PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
APRIL 16, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Speech of Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture ............ 1
Thirty Carloads of Hogs Shipped Out of Gadsden .................... 3
First Cucumbers Appear in W auchula ...... ............................. 3
Iowa Botanist Is Collecting State Plants .... ..................... .......... 3
Splendid Financial Condition of Gadsden....... .................... ......... 3
Florida Fruits Find Expanding British Market........................ 4
Milk To Be Shipped Into Florida From Holland ................... 4
Tomato Prices Soar Aloft as Crops Lessen .................................. 4
Summary of Nineteenth Week of Egg-Laying Contest.................. 4
Spring Shipping Season Opens With High Prices ....... .......... 5
U. S. Butter Production Record Is Broken by Holstein Cow ........ 5
Plan Mixing Shipments in Transit. ........................................ 5
Citrus Bloom Indicates Heavy Crop Next Season.......................... 5
Tampa Second in List W ith Motor Boats .................................... 6
Florida's Building for February $4,664,800 .................................. 6
Good Gains Seen in Production of Local Truck Crop ............... 6
Florida Twenty-seventh Largest Export State............................. 6
Hunters Kill One Thousand Deer ...... .................................... 7
South's Crop Valued at $3,612,131,000............................. .... ... 7
Florida Crop of Tobacco To Be Large ......................................... 8
Canaveral Man Going in for Trruck Growing ......................... 8
Low Excursion Rates to Florida......................... ................ .. 8
Ordinance Passed to Protect Buyers ................. ............... ... 8
A New Industry for This Section ......................................... ... 8
Five Hundred Acres Planted in Beans This Year.......................... 8
Good Traffic in Fertilizer.... .......... ............................................... 9
W hat M akes It T under? ............................................................. 9
Price of Dried Eggs From China Rises .......................................... 9
Florida Manufactures Over $27,000,000 Worth of Cigars ............. 9
Interesting Fruit and Vegetable Facts .................................... 10
T hirty T thousand M millionaires ......................................................... 10
One Hundred and Forty-one Canneries in Florida ..................... 11
Georgia Men Start Plant Shipping Job................................. ......... 11
H ighlanders Get $4,000 Car of Fruit ............................................. 11
Indian River County Produce in Demand..... ................................. 12
Twenty-six Thousand Passengers Carried to Miami by Clyde Line 12
Pinellas Road System Is M odel...................................... ........... 12
A G eorgia M a rket...................... ........................................................ 12
Florida Insurance Spends Less Than Any Other State ............... 13
Big Bulb Nursery Plant Is Started ............................................. 13
Russians Like Florida Roads ........................................ ............. 13
Vegetables on Move From Here and Elsewhere ........................... 14
Farm ers Find Co-operation Pays........... ......... ............................... 14
Florida Cacti May Be Edison's Rubber Reward.......................... 14
M ushroom s on Public M arket................................... ...................... 14
Papaya Is Put Up to American Can Company for Try.................. 15
County H atchery Is Flourishing. .. .............................. ... .. .......... 15
Largest Field of Celery Growing in This County........ ................ 15
Big Extraction Plant Enlarging .................................. .................. 15
Thirteen Cars Spuds Rolled Since Monday...................... ............. 16
Measure Approved for Overseas Highway...................................... 16
Postal Receipts in Florida Double During Five Years ................ 16
First Shipm ent of Radishes M ade........ .............................. .......... 16
W est Florida Counties Are to Get Cattle............................. .......... 16
Celery Stalk Weighs Over Six Pounds.......................................... 16
SPEECH OF NATHAN MAYO, COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE
ANNUAL MEETING OF FOOD AND DRUG OFFICIALS OF THE SOUTHEASTERN STATES,
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MARCH 28, 1928
MR. CHAIRMAN AND GENTLEMEN OF THE
f ET me assure you of my sincere pleasure
at being privileged to attend this meet-
ing. I feel that we of Florida are under
great obligations to you folks from neigh-
boring states who have come here to give us the
opportunity to hear your program and to sit
with you in conference about our common prob-
lems and tasks.
The enforcement of law is a much-discussed
subject in these latter days. You gentlemen
will no doubt be in position to sympathize with
me when I discuss this subject. All good citi-
zens, whether they be charged with the enforce-
ment of laws or not, are nevertheless charged
with the duty of obeying laws, and therefore
should be concerned in their enforcement.
My experience as Commissioner of Agricul-
ture during the last four years has brought me
face to face with conditions involved in the ad-
ministration of our Florida law on citrus fruit,
and it is about this law and conditions related
to it that I desire to talk today.
May I remind you gentlemen from other
states that Florida will receive from its 1927
crop of citrus around fifty million dollars?
While this is not our State's largest industry, it
is an industry which is bound to grow larger as
our growers learn the lesson of uniformity in
production, grading and packing, and that other
much-needed lesson of co-operative marketing.
The markets of the old country are just begin-
ning to appreciate our oranges and grapefruit.
Florida is now exporting citrus across the ocean
by the ship-load, the first solid cargo of this kind
having cleared from the port here in Jackson-
ville last December. Florida, therefore, has
what we believe to be a special right to be
vitally interested in correct legislation on the
subject of citrus.
