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PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BYV V '
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF A RICbt
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA t\ aUga
Vol. 3 JULY 2, 1928 No. 3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
What About Florida Forests ....... ............
Approved Demonstration Plots in Forest Management..........
Pectin Plant To Be Built in Jacksonville ............. ........
Canners Plan to Make Produce Known ......... ............ .....
Plan to Ship State Citrus to Sweden ..............................................
Tomato Shipping Tests Disprove Nitrate Bogey.........................
1928 State's Biggest Tourist Year So Far ...... ............
Finest Corn in State on Farm of R. E. Stevens ......................
Car of Tom atoes Brings $1,268.00.................... ......... ..... .........
Canning Plant Ready for Business ........................................
Cucumber Crop Brings $300,000.00 .................... .... ......................
Second Crop of Celery Is Going to Market .......... .................
Monster Shipment of Watermelons Is Sent From Leesburg ......
C anning F lorida P products .................. ...................................
Florida Game Laws Liberal.... ......... ................. ..
Fifteen Carloads Fine Tomatoes Moving From Ocala Daily........
High-Grade Florida Cantaloupes at Lesser Cost Feature Market .
Heavy Exports of Potatoes .................................
County Ships First Car of Pineapples ....................... ...................
Florida Timber Industry Is State's Greatest Business .................
Big Hardwood Mill to Open .. ..........................................
F lo rid a S u n sh in e ................................................................................
Cost of A vocado P reduction .............................................................
Citrus Market in Eurnpe 10
Live Oak Will Hav. 1:t; 1..1... %. M ,l. r TI... Y...r 11
Lee County Ships More Watermelons Than California ................. 11
First Carload Titusville Celery to Market...................................... 11
King Mackerel Now Shipped North ................................ ... 11
1,030 Carloads of Tomatoes Shipped....................................... 11
New Lakeland Institution to Open on October 1 ........................ 12
Over Five Tons Turnip Salad Grown and Canned From Acre...... 12
Brandon to Handle Big Corn Crop................................................. 12
Frisco Plan May Start Ship Lines.......................... ...................... 13
New Smyrna's Industrial Progress...... ........................................... 13
104 Carloads of Celery Sent Out During Last Week .................. 13
H ogs A re Rolling In................................................................... 13
Som thing D oing in Florida.... .......................... ........................... 14
M ore Ships to P ensacola...... ............. ......................... .................. 14
Says Florida Bulbs Finest in Country... ............................. ........... 14
First Car of Peppers Shipped From Samsula ... ............................. 14
A uto Licenses N et $4,300,263................................... ....................... 15
Lower Interest Rates Needed............. .......................................... 15
Tobacco Acreage in Florida Estimated at 5,000 Acres ................. 15
F lorida F ish Stories ......................................... ............................ 15
Formal Agreements Are Made for Forest Fire Control...... ........ 16
A New Road to Florida............................................................... 16
WHAT ABOUT FLORIDA'S FORESTS?
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
HOULD FLORIDA stop the destruction
of her forests and begin the restoration
of her cut-over timber areas? Shall we
continue to see more than a billion feet
of timber cut from our virgin forests each year
-twice as fast as it can be replaced by growth
-and do nothing to stay the movement? Shall
we continue to allow much of the timber lands
of the State to be swept by fire each year, de-
stroying humus, checking the growth of many
trees and killing altogether the young timber?
These were questions facing the last session
of our State Legislature as they had faced every
one preceding it during the past twenty-five
years. The answer of the Legislature was the
authorization of a State Forestry Board. This
Board, headed by S. Bryan Jennings, of Jack-
sonville, and with Harry Lee Baker, a compe-
tent forestry man as State Forester, has begun
its work. From what they have done so far,
we are very sure that the work has been started
Under the plan of the State Forester, ap-
proved by the Board, systematic fire prevention
and control work will be undertaken in an area
covering between eight hundred thousand and
one million acres within the present year. This
aggregate will be made up of seven to ten units,
each containing one hundred thousand to one
hundred twenty-five thousand acres. The cost
of this work will not be more than four cents
per acre, one-half of which will be borne by the
land-owners. The units to be protected will be
selected at various points over the State. It is
gratifying to note that, although the plans of
the forestry board have just recently been made
public, more than two hundred and fifty thou-
sand acres have been listed with the Board for
protection. Details of managing the protection
units during the first year will be found in sep-
arate articles in this issue. They will be of deep
interest to all who have been hoping for this
long-deferred step towards forest conservation.
We need to know just what proportion of
Florida is timbered in order to study the subject
of forest conservation and reforestation. Below
is a statement that may be helpful:
Total area of Florida, land and water, 58,666
square miles, or 37,546,240 acres.
Area in lakes, rivers, etc., 3,805 square miles,
or 2,435,200 acres.
Leaving area in land, 35,111,040 acres.
Of this total land and water area there are:
In pine lands, 17,666,664 acres, or 47.08%.
In hardwood, 3,143,000 acres, or 8.37%.
In cypress, 2,093,000 acres, or 5.57%.
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
In brush and scrub oak, 759,040 acres, or According to the best authorities, of the
2.02%. 17,666,664 acres in pine lands of this State, ap-
In prairie and swamp land, 7,437,000 acres, proximately 14,000,000 acres have already been
or 19.8%. cut over. A wise, constructive forestry policy,
such as is now being formulated, will doubtless
In highways, cities and farms, 4,012,336
Sh c a fr, 401 6 enable us to begin the work of restoring much
acres, or of this 14,000,000 acres to its proper work of
In water area, 2,435,200 acres, or 6.48%. producing timber.
Approved Demonstration Plots In Forest Management
(Florida Forest Service)
Project No. 1
RATE OF GROWTH ON BURNED AND UNBURNED
PURPOSE: To show that fire and timber-growing do
not go together.
Select an area well set with small pine trees. Burn
one-half of this area annually and protect the other half.
Project No. 2
GUM YIELDS ON BURNED AND UNBURNED
PURPOSE: To show that unburned timber means
more gum and therefore greater profits to the turpentine
Select an area well set with young trees of turpen-
tine age. Burn one-half of this for three years and keep
fire off the other half. Beginning with the third year tur-
pentine both tracts under conservative methods and keep
a record of the yields. Continue in this way for several
Project No. 3
NATURAL RESTOCKING AIDED AND UNAIDED BY
PURPOSE: To determine cheap methods of restock-
ing cutover lands without resorting to planting.
Select an area where there is little new growth, but
where there are a few seed trees. Protect one-half and
burn the rest. On the protected area plow or disk strips
twenty feet apart. On the outside of the protected area
plow a wide strip and seed to carpet grass, the idea be-
ing to provide a permanent fire break that will be grazed
Project No. 4
RESTOCKING BY PLANTING
PURPOSE: To show what land will do when fully
Four acres, 3x3 spacing.
Four acres, 4x4 spacing.
Four acres, 5x5 spacing.
For each kind of spacing the planting will be in plowed
furrows, except for one acre, which will all be plowed.
The trees planted on the plowed ground will be culti-
vated. Thinning and turpentining will take place at the
proper time. Outgo, yields and income will be a matter
Project No. 5
GRAZING AND TIMBER GROWING
PURPOSE: To show that, in the management of cut-
over lands, stock raising and timber growing is a pretty
good combination, all factors considered. Specifically,
that grazing reduces the fire hazard and thereby affords
protection to young trees. Also that grazing does not
seriously hamper the restocking of land with trees. Fur-
ther, that cattle do as well or better on unburned land.
Careful records will be kept for each experimental plot.
The demonstration areas will be located near the road
if possible. Attention will be called to the plots by large
Here is a job for the District Forester under the direc-
tion and with the help of the Assistant State Forester
in charge of "Applied Forestry." The latter should at-
tempt to put in many demonstrations throughout the
State, especially for projects 1, 3 and 4. The landowners
will of course do most of the work.
OBJECTIVE: At least one demonstration plot in every
county, where timber growing is practicable, within three
Organization Plan for the First Year
It is recommended that no one be employed this year
to fill the position of Assistant State Forester in charge
of fire control. The overhead would be too heavy, espe-
cially in view of the fact that much of the State Forester's
experience has been along this line.
It is believed that the educational project, to be car-
ried on by the American Forestry Association and the
Florida Forestry Association, will create a demand for
the participation of the Florida Forest Service in the
same class of work. There is also a big field for educa-
tional work outside the territory covered by the associa-
tions; for example, educational work can be conducted
throughout the ten private landowners or county fire con-
trol units, and the areas we hope to organize another year.
The Assistant State Forester in charge of publicity, in-
formation and education, will relieve the State Forester
of a big volume of work and thereby make it possible for
him to function more effectively in the field of organized
The two District Foresters recommended for this year
will be assigned; one to that part of the State west of
Tallahassee and the other to Eastern Florida. Within
each district three or four private landowners' protec-
tive associations and one county protective unit will be
organized if possible.
Outline of Procedure for Cooperating With
Private Timberland Owners and
1. Make survey of state to determine location of
desirable, properly distributed units which can be eco-
nomically administered, the owners of which are willing
to cooperate with the state.
2. Select areas of 100,000 to 125,000 acres, which
form logical protective units, or counties which may be
willing to cooperate in fire control. Five or ten such
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR................................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
JULY 2, 1928
units, or an area of one-half to one million acres, should
be organized the first year. These should be well dis-
tributed over the state.
3. Budget $40,000 for cooperation with timberland
owners and counties for the protection of one million
acres. The State will cooperate with the landowners on
a fifty-fifty basis up to a limit of 2c per acre.
4. Establish the policy that cooperative funds, Federal
and private, shall be deposited with the State Treasurer
or other state agency authorized to receive and disburse
them. Payment for services rendered the Association
shall be made by the state.
5. Recognize that the plan as above outlined is not the
ideal one. It is expected that it will operate only tempo-
rarily and until county-wide and finally state-wide pro-
tection can be installed. However, it will go far toward
arousing interest in state-wide protection and will serve
a useful purpose along education and demonstrational
PECTIN PLANT TO BE BUILT IN JACKSON-
Will Be Constructed at King and Rosselle
Streets, It Is Announced
(Times-Union, June 13, 1928)
Jacksonville is to have a plant for the extraction of
pectin, the jellying agent from grapefruit peel-the first
plant of its kind in this country, according to available
Plans were announced last night by J. J. Logan, pres-
ident of the Jacksonville Real Estate Board, for the con-
struction of such a plant by the Southern Packing Corpo-
ration on a site acquired from Charles J. Davis, Jr., of
this city, at the intersection of King and Roselle streets.
