PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF
JULY 16, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SevenIth Annual Farmers' and Fruit Growers' Week ........
Wilson Opens Cigar Factory in Lake Wales ..... .
Five Steamers Enter Jax Port ................
Pineapples Show Average $400 Acre...........
Clyde Line Plans Refrigeration of Truck Shipments ...... ........
Dania's Tomato Crop Brings $500,000 Cash.........................
Straw berry Culture............................... ...... ..... ..
Blueberry Crop Being Picked ......... ... ... .
Work of Filling Tremendous Silo to Start Soon ...............
First Frisco Train to Pensacola ...... ... .... ... .. .. ......
Jersey Cow Sets New World Record............................ ..... ...
Dairymen to Give Calf Club Awards ...................... ........
Four Tomatoes Weight 41, Pounds ....................... ...........
Final Citrus Cargo Leaves .......................... ............. ..... ..... .....
Merkle to Become Production Head of New Factory Here... ..
M manufacturing Is On Increase ..... .. .... ........... ........
Poultry Industry Flourishing H ere..................... .............. .
Seven Carloads of Tomatoes from Fourteen Acres ............. .
Figures Show Number Boxes of Fruit Sent .. ..............
First Tobacco Being Cured .. ........ ............... .... .........
The Produce Agency Act ..... .......... .. .... ..............
Local Canning Plant Operating ......... ..... ..... .......................
Trail Widens Tourist Lure, Declares Pye........ ............ .
Shipped Carload of Blackberries ............................................
A. C. L. Announces Preparation for Business Increase .................
Florida Hens Show Heavy Egg Production in National Contest..
Shipping Eggs by Thousand Cases.....
Lake County Roads Beautified by Plants ......... ....................
Flower Show Saturday Big Success ....................
Nux Vom ica for Hawks............. ......... .. .................................
G row ing Chinese F ruit ........ ...............................
3 B Dairy Makes New Milk Drink .................. ......................
Visualizing Citrus Acreage .. ........................................ ..............
5.100 Cars Record of Shipping Season ............. .........................
(heap Cow Feed .............. ...... ............... ... ... ................ ....
Cotton Blooming. Tobacco Priming Starting Up ..........................
Infant Industries of North Florida....... ....................................
New Fernandina Cannery to Open Soon .... .......... ...........
Turpentine and Rosin Plant Is Most Successful .....................
Corn 11 Feet 4 Inches Tall Is Grown on Peace Valley Muck......
Turtles Are Protected in Florida .......... ........ ..................
F ire C control F und F ixed ................................. .. .... ..........
Expense of Operation of Florida Citrus Exchange....................
Alachua Melons Second to None, Says McRae............................
Florida Fisherm en Receive $100,000 ............................................
Florida-Grown Cauliflower in Big Demand ...............................
T he D airy C ow . .. ... .. ...... ...... .. ....
H u rrah for T om atoes ......................... ............ ...... ...................
Agricultural Extension Division, College of Agriculture, University of Florida, Gainesville
Seventh Annual Farmers' and Fruit Growers' Week
for Men and Women
AUGUST 13TH TO 18TH, INCLUSIVE, 1928
HIS is the seventh annual Florida Farm-
ers' and Fruit Growers' Week, the first
one being held in August, 1922. Prior to
that time, citrus seminars and livestock
round-ups were held. The attendance each year
has steadily increased, until last year it was
1,640 men and women. This year arrangements
are being made to care for at least 2,000 visit-
ors. If you plan to attend, please notify the
College in advance.
No fees will be charged. All lectures and
demonstrations will be free.
ACCOMMODATIONS AND EXPENSES
Rooms in the dormitories, including meals at
the University dining room, may be secured at
$1.50 per day. Those taking advantage of this
rate must bring pillows, bed linen and towels.
Single meals are as follows: Breakfast, 25c;
dinner or supper, 40c. Rooms and meals con-
venient to the campus may be had at reasonable
rates. Also the hotels of Gainesville have ample
accommodations. The committee is making pro-
vision for a large attendance.
Water, lights, toilet facilities and camping
space will be provided near the Horticultural
building for those who wish to camp on the
campus during the week. There is no charge
for these facilities. Camping visitors should
bring their own tents, beds, etc. Meals may be
had at the University Commons at prices given
above, or visitors may bring their own cooking
A day nursery, with competent girls in
charge, will be provided for young children.
There is a special program for women. Bring
the whole family.
Farm Crops.-Farm management, rotation,
grass and forage crops, cotton culture, forestry
and cutover lands, agricultural machinery and
Livestock.-Beef and swine production, dis-
eases and farm sanitation. Selection of dairy
cattle, handling milk and butter, correct feed-
ing, judging demonstrations and marketing
Poultry.-Egg-Laying Contest reports, man-
agement problems, diseases and parasites, tur-
keys, annual meeting of Florida Baby Chick
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
Association, annual meeting of Florida Branch,
American Poultry Association.
Citrus.-Fertilization, cover crops, cultiva-
tion, irrigation, pruning and economical grove
management. Opportunity will be given for
laboratory study of citrus insects and diseases,
with control suggestions.
Small Fruits, Pecans, and Ornamentals.-
Varieties, culture, pruning, harvesting and mar-
keting small fruits, pecans, ornamentals, and
Truck Crops.-Seedbeds, seed treatment, va-
rieties, fertilization, disease and insect control,
and marketing of vegetables.
Beekeeping.-Management of apiaries, con-
trol of bee diseases, and exhibition of honey and
Farm Management, Marketing, and Rural
Life.-The business side of farming and mar-
keting farm products will be stressed. A con-
ference of rural ministers is planned. "Improv-
ing religious education in rural communities"
will be the main theme.
Home Economics.-A full week's program
directed by the State Home Demonstration Staff
is provided for women, including poultry, food
preparation and conservation, conveniences,
clothing, beautifying the home and surround-
ings, gardening, and marketing. Women desir-
ing to take advantage of other programs are
cordially invited to do so.
Instructors.-Committees from the College of
Agriculture, State College for Women, and
State Plant Board are in charge of programs.
Speakers and experts from other Florida agri-
cultural institutions and the United States De-
partment of Agriculture, as well as growers,
will appear on the program.
Entertainment will be a special feature each
day-music, motion pictures and popular lec-
tures. One afternoon will be used for the An-
nual Farmers' Week picnic. The night pro-
grams will be entirely entertainment.
The following organizations will hold their
annual meetings at the College during Farmers'
Florida Baby Chick Association, Friday, Au-
Florida Branch, American Poultry Associa-
tion, Tuesday, August 14.
Florida Beekeepers' Association, possibly
Wednesday, August 15.
State Dairymen's Association, Thursday, Au-
State Council of Senior Home Demonstration
Printed programs will be issued 10 days in
advance of the meetings. A supply will be
placed in the offices of County and Home Dem-
onstration Agents and State Plant Board In-
Bring the whole family.
On reaching the campus, report to headquar-
ters at the College of Agriculture, register and
secure detailed information.
Those who contemplate attending should no-
tify the College of Agriculture, Gainesville, in
SOME THINGS TO BE SEEN AT FARMERS'
The College of Agriculture building will be
headquarters for Farmers' Week. Laboratories
and classrooms will be open for inspection and
use by visitors.
The Experiment Station and new Horticul-
tural Building contain offices and laboratories
of Experiment Station and Extension workers.
Hedges, grapes, citrus, flowers, shrubs, and
greenhouses will be seen on the horticultural
The dairy herd is one of the finest in the state
and production results are being obtained that
are practical and applicable to dairying in other
parts of the state. Visitors should see the herd.
The Florida State Museum, located in Science
Hall, should be viewed by every visitor to Farm-
ers' Week. It is open every day and free.
Other buildings of interest are the dormi-
tories, the Commons, the College of Law, the
College of Engineering, Teachers College, Lan-
guage Hall, the Library, the Auditorium, Chem-
istry building and Engineering building. The
University Radio Station is going up south of
See your County Agent, Home Demonstration
Agent, State Plant Board Inspector, or write to
the College of Agriculture, Gainesville, Fla., for
further information and reservations.
WILSON OPENS CIGAR FACTORY IN LAKE
(Lake Wales Highlander, June 12, 1928)
F. T. Wilson of Tampa, an old and well established
cigar manufacturer of Tampa, has moved to Lake Wales,
where he has rented the ground floor of the Bartleson
building at Bullard avenue and First street and started
last Tuesday with a force of several men making cigars.
Mr. Wilson intends later to put out Ridge and Lake
Wales brands and will sell them through the Bartleson
Candy and Cigar Company. He is hoping to put on a
force of at least 25 cigarmakers in the near future. Sev-
eral families will be brought to the city by the move at
once with a very good prospect of more to come shortly.
Mr. Wilson makes a good cigar and local pride should
stimulate its sale among local cigar and other stores.
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO............... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS. ........... Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR............................ Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
JULY 16, 1928
FIVE STEAMERS ENTER JAX PORT
Fastest Time Reported Made by Freight Vessel
in From Tampa
(Jacksonville Journal, June 20, 1928)
Five big steamers entered the port of Jacksonville this
morning, including the 8,000-ton motorship Raby Castle,
one of the largest of its kind ever constructed.
The Raby Castle, entering port from Tampa, made the
journey in slightly more than 48 hours, considered the
fastest time ever registered for a freight vessel between
the west Florida coast and this city. She is loading a
general cargo for Bremen and Hamburg. McGiffin and
company is agent.
Three liners entered harbor, the Cherokee, Berkshire
and Juniata. The Clyde steamer brought many passen-
gers from New York, including summer tourists, while
the Berkshire was loaded almost to capacity when she
arrived from Miami. The latter craft, of the Merchants
and Miners Transportation Company, sails this afternoon
directly for Philadelphia. The Merchants and Miners
liner Juniata arrived from Baltimore.
To load cargo for Havana and Miami, the Munson line
freighter Munloyal entered port at 8 o'clock this morn-
ing. She leaves this afternoon. Strachan Shipping Com-
pany is agent.
