What shall we do with our cut-over...

Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00050
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00050
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

Table of Contents
    What shall we do with our cut-over lands?
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Full Text

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JUNE 18, 1928

No. 2


What Shall Ve Do With Our Cut-Over Lands? .......................
Local Crawfish Hatchery Opens First Conipaign .. ...............
1Blackberries as Large as Precns Grown in County ...
Florida Army of Fifty Thousand Hunters in Field Last Year
Sunnyland Farms Ship First Ducklings ... .................... ... .
Escambia Farmers Shipping Produce .. .. ................ .......
Looks Good for Large Pecan Crop... ................................ ....
Florida Feeding Millions of People ................ ... .........
Florida Fish Sent North for Exhibit ...... ....... ..... ... ........
Poultry Products Find Ready M market .. ...................... ..........
A New York Business Man's Impressions Gained .. .. .........
Tuberculosis Tests on Cattle Reviewed ...... .. .. .. ......
Singing Tower Bells Are Due Here August 15 .. .. ....
W week's Catch of Fish .............................. ...........
County's Record Hay Crop Is Near City........................ ... .......
Dom esticating the Turkey ... ....... ................... .......... ... .. .
Shipments to Date Have Totaled 1160 ............ ... .....
$33,000 Paid for Two County Citrus Groves .. .... ..
575,008 Freight Cars Hauled in 1927 from State .......................
Miami Bankers Cut Interest Rate... ....................... ...
Unusual Fruit Grown in Indian River County...................
B i ... tI P'l, t In A ll South .. ...... .......... ........
: Ii....,. I Bulls Brought Into State ............ .. ...........
Germans Using Much Lumber from Florida.... ... ...... ...
Survey Reveals Little Known Industries Exist in Florida ....

K ey W est Opens City A uarium ...... .................... ...........
Shipments at Peak as 234 Cars Roll in Seven-Day Period .......
A V valuable D em onstration .. .. ..................... ..................
I;-.. Crop of Potatoes Ever Grown Locally ......... .................
'lI..I I Values of School Property Show Big Growth .....................
State Near Top in Game Revenue ............... .. ..................
Growth of Florida's Commerce Is Described ...... ..........................
Lee County Growers In Two Weeks Ship Truck Worth $30,000 ...
Traffic Boom s at Fernandina ............ ..... ...............
Inspection of Cars Reported ... .. ..... .... ...................
Sanford Nears New Celery Marketing Figure in History ..........
Lee County Will Receive $75,000 for Watermelons .........
Floridin Company W working Overtime ................ .............
Key VWest Holds Lead in Export Value in State .....................
Tile Triple Foundati6n of Florida Prosperity.
Farmer Makes Fine Showing with Irish Potatoes in County........
Shipments Up 100 Per Cent Over Year Ago ..................
City's First H at F actory O opened ..................................................
Florida Building for April Placed at More than $4,000,000........
Manatee's Tobacco Experiment Success .......... ............................
1.153 Carloads Tomatoes Go North ............................................
Molasses Makes Hens Lay .. ... ........... .........
Making Success with Truck Farm in County .............................
An Illustration of Value of Dipping .................................... ......
In Correction ....... .. ...

What Shall We Do With Our Cut-Over Lands?

By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture

ITHIN OUR STATE are several million
acres of cut-over lands lands from
which all the merchantable timber has
been taken. What shall we do with
this land? Left alone, with its stumps, its
sparse stand of wild grass, blackjack and scrub-
oaks, it will grow up in weeds, briars and puny
young timber. Before long, in all probability
there will come fires to destroy this growth and
leave nothing but ashes, blackened stumps and
desolation. True, there may come up after the
fire a partial stand of wild grass which for a
few weeks may afford scanty grazing for the
cattle ranging upon it. However, it may as well
be admitted that much of this vast and rapidly
enlarging area is not productive except in taxes.
The truth is that there is a decided tendency at
present among land owners to refuse to pay
taxes on this unproductive land. As a result,
we have all too much of this land now in the
hands of the State, held for lack of taxes. Thus
we have not only a bad condition as regards idle
lands which are not producing an income for
their owners, but we have a problem of taxation
to solve since every tract on which taxes have
not been paid adds just that much to the burden

of those who do pay their taxes. Should the
present trend increase we shall have a situation
most embarrassing, not only to our State gov-
ernment but also to every private citizen and
Can this cut-over land be brought into use
and made to yield to its owners an income at
least large enough to pay its taxes? Here is a
problem for our constructive statesmen. When
we come to realize that only about two million
of our thirty-five million acres in Florida are in
actual cultivation, we have ample cause for
concern as to how the remaining thirty-three
million acres shall be handled.
Those of us who are thinking in terms of agri-
culture believe that a, great percentage of this
idle, unprofitable land can be brought into some
degree of productiveness by utilizing it for pas-
turing cattle. Readers of the Review may re-
call an article which appeared in our issue of
May 7th, by Professor John M. Scott, entitled
"Good Pastures Increase Returns." According
to our judgment, Professor Scott, who is an
acknowledged authority on agricultural ques-
tions in this State, indicated in this article very
plainly the possibilities for permanent pastures

Vol. 3


in these cut-over areas. Here let us quote a few
paragraphs from Professor Scott's article:
"In the Spring of 1924 the Agricultural Ex-
tension Division of the University of Florida es-
tablished a number of demonstration pastures
in different parts of the State. The results from
these indicate very strongly the possibilities of
improved pastures in all sections of Florida, if
these pastures are established on good lands.
"The grasses that have given the best results
and have shown their superior grazing qualities
over the native grasses are carpet grass, dallis
grass and lespedeza, or Japan clover. All of
these seeds can be purchased on the market at
reasonable prices. Good results have been ob-
tained by seeding these grasses at the following
rate: carpet grass, eight to ten pounds; dallis
grass, eight to ten pounds; lespedeza, four to
six pounds per acre. The seed can be planted
at almost any season in the year whenever there
is moisture enough in the ground to insure ger-
mination and growth of the seedlings. To make
sure of a good stand and a rapid spread of the
grass, it is important in the first place to sow
only good seed. It is also important, and in fact
necessary, that the wire grass sod be destroyed
by either discing or plowing before sowing the
seed of these good grasses. After the seed-bed
is prepared, sow the seed broadcast and cover
them by using a very light harrow or brush
drag. These improved pastures will not stand
annual burning. Fires must be kept out. An-
nual burning can be eliminated very largely by
liberal grazing and in this way keep down a
heavy growth of grass."
This advice from Professor Scott is very time-
ly. The people of Florida should heed it. We
cannot afford to continue our old practice of

using these idle lands in Florida for a period of
eight or ten weeks and then when the wire-
grass pastures have become unfit for further
grazing to withdraw and leave them to be swept
over by fire. The Experiment Station people
have shown us that the wild grazing lands of
Florida require at least eight or ten acres to
graze one cow for a year. They have also
shown us that the improved permanent pasture
such as suggested by Professor Scott, when
properly handled, will graze one cow per acre
for a year. Thus we see that under improved
handling it is altogether possible to convert
much of our idle and unprofitable cut-over lands
into valuable grazing areas that will yield ten
times as much grass, and grass of better quality,
than we have had on our wild pastures.
Florida is rapidly ridding herself of cattle
ticks. With this menace out of the way, we
can turn in reasonable security to the better
handling of our cattle and the importation of
cattle of finer quality. It would appear that by
following the suggestions of those who have
done years of experimental work, we will be
safe in setting out to make several million acres
of good profitable grazing land in our State and
to stock these with cattle which will go on the
market at profitable prices. This is one of the
hopeful ways by which our State may check
the unfortunate surrender of its lands by those
who are unwilling to pay taxes upon them any
(Other methods of handling the State's idle acreage
will be considered in an early issue of Florida Review.)


With Government Expert in Charge, Work of
Propagating Spiney Lobster Is Now
Under Way

(Key West Citizen, May 29, 1928)
Key West's crawfish hatchery, which arrived a few days
ago, is now in operation, under supervision of A. G.
Adams, specialist from the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries,
detailed by the government to cooperate with the state in
experiments to be conducted here.
The equipment was sent here through instructions from
Dr. Thomas R. Hodges, State Shell Fish Commissioner,
and is to be permanently located at Key West. It is
housed on a large barge, which was recently towed to
this port by Captain Hamilton Adams from Welaka,
Florida, a point on the St. Johns river, near Sanford.
Captain Adams and his father are assisting in the
operation of the plant. Crawfish are being taken daily
and placed in the hatchery, where the larvae is scraped
off and put into the jars for hatching.
The work, however, will not get fully under way, Mr.
Adams, the specialist, says, until the arrival of Dr.
Hodges, who is expected the first week in June.
A. G. Adams has had much experience in the propaga-

tion of the lobster, which differs but little from the craw-
fish, and is one of only two men in the government service
with considerable experience in this line. He says he finds
conditions here ideal for the work.
The hatchery which was sent here, he says is modern,
complete and of sufficient size to handle the situation
here a year or so.