Indication of the organization's belief in the future of the
industry and probable need of expansion was brought out
in that section of the announcement, which pointed out
that the property acquisition included the major portion
of the entire block, bordered by King, Roselle, Gilmore
and Florence streets.
The base plant, construction work on which will get
under way within the next two weeks under Mr. Davis'
direction, will be 50x105 feet in size, of two-story brick
or reinforced concrete construction, with the plant and
equipment representing an outlay of approximately
$150,000, Mr. Logan estimated.
Grapefruit peel is to be obtained from the Shaver
Brothers cannery, located across the street from the plant
site, and it was also indicated that raw material would
also be brought from down-state canneries, the peel be-
ing sent through a dehydrating process before being
shipped into Jacksonville from those points. The capacity
of the plant was estimated by Mr. Logan as approxi-
mately twenty tons a day with from thirty to fifty work-
men employed. The use of dehydrating methods at the
plant will enable twelve months' operation with the avail-
able raw material, he said.
The Southern Packing Corporation is sponsored by
New York capital, Mr. Logan said, and the organization
is capitalized at $300,000. William Stephaney, promi-
nent business man of Long Island City, N. Y., is presi-
dent of the company.
The man who developed the process of extracting
pectin from the grapefruit peel with the assured elimina-
tion of the bitter taste is to have charge of the opera-
tions here, Mr. Logan said. He is R, T. Northcutt. For
a number of years it has been known that pectin was
present in grapefruit and orange peel, Mr. Logan pointed
out, but it was only recently that Mr. Northcutt was suc-
cessful in the extraction of the vegetable gum derivative
from the peel of the grapefruit without a trace of the
bitter taste remaining. Pectin is defined by Webster as,
"A white amorphous compound contained in the fleshy
fruits, as apples and pears, and in roots, as carrots and
turnips, believed to be derived from pectose by the action
of acids. It occurs in different varieties and may be re-
garded as a vegetable gum derivative. Through the
action of pectose it produces gelatinization in fruit
juices." The extraction of pectin from the peel, the
product being described by Mr. Logan as a very im-
portant by-product of the Florida citrus industry, is a
scientific operation, for pectin must be odorless, tasteless
and colorless, Mr. Logan pointed out. Pectin is found
in the orange peel, but to a much less extent than in the
peel of the grapefruit.
Hailing the establishment of the plant here as a step
toward making Jacksonville a canning and preserving
center, Mr. Logan predicted that within the next few
years a large number of canning and preserving plants
will be located in this section. Jacksonville's accessi-
bility to the markets of the world by the rail and water
carriers and the excellent climatic conditions here are at-
tracting such operators, he said.
CANNERS PLAN TO MAKE PRODUCE
Think Grapefruit Should Sell as Well as Canned
(Sebring American, June 8, 1928)
Canned Florida grapefruit will soon become a world-
known product if plans of the Florida Grapefruit Canning
Association are carried out.
The association was organized at Lakeland, Friday, at
a meeting of representatives of the citrus fruit canning
plants of Florida. Officers are: C. E. Street, Bradenton,
president; Ralph Polk, Jr., Haines City, vice-president,
and Paul Stanton, Babson Park, secretary-treasurer.
Canned Florida grapefruit has already become popular
wherever sold, the representatives declared. They be-
lieve only a limited market and lack of advertising pre-
vents the Florida product from rivaling the canned pine-
apple of Hawaii. Association members agreed that their
problem today was one of marketing, because northern
people have not learned that the canned fruit is sweet,
wholesome and a fresh product. The association is con-
fident that within a few years the industry will be firmly
established throughout the country.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
PLAN TO SHIP STATE CITRUS TO SWEDEN
Pearce Urges Shippers to Take Up Matter With
(Times-Union, June 8, 1928)
The local office of the United States Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce, W. N. Pearce, manager, now is
working with citrus fruit growers and shippers of the
state with a view of entering the Swedish market during
the next fruit season, it was announced yesterday.
According to a report received here from T. O. Klath,
American commercial attache, Stockholm, an organiza-
tion has been formed in the Swedish city, known as the
At Ner Frekt, or Eat More Fruit, for the purpose of con-
ducting a campaign throughout Sweden to increase the
consumption of fresh fruits on the part of the average
Present plans call for the campaign to start with the
next fruit shipping season. The campaign has been
placed with one of the largest Swedish agencies, which
recently sent a representative to England to study the
methods employed in the British Eat Mort Fruit cam-
paign, which proved so successful over the past few years.
Swedish fruit importers already have taken up with
the United States connections the securing of voluntary
contributions for the campaign. It is felt that the ad-
vertising will result in a marked increase in the consump-
tion of fresh fruit from the United States.
"Local shippers should do all in their power to further
this campaign," Mr. Pearce said yesterday, "and any in-
formation required regarding the matter can be had at
this office, as we will be glad to cooperate with them in
"It appears to me that the time is ripe for local ship-
pers to get in touch with the Swedish agencies regarding
the sale of fruits in that country next season. Florida
should supply the majority sent out of the United States,"
TOMATO SHIPPING TESTS DISPROVE
(Zephyrhills News, June 8, 1928)
An opinion frequently expressed by tomato buyers that
nitrate of soda and other inorganic nitrogen fertilizers
impair the shipping quality of tomatoes appears to have
been upset by tests at the Mississippi Agricultural Ex-
periment Station, the results of which have just been
announced. Not only did tomatoes, fertilized with a
complete fertilizer in which the nitrate of soda was the
sole source of nitrogen, stand up exceptionally well on
long shipments, but the official records show that those
receiving heavier applications stood the long express
journey better than the tomatoes having lighter amounts.
In going by express the tomatoes did not have the ad-
vantage of refrigerated cars in which long shipments are
J. L. Cooley, Jr., a graduate student working for a
Master's degree, undertook the tests to determine whether
large quantities of nitrate of soda caused tomatoes to
crack, "puff" or become irregular in shape, and also to
ascertain the keeping qualities of such tomatoes after
long express shipments. The Mississippi Station had the
cooperation of the New York City branch of the Bureau
of Agricultural Economics of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture in checking the condition of the
tomatoes. New York was the destination of the ship-
The plots were located at the Branch Experiment Sta-
tion at Raymond, Miss. Two shipments of four crates
each were made from plots fertilized with an 8-4-3 for-
mula having nitrate of soda as the sole source of nitrogen.
The plots were fertilized at the rates of 1,000, 2,000,
2,500 and 3,000 pounds per acre. Arriving in New York
City from Mississippi, the tomatoes were carefully checked
during the inspection period by inspectors of the Bureau
of Agricultural Economics.
Only six puffy tomatoes were found in the eight crates.
Ten had growth cracks and one was wormy. In both
shipments the tomatoes fertilized with heavier applica-
tions were found to be in better condition than those
with lighter amounts.
"Upon ripening, the tomatoes had a good deep red
color and smooth texture and presented an attractive
appearance," the Mississippi Experiment Station reports
in Bulletin 252. "Very few shriveled tomatoes were
found. After such a long shipment by local express, the
crates being handled many times, freight marks and box
scars were expected. These were comparatively few,
however. There were 37 bacterial rots out of 633 toma-
toes shipped to New York City, which might be consid-
ered a good report."
It is planned to conduct these tests for two more years.
The Station points out that one year's findings are not to
be taken too seriously, but adds that the results are "cer-
tainly encouraging." Some of the plots had side appli-
cations of nitrogen fertilizers ten days before the first
picking. A substantial increase in yield and value of the
crop resulted when a side-dressing of 200 pounds of
nitrate of soda per acre was applied in addition to the
fertilizer at planting.
1928 STATE'S BIGGEST TOURIST YEAR SO
Figures Compiled by State Chamber Reveal
Leadership for Five Months
(Jacksonville Journal, June 13, 1928)
Cold figures showing that 1925 wasn't Florida's biggest
tourist year, after all, were presented by the Florida
State Chamber of Commerce today.
A comparative compilation of records of foreign or
out-of-the-state cars passing over the St. Johns river
bridge for the first five months of each year, beginning
with 1925, reveals that more cars passed over the bridge
the first five months of this year than ever before in the
history of the bridge.
Here are the figures:
Years Cars Passengers
1925............................... 17,191 62,615
1926............................... 28,805 113,593
1927.......... ...... ............ 29,578 113,079
1928................................ 37,477 131,603
These figures, together with others showing the devel-
opment of Florida's motor car and bus industries, with
figures setting out the approximate number of out-of-
state visitors coming here each year, are to be published
in the forthcoming issue of "Florida Business," official
semi-monthly bulletin of the State Chamber, which it
distributes only to its members.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
FINEST CORN IN STATE ON FARM OF
R. E. STEVENS
Local Dairymen Solve Home-Grown Feed Prob-
lem With Silos
(Daytona Beach News Journal, June 8, 1928)
On his farm three miles south of Daytona Beach R. E.
Stevens has solved a problem that may eventually be
worth as much in cold cash to this community as the
tourist business. Whatever benefit comes from it will be
spread out over the entire year, thus giving a new sta-
bility to the community's cash income.
Mr. Stevens and his partner, H. S. Carrow, operate a
large dairy with eighty cows and a small herd of young
calves and heifers. Their problem of production has
been to obtain satisfactory feed at reasonable cost. Fifty-
dollar hay and two-dollar corn makes dairying an expen-
sive experiment in Florida. They decided they could
raise their own hay and grow their own corn. They ob-
tained all the available expert advice from county agents
and state agricultural officials. Then they did a little
experimenting of their own. This was last year.
At the Stevens farm today there is a field of thirty
acres of the finest corn ever grown in Florida. It would
thrill the heart of any corn king in Iowa, Illinois or In-
diana, where "the tall corn grows." It is just as tall
and just as green and just as full of ears as the corn of
the corn belt states. It was grown without commercial
fertilizer, only the manure from the dairy barns being
used to stimulate growth. It will be ready to cut for
silage within the next ten days.
In order to provide safe storage for home-grown feed
Stevens and Carrow erected two huge silos. Corn does
not mature easily in Florida, but with silos it can be
stored as green feed. When the first silo was almost com-
pleted the superintendent for the silo company turned to
Mr. Stevens and said: "There is no use to build that other
silo, why there isn't enough corn in Volusia county to
fill this one." But the other silo was built and from
thirty acres Mr. Stevens will have enough corn to fill one
completely full and put enough in the other to run his
dairy until October 1. He will have a silo full of fine
feed to start the winter season and with what other green
feed he raises on the place he will not have to buy any
feed for the eighty cows except a small amount of cotton
seed meal and similar conditioning feed.