PINEAPPLES SHOW AVERAGE $400 ACRE
(Union Labor News, June 15, 1928)
According to figures published by R. A. Carlton, of the
agricultural land settlement department of the Seaboard
Air Line, based upon data furnished by Chase & Co., of
Orlando, who keep crop statistics more accurately, per-
haps, than any other agency in Florida, the Florida pine-
apple crop has averaged nearly $400 an acre profit to
the grower for the past ten years. The average yield
per acre is given at 234 crates, the average cost of pro-
duction at $1.40 a crate; average price received by the
grower, $3.08 a crate, and average net return $1.68,
causing the average net profit per acre to be $393.12.
During the past decade the peak was reached in 1923
when the gross production was 22,352 crates, bringing a
total of $71,210.40. The 1927 crop was less than half
as large as the 1926 crop, the former being 5,077 crates
and the latter 11,522 crates, and the returns for the 1927
crop were less than half as great as those of the preced-
ing year. There was a time, however, when the Florida
pineapple crop was upwards of a million crates. The
banner production was the season of 1908-9 when the
number of crates shipped was 1,110,547. Several sub-
stantial fortunes were made in pineapples during that
period, but the industry suffered a great slump after
1916, and has never come back in spite of the satis-
factory profits which the growers are shown to receive.
CLYDE LINE PLANS REFRIGERATION OF
Proposes to Spend Large Sum in Increasing
Facilities on Boats and Docks
(Everglades News, June 22, 1928)
Miami, June 19.-A new and superior water-shipping
service for South Florida winter vegetable growers, which
includes cold storage facilities at the municipal docks and
refrigerating facilities on two vessels of the Clyde Steam-
ship Company's Florida fleet, was forecast for Miami
yesterday when a request of the officials of the Clyde
Steamship Company was filed with the city commission
for an extension of the lease of the warehouse on Pier 2
now occupied by the Clyde Line under a three-year lease.
The Clyde Steamship Company proposes to spend $100,-
000 for installing cold storage facilities on its vessels and
$50,000 for a cold storage plant to be erected on Pier 2
as a first unit. A second unit, to take care of the ex-
pected increasing demand, will be built when needed, at
a cost of $45,000.
The company expects to complete the first unit of the
cold storage plant and install the refrigeration facilities
in its vessels this summer, in time to take care of the
large movement of winter beans, tomatoes and citrus
fruits to northern markets the coming season. Installa-
tion of these facilities will give to growers in this section
a service far superior to that offered in other centers for
the shipment of winter vegetables, and will insure that
the products will reach northern markets in perfect con-
The city commissioners agreed on the importance of
these proposed facilities to this section and offered to
execute a five-year lease, which limitation is imposed by
the city charter. Company officials said the life of the
refrigeration machinery would be approximately 20 years.
Officials of the Clyde Line also asked permission to
expend approximately $25,000 on a new de luxe passen-
ger waiting room and office building in the south ware-
house on Pier 2. The commissioners expressed themselves
as willing that the proposed improvements be made.
The improvements when made by the steamship com-
pany will immediately become the property of the city,
subject only to the terms of the proposed lease.
DANIA'S TOMATO CROP BRINGS $500,000
(Dania Record, June 22, 1928)
Dania packing house reports, in the season just closed,
show that 168,305 crates of tomatoes were packed and
shipped. There are a number of smaller growers who
packed their own products, which cannot be checked. It
is estimated these smaller growers shipped between 9,000
and 10,000 crates, a total of 175,000 crates for the season.
The crop brought Dania citizens more than $500,000,
with the exception of fertilizer and the crate material
remaining in the community.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
(Bowling Green Exponent, June 15, 1928)
Now that the time for setting out strawberry plants
for next winter's crop is soon at hand, it may be of in-
terest to those who have never tried the strawberry in-
dustry, but are figuring on it, to get an idea of what it
costs to produce a crop.
After reading and hearing about all the big money
made last winter in the business, no doubt many more
are anxious to try it. Especially tourists who spend the
winter here might want to make their expenses that way.
Everyone has an idea that because of the small acreage
required to take in a large sum of money that very little
capital is required. This is hardly the case. The expense
is just about in proportion to the receipts and the risk is
as great as the ordinary crop.
Beginning about the first of July plants may be set out
any time up till about the middle of December. If these
are bought they will cost from $50 to $80 per acre. To
take up these plants and set them out will cost from $15
to $20 per acre. Fertilizer will cost from $25 to $50 per
acre besides the cost of putting it on. Then comes cul-
tivating and hoeing which will come to $80 and possibly
as high as $100 per acre for the season. Now then, if
your patch is located on low ground you may get by
without irrigation, but then you take the risk of being
flooded. If on high ground you are liable to need irriga-
tion, which will cost about $300 to install alone, besides
the expense of operation. The next very probable ex-
pense is protecting them from frost. Those who haven't
that take a big risk. If you cover with pine straw it will
cost about $25 per acre to gather it, besides, each time
you are threatened with a frost it will cost around $25
per acre to cover and uncover the plants. If you cover
with tomato cups or baskets it will cost about $300 per
acre for the cups, but this will be good for about three
years, if taken care of.
Then comes the cost of cups or baskets in which to
market the berries. These cost from $35 to $50 per
acre, depending on the yield. With them you must have
crates and dividers in which to ship the berries. These
will cost about $200 per acre. Picking and packing will
cost about 5 cents per quart, or from $80 to $100 per
acre. Now then to recapitulate, we have the following
expense account or estimated cost per acre to raise
Plants .................... ............. $50.00 to $100.00
Setting out plants.........................
F ertilizer ............. ... .. .........
Cultivating ............. .............
Straw .............. ....... ...... ............
Covering, three tim es .............. ........
Instead of straw, cups per acre, $100
Cups or baskets to market................ 35.00 to 50.00
Crates ............................... .............. 100.00 to 200.00
Picking and packing................ .......... 80.00 to 100.00
In addition to this there is irrigation and possibly five
coverings for frost instead of three, and numerous other
incidentals, without figuring equipment in the way of
tools, truck and so on, making the first acre represent an
investment of about $1,200.
People who own their own land and can go into it
gradually and do most of their own labor can make far
more than a living at this business. For instance, F. L.
Bryan made over $1,300 from three-quarters of an acre
and had only about $180 expense. Mr. Cason got $562
from about three-quarters of an acre in addition to $156
for beans on the same land the same year and his expense
was only about $50 for fertilizer, plants and other outlay.
W. H. Blackburn realized about $5,500 form 3% acres,
or about $1,500 per acre, but his expenses were over
$700 per acre the past year. However, that is mighty
good profit for farming, which is only a gamble at least,
as it matters not how sure you are of the very best of
crop, the price is never certain. However, until this in-
dustry is more over-done it is one of the surest and most
profitable crops in Florida, not excepting the citrus in-
BLUEBERRY CROP BEING PICKED
Okaloosa County Harvests Her Money Crop
(Pensacola Journal, June 15, 1928)
Crestview, June 14.-(Special)-It's blueberry picking
time in Okaloosa.
Before the sun has dried the dew these June mornings
the roads to the blueberry fields are lined with pickers,
young and old, to harvest Okaloosa county's premier
The ripening is two to three weeks late this year on
account of a late spring, much rain and cool nights, but
already heavy shipments by express have moved to the
northern and eastern markets, and, according to the man-
ager of the Producers' Association here, fancy prices have
been received in return.
"We will have several carlots this season," Mr. Kitt,
the manager, stated, "and the first car should move about
the first of July."
The Sapp orchards near here and the Shaw grove at
Baker will probably be the heaviest shippers this season.
The yield is expected to exceed that of any season hereto-
fore, and if the prices hold up anything like they have
begun, Okaloosa county blueberry growers will ride in
Most of the shipments to date have moved to the Chi-
WORK OF FILLING TREMENDOUS SILO TO
(St. Augustine Record, June 14, 1928)
Daytona Beach, June 14.-Work of filling one of the
largest silos in the state, which has been built on the
Stevens-Carrow dairy farm here, is expected to start next
Wednesday, when a thirty-acre corn crop planted this
spring on the farm will be put into the concrete structure.
The corn crop grown for the silo is one of the best ever
seen in Florida, in the opinion of three agricultural ex-
perts who visited the farm here. They were John M.
Scott, representative of the State Department of Agri-
culture and former head of the agricultural experiment
station of the University of Florida; J. R. Watson, ento-
mologist for the University experiment station, and T. A.
Brown, DeLand, agricultural agent for Volusia county.
They estimated that the crop would produce from eight
to ten tons of ensilage per acre. Brown estimated that
if the corn was harvested after ripening it would produce
sixty bushels per acre.
The Stevens-Carrow silo has a capacity of 280 tons.
It was built by the dairymen to meet the dairy food prob-
lem by raising green feeds at home.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
FIRST FRISCO TRAIN TO PENSACOLA
Specials Leave Memphis, Tenn., for Celebration
at Opening of Port
(Times-Union, June 27, 1928)
Memphis, Tenn., June 26.-(A. P.)-After striving for
seventy-five years to reach a tidewater outlet, the St.
Louis and San Francisco railway today started its first
passenger trains over a route to a gulf port. The trains
carried shippers and business men from the Middle West
over the recently completed line to Pensacola, Fla.
Two passenger trains, composed of special cars from
Kansas City, Wichita, Tulsa, Oklahoma City, Joplin, Fort
Smith, Springfield, St. Louis and Memphis, left here this
morning on a dedication run over the new line. Another
special car was to be picked up at Birmingham.
Originally designed to reach San Francisco, the railway
since the 50's has failed to cross the Rocky Mountains.
The building of 300 miles of road from Aberdeen, Miss.,
to the deep water harbor at Pensacola will be celebrated
in receptions to the two trains at cities along the route.
Pensacola Makes Ready
Pensacola, Fla., June 26.-(A. P.)-Pensacola will be-
gin to celebrate the coming of another railroad to Florida
tomorrow, when at 10 A. M. the first passenger train of
the Frisco system heads a parade of special trains into
the city for a celebration Thursday, which is expected to
see more than 5,000 visitors and for which an elaborate
program has been arranged.
President J. M. Kurn and officials of the road will be
guests of honor.
A special excursion on the Gulf of Mexico, a banquet
at the San Carlos hotel, and several dances in the evening,
will be included in the entertainment.