FLORIDA CITRUS LAW
We believe that our present citrus law is a
modern control measure which will afford pro-
tection to consumer and producer alike. The
consumer is entitled to high-grade products.
No misrepresentation should be allowed in the
marketing of our citrus. On the other hand,
the producer who earnestly strives to place on
the markets of the world grapefruit and oranges
of superior quality is justified in demanding that
the laws governing the inspection of his fruit
should be fair to him. Since Florida has no
jurisdiction in this matter beyond its own bor-
ders, the Florida grower is left at the mercy of
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
competition from other territories, and these
territories have citrus laws which afford little
or no protection to either consumer or pro-
.ducer. The remedy for such a situation is
plainly to be had in Federal rather than State
After three years of successful operation we
believe our citrus fruit inspection problem has
passed the experimental stage. Under the work-
ing of this law we have gone far toward estab-
lishing good standing among buyers because our
early citrus goes to the market with the guar-
antee of the State behind it as to maturity and
good eating quality.
So strict are our standards of judging matur-
ity that no fruit is allowed to be sold between
September first and December first which has
not passed a standard of maturity fixed in our
statutes. It cannot be transported without a
certificate of maturity signed by one of our
citrus fruit inspectors who has performed the
chemical tests and has found such fruit to com-
ply with our standards. Another precaution
written into our law is that no transportation
company, either rail, water or truck, can accept
any fruit for transportation which does not bear
a certificate of maturity. The State of Florida
imposes a tax of 21/2 cents per crate paid by the
grower to cover the cost of this inspection. How-
ever, it may be stated that this inspection fee
has not completely paid the cost of this service.
With complete enforcement of this measure,
it is now practically impossible to ship early
immature grapefruit or oranges from our State.
Our standard for determining the maturity of
grapefruit is a departure from the old so-called
7-1 Federal tentative standard. We have
proven, however, that a minimum total solids
or sugar requirement, together with decreased
ratios for fruit with increased total solids con-
tent to be a correct means of determining ma-
turity. The testing of oranges for maturity
remains the same as the old tentative standard
of eight parts solids to one acid.
Because of its very nature, our citrus fruit
problem is not merely a problem of the State
of Florida. It is of vital importance that we ob-
tain some federal ruling either from the United
States Department of Agriculture or the United
States Bureau of Chemistry in order to stop the
flood to eastern markets of immature citrus
fruit during the early fall months from sources
such as Porto Rico and the Isle of Pines. Please
bear in mind that at this time of year prices are
usually at their best, but our growers cannot
sell a single box of citrus on this high market
which does not comply with the rigid standard
of inspection for maturity. To put it another
way, the State of Florida, in order to protect
those who have a right to demand mature fruit
of good edible quality, has by law set up a
standard which prevents the shipment of un-
desirable fruit from our State but which at the
same time affords absolutely no protection to
our growers against competition from other pro-
ducing countries. You gentlemen will readily
recognize that this constitutes a situation which
is unfair and extremely costly to our growers.
No one in this State would for a minute advocate
lowering our standard, but every one of us who
is concerned in this question feel that we are
within our rights in demanding a square deal
through uniform legislation on this subject. If
Florida growers are willing to comply with this
law, which means better fruit for the consumer,
then those who ship citrus into our country from
competing territory should be governed by a
law of similar nature.
What I want to do this afternoon is to plead
with you gentlemen to join us here in Florida
in asking the proper officials at Washington to
provide uniform legislation on the subject of
imported citrus, and I am going to risk our being
called egotistical by saying that we believe the
Federal regulations on this subject should con-
form to our Florida law. Our law may not be
perfect, but we regard it as being the safest,
most effective measure yet designed for the pro-
tection of the consuming public, and for the pro-
motion of world-wide trade between growers of
quality products here in Florida and consumers
all over the world. The State of Florida has
made a forward step in enacting this law. Its
merit we consider is no longer a debatable ques-
tion. But we feel very strongly the injustice of
a situation in which the framers of a wholesome
law for the public good are penalized by reason
of their own progress.
For some years we have sought to have our
Florida standards adopted by the federal con-
trol officials of other states. In this we have
received the endorsement of the Association of
Dairy Food and Drug Officials of the United
States. At their annual convention held in
Denver, Colorado, July, 1925, these officials
passed a resolution endorsing the law of Florida
on this subject and calling on the control offi-
cials and the United States Department of Agri-
culture officials to take proper steps to see that
this Florida law was accepted and applied uni-
formly by the nation. I am informed also that
your own organization at its meeting last year
went on record as favoring this step.
May I ask that this body again bring to the
attention of the Federal authorities this highly
important measure? As Commissioner of Agri-
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
4riri1 rt*a ,fn
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO............ ...Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS .............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR...............................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 2 APRIL 16, 1928 No. 22
culture for Florida, I am convinced of its vital
importance to the citrus industry. With your
help I am very hopeful that we may obtain the
(Note.-On March 30th the Association convention of
Food and Drug Officials at Jacksonville unanimously
adopted a resolution reported by its Resolutions Com-
mittee commending to the attention of the Federal au-
thorities the Florida Citrus Inspection Laws referred to
in the above speech.)