Corn Is Not All
But the corn doesn't tell the whole story. Stevens
and Carrow have proven by experiment that they can
grow alfalfa and red clover. They will have small fields
of both late next fall. They have cow peas now that
are amazing to behold. And after the corn is cut and
put in silage they intend to plant sorghum, which in
Florida makes almost as good silage as corn. Then there
are two excellent pastures on the farm where a heavy
stand of Bermuda grass provides ideal pasturage for the
cows. Oats and Sudan grass give variety and balance
to the dairy rations.
In other words, Stevens and Carrow have solved a
problem that many persons have said could not be solved
in Florida-they have proven that where proper methods
and proper grain is raised a dairy farmer can grow all of
his own feed right here in Florida at less expense than
it can be produced in the Middle West farming states.
The Stevens-Carrow dairy is bound to be profitable
under the present system of home-grown feed, and silos.
The dairy has an income 365 days in the year. It isn't
seasonal like the tourist crop or the orange crop. It is a
cash deal every day. Of course, it takes work. Lot of
work every day, every week and every month. But the
reward is a steady year-round income.
Example for Others
If the Stevens-Carrow dairy plant, with its home-grown
feed plan, were duplicated a hundred times in the Hali-
fax country, Daytona Beach would become one of the
most substantial all year-round business centers in the
South. And since it has been done once it can be done a
hundred times-two hundred times. Conditions here are
ideal for dairying and no other industry contributes more
surely to substantial prosperity than dairying.
"My goodness, I don't understand why half of the
people in this state are not in the dairy business," a Wis-
consin university dairy expert exclaimed to Mr. Stevens
after going over the Stevens-Carrow dairy layout.
"Oh, that's easy," was Mr. Stevens' reply. "They have
been too busy selling lots and baiting tourists. This job
means real work 365 days every year and there are not
many people in this state or any other state who want to
work every day in the year."
But for dairymen who are not afraid of work, Stevens
and Carrow have solved the biggest problem of the
Florida dairying industry and have pointed the way to
the profitable development of a great industry for the
CAR OF TOMATOES BRINGS $1,268.00
(North Marion News, June 8, 1928)
Wallace Waters is now packing tomatoes at the Waters
packing house at Hickman Station and is handling the
crops of all who want them packed.
Oscar Huff is in charge of the packing department and
is putting up exceptionally good grades and packs. One
car sold this week at $1,268.00 on the track at Hickman
and others have brought nearly as much.
Tomato crops, while not very extensive in this section,
are turning out fine, mostly fancy and choice, and prices
CANNING PLANT READY FOR BUSINESS
(Washington County News, June 7, 1928)
The Florida Packers Corporation have announced that
they will start operation of their plant on Thursday,
June 7th, canning blackberries.
They have established various routes throughout the
counties and will collect berries at the roadside and pay
cash for them upon delivery to the truck driver. Hereto-
fore there has been a very limited market for blackberries,
and with the abundance of berries this year pickers should
be able to make some money, as the company will take
all berries that are offered to them. They are anxious
for the people to take advantage of this offer and get all
The plant is large and can take care of fruits and
vegetables in this and surrounding territory in large
quantities. The Florida Packers are anxious to cooperate
with each and every one, and operate their plant to the
advantage of all.
Fruits and vegetables can be grown in abundance, and
it is the intention of the company to assist in marketing
products through the fresh market and care for the sur-
plus through canning. The products canned by the com-
pany will be known as "Florida Maid" and will be shipped
throughout the United States and foreign countries.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
CUCUMBER CROP BRINGS $300,000.00
Total Crop Will Reach About 300 Cars-Price
Has Been Good
(Williston Sun, May 31, 1928)
This is proving to be a bumper year for farmers in
this section. To date there has been over two hundred
and fifty cars of cukes loaded out of Williston, with the
prospects good for at least another week. It will average
better than ten cars for the balance of the week.
This means about three hundred cars for the season,
and at the prices they have brought gives the farmers
here over three hundred thousand dollars for the crop.
Cars are loaded with an average of about 425 hampers
and the refrigerator cars are loaded with six hundred
hampers per car. An average for the season will go
better than 135,000 hampers.
Over a hundred cars were shipped out that averaged in
price around three dollars. The price since has averaged
so that a grand total of about three hundred thousand is
in sight for the crop.
Other crops here are also showing up well and the out-
look for watermelons, another big money crop here, is
very good. Corn and peanuts have never looked better,
and it looks like King Farmer will rule in this section
once again. The farmers are due a good break, and 'most
everyone feels that they are going to get it this year.
SECOND CROP OF CELERY IS GOING TO
Five-Acre Tract Is Being Harvested West of
(Titusville Star-Advocate, June 12, 1928)
Titusville's second crop of celery of the season started
on its way to the market this morning when a crew of
men from Chase & Company, of Sanford, began the
harvest of a five-acre tract west of the city. The same
company has the distinction of having shipped out the
first carload ever to leave Titusville, a distinction gained
by having shipped a car from the acre tract directly
across the road, on the 29th of last month.
It is estimated that it will take three days for the com-
pany to harvest the entire crop and that there will be five
or six carloads to ship. Trucks are hauling the crop from
the field to the local F. E. C. station and it is being sent
to eastern markets.
Crops Look Good
This morning trucks were being loaded in the fields as
the crop was being cut by experienced celery workers,
and were being driven in on the new golf course road to
the station. About an acre of the tract had been cleared
The celery cut this morning was of good color, and the
owners, Messrs. Boswell and Arbrecht, expect a good price
for it. Next year their plans are to plant a much larger
This morning several out-of-town men were out to the
field to watch the cutting and packing. They expressed
surprise at the quality of the crop and spoke in commen-
datory terms of the start in celery growing that had been
made by local men. Several expressed the belief that
Titusville will eventually develop into a leading celery
MONSTER SHIPMENT OF WATERMELONS
IS SENT FROM LEESBURG
(Orlando Sentinel, June 12, 1928)
Leesburg, June 11.-With shipments of watermelons
from the Leesburg district averaging over 200 cars daily
for the last half of the week, a total of nearly 1,100 cars
had been moved in the six-day period ending Saturday
night, bringing the aggregate of this season's output that
has gone to market up to the figure of approximately
1,250 cars. Shipments from other sections of Florida
have been slightly more than 800 cars, giving a total
movement for the state to date of about 2,050 cars.
Up to this time last year about 3,200 cars had moved,
about 1,800 from the Leesburg district and 1,400 from
other parts of Florida. In 1927, however, the Leesburg
district production practically all had been marketed by
June 10, on which date the government news service
office was removed from this place to Valdosta.
Some of the marketing agency men believe that two-
thirds of the crop has moved; others claim that not more
than half of it has been shipped, and still others assert
that if prices become a little more satisfactory at least
twice as many cars will be rolled as have gone forward
up to this time.
Prices have not been very satisfactory for the past
several days and the outlook is not altogether promising.
Weather conditions at the north were most unfavorable
during the greater part of the week, with low tempera-
tures and rain generally reported.
CANNING FLORIDA PRODUCTS
(Marianna Floridan, June 8, 1928)
Hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of products
are canned in California, Baltimore and other points and
shipped to Florida to be consumed by Florida people.
Florida people in the past ten years have used a hun-
dred million dollars worth of canned products which were
either raised in Florida or could have been raised in
Florida, and these products were canned in other states.
Because of diversified crops, and its millions of acres
of fertile soil, Florida should have the largest canning
factory in the world.
And Marianna should be the home of such a factory.
Florida last year produced over $2,000,000 worth of toma-
toes. Approximately a half million dollars worth went to
waste which could have been utilized had Florida a great
A canning factory would encourage truck growing and
marvelously increase the growing of products in this sec-
The canned guava could be made a great money-maker
and thousands of bushels of guavas rot on the ground.
It is not necessary to enumerate. It is very clear that
Florida needs a great canning factory. In peanuts alone
Florida produces $5,000,000 worth a year, and $4,000,000
worth of sugar cane.
But few know it, yet Florida annually produces
$7,000,000 of corn.
And there is not a crop that would not be doubled if
there was a canning factory of sufficient capacity to use
Marianna is full of "captains of industry." Why not
consider most seriously a canning factory for Marianna.
It needs it now; it will increase production. Florida
largely lives out of tin cans which are shipped here from
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
FLORIDA GAME LAWS LIBERAL
Figures Quoted from Survey of United States
(Times-Union, May 30, 1928)
Tallahassee, May 30-(A. P.)-That Florida laws regu-
lating seasons and bag limits for the shooting of turkey,
deer and quail are liberal, as compared with those of
other states, is shown in a compilation of the laws of all
the states, prepared by the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture and analyzed by the State Department of Game and
Fresh Water Fish.
Florida is shown with a season of seventy-two days for
shooting wild turkey and a bag limit of five; a season of
fifty-three days for taking deer and a bag limit of two;
a season of eighty-seven days for shooting quail, and a
day's bag limit of fifteen and 200 a season.
There are thirty-two states in which wild turkey may
not be shot. This fact, together with the seasons and
bag limits in those sixteen states that permit the shooting
of wild turkey, offer a commentary on the present
status of that bird which was once found in abundance
throughout that section of the United States that lies east
of the Mississippi river, and throughout the greater part
of the area that lies between that river and the Rocky
mountains, the state department declares.
The sixteen states which permit the hunting of turkey
provide the following seasons within their respective lim-
its and fix the bag limits:
Arkansas, five days, gobblers only; bag limit, two.
New Mexico, ten days; bag limit, two. West Virginia,
fifteen days; bag limit, four. Arizona and Louisiana,
thirty days each; bag limits, Arizona, two; Louisiana, five.
Missouri, thirty-one days; bag limit, four. Virginia, sev-
enty days; bag limit, six. Mississippi, North Carolina and
Alabama, ninety days each; Mississippi, gobblers only;
bag limit, ten; North Carolina, bag limit, five. South
Carolina, ninety-six days; bag limit, twenty; Georgia, 100
days; bag limit, two. Tennessee permits the killing of
turkey in one county only. No time or bag limit for that
county is given in the summary.