(Times-Union, May 23, 1928)
Samples of the Marvel blackberry, as large as a pecan
nut, were brought to the Florida Times-Union office yes-
terday by T. M. Coon of the Coon farms on Dunns avenue,
one mile west of the Lem Turner road.
Mr. Coon extended a general invitation to the public
to come to his farm and see what can be done in pro-
ducing the Marvel in Duval county.
The Marvel blackberry is Florida's own product and
was originally found growing wild in the vicinity of Plant
City. When cultivated, production of the berry was
found to be very profitable.
Mr. Coon has three acres of the berries and averages
250 crates to the acre. He declared that he found a ready
market for all he could produce at twenty-five cents and
up for the quart basket. There are thirty-two quarts in
each crate.


glfori&a Rbiefti
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

NATHAN MAYO................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS...........Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR..............................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 3 JUNE 18, 1928 No. 2


(Palm Beach Post, May 15, 1928)
Tallahassee, May 14.-(A. P.)-Over 50,000 sportsmen
went out to search for, and kill, the wild life of Florida
during the past hunting season. The State Department
of Game and Fresh Water Fish has just announced statis-
tics for the season, which include: the number of licenses
sold; those reporting game killed in accordance with the
the law; the revenue derived from the license sale, and
the game killed, enemies of game and animals trapped.
The figures show that a total of 52,281 licenses were
sold during the four months of hunting. They also show
that, in spite of the law requiring each licensee to report
the number and variety of game killed, only about one-
fifth, or exactly 10,169, sent in reports.
Under the newly enacted state-wide game and fresh
water fish law a penalty is provided for those failing to
report on the game killed. This penalty includes denial
of the privilege of taking out licenses for next year.
Revenues from the sale of licenses topped all previous
records with the substantial sum of $59,720, which went
toward the financial support of the common schools.
During the season just closed 1,011 deer found their
way into the broiling pan of venison lovers. This total
was arrived at from the reports of holders of special deer
licenses. A separate period for the hunting of deer was
On the basis of the one-fifth of the reports received,
nearly 300,000 quail were killed during the season. The
exact number was 259,139. Doves were next in the es-
teem of the huntsmen, as 176,105 of that specie were
killed, and cat squirrels gave them a close race, with
Other game included:
Rabbits, 40,630; turkeys, 3,618; ducks, 47,300; geese,
270; snipe, 12,660; marsh hens, 4,928, and 2,928 of mis-
cellaneous varieties.
A total of 2,567 trappers reported their activities for
the year, and the raccoon, opossum and skunk proved to
be primarily the object of their search, as 62,321 of the
former were trapped, 35,136 opossum, and 13,802 skunks.
Other animals trapped, as reported by the trappers,
Red fox, 51; mink, 787; bear, 13; muskrat, 132; grey
fox, 1,771; civet-cat, 1,661; panther, 10, and weasels, 26.
The year proved a fruitful one in the way of elimina-
tion of vermin, or enemies of game, the department's
figures show. A total of 11,248 crows were killed; 14,497
hawks; 5,101 owls; 1,428 wildcats, and 1,416 stray house-


(Citrus County Chronicle, May 18, 1928)
Last week the big event at Morgan Rundel's Sunny-
land Farms was the preparation and forwarding to
market of the first 150 Sunnyland ducklings that have
reached the marketable age. These ducklings were eleven
weeks old and averaged in weight five pounds each.
Several Inverness and nearby residents for the first
time had Sunnyland ducklings for their Sunday dinners.
Among the restaurants and hotels that featured these
ducklings on their Sunday menus were the Orange hotel
at Inverness, King's restaurant at Tampa, and the Tan-
gerine hotel at Brooksville.
Mr. Heald, proprietor of the Tangerine hotel, originally
came from New England, where white Pekin ducks are
a staple and highly valued table food, particularly during
the summer months. Mr. Heald, after a visit to Sunny-
land Farms, was quick to see and grasp the opportunity,
and arranged for a constant supply of fresh-killed Sunny-
land ducklings, which will enable the Tangerine hotel to
serve a special fresh duckling dinner every day in the
The majority of ducklings shipped last week went to
South Florida Stores Corporation, at Tampa, operating
seventeen Piggly Wiggly stores in Tampa, St. Petersburg,
Lakeland and Haines City. They went on sale on Satur-
day and the management reported that the entire supply
was exhausted by noon. Consequently, this week they
increased their order by fifty per cent.
Next week Sunnyland Farms will send to market
slightly over 200 ducklings, but by June 1 weekly ship-
ment will reach and continue to be from 300 to 350.
This necessitates constantly carrying at the farm about
4,000 live ducks, ranging from one day to twelve weeks
of age, exclusive of breeding flocks.
Many visitors from both nearby and distant points con-
tinue to visit the farm and to show much interest in this
new and growing Florida farm industry. Last Sunday
all records for the number of visitors in one day were
broken. All, however, were welcome, and the manage-
ment continued to explain in detail what has already been
accomplished, and to show how it is done.
It is planned to at least double the present weekly pro-
duction of marketable ducklings by January, 1929, and
then it is hoped to further increase production as con-
ditions warrant until it reaches from 160,000 to 200,000
ducklings per year.


(Pensacola News, May 25, 1928)
Green produce is being shipped in quantity by Escam-
bia county farmers through the co-operative canning
plant at Molino.
Yesterday three carloads of potatoes and a car of mixed
vegetables were shipped to northern markets.


(Gadsden County Times, May 24, 1928)
This section has a favorable outlook for the largest
yield of pecans ever produced in this section. Last year
was considered an "off-year," the yield being considerably
less than the previous year, which seems to be the nature
of the pecan. This year, however, the trees are loaded
with the young nut, and unless some unexpected disaster
occurs there will be a large crop of pecans in Gadsden



(Times-Union, May 7, 1928)
Right now, as for four months past, or since th
truck crop season opened, Florida is feeding milli
people. This is indicated by government reports
marketing of Florida fruits and vegetables-all fre
of excellent quality.
Florida does not measure its fruit and vegetable
ments by crates, boxes or pounds, but by carlo;
generous are the supplies marketed in the early
of every year. Thus, since September 1 last, and
noon of May 4, a total of 17,313 carloads of c
were sent out of Florida to makes north, east an'
and of grapefruit, in the same period, 16,224 ca
But why not give the fruit and vegetable shipment
of May 4 in full? It's interesting as well as inform
for those who do not take the trouble to look
report as daily it is published in the Times-Union.
it is:

Oranges ............
Grapefruit ........
Tangerines ........
Lettuce ..............
Vegetables ........
Peppers ..............
Tomatoes ..........
Cabbages ..........
Cucumbers ........
Pineapples ........
C elery ................
Strawberries ....
Potatoes ............
B ean s ................
Watermelons ....

Ohio, North of
liss. and Savannah
3,370 9,828
6,091 7,377
221 768
16 1,099
216 2,001
243 1,120
979 1,881
44 1,299
111 507
1 0
2,574 5,064
86 431
345 1,381
195 2,133
1 3



e 1928
ons of
on the
sh and

e ship-
ads, so
up to

coming to Florida growers in this current season, as in
every season past. Taking bad seasons, which are few,
with the good, that are frequent, Florida enjoys enviable
position in the food-producing world.
With growing and marketing methods being improved
steadily, as is being done through the State, Florida has
every prospect of continuing to reap golden harvests, in
increasing volume of dollars, and keep on supplying more
and more people with fresh fruits and vegetables-food
that is of the very best for human beings to consume
and enjoy.


d west, Rare Specimens Are Loaded On Board Ship at
rloads. Key West for New York
rmative (Herald Service, May 16, 1928)
at this Key West, Fla., May 15.-More than 1,500 odd species
Here of fish, gathered from waters about Key West, were
placed in tanks aboard the SS. San Jacinto when she
Total arrived here tonight from Galveston, and are now on
their way to New York, where they will be placed on
17,313 exhibition in Battery Park Aquarium.
16,224 John J. Shea, aquarist with the New York aquarium,
1,114 supervised the gathering of the fish and returned to New
1,116 York with them. He will be back here the latter part of
2,435 the month for the second of three collections he will take
1,550 to the aquarium this summer.
3,491 Dr. R. Van Deusen, aquarist with the Philadelphia
1,435 aquarium, will come here for two collections this summer.
652 The collection taken east by Mr. Shea tonight was one
1 of the most odd and attractive ever gathered from these
8,484 waters. There were yellow angel fish, queen angel fish,
525 various species of morays, grunts, catfish, snappers and
2,142 other species in the collection.
0A O0

, 48

In connection with the foregoing report, which does
not include shipments other than in carlots, it is inter-
esting to know that, according to the United States De-
partment of Agriculture report, issued from the Orlando
office of the Bureau of Economics of that department,
and as of May 4, there are about 500 cars of celery still
to be shipped out of the Sanford section of Florida, and
about 400 cars in Sarasota and Manatee counties. From
Sanford and from Manatee county, according to the
same report, pepper shipments from about 400 acres in
the two sections will begin late in the current month,
with smaller shipments from other sections of the State.

Potato shipments from Hastings are about at peak point
for the season, with total as yet undetermined, but up
in the thousands of carloads, the aggregate.to be still
further increased by shipments from other points in the
Cold weather has had its effect on the tomato crop of
this season, but at that, it is expected that about 1,250
carloads will be marketed from 4,000 acres in the State
planted to this particular vegetable. Last year 2,000 car-
loads of tomatoes were shipped from this State. Water-
melons are just beginning to be shipped by Florida grow-
ers, the peak to be reached about a month hence.
While weather conditions have much to do with the
growing of fruits and vegetables, in Florida as elsewhere,
and while conditions here have been unusual this year, it
is easy to see that, notwithstanding this serious handicap,
Florida has been doing quite well in this line of agricul-
ture, with the result that many millions of dollars are


Demand for Eggs Exceeds Quantity Produced in

(Vero Beach Journal, May 23, 1928)
At a meeting of the Indian River County Poultry
Association, held at the shipping station Friday night, the
resignation of L. L. Redstone as manager of the station
was accepted and Fred E. King was appointed manager.
The resignation of J. V. Marossey as secretary was also
accepted as he is leaving soon for the north.
Since the station was opened there has been a steadily
increasing demand for Indian River County eggs, and at
present the supply is inadequate to meet the demands.
Egg producers deliver their eggs to the station, where they
are carefully graded and packed in containers. Three
grades are handled by the association, fancy, choice and
The eggs received each week are entered in the pool
for that week and payments are made on Monday to the
producers. A small retain provides sufficient funds to
meet all the expenses of the station, including the salary
of the manager. The feed department purchases poultry
supplies at wholesale and sells to producers at cost.
Within a short time the association will have a supply
of friers to place on the market in addition to the egg
supply. The greater part of the produce is sold for cash
at the station to local dealers and to buyers from cities
south and north of Vero Beach.





