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Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00060
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00060
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    Agriculture along the gulf coastal highway
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jlortba Rebietu

PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA


NOVEMBER 19, 1928


No. 12


TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page
Agriculture Along the Gulf coastall Highway ............... .......... 1
Clearing House Advertising Ready to Start .......................... 2
.ax Placed on Air Rail Line to W est Indies ........ ................. 3
Dade County Agricultural Service ................... .. .. ......... 3
Big Order Placed for Orange Juice.................. .... 3
W inter Truck Prospect Good ............ ... ....... ........ 4
Potato League Perfected at Hastings Meet ... .... ............ 4
Florida Solarium Is Innovation to Operate at Miami .............. 4
Oyster Season Opens at Apalachicola ...................... .................. 4
City W ill Get Airplane Line ............ ........ .. .............. .......... 4
Canadian Buys Citrus Grove ........... ............ .................... .......... 5
Build Plant to Ice F ruit Cars ........ .......... ..... ............... ......... 5
Swift to Start Plant M onday....... ........ ..... ... ... ................. ....... 5
Busiest Hotel Year Looming. ................. ... .................. ...... 5
Thirty-three Ships Take 131,581 Tons of Phosphate .................. 5
Vessels of the Sponge Fleet Bring in Catch ...... ................. 5
Partial List of Florida Fairs .... .............. .......................... 6
Fifty Leave Here on Excursion to Dairy Show ............................. 6
Hotel Man Claims Trend of Travel Is Still Toward South .. 6
Program for Satsuma Orange Fete Is Announced................ 7
Twelve Counties To Be Made Tick-Free ... ................ ....... 7
State Plans to Hatch Mullet ............ ............. .. ......... .... 7
Florida Motorists Use 16,000,000 Gallons of Gasoline a Month.... 7
6,000 Florida Cattle Sold in $120,000 Deal. ............................ 7
Florida Weather Calendar Reflects Value of Sunshine............... 8
Exposition Will Be Staged Here at Court Square..... ....... ........ 8


Page
"Ad" Plan for Pensacola Wins Much Support........... .................. 8
New Hostelry May Take Place of Poinciana .. .. .. ........ .... 9
Rich Residents of Palm Beach to Aid Little Fellow .............. 9
Florida Geography .... ...... ... ...... .. .......... ......... 10
First of Season's Cukes Shipped Out..................... ................. 10
.5,000 B ooklets P rinted for City ........................ ..... ..................... 10
Season's First Boats Arrive at Yacht Club ............. ............... ..... 10
Sugar Baron Is Enthusiastic on Inspection Tour............... 11
W arn Hunters to Get Permit................................................. .... 11
Fellsmere Growers Raising Dasheen................................ 11
M ore Acreage Put to Berries........................... .... .. ........ ......... 11
Palm Beach Is Ready for Big Tourist Year ........ .............. 12
Coast Line to Open Perry Cut-Off December 4th .................. .. 12
Potatoes Are Becoming Important Moore Haven Product.......... 12
Has Gathered 1,450 Bushels of Pine Cones............................ 13
Citrus Will Bring County $3,800,000........................... ........... 13
An Offer of $1,000 Per Acre Refused................... .. .......... ..... 13
Coming Hunting Season Will Find Ample Supply of Game ......... 13
Citrus Growers Receive $8,000 ............ ....... ............................ 14
Ship Unloads 24,000 Sacks of Sugar Here .............. .................... 14
W est Coast Fish Survey To Be Made .............................................. 14
Leesburg Crop of Fall Beans Coming Soon ................ ... 15
Report of Second Egg-Laying Contest........................ ...... 15
County Exhibit to Bring More Settlers Here... .............................. 15
R report G iven on D eer Bag ....................... .... ............... ..... ... .. .... 16
Brick Industry for Florida Soon...................................................... 16
Record Tomato Crop Is Planted in Collier County. ..................... 16


Agriculture Along The Gulf Coastal Highway


ADDRESS BY NATHAN MAYO, COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE, TARPON SPRINGS, FLORIDA,
OCTOBER 22, 1928


Mr. Chairman and Friends:

E come together today as citizens inter-
ested in the upbuilding of Florida. I
feel that I can say very truly that this
gathering has for its object the further-
ance of an enterprise that will not only advance
certain sections of our state, but will, in the
broader sense, bring all sections into closer con-
tact each with the other.
Surely, no organization working to open a
highway through all those counties lying along
the Gulf of Mexico from Pensacola to Tampa
can be accused of pushing an enterprise of
doubtful merit. It is difficult to conceive of an
undertaking in our state which would do more
to convert latent possibilities into actualities
than the Gulf Coastal Highway is going to do.
This road will be four hundred thirty-five
miles in length. It will open a territory rich in
natural wealth and splendid in scenic beauty.
To citizens who live along it, the Gulf Coastal
Highway will mean better schools, better mar-
kets, and more favorable social and economic


conditions. To the tourist, it will be an invita-
tion to see a part of Florida hitherto shut off by
lack of roads, and to travel for hundreds of
miles over a paved highway along the Gulf of
Mexico. This latter feature alone will be the
certain means of drawing travelers from all over
America and from foreign nations. Not only
will the strangers from other lands come to
enjoy this experience, but thousands of our own
people who have not seen this part of their state
will be sure to follow this road in their travels.
When completed it will be the finishing link
in the "Florida Loop"-a continuous highway
belting Florida along her entire 1,200 miles of
Gulf and Atlantic Ocean coast line, and through
her northwest portion bordering the sister states
of Georgia and Alabama. Due to the state's
peculiar shape, this great "Florida Loop" will
have an appeal to the traveler most unique and
unprecedented. Perhaps in no other state or
nation can we find a road completely circling a
territory with such diversity of resources and
such riches of scenery. Without crossing the


Vol. 3








2 FLORIDA REVIEW


state's boundary line at any point, and without
leaving a modern improved highway, a motorist
may, when this road is completed, encompass
within a few days of leisurely travel an area of
millions of acres, whose soil produces most types
of the staple grains and vegetables grown in
the temperate zones and most types of the
fruits, vegetables and shrubs of the sub-tropics.
This large territory has possibilities for agricul-
tural, industrial and commercial development
which are an assurance of our future progress.
Today we may consider briefly the agricul-
ture, present and prospective, of those counties
which will be touched by the Gulf Coastal High-
way.
According to statistics collected by the State
Department of Agriculture, the nineteen coun-
ties touched by this highway, or its main
branches, have a combined area of 8,851,060
acres. This represents more than twenty-five
per cent of all the land in Florida.
Of this area of nearly nine million acres, we
find that 1,868,185 acres, or a little more than
twenty per cent, are in farms. Of these farms,
we find that only 338,248 acres were in actual
cultivation when the last state enumeration was
taken in 1927. In other words, the Gulf Coastal
Highway is going to open up an area covering
one-fourth of our state, and this area, up to now,
has but one-third of a million acres in actual
crops-or less than four per cent of its total
acreage. Including our grove lands, this state
has approximately two and one-half million
acres, or about seven per cent of its total land
area, in cultivation.
Please bear in mind what I told you a mo-
ment ago-that those nineteen counties along
the Gulf Coastal Highway have less than FOUR
per cent of their land in cultivation as against a
state-wide cultivated area of about SEVEN per
cent. Here we have a vivid contrast between
those areas having roads and those having none.
In terms of farming, we have a situation show-
ing that those counties which are blessed with
roads have practically double the percentage of
farming found in the counties not so blessed.
What conclusive evidence is this of the vital re-
lation of good roads to agriculture! And what
a sound basis it is upon which we may build
our hopes and plans for the years ahead!
The building of this road means the building
of a bigger and better Florida. It means bring-
ing into play the practically dormant resources
of one-fourth of our state-a territory larger
than either Vermont, New Hampshire or New
Jersey; almost exactly the size of Maryland
and Delaware combined; and larger than the


three states of Connecticut, Massachusetts and
Rhode Island merged into one!
I believe the vision and enterprise of those
who conceived and are building this road is
worthy of our praise. Theirs is the vision of
the Flaglers and Plants and Disstons, who saw
in the wilderness of their time the Florida of
today. It is our happy lot to have had those
pioneers to begin the development of this state.
It is our good fortune that this present genera-
tion has in it leaders to carry on the great work.
Within the next decade or two, I think this
"last frontier" along the West Coast will not
only see the completion of these four hundred
thirty-five miles of road, but will witness the
dredging of harbors, the building of great ports
and the construction of more railways. These
things will be added unto the highway to round
out the full development of these nine million
acres of our state, ninety-six per cent of which
now lies dormant.
Providence has made the great West Coast
of Florida a fair and fertile land; the initiative
and courage of our people must make it fruitful.


CLEARING HOUSE ADVERTISING READY
TO START


Publicity Committee Approve Plan of Using
Magazines, Newspapers and Radio

(Davenport Times, Oct. 19, 1928)
Millions of people of the United States will learn about
the merits of Florida oranges and grapefruit, through a
well planned advertising campaign, which was approved
by the advertising committee of the Florida Citrus Grow-
ers Clearinghouse Association, at a recent meeting.
The plan was submitted through the representative of
Erwin Wasey & Co. of Chicago and New York, advertis-
ing agents for the clearing house, and involves the ex-
penditure of nearly $300,000 during the coming season.
The Saturday Evening Post, the Ladies Home Journal
and True Story Magazine were among the magazines
selected, while full-page adds will be run in a number of
metropolitan newspapers, including pages in colors in the
Sunday feature section of the Hearst newspapers.
Twenty-eight dailies scattered over the United States will
give a circulation of 5,000,000 for the newspaper adver-
tising.
The radio will also be used in spreading the good word
about Florida citrus. Programs will be printed once a
week for a period of 26 weeks, a large number of stations
being used in the hookup. The radio programs will in-
clude a short talk on the clearing house, followed by a
15-minute musical or entertainment feature. The bene-
fits to be derived from eating Florida citrus will be feat-
ured by noted health authorities, closing the program
with a short entertainment feature.
The advertising campaign will get under way imme-
diately.








FLORIDA REVIEW 3


Jiflrita {ebiefu
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida


NATHAN MAYO.....
T. J. BROOKS........
PHIL S. TAYLOR...


.....Commissioner of Agriculture
Director Bureau of Immigration
. .. ........... Advertising Editor


Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.