THIRTY CAR LOADS OF HOGS SHIPPED
OUT OF GADSDEN
Shipments During the Year Set New High
Record-Net Return to Growers
(Gadsden County Times, March 15, 1928)
Thirty, and possibly more, car loads of hogs have been
shipped from Gadsden county this year, says Dr. H. V.
Porter, in charge of the sales of the cooperative swine-
growers. Of this amount twenty-five were shipped
through the association and five individually. Those
shipped through the association brought in excess of
$30,000 and those shipped independently brought along
the same average. Carloads were dispatched from
Greensboro and from Quincy and Dr. Porter sold one
car for Holmes county growers in Bonifay.
Accurate figures for production of previous years are
unobtainable, but this year's production is undoubtedly
far in excess of any previous year. Growers produced
hogs on a commercial scale this year who had previously
grown them for private and local consumption.
FIRST CUCUMBERS APPEAR IN
(Times-Union, March 19, 1928)
Wauchula, March 17.-Hardee county's 1928 cucum-
ber crop put in its appearance this evening when J. B.
Rodgers, a farmer who lives two miles from here, brought
in two crates of cucumbers. One crate of fancies and
one of choice were in the lot. The two crates sold for
$20 f. o. b.
Hardee county has more than 2,000 acres in cucum-
bers this season, and over 500 car loads are expected to
be marketed during the next two months.
IOWA BOTANIST IS COLLECTING STATE
Says Florida Has Most Wonderful of Any
Commonwealth in Union
(Times-Union, March 16, 1928)
Gainesville, March 15 (A. P.)-One of the most com-
plete collections of plant life of Florida ever assembled
is now being sorted and classified by Dr. L. H. Pammell,
noted botanist of the Iowa State College of Agriculture.
One set of specimens will be given to the Florida Ex-
periment Station, another will be turned over to the
Everglades Experiment Station, at Belle Glade, and a
third will go to the department of botany of the Uni-
versity of Florida. Dr. Pammell also plans to take a
collection back to Iowa for his use, and will present cer-
tain specimens to the Gray Herbarium, at Harvard Uni-
Since the first of January, Dr. Pammell has been in the
Everglades collecting specimens of plant life of economic
importance. He finds that section of the state full of
interest for the botanist. Two of the plants of the state
which have attracted most interest are the Florida yew
tree and the Florida nutmeg, he says. The yew tree is
found along the banks of the Apalachicola river, in Gads-
The visit in South Florida this year completes a similar
one which he made to North Florida last winter. Dr.
Pammell is working on the collection now at the experi-
ment station herbarium. Although no definite count has
been made, he is sure that he has over 5,000 plants in all.
Commenting on the plants of the state, he said that Flor-
ida had the most wonderful plant life of any state in the
country. A number of poisonous plants, which he is dis-
tributing to veterinarians of the state, includes the col-
SPLENDID FINANCIAL CONDITION OF
(Gadsden County Times, March 1, 1928)
The bursting of the boom and a few banks in the
southern part of Florida some months ago had no in-
fluence on business in the agricultural section of west-
ern Florida. On the contrary, business has been unusual-
ly good in what we are pleased to term West Florida.
There has been no semblance of a depression in this old
and stable farming community, where "boom" times are
unknown and where steady and substantial advancement
has been made for a century or more. In fact there has
been more progress made in Gadsden and other West
Florida counties during the past few years than during
any similar period in the history of this section of the
The splendid financial condition of Gadsden county,
of which Quincy is the county seat, is reflected in state-
ments secured from the five state banks of the county
Wednesday, in which deposits amounting to $3,319,283.90
are reported. This condition, coupled with the fact that
neither the county nor any of the towns or cities of the
county are heavily bonded, and have met, and are meet-
ing, current obligations as they fall due without difficulty
or embarrassment accounts for the spirit of justified op-
timism so pronounced throughout Gadsden county at the
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA FRUITS FIND EXPANDING
Export Figures Show Big Jump in 1927
(Tampa Tribune, March 4, 1928)
Washington, March 3-(Tribune News Service)-The
United States Department of Agriculture today issued a
report showing there is an increasing demand for Amer-
ican grapefruit in British markets.
Florida's share in this export trade is shown in the
following excerpt from the statement:
Exports of American grapefruit to the United King-
dom during 1927 amounted to the record figure of
421,000 boxes as compared with 158,000 boxes in 1926
and 151,000 boxes in 1925. Florida, California and
Arizona ship grapefruit to the British market, but the
bulk of the exports consists of Florida fruit.
Shared By All
Although the British imports of grapefruit from the
United States have increased more than those from other
sources, the increase in imports has been shared by all
the more important producing countries. The most im-
portant sources of supply other than United States are
the British West Indies, South Africa, Cuba and Porto
The recent establishment of direct shipping facilities
between Florida and British markets constitutes one of
the outstanding developments in the grapefruit trade of
the United States. Heretofore American grapefruit ex-
ported to the United Kingdom was shipped mainly from
New York. The arrival of the steamship Daytonia at
Liverpool, January 15, after a 16-day voyage from Jack-
sonville, opened a direct trade route between Florida
shippers and British trade.
