Relationship of clearing house...

Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00053
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00053
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    Relationship of clearing house and state marketing bureau
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Full Text

jloriba Rebitt


AUGUST 6, 1928

No. 5


Relationship of I ..... ii..,.- and State Marketing Bureau .....
Cooperative vs. **.. ****- ir, Corporations .......... ..............
A Big Develolpment for Jackson County ... .... .... .. ..
Importing Pure-Bred Sires Into Tick-Free Northern Florida....
Eleven Pure-Bred Cattle Arrive .............
Stock Raising and Farming Found Profitable Here ....
Parker Sells First Lot Feeder Hogs .......... ....
To Release Quarantion A 1,.anr 1 ........ ............... ..... ...
Good Dairy Cows D.. I .I .i ''.. of State's Big Needs .... .
W. R. Kenan, .r., Gives Braswell Pure Bred Bull for Community
B eef Cattle Shipped ...... .. .... .. ............. .
Status of Tick Eradication in the State of Florida ...................
Florida Beef Cattle Industry ... .. .......... ........... ...... ...
Sugar Beets Used W ith Good Result ... ...... ........... ....
V olusia to Ship 7,000 Cattle ... .......... ............. ..... .... ......
Clay County Grows Better Corn Than Average Florida Farms
Pigs Decreasing in Number, State Survey Reveals .................
Chickens W orth More Than Cotton ................. ..................
First Cargo of Live Fish Will Arrive Today ................. ..
Poultry and Egg Business Increasing ......................... ...
Molino Canning Factory Busy ... ... .. .. ...... ....
Railroad Aiding in Development of Franklin County...... ........
Bean Shipm ents Continue Brisk .............................. .........

Carload Blueberries Shipped to Chicago ............. ................. 10
Largest Fish Hatchery in America at Winter Haven ................. 10
Frisco Extension Advances Development of West Coast .............. 10
Ten Solid Trains Shelled Peanuts .... ........................... ............... 11
Florida Fig Trees Show Promise of a Great Future .. ............... 11
Buyer Says Crops Are in Good Shape .... ................... 11
Florida To Be Shown in Motion Pictures ................ .............. 12
Florida Can Learn Deer Lore from Pennsylvania .................... 12
Florida Honey Is Finest Produced in Country. ....................... 12
Florida's Crop Value Put at 100 Millions.. .. ...................... 13
Color and Good Burn Feature New Wrapper Crop ............... 13
New Toy Plant Opens Tonight........... ... ....................................... 13
F e rn s ... ....... ......................... .... ...... 1 3
The Good Old Pine ............................................... ...... 14
Soil Analysis Not Sufficient to Show Fertilizers Needed ............. 14
Possibility New Industry Realized in Installation New Machinery 14
Publicity W ill Tell Story of Florida.. .... ................... ............... 15
I..I i r. .. I lorida P products ......... ................ ................ 15
i,; I I'. I.i,- Are Going Out in Big Car Consignments ............. 15
Bulb H arrest of 110,000,000 ........... ......................................... 15
Florida Summer Does Not Keep Hens from Laying ........... .... 16
State Market Bureau Chief Tells of Value to Farmers ............. 16
One M ile Railroad to Each 166 People .................... ...... ....... 16

Relationship of Clearing House and State Marketing Bureau

By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture

SGREAT MANY people have asked the
question, "What are to be the functions
of the proposed clearing house and what
are the functions of the State Marketing
Bureau? Why cannot either the one or the other
perform the functions of both?"
This question comes of a confusion of the
legitimate functions of a State office established
to aid marketing and an organization of growers
set up to mobilize the producers under written
contracts to market cooperatively.
The first Bureau of Markets ever set up was
that of the Federal Government at Washington,
D. C., 1912. That same year the Agricultural
and Mechanical College of Mississippi created
the Chair of Markets and Rural Economics, the
first to be so named in any institution of learn-
ing. Since then some forty states have, by legis-
lative enactment, set up Marketing Bureaus.
Not one of these has ever been given the au-
thority to tie up with it the growers or shippers
of farm products in legal contracts to ship or
sell through it. This would be an unwarranted
extension of governmental authority, yet with-
out such binding contracts between growers and

their selling organization it is impossible to have
an organization capable of handling a large
crop efficiently and effectively.
Nothing has been more thoroughly demon-
strated than that (1) a cooperative marketing
organization must be a legal entity, therefore
must be incorporated; (2) that it must have
binding contracts with the growers giving it ex-
clusive control of the selling of the crops to be
marketed; (3) that the percentage of the crop
to be handled must be large to be effective. No
arm of the government is authorized to meet
the second requirement, which is absolutely es-
When the Sherman Anti-Trust Law was
passed by Congress such an organization as is
contemplated by the Clearing House would have
been illegal. There are hundreds of cooperative
associations which were affected by the law.
Finally Congress passed a law exempting co-
operative organizations of growers. A coopera-
tive association is defined as one conducted
without profit as an organization; all profits are
distributed to the members, who must be the
growers, who sold the crops through the organi-
zation. It cannot be a combination of traders
or commission men. When incorporated with a

Vol. 3


capital stock the owners of shares must be lim-
ited in the amount of dividends to a current rate
of interest.
The state law governing cooperative associa-
tions also defines cooperative associations as
above mentioned and exempts such organiza-
tions from state anti-trust laws.
The functions of the State Marketing Bureau
are quite different. It in no wise discriminates
in its service between cooperative and non-
cooperative associations; it makes no discrim-
ination between individuals and corporations;
it makes no discrimination as to crops or other
farm products.
It gives information as to:
1. Distribution.
2. Marketing methods.
3. Reliability of consignees.
4. Condition of markets.
5. Grading and packing.
It uses telephone, telegraph, radio, letters,
bulletins, the daily press, personal interviews
and public addresses.
Reports come to the office of the Marketing
Bureau daily over leased wire from the larger
market centers on all leading farm commodities.
This information is distributed throughout the
state by mail, telephone, telegraph and radio.
There are six market news stations operated in
the state during the shipping seasons. It en-
deavors to keep the growers and shippers in-
formed daily as to prices, movements, weather
conditions, cold storage and warehouse hold-
ings, market demands, supply on hand, compe-
tition areas, etc.
Florida produce had no established grades
when the Marketing Bureau was created. The
Bureau has secured the adoption of the Federal
Standard Grades on Florida products and a
State law legalizing said grades.
Inspection is the only means of securing the
adoption of uniform grades. Inspection has
been carried on at shipping points in coopera-
tion with the Bureau of Agricultural Economics
at Washington for several years. More than
10,000 cars have been inspected in a single
season. These inspection certificates are prima
facie evidence in both State and Federal courts
and are a protection to growers, shippers and
A "For Sale, Want and Exchange Bulletin"
is issued by the Bureau, which goes to 17,000
farmers. It has been the means of exchanging
commodities to the value of millions of dollars.
A record of markets has been kept in the of-
fice of the Bureau and just published in graphic
chart form that has received unstinted commen-
dation from growers, shippers and sales agen-

cies. There is no other work like it extant.
The functions of a Marketing Bureau and of
a Producers' Exchange are different. They can-
not be made the same. Neither can one expand
to include all the activities of the other. No one
wants the State to take over the function of
handling direct all the farm products marketed,
much less to compel, under binding contracts,
the farmers to sign up their crops for years to
come to a governmental official.
It is proposed that the Clearing House now
being organized:
1. Furnish all the citrus growers of the state
the opportunity to sell their crops cooperatively
under one set of rules and regulations.
2. Tie these growers and shippers together
in legal agreements that insure unity of action.
These contracts consist of:
(a) Grower's contract with Clearing House
(b) Shipper's contract with Clearing House
3. This Association is a corporation organ-
ized to conduct business without profit so far as
the corporation itself is concerned. It merely
furnishes a selling agency at cost of operation.
This exempts it from the Federal Anti-Trust
Law as per Statutes at Large:
Volume 38, Page 731, Section 6.
Volume 42, Pages 388-389.
Volume 44, Page 803, Section 5.
The State law under which the Clearing
House is chartered provides that "no association
organized hereunder shall be deemed to be a
combination in restraint of trade or an illegal
monopoly or an attempt to lessen competition
or fix prices arbitrarily, or shall the marketing
contracts or agreements between the association
and its members or any agreements authorized
in this Act be considered illegal or in restraint
of trade."
The Attorney General of the United States
has given his opinion that the Clearing House
Association may have as members of its execu-
tive board growers who are also shippers so far
as the Federal Law is concerned. The Attorney
General of the State of Florida has given as his
opinion that there is nothing in the State law
which prevents growers who are shippers from
being members of the Board of Directors of the
Clearing House.
The State Marketing Bureau is responsible to
the Governor and the Commissioner of Agricul-
ture only. The growers and shippers would
have no part nor parcel in determining the
policy of the Bureau.
The Marketing Bureau and the Clearing
House Association cannot function alike nor can
either take the place of the other.


4|oriba L)fnefu
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

NATHAN MAYO................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS............. Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR .......................... Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.

