PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
SEPTEMBER 3, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dairying in Florida ......... .. ...... ... ... ...... ... .... 1
$38,313,(88 Spent by U. S. on Harbors for Florida........ .......... 3
W ho A re Floridans ........ ..... .............. ..... 4
Nomladic Am ericans .............. .. ................ .. ...... ... .. 4
Sw eden O offers F ruit M market .................... ... ................................ 5
Port of Tampa Clears 2,85(; Vessels in Six Months ......... .... 5
Vessel Brings Load of Paper Into Port Here ....... .......... 5
Amos Reports Florida Banks in Good Shape .............. .. 6
Florida Agriculture Becoming Diversified ... .. ............. 6
Celery Growers Plan Campaign to Advertise Celery ........... ..... 6
Rumor Tells of Anotler Railroad for West Florida ............... 7
Unique Agricultural Development luilt in Putnam County ..... 7
New Industry ............. .. .. ............... ... 7
(itrus Products Factory Established in Wauhula .............. 8
Herman Page Doing Well Growing Narcissus Bulbs ........... ...... 8
To Control Nut Grass .... ... ....... ............ ...... ................ 8
Government to Sell Waste From Perforation of Stamps ......... 8
Calls Florida Ideal Place to Raise Rabbits .......... .. ............. 9
Florida Products- W ool ...... ....... ......... ........................ .... 9
Pe.ssim ist Not Desired in Florida ....... ..... .. ... ..........
New Industry in St. Augustine Is Booming ... .............. ..
New Industry Developing in money Business .....................
Shipping Grapes by thi ('arload ........................ ............. .......
Plant Opens in Eagle Lake to Utilize Moss ..... .. ..... ...
Seventy Feet High, Bamboo Reaches Full Growth in Few Weeks
Monticello-Perry Cutofff of A. (. L. To Be Open in Fall to
Through Passenger Traffic ........................... ...................
D r. K ellogg on Florida Sunshine .* .....................................
J. Percy Ball. Chicago Investor. Visits Sarasota..... .. ......
A Fine Industry for Florida ...... ............. ... .. ......
Bee Keeping Has Proven Profitable Industry .... ............
Florida Sunshine ..............
Capital for Local Canning Factory Is Available ............
T he Back Country ........ ...................
Florida Exports Surprising .................................... ............
Building M material in Florida .. ..... .. ....................
Many Tourist Farmers Raise (rops in Florida...............
State Chamber of (Conmmerce Shows Money in Agriculture ........
DAIRYING IN FLORIDA
SPEECH BY NATHAN MAYO, COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE, FARMERS' WEEK, AT GAINESVILLE,
FLORIDA, AUGUST 16, 1928
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
AM delighted to meet with the farmers
of Florida and the leaders of our Uni-
versity on this occasion. During the last
few years I have been so busy that it was
very difficult for me to attend such gatherings.
A few weeks ago, however, Mr. Trimble and
Mr. Hamlin Brown served notice on me that I
would not be permitted to stay away from this
meeting. They insisted that I come in person
and not attempt to dodge the question by send-
ing a substitute. It is a privilege which is very
much appreciated, and I hope I may in the
future be with you at all your gatherings.
Dairying has a proper place in Florida. It is
an essential industry. Signs are not lacking that
it will expand steadily in the future. We should
unite to make its growth safe and sure. We
should plan sanely and move slowly only in the
right direction. I feel that undue haste would
lead to over-expansion. And over-expansion in
dairying or in truck growing or in citrus produc-
tion will just as surely lead us to trouble in
Florida as did our over-expansion in real estate.
May I briefly outline to you some of the things
which to me seem important in a plan for bigger
and better dairying in Florida? First, I should
say we must lay stress on more good pastures.
In fact, it is the part of wisdom for us to begin
with a good pasture and follow with our herds.
I think the time is past when a Florida dairyman
can stay in the game without good pasturage
for his cows. Dry-lot dairymen who buy all
their forage cannot hope to make milk as
cheaply as do those men who grow their own
feed. Let me say to you that if I did not know
that we can grow good grass in this state I
would have no faith in the future of the dairy
industry. While I know that conditions are not
the same all over Florida, I firmly believe that
permanent pastures can be produced in prac-
tically every county of the state. We know that
Dallas grass, lespedeza, carpet grass, Bahi and
others will, if properly handled, make a good
permanent sod. We know that kudzu and na-
pier grass and beggarweed have their proper
places in our state. We know that we can grow
velvet beans, peanuts, cow peas, sweet clover,
oats and rye. We know that we can grow corn
for grain and for silage, and I believe that the
silo is going to be used more and more by our
farmers. Just what grass we shall grow, and
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
just what grain or protein we shall use, must of
course be determined by each man to suit his
own conditions. The real question before Flor-
ida dairymen just now is not so much what kind
of pasture grass or what sort of feed they shall
use, but the real vital thing is that they shall
grow it. The Florida dairyman who persists in
feeding his cows on New Orleans molasses, Ne-
braska alfalfa, Tennessee bran and Mississippi
cottonseed meal may continue to make milk for
a while, but he will not make money.
Now let me say a word about the herd. You
gentlemen need hardly be told that the low-
production cow has no place in a dairy herd.
We are going to see many dairies close up in
Florida unless we weed out of our herds every
"boarder" and turn her over to the tender mer-
cies of the butcher. Competition from other
states and within our own state is going to bank-
rupt the owners of those herds whose cows do
not give milk whose quantity and quality are up
to a reasonable standard. In this connection, I
may say that reports show that our dairymen
are making a splendid progress in culling out
the "boarders." Today our state has some of
the best milk cows in the nation.
I know that you dairymen are interested in
state legislation that would be helpful to your
industry. During the past two years we have
all heard much about the need for a law which
would fix some uniform standard for all milk
sold to the public. You recall that a "milk bill"
was passed by the last Legislature and was
vetoed by the Governor. This bill, though per-
haps it had its flaws, was an honest effort in the
right direction. Florida needs a law providing
for the inspection of milk offered for sale from
every dairy in our state, whether it be milk from
Florida cows or from cows in other states. Up to
now we have had to rely exclusively upon local
legislation, or town ordinances, for this purpose.
Unfortunately for us, these local ordinances,
however good they may be, do not always pro-
vide the protection we ought to have. It is my
judgment that we cannot hope for best results
from local ordinances. The experience of other
states, I am told, has shown just as our experi-
ence here has shown, that local ordinances, sub-
ject always to local influence, are more difficult
of enforcement and also very much more liable
to be warped, twisted and evaded than are
state-wide measures. They are also confusing
and perplexing because of their lack of uni-
I need hardly point out to you that selfish and
unscrupulous men and corporations can, and
sometimes do, completely control local markets
and local regulations affecting their business.
To some degree, I fear this may have been done
in Florida, to the sorrow of local milk producers
and consumers. I am also of the opinion that
milk has been shipped into our state and sold to
our people that would not have stood the test of
inspection under the laws of the state where it
was produced. Now I submit that such a prac-
tice should not be allowed and that the state of
Florida has a right to say to the milk shippers
of other states that they must not expect to sell
us milk for our children which they will not
allow to be fed to their own.
The medical authorities tell us that milk is
host to many disease germs. Tuberculosis and
other dreadful maladies may be spread by the
use of milk from diseased animals. Legislation
is needed that would require all milk shipped
into our state, as well as that produced here, to
bear a certificate showing that it came from
cows absolutely free of disease.
I am also of the opinion that we need state
legislation designed to control the contagious
abortion which has recently become a danger-
ous factor in the dairy industry.
I realize that it is not, strictly speaking, a
proper subject for discussing in a dairymen's
meeting, but I am going to digress just a minute
to say a few words about baby beef production.
Here in Florida we have many millions of acres
which are not yielding enough revenue to pay
the taxes upon them. Much of this idle land
could be made into good pastures which in turn
would make millions of pounds of beef if prop-
erly managed. The best authorities tell us that
the market for good beef cattle is in strong po-
sition just now, with the future looking good.
Prices of prime, well-finished cattle on the big
markets have been bringing from $15 to $17
per hundred-weight during the past month. The
stockmen are making fine profits this year and
will probably continue to do so for some years
to come. During the last decade we have seen
a decided swing toward the selling of cattle at
a younger age than formerly. Fat young cattle
one year old or less yield a larger return and a
very much quicker one than do two or three-
year-old cattle. We have recently seen it dem-
onstrated that such beef can be successfully pro-
duced in Florida. I am very much interested in
this and shall watch developments, with the
hope that our state will find the production of
baby beef a profitable part of our live stock in-
dustry. It seems to me that it should fit in well
just now, especially in those parts of Florida
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO........... .. .Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS ............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR .......................... Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
SEPTEMBER 3, 1928
which are still infested with cattle tick. My
opinion is that the use of well-bred sires on our
native cows should produce calves suited for
baby beeves. These calves would of course be
more hardy than pure-breds and more resistant
to infection. From their sires they should in-
herit quick-growing qualities and type that
would qualify them for a profitable market.
Let me say in conclusion that I regard the
future of Florida dairying with hope and confi-
dence. I am sure that through the united efforts
of the milk producers of our state we are going
to see the industry built along permanent lines.
I pledge you as your Commissioner of Agricul-
ture that I will work with you most gladly and
willingly. I want to suggest that the Florida
Dairymen's Association begin now to plan for
what legislation they expect to ask at the hands
of the Legislature which meets next April. So
far as I can consistently do so, I shall assist you.
I might say that just last week I sent a personal
letter to every Commissioner of Agriculture in
the United States, asking them to tell me what
they are doing to help farmers. In this letter I
asked for facts about what is being done about
marketing, about local and state cooperative
organizations, and I made special requests for
copies of all state laws bearing upon dairying.
It is my belief that when we have the best
thought on dairying as expressed in the laws of
other states we can get together and frame leg-
islation for our state that will be the most sen-
sible and effective that can be enacted. So far
as I am concerned I have no desire to have more
laws placed in my hands for enforcement. The
office of Commissioner of Agriculture is already
loaded with duties, there being no less than
seven separate departments in it. I am hoping,
therefore, that whatever legislation you may
obtain will be placed in the hands of our State
Board of Health and not in mine.
I thank you for asking me over here today,
and want to express the hope that Farmers'
Week will continue to be observed so that we
can all come together to plan for the building
of a more solid, more prosperous and happier
$38,313,688 SPENT BY U. S. ON HARBORS
(Miami Post, July 7, 1928)
Tallahassee.-Federal expenditures on rivers and
harbors of Florida, up to and including June 30, 1928,
have aggregated the sum of $38,313,688, a compilation
of figures made by the Florida Industrial Survey shows.