A second consignment from Jacksonville on board the
steamer Darian arrived in Liverpool during the week
ending February 25.
The direct shipment of grapefruit from Florida to
Great Britain is expected to result in a considerable sav-
ing on the cost of transportation, which in the past has
been the main factor in preventing a more rapid increase
in the per capital consumption of grapefruit in the British
MILK TO BE SHIPPED INTO FLORIDA
(Milton Gazette, March 8, 1928)
According to a news story, carried in several of the
state's papers, it is probable that Florida coffee drinkers
will soon be tempering their coffee with milk shipped into
Florida from far-away Holland. This little item is more
significant to the people of Florida than at first appears.
The very fact that milk can be produced in Holland, a
country where they have to house and feed their cattle
half the year, can then be shipped half way around the
world, and sold on the Florida market, would seem to
indicate that there is a real opportunity for Florida farm-
ers to become Florida dairymen, and produce at home the
milk that is consumed here, or at least a part of it.
Just another reason why Santa Rosa county farmers
should get busy in the development of the dairying in-
dustry, here, where little in the way of housing is re-
quired and pastures can be had ten months in the year.
TOMATO PRICES SOAR ALOFT AS CROPS
Scant Supply Brings $6.50, With Heavy Picking
Three Weeks Off
(Homestead Leader, March 6, 1928)
Tomato prices have hit the sky and the lucky growers
are holding their breaths while they pray that the prices
may continue to soar aloft. Six dollars and $6.50 f. o. b.
were the selling prices last week, and this with tomatoes
almost as scarce as the proverbial hen's teeth.
The Homestead growers have been running very short-
handed since the freeze, but are now beginning to take
on a few extra hands. Three carloads of tomatoes were
shipped last week, bringing the steady price of $6 for
fancy stock and $5 for choice.
"We expect the price to hold steady at least this week
and probably next week," said the manager. "Our heavy
stuff won't begin to come in till the last of this month."
The Royal Palm Truckers Association which since the
freeze had been employing only the men of the regular
staff for the few stray pickings of tomatoes that came
in, began operations today with a slightly increased force.
Manager Little said that fancy stuff had brought $6.50
the past few days.
"It will be about the first of next month before the
heavy picking begins with us, but meanwhile more fruit
is beginning to come in. The late crop is just beginning
to be ready for the market. We have not been shipping
any carload lots because of the scarcity."
SUMMARY OF NINETEENTH WEEK OF
SECOND EGG LAYING CONTEST
(Chipley Banner, March 15, 1928)
The week ending March 11 found the 960 birds pro-
ducing at the rate of 71.8 per cent. This is the highest
production obtained during the second contest, being 160
eggs more than the number produced last week. The
White Leghorns lead all varieties this week with a pro-
duction of a little above 75 per cent. The only birds with
better production for the 19 weeks are the 10 Australorps.
High pen this year has 50 eggs more than the leader in
last contest at this time. High hen is 4 eggs ahead of
the bird that made the best record last year.
Best record for a 10-bird pen during the week was
made by the Leghorns belonging to Pedigree Poultry
Farm, Rankin, Tenn., with a production of 62 eggs. Sec-
ond place was held by Barred Rocks belonging to the
C. E. Pleas Plant Co., of Chipley. Seventh place was
held by the Rhode Island Reds belonging to J. L. Willis,
of Clio, South Carolina. The rest of the 10 places were
held by White Leghorns. There were 58 pens out of the
96 with records of 50 eggs or better for the week.
Pedigree Farm still holds high honors for the full 19
weeks period with 1,012 eggs. Pratt Experiment Farm,
of Morton, Pa., holds second with 982 eggs, while Adam
Glass, of Mobile, Ala., has climbed into third position
with 10 eggs less. McCartney's Leghorn Farm, from
Cottage Hill, Fla., went to ninth place, and Robert L.
Peterson, of Edmore, Mich., came in for tenth, pushing
L. C. Pearce's pen off the list.
Pinebreeze Farm, at Callahan, Fla., still leads all Flor-
ida entries with 940 eggs. The high individual to date
is a Barred Rock owned by Pratt Experiment Farm. The
nice spring-like weather that we are getting right now
should help our production from now on.
SPRING SHIPPING SEASON OPENS WITH
(Vero Beach Journal, March 16, 1928)
The movement of spring vegetables from Indian River
county developed rapidly during the past week. Great
activity is apparent in the bean fields throughout the
county. Shipments from the Winter Beach district have
been heavy the past few days. The demand for both
green and wax beans has been heavy, with prices that net
the growers from $5 to $7 per hamper. While the yield
is not as great as in normal years, the prices received
will bring more profitable returns than have been received
for some years. The season will continue for the next
four to six weeks, with slight indications of falling off of
The fields coming on show a good stand of thrifty
plants that have been greatly benefited by the recent
rains. Peppers, eggplants, tomatoes and squash comprise
the bulk of other vegetables being shipped at this time.