Fifteen states ban the shooting of deer. Of the thirty-
three states permitting it, twenty-two limit the killing to
bucks only. In several of these, to prevent the killing of
doe by mistake, it is provided that bucks may not be
killed until their horns have reached a legal minimum
length as fixed by the respective laws of these states.
Nineteen of these states have season bag limits of one
deer only. Seven states, and Florida is one of the seven,
have a bag limit of two. Two states have a bag limit of
three. One state has a limit of four, and two a limit of
Deer Season Figures
Twenty-four of the thirty-three states permitting the
hunting of deer provide a season for the sport that is of
shorter duration than that of Florida. Colorado has but
four days; Arkansas, New Jersey and Massachusetts each
provide a season of six days;'West Virginia, Vermont,
Utah, Tennessee and New Mexico fix their seasons at ten
days each; Michigan, Nevada, Pennsylvania and Wyom-
ing, fifteen days each; Arizona, Montana, New York and
South Dakota, thirty days; Oregon, forty; Virginia, New
Hampshire, Texas, California, Louisiana and Maine, forty-
five days each; Florida, fifty-three days; Alabama and
Georgia, sixty-one days; Mississippi, ninety-two days;
North Carolina, 107; South Carolina, 137. In Wisconsin
there are forty-five counties closed; the remaining ones
permit the hunting of deer only during alternate years,
and for a period of ten days, the season's bag limit being
one. Minnesota is open on alternate years only, and has
a bag limit of one.
Fifteen states make no provision for an open season
for the shooting of quail. Of the thirty-three that permit
it, only four have longer than that of eighty-seven days,
as provided by Florida, and but two states provide a more
liberal limit for a day's shooting than the bag of fifteen
birds a day allowed by Florida. Nine states have a day's
bag limit identical with that of Florida. Twelve states
have a bag limit of twelve birds. In some of the states
where the day's bag limit is lowest, being less than ten,
the shooting of grouse, or of prairie chickens, supplements
the quail shooting, or takes the place in the sportsman's
program which quail shooting takes in those states where
the bird is found in its greatest abundance.
Florida was the forty-sixth state to create a state game
and fish department. Today there is but one state in the
Union, Alabama, which has no such department. In those
states where the game had practically been wiped out it
was necessary to import breeding stock, and the process
of re-stocking has been a slow one, primarily because of
the difficulty in obtaining a sufficient supply of breeding
stock. Results in the states where the work has been
under way for a sufficient time are encouraging, the state
No state, it was added, perhaps offers a more striking
example than Pennsylvania. A little over twenty years
ago there were but twenty-four deer to be found in the
whole state. During the first fifteen days of December,
1927, the open season on deer in that state, more than
7,000 deer were killed, although shooting was limited to
bucks with two or more points to one antler.
Florida, it was stated, has a good supply of seed stock
yet within its bounds. Conserved through controlled
shooting, it is possible to greatly increase the supply of
game birds and animals, it was pointed out.
15 CARLOADS FINE TOMATOES MOVING
FROM OCALA DAILY
Fruit of Fine Quality and Is Being Sold F. O. B.
at Good Figures
(Ocala Star, June 8, 1928)
Few people, even among the permanent residents of
Ocala, realize the extent to which the tomato industry
has developed in Marion county or the amount of money
which this crop is bringing into this part of the state.
At this time an average of fifteen carloads a day are be-
ing shipped from Ocala and it is thought that this aver-
age will be maintained for a fortnight yet. As each car-
load contains between 420 and 476 boxes, it can be
readily seen that the total sum of cash received will reach
a considerable sum. The crop is sold to the buyers on
the ground who come here, buy each carload f. o. b. the
packing house, and have them shipped to Boston, New
York, Pittsburgh, Chicago, and other of the larger cities.
At the packing houses it is stated that the tomato crop
this year is excellent-as one packer put it: he had
never seen the fruit any more solid or better. While the
weather was cold and the crop late, yet there was just
enough rain to cause the plants to grow and the fruit to
develop in perfect condition. The prices have also been
good and all of the fruit has so far found-not a ready
market-but an eager demand.
HIGH GRADE FLORIDA CANTALOUPES AT
LESSER COST FEATURE MARKET
(St. Petersburg Independent, June 1, 1928)
Florida cantaloupes, higher in quality and lower in
price than ever offered at the opening of the melon
season, were the outstanding feature of the market in
St. Petersburg this week. Green corn, also grown in
this immediate vicinity and of far better quality than
in previous seasons, is also plentiful and reasonable.
For the last several years Florida cantaloupe growers
have been increasing the quality of their product and it
has been a hard fight to determine what melons would
grow best in this climate and just the attention they
should receive. It seems that the problem has finally
been solved and this year for the first time Florida
"loupes" are competing successfully with those shipped
in from California and with the certainty that from now
on this state will be a strong competitor of the western
The same situation exists as to sweet corn. In recent
years since farmers began more intensive cultivation of
corn, the "roasting ears" have been of excellent appear-
ance, but the corn itself failed to mature properly and
the quality was such that the demand was never heavy.
This year the corn is equal to that produced by the
northern farmer in mid-summer and another gratifying
thing is that practically all being offered on the market
here comes from Pinellas county.
Potatoes are slightly higher, due to the fact that the
Florida crop is exhausted and instead of the tubers being
brought in now from Hastings the first of the Carolina
crop is now being offered.
Stringless beans are still flooding the market and are
being received in such quantities that the price had
dropped to where the grower is realizing little from his
crop and the general demand is dropping off. Cauli-
flower is also more plentiful than usual and selling at an
extremely low figure.
Bunch vegetables generally are becoming scarcer as the
summer season advances, but the supply is still good and
the demand satisfactory.
Egg prices remain practically the same as for the last
several weeks. There has been no change greater than
two cents on eggs in the last two months, an unusual con-
dition largely due to the fact that the Florida hen is
meeting the demand in the state and just about keeping
even with it.
Despite the fact that the citrus fruit season is prac-
tically over, Frazier brothers this week succeeded in ob-
taining a supply both of oranges and grapefruit from a
grower and possibly for the first time in local history
citrus fruit equal to that of mid-season is now being of-
fered at a reasonable price. The Valencia oranges are
large, juicy and firm and by placing the oranges in cold
storage the wholesalers believe they will be able to keep
the market supplied for the next several weeks.
Florida peaches continue plentiful and reasonable for
this season. The quality is much above former years
and the demand good. Strawberries are still to be had,
but the season is rapidly nearing an end and within an-
other week or two all Florida berries will be gone. To-
matoes continue plentiful and cheap and the quality
above the standard.
Lemons remain high and the price of bananas has ad-
vanced slightly. Pineapples are excellent and are still
lower than last week's figures.
HEAVY EXPORTS OF POTATOES
(Times-Union, June 8, 1928)
As Florida's regular vegetable season rapidly neared
the official closing hour, potato inspections under the
federal-state shipping point service totaled 1,115 cars for
the May 16-31 period, according to the statistical report
issued last night by Neill Rhodes, assistant to L. M.
Rhodes, state commissioner of markets and director of
the Florida State Marketing Bureau, the headquarters
of which is maintained in the St. James building. The
shipping point inspection service is offered Florida ship-
pers through the cooperation of the United States De-
partment of Agriculture and the State Department, under
the direction of Commissioner Rhodes.
Potato inspections prior to May 16 during the present
season had totaled 1,422 cars, it was pointed out, making
a total of 2,537 car inspections for the season prior to
The reported inspection totals do not indicate the
aggregate car lot movement of vegetables or fruits from
the state, marketing officials said.
Inspection of vegetables and citrus during the season
as of June 1, aggregated 6,326 cars, the report indicated.
The May 16-31 total was 1,460 cars.
The potato inspections by stations for the fifteen-day
period was: Alachua, two cars; Belle Glade, forty-five
cars; Bostwick, one car; Bunnell, twenty-three cars;
Doctors Inlet, one car; Dupont, six cars; East Palatka,
fifty-three cars; Elkton, 283 cars; Espanola, four cars;
Green Cove Springs, thirty-eight cars; Gainesville, twelve
cars; Hague, three cars; Hastings, 263 cars; LeCross, 137
cars; San Mateo, twenty-six cars; Santa Fe, twenty-three
cars; Seville, twenty-one cars; Spuds, 138 cars, and
Yelvington, thirty-six cars.
Belle Glade offered the only bean and mixed car in-
spections for the period, reporting one mixed car inspec-
tion and five of beans. Prior to May 16, there had been
249 bean shipment inspections and forty-three mixed car
Sarasota furnished the lone celery shipment inspection
reports, with a total of ninety cars. The celery inspec-
tions prior to May 16 was 2,049 cars, making the season's
aggregate, as of June 1, 2,139 cars.
During the fifteen-day period there were 249 tomato
inspections, the report declared, the report by stations be-
ing: Belle Glade, thirty-five cars; Canal Point, thirty-four
cars; Fort Pierce, seventeen cars; Sebastian, fifteen cars;
Vero Beach, 127 cars, and Winter Beach, nineteen cars.
Thirty cars of peppers, three of egg plant, two of cab-
bages, one of onions, 318 of grapefruit, 238 of oranges,
twelve of tangerines and 102 of mixed citrus made up
the inspections forming the aggregate for the season,
there being no movement inspections of those com-
modities during the May 16-31 period.
The total citrus inspections for the season, as of June
1, was 670 cars.
COUNTY SHIPS FIRST CAR OF PINEAPPLES
(Stuart News, June 4, 1928)
The first carload of pineapples to leave Martin county
this season will clear for Philadelphia tomorrow, it was
Approximately six growers of the section combined to
load the car for northern markets. The price to be
obtained for the fruit could not be ascertained due to
the fluctuating market conditions.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
FLORIDA TIMBER INDUSTRY WITH ITS
BY-PRODUCTS IS STATE'S GREATEST
(Lakeland Star Telegram, April 22, 1928)
Tallahassee, April 21.-(A. P.)-Florida now has
standing pine timber, including both virgin and second
growth, that will produce from 31 to 32 billion feet of
manufactured lumber, according to estimates of the
Southern Pine Association, made for the industrial survey
now being conducted in the state.
Cuttage of this timber is averaging close to a billion
feet per year, the figures show, while under present con-
ditions second growth is not producing much more than
half that amount.
In other words, the supply of timber is being utilized
in being manufactured into lumber, and so forth, almost
twice as fast as new timber is growing to take its place,
the report shows.