The figures include the actual expenditures up to and in-
cluding June 30, 1927, together with a list of those au-
thorized for the fiscal year ending June 30 next.
Expenditures made up to June 30 last year exceeded
$36,000,000. Estimated expenditures for the present
year total another $2,526,051.62.
The expenditures range from a comparatively insig-
nificant sum to that of approximately $13,000,000 which
has been expended on the St. Johns river.
Next to Jacksonville is the harbor at Tampa, where
federal funds in the aggregate of $6,323,369 have been
expended. Miami is a close third with a total expendi-
ture of $5,511,057. The harbor at Fernandina has cost
$3,922,883, while that at Pensacola cost $1,572,626. The
harbor at Key West represents an expenditure of $1,-
146,430. All of the other expenditures have totaled less
than a million dollars at each point, or one each project.
Of the total of more than $38,000,000 spent, more
than $31,000,000, or exactly $31,471,162, has gone into
expenditures on the six harbors listed. The remainder
has been scattered over 35 other projects in various
portions of the state.
According to the compilation, the expenditure of
federal funds on rivers and harbors since the first dollar
was spent for such purposes in Florida, up to the end
of the present fiscal year, is as follows:
Fernandina, $3,922,833; St. Johns river, Jacksonville
to the Atlantic, $12,994,797; St. Johns river, Palatka to
Lake Harney, $342,909; Lake Crescent and Dunns creek,
$16,000; Oklawaha river, $485,979; Intercoastal water-
way, Jacksonville to Miami, $331,381; St. Lucie Inlet,
$49,993; harbor at Miami, $5,511,057; harbor at Key
West, $1,146,430; Kissimmee river, $51,250; Callosa-
hatchee river, including survey of area, $447,410; Orange
river, $10,000; Charlotte harbor, $324,216; Sarasota
bay, $353,153; channel from Clearwater harbor through
Boca Ciega bay to Tampa bay, $173,285.
Anclote river, $121,722; Crystal river, $34,000; With-
lacoochee river, $344,491; Suwannee river, $98,812;
Tampa harbor, $6,323,369; Manatee river, $205,052;
harbor at St. Petersburg, $68,657; removing water hya-
cinths from the navigable waters in the State of Florida,
$222,848; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing
or endangering navigation, $6,773; Carrabelle bar and
harbor, $225,508; Apalachicola bay, $684,850; Apalach-
icola river, cut off, Lee Slough and lower Chipola river,
$255,750; upper Chipola river from Marianna, $80,000;
Apalachicola river to St. Andrews bay, $580,900; en-
trance to St. Joseph's bay, $22,000; St. Andrews bay,
$567,560; Choctawhatchee river (partly in Alabama),
$382,476; Holmes river, $56,119; LaGrange bayou,
$2,160; narrows in Santa Rosa sound, $43,500; Black-
water river, $99,600; Escambia, etc. (Florida and Ala-
bama), $202,400; harbor at Pensacola, $1,572,626.
WHO ARE FLORIDANS
(Okeechobee News, June 29, 1928)
For a state growing out of the oldest settlements in
America an analysis of the nativity of its people of today
brings out some very interesting and not a little sur-
For instance, the land of Ponce de Leon, now a state
of over a million people, has, according to official figures
from Tallahassee, 664,628 who were born in the United
States outside of Florida. That is a very huge propor-
tion for a section of the country so ancient. Every state
in the Union is represented by a few natives not only in
Florida as a whole, but in nine counties of the state, the
For the entire state, the greatest number from other
states come from Georgia, 186,220 persons who live in
Florida having been born there. Next is Alabama, which
is represented by 63,185 natives. These, of course, spread
over into this state in the natural way of neighbors.
South Carolina is third with 40,414 and the great old
Empire state 23,401.
Others of the large representatives include: North
Carolina, 19,943; Ohio, 19,486; Pennsylvania, 17,224;
Illinois, 15,930; Tennessee, 12,976; Indiana, 12,271, and
Kentucky, 11,293. The lowest number of natives from
any other state is from Navada, of which there are only
62 in Florida, the figures show.
The sections of Florida into which the people from
everywhere moved are distinctly set out by the fact that
the nine counties having as residents people born in all
other states in the Union are Broward, Dade, Duval,
Hillsborough, Orange, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Polk and
Sarasota. One would expect that.
Of the foreign born Floridans most folks probably
would expect Cubans to predominate, but they do not.
Bahamans beat the Cubans almost two to one, there be-
ing 11,219, of whom 9,510 live in Dade county.
England has 5,451 representatives among us, there be-
ing some in every county in the state except four, Dixie,
Holmes, Madison and Union.
In other races than Caucasian, Hillsborough leads.
There are said to be 6,700 Cubans in Florida, of whom
5,433 live in Hillsborough county. Monroe county holds
the second largest number, 1,103. A majority of the
4,780 Italians in Florida live in Hillsborough county,
3,769 of them being residents there, the figures show.
Third largest in the group of foreign born are those
from Conada. Nearly 6,600 are scattered over the state
in every county except Holmes, Liberty, Franklin and
Union. From the West Indies in general, Florida has a
population of 4,757 natives, of which 1,869 live in Palm
Other foreign countries contributing to Florida's popu-
lation are Spain, 4,360, most of whom live in Hillsborough
county; Germany, 3,979; Russia, 1,279; Scotland, 1,264,
and Ireland, 1,192.
Hillsborough county has a foreign-born population of
17,384. Dade is second with 15,329; Duval has 3,912;
Palm Beach, 3,652; Monroe, 2,844, and Pinellas, 2,763.
From the forty foreign countries listed the lowest
number of natives come from Iceland, with three. Two
of these are living in Dade county, and the other in
Sixteen southern states have added a total of 73,637
to the population of Miami. The city is said to have a
foreign-born population of 15,287, being nearly all of
the foreign born who live in Dade county. Counties
having more than 30,000 of their population born in other
states include Dade, Duval, Hillsborough, Polk and
So it transpires that those people from elsewhere-
from anywhere else in this country-who would throw
brickbats or other things at Floridans as a whole always
are in danger of giving a black eye to some of their own
kin.-St. Petersburg Times.
Probably more than 40,000,000 American car owners
will take the family car this summer and point its nose
toward some spot the family has been reading or think-
ing about all winter. Some of these spots will be thou-
sands of miles from home, others will be but a few hours'
drive from the front walk. But averaging these trips
by and large these nomadic car owners will spend along
the way some $3,500,000,000 in exchange for chicken
dinners, waffles, gasoline, oil, repairs and broken springs.
Year by year the horde grows more numerous. Year
by year the family trip lengthens out from a few miles
to a few hundred and then a few thousand. As more and
more families become acquainted with the pleasure in
motoring carefree along our highways, trips increase in
length, time on the road lengthens from days to weeks,
and money spent mounts from a few dollars to several
In the old countries, motor touring is confined largely
to two classes of tourists-those who drive from town
to town and live in hotels, and those who set out for
some distant point and drive swiftly to their destination.
In this country, however, the classifications are more
numerous and by the same measure more interesting.
There are those who desire to visit some park, city, rela-
tive, etc. Maps are consulted and a route which it is
hoped will give the most comfort and least trouble is
planned. The trip is a matter of getting to the end of
the journey as quickly, but as interestingly, as possible.
Then there is the motor tourist who has in mind several
things to see and plans his tour to take in as many cities
and points of interest as possible within the time limit.
He may camp by night or patronize hotels along the way.
He may cook most of his meals on a portable gasoline
stove, or eat from lunch counters and hotel restaurants.
Regardless of how he lives, he leaves many dollars be-
hind him as he goes along. Another tourist is the true
nomad who travels hither and yon across the land, by
good roads and bad, spending weeks or months on tour.
And there is the short tour traveler who makes many
trips during the year, but is the freest spender since he
has income to boost up his expenditures between trips.
But all of these tourists are becoming road wise. No
longer are they content to travel from point to point
without regard to the road. Trips are planned today
with the condition of the road always to the fore and in
most instances with the determination to stick to pave-
ment as far as possible.
This road-mindedness can be capitalized. The travel
bureau, or city, or historic spot desiring to attract tourists
can point out how good its roads are and how easy it is
to get there. Towns and cities are recognized as touring
centers on the basis of the paved roads leading into and
out of them. Even national parks and whole states en-
joy favorable tourist patronage because of a large mile-
age of paved roads.-Concrete Highways and Public Im-
SWEDEN OFFERS FRUIT MARKET
(Kissimmee Valley Gazette, Aug. 10, 1928)
The Jacksonville office of the United States Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce, W. N. Pearce, manager,
now is working with citrus fruit growers and shippers
of the state with a view of entering the Swedish market
during the next fruit season, it was announced recently.
According to a report received here from T. O. Klath,
American commercial attache, Stockholm, an organiza-
tion has been formed in the Swedish city, known as the
At Ner Frekt, or Eat More Fruit, for the purpose of
conducting a campaign throughout Sweden to increase the
consumption of fresh fruits on the part of the average
Present plans call for the campaign to start with the
next fruit shipping season. The campaign has been
placed with one of the largest Swedish agencies, which
recently sent a representative to England to study the
methods employed in the British Eat More Fruit cam-
paign, which proved so successful over the past few
Swedish fruit importers already have taken up with
the United States connections the securing of voluntary
contributions for the campaign. It is felt that the adver-
tising will result in a marked increase in the consumption
of fresh fruit from the United States.
"Local shpipers should do all in their power to further
this campaign," Mr. Pearce said yesterday, "and any in-
formation required regarding the matter can be had at
this office, as we will be glad to cooperate with them in
"It appears to me that the time is ripe for local ship-
pers to get in touch with the Swedish agencies regard-
ing the sale of fruits in that country next season. Florida
should supply the majority sent out of the United States,"
PORT OF TAMPA CLEARS 2,856 VESSELS IN
Cargoes Here Valued at $157,000,000
(Tampa Tribune, July 27, 1928)
Vessels flying flags of 15 nations entered and departed
from the port of Tampa during the first six months of
1928, with cargoes valued at $157,055,055, according to
a report completed yesterday by F. M. Sack, secretary
and statistician of the board of trade.
Imports and exports, consisting of 714,597 tons, were
carried by 2,705 American ships and 151 freighters of
foreign registry, aggregating a total ship tonnage of
Crude oil and its derivatives continue to lead all other
articles, either imports or exports, from the standpoint
of value. The table shows 387,360 tons were brought by
tankers from the Texas and Mexican fields and 5,550 tons
were reshipped to other ports. The cargoes were worth
Phosphate Takes Fourth
Animals and animal products, with 19,819 tons im-
ported and valued at $9,909,500, were second on the list.
