PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AG]
MAY 21, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Florida's Crops Worth Hundred Million Per Year...................... 1
$65,349,033 Spent on State Roads and Bridges ............................. 2
$1,507 Derived From One Car Peppers by Local Grower......... 2
Gross Receipts From Tomato Crop to Date............................... 3
State Gains 15,918 Citizens by 1927 Births Over Deaths.......... 3
Scott to W rite F arm A rticles............................................................ 4
Bulletins by John M Scott..................... ........................................ 4
Buyers Offering Ready Market for Local Truck............................ 4
H om seekers' F ares .................................. ........................... 5
Florida's Egg Contest Shows High Averages................................. 6
C itrus Juice N ew P roduct.................................................................. 6
First Brazilian Ship to Enter Port Here........................................ 6
Turpentine and Rosin Production Reaches Big Figure.................. 6
Fort Pierce Ships Fish and Shrimp ..................................... 6
Motor Registrations Five Per Cent Larger ....... ............................ 7
Study Shows Citrus Fruit Expense from Tree to Loaded Car ..... 7
L leaving A after G ood Season................................. .. ......................... 7
Make Souvenirs ..................................... ............................ 7
Indications That Man Migrated to America in Ice Age Found ... 8
Prospects for Peppers Good, Agent Reports ............... .............. 8
Turpentining Small Trees and Big Hack Mean More "Scrape".... 9
S. A. Fields & Co. Ship First Mixed Car Lots .............................. 9
Swift to Put Refinery on Oil M ill Site............................................ 9
W hat's F lorida G ood F or?.................................................................. 9
Standing Florida Pine Is Set at Thirty-two Billion Feet.............. 10
B erry P profits ....... ............................................................ .... ........... 10
Bulb Industry of State Im m ense........................................................ 11
Dam Building, Dredging and Marsh Filling Destructive of Fish.. 11
Harvest of Fifty Million Acres Exported.................................... 11
$7.96 Box for Villa Fruit... ....................................... ... .... 12
Sum m er F ruit C rops........................... ............................................ 12
Apalachicola Makes Huge Oyster Shipments .............................. 12
Present Timber Growth and Possible Increase ......................... 12
New Fish Hatchery at Okeechobee Puts Out First Shipment...... 12
236,034 Cattle Dipped During March......................................... 12
Cucumber Sales Total Over $70,000 in Few Days........................ 13
Malabar Has Shipped Twenty Cars Vegetables......................... 13
Establishment Fertilizer Factory in Gadsden County................. 13
Auto Licenses Net $4,360,263..................................... .................. 14
Santa Rosa County Taking Lead in Live Stock Production.......... 14
H ow W ood Is U sed .................................................... .................... 14
Growth of Entire Section Credited with Business Given L. & N. 14
Seven-Mile Bridge to Span Tampa Bay at St. Petersburg............ 15
Sanford Ships More Than 7,000 Carloads of Celery................... 15
To Survey Florida Oyster Beds ................ .................................. 15
Fish Hatchery Is Planned at W inter Haven.................................... 16
S h rim p ............. ............................................... 1 6
Producers to Plan Exports Through Here...................................... 16
Florida's Crops Worth Hundred Million Per Year
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
HE newspapers of the state have recently
carried a story to the effect that the total
value of Florida's crops was one hundred
million dollars for the two years of 1926
and 1927. This, unfortunately, was an error.
To clear it up, let us state that the crop produc-
tion of Florida in the report on which this news
story is based amounted to $102,547,746.00 for
ONE YEAR. It might be well to explain that
the Agricultural and Industrial Enumeration
upon which the above figures were based was
taken in 1927 and covered crop production for
the first six months of 1927 and the last six
months of 1926. In other words, while the
statistics given related to crop values of one-
half of the year 1926 and one-half of the year
1927, they only covered a total period of one
year, and not two years, as was erroneously
stated in the press. It is hoped that the papers
which carried the report conveying the impres-
sion that our crop production in Florida was
worth only fifty million dollars per year will
promptly correct it and make plain the fact
that the true figures are more than twice that
With this correction in mind, it is of interest
to note the items making up the more than one
hundred million dollars yearly production of
Florida crops. Below is a table giving the value
of crop production in Florida between July 1,
1926, and June 30, 1927:
VALUE OF FLORIDA'S FARM CROP PRODUCTION
Agricultural and Industrial Enumeration of 1927,
State Department of Agriculture.
Field Crops.............. ............... $ 25,353,235
Truck Crops ................................. 12,549,459
Fruit and Nuts ............................ 31,325,033
Live Stock sold.................... ....... 5,350,540
Poultry ........... ....................... 4,208,014
Eggs ................................ .. .... 6,446,611
Milk, Butter and Cheese.............. 11,472,109
M miscellaneous ............................... 5,842,745
The above total is the aggregate based on
reports from 62 Florida counties. No enumera-
tion was taken in the five counties of Collier,
Dade, Glades, Hendry and Monroe. Were it
possible to include the value of products from
these counties, the grand total for the State
would doubtless be many millions of dollars
higher than our table shows. Competent au-
thorities have estimated that the total produc-
tion of citrus, truck, poultry and dairy products
in Dade county alone is worth several million
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
$65,349,033 SPENT ON STATE ROADS AND
Huge Sum Used to Improve Florida Highways
From 1915 to 1927
(Jacksonville Journal, April 20, 1928)
Tallahassee, April 19.-(A. P.)-Florida, from 1915
to 1927, expended a total of $65,349,033.34 in the con-
struction and maintenance of its roads and bridges.
These figures were supplied the State Industrial Sur-
vey, being conducted by the State Department of Agri-
culture, for the purpose of setting forth the transporta-
tion conditions of Florida by rail, highway and water,
and were submitted by the State Road Department.
The total expenditures given was paid for the com-
pleted construction of 1,840.76 miles of various types of
road, in addition to certain amounts paid upon construc-
tion under way and not completed on January 1, 1928;
for the building of 77,705 feet of bridges; for mainte-
nance of convict gangs in grading and drainage work,
and for equipment and maintenance of roads already
The survey report will include, through cooperation
of the county engineers, a complete report on the high-
way system of Florida, both state and county.
During the period mentioned, which includes the activi-
ties of the department since its organization, contracts
have been let for a total of 2,227.81 miles of roads and
for 79,804 feet of bridges, it is shown.
The State Road Department was organized in October,
1915, and the following month the first money was re-
ceived. For the year 1915, the receipts amounted to only
$3,646.90, being entirely from automobile license taxes.
The following year the receipts jumped to more than
In 1918, however, the receipts reached nearly half a
million dollars, an ad valorem tax netting nearly
$176,000, the federal government for the first time con-
tributing to the amount of nearly $10,000, and county
donations exceeding $11,000. Automobile license taxes
amounted in that year to more than $278,000. In 1920,
the receipts were more than a million and a half, and in-
creased steadily until, in 1927, they totaled nearly nine-
teen and a half millions.
During the entire period, the report shows, receipts
have aggregated $65,941,060.02 from all sources. This
sum is shown to have been derived as follows:
Automobile licenses, $18,160,683.91; ad valorem tax,
$4,214,507.69; federal contributions, $7,231,877.60; tax
on gasoline, $26,827,306.19; donations from counties,
$9,139,569.19; miscellaneous sources, $367,115.44.
Last year, the figures show that automobile license
taxes yielded more than four and a half millions, that the
federal government contributed more than one and two-
thirds millions, that more than five and a half millions
came from the tax on gasoline, and nearly four and a
half millions came from county donations. The aggre-
gate receipts for 1927 are shown to have been
$19,472,510.14, more than four millions greater than
1926, which, in turn was more than five and a half
millions greater than 1925. A balance of $592,026.68
is shown to have been on hand on Dec. 31, 1927.
The state system of roads was inaugurated by the
legislature of 1923 when a total of 3,508.5 miles of roads
were designated. This mileage was increased to 5,654
miles by the legislature of 1925 and again to 8,524 miles
by the legislature of 1927. A first and second preferen-
tial system was also designated in 1923 and 1925, the
first including 2,479 miles of roads and the second con-
taining 994 miles. Most of the preferential system has
been constructed, or is under contract, it was stated.
Of the 1,840.76 miles completed to January 1, last,
the report shows that the largest amount has been of
surface treated rockbase construction. A total of 871.93
miles of this type has been finished. Of sand-clay, 257.04
miles have been finished, and of concrete 243.97 miles
have been completed.
Mileage of other types were shown as follows:
Brick, 17.13; bituminous concrete, 36.28; sheet asphalt,
93.51; bituminous macadam, 103.46; asphalt block,
23.20; surface treated sand-clay, 166.66, and marl, 25.58.
The report shows that no contracts were let for new
construction of either roads or bridges until 1918, when
19.21 miles of road and 47 feet of bridges were con-
tracted for an aggregate of $136,289.23. The following
year, contracts were let for more than half a million
dollars' worth of roads and bridges. In 1922, the con-
tracts exceeded two millions, and in 1923 were more than
six millions. Last year, work contracted for aggregated
$1,507 DERIVED FROM ONE CAR PEPPERS
BY LOCAL GROWER
King Finds Good Market for Cocozelles Among
Italians in the North
(Punta Gorda Herald, April 13, 1928)
Punta Gorda is now one of the few cities in America
making daily shipment of fresh vegetables in carlot quan-
tity. Despite freezing weather which covered nearly all
the state late in February, followed by drouth and then
a beating rain and heavy winds, local farmers are sending
peppers in full carloads, and squash, eggplant and toma-
toes in mixed car shipments to northern markets.
One of the most profitable shipments of the year was
made Tuesday when a car of 576 boxes of peppers raised
by Harry Dreggors brought $1507 f. o. b. The peppers
brought $3.50 for fancy, $2.50 choice, $2.00 red, and
$1.00 plain. The best market of the month netted $3.85
for fancy peppers on a car of 421 boxes shipped two days
before. The shipments were made through the Charlotte
County Growers' Association.
According to Carl Bates, manager, the Charlotte Grow-
ers' Association will commence loading watermelons about
May 10, and he anticipates shipment of from 15 to 25
cars during the week or two weeks following that date.
The melons will all be of the Tom Watson variety. The
melons are being grown by Messrs. Bates, Koon, DeLoach,
Cowling, Weeks and Hatch Brothers.