(Manufacturers Record, May 24, 1928)

New Rochelle, New York.
Editor Manufacturers Record:
We are just back from a marvelous motor trip through
the South, on which we covered more than 6,000 miles
through eleven states. My thanks are indeed due you for
the suggestion made when I had the pleasure of again
seeing you at Daytona Beach that we go to Silver Springs.
One of the best days of the trip was spent driving from
Daytona via DeLand and Ocala to Silver Springs, thence
to the Penny Farms and Green Cove Springs and over the
new Shands bridge to St. Augustine and back to Daytona
over the Ocean Boulevard. It was well worth the 200
miles of extra driving.
The progress in the South is a marvel, particularly in
the matter of highways. Except in Georgia and Ala-
bama-which are backward compared to the others, but
are rapidly catching up, and are now in the construction-
detour period-we were from 80 to 90 per cent of the
time on hard surface. Compared to a few years ago,
when we bumped all day over clay gullies in the dust or
mud and built bridges of fence rails and logs to get over
about a hundred miles of some of the same roads, the
transformation was wonderful. As we rolled along from
place to place over smooth, dustless highways, it was not
only a source of enjoyment to ride, but a pleasure to pay
the gasoline tax as a contribution toward the cost of the
Florida was a surprise. I saw it during the boom when
it was a madhouse and everybody looked and acted crazy.
I had been down since, but on hurried trips for special
purposes, but this time I went leisurely all over it, and I
am still lost in amazement at the improvements. Jack-
sonville was busy, with many changes in evidence; St.
Augustine was placid but delightful, as always; Daytona
and its beach greatly improved, and all the little towns
down the East Coast showed changes and much develop-
ment, Fort Lauderdale particularly. Miami was still full
of people, all apparently busy and happy. There were
few evidences of the hurricane, except here and there a
small structure without a roof. Some of Miami's office
buildings would do credit to New York, and although
many are not justified, unquestionably the city will grow
up to them and the population absorb them in a few
We drove more than 200 miles over the streets of
Miami. From the reports, I had visualized it as being
greatly overbuilt, but to my surprise, almost every house
that was habitable was occupied. Only here and there
were the lone and stark structures built by a disordered
imagination, unused and useless. Miami Beach, with its
new causeways and other improvements, is astonishing
and delightful. Almost anything within reason on a beach
in the tropics, to which a considerable number of people
can get, is justified. My conclusion is that in spite of
much that was not and is not justified, Florida will,
within two or three years, be much farther ahead than it
would have been without the boom. The roads, bridges,
schoolhouses and other buildings and the public utilities,
on which millions were spent, are still there, and neces-
sarily after the deflation and reorganization period is

over, will still be there in strong and capable hands, and
so most of them cannot but be of use and produce on
the new standard of value. I agree with you that Florida
is not only coming back, but is already on the way.
We went over the new "Tamiami Trail" from Miami
to Tampa, by special permit, the road not yet being open.
It is a stupendous undertaking, but my prediction is that
it will be justified from its opening, by the number of
cars which will circle the State as we did, instead of visit-
ing only one coast as in the past.
From Fort Myers up there were many improvements
and much development since I was last there. St. Peters-
burg appears to be less overdone than any of the resort
cities. Tampa, of course, has an economic and industrial
basis largely lacking elsewhere. The city appeared busy
and prosperous. Like our cities generally, its productive
capacity has been overdone and its plants could un-
doubtedly handle more business, but it is almost an
Arabian Night's dream to anyone who knew it 40 years
ago. As I stood on the Lafayette Avenue bridge, carry-
ing that street about 100 feet wide, across the Hills-
borough, and surrounded by skyscrapers, my mind went
back to the narrow shaky structure standing gaunt and
ungainly on some wobbly piles, from which a country
road lined with shacks meandered beyond the then new
Tampa Bay Hotel, stark, bare and unbeautiful on a flat
on which dredges in the river were pumping mud and
sand to make what is now the beautiful tropical park,
and it did not seem that the transformation could be
possible within one's lifetime. However, it was all there
and all true, but it made me rub my eyes and wonder.
Tallahassee was quaint and quiet as always, although
there were here and there many new buildings. Pen-
sacola seemed busy and showed evidences of progress in
its pavements and buildings. Generally, there was an air
of activity and confidence everywhere I went that
promised much for the future. The net of my conclu-
sions is that now is a good time for people who have
money to invest to put in the South, and particularly in
Florida where I believe there are opportunities equal to
any in the country. Also, now is the time for those who
have already put their money in Florida, if it was done
on any sane and reasonable basis, to stand by and protect
their holdings.


North Carolina Leads in Counties Free of

(United States Daily, May 28, 1928)
Cattle in the United States accredited as free of tuber-
culosis totaled 2,188,909 head in 162,749 herds on May
1, the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department of
Agriculture has just announced.
During the month of April, 953,795 cattle were given
tuberculin tests, the bureau says, and of this number
22,743 were found diseased. In the United States, 487
counties are free of tuberculosis, with North Carolina
heading the list with 91 counties.
Cattle that have not yet received the final test number
15,493,012 head, and the total still under supervision by
the bureau amounts to 2,211,504 herds or 20,776,112
head. Animals on the waiting list to be tested total
3,438,260 head in 340,248 herds.



Tests Will Be Made at Foundry in June-
Musicians to Inspect Bells

(Davenport Times, May 18, 1928)
The great bells for the Singing Tower Carillion being
built at Mountain Lake by Edward W. Bok are now be-
ing cast at the John Taylor & Sons Bellfoundry in Lough-
borough, England, where since 1317 this family has been
making bells.
It is expected that they will be played for the first time
in June, the carillonneur to be the dean of carillonneurs
in the world, the famous Josef Denyn of Antwerp.
A committee consisting of Mr. Denyn, Josef Hofman,
the famous pianist, and Mr. Herbert Craxton of the Royal
Academy of Music, of London, will inspect the bells and
will determine if they are perfect in the many respects
in which a first rate carillon bell must meet perfection.
It is expected that by the middle of July the tests will
be complete and that the bells may be shipped to reach
the port of Jacksonville about the middle of August. No
exact date can yet be set. They will be shipped from
there by rail to the Mountain Lake station and then set
up in the tower. A great permanent crane, capable of
handling the bells, will be built into the tower so that the
bells can be handled at any time it might be necessary.
Just when the first test will be made here is uncertain,
but it might be possible in November.
Work on the tower has been speeded up and today is
three weeks ahead of the schedule. Barring unforeseen
contingencies, the tower will be ready for the bells. Work
on the great carvings of birds is now going on and some
of the great windows are being set. One depicting Adam
and Eve and their coadjutor or co-conspirator, the ser-
pent, is soon to be placed.
Tower Weighs 5,500 Tons
The tower weighs 5,500 tons and is securely anchored
to a reinforced concrete mat two feet six inches thick.
This in turn is supported by 160 reinforced concrete piles,
driven to varying depths from 13 feet 12 inches to 24
feet 10 inches below ground. The tower rises from its
foundation, 51 feet wide at is base, to the majestic height
of 205 feet 2 inches. In gradually changing form and
tapering lines it becomes octagonal at the top and but
37 feet wide. The great north door will be of brass, hand
wrought by Samuel Yellin, centering in its rich design
the various motifs of the sanctuary and the tower.
The latter will be surrounded by a moat. This will be
the planting and its reflection in the pool will keep it at
one with the sanctuary itself. The interior of the tower
will not be open to the public as it will be private to the
carillon and its player.
The carillon has 61 bells with 48 tones, or four octavos,
the 13 upper tones being duplicated so as to avoid the
airy sound of small bells. The total weight of the bells
is 123,164 pounds. The tenor bell alone will weigh 11
tons, and the smallest 16 pounds. It is the finest and
largest carillon ever cast, and is being made at John
Taylor & Son's Bellfoundry at Loughborough, England.
The Sanctuary and the Singing Tower will be formally
opened to the public on the 1st of February, 1929.
The carillon will be played every evening at sunset and
recitals will be given on special occasions as Christmas,
the birthdays of Washington, Lincoln and Robert E. Lee.

Famous Carillonneur Engaged
The carillonneur will be the famous Anton Brees of
Antwerp. He has played most of the great carillons of
the world, and was recently carillonneur for Mr. Rocke-
feller at the Park Avenue Baptist church, New York. He
also opened the fine carillon War Memorial at Capetown,
South Africa. Mr. Brees will be in residence here from
December to May each year.


(Perry Herald, May 17, 1928)
A carload of king mackerel fish was shipped from
Perry to Charlotte, N. C., Tuesday morning.
This, which is said to be the largest shipment of this
fish ever made, was the second week's catch of the Semi-
nole Fish Company, which has recently started fishing off
the Gulf coast of Taylor county. They were caught in
Deadmans Bay, opposite the mouth of Steinhatchee river,
about ten miles out. Nothing but hook and lines were
The Seminole Fish Company has been operating for
about thirty years on the east coast of Florida and has
stations at West Palm Beach, Stewart and other points.
Some weeks ago D. L. Rico, the active manager of the
company, came to Steinhatchee, which borders the gulf
here, to look over the fishing prospects. He found the
waters teeming with fish, and obtained permission from
Barney O'Quinn, president of the Steinhatchee Develop-
ment Company, to install a temporary fishing camp as a
tryout. Equipment was brought in and active operations
commenced about two weeks ago.
The first week thirty barrels of mackerel were caught,
the second week's fishing produced a carload, and it is
stated that another car will be ready tomorrow.
Mr. Rico, in a statement made the other day, said that
this was the most promising location they had found in
the many years they had been fishing. More equipment
is being brought in to take care of the extraordinary
catch, and the company is planning the erection of a
large storehouse for the fish at Steinhatchee.
Although they are at present concentrating on the
king mackerel, Mr. Rico says that equipment for catching
every variety of marketable fish will be brought to the
fishery. The company has, he stated, $200,000 worth of
fishing equipment, and indications are, from the start
made, that a considerable portion of it will soon be in
use at Steinhatchee.
Local people regard the advent of this big industry of
great benefit at the present time, as it is giving employ-
ment to local fishermen at highly remunerative wages
and generally starting considerable money into circula-
Some idea of the magnitude of the initial operations
may be gained by the fact that the local power company
is furnishing ice by the carload for the project, and that
on Monday of this week seven thousand pounds of king
mackerel alone were caught.
It is estimated that when more equipment arrives the
output will be a carload a day.
Taylor county people have known all along that the
fish were here and many a visiting fisherman has doubt-
less been pronounced "nutty" by his friends back home
when he tried to describe them, so it has remained for a
commercial fishery to bring the first real notice to the
world of the fishing possibilities of the waters of north-
west Florida.