In this group are canned foods, milk and manures. Lum-
ber ranked third, with 115,043 tons imported and 13,046
tons shipped out, all shipments valued at $6,449,450.
Phosphate was placed in fourth position in Mr. Sack's
table. The group also included cement and drugs, which
fall under the classification of chemicals and allied
products, and the 831,396 tons of imports and exports
were worth $4,959,815. Out of the total, 813,333 tons
were shipped from Tampa to the ports of the world.
Statistics of the other groups were as follows: Fruits,
edibles, sugar, etc., entered, 30,257 tons, cleared, 786
tons, value, $2,483,440; textiles, dry goods, tires, rubber
goods, etc., entered, 1,382 tons, cleared 56 tons, value,
$719,000; vegetable products, oil, seed, beverages, canned
goods, entered, 8,884 tons, cleared, 1,214 tons, value,
$5,049,000; ores, metals, glassware, paints, asbestos, etc.,
entered, 19,511 tons, cleared, 125 tons, value, $981,800;
machinery and vehicles, entered, 4,900 tons, cleared,
2,746 tons, value $382,350; miscellaneous cargoes, gen-
eral, entered and cleared, 191,375 tons, value, $95,
The American vessels were divided into 1097 steamers,
804 barges, 796 tugs, 72 tankers, 53 motorships, and 34
sailing ships. Foreign vessels entering the port were as
follows: 18 Panamanian, 9 Norwegian, 29 British, 5 Ger-
man, 16 Italian, 4 Dutch, 3 French, 7 Swedish, 6 Spanish,
2 Danish, 2 Mexican, 4 Japanese, 8 Nicaraguan and 46
VESSEL BRINGS LOAD OF PAPER INTO
News-Journal Rolls Come Direct Instead of
(Pensacola Journal, July 17, 1928)
Probably the first ship load of news print paper ever
to be brought to the port of Pensacola arrived yesterday
on the steamer Point Sur from Powell River, British
The cargo was for the News-Journal and amounted to
375 tons or about 800 rolls. Heretofore this paper has
been shipped to Mobile and trans-shipped to Pensacola.
The News-Journal made special arrangements to have
the cargo brought direct to this port.
Captain J. Fritsche was enthusiastic over the Pensa-
cola harbor, this being his first trip into the port. The
vessel came from the outer buoy to the Frisco dock and
was made fast in an hour and 15 minutes. The entire
cargo was unloaded and the ship put out again at 2 p. m.
"There is only one thing Pensacola's harbor lacks, and
that is more shipping," said Capt. Fritsche. "It is a fine
harbor and easy to get into, while at Mobile it takes five
hours to get up to the docks. We could have come in
before daylight if there had been any necessity.
"I don't understand why you don't have more shipping
here. Our company, the Gulf-Pacific line, operates nine
boats to the Gulf and we would be glad to make Pen-
sacola one of our regular ports of call if we could get
the business here."
Captain Fritsche brought his boat through the Panama
Canal, made stops at several Central American and
Cuban ports and at Tampa, where 500 cases of canned
grapefruit was taken on for shipment to the Pacific coast.
The cargo from the coast consisted chiefly of lumber, but
there was also considerable canned salmon, canned milk
and general freight.
Nothing was unloaded at Pensacola except the News-
Journal paper, which was stored in the Frisco warehouse.
No outward cargo was taken on here.
The Point Sur went from here to Mobile and will also
stop at New Orleans and Texas ports enroute to her home
port, San Francisco.
AMOS REPORTS FLORIDA BANKS IN GOOD
$184,816,323 In Deposits Listed on June 30
(Orlando Sentinel, Aug. 10, 1928)
Tallahassee, Aug. 9.-(A. P.)-Florida state banks-
there are 239 of them in the state-were on a sound
financial and economic footing at the close of business
June 30, 1928, the most recent call day designated by
Comptroller Ernest Amos.
Under the state law the minimum cash reserve allowed
state banks is 20 per cent. The most recent figures
showed that the average cash reserve was 29.08 per cent.
Bills payable and re-discounts were reduced about
$5,500,000 over those listed at the previous call, Decem-
ber 31, 1927.
One of the most encouraging features of the last call,
according to the Comptroller, was the fact that the re-
serve for interest, depreciation and taxes was approxi-
mately $1,500,000, indicating that the banks are not
using all of their earnings for the payment of dividends.
In resources, loans and discounts of all the banks was
$111,800,000, in round figures; investments approxi-
mately $47,145,000; cash on hand and other correspond-
ents, $53,750,000; while real estate, banking house, etc.,
totaled approximately $12,000,000.
Liabilities listed among other items, $184,816,323.60
in deposits and paid-in capital nearly $18,000,000.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURE BECOMING
Almost Every Kind of Fruit and Vegetable
Known to Man Grown in Sunshine State
(Jacksonville Journal, Aug. 15, 1928)
Florida agriculture is becoming more diversified.
Almost every kind of fruit and vegetable known to
mankind is produced in the Sunshine state.
This fact is outstanding in a report of L. M. Rhodes,
State Marketing Commissioner, wherein he places a valu-
ation of $140,000,000 on Florida's variety of agricultural
For instance, Florida this year produced 70 carloads
of grapes for out-of-the-state consumption; last year,
shipments amounted to only 15 carloads.
This year, the state shipped 20 carloads of blueberries,
whereas last year none were shipped. This year's report
indicates the extent of the growth of this branch of agri-
culture, Commissioner Rhodes says.
Counting every variety of vegetable grown in Florida,
Mr. Rhodes says shipments amounted to 51,660 carloads,
as compared with 44,922 last year. He estimates the
f. o. b. value of Florida's 1927-28 vegetable crop, un-
officially, at $30,764,591, or $595.52 a carload.
Citrus shipments amounted to 37,876 carloads for a
total valuation of $56,241,008, or $1,357.43 a carload.
These figures on the citrus and vegetable crops, com-
pleted by Commissioner Rhodes late yesterday afternoon
and released for publication, cling extremely close to his
unofficial estimate on the same crops made several weeks
A report on the shipment of vegetables and fruits by
counties is now being prepared by the State Marketing
Bureau and will be completed within the next two weeks,
it was said today.
Total shipments of fruits and vegetables from Florida
from September 1, 1927, to July 31, 1928, inclusive, as
announced by Commissioner Rhodes, are:
O ran g es ......... ................................ ......... 1 8 ,6 1 3
G rap efru it ......................................... ......... 18,14 7
T angerines ........................................ .. ............ 1,116
Celery ................. ........................... .. ........ 9,895
W aterm elons ........ ................................ .. ...... 9,572
T om atoes ............ ........... ........... ....... 8,391
P potatoes ... .. ....................... .......................... ... 7,89 9
Mixed Vegetables ......... .......... ...... 3,683
B eans .......... ................ ................ ... ....... 3,394
P peppers ................. .................................... ....... 2,283
Cukes ..... ........ ........................... ................... 1,718
L ettu ce ......... ...................... ............ ............. 1 ,6 3 0
C a b b a g e ........................................... ......... 1 ,5 3 2
Straw berries ... .................... ........... ..... ... ..... 662
E g g p la n t ............................................... ..... 2 3 4
R o m a in e .. ........................................ ...... ...... 1 8 7
Sw eet P potatoes ................ ................ ..... ... ... ... 186
C orn ............ .................... ......... ... ....... ..... 12 2
G r a p e s .......... ............................................ ... 7 0
P in ea p p les ............................................... ... 5 7
B lu eb erries ........................................ ... 2 0
Cantaloupes ..................................... ............. 18
Cauliflow er ........... ............................. ...... 14
C a r r o ts ....................................... ...................... 3
In arriving at the $140,000,000 valuation on all agri-
cultural products, Commissioner Rhodes includes dairy-
ing, poultry, live stock, hay, corn, and other farm
While this year's citrus crop was not as large as last
year's, it brought more money on the market. Last year
16,588,800 boxes were produced. This year 13,635,360
were produced. Value of last year's crop was $47,876,-
152, while the value of this year's crop is $56,241,008.
CELERY GROWERS PLAN CAMPAIGN TO
Plan to Spend Huge Sum in Big Campaign
(Sarasota Times, Aug. 9, 1928)
Celery growers of this county are interested in a meet-
ing held this week at Sanford, at which plans were made
for raising $150,000 to be used in advertising Florida
celery in eastern and middle-western markets. Sanford
celery growers, packers and shippers are cooperating in
the movement, and have sought the cooperation of celery
growers in Sarasota and Manatee counties.
The plan calls for levying a 5 per cent assessment on
each crate of celery shipped. The greater portion of the
advertising will be in the form of display advertisements
in the newspapers of the larger cities east of the Missis-
sippi river. An experienced manager will be engaged to
handle the advertising.
A modern citrus packing plant is to be erected at
Davenport, Florida. According to the plans of the Holly
Hill Fruit Products, Inc., there will be four packing
units, a canning plant, a by-products plant, cold storage
plant and an ice and power plant. When finished it is
said that this will be one of the most modern and com-
plete canning and packing industries in the world.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
RUMOR TELLS OF ANOTHER RAILROAD
FOR WEST FLORIDA
Railroad Surveying Parties in South Alabama
Give Rise to Story of Another Gulf Port
(DeFuniak Breeze, July 12, 1928)
An interesting rumor has been circulated in railroad
circles and those who have an insight to the report give
considerable credence to the possibility of the realiza-
tion of another railroad tapping the Gulf coast within
the next few months.
The rumor seems to have had its origin with the activi-
ties of large surveying crews in southeast Alabama,
bound for the Florida line. Men in the group were re-
ticent as to the meaning of their activity in ascertaining
grades, running lines, etc., but from remarks which were
made, there is reason to believe that the rails of the
Bagdad Land & Lumber Company will in due time be
routed through to the coast, trains of a new railroad.
Rumor has it that it is the Central of Georgia, but there
are those who believe that even a larger line is looking
with longing eyes to get a Gulf outlet. There are those
who believe that it may be the Illinois Central trying
for a port in the southern part of Santa Rosa county, or
in Okaloosa county.
The resort feature seems to be the drawing card for
the railroads which are now known to be reaching out
for the Gulf coast, and along the West Florida coast,
from Pensacola to Cedar Keys, there exists an abund-
ance of points where pleasure-seeking inland residents
could be attracted with little effort.
Then the exporting feature is another attraction that
is not being overlooked.
