails. J. S. Rainey, county agent, praised cooperation of
the breeders with the association in arranging the show.
The display will be conducted through Friday and Sat-
urday, with a rabbit given away at 8 p. m. Friday and
another at the same time Saturday. Complete list of
prize-winners will be published in the Daily News Sun-
day.

FLORIDA'S PROSPECTS

(New York Times)
Most people know Florida as a great winter resort
which had an economic crisis in 1925, a disastrous hurri-
cane in 1926, and has since been taking stock of its re-
sources. Nothing could be further from the truth than
the impression that Florida's prosperity depends upon the
patronage of its winter visitors, and that the fortune-
seeker must speculate in real estate. The Legislature in
1927 authorized an industrial survey under the direction
of Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture. His re-
port is now available. It will tell the reader more than
he has ever known of Florida, for such a stock-taking of
potential wealth was never attempted before. "Florida,
an Advancing State," is the title of the well-prepared
volume. Larger by 9,000 square miles than New York,
and with an estimated population of 1,363,000 in 1927,
Florida has only one inhabitant to every twenty-five
acres. It "is still a pioneer state" in spite of the sky-
scrapers of Miami and the bustle of Jacksonville. Fewer
than 1,500,000 acres are under cultivation for fruits,
vegetables and general farming.
In November, 1925, when all was not well in Florida,
a real estate convention met at Lakeland and drew up
a declaration of resources and public improvements to
impress the world. It was a pretentious document, and
some of its affirmations were: That Florida had a


longer coast line than any other state, that it contained
many thousands of fresh-water lakes, that it had an al-
most inexhaustible artesian water supply, that for sport
and food its fish were remarkable for variety, that there
was a plentiful wild life, that it offered great areas of
land for agriculture, that its educational system was pro-
gressive, that it had an efficient and active highway de-
partment, and that it was carrying forward "great plans
of internal improvement" without incurring any bonded
"debt." But even this convention could speak only in
general terms. An industrial survey was in order to
determine just what Florida's prospects were. Its physi-
cal characteristics were fairly well known. Could Florida
become a great farming state? Were there facilities for
manufacturing on a steadily increasing scale? What was
the outlook for external as well as internal trade?
There is encouragement for manufacturing enterprises
in electric power "available through a network of wires"
reaching every place of importance in the state. Railroad
transportation is adequate and capable of expansion.
Hard-surfaced highways for truck hauling are found al-
most everywhere. By river and inland canal deep-water
ports are accessible. In recent years manufacturing "has
expanded at a rate exceeding that of the growth of in-
dustry in the United States as a whole." Value of
products in 1925 was more than three times as great as
in 1914. Sisal and henequen grow in South Florida, and
jute does well. The best Sea Island cotton is cultivated
in Alachua and other northern counties. A promising
beginning has been made with sugar. "Much of Florida
can grow sugar from the extreme west to the far south."
Cuban tobacco has been introduced, and there is an as-
sured future for it. In the marketing of vegetables and
fruits, Florida, much nearer the North by water and rail
than California, is in an enviable position and still has
millions of acres to put under cultivation. It is estimated
that there are 24,000,000,000 feet of pine in the state.
Moreover, "if timber can be grown profitably anywhere,
that place is Northern Florida." Phosphate rock is a
"major bulk product." The fisheries are a valuable re-
source, giving employment to almost 10,000 persons. The
investment is $5,000,000. There are 350 cities and towns
supplied with electric light and power. But when all this
is said, Florida must concentrate on productive work,
and no longer depend upon winter resort receipts, if it
is to become a great state.


COLLIER COUNTY TO MARKET LARGE
CROP OF EARLY TOMATOES

(Times-Union, Oct. 10, 1928)
Fort Myers, Oct. 9.-Tomatoes planted on one tract of
325 acres and a group of small truck farms in the Naples
section of Collier county are expected to bring in a profit
of $150,000 to planters this season, it was announced
here today by E. W. Crayton, developer of the small
tracts.
Despite the recent heavy rains, the tomatoes will be
ready for picking by December 1 and are expected to
average 200 crates to the acre, or a total of 65,000 boxes.
They are the newly developed Marglobe variety. Ground
was broken for the crop in June and the first plantings
were made in August.

Certain flowers can be grown all the year 'round in
Florida, say the specialists at the State Agricultural Col-
lege at Gainesville. These flowers are: pansies, sweet
peas, candytuft and phlox.


