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Group Title: Florida review (Tallahassee, FL)
Title: Florida review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00049005/00047
 Material Information
Title: Florida review
Physical Description: 5 v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Bureau of Immigration
Publisher: Bureau of Immigration, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1926-1930
Frequency: semimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Industries -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 7, 1926)-v. 5, no. 9 (Oct. 20, 1930).
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00049005
Volume ID: VID00047
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001744570
oclc - 01279992
notis - AJF7332
lccn - sn 00229569

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ftovtba 3ebbietkNt

PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA


MAY 7, 1928


No. 23


TABLE OF CONTENTS


Good Pastures Increase Returns .........................................
2500 Orange Trees Delivered to Ford Tract Near LaBelle .........
Common Schools Cost $31,000,000 ...................... .....................
Florida-Grown Cauliflower in Big Demand .................................
E lim nation of the Cattle T ick ......................................................
Yachts Brought $118,000 Trade Here During Past Year .............
Says Florida Should Produce More Honey ..................... .....
Value of Cigars Produced in 1926 Twenty-seven Million Dollars.
Plans Made to Build Four Citrus Vessels... .........................
A another Call for Florida Fruits ................ ............................ ..
$25,000 of Palmer Celery Land Sold to Michigan Buyer..........
United States Live Stock Production...........................................
Twenty Penny Stores Will Be Opened in Florida................ ....
Southern Tomatoes for Northern Tables .................................
Shipments Made in 1926-1927 Are Valued Highly ..................... .
Insurers H ad a Fine Y ear ............................................................ .
State Looks To Be Prosperous, Remarks Banker.........................
Florida Shellfish Given Approval .. ........................
This Farmer Made $1,771 Yearly Average on Berries ...................
W ork on H uge M ill Started............................................... .........
Better Service in Forecasting for Citrus Men.........................
Harvest of 50,000,000 Acres Exported Last Year............. ...
Florida Cattle Remarkably Free of Tuberculosis .....................


Page
Flagler County Has 2,200 Acres in Irish Potatoes ......................... 9
Central Florida Picture of Charm This Time of Year.................. 10
$1,500,000 Given to Common Schools ....................................... 10
Iowa Farm Debt ..................................................... 10
$9,000,000 Worth Florida Hotels Authorized.......................... 10
Wooden of World Buying Florida Bonds .................................. 11
Carload of Local Tangerines Sold at Boston by Maxcy.............. 11
M arion County Group Contests ...... ...... ........................................ 12
Large Timbers Going to Fill Big Order in East........................... 13
Prospects Bright for Big Crop of Grapefruit.................................. 13
New Industry May Be Located Here............................... ........... 13
Armour Plant Is Reopened in Jacksonville .................................. 13
Florida Citrus Exchange to Handle California Deciduous Fruit.. 13
First Tom atoes Due Out Today.............. ........................... ...... ..... 14
Canning Plant Is Making Shipments.......... ............................ ...... 14
Enough Timber Burned in State to Build 100,000 Homes ........ 14
D a d e T om a toes .............................................. ........ .... ...... ...... 15
W inter Vegetable Season Opened.................................. ......... .. 15
Pensacola Bonds Bring High Prices.......................... ........... 15
Our Fruit Exports .............. ........................ ................. 15
Poultrymen to Form a Selling Organization .............................. 16
New Factories for Jacksonville ............................... .............. 16
New Potatoes Are Sold at $14.00 ............................................ 16
Tomato Shipments Increase Daily.......................... .......... 16


GOOD PASTURES INCREASE RETURNS

By JOHN M. SCOTT, Agricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville, Florida


HE various changes that have taken place
in Florida during the past ten years have
all tended to impress on the minds of
agricultural people the importance of
good pastures here in Florida.
Twenty-five or thirty years ago, when land
could be bought for a dollar an acre and the
tax on one thousand acres was only a few dol-
lars per year, land owners were not interested
in pasture grasses. Why? In those days men
did not buy land for the purpose of grazing
cattle on it. They purchased the land for the
value of the timber and turpentine that could
be obtained from it. There are cases on record,
here in Florida, where individuals, having
bought the timber on a piece of property, the
seller would present the buyer with a deed to
the land. In those days timber and turpentine
were considered of more value than the land
upon which it grew.
Today a large part of the timber is gone, and
is not being replaced as rapidly as it should be.
Land values are higher, and as a result the tax
on unimproved cut-over land is becoming a bur-
den to many land-owners. Hence the necessity
of some crop that will return a revenue from a
large area of our cut-over pine lands.


Livestock raising has always been an import-
ant industry in the state. The quality of our
livestock has not been what we would like for
it to have been in the past, but considering the
conditions under which it was handled it re-
turned a fair profit on the investment.
Today, with the increased land values, it is
necessary that a larger profit be secured from
the investment than has been secured in the
past. The only way to increase the profits from
these lands is to improve the grazing qualities
so as to get more pounds of beef or milk per
acre. This is possible on a large amount of our
cut-over pine lands, especially the flat woods.
On the black jack ridges there is but little to
offer for any improvement.

DEMONSTRATION PASTURES ESTABLISHED

In the spring of 1924 the Agricultural Exten-
sion Division of the University of Florida estab-
lished a number of demonstration pastures in
different parts of the state. The results from
these indicate very strongly the possibility of
improved pastures in all sections of Florida if
these pastures are established on good land.
The grasses that have given the best results
and have shown their superior grazing qualities


Vo. 2








2 FLORIDA REVIEW


over the native grasses are carpet grass, dallis
grass and lespedezia or Japan clover. All of
these seeds can be purchased on the market at
reasonable prices. Good results have been ob-
tained by seeding these grasses at the following
rate: carpet grass eight to ten, dallis grass
eight to ten, and lespedezia four to six pounds
per acre.
The seed can be planted at almost any season
of the year whenever there is moisture enough
in the ground to insure germination and growth
of the seedlings. To make sure of a good stand
and a rapid spread of the grass it is important
in the first place to sow only good seed. It is
also important, and in fact necessary, that the
wire grass sod be destroyed by either discing or
plowing before sowing the seed of these good
grasses. After the seed bed is prepared, sow
the seed broadcast and cover them by using a
very light harrow or brush drag. These im-
proved pastures will not stand annual burning.
Fires must be kept out. Annual burning can be
eliminated very largely by liberal grazing, and
in this way keep down a heavy growth of grass.

VALUE OF IMPROVED PASTURES
It is a well-known fact that the average wire
grass pasture furnishes good grazing for only
about two or two and a half months during the
spring. This is entirely too short a grazing
season for Florida conditions. It is also well-
known that ordinary wire grass pastures require
from seven to ten acres to graze one cow a year.
This is far too large an area to have one cow
graze over to get her year's supply of feed.
Then, too, the investment in seven to ten acres
of land today is far in excess of any reasonable
return that one can expect from one cow or
steer. We must therefore in some way increase
the length of the grazing season from two and
a half to nearer nine months, and we must also
reduce the area over which a cow must travel
in order to secure her food during the year.
Land values and taxes are much higher than
they were a few years ago, hence we must have
more returns per acre from our lands. These
improved pastures have demonstrated the fact
that they furnish a much longer grazing season
and that they furnish a great deal more grazing
per acre.
The improved pasture in Okeechobee county
near Okeechobee City, Florida, is located on
flat woods land that had a very heavy growth
of palmettoes on it just previous to seeding to
grass. It has been estimated that a ten-acre
pasture of these grasses on this type of land
will graze seven head of cattle per year.


The demonstration pasture in St. Lucie county
is located about four or five miles northwest of
Ft. Pierce, on drained land. The owner reports
that a ten-acre pasture of this kind will graze
ten head of cattle per year.
The demonstration pasture in Hernando
county is located about two miles southeast of
Brooksville on good hammock land. The owner
estimates that a ten-acre pasture such as he has
will graze twenty head of cattle per year.
The demonstration pasture in Marion county
is located about five miles northeast of Ocala.
The owner estimates that a ten-acre pasture
such as this one will graze ten head of cattle
from early spring to late fall.
The pasture in Bay county is not far from St.
Andrews. This is located on typical pine land
very similar to thousands of acres in West Flor-
ida. The owner of this pasture estimates that
a ten-acre pasture such as his will graze seven
head of cattle per year.
The pasture in Duval county is located some
six or seven miles north and west of Jackson-
ville. The soil is similar to thousands of acres
of land in Duval, Nassau, Baker, Columbia,
Hamilton and many other counties in north and
west Florida. It is estimated by the owner that
this pasture will graze two cows per acre dur-
ing the grazing season.
We have not given a report of all the demon-
stration pastures in the state, but we believe we
have given enough, and they are from various
parts of the state. These demonstration pas-
tures give us sufficient evidence to show that
it is possible to increase the grazing value of
thousands of acres of the cut-over land of this
state. It also shows that one acre of land can
be made to produce as much grazing as ten
acres have been producing.

2500 ORANGE TREES DELIVERED TO FORD
TRACT NEAR LA BELLE

(Fort Myers Press, April 9, 1928)
Bartow, April 9.-(A. P.)-Henry Ford is going into
the orange growing business on his great tract of land
out near Lake Okeechobee at LaBelle.
A local nursery today announced it had completed the
delivery of 2,500 Pineapple and Valencia orange trees
for a 40-acre experimental tract on Mr. Ford's property.
The automobile magnate's move is expected to stimu-
late the citrus industry in a section which now has prac-
tically no orange trees.

Florida's annual income from the bee industry, in
honey and wax, amounts to approximately $250,000. The
Florida farmer without several hives is overlooking a
golden opportunity. Information relative to the estab-
lishment of the industry on the farm may be obtained
from the State Plant Board.









FLORIDA REVIEW 3


4fLrta _Rebfieff
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
Tallahassee, Florida

NATHAN MAYO................Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS..............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR.............................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.