When the Frisco touched Pensacola and acquired
ownership of terminal properties which had been owned
for years by the now defunct Muscle Shoals, Birming-
ham & Pensacola line, the belief existed that an im-
portant development was taking place, but there were
few who comprehended the extent of this development.
Now it has resulted in an outlay of more than $11,000,000
already, with about half that much planned for new
facilities before the developments are at an end. In fact,
a grain elevator, which will have a capacity of half a
million bushels, is one of the plans, it is asserted, in the
not far distant future, by the Frisco-Rock Island com-
There are ports in Escambia, Santa Rosa, Franklin,
Walton, Bay and other counties in West Florida, with
fine openings for new railroad leads into south Baldwin
county, which are said to hold an appeal to the railroads
now looking toward the coast. Orie of the biggest and
the best markets is the South American countries, where
Pensacola during the first six months of the year sent
more than 20,000,000 superficial feet of timber and lum-
ber, and about 50,000 barrels of rosin and turpentine, and
other products in proportion.
This was handled through Pensacola for the period
named practically over one railroad line. Pensacola ex-
ported a total of 49,000,000 superficial feet of timber
and lumber to all parts of the world during the first half
of this year, and when it is considered that this was
handled by practically a single railroad, there seems to
be no surprise for the other lines reaching out for the
Gulf coast. From Mobile to Apalachicola, in Florida,
there is an abundance of harbors that may be developed.
UNIQUE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
BUILT IN PUTNAM COUNTY
(Times-Union, July 21, 1928)
Palatka, July 21.-Elgin on the St. Johns, the head-
quarters of the Modern Agriculture Company owned by
A. W. J. Watt, of Jacksonville, and Dr. A. Zemliakoff, is
destined to be one of the real show places, as well as
practical schools of agriculture, in the state, according
to the chamber of commerce.
The development of Elgin on the St. Johns, known
locally as the Brown Grove, under the supervision of Dr.
Zemliakoff, is in its infancy, but has progressed to such
an extent as to give a glimpse of the program to be
followed by the company.
At the present time, says the chamber of commerce,
the principal development has been with pigeons and
poultry. The pigeon industry on the place now embraces
approximately 2,500 pairs of birds, divided into several
breeds for meat production and twelve varieties for
fancy birds. The poultry industry comprises sixteen
different breeds of fowl, including ducks, geese, turkey
and guinea. This industry also covers breeds for meat
stock and fancy varieties. For egg production, 1,000
single comb white leghorns now form the basic flock,
supplemented by white Wyandottes and other breeds.
The construction of the plat is a feature of particular
interest. The pigeon and poultry houses, which are 150
feet long, are modern and vermin proof. These houses
are constructed for the greatest comfort and health of
the birds, as well as convenience for cleaning, feeding and
handling of nests and eggs by those in charge. Contin-
uous running water in every pen, the most modern feed-
ing hoppers and receptacles for scratch feed. The out-
side fences of yards and flys, as well as netting around
foundations of buildings, goes several feet underground
as a protection against rats and snakes, while the tops
of fences carry a metal flange as a preventative against
coons or other animals climbing over into the pens.
The policy followed by Dr. Zamliakoff is that the plant
merits the very best in construction and that a low first
cost is not the cheapest in the long run. The result of
this policy is found in the carefully worked out plans and
type of buildings being erected. Dr. Zamliakoff proposes
to conduct an extensive series of agricultural and horti-
cultural experiments at Elgin, which will probably be
begun during the coming fall.
(Times-Union, Aug. 19, 1928)
The Florida Container Corporation, capitalized at
$50,000.00, which will be engaged in the manufacture of
fiber and pasteboard boxes in the building formerly oc-
cupied by the Baker-Holmes Supply Company in Tampa,
will be headed by John T. Ladue, of Homosassa Springs,
who has been elected president and general manager of
the corporation. T. M. Shackleford, of Tampa, will be
secretary, and A. Murray Allen, also of Tampa, will be
vice-president and treasurer. Beginning with an initial
annual output of 2,000,000 boxes, Mr. Ladue believes the
employed personnel, starting with twenty people, will no
doubt prove quite an asset to the business interests of
The Mahan variety of paper-shell pecan, recently de-
veloped at Monticello, is the largest pecan in the world.
They average 32 to the pound.
CITRUS PRODUCTS FACTORY
ESTABLISH IN WAUCHULA
Wells Citrus Products, Inc., Will Bottle Fruit
(Florida Advocate, June 22, 1928)
A citrus fruit juice factory which will have a maximum
capacity of several thousand quarts and from which
about 1,000 quarts of orange and grapefruit juice will
be turned out daily during the rush season, has been
established in Wauchula and is now in operation.
The Wells Citrus Products, Inc., is the name of the
new concern which began operation here about six weeks
ago and since that time has turned out some 3,000 quarts
of orange and grapefruit juice for distribution and ad-
vertising purposes. It is under the supervision and man-
agement of Fred Somerstein, of this city, and Louis
Miller, formerly of Sebring.
The factory is located in the building adjoining the
Wauchula Truck Growers Association packing house on
Oak street. This building is forty by forty feet and en-
largement is being planned to take care of the additional
machinery and equipment which has already been ordered.
Several thousand quarts of both orange and grapefruit
juice have been bottled and these are now being dis-
tributed throughout the north as well as in Florida.
Quantities have been sent north to advertise for the fall
The juice is put up by a secret process, and Mr. Somer-
stein states that nothing but the pure fruit juice, together
with necessary sugar, is bottled. No preservatives and
no coloring matter is used. No flavoring is added and
the juice goes direct to the consumer just as it comes
from the orange. Directions for preparing are printed on
the bottle and all one has to do is use one part of juice
with four parts of water.
There has been quite a bit of additional machinery
and equipment ordered, which will necessitate larger
quarters and plans are being considered to provide these.
During the summer months more experiments will be
carried on and extensive advertising will be done, ac-
cording to Mr. Somerstein. Operation will begin in
earnest in the early fall.
Mr. Somerstein intimated that the firm also plans the
manufacture of fruit juices for medicinal purposes, which
should be gratifying news to those who realize the re-
markable curing qualities of Florida citrus fruit, but who
have been unable to secure it heretofore.
The establishment of this plant in Wauchula means
quite a lot to this town and county. Not only will it en-
able people of the north to enjoy Florida citrus fruit
juice the year round, but it will mean quite a bit of adver-
tising for this section. The juice, which may now be pur-
chased at drug stores locally, appears to be meeting with
public favor and soda fountain clerks tell us the demand
for it is increasing almost daily.
HERMAN PAGE DOING WELL GROWING
(Ocala Banner, June 29, 1928)
The Pageland district seems to be running to seed, or
rather to bulbs. While one farmer there specializes in
dahlias, another, Herman Page, specializes in narcissus.
He has about 4,000 bulbs growing at present, and the
flowers they are producing are beautiful, he tells us. Mr.
Page's project is known as the Dewy Down Nursery.
TO CONTROL NUT GRASS
(Southern Ruralist, Aug. 15, 1928)
Probably no pest has been so troublesome and has
proven so difficult of eradication from the cultivated
fields of the South where it has gotten a start, as has
coco, ordinarily known as nut grass. We are constantly
in receipt of inquiries as to how to control this pest.
The Delta Branch Experiment Station at Stoneville,
Mississippi, under the leadership of W. E. Ayers, has
probably done as much to definitely determine methods
of control and eradication as any other agency in the
country. There are many plantations in the Delta that
for years have been sorely beset with this problem. Nut
grass was on the station grounds at Stoneville when the
station itself was located there. Mr. Ayers has had to
fight the thing in his own crops along with other planters
and at the same time has sought through various types of
tests to find out how to bring it completely under control.
In a personal letter to the writer, Mr. Ayers offers a
number of suggestions that he has found effective. For
instance, he has found it advantageous to cultivate the
land, keeping it perfectly clean until growing crops shade
the ground completely. This, he says, is the principal
answer to the nut grass problem, except in cases of very
small patches. On very small areas, salt at the rate of
twenty-five tons per acre worked into the first three
inches of the soil with hoe or other tool, putting on addi-
tional salt until enough is added to absolutely prevent
growth, will rid the treated plot of it. These salted areas
should be cultivated after rains the same as other crop
areas in order to force the salt into the soil. He has
found that three years of fertilized oats followed by
thick strands of O-too-tan soy beans cultivated thorough-
ly until they were waist high, would so reduce the stand
of nut grass that it was no further a serious problem.
Well fertilized checked cotton is the best tilled crop he
has found to choke nut grass out. In the case of infested
fields, cotton should be cultivated at least once a week,
alternating the directions. He, however, doubts that
checked cotton solution is at all practical where the plants
do not get waist high under proper methods of cultivation
In these recommendations we have the best informa-
tion available at the present time, and it will undoubtedly
be welcomed heartily by those who are troubled with this
pest. We feel a considerable degree of relief ourselves
in being able to pass something on that is at least more
definite than much that we have had to say in the past.
GOVERNMENT TO SELL WASTE FROM
PERFORATION OF STAMPS
(U. S. Daily, Aug. 13, 1928)
Waste paper from the perforation of postage stamps
is offered for sale by the Federal Government, it was
orally announced August 12 by the chairman of the Gen-
eral Supply Committee, Robert LeFevre.
Although the government has been printing stamps
since before the civil war it has never attempted to
utilize the tiny discs cut from between the stamps, and
piling up, in recent years, at the rate of 12,000 pounds a
month, according to the director, A. W. Hall, of the
Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Mr. LeFevre said that bids for the purchase of the
stamp waste will be received until 10 a. m., August 22,
covering the output from September 1 until June 30, of
CALLS FLORIDA IDEAL PLACE TO RAISE
C. of C. Wants U. S. to Establish an Experiment
(Times-Union, Aug. 12, 1928)
To the ordinary Florida resident and sportsman, a
rabbit is just a rabbit, but to the Jacksonville Chamber
of Commerce the bunny tribe has assumed a commercial
importance that has inspired the organization to take
steps to ask the United States Department of Agriculture
to establish an experimental station here to study the
new rabbit industry and to ask the board of county com-
missioners to avail themselves of an invitation to have a
display in the exhibition at the Grand Central Palace in
New York City December 12 to 27 by the National Rab-
bit Association, it was stated yesterday by Charles E.
Muller, industrial secretary.
According to information on file at the office of Mr.
Muller, the rabbit industry is one of America's fastest
growing businesses. The National Rabbit Association has
been formed to develop the demand for rabbit products.