FLORIDA


REVIEW









FLORIDA REVIEW 13


RAINBOW TROUT THRIVING IN SILVER
SPRING

Shipment of Fingerlings from Missouri Is Doing
Well

(Times-Union, Nov. 5, 1928)
Tallahassee, Nov. 4.-(A. P.)-Fred J. Foster, State
Superintendent of Fisheries of the Department of Game
and Fresh Water Fish, who returned recently from a
field trip during which he placed a shipment of rainbow
trout consisting of 425 fingerlings measuring from 4 to
9 inches in length in Silver Spring, near Ocala, reported
the "immigrants" from Missouri as doing well.
They will be closely watched to determine their adapt-
ability to the waters of Florida that have a temperature
sufficiently low to warrant the placing of rainbow trout
in them. The fish require running water that is com-
paratively cool, Mr. Foster said. They will live in a
temperature as high as 80 degrees, but do better when it
averages between 65 and 75, he said. The mean tem-
perature of Silver Spring he had previously found to be
75 degrees.
The fish were brought from the federal hatchery at
Neosho, Mo., under the personal escort of Marvin A.
Jones, an employee of the hatchery. They were met at
Jacksonville by Mr. Foster, who accompanied them to
Ocala. Although in the river, the fish are being held in
a screened fish car where they can be fed and their con-
dition noted.
The rainbow trout grows rapidly, Mr. Foster said. He
thinks that they will range down as far as the Ockla-
waha river. There are about ten or a dozen other places
where the temperature should warrant the placing of
rainbow trout, he said, and if those placed in Silver Spring
thrive, as it is expected they will, the department plans
to bring down a carload of them next year.
It may be necessary to continue to restock from the
northern hatcheries, Mr. Foster said, as it does not seem
probable that they will increase in Florida naturally on
account of the high temperature of the water, but it will
mean much to the state to add trout fishing to its other
attractions for those who love the rod and reel, he added.

FULLER'S EARTH COMPANY EXPANDS

(Tampa Tribune, Nov. 5, 1928)
E. D. Fitchner, architect, of Tallahassee, has just com-
pleted plans for another new mill building to be erected
by The Fullers Earth Company at Midway, and contracts
for this work will be let shortly. It is anticipated the
new unit will be in operation within the next six months.
A new mill has been under construction for the past
five months and has only been in operation thirty days,
giving the company an increase of 25 per cent in pro-
duction.
The Fullers Earth Company has enjoyed a steady
growth over a period of time, and since January has
operated at full capacity night and day to keep abreast
with orders.
The plant and mines are operated entirely by elec-
tricity furnished by the West Florida Power Company,
and employ a normal force of 180 men. The manager
is very enthusiastic in his praise of the splendid service
and cooperation extended by the power corporation em-
ployees since the installation of this current two years
ago.


CUBA SEEKING FLORIDA TRADE

(Dixie County News, Oct. 25, 1928)
Tallahassee.-Development of trade relations between
Cuba and Florida, with the former the purchaser and the
latter the producer, is being sought by Domingo J. Milord,
Cuban consul at Miami.
The consul explained as much in a letter to the Bureau
of Immigration, State Department of Agriculture, in a
letter requesting available data and statistics for pub-
lications devoted to the agricultural interests of Florida
and other reliable information on such subjects.
Mr. Milord explained that he was being frequently
called upon to talk before various organizations concern-
ing the "opportunities" of Dade county and the state in
obtaining a market with Cuba's business interests. He
had always expressed the belief, he said, that Florida "is
bound to become a great producer for some of the goods
consumed by Cuba, who purchases today from northern
states."
The consul sent official statistics of Cuba's commerce
with foreign countries for 1926. He called attention to
certain items of foodstuffs and other products imported
to his country which, he declared, could be produced in
Florida. They included Irish potatoes, eggs, onions, live
stock, cheese, butter and so forth.
"I desire reliable information for strong arguments to
convince my friends that Miami and the state have a
great opportunity for prosperous and bright future by
developing their industries and agriculture, not only with
American countries."


POULTRY MARKET OPENS SATURDAY

(Melbourne Times, Nov. 2, 1928)
Phil Kibbe, formerly of Melbourne, has rented the con-
crete block house on New Haven avenue adjoining the
bandstand, and will open an exclusive egg and poultry
market.
The place has been screened, painted and overhauled
and "cleanliness" will be his motto.
Phil has had experience in this line and all who know
him will vouch for his guaranty of fresh eggs and clean
healthy poultry. Live fowls can be selected and dressed
while you wait, free of charge.
Large orders for clubs and special dinners will receive
prompt attention.
Should patronage warrant the addition of a shell food
and fish department, same will be added later.
Phil asks that all of his old friends call and inspect
his new place and also extends a cordial invitation to
strangers.