The tomato shipment will be under full swing within a
short time, when the yield from several hundred acres
will keep the packing houses busy day and night. Potato
shipments are on the increase and the yield from about
five hundred acres in the county will bring a considerable
sum to the growers at current prices.
There has developed a steadily increasing demand for
vegetables from this district from the markets at Miami
and Palm Beach. Hundreds of crates of vegetables are
picked up by trucks each week and taken to the markets
in the cities to the south. There has been a steady move-
ment of strawberries and eggs from this county for the
past two weeks.
UNITED STATES BUTTER PRODUCTION
RECORD IS BROKEN BY HOLSTEIN COW
(Farm and Live Stock Record)
Daisy Aaggie Ormsby III, a seven-year-old Holstein
cow owned by the Lakeside Farms, Clarkston, Mich., has
just completed a butter production record which makes
her the United States butter champion over all ages and
all breeds. In 365 days she produced 33,140 pounds of
milk containing 1,286.23 pounds of butterfat or 1,607.78
pounds of butter.
For this honor she displaces another Holstein, May
Walker Ollie Homestead, that has held the championship
since 1922 with a butter production of 1,523.24 pounds.
May, now thirteen years old, recently sold in a public
sale for $4,000.
This performance of the new champion makes her not
only the only cow in the United States to produce that
amount of butter, but also gives her a world's record
over all breeds for total butterfat production in three
lactations. She has twice produced more than 1,000
pounds of butterfat in a year. She was bred by John
Erickson, Waupaca, Wis., and is one of the daughters of
Sir Pietertje Ormsby Mercedes 37th. Her dam is Daisy
Aaggie Ormsby. Shortly before she finished her record-
breaking test she was purchased by Winterthur Farms,
The yearly test just ended during which Daisy made
her United States record, is the fourth consecutive yearly
record she has made. In each of the four tests she has
shown a demonstration of consistent production through-
out the year, and in no month of the last twelve did she
average less than 80 pounds milk per day, and in no one
of these months did she average less than 3 pounds of
butterfat per day. The first 97 days of her test and the
last 40 were under full official supervision.
During her record-breaking year she was under general
charge of O. F. Foster, manager of Lakefield Farms,
which are owned by J. E. Lambert and Oscar Webber, of
Clarkston, Mich. Her ration during the recent test was
composed of a combination of 24 per cent test ration
and a fitting ration of corn, oats, oil meal and bran show-
ing an average of 19 per cent protein. She was fed
liberally on alfalfa and one-half a bushel of silage with a
liberal quantity of wet beet pulp at each feeding.
"Daisy Aaggie Ormsby," says O. F. Foster, "has not
yet reached the limit of her capacity of production."
PLAN MIXING SHIPMENTS IN TRANSIT
(North Marion News, March 9, 1928)
Lake Wales, March 6.-The possibility of mixing
Florida fruits and vegetables in transit is being studied
by members of the Citrus Committee of the Florida State
Chamber of Commerce, Dr. Burdette G. Lewis, vice-presi-
dent of the chamber and a member of the committee,
disclosed here today at the Fourth District Conference of
the chamber, which called together members of the
Chamber's Board of Councillors and Directors, and offi-
cers and executives of local chambers of commerce on
the lower East Coast.
The plan under consideration, Dr. Lewis said, would
involve the movement of products to central storage
depots were mixed cars would be made up and forwarded
to the northern markets. Tomatoes from the lower East
Coast, peppers and other vegetables from the trucking
districts, celery from Sanford, etc., for example, would
go to the central points in car lots to be broken up and
there cars containing a reasonable variety of these pro-
ducts would be made up for movement north. The
products, under the proposed plan, could be moved at
rates similar to the mixing in transit rate enjoyed by
Dr. Lewis stated that the Citrus Committee expected
next week to hold the first of a series of meetings of the
committee itself, and that the first of a series of state-
ments relative to its findings and recommendations, as a
result of its conferences concerning the citrus industry,
would be issued.
CITRUS BLOOM INDICATES HEAVY CROP
(Tampa Tribune, March 2, 1928)
Arcadia, March 1.-(Tribune News Service)-Citrus
trees in DeSoto county have the heaviest bloom seen here
in years. This looks favorable for a big crop next year.
Groves about Fort Ogden, one of the best orange sec-
tions, are especially full of bloom. One man there cut a
small grapefruit twig four inches long and with a stem
less than an eighth of an inch thick on which there were
90 blooms-enough to fill two boxes with grapefruit
should all blossoms mature.
This grower declared that if only one-tenth of the
blossoms mature the crop would be so heavy as to neces-
sitate the trees being propped. The twig would not be
able to support more than three.
Avocado trees which have escaped the cold are also
blooming. Recent rains have done much to improve the
condition of the groves, but the ones that have been
watered by irrigation are in best condition.
TAMPA SECOND IN LIST WITH MOTOR
(Tampa Times, Feb. 19, 1928)
There are 222,254 motor boats in the United States,
Alaska, the Philippines and Porto Rico. Of this num-
ber New York city leads with 28,962 registered there.
Tampa is the next largest with 18,155, and Baltimore
third, with 15,018.
Peter O. Knight, who hates a pessimist as the devil is
supposed to dislike a blizzard, dug up this official record
yesterday, and frankly admitted that it had amazed him.