Vol. 3


NOVEMBER 19, 1928


No. 12


JAX PLACED ON AIR RAIL LINE TO WEST
INDIES

Passenger Service Connects Three Americas
After Tenth of January

(Jacksonville Journal, Oct. 23, 1928)
Jacksonville will be in the pathway of an air-rail pas-
senger service connecting the three Americas after Jan-
uary 10th.
On that date the Atlantic Coast Line, the Florida East
Coast and Pan American Airways, Inc., will inaugurate
through air and rail passenger service between the United
States and the West Indies.
The new system will operate through five countries.
It will be the first international train and 'plane route in
America.
Fast Service From New York
The air and rail service will provide a fast de luxe pas-
senger service from New York direct to Havana, through
Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic of San Juan,
Porto Rico.
Announcement of the proposed line has been made by
the Atlantic Coast Line railroad from its headquarters
at Wilmington, N. C.
Through service will be provided from New York and
intermediate points via the A. C. L. and F. E. C. to
Miami. From there, giant multimotor airliners of the
Pan American Airways system will carry passengers to
Cuba and the West Indies.
Daily Service to Havana
Daily service will be operated to Havana, with a saving
of 8 hours. Tri-weekly service will be operated to
Porto Rico, with a saving of 33 hours to Santiago de
Cuba, and thence to San Juan.
According to announced schedules, passengers will
board the A. C. L. train, "Palmetto Limited," in New
York City at 7:10 in the evening. They will arrive in
Miami, via the F. E. C. from Jacksonville at 7:15 the
second morning, 1 % days out of New York.
There they will be met by Pan American Airways cars
and taken to the company's airdrome. It is four miles
from the city's center. Breakfast will be served there.
Havana in Two Hours
Within 45 minutes from arrival in Miami, passengers
will board airplanes, and arrive in Camp Columbia Field,
Havana, at 10:15 a. m. They will cover the 261 miles
between Havana and Miami in two hours and 15 minutes.
This is eight hours and 35 minutes quicker than any
previous time by rail and steamer.
Passengers to the West Indies will make the same rail
connections from New York City. They will leave Miami


by plane at 9 o'clock for Santiago de Cuba. A stop will
be made in Havana, Santa Clara and other points.
The air-rail system will operate over a route 2,500
miles long.
Carry 12-14 Passengers
The planes are of latest improved types. They will
have accommodations for 12 and 14 passengers. There
will be running water, toilet facilities and buffet service.
The planes will carry a crew of three and are capable of
maintaining a speed of 125 to 150 miles an hour.
Special compartments are provided for U. S. mail and
personal luggage.


DADE COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SERVICE

J. S. RAINEY, County Agricultural Agent

Miami, Fla., Oct. 31, 1928.
Mr. Nathan Mayo, Commissioner,
Department of Agriculture, State of Florida,
Tallahassee, Florida.
Dear Mr. Mayo:-It has been but a short time since
your "Graphic Charts of Commodity Prices and Ship-
ments of Principal Agricultural Products," compiled by
the Florida State Marketing Bureau, Department of
Agriculture, has been issued and copies distributed, and
since receipt of my copy many growers are using same
for their guidance in planting crops for shipment from
this county.
Several have been to this office to consult this, but
only yesterday being called out to consult with the man-
ager of one of our largest truck farms, and being taken
to the packing house where office and field records are
kept, in mapping out a planting schedule, Mr. Arthur, the
superintendent, got this Graphic Chart and showed me
wherein he was arranging the planting of his different
crops for shipment in accordance with this chart.
I am sure you will appreciate the fact of knowing the
service you are giving to the farmers of this county and
no doubt other counties of the State, and I wish to com-
mend the good work you are doing for them through your
department in furnishing this valuable information in
this manner.
With kindest regards, I am,
Yours very truly,
J. S. RAINEY, County Agent.


BIG ORDER PLACED FOR ORANGE JUICE


(Davenport Times, Oct. 19, 1928)
Negotiations are now being completed between the
Harper Company of Orlando, manufacturers of pure
Florida citrus products, and the Universal Manufacturing
Company of Birmingham, Alabama, for 150,000 gallons
of pure Florida orange juice. G. L. Doss, distributor
for the Birmingham firm, stated that after trying out all
the different juices being manufactured at the present
time he found the Harper process to be the most suit-
able for the machine-operated vendors which he is plac-
ing throughout the southern states. This is a new method
of selling orange juice, and thousands of gallons are con-
sumed monthly in this way, it is said. The order for
150,000 gallons of juice is said to be the largest of its
kind so far scored by an orange juice extracting concern
in Florida.-Winter Park Herald.








4 FLORIDA REVIEW


WINTER TRUCK PROSPECT GOOD, SAYS
HAYMAN

County Agent Expects Planting on 1,200 Acres

(Fort Myers Press, Oct. 15, 1928)
With Lee county truck crops delayed by an excess of
wet weather through September and October, the farmers
are now rushing the planting of more than 500 acres of
peppers, stated County Agent Paul Hayman this morn-
ing on his return from an agricultural conference in
Gainesville.
"Prospects for the winter truck season are exceeding
bright," said Mr. Hayman, "and the total acreage in Lee
county will exceed that of any other season. I expect
to see more than 500 acres of peppers, 200 acres of egg-
plant, 500 acres of cucumbers and at least 1,000 acres
of tomatoes this season."
"Many of the farmers already have their fields planted
and the rest are rushing planting this week with pros-
pects of dry weather. Crops have been delayed by the
rain, but I expect a bumper yield in Lee county this
season. It appears from all reports that prices will be
good during the winter.
"With a $3,000,000 citrus crop on its way to market
and the truck season just under way, the. agricultural
stock of this county should boom. When we get started
on planting sugar cane, I believe that still another pay-
ing crop will be open to farmers in this section."


POTATO LEAGUE PERFECTED AT HAST-
INGS MEET

Growers in Four Counties Effect Organization

(St. Augustine Record, Oct. 17, 1928)
The Florida Growers League, composed of potato
growers of Putnam, St. Johns, Flagler and Clay counties,
perfected plans for the active functioning of the league
at a meeting held Monday night in the auditorium of the
Hastings high school.
One of the most important actions of the meeting was
the naming of a committee to assist in the drawing of
legal papers. The committee named to secure counsel is
composed of L. A. Braswell and Robert Smith of Hast-
ings. Harvey Tanner, Palatka, acting secretary of the
organization, stated that negotiations had already been
opened with St. Augustine lawyers.
The former committee, acting as the temporary board
of governors, is composed of Sherman Minton, Robert
Smith, Hastings; H. H. Tanner, Palatka; T. M. Waldron,
East Palatka; J. C. Kercheval, Elkton; H. C. Miller, Es-
panola; Jim Sutherland, A. A. Baker, Green Cove
Springs; Frank Burrell, Bunnell. This board will meet
Friday at 2 p. m. at the offices of the Hastings Potato
Growers Association, at which time plans will be per-
fected for securing a 100 per cent membership of farm-
ers.
At the meeting of Monday night agreement reached
with the brokers was read and approved. The brokers,
under the terms of the agreement, will make bond in the
sum of $2,500 each that they will maintain the prices
fixed by the growers. The fundamental purpose of the
association is to improve the marketing condition for
Irish potatoes.
About 100 farmers attended the meeting.


FLORIDA SOLARIUM IS INNOVATION TO
OPERATE AT MIAMI

(St. Augustine Record, Oct. 14, 1928)
Miami, Oct. 13.-Arrangements were completed re-
cently for the opening, December 1, of the Miami So-
larium, said to be the first institution of its kind in the
state. It is designed to take full advantage of the cura-
tive properties of Florida sunshine under competent
medical supervision, and is provided with every facility
for this purpose known to medical science.
The institution, of which A. W. Ellis is the founder
and business manager, is looked upon as an important
step in establishing Miami as an outstanding health re-
sort.
The Miami Solarium is at 120-130 S. W. Thirtieth
avenue and includes property and equipment valued at
$150,000. While it will feature helio-therapy (sunshine)
treatment, it will also be fully equipped to treat cases by
physio-therapy (electricity) and hydro-therapy (baths).
It is planned to conduct the institution on strictly
ethical lines, from the medical viewpoint. No patient
will be admitted except by reference of a reputable phy-
sician. Special instructions by the referring physician
will be followed, and regular reports on the patient's
progress forwarded to him. No cases of infectious or
contagious nature, or any forms of dementia will be ad-
mitted. Cases needing special medical or surgical atten-
tion will be referred to the physician on the hospital staff
specializing in such cases.

THE OYSTER SEASON OPENS AS FALL
APPROACHES

(Apalachicola Times, Oct. 13, 1928)
With the shipping of one full carload of seafood from
Apalachicola Wednesday night and another Thursday
night, every indication is given that the 1928-29 seafood
season will be one of the most successful in recent years.
Packing house whistles will summon oyster shuckers
to work for the first time this season Monday. Shipment
of oysters will probably begin Tuesday night.
The seafood industry is the chief industry of Apalachi-
cola, and it is believed that this year's season will be one
of the best the town has enjoyed in several years. A new
factory opens up this season for the first time, giving
added employment for people in the city, and many other
important additions and changes have been made in other
packing plants.
Fairly good shrimp catches were made this week and
some of the finest specimens of this kind of seafood were
brought to local plants.


CITY WILL GET AIRPLANE LINE

Big Ship Will Carry Passengers to and from
Detroit

(St. Petersburg Times, Oct. 15, 1928)
Clearwater, Oct. 14.-Tropical Airways, Clearwater,
and Air Cruises, Detroit, have reached an agreement
whereby an air line will be established for the winter
season between Detroit and Clearwater, it was announced
Saturday by Frank Booth, president of Tropical Airways.
Tri-motored, all-metal planes, known as the Ford Stout,
carrying 15 passengers, will be used. The service is ex-
pected to be inaugurated not later than January 1.








FLORIDA REVIEW 5


CANADIAN BUYS CITRUS GROVE

Albert Holm Purchases Fine Denmark Property

(Lakeland Ledger and Star-Telegram, Oct. 21, 1928)
The fine 10-acre grapefruit grove and bungalow, prop-
erty of Mrs. Henrietta S. Denmark, located south of the
Lakeland Highlands club house near a paved road, was
sold last week to Mr. and Mrs. Albert Holm, formerly
of western Canada.
The grove, 12 years old, is one of the best in the High-
lands, and has a crop of excellent quality fruit that will
run nearly 2,500 boxes. The bungalow is well arranged,
has bath and all electrical conveniences.
Mr. and Mrs. Holm looked over Polk county very
thoroughly, but finally decided that Lakeland Highlands
with its wonderful elevation, beauty and perfect groves,
also its proximity to the city of Lakeland, would appeal
to them more than any other section. There are four
children in the Holm family and nearly all of school age.
The fact that the school facilities of Highland City are
most favorable and satisfactory was also a strong factor
in selecting their income home in Lakeland Highlands.
Mrs. Denmark, who has a host of friends in Lakeland,
will make her future home here. The price paid for the
grove and bungalow, including all furniture, was around
$16,000.
The sale was made through the offices of E. J. Kauf-
man and J. M. Reid, local realtors.