The Hatch Brothers packing house has been handling
express shipments of peppers, eggplant and squash, and
anticipate shipping mixed vegetables in carlot quantity
next week. The principal pepper crops are being grown
on the farms of Dreggors, Cowling, Hatch Brothers, Black,
Blakely, Weeks, Koon and Judge Roberts. The King
farm near Cleveland has been making small shipments of
cocozelles to Chicago. These squash, which look like
huge cucumbers, are considered a great delicacy by
Italians, who create a great demand for them in the
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO............... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS..............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR..............................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 2 MAY 21, 1928 No. 24
GROSS RECEIPTS FROM TOMATO CROP TO
DATE APPROXIMATE BETWEEN FOUR
AND FIVE MILLION DOLLARS
Total of 286,000 Crates Moved by Water and
1,649 Cars by Rail Up to Tuesday Night.
(Homestead Leader, April 13, 1928)
Figuring the average gross revenue (to the packing
house) at $3.75 per crate, the Dade county tomato crop
passed the four million dollar mark this week. Roughly,
a quarter of this amount goes to the packing houses for
payroll, crates, material, hauling, etc., and the balance
is distributed to the growers, who in turn pass it on to
the laborers and fertilizer houses.
With choice (second grade) tomatoes running through
the season well above the average figure quoted above
it is believed that four million dollars is a conservative
estimate of the amount that has been brought into this
end of the state by the tomato crop this year, in spite of
frost and excessively dry weather. Just how much more
will be received can only be a matter of conjecture, but
it seems safe to say that it will reach six million, with a
chance to attain the eight million mark, if market and
growing conditions are perfect.
The Florida East Coast railway is the largest shipper
of tomatoes, moving 1,253 cars. A total of 396 cars
have been moved over the Seaboard, most of this being
from the Hardee & Gentile packing house.
Five hundred ninety-five cars, or 286,000 crates, have
gone by water over four steamship lines, the Clyde, Balti-
more & Carolina, Merchants & Miners and Munson (in
order named). In addition to this, thousands of crates of
potatoes, peppers, beans and other vegetables have gone
north via the boats.
The above does not include express shipments from the
various points which have gone forward, which would
swell the total considerably as the express shipments are
usually intended for high-priced markets.
This week's tomato shipments are: Hardee & Gentile,
35 cars; Homestead Growers Association, 20 cars; Royal
Palm Truckers, 10 cars; The Rutledge Co., 8 cars; Amer-
ican Fruit Growers, 75 cars, and about 25 cars from
The price holds around $4.00-$4.25, with the quality
good. Weather conditions are still dry, although a rain
on Tuesday and cloudy skies have been beneficial. Small
sizes are being discounted in many markets because they
come in competition with the Mexican shipments, but the
fancies have practically a free field.
M. B. Parker, manager of the American Fruit Growers
houses, estimated that with good weather prevailing,
another fifteen hundred cars of tomatoes should be picked
in this district. The farms around Goulds began heavy
Picking this week, and should continue for approximately
The above figures do not include this week's shipments,
nor do they include the other vegetables shipped, which
will put the total far over the five million mark. This
is not bad for a farming section which is supposed to be
frozen out-and then some.
STATE GAINS 15,918 CITIZENS BY 1927
BIRTHS OVER DEATHS
Duval Ranks First in List-Hillsborough Second
and Dade Third
(Times-Union, April 29, 1928)
Florida's natural increase of population in 1927 was
During the year a total of 34,061 baby citizens was
born in Florida, 23,835 white and 10,226 negroes, accord-
ing to a compilation announced yesterday by Dr. Stewart
G. Thompson, director of the Bureau of Vital Statistics,
Florida State Board of Health. Deaths of infants under
one year of age during the year aggregated 2,303, and
deaths of all other ages totaled 15,840.
Dr. Thompson's statistics are to appear in the current
issue of Health Notes, monthly publication of the State
In an article accompanying the report covering the
counties in the state, Dr. Thompson declared:
"The greatest asset in any state is its citizens. Our
wonderful climate, abundant sunshine, beautiful flowers,
fruits, vegetables, etc., would be entirely without value
if it were not for the people who live to enjoy them. The
registering of each of the 34,061 babies in Florida en-
tailed a great deal of patience and effort on the part of
the faithful doctors and registrars and is a real service
to the state. The value of a birth certificate is beginning
to be appreciated by the average citizen. It has, however,
taken a great deal of loss of property and time to bring
this matter to the attention of the majority.
Health Work Helped
"There is no telling when a record of birth will be de-
manded and it is the means provided by law in this state
to prove citizenship and the date of birth. The birth
records are also used to measure the mortality of infants
and the mortality of mothers in childbirth. With accu-
rate reports of births, we can determine whether our in-
fant mortality is higher than it is in other states, and we
can also determine in what sections within our own state
the infant mortality is excessively high."
A total of 369,419 original birth certificates is on file
at the state board's bureau of vital statistics, Dr. Thomp-
son said, the oldest record being dated 1865. "Every
record is carefully filed in a fire-resisting vault," he
pointed out, "and is referred to by a continuous alpha-
betical card index." Florida has been included in the
registration area of the United States since 1924.
The Federal Bureau of Fisheries is authority for the
statement that the largest big-mouth black bass in the
United States are found in Lake Okeechobee.
Millions of pencils used in Europe are made of cedar
shipped to Germany from Florida. The center of the
state's cedar industry is Crystal River, in *Citrus county.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
PROF. JOHN M. SCOTT
Who has become Bulletin Editor for the State Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
SCOTT TO WRITE FARM ARTICLES
Experiment Station Official to Devote Time to
(Miami News, April 26, 1928)
Gainesville, Fla., April 26.-John M. Scott, animal in-
dustrialist and vice-director of the Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station, has resigned, and on May 16 will
join the staff of the State Department of Agriculture.
He will be co-operative bulletin editor for the depart-
While Mr. Scott is severing his official connection with
the Experiment Station, he will continue to have his of-
fice in the Experiment Station building and will work
out of Gainesville. A plan is being worked out between
the Commissioner of Agriculture and the Dean of the
College of Agriculture whereby the department will place
Mr. Scott at the college to write bulletins for the depart-
ment on agricultural subjects. He will have the active
co-operation of the college authorities in assembling his
Mr. Scott has been with the Experiment Station more
than 21 years, having started here in December, 1906.
During that time he has seen a great improvement in the
livestock of the state, and he was one of the important
factors in bringing about this employment.
During his'connection with the Experiment Station,
Mr. Scott has written numerous bulletins on livestock and
farm crops subjects, and he is thoroughly conversant
with agriculture in all sections of Florida. He is known
personally in every county in the state.
BULLETINS BY JOHN M. SCOTT
Mayo Makes Arrangement With University of
(Lakeland Star-Telegram, April 23, 1928)
Tallahassee, April 23.-(A.P.)-The State Department
of Agriculture and State Experiment Station of the Uni-
versity of Florida are joining hands to further the de-
velopment of Florida's agricultural resources.
Announcement has been made here that the State
Board of Control has just approved an arrangement be-
tween Commissioner of Agriculture Nathan Mayo and
Dr. Wilmon Newell, dean of the College of Agriculture,
for the appointment of Professor John M. Scott, vice-
director of the Experiment Station, to write bulletins on
farm production subjects.
Mr. Scott is to give his entire time to the preparation
of the bulletins. His office will remain at the University
of Florida, but he will be compensated by the State De-
partment of Agriculture.
Veteran of Faculty
The engaging of Mr. Scott to prepare the bulletins in-
sures perfect co-operation between the department and
the university in furthering the interests of Florida farm-
ing, it was stated, and will result in absolute concurrence
in all matters sent out from the two sources. It will
probably be the first time that such an arrangement has
ever been made, officials stated here.
Mr. Scott has been connected with the University of
Florida for 20 years, and as vice-director of the Experi-
ment Station has been intimately associated with all the
activities of that agency, and in the broader work out-
side the college through his connection with the extension
BUYERS OFFERING READY MARKET FOR
Smith Using Buyers' Platform in Purchase of
Small Growers' Offerings
(Polk County Record, April 25, 1928)
In order to stimulate interest in the growing of vege-
tables by the smaller growers, Lee H. Smith has arranged
with the chamber of commerce for the use of the buyers'
platform, on the Atlantic Coast Line tracks, just north
of East Main street, whereby he will be on hand at the
platform every morning, beginning next Friday morning
at 8 o'clock, to take offerings of potatoes, tomatoes,
cucumbers, peppers, beans, okra or any other vegetable
they may grow, in any quantity from a single hamper' up.
Mr. Smith says that he prefers that potatoes, tomatoes,
cucumbers and peppers be brought in field crates or loose.
Beans and okra should be packed ready for shipment.
It is the hope of the chamber of commerce, in making
this arrangement, to build up the vegetable growing
business of this section of Polk county. That is what the
buyers' platform was built for and it is hoped that Mr.
Smith's effort to make a Bartow market will result in the
stimulation of greater effort on the part of the smaller
land owners and farmers of the Bartow district to make
their lands pay.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
HOMESEEKERS' FARE: ONE WAY FARE PLUS $2.00 FOR ROUND TRIP
Five or More Adults, or the Equivalent, Traveling Together on One Ticket
Children.-Under five (5) years of age with parent or guardian transported free; over five and under twelve
charged one-half adult fare, adding half cent when necessary to make fare end in full cent.
Route.-Tickets must read via same route going and returning.
Stop-overs.-Stop-overs within final limit of ticket will be permitted in either direction at authorized home-
seekers points in state to which ticket is sold. For example, if destination is Wilmington, North Carolina, stop-
overs allowed at intermediate points in North Carolina only.
Tickets.-Tickets require signature and validation, which must be witnessed and stamped at destination, or at
any authorized agency station in same state intermediate to destination. Homeseekers' tickets honored in Pullman
Return Limits.-Journey must be completed prior to midnight, twenty-one days after date of sale, after which
tickets are void.
DATES OF SALE-RETURN LIMIT, 21 DAYS
April 3, 1928 June 5, 1928 July 24, 1928 September 18, 1928 November 13, 1928
April 17, 1928 June 12, 1928 August 7, 1928 September 25, 1928 November 20, 1928
April 24, 1928 June 19, 1928 August 14, 1928 October 2, 1928 November 27, 1928
May 1, 1928 June 26, 1928 August 21, 1928 October 9, 1928 December 4, 1928
May 8, 1928 July 3, 1928 August 28, 1928 October 16, 1928 December 11, 1928
May 15, 1928 July 10, 1928 September 4, 1928 October 23, 1928 December 25, 1928
May 22, 1928 July 17, 1928 September 11, 1928 November 6, 1928
A FEW HOMESEEKERS' FARES-FARES TO OTHER POINTS FURNISHED ON REQUEST
(Subject to Change Without Notice)
Stations printed are selected for illustration. Fares to stations not shown below will be furnished on application.