Vol. 3

AUGUST 6, 1928



Cooperation is not a new term, but it is new in its
significance to the masses of the people when applied to
industry and commercial concerns. There is a vast dif-
ference between the relationship that exists between the
stockholders, the employees and the public when applied
to the ordinary corporation, and that relationship when
applied to the genuinely cooperative corporation.
Non-Cooperative Corporations
There are five fundamental characteristics of non-co-
operative corporations:
1. Organized and operated for profit to the promoters
and stockholders.
2. Grant each share a vote, or limit all voting to a
restricted class of stockholders-such as Common Stock,
Voting Board or Board of Trust, etc.
3. Place no limit on number of shares an individual
or other corporation may own.
4. Place no restrictions on transfer of stock.
5. Distribute all net profits as dividends on capital
issued, whether the stock was paid for in cash-at par or
below par-in service or given away; or the profits may
be capitalized.
Cooperative Corporations
There are five fundamental principles of cooperative
1. Ownership of association by the producers of the
commodity handled, if agricultural.
2. Return on capital invested restricted to medium rate
of interest.
3. All net profits returned to members in proportion
to patronage.
4. One member one vote regardless of the number of
shares owned.
5. Option must be given the Association on all shares
offered for sale and all transfers must be approved by the
There is a policy often pursued that gives the co-
operative concern an additional competing power but
which is not an essential requirement in cooperation. I
refer to the policy of retiring all outstanding stock from
a sinking fund provided from the profits, as the business
will justify. The California Fruit Growers' Exchange did
this, and many other concerns following cooperative
methods. This eliminated all drain from the treasury for
interest on money invested, which is quite an item in old-
line business. Many are organized without capital stock.

The relationship that exists between the stockholder,
the employee and the public in the old-style corporation
carries in it the germs of industrial war. This type of
corporation has done a great work in bringing together
capital and labor. Without the corporation the civiliza-
tion we have today would have been impossible. But we
have reached a critical stage in the economic progress of
the world, brought about mainly by the very agency that
has done so much to promote progress-the corporation.
The task before the producers is to transform the cor-
poration from the capitalistic type to the cooperative type.
The objection will be raised that the cooperative type
of corporation is not adapted to the requirements of big
business of different kinds. This objection is not well
taken, for the reason that hundreds of millions of dollars
worth of business ARE transacted annually by coopera-
tive corporations in commercial business, hundreds of
millions in cooperative banking, hundreds of millions in
cooperative selling and buying by organized farmers,
hundreds of millions in cooperative manufacturing, and
hundreds of millions in retail merchandising.

Florida produces two varieties of phosphate-rock and
pebble. Rock phosphate is mined with pick and shovel,
while pebble phosphate is mined by the hydraulic process.


Wealthy Owners of Vast Acreage Send Repre-
sentative Here-Plans Include Cattle
Industry on Large Scale

(Marianna Floridan, June 22, 1928)
Fred P. Sprangle, representing a wealthy company in
Philadelphia, owning about 6,000 acres in the northeast-
ern section of Jackson county, is at Hotel Chipola this
week. Mr. Sprangle is here investigating the best pur-
poses for the use of these lands which will be developed
by the company as soon as he makes his report.
He has inspected the property with Agricultural Agent
E. P. Scott and other experts and says the lands are ideal
for development.
"My recommendations," said Mr. Sprangle, "includes,
among other things, a cattle ranch and extensive hog
raising. I expect the company in the near future to
place a herd of cattle and many hogs on the property.
The lands are ideal for general farming, and feed crops,
and we expect to go into agriculture to a big extent."
"Jackson county," continued Mr. Sprangle, "is a re-
markably good agricultural county, and yet many golden
opportunities are neglected. Our property lies on the
Chattahoochee river, and is three miles south of Neal's
Landing bridge, recently completed. I am investigating
the satsuma industry, along with other things, but for
an introduction of the enterprise I am now giving special
attention to cattle and hogs. A few miles across the
river from our properties is the famous Cummings cattle
ranch which has proved so successful.
"The company," continued Mr. Sprangle, "is fully de-
termined to operate, and one of the first necessities will
be the employment of a live, capable superintendent
which I hope to secure at once."

Seminole county, second smallest county in the state,
produces annually more celery than the whole state of



State Veterinarian Predicts That Area of State
Will Be Reckoned with as Substantial
Producer of Grade of Meat Known
as "Western Beef"

(DeLand Daily Sun, July 7, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., July 7.-(A. P.)-A check-up on the
number of pure-bred sires that have been brought into
the tick-free counties of North Florida during the past 20
months for the purpose of grading up the native stock,
shows 220 animals selected from accredited herds of other
states for that purpose, Dr. J. V. Knapp, state veterin-
arian, announced. Most of them have been placed in the
area west of the Ocklocknee river. A similar development
is planned for the counties lying between that river and
the Suwannee, Dr. Knapp said. Already Madison county
has brought in 21 pure-bred sires of beef cattle type.
Dr. Knapp predicted that within the next five years the
tick-free area of the state will have to be reckoned with
as a substantial producer of that type of beef known on
the market as "western beef." Florida has the natural
advantages to make of that section a great beef-producing
area, he said. The native and pasture grasses that thrive
there, such as Bermuda, dallis and carpet grasses and les-
pedeza, make permanent pasture possible. An abundant
and well distributed water supply eliminates what is one
of the serious problems to the ranchers of some of the
other cattle sections of the country.
A climate so mild that neither winter housing, or feed-
ing, is necessary cuts the cost of production, the state
veterinarian explained, while foundation herds of native
cattle accustomed to rustle for themselves upon the open
range, and cattlemen accustomed to handling them, make
results assured where cross-breeding with blooded sires
adapted to that section is maintained.
According to a statement made by a representative of
the packers who visited the state to look over the field as
a probable source of better beef in the years ahead, Flor-
ida itself would furnish a market not to be discounted,
Dr. Knapp said. Seventy-five per cent of the beef sold
in this state, according to that authority, is such as the
packer pays from 8 to 10 cents per pound gross, it was
stated. Florida should produce this beef, Dr. Knapp said,
more for the outside market which would always be ready
for the high grade of beef that Florida could produce.
Representatives of the State Live Stock Board and of
the Federal government have aided in the selection of
five of the six carloads of pure-bred sires that have been
brought into the state for breeding up the beef herds.
The extension division of the College of Agriculture has
given the same assistance to the purchasers of the sixth
carload. From this last-named car came the 21 sires that
were placed in Madison county.
To Liberty county belongs the honor for leading out
in the better beef cattle movement, Dr. Knapp said.
Liberty county cattlemen were the first whose faith in
the proposition led to the purchase of a carload of regis-
tered animals, 24 registered Aberdeen Angus bulls, rep-
resenting some of the best blood of the strain being
brought into that county in November, 1926. These have
been added to until they now number 38. As a result of
this purchase, the county, which visualizes itself as Flor-
ida's first black cattle county, now has 500 black grade

yearlings on the range. Sentiment in support of taking
the scrub bull off the range is growing throughout the
county. Following Liberty county were Okaloosa, Wal-
ton, Holmes, Escambia and Washington. There are 128
Aberdeen Angus bulls distributed throughout these coun-
ties. Other breeds found in that section are Herefords
and Shorthorns, 20 of the Herefords coming from one
To Gadsden county belongs the honor of establishing
the first herd of breeder cattle in this section, looking to
the improvement of Florida's herds. The Joyceland
Ranch and Game Preserve owns a herd of 55 head of
adult Aberdeen Angus cattle, and a substantial number
of calves. In this herd and in the sires purchased as
heads of range herds is represented some of the finest
blood of the strain.
Interests in Jackson county have purchased 6,000 acres
of suitable land and have declared their intention of es-
tablishing a similar enterprise.
When dipping vats were built throughout this upper
part of the state, and it was possible to prepare the cattle
at these vats and move them out of the state, Dr. Knapp
said, it made it possible for the cattlemen to move from
the over-crowded range the accumulation of several years,
resulting from the federal quarantine. As a result, he
said, the greatest movement witnessed in America in 40
years took place. There were those who became alarmed
for fear that the state would lose this industry. The re-
sult of the movement, however, has been a pruning of the
stock. Far-seeing cattlemen sold their old cows and sway-
backs and kept sufficient of the best of their herds for
foundation stock. Final reports from the area west of
the Ocklocknee and from those counties lying between
that river and the Suwannee and Santa Fe rivers indicate
approximately 40,000 head of cattle in the area.


(Holmes County Advertiser, June 15, 1928)
The Aberdeen Angus bulls and heifers that Holmes
county stockmen have been expecting for some time,
arrived Friday, June 8th. These animals were selected
from the best purebred Angus herds in Tennessee, and
upon their arrival, they certainly came up to expecta-
tions; they were all excellent individuals, according to
Dr. J. J. Vara, county and assistant state veterinarian.
The purchasers were as follows:
Dan Hughes, Ponce de Leon, one bull, seven heifers;
E. S. Williams, Bonfiay, one bull; W. M. Cooey, West-
ville, one bull; W. P. DeShazo, Noma, one bull.
There were thirty-eight animals in this shipment, all
Aberdeen Angus, except one, a shorthorn, all of which
were distributed in West Florida, eleven of them finding
homes in Holmes County.
Considerable interest has been created by this ship-
ment, to the extent that several other cattlemen have
expressed their desire to purchase pure bred beef type
bulls and heifers. Dr. Vara, in discussing the matter,
says he sees no reason why we should not be able to
ship in a whole carload of pure-bred bulls before next
Christmas for Holmes county alone.
We have made a good start, even though small, to-
wards the goal to lead in Florida in the production of
good livestock. It will help further to eliminate the scrub

A Florida hog butchered last year in Leon county
weighed 739 pounds.