Samples of deliciously cooked rabbit meat in different
styles will be served at the exhibition in New York and
displays of uses of the hides will also be shown.
That Florida is an ideal place to raise rabbits is evinced
in a lengthy treatise on the subject by Wilbur A. Hannah,
Fulford, president of the National Rabbit Federation,
which is also on file at the office of the local civic body.
The Florida climate is ideally suited to the industry, he
states. Mr. Hannah is a former California resident con-
verted to Florida.
He points out that during 1926 the City of Los
Angeles, Cal., alone consumed $1,000,000 worth of rabbit
meat and that the pelts of the animals are used for many
purposes, ranging from felt hats to coats for movie stars.
At present one hundred million rabbit skins are imported
annually to the United States from Australia, England
and Germany and this country raises but two per cent
of the total consumed.
Mr. Muller pointed out that the department of agri-
culture has officially recognized the industry and has
established an experimental station in California. The
establishment of such a station in Duval county would
greatly stimulate the industry here, he believes. There
is considerable money in the rabbit industry, according
to the governmental survey, when it is properly con-
(Tampa Tribune, Aug. 13, 1928)
Each year a wool sale is held at DeFuniak Springs. At
the sale this year, 100,000 pounds were sold. This was
the product of four counties, Washington, Holmes, Wal-
ton and Okaloosa. An increased price was received and
the producers are much encouraged. In plain figures,
the clip brought 431/2 cents per pound, an advance of
more than seven cents over the price obtained, last year.
Florida wool is produced and marketed under the
auspices of the Wool Growers Association, which has
made special effort to interest farmers in this industry.
Improved stock has been brought into the counties named
and pastures have been fenced. The Bonifay Advertiser
thinks the product will be doubled in the next few years.
PESSIMIST NOT DESIRED IN FLORIDA
(South Jacksonville Journal, July 13, 1928)
The pessimist in Florida who finds himself confronted
with reports on the shipment of fruits and vegetables
from the state during the 1927-28 season is being hard
put to find an excuse for his long face, says the Florida
State Chamber of Commerce. Statistics on the season
movement, together with the value of the shipments, in-
dicate that Florida is in an enviable economic position.
Some sections of the country may appear to be better
off, but in almost every instance investigation develops
that it is paper rather than actual prosperity. Florida's
position is on the solid foundation of cash, not paper.
From all parts of the state come reports showing that
millions of dollars have poured into Florida in exchange
for its agricultural products. Seminole county has re-
ceived millions for its celery, citrus fruits and other
vegetables, Hastings has received millions for its pota-
toes, Orange, Polk, Highlands, Lake, Marion-in fact, all
of the Central and South Florida counties, have reaped
a golden harvest from their groves and truck farms.
North and West Florida are in the same position, water-
melons, small fruits, general farm products and livestock
have been revenue producers.
Manatee county's record alone should put the last
pessimist to flight. What its area under cultivation last
season was is not available, but it could have been little
more than 4,000 acres, if that much. The county, how-
ever, shipped 5,732 solid carloads of fruits and vege-
tables, a figure which does not include the thousands of
tons of products which moved by water and by express.
The value of these 5,732 carloads of agricultural
products was $5,435,000. That is something like $281
for every man, woman and child in the county. It means
that Manatee county, economically, is independent. It
means that Manatee county could close every real estate
office, every hotel and every other enterprise not related
to agriculture, and still live well.
If Manatee were alone in this prosperity, there would
be little cause for other than congratulations to Man-
atee. But Manatee is not alone. Its story is the story of
county after county, the story of the state as a whole.
NEW INDUSTRY IN ST. AUGUSTINE IS
(Lake Worth Leader, Aug. 13, 1928)
St. Augustine.-The development of the shrimp pack-
ing and shipping business in St. Augustine is indicated
with the establishment of three new concerns here, and a
payroll in prospect next November of approximately
$30,000 per week.
The companies securing locations here and making
preparations for building and equipping factories are the
American Canning Company of Brunswick and Darien,
Ga.; the Davenport and Smith Company of Fernandina,
and the James A. Smith Company of Fernandina.
Work has already been started by the American Can-
ning Company on the property leased by that concern
from G. W. Corbett. Equipment and machinery for a
canning and bottling works, in addition to the regular
equipment for shipping, will be installed, and the plant
will, according to present plans, be in full operation by
Arrangements have already been made with the Florida
Power and Light Company for power, as well as steam
and soft water, all of which are necessary to the opera-
tion of bottling and canning shrimp.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
NEW INDUSTRY DEVELOPING IN HONEY
World's Production Records Made in This Part
(Punta Gorda Herald, Aug. 10, 1928)
The development of a honey industry here on an ex-
tensive scale is now being undertaken by M. L. Kelso
following a recent trip into the New England states,
where he opened up a new market for his product. He
has established a distributing point in Connecticut to
which he is shipping honey which he either gathers from
his own apiary or purchases from other honey men in
With honey selling at 15 cents and 20 cents a pound in
Florida and bringing 35 and 40 cents wholesale in the
north, Mr. Kelso believes he is safe in expending every
effort and resource in developing his new enterprise. The
cost of shipment to the north is but two and a quarter
cents a pound, leaving a handsome working margin with
which to operate the business.
Kelso finds that Florida honey wins instant favor in
the north, especially orange blossom and cabbage palm
blossom honey, produced by the bees in the spring and
early summer. The lower cost of producing honey in
Florida is due to the tremendous yield by each hive, the
honey gathering season being practically continuous
throughout the entire year. A world's record in produc-
tion is claimed by C. C. Cook, of LaBelle, 40 miles west
of here, whose 900 colonies gave an average of 255
pounds each within a nine-month period ending this
spring. At 20 cents a pound this would be a gross in-
come of $51 from each hive.
Mr. Kelso now has 40 colonies near his home southeast
of the city and he plans to increase this number as
rapidly as possible. A single extraction two months ago
brought 151 gallons, or 1,800 pounds, which will break
Mr. Cook's world record by a good margin if other ex-
tractions are as heavy. However, Kelso anticipates a
production per hive of approximately 225 pounds for the
entire year. At the present season the bees are gather-
ing honey mostly from goldenrod, wild aster, wild sun-
flower, and some palmetto berry.
SHIPPING GRAPES BY THE CARLOAD
(Marianna Floridan, Aug. 10, 1928)
According to the Washington County News, the Semi-
nole Plantations, on the A. & W. F. railroad, a short dis-
tance from Chipley, are getting the shipping of grapes
from this section under way. They have shipped two
carloads to date and are planning to ship about 28 or 30
cars more before the season is past.
Arrangements have been made with the Ice Division
of the Gulf Power Company of Chipley to ice the cars
before and after loading. Cars are to be iced in Chipley
before they are carried down on the A. & W. F. to be
loaded and are to be returned to Chipley as soon as they
are loaded and iced again before being shipped out from
the local L. & N. freight yards.
Dr. John Gorrie, inventor of the process for manufac-
turing ice by artificial methods, and General E. Kirby
Smith, a Confederate officer, are Florida's two represen-
tatives in the Hall of Fame in the Capitol at Washington.
PLANT OPENS IN EAGLE LAKE TO UTILIZE
Will Make "Curled Hair" for Mattresses from
(Polk County Record, Aug. 10, 1928)
A plant for the conversion of the Spanish moss, which
can be found in such abundance hanging from the trees
in this section of the state, into "curled hair" for use in
making mattresses, cushions and other forms of up-
holstered furniture, has been established at Eagle Lake.
It is believed that will afford a market for the vast quan-
tities of moss which have been permitted to go to waste in
For many years past, mills for the conversion of moss
into "curled hair" have been in operation in the northern
counties of Florida and many such mills can be found
along the Gulf coast through Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana and Texas, and it has been a source of wonder
that similar mills have not been established in this section
of the state.
The chamber of commerce is making an investigation
regarding the prices to be paid for the raw moss and in
what quantities it will be received by the mill at Eagle
Lake, with the hope that it can be in position to answer
questions which may be asked by those who believe they
have quantities of moss for sale.
"It may be that we may be able to induce the moss
mill people to cut the moss which now threatens the lives
of so many of our oaks," said Secretary Clements.
SEVENTY FEET HIGH, BAMBOO REACHES
FULL GROWTH IN FEW WEEKS
(Tampa Tribune, July 22, 1928)
Describing the timber bamboo, which the United States
Department of Agriculture recommends for culture in
most of the cotton states of the south, B. T. Calloway
writes in a leaflet just issued as a separate from the
yearbook of agriculture, 1926:
"Eventually, when a grove is fully established, magnifi-
cent stems shoot up to a height of 60 to 70 feet, fur-
nishing poles four to five inches in diameter at the base.
"The plants have the remarkable faculty of reaching
their full size in a short time, usually in two to three
weeks, depending on the age of the parents. The new
shoot suddenly bursts through the ground in the spring
and then grows a foot or more a day. As the cane
shoots skyward the leaves, branches and branchlets un-
fold, producing a most striking and beautiful effect.
There is a majesty and grandeur to these plants that
makes a strong appeal to the imagination."
After attaining full size the plants may require three
to five years to fully harden and ripen. Aside from its
beauty, timber bamboo has commercial value and is con-
venient on the farm for light fences, fence posts, trellises,
water-carrying pipes, baskets, crates, poultry coops and
houses, and light ladders. Commercial uses include fish
rods, and many other purposes. It is reported to thrive
in most localities where deep well-drained soil is available
and where temperatures do not fall below 10 to 15
degrees above zero.
Millions of pencils used in Europe are made of cedar
shipped to Germany from Florida. The center of the
state's cedar industry is Crystal River, in Citrus county.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
MONTICELLO-PERRY CUTOFF OF A. C. L.
TO BE OPEN IN FALL TO THROUGH
New Avenue of Fast Travel to West Coast Area
(Times-Union, July 28, 1928)
Offering a fast through avenue of rail travel from the
northern and western sections of the country into the
western coast area of the Florida peninsular proper, the
Monticello-Perry cutoff of the Atlantic Coast Line rail-
road is to be opened for passenger traffic this fall.
Announcement of the plans to utilize the route, effec-
tive with this fall, was made yesterday by W. D. Stark,
assistant general passenger agent of the line, upon the
receipt of advices to that effect from W. J. Craig, passen-
ger traffic manager, and G. B. Ecker, general passenger
agent, with offices in Wilmington, N. C. Freight traffic
has been moving over the line for the past year and a
Just what effect the change will have upon the move-
ment of through trains to and from Jacksonville has not
been determined, it was said, and that angle of the situa-
tion will be brought out following the regular schedule
meeting of the rail carriers, which probably will be held
in Washington, D. C., some time during August. It has
been indicated previously that the railroad might con-
tinue its present winter service through the Jacksonville
terminal, the cutoff use being in the form of additional
service for through southbound passengers.