JERSEY COW SETS NEW WORLD RECORD
(Wisconsin Farmer, June 14, 1928)
In a sheltered valley of northern Massachusetts, a fine
old Jersey cow, Abigail of Hillside, has completed the
greatest Jersey production record of all time. The re-
markable record which this cow has made has not only
broken all previous records, but it exceeds all other offi-
cial tests by such a great margin that it has established
a new standard of production.
In the 365 days of the test, Abigail produced 1,197.51
pounds of butter fat and 23,677 pounds of milk. Her
milk therefore averaged 5.06 per cent fat for the year.
With this record she supersedes the butter fat champion,
Wagga Gladys, an Australian Jersey, as well as the milk
champion, the English Jersey cow, Postmistress.
Abigail is owned and was bred and tested by the vet-
eran dairyman breeder, John T. Carpenter, Hillside Jer-
sey Farm, Shelburne Falls, Mass. She has been tested
four times and this is the second time that she has pro-
duced over 1,000 pounds of butter fat on test. Besides
being the world champion for both milk and butter fat
production she is, in addition, the only Jersey cow with
two records averaging over 1,100 pounds of butter fat.
Her record is also the highest for all breeds on three
times a day milking.
Abigail weighs about 1,050 pounds and shows excellent
quality throughout. Her hide is soft and pliable and
she carries herself with a decidedly confident air. Her
udder is still in perfect condition, although some 40 tons,
or 80,000 pounds of milk have passed through it in her
During this latest test, Abigail's production was
checked on 33 different occasions by 17 different official
supervisors from eight states. Perhaps the most remark-
able feature of the new record is that it was made with
no unusual effort on Abigail's part, for she maintained
her phenomenal yield with such ease that the record did
not seem to be a spectacular one to those who were watch-
ing her. She was actually on test for 13 months, and in
computing her record the first month's production was
discarded, for her yield in the thirteenth month of this
record breaking test was greater than in the first 30
days. This is a remarkable example of persistency. For
six of the months of the test her yield was well above
100 pounds of butter fat per month.
In the four tests that she has now completed, Abigail
has averaged 879.72 pounds of butter fat and 17,021
pounds of milk. Her half sister and stable mate, Made-
line of Hillside, was formerly world champion for Jersey
milk production with her record of 20,624 pounds of
milk and 1,044.05 pounds of butter fat.
The records of both Abigail and Madeline were made
under conditions that exist on any average dairy farm.
Mr. Carpenter makes his living from his herd and his
cattle must of necessity be good producers. The majority
of the most outstanding Jersey records are made by just
such dairy farmers.
DAIRYMEN TO GIVE CALF CLUB AWARDS
County Association to Split $100.00 Into Two
(Daily Democrat, June 14, 1928)
In order to increase interest and participation in the
calf club contest this year, the Leon County Dairyman's
Association will raise $100 to supplement the two prizes
already announced for winners in the competition.
This was determined at a meeting of the county dairy-
men at the home of H. B. Raa last night. It was decided
to split the $100 into third and fourth awards of $60 and
The prizes already announced are a trip to Chicago for
the Leon county boy or girl raising the champion calf of
the year, and a registered calf to the winner of second
place. The calf will be given by E. G. Rivers.
Mr. and Mrs. Raa proved real oldtime entertainers in
providing a social hour for the dairymen. Delicious re-
freshments were served, and then the meeting was ad-
journed to meet again on July 11 at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. Jonas Hartsfield.
FOUR TOMATOES WEIGH 41/2 POUNDS
(Okeechobee News, June 1, 1928)
Mr. D. B. McKenzie, who farms on the Lon Hough
place north of the city, brought into The News office
Monday morning four tomatoes that weighed 4 pounds.
One of the tomatoes weighed 1 1 pounds, while another
weighed over one pound. The seeds were bought from
the Ingraham Seed Company. They were the largest
tomatoes this writer ever saw.
FINAL CITRUS CARGO LEAVES
Polk County Supplies Most of England's Latest
(Lakeland Journal, June 8, 1928)
Florida's last shipment of citrus fruit direct to
England this season left Jacksonville on the Frederick
Leyland line boat Darian, Wednesday morning, accord-
ing to advices received in Polk county. It is understood
that a large proportion of this cargo of 6,500 boxes came
from Polk county, much of it around Lake Alfred.
According to John Arnold, Jr., president of the Arnold
Fruit Company, which handled the shipment at Jackson-
ville, the 6,500 boxes in this shipment completely filled
the refrigerator capacity of the Darian. Mr. Arnold also
is authority for the statement that plans are now under
way so that the refrigerator capacity of the Darian and
the Daytonian, the two boats utilized in this service, so
that they will be able to supply approximately 200,000
boxes next season direct from Jacksonville, and in much
less time than was consumed this year.
So popular have the Florida citrus fruits become in
England that the consumption has increased from ap-
proximately 20,000 boxes, shipped by way of New York
in 1920, to more than 500,000 boxes in the 1927 season,
according to Mr. Arnold. It is contended that this fruit
can be shipped direct from Jacksonville at a very sub-
stantial saving to the grower over the cost of shipment
by way of New York.
"I returned to Florida the latter part of April after
spending nearly two months in England and France,"
says Mr. Arnold. "During this time I traveled a distance
of over two thousand miles by automobile through Eng-
land and Scotland and Wales and visited practically every
fruit market of any consequence on the island as well as
quite a number of small towns and villages.
"I realize that a great many reports have been pub-
lished in regard to fruit marketing conditions in England,
mostly by representatives of the United States Depart-
ment of Commerce, but up to the present there has been
very little study of this market by Florida shippers as in-
terest in exporting has been comparatively little up to
this season. Regular direct shipments from Florida, first
established during the present season, have been the main
factor in arousing present interest. I feel, for this
reason, that while I may not be able to add to the store
of information already obtainable that I may be able to
place some of this information in a new light.
"At present England (meaning the United Kingdom),
offers the only European market of any consequence to
the Florida shippers. The markets of Germany, Holland
and France can and will be developed in the future.
"Florida could well afford to spend some money adver-
tising grapefruit in England, in the beginning. Florida
should probably confine her efforts to display and poster
advertising which could be economically handled through
the regular advertising channels of the fruit trade.
"The best known trade mark now used on Florida
grapefruit sold in the United Kingdom is also used on
Porto Rican grapefruit, and although the brand, which is
of a very high quality, has been much benefited by this
advertising, this publicity does not necessarily benefit
Florida. Probably the best method of advertising that
could now be used would be to mark each piece of high
grade grapefruit with the word Florida.
"At present Florida is not nearly so well known in
England as importers have visited the West Coast of the
United States in connection with apple exports. Practi-
cally none of them have ever visited Florida. Due to the
direct shipments of this season, which has for the first
time brought Florida into the limelight, this condition will
soon be a thing of the past. Many importers who have
not heretofore seen anything but the apple districts of
the states have expressed themselves as planning to visit
Florida the coming year. In addition, representatives of
several big shipping interests who have never seen Florida
are also planning visits."
MERKLE TO BECOME PRODUCTION HEAD
OF NEW FACTORY HERE
(Daytona Beach Times, June 15, 1928)
Fred Merkle, internationally known big league baseball
star, will become production manager of the Branner
Nomange Collar Corporation, with the opening of the
firm's factory here within the next 60 days, it was an-
Merkle, with Walter Johnson, the "Big Train" of base-
ball, and also a local winter resident, are among the
nationally known stockholders in the company.
His business connection with the new firm explains,
his friends state, why the star athlete this summer refused
highly attractive offers from various big league clubs for
The Branner Nomange Collar Corporation, with a capi-
tal stock of $100,000, will begin the manufacture here
within the next 60 days of a patented dog collar discov-
ered by George R. Branner, Ormond resident, which has
been proved through exhaustive tests to be a 100 per cent
preventative of mange.
Machinery for the local factory has already been or-
dered and is expected to arrive within two weeks. When
completed the factory will have a capacity output of
25,000 collars per month. Officials of the concern are
at present mapping out a national advertising campaign
to assure the success of the discovery, which has been
termed one of the greatest humanitarian finds of the
animal world by kennel experts throughout the country.
MANUFACTURING IS ON INCREASE
(Palm Beach Times, June 15, 1928)
Tallahassee, June 15.-(A. P.)-Manufacturing in
Florida in recent years has expanded at a rate exceeding
that of the growth of industry in the United States as a
whole, Paul W. Stewart, of the United States Department
of Commerce, has advised the Florida Industrial Survey
in an article on "Manufacturing Progress in Florida."
Mr. Stewart cited figures to show the increase, declar-
ing that for the two-year period between 1923 and 1925,
for example, the increased output of Florida manufactur-
ing establishments was 44 per cent, while in the entire
country the increase amounted to only slightly more than
four per cent.
"The output value of Florida industries has shown a
constant increase since 1914," he stated, "with the excep-
tion of 1919, when prices were all out of proportion to
those before or since.
"It is striking, therefore, that even with the decline in
prices the Florida industries in 1925 not only came up to
the 1919 figure, but exceeded it by about $56,000,000, or
26.5 per cent. The value for the whole United States in
1923 also exceeded the 1919 figure, but only by a very
slight margin, or 1.6 per cent."
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
POULTRY INDUSTRY FLOURISHING HERE
Roco Farms Find That Local Markets Absorb
Large Amount of Produce
(Perry Herald, June 14, 1928)
The Roco Farms, operated by Rudolf Robinson and.
Walter F. Osius, and located about eight miles southwest
of Shady Grove, has begun to prove itself worthy of
notice in this section of Taylor county. Mr. Robinson
and Mr. Osius came here from Chicago and Detroit re-
spectively seven months ago with the intention of utiliz-
ing the unusually favorable resources which Taylor county
offers in the interest of poultry raising. Although inex-
perienced in this phase of farming, the natural advantages
which Florida holds for poultry raisers have been con-
sidered an important factor in the success they have had
At the present time the chickens with which they have
stocked so far number about one thousand. The egg-
producers are all Black Minorcas, being somewhat of a
departure from the customary Leghorn, which has been
so successfully raised throughout the state up to this
time. It is the aim of the Roco Farms, however, to popu-
larize Black Minorcas in this section, as they have been
already recognized as a particularly valuable breed and
a hardy one, thriving especially well in the South. Being
prolific layers of unusually large white eggs, Mr. Robinson
and Mr. Osius believe that Minorcas will offer interesting
competition to all other breeds when eggs are at a pre-
mium. With this in view, they have obtained a founda-
tion flock of birds, said to be blooded with some of the
finest matings of their breed in this country by Pape, of
Fort Wayne, Indiana.