Owners of Joyceland Ranch and Game Preserve
Well Pleased with Gadsden Investment

(Gadsden County Times, June 28, 1928)
E. A. Inglis, prominent Miami real estate operator and
one of the owners of Joyceland Ranch and Game Pre-
serve south of Quincy, has become one of the most ardent
Gadsden county enthusiasts since his investment here
three years ago, as has also his associate, J. Judson Dean,
of Miami and Winchester, Mass.
On this splendidly equipped plantation is to be found
what is reputed to be the finest herd of Aberdeen Angus
cattle east of the Mississippi, all purebred and registered
stock. Recently the herd was enlarged by the addition
of 23 females and 1 male, bought in the State of Wash-
ington at a cost of $7,000. Other purebred stock in-
cludes 150 head of Poland China hogs.
Since becoming interested in stock raising and farm-
ing in Gadsden county, Mr. Inglis has given considerable
time and attention to a study of feeds and pastures, corn,
peanuts, carpet grass and lespedeza being provided for the
In addition to stock raising, ten acres of shaded to-
bacco is being grown on the place this year, the crop
being reported to be one of the best in the county.
"Gadsden county is undoubtedly one of the best agri-
cultural and stock raising counties in the entire south
and offers possibilities in these lines unsurpassed by any
section of the country with which I am familiar," said
Mr. Inglis, who added that his operations here yielded a
profit during the second year and give promise of return-
ing a handsome dividend during 1928.


(Daily Democrat, June 21, 1928)
C. L. Parker, of Miccosukie, has sold the first lot of
feeder hogs to leave the county this year, County Agent
G. C. Hodge announced today. Mr. Hodge said Mr.
Parker received about $900 for the lot of 69, which went
to a Georgia concern.
At the same time, the county agent announced that the
first cooperative sale of hogs will be conducted during
the early part of September.


Part of Leon County Will Be Set Free at That

(Florida State News, July 2, 1928)
Jacksonville, July 2.-Release of quarantined cattle
tick area as freed territory will begin in the Leon county
"no fence" law section the first of August, it was an-
nounced by H. H. Simmons, realtor of this city and chair-
man of the Florida State Live Stock Sanitary Board.
The board will be in regular monthly session at its offices
in the Hildebrandt building here next Friday.
That portion of Leon county which will be gradually
declared tick-free is a section in which the board in its
efforts to clear the state of the fever tick, with the sub-
sequent improvement in quality of the Florida cattle type,
had found the greatest opposition. The open range sec-
tion of Leon county is now practically freed, Mr. Sim-
mons pointed out.


(Palm Beach Post, July 5, 1928)
Tallahassee, July 3.-(A. P.)-One of Florida's
greatest needs today is more good dairy cows, John M.
Scott, agricultural editor of the State Department of
Agriculture, and former vice-director of the State Experi-
ment Station, at Gainesville, declares in an article written
for the department.
The article, entitled, "Average Dairy Cow Not Profit-
able," points out that by the term "good dairy cow" is
meant one that is capable of producing 750 to 900 gallons
of milk a year at a nominal cost.
The "average" dairy cow is not needed in Florida, Mr.
Scott said, adding that "there are too many average
dairy cows being milked today."
"For example," he said, "the average dairy cow in
the United States produces 412 gallons of milk in a year
while the average cow in Florida produces only 300
gallons of milk a year. There are, of course, a large
number of good dairy cows in Florida that produce 600
to 800 gallons of milk in a year, and some extra good
ones that produce 800 to 1,000 gallons a year. There
is no sound reason why we should not have 20,000 to
30,000 cows in Florida that will produce 600 to 800
gallons of milk per year. At the present time we have
only around 250 or 300 good cows capable of producing
900 to 1,200 gallons of milk a year."
When Florida dairymen wish better cows "bad
enough," they will get them, Mr. Scott added. The diffi-
culty he said, comes in "trying to convince them that
they need better cows and make them realize that they
are losing money milking average cows."


(Hastings Herald, June 15, 1928)
W. R. Kenan, Jr., president of the Florida East Coast
Railway, recently visited this section and was so im-
pressed with the possibilities of thoroughbred cattle, that
he has presented County Commissioner L. A. Braswell
with a thoroughbred Jersey bull valued at $1,000, the
bull to be used for the betterment of future cattle in the
J. S. Abbott, well known poultryman and interested in
pure-bred stock, has consented to keep the bull and a
service charge of $10 has been agreed upon. It is ex-
pected that the bull will arrive from the Lockport, N. Y.,
stock farm of Mr. Kenan within the next ten days. Mr.
Braswell and Mr. Abbott were in St. Augustine Wed-
nesday making final arrangements for the shipment of
the bull.
Upon its arrival those interested in pure bred cattle
are invited to the farm of Mr. Abbott (Bugee Farms) to
look the new arrival over.


(Holmes County Advertiser, June 12, 1928)
Four carloads of good fat cattle were recently shipped
from the Bonifay section and in commenting on this
fact the Bonifay Advertiser took occasion to say that in
former years such cattle could not be sold as they were
not fattened or improved in the days of the cattle tick.


White Area: Released from State and Federal Quarantine.

Black Shaded Area: Final tick eradication work to be re-,
leased this fall.

Red Shaded Area: Area in which the preliminary work and
systematic tick eradication is in progress, 1928.

Red Area: Quarantined area in which no tick eradication
work is in progress.

Over 200 pure-bred cattle of the various beef types have
been introduced into the tick-free area of West Florida
during the last two years.

Florida imports annually over $13,000,000.00 worth of beef and over
$25,000,000.00 worth of dairy products. All of these products can be
produced in Florida by the development of our cattle industry. Tick
eradication is the foundation of a profitable cattle industry, the success
of which depends upon the co-operation of every citizen of the State.



(Holmes County Advertiser, June 29, 1928)
The recent live stock motorcade to Neal's Landing was
by no means a one-county affair. There were cattlemen
there from all points in the state. Thirty-five cars joined
in the parade at the Cummings Ranch.
This and similar events mark the passing of the old
regime in the live stock industry. Interests that opposed
tick eradication in the interest of open-range cattle rais-
ing were present at this meeting figuring on pure-bred
cattle raising on fenced tame pasture and forage and feed
crops. This is the beginning of a new era for Florida.
Of course, prices just now are at a peak, and profits
seem attainable that will not be possible when the peak
has passed. But good cattle always bring good prices.
The Cummings demonstration shows that prime beef can
be raised here and that as cheaply as anywhere, if not
more cheaply.
To be sure, there is a question as to whether the small
West Florida farmer should go in for specialized beef
cattle raising. We doubt it. But there are many among
us with larger tracts of land who are so situated that this
line suits them best. To these the venture offers special
inducements and it is these who are looking with keenest
interest into the project.
While this was no one county affair, Holmes county
was indeed well represented. Of the thirty-five cars,
eight were from Holmes county. While only one animal
was bought for Holmes county on this trip, so far as we
learned, it was an outstanding individual. In the herd
of young males penned for display there was one out-
standing calf which attracted the attention of every dis-
criminating observer. This was bought by Mr. P. L. Paul,
of Westville. Several other members of the Holmes
county delegation began negotiations that will result in
purchases later. As a result of the trip several pure bred
Herefords will find their way into Holmes county. At
no time in our history has interest been so keen or
activity so well directed.


Crop Grown at Vero Beach Fed to Stock

(Miami Herald, June 24, 1928)
Vero Beach, Fla., June 23.-That mangel beets and
stock carrots can be grown profitably in Indian River
county for feeding live stock was demonstrated by tests
made in two experimental fields grown here this season.
Accompanied by County Agent W. E. Evans of this
county, H. S. McLendon, agent for the agricultural and
industrial department of the Florida East Coast Railway
Company, visited the fields Tuesday.
At the W. E. Sexton dairy farm a test of the feeding
qualities of the beets had been made for three weeks at a
time when the supply of ensilage had become exhausted.
The normal supply and quality of milk was maintained
during the period the beets and carrots were fed instead
of ensilage.
At the A. E. Sueverkrubbe place the beets were fed to
hogs and other live stock with very satisfactory results.
Mr. McLendon distributed a quantity of French White
half sugar beets and Belgian White stock carrot seeds
among growers in this and other counties served by the
Florida East Coast Railway Company.
The purpose of the experiment was to develop suitable
succulent feed for dairy cattle throughout the summer

when forage grasses are scarce. The results in Indian
River county have been more than satisfactory.
Samples have been sent to the state experiment station
for analysis as to food content. The yield is estimated
at more than 50 tons of the beets to the acre. If the
analysis justifies expectations a large acreage will be
planted next season in this county.


(Fort Myers Press, July 7, 1928)
New Smyrna, July 7.-This section is getting to be quite
a cattle center. Estimates were made here that Volusia
county would ship between 7,000 and 8,000 head of cattle
during the next six weeks. Most of the animals are to be
sent to Jacksonville, where they will be made tick-free
and sold to stockmen from the north and west. The ship-
ments are being made before the county's no-fence law
becomes effective on August 9.


Seven-Foot Stalks Six Weeks After Planting
Believed to be Record-Breaker

(Clay County Times, June 29, 1928)
Clay county has always been known as the natural
habit of field corn, but it took W. E. Hall to demonstrate
the fact that it has all the rest of the world beat for
quick growth.
May 4 Mr. Hall finished digging potatoes from a field
of new ground, and the following Monday, May 7, he
planted the field (ten acres) to corn. A reporter for the
Times visited the field June 20 and at that time found
the corn about seven feet high, on the average, with
foliage a black green. Standing on the fender of the car
we could see over the field and it was so even that the
tops of the corn appeared almost as flat as a floor.
Mr. Hall had intended to plant peas between the rows
of corn at the end of the third week, but the corn was so
thick that he could not get a plow between the rows, so
had to abandon the project.
He cut over a ton of suckers from the corn before it
was three weeks old. This would have made excellent
ensilage, but unfortunately he has no silo, so lost the
bulk of this forage.
Of course it is a question as to the yield of this corn,
but if it stops growing within the next two weeks it
should make a tremendous crop. Mr. Hall has made as
high as seventy bushels of corn to the acre, but the field
above referred to should double this yield.
At seven feet it showed no signs of tasseling and it is
quite likely that it will grow to be ten feet tall before
it is through.
Another planter in the West Tocoi district, H. C. Blitch,
took 2,000 bushels of corn last year off of 32 acres of
land after digging an average of 70 barrels of potatoes
from the field. He cut 60 tons of peavine hay from the
same field.
He has 56 acres this year.