(Bradenton Herald, May 20, 1928)
What is believed to be the most prolific cover crop produced in Manatee county this season is the ten-acre field
of sudan grass grown on the A. J. Pedley farm in the Pierce sawgrass section, eight miles south of Bradenton. The
grass was planted March 15 and is being cut in less than seventy days from planting date. With an even stand and
an average height of five feet, the grass will yield three tons of hay to the acre and make three cuttings in one season.
It should be of interest to every dairy farmer and stock raiser in the county to see the crop before it is harvested.
The grass was planted after the celery crop had been harvested.


(Better Crops, May, 1928)
The turkey, never thoroughly domesticated, is now
about to be brought under the same sort of control under
which other farm stock is produced. Minnesota, where
a systematic plan of turkey raising based on modern
methods has been developed, farmers are apparently hav-
ing great success with it. The plan involves artificial
incubation, artificial brooding, fenced-in rearing grounds
with clean soil, and the turkeys being kept apart from
chickens. Hundreds of farms in various states are now
raising turkeys this new way, and although there have
been partial failures, those who have followed recom-
mendations closely have usually done well. It is very
important that the turkeys be kept away from chickens,
because chickens carry blackhead, a disease fatal to tur-
keys. Many farmers and farmers' wives who have been
raising turkeys under control report 70 to 80 per cent
hatches and great success in rearing the turkeys. One
farmer wrote to the agricultural college: "I kept my
birds yarded during the season and raised 90 per cent of
them. My neighbors had losses of 35 to 80 per cent. I
am strong for the whole plan."


This Week Practically Winds Up Tomato
Season-Eggplant, Pepper, Celery and
Cucumbers Still Rolling

(Palmetto News, May 25, 1928)
The 1928 tomato crop of this section will total a little
over 1,200 cars, which is much better than was expected
two weeks ago. Up to and including last night the ship-
ments from Palmetto had totaled 1,160 cars, with 108
of that number rolling since last Sunday. The remainder
of the week and a few cars that will go forward next week
will bring the total for the season to over 1,200 cars.
At the beginning of the shipping season the crop was
estimated at 1,800 cars, but heavy rains and wind cut
the yield greatly. Fair returns were received, the price
commanded last week being especially good. What is
rolling now is mostly under consignment, as the buyers
have gone to other fields.
Besides tomatoes, eggplant, pepper, celery and cukes
are rolling from here at the rate of from ten to twelve
cars a day.



Perkins Tract at Largo Is Bought by Brice
SBrothers; Madson Property Sold

(Clearwater Sun, May 18, 1928)
Indicating a remarkable demand for grove property
and a trend toward development of citrus properties
throughout the county, two more sales of groves, involv-
ing more than $33,000 were announced today. These
sales followed close upon the heels of the recent sale
of the M. W. Ulmer grove near Largo.
Charles S. Cox, who opened a real estate office at
Greenwood avenue and Cleveland street a short time ago,
reported two sales which have been completed in the past
few days. The Perkins grove on Old Tampa Bay at Largo
has been sold for $25,000 to Theodore and Major Brice of
St. Petersburg, Mr. Cox reported. A large proportion of
the sale price was cash, Mr. Cox said.
The Madson grove, four miles southeast of Clearwater
on the boundary between this city and Largo, has been
purchased by Gervaise and Stewart Hutley of England,
for an $8,500 cash consideration. Mr. Cox interested
the two young Englishmen in Florida groves while visit-
ing England two years ago and they arrived here about
two months ago and immediately started looking for
grove property. They will be joined in a short time by
their parents, Mr. Cox said. The father of the two young
men is a practicing physician.
The Perkins grove contains 45 acres, 23 acres of which
is in bearing grove. There are no structures on the
property. The Brice brothers plan considerable addi-
tional planting and other development. The Madson
grove contains 10 acres, practically all of which is in
groves and contains a residence as well. The property
also is improved in other ways.
Grove property throughout the county is finding a
ready sale at the present time, local real estate men


Farm Products Accounted for 1,313,214 of
18,037,699 Total Tons Handled

(Plant City Courier, May 25, 1928)
May 24th.-(A. P.)-Florida railroads, during 1927,
hauled 575,008 cars of freight which originated within
the state on their own lines, and in addition hauled
412,363 tons in less than carload lots, the total tonnage
being 18,037,699.
An analysis shows that the products of mines greatly
exceeded any of the other groups in amount handled,
the complied figures showing a movement of 8,926,563
tons. Manufactured and miscellaneous products is next
with 4,109,832 tons. Products of forests aggregated
3,614,416 tons, while products of agriculture was fourth
with 1,313,214 tons.
A total of 1,509,576 crossties were used in replace-
ments during the year by the various railroads, 1,071,739
of that number having been untreated, while 437,837 were
creosoted or otherwise treated. In the construction of
new lines there were used 302,194 untreated crossties, a
total of 408,500. The total number of ties used, there-
fore, aggregated 1,918,076.
For replacements and new construction of switches and

bridges, the railroads used during the year a total of
6,183,437 board feet. Of that amount, there was used
for replacements, 3,599,209 feet divided into 2,593,037
feet of untreated and 1,006,172 feet of materials. For
new construction, 2,584,228 feet was used, 1,733,376
treated and 850,652 untreated.
Complete figures on railroad mileage show that, to in-
clude all rails, main lines, sidings, commercial sidings,
yard trackage, union stations, freight terminals, except
those privately owned, there are in Florida a little more
than 8,000 miles compared to less than 6,000 in the state
ten years ago.


(Tampa Life, May 26, 1928)
A short time ago Tampa Life said it would stimulate
every line of business to drop the legal rate of interest
in Florida from 8 per cent to 6 per cent-and we said
if representatives running for the State Legislature would
make it a part of their platforms it would help them to
get elected.
It appears that the Miami bankers are alive to this
situation and that they are already cutting the interest
rate in Miami. Magic City business men are working day
and night to restore normal business conditions and they
are enjoying the full cooperation of the local bankers.
Here's the story: Lowering rates of interest were fore-
cast in Miami in a statement issued by James H. Gilman,
president of the Bank of Bay Biscayne, which will in-
augurate a policy of considering certain loans over long
periods at interest rates of from 6 V to 7 per cent.
The announcement, which means much to Miami's
economic situation and bettering business conditions, was
as follows:
"One of the causes of much of our trouble has been
the burden imposed on borrowers by too short-term
financing. To expect a borrower to retire his indebted-
ness in full in one, two and three years, means, in most
cases, asking the impossible. Furthermore, as our con-
ditions here become more stabilized, it is inevitable that
the rate of interest on money will gradually come down
to a point where it will be more nearly on a par with the
rates prevailing in our more stabilized northern com-
munities. This process of reduction must come slowly
and gradually, but we are very glad to announce that we
are now able to consider certain loans at rates of interest
from 6 to 7 per cent for periods of from five to 15
years and, in some cases, with an amortization feature.
Of course, there are certain classes of loans and some
loans in every class that will, for some time, bear interest
at the rate of 8 per cent.
"While I realize that this does not completely solve
the problem, I do feel that it is a step in the right direc-
tion and I am hopeful that it will be at least somewhat
encouraging to our people."


(Vero Beach Journal, May 25, 1928)
Mr. A. E. Conway brought several rose apples to the
Press-Journal office for our inspection. This fruit looks
much like the yellow guava, but has a strong rose flavor.
The fruit is from a tree which has grown from a seed
planted by Mr. Conway about twelve years ago on his
place west of town.




First Unit Scheduled To Be In Operation By
November 1

(Bartow News, May 18, 1928)
Polk county's strawberry area, of which Kathleen and
Galloway are the center, will be interested in the an-
nouncement that the Commodores Point Terminal Com-
pany is soon to begin the erection of the largest cold
storage plant in all the South, at Jacksonville. The plant
will. have an ultimate capacity of 1,000 cars. It is ex-
pected that the first unit will be completed and in opera-
tion by November 1.
The site occupies a frontage one mile long on the river
front, with deep water at the bulkhead. Already it is
provided with paved streets and railroad switch tracks.
Not only is the new storage warehouse to be made
available to take care of Florida products, but commit-
ments already have been arranged for apple growers in
Oregon to ship their fruit to this plant, for ultimate dis-
tribution throughout Florida and all the southeast.
It is expected that the plant will be of vast import to
the vegetable growers of Florida, who are now forced to
dispose of their truck as soon as picked, but which, under
the new plan, may be stored until supply and demand
can be regulated. Moreover, it will be possible under
this arrangement to supply Floridians with Florida-grown
vegetables at periods of the year when these are not
available at present.
But, so far as the strawberry growers are concerned,
this new storage plant is expected to be of vast import-
ance in keeping up the demand for berries, even after
the demand for fresh berries in northern markets has
begun to be supplied from other sections of the country.
It is pointed out that there is a splendid demand for
strawberries in bulk and for preserving, which cannot
now be filled profitably by Florida growers. Under the
new plan, these berries will be shipped in bulk in barrels
to the Jacksonville warehouse, where they will be frozen
and shipped in this solid condition to the preserving plants
in the north.
It is expected, as well, that the project will aid the
citrus industry by extending the present shipping season
of nine months for grapefruit, at least, to twelve. It has
been demonstrated that grapefruit can be carried success-
fully in cold storage.