Washington St. Louis Louisville Cincinnati Evansville Chicago Memphis
Bunnell, Fla. ............. ............ $33.53 $38.88 $33.62 $34.64 $33.73 $44.07 $30.02
Chuluota, Fla............................. 36.20 41.55 36.29 37.31 36.40 46.74 32.69
Cocoa-Rockledge, Fla............... 36.67 42.02 36.74 37.76 36.87 47.21 33.15
Daytona Beach, Fla................. 34.37 39.72 34.46 35.48 34.57 44.91 30.86
Delray Beach, Fla...................... 41.83 47.18 41.92 42.94 42.03 52.37 38.32
Eau Gallie, Fla......................... 37.25 42.60 37.34 38.36 37.45 47.79 33.74
Fort Lauderdale, Fla................ 42.70 48.05 42.79 43.81 42.90 53.24 39.19
Fort Pierce, Fla........................ 39.11 44.46 39.20 40.22 39.31 49.65 35.60
Hastings, Fla............................ 32.36 37.71 32.45 33.47 32.55 42.90 28.85
Homestead, Fla............... ........ 44.60 49.95 44.68 45.70 44.79 55.13 41.08
Hollywood, Fla......................... 42.95 48.30 43.04 44.06 43.15 53.49 39.44
Jacksonville, Fla........................ 30.41 35.76 30.50 31.52 30.61 40.95 26.90
Key West, Fla.......................... 50.75 56.10 50.84 51.86 50.95 61.29 47.24
Kenansville, Fla. ...................... 38.14 43.49 38.23 39.25 38.34 48.68 34.63
Lake Worth, Fla....................... 41.44 46.79 41.53 42.55 41.64 51.98 37.93
Miami, Fla................................. 43.58 48.93 43.67 44.69 43.78 54.12 40.07
Melbourne, Fla......................... 37.41 42.76 37.50 38.52 37.61 47.95 33.90
New Smyrna, Fla..................... 34.90 40.25 34.99 36.01 35.10 45.44 31.39
Orlando, Fla............................. 35.69 40.34 35.06 36.06 35.27 45.51 31.48
Okeechobee, Fla................ ..... 39.92 45.27 40.01 41.03 40.12 50.46 35.73
Palatka, Fla............................ 32.38 37.73 32.47 33.49 32.58 42.92 28.87
St. Augustine, Fla...................... 31.75 37.10 31.84 32.86 31.95 42.29 28.24
Sanford, Fla.............................. 34.90 40.25 34.99 36.01 35.27 45.44 31.39
Stuart, Fla.................................. 39.83 45.18 39.92 40.94 40.03 50.37 36.32
Titusville, Fla............................. 35.98 41.33 36.07 37.09 36.18 46.52 32.47
Vero Beach, Fla........................ 38.62 43.97 38.71 39.73 38.82 49.16 35.11
West Palm Beach, Fla..... ......... 41.18 46.53 41.27 42.29 41.38 51.72 37.67
Bradenton, Fla........................... 39.15 42.64 37.36 38.36 37.47 47.81 33.78
Davenport, Fla .............. .... 36.93 41.41 36.13 37.13 36.24 46.58 32.55
Dunedin, Fla......................... 38.66 42.15 36.87 37.87 36.98 47.32 33.29
Fort Myers, Fla.......................... 40.94 44.43 39.55 40.55 39.99 50.33 35.57
Jacksonville, Fla...................... 30.41 35.76 30.50 31.52 30.61 40.95 26.90
Lakeland, Fla.......................... 37.51 41.41 36.13 37.13 36.24 46.58 32.55
Lake Wales, Fla........................ 35.68 41.98 36.70 37.70 36.81 47.15 33.12
Ocala, Fla................................... 34.06 37.55 32.27 33.27 32.38 42.72 28.69
Orlando, Fla................ ............ 35.69 40.34 35.06 36.06 35.27 45.61 31.48
Sanford, Fla............................ 34.90 40.25 34.99 36.01 35.27 45.44 31.39
Sarasota, Fla.......................... 39.51 43.00 37.72 38.72 37.83 48.25 34.14
Sebring, Fla.............................. 38.79 43.09 37.81 38.81 37.92 48.26 34.23
St. Petersburg, Fla.................... 38.87 42.37 37.09 38.09 37.19 47.53 33.50
Tampa, Fla................................. 38.01 41.49 36.21 37.22 36.32 46.66 32.63
Tavares, Fla............ ............ 35.69 39.18 33.90 34.90 34.01 44.35 30.32
(The above information was obtained from bulletins of the Atlantic Coast Line, Florida East Coast, and Seaboard
Air Line Railways.-Editor.)
6 -FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA'S EGG CONTEST SHOWS HIGH
White Leghorn Lays 31 Eggs During Month for
New High Record
(Pensacola Journal, April 15, 1928)
Gainesville, Fla., April 14.-(A. P.)-Florida's egg-
laying contest at Chipley had an average production of
72 per cent for the month of March, it was revealed
today by tabulation of production records. One white
leghorn hen laid 31 eggs during the month.
Number 58 High
The leading pen of light breeds for March was Number
58, entered by Pedigree Poultry Farm, of Rankin, Tenn.
During the month this pen of birds laid 257 eggs. The
best pen of heavy breeds laid 246 eggs. It was Number
11, and was entered by C. E. Pleas Plant Company, of
The leading pen of light breeds for the contest is the
same pen which led for the month. So far they have laid
1,180 eggs. The leading pen for heavy breeds for the
contest was entered by Pine Hill Poultry Farm, consisting
of Rhode Island Reds, which laid 922 eggs.
The leading individuals for the month were White Leg-
horns, owned by Marshall Farms, Mobile, Ala. Hen
Number 362 registered every day and hen 350 missed
only one day. For the heavy breeds, a Barred Plymouth
Rock, owned by C. E. Plant Company, of Chipley, Number
111, took the record with 30 eggs.
The leading individual for the five months in which the
contest has been running is a Barred Plymouth Rock,
owned by Pratt Experiment Farm, of Morton, Pennsyl-
vania, Number 135, which laid 138 eggs. The second
best individual record is held by a White Leghorn hen
owned by Pedigree Poultry Farm, of Rankin, Tenn. This
hen is Number 581 and had laid 133 eggs.
CITRUS JUICE NEW PRODUCT
Sealed Sunshine Now Bottled Under Process
Insuring Sanitary Service
(Bartow News, April 14, 1928)
Pure orange juice is now being bottled at Highlands
City by the Sealed Sunshine Company, after developing
a formula for bottling citrus juices since 1920. The
product is now being offered for sale to soda fountains
and restaurants, and will make its appearance at the soda
dispensaries in Polk county this week. It is known as
This is held to be a decided innovation in the handling
of citrus juices at fountains, in that it does away with
the old method of crushing the fruit, exposing the broken
peel and discarded pulp as a happy feeding ground for
flies and other insect pests. Under the new method the
dispenser merely adds cold water and serves.
The method of preserving the citrus juices is a secret
process. It is said to retain all the vital factors of the
citrus, which makes it so valuable as a medicinal drink.
The manufacturers claim that it will keep indefinitely in
the sealed containers and for ten days after the bottle
has been opened. The purity of the product is in nowise
impaired, it is maintained.
It is anticipated that the bottling of the orange and
grapefruit juices will become another permanent industry
in Highlands City, which already boasted of two canning
plants handling citrus products.
FIRST BRAZILIAN SHIP TO ENTER PORT
HERE, LOADING ROSIN CARGO
(Times-Union, April 12, 1928)
The arrival here yesterday afternoon of the freighter
Cabadello from Galveston, Texas, marked the first time
a ship has ever entered the port of Jacksonville flying a
Brazilian flag, according to J. A. Kaufmann, manager of
the Strachan Shipping Company, agent for the boat.
The Cabadello is loading a part cargo of rosin at the
municipal docks before proceeding to New York to com-
plete cargo for Brazilian ports. She will probably leave
this afternoon, he said.
"There are few boats in either coastwise or foreign
trade flying the Brazilian flag, and as far as I can learn,
this is the first time such a craft has entered the port of
Jacksonville," Mr. Kaufmann stated yesterday.
"The arrival of the boat here to load rosin is a fine in-
dication of an increased trade with the country, and, ac-
cording to the skipper, other Brazilian boats may be ex-
pected to load cargo here in the next few months," he
TURPENTINE AND ROSIN PRODUCTION
REACHES BIG FIGURE
(New Smyrna News, April 20, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., April 17.-(A. P.)-The production
of naval stores in Florida for the fiscal year ending March
31, 1928, amounted to 898,007 barrels of rosin and
244,399 barrels, or casks, of turpentine, according to
figures furnished by R. M. Sasnett, supervising inspector
for naval stores for Florida, to the state industrial sur-
vey, being conducted by the Commissioner of Agriculture.
According to information from other sources, based en-
tirely upon the receipt of such products at the concen-
tration points of Jacksonville and Pensacola, the produc-
tion is only slightly higher than 10 years ago. The re-
port of receipts of naval stores at the points mentioned,
however, probably includes a certain amount of produc-
tion from Georgia and possibly from Alabama, but does
not include certain production in interior Florida which is
shipped direct to consuming points in the middle west, it
Inspector Sasnett's figures, however, are official. Figur-
ing turpentine at 50 gallons to the cask, it would mean
a production of more than 12,000,000 gallons in the year.
The inspection report shows that a total of 501,694
barrels of rosin and 139,771 casks of turpentine were in-
spected at Jacksonville, and 114,279 barrels of rosin and
62,044 casks of turpentine at Pensacola, while 182,034
and 42,584 barrels, respectively, were inspected at in-
terior points. The report includes 3,000 barrels of wood
turpentine and 59,872 barrels of wood rosin.
FORT PIERCE SHIPS FISH AND SHRIMP
(Special to Times-Union, April 14, 1928)
Fort Pierce, April 13.-Eighty-four carloads of fish
and twenty-five carloads of shrimp were shipped from
Fort Pierce during the past three months, according to
figures given out by the local chamber of commerce. The
fish shipments for the past three months were nearly
double the total shipments for the entire year of 1927.
The local shrimp industry began operation only this
Great runs of Spanish mackerel, said to be the biggest
in the memory of local old-time fishermen, were respon-
sible for the heavy catches of the past three months.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
MOTOR REGISTRATIONS FIVE PER CENT
Bureau of Public Roads Figures One Auto to
Every 5.13 Persons in 1927
(U. S. Daily, April 11, 1928)
More than twenty-three million motor vehicles were
registered in 1927, according to information collected
from State registration authorities by the Bureau of
Public Roads, Department of Agriculture, stated April
The total registration of 23,127,315 vehicles was com-
posed of 20,230,429 passenger vehicles and 2,896,886
motor trucks and road tractors. This registration repre-
sents an increase of 1,125,922 vehicles or five per cent
more than in 1926. Using the population estimate for
the middle of last year, there was one motor vehicle for
every 5.13 persons.