The "rabbit-eye" blueberry bush, of which hundreds of
acres have been set out on plantations in West Florida,
reaches such a height the berry pickers must mount step-
ladders to gather the fruit.



(Jacksonville Journal, July 5, 1928)
Orlando, Fla., July 4.-(A. P.)-Pigs may be pigs, but
they are not so numerous in Florida and other sections
of the country as in some former years. This is shown
in the pig survey conducted by the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
The state branch of the department has just announced
the result of the survey for Florida and the United States.
It shows that the "crop" of pigs decreased during the
spring just ended, as compared with the same season of
1927, and that the prospects for the coming fall are little
Reports from the farmers, the report, issued by the
bureau of agricultural estimates here, says, show that in
the spring of 1892 the pig crop was 7.3 per cent less than
that of 1927, and that indications point to a probable
decrease in the state in the fall.
"Though the number of sows bred, or to be bred, for
fall farrowing are reported as 19.6 per cent larger than
the number which actually farrowed last fall," the re-
port says, "in past years the June breeding intentions
have always been much higher than actual farrowings
reported in December. The average declines between
June breeding intention reports and December farrowing
reports have been 30.7 points for Florida."
Assuming that average spread of past years between
June intentions and December farrowings, the decrease
in fall farrowings this year will be about 11 per cent, it
was stated, and assuming the smallest spread, an increase
of about 3 per cent is indicated. Assuming conditions
similar to those of the past two years, it adds, a decrease
of approximately 5 per cent is expected.


Poultry Products of Florida Are Estimated at
$11,000,000 Annually-Rhodes Declares
Could Be Developed to $50,000,000

(Miami Post, July 7, 1928)
"It is rather difficult to realize that poultry products
in the United States have a greater value than the cotton
or wheat crops; or that they amount in value to approxi-
mately $10.00 per capital says a statement by L. M.
Rhodes, Commissioner of the State Marketing Bureau.
"The production varies with the different seasons,
which necessitates the keeping of an average of 5,000,000
cases of eggs and 33,000 tons of dressed poultry in cold
storage to insure supply and stabilize the market. In
other words, 12,500 cars of eggs and 2,000 cars of frozen
poultry are ready for market at a moment's notice.
"Poultry products in Florida have become one of the
most valuable agricultural products. Their value has
been estimated at from $9,000,000 to $13,000,000. The
most conservative estimates place the present annual
value of poultry products in Florida at approximately
$11,000,000. Statistics compiled by the State Market-
ing Bureau indicate that the total value of all poultry
products produced on farms and in towns and cities in
1927 was about $13,000,000.
"There are only two crops produced in the state that
exceed poultry products in value every year; these are
oranges and grapefruit. Dairy products amount to about
the same as poultry products. During years of heavy

production and good prices, corn or tomatoes might ex-
ceed poultry products in value. This, however, would be
the exception and not the rule. Poultry products in
Florida have increased in productive value an average
of 10 per cent per annum for the past 15 years, or nearly
twice as fast as our population. But if Florida consumes
as much poultry products per capital as the average per
capital consumption in the United States, we are still im-
porting one-third of our eggs and two-thirds of our
"However, during the heavy producing season, we find
the egg market oversupplied, due to the fact that eggs are
regularly imported into our markets. Even at the pres-
ent rate of increase in poultry production in Florida, the
total value will amount to $25,000,000 in a decade. With
our natural advantages in soil and climate and close prox-
imity to large eastern markets, the poultry industry could
be made a $50,000,000 business in Florida in ten years.
"With a gigantic national poultry industry as a per-
petual competitor and both the national and international
supply affecting our market prices, Florida poultrymen
will be forced to organize and cooperate in the improve-
ment of quality, standardization of grades, the assembling
of sufficient quantities to supply the constant market
demands, securing of finances, buying supplies, selling
these products and performing the functions of produc-
tion and marketing-this can be done better by group
action than by individual effort."


Shipment From Germany Is Consigned to Day-
tona Beach Importer

(Times-Union, July 14, 1928)
The first shipment of live fish ever delivered in a
Florida port is due to arrive here today aboard the
steamer Shickshinny, a United States Shipping Board
vessel chartered by the American-Palmetto Line, it was
stated yesterday by the South Atlantic Steamship Com-
pany, local agent for the line.
The shipment is consigned to William A. Sternke, Day-
tona Beach, importer, exporter and breeder of fish for
collectors, fanciers and scientists.
The shipment is from Hamburg, Germany, and was
purchased by Mr. Sternke from German breeders and col-
lectors for distribution over the United States and Can-
ada and for breeding and cross-breeding purposes.
Twelve tanks containing forty different varieties, totaling
3,000 fish, are in the consignment, according to Mr.
Sternke, who operates the Sunnyland Fish Farm, at Day-
tona Beach.
To the same firm from which the importation was or-
dered the local breeder this summer will ship a collec-
tion of Florida fish valued by European collectors for
their beauty, rarity and interesting habits. Mr. Sternke
states that Jacksonville was more advantageous as a
port for receiving importation of fish than New York, for
the reason that nearly all ornamental fish are natives of
the tropics, and survive the Florida climate better than
that of the north. For the same reason, he said, Florida
offers an ideal setting for aquariums, public and private,
for rare denizens of the water. As evidence that his
Florida ornamental fish are attracting international at-
tention Mr. Sternke has a letter from the Aquarium
Society of South Australia, asking for collections from
this state.



Columbia County Is an Ideal Location for This
Business, Says County Agent Fulford

(Lake City Reporter, July 13, 1928)
County Agent Fulford was speaking to the Lake City
Reporter this week concerning the growth of the egg and
poultry business in this county during the past five years
and the relatively high price the guaranteed poultry
products of Columbia county are now commanding.
On November 27, 1923, soon after he became county
agent, he said, seven of the leading egg producers of the
county met to make arrangements for selling their eggs
in cooperation in order to get a better price. The eggs
were saved up for a week and the first shipment made, and
it consisted of 32 dozen-two dozen more than a case.
The known production now averages around 100 cases
a week in the county. About 20 cases are handled through
the farm agent's office. Wallace Bailey, of Ellisville, buys
from 30 to 40 cases a week; the Douberly store southeast
of Lake City handles 20 or 25 cases a week, and there are
others shipped from Fort White and other points. One
of the objectives of the farm agent has been to increase
the production in the county to the point where a carload
a week could be shipped.
Not only has the production increased many times, but
the price received as compared with Suwannee, Hamilton
and adjoining counties has also increased. A traveling
salesman who has stores in Madison and Pinetta wanted
to sell the eggs bought at his stores to the county agent
here because, he said, the price here is about five cents a
dozen more than he has been able to get. Poultry raised
here also sells higher. House-to-house egg and poultry
buyers who formerly traveled over the country have had
to quit on account of not being able to buy at the local
prices and make a profit.
The egg and poultry business is the biggest single item
of agriculture in the country and is growing rapidly in
Columbia county and the state. There is plenty of room
for still further expansion, the county agent said.


Tomatoes Being Packed Now with Big Supply

(Pensacola Journal, July 8, 1928)
Molino, Fla., July 7.-The Escambia Cannery and
Shipping Company which began operations a month ago
is making a record for production and finding a ready
market for all goods.
Canning beans was their first venture with 75 men,
women, boys and girls at work. Up to date they have
canned 1400 cases of beans, 140 cases of beets, 88 cases
of carrots, 175 cases of okra. Last week they began on
tomatoes, of which there is an unlimited supply. They
have contracted for peaches, pears and sweet potatoes
to follow in turn. Their capacity is 10,000 cans a day.
Under management of Joseph Sherrill, everything
points to a successful season. They have already sold
the entire output to Avant-Pace and Company, of Pen-
Next week they will begin loading sweet potatoes for
shipment to northern markets.
W. C. Barrineau has shipped by express to date 115
bushel crates of peaches.


(Apalachicola Times, July 7, 1928)
While the Apalachicola Northern Railroad primarily
is a common carrier, it is making efforts, together with
its associated companies and others interested in this
section, to develop the region, which has unusual agri-
cultural and industrial possibilities.
The line of the railroad begins at River Junction and
extends southward through Gadsden, Liberty and Frank-
lin counties, and in Gulf county to Port St. Joe, its
southern terminus. At River Junction it has connec-
tions with the Atlantic Coast Line, the Seaboard and the
Louisville and Nashville railroads. Apalachicola is the
largest point on the line, and connection is made here
with the Chattahoochee river system and with coastwise
vessels touching at Mobile, Pensacola, and Panama City.
The associated companies of the Apalachicola Northern
Railroad are the St. Joseph Land and Development Com-
pany, the Port St. Joe Dock and Terminal Company, owns
and operates the harbor facilities, which include a 2,500-
foot pier extending into St. Joseph's bay and where
ocean-going vessels are accommodated. This pier was
built at a cost of $100,000.
The St. Joseph Telephone and Telegraph Company
owns and operates communication lines along the route
of the railroad, and in the cities it serves. A telephone
line recently has been extended to River Junction with
a branch line from Telogia through Bristol to Blounts-
town, where connection is made with the Riverside Tele-
phone Company.
The Apalachicola Northern Railroad was built in 1907,
and its line is 102 miles long. The territory which it
serves has made substantial growth in population in
recent years. Beginning at River Junction the principal
points along its route are Hardaway, Greensboro, Telogia,
Hosford, Apalachicola, Vilas, Wilma, Sumatra and Port
St. Joe. The railroad bridge which spans the Apalach-
icola river near Apalachicola was constructed at a cost
of $250,000, and is said to be one of the longest ever
An agricultural experiment farm is maintained by the
railroad near Telogia, where experiments and demonstra-
tions are carried on. This farm is under the direction of
B. W. Eells, general manager of the railroad. In con-
sists of 50 acres of soils of varied character and partic-
ular emphasis is given sugar cane and truck crops.