However, opinions obtained by the survey from various
sources indicate, such a condition does not need to exist,
as ample lands in Florida are now lying practically idle,
capable of producing, under proper conditions as much
greater amount of new timber to take the place of that
which has been cut, and is constantly being utilized.
The lumber industry of the state, together with others
which are being termed by-products and co-products, has
been found to be the largest in Florida, both in extent of
payrolls and persons employed, and in value of the out-
put. Included, of course, among the co-products of pine
timber is naval stores. But the timber industry does not
stop there, it was shown. Either directly or indirectly,
there are many others dependent upon it.
Included are factories to manufacture packing boxes;
planing mills to produce finished materials; shipbuilding
establishments and repair shops; wood distillation and
solvent plants; wood preservation treating plants; cooper-
age plants; furniture factories; carriage and wagon
works, and repair shops; lumber yards, both wholesale
and retail; building industry, including carpenters and
others, besides employment for a large number in the
production of railroad ties, of poles and piling, and of
timber to be used on farms.
At Peak in 1925
Cuttage of timber in the manufacture of lumber and
so forth, reached its peak, according to figures of the
Southern Pine Association, in 1925. In that year the
production amounted to 1,089,429,000 board feet. It
dropped off somewhat in 1926, and fell below the normal
in 1927 when it is estimated that approximately
900,000,000 board feet were cut. Average production is
estimated at about one billion board feet per year.
The figures also show, in comparison with the past, a
total cuttage of 788,950,000 feet in 1900 and a total of
992,091,000 feet in 1910.
Virgin pine forests in extensive stands are reported to
exist in the counties of Dixie, Lafayette, Taylor,
Suwannee, Levy, Franklin, Union, Bay, Gulf, Walton,
Lake, Manatee, Lee, Osceola, Okeechobee, Collier and
Polk. Smaller areas of virgin pine remain in other
Threatened depletion of pine forests not only will cut
down lumber production but will have a marked effect
on the naval stores industry, it is stated. For the reason,
the Pine Institute of America, representing the naval
stores industry in all its branches, has advised the in-
dustrial survey that it is concentrating on the develop-
ment of new and expanding existing markets, as well as
studying the problem of efficient production. In this
latter connection wasteful methods are being discarded
and wastes eliminated. This includes the selection of
suitable trees, the adoption of less destructive methods
of "chipping" or scarifying the tree, and improvements
in method of stilling.
Reforestation Is Vital
It is being urged, however, that both the future of the
lumber industry and that of naval stores and the kindred
and independent industries, depend upon the reforesta-
tion of areas now lying idle. According to an estimate
of Harry Lee Baker, State Forester of Florida, there are
at least 10,000,000 acres of land suitable for the growing
of timber, lying idle. He declares that the idleness is
caused, in large measure at least, by constant burning
that kills young trees before they can get started, and
seriously injures mature growths.
Fire also destroys large quantities of humus matter,
needed to enrich the soil, Mr. Baker states, and experi-
ments have proved that second growth timber is pro-
duced about three times as fast on lands that are pro-
tected from fire as upon those which are burned over.
The naval stores industry, according to C. F. Spech,
secretary-manager of the Pine Institute of America,
"furnishes the means of reforesting vast areas of lands
which would be used for no other purpose. It also pro-
vides employment for a large number of people, and
yields created wealth, as well as increasing the value of
"The reforestation program has developed favorable
public sentiment and is gaining momentum," Mr. Spech
says. "The naval stores industry is interested in such a
program as it is only by this means that the industry can
be assured of a perpetual adequate supply of its raw
material-the pine tree.
Will It Pay? Question
"The real test of reforestation will come when it is
sought to determine whether the growing of trees will
pay. It will then be realized that it will be necessary
in practically every case to have an assumed current in-
come to carry the burdens of taxation, interest and fire
protection. Such an income must be derived from co-
products which will not destroy the tree for other pur-
poses. Such co-products in the case of pine are found in
It is possible, it is stated, to work timber for naval
stores in such a way as to have a minimum effect upon
the rate of growth of the trees and at the same time yield
an income which will meet not only expenses of refores-
tation, but pay profits.
Included in the naval stores industry are other pro-
cesses than chipping pine trees and distilling the gum
that flows from such openings, it was stated. There is
the wood turpentine industry, which produces turpen-
tine, rosin and pine oil by the steam distillation process.
There is also what is known as the "destructive distilla-
tion process" the products from which include turpentine,
pine oil and also charcoal, tars, pitches arid tar oils. The
raw material for this industry is the dead down light-
wood and stumps on cut-over lands. In procuring the
raw materials for this process it is pointed out that land
is cleared and de-stumped, making it available for agri-
cultural purposes, in the course of which it not only has
cost the owner nothing, but he has been paid for the
"The naval stores industry should be looked upon as
one of the key industries of the state," Mr. Spech
BIG HARDWOOD MILL TO OPEN
Perry Is Scene of Huge New Lumber Factory
(Times-Union, June 2, 1928)
Perry, June 1.-The announcement that the large hard-
wood mill of the Wilson Lumber Company will be running
full capacity before July 1 was made today by J. C.
O'Rourke, local manager.
This will be the largest mill of its kind in the state of
Florida, with a capacity of 50,000 feet per day. The
erection of the plant was begun in March and the project
has been rushed from the start. According to Mr.
O'Rourke, the best machinery obtainable has been in-
stalled, with every possible device for safety and efficient
operation. No announcement was made as to the cost of
The Wilson Lumber Company, which is now incorpo-
rated under the laws of Florida, was formerly of Detroit,
Mich. They have heretofore been in the wholesale lumber
business, and will retain a sales office at Detroit, although
the main office of the company will be installed at Perry.
The company now has, already purchased and under
contract, approximately two hundred million feet of hard-
wood stumpage, such as ash, maple, bay, hickory, mag-
nolia and white oak. Instead of shipping out logs, as has
been the practice in this section heretofore, this company
will sell only the finished lumber and will import logs
The mill is located just outside the city limits of Perry,
and accessible to two main line railroads. It will employ
about 100 men. A. C. Wilson, of Detroit, is president of
(Tampa Times, May 30, 1928)
Florida sunshine has brought comment from the
American Meteorlogical Society, which said in its latest
report: "Florida has the sunniest winter climate in the
eastern United States. The Florida peninsula not only
has the highest percentage of possible sunshine-over
60 per cent in winter and 70 per cent in spring-but also,
because of its latitude, the most intense sunlight of any
lowland east of Texas. In December the intensity of
sunshine in Florida exceeds that in the north by over 50
per cent. For this reason, if for no other, Florida could
claim its place as a fine health resort."
That is not news concerning Florida sunshine or Flor-
ida's winter climate. It is pleasing, however, to have
such a statement relative to them from so reputable and
well considered authority as the American Meteorlogical
When there is added to this statement as to Florida's
winter climate, that which many of us know to be a
fact, and which is becoming of somewhat general knowl-
edge because it is established by government records-
that Florida, United States weather bureau figures for
Tampa being used as a basis for the declaration, is more
comfortable in summer than almost any other portion of
the United States, it will begin to dawn upon those not
now cognizant of it what a really wonderful thing Florida
climate is; the particular reference being to year-round
climate in Florida.
It is all the year climate that people take into con-
sideration when they are deciding where to make their
COST OF AVOCADO PRODUCTION
(The Florida Farmer, June 1, 1928)
So many requests have reached us for copies of the
figures compiled on cost of avocado grove development
by Mr. Carlton of the Seaboard, that we have decided to
Land ............. ...................... $150.00
Clearing land ......... ........ .... .... ............ ............ 86.39
Scarifying and removing rock ............. .......... 58.33
T rees- 101 at $1.25.............................................. 126.25
S ettin g .......................................................... .. 1 0 9 .1 6
Total initial cost.............................. ............ $530.13
Interest at 8 per cent for five years.................. 212.05
Average Maintenance Cost Per Acre
Hauling and ap-
plying fertilizer 1.25
Harrowing ......... 8.76
Spraying ........... 2.62
Pruning ........... ........
Hoeing ............... 13.91
Mowing .............. 3.65
Totals ............ $48.40
Interest on main-
tenance charge.. 19.35
2 Yr. 3 Yr. 4 Yr. 5 Yr.
$52.41 $55.75 $80.33 $108.19
1.75 2.96 4.28
8.94 8.76 8.18
3.15 9.07 12.26
........ ........ 1 .2 2
13.37 13.42 12.89
4.06 4.05 5.35
$63.68 $94.61 $124.71 $153.18
20.36 22.68 20.00 12.25
*Total maintenance cost.................... $ 599.22
Grand total cost per acre ................. 1,341.40
*$20.00 added to this amount for taxes and unclassified
items of expense.
If all interest charges are left out the cost of produc-
ing a grove to five years of age was $1,034.71.
CITRUS MARKET IN EUROPE
(Miami Post, June 3, 1928)
Dr. Julius Klein, director of the U. S. Bureau of For-
eign and Domestic Commerce, has officially approved of
the Florida plan for the creation of a Citrus Trade Com-
mission in Europe. Should the plan go through, the citrus
industry would be greatly stimulated, provided (and this
is important) there is intelligent home cooperation in the
matter of selecting, packing and shipping.
A European market for Florida products cannot prove
otherwise than beneficial, if such market is properly cul-
tivated; but we must not lose sight of the fact that Flor-
ida's greatest trouble heretofore has been lack of co-
ordination, after the California plan.
There must also be some sort of protective unity that
will prevent transportation companies and middlemen
from gobbling all the profits. A member of the Miami
Post staff is now in the North and he reports that Florida
and California oranges of by no means superior quality
are selling at 75 cents to a dollar a dozen in New York,
the very best at $1.25 to $1.50. A week before he left
Miami oranges were selling out of truck wagons at 50
cents a basket, baskets containing 35 to 50 oranges each.
It is pertinent to inquire who gets the extra 60 cents
on a dozen oranges between Dade county, Florida, and
There is much talk of tariff protection just now against
foreign producers. It might be well to consider for a
moment the subject of protection against domestic ex-
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
LIVE OAK WILL HAVE BIG TOBACCO
MARKET THIS YEAR
All Companies to Be Represented, According to
Ex-Governor Hardee, President of Ware-
(Lake City Reporter, June 1, 1928)
Fred W. Brown and Ace Holland, who will have charge
of the Suwannee Tobacco Warehouse again this season,
arrived in Live Oak Monday for the purpose of checking
up on the crop conditions in this territory and making the
preliminary arrangements for the opening of the market.