BUILD PLANT TO ICE FRUIT CARS

New Equipment to Aid in Banana Shipments

(Pensacola Journal, Oct. 7, 1928)
"Facilities for icing railway cars bearing perishable
fruit are being installed here by the Fruit Growers' Ex-
press, which will place Pensacola on an equal with any
other city in the south," H. J. McGee, local express com-
pany agent, stated yesterday.
"An icing platform is soon to be completed at the L.
& N. tracks on Wright street between Eighth and Ninth
avenues at a cost of more than $3,000. It will ice cars
at the rate of one every three minutes.
"This means that a shipload of bananas placed in cars
will be iced as fast as they can be loaded at the wharf.
The platform is 340 feet long and 12 feet wide.
"Cars that were iced in Mobile heretofore, now will
be iced here."

SWIFT TO START PLANT MONDAY

Stevenson Announces Old Oil Site in Readiness

(Jacksonville Journal, Oct. 19, 1928)
Swift & Company will begin operations at its new
shortening plant on Dennis street next Monday. L. B.
Stevenson, manager of the new $250,000 industry, has
announced that his organization is ready for business.
The new plant was assured for Jacksonville last spring
when Swift & Company purchased the old Florida Cot-
ton Oil Company holdings. Reconstruction and renova-
tion began immediately after the purchase. The industry
will support an initial payroll of approximately $100,000
annually, according to Mr. Stevenson. Early expansion
is anticipated. The plant will manufacture Jewel and
Crescent brands of shortening.


BUSIEST HOTEL YEAR LOOMING

Reservations Surpass Any in Florida's History

(Jacksonville Journal, Oct. 17, 1928)
More reservations for the winter are booked by Florida
hotels than ever before in the history of the state.
This encouraging news was brought to Jacksonville to-
day by J. Lee Barnes, president of the Florida State Hotel
Association.
"There is absolutely nothing for hotel men to worry
about," says Mr. Barnes. "It will be a big season."
Mr. Barnes returned to the state from a visit of several
weeks in the North. During the morning he was in con-
ference with Harry Barlow, association secretary. This
afternoon he went to his home in St. Petersburg.
Trek Soon to Begin
After November 6, date for the general election, the
trek of tourists Florida-ward will begin, Mr. Barnes says.
And they will be here by the thousands, despite hurricane
damage fears.

THIRTY-THREE SHIPS TAKE 131,581 TONS
OF PHOSPHATE

Month's Shipments Exceed Those Years Ago

(Tampa Tribune, Oct. 7, 1928)
Nine foreign countries and a like number of states in
this country received 131,581 tons of phosphate from the
elevators of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad at Port
Tampa and the Seaboard Air Line Railway on Seddon
Island during September.
The phosphate was shipped in 33 vessels flying the
flags of Germany, Sweden, Great Britain, Italy, Norway
and the United States. There were two ships flying the
German flag; two, Sweden; two, Great Britain, and one
each Norway and Italy. The remaining ships flew the
American flag.
Shipments to foreign countries amounted to 85,993
tons, or less than half the total tonnage shipped. Ger-
many received the largest amount, 16,000 tons. Japan
received 7,300 tons; Canada, 5,278; Holland, 3,812; Jugo-
Slavia, 3,001; Spain, 2,852; Cuba, 2,776; Scotland, 2,757,
and Italy, 1,812 tons. Ships flying the American flag
carried 13,811 tons of the total amount shipped to foreign
countries.

VESSELS OF THE SPONGE FLEET BRING IN
CATCH

(Tarpon Springs Leader, Oct. 16, 1928)
Nearly the entire sponge fleet was tied up at the
Sponge Exchange docks Sunday while the boats took on
fresh supplies of gasoline and food in preparation for
another go at the sponge banks before the October sale
is held. The boats began coming in Friday, and by Sun-
day the majority of the boats of the fleet were in port.
Cargoes were unloaded and put into storage, while the
captains planned another trip before the sale is put on.
A small sale is scheduled for this afternoon, after
which no sponge will be offered the buyers until the
latter part of the month, according to members of the
exchange. This sale will start up all the sponge packing
houses again, which will mean a payroll of a hundred or
more persons.








6 FLORIDA REVIEW


PARTIAL LIST OF FLORIDA FAIRS
1928-1929 Season


Compiled by State Department of Agriculture,
Tallahassee


Alachua County Fair, Gainesville, Nov. 13-17, 1928.-
W. E. Algee, secretary.
Brevard County Fair, Titusville, spring of 1929.-R.
E. L. Neil, secretary.
Broward County Fair, Fort Lauderdale, March, 1929.-
C. E. Matthews, secretary.
Calhoun County Fair, Blountstown.-J. G. Kelly, sec-
retary.
Citrus County Fair, Lecanto.-Minor L. Smith, secre-
tary.
Dade County Fair, Miami, March, 1929.-J. S. Rainey,
secretary.
Florida State Fair, Jacksonville, Nov. 22-Dec. 1, 1928.
Sam Ellis, secretary.
Hardee County Fair, Wauchula.-J. A. Shealy, secre-
tary.
Highlands County Fair, Sebring, Jan. 8-12, 1929.-
L. H. Alsmeyer, secretary.
South Florida Fair, Tampa, Jan. 29-Feb. 9, 1929.-P.
T. Streider, secretary.
Indian River County Fair, Vero Beach.-George T.
Tippin, secretary.
Jefferson County Fair, Monticello.-W. M. Scruggs,
secretary.
Lake County Poultry Association, Eustis.-Dr. Charles
Demko, secretary.
Lee County Fair, Ft. Myers, Feb. 19-24, 1929.-John
M. Boring, secretary.
Liberty County Fair, Bristol, Oct. 18-20, 1928.-Robert
Kiley, secretary.
Madison County Fair, Madison, Nov. 5-10, 1928.-B.
E. Lawton, secretary.
Manatee County Fair, Bradenton, Feb. 12-15, 1929.-
O. A. Spencer, secretary.
Marion County Fair, Ocala, Nov. 27-30, 1928.-J. A.
Talton, secretary.
Martin County Fair, Stuart, February, 1929.-Jim
Kennedy, secretary.
South Marion Poultry Show, Belleview.-F. H. Bemis,
secretary.
State Line Fair, Laurel Hill.-Mrs. L. H. Hughes, sec-
retary.
Central Florida Exposition, Orlando, Feb. 19-23, 1929.
Karl Lehmann, secretary.
Palm Beach County Fair, West Palm Beach, March 5-9,
1929.-S. W. Hiatt, secretary.
Pinellas County Fair, Largo, Jan. 15-19, 1929.-F. A.
Bradbury, secretary.
Polk County Orange Festival, Winter Haven.
Industrial and Agricultural Exhibition, Sarasota.-J.
E. Coad, secretary.
Taylor County Fair, Perry.-F. L. Craft, secretary.
Suwannee County Fair, Live Oak.
Volusia County Fair and Citrus Exposition, Deland,
Feb. 12-16, 1929.-E. W. Brown, secretary.
Wakulla County Fair, Arran.-J. C. Pigott, Jr., secre-
tary.
Walton County Fair, DeFuniak Springs.-W. I. Stin-
son, secretary.


FIFTY LEAVE HERE ON EXCURSION TO
DAIRY SHOW

Frisco Takes Crowd to See Two Days of Fun at
Memphis

(Pensacola Journal, Oct. 17, 1928)
More than fifty Pensacolians are attending the National
Dairy Exposition and Tri-State Fair at Memphis this
week, and the exhibit from Greater Pensacola and District
is said to be attracting more interest than any other of
similar nature.
Frisco representatives yesterday stated more interest
was shown in the city proper than they had foreseen.
More than forty Pensacolians were aboard the special
excursion cars when they started for the National Dairy
Show. Many others left for Memphis before the excur-
sion.
A wire from one Pensacolian was received yesterday,
stating:
"Exhibit from Greater Pensacola and district is at-
tracting more than three times as much interest as any
other similar exhibit here. Already have a number of
people definitely promised to come to Pensacola as a re-
sult. Agricultural Agent Sanford is entitled to great
deal of credit for untiring efforts."
Persons on the excursion will have two days to spend
at the exposition. The train was to arrive at Memphis at
7:30 a. m. today. Wednesday and Thursday will be spent
there, and the return trip begun Thursday at 8:30 p. m.,
arriving here at 12:15 p. m. Friday.
About 200,000 visitors went to Memphis last year for
this exposition. While most of them stayed there prob-
ably but one or two days, the city was greatly over-
crowded. With this in mind, Frisco officials arranged
that the three special Pullmans sent from Pensacola
should be made available to local excursionists as sleeping
quarters during the two-day stay.
Many students from the Tate Agricultural School at
Gonzalez are in attendance at the exposition, in charge
of Tom Barrineau, Jr., school instructor.

HOTEL MAN CLAIMS TREND OF TRAVEL
IS STILL TOWARD SOUTH

(Key West Citizen, Oct. 20, 1928)
"Key West will have the greatest tourist season this
winter in the history of the city," declared Charles F.
Flynn, of the Bowman hotel interests, while in the city
yesterday en route from Havana north.
"Even though some of the east coast hotels are not to
be in operation, the trend of travel is still southward
and Havana is expecting a tremendous season, the
greatest yet," the hotel man said.
Never has it been known so early in the season.
Even at this time it is definitely known that more
tourists than ever before have signified their intention
of motoring south for the winter, and information of this
kind being received daily indicates that the number will
be more than doubled within a short while, according to
Mr. Flynn, who, on account of his connection with the big
chain hotel system, must keep close tab on tourist travel.
Key West, being the terminal city of the great Atlantic
coastal highway and the gateway to Havana, may well
expect her share of the travel that is sure to flow this
way, especially in view of the delightful drive over the
picturesque Over-Sea Highway, in the opinion of the
visitor.