(Gadsden County Times, July 5, 1928)
J. I. Reynolds & Co., produce dealers, report the ship-
ment of beans from Quincy to be holding up well, with
fair prices prevailing for the product. Mr. Reynolds states
he expected the market to close on beans June 30, but
have continued to date. The showers of the past month
have kept the vines growing and fruiting, and those who
planted the pole bean are being well repaid for their
effort. Shipment of other vegetables has reached the
season's end and nothing in the line of fruit is in sight
to be shipped from this section of the country at the
present time.

The State census of 1925 indicated 68 per cent of
Florida's population were whites.



(Okaloosa News-Journal, July 13, 1928)
A solid car lot shipment of Okaloosa county blueberries
were shipped from Milligan last Thursday to Chicago
markets. The Producers Association is handling the
berry crop for the county, and the shipment was made
through this organization.
The price for berries has been exceptionally good all
the year, and the managers of the association state that
the price on the carload will be much better, due to the
fact that freight charges will be reduced.
There were over 500 crates, with 16 to 24 quarts to the
crate in the car. Mr. H. A. Stroud, who is the "daddy"
of the association, left here Tuesday morning for Chicago
and while he is there will look after the selling and
collecting of this car shipment. Mr. Stroud had other
business in Chicago, but he is taking time to see after
the association's business in connection with his.


(Polk County Record, June 23, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., June 23.-(A. P.)-Florida will be-
gin operating what is purported to be the largest fish
hatchery in the United States shortly after the opening
of 1929, J. B. Royall, State Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commissioner, announced.
The hatchery is now in course of construction at
Winter Haven. Its establishment is progressing satis-
Three lakes are embodied in the area, consisting of
1,200 acres. They are Lakes Millseed, Fanning and
The largest similar hatchery in operation at this time is
located in Louisiana. It embraces 100 acres.
Lake Gwyn is one of a chain of lakes, being connected
with Lake Lula, and lying between that lake and the
Peace river. A drainage canal that will carry the waters
of Lake Gwyn into the river has just been completed, a
dam having been previously built to hold back the waters
of Lake Lula.
The canal, which is being extended across Lake Gwyn,
and which is to be carried to the dam that holds back
the waters of Lake Lula, is nearing completion. When
that is completed, a cross canal that will cut Lake Gwyn
into four sections will be dug. Gates will be built be-
tween each of the four sections and the canals by which
they are separated.
It is planned to use the lake for the hatchery and the
two outlying lakes for nurseries, or rearing ponds, where
the young bass may be kept until large enough to take
their chance with the larger fish. As soon as the canals
now under construction are completed, it is planned to
drain entirely the waters of Lake Gwyn, already low as
the result of the ditching, and prepare the four breeding
quarters for the reception of large bass with which these
waters will be stocked during the fall months.
George H. Leach, fish culturist of the United States
Bureau of Fisheries, who visited Florida recently in com-
pany with Henry O'Malley, chief of the bureau, to in-
spect prospective locations for fresh water fish hatch-
eries, has pronounced the Winter Haven site as the best
for that purpose to be found anywhere in the United

States. He expressed himself as being convinced that
Florida could undertake the production of fish there on a
scale never heretofore undertaken and at an exceedingly
nominal cost.


Important Advantages Gained by St. Petersburg
from New Rates Between This City,
Tampa and Pensacola

(St. Petersburg Independent, July 5, 1928)
In connection with a survey of rates to be installed
between Pensacola and St. Petersburg which he has com-
piled, Lewis R. Conolly, municipal industrial commis-
sioner, declared today that the importance of establishing
the proposed steamship line tying in with the Frisco Rail-
road system and the Gulf & Southern Steamship Com-
pany between the ports of Pensacola, St. Petersburg and
Tampa, from a transportation standpoint, is one of the
outstanding features of the development of the West
Coast. His statement added:
"This would mean much to St. Petersburg in the way
of port development, adding greatly to the tourist travel
from the central west, and place St. Petersburg in advan-
tageous position as being the port of embarkation to
Havana. Connections here with the Collier Line for
Bradenton, Sarasota and Ft. Myers also would add to the
transient trade, both passenger and freight.
"The cross-state service of the Seaboard Air Line from
St. Petersburg to West Palm Beach and Miami also would
play an important part in attracting additional passenger
travel through St. Petersburg."
Commissioner Conolly's report on rates shows:
Survey of rates to be installed between Pensacola and
St. Petersburg show the port-to-port class rates will not
exceed, first class 112%c, second class 97, third class 89,
fourth class 81, fifth class 64, sixth class 48%, class A
40%, class B 40%, Class C 17, class D 17. The all-rail
rate from Jacksonville to St. Petersburg is, first 121, sec-
ond 107, third 97, fourth 87, fifth 73/2, sixth 66%.
By using Pensacola and the water rate, as against the
Jacksonville all-rail, a saving in freights is made of, first
8Yc, second 10c, third 8c, fourth 62c, fifth 9%c, sixth
Commodity rates are very attractive and would cor-
respond to the steamship rates now in effect between
Tampa and Mobile. Proportional commodity rates also
are in line with the rates named to and from Tampa.
Boilers and radiators, carload, 25c per cwt.; 1. c. 1. 36c;
canned goods, 1. c. 1. 48 c per cwt; coffee substitutes,
13,000 lbs. 322c, 6,000 lbs. 502c, less than 6,000 lbs.
56%c; crate material, carload, 23c per cwt.; window
glass, carload 40%c, 1. c. 1. 64c per cwt.; matches, car-
load, 50c; milk, condensed, 25c; paint, putty, lead, 24,000
minimum, 33c; 1. c. I. 44c; newspaper, carloads, 30c;
wrapping paper, 30,000 minimum, 25c per cwt.; roofing
(felt or paper), building, etc., 25c; soap and soap pow-
ders, cleaning compounds, etc., 24,000, 25c; 1. c. 1. 48c;
fruits and vegetables, straight or mixed carloads, 25c per

Florida has two National forests, one in the north-
western part of the state, principally in Okaloosa county,
and the other in central Florida, largely lying in Marion



(Graceville News, July 5, 1928)
Ten solid trains of shelled peanuts, of forty cars to
each train, is the order which one of the big candy manu-
facturers in the north is said to have placed for shelled
peanuts a short time ago. Six thousand tons of shelled
peanuts to just one company, and this immense tonnage
is only about a 90-day supply for them.
The peanut has come to stay as a commercial cash crop
of growing importance and value each year. The demand
for peanuts is increasing at a wonderful rate, and a
satisfactory market is assured, not only for the present,
but as a permanent proposition. The consumption of this
popular nut is growing by leaps and bounds, and candy
manufacturers and confectioners and other users of pea-
nuts are constantly increasing their purchases.
The merchants, the banks, and other business interests
of Graceville and the farmers of our trade territory are
losing money because our town has no peanut shelling
plant. A peanut shelling plant is just as necessary as is
a cotton gin, and the absence of such a plant is an ab-
normal condition. Cotton gins are provided as a matter
of course to handle the cotton grown in our surround-
ing territory, and we should provide for the shelling of
peanuts in the same way.
Peanuts grown in this territory are not shelled in
Graceville as would be the case if we had a shelling plant,
but are carried to other towns which have been progres-
sive enough to install such plants. This naturally carries
trade away from Graceville and will be an increasingly
serious matter, as the peanut acreage is bound to in-
crease under present conditions. The sensible and logi-
cal thing to do is to install a peanut shelling plant so as
to give our farmers the service they require and deserve.
This will also keep at home the trade that is legitimately


(Eau Gallie Record, July 12, 1928)
The largest fig tree in the State of Florida is located
on the farm of T. H. Braddock, two miles southwest of
Daytona Beach at the intersection of the "Big Tree"
Road and the Reed Canal. The spread of the tree covers
an area of 120 feet in circumference, and according to
Mr. Braddock it will this year bear at least 40 bushels of
yellow figs. It is 15 years old.
This is one of the 300 fig trees on the five acres owned
by Mr. Braddock, ranging in age from five to 15 years,
and according to experts who have inspected the trees
they give promise this year of producing in the neigh-
borhood of 1,000 bushels. This grove has for several
years been one of the show places of Florida. Tourists
from all over the state are accustomed to making annual
trips to visit the place.
Mr. Braddock has been specializing in the culture of
figs during the five years that he has lived on the place.
Born in Florida and having reached the age of 72, and
with a life-long experience in Florida farming, he is giv-
ing a good illustration of profitable agriculture. In addi-
tion to the figs raised on the place he has several acres
of corn that would rank high with the corn raised in the
middle west. It stands 10 feet high on the ground, has
from four to six ears to the stalk and gives promise of a
yield of better than 75 bushels per acre. Mr. Braddock

states that this corn has been raised without fertilizer of
any kind. He asserts in fact that "there has never been
a spoonful of fertilizer placed on the land." The land
is black with an outcropping of white marl, which has a
tendency to hold the moisture.
The land has also been very productive in other crops,
including Lady Finger bananas, of which there are 500
bunches and there were 100 ready to market at the time
of the freeze last January. Mr. Braddock is of the opin-
ion that the banana crop is a profitable one here, though
the plants cannot withstand frost as some other crops
This farm with a splendid yield in prospect for this
year is an illustration of the need for market facilities
for farming interests here. Mr. Braddock believes that
unless some special provision is made to market the fig
crop there will be a waste of several hundred bushels be-
fore the summer is over.-The Daytona Beach Times.