Mr. Holland will remain here until the season closes and
will spend considerable time in the rural districts inter-
viewing the farmers and getting better acquainted with
Both Mr. Brown and Mr. Holland are very optimistic
over the prospects for a good crop of tobacco in this
territory this season and expressed the belief that the
crop will run anywhere from a million and a half to two
Ex-Governor Cary A. Hardee, president of the Suwan-
nee Tobacco Warehouse Company, states that both the
Imperial Tobacco and the Export Tobacco Company have
definitely agreed to have buyers here this season, and all
the domestic tobacco companies will also be represented.
The Live Oak tobacco market will have as full a corps of
buyers this year as any market in Georgia or anywhere
else in the tobacco belt. Speaking for the outlook this
season, Mr. Hardee said:
"We are now out of the woods so far as a full corps
of buyers is concerned, and I feel very much gratified
to know that we have succeeded in making the local mar-
ket as good as any other town in the tobacco belt has.
I have worked hard to gain for Live Oak the recognition
to which it is justly entitled and I feel that it will this
season take its proper place among the leading tobacco
markets of the country. The quality of Suwannee county
bright leaf tobacco cannot be excelled and I confidently
believe that the local crop will bring as good or better
prices as tobacco grown in any section of the country."-
LEE COUNTY SHIPS MORE WATERMELONS
(Ft. Myers Press, May 28, 1928)
With 34 cars rolling, more watermelons were shipped
from Lee county last week to the markets of the east and
middle west than went to the same markets from the en-
tire state of California. Only 22 are credited to Pacific
coast growers by market reports. Local growers bet-
tered the record of the previous week by shipping 34
cars of watermelons in the last seven days.
Prices have been firm to date, but crops from up state
will now bring the prices down. The earliest melons have
always been shipped from Fort Myers and in consequence
Lee county growers get the highest prices for the fruit
of their vines. Local shipments will hold up for an-
other 10 days, stated F. W. Arnold, secretary of the Lee
County Co-operative Growers Association, today.
The cooperative growers shipped 25 cars to establish
their highest mark last week. The majority of the
melons have gone out over the tracks of the Seaboard Air
FIRST CARLOAD TITUSVILLE
Growers Plan Large Acreage In This Section
(Titusville Star-Advocate, June 1, 1928)
Titusville was officially added to the list of the cities
producing celery for the rest of the world when the first
carload left the local station for northeastern markets
Chase & Company received credit for shipping out the
first car, a record they hold also in Sanford, center of the
largest acreage in the world.
N. C. Farnsworth represented the company here and
superintended cutting, packing and loading the crop from
an acre grown by B. H. Rosson on a tract a short distance
to the southwest of the city. He pronounced it an ex-
cellent crop and a satisfactory demonstration of the celery
growing possibilities of the Titusville country.
Plan Large Acreage
Directly across the road from the Rosson tract is a tract
of five acres planted under the direction of L. Allen,
formerly a grower in the Oviedo section. This crop will
be ready for market in two weeks, Mr. Allen reported.
Local men interested in celery are expressing an en-
thusiastic interest in what will be done next year. Mr.
Allen and others interested state that approximately 100
acres will be planted in this section next season. The
comment of Mr. Farnsworth they take as of great value
in planning next year's operations. He stated Tuesday
that much of the celery in the crop here is even better
than Sanford and Oviedo sections and added that the first
crop is never as good as later crops.
"The muck soil of the Titusville section holds great
possibilities. All that is needed is men who understand
planting and growing," he said.
The first car Tuesday left over the Florida East Coast
road from the local station and was billed to Potomac
Yards. It will no doubt go to New York markets, Mr.
KING MACKEREL NOW SHIPPED NORTH
(Times-Union, June 2, 1928)
Perry, June 1.-Reports from the fishermen at the
mouth of the Steinhatchee river, in Taylor county, are
to the effect that large quantities of King mackerel are
being caught each day, several carloads being shipped
from Perry to markets in the north.
A hard road has been constructed down to the gulf
at this point, making it possible to get the fish to a ship-
ping point. They are very delicate of flavor and much
in demand in the markets, bringing an excellent price.
These waters are one of only a few in the United States
where the King mackerel can be procured, and is prov-
ing a stable source of revenue for the county.
1,030 CARLOADS OF TOMATOES SHIPPED
(Bradenton Herald, May 20, 1928)
Approximately 1,030 carloads of tomatoes had been
shipped north from Manatee county up to last night.
Estimates place the number of cars yet to roll at around
fifty, most of which will leave for the markets this week.
It is now believed that this week will see a practical
finish of the shipping season for tomatoes, with the sea-
son's total at near the 1,100 car mark.
NEW LAKELAND INSTITUTION TO OPEN
ON OCTOBER 1
Carpenter's Home Erected at Cost of $3,750,000
(Tampa Times, June 5, 1928)
During the last year a small army of workmen has been
at work several miles from Lakeland, carrying the dream
of one man to completion.
The dream has been fulfilled in the construction of the
national carpenters' home, a haven for the old and worn
in the industry, a project conceived by William L.
Hutcheson, of Indianapolis, national president.
For a long while Mr. Hutcheson hoped to erect a place
for aged and disabled carpenters that would be beautiful,
comfortable and complete.
The new home is such a place. On the day of dedica-
tion, October 1, it will involve an expenditure of
$3,750,000, and will be second to no other establishment
of its kind in the country.
The imposing structure is located about four miles
from Lakeland, overlooking Lake Gibson, a placid stretch
of water of several miles in length, lying like a blue jewel
37 feet below the building.
The estate was purchased four years ago from 28 in-
dividual owners of Lakeland. It consists of 1,800 acres,
964 of which are in citrus fruit. Improvement began
immediately and was continued until the groves reached
a certain point in development, when the building pro-
gram got under way. The home is 336 feet long, with
each of the wings reaching the same measurement.
No expense has been spared and construction and
equipment have been completed upon a comprehensive
and even magnificent scale.
The main lounge will be furnished at a cost of about
$23,000, and the dining room, which seats 1,000 people,
will be furnished for approximately $28,000. Tables in
the dining room are imported, with tops of black onyx.
Moorish decoration, blending with the Spanish architec-
ture, has been carefully followed in the interior.
At one end of the spacious dining hall a cafeteria has
been completely equipped. The kitchen was designed
for future growth, with a capacity five times the present
need. This room is a revelation in modern conveniences.
An elaborate system of electrical arrangements is in-
cluded; refrigeration, air-cooling system, heating and ice
manufacture. Separate sections for bakery, ice cream
making, salad making are found in the culinary scheme.
Ten tons of ice are manufactured every 24 hours and
automatically lifted to the storage room. There is an au-
tomatic ice chopping machine which prepares ice for table
The power house is located in a separate building, as
is the large laundry, which is provided with every known
safety device. All the power facilities are in duplicate,
to prevent inconvenience in connection with light, steam
or water. The water is pumped from a depth of 540 feet
and changed into soft water for use in the main building.
In the home proper there are 200 bedrooms, accommo-
dating two occupants in each. In this building also are
hospital, diet kitchen, apothecary shop, drug store, a bat-
tery system of baths and showers, where attendants will
be on duty at all times.
Entertainment features will be presented periodically,
in the theater, which seats 964 people and which is one
of the home's beauty spots with its rich coloring and fur-
The home is free from debt.
Outside beautification of grounds and landscaping of
the property are being carried forward at a cost of $2,000
weekly. There are two beautiful patios, with sub-tropical
plants flourishing. Provision has been made for roque,
horseshoe, bowling, croquet and other activities.
When days are inclement (if there should be such days
in Florida) exercise may be had on the "ramp," a walk-
way within the building, leading gradually from the first
to the third floor.
As the need grows, semi-detached bungalows will be
built in the woods, with no two buildings treated alike.
Architectural ideas will be allowed to run wild.
The organization has a membership of 400,000, with a
jurisdiction from Canada to Mexico. Florida was selected
principally because of its mild and beneficial climate, it
James Gould, of Boston, member of the staff, is man-
ager of the property, and is now on duty.
OVER FIVE TONS OF TURNIP SALAD IS
GROWN AND CANNED FROM ACRE
(Southern Cultivator, June 1, 1928)
The main thing that we get from our travels, is that
we keep running up on some item of interest for the
farming class. While we endeavor to keep posted as to
all the movements that affect the agricultural interest,
we are often taken by surprise. We don't know when
we were more surprised to learn anything, than we were
when we heard that the Pomona Products Company of
Griffin, Ga., had been canning turnip salad. Raised as
we have been, to consider this such a common and uni-
versal garden product, we didn't think any firm would
find it a paying proposition to can it. We learned that
this company paid the farmers around Griffin over
$10,000.00 for turnip salad since Christmas and one
farmer cut 10,942 pounds from a single acre and at
$40.00 per ton, the price received, 'he got $218.84 from
this acre of salad. The South is just now on the real
road to prosperity.
BRANDON TO HANDLE BIG CORN CROP
(Everglades News, June 8, 1928)
W. L. Brandon of Canal Point will leave this week for
Marianna, Fla., to arrange to get a corn mill at that
place and move it to a location at Pahokee and operate
it this summer and fall. He will also forward an electric
motor of sufficient size to run the mill.
Operation of the corn mill will make a market for a
part of the large corn crop of the upper Glades which
might otherwise go to waste. The upper Glades corn
crop is larger this season than ever before.
Mr. Brandon is a stockholder in a company at
Marianna which buys corn in large quantities and does a
general milling business. His son is the manager of the
Marianna company. When the son visited the upper
Glades several weeks ago he noticed the big fields of good
corn and suggested that one of the corn mills be moved
here. The suggestion is made practicable by the avail-
ability of electric power from the Pahokee plant of the
Florida Power & Light Company.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
FRISCO PLAN MAY START SHIP LINES
Conference Called for St. Petersburg to Discuss
Water Route from Pensacola
(Special to Times-Union, June 7, 1928)
Pensacola, June 6.-A semi-official announcement by
officials of the St. Louis-San Francisco railroad, shortly
after Pensacola was picked as a preferential port for that
trunk line, was to the effect that when the Frisco's plans
relative to the use of its lone seaport on the Gulf should
be realized, one of the objectives was that of cooperating
in the establishment of steamship lines to various parts
of the United States, the state of Florida, and even to
West African and Central American points.