Vol. 2


MAY 7, 1928


COMMON SCHOOLS COST $31,000,000

(Times-Union, Feb. 24, 1928)
Figures showing cost and other details regarding the
operation of the common schools of Florida during the
term ending in June, 1927, have been compiled by State
Superintendent of Public Instruction W. S. Cawthon, and
were made public recently. The report shows that dur-
ing the scholastic term 1926-1927 the state paid out
$31,000,000 for the maintenance of grade and high
schools of Florida. There were 370,556 students en-
rolled, and of this number 38,576 were in the high school
grades. Teachers employed numbered 11,836, and these
were paid $10,347,160. The average length of term was
151 days.
Details which prove by comparison of figures that
Florida is going forward in the important work of educa-
tion are highly pleasing, and while it is certain that the
present term will indicate even greater advance, the fact
that Florida's high schools graduated nearly twice as
many pupils in the term of 1926-1927 as in the term of
1923-1924 is satisfactory. In the term 1925-1926, the
total high school enrollment is indicated as 29,075, and
the enrollment last term was 39,986. Introduction of the
junior high school plan into the system has proved wise
and useful. The schools of the state are going ahead
with their essential work and the additional help ten-
dered by the last legislature is proving of great value.
The compulsory attendance law and the availability of
some free books for certain grades are contributing to
the possibilities. Florida undertakes to offer every child
in the state a chance to secure common school education.
The results now being obtained are better than ever be-
fore, with improved construction in school houses, com-
petency demanded in the teaching forces and attention
to the delinquents and aid for those who can only attend
school at night or part time. The length of the term is
being extended; slowly, but surely. The average for the
present term will be greater than last report.
Above and beyond the high school feature of educa-
tional affairs in the state, the University, the State Col-
lege for Women, the School for the Deaf and the Blind,
the Agricultural and Mechanical College, for colored
students, and a number of splendid institutions operated
independently as universities and colleges, are all doing
splendid work in Florida. Extension of buildings and
enlargement of teaching forces are remarked in many of
the places where higher education is sought, and the en-
rollment in the university and state college is the greatest
of history.
Recently published reports have indicated the position
of Florida as lower in illiteracy than many other states.
This is something to be pleased over, and is encourage-


ment to those who are striving to bring this state to-
wards the head of the list in educational activities. The
greatest endeavor must necessarily be found at the be-
ginning. The common school is the foundation upon
which all else can be built. It is the resource and help of
the people, and what is offered is indispensable to a
growing population; essential in the effort to guide the
young to means of understanding. The schools deserve
the fullest, most enthusiastic support of all good citizens.

FLORIDA-GROWN CAULIFLOWER IN BIG
DEMAND

Experimental Crop Brings Higher Price Than
California

(Farm and Grove Section, March, 1928)
An experimental planting of cauliflower at Hastings
the latter part of September resulted in the shipment in
January of fourteen cars, which graded higher than the
best cauliflower from California, and topped the Pacific
Coast product in the Philadelphia market by a consider-
able margin. The planting was made by the Bugbee
Distributing Company which heretofore has confined its
attention to Irish potatoes. The concern is seeking other
crops to supplement potatoes and the cauliflower was the
first one investigated.
Eleven acres of ground was broken for the crop. The
seed were sowed September 25, and transplanting in the
field was completed about November 5. Harvesting be-
gan January 10. From the eleven acres the concern
shipped fourteen 400-crate cars, utilizing the regular
Florida standard pepper crate. This, John E. Wade, in
charge of the work, said, is not a suitable package for
cauliflower, but the regular California crate was pro-
hibited because of the package rate from Florida. The
concern will seek to have this situation corrected before
next season.
"The planting was merely an experiment with us,"
said Mr. Wade, "not only the production but the market-
ing. California had the largest crop in its history this
season. We were especially pleased that our flower
reached the market in good condition and sold at a pre-
mium over the California product.
"Our first car moved to Philadelphia to a firm we con-
sider the best authority on cauliflower in that city. Com-
ment was indeed pleasing. We were advised that our
flower was the whitest and best flavored the concern had
ever handled.
"Anyone who is familiar with the production of cab-
bage will have no trouble producing cauliflower, for the
crops are grown similarly, set about the same width in
the field. We advise any well-balanced high-grade fer-
tilizer, at least a ton to the acre. We used about 2,500
pounds. We are confident the flower can be grown suc-
cessfully and profitably in the Hastings district, but
doubtful if it can be produced profitably in South Flor-
ida. The soil in the Hastings district seems to be adapted
for growing this crop and the climate is suitable.
"This state should ship a steady flow of cauliflower
beginning January 1 and continuing until the latter part
of April. We realize that California at present has the
cauliflower market of the entire country during this
period, but we certainly can make room for ours by pro-
ducing a quality flower and proper marketing. We feel
that this crop in the course of a few years can be made
a money-maker for Florida. New York alone will con-
sume profitably twenty-five to thirty cars a day."









4 FLORIDA REVIEW


ELIMINATION OF THE CATTLE TICK

(DeFuniak Herald, April 5, 1928)
With the eradication of the fever tick in West Florida
for only a few months has brought about the beginning
of a great change that no doubt will revolutionize the
cattle industry in the near future. With the tick exter-
minated, with the high price of cattle, with the number
of cattle greatly reduced, and with the importation of
good bulls there is bound to be a great change brought
about. With all these great changes coming about this
time, it seems as this is the opportune time for the de-
velopment of a livestock industry that stock men can
count their livestock not by the number they have but
by the dollars and cents they are worth.
Here is what has happened in West Florida during the
past few months in the importation of pure-bred bulls
to breed up the native stock. The following importations
are given by the counties:
Liberty .............................. 33 pure-bred bulls
Okaloosa ............................ 18 pure-bred bulls
W alton ............................... 5 pure-bred bulls
Escambia .......................... 4 pure-bred bulls
Holmes ............................. 4 pure-bred bulls
Washington ...................... 4 pure-bred bulls
Gadsden ............................ 30 pure-bred bulls
Madison ............................ 30 pure-bred bulls
Practically all of these bulls are Black Angus. The
cost averages around $100. The question in discussion
with many stockmen is whether the bulls are actually
worth this much to them. The only way to figure this
out is on the basis of dollars and cents. Take, for ex-
ample, a bull costs one hundred dollars and he sires forty
calves during a year; by the time these calves are one
year old they will be worth at least five dollars more
per head than native stock. Five dollars for the forty
head would amount to two hundred dollars, which is a
conservative estimation. The second year this value will
double. Stock men cannot go wrong in buying a high
quality bull to breed up their stock. The owners of these
bulls are making a good step, and it is the only way to
build up the cattle industry of this section.-M. Wilkins.

YACHTS BROUGHT $118,000 TRADE HERE
DURING PAST YEAR

Indicates Value of East Coast Canal Project,
Says Burgman

(Daytona Beach News-Journal, March 30, 1928)
As an instance of further benefits which may be de-
rived from the widening and deepening of the East Coast
canal, an estimate made by J. W. Rikeman, secretary of
the Halifax River Yacht Club, shows that a total of
$118,000 worth of business was delivered from yachts
which visited here during the year ending March 29.
The compilation was made upon request of Commo-
dore A. H. Brooks, Fort Lauderdale, canal commissioner,
who asked Charles F. Burgman of this city, chairman of
the commission, that these figures be obtained here in
order that an indication of the value of the waterway to
local business could be shown. Mr. Burgman turned the
letter over to Mr. Rikeman, who made the estimate and
report.
The report shows that the boat yard repairs here
amounted to $80,000, of which $28,000 was paid out to
local labor in wages. Hardware purchased in local stores
amounted to $10,000; provisions from local stores, $20,-


000; laundries received $2,000 worth of business; gaso-
line sales amounted to $5,000, and ice sales totaled
$1,000, a total of $118,000.
Expenditures, according to statements received from
boat owners, are about as follows:
Boats ranging from 30 to 50 feet in size expended
from $50 to $150 a week while here; those from 50 to
100 feet in length, $1,000 to $3,000 a month.
About 150 yachts visited this city during the season,
going south, and approximately the same number re-
turned, provisioning here both ways, according to the
club register.
Whenever ladies are in the party on the yachts, Mr.
Rikeman says, they visit local stores throughout the
season, and it is safe to say that purchases from dealers
here, including drug stores, theater patronage, auto hire,
hotel parties, restaurant patronage and other items
amount to about $50,000 in addition to the total given
above.
"If with the condition of the East Coast canal as we
find it now the local business men derive so great an
income from passing craft, I venture to predict that with
the waterway improved as planned by the federal govern-
ment we will have ten boats arriving where one visits us
now," both Mr. Rikeman and Mr. Burgman declare.
The report was sent to Commodore Brooks, who will
turn it over to Gilbert Youngberg, chief engineer, and to
newspapers along the East Coast.

SAYS FLORIDA SHOULD PRODUCE MORE
HONEY

(Vernon Leader, March 30, 1928)
Gainesville, Fla.-The possibility of developing a big
honey industry in the Everglades section is something
which should not be overlooked, according to Dr. L. H.
Pammel, noted botanist of the Iowa Agricultural College,
who spent the winter in this state.
Dr. Pammel spent January and February in the Ever-
glades and was impressed at the activity of the bees in
that locality. He declares that the bees fed on the com-
mon willow tree for two months. This is the only species
of willow commonly found in the state, but occurs from
the northern limits to the southern. After making a
study of honey plants in his own state and in Florida, Dr.
Pammel is convinced that Florida beekeepers have a won-
derful opportunity to produce honey economically.


VALUE OF CIGARS PRODUCED IN 1926
27 MILLION DOLLARS

(Sarasota Times, April 1, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., March 31.-(A. P.)-Cigars valued
at over $27,000,000 were produced in Florida during
1926, the agricultural and industrial enumeration con-
ducted by the Bureau of Immigration, State Department
of Agriculture, shows.
Of a total of $27,128,773 placed upon the value of the
cigars manufactured in the state for that year, the valua-
tion in Hillsborough county alone was $22,890,362. In
that county, 307,952,250 cigars were produced for
smokers of the state and country.
A slight decline in the value of the cigar output was
shown in Florida in 1926 compared with 1925, due
primarily, according to reports to the bureau, to the ten-
dency of many smokers to abandon the cigar, at least
temporarily, in favor of the cigaret.