Shaver Brothers' Representative in City-Pick-
ing to Begin Next Week-Product to be
Shipped to Jacksonville

(Lake City Reporter, July 6, 1928)
The pimento pepper crop in Columbia county is re-
garded as very promising by R. C. Hutchinson, field rep-
resentative of Shaver Brothers Canning Co., who, with
County Farm Agent Fulford, inspected several of the
pepper fields in the, county last week. Mr. Hutchinson
expressed himself as well pleased with the prospects for
a large crop. The wet weather does not appear to be
injuring the growing peppers or the stalks.
Picking for the market is expected to begin the latter
part of next week, and it looks now as if a better crop
will be gathered than anticipated. Most all the fields have
a good stand of plants, about 6,000 to the acre. Peppers
will be harvested for about 18 weeks, as pods will keep
maturing for that length of time. The fields will be gone
over and the peppers gathered each week.
Many stalks have enough pods on them to make a
pound of harvested pimentos, the county agent said, and
most fields will produce not less than three tons to the
acre. The county agent has received reports of a few
immature pods dropping off, but believes those falling are
imperfect specimens forced off on account of the abun-
dance of husky peppers.
Peppers will be shipped to the canning factory at Jack-
sonville in carload lots and the crop at Fort White will be
trucked here for inclusion in Lake City shipments. A
local man will probably be selected to represent Shaver
Brothers in buying and shipping the peppers.
The 645 acres of bright leaf tobacco in the county is
ripening and the harvest is going on in all fields in the
county. It is estimated that about one-third of the crop
has been gathered. The crop is fairly good on the aver-
age, the county agent stated. There are only two really
sorry crops in the county, while there are six or eight
extra good ones, and all the remainder a fair average.
Most of the tobacco is reported as curing out well. The
harvest should be finished in about three weeks, after
which selling the crop will be in order, Mr. Fulford stated.

Florida possesses approximately 9,000 miles of high-
ways over which automobiles may be driven at fifty miles
an hour or better.





Film of Scenes, Industries and Resources To Be
Made for Expositions

(Miami Herald, July 6, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., July 5.-(A. P.)-Moving pictures of
various Florida communities may be shown at two of the
foremost expositions of the country next fall, if arrange-
ments now being made by the Bureau of Immigration,
State Department of Agriculture, are successful.
The bureau is inviting the counties of the state to send
movies of scenes they would like to depict to the two
fairs, to be shown in booths the state department has
obtained to advertise the state. The fairs include the
Iowa State Fair, at Des Moines, Iowa, August 20 to Sep-
tember 1, and the International Livestock Exposition, at
Chicago, November 30 to December 10.
Several counties have already agreed to get up the
films, if it is possible to do so, and appropriations to de-
fray the expenses of showing them are being made. Ten-
tative arrangements to that end have been effected in
Pinellas, Hillsborough and St. Lucie counties.
The moving pictures will depict no advertising of a
personal nature, but must be confined to various agricul-
tural, industrial and natural scenes, showing the possi-
bilities of the state, and also its beauties.
The bureau has also decided upon an appropriately
arranged folder to be given away at the booths as favors
to advertise the state. The folder will be a four-page
one, done in colors. It will show tourists motoring
through a beautiful section. Facts and figures about the
state will be given on the back, and also a miniature map
of the state's resources. A detachable coupon will be at
the bottom for the benefit of prospective inquirers.


Protection There Has Resulted in Overstocking
and Hundreds of Young Deer Died During
Winter Months from Starvation

(Lakeland Star-Telegram, July 9, 1928)
Tallahassee, July 9.-(A. P.)-State Game Commis-
sioner J. B. Royall has just been advised that conserva-
tion measures conducted in Pennsylvania similar to those
in Florida have resulted in an overstocking of deer in the
Quaker commonwealth, and that state is now facing the
problem of disposing of its surplus.
The result of Pennsylvania's conservation, Mr. Royal
said, is of particular interest to Florida sportsmen, as
methods of conserving the deer supply of the Sunshine
State are yet young.
The information regarding Pennsylvania reached the
Florida commissioner in the form of a report made by
Vernon Bailey, of the U. S. Bureau of Biological Survey,
who made a recent trip of inspection to Quaker hunting
grounds, where hundreds of deer, mostly yearling fawns
and small does, died during the winter months. Dead
from starvation, a result of overcrowding, was the sum-
mary of Dr. Bailey's verdict.
This conclusion was reached, he said, after an examina-
tion of numbers of carcasses, preserved where they had
fallen and frozen during the winter.

About 21 years ago, Pennsylvania was importing
breeding stock from Michigan, Vermont and Kentucky,
just as Florida is now doing in a small way. The 1927
kill, as reported by sportsmen in the field, was 15,000
bucks. Pennsylvania limits the season to two weeks, and
a season's bag to one buck with antlers of not less than
two points to an antler. For 21 years, no does have been
legally killed in the state, except in the years 1923 to
1926, when the season was opened for a limited time in
certain townships where does had grown too numerous.
During those four years, says Dr. Bailey, only about 2,400
does were killed.
It is estimated that there are 45,000 bucks in Penn-
sylvania today, and that during each season one-third of
the bucks in the state mature enough to be shot, fall be-
fore Pennsylvania sportsmen, according to the report sub-
mitted. The estimate of the number of does in Penn-
sylvania at the present time, as given by those familiar
with conditions in the state is 24 to each buck. A signifi-
cant feature of the report is that there seems to be but
one fawn for every ten does. The heavy loss during the
past winter was of fawns, and of some does. The bucks
being larger, had the better chance in the struggle for
existence, as was evidenced by the fact that the foliage
of tender tips of trees that furnish food for the herds
were eaten to a height of about six feet.
The destruction of crops at the edge of farms is an-
other problem with which the game department of Penn-
sylvania is faced, as the deer, unafraid because of the
protection they have enjoyed for so long, have gone to
the farms for food.
The suggestion made by the representative of the
survey is that prior to each hunting season a careful study
be made of the supply of does and bucks in the different
areas that it might be determined what reduction should
be made in either or both does and bucks that a well
balanced herd might be maintained, and that the season
and the per cent reduction be fixed at the discretion of
the state game commission. A further suggestion is
made that a certain number of days be set aside for the
killing of does, and a later open season of the requisite
number of days be fixed for the killing of bucks, in order
that neither shall be shot below the number conserved.


(DeFuniak Breeze, July 12, 1928)
The Apalachicola river section of the state is a bee-
keeper's paradise because this is the only place in the
United States where it is possible to produce pure Tupelo
Tupelo honey brings a premium over all other honeys
because of the fact that it will not granulate. By blend-
ing this honey with others, it will stop granulation, ac-
cording to R. E. Foster, apiary inspector for the State
Plant Board.
Returning after several weeks among the beekeepers of
this section, Mr. Foster declares that the beekeepers have
recently organized the Tupelo Honey Exchange, and will
market their product cooperatively in the future. C. F.
Glen, of Wewahitchka, is president; M. L. Nisbet, of
Bainbridge, Ga., is vice-president; H. E. Rish, of Wewa-
hitchka, is secretary.

Various authorities assert Florida has more than 30,000
lakes. Lake county possesses more than 1,400 of them.



The Year One of the Biggest in History of the
State, Says State Marketing Commissioner

(Apopka Chief, July 12, 1928)
A hundred million dollars!
That represents the value of the products of Florida
soil this year.
It has been one of the biggest crop years in the his-
tory of the Sunshine State and came within a short dis-
tance of exceeding the banner year of 1925.
It's an unofficial estimate and the figures may run
higher, says L. M. Rhodes, state marketing commissioner,
who is always conservative in his figures. Anyway, it is
another chapter in the general story of Florida pros-
perity for the current year.
The citrus movement is now nearing its close. Barely
more than a dozen more cars will move out to the
markets. With the end in view, Mr. Rhodes estimates,
unofficially, that this year's citrus crop alone amounted to
37,833 cars for a total value of $51,000,000.
That is the figure he named some weeks ago when he
made a preliminary estimate of the citrus crop value and
with more complete data at hand today, he didn't miss his
first estimate much.
But in making his citrus crop estimate he also included
a forecast of what the 1928 vegetable crop in Florida
will be. That includes all kinds of fruits, with the excep-
tion of oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines, and also in-
cluded are watermelons.
Vegetable Crop
He says this year's vegetable crop will approximate
44,000 cars for a total value of about $43,000,000. Last
year's crop was 44,922 cars for a value of $43,000,000,
and it can be seen that the state is maintaining its vege-
table growing record.
According to the citrus estimate, there were 17,963
cars of oranges, 1,116 of tangerines and 17,555 of grape-
fruit, all grown in Florida, hauled away to the markets.
This represents a total of 13,619,880 boxes. These all
are valued at $51,000,000.
Last year's crop was 16,588,800 boxes, on which
$42,887,340 was realized, but it is pointed out by Mr.
Rhodes that while this year's crop is less in the number
of boxes, it drew bigger prices because of the better
quality of the fruit.
The banner year of 1924-25 produced 19,171,440
boxes for a total value of $51,469,280, so it can be seen
that this year's crop is not far behind. There are some
who say it will exceed the 1924-25 record.
Vegetables Are Still Moving
Vegetables and melons are still moving and grapes, too,
are under good headway, said Commissioner Rhodes. The
vegetable crop is running heavy this year, he said, and
the melon crop has been good. In his unofficial estimate
of the vegetable movement and value, Mr. Rhodes does
not take into consideration the number of melon cars
shipped, nor does he count boat or express shipments.
"It has been one of Florida's biggest and best years,
agriculturally," said Mr. Rhodes. "A hundred million
dollar crop is no small item. It's a tremendous thing. I
wonder if some people who still think and talk hard times
will now have the heart to continue their nonsense?"
But, he added, some people will never be happy until
they can pluck $10 bills from the trees.