FLORIDA REVIEW 7


PROGRAM FOR SATSUMA ORANGE FETE
IS ANNOUNCED

Marianna To Be Scene of Gathering on Novem-
ber 8 and 9

(Special to Times-Union, Oct. 17, 1928)
Marianna, Oct. 16.-Following is the program for the
Satsuma Orange Festival to be held in Marianna Novem-
ber 8-9. The committee will add other spectacular
features to enliven the occasion. W. L. Wilson, of Pan-
ama City, will preside over the meeting.
Thursday afternoon, November 8, general greetings
and other receptions. Thursday afternoon, 3 o'clock,
orange festival parade. Invocation, Rev. J. B. Mathews,
of St. Luke's Episcopal church. Address of welcome,
Mayor C. N. Home. Response, L. M. Lively, of Talla-
hassee. Address, "Florida," by L. M. Rhodes, state mar-
keting commissioner. Address, "West and North Florida
in the Satsuma Industry," by Nathan Mayo, Florida's
Commissioner of Agriculture. Address, Dr. H. Harold
Hume.
Evening Session
Band concert by the Twenty-ninth United States Ar-
tillery band.
"Satsumaland," the song composed by Mrs. Cecil
Rhyne, of Marianna, to be sung by the students of Jack-
son county schools under the direction of Mrs. E. C.
Grimshaw.
Address, "The Coming Golden Empire," by J. C. Cor-
coran, of Chicago and Marianna.
Recitation, Miss Caroline Watson, of Marianna.
Address, "North and West Florida's Golden Oppor-
tunity," by ex-Governor Cary A. Hardee.
Satsumaland March, played by the boys' band of the
Florida Industrial School.
The announcement of the queen of the festival will be
made in front of the Hotel Chipola Friday afternoon at
3 o'clock. At the same time announcement will be made
to whom the new automobile will be presented.
The grand festival ball will be held at Hotel Chipola
following the program in the plaza on Friday night, No-
vember 9.
Dancing will also be held on Lafayette street at the
plaza during both evenings.


TWELVE COUNTIES TO BE MADE TICK
FREE

(Apalachicola Times, Oct. 20, 1928)
Tallahassee, Oct. 17.-Everything is being placed in
readiness for the release from federal quarantine against
cattle tick, early in December, of the twelve counties
east of the Ochlocknee river.
That there will be no disruption of the arrangements
is indicated by the September reports from dipping vats
in the area. They show no infested animals in eleven of
the counties, including Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Jeffer-
son, Lafayette, Madison, Suwannee, Taylor, Wakulla,
Leon, Baker and Union. Baker and Union show four
animals each that were infested, but those in Baker, it
was reported, were stray cattle from Nassau, and those
in Union were strays from Bradford.

A sample of oats grown in the Indian River district
shows that the assumption of the possibility of growing
cereals in that section is far from a myth.


STATE PLANS TO HATCH MULLET

'New Undertaking Started for Benefit of Florida
Fishing Industry

(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, Oct. 22, 1928)
Tallahassee, Oct. 22.-(A. P.)-Florida's fishing indus-
try, through the activities of the shell fish department,
has established another precedent for other states to
emulate-the hatching of mullet.
A short time ago the department turned its attention
to the production of hundreds of thousands of crawfish
and crabs in the state's southernmost waters. Now it has
taken up the hatching of mullet around Apalachicola, the
first time, department officials declare, that such a thing
has been tackled.
State Shell Fish Commissioner T. R. Hodges announced
the arrival at Apalachicola of Dr. A. G. Adams, fish cul-
turist detailed by the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries, to take
charge of the mullet hatching. Dr. Adams comes from
the bureau's Booth Bay (Maine) harbor station. He will
direct the experimental work in mullet hatching.
The jars for the hatching, and the pumps and machin-
ery, have already arrived at Apalachicola and have been
set up on the department's dredge Franklin. A daily
search in the gulf waters is to be conducted for ripe
mullet eggs.
The department has high hopes for success in the new
venture, as indications point to a plentiful supply of
mullet roe, Mr. Hodges said.


FLORIDA MOTORISTS USE 16,000,000
GALLONS OF GASOLINE A MONTH

(Ft. Myers Press, Oct. 20, 1928)
Tallahassee, Oct. 20.-(A. P.)-Nearly 16,000,000 gal-
lons of gasoline were consumed in Florida during the
month of September, the inspection division of the State
Department of Agriculture announced.
A total of 15,836,855 gallons were used upon which
the state inspection tax was paid, and 86,958 gallons
were consumed by government agencies which did not
carry the tax.
For the same month, 1,702,102 gallons of kerosene
bearing the tax were used and 2,440 gallons by the gov-
ernment, and 2,923 gallons of signal oil.
The total quantity of all three classes of petroleum
products consumed for the month upon which the tax
was paid was 17,541,880.


6,000 FLORIDA CATTLE SOLD IN $120,000
DEAL

(Ft. Myers Press, Oct. 15, 1928)
Wauchula, Oct. 15.-The shipment of a trainload of
cattle from Zolfo Springs, near here, Saturday afternoon
marked the breaking up of one of the largest and best-
known herds of cattle in Southwest Florida, when John
Collier, Hardee county cattleman and capitalist, sold his
entire herd of 6,000 range cattle to Frank E. Dennis,
Inc., of Jacksonville, for the reported sum of $120,000.
The shipment, comprising a dozen cars, was the first
to leave, and for the next ten weeks 10 to 15 cars will
be shipped weekly until the entire herd has been sent to
Jacksonville, where the cattle will be butchered by Ferris
& Company.









FLORIDA REVIEW


FLORIDA WEATHER CALENDAR REFLECTS
VALUE OF SUNSHINE-STATE'S
GREATEST ASSET

(Ft. Myers Press, Oct. 20, 1928)
That those who have never visited Florida may under-
stand its balmy weather and sunshine, which is valued at
billions and billions of dollars by the leading health expert
of the world, Dr. J. H. Kellogg, of Battle Creek, Mich.,
the following calendar will give an accurate account of
weather in South Florida that is similar to that in the
northern states.
Florida's wonderful weather and sunshine have been
the means of bringing millions into the state. It is be-
ginning to be recognized by Florida as its most valuable
asset. No taxes, no attention, no meddling by anyone,
and in unlimited quantity and of the most desirable
quality, it is indeed a blessing that a kind Providence has
bestowed upon this section. And better still, there is a
world-wide market for every bit of it. It cannot be
canned or shipped away. The only way to get it is to
come to Florida and enjoy it with thousands of other
health-seekers. It is the only known element that will
give to every one a longer and happier life.
The weather calendar The weather calendar
up North in South Florida
January ....................................... M ay
F ebruary ........................................ Septem ber
M arch .......................... .. ... ................. M ay
A pril ...................................... MM ay
M a y .............................................. ... .. J u n e
J u n e ....................................................... Ju n e
Ju ly ................... ............................... Jun e
A ugust .................... ............................. July
September ............ .... ............. June
O ctober .................. .................. June
N ovem ber ....... .... .............. ............... M ay
Decem ber ................ ............... Septem ber

EXPOSITION WILL BE STAGED HERE AT
COURT SQUARE

Industrial and Agricultural Resources Featured

(Palatka Daily News, Oct. 22, 1928)
The Putnam county court house square will be the
center of attraction for the entire county during the
week of November 12th to 17th, according to plans being
made by the County Chamber of Commerce for holding
a "Faith in Putnam County Week."
It is the purpose of the Chamber to promote general
interest and stimulate the knowledge of citizens on the
question of the resources and industrial activities of
Putnam county during the "Faith in Putnam County
Week," supported by a daily program of interest to the
people of Putnam county.
Instead of attempting to stage a county fair, with its
attendant expense, the Chamber of Commerce idea is to
endeavor to have the various communities assemble a
display of products available at the time the show is held
and put them on display during the week. Under this
plan there will be no charge for display space; there will
be no admission fee to see what Putnam county has to
offer at this time of the year, and there will be no com-
petitive prize money. Such awards as may be decided
upon will be ribbons.
The entire plan revolves around a spirit of community
endeavor to make a display in Palatka during this week


and help add to the general exhibit by showing the own
home folks what can be done and is being done here at
home.
All industrial plants in the county will be requested to
assist in the carrying out of the movement by showing a
compact display of their product and where possible
various stages of its making. All county organizations
of a civic nature will be invited to meet in Palatka during
the week and take part in making the effort successful.
A maximum of good can be accomplished with a minimum
of effort and expense through the medium of such a public
display of the county's resources and industries for the
period of one week, supplemented by speakers of state-
wide connections in various fields of activity.


"AD" PLAN FOR PENSACOLA WINS MUCH
SUPPORT

Wernicke Gets Expressions of Approval-Mem-
bers Are Needed

(Pensacola Journal, Oct. 16, 1928)
Plans launched by those leading in Greater Pensacola
and District movement are meeting with support and
approval far beyond the bounds of Pensacola, O. H. L.
"Dad" Wernicke said yesterday.
Mr. Wernicke is receiving letters from many in Pensa-
cola and many in distant cities who have read of the
plan to advertise Pensacola and increase the city's wealth,
population and industry.
In the meantime Mr. Wernicke is working day and
night to get the actual machinery of the movement func-
tioning 100 per cent. He is accepting memberships in
the movement and he and many who believe in the move-
ment are lining up memberships.
Seek 5,000 Members
As a working force, 5,000 members are sought. The
funds obtained from these memberships will be used to
help speed up the advertising campaign that is planned
as the foundation of the Greater Pensacola and District
movement.
"All who have talked to me or written have declared
the movement sound and feasible," said Mr. Wernicke
yesterday.
Under the plans built by Mr. Wernicke and associates,
an advertising fund will be created to spread the advan-
tages of Pensacola before the rest of the country. Men
and companies who profit through the sale of land made
possible by the advertising campaign will give a per-
centage of their profits to the advertising fund, which
thus will perpetuate itself and work toward the building
up of Pensacola in population, business and industry.
Plan Will Aid All
The plan is not conceived just to sell land and help
real estate operations. The advertising campaign and
pushing of Pensacola's advantages will be directed to get
more industries and citizens as well as investors, so that
the business man and the worker and the average Pensa-
cola property holder will share in the ultimate benefits.

Another Florida industry that is yet untouched is
honey production. Beekeepers associations have been
formed in Lakeland and Winter Haven. With this mani-
fested interest in cooperative endeavors, which has proved
a determining factor to the successful operation of other
industries, it is plain to see that honey production is
"going over" in Florida.