FLORIDA REVIEW 5


PLANS MADE TO BUILD FOUR CITRUS
VESSELS

Refrigeration Space on Leyland Liners To Be
Steadily Increased to Carry Large
Cargoes

(Lake Worth Leader, April 2, 1928)
Jacksonville and Florida within the next year will be
the leading foreign export center in the United States.
Bearing out this statement is the announcement today
by J. A. Kaufmann, local manager of the Strachan Ship-
ping Company, of plans now under way for the con-
struction of four refrigerated steamers in which to trans-
port Florida fruits to England and other European coun-
tries. The transports will be completed by the latter part
of the next citrus season.
In order to adequately take care of the enormous
demand for citrus fruits in the United Kingdom at
present, the refrigerated space in the three Frederick
Leyland Line boats, now carrying the fruits from Jack-
sonville to Liverpool, will be reconstructed to take care
of more than three times the amount now carried in the
boxes, Mr. Kaufmann said, and other boats will be sup-
plemented to take care of the left over.
To Enlarge Capacity
The Daytonian and Darian, two of the Leyland boats,
have been carrying, during the past three months, ap-
proximately 6,000 boxes of oranges and grapefruit each.
When the refrigeration space is enlarged, the boats are
expected to carry at least 18,000 boxes each.
Fruit growers of the southern part of the state, who
have supplied the citrus for the past shipments, have
asked that the Strachan Shipping Company prepare to
take care of at least 200,000 boxes during the next sea-
son. This amount is over three times the amount shipped
between December 26 and April 1.
The fruit has been so plentiful during the past season
that growers have asked the shipping company to supply
two extra boats besides the last sailing, which is sched-
uled for April 10, from the Municipal docks here. Every
attempt will be made to put these boats on the run, but
unless enough additional cargo is secured to warrant the
sailing of the ships, it will be impossible to extend the
shipments this year, Mr. Kaufmann said.
Greatest Season Seen
With the past season's experience now behind them,
the instigators of the Florida-to-England fruit service
will lay their plans during the next few months for the
largest shipment of fruits out of this state in the history
of the country. No attempt will be made to construct the
four fruit-carrying boats by the Strachan Shipping Com-
pany so that they may be used in the service next sea-
son, but the Daytonian, Darian and Davisian, the three
Leyland Line boats, will be so reconstructed that they
will be in a position to take care of over three times the
amount of fruit shipped to Liverpool from Jacksonville
during the past season.
The Daytonian was the first ship to carry Florida citrus
fruits to Great Britain direct from this state and from
the port of Jacksonville. The attempt was heralded as
one of the greatest feats in the citrus industry. The
first shipment of over 6,000 boxes were landed in Liver-
pool in perfect condition.
Last Shipment Soon
This shipment was followed by a second, which also
was laid on the docks at Liverpool in fine condition. The
steamer Darian carried the second load. The Daytonian


then returned and departed recently with the third con-
signment and the arrival here of the Darian, April 10,
will mark the fourth shipment.
The citrus fruit service to England from Florida was
begun last December through the combined efforts of Mr.
Kaufmann; Mark Hyde, of the Armour packing and cold
storage plant; John Arnold, Jr., of the Arnold Fruit Com-
pany, and J. S. Parfect, of Parsons and Company, fruit
distributors of London.


ANOTHER CALL FOR FLORIDA FRUITS

(St. Petersburg Independent, April 10, 1928)
Americans are absorbing entirely too much sweet stuff
into their system, according to Dr. Walter H. Eddy, of
Columbia University. Apparently this has been a human
weakness ever since sweets were invented and with the
discovery of ways of making sugar and various kinds of
confections the weakness increased. At present the
average appetite for sweets is almost insatiable. Tons of
candy are consumed annually in the United States and
to the tons of candy have been added thousands upon
thousands of gallons of soft drinks. Says Dr. Eddy:
"Too much pure sugar in the stomach at one time re-
tards the flow of digestive juices, lowers the acidity and
permits the production of alcohol and other toxic sub-
stances in the stomach. The proper and only reliable
antidote for the indulgence of the appetite for sweets is
fruit. Fruits such as oranges, bananas and grapes are
bulky. They will often satisfy a youngster's craving for
sweets, and in eating the fruits he not only satisfies a
sweet tooth and the desire for bulk, but he does it with-
out consuming any great amount of sugar. His elders
also can well profit with him."
Over-indulgence of sweets is dangerous. The fact has
been elaborated upon again and again by prominent
physicians and food specialists. Many of these have been
more specific than Dr. Eddy in stating the antidote and
have prescribed citrus fruits. Some of them have plainly
specified Florida citrus fruits. Dr. Wyley, formerly in
the health service of the United States and now super-
visor of the food department of a nationally-known maga-
zine, has recommended oranges, and particularly Florida
oranges.
So residents of South Florida who may be poisoning
themselves with refined sugars and other sweets-to bor-
row a phrase frequently encountered in medical diag-
noses-have their antidote at hand. Florida grapefruit
and oranges will restore to the system, clogged with
sweets, its proper balance and tone it up. As another
doctor has heroically said: "A grapefruit a day keeps
the doctor away." If oranges are preferred, substitute
orange for grapefruit in the couplet, but follow the pre-
scription.


$25,000 OF PALMER CELERY LAND SOLD
TO MICHIGAN BUYER

(Sarasota Times, April 10, 1928)
Palmer farm lands in the value of approximately
$25,000 were sold this week to a prominent celery grower
and packer of Kalamazoo, Mich., according to the an-
nouncement made by W. H. Follette, sales manager of
the Palmer Company. The purchaser of the land plans
to arrive in Sarasota early in July, and will plant his land
in celery for an early fall crop.









6 FLORIDA REVIEW

UNITED STATES LIVE STOCK PRODUCTION
By J. L. EDWARDS, Chairman Agricultural Committee, Florida Bankers Association, Ocala, Florida


KIND


Dairy Cows ..................................... ..... .


C chickens ............ ......... .. ..... ........ .. ...


P ork ....................... ..................... ......


B rood Sow s ......... .. ........ ..............


B eef ................ ..... .......... .... .


NUMBER PRODUCTION

22,290,009,198,303,635 gals.
,290,000 79,105,411,261 lbs.


409,290,849


43,043,000


9,176,000


9,853,000 lbs.


1,913,245,129 doz.


5,860,000,000 lbs.


9,210,000,000 lbs.


4,935,000,000 lbs.


PER HEAD

412 gals.
3,549 lbs.

56 eggs


136 lbs.


1,000-lb. litter


501 lbs.


UNITED STATES LIVE STOCK PRODUCTION
Possible by Improved Methods


PER HEAD


Dairy Cows-
706 gals., 6,077 lbs..................... ....... ...


Chickens-
135 ...................... ... ................ .


Pork-
6 m months, 150 lbs........... ............... ...... ..
9 m months, 225 lbs......................................


Brood Sows-
1,500-lb. litter ..............................


Beef-
1 year old,
2 year old,
3 year old,


500 lbs .............. ..............
8 0 0 lb s............. .. ....
1,0 0 0 lb s...................... .. ..


NUMBER
NEEDED



13,017,181



170,066,233



39,066,666
26,044,444



6,140,000



9,853,000
6,168,750
4,935,000


REDUCTION
IN NUMBER



9,272,819



239,224,616



3,976,334
16,998,536



3,036,000




3,684,250
4,918,000


Figures compiled by Dan H. Otis, Director Agricultural Commission, American Bankers Association,


Madison, Wis.


TWENTY PENNY STORES WILL BE OPENED
IN FLORIDA

(St. Augustine Record, April 1, 1928)
Jacksonville, March 31.-In addition to the J. C.
Penney Corporation department store which will be
opened in Palatka during the early portion of April,
stores are also planned at Sanford and Lake City, it was
announced yesterday by Dr. Burdette G. Lewis, vice-
president, in charge of Florida operations of the J. C.
Penney-Gwinn Corporation. The three stores will be in
a unit of possibly twenty stores to be opened in Florida
by the corporation, Dr. Lewis said. Florida is the last
state of the Union in which Mr. Penney is beginning
operation of department stores. The corporation now
has 1,002 stores in all sections of the country.


SOUTHERN TOMATOES FOR NORTHERN
TABLES

(St. Andrews Bay News, April 10, 1928)
Florida leads all other states in the number of carloads
of tomatoes shipped to Northern markets. In 1926, Cali-
fornia had a slight lead over Florida, but this was the
first time in history that the Southern state had even
been approached by any other state. The reduction in
Florida acreage has been due to competition from Mex-
ico and other western territories where labor is very
cheap. The Florida grower, however, is cutting his costs
of production through the use of garden tractors and
transplanters and other machinery for setting out and
cultivating, and will continue to increase his hold on the
Northern market.


COST
PER HEAD



$90.00


2.25


37.50



15.00






75.00


* TOTAL
SAVING



$834,550,710



538,255,386




637,445,850



45,540,000






276,318,750


I









FLORIDA REVIEW 7


SHIPMENTS MADE IN 1926-1927 ARE
VALUED HIGHLY

Vegetable and Citrus Fruits Valued Close to
$100,000,000

(Bradenton Herald, April 1, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla.-Citrus fruits and vegetables valued
at close to a hundred million dollars were shipped in car-
load lots from Florida during the shipping season from
Sept. 1, 1926, to July 30, 1927, the State Marketing
Bureau, at Jacksonville, has advised officials of the
Bureau of Immigration, State Department of Agriculture.
The bureau asked for figures on the shipment for use
in combatting certain anti-Florida propaganda appearing
in newspapers.
Citrus fruit shipments for that period totaled 46,080
carloads, valued at $42,887,340. Shipments of other
fruits and vegetables came to 44,920 carloads with an
estimated valuation of $44,123,848.
The marketing bureau estimated the value of canned
fruit moved by truck consumed in the state at from a
million dollars to a million and a half per annum.
Express shipments were included in the marketing
bureau's carload lot figures.
Government estimates for the 1927-28 season placed
carload shipments of citrus fruit, including express and
boat shipment, at approximately 40,000, with an esti-
mated value of $50,000,000.