The other side of poultry farming-raising the chickens
for meat-is also being followed in as large a way as
their present facilities will permit. Within the last two
weeks over two hundred and fifty fryers and broilers
were brought into Perry for local use, although it had
been intended to ship this meat to foreign markets.
Perry, however, seemed hungry enough for chicken at
that time to resolve itself into an excellent market for
all the young chicken that could be brought in. Mr. Rob-
inson and Mr. Osius have selected the White Plymouth
Rock as an ideal type for table use, and plan to have
marketable birds on the place during all months of the
year, increasing their stock, of course, to capacity in the
early part of each year in order to meet the spring de-
SEVEN CARLOADS OF TOMATOES FROM
(Hendry County News, June 14, 1928)
J. B. Thomas and E. E. Fortson, of Felda, shipped the
seventh carload of tomatoes Wednesday over the A. C. L.
Railroad, from their fourteen acre truck patch. They
only expected to get about two "pickings" off of this acre-
age, says Mr. Thomas, but the yield has been so excep-
tionally good that they have been picking tomatoes more
or less steadily for about five weeks and still have a fair
crop of green tomatoes that have not yet reached ma-
turity. These tomatoes were planted in a low place,
which in wet weather is a shallow pond, and the vines
have been loaded with tomatoes for several weeks.
FIGURES SHOW NUMBER BOXES OF FRUIT
Total of 33,114 Grapefruit and 915 of Oranges
Go to Britain
(Lake Worth Leader, June 16, 1928)
Jacksonville-With the last shipment of citrus fruits
direct to Liverpool from the port of Jacksonville, now on
its way to the English port, figures compiled at the United
States custom house yesterday morning show that Florida
shipped through this port a total of 33,114 crates of
grapefruit and 915 crates of oranges during the past
The direct shipments of Florida fruits to Liverpool
were initiated last December, when the first boat of 5,669
crates of grapefruit and 815 crates of oranges were sent
to the foreign port as a trial shipment in order to deter-
mine to what extent the consumption would reach.
This shipment proved a success far beyond the hopes
of the local shippers and in January another load of
4,850 crates of grapefruit and 100 crates of oranges were
In February, 4,320 crates were sent, while in February
the largest single shipment of the season, which was 6,900
crates, cleared from this port. The May shipment con-
sisted of 5,675 crates and the June shipment, which is
now on the way over, consisted of 5,700 crates.
First to send direct shipments of fruits from this port
were John S. Arnold, president of the Arnold Fruit Com-
pany; J. A. Kaufmann, manager of the Strachan Shipping
Company, agent for the boats, and Mark Hyde, manager
of the Armour Packing Plant here.
FIRST TOBACCO BEING CURED
(Williston Special, June 15, 1928)
Levy county is witnessing its first barn of tobacco being
cured this week. To those that have never seen this crop
handled it will be quite interesting to follow the process.
Mr. C. W. Britt, an experienced North Carolina tobacco
grower, is handling this crop for Mr. Nelson, and the con-
dition of the crop is proof enough that he knows his
Messrs. Britt and Nelson have under cultivation twenty-
five acres of tobacco of the bright leaf variety, the first
of which was set out on March 26th. Those who have
seen this tobacco say that it is the finest they have seen
in the state.
Tuesday Mr. Britt gathered for his first curing and it
is now in the barn undergoing the process. Those who
are interested in the tobacco industry should pay a visit
and see this new crop in the different stages of being
harvested and taken care of.
This is the first year that tobacco has been planted
in this county and this is about the only crop right in
this neighborhood, but in the Chiefland section of the
county quite a large acreage is under cultivation, and a
journey over that farming district will bring into sight
a number of barns being erected.
Messrs. Britt and Nelson have erected three barns, un-
usually well built of the twin type furnace, which in an-
other week or two will be going full blast, as it takes a
barn for about every five acres.
Mr. Britt has planted three different times, so as to be
able to handle it with the three barns. This makes har-
vesting of the crop come at different times instead of all
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
THE PRODUCE AGENCY ACT
Answers to Questions on Its Scope and Inter-
(United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of
June 1, 1928
The Produce Agency Act is a federal law which became
effective July 1, 1927. It is of particular interest to
growers, shippers, commission merchants, brokers and
What is the chief purpose of this law? To protect
growers and shippers against fraudulent accounting on
consignments of perishable farm products received in in-
Whose business is affected by this law? Commission
merchants and any others who receive perishable farm
products in interstate commerce for or on behalf of
To what produce does this law relate? Fruits, vege-
tables, melons, dairy and poultry products, or any other
perishable farm product.
What transactions by dealers are not covered by this
(a) Purchases of produce (not consignments);
(b) Consignments not in interstate commerce;
(c) Strictly brokerage transactions;
(d) Joint accounts;
(e) Cooperative associations except on produce
handled for non-members;
(f) Disposal of rejected produce by railroads, except
as to accounting;
(g) Non-perishable farm products, such as grains, live-
What acts are prohibited?
(a) Dumping or destroying produce, received in inter-
state commerce for or on behalf of another, without good
and sufficient cause;
(b) Making any false statement to the shipper, know-
ingly and with intent to defraud, concerning the hand-
ling, condition, quantity, quality, sale or disposition of
(c) Failure, knowingly and with intent to defraud, to
account truly and correctly for the produce.
What is the penalty for violation of any provision of
this Act? A fine of not less than $100 and not more
than $3,000, or imprisonment for a period of not exceed-
ing one year, or both.
What protection is afforded a commission merchant or
other agent? On produce to be dumped or destroyed
because unsalable, the law has provided that the commis-
sion merchant or other agent may obtain prompt in-
vestigations and certificates, by persons in classes desig-
nated by the Secretary of Agriculture, as to the quality
and condition of such produce. These certificates are
prima facie evidence in federal courts of the truth of the
statements therein contained.
Who are authorized to issue certificates on produce to
(a) Any authorized inspector of the U. S. Department
of Agriculture under the food products inspection law.
(b) Any health officer or food inspector of any state,
county, parish, city or municipality.
Must certificates be obtained before produce can be
dumped? No. This is only for the protection of the
commission merchant or other agent.
In what form must applications for investigations or
certificates be made? No particular form is prescribed,
but it must contain the information required by Section
3 of Regulation 4 of the Regulations prescribed by the
Secretary of Agriculture for the enforcement of this
Act. These regulations are published in Service and Regu-
latory Announcements No. 107 (Agri. Econ.) of the
United States Department of Agriculture. Recommended
forms of application have been placed in the hands of all
local health officers and of branch officers of the Fruit
and Vegetable Division, Bureau of Agricultural Eco-
nomics, U. S. Department of Agriculture.
How can shippers file a complaint against a dealer
under this Act? All complaints should be addressed to
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Department
of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. The complaint must
set forth all facts concerning the transaction and must
be accompanied by all available correspondence and other
papers relating to the shipment. A blank form for sub-
mitting a complaint may be obtained, if desired, by ad-
dressing the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
SOME QUESTIONS RAISED BY THE PRODUCE
Question 1.-When a lot or carload, shipped in inter-
state commerce, originally sold to the consignee, is re-
jected by the purchaser and later released by the shipper
to the original purchaser, does the transaction come
under the provisions of the Act?
Answer.-In the absence of a definite agreement re-
garding payment, the carlot is considered as being
handled for the account of the shipper and comes under
the provisions of the Act. The trade considers the car
is on consignment.
Question 2.-Do railroads and express companies come
within the scope of the Act when disposing of refused
Answer.-The Act does not affect the right of railroads
and express companies to sell refused shipments, but this
should be honestly done and the account rendered the
shipper should be true and correct. While the Act is not
directed primarily at carriers, they come within the Act
to the extent indicated.
Question 3.-What is meant by "commercial value"?
Answer.-Commercial value means any value that a
commodity may have for any purpose that can be ascer-
tained in the exercise of due diligence by the agent with-
out unreasonable expense or loss of time.
Question 4.-If a lot has no commercial value in its
present condition and would not sell for enough to pay
the cost of reconditioning, is the agent justified in dump-
ing the lot?
Question 5.-If a consigned shipment is without com-
mercial value as a human food, but has commercial value
for other purposes, is the agent required to dispose of it
out of the usual trade channels?
Answer.-Within reasonable limits. See definition of
Question 6.-Are consignees required to accept ship-
ments they believe will not sell for enough to pay freight
Question 7.-May receivers pool or intermingle several
lots of products received from different shippers?
Answer.-Not unless they receive written permission
from the shippers, or have given due advance notice that
shipments received by them will be so handled and ship-
pers have not objected to this practice.
Question 8.-Must agents who sell consigned produce
to a separate and distinct concern or corporation in which
they have a financial interest, or who are financially in-
terested in them, show this on the account sales sent to
Answer.-Yes. Such a disclosure should be made on
the account sales in each case.
Question 9.-Can agents place consigned produce with
another agent for sale and charge the shipper two com-
Answer.-In a given market it is to be presumed that
the agent is capable of securing adequate returns for a
shipment. If he has to turn goods over to another agent
for disposal it does not appear that he has performed a
service entitling him to a commission. If the agent feels
it wise to forward shipment to another market, the con-
sent of the shipper should be obtained. Double commis-
sion should not be charged unless the shipper consents
and gross receipts and all deductions must be shown on
the account sales.
Question 10.-When a consigned lot is in such condi-
tion on arrival that it will show considerable shrinkage
on reconditioning how can the agent get protection on
Answer.-Get a food products inspection certificate
covering the original condition at destination and stating
the average percentage of worthless stock. If, after re-
conditioning, the shrinkage runs higher than indicated
get a certificate under the Produce Agency Act showing
the definite amount that has no commercial value.
Question 11.-What details should be shown on ac-
count sales sent to shippers?
Answer.-At least the total volume sold and the gross
amount received, with itemized expenses and the com-
mission charged. Also any loss from shrinkage, dumping
or reconditioning, together with supporting papers. The
common law covering agency, as well as good practice,
entitles the shipper to an account sales that is sufficiently
detailed as to fully cover and explain the sale of his pro-
duce, and shippers at common law have a right to demand
a complete and detailed account of sales.