OCALA MAN TAKES EIGHTY-SIX RIBBONS
ON DUCKS

(Tampa Times, Nov. 1, 1928)
Ocala, Nov. 1.-M. N. Gist, of McIntosh, has just re-
turned from a visit to the Georgia State Fair at Savan-
nah and other Georgia fairs, where he won 86 ribbons on
his wild ducks.
With permit from the government, Mr. Gist for many
years has been breeding wild ducks and has made a spe-
cialty of exhibiting at Florida and Georgia fairs.
Arrangements have already been made for entries in
several Florida fairs during the approaching season.









14 FLORIDA REVIEW


FLORIDA CITRUS FRUIT ON EXHIBITION
AT EXPOSITION

International Live Stock Exposition Set for Next
Month

(Bradenton Herald, Oct. 28, 1928)
Tallahassee.-(A. P.)-Florida citrus fruit will prob-
ably be one of the state's principal exhibits at the annual
International Live Stock Exposition to be held at Chicago
in November, it was announced at the Bureau of Immi-
gration, State Department of Agriculture.
Plans for placing a display at the exposition, such as
was on exhibit at the Iowa State Fair, held recently at
Des Moines, have been under way for some time. The
proposed exhibit will consist of various agricultural
products, as well as proof of what Florida can do indus-
trially and otherwise. The state's forestry, game and
fish resources will be put on exhibition.
Negotiations have been going forward with officials of
the newly created Citrus Fruit Clearing House Associa-
tion for fruit exhibits. If present plans carry, the fruit
would be given away at the exposition, and fruit juice
served.
The Chicago exhibit will be under the supervision of
J. A. Mackintosh, of Tallahassee, and W. A. Hiatt, of
West Palm Beach, who also had charge of the Iowa State
Fair exhibits.
The Iowa exhibits were pronounced a success, and
those behind the Chicago displays are striving for even
greater recognition, it was stated.

SUGAR-MAKING HAS NOW GIVEN WAY
TO REFINING OF SYRUP

Gadsden County Produces Ribbon Cane Syrup
of Highest Excellence

(Gadsden County Times, Nov. 11, 1928)
Time was when many plantations throughout Gadsden
county and other parts of West Florida knew their own
sugar making. True, the methods in those days were
crude, there being no modern boiling retorts, chemical
separation and high-speed centrifugal bleaching machines.
But such as it was, it was sugar.
And the Gulf States all the way from Florida to Texas
knew this sugar. Louisiana developed the industry more
extensively than any of the other states, which was the
forerunner of the present industry there.
But if the making of sugar has become unnecessary on
the ordinary Florida plantations, due to the cheapness of
the product from the great mills, the cane fields are still
with us.
On every hand throughout the counties of Gadsden,
Jackson, Washington and other parts of West Florida
great fields of ribbon cane may be seen just now ripening
and being harvested. Not for sugar making exactly, but
for that delectable table delicacy, ribbon cane syrup,
famed, when eaten with hot cakes or hot biscuits, the
country over.
Not for a minute will the protagonist of ribbon cane
syrup give way to the reputation of maple syrup. The
advocate of the former says he wants volume and consis-
tency in his dressing for cakes and biscuits, and while
the person from the north, accustomed to the maple
woods, blanketed with snow in the spring-time, the sap
running and the kettles boiling, the southerner, used to


his ribbon syrup, burnished like a sunset, rich and ropy,
will spurn the one as being too watery and pale. He
thinks it is too difficult to capture and has a way of
making its way off the cakes and seeking remote shelter
in some corner of his plate. Give him the thick ribbon
cane syrup of the Florida plantation, he says.
And the mouths of the nation are saying the same
thing. Tens of thousands of gallons of this delicious
Florida product are being marketed each year, and the
income derived from the crop is growing to be one of
the chief sources of cash for producers in West Florida.