Routes Are Optional
Local railroad men point out that the sale of tickets
for the new route leaves it optional with the buyer as to
whether or not the trip might be made through Jackson-
ville or the Dupont, Ga., routes, with it being said that
many of the tourists probably will take advantage of
such a provision to see as much of Florida as possible.
Under the plan the travelers would be able to proceed
southward from their homes direct to Tampa, St. Peters-
burg or Fort Myers via the cutoff route, but in going
northward they will have the choice of returning as they
came or switching onto the Central Florida route offered
by the Coast Line, i.e., through Orlando into Jacksonville.
The opening of the new line will mean much to the
entire West Coast of the state, it has been indicated in
advices from that section, inasmuch as it will bring the
area many hours nearer Kansas City, St. Louis, Chicago,
Detroit, St. Paul, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh and even the
Pacific coast. The saving in time from the Jacksonville
route is figured on a basis of about seven hours, with cost
reduced in most cases, according to the tariff, on the
Lineup Is Explained
The new route, the announcement said, will be by way
of the Atlantic Coast Line from all junction points with
the western connections, Albany, Ga., or Montgomery,
Ala., to Thomasville, Ga., to Monticello in this state and
thence through Perry, Wilcox and Dunnellon where the
double-tracked Waycross to Trilby line will be reached.
Passengers en route to St. Petersburg or other Pinellas
county points will shift onto the Jacksonville-St. Peters-
burg line at Trilby, while the trains bound for Tampa,
Sarasota and Bradenton will utilize the new cutoff from
Vitis via Zephyrhills and an extension of the travel to the
southward will reach Fort Myers via a new cutoff through
Sarasota and Southport.
In making the announcement of the proposed opening
of the new traffic route, the railroad officials say, "com-
plete information as to schedules, train and sleeping car
service will be given later." That was taken to mean in
some circles that the Atlantic Coast Line, already so
large a factor in the transportation facilities of this state,
will have important additional service of the highest class
to announce in connection with the big tourist travel,
which ordinarily begins in October and continues through
until June of the next year. Some of the heaviest and
fastest trains usually go into service about Christmas
time or the first week in January. Others go on the
schedule earlier in the fall months when the traffic war-
rants such schedules.
DR. KELLOGG ON FLORIDA SUNSHINE
(Lynn Haven Free Press, Aug. 11, 1928)
Sometime ago, Dr. W. E. Brown, president of Lynn
Haven Chamber of Commerce, heard that Dr. J. H.
Kellogg, founder and originator of the Grand Rapids,
Michigan, Sanitarium, was seeking a location to establish
a branch institution in Florida, wrote offering Lynn
Haven as a possible site and sending literature descrip-
tive of this section of the Bay Country. The following
letter is self explanatory and sets forth Dr. Kellogg's
views on Florida as a sanitarium state. Especial atten-
tion is called to the postscript which should receive wide
THE BATTLE CREEK SANITARIUM
Battle Creek, Mich., July 30, 1928.
"Mr. W. E. Brown, President,
"Chamber of Commerce,
"Lynn Haven, Fla.
"Thank you very much for your letter of July 25 and
for the information it contains.
"As we wish to get started next fall, it is essential
that we have not only a suitable site, but also a build-
ing ready for occupancy and capable of accommodating
150 or 200 patients. Several such propositions have been
offered us on very generous terms and any one of which
would seem suited to our requirements. We are con-
sidering all definite propositions made us that seem at all
suited to our work and hope to arrive at a decision some-
time during the next few weeks.
"We have no doubt that your locality would afford
a number of beautiful sites for the sanitarium, but, as
stated, must have buildings already for occupancy as
well as a suitable site.
"Again thanking you, I am,
"John Harvey Kellogg."
"P. S.-I am delighted with Florida and convinced
that the state has a great future. Sunshine is its great-
est asset. The people of the Middle West and Atlantic
States are all suffering from lack of sunshine. Florida
is going to be the great sanitarium state to which crowds
will be flocking to be cured by the healing ultra-violet
rays of the Florida sunshine. Wherever we are in Flor-
ida, we shall try to make our work a source of benefit to
the whole state."
Growers of the state are warned against the rust mite
hazard. Due to the anticipated heavy citrus crop next
season, state experts advise the use of spray guns with
lime-sulphur (one part) and fifty parts of water.
J. PERCY BALL, CHICAGO INVESTOR,
VISITS SARASOTA AFTER ABSENCE
THREE YEARS AND GIVES US IDEAS
Is Gratified Over Development of Our Back
Country and Predicts Steady Growth-
Suggests Various Ideas We Need
(This Week in Sarasota, June 28, 1928)
J. Percy Ball of 9914 Charles street, Chicago, Sarasota
county investor, who has extensive holdings in the Bee
Ridge district, made his first visit to Sarasota this week
in three years and was emphatically impressed with his
observations. In fact our development along agricul-
tural lines proved astonishing. He said, in voicing his
"Sarasota looks better than ever, especially so after
days of wet and chilly weather in the north. Sarasota
to my mind is the most beautiful city in Florida and I
have seen them all. Our back country is now being de-
veloped rapidly. Sarasota will make a natural healthy
and steady growth.
"I am surprised that poultry is not raised on a more
extensive scale. This industry has tremendous possibili-
ties here. I hope to see the time when it will out-rival
California, home of the one and two acre poultry ranches.
There are thousands of these little farms scattered over
the southern part of California.
"There are one or two other things that I would like
to touch upon. The first is cooperation. I mean by that,
"pull together." Florida should have special round-trip
rates from all points north just the same as the Pacific
Coast at the present time. This is only given to parties
of five or more and at only certain seasons. If we want
to get people into the state we should cooperate in get-
ting rates for one person to make the trip and not in
groups of five or more.
"I also believe that the alligator as a symbol or in-
signia for the State of Florida should be relegated to the
rear for all time.
"The name of alligator attached to athletic teams and
trade marks, brands, post cards, etc., should be forgotten
and supplanted by a more modern cognomen. Alligator
suggests swamps and low marshy lands. Swamps suggest
mosquitoes, mosquitoes suggest malaria and there you
have it all.
"I would like to see the various chambers of commerce
or the state chamber of commerce obtain an appropria-
tion or through popular subscriptions sufficient funds
to maintain booths at many of the principal live stock
shows, poultry shows, fairs, etc., in the north, where
urbanite and farmer gather in great numbers to study
and admire the many wonders of the soil.
"There are thousands today, right now, that are craving
the opportunities you have here for them. These people
are your logical prospects. Why not use the modern and
sensible means to interest them? Tell them by word of
mouth first hand information about this most wonderful
State of Florida. Send qualified men and women north
to spread the propaganda of truth that will double and
treble your population.
"There is still another thought in connection with
cooperation. 'How pleasant it is to dwell in perfect har-
mony.' This phrase is familiar to many.
"When the so-called northerner comes to live in your
community let the spirit of good fellowship prevail. Let's
forget there ever was any Mason and Dixon line and treat
him as a brother. You, of the south, should welcome him.
It means new capital, new blood, new enthusiasm, and in
due course of time becomes a part of your life. His
success is your success in the making of the community.
"The northerner in turn should be especially thankful
that he is privileged to live in this great and glorious
state, away from the inclemency of the northern winters,
cold long springs, influenza and pneumonia."
A FINE INDUSTRY FOR FLORIDA
(St. Petersburg Independent, Aug. 8, 1928)
Now and then the manufacture of furniture has been
urged as a more desirable industry for Florida, and at-
tention has been called to the fact that the state has con-
siderable lumber resources suitable for the making of all
sorts of furniture, but for some reason the industry does
not seem to interest enterprise and capital. A new angle
to the proposition was given recently by W. J. Camp-
bell, an East Coast lumberman and industrialist, before
the Rotary Club of Homestead. Mr. Campbell has just
returned from a trip through the West Indies where he
inspected timber supplies suitable for the manufacture
of high-grade furniture. He showed the Rotarians speci-
mens of mahogany from Jamaica and of other fine wood
from other islands and declared that Florida "holds the
logical position geographically for the growth of a high-
grade furniture industry."
There can be no question that Mr. Campbell has taken
a valuable lead in behalf of a prospective furniture man-
ufacturing industry for Florida. With its own supply
of raw materials and with that easily obtainable from
the West Indies and South America it would seem that a
number of large furniture factories could be profitably
operated. Florida is in a position to select its industries
and those particularly suitable and desirable should be
selected. Few could be more desirable for Florida than
the furniture industry; for a number of reasons it is
peculiarly suitable. It is a clean, healthful work, every
branch of it, and as the plants would be electrically
operated, presumably, there would be no smoke or soot
nuisance, no dirt and no refuse squalor. Any number
of choice sites for factories are available, and there is
plenty of labor, freedom from labor troubles, and a good
working climate the year around.
The home market would absorb a large quantity of
the furniture manufactured. Residents of the state
would be glad to have an opportunity to purchase furni-
ture without having to bear the added cost necessary to
cover high freight charges. If only highgrade furniture
were manufactured here and sold at a fair price there
would be still further cause for appreciation on the part
of customers because immense stocks of low-grade furni-
ture have been shipped here from certain furniture man-
ufacturing centers where factories are operated on a
quantity instead of a quality basis.
To repeat, Mr. Campbell's idea is a good one, and it
should encourage anyone on the lookout for an industrial
opportunity to give the furniture factory proposition
thorough consideration. There is room right now for
several well-equipped furniture plants of average
A lemon grown near Kissimmee measuring 19 inches
the short way and 22 inches the long way and weighing
three and one-half pounds was sent to El Reno, Okla-
homa, to show what kind of lemons can be grown in
Osceola county. A small California lemon was sent in
the box to show the contrast.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
BEE KEEPING HAS PROVEN PROFITABLE
Six Hundred Colonies at Pompano Produce 200
Barrels of Honey in Season
(Miami Herald, Aug. 12, 1928)
Vero Beach, Fla., Aug. 11.-Honey harvested from
600 colonies of bees maintained in Indian River county
by G. D. Wyse, Pompano, is expected to yield more than
200 barrels, or approximately 80,000 pounds, this season.
The industry was started by Mr. Wyse about 10 years
ago with a few hives on a tract of land east of the city.