Question 12.-Can agents charge shippers with credit
losses or losses from rebates or allowances to the agent's
Answer.-Not unless shipper is liable on account of
such losses and in no case unless a full disclosure is made
of all the facts.
Question 13.-Are shippers who receive produce from
growers and as their agent ship it in interstate com-
merce liable under the Act?
Question 14.-When is a cooperative agency affected
under the Act?
Answer.-When it handles for non-members produce
which moves in interstate commerce.
LOCAL CANNING PLANT OPERATING
(Washington County News, June 21, 1928)
We acknowledge receipt of one can each of "Florida
Maid" brand blackberries and cut string beans, put up
and presented to us by the Florida Packers Corporation
under management of E. R. Mulcock. We have not had
the opportunity yet to sample the contents of the cans,
but from outside appearance they will be enjoyed very
much. The products of the Florida Packers are all
canned under the trade brand "Florida Maid" and are
put in very attractively labeled cans. The Florida Pack-
ers are just beginning to get a good foothold in the can-
ning business and we are predicting for them a wonderful
business as time rolls on.
TRAIL WIDENS TOURIST LURE, DECLARES
Clyde Line Manager to Exploit New Route in
(Miami News, June 15, 1928)
The Tamiami Trail has opened a new area to summer
tourists visiting Miami and will be responsible for bring-
ing additional thousands of people to this city before fall,
said Arthur W. Pye, general traffic manager of the Clyde
Steamship Co., Thursday.
Mr. Pye, with Ralph I. Vervoort, acting general agent
of the Clyde Line in Miami, motored over the Trail
Wednesday inspecting southwestern Florida from the
standpoint of passenger and freight business.
"Just as soon as I can get it ready the Clyde Line will
publish a folder of the glories of the Everglades as seen
from the Tamiami Trail and will broadcast it through the
North as an inducement for summer vacationists to visit
Florida," said Mr. Pye.
Southbound travel now is heavier than a year ago, Mr.
Pye said, and will be greatly increased with the opening
of the general vacation season after July 4. For the first
time the Clyde Line this year is offering "all expense
circle tours" in Florida during the summer. These in-
clude boat rides from New York to either Miami or Jack-
sonville, motor and boat trips over the state, and boat
transportation back to New York from the opposite end
of the state from which the tour started.
"We operated similar tours to Quebec last summer and
to Havana during the winter, and in each case they were
very successful," Mr. Pye said. "I have every reason to
believe the tours to Florida will meet with similar re-
Florida now has a road system that compares well with
any of those in the Eastern States, according to the traf-
fic manager, and each year additional motorists wish to
see Florida and are taking advantage of the improved
roads to do it. Mr. Pye will sail for New York Friday
afternoon on the Iroquois after having visited Galveston,
Key West and various parts of Florida.
"Tendency toward travel for the summer is greater this
year than it has been for some time in the past," Mr. Pye
continued. "I have found this to be true in the North,
in Texas and in Florida. Northbound travel from Florida
now is heavy and is composed almost entirely of Floridians
who are bound for vacations. Transient travel, where
families are moving their homes, is light.
"The Clyde Line is optimistic over the summer outlook
for Florida and for the travel next winter. We have not
arranged our winter schedule yet, but it will be as good,
if not better, than that provided for Miami last winter."
SHIPPED CARLOAD OF BLACKBERRIES
(Marianna Floridan, June 22, 1928)
A whole carload of Jackson county blackberries was
shipped by W. S. Brandon to Memphis, Tenn., this week,
and this is but a small portion of the weekly crop in this
immediate section. Mr. Brandon reports a very healthy
demand for Jackson county blackberries.
The local demand is supplied daily by various people,
and the berries are used for various purposes, viz: jam,
jellies, preserves, pies, canning purposes, and it is re-
ported a considerable amount is used for sacramental
and other purposes.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
A. C. L. ANNOUNCES PREPARATION FOR
Opens Assistant General Passenger Agencies in
Tampa and Jacksonville
(Sebring American, June 15, 1928)
The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad announces the open-
ing of an assistant general passenger agency in Tampa,
effective June 15. This office is being created because
the company recognizes and appreciates the large amount
of passenger business given that line by south and central
Mr. J. G. Kirkland, division passenger agent in Tampa,
has been selected to fill this important office and will have
charge of south and central Florida territory. Mr. Kirk-
land has been connected with the company for about 32
years, 23 of which he has been division passenger agent
in Tampa. His well-deserved promotion comes as a recog-
nition of his long and faithful service to his company and
is in line with the policy of the company to promote their
men. He is recognized as one of the best posted railroad
men in this section and has had the opportunity of seeing
the passenger traffic develop from a comparatively small
total in 1905 to its present tremendous volume.
Mr. Y. R. Beazley, at present district passenger agent
in Tampa, succeeds Mr. Kirkland as division passenger
agent. He has been in the service of the Coast Line for
about 39 years, 26 of which he has been connected with
the Tampa office, first as ticket agent and later as district
Mr. Beazley is one of the best known and most popular
railroad men in this section.
Effective the same date, an assistant general passenger
agency is also established in Jacksonville. Mr. W. D.
Stark, for many years division passenger agent at that
point, being assigned to that office.
The Coast Line has never before maintained passenger
traffic offices of this high rank in Florida. The strength-
ening of their organization at this time will enable them
to much better care for the increasing traffic and is evi-
dence that they have full confidence in its continued
FLORIDA HENS SHOW HEAVY EGG
PRODUCTION IN NATIONAL CONTEST
(Palm Beach Post, June 18, 1928)
Chipley, Fla., June 17.-(A. P.)-A production of 70
per cent was maintained by the 960 birds in the second
Florida national egg-laying contest throughout the month
of May. This gave each hen credit for 21.6 eggs during
the 31 days and increased the production to date to 122.7
eggs each, or a production of 57.6 per cent for the full
The list of 10 high pens for the month was made up
entirely of White Leghorns. The entry belonging to Mc-
Cartner's Leghorn farm of Cottage Hill, Fla., held highest
place with 263 eggs. E. H. Rucker's entry came next
with 262 eggs, while the entry owned by Pinebreeze farm
of Callahan, Fla., held third place with 257 eggs. Fourth
honors were divided among the entries of George B. Fer-
ris, Grand Rapids, Mich.; Marshall farm, Mobile, Ala., and
R. L. Peterson, Edmore, Mich., each with 255 eggs.
The following pens tied for next position with 254 eggs
each: Dr. L. E. Heasley, Grand Rapids, Mich.; Toivonen
Leghorn farm, Girard, Pa., and W. E. Pyles, Mayesville,
Ky. The last place was held by the pen owned by A. J.
O'Donovan, Jr., Katonah, N. Y., with 253 eggs.
The Australorp pen, entered by A. Buchel, of Farming-
ton, Del., held high honors among the heavy breeds, with
226 eggs for the month. Second place went to the Barred
Rocks owned by C. E. Pless, of Chipley. The pen of Reds
from Bartow, Fla., came next with 220 eggs, while an-
other pen of Reds from the Pine Hill poultry farm, Wes-
ton, Mass., was close behind with 215 eggs. Fifth place
was held by White Rocks entered by John Phillips, of
Pawhuska, Okla., record 212.
Six White Leghorn hens came out with perfect scores
of 31 eggs for the 31 days of May; eight others have
records of 30 eggs each. One of the Australorps, with
30 eggs, held high place among the 220 heavy hens.
The Pedigree Poultry Farm entry still leads all pens
for record to date, having laid 1,679 eggs in the seven
months. Pinebreeze farm owns leading pen entered by a
Florida breeder; their birds now have a score of 1,600
eggs. A Barred Rock owned by Pratt Experiment Farm,
Morton, Pa., is tied with a Leghorn belonging to Webb,
Wells and Cain, of Chipley, for high individual record.
Each of these birds has laid 188 eggs to date.
SHIPPING EGGS BY THOUSAND CASES
(Daily Democrat, June 21, 1928)
The West Florida Poultry Association is a going or-
ganization and has already accomplished a world of bene-
fit for that section of the state. From January 1 to May
31 this association has handled 210,000 dozen choice eggs,
or 7,000 cases. Counted singly, this would give a total
of 2,520,000 eggs that have been shipped out of Gadsden
county from one point. The shipping point for this vast
number of eggs during the time stated above is Midway,
which handles more poultry products than any shipping
point in the county. Greensboro, Havana, Mt. Pleasant
and Gretna also ship considerable eggs, but nothing like
the amount sent out from Midway, says the Quincy
Times. Prices for eggs since January 1 have ranged from
25 to 35 cents per dozen, with an average of 27 cents per
dozen. The poultry industry in Gadsden county is be-
coming one of vast importance, and those engaged in it
report satisfactory profits from the money invested and
the time and attention given the various flocks.
LAKE COUNTY ROADS BEAUTIFIED BY
(Times-Union, June 21, 1928)
Tavares, June 20.-Five and one-half miles of Lake
county highways in the vicinity of Astatula have been
beautified by the planting of Washingtonian palms, Aus-
tralian oaks and poinsettias. The palms were planted
100 feet apart, with the oaks and poinsettias midway be-
tween. They were set back sixteen feet from the curb.
Trees were procured from a nursery by the Board of
Planting was done under supervision of the Astatule
Chamber of Commerce, which organization will take care
of the maintenance expense. Highway beautification has
been proposed by various organizations and clubs in the
county, but the project just completed in the Astatula
community is the first constructive work in that direction.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
FLOWER SHOW SATURDAY BIG SUCCESS
Two Thousand Visitors View Wonderful Ex-
hibit of Columbia Flowers-Dahlias
(Lake City Reporter, June 1, 1928)
It is estimated that eighteen hundred or two thou-
sand people attended the Columbia county flower show
here last Saturday and the aesthetic sense of those who
attended sustained a decided stimulation from viewing
the brilliant scene made by the display of hundreds of
baskets and collections of flowers of all colors, and varie-
ties, especially the gorgeous display of dahlias.