INSURERS HAD A FINE YEAR

Wrote More Insurance in Florida in 1927 Than
Ever Before

(Winter Haven Chief, April 4, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., April 4.-(A. P.)-The year 1927
was more profitable to insurance companies operating in
Florida than 1926, John C. Luning, State Treasurer and
ex-Officio Insurance Commissioner, announced.
Mr. Luning has just made public figures showing net
W premiums and net losses of the various classes of insur-
ance companies and associations reporting to the depart-
ment for the year ended December 31, 1927, with com-
parative figures for 1926.
Minor changes will be made in the 1927 report with the
inclusion of the business of several companies which
operated in the state during that year, but which have
now withdrawn, it was stated, and with the final audit
of all insurance statements on file, totaling more than
400.
The volume of business transacted by the companies in
Florida was smaller, but the year more profitable for
them as a whole, Mr. Luning says. A decrease in net
premiums of something less than $10,000,000 being more
than offset by a decrease in net losses of approximately
$17,500,000.
The report shows that the greatest fluctuation was by
fire and marine companies whose premiums income in
Florida dropped a little more than $4,500,000, while their
net losses incurred dropped more than $16,500,000, the
abnormal losses of fire insurance companies being due in
1926 to the heavy cyclone, tornado and windstorm loss
of that year. Life insurance companies showed the least
relative fluctuation, net premiums falling off nearly
$900,000, while net losses paid increased about $35,000.


A table prepared in Mr. Luning's department giving
the experience in Florida of fire and marine insurance
companies for 49 years-1879 to 1927, inclusive-shows
net premiums by them during the entire period amount-
ing to $153,087,039, and net losses incurred amounting
to $86,222,130, the loss ratio being 56.3 per cent for the
entire period as against 47.2 per cent for the year 1927.
Figures showing the classification of business trans-
acted in Florida by fire and marine and miscellaneous
companies during 1927 will be announced later, the com-
missioner said.


STATE LOOKS TO BE PROSPEROUS,
REMARKS BANKER

Officer of Fourth Largest Bank in U. S. Says
Florida Land of Opportunity

(Lake Worth Leader, April 6, 1928)
Jacksonville.-Florida and the south as a whole
appear economically prosperous to the vice-president of
the fourth largest bank in the United States and the
institution which has the largest capital-$200,000,000-
of any bank in the world, the Bank of Italy of San
Francisco, California.
Such is the observation of H. P. Preston, who last night
went into the southern portion of the state after a sur-
vey trip over the south. It is, by the way, his first trip
into inland Florida.
"This is the land of opportunity, a young man's land,"
Mr. Preston said. "We believe that the next five or ten
years will see a marvelous development in the southland."
Mr. Preston is a native of this southland, of Tennessee.
He has, however, been a citizen of California for twenty-
two years.
Reviews Southern States
In the tour he has been in practically every state of
the south. Florida, in his opinion, stands among the
leaders, as to the economical status. He mentioned
Tennessee, where he found things good; North and South
Carolina, where, as he put it, conditions are prosperous,
particularly in North Carolina, where the manufacturing
and agricultural interests are working together and
where good roads have aided things; in Alabama, espe-
cially in the southern part, business appears good, and in
the Birmingham area things are moving along; Louisiana
will right itself with the revamping of the sugar situa-
tion; Arkansas, he found things progressing.
Pensacola came in for praise from the banker. The
West Florida city was the only other Florida municipality
he had observed prior to his departure last night for
Miami and Tampa. He mentioned the railway opera-
tions there, "the dream of Pensacola," as he put it, of the
turpentine industry and the healthy condition of the
banking institutions.
Jacksonville's banks and the leaders of the city's finan-
cial institutions came in for hearty praise as to the con-
ditions he has observed.
Praises Florida Weather
Florida's weather has pleased Mr. Preston and he ac-
knowledged its prowess with a declaration that "Cali-
fornia can't beat this."
Mr. Preston is a devotee of branch banking and as he
puts it, the establishing of a "standardized credit." He
feels that the day is not far distant when branch banking
will be legalized.









8 FLORIDA REVIEW


FLORIDA SHELLFISH GIVEN APPROVAL

Federal Health Authorities Find State Waters
Free of Pollution

(Miami Herald, April 5, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., April 4.-(A. P.)-The official stamp
of approval, so far as the shellfish industry is concerned,
has' been placed upon the salt waters of Florida by
federal and state health authorities following a survey
of the waters just completed, T. R. Hodges, State Shell-
fish Comniissioner, announced.
The survey was conducted by the U. S. Public Health
Service, State Board of Health and State Shellfish Com-
mission jointly.
The waters were found to be free from pollution and
pure, the commissioners said, and a small area that might
be contaminated by a direct flow of sewage will be re-
stricted.
All oysters and clams sold and shipped from Florida
in the future will be handled strictly under a certified
number issued by the U. S. Public Health Service on
recommendation of the state health officer and the shell-
fish commission, it was stated. Rules and regulations
have been promulgated for operation of the packing
plants over the state, which will safeguard in every way
the public health, Mr. Hodges declared. There will be
no possible chance for pollution by sewage, or otherwise,
he added.
The city and state authorities will not allow any
oysters sold at wholesale or retail in the future unless it
is shown that they were produced by a certified dealer
from certified beds, Mr. Hodges said, and shellfish shipped
into Florida from other states will be subject to the same
regulations.


THIS FARMER MADE $1,771 YEARLY
AVERAGE ON BERRIES

F. M. Witt Has Received $1,771.43 from Straw-
berries Each Year for Seven Years in
Hardee County

(Florida Advocate, April 6, 1928)
What F. M. Witt, a Hardee county strawberry grower,
made on his berries this year is nothing out of the ordi-
nary for this county, but since the Advocate has so many
readers scattered all over this country as well as some in
Canada and England, it might not be amiss to let our
out-of-state readers know just what we call "ordinary"
profits down here in Hardee county.
Mr. Witt has just completed his seventh consecutive
year of growing strawberries for market here in Hardee
county, and during those seven years has never made a
failure. Naturally, he believes in strawberries as a safe
money crop.
Mr. Witt lived just south of Wauchula for four years,
but during the last three years has lived three miles east
of Bowling Green, so he has tried both sections of the
county as far as growing strawberries is concerned. He
came to this county from Bradford county, Florida, and
his first experience growing berries here was in 1922,
although he had previously raised them in Bradford
county, which likewise is a berry-growing section.
In 1922 Mr. Witt planted two acres, from which he
marketed $2,200 worth of strawberries at the Wauchula


platform. The following year he planted three acres and
sold $2,000 worth.
The next year he planted two and one-half acres, from
which he sold approximately $2,000 worth. In 1925 his
cash berry sales amounted to $2,100 on three acres. Then
he moved to Bowling Green.
In 1926 he sold $1,988 worth of berries on two acres,
while last year he sold $1,000 worth from one acre. This
year, 1928, he sold $1,106 worth of berries from one acre.
The average for the seven years amounts to $1,771.43,
with the average acreage being two and seven-tenths.
This spring his berry sales amounted to 5,902 pints,
which brought an average price of 18.7 cents a pint f. o. b.
the platform at Bowling Green. This was an exception-
ally cold season in Florida, as anyone will testify, and
Mr. Witt did not take any precaution against the cold.
He simply set his plants, many of them as late as Decem-
ber. Then he worked them, let the cold come when it
would, and harvested what happened to be left. He fig-
ures he lost several hundred dollars by not covering his
plants when the cold wave came.
So what he has done is nothing out of the ordinary.
In fact, there are many who have bettered his record by
several dollars, but we doubt if there are many farmers
in states other than Florida who have averaged $1,771.43
on two and seven-tenths acres of land for seven years.
And we didn't take into consideration the corn, cucum-
bers, tomatoes and other crops he made at the same time.
Asked for his opinion on growing berries in Hardee
county, Mr. Witt told the Advocate reporter: "I think it
is the safest crop a man can grow here." His record
shows that he knows what he is talking about.

WORK ON HUGE MILL STARTED

Sugar Refinery at Clewiston to Have Big
Output

(Special to Times-Union, April 2, 1928)
Clewiston, April 1.-More than fifty carloads of ma-
terial, totalling approximately 2,500,000 pounds, are now
on the ground at the site of the new 1,500-ton a day
sugar mill at Clewiston, and erection of the structural
steel will be started early this month, it was announced
today by William G. Ames, consulting engineer for the
Southern Sugar Company, supervising the mill construc-
tion. The mill will be ready for operation in December
this year, Mr. Ames said.
Since last December, when Governor Martin turned the
first spadeful of dirt to start construction of the mill,
work has been going steadily forward, more than two
miles of railroad track have been laid and 4,000 yards of
concrete poured for the great foundations on which the
heavy mill machinery will rest.
A two-story office building has also been completed at
the mill site.
The mill will be operated by four boilers of 500 h. p.
each and will be almost entirely electrified. The unit to
be completed this year consists of a crusher, a shredder
and a nine-roll mill.
While work on the mill construction is steadily pro-
gressing, activity in the thousands of acres of sugar cane
fields is being pushed to provide the 1928 meal for the
mill.
The planting program is now complete, and according
to conservative estimates the cane produced this year
will amount to 150,000 tons, or a season of 100 days
grinding.









FLORIDA REVIEW 9


BETTER SERVICE IN FORECASTING FOR
CITRUS MEN

Weather Bureau Will Send Eight Specialists to
Florida Next Winter

(Miami News, March 30, 1928)
Tampa, March 29.-(A. P.)-Citrus growers of Flor-
ida, whose trees and fruit suffered damage from frost
and freezing weather during the last two years, were
promised an extensive system of weather forecasting in
the future that should result in greatly increased pro-
tection.
J. B. Kincer, of Washington, a representative of the
agricultural meteorological division of the federal
weather bureau, who is completing a tour of the Florida
citrus belt, announced this today.
Although the state has no appropriation for the sup-
port of an extensive frost and cold wave forecasting
service, Mr. Kincer said his department had arranged
to establish stations in from six to ten different parts of
the citrus belt before next winter.
"In this service," Mr. Kincer said, "we are able, in
addition to the regular weather bureaus in the state, to
put into the citrus sections eight specialists to cooperate
with the growers in making temperature surveys. This
gives the localized forecast to the growers so accurately
that those in nearby sections will know what to expect
even down to individual groves."