WILL COMMENCE TO SHIP BEANS NEXT
WEEK

(Groveland Graphic, Oct. 25, 1928)
Beans will commence to move next week, continuing
in volume until about the middle of December. As usual,
Center Hill, the green bean center of the world, will be
the center of this activity. As far as can be learned, Fred
Thomas, marshal of Mascotte, will ship the first beans.
He has 18 acres from which he expects to begin picking
next Saturday or Monday.
Rumors were current at Mascotte that one D. C. Beville
at Center Hill, had picked 14 crates for which he was
said to have received $9.00 per crate on Monday, but it
was found to be in error. Mr. McCutchin, of Center
Hill, upon being asked to verify the rumor, phoned the
Graphic that no beans had been sold there and that none
would be picked there for a week or ten days.
Bean prices now stand at $2.50 to $3.50 according to
the quoted reports, which is regarded as a very nice price.

GUAVA GROWS IN MELBOURNE AREA

(Times-Union, Oct. 15, 1928)
Melbourne, Oct. 14.-According to R. C. Dancy, in-
structor in vocational agriculture in the Melbourne high
school, eleven acres in this vicinity have already been
planted to guavas as a result of the "plant guava trees"
meetings and talks sponsored by the Melbourne Chamber
of Commerce last spring. Such is the vitality of the
mature guava that it quickly recovers from injury occa-
sioned by 28-degree temperature. Mr. Dancy states that,
according to Indian horticulturists, the guava bears
heavily from 15 to 25 years, production declining from
then to 40 years. It has been frequently claimed that
the supply of guavas in Florida has never been sufficient
to meet the demand for the manufactured product, such
as jelly and paste.

PENSACOLA EXHIBIT

The Greater Pensacola exhibit at the National Dairy-
men's Exposition and Tri-State Fair at Memphis, Tenn.,
recently attracted much favorable comment and may
bring at least twenty new families to Escambia county
for future residence, says the Pensacola Journal. The
paper adds that more than 200 heads of families made
positive statements to officials in charge of the Pensacola
exhibit that they intended changing their residences, and
of these twenty gave the unsolicited information that
they had decided upon Escambia county. The exhibit
from Greater Pensacola stressed forage crops and grains,
as well as fruits and vegetables. More than 150 farm
products were included in the exhibit. Those who saw
the display and talked with those in charge were very
much impressed with the agricultural prospects of that
section of West Florida, the Journal says.









FLORIDA REVIEW 15


EXPRESS SHIPMENT PRODUCE EXPECTED
THE COMING WEEK

Considerable Amount Beans and Squash Likely
to Move From Here

(Plant City Enterprise, Nov. 2, 1928)
The express movement of fall vegetables is expected
to get under way next week with a considerable move-
ment of beans and squash. Squash has been coming in
for some time and three hampers of beans appeared on
the local platform yesterday, commanding a price of
$4.00 the hamper. Growers of fall vegetables are urged
to put their yellow squash in crates instead of hampers
hereafter, as the Tampa market is said to be practically
ruined for local produce and that which is shipped must
go in crates, J. W. Munro, local buyer, said today.
Indications point to a considerable movement of vege-
tables next week, and right now there is said to be a good
demand for squash. So far the produce coming in has
been handled locally, but the coming week is expected to
bring about a considerable shipment of produce.
Prices at the platform today ranged about hs follows:
Okra, $3.05 per hamper; squash, $1.00 per hamper;
cucumbers, $2.00 to $2.50 a crate; eggplant, $1.50 to
$1.75 a hamper.

ASIATIC OIL COMPANY PUTS BIG PLANT
HERE

Starts Work on 60-Acre Port Tampa Site

(Tampa Tribune, Oct. 13, 1928)
The Asiatic Petroleum Company, parent of more than
50 subsidiary corporations, including Royal Dutch Shell,
Inc., has closed a deal with the Atlantic Coast Line Rail-
road Company for a site on Picnic Island at Port Tampa,
and began preliminary work yesterday morning on its
plant.
Immediate plans include the construction of a pumping
station, wharf and tank farm on a 60-acre site, part of
which was formerly occupied by the National Petroleum
Company.
The corporation, with a capital of approximately
$1,000,000,000, and operating in every oil field through-
out the world, will bring crude oil and gasoline to Tampa
in its own tankers. It operates on a large scale in the
fields of Venezuela.
Refinery Planned
While operations in Tampa will not be extensive at
first, it was learned yesterday that the corporation is
contemplating the construction of a refinery, costing
more than $2,000,000, on its Picnic Island property. Two
cities, Jacksonville and Tampa, were first considered. The
fact that Tampa was selected for a distributing center
was taken to indicate that the refinery might also be
located here.
Negotiations between the Asiatic interests and the
Atlantic Coast Line have been pending for more than
three months, beginning with the visit of officials from
the eastern seaboard distributing headquarters at St.
Louis. After looking over many sites, the Picnic Island
property was selected because of its ideal location with
reference to waterway transportation and railroad yards
and also because of the equipment formerly used by the
National Petroleum Company.
Two tanks, one of 10,000 barrel capacity and the other
capable of holding 55,000 barrels, will be taken over from