The statement on motor vehicle registration follows in
States with a registration increase of 10 per cent or
more are North Carolina, South Carolina, Utah and
Arizona. States with a numerical increase of over 50,000
are New York, California, Ohio, Illinois, Texas and New
As in other recent years, motor vehicle registration
receipts constituted a substantial contribution to funds
for road construction. The total receipts from registra-
tion fees and licenses amounted to $301,061,132. These
funds were allocated as follows: Collection and adminis-
tration, $14,876,410; state highways, $189,985,289; local
roads, $53,577,893; payments on state and county road
bonds, $38,087,598; and for miscellaneous purposes,
The total motor vehicle registration by states was as
Alabama ......... 243,539
Arizona .......... 81,047
Arkansas .......... 206,568
California ........ 1,693,195
Colorado .......... 268,492
Connecticut ...... 281,521
Delaware ......... 47,124
Florida .............. 394,734
Georgia ............ 300,635
Idaho ................ 101,336
Illinois ... ........ 1,438,985
Indiana .............. 813,637
Iowa ............ 704,203
Kansas ............. 501,901
Kentucky .......... 285,621
Louisiana ...... 255,000
M aine ............ 163,623
Maryland .......... 270,935
Michigan ............ 1,154,773
Minnesota ....... 646,682
Mississippi ........ 218,043
Missouri ........... 682,419
Montana .......... 112,735
Nebraska ....... 373,912
N evada ..............
New Mexico ......
New York ......
North Dakota ...
O h io ........ ......
Oregon ........ .
Rhode Island .
Texas .... .....
U taht ...............
Virginia ........ .
Vermont ... ....
W isconsin .......
Dist. of Columb.
*Last six months of year's registration only, as year
commenced July 1.
-Preliminary data, subject to revision.
STUDY SHOWS CITRUS FRUIT EXPENSE
FROM TREE TO LOADED CAR
(Tampa Tribune, April 22, 1928)
The cost of handling citrus fruit from the tree to the
car during the season of 1924-25 amounted to 94 cents
a box, according to H. G. Hamilton of the Florida Ex-
periment Station, who is just completing a survey of 99
packing houses of this state. The information was re-
vealed in a talk before the State Horticultural society
at Winter Haven.
Figures compiled by Mr. Hamilton show that the cost
of moving the fruit from tree to packing house was 20
cents a box, while the cost from the house to the car was
74 cents a box. The individual costs ranged from 74
cents to $1.50 per box.
One of the discoveries made by Mr. Hamilton is that
the five items of interest, taxes, depreciation, repairs,
and insurance amounted to 26 cents for every dollar in-
vested. He also found that the cost per box decreased
as the volume of business increased. For every 10,000
boxes increase, the cost decreased approximately one cent
The volume per car capacity was also figured out for
each house, and it was found that those houses which
utilized to the fullest extent the equipment which they
had, were the houses having the lowest cost per box. For
each additional 10,000 boxes per car capacity, the cost
was decreased at the rate of six cents a box, he declared.
The study which is just being completed by Mr. Hamil-
ton is one of two closely related studies being made by
the Florida experiment station.
LEAVING AFTER GOOD SEASON
A. P. Hoeffner Ships 34 Cars of Potatoes and
(Ft. Pierce Tribune, April 14, 1928)
After shipping 34 carloads of potatoes and cabbage
from their farm west of Fort Pierce this season, A. P.
Hoeffner and family will leave Monday for their summer
home on Long Island to begin growing vegetables for the
New York market.
"We have had a very satisfactory season," Mr. Hoeff-
ner said today. "Both our potatoes and cabbage made
us good money, and we have no complaint to make re-
garding our operations here this year. Some of our No. 1
potatoes netted us $12 and $14 a barrel in Philadelphia,
and while the New York market was not quite so good
they all brought satisfactory returns."
Mr. Hoeffner is planning to turn his Long Island farm
over to his sons so that he will be free to devote more
time to his St. Lucie county interests. He has 65 acres
in citrus grove here, which is left in charge of a care-
taker during his absence in the north.
(Plant City Courier, April 24, 1928)
Tallahassee, April 23.-(A. P.)-At Canaveral, on the
Florida East Coast, there is a well established industry
in which souvenirs are made out of the scales of drum
fish. Flowers are made of uncolored scale streaded with
filigree silver, while the leaves are fashioned from similar
scales which have been dyed green.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
INDICATIONS THAT MAN MIGRATED TO
AMERICA IN ICE AGE ARE FOUND
Smithsonian Institution Announces Discoveries
of Party Working at Melbourne,
(U. S. Daily, April 13, 1928)
Evidence now in hand would indicate that man came
to America during the Ice Age, instead of later, as com-
monly supposed, according to an announcement made by
the Smithsonian Institution on April 12. This statement
was predicated upon discoveries recently made in Florida.
The announcement follows in full text:
Additional information indicating that man may have
come to America during the Pleistocene or Ice Age, in-
stead of later, as has been currently supposed, has been
obtained by a Smithsonian party under Dr. J. W. Gidley,
which has been working at Melbourne, Fla.
"Controversy as to the age of man in America," says
Dr. Gidley, "has raged for decades, and has been par-
ticularly active in recent years. Additional facts point-
ing to man's early residence, obtained during the work
just concluded, substantiates the firm belief of myself
and numerous other paleontologists that man really ex-
isted on this continent during the Pleistocene."
First Indication in 1916
In 1916 Dr. E. H. Sellards, then State Geologist of
Florida, discovered human remains at Vero, Fla., asso-
ciated with fossil bones of animals known only in the
Pleistocene. Later, Mr. C. P. Singleton, a local amateur
collector, made discoveries of similar beds at Melbourne,
40 miles to the north of Vero. In 1925 the Amherst-
Smithsonian expedition found a human skull in what were
considered Pleistocene beds at the latter place.
There are three principal geologic strata in the area in
question, designated as Nos. 1, 2 and 3, the first being
the lowest, and the last at the surface. The human finds
both at Vero and at Melbourne were made in the No. 2
stratum, near the top, but definitely below the contact
point with the No. 3, or surface beds. In the No. 2 beds
all the animal bones are definitely of what are considered
Bones Deposited Where Found
The point to make certain, therefore, is whether the
human bones were inserted in the No. 2 stratum from
above and at a later period, or whether they were de-
posited there originally. It is this point that Dr. Gidley,
aided by Mr. Singleton, has now solved to his own satis-
faction by proving that they were deposited when the
No. 2 stratum was being formed.
"We dug down through the No. 3 deposits," reports
Dr. Gidley, "exposing large portions of the undisturbed
surface of No. 2. We found that the No. 3 bed was en-
tirely a marsh deposit abundantly interstratified with
wind-blown sand, the mass of which contained practically
no bones. We found further that the surface of the No.
2 was very uneven in contour, but that this irregularity
had not been caused by stream action, as some thought.
This surface was very compact in texture, and had been
grown with grass and scrub palmettos, probably for a
long period before the swamp covered it.
"On this former surface were found such insertion in
traces of darker colored row heads, and pieces of pot-
tery. The animal remains found on it appear to have
been late Pleistocene, partly the same forms as those
found within the No. 2 stratum proper. Some fossil re-
mains were also found that had worked out of their
original sites in No. 2 and weie mixed with the fossil
remains on the surface.
Could Not Have Been Inserted
It appears that the human remains found in No. 2
layer could not have been inserted from above through
the marshy No. 3 stratum without leaving record of such
insertion in traces of darker colored sand. Nor could
they have been pushed down into No. 2 bed from its
original surface without leaving a trace, as observations
made on other remains had been so inserted indicated
that this would be very evident. Wherever there had
been any disturbance of the No. 2 beds from above this
"The human skull which we found at Melbourne in
1925 in the No. 2 beds was imbedded solidly in the con-
solidated sand of No. 2. We now say positively, there-
fore, that the human remains belong in the No. 2 bed
with the Pleistocene fauna there, and that they could not
have been inserted later.
"Further, to give strong support to these conclusions,
we found an arrowhead made by human hands near the
middle of No. 2 bed and a few feet from the fossil bones
of a Pleistocene mastodon."
Dr. Gidley reports that an examination of the strata
at Vero, he found the same general conditions prevailed.
This substantiates the contentions regarding the asso-
ciation of man with Pleistocene fauna made by Sellards
at the time of his discovery in 1916.
PROSPECTS FOR PEPPERS GOOD, AGENT
One of the Best Starts Is Four-Acre Crop of
G. V. Fry, North of Lake City
(Lake City Reporter, April 20-, 1928)
One of the best prospects so far for Columbia county's
new agricultural product, pimento peppers, is the four-
acre crop of G. V. Fry, who lives a few miles north of
Lake City, according to County Farm Agent Fulford.
Mr. Fry's peppers look thrifty and are starting out under
very favorable conditions, the agent said.
Mr. Fry had good success with his plant bed and began
transplanting his plants, which were strong and vigorous,
on the second day of April. He had enough plants left
over for another acre after setting out his four acres and
thus had plenty of first-class plants from which to select.
The season for transplanting was ideal and he has
practically a 100 per cent stand. So far there has not
been the slightest trace of fungus, a disease that some-
times attacks pepper plants in other sections, among his
plants. The prospect for peppers in general over the
county looks good, the county agent said.
Two more new industrial plants are reported for Jack-
sonville this week. They will employ approximately 60
persons. One is the Haugh Boy Metal Products Com-
pany, manufacturers of metal automobile window visors
to keep out rain and provide ventilation for closed auto-
mobiles; the other is a branch of the Art Concrete Works,
with main offices and factory at Pasadena, California.
The latter company has seven plants in operation through-
out the country, and hold forty United States patents.
They anticipate duplicating their California plant when
production increases. This plant will serve the entire
southeast. Both companies have been brought to Jack-
sonville through direct efforts of the Chamber of Com-
merce. Good work.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
TURPENTINING SMALL TREES AND BIG
HACK MEAN MORE "SCRAPE"
(Plant City Courier, April 17, 1928)
The annual harvest of crude gum from the slash and
longleaf pine is taken from the woods to the "still" in
two forms, known to the turpentine operator by the de-
scriptive terms dip and scrape. Dip is the gum that flows
from the fresh wound, or "streak," down the face of the
tree and into the cup, whence it is emptied, or "dipped,"
at frequent intervals. Scrape, on the other hand, is the
gum that never reaches the cup, but remains in a semi-
solid mass on the face of the tree, where it is exposed
to the elements until it is scraped off, usually at the end
of the season.