HARVEST OF 50,000,000 ACRES EXPORTED
LAST YEAR

(National Farm News)
The output of approximately 50,000,000 acres of
American farm land was represented in last year's ex-
ports of cotton, wheat, wheat flour, barley and rye, ac-
cording to an estimate by the Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Commerce of the Commerce Department, an-
nounced recently by Dr. Julius Klein, Director. Official
figures gives the combined value of these exports during
1927 as $1,226,266,045. It is estimated that from
112,000,000 to 120,000,000 acres were required to pro-
duce the entire domestic crop of these commodities.
In announcing the estimate, prepared on request,
Dr. Klein pointed out that the export acreage figures
would be increased materially if consideration was given
to other leading commodities, such as tobacco, corn, corn
fed pork, and cotton textiles.
Nearly 9,500,000 bales of cotton, valued at $826,-
000,000, found their way into foreign countries during
1927. It is estimated that it required about 30,000,000
acres of land to produce just the raw cotton exports.
During the calendar year 1927 export trade in wheat,
wheat flour, barley and rye amounted to 8,337,000 short
tons, representing the production of about 20,000,000
acres.
The largest share of the cotton was shipped to Ger-
many, that country taking about 2,611,000 bales, valued
at $230,695,000. The United Kingdom imported
1,694,000 bales, valued at $140,167,000, while Japan, the
third ranking country in our cotton export trade, took
1,437,000 bales. France followed with 945,000; Italy,
670,000; Russia, 475,000; Spain, 315,000; British India,
262,000; Belgium, 266,000; Canada, 264,000; China,
243,000; and the Netherlands, 135,000.
Flour exports during 1927 represented 12,826,000
barrels. In addition to the acreage and farm labor repre-


sented by this figure export shipments of flour also in-
volve the labor of more than 3,000 men working in over
450 average sized mills every working day of the year.
Export trade in flour represents over ten per cent of the
country's entire flour trade. Our largest flour markets
are the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Cuba, China,
Brazil, Germany, and the Philippines.
The bulk of the export of wheat grain during 1927
found its way to the principal European countries such
as the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, Germany,
France, Belgium, Greece and the Irish Free State. Im-
portant buyers outside of Europe were Japan and Brazil.
It is interesting to note, according to Dr. Klein, that
from 200,000 to 250,000 freight cars were necessary to
haul the flour and grain products to seaboard for ship-
ment to foreign markets.


FLORIDA CATTLE REMARKABLY FREE OF
TUBERCULOSIS

(Florida State News, April 3, 1928)
Washington, D. C., March 30.-(A. P.)-Tuberculosis
tests conducted in Florida in February resulted in only
three reactions out of 1,908 cattle tested, the monthly
report of the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Bureau
of Animal Industry shows.
The report covers tuberculosis eradication work for
the entire country, carried on in cooperation with the
various states. In Florida the operations are under State
Veterinarian J. V. Knapp, and are in direct charge of Dr.
J. G. Fish.
The report shows that during the month, 77,373 cattle
were recorded as free of tuberculosis after being tested
once, and that 18,493 had been placed on the accredited
list.
The total cattle under supervision was 119,918, and the
total on the "waiting list," 3,000.
For the whole of the United States 741,776 cattle un-
derwent tests with 17,768 reactions; 464 counties of the
different states were accredited; 14,785,948 cattle were
"once-tested-free," 2,101,021 were accredited; 20,098,272
were under supervision, and 3,816,991 were on the "wait-
ing list."


FLAGLER COUNTY HAS 2,200 ACRES IN
IRISH POTATOES


(St. Augustine Record, April 8, 1928)
Bunnell, April 7.-Flagler county has this season ap-
proximately 2,200 acres planted to early Irish potatoes,
according to L. T. Nieland, county agricultural agent for
this county.
Growers are expecting a crop of the finest quality. The
crop is usually harvested here in late March, April and
early part of May, the annual income being between
$1,500,000 and $2,000,000 from this crop alone.
Co-operative method of buying and selling among the
potato growers is steadily gaining ground in Flagler
county, said Mr. Nieland, who further said that five years
ago Flagler county had 65 acres in the co-operative asso-
ciation, while in 1928 there will be 1,500. The Hastings
Potato Growers' Association operates in this county,
members here holding equal privileges and power as those
in St. Johns and Putnam counties, where the organiza-
tion first began operations.









10 FLORIDA REVIEW


CENTRAL FLORIDA PICTURE OF CHARM
THIS TIME OF YEAR

(St. Augustine Record, April 8, 1928)
Jacksonville, April 7.-Orange groves laden with fruit
and blossoms; strawberries reddening in the warm sun-
shine; row after row of lettuce, fully matured; mam-
moth celery beds, green and healthy; alluring lakes that
invite fishing; numerous hills upon whose crest stand
beautiful homes; ribbons of highways leading in every
direction and to new wonderlands; people hurrying every-
where, and on every hand the reflection of general pros-
perity-that is central Florida.
There is a certain magnetic charm about this beautiful
hill country that defies description. Every turn in the
road reveals new charms, more wonderful allurements,
until the task of telling the story is hopeless. Nature has
done its best in this region and smiles at words any one
may conjure up in an effort to describe its handiwork.
In this hill country back of Orlando, stretching down
to the Gulf of Mexico beyond Plant City, a few years ago
inaccessible in many places by automobiles, there is
springing into being hamlets that soon will be towns, and
towns that soon will be cities. In this section can be seen
an object lesson in what good roads, built judiciously,
will bring to any state. Any motorist who travels that
way finds this vast fairyland easily and comfortably
traversed.

$1,500,000 GIVEN TO COMMON SCHOOLS

Sum Distributed to State of Florida Over Period
of Nine Months

(Miami Herald, April 2, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., April 1.-(A. P.)-The State of
Florida has distributed over a million and a half dollars
to its common schools in the past nine months, a re-
capitulation of apportionments at the State Department
of Public Instruction shows.
Distribution of the so-called "equalization fund" estab-
lished by act of the 1927 legislature for supporting the
common schools, made a short time ago, brought the total
apportioned by the state among the public schools of the
67 counties to $1,563,358.29.
The 1927 legislature by adopting an act providing for
creation of what is known as the "public free school
fund," made possible the distribution of hundreds of
thousands of dollars over the two funds from which reve-
nue had for a number of years been derived, namely, the
one-mill tax and the interest on the state school fund.
With adoption of the "public free school fund," how-
ever, which became effective in July, 1927, the distribu-
tion of four other funds was made possible. They in-
clude the interest derived from all public funds in bank
depositories over the state, and proceeds of a one-cent
gasoline tax, a Y -mill tax, and, from a certain portion of
the new funds, the equalization fund.
A portion of the new fund is being set aside for per-
manent buildings at the higher institutions of learning.
Beginning with last July the State Department of
Public Instruction, by authority of the 1927 legislative
act, began the quarterly distribution of funds to the com-
mon schools. The various apportionments follow:
From the one-mill tax, in July, 1927, $210,298.20;
October, 1927, $89,905.20, and in January, 1928, $155,-
348.94. Total, $455,552.34.


From the interest on the state funds, in July, 1927,
$122,673.95; October, $29,968.40, and January, 1928,
$89,938.86. Total, $243,381.21.
From the interest on the public funds in banks over
the state, in July, 1927, $17,462.97; October, $16,304.04;
January, 1928, $10,873.44. Total, $44,640.45.
One-cent gasoline tax, none in July; October, $124,-
997.64; January, 1928, $252,807.48. Total, $377,805.12.
One-fourth mill tax, in January, 1928, only $10,873.44.
From the "equalization fund," distributed on February
20, only $430,905.73.
All of the funds except the equalization are being dis-
tributed quarterly according to the average daily at-
tendance. The equalization fund is distributed to those
counties levying a certain tax millage of their own, and
the proceeds are being used to supplement county funds
for maintaining the lower schools for a minimum term of
five months.
The added revenue for the common schools was made
possible through the adoption of an amendment to the
State Constitution, voted upon in the general election of
1926.

IOWA FARM DEBT

(News Service of Iowa Department of Agriculture)
Des Moines, Iowa, March, 1928.-Iowa farmers are
paying at least $80,000,000 interest annually on their
mortgage indebtedness, according to an estimate made
by the Iowa Department of Agriculture. This is a fixed
charge that has not changed much in the last few years,
regardless of income. For the year 1927 it was more
than 11 per cent of the gross income of Iowa farms.
More than one-third of the capital investment of Iowa
farms in land, buildings and livestock, is borrowed. More
than one and one-half billion dollars is secured by real
estate mortgages. The amount of chattel mortgages and
unsecured notes is not known.
Iowa is still amply solvent, but is carrying a tremend-
ous burden of debt that would crush any other similar
area dependent upon agricultural production. More than
half of this debt has accumulated since the Armistice was
signed.
It is a hopeful sign that this debt is being very slowly
reduced the last three years. The rate of reduction has a
direct relationship to the purchasing power of the farm
dollar which for the United States as a whole has risen
from 69 cents to 91 cents in the last six years. In Iowa
this situation is slightly less favorable than for the coun-
try as a whole.

$9,000,000 WORTH FLORIDA HOTELS ARE
AUTHORIZED

(St. Augustine Record, April 8, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., April 7.-(A. P.)-The State Hotel
Department, during the year 1927, authorized the con-
struction of upwards of $9,000,000 worth of hotels and
restaurants in Florida, according to figures compiled in
the department.
The year saw the issuance of 340 permits for restau-
rants with a valuation of $1,336,858.29.
The southwestern section led the other portions of the
state in hotel building, as far as valuation was concerned,
and in the number of permits obtained for restaurants.
The northeastern section was first in the number of
hotel permits and second in the valuation of such build-
ings, and the central district was ahead in the value of
the restaurants authorized.









FLORIDA REVIEW 11


15-Foot Sugar Cane at Clewiston, Fla.
Cane was 11% months in the ground at the time of picture. The
type known as POJ 2714 promises to be among the
most successful cane in this section.