(Times-Union, May 23, 1928)
Cattlemen of the eight West Florida counties, declared
tick-free through the cooperative efforts of the experts
of the United States Department of Agriculture and the
Florida State Livestock Sanitary Board, had imported
128 black Angus bulls up to April 1, in their program of
building up the grade of their herds, the Florida State
Chamber of Commerce, with executive offices in the Con-
solidated building of this city, has been informed, and
additional blooded sires are arriving almost weekly.
The importation is being made at the suggestion of Dr.
T. W. Cole, inspector in charge of the federal govern-
ment's tick eradication work in this state; H. H. Simmons,
realtor of this city and chairman of the State Livestock
Board; and Dr. J. V. Knapp of Tallahassee, state veteri-
narian to the board. Dr. Cole's headquarters are main-
tained in the Hildebrandt building.

In a news release last night on its information the state
chamber declares:
"In these counties, when the cattle tick eradication
program was launched, there was vehement opposition
to the work, farmers saw in it a waste of mondy and
effort, and many literally had to be forced to participate.
Today if it were proposed that these counties go back to
the old days and again give the tick free reign it would
result in a revolution.
"The 128 Angus bulls which had been imported up to
April 1 were valued at an average of $100 each. The
ordinary bull is worth about ten dollars. West Florida
cattle owners in importing blooded sires have figured their
economic value down to the last dollar. They estimate
that the $100 Angus bull will sire forty calves in one year
and that these calves at the age of one year will be worth
$5 more per head than the native calves. In another year
their value will have doubled.
"The eight counties have lost little time in getting to
work to improve their livestock after the elimination of
the tick. The counties and their importation of Angus
bulls up to April 1 follows: Liberty, thirty-three; Oka-
loosa, eighteen; Walton, five; Escambia, four; Holmes,
four; Washington, four; Gadsden, thirty; and Madison


Bremen Executive Tells of Building Impetus in
His Country

(Times-Union, May 23, 1928)
Germany with its improving economic status is build-
ing more and is looking to Florida for further lumber
Such is the message brought to Jacksonville by Herr
Heinrich Gratenau of Bremen, Germany, executive of the
firm of H. & A. Gratenau, one of the largest lumber con-
cerns in Europe whose importations last year aggregated
65,000 standards of lumber (a standard is approximately
2,000 board feet). Mr. Gratenau paid the city a brief
visit on a tour of the country and while here was in con-
ference with a number of prominent lumbermen, includ-
ing officials of the Putnam Lumber Company and the
Brooks-Scanlon Corporation. He also paid a call at the
clubrooms of the Jacksonville Lumbermen's Club, Inc., 37
West Monroe street. J. Ben Wand, president of the club,
is also publisher of the Southern Lumber Journal.
Herr Gratenau announced that he was also negotiating
with local exporters for a considerable amount of naval
stores for his company.
Previous to the war, he pointed out, Germany's lumber
importations ran as high as fifty million feet yearly as
compared with the twelve million feet of last year. With
the economic situation steadily improving the country is
in a position now to finance much building.
Russia is the principal point of production for German
consumption, but lack of capital there prevents the pro-
duction of the lumber, he said, and "so we intend to make
heavy purchases in this country."
Herr Gratenau, whose firm was founded in 1894, plans
to remain in this country until July 7, visiting the Pacific
coast in his lumber search. He left Jacksonville for Pen-
sacola, and also plans to visit Mobile, Ala., New Orleans,
La., and Beaumont and Houston, Texas, en route to



(Palm Beach Post, May 15, 1928)
Tallahassee, May 14.-(A. P.)-Searching over Florida
for information regarding the state's industries, those in
charge of the industrial survey, now in course of comple-
tion, have discovered a number of small enterprises; some
small factories manufacturing odd articles, and others
making use of raw materials hitherto not utilized, it was
Mention is to be made, it was stated, of these small
industries in the report of the survey being completed
under the supervision of Commissioner of Agriculture
Nathan Mayo.
The searchers for industrial information found, for
example, that charcoal for medicinal purposes is being
shipped by the carload as far as Seattle, Wash., from
Florida; that toys are being made in a small factory on
the east coast, and shipped in quantity to New York;
that the manufacture of golf balls is an industry of the
state; that slide rules are being made at one place; that
a considerably quantity of palmetto fibre is being utilized
in making brushes, and that even a market has been dis-
covered for the berries of the palmetto.
Out near Milton, the industrial survey group dis-
covered an Armenian, who believes that northwest Flor-
ida, above any other locality in the United States, is suit-
able for growing grapes. The soil, he claims, is admir-
ably adapted to grape culture, the climate is almost per-
fect, and the big markets are near enough to enable his
product to reach them in perfect condition.
He believes that growers can realize from $350 to $440
per ton, and estimates that a vineyard only 30 months
old will produce two tons to the acre. A good vineyard,
properly cared for, should yield to its owner from $700
to $2,000 an acre a year, he declares.
An investigation into the production of Tupelo honey,
particularly along the west bank of the Apalachicola
river, and especially in Gulf county, surprised the in-
dustrial survey information hunters. They declare that
not only are there a great many bees native to the re-
gion that help gather this crop, but that bees are shipped
in during the Tupelo blooming season, which only lasts
for from three to six weeks, from as far away as two
hundred miles. The honey, they say, has the exceptional
capacity of resisting granulation, and therefore is espe-
cially adapted to medicinal purposes.
Incidentally, the industrial survey has determined that
the valuation of bees in Florida is estimated at about
$200,000, and that the crop of honey every year proba-
bly exceeds a value of $250,000.
Charcoal for medicinal purposes, it is stated, is a by-
product of what is known as the "destructive distillation"
process of extracting turpentine and other products from
old stumps, gnarled limbs and other "waste" materials
left when timber land had been cut over. The wood is
placed in retorts which are heated to a high degree, driv-
ing off the volatile spirits, these going into "worms" to
be condensed and separated. At the end of the process,
there remains in the retorts only charcoal exceedingly
pure and clean. Several such little factories exist in
Florida, and it is stated that the value of products from
the stump and other materials left when land is cut over,
exceeds the original value of the timber.
Taking of sponges, it was found, occurs not only at
Tarpon Springs, but also from a long reef in the northern
portion of the Gulf opposite Florida, and yields a con-
siderable revenue.

At Marco, the industrial survey group discovered what
is said to be one of the largest beds of clams in the world.
The clams are of large size. They are taken, canned and
shipped north. Clam juice, it is said, contains an ingre-
dient which quickly rusts in tin, even when the can is
sealed. It has only been recently that it was discovered
that the expedient of applying shellac to the inside of the
can rendered it impervious to the action of the juice, and
enabled the juice to be canned.
Incidentally, the industrial survey discovered that
mountains of clam shells, possibly adapted to being made
into buttons, are accumulating in the vicinity of the clam
canneries, and so far are merely waste.
In Central Florida, a man has discovered what he de-
clares is a paint to be used on vessels which contains an
ingredient which kills any barnacles that might cling to
it. He is manufacturing the paint in small quantities thus
far, but if his theory proves to be correct, it was stated,
it is believed that millions of dollars will be saved ship-
ping companies who, up to this time, have to send their
ships to dry dock every so often to have the barnacles
On the east coast, from the refuse of a saw mill there
are being manufactured a variety of toys. Included are
model little ships, and many other things dear to the
hearts of youth. They are shipped to New York, where
a ready market is found.
In the vicinity of Sanford there is a factory which
manufactures golf balls, and at Stuart a little factory is
engaged in making slide rules for engineers, accountants
and others.
Palmetto fibre is being used to make brushes in a num-
ber of small factories in Florida, the largest being located
at Cedar Key, and employs about 80 women the year
around. The fibre of the cabbage palmetto is used, it is
stated. In cutting the original tree, the trunk and stump
dies, but sprouts come up from the roots. As a result,
although the Cedar Key factory has been working on one
hammock for 15 years there is more material available
now than there was when they started.
Another factory, which has been operating in Jack-
sonville for about 40 years, is said to be enlarging its
plant and is moving near DeLand, where a new plant cost-
ing in the vicinity of half a million dollars is being
erected. Brushes for almost every conceivable purpose
are being manufactured, and it is asserted they wear
better and last longer than those of any other material.
Merritt Island abounds in palmetto berries, the in-
dustrial survey learned. Palmettos in other parts of the
state also bear, but the crop is most plentiful along the
sand dunes of the island. These berries are being picked
and shipped in large quantities to Germany, where they
yield a chemical substance. They yield a price of from
15 to 25 cents a pound.
Every one of the industries mentioned are flourishing,
it was stated, and some of them are capable of tremend-
ous expansion, with an abundance of materials and a
ready market.

(Miami Herald, April 16, 1928)
Key West, Fla., April 15.-The municipal aquarium,
built at the foot of Front street from public subscriptions
in a movement headed by Mayor Leslie A. Curry, has been
placed in operation.
One of the tanks has been completed and stocked with
odd species of the finny tribe. A second tank is to be
built. The curios will be contributed to the aquarium
free of charge by local commercial fishermen.



Belle Glade Leads in Potatoes; Pahokee with

(Everglades News, May 25, 1928)
With 231 solid cars of vegetables rolled from stations
of the Florida East Coast Railroad in the upper Ever-
glades in the week ending May 23, the shipping season is
now at its peak. The vegetable shipments, with three
cars of seed cane from Canal Point, made a total of 234
cars of agricultural products, just one more car than the
total for the preceding week.
Pahokee and Canal Point and other stations on the
eastern shore of the lake and the islands furnished 118
of the 234 cars; the Belle Glade-Chosen district, including
South Bay and Brown Company Farm, furnished 116
cars. All during the season the two sections have split
about 50-50 in production.
For the region as a whole the shipments were at the
rate of a trainload a day.
Shipments from Belle Glade-Chosen station in the
week May 17-23 inclusive were: Tomatoes, 62 cars;
beans, 11 cars; potatoes, 40 cars; peppers, 2 cars; mixed
vegetables, 1 car.
From Canal Point-Pahokee district stations the ship-
ments in the same period were: Tomatoes, 104 cars;
beans, 2 cars; peppers, 1 car; mixed vegetables, 8 cars.
Consolidated, the totals are: Tomatoes, 166 cars; beans,
13 cars; potatoes, 40 cars; peppers, 3 cars; mixed vege-
tables, 9 cars; seed cane, 3 cars. About half of the
potatoes were from the Brown Company farm and the
other half from the Lake Delta Farms at Belle Glade.
Shipments will be fully as heavy next week, railroad
men are told. The weather in the past week has been
excellent, the showers doing no harm to fruit on low land
and benefiting corn and all other vegetation on high
Because the rains have held off, the quality of the
tomatoes is the best in eight years.