the former operators of the property. Additional tanks
will be built as well as new pipe lines and a new pump-
ing station, equipped with an 85-foot brick stack.
Big Development
"This is one of the biggest developments Tampa's
rapidly growing oil industry has witnessed in years," an
oil man said yesterday. "The Asiatic is a giant, operat-
ing in South America, Texas, Oklahoma, Wyoming,
Russia and the Orient. It operates a huge fleet of
tankers, employs thousands of people and is backed by
both American and European capital to the extent of
more than a billion dollars. The mere fact that it is
coming into Tampa proves that the port is forging to
the front as one of the most important oil distribution
centers in the country. This is a significant event and
should stimulate optimism in Tampa's future."
Gangs of men yesterday morning began cutting weeds
from the site of the Asiatic's pumping station and tank
farm. The work will be pushed rapidly in the hope of
beginning operations by January 1, although the first
tankers are expected early next month. Existing wharves
will be put in shape to receive the ships by this time and
the first cargoes will be stored in two tanks taken over
from the National Petroleum Company.

TRAINS BRING NEW TOURISTS TO CITY

125 Register at Chamber of Commerce Tues-
day-Others Due Thursday

(St. Petersburg Times, Oct. 31, 1928)
Chamber of Commerce officials are preparing for the
heaviest November influx of winter visitors in years as
the month of October draws to a close and as the daily
list of registrations continues to assume larger propor-
tions.
During Tuesday 125 registered at the Chamber of
Commerce, bringing the total to date up to 1,987. Mean-
while several score Ohio visitors are en route to the state
on through special Pullmans, the first of the season, from
Cleveland and Painesville. They are due here late this
afternoon.
Another large group is due in the Sunshine City from
Chicago and vicinity Thursday.
Motor clubs located in various northern states report
to the Chamber of Commerce that road information is
being provided scores of motorists who are leaving for
St. Petersburg in early November.


POULTRY IMPORTED

(Times-Union, Oct. 31, 1928)
A car containing 6,000 pure-bred Leghorn chickens
was unloaded at Palm Bay, near Melbourne, a few days
ago, and the shipment was carried by trucks to the Mel-
bourne Poultry Colony, six miles west of that city. The
fowls were shipped from the Alabama Leghorn Farms at
Ansley, Ala., and Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Monell were in
charge of the shipment, according to the Melbourne Sen-
tinel. About 3,000 of these birds will be under the
supervision of Mr. Monell at the colony, and the remain-
der under the care of W. Dennis, superintendent of the
Melbourne Poultry Farms. The birds were in excellent
shape when they were received, and will make a big addi-
tion to both poultry farms in the Melbourne section,
which boasts of as many fine chickens as can be found
in any section of the South, the Sentinel says.










FLORIDA REVIEW


HARDEE'S CROPS BRING $2,000,000

More Than $1,000,000 in Vegetables Shipped

(Tampa Times, Oct. 27, 1928)
Wauchula, Oct. 27.-(A. P.)-Hardee county's farmers
received more than $2,000,000 for their fruits and vege-
tables last season, according to figures made public here
this week. The figures are taken from United States
Department of Agriculture reports on the shipments
from this county by freight and express. They do not
include the fruit shipped by truck or consumed locally.
The recent industrial survey gives this county 16,329
acres in cultivation in 1927, from which more than
$1,000,000 worth of vegetables were sold.
Last season's cucumber crop brought $465,031, with
tomatoes adding another $275,955, and mixed vegetables
$107,000. Strawberries brought $124,752, peppers
$43,736.50, potatoes $29,940, watermelons $29,100, and
eggplant $9,672.
Last season's citrus crop, while not as large as in
former years, brought $904,669, according to estimates
by growers and shippers. This is net to the grower.
Hardee growers received $2,164,440 for their fruit and
vegetables the previous season.