And one might add that when Mr. Knight is amazed by
Tampa statistical stuff, he stays amazed for quite a
while. Heads Many Big Ones
"When you consider," said Mr. Knight, "the ports of
the United States-Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Detroit, Richmond, Norfolk, Wilmington,
Charleston, Jacksonville, Miami, Savannah, Mobile, Pen-
sacola, New Orleans, Houston, Galveston, Los Angeles,
San Francisco and Seattle-and find that Tampa,
Florida, has the second largest number of motor boats
registered of any port in the United States, you may
know that not only will the people of the United States
be amazed but the people of Tampa certainly will be.
These figures are additional evidence of the activity in
Florida in general and in Tampa in particular.
"Publication of government facts and figures of this
kind, from time to time, soon will route to the wilder-
ness the pessimistic boll weevils, of the human type, that
we have in Florida."
Mr. Knight declared that he had never taken any
stock in "the needless boosting and the bunk" that went
out of Florida in the boom days.
Facts Best Answer
"There was never any occasion for that," he said.
"There is nothing in life as interesting as facts. We
can get the facts. We can get facts here in Tampa
every day to show that we are better off in a business
way than we have been in a long time. Of course a lot
of people, deceived by publicity bunk that went out dur-
ing the wild speculation period, cannot believe the motor
boat record, for example. But let them write to the
government department at Washington. They will get
the figures, as I got them. It costs money to operate a
motor boat, and Tampa would not stand second except
for the fact that things are in good shape here and that
we have a port that is a port."
FLORIDA'S BUILDING FOR FEBRUARY
(Times-Union, March 10, 1928)
The State of Florida had $4,664,800 in contracts for
new building and engineering work during the past
month, according to F. W. Dodge Corporation. The
above figure was 40 per cent less than the January, 1928,
record, and was 65 per cent below the total for Feb-
Included in last month's contract total were the fol-
lowing important items: $2,151,400, or 46 per cent of
all construction, for residential buildings; $1,397,100, or
30 per cent, for public works and utilities; $323,500, or
7 per cent, for industrial projects; and $313,500, or 7
per cent, for commercial buildings.
During the past two months there was $12,461,000
worth of contracts let on new construction work in this
state, being a loss of 57 per cent from the amount re-
ported in the corresponding two months of last year.
GOOD GAINS SEEN IN PRODUCTION OF
LOCAL TRUCK CROP
Cantaloupes, Squash and Pepper Leaders in
(Plant City Courier, March 2, 1928)
Present indications point to substantial increases in
local and state acreages planted to various truck crops,
according to statements of local seedsmen, growers, and
others in touch with conditions throughout the East Hills-
borough territory and the entire state. Estimates as to
the production on different crops vary to some extent,
but practically all agree that good increases will be
registered on the most important crops produced in this
Although definite reports as to acreages planted are
not available, it is said' that cantaloupes, squash and
peppers will be the leaders, so far as increase in volume
is concerned. It is generally conceded, however, that
the tomato crop will be one of the biggest money-pro-
ducers if seasons and markets are such as to justify the
faith growers have shown in this particular crop's possi-
bilities. An increase of around 20 per cent for this im-
mediate vicinity is forecast, with the possibility that the
state increases may run somewhat higher.
Estimates as to the probable increase in production of
cantaloupes show an anticipated range of from 10 to 70
per cent here and at some other points in the state, with
the local figures probably running around a 15 per cent
Green bush beans are being planted approximately 10
per cent more profusely than a year ago, the seedsmen
state. Lima beans here show an increase of 10 per cent
or better, with as high as 50 per cent forecast for the
state as a whole. Cucumbers are expected to show about
50 per cent increase in acreage, and sweet corn 25 per
Pepper here is expected to increase in volume around
25 per cent, with a probable gain of 60 per cent over the
state. Squash here and over the state will run about 60
per cent heavier than last year, it is believed. The fore-
cast for watermelons here and over the state is that the
crop will be at least 30 per cent ahead of that of a year
ago, in point of volume.
FLORIDA TWENTY-SEVENTH LARGEST
(Lake Worth Leader, March 16, 1928)
Statistics issued for the second quarter of 1927 indi-
cated that Florida was the twenty-seventh largest ex-
porting state in the Union, but similar figures just re-
leased by the Jacksonville District office of the United
States Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce for
the third quarter of 1927 show that Florida has increased
this former .standing to the twenty-seventh largest state,
indicating that the State of Florida is rapidly developing
its export trade.
Exports of merchandise from Florida during the third
quarter of 1927 were valued at $7,033,308 compared with
$6,325,778 during the corresponding period of 1926, an
increase of $707,530.
A shrimp canning factory, both in tin and glass, for
St. Augustine, has been assured. The products of this
factory will be exported to foreign lands. Another evi-
dence of the growth of St. Johns county's industrial
development.-St. Augustine Record.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
HUNTERS KILL ONE THOUSAND DEER
Season Reports Show Marion County in Lead
(Times-Union, March 26, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 25-(A. P.)-Hunters of forty-
six counties of Florida killed over a thousand deer dur-
ing the hunting season just closed. This is shown in re-
ports on deer killed sent to the State Department of
Game and Fresh Water Fish.