(St. Petersburg Independent, May 17, 1928)
How wonderfully prolific the soil of Florida is, and how
much of food supply may be produced from a small gar-
den, is shown by the record of one truck patch here in
St. Petersburg.
A minister, Rev. S. A. Larew, came to St. Petersburg
from Knoxville on account of his health, and secured a
home on Fifteenth avenue south, between Fifth and Sixth
streets. Adjoining the place in which he lived there were
two vacant lots, each 50x100. The lots were not being
put to any use, so Mr. Larew decided last fall to get
something out of them and started a garden. His first
crop was onions, followed by Irish potatoes. These crops
were gathered and the vegetables sold at a good price.
January 27 he planted the whole of the two lots to corn
and that is now ready for the market. The corn has
grown well and there are from two to six ears to the
stalk, the average being three ears. Mr. Larew expects
to get a neat sum for the corn.
In addition to these crops he has grown lettuce, pep-
pers, beets, mustard, radishes, turnips, spinach and to-
matoes on the same tract of land. He now has a crop of
black-eyed peas growing in between the corn rows and

soon will have all the peas he may need and a surplus to
sell. Very little fertilizer was used on the land, and each
crop planted thrived in spite of the fact that for months
there was little rain.
This accomplishment of a man who is not a farmer or
truck gardener and who had no experience at all in grow-
ing vegetables, and who used just two vacant lots, shows
what can be done in Florida by anybody who will apply
a little thought and muscle. All over St. Petersburg are
vacant lots which might be put to excellent use growing
vegetables. The effort would pay even if the grower got
no more than enough to supply his own table. There are
many men who have no work who might do as this min-
ister-plant and tend gardens, and in that way have an
income though it might be small. It would be far better
to grow vegetables than to sit around and growl about
the lack of employment. Mr. Larew has set a fine ex-
ample for idle men. He has demonstrated how they can
go to work and get results. Almost any owner will allow
the use of a lot for growing foodstuffs.


Nearly 6,000 Cars From Hastings-No. 2's Not

(Hastings Herald, May 25, 1928)
With approximately 5,300 carloads of potatoes shipped
from the Hastings section and near 6,000 from the State
up to Wednesday night, it was estimated that at least
750 additional carloads would go out before the season
finally closes.
Heavy rains that fell the first of the week damaged
the portion of the crop that remained in the ground fully
fifty per cent, according to estimates made by those in a
position to know.
Clean, bright stock was bringing $3.50 per barrel f. o. b.
Thursday, it was reported. However, it is said that some
stock was being dug out of the mud and this would not
command a very high price.
A tentative survey of the 1928 potato situation as it
applies to Hastings shows that the production and harvest
of the biggest crop ever grown in the history of the in-
dustry. The lowest prices have prevailed for a long
period of time now in a number of years, and it is gen-
erally estimated that the present crop, even if the largest
ever grown, will lack more than $100,000 bringing in the
amount of money usually brought in by the average crop
at an average price.
Some of the growers who dug on an early market
cleared some money, and even some who dug on a $5.00
market with a big yield cleared some money, but hun-
dreds have either "broke even" or lost money. All in all,
it has been the most discouraging season for the growers
and handlers in a number of years.
The quality has been unusually good and at times it
seemed as if the market would rally to a paying point,
but despite hard work on the part of handlers, the great
bulk of the crop-has been marketed on a low price.
There has been no sale for No. 2's in some time. For-
tunately, however, most of the crops have run largely to
No. l's. Two's have been stored, awaiting a summer and
fall market that will perhaps bring expense of harvesting
out of them if not a little profit.
It is believed that there will be some shipments out of
the Hastings section until June 1.





In 1907 Valuation Reached $2,001,170 and in
1927 It Was $70,511,062

(Ft. Lauderdale News, May 10, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., May 10.-(A. P.)-Total values of
public school property in Florida have advanced all out
of proportion to the increase in total school enrollment
for the past twenty years, figures compiled by the State
Superintendent for the Industrial Survey show.
In 1907 the total value of school property in Florida
is shown to have been $2,001,170, while in 1927 the value
had reached a total of $70,511,062, an increase of 3,424
per cent. Most of the increase, the figures indicate, came
in the last decade, the value for 1917 being shown at
Increase in school population, as shown by enrollment
figures, however, has amounted to 185 per cent in twenty
years. In 1907 a total of 130,051 pupils of all races
were reported enrolled. In 1917, the number had in-
creased to 197,825, and made a big jump to a total of
370,729 in 1927.
During the same period, however, the average length
of the school term has increased a little less than 30 per
cent. It is also shown to have been 108 days in 1907, in
1917 it was 125 days and 140 days in 1927.
All counties, except where divisions have occurred in
the establishment of new counties, have showed an in-
crease both in valuation of public school property and in
school population. Several counties, however, show a
decrease in the length of the school term. Jefferson
county, for example, had an average of 110 days of school
in 1907. It dropped to 88 days in 1917, but climbed back
to 93 days in 1927. Wakulla county is shown to have
had an average length of term of 101 days in 1907, and
has fallen to 97 days in 1927. One other county, Hardee,
which has been established since 1917, still has less than
100 days of average term, the figures showing an average
for the county of 93 days, tying with Jefferson for low
place in the list.
In the matter of valuation of school property, those
counties which show the greatest increase, as a rule, also
show the greatest increase in school population. Most of
those same counties also show a marked increase in the
average length of school terms. Dade county leads in
per cent of increase with more than 191 times the valu-
ation in 1927 over 1907, and nearly sixteen times the
enrollment. In 1907 the value of public school property
in Dade county is shown to have been only $63,915. It
was $668,170 in 1917, and jumped to $14,236,445, the
highest in the state, in 1927. The average length of
school term increased from 139 days to 159 days.
Other counties which show greatly increased valuations
include Duval, from about $260,000 in 1907 to $6,225,000
in 1927; Escambia, from $150,000 in 1907 to $1,032,000
in 1927; Hillsboro, from about $234,000 to $5,342,000;
Lake, from $23,000 to $1,350,000; Lee, from $13,000 to
$1,555,000; Orange, from $75,000 to over $4,000,000;
Polk, from about $80,000 to over $3,150,000; Putnam,
from about $30,000 to more than $1,000,000; Volusia,
from about $83,000 to almost $4,000,000.
Palm Beach, Pinellas and Seminole counties also
showed large increases between 1917 and 1927, accord-
ing to the report.
Other counties would have shown a heavy increase, it
was stated, had it not been that territory was divided to

form new counties. Even with the lessened territory,
however, they have showed large increases.
Nor have the smaller counties been left in the forward
movement. In Bradford county the increase has been
from about $20,000 to more than $123,000. Citrus has
increased from $30,000 to more than $171,000. Clay
county has added from a little over $14,000 in 1907 to
more than $110,000 last year. Columbia county went
from less than $29,000 to more than $300,000.
In western Florida the same rule obtained. Liberty
county, with the lowest valuation in the state, rose from
$8,153 in 1907 to $27,850 last year. Santa Rosa went
from $50,000 to about $431,000. Jackson increased from
about $14,000 to over $550,000. Holmes went from
about $9,000 to more than $77,000, and so on down the
Monroe county leads the state on the length of the
average term. It is shown to be 180 days. Osceola is
next with 175, and Hendry is third with 172 days. Fif-
teen counties have an average of 160 days or more, in-
cluding Brevard, Charlotte, Collier, Duval, Escambia,
Lake, Lee, Orange, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Sarasota and
Hillsborough county had the largest enrollment of any
county, with 36,247 of all races. Duval was second, with
34,769, and Dade county third, with 32,577. In Hills-
borough county, however, the total value of school prop-
erty was fourth in the state, being less than Dade, Duval
and Pinellas, and the county ranks in twenty-second place
in average length of the term, having 155 days.
The Industrial Survey will use the complete figures in
its report by way of showing the advancement of the
state in respect to education, it was stated.


Only 14 Others Ahead in Receipts from Hunting
and Fishing

(Jacksonville Journal, May 27, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., May 26.-(A. P.)-Florida was up
around the top in total revenue derived in 1925-1926
from hunting and fishing. This information was obtained
from the State Department of Game and Fresh Water
Fish from a compilation made by a well-known arms
The compilation shows that only 14 states of the Union
were ahead of Florida in the collection of total receipts
from the sale of hunting and fishing licenses. Florida's
was $182,090.96. Those states higher than that amount
were California, Washington, Oregon, Montana, Colorado,
Minnesota, Missouri, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey.
Florida led the states of the South in total receipts
and even exceeded those of Texas and other Mid-western
and Western states.
North Dakota was listed as "no figures available," and
Mississippi as "no game commission." North Carolina
was also in the latter category.
The figures on hunting and fishing in Florida, as shown
in the compilation, were:
Licenses issued-Hunting, 52,093; fishing, 4,721;
revenue, $182,080.96; sanctuaries, 20, 54,000 square
miles; water under protection, 33,000 square miles; 1,200
quail liberated; 50 turkeys planted; 150,000 fish; game
In Florida revenue derived from the sale of licenses
goes to the financial support of the common schools.