WOODMEN OF WORLD BUYING FLORIDA
BONDS-WANT MORE

Col. Jewell, Leader of Rich Order, Expresses
Unlimited Faith in State-Ten Million
Already Invested

(St. Petersburg Independent, April 6, 1928)
Woodmen of the World hold between $80,000,000 and
$90,000,000 in bonds, 70 per cent of which are issued
from states south of the Mason-Dixon line, and between
$8,000,000 and $10,000,000 of which are Florida bonds,
and the society, one of the richest and largest fraternal
orders in the world, considers Florida bonds a good in-
vestment, and wants more, according to Col. B. W. Jewell,
sovereign adviser of the Woodmen of the World, who is
also chairman of the board of directors of the Globe Life
Insurance Company, stock in which is held by Woodmen
members.
Colonel Jewell, who is one of the business heads of the
organization, and one of the men who decide on its in-
vestments, made this emphatic statement yesterday, dur-
ing an interview, in which he opened his books, giving
information on the society's investments, and showing
that the organization has purchased in the past few years
more than $500,000 worth of Pinellas county bonds, in-
cluding several hundred thousand of the city of St. Peters-
burg bonds.
The chairman of the board, who has been spending the
winter in the state, made an official visit to the local lodge
and is remaining for a few days' rest before continuing
his motor trip through the state.
Praises the State
He has been coming to Florida for more than 30 years
and has watched the development of the state in all its
sections.
"You ask me what I think of it? I'll tell you. It has
absolutely the best prospect of any state in the United
States today, and I have been in every one of them, and
most of the larger cities as well. You have climate-a
climate superior to any in the country. And you have
every resource to develop into one of the richest states
in the country.


"And St. Petersburg? Well, this city is one of the
finest in Florida. Its people are friendly, you do much
for your visitors, and, above all, every one, all over the
country, speaks well of St. Petersburg. This city, too, is
destined to grow."
Backs Up His Praise
Old stuff, perhaps the reader will say, but Colonel
Jewell continued by showing the amount of investments
the society has made in Pinellas county bonds alone.
There was an issue of $68,000 of Clearwater school bonds,
an issue of county road bonds in the sum of $100,000,
an issue of St. Petersburg improvement bonds in the sum
of $16,000, an issue of county school bonds in the sum
of $19,500, another issue of St. Petersburg bonds in the
sum of $153,000, another of St. Petersburg school bonds
for $20,000, a $30,000 issue of St. Petersburg bonds, an-
other $100,000 issue of St. Petersburg bonds, and still
another $79,000 issue of St. Petersburg bonds.
Will Take More
"And we'll take more. We consider Florida bonds an
absolutely safe investment," said Colonel Jewell, backing
up his previous praise for the state with a willingness to
invest hard cash in its securities.
"I have been coming to the state for many years and
have watched its development. You are only just in the
beginning of things. What has gone before is only foun-
dation work.
"It was unfortunate, of course, that many came down
here and tried to make a fortune with little money. It's
unfortunate that people come here and expect to make
money on farms with only a limited capital. It takes
money everywhere to do things right.
Rich Organization
The Woodmen of the World, said Colonel Jewell, has
assets of $135,577,671, as of March 1, this year. On
that date more than $2,000,000 of this total was in cash.
He explained the growth of the order, which he helped
to organize 30 years ago next June 5, and which has
grown to have a membership of between 700,000 and
800,000.
In recent years, he said, the Globe Life Insurance Com-
pany was organized by the society. Only members hold
stock, but policies are sold to members and non-mem-
bers. W. A. Fraser, president of the company, is one
of the ablest insurance men in the country, Colonel
Jewell stated, and he has been in Florida this winter, his
trip fully selling him on the possibilities of this state
and its financial stability.
May Build Home for Aged
The colonel was asked relative to plans to move the
national headquarters. That is a matter that has not yet
been decided, he said. He was asked with reference to
plans to build a home for the aged, and where it would
be located. This is another matter still pending, he said.
The society maintains a tuberculosis hospital at San An-
tonio, Texas, at present.

CARLOAD OF LOCAL TANGERINES SOLD
AT BOSTON BY MAXCY

(Sebring American, March 20, 1928)
A carload of tangerines from this section of the state
was sold Monday in Boston by the Gregg Maxcy Com-
pany for $4,230, the American was informed today.
The tangerines averaged $11 per strap (two boxes) while
the golden brought $10.40. This is the highest price for
tangerines paid this season, it is announced.










FLRIA EVE


MARION COUNTY GROUP CONTESTS

Auspices Marion County Chamber of Commerce
Group 1.-Dairying
Prizes-First, $100.00; second, $75.00; third, $50.00;
fourth, $30.00; fifth, $15.00.
Basis of Award.-Maximum of production with mini-
mum cost. Records to be kept of each cow in accord-
ance with record chart of the Extension Division, Experi-
ment Station, Gainesville. Each contestant must have
five or more cows. Inventory must be made of all cows
at beginning of contest. Extension dairyman will help
in this. Minimum number contestants, ten.
Machinery for Carrying on Project.-Extension Dairy-
man, H. L. Brown, Gainesville; County Agent, Clyde
Norton, and Agricultural Committee of the Chamber of
Commerce will render every assistance.
Length of Contest.-April 1 to November 1. There-
after, November 1 to November 1.
Judging.-Carried on with assistance of the Extension
forces, Gainesville.
Group 2-Poultry Family Flock
Prizes-First, $60.00; second, $40.00; third, $20.00.
Basis of Award.-Maximum production with minimum
cost. Records must be kept in accordance with record
book of the Extension Poultryman, N. R. Mehrhof,
Gainesville. Each contestant must have a minimum of
50 hens and not more than 300. Inventory must be made
of all hens in the beginning of contest. Extension forces
will help in this. Minimum number contestants, ten.
Machinery for Carrying on Project.-Extension Poul-
tryman, Clyde Norton; County Agent and Agricultural
Committee of the Marion County Chamber of Commerce.
Length of Contest.-April 1 to November 1. There-
after, November 1 to November 1.
Judging.-Carried on with the assistance of the Ex-
tension forces, Gainesville.
Group 3-Poultry Commercial Flock
Prizes-First, $60.00; second, $40.00; third, $20.00.
Basis of Award.-Maximum of production with mini-
mum cost. Records to be kept in accordance with record
book approved by the Poultry Department, Extension
Division, Experiment Station, Gainesville. Each con-
testant must have a minimum of 300 hens. Inventory
must be made of all hens at beginning of contest. Mini-
mum number entrants, ten.
Machinery for Carrying on Project.-N. R. Mehrhof,
Poultry Extension Leader, Gainesville; Clyde Norton,
County Agent, and Agricultural Committee of the Marion
County Chamber of Commerce.
Length of Contest.-April 1 to November 1. There-
after, November 1 to November 1.
Judging.-Carried on with the co-operation of the Ex-
tension forces, Gainesville.
Group 4-Boys' Pig Club
Prizes-Grand Champion-Trip to International Live-
stock Show, Chicago. Boy to take trip year prize won.
$125.00. Reserve Champion-Scholarship to Boys' Short
Course, Gainesville, and $10.00 in cash.
Basis of Award.-All registered animals must be regis-
tered in the name of the club member competing. Mini-
mum number contestants, ten.
Animals must be shown at Marion County Fair, No-
vember, 1928.
Record book furnished by State Club Agent, R. W.
Blacklock, or such record as he and the Agricultural Com-
mittee of the Marion County Chamber of Commerce may
approve, must be kept. Record book must be handed in
before animal is exhibited at the County Fair.


Champion in breeding pig club and champion in
barrow club to be selected under regulation club rules.
The records, the exhibits, and the showmanship of the
boys to be considered by judge in selecting Grand Cham-
pion. The winner to be awarded Grand Championship
and the other the reserve championship.
All pigs must have been owned and cared for by club
member competing for at least one hundred days.
Machinery for Carrying on Project.-Extension forces
at Gainesville, County Agent and Agricultural Committee
of the Marion County Chamber of Commerce.
Length of Contest.-Begin April 1st and closes with
November 1st.
Judging.-Carried on with assistance of extension
forces at Gainesville.
Group 5-Boys' Calf Club
Prizes.-Grand Champion-Trip to National Dairy
Show, following fair at which prize is won ($75.00 to
$100.00). Reserve Champion-Scholarship to Boys'
Short Course at Gainesville and $10.00 in cash.
Basis of Award.-Champion in cow club and champion
in heifer club to be selected under regulation club rules.
The records, the exhibits and the showmanship of the
boys to be considered by judge in selecting grand cham-
pion. The winner to be awarded grand championship and
the other the reserve championship. Minimum number
contestants, ten.
For the first year, all calves must have been owned and
cared for by boy competing for at least 150 days. After
first year, animal must have been owned and cared for by
club member for at least twelve months.
Calves must be halter broke.
Machinery for Carrying on Project.-Supervised by
State Club Agent, County Agent and Agricultural Com-
mittee of the Marion County Chamber of Commerce.
Length of Contest.-From April first to November first,
1928. Thereafter, November first to November first.
Judging.-Carried on with assistance of Extension
forces, Gainesville.
Group 6-Girls' Home Gardening and Canning Club
Prizes.-First, $50.00; second, two $25.00 prizes; third,
three $15.00 prizes; fourth, five $5.00 prizes.
Basis of Award.-A variety of seasonable fresh vege-
tables on the table, with ample canning for the winter
months. The greatest showing with the minimum cost.
Records to be kept in accordance with instructions from
Home Demonstration Agent and meeting the approval of
the Agricultural Committee of the Marion County Cham-
ber of Commerce. Minimum number contestants, fifteen.
Group 7-Home and Farm Site Beautification (Exterior)
Prizes.-First, $100.00; second, $75.00; third, $40.00.
Basis of Award.-General appearance of the farm-
stead and grounds, 40%; uniformity of general design,
20%; lawn, 20%, and seasonable planting-flowers and
shrubbery-20 %.
Minimum of 20 must enter before this contest becomes
binding on the Marion County Chamber of Commerce.
A monthly report of activity must be made in accord-
ance with instructions of Home Demonstration Agent
and meeting the approval of the Beautification Commit-
tee of the Marion County Chamber of Commerce.
Machinery for Carrying on Project.-County Demon-
stration Agent, Home Demonstration Department and
Beautification Committee of the Marion County Chamber
of Commerce.
Length of Contest.-April 1st to November 1st.
Judging.-To be conducted under direction of Home
Demonstration Agent and Beautification Committee of
the Marion County Chamber of Commerce.