There are now eight yards established in Indian River
county served by more than twelve million bees. There
are two large yards on the peninsula across the river
from Vero Beach, and one each at Sebastian, Wabasso,
Winter Beach, Gifford, Vero Beach and Oslo.
The extracting and shipping depot is located at Gifford,
where modern machinery is utilized in extracting the
honey and transferring it to barrels. The honey is
gathered from the hives three times each season, the last
collection being made in September.
There are different grades of honey according to the
source of the nectar. The honey gathered from man-
grove blossoms is the sweetest and lightest in color and
commands the highest price in the market. Other sources
are saw palmetto blooms, orange blossoms and cabbage
The industry in this county is under the supervision
of A. W. Hogan and John Page, who give their entire
time to the care of the bees. The colonies are visited
each week and the surroundings kept clean and free from
pests that might annoy the bees. The most serious enemy
of the bees is the big red ant, that sometimes infests the
hives and kills the bees.
So far this season there have been gathered and
shipped 135 barrels of honey and the next gathering is
expected to be heavy. One hive on the peninsula has
yielded a barrel of honey so far this season, which is re-
garded as a record yield in this part of the state.
(Apopka Chief, Aug. 9, 1928)
Florida sunshine has brought comment from the Amer-
ican Meteorological Society, which said in its latest re-
port: "Florida has the sunniest winter climate in the
eastern United States. The Florida peninsula not only
has the highest percentage of possible sunshine-over 60
per cent in winter and 70 per cent in spring-but also,
because of its latitude, the most intense sunlight of any
lowland east of Texas. In December the intensity of
sunshine in Florida exceeds that in the north by over 50
per cent. For this reason, if for no other, Florida could
claim its place as a fine health resort."
That is not news concerning Florida sunshine or Flor-
ida's winter climate. It is pleasing, however, to have
such a statement relative to them from so reputable and
well considered authority as the American Meteorological
When there is added to this statement as to Florida's
winter climate, that which many of us know to be a fact,
and which is becoming of somewhat general knowledge
because it is established by government records-that
Florida, United States weather bureau figures for Tampa
being used as a basis for the declaration, is more com-
fortable in summer than almost any other portion of the
United States, it will begin to dawn upon those not now
cognizant of it what a really wonderful thing Florida
climate is; the particular reference being to year-round
climate in Florida.
It is all the year climate that people take into con-
sideration when they are deciding where to make their
CAPITAL FOR LOCAL CANNING FACTORY
Establishment Seems to Be Almost Certain-
Would Utilize Truck Surplus, Wild
Berries, Figs, Etc.
(Gadsden County Times, Aug. 9, 1928)
The establishment in Quincy of a canning factory
seems almost a certainty, according to information given
out by promoters of the industry. It is stated that suf-
ficient capital has already been guaranteed by stock-
holders to make the project a success. In speaking of the
possibilities lying dormant in Gadsden county for want
of a factory here one of the leading promoters of the
industry had this to say:
"I realize that a factory making a specialty of canning
any one particular vegetable or fruit would be a failure
in any section of the state, but when it is realized that
there is not a month in the entire year in Florida that
fails to produce fruit or vegetables of some kind, it is
readily seen that a canning factory in Quincy can be kept
busy the year round. It is not only our intention to can
fruit and vegetables, but to manufacture marmalades,
jellies, preserves, cordials, pickles of all kinds, and to
put them up in such a way that a demand will be created
for them because of their excellence."
In speaking of the wild blackberry in Gadsden county,
J. I. Reynolds, promoter of the industry, says: "Think
of the thousands of bushels of blackberries growing wild
in Gadsden county that could be converted into commer-
cial value. Thousands of bushels of figs go to waste
every year for want of proper methods of preserving
them, and if the fig could be commercialized and made
profitable to the producer thousands of fig trees would
soon be planted in the country. Soon there will be thou-
sands of bushels of peaches raised in the county and the
surplus crop not shipped to other markets will be taken
care of by the canning factory at remunerative prices to
It is the purpose of the canning company to contract
with truck and fruit growers for all the surplus products
of the garden and orchard, which they must do in order
to keep the factory busy every month in the year.
A plan by which to encourage the raising of pure-
bred hogs is being worked out in Suwannee county. The
plan is to allow any business man to furnish some farmer
boy with a registered pig; the boy takes care of it, feeds
it and when the offspring arrives and reaches the age of
three months, the business man goes to the farm and
selects two pigs from the litter as his part of the con-
tract. In the meantime the boy is coached by the County
Agricultural Agent and receives expert advise on how
to obtain the best results. The business man has doubled
his investment and the boy has a registered sow and a
fine litter of pure-bred pigs.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
THE BACK COUNTRY
Farm Project of Dade County Agricultural High
School at Lemon City Promises to Become
An Outstanding Demonstration of South
Florida's Agricultural Possibilities
(By C. Clinton Page, Staff Writer for the Miami Herald)
Farming operations of more than ordinary interest and
importance to the people of Dade county are now em-
braced in the agricultural project of the Dade County
Agricultural High School at Lemon City, and perhaps
better known as the school farm. This project involves
an area of 80 acres located three and one-half miles north-
west of the school. About half of the tract is Everglades
muck soil and the other half high pine or sandy loam.
The tract was donated to the school for agricultural pur-
poses by the Florida East Coast Railway Company in
1917 with the specific understanding that it be used in
the vocational training of students of the Dade County
Agricultural High School taking courses in agriculture.
Due to the lack of school funds for its improvement,
actual development of the tract did not get under way
until the season of 1923-24, when a dormitory and class
room, a residence for the superintendent, a dairy, poultry
and sub-tropical nursery were built and a small area of
the 40-acre muck tract was put under cultivation. Culti-
vation and planting ever since that time have been more
or less hampered by seasonal conditions and lack of water
control. Particularly have the past two seasons, with
their unusual cold and drought conditions, been unfavor-
able to maximum progress in getting the tract into sub-
stantial production and a demonstration meeting the
vision, desire and ambition of Prof. J. N. McArthur, the
enthusiastic superintendent and farm instructor in charge
of the project.
In spite of these at times discouraging pioneering
features, which as a matter of fact attended every simi-
lar undertaking, the muck land part of the tract has been
brought under cultivation, and during the past season a
program of vocational work has been carried on with a
remarkable degree of success. So much so that Prof.
McArthur begins to anticipate with renewed enthusiasm
a fruition of his earlier dreams in the final development
of the project into a demonstration farm which will be
not only the pride of the people of the county but a com-
munity asset in the matter of practical training of stu-
dents and a substantial demonstration of the potential
agriculture of this section of the state.
Prof. McArthur came here from Mississippi in 1922
and was employed as principal of the Dade County Agri-
cultural High School for the term of 1922-23. The fol-
lowing year he moved his residence from Lemon City,
adjacent to the school, to the farm, and has since had
entire charge of the project. Though considerable pro-
gress was made in building, clearing and cultivation dur-
ing 1925 and the early part of 1926, the hurricane and
the past two exceptionally cold and dry years have re-
tarded anticipated improvements and development. Not-
withstanding these unfavorable conditions, however, sub-
stantial progress has been made in the major features of
dairying and poultry raising, and in spite of most un-
favorable seasonal conditions the past year, the farm
division has shown a profit in the production of potatoes,
beans and some other vegetables. In fact, Superinten-
dent McArthur says the project shows a gross income
from student labor, dairying and farm products for the
past nine months of slightly over $7,000.
During the term 25 students lived at the dormitory on
the project. All except two of these paid all their living
and school expenses with labor on the school farm, in
caring for the dairy, poultry, farm work and the propa-
gation of tropical shrubs and flowers in the. slat houses.
The vocational work is divided into four divisions-
dairying, farming, poultry raising and tropical plant
propagation, with dairying and farming as major feat-
ures. These 25 students on the farm received academic
instruction at the school at Lemon City, to and from
which they were transported by the farm bus. Instruc-
tion in vocational agriculture was received at the regular
class room on the first floor of the dormitory.
The dairy embraces 15 high-grade Jersey and two Hol-
stein cows, 15 of which are now being milked; a modern
Lowden-equipped milking barn with capacity for 12 cows,
and a modern cooling and bottling plant for handling the
milk. The milk is all bottled at the plant and sold to
consumers by the quart. Four of the cows are registered
and it is the plan to eventually have none except pure-
bred registered animals on the place. The cows are now
owned by the school, whereas formerly each dairy project
student owned his own cow or cows and brought them to
the farm. Eight students have had dairy project work
the past year. The student defrays all his expenses for
the work he does on the farm, the students taking entire
care of the dairy work on the project, including feeding,
milking, bottling the product, delivery and collecting for
the milk. The dairy feature of the project has done
especially well and shows a good profit.
In the farming operations the past season potatoes and
beans were the major commercial crops raised. Nine
boys participated in this work, and despite excessive
frosts they were able to show a profit after the sale of
the potato and bean crops. A mixed crop, including
some 60 different vegetables, was raised for consumption
by the superintendent and family and for the dormitory
students. Much of this was exchanged at grocery stores
for other food stuffs needed. The paramount idea of the
mixed farming, however, was mainly for experimental
and demonstration purposes, as practical indication to the
county of what may be most profitably raised on the type
of soil used.
Additional importance attaches to the farm division
work the past season in the variety and quality of dairy
forage crops raised. In recognition of the great import-
ance of forage in cutting production costs of the dairy-
men of South Florida, Professor McArthur planted 30 odd
plots of ground 70 feet square to such sorghums and
grasses as he deemed practicable and profitable for dairy
feed. Included in these forage crops are Pearl millet,
kaffir corn, Milo maize, seeded ribbon cane, Feterita, a
number of varieties of peas, sunflowers, peanuts, velvet
beans, Mung beans, Soudan grass and some others. Most
of these crops have made a splendid growth and show up
well at this time. The tonnage is especially noticeable.
Mr. McArthur is greatly pleased with the showing and
believes that the result is conclusive as pointing the way
for dairymen to materially reduce milk production costs
by raising these forage crops.
In the poultry division Tancred baby chicks were
bought a year ago in April and a laying flock of 100 hens
raised on the farm. Professor McArthur says these hens
have maintained a 70 per cent egg production since last
November and that the eggs have sold at an average of
60 cents per dozen. Mr. McArthur is now planning,
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
with anticipated aid and cooperation of the agricultural
committee of the Miami Chamber of Commerce, to ex-
pand and improve the poultry plant to provide for the
inauguration of a state egg-laying contest, both as a
vocational project feature and to encourage general ex-
pansion and development of the poultry industry in
Florida. Mr. McArthur's present plans in this direction
are for the erection of a 100-pen plant for the accom-
modation of the 10-hen laying flocks of breeders who
may care to enter. The contest is to be handled by the
vocational students under proper supervision and in ac-
cordance with the rules and regulations of state and
national egg-laying competitions. He hopes to get the
plant in readiness to open this egg contest on November
1, of the present year.