The show was held in the store room formerly occupied
by the Columbia music store, and the doors were thrown
open to the public about 3 o'clock Saturday afternoon,
the forenoon and the afternoon up to the time of open-
ing being spent in arranging the display. A steady
stream of visitors was in the building from that time on
until 10 o'clock Saturday night. Eleven hundred and
thirty-one persons signed the register and several hun-
dred more failed to sign, bringing the attendance up to
at least 1,800, it is believed.
Mrs. Gertrude Peterson, Sr., of East Camp street, won
the first premium, or blue ribbon, for the best display of
dahlias. The award was made for the best collection
and for the best individual flower. There were a large
number of entries in the dahlia display from Lake City
and over the county and the collection made an imposing
display, all colors in which the dahlia puts forth its
blooms being shown. The display occupied a table in
the center of the room, other kinds of flowers occupying
tables on each side.
Most all kinds of flowers that grow in Florida, some of
them being rare specimens, were shown, but the dahlias
were in the majority, as it was primarily a dahlia show.
Many roses of various kinds, Easter lilies, pond lilies,
gladiolus, cornflowers, pansies, maidenhair ferns, etc.,
were on display.
Many ladies of Lake City, as well as from other parts
of the county, had fine displays. The Florida dahlia
farm, on the road between Jacksonville and Pablo Beach,
had a splendid display of dahlias. The show created con-
siderable interest in other communities, as there were
a number present from surrounding towns and cities.
NUX VOMICA FOR HAWKS
(Poultry Tribune for July, 1928)
Having received numerous inquiries from readers as to
the advisability of feeding nux vomica to chickens, I asked
our readers to send in any information they might have
in regard to its use, as I had no knowledge of its use and
could find no recipe in any book I possessed. We received
a number of responses from readers, for which we thank
them. I am publishing several, and from what I can
gather I do not recommend its use. I prefer to shoot and
trap the hawks.
One party in North Carolina says: "From actual ex-
perience I have learned that mixing one teaspoonful of
nux vomica in one pint of dry cornmeal well mixed as a
feed for 50 chicks for three or four days in succession
will kill all hawks that eat the chickens. Scientists may
laugh at the idea, but it is a good idea and well worth a
trial by those who are bothered with hawks."
An Oregon party writes: "My folks have used it for a
number of years with good success. The hawk has a
stomach, while the chick has a crop. Anything with a
stomach will die after eating a chicken that has been fed
A North Carolina reader writes: "Nux vomica will not
hurt chickens, but will kill the hawks. If given to geese
in large quantities it will kill them too. I have seen them
drunk and helpless from eating just a little of the mash
fed to the chickens. It will not hurt hogs, but will kill
persons who eat the hog meat. Knew a whole family
killed from eating the meat of a stolen pig that had been
fed nux vomica."
A Texas party says: "I have experimented for years
with the drug and it will kill any bird that hatches with
its eys shut. I feed my chicks one teaspoonful to one
quart of mash. But I would not eat the flesh of older
fowls. I have known several thieves caught in this
Here is one in regard to sparrows: "Why pay high
prices for feed and have a lot of it eaten by English
sparrows? If you are interested in getting rid of the
sparrows, get a 25 cent package of nux vomica, dissolve
one teaspoonful in one half pint of water and pour over
grain fed to sparrows. Place this on posts or top of build-
ings. One grain will kill any sparrow that eats it. Mr.
Sparrow comes into the world with his eyes closed, and
nux vomica will get him every time."
GROWING CHINESE FRUIT
(Bradenton Herald, June 21, 1928)
Those interested in Florida's agricultural possibilities,
the development of the citrus and kindred industries,
found an article in The Herald yesterday most interesting.
Norman Reasoner, head of the Royal Palm Nurseries,
sent tcdthe newspaper office fruit from the first bearing
Chinese Litchee in the western hemisphere. Along with
the fruit, Mr. Reasoner sent a statement regarding its
culture and possibilities as a commercial crop in Florida.
His statement contained so much optimism for the future
growth of this Chinese delicacy that we repeat it:
"I am firmly convinced that the fruit offers commercial
possibilities in the more protected sections of this state,
particularly on low, damp, acid soil such as that around
Fort Myers, and we are finding quite a good bit of in-
terest developing around it at the present time. We re-
cently shipped 300 plants to California, where we under-
stand they are going to try them commercially also,
although it seems rather doubtful to me whether their
climate will be as desirable for it as we have here in
Florida, since it is about intermediate between the mango
and orange in hardiness. The plant grows very easily,
though not so rapidly as the mango, and seems to be
immune from all the common insect and scale diseases."
It has been claimed time and time again that there is
no limit to what can be done with Florida's soil and cli-
mate. Here is another example of pioneering on the part
of the locr nursery which may be the beginning of a
production a high-priced fruit, destined to bring more
wealth in i state signally blessed with unlimited possi-
Year' .ay pass before the Litchee is grown in any
large c itities, but its culture offers a big revenue once
the tr' are in bearing and the fruit produced in suffi-
cient iantities to meet a big market demand. The
futu_ Litchee grower will owe much to Mr. Reasoner and
his pioneering work.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
3 B DAIRY MAKES NEW MILK DRINK
Kumyss, Noted Milk Beverage, Is To Be a New
(Dania Record, June 22, 1928)
Hallandale, June 18.-Increased milk production in
Broward county is bringing a new manufacturing institu-
tion to Hallandale through the Blackburn 3-B Dairy,
lying just west of this village on the Pembroke road.
C. B. Blackburn, the owner, has perfected formulas and
will manufacture Kumyss, an all-milk drink, which has
many health-giving properties, and is much used by hos-
pitals for diet purposes. In northern states Kumyss has
proven popular with a great majority of the population
and is dispensed through regular channels in the soda
fountains to meet popular demands.
The drink is being made up after tests of a number of
foreign formulas, selecting the one most desirable for
the tropics. The drink has been used for several weeks
among patients in the Broward Hospital at Hallandale
and the superintendent, Dr. P. B. Wilson, reports grati-
fying results by physicians who have prescribed it for
The milk drink is expected to meet a ready demand
with tourists, many of whom are of a semi-invalid nature
and have been using the drink in their diet at home, but
have not been able heretofore to obtain it while spending
the winter season on the East Coast.
Blackburn's 3-B Dairy has a herd approximating 500
high-grade Jersey cattle and has been operated in a
wholesale way. Increased production and inability to
secure an outlet brought plans for the manufacturing
plant. The Kumyss and other milk products will be dis-
tributed through regular distributing channels in Broward
and Dade counties at first.
VISUALIZING CITRUS ACREAGE
(Orlando Sentinel, June 15, 1928)
Suppose that all the citrus trees, bearing and non-
bearing, that supply the citrus food to American markets
were collected and planted in one grove. The grove
would cover solid 1,016 square miles. Imagine that it
were divided into sections bearing the name of the coun-
try and containing the acreage as well. Upon riding
through it you would find them to be: Florida, 451 square
miles; California, 400; Texas, 130; Alabama, 18; Arizona,
9; Porto Rico, 6; Isle of Pines, 2.
Several features of this grove might bring to the vis-
itor a surprise.
First, the total area of the citrus industry would cover
only about one fifty-eighth of the area of Florida. The
average county of Florida contains approximately 865
square miles, while the total mileage devoted to citrus
fruit is 451 square miles. One average county would
hold the combined citrus groves of Florida and California.
Are you thinking?
Second, one would wonder why there is such a call for
a protective tariff on grapefruit, when the Florida plat
would cover more than 125 square miles, California 16
square miles, Texas 91 square miles, Arizona 5 square
miles, with a foreign plat of only approximately 7 square
Third, one would be forcibly impressed with several
peculiarities in the Florida plat. The average tree pro-
duction would run about one and one-half boxes. The
trees themselves would average 61 to the acre. In Octo-
ber 1926 one would have found 176,000 bearing acres
containing 10,373,585 trees, and 112,656 non-bearing
acres containing 7,130,899 trees; the totals being 288,656
acres and 17,504,484 trees. In the 1926-1927 season
these trees and acreage produced 15,757,120 marketed
boxes of fruit as against 13,980,000 boxes for the past
season, due to the abnormal conditions of January 1927
and January 1928. Set on the trees now would be a
crop in excess of the two mentioned years. To move last
year's crop from the plat from October 1927 to May 1,
1928, would have required trackage facilities for 34,315
freight and express cars.
Fourth, one would wonder what time and population
will make of the fifty-seven fifty-eighths of Florida not
in citrus crops.
5000 CARS RECORD OF SHIPPING SEASON
Increased Planting of Berries and Potatoes in
(Manatee County Advertiser, June 8, 1928)
An increased area of cultivated land for Manatee
county is indicated by plans and preparations of farmers
who have just concluded a season which has been fairly
profitable in all departments, including citrus fruits, of
which shipments are to be made for two weeks more.
The season combined shipments of fruit and vegetables
will be about 5,000 cars.
The total of tomatoes, somewhat less than had been
estimated, amounted to 1,195 cars, the last of which were
Small shipments of peppers, egg plant and celery are
to continue until about the middle of June, when the
shipping season for the year will close.
Strawberry growers who in former years have catered
to local trade only have in the season passed forwarded
shipments of considerable importance, receiving attrac-
tive and remunerative prices at times when other straw-
berry growing districts of South Florida were delayed by
cold weather and killing frosts.
It has been discovered that in Manatee county straw-
berries in quantity can be produced from November to
June, with fruit to forward in the latter part of Novem-
ber, and in December, January, February, March, April
and May, a record which, it is said, cannot be surpassed
in any other locality in the world.
More attention than in former years has been paid to
the growing of Irish potatoes, and some of the new pota-
toes have been in the local market throughout the winter
Growers who planted late potatoes are harvesting the
tubers that will keep throughout the summer for use and
for seed in the early fall plantings.
CHEAP COW FEED
(Ft. Lauderdale News, June 20, 1928)
A demonstration plot of stock beets in Okeechobee
county produced at the rate of 100 tons per acre. A
similar demonstration of stock carrots produced at the
rate of 50 tons per acre. The demonstrations were car-
ried on by Sam Sherard, county agent of Okeechobee
county, in an effort to convince the farmers of that sec-
tion that it is possible to produce feed for livestock at
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
COTTON BLOOMING, TOBACCO PRIMING
STARTING UP, CORN TASSELING
AND MELONS LARGE
Crops Have Improved From Early Season Con-
ditions and It Now Looks Like Most
(Enterprise-Recorder, June 15, 1928)
Crop conditions all over the county continued to show
improvements this week. The weather continues warm
and the nights are better for growing crops than they
have been in some time.