Under the 1927 state-wide game and fresh water fish
act, hunters are required to send in reports of all game
Marion county, with a total of 187, led the other forty-
five counties in the number of deer slain. In several of
the other counties only one was killed.
Under the new law, "deer killed", likewise referred to
only bucks, as it was unlawful to slay does.
Following were the totals on the killings for each of
Brevard 9, Broward 1, Charlotte 6, Citrus 9, Collier
133, Columbia 2, Dade 7, Dixie 88, Duval 1, Flagler 2,
Gadsden 5, Glades 1; Gulf 7, Hamilton 2, Hernando 20,
Highlands 3, Hendry 8, Indian River 6, Jefferson 38,
Lafayette 12, Lake 47, Lee 4, Leon 5, Levy 66, Liberty 1,
Martin 1, Monroe 6, Marion 187, Okaloosa 6, Okeechobee
5, Orange 9, Osceola 37, Palm Beach 10, Pasco 1, Pinellas
1, Polk 5, Putnam 5, St. Johns 5, Santa Rosa 1, Seminole
1, Sumter 4, St. Lucie 1, Taylor 63, Volusia 54, Wakulla
3, and Walton 7.
Reports of deer killed reaching the department, in
which 114 were slain, failed to give the county where the
slaying occurred. A substantial increase in deer in the
state was shown.
SOUTH'S CROPS VALUED AT $3,612,131,000,
NEARLY 40 PER CENT OF COUNTRY'S
(Manufacturers Record, January 19, 1928)
According to the Department of Agriculture, the esti-
mated value of all crops in the United States last year
was $9,114,845,000, as compared with $8,438,457,000
in 1926, or a gain of $676,388,000. Based on this esti-
mate, the Southern States in 1927 produced crops valued
at $3,612,131,000, which was 39.6 per cent of the coun-
try's total,, and $296,869,000 in excess of the $3,315,-
262,000 of crops grown in 1926. On December 29 the
Manufacturers Record published a preliminary estimate
covering the production and value of the South's prin-
cipal crops, which showed a gain of $290,000,000 over
1926. While the increase in the South's cotton and cot-
tonseed was $322,000,000, declines in the fruit and some
other crops gave the Southern States a net increase of
over $296,000,000, which is more than one-third of the
country's total gain compared with 1926. Although the
South produces practically all of the country's cotton,
this crop, with a total value of $1,429,352,000 in 1927,
represented less than 40 per cent of the aggregate value
of its crop output. The South leads all of the geographic
divisions of the country in crop values.
New England, the Middle Atlantic and East North
Central States showed declines in crop values last year
compared with 1926, while gains were reported for the
West North Central, the Mountain and Pacific Coast
states, the West North Central states leading with a gain
in crop values of $414,245,000.
The ranking state in the value of crops was Texas,
which has held first position of all the states in the Union
for the past several years. Texas crops were valued at
$729,754,000, or a gain of $103,244,000 over 1926. With
the exception of Kentucky, Missouri, Oklahoma and West
Virginia, every southern state reported increased crop
values compared with 1926.
Hypothetical Value of All Crops and Rank By States and
(Estimates of the Department of Agriculture Based on
Dec. 1 prices and compiled by Manufacturers Record)
States and Geographic 1926
Alabama ............... $173,263,000
Arkansas .............. 186,176,000
Florida .................... 85,815,000
Georgia ......... .... 211,804,000
Kentucky ............. 174,083,000
Louisiana ............. 135,623,000
Maryland ................ 69,772,000
Mississippi .......... 188,211,000
Missouri ............... 276,399,000
North Carolina ........ 320,457,000
Oklahoma ............. 303,206,000
South Carolina ........ 140,344,000
Tennessee ............ 180,577,000
Texas ...................... 626,510,000
Virginia ................. 168,995,000
West Virginia.......... 74,027,000
South .................... $3,315,262,000
Maine ..................... $81,139,000
New Hampshire........ 19,549,000
Vermont .................. 42,130,000
Massachusetts ........ 45,310,000
Rhode Island .......... 4,594,000
Connecticut .......... 37,333,000
New England........... $230,055,000
New York ............. $284,877,000
New Jersey........... 53,120,000
Pennsylvania .......... 260,295,000
Delaware .............. 14,522,000
Middle Atlantic........ $612,814,000
Ohio ........................ $300,703,000
Indiana .................... 224,994,000
Illinois ............... 391,357,000
Michigan ................ 251,160,000
W isconsin .............. 301,225,000
East North Central..$1,469,439,000
Minnesota .............. $325,980,000
Iow a ........................ 441,026,000
North Dakota .......... 192,304,000
South Dakota ......... 121,769,000
Nebraska .............. 254,403,000
Kansas ....... ........ 333,387,000
West North Central $1,668,869,000
Montana ................ $112,729,000
Idaho ....... .............. 93,876,000
W yoming .............. 30,281,000
Colorado ........... 108,838,000
New Mexico .......... 34,805,000
Arizona .............. 26,492,000
Utah ...................... 36,851,000
Nevada .................. 9,047,000
Mountain .............. $452,919,000
Washington ........... $147,382,000
Oregon ................... 89,356,000
California ............ 452,361,000
Pacific ...... .. $689,099,000
Total United States $8,438,457,000
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
FLORIDA CROP OF TOBACCO TO BE LARGE
Increased Acreage Assumes Appreciable Pro-
portion of Output
(Times-Union, March 26, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 25-(A. P.)-Prospects are bright
for a continued increase in the tobacco production of
North and North Central Florida, reports to the Bureau
of Immigration, State Department of Agriculture, in-
The probable acreage production was sefit to the
bureau from Suwannee, Alachua, Gilchrist, Bradford,
Columbia and Taylor counties. The county agents sent
in the reports.