Crude gum in this latter form is considered less de-
sirable by the operator because it contains a smaller
quantity of spirits of turpentine and produces an inferior
grade of rosin. Longleaf scrape forms a greater pro-
portion of the total yield by about 15 or 20 per cent than
Trees of different sizes yield a different per cent of
scrape. Small timber, which the operator is often warned
not to work, from the standpoints of immediate profit
and detriment to the young trees, has a larger-proportion
of scrape than bigger timber. For an 8-inch tree the
ratio of scrape to total yield for longleaf is about 15 per
cent higher than for a 14-inch tree, and for the same
range in diameter for slash, and smaller tree exceeds the
larger by about 5 per cent. The reason for this lower
ratio of scrape for larger trees is that the production of
gum increases at a faster rate than the production of
scrape in relation to diameter. Scrape is pretty well
limited, for a given species, to area of surface over which
the gum must run, while gum production depends on other
things, such as greater crown surface, which naturally
go with a bigger diameter.
Similarly, when a face progresses rapidly up a tree
because of wide streaks, which usually go hand in hand
with the use of a big hack, the proportion of scrape is
greater than when the face is raised at a moderate rate.
For longleaf a face 24 inches high per year yields about
8 per cent more scrape than a face 8 inches high per
year.-V. L. Harper, Southern Forest Experiment Sta-
tion, Branch, Starke, Fla.
S. A. FIELDS & CO. SHIP FIRST MIXED CAR
(Leesburg Commercial, April 27, 1928)
First of the mixed car shipments of vegetables from
the Leesburg district, which are to feature the activities
of this firm during the current season, have been made
in the present week by S. A. Fields & Company.
Cars loaded with beans, cucumbers and squash, in as-
sorted lots, have gone to cities in Virginia and West Vir-
ginia that are not large enough to absorb carload ship-
ments of any one of these products. In addition, the
Fields concern has been sending out for several days a
large number of express shipments of mixed vegetables.
It is the belief of S. A. Fields, head of the firm, that
through the mixed car system markets for the output of
the vegetable farms around Leesburg can be materially
enlarged. It was announced sometime ago that a simi-
lar method, on a more extensive scale, would be inau-
gurated by a new firm located in Jacksonville, but up to
this time no information has been given out as to the
actual shipments through this channel.
SWIFT TO PUT REFINERY ON OIL MILL
Cotton Seed Oil Factory May Follow Establish-
ment of $250,000 Plant
(Times-Union, April 18, 1928)
Evincing the confidence of Swift and Company in
Florida and the state's future, the company has purchased
the holdings here of the Choctaw Cotton Oil Company of
Ada, Oklahoma, the old Florida Cotton Oil Company's
plant, and will have in operation there by August 15 a
modern refinery for the production of vegetable shorten-
Announcement of the closing of the deal, which was
said to have been consummated late Saturday at a pur-
chase price of $100,000 cash, was made here yesterday by
A. R. Seaman, Atlanta, Ga., executive, who will keep a
contact here until the opening of the plant, which he
estimates at from ninety to 120 days.
Investment Totals $250,000
Approximately $250,000 will be invested in the plant
and equipment, he said yesterday, and the payroll of the
150 men to be employed, estimating it on the basis of
the cost of operation of a similar plant in Atlanta, Ga.,
would approximate $12,000 a month.
Mr. Seaman indicated that a cotton seed oil mill would
eventually be opened on the property at the expenditure
of approximately $250,000 and that such a plant would
have a similar payroll to that in the contemplated re-
finery. Relative to the oil mill Mr. Seaman emphasized
that he had nothing official on the subject, but that in his
opinion such a plant would be opened.
WHAT'S FLORIDA GOOD FOR?
(Vero Beach Journal, April 24, 1928)
The caption was the subject of an editorial in a Mid-
West newspaper. The editor had the fairness to say
that Florida is in the path of another boom, but that he
was unable to understand the why of it. That's an honest
Florida people certainly do not want another boom.
Most of them can, however, understand why another
boom may be started outside of the state and shunted
this way. The same day the editorial referred to ap-
peared in the Mid-West paper, the Mid-West was in the
midst of an April blizzard that put telegraph and tele-
phone lines out of commission and seriously tied up trans-
portation. At that very time, Florida was digging thou-
sands of bushels of potatoes at $3 per bushel and mar-
keting early roastin' ears at 75 cents per dozen. String
beans were being shipped north at $6 per crate, and other
garden crops accordingly.
Nowhere in the United States have fruit growers
fared so well during the past year as the citrus growers
of Florida. And the prospects for the future are suffi-
ciently assuring to induce a considerable planting of new
groves. Better production methods and better market-
ing organizations are putting the orange industry on a
decidedly dependable basis. Good investors of the north
are taking into consideration the fact that while our
population is increasing rapidly, the acreage suitable to
the production of citrus fruit is both limited and sta-
tionary. We have all the acres we will ever have for
citrus production. Thus investors can readily foresee the
day when grove properties will be in greater demand than
now and at higher prices.
STANDING FLORIDA PINE IS SET AT 32
Estimate Made by Southern Pine Association
for Industrial Survey in State
(Miami Herald, April 23, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., April 22.-(A. P.)-Florida now has
standing pine timber, including both virgin and second
growth, that will produce from 31 to 32 billion feet of
manufactured lumber, according to estimates of the
Southern Pine Association, made for the industrial sur-
vey now being conducted in the state. Cuttage of this
timber is averaging close to a billion feet per year, the
figures show, while under present conditions second
growth is not producing much more than half that
In other words, the supply of timber is being utilized
in being manufactured into lumber, and so forth, almost
twice as fast as new timber is growing to take its place,
the report shows.
However, opinions obtained by the survey from various
sources indicate, such a condition does not need to exist,
as ample lands in Florida are now lying practically idle,
capable of producing, under proper conditions, as much
greater amount of new timber to take the place of that
which has been cut, and is constantly being utilized.
The lumber industry of the state, together with others
which are being termed by-products and co-products, has
been found to be the largest in Florida, both in extent of
payrolls and persons employed, and in value of the out-
put. Included, of course, among the co-products of pine
timber is naval stores. But the timber industry does not
stop there, it was shown. Either directly or indirectly,
there are many others dependent upon it.
Included are factories to manufacture packing boxes;
planing mills to produce finished materials, shipbuilding
establishments and repair shops, wood distillation and sol-
vent plants, wood preservation treating plants, cooperage
plants, furniture factories, carriage and wagon works,
and repair shops; lumber yards, both wholesale and re-
tail; building industry, including carpenters and others,
besides employment for a large number in the production
of railroad ties; of poles and piling, and of timber to be
used on farms.
Cuttage of timber in the manufacture of lumber and
so forth reached its peak, according to figures of the
Southern Pine Association, in 1925. In that year the
production amounted to 1,089,429,000 board feet. It
dropped off somewhat in 1926, and fell below the normal
in 1927, when it is estimated that approximately
900,000,000 board feet were cut. Average production
is estimated at about one billion board feet per year.
The figures also show, in comparison with the past, a
total cuttage of 788,950,000 feet in 1900 and a total of
992,091,000 feet in 1910.
Virgin pine forests in extensive stands are reported to
exist in the counties of Dixie, Lafayette, Taylor,
Suwannee, Levy, Franklin, Union, Bay, Gulf, Walton,
Lake, Manatee, Lee, Osceola, Okeechobee, Collier and
Polk. Smaller areas of virgin pine remain in other
Threatened depletion of pine forests not only will cut
down lumber production, but will have a marked effect
on the naval stores industry, it is stated. For the reason,
the Pine Institute of America, representing the naval
stores industry in all its branches, has advised the in-
dustrial survey that it is concentrating on the develop-
ment of new and expanding existing markets, as well as
studying the problem of efficient production. In this
latter connection wasteful methods are being discarded
and wastes eliminated. This includes the selection of
suitable trees, the adoption of less destructive methods of
"chipping" or scarifying the tree, and improvements in
method of stilling.
It is being urged, however, that both the future of the
lumber industry and that of naval stores and the kindred
and independent industries, depend upon the reforesta-
tion of areas now lying idle. According to an estimate
of Harry Lee Baker, State Forester of Florida, there are
at least 10,000,000 acres of land suitable for the grow-
ing of timber, lying idle. He declares that the idleness
is caused, in large measure at least, by constant burning
that kills young trees before they can get started, and
seriously injures mature growths.
Fire also destroys large quantities of humus matter,
needed to enrich the soil, Mr. Baker states, and experi-
ments have proved that second growth timber is pro-
duced about three times as fast on lands that are pro-
tected from fire as upon those which are burned over.
The naval stores industry, according to C. F. Speh,
secretary-manager of the Pine Institute of America, fur-
nishes the means of reforesting vast areas of lands which
would be used for no other purpose. It also provides
employment for a large number of people, and yields
created wealth, as well as increasing the value of taxable
(Plant City Enterprise, April 13, 1928)
A Hardee county farmer has made an agreeable return
on his strawberry patch this year. From two and one-
quarter acres of berries he sold $2,324.62 worth of fruit.
This was an average of 42.6 cents per quart for his ber-
ries. All will agree that this was a nice piece of busi-
ness, as nice as some growers in this section have done.
Strawberries are a good money crop when conditions are
right and those factors which govern most things smile
favorably upon one. The Plant City area is a great
strawberry producing section which has produced won-
derful crops for various individuals.
The raising of strawberries is like everything else.
Some folks just seem to have the knack of producing
and making money each year. Others apparently work
as hard and as industriously, but fail to get corresponding
results. Charles A. Levine, famous as the first trans-
Atlantic air passenger, made a million by the time he
was thirty by tearing down old buildings and selling the
materials. There are many others in this same business
who have not acquired a million and never will. There
is money in any business, but few real outstanding suc-
cesses. The Hardee county farmer who did so well with
berries did only what many have done in this section and
many more have striven for but failed.
Many factors enter into the great game of produc-
ing strawberries and other crops with some apparently
just destined to fall short of the ultimate. However, the
opportunity is present for all and for those who make an
outstanding success in this line of endeavor there is a
pleasing monetary reward. The man who makes money
with strawberries in Hardee or in Hillsborough does so
by hard work and intelligent management. There is little
doubt but that the record reported from Hardee has been
beaten by a long ways by growers of this section, but
these unusual achievements must be looked upon as the
exception rather than the rule. The raising of straw-
berries is that way.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
BULB INDUSTRY OF STATE IMMENSE
Produced Over Half of Narcissus Bulbs Grown
(Highland County News, April 27, 1928)
Florida produced more than half of the narcissus bulbs
grown in the United States last year, according to statis-
tics furnished the federal horticultural board and which
appeared in a recent issue of The Florists' Review, a
weekly journal published for florists and nurserymen.