FLORIDA REVIEW


NEW HOSTELRY MAY TAKE PLACE OF
POINCIANA, IT IS NOW BEING
WHISPERED

(Palm Beach Times, Oct. 15, 1928)
In announcements that the Royal Poinciana hotel will
not open this winter, many old residents of Palm Beach
read the word "finis" written at the end of one colorful
chapter in the history of America's most famous resort.
While there has been no official word that the Poin-
ciana has served its last days as a hotel, persons here-
abouts who for the past three years have been hearing
reports of ambitious development plans of the Florida
East Coast Hotel Company in Palm Beach hardly expect
that the Poinciana will be opened again. Rather they
expect to see a new and modern building rising on the
grounds.
In the passing of the Poinciana they see the passing of
the old Palm Beach. The hotel was the nucleus around
which society life of the present Palm Beach was built.
Palm Beach was but an isolated village in a remote corner
of America when in the spring of 1893 it began to be
whispered about that Henry M. Flagler's representative
had been here and that the oil magnate himself was
coming down to look over some land. Flagler soon ap-
peared, and when he left he carried a deed to the stretch
of land extending across the middle of the Palm Beach
island, which cost him $75,000. On top of it all, Flagler
announced he would build a tourist hotel.
Palm Beach's first real estate boom was on. By boat
and narrow gauge railroad material was brought from
the end of the railroad line at Eau Gallie; workmen
flocked in, and by the following spring the first unit of
the Poinciana was finished. At that time it was the
largest tourist hotel in the world, with 540 rooms and a
dining room for 1,000.
Flagler then, enthusiastic over the possibilities of the
resort, built another hotel on the beach, rebuilt it into
the Breakers after it was destroyed by fire, and made
other costly developments that are now history. But
always the Poinciana more than held its own with the
better class of winter visitors from the north. More
wings were added as the years went by, and society con-
tinued to make it their winter headquarters despite the
appearance of other resort hotels, villas and cottages.
Folk who had been wintering there for years together
looked upon it as their seasonal home. Traditions grew
up. There seemed to be an atmosphere of quiet charm
about its tropical grounds, its spacious rotundas and
lounges that nothing else even in Palm Beach could quite
replace. There were companionships there, too, the re-
sults of many seasons of social pleasures, which the
veteran guests could find nowhere else in the world. The
Poinciana became an institution.
As the years went by, palatial hotels and apartments
sprung up and the long, yellow, wooden, antiquated Poin-
ciana suffered in comparison with the newer buildings.
Common talk was that even in West Palm Beach there
were hotels with much better rooms and many more con-
veniences than the old Poinciana furnished.
That made no impression at all on the old hostelry's
guest list. It continued as the leading hotel. Even guests
at the beautiful new Breakers hotel on the beach vacated
their rooms there and moved to the old wooden building
as soon as it opened. They craved the old familiar pleas-
urable associations.
In the thirty-three years that it flourished many insti-
tutions peculiar to the hotel grew up. Two that most


readily come to mind were the "Toonerville trolley" and
the famous Washington's Birthday ball.
The "Toonerville trolley's" rolling stock consisted of
one car propelled by mule power plying between the
Poinciana and the Breakers only a couple of blocks dis-
tant.
On Washington's birthday the Poinciana departed for
one evening from its social exclusiveness to give a charity
ball to which everyone was invited. From all over Florida
merrymakers poured in for the great event. All that
was necessary was a dress suit and $5.00. Chauffeurs,
gardeners and cooks revelled in the same surroundings as
national figures in society and business.
Of recent years, however, all talk about the Poinciana
has not been so favorable. Gossip was that persons whose
wealth far exceeded their social standing were coming to
the hotel in increasing numbers, influencing some of the
elite to build private homes.
But the building had too old a reputation for such
talk, whether true or not, to harm its standing. In fact,
many bookings already had been made for this season.
It took the hurricane of September 16 to put what
many believe is the seal of destruction on the Royal
Poinciana.


RICH RESIDENTS OF PALM BEACH TO AID
LITTLE FELLOW


Loans on Very Liberal Terms Will Be Offered

(Sarasota Times, Oct. 14, 1928)
Palm Beach, Oct. 13.-(A. P.)-Palm Beach society
will help the "little fellow" rebuilding his home damaged
or destroyed by the September hurricane.
Establishment of a Palm Beach relief committee by
wealthy residents of the millionaire winter resort was
announced today by Mayor Barclay H. Warburton, for-
mer Philadelphia publisher, who has been chief executive
of Palm Beach since last spring.
"Loans on very liberal terms will be made to those
applicants who can show that they are in real need and
have been unable to obtain relief from banks or other
sources," Mayor Warburton said. Joel Massey, Palm
Beach attorney, has been named to administer the busi-
ness matters in connection with the committee's work.
At the same time, the Palm Beach Chamber of Com-
merce announced that Whitehall hotel, original home of
Henry M. Flagler, builder of the Florida East Coast Rail-
road, and now one of the resort's finest hostelries, will be
opened on January 1. H. E. Bemis, vice president of the
Florida East Coast Hotel Company, has been named
supervisor for the Whitehall with the task of seeing that
all hurricane damage to the structure is repaired before
the date for the opening.
Bemis last night said that the Royal Poinciana, largest
frame hotel in the world, would not reopen because of
terrific damage from the hurricane. He said today that
many of the Royal Poinciana's bookings would be trans-
ferred to the Whitehall.


It has been observed that chickens and turkeys do well
on grasshoppers. A grasshopper's body when analyzed
was found to contain a balanced mineral mixture with a
high percentage of vital minerals. The same is true of
bugs and worms and is one of the main reasons why
poultry do so well on free range.


FLORIDA


REVIEW









FLORIDA REVIEW


FLORIDA GEOGRAPHY


(Gadsden County Times, Oct. 18, 1928)
To explain to a Northerner, or a Floridian for that
matter, that Florida is a very large state, the largest but
one east of the Mississippi river, that it is 58,666 square
miles in area, doesn't mean a thing, says the Florida
State Chamber of Commerce. Proof of this was observed
in September, 1926, and September, 1928, when tropical
storms wrought damage in a limited area on the lower
East Coast, and the entire country labored under the
impression that the whole of the State of Florida had
suffered.
But if one points out that the railroad journey from
Pensacola to Key West is equivalent to a similar journey
from New York to Chicago, it is something else. It means
little to say that Miami is 366 miles south of Jacksonville.
The mileage doesn't register, but when one puts it an-
other way, that Miami is as far south of Jacksonville as
Richmond, Va., is south of New York, the person to
whom the information is imparted sits up and takes
notice.
It is this woeful lack of understanding of Florida
geography and of Florida generally that the State Cham-
ber decries. It urges school teachers, civic clubs and the
newspapers to stimulate a desire on the part of Floridians
generally to learn more about the state in order that they
may discuss it in a manner which the average human
being will understand.
The chamber suggests an interesting experiment. The
railroad distance from Pensacola to Key West is 891
miles. For convenience, say it is 900 miles. Procure a
map of the United States and a compass. Spread the
legs of the compass on the mileage scale of the map until
the two points are 900 miles apart. Place one leg of the
compass upon Pensacola and draw a circle upon the map.
It will be discovered that only twenty-two of the states
in the Union are wholly without the circle. In other
words, twenty-five states, exclusive of Florida and the
District of Columbia, are wholly or in part actually nearer
Pensacola than Key West is to that city by rail. Even a
portion of the province of Ontario, Canada, is within the
900 miles air-line radius. If one lists the important cities
in the country nearer Pensacola in an air line than Key
West is by rail the result is astounding.
How many Floridians know that Pensacola is almost as
far west as Chicago, or that Jacksonville is directly south
of Cleveland, Ohio? How many know that Miami is west
of both the Atlantic and Pacific entrances to the Panama
Canal?
There is a great deal about Florida geography with
which Floridians are unfamiliar. And there is a golden
opportunity for school teachers in Florida schools to
bring to the attention of their pupils facts about the
state not found in the textbooks.


FIRST OF SEASON'S CUKES SHIPPED OUT

(Sarasota Times, Oct. 16, 1928)
The first shipment of this year's crop of cucumbers
left the Palmer Farms yesterday. The cukes sold for
$4.00 per hamper f. o. b. Palmer Farms.
The harvest this year is earlier than usual for this
section, it is stated. Although the Palmer farmers do
not specialize particularly in the raising of cucumbers, a
fair crop will be taken from the farms this year.


25,000 BOOKLETS PRINTED FOR CITY

(St. Petersburg Times, Oct. 17, 1928)
The first printing of 25,000 booklets of general infor-
mation on St. Petersburg as a winter tourist paradise and
as a city endowed with unusual advantages for permanent
residence and business activities is expected to come from
the presses of Cashwell-Cook this week, according to in-
formation given by M. M. Deaderick, chamber secretary.
The booklets have been revised and prepared for the
press by the Lesan-Praigg Advertising Agency of this
city.
The booklets are part of the contract for 150,000, the
balance of this total to be in new copy, text and pictures,
and in a convenient folder form of 16 pages. The con-
tract for the remaining 125,000 is under way at the
printing establishment.
Replying to inquiries accumulated, the Chamber of
Commerce is ready to send out the 25,000 booklets the
day they come from the press. This batch of literature
will go largely in bulk form, especially to railroads of
the country. Most of the railroads and their agencies
for travel have ordered 50 to 500 copies, which will be
displayed in railroad stations and ticket offices throughout
the country. Other consignments of the booklets, from
5 to 10, will go direct to the firm friends of St. Peters-
burg, who will distribute them among neighbors who have
expressed a desire to visit St. Petersburg and Florida.


SEASON'S FIRST BOATS ARRIVE AT YACHT
CLUB

Four Dock Saturday, Two Sighted; Arrival is
Later

(Daytona Beach News, Oct. 15, 1928)
Arrival of seven boats, the first of the season, was
announced today by J. W. Rikeman, secretary of the
Halifax River Yacht Club.
Two houseboats, the Let's Go, of New York, owner
A. M. Mills, and the Oro, Jacksonville, L. G. Chappell,
put in at the yacht club docks Saturday. The Let's Go
left yesterday and the Oro Saturday, both bound south.
The Oro stopped only long enough to take on ice and
supplies.
Two more boats entered and left at night, Saturday,
Mr. Rikeman reported, and three were sighted as they
passed by the club house, heading south. Their names
were not learned.
The marine migration began a little more than a month
later this year than last, Mr. Rikeman's records show.
The first arrival of 1927 was the Sunshine, owned by
E. H. Scott, of Erie, Pa. It arrived September 1. The
second arrival, however, was not until October 11.
The annual opening of the yacht arrival season is
looked forward to by residents of East Coast cities as an
indication of the unfolding of the state's busy season.
With the approaching solution to the problem of federal-
izing the coastal canal, Mr. Rikeman expects that each
succeeding season will see more and larger craft making
their habitat Florida waters. The arrival of the yachts
will probably be an incentive to city and private dock
repair. Repairs on the yacht club docks are rapidly
nearing completion in preparation for the season.

The Florida State Fair will be held November 22 to
December 1 at Jacksonville.