State Chamber Sets Forth Expansion Since 1874
With Tables

(Jacksonville Journal, May 29, 1928)
An analysis of Florida's water-borne commerce since
1874, with tables showing the extent of imports and ex-
ports and foreign ports reached, is contained in a special
article published in "Florida Business," official semi-
monthly bulletin of the Florida State Chamber of Com-
merce, which was forwarded members today.
The article sets out the growth of each Florida port
and disclosed that in the 10-year period from 1917 to
1927 imports through the port of Jacksonville increased
from $879,839 for 1917 to $10,460,002 in 1927. Exports
also showed a substantial gain. In 1917 they were
$800,456 and in 1927 amounted to $9,476,278.
Imports from the entire state in 1917 are listed as
mounting to $10,060,554 and exports $42,697,260, while
in 1927 imports amounted to $26,914,415 and exports to
$62,404,574, showing that the balance of trade in Florida
favors the export business.
Going back to 1880, the article shows that Florida's
total water-borne commerce then amounted, in tons, to
1,272,855 for a total value of only $9,685,985. In 1927
the tonnage was 14,348,497 and was valued at $1,209,-
Because of the widespread interest in the growth and
development of Florida commerce, several hundred addi-
tional copies of "Florida Business" have been printed by
the State Chamber for distribution in the North and
Then and Now
"The Then and Now in Florida's Sea Trade," a special
editorial contained in the current number of "Florida
Business," and setting out comment on the extent of the
state's commerce, is one of the high lights of the number.
It is as follows:
"In 1874 one of the United States engineers in charge
of the operations of river and harbor improvements on
the St. Johns river and the port of Jacksonville, said: 'I
estimate that six months work on the bar during a period
of one year, at an expense of about $10,000, is all that
the commerce of this locality will justify at present.' .
He then requested an appropriation of $10,000 for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1875. In 1894 another
United States engineer in charge of the river and harbor
improvements at Miami said this: 'The winter climate of
Bay Biscayne is mild and salubrious and cannot be ex-
celled by any to which our people resort for health-giving
air and exercise during the winter months . The
scenery is delightful. There is no doubt that it will
become the most popular of our winter resorts and the
headquarters for pleasure cruisers from this country. .
Miami is now a city of 2,500 inhabitants.' And con-
tinuing, he says: 'There is no certainty and no very strong
probability that such a proportion of it (water-borne
commerce) would seek Miami as would justify the ex-
penditure of anything like $1,494,000, the estimated cost
of (harbor and channel) improvements.' It is rather
interesting to read the statements quoted above, then read
the records of today. Since 1879 the federal govern-
ment has spent around $10,000,000 on the port of Jack-
sonville and the people of Duval county spent $303,000
of their own money for improvement of the channel at
Dames Point alone; and during the year 1927 Jackson-

ville's water-borne commerce amounted to more than
4,600,000 tons valued at more than $778,000,000 .....
There is now a 30-foot channel to her docks from the
sea. It is also interesting to note, in the case of
Miami, that the esteemed engineer was quite right in his
estimates of Miami's future as a great resort and yacht-
ing center. But he fell short of the mark when he
hazarded a bet on her commerce. Just a year or
two ago the federal government appropriated $2,000,000
for one project for Miami alone. Miami's water-borne
commerce in 1927 amounted to 1,335,157 tons valued at
$47,734,789 and she now has a 25-foot channel from the
sea to her docks. Incidentally, the largest passenger
ship in coastwise trade has Miami as a terminal port. ...
Now just one more. In 1927 liberal estimates by
the federal engineers valued Tampa's annual water-borne
commerce at $500,000. In 1927 it amounted to
3,586,923 tons valued at $134,957,837. Tampa has
a 27-foot channel to the sea and is one of the greatest
phosphate ports in the world. Today Florida's com-
merce extends to practically every port in the world, and
with the entrance of the Frisco into Pensacola, Florida's
oldest active port, we have good cause to expect greater
expansion in the future. "
Commerce Analyzed
A table giving an analysis of commerce in cargo tons
and cargo valuation for 1926 and 1927 is another inter-
esting feature of the article. In 1926, Florida imported
1,944,158 tons, and in 1927, 1,227,105 tons, while in 1926
it exported 1,823,416 tons and in 1927 exported 2,069,854
tons. Imports for 1926 are valued at $72,668,941 and
in 1927 at $54,060,323. Exports in 1927 amounted in
value to $57,527,251 and in 1927 to $86,817,109.
Thirty-seven countries are listed as receiving freight
and other cargo from Florida. Ports receiving Florida's
products are also listed. Another table gives the major
commodities imported by Florida, while another lists the
major commodities exported.
The growth of the port of Jacksonville, showing the
extent of imports and exports from 1917 to 1927, is set
out in the article as follows:

1917. .

..... ... $ 879,839
.... 2,273,604
.. 1,760,987
... 4,628,700
.... 1,740,994
............. 4,154,418
............ 6,284,360
............. 7,448,831
..... 9,926,123
............. 13,093,485
........... 10,460,002

$ 800,465


(Ft. Myers Tropical News, May 15, 1928)
A brisk movement of 31 carloads of truck products,
valued at $30,000, during the two weeks' period ending
last Saturday brought the season's total shipments from
Lee county to 456 cars with an estimated return to
growers of $454,000.
Peppers, the main crop, continued to sell in Fort Myers
markets at about $2.25 a crate and potatoes brought an
average of $2.75 to $3 a bushel. Watermelons were
quoted at $1,250 to $1,400 a carload here. Eggplant was
sold at about $1.75 a crate.



Value in Harbor Increases 300 Per Cent Within
Last Four Years

(Jacksonville Journal, May 10, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., May 9.-(A. P.)-Tonnage of traffic
at Fernandina harbor increased in four years from less
than 190,000 to more than 320,000, and the value of
traffic increased by nearly 300 per cent, according to
figures prepared for the Florida Industrial Survey.
In 1923, the total traffic tonnage is reported at 188,552
and valued at $3,183,000. In 1927, the traffic had in-
creased to 321,184 tons and its value is given at
$8,476,000. The increase had been steady during the
intervening years, the record shows. Passenger traffic
by water in the same period is shown to have increased
from 1,700 to 2,220.
Chief among the exports were phosphate rock and
canned shrimp. Of the former, more than 250,000 tons
were shipped during 1927, valued at more than
$2,000,000. Of canned shrimp 1,143 tons were shipped,
valued at nearly $1,000,000.
Fresh fish is one of the heaviest items handled at the
harbor. During 1927, nearly 6,000 tons were handled,
valued at $1,797,000.
The harbor of Fernandina is said to be the first to have
been opened as a free port during the Spanish period. It
first became noted as a shipping point for lumber and
forest products, being the Atlantic terminus of one of the
first railroads to be built in the state, extending from the
'harbor to Cedar Key.


First Half of Month Shows Two Hundred and
Fourteen Through Station

(Times-Union, April 24, 1928)
During the April 1-15 period there were 214 cars of
citrus fruits and vegetables inspected under the federal-
state shipping point inspection service, it was announced
last night by Neill Rhodes, assistant to the state com-
missioner of markets and director of the Florida State
Marketing Bureau here. The state department co-
operates with the federal government in this work.
But five cars of oranges were inspected during the
period, all from Parrish. During the season through
April 15 to date there have moved from the state under
the inspection service, 318 cars of grapefruit, 234 of
oranges, 102 cars of mixed fruits and twelve cars of
A total of 178 cars of celery were inspected during
the first half of April, the report indicated. Of this
aggregate, 146 cars were from Sanford, three from
Bradenton, twelve from Matoaka, thirteen from Oneco,
one from Palmetto, one from Oviedo and two from Sar-
asota. The previous movement was 1,681 cars, making
a total of 1,859 cars of celery moved from the state dur-
ing the season under governmental inspection certificate.
Few Mixed Cars
Six cars of mixed vegetables moved from the Belle
Glade inspection during the month, making a total of
twenty-four mixed cars inspected during the season.
Belle Glade also reported fourteen cars of beans; the pre-
vious movement was 159 cars, the seasonal inspection
through April 15 being 173 cars.
Potato inspections during the period were: Five cars at
Belle Glade, two at Hastings, where the season is just

getting under way, and one car at Sarasota. The seasonal
movement through April 15 aggregates fifty-seven cars
of potatoes.
One car of peppers moved from Belle Glade under in-
spection during the first half of the month. The seasonal
inspections totaled twenty-three cars of peppers. Belle
Glade also reported one car of eggplants and one of cab-
bage, three cars of eggplants having been inspected dur-
ing the season and the Belle Glade cabbages being the
first of the season.
The inspections by stations during the period were:
Belle Glade, twenty-eight cars; Bradenton, three cars;
Hastings, two cars; Matoaka, twelve cars; Oneco, thirteen
cars; Oviedo, one car; Palmetto, one car; Sanford, 146
cars, and Sarasota, three cars, a total of 209 cars for the
During the season up to April 16, a total of 2,154 cars
of vegetables were inspected, making an aggregate of
2,280 cars of fruits and vegetables moving from the state
under shipping point inspection certification for the sea-
son to that date.


(Orlando Sentinel, May 26, 1928)
Sanford, May 25.-(Special)-Sanford is nearing a
new record in its celery shipping this year, so recent of-
ficial reports to the state trade body show. More than
7,000 cars have been shipped so far this season, and there
is still much celery waiting to be shipped.
This uncut crop is mostly around the Oviedo district,
which this year has raised some of the finest celery in
Seminole county. The average annual shipment for
Florida for the three year period of 1924, 1925 and 1926,
was 6,891 carloads, and the average for the United States
for the same period was 19,740 cars, putting Florida and
Sanford at the top in the nation.


(Ft. Myers Tropical News, May 11, 1928)
The harvesting of Lee county's annual watermelon
crop began in earnest yesterday with the shipment of
five carloads of giant melons, weighing from 21 to 51
pounds each, by the Co-operative Growers Association.
The total county yield will exceed 75 cars and will
bring a net return to the producers of more than $75,000
in the opinion of Arthur Hoadley, president of the
growers organization.
"Half of our 80 growers are picking watermelons," he
said yesterday. "In all we have 325 acres."
"One of the carloads being shipped today contains
some of the finest specimens I have ever seen in South


(Gadsden County Times, May 17, 1928)
The Floridin Company is working overtime to supply
the demand for their product, and more than a hundred
carloads of fullers earth will go forward this month to
different parts of the world, according to report. An
order is being filled for an old Mexican oil refining con-
cern that will require several cars to carry to its destina-
tion, while the demand in different sections of the United
States will leave the mines in solid train shipments.