FLORIDA


REVIEW










FLORIDA REVIEW


LARGE TIMBERS GOING TO FILL BIG
ORDER IN EAST

Putnam Lumber Company at Shamrock Load-
ing Schooner with Big Timbers of
Long Leaf Yellow Pine

(Dixie County News, March 29, 1928)
The Putnam Lumber Company are shipping out a big
order this week consisting of a large shipment of timber
for a firm in Portland, the timber being shipped by rail
to Jacksonville where it is loaded on the schooner Alvena,
which is docked at Commodore Point on the St. Johns
river.
Carload after carload has gone out of Shamrock this
week to fill the large order, one shipment of 12 car loads
being of one size, 4%3 by 10 inches, 20 feet long; 127,000
feet was sent at one time and all the same size.
Immense timbers measuring 16 by 16 inches and 25 to
45 feet in length are also in the order, there being 75,000
feet of these huge yellow pine timbers of the highest
grade.
Other sizes included in the order is for 45,000 feet of
3 by 10 inches, 22 feet long, and also a large order for
6 by 12, 22 feet in length.
The sorting and loading of this big order is an interest-
ing sight, and many have watched the loading of the big
timbers which present a pretty sight, every piece being
dressed on all sides and selected from the best yellow pine
timber to be found in the vast acreage of the company.
John Hecker, superintendent of the big mill at Sham-
rock, states that the demand for lumber has increased to
some extent in the past few weeks, and hopes are enter-
tained by the lumber men that the demand will be much
better than it has been for the past year or eighteen
months.
Timber produced here is said to be the finest grade
that can be secured in the south, and the Putnam Lumber
Company have an enviable reputation for the fine quality
of their product on the markets of the world.
Announcement of greater expansion around the big
plant will, no doubt, be made shortly, which will make
Shamrock one of the leading lumber centers in this sec-
tion of the south and one of the largest in the state.

PROSPECTS BRIGHT FOR BIG CROP OF
GRAPEFRUIT

(St. Petersburg Times, March 31, 1928)
Clearwater, March 30.-Prospects of a bumper crop of
Pinellas county's superfine quality grapefruit seem to
be excellent according to observations of the local grow-
ers, who rate the present "bloom" as of the best in years,
and who say that the March rains have come at most
auspicious times. Plans are under way by the county
agricultural department for cooperative steps to improve
the entire appearance of the local fruit, and take steps
to aid in its distribution.

NEW INDUSTRY MAY BE LOCATED HERE

(Pensacola News, March 31, 1928)
An effort is being made by the Delagado Co., of New
Orleans, to locate a site here for the establishment of
warehouse for distribution of peat moss.
The product, according to information received by the
Chamber of Commerce, is used in the manufacture of
fertilizer and chicken feed.


ARMOUR PLANT IS REOPENED TODAY IN
JACKSONVILLE

(St. Augustine Record, April 6, 1928)
Jacksonville, April 6.-Slaughtering of cattle for local
consumption and interstate shipments will be resumed
today at the old Armour plant on Talleyrand avenue.
For seven years the plant's facilities for such purposes
have been idle, but activity is to begin under the direc-
tion of the Southern Meat Corporation, Phillip Katz of
Rockhill, Mass., manager in charge, lessees of a portion
of the available space at the plant.
Dr. F. W. Beck, veterinary inspector of the Bureau of
Animal Industry of the United States Department of
Agriculture, has been appointed to take care of the in-
spection at the new plant, it was announced yesterday by
Dr. E. F. Haven, inspector in charge of the bureau's meat
inspection work in Florida. The plant will be Jackson-
ville's fourth institution receiving federal inspection
service which allows the shipment of meats interstate.
Workmen have been active at the Armour plant for
some time in reconditioning the leased portion for the
Southern Meat Corporation's use, it was announced yes-
terday by Mark Hyde, of the Armour Company. More
than $10,000 has been expended by the corporation in
the renovation work, he estimated, declaring the plant to
be "the finest in America today."
Between thirty and forty men are to be employed by
the Southern Meat Corporation. The floor will have a
capacity of 200 head a day, Mr. Hyde estimated.

FLORIDA CITRUS EXCHANGE TO HANDLE
CALIFORNIA DECIDUOUS FRUIT

(Farm and Grove Section, March, 1928)
The Florida Citrus Exchange has been awarded the
contract to handle the sales of the Pacific Fruit Exchange
of California, which has a tonnage of deciduous fruits
aggregating several thousands of cars annually. Closing
of the contract was announced by C. C. Commander,
general manager of the Exchange, last week.
From the viewpoint of the state citrus industry, the
deal is considered one of the most outstanding develop-
ments of the year, and one which may have far-reaching
influence on the state's citrus situation. The outstand-
ing feature of the added prestige and strength given the
Florida Citrus Exchange is one of the principal factors
in the Florida citrus field. The fact that the Exchange
was selected over all other national marketing agencies,
private and cooperative, alone is sufficient to attract more
attention to it.
A large volume of the deciduous fruits is marketed
during the off season for citrus. This will permit the
Exchange to maintain a strong sales organization through-
out the country the year around, instead of reducing to
a skeleton force during the period of several months when
Florida citrus is off the market.
The account also will give the Exchange a large profit.
While the Exchange organization may have to be ex-
panded somewhat it is expected the added revenue will
pay the larger portion of the whole sales operation ex-
penses, materially reducing the cost to the grower mem-
bers of the Exchange. Officers of the Exchange look
forward to a reduction of the sales-retain of the mem-
bers, which they claim now is the lowest in the state.

Florida's state bird is the mocking bird. The state
flower is the orange blossom.


FLORIDA


REVIEW









14 FLORIDA REVIEW


FIRST TOMATOES DUE OUT TODAY

J. W. Ives to Barge Crates to Canal Point Dock
From Island Farm-Most Fruit
Comes Later

(Everglades News, March 30, 1928)
The first full car of tomatoes of the 1928 crop from
the upper Everglades is due to roll today (Friday). It
will be made up of cargoes from Little Kraemer Island
and will move on a barge that will dock at the F. E. C.
railroad's new slip on the lake front at the crossing of
the railroad and the Canal Point-Pahokee road. The
grower is J. W. Ives, who says the car will sell at around
$5 a crate f. o. b. The tomatoes are being packed on the
island.
There will be a few cars of tomatoes out in the first
weeks of April, but the deal will not get under way until
after April 20th.
What never happened in the upper Glades before is
that which is now going on-the setting of tomato plants
and the shipment of tomatoes in car load lots within a
week of the two occurrences. Several acres of tomatoes
were set between Pahokee and Belle Glade early this
week, the week in which the Ives car rolls.
Less hurt was done by the heavy rain two weeks ago
to tomatoes on the low ground of Pelican Lake bottom
than was estimated at that time. The weather for two
days following the rain was cool; this was better than if
the weather had been hot. The plants are righting them-
selves and the main effect of the rain was to delay the
growth.
Half an inch of rain fell Wednesday evening at Canal
Point, Pelican Lake bottom escaping. The rain was help-
ful to all vegetation in the area in which it fell.

CANNING PLANT IS MAKING SHIPMENTS

Carload of Grapefruit Goes to St. Louis This
Week

(The Arcadian, April 5, 1928)
A big carload of canned grapefruit was shpiped from
the local plant last week, according to Manager J. M.
Scoville. The car contained 1,407 cases, and was con-
signed to a customer in St. Louis, who had previously
handled the product of the Arcadia plant.
Early in the present month another carload is to go
out to a customer in Canada. This customer had also
handled the local product and upon this carlot order did
not even ask for samples, indicating that the canned fruit
had been entirely satisfactory.
The local plant made but a short season this year, due
in part to the shortage of fruit and also because of the
death of H. H. Scoville, formerly head of the concern
here. J. M. Scoville states that the estate of his brother
is in a fair way to be all settled up before another season
opens, and he hopes that it will be possible to operate
the plant for a complete season next year. Demand for
canned grapefruit is increasing as its popularity grows
and no difficulty is anticipated in marketing the output.
The local plant has been very successful, also, in salvag-
ing the large volume of juice, which formerly was wasted
in the process of canning. This can be sold locally for
use in soft drinks, and efforts to can it, either with sugar
or without, have also been quite successful. It is hoped
that in time a practical and profitable use will be found
for the skins and pulp, which up to now is a waste
product.


ENOUGH TIMBER BURNED IN STATE TO
BUILD 100,000 HOMES, COLLEGE
MAN SAYS

(Palm Beach Times, March 1, 1928)
Belle Glade, March 1.-(A. P.)-Enough timber is
being destroyed by fire yearly in Florida to construct a
hundred thousand houses, Dr. L. H. Pammel, professor
of botany, Iowa State College, told members of the local
Woman's Club in an address delivered here.
Dr. Pammel, who was formerly president of the Iowa
State Board of Conservation, was discussing forest fires
over the state which he described as "appalling."
"Many of these fires are started wilfully, deliberate
arson," he declared. "The people of Florida should no
longer tolerate this conflagration. If a man would set
fire to a house, he would be arrested for arson and sent
to jail. The deliberate setting of these forest fires is
arson."
Dr. Pammel expressed astonishment at his first sight
of the Everglades, which, he said, he had always asso-
ciated "with the Seminole Indians and saw grass and the
largest fresh water lake within the borders of a state."
"But I am surprised at the types of crops grown here
and the wonderful future possibilities of this region from
an agricultural standpoint." He urged that the Ever-
glades be drained.
"At one time," he said, "I was opposed to these drain-
age projects, but after seeing the Everglades I have
changed my mind. I am agreeably surprised."
He deplored the large number of fires in the Glades
area.
"We have been here since early January," he said,
"and the fires in the Glades have distressed me. It is
hard to estimate the loss the fires are doing. I suspect
this year alone the damage done to this rich fertile soil
is not far from $25,000,000. You are burning up in a
single year the fertility of a soil which it has taken thou-
sands of years to produce. There is no excuse for it.
These fires can be put out and you of present day Flor-
ida owe it to future generations to see that these fires
are stopped."
Dr. Pammel predicted that the Everglades would
eventually be one of the chief sugar producing states in
the Union when the area is developed properly.
He also urged that the people of Florida set aside a
portion of the Everglades to preserve the saw grass plants
and animals associated with it, and that area west of
Tallahassee containing nutmeg, or stinking cedar trees,
be preserved. The nearest relative to the latter, he said,
occurs in California.
Dr. Pammel also pleaded for preservation of the
Florida yew and white cedar.
"May I urge upon the people of Florida the importance
of preserving long stretches along the Atlantic ocean and
the Gulf of Mexico. I do not object to a highway, but
the state should control the water front and some areas
back of it, say from a few hundred feet to a thousand
feet or more. You would then have a series of parks
along the Atlantic ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The
common people have a right to demand that you give
them an outlet into the 'great out of doors.' "
Dr. Pammel also urged the establishment of a park on
Lake Okeechobee and another out of the Indian mound
area.