FLORIDA


REVIEW








FLORIDA REVIEW 11


SUGAR BARON IS ENTHUSIASTIC ON
INSPECTION TOUR

Dahlberg Party Spends Two Days Here Making
Comprehensive Tour of Company
Holdings Here

(Clewiston News, Oct. 12, 1928)
"Forge ahead faster than ever" was the message left
by B. G. Dahlberg, president of the Southern Sugar Com-
pany, to his local managers at Clewiston last Sunday
following a two-day visit here spent in making a com-
prehensive survey of his Clewiston holdings. As this was
Mr. Dahlberg's first visit here since the recent storm, his
instructions, which were considered particularly signifi-
cant, were interpreted to mean that the operations of the
Southern Sugar Company will be carried forward at an
even faster pace than formerly.
Arriving here late Friday night by boat from Canal
Point, the sugar baron, after a short conference with
local officials, rested after his journey and early Saturday
morning started on his inspection tour of Southern Sugar
properties here.
Keenly interested as usual in the growth of Clewiston
proper, Mr. Dahlberg was high in his praise of the beauti-
fication work carried on here by his representative, Cap-
tain F. Deane Duff, and during his tour of the townsite
he closely inspected the new homes of Captain Duff and
P. G. Bishop now under construction on the ridge.
Keen satisfaction was expressed by the sugar head in
his inspection of the new 1,500-ton a day mill, where he
spent almost an hour going through the mill and talking
with the various department heads.


WARN HUNTERS TO GET PERMIT

Season's Opening Near and Licenses Needed

(Jacksonville Journal, Oct. 18, 1928)
With the hunting season little more than a month away,
Duval county nimrods are warned to procure the neces-
sary licenses to avoid the confusion of last-minute delays.
Hunting for all kinds of game requires a license,
Thomas V. Cashen, Jr., chief clerk to County Judge
John W. DuBose, explained, and while licenses may be
taken at any time throughout the season, it will be much
better to get them now, he said.
Length of Season
On most types of game the hunting season is from
November 20 to February 15, but there are exceptions.
The season for hunting migratory birds and buck deer
ends December 31.
The open season on salt water marsh hens opened Sep-
tember 15 and will close November 30, ten days after the
curtain goes up on the general open season.
Mr. Cashen said that there was no open season on
wood duck, commonly called summer duck, and the fol-
lowing other game: Fox squirrel, doe or female deer,
plover, yellow-legs, swan, woodcock and all imported game
birds such as pheasants and grouse, and all non-game
birds except unprotected birds.
Some Unprotected
A number of birds and animals come under the unpro-
tected list and hunters may shoot them to their heart's
content. These are the English sparrow, sharp-shinned
hawk, Cooper's hawk, goshawk, great horned owl, crow,


jackdaw, buzzard, butcher bird, wildcat, weasel, skunk,
and flying squirrel.
Bag limits for one day are: Buck deer 1, quail 15,
duck 15, squirrel 15, turkey 2, dove 25, geese 5, brant 5,
snipe 15, coots 20, gallinules 15, rails or marsh hens 15,
rails and gallinules in the aggregate 25.
During the season a hunter is allowed to kill only two
buck deer, five turkeys and 200 of any other kind of
birds or animals.
Fur-Bearing Season
The season on fur-bearing animals will also be from
November 20 to February 15. On red or grey fox, the
season is from September 1 to January 31, and fox can
only be taken with dogs from September 1 to November
20. Persons running fox must secure a trapper's license.
A resident of Duval county may obtain a hunting
license for $2.25 and a state-wide license for $10.50, but
a non-resident will be required to pay $25.50 to hunt in
the state. If a resident of Duval county desires to hunt
in Duval and one other county only the fee will be $5.50.


FELLSMERE GROWERS RAISING DASHEEN

Ready Market Found for the Tubers in Eastern
Cities

(Vero Beach Press Journal, Oct. 23, 1928)
With the extensive cultivation of the dasheen at Fells-
mere, Indian River county has a new and very profitable
industry. Mensh and sons, farming in the deep muck
west of that city, have at present 10 acres of beautiful
plants now growing and are preparing for the planting
of 40 acres more.
The dasheen, originally produced in China, has been
improved and introduced into this country, the largest
market for the tubers. It is used in the larger cities of
the east in the preparing of chile and other dishes where
a starchy ingredient is needed.
Last year Mensh and sons raised 20 acres of the tubers
averaging slightly over 300 bushels to the acre. These
were shipped to a ready market in New York City, bring-
ing a net profit of four cents per pound.
The low muck land of the back country of Indian River
county is apparently an ideal soil for the growing of the
dasheen, and with the ready market for the tubers in the
eastern cities, Florida should have another great industry
for the state.

MORE ACREAGE PUT TO BERRIES

Crop Will Be Normal, However, Mr. Wright
Thinks, Due to Weather

(Plant City Courier, Oct. 23, 1928)
A considerably larger acreage has been planted to
strawberries this year, according to C. P. Wright, county
agent, who, after making his rounds over the county, de-
clared yesterday that indications for a good crop this year
were evident on every hand.
Plants were declared to be in fine condition, though
considerable replanting was found necessary in the lower
ground, where plants were drowned out during the early
weeks of planting. Demands for plants are coming from
many other sections, and even from farmers of this sec-
tion, Mr. Wright stated yesterday.









FLORIDA REVIEW


PALM BEACH IS READY FOR BIG TOURIST
YEAR

Building Permits Indicate Reconstruction in
Progress

(St. Augustine Record, Oct. 23, 1928)
Palm Beach, Oct. 23.-Forgetting entirely that a storm
ever occurred, Palm Beach is now making preparations
for one of the greatest tourist seasons in history, build-
ing permits thus far this month approximating a million
dollars, it was stated last night by Major Barclay H.
Warburton, mayor of Palm Beach.
Major Warburton says that Palm Beach is practically
back to normal following the storm and that the only
visible evidence that there had been a storm when visitors
arrive will be the slanted trees and visible damage to
other foliage. The actual structural damage to Palm
Beach was placed at $750,000. Between three and four
million dollars worth of construction is now going on, he
said, and hotel men are declaring that if hotel reserva-
tions are not made in the near future accommodations
cannot be had when the winter season officially opens
December 4.
"Immediately after the storm Palm Beach was like a
pretty girl to which an accident had occurred, with black
eyes and various other injuries," Major Warburton said.
"Now, however, the city is like the same girl recovered
from her injuries and is the same as ever. The actual
beauty of the city was unimpaired, and the attractions
that drew so many tourists in the past are unchanged."

COAST LINE TO OPEN PERRY CUT-OFF
DEC. 4, GIVING NEW SHORT ROUTE
TO MID-WEST

Tampa To Be 36 Hours from Chicago Under
Faster Schedules for West Coast District

(Tampa Tribune, Oct. 22, 1928)
December 4 was announced yesterday by the Atlantic
Coast Line Railroad as the date on which it will begin
operation of a fast passenger service between Chicago
and Tampa by way of the new Perry cutoff.
The Southland, one of the finest Florida trains, hereto-
fore operated through the Jacksonville gateway, will be
diverted to the short line. It will make the run from
Chicago to Tampa in 36 hours and 45 minutes. The
fastest Coast Line time between Tampa and New York is
31 hours and 10 minutes.
On its first trip, and regularly thereafter, the South-
land will leave Chicago at 11:30 p. m., arriving in Tampa
the second day at 12:15 noon. Leaving Tampa at 4:35
p. m., it will roll into Chicago over the Pennsylvania Lines
the second day at 7:35 a. m. The northbound train will
move on a slower schedule than the southbound, but the
service will prove just as convenient and attractive, as
few travelers want to get their destination before that
hour in the morning.
Progressive Step
Use of the Perry cutoff route for the first time is re-
garded as the most forward and progressive step by the
Atlantic Coast Line in its effort to develop business over
its own rails in the West Coast section. The link was
built at tremendous cost, starting back in the days when
railway facilities were over-taxed in Florida. For the
last year it has been used altogether for freight service.


Several months ago the Coast Line announced officially
that it would be put into service for tourist trains this
winter, and the expectation and understanding is that
year-round schedules will be maintained.
The new route has been laid with heavy rail. There
is now a well-settled roadbed, properly graded and
ballasted. More than 60 miles of the route has been
double-tracked-between Dunnellon and Vitis, and Tampa
and Uceta. The route is via Albany, Thomasville, Perry,
Wilcox, Dunnellon, Inverness and Trilby. It passes Ma-
con, Atlanta and Knoxville, and then hits the middle
west, spreading to Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Grand
Rapids, Indianapolis, Louisville and other important
cities.
Leave Mid-West December 2
The initial trip of The Southland over the cutoff will
start from points north of Cincinnati on Sunday, Decem-
ber 2. From Cincinnati and Louisville, Monday, De-
cember 3, and from Albany and Thomasville, Ga., the
4th. The first trip northbound will be the afternoon of
the same day, Tuesday the 4th.
The Pennsylvania Railroad will provide the connecting
through service north of Cincinnati and also between
Indianapolis and Louisville, except that Detroit service
via Ft. Wayne will be on the Wabash railway; the Louis-
ville and Nashville Railroad between Cincinnati and
Louisville and Atlanta (via Corbin, Ky.); the Central of
Georgia Railway between Atlanta and Albany, and the
Atlantic Coast Line south of Albany.


POTATOES ARE BECOMING IMPORTANT
MOORE HAVEN PRODUCT

Many Maine Growers Are Interested After See-
ing Local Crop Pictures

(Glades County Democrat, Oct. 5, 1928)
Mr. F. N. Willett, of Haulton, Maine, arrived in Moore
Haven Monday. Mr. Willett had a potato farm last season
on the Reynolds Tennant tract about three miles north
of town and was so greatly pleased with the way the
crop grew that he has been spreading the good news of
potato culture in this part of the Everglades to other
potato farmers in Maine.
Mr. Willett and his associates are hoping to be able to
plant about a thousand acres of potatoes this season on
the same and adjoining land that was used last year.
Mr. Reynolds of Fort Myers and Mr. Tennant of
Miami, who are promoting the potato farms here, were
in town several days this week with Mr. Willett, getting
ready for the crop.
Mr. Willett had with him the motion pictures taken at
the potato farm last year, to which have been added
other scenes typical of this part of Florida, and showed
them to some of the interested Moore Haven people
Tuesday night. The films were fine and show what may
be done in this part of Florida in the way of raising
early potatoes for the top of the market.
These films were shown in the north during the sum-
mer and many northern potato growers are sold on the
Moore Haven potato idea, and it is hoped that soon our
potato crop will be as staple as it is at Hastings.

The Florida fern and bulb industry amounts to over a
million dollars yearly, says Commissioner L. M. Rhodes
of the State Marketing Bureau.