It is of interest to note that the State of Florida issued
certificates to 70 growers, denoting that their plantings
were free from infestation, declared J. C. Goodwin, nur-
sery inspector for the State Plant Board. The largest
number of such certificates issued by any other state was
56 in Oregon.
In Duval county there is one grower who had eleven
million bulbs last year, according to Mr. Goodwin. This
figure is larger than that given in the table for any other
state last year.
The latest figures give a total of 90 growers in the
state and a total of 50 million bulbs. The figures quoted
from the Review were taken October 1, 1927. Duval,
Volusia, Lake and Seminole counties lead in bulb pro-
duction, Mr. Goodwin stated.
DAM BUILDING, DREDGING AND MARSH
FILLING DESTRUCTIVE OF FISH IN
Five-Year Program Advocated for Rehabilita-
tion of Supply to Meet Increased
(U. S. Daily, April 21, 1928)
The supply of fish has been so diminished in the United
States as to necessitate keenest attention to fish culture
and rehabilitation throughout the country, it was stated
April 20 by the Deputy Commissioner, Lewis Radcliffe,
Bureau of Fisheries, before the House Committee on
Merchant Marine and Fisheries.
The shrinkage in supply was ascribed by Mr. Radcliffe
to improvement of rivers and streams, including dams
building, dredging, and cleaning up marshes, which are
the nursery grounds for little fish, together with in-
creased demand due to larger population and greater
Mr. Radcliffe testified in favor of a bill (H. R. 13151),
introduced by Representative White (Rep.), of Lewiston,
Maine, "to provide for a five-year construction and main-
tenance program for the Bureau of Fisheries."
Dams may completely cut off runs to spawning
grounds, he said, while automobile roads have opened up
vast sections of the country to 10,000,000 anglers. Both
factors work, he said, toward reduction of supply and in-
The establishment of more fish-culture stations, as pro-
vided in the bill, will lower transportation costs, said Mr.
Radcliffe, and create a larger supply.
In the Great Lakes, he said, the catch has fallen from
150,000,000 pounds a year to 100,000,000 pounds during
the last seven years. Shad has fallen from 50,000,000
to 15,000,000 pounds; lobsters, from 30,000,000 to
The blue crab catch in Cheasapeake Bay has also been
reduced, while oysters have dropped from 25,000,000 to
18,000,000 bushels a year. With the development of the
science of oyster farming, the output could be increased
to 60,000,000 or 75,000,000 bushels, he declared.
Recent investigations have shown that fish and shell
fish contain certain vitamins that other foods lack, he
told the committee. Sea-foods contain from 50 to 300
times as much iodine as other foods, and are said to be
a good preventive of goiters.
A quick freezing process has been developed recently,
he said, which will revolutionize the fishing industry.
Over 100,000,000 pounds a year are now being frozen
and shipped to all parts of the country. When thawed,
these fish are just like fresh ones.
HARVEST OF 50,000,000 ACRES EXPORTED
(Orlando Sentinel, April 17, 1928)
The output of approximately 50,000,000 acres of
American farm land was represented in last year's ex-
ports of cotton, wheat, wheat flour, barley and rye, ac-
cording to an estimate by the Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Commerce of the Commerce Department, an-
nounced by Dr. Julius Klein, Director. Official figures
give the combined value of these exports during 1927 as
$1,226,266,045. It is estimated that from 112,000,000
to 120,000,000 acres were required to produce the entire
domestic crop of these commodities.
In announcing the estimate, prepared on request, Dr.
Klein pointed out that the export acreage figures would
be increased materially if consideration was given to
other leading commodities, such as tobacco, corn, corn
fed pork, and cotton textiles.
Nearly 9,500,000 bales of cotton, valued at $826,-
000,000, found their way into foreign countries during
1927. It is estimated that it required about 30,000,000
acres of land to produce just the raw cotton exports.
During the calendar year 1927 export trade in wheat,
wheat flour, barley and rye amounted to 8,337,000 short
tons, representing the production of about 20,000,000
The largest share of the cotton was shipped to Ger-
many, that country taking about 2,611,000 bales, valued
at $230,695,000. The United Kingdom imported
1,694,000 bales valued at $140,167,000, while Japan, the
third ranking country in our cotton export trade, took
1,437,000 bales. France followed with 945,000; Italy,
670,000; Russia, 475,000; Spain, 315,000; British India,
262,000; Belgium, 266,000; Canada, 264,000; China,
243,000; and the Netherlands, 135,000.
Flour exports during 1927 represented 12,826,000
barrels. In addition to the acreage and farm labor repre-
sented by this figure export shipments of flour also in-
volve the labor of more than 3,000 men working in over
450 average sized mills every working day of the year.
Export trade in flour represents over ten per cent of the
country's entire flour trade. Our largest flour markets
are the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Cuba, China,
Brazil, Germany and the Philippines.
The bulk of the export of wheat grain during 1927
found its way to the principal European countries such
as the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, Germany,
France, Belgium, Greece and the Irish Free State. Im-
portant buyers outside of Europe were Japan and Brazil.
It is interesting to note, according to Dr. Klein, that
from 200,000 to 250,000 freight cars were necessary to
haul the flour and grain products to seaboard for ship-
ment to foreign markets.
$7.96 BOX FOR VILLA FRUIT
Average of Four Cars Sold in New York This
Week-Others at $5.30 Box
(Winter Haven Chief, April 21, 1928)
Another record-breaking price for Valencia oranges
was captured today by the Florence Citrus Growers Asso-
ciation of this city, when Robert Sands, the manager, an-
nounced that an average of $7.96 per box had been ob-
tained for four cars of the fruit sold on Tuesday in the
markets of New York City.
Sands stated that the shipment included 1520 boxes of
fruit, of which 970 boxes were of the Gondola brand and
550 of the Cat Brand. The former brought an average
of $8.15 per box and the latter of $7.64 per box, making
the general average $7.96.
While the Florence Villa house has received a higher
average on small shipments during the season, this is said
to be by far the highest ever obtained for so large a
volume of fruit.
Sands also reported having received last evening a
check from the Sub-Exchange at Bartow totaling
$26,745.88 for 14 cars of fruit, an average of $1,910 a
car. As the cars averaged the standard 360 each, the
average per box for the 14 cars was $5.30.
The manager stated that the association had about
50,000 boxes of fruit remaining on the trees, an amount
that represents a very high figure based on current prices.
There is every indication to believe, Sands stated, that
the excellent prices being realized will continue to the
end of the season.
SUMMER FRUIT CROPS
(Orlando Evening Star, April 27, 1928)
Florida is rapidly reaching the point where it is less
dependent on the outside world for summer fruits than
it was a few years ago.
Dewberries have come to be a profitable crop in Flor-
ida. A very fine grade of these berries is now coming
into the market. Considerable success is being made
with blackberries in some localities. The Japanese cherry
has a place in the spring fruit crop.
Grapes as now being produced in Florida and which
give us a mid-summer fruit that is delicious, are perhaps
filling the greatest need. Grape production is still in its
infancy, but growers are studying the market question,
which seems to be the principal problem in a hot climate;
but the home market will absorb a large portion of the
crop; refrigeration can take care of the outside market
provided a firm fruit enters the pre-cooled cars. But
grape growers, like orange growers and vegetable grow-
ers, are making a study of both production and of mar-
keting and will bring this industry up to a decidedly im-
portant industry in Florida.
APALACHICOLA MAKES HUGE OYSTER
(DeFuniak Breeze, April 26, 1928)
The oyster shipping season which closed April 15, at
Apalachicola, saw shipments in the amount of a quarter
million pounds, and with a gross return to the shippers
of not much less than $400,000.
Apalachicola is likewise one of the leading shrimp ship-
ping centers of Florida, and that industry in a normal
season means much to the coast town.
PRESENT TIMBER GROWTH AND POSSIBLE
(The Southern Field)
According to the best information available there are
27,700,000 acres in the south in southern pine forests.
The Forest Service estimates the total annual growth on
this area as 831,000,000 cubic feet or 1,108,000,000
board feet of saw timber. It is estimated that, with
crude forestry-fire protection and leaving seed trees-
the area would be increased to 40,000,000 acres and the
annual growth to 1,600,000,000 cubic feet or 1,800,-
000,000 board feet by 1950. Under intensive forestry
the area would be increased to 57,500,000 acres and the
annual growth to 3,738,000,000 cubic feet or 9,500,-
000,000 board feet.
The present area in southern cypress and hardwoods is
19,600,000 acres with an annual growth of 333,000,000
cubic feet or 686,000,000 board feet of saw timber.
Under crude forestry this would be increased to
31,400,000 acres in 1950 with an annual growth of
534,000,000 cubic feet or 800,000,000 board feet. Under
intensive forestry the area would be increased to
33,900,000 acres and the annual growth to 1,695,000,000
cubic feet or 3,500,000,000 board feet.
The total forest area in the United States of all types
is 250,200,000 acres with an annual growth of
6,039,000,000 cubic feet or 9,874,000,000 board feet of
saw timber. By crude forestry the area might be in-
creased by 1950 to 352,800,000 acres with an annual
growth of 10,146,000,000 cubic feet or 11,370,000,000
board feet and with intensive forestry to 469,500,000
acres with an annual growth of 27,408,000,000 cubic feet
or 69,800,000,000 board feet.
NEW FISH HATCHERY AT OKEECHOBEE
PUTS OUT FIRST SHIPMENT
(Tampa Tribune, April 22, 1928)
Tallahassee, April 21.-(A. P.)-Florida's latest fish
hatchery, at Okeechobee, known as the "John W. Martin
Fish Hatchery," is now producing, T. R. Hodges, State
Shell Fish Commissioner, said today.
The first shipment of bass, consisting of 30,000 finger-
ings, has just been made from the hatchery. Shipments
totaling 117,000 young fish have also just been made
from the hatchery at Welaka, known as the "Izaak
Walton League Hatchery No. 2," Mr. Hodges said, and
the two hatcheries are expected to produce 200,000 fish
weekly to June 1.
The shad hatchery is now in operation on the St.
John's river, and the crayfish hatchery will begin produc-
ing at Key West shortly after May 1, it was said.