Once More Goods Shipped Through This Port
Total More Than All Other Cities

(Key West Citizen, April 30, 1928)
Key West continues to hold her export leadership. In
February, she again exported more goods than all the
rest of Florida combined.
This is shown by figures compiled at district head-
quarters of the customs service at Tampa.
These show that out of a total $3,917,826, for all
Florida in February, Key West shipped goods valued at
$2,108,464. This leaves only $1,809,362 for the re-
mainder of the state combined.
Aside from Key West, Pensacola leads all the other
cities of the state with $610,082, only a little more than
one-fourth this city's record.
Following are the exports for all Florida cities in
Tam pa .... ........... ...............$ 435,215
K ey W est ........... .......... ............. 2,108,464
Jacksonville ........... ................. ...... 556,749
P ensacola ........ ............................ 601,082
F ernandina ...................................... 37,975
M iam i ........... ... ............ ... 153,238
Panam a City ............ ... ........ 25,056
W est Palm Beach ............................ 47


$ 3,917,826


(Orlando Sentinel, May 5, 1928)
For 1927 the income of Florida from three sources
amounted to approximately $435 for every man, woman
and child in the state, estimating the population at
1,500,000. Assuming that the average family contains
4.6 people, this would mean that the average receipts for
each home would be $2,000 if the moneys derived were
equally distributed; for Florida's revenue last year thus
obtained was approximately $650,000,000, according to
statistics compiled by the Texas and Pacific Railway and
published in Tee-Pee Flashes.
What are these three sources that we might well call
the triple foundation of Florida prosperity? Named in
order of revenue derived, they are: first, manufacturing;
second, tourists; third, crops, timber and mineral prod-
It will come as a surprise to many to know that the
manufacturing interest leads with a 1927 revenue of
$276,000,000. This is in excess of 42 per cent of the
total income. In 1910 the value of manufactured prod-
ucts was $72,890,000. Almost a quadruple expansion in
17 years is a phenomenon worthy of close study.
Approximately 225,000 tourists visited the state in
1927, and the estimated amount of income derived from
them was $200,000,000.
The combined revenue from timber and mineral prod-
ucts and crops last year was about $175,000,000. Passing
over the practically $50,000,000 derived from the first
mentioned source, let us look at the approximate $125,-
000,000 crop revenue. The five leading farm products
were: Fruits, $50,000,000; vegetables, $44,000,000; gen-
eral farm crops, dairy products, $9,000,000; poultry and
poultry products, $13,605,484. In 1910 the income from

crops was $50,000,000. Here we have a two and one-half
value expansion. While this indicates growth in excess
of population increase, it is less than the manufacturing
expansion, and emphasizes it.
Remembering that Florida has less than two per cent
of the population of the United States, and cultivates less
than 6,000,000 acres with 20,000,000 more cultivatable,
consider the following per cents of the nation's food sup-
ply she furnishes: Grapefruit, 81 per cent; oranges, 28
per cent; early peppers, 61 per cent; watermelons, 22 per
cent; cucumbers, 41 per cent; tomatoes, 24 per cent;
snap beans, 38 per cent; celery, 32 per cent; eggplants,
29 per cent.
Those who have read thus far with an unbiased mind
will readily perceive that not only has Florida a triple
basis of prosperity, but an expanding one; independent
of speculation, and increasing faster than the growth of


(County Record, May 24, 1928)
Mr. M. E. Orondroff, one of Calhoun county's most pros-
perous farmers, has demonstrated that Irish potatoes can
be grown in paying quantities and quite successfully in
Calhoun county.
Mr. Orondroff has one-tenth of an acre planted of Red
Bliss potatoes on his farm about eight miles south of
Blountstown, and from this tract Mr. Orondroff has
gathered 24 bushels of marketable potatoes, which would
make an average of 240 bushels to the acre.
Mr. Orondroff stated that about $100.00 would cover
the expenses of fertilizer and seed per acre, and with
potatoes selling at $3.00 per bushel would net a gross
of about $720.00 per acre, leaving about $620.00 profit
above the cost of cultivation.
This is a splendid profit and should be an inducement
to the farmers of this county to produce this marketable
product in large quantities.


Season's Total Movement Today Reached 1,003

(Ft. Pierce Tribune, May 19, 1928)
More than 100 per cent increase in fruit, vegetable and
fish shipments has been recorded in Fort Pierce today
when compilations of citrus and tomato movements dur-
ing this past week brought the 1927-28 total to 1,003 cars.
Last year 499 carloads of produce, fruit and seafood
were shipped.
During the past seven days, up to last night, 32 cars of
citrus and tomatoes were sent north, equalling the num-
ber shipped the week previous. About seven cars of the
same two commodities will be packed today.
Tomatoes showed a six-car gain over last week with 15
cars, while citrus took a drop to 17 cars. This latter
number is considered good, however, in view of the fact
that estimates made more than a month ago stated that
citrus movements would be at a stand till the middle of
J. W. Corbett, agent for the Florida East Coast Rail-
way here, estimated today that about 1,050 to 1,075 cars
would be shipped this season. This includes citrus fruit,
mixed vegetables, potatoes, tomatoes, fish and shrimp.





(St. Petersburg Independent, May 17, 1928)
St. Petersburg's first hat factory opened for business
today in the old Times building at Fifth street and First
avenue south, with Mrs. H. R. Judges and Miss Elizabeth
Purnell as proprietors. The new factory will operate
under the name of the Judges Florida Hat Company.
Mrs. Judges formerly operated at 458 First avenue
north and is formerly from Chicago, where she had a
wide experience as a hat designer. Miss Purnell is for-
merly of Hartford, Conn., and is manager of Betty's
Dress Shop of this city.
The new hat factory, which is the first in the state,
will specialize in new stitched silk hats, which are so
popular at the present time.

AT MORE THAN $4,000,000

(Times-Union, May 17, 1928)
The record of total construction in Florida during
April is reported by F. W. Dodge Corporation as being
$4,208,600. This amount is a loss of 50 per cent from
April, 1927, and one of 31 per cent from March, 1928.
The above figures of last month's contracts for Florida
is compiled chiefly from the four following classes of
work: $2,124,900, or 50 per cent of the total construc-
tion for residential buildings; $792,200, or 19 per cent
for commercial buildings; $439,100, or 10 per cent for
public works and utilities; $444,000, or 8 per cent for
educational plants.
The value of contracts awarded for construction dur-
ing the first four months of this year is $22,762,500, be-
ing 58 per cent lower than the total for the correspond-
ing period of last year.


(Tampa Times, May 28, 1928)
Bradenton, May 28.-An experiment in growing to-
bacco in Manatee county being made by J. B. Rochester
on his farm in Samoset is attracting county-wide atten-
tion. The tobacco, which is an early variety, was planted
in the early part of the year and has reached remarkable
growth. Citizens who are familiar with the various to-
bacco growing sections of the Carolinas, Tennessee and
Kentucky declare they have never seen a more prolific
The plants are practically free from enemy insects,
and no signs of plant disease can be found. A number of
land-owners are planning to plant several acres of to-
bacco during the coming season and it is believed that
tobacco growing will be added to the long list of com-
modities now produced in Manatee county.


(Bradenton Herald, May 27, 1928)
The total number of carloads of tomatoes shipped from
Manatee county this week up to and including Friday's
movement was 123 cars, making a total shipment for the
season of 1,153 cars. The estimate for next week is
placed at approximately 20 cars. It is reported that
prices for fancy tomatoes are very good. The total ship-
ment for the season will be approximately 1,200 carloads.


(Better Crops for May, 1928)
Cane molasses has an advantage over corn in the poul-
try ration when used in quantities up to 10 per cent of
the ration. Prof. A. R. Winter, of Ohio State University,
who has been working on this problem for two years, says:
"It has given equally good results in rations for grow-
ing chickens, laying hens, and fattening birds. Laying
hens, fed a ration containing 5 per cent of molasses, laid
16.93 per cent more eggs than those fed corn and no
molasses, and the mortality was less. Growing chickens
at 8 weeks weighed 17.7 per cent more when fed a 5 per
cent molasses ration, and the mortality was less." The in-
vestigator says: "Cane molasses carries some vitamin B
and furnishes carbohydrates in easily available form. The
potassium salts serve as a mild laxative, and it is believed
the carbohydrates create a condition unfavorable to the
development of coccidiosis and other harmful bacteria."


(Gadsden County Times, May 17, 1928)
Clarence Crofton, living a mile south of Quincy, is
making a success of truck farming this year on his
twenty-acre tract of land. He has planted a variety of
vegetables which affords him the opportunity of having
something to place on the market every day of the year.
He is supplying the grocery stores of Quincy and other
nearby towns with beans, cabbage, carrots, squashes,
turnips, onions, lettuce and other vegetables that return
to him handsome profits.
Mr. Crofton is planting five acres to pimento and bell
peppers this year, which he states are looking fine. Bean
shipping to the wholesale markets is expected to begin
next week in large quantities, and he will be able to
furnish a good share of the vegetables for that purpose.


(Lake City Reporter, April 13, 1928)
Milton, Fla., April 11.-A striking illustration of how
the market value of Santa Rosa county cattle has in-
creased since the elimination of the fever tick was
brought out at the auction Saturday of 60 head of cattle
belonging to the estate of the late James Ates.
Shortly before the dipping program began nearly two
years ago, cattle sold for $5 to $10 per head. The top
price was $10 per head and the most of the cattle sold
was for less than $8 per head.
When the "Crock" Ates cattle sold last week (they
were the usual range cattle) they were bought by Wil-
liam Ates for $27 per head. They were about the same
type cattle that he paid $5 to $10 for before the anti-
tick quarantine was placed.


In our issue of April 13th the item on page 3 credited
to the Homestead Leader should have been credited to
the Homestead Enterprise.-Editor.

Bay county, only thirty-six miles in width, possesses
nearly 800 miles of salt water frontage.

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