FLORIDA REVIEW


HAS GATHERED 1,450 BUSHELS OF PINE
CONES

L. L. Segars Gathering Cones for M. B. Wilder.
Nature Has Endowed Pine with Remark-
able Method of Propagation

(Lake City Reporter, Oct. 19, 1928)
L. L. Segars has gathered 1,450 bushels of slash pine
cones for M. B. Wilder, agent for the Columbia Land
Corporation, and the cones are now being dried so they
can be flailed for extracting the seed. Mr. Segars covered
considerable territory in gathering the cones and had as
many as 75 negroes at work at one time picking them up.
The seed from the cones will be planted in land owned
by the Columbia Land Corporation. From three-quarters
to one pound of seed are secured from a bushel of cones.
The growth of pine trees on a tract of land can be hast-
ened by planting the seed in even and regular distribution
instead of waiting for the process of nature.
The pine presents an interesting biologic study. That
the pine is highly rated in the economy of nature seems
to be indicated by the plan mother nature has adopted
for the propagation of the pine. To each small black
pine seed is attached a long streamer as light as a piece
of butterfly wing. When the cone opens the streamer
carrying the seeds will ride the breeze and the seeds will
be distributed all over the surrounding country. No
other kind of timber so quickly propagates itself.

CITRUS WILL BRING COUNTY $3,800,000

1,400,000 Box Total is Estimated for Pinellas
This Year

(Clearwater Sun, Oct. 22, 1928)
Citrus fruit will bring into Pinellas county during the
coming season approximately $3,800,000, practically the
same amount as the citrus crop brought last year, accord-
ing to figures obtained today from leading packing houses
here.
The citrus crop in this county is estimated to total
1,400,000 boxes during the coming year, three-fourths of
which will be grapefruit and one-fourth oranges and
tangerines.
Tangerines are expected to amount to about five per
cent of the crop total, as they did last year.
According to the compilation made today, the citrus
crop will bring into the county this season $3,793,125.
This is divided as follows: $2,887,500 for grapefruit,
$831,250 for oranges and $74,375 for tangerines.
Conservative average prices for the crop this year were
used in reaching these figures. Grapefruit, it was esti-
mated, would average $2.75 per box, and oranges $2.50
per box. Tangerines were estimated to bring $4.25 per
box, the same as last year. All of these prices are f. o. b.
Pinellas county packing houses and should not be con-
sidered as what the grower will receive, as packing and
shipping charges must be deducted.
The increase in the crop this year of 100,000 boxes is
more than balanced by the lower prices expected for
oranges. Florida has the heaviest crop of oranges in
many years, it was pointed out, and so has California.
The market naturally will be much lower on oranges than
last year.
Last year the estimated crop in Pinellas county was
1,300,000 boxes. Grapefruit brought $3.00 per box on
an average, oranges brought $3.25 per box and tanger-


ines $4.25, all f. o. b. prices. Grapefruit prices, as now
estimated, will be 50 cents lower than last year and
oranges will be 75 cents lower. The tangerine price is
expected to be approximately the same as last year, $4.25.
The grapefruit yield this year is estimated at 1,050,000
boxes. Oranges this year are expected to total 332,500
boxes, while tangerines will account for 17,500 boxes of
the crop. Last year the orange yield was 308,750 boxes;
grapefruit amounted to 975,000 boxes, and tangerines
amounted to 16,250 boxes.

AN OFFER OF $1,000 PER ACRE REFUSED

Grapefruit Buyer Offers $1,000 Per Acre for
Fruit on the Trees

(Dade City Banner, Oct. 19, 1928)
Independent fruit buyers have been working in Pasco
county for the past few weeks, buying fruit and oranges
in the groves. The crop in this section is good and the
prices offered by the buyers indicate the certainty of a
very profitable market.
One of the groves visited by an independent buyer was
that of S. E. Reecher, about seven miles south of Dade
City, in the Pretty Pond community. Mr. Reecher was
offered $5,000 for this year's grapefruit crop from a
grove of five acres. He refused the offer and will ship
through the Exchange.
Mr. Reecher has five acres in Valencia oranges and the
crop is showing up well. It is too early to make a rea-
sonable estimate of the crop of oranges on the trees.
There are 350 trees in the five acres of oranges and 350
trees in the five-acre grove of Connor Prolific grapefruit.
The crop of fruit is estimated at 2500 boxes.
Mr. Reecher says that some of the grapefruit has
passed the acid test and that he will probably begin pick-
ing in about a week. The Connor Prolific is an early
variety. Some of the later varieties of grapefruit will
not be ready for shipment for a month or more.
His grove was set in 1914 and the trees are now large
enough to withstand cold spells which could damage
younger trees. He has realized a fair profit from both
oranges and grapefruit for the past several years. The
trees are strong and thrifty and will continue to bear for
many years to come.

COMING HUNTING SEASON WILL FIND
AMPLE SUPPLY OF GAME

(Florida State News, Oct. 17, 1928)
The coming hunting season, which opens on November
20 in Florida, will find a good supply of game over the
state, the State Department of Game and Fresh Water
Fish learns.
Deputies of the department recently completed a sur-
vey of the game supply and their reports indicate an
abundance of quail, an increase in turkey and deer, and
plenty of duck feed in lakes and along streams where, a
year ago, there was a scarcity due to the drouth, the de-
partment announces. This latter condition should mean
good duck hunting throughout the state, it was added.
The recent storms will affect but little the game sup-
ply, the department said.
Believing that a part of the sport is to find the game,
the department does not point out the locations where
game is more abundant. The prediction of an'abundant
supply of game for the coming season, however, the de-
partment says, is based upon such reports from deputies.


FLORIDA


REVIEW








14 FLORIDA REVIEW


CITRUS GROWERS RECEIVE $8,000

Sub-exchange Distributes Cash After Disposal
of Grapefruit

(Bradenton Herald, Oct. 8, 1928)
Eight thousand dollars, the first money received by
the Manatee County Citrus Sub-Exchange of the Florida
Citrus Exchange, from the sale of this season's grape-
fruit from northern buyers was being distributed today
to the members of the sub-exchange whose early fruit
has been sold, Harry Gumprecht, manager of the sub-
exchange, announced to The Herald this afternoon.
In announcing the distribution of the money Mr.
Gumprecht issued the following statement:
"The season is now open. Shipments from now on
will increase considerably.
"The quality of the fruit is much better than last
season and desirable sizes have been sold as high as $9.15
per box, with small and undesirable sizes as low as $2.75.
These small sizes are not wanted at this time.
"Desirable size grapefruit will continue to bring a
good price providing the clearing house succeeds in regu-
lating the outgoing shipments. This is most important
and means more to the citrus growers in dollars and
cents than any other remedy.
"Next thing in importance is distributing. We believe
in what we preach. Of the 26 cars of grapefruit shipped
by us up to October 6, the fruit has been distributed in
18 states and one foreign country. This is a record for
distribution and food for thought.
"We have also distributed today the first $8,000 of
real northern money to our associations.

SHIP UNLOADS 24,000 SACKS OF SUGAR
HERE

Big Cargo Brought from Texas City

(Tampa Tribune, Oct. 21, 1928)
One sweet ship arrived in port yesterday. Believe it
or not, the ship had the sweetest cargo aboard ever
brought to Tampa.
The steamship Delecto of the American Sugar and
Transit Company is the one in question. She docked at
Booker's warehouse from Texas City, Texas, via Mobile,
Ala., to discharge 24,000 sacks of refined sugar.
The Delecto deserves the name of a sweet ship, for the
freighter has been hauling raw or refined sugar for more
than five years.
Going from a North Atlantic port or from a Gulf port,
the freighter heads for -Port Tarafa, Cuba, to load the
raw sugar. Loaded, she heads for Baltimore, Philadelphia
or Brooklyn, or maybe she might go to New Orleans or
Texas City. At these five ports the sugar company has
refineries where the raw sugar is made into the finished
product.
Now there is one thing about the Delecto, she does not
have many "in ballast" hauls, because whenever she car-
ries the raw product to a refinery she loads a cargo of
the refined sugar for some other port.
First Time Here
When the Delecto left Texas City she had 106,000 sacks
of sugar aboard. Stopping at Mobile she discharged
35,000. After discharging the 24,000 sacks here she will
head for Jacksonville to unload 27,000. Savannah is
scheduled to receive the remaining 20,000 sacks.


The sugar discharged here is in 100-pound sacks.
Some have the full 100 pounds in bulk, while others
have ten 10-pound sacks or twenty 5-pound sacks in
them.
This is the first ship the sugar company ever sent here,
but officials of the Philip Shore Shipping Company, agents
for the ship, said yesterday that more could be expected.
Five ships are owned and operated by the sugar com-
pany in handling the sugar and by-products. Three of
the ships handle the raw and refined sugar, while the
other two are tankers which carry molasses.
The sugar was consigned to two Tampa wholesale
dealers.


WEST COAST FISH SURVEY TO BE MADE


Improved Methods for Development of Industry
Will Be Recommended

(Clearwater Sun, Oct. 15, 1928)
A survey of the fishing industry, including a visit to
this section of the west coast of Florida, will be made
by James M. Lemon, assistant technologist of the
United States Bureau of Fisheries, it was learned today.
The survey is being made with a view to recommend-
ing better practices in handling and shipping fish. Mr.
Lemon intends to spend a month in the state and already
has spent some time here. He will continue on around
the gulf coast to Texas before the survey is complete.
Gulf fishermen, realizing that northern fishermen are
freezing fish and shipping them down here and under-
selling them in their own market, requested help from
the bureau of fisheries, and Mr. Lemon was dispatched to
make a survey. He is including Jacksonville, Bradenton,
St. Petersburg, Punta Gorda, Apalachicola and Pensa-
cola in the Florida part of his survey.
Freeze Before Shipping
Mr. Lemon says that Florida fish bring fancy prices
when they are in good condition, and can easily compete
with northern fish, which are not as good, if given proper
care in handling and shipping. He believes that Florida
fishermen should freeze their fish before shipping, instead
of shipping them packed in ice. When salt water fish
are shipped packed in ice, the ice usually melts before
they reach their destination, and the fish have sloshed
back and forth in the melted ice until they are no longer
salt water fish, and are of inferior quality, he explained.
Mr. Lemon believes also, he said, that Florida fisher-
men should cut the heads and fins off the' fish before
they are shipped, and thus get the value of the fish by-
products. He thinks that a central freezing plant, located
possibly at Jacksonville, would be advisable.
Need Central Plant
By having a central plant, he added, enough by-
products could be collected to make the industry worth
while, and the freezing could be done to advantage.
When the fish are shipped whole, the heads and fins are
cut off at small local shipping stations.
The practice of glutting the markets at certain times
is deplored by Mr. Lemon, who says that, in a case of
that kind, receivers in the northern markets pay the
lowest market price, freeze the fish and hold them over
until there is a better demand. By a more careful regu-
lation of the supply sent from Florida and other southern
states, the fishermen themselves could get the advantage
of better prices.