The plant propagation division of the school farm em-
braces the growing of various tropical trees, shrubs and
vines, including various palms, the Royal Poincianna, the
crotons and many flowering shrubs. This is not to be a
commercial enterprise, but is maintained first to teach
the horticultural student how to propagate and fertilize
these various plants. Second, it is the idea of the super-
intendent to use the plants and trees raised for the land-
scaping and general beautification of the farm school
grounds. All plants in excess of those used for this pur-
pose will be donated for the beautification of any other
school grounds or public parks in the county where they
may be needed. The equipment includes a slat house
40 by 70 feet. All the work is being done by the students
who have propagated more than 10,000 plants during the
past year in the slat house. The propagation of fruits
may be taken up later and a substantial mixed grove of
citrus and avocadoes set on the higher land of the farm.
It is Professor McArthur's idea and plan to make of
this farm school within the next two or three years a com-
plete industrial school with agriculture as the major
feature. He points out that it should be not only a com-
plete and practical demonstration of agriculture, dairy-
ing, horticulture and poultry industries of this part of
the state, but as such it should be an available com-
munity asset, where prospective farmers and others may
secure information on all cultural methods pertaining
to the things raised. He emphasizes that the studies
and vocational work of the students involved in the de-
velopment of such a plant should efficiently equip them
for a useful life work in these various lines of vocational
Professor McArthur says he is especially proud of the
type of students engaged in the vocational work of the
Dade County Agricultural High School, and emphasizes
the fact that various of the number have been leaders
in the student activities of the school and other social
FLORIDA EXPORTS SURPRISING
(St. Petersburg Independent, July 23, 1928)
How extensive are the exports from Florida even most
residents of this state do not fully realize. Actually
many products of this state are shipped across the seas.
Exports of merchandise from Florida during 1927 were
valued at $27,995,559, compared with $25,491,301 dur-
ing 1926-an increase of $2,504,258, according to
figures made public by the department of commerce at
Rosin, valued at $7,899,418, ranked first in order of
value among the commodities sent from the state to
foreign markets during the year. Exports of southern
pine lumber were valued at $5,426,402, followed in order
by phosphate rock, $4,612,650; turpentine, $2,470,151;
grapefruit, $1,082,061; sawed timber, $705,572; ma-
chinery and vehicles, $630,907, and metals and manu-
factures of metal, $451,101.
Hogs, fish products, animals and animal products,
vegetables and preparations, oranges and other fresh
fruits, rubber and manufactures of rubber, leaf tobacco,
textiles, wood manufactures, refined petroleum products
and other non-metallic mineral products, were included
among the diversified commodities exported from Florida
One item on the list promises to grow in the next few
years. Grapefruit is in increasing demand in Great
Britain, and while the total shipments last year were not
large, the prospects are for much greater cargoes in the
coming season. Grapefruit prices were low for a time
on account of demand being light with heavy production,
but the foreign demand promises to take care of any
supply left from this country's trade. Which means better
prices to the growers and better things for Florida gen-
BUILDING MATERIAL IN FLORIDA
(Times-Union, Aug. 11, 1928)
Announcement by the President of the Flagler Clay
Holding Company, made in Daytona Beach, regarding
the proposed development of a considerable acreage near
Ormond, with the making of clay brick as an important
feature, has caused remark suggesting the excellence of
the opportunity to furnish building materials where
greatly in demand. No state in the Union has shown
greater inclination to expand and develop than Florida,
and the call for various things needed in new construc-
tion has sometimes practically blocked the roads and
caused delays that were inevitable.
Florida's growth is now steady and showing splendid
increase, and the suggestion that a new supply of brick
and tile may be made available at the proposed plant of
the Holding company is good news to builders. Natur-
ally there are sources of supply well known and popular,
and yet the development of Florida industries, with the
use of native materials at hand, means greater progress
and prosperity for the state.
Statement was made in connection with the announce-
ment that the tract of land upon which it is proposed to
establish brick-making machinery is underlaid or surfaced
by a high-class brick clay, such as has been found in a
few localities in the state and which has been fully tested
and its value demonstrated. Brick and tile for construc-
tion and irrigation purposes will be manufactured.
The idea of the company, according to H. E. Black, the
president, is to set apart a large portion of the land for
settlement and residence by those who will be employed
and interested at the brick-making plant. As these new-
comers will no doubt wish to have some land for cultiva-
tion, it is expected that the owners will arrange to have
considerable acreage available for this purpose. The
tract consists of 3,200 acres and is excellent and easily
reached by rail and road.
Mr. Black has said that the brick-clay having been care-
fully and fully tested, voluntary orders have already been
received for over a million and a quarter of brick, before
a move has been made towards the erection of the plant.
When it is mentioned that 375,000,000 brick were brought
into Florida from an adjoining state in a single year, it
can be seen that the company proposing to use the clay
on their property in making fine brick is not taking any
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
MANY TOURIST FARMERS RAISE CROPS IN
FLORIDA IN WINTER AND IN THE
NORTH IN SUMMER
(St. Cloud Tribune, July 26, 1928)
Ft. Pierce, Fla.-The tourist farmer is the very latest.
In the winter he raises winter vegetables in Florida. In
summer he farms in North Dakota, Minnesota, Oklahoma,
Iowa or even Canada. He doubles the period of his
activity and profits, and avoids cold weather and idleness.
When Henry Ford called attention to the long en-
forced unproductive period of the farmer in contrast
with other industries which produce throughout the year,
he overlooked the tourist farmer.
About the first snow fall the tourist farmer drives
down to his Florida farm, or land which he has leased for
truck farming. Other traveling workers also throng to
Florida,-tourist barbers, dentists, auto mechanics,
preachers, waitresses, cooks, laundrymen, carpenters,
hotel men, and so on. But the tourist farmer is the only
one who follows crops like the old time cattle man fol-
Here and there along the East Coast and in the Ever-
glades, in the Lake Okeechobee district, you will find the
tourist farmer. There are not a great many of them yet,
but his number is growing. Often his Florida farm is
a step in becoming a permanent resident of the Land of
One of the largest tourist farmers hereabouts is widely
known in Oklahoma. During the boom he bought a big
tract of pine land near Ft. Pierce. He cleared it and
planted a diversified crop which was the amazement of
the natives who were largely one-crop farmers. He
planted a big area to early Irish potatoes and was set
for a bonanza. High prices for potatoes loomed ahead.
One day the weather bureau sent out notice of a coming
"Ah," said the old-timer, "here is where this Smart
Alec from the north gets caught."
But the Oklahoman had sunk some deep artesian wells
with a big flow of hot water. When the frost came he
flooded the ditches and furrows around his potato field
from his warm artesian springs and came through with
With the development of fast carlot shipments to the
north in winter, big centers like New York, Philadelphia,
Boston and Baltimore began to look to Florida for fresh
winter vegetables, which were supplied by green-houses
or distant tropical countries. The garden truck business
Northern farmers, now visiting in Florida, found this
out. They also discovered that field labor was cheap.
They found that, generally speaking, the earliest crops
bring highest prices, like the earliest tomatoes, for ex-
ample. They found a man could leave his farm in-the
north along about the first of November, prepare his seed
beds, and be shipping vegetables north in midwinter.
Florists also saw the chance. Today the East Coast in
winter ships large lots of fresh cut flowers, like gladiolas,
to northern cities.
Tourist farmers in Florida nowadays, in winter, ship
cabbages, lettuce, tomatoes, cauliflower, beans, beets,
turnips, carrots, cucumbers, egg plant, and other vege-
tables. Some of the early winter crops are planted in
fall. Some varieties of cabbage, for example, are usually
planted in October and are ready to ship in January,
whereas others are planted in December and January and
are ready to ship in the spring.
STATE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE SHOWS
MONEY IN AGRICULTURE
Cash from Farm Products Is Object of Envy By
(Times-Union, July 29, 1928)
"If one-fourth of the states in the Union occupied the
economic position held by Florida today the country
would be riding the top of a wave of prosperity that
would be the envy of the world," says the Florida State
Chamber of Commerce.
"Agriculture is the basis of all prosperity and Florida
is one of the very few localities in the country deriving
millions of dollars of revenue from agricultural products
every month in the year. Many Floridians, especially
new-comers, labor under the impression that with the
movement of the winter vegetable and citrus crops and
the conclusion of the winter tourist season business is
at a standstill until shipments begin the following fall.
They are aware that mines, forests, fisheries and facto-
ries are producing the year around, but it is the general
belief that so far as the farmer is concerned, he is on
his uppers through the summer.
"Florida ships enormous quantities of agricultural
products every thirty days. While the South Florida
citrus and truck grower is enjoying a breathing spell
Central Florida is moving watermelons, grapes and other
commodities. The Leesburg district alone has shipped
more than $1,000,000 worth of melons this summer.
With the clearing of products from Central Florida,
North and West Florida get into action.
"Right now North Florida farmers are selling tobacco.
Jefferson county produces huge quantities of water-
melons, but few are shipped. There the melons are be-
ing crushed in order that the seed may be recovered and
Jefferson, producer of approximately 80 per cent of the
world's supply of melon seed, will be shipping them in
large quantities throughout the fall and winter. It might
be added that Jefferson is the only county in the world
which can fill orders for beggarweed seed in carload lots
and that cash will pour into that section later on for this
"The North and West Florida farmers are getting
ready to market their cotton. They have already shipped
thousands of carloads of watermelons; peaches are mov-
ing in considerable quantities; grapes in carload lots will
soon be on the way and the movement of 'rabbit eye'
blueberries from DeFuniak Springs, Crestview and Milli-
gan, now under way, would be a revelation to the South
Florida shipper if he could but witness them. All through
the summer and fall North and West Florida will be
shipping their produce, while the money paid for 'it will
be pouring into the region. Long after South Florida
begins to move next season's citrus crop, North and West
Florida will be shipping pecans, other agricultural pro-
ducts and live hogs. Satsuma oranges will go out in
carload lots during the fall and the West Florida wool
crop is yet to come. And in the last year or two the
West Floridian has stolen a leaf from the book of the
North Louisianian to make use of those areas of the terri-
tory which, because of their character, are useless so
long as better land is available. They are stocking them
with goats preparatory to the production of mutton.
"No Floridian who really knows Florida is worrying
about the present or the future of the state."