E. A. GARDINER GROWS FINE KAFFIR
CORN

(Milton Gazette, Oct. 26, 1928)
Mr. E. A. Gardiner, one of Santa Rosa county's well-
known citizens living a couple of miles south of Milton,
on the beautiful blackwater bay, brought into the Gazette
office this week a fine stalk of Kaffir corn from a field
of this crop growing' on ii'Tsfarm. This stalk is 'of the
Giant variety, being nearly ten feet tall, with a large,
well-filled head.
Kaffir corn is essentially a dry-weather crop, often
being grown in sections where there is practically no
rainfall during the entire growing season. Yet such
adaptability has this crop that it does well here in Flor-
ida, where there is an annual rainfall of sixty inches.
Kaffir corn produces a large amount of foliage that
makes it a fine crop for fodder or roughness, and at the
same time the heads contain a large amount of grain that
is equal to corn in nutritive values, and relished by stock
and poultry of all kinds.

SPERRY HAS NEW LEMON THAT MAY
MEAN WEALTH TO FLORIDA

(Lakeland Ledger, Oct. 14, 1928)
A golden lemon so fragrant as to scent a room, large
and fat and as "sour as all git-out," that will withstand
cold, has been displayed here by W. D. Sperry, 401 West
Main street, a nurseryman of a quarter-century experi-
ence, who proclaims that he believes he has solved the
problem of Florida's commercial lemon culture.
The lemon, large as a medium or small orange, is a
deep red when ripe. Its rind is sweet. It dates back
nine years to a tree Mr. Sperry says he discovered within
27 miles of Lakeland. From this tree budding has been
carried on extensively and in another year there will be
many thousands of young trees that Mr. Sperry expects
will revolutionize the lemon industry and put Florida in
the big league class of commercial lemon countries.
There are few lemons of any commercial standing pro-
duced in Florida. A cold snap will cut the trees to the


ground, as was the case last winter. But this lemon
laughs at snaps. Six specimen lemons brought here yes-
terday from four trees two years old, planted in Lake
county, also brought the story that while last winter's
cold marked growth of all kinds all around these four
budded trees, they never so much as lost a leaf, and at
the age of two years are bearing.
The Sperry lemon is patented under the name
"Sperryola" and its owner expects great things from it,
for himself and Florida. He has brought it to the atten-
tion of nurserymen and growers in many states.
"I can't afford to tell anything untrue about this dis-
covery," he said yesterday. "What I have given you is
the absolute truth. Later I will be able to demonstrate
that fact."
The Sperryola is without doubt a lovely fruit, in size,
appearance and fragrance-almost too pretty to eat. It
has the look of a winner and if it will function for
Florida it will mean a new source of wealth.

JACKSON COUNTY PRODUCTS

(Marianna Floridan)
Jackson county stands as a leader in many endeavors
along agricultural lines. It is recognized for its vast
acreage in farming products, and its energetic growers.
West Florida should feed Florida, and will do it when
there is a proper awakening to our opportunities.
The county of'Jackson in addition to feeding its own
people last year produced crops and values thereof as
follows:
10,000 Tons of Peanuts............................$750,000.00
72 Carloads of Cattle.............................. 150,000.00
108 Carloads of Fat Hogs.....................-.148,00.00
,500- Bales of Cotton................................ 650,000.00
2,166 Tons of Cotton Seed............................ 64,000.00
1,300 Carloads of Watermelons.................... 195,000.00
8,000 Barrels of Syrup.............................. 136,000.00
Bright Leaf Tobacco............................. ............. 140,000.00
75,000 Bushels of Corn................................ 52,500.00
100 Carloads of Naval Stores.... ............. 125,000.00
Poultry Products ............... .................. ........ 60,000.00
Dairy Products .............................. .......... 50,000.00

DE SOTO SHIPPING EARLY CUCUMBERS
AT GOOD PRICES

(Tampa Tribune, Nov. 4, 1928)
Arcadia, Nov. 3.-(Special.)-Farmers of this section
are picking cucumbers, and members of the Nocatee Veg-
etable Growers Association sold upwards of two carloads
from the platform to growers in the last four days. The
cucumbers are of excellent quality and brought $2.80,
$3.50 and $4.00 a crate.
Growers now harvesting cucumbers include Harley
Watson, W. A. Neal, Arthur Freeman, Walter Carlton,
Mike Peterson and John Saxon. A large number of
growers expect to begin picking within the next few
days. The ones shipped thus far are unusually early.
Peppers are beginning to be harvested, the first ones
having been picked here Friday. There is a larger acre-
age in green peppers this year than last and growers are
expecting excellent prices from them on account of the
short crop in other sections.
A meeting of farmers was held at the court house
Thursday evening to discuss the growing of potatoes,
and a number of farmers are planning to plant a consid-
erable acreage in this crop for the coming season.


FLORIDA


REVIEW




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