236,034 CATTLE DIPPED DURING MARCH
(Marianna Floridan, April 27, 1928)
Tick eradication workers engaged in eliminating the
Texas cattle fever pest from Florida livestock, dipped or
inspected a total of 236,034 cattle during March, the
monthly report of the State Live Stock Sanitary Board
The report sent to Dr. J. V. Knapp, state veterinarian,
in direct charge of the eradication work, shows that dur-
ing the same period, 58,512 cattle were found to be in-
fested and that 103,089 were quarantined and held for
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
CUCUMBER SALES TOTAL OVER $70,000
IN FEW DAYS
One Hundred Cars of Cucumbers Have Rolled
From Wauchula Platform in the
Last Few Days
(Florida Advocate, April 27, 1928)
Over $70,000 worth of cucumbers were sold on the
local market in three days, last Saturday, Monday and
Tuesday. Total shipments for the three days were fifty-
seven cars, with Saturday's shipments being the top for
the season. On Saturday twenty cars went out by freight
and two by express. Monday's totaled twenty cars while
fifteen cars were rolled Tuesday, according to information
gathered by the Advocate.
Saturday's average price was $3.40 a crate. On Mon-
day the average dropped to $2.80 a crate, while Tuesday's
average was $2.75.
Saturday's cucumber sales netted Hardee county
growers the sum of $31,416.00, according to careful esti-
mates. The twenty-two cars contained 9,240 crates of
Monday's sales netted $23,520.00, while Tuesday's total
was $15,975.00, according to buyers' and shippers' esti-
mates, making a total of $70,911.00 for the three days.
Approximately one hundred carloads of cucumbers
have gone out from Wauchula during the last six days,
with the season just now at its peak.
Other vegetable shipments during the last six days in-
clude: Berries, 1,440 quarts; beans, 1,610 hampers;
cucumbers, 581 crates; potatoes, 379 crates; squash, 774
crates; tomatoes, 28; oranges, 9; corn, 44, and peppers,
All local merchants report having noticed the general
improvement in business during the last few days, espe-
cially. Many report record business last Saturday and
the first of this week. One man stated that his sales and
collections during the last ninety days were greater than
sales and collections from April 1st to October 1st.
Others likewise said their business had shown a sub-
stantial increase since the shipping season opened in
The severe windstorm of last Monday, which was ac-
companied by floods in six southern states, did some dam-
age to crops in this section, especially tomatoes and water-
melons. Tomatoes were blistered by the sand, and water-
melon vines were blown about severely. Corn and
cucumbers were also damaged to some extent, it was re-
ported. Old timers said it was the worst windstorm they
had seen in many years.
Tomatoes are now being sold on the local platform, the
first of the season coming in last week. Some water-
melons are expected to be brought in within the next
In her endeavor to provide proper food for her family,
the housewife is faced with the difficulty that very often
she knows nothing about the composition of manufac-
tured foods, although she has considerable more idea of
relative food values than her grandmother had. Fre-
quently names of manufactured foods are not very help-
ful, and there is nothing to indicate the ingredients used,
place of origin, date of preparation, methods of handling,
etc.-Food Manufacture, March.
MALABAR HAS SHIPPED TWENTY CARS
(Melbourne Sentinel, April 13, 1928)
There have been seventeen cars of mixed vegetables
and three cars of potatoes shipped from Malabar, Fla.,
so far this season.
All of these cars were sold f. o. b. Malabar and handled
through the Malabar Mercantile Company.
There will be shipped from Malabar on Saturday of
this week two cars of peppers and one car of potatoes.
It is expected that between three and four carloads of
peppers will be shipped from Malabar each week until
the end of the season.
The tomato season will open about May 1st. As there
has been a large acreage planted, a large and profitable
crop is anticipated.
Malabar is located on the Dixie Highway, six miles
south of Melbourne, and has its own freight and express
office on the Florida East Coast railroad.
ESTABLISHMENT FERTILIZER FACTORY
IN GADSDEN COUNTY
Manager A. N. Railroad Believes Greensboro a
Suitable Site for Manufacture of
(Gadsden County Times, April 26, 1928)
Greensboro, April 25.-B. W. Ells, general manager
of the Apalachicola Northern Railroad, visited Greens-
boro last week for the purpose of investigating the feasi-
bility of establishing a fertilizer factory here and was
much impressed with conditions as he found them. Mr.
Ells thinks that a fertilizer factory in this section of
Gadsden county would be of inestimable value and con-
venience to the farmers and expressed no apprehension
as to its business success. So long as the farmers are
compelled to use a commercial fertilizer it is to their
advantage to get the best product at the least cost, and
the factory will be operated with that view, stated Mr.
Ells. The farmer will be enabled to save thousands of
dollars in freight rates, with a corresponding decrease in
the price of the commodity, is the way he views the es-
tablishment of a fertilizer factory in Greensboro. He
hopes to have the factory turning out enough fertilizer
to supply the demand of the county for the 1929 crop
of tobacco, corn, sugar cane and other crops of the farm.
He realizes that Gadsden county is one of the greatest
sugar cane producing sections of Florida, and the time
has arrived for this product of the county to take the
lead as one of the money makers of the farmers. At
present the maximum product of sugar cane syrup in
Gadsden county is about ten thousand barrels, sufficient
to warrant the establishment of a factory for converting
the product into raw sugar, which would be shipped to
Port St. Joe to a refinery to be established at that place.
It is his intention to establish a big mill in Greensboro
to mash the cane and convert the juice into raw sugar.
Cane is to be bought by tonnage and the farmer will
be saved the expense and work of grinding and boiling
the juice into syrup, which will be of greater value to the
farmer. Mr. Ells is enthusiastic over his projects for
this section, and the people will give him all the assistance
in their power to have the sugar mill and fertilizer factory
located in Greensboro.
AUTO LICENSES NET $4,360,263
State Road Department Will Get 70 Per Cent
for General Use
(Plant City Courier, April 20, 1928)
Tallahassee, April 19.-(A. P.)-Motor vehicle owners
of Florida paid nearly four and a half million dollars
into the state treasury on the sale of license tags during
the first three months of 1928, according to the quarterly
report of W. F. Allen, State Motor Vehicle Commissioner.
The report showed that the sale of license tags for
that period brought a total of $4,360,263.76 to the treas-
Of the total collections, 6 per cent, or $261,615.81, is
reserved for the expenses -of the department, making net
revenue for improvement of the state's roads $4,098,-
647.95. At the end of the year the amount not used for
the expenses of the department is turned back to the
The net receipts were apportioned as follows: Five per
cent to the State Road Department for maintenance of
the state roads, $203,962.51; 25 per cent to the counties,
prorated according to the amount of the funds collected
in the counties, $1,039,210.26; 70 per cent to the State
Road Department for general use, $2,855,475.18.
The collections from the sale of the 1928 tags were
made as follows: Passenger cars, $3,136,564.91; trucks,
$1,040,037.81, and miscellaneous, $183,660.98; of the
licenses sold, 250,587 were for passenger cars and 45,832
The department also reported receipts of $84,139
realized for the same period to the credit of the auto
For the six months the state motor vehicle department
created by the 1927 legislature has operated, or from
October 1, 1927, to March 31, 1928, the motor vehicle
receipts totaled $4,391,827.10 and the auto theft receipts
$115,562, or a grand total of $4,507,389.10.
SANTA ROSA COUNTY TAKING LEAD IN
LIVE STOCK PRODUCTION
(Milton Gazette, April 17, 1928)
The fact that the State Live Stock Department has
already paid nearly $11,000.00 as reimbursement fees to
Santa Rosa county stockmen, and that there are still a
number who have not been paid, is indicative of the ex-
tent of the cattle industry in this county, as well as show-
ing that a pretty nice lot of money was paid to local
cattlemen for doing a work that was highly beneficial
to their own property.
Santa Rosa county is not only one of the leading cattle
growing counties of the State, but probably leads the
counties of the state in the production of wool, many
thousands of pounds of this staple commodity being
shipped from Milton annually.
While cattle and sheep have been grown successfully
here in time past, the very fact that the county is now
tick free, and that pure bred stock can be shipped into
the county without fear of being effected by the tick,
and the further fact that cattle thrive much better in
tick free territory, than in tickey areas, all point to an
increase in the cattle business in this county along the
lines of both beef stock and dairy cattle. The mild
climate, abundant water, and practically year around
grazing makes this an ideal section for stock growing.
HOW WOOD IS USED
(The Southern Field)
Here are some facts about the uses of wood in the
United States compiled by the American Tree Associa-
"In the United States newsprint consumption has
reached almost 3,000,000 tons a year. In one sheet this
would cover 20,000 square miles.
"We use about 24,000,000,000 cubic feet of wood a
year, while forest fires and insects destroy 2,000,000,000
"Something like 5,000,000 trees have to be cut every
year to maintain telegraph and telephone wires.
"Estimates show we use 500,000,000 fence posts in
this country every year.
"Industry uses 200,000,000 cubic feet of wood every
year in mining and excavation operations.
"The railroads of the United States use about 125,-
000,000 new wood ties every year. There are about 3,000
to the mile.
"The cooperage industry demands 250,000,000 cubic
feet of wood every year.
"The annual consumption of pencils is placed at 1,000,-
"In the neighborhood of 45,000,000 pounds of maple
sugar products are produced in this country every year.
"The value of turpentine, rosin and like products of
the forest reaches $40,000,000 every year."
Southern woodworking industries are constantly grow-
ing in importance, and, owing to the longer growing
season in the South, timber can be produced more quickly
than in the North. Conditions in the South are, there-
fore, most favorable for the growth and perpetuation of
GROWTH OF ENTIRE SECTION CREDITED
WITH BUSINESS BEING GIVEN
L. & N.
(Washington County News, April 26, 1928)
With an increase in the freight business in Chipley,
the L. & N. has found it necessary to lay an additional
side track in order to take care of the extra business.
Watermelon shipping is one of the chief things that prac-
tically forced the company to have to place another siding
available. There are many other reasons for the installa-
tion, however, but the melon business is one of the
largest. For many months the local agent has been feel-
ing the need of additional space for parking box cars
and flats, but has been unable to get what he wanted
The new track was placed into working condition
within several days, work having started about the middle
of last week. This will greatly aid the farmers in addi-
tion to the other shippers of different things from this
section, in that plenty of space will be available for rush
shipments, and as much space as desired.
This is another instance where Chipley is up and com-
ing, and in the lead again.
The consumption of canned foods has about doubled
from 1914 to 1925, while the population of the country
has grown only 18 per cent. Similarly, the consumption
of fresh fruits and vegetables has increased at the same
rate as canned foods, while the quantities of bread and
meat consumed decreased.-R. S. Hollingshead, Depart-
ment of Commerce.