Tobacco priming started on a few farms this week.
They will all be priming next week and the barns will
rapidly fill with the valuable leaf. The crop has seldom
looked prettier and all signs point to a profitable and
highly successful crop. Some plants are head high now.
Corn on many places has grown five or six feet high
and is looking better on all farms in the county. Some
of the advanced corn is tasselling out, while in other sec-
tions it is still in the growing stage.
Cotton bloom has appeared over about a third of the
county. Many squares have formed and the plants are
in much healthier shape. Some growers think that the
formation of the bolls late in the season retards the wee-
vils, as the old die off before laying eggs.
Peanuts are in splendid shape. This is said to be the
rule when corn has been a little backward. Many growers
have the finest peanut crop they have had in some time.
Watermelons are developing. There are now many
melons showing good size and ripening.
INFANT INDUSTRIES OF NORTH FLORIDA
Some in This Section Are Already Real Money-
Makers-Blueberries Bring Added Pros-
perity to Okaloosa County
(Marianna Floridan, June 22, 1928)
The first shipment of the famous rabbit-eye blueberries
was made from Okaloosa county Wednesday, going by
express to New Orleans, and bringing $10 for 24 quarts.
Heavy shipments are expected this week. Today the
blueberry represents one of Florida's most promising in-
dustries. The fruit brings an excellent price, the bushes
fruit all summer, and the plant seems practically immune
Yet the blueberry industry is practically new as far as
money-making goes. The Sapp orchards, now owned by
a Pensacola syndicate, were started thirty years ago, when
a farm boy with a live brain, rather than go out into the
woods year after year for his berries, dug the plants up
by the roots and transplanted them to his farm.
When the Sapp farm was sold it brought a fine price,
but long before that time the blueberry industry was
flourishing in West Florida, with other farmers following
Mr. Sapp's lead, and nurseries selling blueberry plants by
Just as the blueberry takes a leading place today over
all other fruits in West Florida, with the exception of
the watermelon, so does the romance of the blueberry
industry suggest that where West Florida fails is in not
having more lazy boys with live brains, to refuse to break
their backs over things in a small way, that might be done
in a big way, and make money.
It was not so long ago that the watermelon shipments
did not amount to anything much in West Florida. Today
Graceville is known as the greatest watermelon shipping
point in the world, and has a close second in Washington
county, with Walton county making shipments of some
of the finest melons grown anywhere in the world.
Today we have another industry that is attracting at-
tention and which in time may be expected to rival the
blueberry and the watermelon-that is the grape industry.
Last year there were shipped from the Winona Farms
some of the finest grapes, which brought to the growers
excellent returns. At the same time, from many other
counties, similar shipments were made, bringing money
to the growers.
Only a few years ago shipments of grapes were prac-
tically unknown in West Florida. James Ouzoonian, who
comes to West Florida from California, and whose people
have been grape growers for generations, declares that
here in West Florida are advantages for the vineyardist
that far exceed those of California.
Money in blueberries, in watermelons, in grapes, has
been brought about by combination of interests-the little
men and the big men getting together and working out
crop methods, financing and marketing together.
Farmers are finding out that to make money, two things
are necessary-quality and quantity-the last is just as
important as the first. No matter how excellent the ber-
ries or watermelons or grapes, it does not pay to sell a
few quarts or crates.
NEW FERNANDINA CANNERY TO OPEN
Will Make Specialty of Grapefruit and Other
(Times-Union, June 21, 1928)
A recently established canning factory at Fernandina
will begin the middle of next month to can between
35,000 and 40,000 cases of pineapple pears in approxi-
mately three months, it was announced yesterday by Dr.
E. H. Teeter, local physician.
The corporation, the Florida Citrus Cannery, Inc., will
make a specialty of grapefruit and other citrus fruits, but
will also can shrimp, oysters and pears, it was stated.
Eleven thousand acres of oyster land has been purchased
in the vicinity of the factory which will be planted in
oysters in the near future, it was announced.
T. B. Deen, secretary and treasurer of the concern,
has been in the canning business for over twenty-one
years. R. E. Baker is vice-president and W. If. Baxly is
It is estimated that 10,000 cases of shrimp will be
canned during the year and approximately 100,000 cases
of grapefruit beginning in November. The products of
this factory will go to Europe and other foreign countries,
especially to South and Central America, it was stated.
The factory itself is 81 by 200 feet and of modern
construction. A 100-foot dock extends to the water,
which is thirty-five feet deep at this point.
"Florida growers should recognize the easy sale and
profit of the pineapple pear," Mr. Deen stated yesterday.
"Alabama has grown this product with nothing but bene-
fits resulting. In my opinion Jacksonville is ideally
located for canneries and could become a center if the
right steps were taken."
TURPENTINE AND ROSIN PLANT IS MOST
(Everglades News, June 15, 1928)
The Samsula turpentine plant is shipping both tur-
pentine and rosin at an average of three truck loads
weekly, each truck load carrying approximately 12
barrels of the former and 17 barrels of the latter. This
product is trucked to Jacksonville where it is sold right
from the yard immediately at wholesale, no middleman
.This plant is located on the DeLand road about two
miles beyond the Crossroads filling station. G. J. Arnold
has been operating it for the past two and a half years,
and has made considerable of a success of the business,
finding his wares constantly in demand, and finding it
practically a year 'round industry.
T. A. Norwood, brother-in-law of the operator, assists
in the business, Mr. Arnold keeping his own books and
the two managing to accomplish all the executive work
between them. L. E. Turner, the other white man in the
concern, is the commissary agent, carrying all the sup-
plies needed in the entire camp.
Settlement Near City
This is a little community in itself. The operator, or
manager's home, the commissary or little store, the dozen
or more negro shacks wherein the 50 to 75 negro laborers
live with their families, and the plant itself including the
enormous turpentine still and other equipment for ex-
tracting the products from the pine gum obtained from
the trees around. There is little waste in this process,
and the whole is very interesting. The pine trees, the
long leafed pines being the best, are chipped, as it is
called, and a quart sized clay cup placed beneath wherein
the thick gum-like substance collects in about two weeks'
time. This pine gum is taken to the still where it is
cooked in a huge brick tank over an enormous wood fire
contained in a brick fireplace which retains all the heat.
As the gum cooks it separates, the turpentine going into
pipes which are coiled in the big wooden tank filled with
boiling water. Going through the "worm" as this coil of
pipes is called, the turpentine becomes the colorless liquid
which is sold on the market. It drains out through a
large pipe-end into the barrels placed directly beneath.
The rosin collects off to one side where it is expelled
through an opening into a large tank which is covered
with a strainer, lined with cotton. The rosin must all be
strained before it is ready for marketing.
Three charges are put through this process daily, eight
barrels of pine gum being used for one charge, making
about two and one-half barrels of turpentine and five
barrels of rosin. The residue of the cooked pine gum,
which is always intermixed with quantities of pine chips,
is good for kindling and the cotton through which the
rosin has been strained is sold to paper mills for making
paper. Therefore it may be seen that there is approxi-
mately no waste about this process.
This process is worked about three times a week during
the spring and summer when the trees can be chipped.
In the fall and winter the trees are scraped for the gum,
as the pine sap does not flow through chipping during
those seasons. However, with the scraping, almost as
much gum can be obtained as with the chipping.
The life of a pine tree for this purpose is set at about
five years. By the end of that time the chipping has
reached too high to be continued. The pine tree will live
on of course, but it is no longer of commercial value for
turpentine, or "spirits," as the workers call it.
CORN 11 FEET 4 INCHES TALL IS GROWN
ON PEACE VALLEY MUCK
George Oliver Brought in Some Fine Stuff
(Lake Wales Highlander, June 19, 1928)
Corn, the tassels of which overtopped the roof of the
Highlander office, were shown with pride by this institu-
tion Monday. There were several stalks in excess of 10
feet high and one measured 11 feet 4 inches from the
cut to the tip of the tassel. One would have to go to the
heart of the corn belt to find better and bigger corn, even
if Florida isn't supposed to be a corn state.
Every stalk had two or three big ears, some of them
measuring more than a foot in length from the stalk and
all of them well filled out with many rows of fine looking
They were raised on the muck land west of the city on
the Bartow road, where George W. Oliver and Walter A.
Parker have been demonstrating what this muck land will
do this year by raising some fine truck on it. One of their
feats was to produce 170 bushels of potatoes to the acre.
George Oliver, who would rather farm than win a law-
suit, brought in a big sheaf of the tall corn Monday
morning. It was really some of the finest corn we have
ever seen. Several pictures were taken of it, and if they
pan out all right we'll be glad to print a cut, as an ocular
demonstration-than which none could be better-that
this corn really was higher than the Highlander office.
The muck land at Lake Wales Gardens is as rich as
anything that can be found in the Everglades, a fact that
is demonstrated by the statement that the Compo-Humus
Corporation is scooping up this very same dirt, right next
where the corn was grown, mixing a little phosphate and
potash with it, bagging it and selling it for plant food.
TURTLES ARE PROTECTED IN FLORIDA
Must Be Let Alone During Months of May,
June, July and August
(Florida State News, June 25, 1928)
Green turtles are protected by law in Florida, and
should be left alone during the months of May, June,
July and August, T. R. Hodges, State Shell Fish Commis-
The warning came after the commissioner had received
advices that a large loggerhead turtle had been found on
the beach north of St. Augustine, and that it had appar-
ently been killed and operated upon solely for its eggs.
Section 5806 of the Revised General Statutes provides
a severe penalty for anyone convicted of harming a
loggerhead, or green turtle, during the four months, Mr.
Hodges said. The section reads:
"That it shall be unlawful for any person or persons,
firm or corporation to take, kill, or mutilate, or in any
wise destroy any loggerhead, or green turtle, while any
such turtle is laying, or found out of the waters or upon
the beaches of the State of Florida during the months of
May, June, July and August of any year. That any per-
son violating the provisions of this section, shall be pun-
ished by a fine not to exceed $100, or imprisonment in
the county jail not to exceed 60 days, or both such fine
and imprisonment in the discretion of the court."