That hope seems well within the scope of realization,
for plans to inaugurate a steamship line between St.
Petersburg, Tampa and Pensacola have just about been
materialized, and within a short time it is expected to
place on this 30-hour run steamers equipped to transport
both freight and passengers. The plans for the establish-
ment of this line have progressed to the point where a
conference has been called at St. Petersburg, to learn the
details of the ship line operation, and to discuss details
relative to the line.
Several New York shippers are expected to attend this
conference, and the Frisco railroad will also have repre-
sentatives from the local offices as well as headquarters
from St. Louis and Memphis.
The Frisco will have special docking facilities for the
vessels which may be engaged in the coastwise or foreign
trade, and there is reason to look forward to the opera-
tion of several ship lines in a short time after the Frisco
puts on regular schedules to this point.
NEW SMYRNA'S INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS
(Times-Union, June 1, 1928)
Completion of the new municipal docks and a series of
packing houses for handling shrimp and fish at New
Smyrna recently, brought prominently into view the in-
dustrial progress developing in that section. New Smyr-
na's admirable location for the carrying on of a large
business in taking, packing and shipping great quantities
of fish and shrimp is appreciated, and with added and
improved facilities there will no doubt be a great increase
noted. The new docks and packing houses are located
convenient to deep water between the two new county
bridges which connect New Smyrna, New Smyrna Beach
and Coronado Beach. Removing this business from the
old city dock will also be a good thing, as there will now
be no mingling of business and pleasure boats, as was
formerly the case.
It is told in the news item about the new docks and
packing houses that the docks are six hundred feet long
and sixty feet in width, built in units of fifty feet each,
which provides full space for boat-owners to come in
whether for unloading or repairs, or merely berthing. A
fill, the full length of the docks, has been made on the
north side of the packing houses-there are six of them-
and this constitutes a fine roadway as an outlet to the
Coronado Beach causeway and only a short distance from
the city streets.
Taking fish and shrimp is a matter employing a large
number of people, and the packing and shipping is equally
as useful, giving work to a great many and insuring good
payrolls. The packing houses are uniform in size and will
be kept neatly painted and make a good appearance from
the water and the bridges. The packing houses have
equipment for handling about 200 barrels a day, and
while arranged primarily for preparation and shipment of
shrimp, they can also handle all kinds of fish.
The secretary of the New Smyrna Chamber of Com-
merce, remarking upon the improvements made on the
water front and the growth of the fishing industry, has
declared that "for many years New Smyrna was a port
of entry and is by right of her geographical location, the
logical point for a harbor to be built. Her fishing banks
have for years been known for their variety of the finny
tribe and their abundance the year round. New Smyrna
is a logical point, owing to its location, to serve northern
pleasure yachtsmen as a Florida East Coast base. It is
a desirable point whether going north or south to change
from the inside to the outside route, or vice versa, for all
such crafts, and when the harbor is completed it is pre-
dicted by many that the port of New Smyrna should prove
one of Florida's most popular East Coast harbors."
Florida has many resources, and turns to the waters or
the land for food that is needed by multitudes, at home
and abroad. The fishing industry is one that is yet but
slightly touched, although shipments seem comparatively
heavy at times. The possibilities are wonderful and steady
advance is being made. The movement at New Smyrna
to improve facilities will result in greatly increased busi-
ness and steady and substantial growth.
104 CARLOADS OF CELERY SENT
DURING LAST WEEK
(Sarasota Times, June 11, 1928)
One hundred and four carloads of celery were shipped
out of Sarasota last week, a total of 36,400 crates. This
week's shipment from the Palmer Farms represents in
round figures about $118,300.
Thursday saw the biggest day's shipment-23 carloads
or 8,050 crates. Every day's shipment, however, was
creditable, and the Bell Brothers cooling plant ran full
shift daily, with more than 150 employees busily engaged
in getting the celery ready for shipment.
Next week will about clean up the season's celery crop,
stated R. K. Thompson, of the Palmer corporation, this
morning. The crop has been a bumper one and has
definitely placed Sarasota county as a leading district in
Florida's celery belt.
HOGS ARE ROLLING IN
(DeFuniak Herald, June 7, 1928)
If farmers in Walton county will continue to order
pure-bred boars, with the intent of breeding up their
stock and make hog raising a real business like they have
during the past two months, this county will develop an
industry worth thousands of dollars to its people. County
Agent Wilkins is receiving orders for pure-bred stock
nearly every day and he hopes that these orders will con-
tinue to come in. This is a natural hog country, and
every farmer who does not get into the game of raising
more and better live stock is missing the key-note to
prosperity. July 1st, hog cholera serum will be free and
every hog in the county that is not now vaccinated should
be treated. The agent will be glad to instruct any farmer
as how to secure this serum and make arrangements for
SOMETHING DOING IN FLORIDA
(St. Augustine Tribune, May 31, 1928)
The first carload of melons was shipped from Lake
county last week and brought $900 for 970 melons.
Plans are under way to start the growing of mint on a
large scale in the vicinity of Tampa. Mint is used in the
production of oils for the manufacture of medicines, can-
dies and confections. It brings good prices to the grow-
ers and is easily grown in many sections of the state.
Six thousand cars of potatoes have been shipped from
the State of Florida so far this season, with prospects of
750 additional carloads before the season is over.
The 1928 tomato crop of the Palmetto section will total
over 1,200 carloads. At the first of the season it was
estimated that the crop would total 1,800 cars, but heavy
rains and high winds cut the yield considerably. How-
ever, 1,200 carloads will produce a lot of soup.
Pole and bunch beans are now being shipped from the
state in large lots, and Florida green corn has been on
many northern tables for some time.
Say what you please, go where you please, and let the
rest of the world listen to the praises of other sections,
but actual facts and figures seem to indicate that Florida
has as much or more to offer to prospective farmers-
farmers who are willing to work-than any other section
of our great country. This page could easily be filled
with facts and figures showing the great advantages to
be found here. With our unexcelled climate, variety of
soils, abundance of water, almost perpetual sunshine, and
water and rail transportation facilities, Florida is indeed
MORE SHIPS TO PENSACOLA
(Pensacola Journal, June 1, 1928)
"The Frisco has confidence in Pensacola and in Pen-
sacola's future. We have invested here and spent money
to extend our lines here because we believe that Pensa-
cola's port will keep us busy.
"Trade with South America is increasing. Pensacola's
location, its harbor and port facilities make it an ideal
terminal for ship and train transportation. We believe
that South America's growing business will bring more
ships to Pensacola and business for the Frisco."
James M. Kurn, president of the St. Louis-San Fran-
cisco railway, speaking.
These are no idle words of Mr. Kurn. The Frisco
executive is not an idle talker. He means every word he
says. And he always says less than he means. Men who
know Jim Kurn know that.
Mr. Kurn, who arrived in Pensacola Wednesday, stated
that work on the Frisco passenger station will begin
within the next thirty days.
The Frisco has 5,500 miles of trackage, exclusive of
the 143 miles of rehabilitated M. S. B. and P. and the
extensions of 154 miles of what is now known as the
Pensacola line of the Frisco. Most of the 5,500 miles
of trackage is west of the Mississippi river, which is
significant, in connection with the merger of the Chicago,
Rock Island and Pacific Railway Company with the Frisco.
The two lines together form one of the strongest rail-
way systems in the world.
That the Frisco looked for a tremendous volume of
trade to develop on the Rock Island as well as the Frisco
lines was made no secret at the hearing before the Inter-
state Commerce Commission in Pensacola, when the
Frisco sought authority for the purchase of the Mc-
So far, Frisco officials have had very little to say as
to their plans in connection with the McLaughlin line
and terminal site, but at the I. C. C. hearing witnesses
stated again and again that these terminals had been pur-
chased because the volume of trade expected over the
lines of the Frisco and Rock Island made the present
It was declared that the Frisco would need as much, if
not more, trackage than the L. & N. now has.
This significant testimony, together with Mr. Kurn's
statement that Pensacola's port "will keep us busy," are
enough to make an optimist of the most pessimistic.
Before the Business Men's Club of Kansas City, Mr.
Kurn told of what the port at Pensacola would mean to
the Middle West. Before the Interstate Commerce Com-
mission in Columbus, he pointed out its importance in
movement of cotton alone, which he placed at from
200,000 to 250,000 bales "immediately after the exten-
sion of the line." In Pensacola before the I. C. C. he
told of the necessity for a chance to expand the tracks
and terminals in the city limits of Pensacola, to take care
of the volume of trade to be developed here.
All of which goes to show that officials have some good
things yet unannounced, when the work of the Frisco,
the Rock Island and the Pensacola port are co-ordinated.
SAYS FLORIDA BULBS FINEST IN COUNTRY
(St. Cloud Tribune, May 31, 1928)
Gainesville, Fla.-Florida-grown bulbs have been pro-
claimed the finest in America by one of the largest seeds-
men of the South, who was in Volusia county this week
inspecting the crop of Chinese lilies which was being dug
at that time.
The bulb season just closing has been an exceptionally
good one, according to T. A. Brown, county agent of
Volusia county. Mr. Brown estimates that there are
approximately 80 acres planted in bulbs in his county.
Most of the bulbs being grown in Volusia county are
narcissus and lilies. The Chinese lilies are now dug and
in storage and the narcissus will be dug within the next
week or two.
Volusia county has taken the lead in bulb production
in Florida, and indications point to a bright future for
FIRST CAR OF PEPPERS SHIPPED FROM
(New Smyrna Breeze, June 1, 1928)
The first car of sweet peppers produced at Samsula
this season was shipped Wednesday from the new pack-
ing house at that place. This shipment was of fine qual-
ity, running 80 per cent No. l's. The car was sold f. o. b.
Samsula and the price was $3.50 for No. l's and $2.50
for No. 2's. Other carload shipments will follow in a few
days. It has been ideal growing weather for peppers,
and if the weather continues favorable the season's ship-
ments will reach about one hundred cars.
The good crop of peppers following a fair crop of
Irish potatoes give the growers of that section a fair
measure of prosperity this year. Samsula is still leading
as one of the most prosperous trucking sections of Vo-
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
AUTO LICENSES NET $4,360,263
(Okeechobee News, June 8, 1928)
Motor vehicle owners of Florida paid nearly four and
a half million dollars into the state treasury on the sale
of license tags during the first three months of 1928,
according to the quarterly report of W. F. Allen, State
Motor Vehicle Commissioner.