The largest satsuma orange grove in the world is near
Round Lake, in Jackson county. It covers 1,000 acres.











FLORIDA REVIEW


Student Directed Classes Bring Good Results
Indian River County specializes in Citrus Culture. Boys in the
Vero Beach High School are striving to retain the high standards
by learning early in life the best cultural methods. This is a
student directed class in budding. R. J. Chance, Instructor.


DADE TOMATOES


(Everglades News, March 30, 1928)
Miami, March 27.-Movement of winter tomatoes from
the Redland and Homestead sections has started in large
quantities, with shipments aggregating 20 carloads a day,
L. E. Spencer, division freight agent of the Florida East
Coast railway, said yesterday. Tomato production was
retarded following the cold spell January 29.
The movement is expected to increase to about 100 cars
a day during the peak of the season, Mr. Spencer said.
About 1,000 carloads have been shipped this season and
it is expected there will be about 2,000 more carloads
before the season is over late in May.
Miami Curb Market
Cabbage, 75c per hamper; spinach, 60 to 90c per
hamper; green peas, $4 to $5.50 per hamper; yellow
squash, $2 to $2.75 per hamper; tomatoes, $4 to $6 per
crate; red Bliss potatoes, No. 1, $3.25 per crate; No. 2
$2.50 per crate; No. 3, $1.50 per crate; green onions, 60c
to 90c dozen bunches; carrots, 60c to 85c dozen bunches;
beets, 60c to 85c dozen bunches; collards, 40c to 50c
dozen bunches; mustard green, 60c to 75c dozen bunches;
radishes, 25c to 40c dozen bunches; green peppers, $1.50
to $2.50 crate; eggplant, $2 to $3.50 crate; strawberries,
40c to 60c quart.


WINTER VEGETABLE SEASON OPENED

Rapid Increase in Quantity and Variety of Pro-
duce Being Shipped

(Vero Beach Journal, March 30, 1928)
The rapid advance of the marketing season for winter
vegetables grown in Indian River county is providing em-
ployment for hundreds of men, women and children.
Bean fields are showing a normal yield of fine quality,
both green and wax, that are bringing good returns in
the markets. In the fields that escaped damage from
the recent cold weather the vines are thrifty and promise
a good yield. Several hundred hampers are going out
by express from the shipping stations in the county
daily.
Squash, peas, peppers, eggplant and potatoes are con-
tributing largely to the volume of produce going to the
northern markets. Several hundred acres of Irish pota-
toes will be ready to dig within a few weeks with indi-
cations of a fair yield of good quality. Watermelon
vines are making rapid growth and in many fields show
blooms and a few melons set. Cucumbers are making
a fine start with the opening of warm weather.
In the tomato fields hundreds of workers are kept busy
cultivating, fertilizing, spraying and pruning the plants.
The plants have reached varying stages according to the
time of planting and their protection from the cold
weather. Some fields show bloom and a few hands of
fruit set. Staking the vines in fields is not being prac-
ticed in this county excepting in a few instances. How-
ever, pruning and thinning of the plants is receiving more
attention than in former years.
The vegetable packing houses are being placed in order
and packing supplies received in readiness for the open-
ing of the shipping season early in April. The Marglobe
and Cooper Special are the varieties of tomatoes grown
most extensively in this section.

PENSACOLA BONDS BRING HIGH PRICES

(Times-Union, April 3, 1928)
Pensacola, April 2.-What is said by bond buyers one
of the best prices ever paid for Florida municipal bonds,
was realized by Pensacola today. An improvement issue
of $225,000 brought $237,210, or about $105.38, while
an issue of $100,000 for a public golf course brought
$105,260, or about $105.26. There were twenty-seven
national bond firms represented. W. L. Slayton and Com-
pany of Chicago bought both issues.

OUR FRUIT EXPORTS

(Clearwater Herald, April 3, 1928)
When we speak of American exports to other nations,
we are accustomed to think of automobiles, machinery,
grain and such products. It never occurs to us that fruit
is an item of any great importance.
But Department of Commerce figures for 1927 reveal
that the country's fruit exports in that year were worth
$60,000,000. Furthermore, they are rising rapidly; the
1927 figure is nearly double the figure for 1923.
Apples led the list, with a value of $30,000,000.
Oranges came next, followed in order by pears, grape-
fruit, grapes and lemons. England, it is interesting to
note, is the leading market for the first three items on
the list.


FLORIDA


REVIEW









16 FLORIDA REVIEW


POULTRYMEN TO FORM A SELLING
ORGANIZATION

Association Aims to Produce in County Suffi-
cient Eggs to Meet Demand Locally

(Ft. Lauderdale News, April 7, 1928)
There are consumed daily in this immedaite territory
approximately 2,500 dozens of eggs. The local daily pro-
duction is 350 dozen eggs, scarcely one-seventh enough to
supply the home market, according to O. S. Vaniman,
member of the board of directors of the recently organ-
ized Broward Poultry Association.
The association was organized for the protection and
development of the egg and poultry producing industry
of this county and to eliminate the necessity for local
residents to buy shipped-in eggs.
Policies and business forms of the association were
adopted at a meeting of the board of directors held at
the Broward county court house this morning. Members
present were L. M. White, R. C. Thomas, O. S. Vaniman,
I. O. Creeger and Carl Nye.
Eggs will be received by the association and paid for
on a basis of a daily pool. What the eggs bring in one
day will be paid to the producer on the next. A com-
mittee composed of Creeger and Vaniman was appointed
to procure temporary headquarters.
A retainer of five cents per dozen will be charged for
handling and marketing. All surplus will be returned to
the producers. Mr. Vaniman was appointed a committee
of one to work out plans for incorporation proceedings
at once.
There will be a general membership meeting held at
the court house at 2:30 p. m. next Saturday afternoon.
All persons interested in the production of poultry and
eggs in the county are extended invitations to attend.
The directors will meet Monday morning.

NEW FACTORIES FOR JACKSONVILLE

(Times-Union, April 3, 1928)
Announcement made recently of the securing of two
new industrial plants for Jacksonville was received with
pleasure and interest everywhere that people follow the
growth of this fine city. The concerns planning to come
here and establish branches of well-recognized establish-
ments have been studying the situation for some time,
and with the aid of the industrial department of the
Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce have become familiar
with the actual advantages and the great possibilities of
this city as a distributing point. The Linde Air Products
Company and the Prest-O-Lite Company have decided
that it would be advisable to locate here to manufacture
and handle their products through this port. No doubt
there were other Southern cities not far away which
would have been pleased to get these industries-but the
advantages of Jacksonville are becoming better known all
the time.
It is particularly interesting to find that the investiga-
tions and plans have developed to the extent of purchase
of property, for the construction of plants, and made
arrangements for active work to begin soon. The two
factories are units of the Union Carbide and Carbon Cor-
poration, of New York, which has already a hundred fac-
tories engaged as the Jacksonville plants will be, in
various parts of the country. It is said that the Linde
plant here will be the fifty-seventh of that particular line,
and the Prest-O-Lite establishment will take the number


forty-three. Both of the new factories send out finished
products in heavy steel containers, and the matter of
transportation is something that must be carefully con-
sidered.
Jacksonville offers the best means of distribution for
many things, and is steadily increasing its capacity for
handling every kind of goods and products. With railway
facilities directly connecting the principal points in the
country by the shortest routes and with splendid facilities
for water transportation, coastwise and foreign, through
carriage being regular and speedy for a very large area,
this city particularly appeals for increased industrial de-
velopment. The advance made along these lines in the
past five or six years is remarkable, and there are indica-
tions of greater industrial expansion in the near future.
Many of the things contributing to the attraction for
manufacturing are not generally understood by capitalists
looking for investment, but the chamber of commerce and
various other agencies for extension of information are
steadily bringing the facts into notice. The all-year cli-
mate is one of the hardest to establish in the minds of
those who have never lived a year in this city and section.
The fact that the mean temperature, winter and summer,
is such as to compare with any place in the world for
mildness and general agreeableness, is little understood
outside of the actual resident. Weather conditions allow
for the carrying on of any and all activities, twelve
months around, and manufacturing establishments never
stop work on account of either excessive cold or great
heat. The expense of keeping employes comfortable is
at a minimum in this latitude.

NEW PbTATOES ARE SOLD AT $14

Dick Beck, of Hastings, Ships First Barrel of
Season

(St. Augustine Record, April 8, 1928)
Hastings, April 7.-(Special to the Record)-The first
two carloads of Hastings potatoes, grown by Dick Beck,
and handled by the Bugbee Distributing Company, have
sold for $14 a barrel, f. o. b. Hastings. The crop from
a tract of twenty acres on Mr. Beck's farm is averaging
40 barrels to the acre. This is the first time in a number
of years that the Federal Point farmers have failed to
ship the first several carloads from this section. The
spuds from the Beck farm launch the movement of a six
million dollar crop in the Hastings section.

TOMATO SHIPMENTS INCREASE DAILY

(Dade County Times, April 6, 1928)
According to statement of J. Hugh Davis, agent for the
Baltimore and Carolina S. S. line, the shipment of toma-
toes by water has more than doubled during the past ten
days. Shipments were small for some time, but crops
planted after the freeze have begun to arrive at the pick-
ing stage and heavy shipments are expected for some
weeks now. Rail shipments have also increased.

Diatomite, a rare mineral being produced in Lake
county, is recovered from the bed of a lake near Clermont
with dredges.

Florida ships hundreds of tons of Spanish moss, which
is utilized in the manufacture of mattress and automo-
bile cushions. Wewahitchka is the center of the in-
dustry.




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