Growers Will Be Busy Now Until the Harvest
Is Completed

(Gadsden County Times, July 5, 1928)
Very satisfactory progress has been made on priming
the cigar wrapper crop in the past week. Most middles
have now been taken and it will be but a short time be-
fore the crop is in the barns. The showers of the past
several days have been of much benefit to the crop. Be-
sides giving needed moisture to the crops in the field,
they have made conditions nearly ideal for the curing of
the primings, keeping the barns at the right temperature
and condition of humidity.
Growers seem to be well pleased with the color and
burn of the new crop which has now been revealed by
the first primings, which are said to be all that they should
be. Excellent burn and color feature the first takings,
which will doubtless run throughout the crop. Another
feature of the crop is that it is exceptionally light, which
will make a hit with the manufacturers. This means that
it will give a greater number of wrappers to the pound.
A busy farm program is now the order of the day, which
was interrupted on most plantations yesterday for the
annual Independence Day holiday. Rather hectic times
will feature the tobacco situation from now on until the
harvest is complete.
Weather conditions have been more nearly ideal this
season than in the past few years and the crop will be
proportionately better. There is little tobacco in manu-
facturers' hands, and this should mean that a ready mar-
ket will be found for the crop. With this in view, nearly
all the uncontracted tobacco has been bought in the past
two or three weeks at a price said to be satisfactory to
the growers.


(Clearwater Herald, July 10, 1928)
Starting from an humble beginning and because his
son was so well pleased with a toy airplane built by him,
A. F. Smith, of Tarpon Springs, has built a thriving in-
dustry in that city in the manufacture of toys of all kinds.
Mr. Smith secured so many orders that the Enterprise
building on Pinellas avenue was rented, and the entire
lower floor of this building is occupied by the toy factory.
The factory, said to be the only one of its kind in Florida,
will be open tonight for inspection. The factory manu-
factures the toys completely, starting with the raw mate-
rial and ending with the finished product.


(Eustis Lake Region, July 6, 1928)
Thirty per cent of the acreage of Florida devoted to
ferneries propagating varieties of plumosus is located in
Lake county, according to report from A. E. Cline, presi-
dent of the Florida State Florists' Association. Lake
county is accorded 150 acres of the 500 which Mr. Cline
estimates is the total area of cultivation by plumosus
growers in the state. Seminole county follows with 120
acres, Volusia with 100, Palm Beach with 45, Polk with
25, Brevard with 20 and Dade with 10. The remaining
50 acres are divided between Duval, Marion and Pinellas



(Pensacola Journal, July 13, 1928)
The largest cargo of cross ties ever to pass through the
port of Pensacola, and the first large tie shipment to be
made from the new Frisco terminals, was made this week,
when $65,000 worth of ties, 35,000 of which were creo-
soted, were shipped to New York, to be used as base con-
struction for the Long Island Railway Co. A total of
119 railway cars were required to bring the huge cargo
to the Frisco docks.
Most people think of the pine, as a money-maker, about
exhausted, but the pine is still one of the best West
Florida crops. The cargo which moved from Pensacola
Wednesday represented more than the $65,000, which the
ties were worth to the A. J. Phipps Co. The 35,000 ties
that were creosoted by the Pensacola Creosoting Co.,
meant considerable money spent in Pensacola.
Naval stores represent a value that runs into millions
in the Pensacola territory, but the people of West Florida
and South Alabama do not depend on the pine only for
the production of naval stores and cross ties.
The pine also produces excelsior, and a big business
has been built up in Pensacola, where one of the largest
plants in the south is operated.
The Newport Company utilizes the waste pine for
manufacture of naval stores and many other pine
All of these are added to the lumber business which has
been a part of Pensacola industry for many years.
In days past the lumber business was Pensacola's
greatest financial factor. With the pine offering so many
new uses, it is probable that instead of losing, the pine
is increasing in value, from year to year.


(Agricultural News Service, June 29, 1928)
Gainesville, Fla.-There is a rather widespread belief
that a chemical analysis is the only step necessary to de-
termine the correct fertilizer to use on a soil or the crops
to which it is best suited. This belief is far from correct,
according to R. W. Ruprecht, chemist of the Florida Ex-
periment Station.
Almost every day Dr. Ruprecht receives samples of soil
with requests for a chemical analysis. The Experiment
Station is glad to render this service to Florida farmers
when there is an indication that some real service is being
given. In most cases very little benefit is derived from
this information, believes Dr. Ruprecht.
A chemical analysis of soil simply shows the total plant
food contained in the soil. It does not state how much
of this plant food is available for the use of the plant.
Since this is what the farmer really wants to know, Dr.
Ruprecht suggests a more practicable method of getting
this information.
Better than a soil analysis is to get the county agent
to look over the field. Since he is better acquainted with
local conditions, the agent will be in a better position to
advise as to the crops suited and fertilizers needed.
To farmers who live in counties where there are no
agents, Dr. Ruprecht suggests that they write him answers
to the following questions: type of soil, crops raised for
two or three years previous, yield, appearance of crop,
amount and kind of fertilizer applied to the soil, any
abnormal conditions such as floods, droughts or cold


Machinery for Manufacture of Plaster Base
Boards Installed by Neal Lumber and
Manufacturing Company's Plant

(Blountstown Record, July 12, 1928)
An entirely new piece of machinery is in operation at
the Neal Lumber and Manufacturing Company's veneer
plant here. It is a machine for the manufacture of
plaster base boards. Mr. E. J. O'Brien, of Chicago, is
the inventor. Mr. O'Brien conceived the idea while watch-
ing the natives in India weaving baskets of bamboo and
then daubing the whole with mud, making very substan-
tial structures. Mr. O'Brien thought of how successfully
the idea could be used in America, providing the machin-
ery could be made to turn out the plaster boards on a
commercial scale. He set about the inventing of a ma-
chine that would take the veneer boards, make the slits
in it, and also weave the slats through the slits at the
same operation. After a considerable expenditure of
money and putting seventeen years of work into the in-
vention, Mr. O'Brien is now offering his machine to the
The Neal Lumber and Manufacturing Company got in
touch with Mr. O'Brien through their Chicago represen-
tative, Mr. J. C. Nicholas. As a result, two of these
machines have been installed, tried out thoroughly and
have been proven successful.
Each machine is electrically driven by an individual
motor. Ten men are required in the operation of each
The veneer board is taken and put through the machine
and automatically the slitting and the weaving is done by
the machine. The only work required by hand is the
putting on of the entire board. When the woven board
is taken from the weaving machine it is then carried to
the stitching machine, which is also an invention of Mr.
O'Brien's. There the slat is stitched with a wire thread.
This new commodity is to be manufactured under the
name "Holestite Plaster Base," and can be used for both
inside and outside plastering. The prediction is that it
will completely revolutionize the plastering industry,
since this new plaster board is cheaper and also far more
substantial. The plaster when applied to the board is
locked much on the principle of the cantilever, thereby
eliminating the possibility of cracking and bursting, as
in the old style plastering.
The Neal Lumber and Manufacturing Company hope
to have at least twenty of these machines in operation
within the next six months. This will mean an increased
pay-roll for Blountstown and its surrounding territory,
since extra men will be needed for the operation of the
added machinery.
Some idea of the financial magnitude of this new enter-
prize can be had from the cognizance of the worth of the
new plaster boards. Each carload of these boards repre-
sent an income of between $2,500 and $3,000.
Already this plaster board has received the heartiest
endorsements from the leading architects all over the
United States, and in view of the fact that several hun-
dred carloads of advance orders have been received, it
means that a new day has dawned in the plastering in-
dustry; and the citizenry of Blountstown should consider
themselves fortunate in having this entirely new industry
in their midst.





Seven Leading Periodicals Are Chosen By State
Bureau for Advertising Campaign

(Miami Herald, July 6, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., July 5.-Seven national periodicals
of the United States are to tell the world "the story of
Florida" through display advertisements.
This announcement was made at the Bureau of Immi-
gration, State Department of Agriculture, in whose
charge the business of advertising Florida to the universe
is placed.
The bureau's program is to be in the nature of its fall
and winter seasonal program for 1928 and 1929. An
expenditure of approximately $20,000 will be involved.
Not only will the bureau insert large display advertise-
ments, explaining the advantages and possibilities of
Florida as a whole, but opportunity has been presented
to individual communities of the commonwealth to par-
ticipate in the campaign by inserting advertisements of
their own, bearing the cost themselves. Letters to that
effect have been sent to all chambers of commerce of the
The advertising plan for the fall campaign, officials of
the bureau explained, will be devoted to "tourist appeal,"
while that to follow in the winter and spring months of
next year will be largely devoted to agricultural and in-
dustrial topics.
The bureau handles the advertising fund appropriated
by the state legislature. This fund, during the past three
years, has been used to advertise the resources of the
state in newspapers, magazines and farm periodicals over
the nation.