The report showed that the sale of license tags for
that period brought a total of $4,360,263.76 to the
Of the total collections, 6 per cent, or $261,615.81, is
reserved for the expenses of the department, making
net revenue for improvement of the state's roads
$4,098,647.95. At the end of the year the amount not
used for the expenses of the department is turned back
to the treasury.
The net receipts were apportioned as follows: Five per
cent to the State Road Department for maintenance of
the state roads, $203,962.51; 25 per cent to the counties,
prorated according to the amount of the funds collected
in the counties, $1,039,210.26; 70 per cent to the State
Road Department for general use, $2,855,475.18.
The collections from the sale of the 1928 tags were
made as follows: Passenger cars, $3,136,564.91; trucks
$1,040,037.81, and miscellaneous, $183,660.98; of the
licenses sold, 250,587 were for passenger cars and
45,832 for trucks.
The department also reported receipts of $84,139
realized for the same period to the credit of the auto
For the six months the State Motor Vehicle Department
created by the 1927 legislature has operated, or from
October 1, 1927, to March 31, 1928, the motor vehicle
receipts totaled $4,391,827.10 and the auto theft receipts
$115,562, or a grand total of $4,507,389.10.
LOWER INTEREST RATES NEEDED
(Ocala Star, June 4, 1928)
One of the things which makes farmers from other
states hesitate before coming to Florida to settle is the
fact that if they have sufficient funds to make a down
payment and equip a farm, but must borrow money for
the balance, the eight per cent interest which they must
pay to take care of the cash borrowed looks exceedingly
big to them. It looks like a big drawback in their efforts
to successfully conduct a farm.
They reason it out something like this: $3,000 at
eight per cent means $240 a year, or $20 each and every
month. This added to taxes and other necessary out-
going money raises the total to a figure that appears very
large to one who has been accustomed to lower interest
rates, slightly lower taxes and much lower freight rates.
To a man who is totally unaware of what it is possible to
produce on a farm down here, the overhead is terrifying.
Weighing the advantages and disadvantages of living
in Florida, as most people from other parts of the coun-
try do, the prospective farmer reads of the great crops
that may be raised here, but an alert real estate man in
any other part of the country usually tells them the same
thing about the lands which he is trying to sell. Then
you can tell him about the slight protection that is re-
quired here for his live stock and other property, and his
first thought is that protection must be needed to save
the animals and crops from the high winds and torrential
rains, but he can see how all of this is only equal to the
difficulties he has already met and overcome in the other
states, but the high rate of interest he computes to the
last decimal and it is a stumbling block that often entirely
blocks the way.
When it is known that well secured loans may be ob-
tained in other parts of the country for around five per
cent, that additional three per cent which the borrower
must pay in Florida is mountainous in appearance. It
seems as if it would be advantageous if some organization
or financial interests could be formed and made to func-
tion so that farmers could borrow money at, say, six per
cent on approved security. While actually this would
mean only a difference of two per cent, but in its psy-
chological effect it would mean much more than is repre-
sented in dollars and cents. It would remove one of the
drawbacks to the development of Florida farms and would
create a much more favorable impression among the
farmers of other states, who are just now looking long-
ingly toward this land of promise for their future homes
and vocational endeavors.
TOBACCO ACREAGE IN FLORIDA
MATED AT 5,000 ACRES
(Plant City Courier, May 25, 1928)
Tallahassee, May 24.-(A. P.)-More than 5,000 acres
will constitute the tobacco crop in Florida during the
Leading all others is Suwannee county, reported to
have about 1,800 acres in tobacco. Madison is next with
about 1,150 acres; Gadsden, third with about 800 acres.
Nineteen hundred acres of the total will be raised west
of the Ocklocknee river, the report shows.
FLORIDA FISH STORIES
(Times-Union, June 6, 1928)
Many of our fishermen have been landing some fine
bass and having great fun since the "sawed-off" fishing
season reopened, D. A. Stack having brought in two ten-
pounders and several smaller ones as a morning catch,
one day recently.-McIntosh News.
A party of six gentlemen had the thrill of their lives
the first part of this week at one of the most beautiful
water holes in Marion county. The amount of fish caught
was small, but when they were weighed it was found that
they had sixty pounds.-Ocala Banner.
J. L. Sisk, job printer, is quite a fisherman, but some-
times he outdoes himself. He went out to Lake Jeffries
yesterday about 1:30 P. M. and landed four two-pounders
and felt a mighty tug at his line, and after quite a tussle
he hauled a ten-pound bass into his canvas boat. The sun
was still shining, but Mr. Sisk quit then and there, as "his
rep. was up." Mr. Sisk says he catches the best fish just
before full moon, though he knows of good fishermen
that always have the most luck just after full moon.-
Lake City Gazette.
J. R. A. Williams reported the catch of two three and
one-half pound bass at one cast early yesterday afternoon.
The fish were the same size and to all appearance twins.
Mr. Williams states that he got only the one strike on the
trip and that both bass were securely hooked at one time.
This prominent sportsman is recognized as a truthful man
and the fact that he was alone does not make his story
any the less creditable.-Dade City Banner.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
FORMAL AGREEMENTS ARE MADE FOR
FOREST FIRE CONTROL
(Florida State News, June 5, 1928)
Announcement was made here by Harry Lee Baker,
State Forester, that agreements have been formally exe-
cuted with the Federal government and a number of land
owners of Florida for the State Forestry Board to begin
active financing of conservation measures in the state.
The agreements with the government contemplate
financial assistance to the state of $35,000 a year for
forest fire protection work carried on in cooperation with
the land owners and for growing and distributing forest
planting stock to farmers.
J. B. Glenn, of Chipley, and A. A. Payne, Panama City;
S. Bryan Jennings, the board president; Simon F.
Williams, secretary, and Mr. Baker, attended a recent
meeting of the board, held at Panama City, when execu-
tion of the agreements was authorized.
The board approved the plan as presented by the State
Forester to cooperate with the land-owners in systematic
fire prevention and control work. Seven to ten units
were recommended, each covering from 100,000 to
125,000 acres, to cost not more than 4 cents an acre,
the land owners to share at least half of the expense of
the organization, and, in addition, to construct their own
fire breaks. Under the plan, fire protection would be
extended to between 800,000 and 1,000,000 acres of land
during the next year. The protective units will be well
distributed over the state.
Many owners, the State Forester said, have offered to
list their forest lands for protection. To date, three
protective associations have been organized, the largest
known as the Black Creek Association, comprising
156,000 acres. The Penny-Gwinn Corporation controls
most of the land of that unit. A lookout tower and fire
tools and equipment are being ordered. Plans for the
quick detection of fire and rapid mobilization of fire
crews under trained leaders, backed by an intensive
educational campaign, are well under way for that and
the other two protective associations.
Projects at Chipley
At West Bay, in Bay county, cooperation has been
arranged between Joe W. Williams, of Chipley, the West
Bay Naval Stores and Lumber Company and the Moody
Turpentine Company. W. W. Pope, who is in charge,
will start immediately to construct many miles of fire
breaks. Similar arrangements have been made for the
protection of an area near Tyler where S. J. Hall, con-
sulting forester, with the James D. Lacey Company, is
perfecting plans for the work.
To date, a total of 250,000 acres has been listed with
the associations for protection. A fourth unit compris-
ing about 100,000 acres is being organized near Bonifay.
Thus far two land owners, S. A. Alford and J. W.
Williams, have listed their lands. The Chipley Chamber
of Commerce passed a resolution endorsing the project.
The interest displayed thus far, Mr. Baker said, indi-
cates that the plans for protecting approximately
1,000,000 acres of land can be carried out. He referred
to the position taken by some of the turpentine operators.
It costs them $80 to $100 a crop to protect their invest-
ments in the woods against "wild-fire." Some of those
men, he said, feel that it is cheaper to create fire breaks
throughout their turpentine operations and to prevent
and fight fire in an organized way than it is to rake
around the trees and burn.
It was pointed out that land owners in Georgia and
other southern states have abandoned the light burning
practice with good results.
To Consolidate Forests
A resolution was passed by the board favoring the
proposal made by the National Forest Reservation Com-
mission through Major Stuart, chief of the U. S. Forest
Service, to consolidate the two existing forests in Florida
and to acquire by purchase two other units each com-
prising not to exceed 150,000 acres. Under the plan each
forest would be located in three or more counties and
the acquisition program would proceed slowly. One of
the new units would be located in a typical slash pine
type and the other where conditions are favorable for
growing the long leaf pine.
The two new national forest units will be established
primarily for demonstration purposes. It is anticipated,
Mr. Baker said, that the naval stores experiments now
conducted under the direction of Lenthall Wyman, of
Starke, will be transferred to those new forests. The
counties will receive 35 per cent of the gross receipts
from the national forest units to be used for roads and
schools. The counties will benefit further, it was stated,
from the expenditures made for administration and
equipment and for the construction of roads and other
improvements. The members of the board were of the
opinion that the land purchase program would have a
stabilizing influence upon the land problem which has
become critical in some parts of the state.
The board decided to adopt a name that would signify
"service." The work of the entire organization will be
referred to in the future as "Florida Forest Service," a
service which will render assistance to the land owners
and forest industries in applied forestry and forest pro-
Demonstrations in planting, thinning and concerning the
relation of grazing and fire in timber growing will be
conducted. Projects of this nature were approved for
Bay county. Experiments at McNeil, Miss., Mr. Baker
said, have proved conclusively that the stock reduced the
fire hazard in dead grass to a marked degree so that the
fires did not kill a large percentage of the little trees.
He believes, he said, that stock raising and reforestation
will go hand in hand for a number of years to come.
A NEW ROAD TO FLORIDA
(Ft. Myers Tropical News, June 13, 1928)
Announcement is made of the imminent completion of
that section of the new Atlantic coastal highway between
Jacksonville and Savannah. It will not be long before a
new paved road will be available all the way from Jack-
sonville to Washington by way of Savannah and Charles-
ton, providing between this state and New York and New
England a new route several hundred miles shorter than
any satisfactory highway hitherto considered practicable
for motor tourists.
Automobile tourist traffic today is such that a new
through highway is almost equal in value to a new rail-
road. Elimination of the discomfort, uncertainty and
expense of traversing Georgia over miserable roads will
stimulate motor traffic to Florida appreciably, while it
will be a godsend to Florida vacationists in the summer.
Georgia roads have stood between many a northern
motorist and the pleasure of riding over Florida's famous
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