FLORIDA REVIEW 15


LEESBURG CROP OF FALL BEANS COMING
SOON

Territory's Income to Be Augmented By New
Crop

(Orlando Sentinel, Oct. 23, 1928)
Leesburg, Oct. 22.-Within three or four weeks the
income of the Leesburg trading territory will begin to be
increased by the proceeds from between 1,200 and 1,500
acres of fall beans, now approaching maturity in the sur-
rounding country, a local Chamber of Commerce survey
has disclosed, probably three-fourths of the acreage being
found in the Center Hill and Webster areas.
Larger plantings, contemplated in that section, were
prevented by the excessive rains of the late summer and
early fall, due to which even yet many farming lands are
under water. More recent downpours drowned out a
portion of the bean crop that was under cultivation, but
the loss in this respect is estimated as not exceeding 20
per cent.
Market outlook for beans is reported as excellent at
this time. The season was unfavorable for the crop in
many portions of the north and fall supplies have been
much below normal. Already this year there has been
extensive frost damage in some states. Recent quota-
tions have run from $3.00 to $5.00 per hamper, for New
York delivery.

REPORT OF SECOND EGG-LAYING CON-
TEST

(Pasco County News, Oct. 11, 1928)
Birds in the second Florida national egg-laying con-
test, held at Chipley during the past year, will be shipped
to their owners on or about Tuesday, October 23rd. The
birds entering the third contest are requested for arrival
a day or so before the first of November, and not too
early, as the time for cleaning up and preparing for this
contest should be as long as possible between the end
of one and beginning of another year.
Nine hundred and sixty birds were in the contest just
finishing; they laid an average of 10.4 eggs each during
September, which was 34.8 per cent of perfect produc-
tion and a fair rate for the time of year. For the entire
time of the contest, production to date of bulletin No. 11
(Oct. 1), was 183.6 eggs per hen, or just one egg less
than the record made last year in three weeks longer
period. The average of 152 eggs per hen of heavy breed
is six eggs less than last year, but the average of 196
eggs per light hens is four eggs higher.
The best record for a Florida bred pen is made by the
Pine Breeze Farm of Callahan, with 2,436 eggs, or better
by almost 200 eggs than the high of last year.
Best record in the light class, as well as in the entire
contest, was made by the Leghorn from Webb, Wells
and Cain of Chipley, Florida, who had 287 eggs to her
credit.
An interesting instruction sheet is that by E. F. Stan-
ton, supervisor Florida National Egg-Laying Contest,
Chipley, Fla., and is titled: "The Selection and Care of
Contest Pullets." This sheet can be had by application
by interested parties to the headquarters of the contest
at Chipley.
The bulletins issued by the contest authorities at
Chipley during the year contain much meat for study
and thought. Poultrymen might do well to register for


these so that they receive them from month to month
and also are able to watch the progress of the birds
from the state and from out of the state as time pro-
gresses.
W. R. Shearer, well known local poultryman and
breeder of fine Minorcas, stands high in his class, with
1,781 eggs credited to his pen of Black Minorcas to date
(Oct. 1).
Hen No. 291, of the Highlands Poultry Association
pen, from Dade City, Florida, stands as one of the lead-
ing individuals in light breeds for September, 1928, with
25 eggs to her credit.


COUNTY EXHIBIT TO BRING
TLERS HERE


MORE SET-


Families at Memphis Fair Decide to Move Into
This Section

(Pensacola Journal, Oct. 24, 1928)
The Greater Pensacola and District exhibit at the Na-
tional Dairymen's Exposition and Tri-State Fair in Mem-
phis last week may bring 15 or more families here to live
in the near future, according to reports brought back to
Pensacolians who attended the exposition.
They reported that officials of the show stated the Pen-
sacola district's exhibit attracted at least three persons
for every one who stopped to inspect any of the other
booths in the agricultural building. Persons from all
parts of the country and from Canada were made familiar
with the farming possibilities of this section.
Decide to Come
More than 200 families made positive statements to
officials of the fair that they intended changing their
residences from one section of the country to another,
and of these, 15 families gave the unsolicited information
that they had decided on this vicinity.
The exhibit from Greater Pensacola and District
stressed forage crops and grains, fruits and vegetables.
More than 150 farm products were included in the ex-
hibit. Escambia and Baldwin counties, Alabama, and
Escambia, Santa Rosa and Okaloosa counties, Florida,
comprise the territory of this district.
Canadian Impressed
Percy Reed, dairying commissioner for the Dominion
of Canada, was deeply impressed with the local exhibit.
He brought it very favorably to the attention of numerous
persons of prominence who were visitors at the exposi-
tion. Mr. Reed has decided to visit Pensacola and will
come here some time before returning to Canada from
the fair.
About 75 persons from Escambia county attended the
show, and about 200 more from other points on the
Frisco system in Alabama and Mississippi.
300,000 at Fair
Credit for the success of the Greater Pensacola's show-
ing is due to Commissioner Hardy, of Escambia county;
County Agent Hudson, of Milton; Dr. T. D. Kennedy,
Santa Rosa county commissioner; Miss Josephine Nimmo,
Escambia county home demonstration agent; Charles
Lyrene and Claude Peteet, of Baldwin county; J. M. Bo-
land, local realtor, and F. L. Sanford, Frisco industrial
and agricultural agent.
The dairy exposition and fair lasted a week. It is one
of the country's biggest agricultural meetings. Approxi-
mately 300,000 people attended this year.








16 FLORIDA REVIEW


REPORT GIVEN ON DEER BAG

Hunters Killed 160 in Florida During Month of
August

(Ft. Pierce News-Tribune, Oct. 16, 1928)
Tallahassee, Oct. 13.-(A. P.)-A total of 160 deer
was killed in Florida during the month of August, if all
hunters killing them sent in their "deer tags" to the
State Department of Game and Fresh Water Fish, as
required by law.
This was a decrease as compared with 1927, when 225
tags were returned by huntsmen for the month of
August.
Less deer were killed during August of this year be-
cause of the extreme high water in those sections in
which the animals are hunted, many hunters being un-
able to get to the hunting grounds, the department says.
Marion county led for the second successive year in
the number of deer killed. This year, 40 tags were re-
turned from that county, compared with 72 for August,
1927, or a decrease of 32 this year.
Collier county was second both last year and this year.
The department's figures were obtained from stubs at-
tached to the special deer licenses sold over the state.
Hunters purchasing these licenses are required to mail
the stubs to the department here, showing the number
of deer killed for the month. A penalty is provided if
this is not done.
The deer hunting season was again split in Florida
this year. The month of August was open, with hunting
allowed only on Fridays and Saturdays. It closed on
September 1, to reopen again on November 20 to con-
tinue until December 31, when it will again be closed.
Only bucks are hunted in Florida, a permanent ban, at
least for the time being, having been placed upon does.

BRICK INDUSTRY FOR FLORIDA SOON

Daytona Beach Company to Manufacture Clay
Bricks

(Vero Beach Press-Journal, Oct. 23, 1928)
Announcement by the President of the Flagler Clay
Holding Company, made in Daytona Beach, regarding the
proposed development of a considerable acreage near Or-
mond, with the making of clay brick as an important
feature, has caused remark suggesting the excellence of
the opportunity to furnish building materials where
greatly in demand. No state in the Union has shown
greater inclination to expand and develop than Florida,
and the call for various things needed in new construc-
tion has sometimes practically blocked the roads and
caused delays that were inevitable.
Florida's growth is now steady and showing splendid
increase, and the suggestion that a new supply of brick
and tile may be made available at the proposed plant of
the Holding Company is good news to builders. Naturally
there are sources of supply well known and popular, and
yet the development of Florida industries, with the use of
native materials at hand, means greater progress and
prosperity for the state.
Statement was made in connection with the announce-
ment that the tract of land upon which it is proposed to
establish brickmaking machinery is underlaid or sur-
faced by a high-class brick clay such as has been found in


a few localities in the state and which has been fully
tested and its value demonstrated. Brick and tile for
construction and irrigation purposes will be manu-
factured.
The idea of the company, according to H. E. Black,
the president, is to set apart a large portion of the land
for settlement and residence by those who will be em-
ployed and interested at the brick-making plant. As
these newcomers will no doubt wish to have some land
for cultivation, it is expected that the owners win ar-
range to have considerable acreage available for this
purpose. The tract consists of 3,200 acres and is excel-
lent and easily reached by rail and road.
Mr. Black has said that the brick-clay having been
carefully and fully tested, voluntary orders have already
been received for over a million and a quarter of brick,
before a move has been made toward the erection of the
plant. When it is mentioned that 375,000,000 brick were
brought into Florida from an adjoining state in a single
year, it can be seen that the company proposing to use
the clay on their property in making fine brick is not
taking any great chances.-Times-Union.

RECORD TOMATO CROP IS PLANTED IN
COLLIER COUNTY

One of the Most Important Agricultural De-
velopments in South Florida Is Being Car-
ried Out on the Crayton Farm

(Collier County News, Oct. 18, 1928)
The people over the United States have long heard the
story of the fertility of South Florida, but somehow it
has never carried great conviction because its produc-
tivity has never been proved. Mr. E. W. Crayton of
Naples, Mr. W. A. Cornell of Fort Myers, Mr. E. L.
Blount, Mr. Dan English, the five Smith brothers of
Naples and others are demonstrating their faith in this
soil by planting this fall what is probably the largest
tomato crop ever grown in southwest Florida.
In an interview with Mr. Cornell he said that it was
too early to make predictions whatsoever as to the prob-
able value of the yield, but that 300 acres had been set
to tomatoes in the one farm, another hundred acres was
planted in cucumbers, and still another hundred would be
set in pepper and eggplant. The farm is adjacent to the
packing house and railroad. Should the truckers make a
normal yield it will be necessary to enlarge the packing
house considerably to care for the fruit.
Some of the plants are far in advance of any in the
state. Aside from the fertility of the soil, Mr. Cornell
said he expected to begin shipment a number of weeks
before other growers were ready for the market. With
little or no competition, he hoped to secure fancy prices
for the crop.
Whether the crop produces $150,000 or less, these men
are engaged in a vital experimentation, to which the
people of all Florida will look with interest. However,
the soil of this county has already demonstrated its wealth
on a smaller scale for the last forty years. Judge George
W. Storter and other pioneer settlers of this section have
been receiving bountiful crops from it during this time.
In fact, cane has been grown on Judge Storter's property
for forty years without resetting. This required little
cultivation and produced during its most favorable years
from five to seven hundred gallons per acre. Other truck
has grown as bountifully.




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