(Davenport Times)
The Tampa Tribune calls attention in an editorial this
week to patronizing local manufacturers. The appeal is
made, from all appearances, to Tampa merchants, yet we
believe that it is aimed at merchants in Florida who con-
sider Tampa a wholesale center. Quite naturally, because
Tampa is a wholesale distributing point for this large con-
suming territory. It is a manufacturing center for a
great many products which have wholesale distribution
throughout Florida. Yet, we ask, what has the Tampa
wholesaler and manufacturer ever done to stimulate trade
among the towns and cities of the state and create a con-
sumer demand for their products?
To be more direct in our question, has any wholesale
distributor or manufacturer in Tampa, or Jacksonville
for that matter, ever conducted a state-wide advertising
campaign in the city and country newspapers? We be-
lieve not. We have never seen any kind of advertising
campaign, yet we know that Tampa and Jacksonville pro-
duce merchandise for many needs and uses, which offer a
splendid and profitable subject for a state-wide adver-
tising campaign.
Tampa has a great cement plant, yet this writer has
never seen "Florida Portland Cement" advertised in the
newspapers of the state. Tampa made most of the
$27,000,000 worth of cigars produced in Florida last
year, yet we have never seen a Tampa cigar advertised
in the newspapers of the state.
Tampa and Jacksonville have high quality brands of
canned goods which sell in the retail groceries of the
state, yet we have never seen them advertised.

Florida produced over 500,000 cases of canned grape-
fruit last year, yet we have never seen a can of such
product advertised in the newspapers of the state.
There are approximately 1,300,000 people in Florida,
and several hundred thousand additional during the
tourist season, and yet this vast number never see at any
time of the year, Florida-made products advertised in the
papers of the state.
National advertisers create consumer demand by ex-
ploiting their products before the housewife and the man
of the house and they have profited thereby. Just why
cannot Florida manufacturers and big wholesale distribu-
tors do the same through the state papers and put their
products in the hands of the huge consuming public of
this state, in preference to products made in some remote
section of the country?
Before Florida can hope to attract much attention
from "foreign advertisers," they must at least show that
they believe in the city and country newspapers of
Florida by conducting well-planned advertising cam-
We would like to have the Tampa Tribune, or any
other newspaper well posted on this subject, give some
explanation of this matter, if there is any.
We believe that this is a subject well worth the con-
sideration of every newspaper in the state, and a matter
which could mean a great deal of prosperity to Florida.



(St. Augustine Record, June 26, 1928)
Green Cove Springs, June 25.-Two or three carloads
of peppers are going from Green Cove Springs each week
to the northern markets, and they are bringing very satis-
factory prices. The first carload shipment brought above
four dollars a crate, which gives the grower a nice margin
of profit. The most of the shipments are coming from
the Walker K. Post truck farm across the railroad, but
smaller growers are helping to load the cars. The peppers
are particularly fine this year and yield is exceptionally
profuse. Mr. Post has about eleven acres in peppers and
he is counting on a yield of between thirty-five hundred
and four thousand crates. The season promises to be a
long one and if prices hold up the pepper crop here will
be worth a good many thousand dollars to the community.
Mr. Post has about sixty people at work handling his crop
and he is getting the peppers to market as rapidly as pos-
sible. Commission men in New York who are handling
the crop look for a rise rather than a fall in prices.

BULB HARVEST OF 100,000,000

Goodwin Gives Out Figures on Growers and

(Lakeland Star-Telegram, June 25, 1928)
Tallahassee, June 25.-(A. P.)-Florida should have a
summer harvest of over a hundred million bulbs, J. C.
Goodwin, nursery inspector for the State Plant Board, has
advised the Florida Industrial Survey.
The estimate was made in figuring that each bulb
planted would produce three bulbs.
The state board now has 92 bulb growers under in-
spection, the report to the survey said. The growers
planted a total of over 32,000,000 bulbs.





(Auburndale Journal, July 6, 1928)
Production at the second Florida National Egg Laying
Contest, Chipley, Florida, stood at 62 per cent during
the 34th week which ended June 30. A total of 4,169
eggs were laid by the 960 birds which gives them a grand
total of 132,711 eggs to date, or 58.3 per cent. Each
bird now has a credit of 138.2 eggs.
The pen of leghorns owned by A. J. O'Donovan, Jr.,
Katonah, N. Y., carried off the honors for the week, with
a lay of 60 eggs out of a possible 70. The entry belong-
ing to Pinebreeze Farm of Callahan, Fla., came second
with 58 eggs, while McCartney's White Leghorn Farm
pen came third with 57 eggs. The Valley View Farm
entry from Asheville, N. C., tied with the Nomosee Farm
pen from Ocatie, S. C., for next place with 56 eggs. One
of the Marshall farm pens from Mobile came next with 55
eggs and three pens fought for last place on the list with
54 eggs each. These were W. T. Laney of Chipley, Fla.;
W. S. Hannah & Son of Grand Rapids, Mich.; and Adam
Glass of Mobile, Ala.
Pedigree Poultry Farm, Rankins, Tenn., owns the pen
that is leading the whole contest to date with 1,861 eggs.
The second pen, owned by A. J. O'Donovan, gained 9 eggs
on the latter during the week just passed and may make
it pretty hot for the leader before the end of the contest.
Pinebreeze Farm still gains ground in the race among
Florida bred pens. They now have 1,797 eggs to the
credit of the ten hens which is 34 eggs ahead of their
closest competitor. The race among high individuals
changes almost every week. This time a Pedigree Farm
bird is leading with 208 eggs to date.
One of the birds owned by W. S. Hannah & Son is
pushing her rather closely as she laid 66 eggs and is still
laying. Third best record was made by one of Adam
Glass' birds with 63 eggs in 63 days.


(Palm Beach Post, July 12, 1928)
Speaking with the authority of his office as State Mar-
keting Commissioner, L. M. Rhodes, of Jacksonville, de-
livered one of the most interesting talks on the opening
program of the Canal Point farm rally yesterday. The
extent of Florida's contribution to the agriculture of the
nation was pointed out when he declared that this state
is shipping approximately one-tenth of the fresh fruits and
vegetables in the United States from less than 300,000
acres of land in bearing groves, vineyards, orchards and
truck farms.
"If all the Everglades were growing perishable crops,
we would undoubtedly be producing ten times as many
as the entire state is producing now, or as much as is be-
ing shipped by the whole United States at the present
time, and we certainly would have no market for them,
and loss and disaster would be the result of an increased
production of this size," Mr. Rhodes declared.
"On the other hand, seven-eighths of the crop value
of the United States is for staple crops, and while Florida
is shipping out of the state 75,000 to 100,000 carloads of
fruits and vegetables valued at from $70,000,000 to
$90,000,000, we are shipping into the state many million
dollars' worth of staple crops and live stock products.

With an ever-increasing population and the poultry and
dairy industries expanding all the time, requiring more
food and feeds, with gigantic possibilities in the produc-
tion of forage, grains, peanuts, pastures, sugar cane, etc.,
certainly staple products and live stock should have an
important place in your agricultural production program.
"Market news service is now available over leased wire
to the nine southeastern states. A very complete report
comes into the Florida State Marketing Bureau daily
from the large market centers on the leading principal
seasonal commodities from November 1 to July 1. This
information is distributed the same day throughout the
state by mail, telephone, telegraph and radio.
These market news reports from market centers keep
the shippers informed as to markets with accurate in-
formation as to production, movement, supply, demand,
consumption, prevailing tone of the market, quantity in
storage, condition of shipments, export demand, pest
epidemics and other conditions affecting the markets.
"It is just as impossible for growers or shippers to
market intelligently without this information as it is for
a physician to diagnose a disease without knowing the
pulse-beat, heart action, temperature or blood pressure of
the patient.
"If in marketing, as in everything else, knowledge is
power and information has value, it is imperative that
the truck growers of this section take advantage of this
modern, useful, valuable service."
Mr. Rhodes dealt at length on the value of shipping
point inspection. "It enables cooperative organizations
to deal equitably with their members," he said.
"Cooperative effort, and many other factors will aid the
farmers in selling their crops, but they must necessarily
compete with each other in production of them. The best
prices go to those who are the most efficient in produc-
tion of that superior quality.
"The time is passed in the farming industry when pro-
ducers turning out average yields of only average quality
can make money. The rewards go to those who place
high class products on the markets, produced at a mini-
mum cost. In order to do this, market news, inspection
and grading are indispensable features.


(Apalachicola Times, June 30, 1928)
Florida has a mile of railroad to every 166 of its in-
habitants. This will be shown in the forthcoming report
on the Florida Industrial Survey to be issued from the
press shortly.
The report will list the present railroad mileage of the
state as 8,220.63. The per capital mileage was estimated
on the basis of the June 30, 1927, population of the state,
which was placed at 1,362,000.
The total railroad mileage on December 31, 1927, was
4,239.61 and in 1917 it was 5,930.05. In 1926 the total
had increased to 7,283.08.
To the latter figure was added the double trackage and
the newly completed tracks of 1927 to arrive at the
present mileage.
The survey report will include the number of miles of
railroad tracks in each county, including the main lines,
side tracks and switches. The report covers from Decem-
ber 31, 1907, to December 31, 1917, and from the latter
date to December 31, 1926.
The double trackage total was given as 469.47 and the
tracks completed in 1927 as 467.98 miles.



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