FIRE CONTROL FUND FIXED
Educational Work in Three States Involves
(Times-Union, June 3, 1928)
An expenditure of $50,000 is to be used in Florida
during the next three years for fire prevention educa-
tional work by the American Forestry Association in co-
operation with the Florida Forestry Association, it was
announced yesterday by W. C. McCormick, who will have
charge of the national organization's campaign in three
The program is to be initiated in Florida with the open-
ing of the public school year early this fall, Mr. McCor-
mick said. He has charge of the Florida, Georgia and
Mississippi educational plans of the American Forestry
Association, it having been indicated, however, that full
Mississippi cooperation has not been assured and that
South Carolina may take that state's place in the tri-state
activities. Under the program the national organization
is to furnish approximately $30,000 of the Florida quota,
the remaining $20,000 being subscribed to through the
Florida Forestry Association with some slight financial
assistance from the Florida Forestry Board, state organ-
ization sponsoring forest conservation work in the state.
May Select Jacksonville
Jacksonville may be selected as the base headquarters
for Mr. McCormick's work in the three states. Under
the plan, the A. F. A. will have two trucks operating in
each of the states, equipped with motion picture pro-
jectors for use inside school buildings or for out of door
exhibitions. A thoroughly trained forest man will be in
charge of each of the trucks and they will be under a
supervisor who will be directly under Mr. McCormick's
Under the Florida plan every consolidated and rural
school in the state will be visited and also as many of
the city schools as possible, with "follow-up" efforts be-
ing stressed, according to Mr. McCormick, who is in the
state on a survey trip to determine the best methods of
procedure and ascertain the proper views and addresses
that should be presented to the schools of the various
sections of the state. He will remain in Florida through-
out next week, making the survey trip in the company
of Harry Lee Baker of Tallahassee, state forester, who
was here yesterday in conference with Mr. McCormick
relative to the coordination of the national organization's
campaign with the educational efforts of the Florida
Board of Forestry. Mr. McCormick and Mr. Baker have
been associated in forestry work for a number of years,
particularly in the United States forest service, where Mr.
McCormick was active for thirteen years. During the
last two and a half years, Mr. McCormick has been as-
sistant state forester of North Carolina, succeeding Mr.
Baker in that position when he reentered the federal
work in 1925, prior to assuming his Florida connections
early this year. Mr. McCormick is a native of Texas.
Delays His Decision
Relative to the establishment of a headquarters office,
Mr. McCormick, while favorably impressed with Jack-
sonville, said he would make no decision for some time,
pending a thorough survey. He pointed out that under
the campaign plans he desired to "orient an area of 125
miles in the best section of the field offered in the three
states about the headquarters office for intensive work."
Atlanta also has asked for the office, with Savannah also
mentioned, as has been Tallahassee in this state. Mr.
McCormick also pointed out that under the plan a base
headquarters office would be established in each of the
The rail carriers of the southeast have indicated their
cooperation in the educational work, Mr. McCormick said,
and "we hope that a similar system as that in vogue in
Michigan and Canada might be placed in use by the
railways of this section-a forest conservation exhibition
car to be sent over the state." "It is our purpose," he
continued "to have all agencies cooperate in the pro-
Mr. McCormick and Mr. Baker today will be in con-
ference with B. F. Williamson at Gainesville. Mr. Wil-
liamson is president of the Florida Forestry Association.
EXPENSE OF OPERATION OF FLORIDA
(Brooksville Herald, June 15, 1928)
Although the Florida Citrus Exchange operating state-
ment shows that the cost of operations this season was
$15,275.12 less than last season the operating costs per
box have increased from $.074 to $.086. This is due to
the fact that nearly one million boxes less were shipped
by the Exchange this season as compared with last.
Operations have been maintained on a basis of the most
strict economy possible consistent with efficiency in every
Details of the comparative costs of operation this
season and last are shown in the tabulation below:
Comparative Operating Statement, Season 1926-27 and
1927-28, to May 10
Items of Expense Amount
Agents' Expense.... $31,657.94
received ........... 43,493.16
Telephone .......... 25,722.95
Interest Paid Less
Interest Received 3,887.01
Office Supplies...... 9,352.57
Rent Paid ............ 4,585.00
Expense ...... 124,117.45
Telegraph Expense 87,918.15
Totals ....... ... .$330,734.23
.010 46,578.21 .013
.006 17,243.81 .005
ALACHUA MELONS SECOND TO NONE,
(Daily News, June 21, 1928)
That Alachue county is producing melons second to
none in the south, is the opinion of C. O. McRae of Plant
City, sales manager of R. W. Murch Co., and of wide
experience in the melon business. He stated that our
melons were grading 26 to 36 against melons of an 18 to
26 grade south of here. Mr. McRae stated that the sec-
tion south of Gainesville, while producing a good melon,
could not equal the Alachua melon. With the Live Oak
crop at least ten days late, and melons south of here
practically through, the peak of our crop will be reached
next week, and in time for shipment for the 4th of July
market. The prices are the largest since 1923. At least
thirty-five buyers are in and out of the Graham Hotel,
where a special service has been installed, which is meet-
ing with both the approval of the buyers and the growers.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA FISHERMEN RECEIVE $100,000
Indian River Industry Is Consistent Source of
(Herald Service, June 24, 1928)
Vero Beach, Fla., June 23.-The distribution of more
than $100,000 in pay rolls and for supplies by the fishing
industries along the Indian River in this county con-
stitutes one of the most dependable sources of revenue
to the communities. The Knight Brothers, shipping from
Vero Beach, distribute a pay roll averaging $400 per
week. The greater part of this money is spent among
merchants in the city. Sembler and Sembler and T. H.
Hicks, wholesale fishermen at Sebastian, also distribute
large sums as pay rolls and for supplies in their communi-
ties every week.
Although the season for trout fishing closed on the
15th of this month for thirty days, large shipments of
mullet and bottom fish are going to the northern markets
Notwithstanding unfavorable weather the past season
hundreds of tons of fish were shipped from this county.
Demands in the markets have followed so closely upon
the supply that profitable prices have been realized by
Fishermen are busy around the docks repairing their
nets and boats in preparation for a busy season to open
the last of next month. Fishing in this section is not con-
fined entirely to the Indian River. On one occasion re-
cently, when a school of mackerel was running in the
ocean off the Beachland casino, more than seventy-five
boats were counted at one time harvesting the crop of
fish from the sea. Each boat was estimated to carry more
than one ton of fish per cargo.
FLORIDA-GROWN CAULIFLOWER IN BIG
(American Eagle, June 28, 1928)
An experimental planting of cauliflower at Hastings
the latter part of September resulted in the shipment in
January of fourteen cars, which graded higher than the
best cauliflower from California, and topped the Pacific
Coast product in the Philadelphia market, was made by
the Bugbee Distributing Company, which heretofore has
confined its attention to Irish potatoes. The concern is
seeking other crops to supplement potatoes and the cauli-
flower was the first one investigated.
Eleven acres of ground was broken for the crop. The
seed were sowed September 25, and transplanting in the
field was completed about November 5. Harvesting began
January 10. From the eleven acres the concern shipped
fourteen 400-crate cars, utilizing the regular Florida
standard pepper crates. This, John E. Wade, in charge
of the work, said, is not a suitable package for cauli-
flower, but the regular California crate was prohibited
because of the package rate from Florida. The concern
will seek to have this situation corrected before next
"The planting was merely an experiment with us,"
said Mr. Wade, "not only the production, but the market-
ing. California had the largest crop in its history this
season. We were especially pleased that our flower
reached the market in good condition and sold at a pre-
mium over the California product.
"Our first car moved to Philadelphia to a firm we con-
sider the best authority on cauliflower in that city. Com-
ment was indeed pleasing. We were advised that our
flower was the whitest and best flavored the concern had
"Anyone who is familiar with the production of cab-
bage will have no trouble producing cauliflower, for the
crops are grown similarly, set about the same width in
the field. We advise any well-balanced high-grade fer-
tilizer, at least a ton to the acre. We used about 2,500
pounds. We are confident the flower can be grown suc-
cessfully and profitably in the Hastings district, but
doubtful if it can be produced profitably in South Florida.
The soil in the Hastings district seems to be adapted
for growing this crop and the climate is suitable.
"This state should ship a steady flow of cauliflower,
beginning January 1 and continuing until the latter part
of April. We realize that California at present has the
cauliflower market of the entire country during this
period, but we certainly can make room for ours by pro-
ducing a quality flower and proper marketing. We feel
that this crop in the course of a few years can be made
a money-maker for Florida. New York alone will con-
sume probably twenty-five to thirty cars a day."
THE DAIRY COW
The farmer's best friend is his old dairy cow;
If he owes a debt she will pay it somehow.
She grazes the roadside to eke out her life
And works without wages the same as his wife.
Though Jersey or Holstein or Shorthorn her breed,
Hard work is her habit and thrift is her creed;
And if when she comes home at night to the barn,
You praise her or blame her, she doesn't care a darn.
She always has something to add to her pelf;
She brings in the coupons, just clip them yourself.
Get out the old milk-stool, sit down with a bump,
Grab hold of her handles and pumpty-pump.
She helps with the living and keeps us all fat,
The hired man, the baby, the pig and the cat;
Then Dad takes the surplus to town and by heck!
The creamery gives him a wonderful check.
And when she is ready to die of old age,
The butcher writes "Finis" at the end of her page;
Then back to our table she comes, I'll be bound,
In prime ribs and steaks, that cost thirty per pound.
HURRAH FOR TOMATOES
(Fort Meade Leader, June 20, 1928)
The 1928 tomato crop of the Fort Meade section totals
more than for any previous year on record, a much
better yield than was at first expected. An exact num-
ber of cars shipped is not available at this time, but the
shipments have been satisfactory, it is said, and the prices
fair. Only a few more cars will be shipped now as the
season is waning. The yield here would have been much
greater and possibly the tomatoes larger, but for several
heavy rains and high winds which blew up the sand. Fort
Meade has made an excellent start as a tomato center-
here's hoping she keeps it up.