7-MILE BRIDGE TO SPAN TAMPA BAY AT
Will Shorten West Coast Route to Miami Forty-
(South Florida Developer, April 20, 1928)
St. Petersburg, April 19.-Construction on the longest
sea-level bridge in the world, which will extend from here
to Piney Point over Tampa Bay, is to begin within the
next sixty days, it was announced by Dr. H. Simonds, Jr.,
The mammoth structure will reduce by 42 miles the
distance between this city and all southern points, will
connect directly with the St. Petersburg-Miami trail
through the Everglades, and will form an important link
in the highway from Pensacola to Miami, a distance of
Starting from the southernmost tip of the St. Peters-
burg peninsula, the bridge will run southeast across the
bay seven miles. It is estimated that the total cost will
be $7,000,000. Among its many unusual features will be
the fact that it will have both a suspension arch with a
clearance of 154 feet (which is higher than the clearance
of Brooklyn bridge) to permit the free passage of the
ocean steamers bound for the port of St. Petersburg and
Tampa, and about three miles from the suspension arch
a draw span will be built across Pass-a-Grille channel.
The towers supporting the 1,050-foot span in the center
reach a height of 300 feet. Two lesser spans, each 504
feet long, will form an additional aid to navigation. In
spite of the fact that the 22-foot roadway reaches an
altitude of 154 feet from a start at sea level, the grade
at no point is greater than 4.5 per cent.
The bridge is to be completed within 18 months, which
will be coincident with the completion of the Gulf Coast
Highway from Pensacola to St. Petersburg. This high-
way will reduce the present distance of 555 miles between
the two cities to 424 miles, and with the lopping of an
additional 42 miles from the distance between Miami
and St. Petersburg over the Simmonds bridge, a total of
155 miles will be cut from the Pensacola-Miami route,
and the varying scenic splendor of the West Florida coast
and the Everglades will be opened to the motorists of
SANFORD SHIPS MORE THAN 7,000 CAR-
LOADS OF CELERY
(Tampa Tribune, April 24, 1928)
Sanford, April 23.-(Tribune News Service.)-With
nearly 7,000 carloads of celery shipped, the Florida sea-
son will soon be over. Fields in this, America's largest
production center for celery, are being planted to other
crops or allowed to lie idle until next fall when they will
again raise approximately 80 per cent of the gold-topped
vegetables shipped from this state.
Although next month will see virtually all the celery
gone to northern markets, the farm activities for which
this section is noted will not cease. Beans, squash,
peppers and other vegetables will fill refrigerator cars
to reach markets months before any north-grown
products can be listed as competitors.
Prices for celery this season have been good as com-
petition from other celery raising centers was unusually
TO SURVEY FLORIDA OYSTER BEDS
(Times-Union, April 29, 1928)
Announcement from Washington that Senator Fletch-
er's effort to get the Department of Commerce interested
in a survey of Florida's oyster beds is something that is
noted with satisfaction. The Senate commerce committee
has authorized Senator Fletcher to report favorably a
bill that will make investigation possible, and this should
mean favorable attention to a matter that will possibly
bring to greater importance an already considerable in-
dustry in the state. The bill will be offered to the Senate
with an amendment, which reads as follows:
"That the Secretary of Commerce be, and he is hereby,
directed to have made a survey of the national oyster
beds and barren bottoms contiguous thereto in waters
within the State of Florida, and to conduct investigations
and experiments for the purpose of increasing oyster pro-
duction therein, and to make and publish reports of the
results of such surveys and investigations. That for such
purpose the coast and geodetic survey and the bureau of
fisheries be, and are hereby, directed to expend, under
the direction of the Secretary of Commerce, a sum not
exceeding $25,000, which said sum is hereby authorized
to be appropriated for the purpose of said investigation,
including employment of personnel at the seat of govern-
ment and elsewhere, rental of office and laboratory quar-
ters, purchase or hire, and for operation and maintenance
of boats and floating equipment, and purchase of scien-
tific apparatus and supplies as may be necessary for the
carrying out of this act."
The Commissioner of Fisheries made a report to the
Secretary of Commerce recently in which it was said that
the bureau of fisheries recognized the importance of the
proposed investigation in Florida, and declared that it
should be done "with a view to increasing production and
quality through the employment of methods of oyster
farming and the more complete utilization of oyster-
growing areas." In this report it was also stated that
the waters of Florida now support a large and growing
industry yielding an appreciably large revenue. Former
investigations, made in 1895 and in 1914 were limited to
small areas, and the proposed survey would gather in-
formation concerning a much greater territory.
Florida oysters are famed for their size and excellent
quality. The opportunity apparent for extending the
scope and improving the methods of handling oysters is
something that deserves consideration. Government sur-
veys bring into prominence the facts existing and assist
in securing more capital for development of such indus-
tries. The success of Senator Fletcher in getting federal
attention to this matter is important, and must tend to
greater extension and better results. Florida has great
possibilities along this line and welcomes any move to-
ward better understanding of the situation.
A Census of Distribution proposed by the Committee
on the 1930 census, and involving the expenditure of
over $3,000,000, is receiving favorable consideration in
Washington. It is hoped that this census will help elim-
inate much of the $8,000,000,000 waste now expended
for unnecessary motion in distributing products, and ma-
terially reduce the cost of goods to the consumer by
getting information on the process of distribution. The
census would involve some 70 agricultural and other
products of domestic trade, determining the amount of
business, the amount done by retailers, by wholesalers,
the number of them, distributors and jobbers.-Printers
Ink, April 19.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
FISH HATCHERY IS PLANNED AT WINTER PRODUCERS TO PLAN EXPORTS THROUGH
Largest in United States with Water Area of
One Thousand Acres
(Times-Union, April 21, 1928)
Tallahassee, April, 20.-(A. P.)-The largest fish
hatchery in the United States devoted to the propagation
of black bass, bream and other fresh water game fish is
being established at Winter Haven, J. B. Royall, State
Game and Fresh Water Fish Commissioner, announced.
Over 1,000 acres of water area will be included in the
hatchery, with several lakes to be devoted to the project.
Probably the largest similar hatchery now in operation
is at Pratt, Kans., covering about 100 acres, Mr. Royall
said. The federal government is to establish a federal
hatchery at Valdosta, Ga., to be about twice the size of
the Pratt, Kans., hatchery.
The site at Winter Haven was inspected and approved
by Henry O'Malley, U. S. Commissioner of Fisheries, and
G. C. Leach, chief of the division of fish culture of the
The first work on the hatchery will be the deepening
of a drainage ditch from Lake Gwynn so that the lake
may be entirely drained. Lake Gwynn can be supplied
with water from Lake Lulu, thus making the water con-
ditions under control by gravity at all times.
The cost of the work now being done is to be borne
by the Winter Haven chapter of the Izaak Walton League
of America and other interested organizations of that
city, the commissioner stated. The construction and
operation of the hatchery will be under the supervision of
Fred J. Foster, superintendent of fisheries of the State
Department of Game and Fresh Water Fish. No fish will
be placed in the hatchery this summer, as some time will
be necessary to perform the construction work and con-
dition the lake.
The department also plans the establishment of
auxiliary, or rearing hatcheries, at other points in the
state where Izaak Walton League chapters, or other or-
ganizations, furnish and improve suitable sites, Mr.
Royall said. The purpose of the auxiliary hatcheries, he
explained, are to receive the small fry during the spring
months from the main hatchery and rear them to several
inches long so that they may be well able to take care
of themselves before they are released in public waters
in the vicinity of the auxiliary hatchery.
(Cocoa Tribune, April 17, 1928)
There are three marine species of shrimp taken for
commercial purposes. Nothing very definite is known
regarding the habits of the shrimp and its breeding season
cannot be given. It moves in schools and the movement
is irregular, influenced no doubt by search for food.
Along the Atlantic Coast of Florida its season is practi-
cally the whole year, with irregular slack periods, while
on the Gulf Coast of Florida it is caught from October
to July. In the last census year the East Coast catch
was 8,867,918 pounds, while the West Coast reported
3,250,468 pounds. Canning operations are carried on at
Apalachicola, Fernandina and other points, while express
shipments in fresh form are made from other points, in
which St. Augustine leads. Catching shrimp by thrown
nets is quite a sport.
Palmetto Berries and Honey May Be Sent Direct
to Foreign Ports
(Times-Union, April 24, 1928)
A meeting of palmetto berry growers and honey pro-
ducers of Florida will be held in Titusville Friday, April
27, for the purpose of forming a permanent organization
with a view of shipping their products direct to German
and Scandinavian ports'through the port of Jacksonville,
it was announced yesterday in the office of Walter N.
Pearce, district director, United States foreign and
domestic commerce bureau, here.
The palmetto berry will be shipped froni this port in
carload lots, according to present plans, direct to Ger-
many and other European ports through local shippers
and handlers of the berry. This Florida product is used
extensively in Germany for medicinal purposes and in
former years has been shipped through the port of New
York, it was announced.
Honey, produced extensively in Florida, has also been
shipped from this state to New York and from that port
to European countries. It appears a splendid oppor-
tunity for the producers at the meeting in Titusville to
make plans to handle a great deal more of this product
than has formerly been shipped through this port direct
to Germany and other countries.
In 1926, according to records in the commerce bureau,
8,000,000 pounds of honey, valued at approximately
$700,000, were shipped from the United States. Of this
portion Germany received over 5,000,000 pounds valued
With direct shipments of honey to Germany from
Florida through the port of Jacksonville, Florida shippers
could utilize this product to a great advantage, it was
announced. i-In 1926 only twenty-six pounds of honey
were shipped from Florida valued at the small amount
"With the millions of pounds of this product produced
in the state each year, there is no reason why the Florida
producer should not send his allotment direct to Germany
and Scandinavian ports through the port of Jacksonville
instead of shipping it to New York and then to the
foreign countries," Mr. Pearce said yesterday.
"Many carloads of palmetto berries are also shipped
from the port of New York to Germany, most of them
coming from this state. They could be shipped from
here at a considerably less cost than from New York," he
L. M. Rhodes, head of the State Marketing Bureau
here, will make the principal address at the meeting in
Titusville, it was announced, and Mr. Pearce will attend
the meeting, stopping at that city en route to Jackson-
ville from Tampa. He will probably present export
figures that should be of interest to the producers.
In planning advertising for Latin-America: (1) com-
plete the sales story in the advertisement, do not force
prospects to write for details, (2) use appropriate illus-
trations, (3) avoid "clever" expressions-they do not
translate well and only bewilder the prospect, (4) do not
be afraid to use small type-Latin Americans read care-
fully, (5) institutional copy is generally effective.-
Printed Salesmanship, March.