In Suwannee county, it was stated, there will be ap-
proximately 1,800 acres grown, or about a 20 per cent
increase over the 1927 acreage.
Alachua reported about 1,200 acres over the previous
planting. Alachua also stated that a considerable area
had been planted across the line in Gilchrist and Brad-
Columbia has about 450 acres, and Taylor approxi-
mately ninety acres.
The tobacco will be harvested this fall.
Tobacco plantings in that section of the state have
gradually increased to the extent that Florida's produc-
tion along that line must be reckoned with when tobacco
stocks of the country are considered, officials of the
bureau here asserted.
CANAVERAL MAN GOING IN FOR TRUCK
R. C. Burns Sold 500 Pounds English Peas
(Cocoa Tribune, March 2, 1928)
R. C. Burns, well known citizen of the Canaveral sec-
tion, has gone into the truck growing business on a large
scale, and to show how he is doing, he told The Tribune
that on Monday of this week he marketed 500 pounds
of English peas which he grew on his place on the penin-
sula. Mr. Burns is encouraged and states that he ex-
pected to continue to grow vegetables the year round
for the local and foreign markets. The Canaveral sec-
tion seems to be well favored by weather conditions for
truck farming, as the damage from cold weather is
scarcely ever felt there.
Mr. Burns, besides selling the 500 pounds of peas here
Monday, shipped 15 hampers of them to northern markets
The Tribune editor is appreciative of the gift of Mr.
Burns, who brought to our desk a bunch of the finest
turnips we have seen in many a day. The turnips are
evidence that Brevard county dirt will grow anything
prolifically. The giver says he is preparing now for big
production of winter vegetables.
LOW EXCURSION RATES TO FLORIDA
(Tampa Times, March 14, 1928)
The New York Central lines are planning to put on
low excursion fares to Florida during the summer, the
passenger traffic representative in the state has advised
the local chamber of commerce. Interest in Florida, it
was pointed out, is increasing every day, and attractive
rates will be offered to visitors.
ORDINANCE PASSED TO PROTECT BUYERS
Requires That Culls and Seconds Be Stamped
as Such When Sold
(Plant City Enterprise, Feb. 28, 1928)
As a means of protecting tourists and other purchasers
of strawberries from hucksters in the city from buying
culls or seconds in strawberries as first-class berries, the
City Commission last night passed an ordinance pro-
hibiting the sale of strawberries considered culls or
seconds as first-class berries. The ordinance provides for
the marking of each container of culls or seconds on the
outside as such. This stamp must be a certain size and
in a conspicuous place on the container.
After considerable discussion it was decided that the
logical way to get the necessary results from this ordi-
nance would be to have the growers stamp the containers,
as leaving this to be done by the hucksters might result
in over-looking the matter on their part. The matter of
the city furnishing these stamps for the growers was also
discussed and given favorable attention.
It was brought out in the discussion of the matter that
Plant City and this section have been done a great in-
justice in the past by the sale of sPonds and culls as good
berries to tourists and others. The ordinance would
remedy the possibilities of this imposition. It covers
fruits and vegetables.
A NEW INDUSTRY FOR THIS SECTION
(Palmetto News, March 16, 1928)
Wm. F. Fuchs, who is located about one-fourth mile
north of Palmeto city line on the Bay Shore road, has a
fine fernery of one acre under cover and he intends to
increase his acreage from time to time. He is growing
the Asparagus or Plumosa ferns. Mr. Fuchs also in-
tends to branch out to the growing of all kinds of flowers
and bulbs on a large scale for the northern market, as
his land is well adapted to the growing of flowers and
bulbs. Mr. Fuchs would be pleased to have anyone that
is interested in this line to call and inspect his fernery.
His first shipment went forward on Thursday to Wash-
ington, D. C.
500 ACRES PLANTED IN BEANS THIS YEAR
(Gadsden County Times, March 16, 1928)
Five hundred acres to beans and fifty to squashes, is
the estimated acreage given for these two products this
year in the territory adjacent to Quincy, by J. I.
Reynolds, marketing agent for the sale of vegetables,
fruits and farm products of Gadsden county. The acre-
age, states Mr. Reynolds, shows an increase in beans of
one hundred per cent over last year. Last year was
exceptionally dry for vegetables and the crop was cut
short several thousand hampers; nevertheless there were
shipped from this section over fifty thousand hampers of
vegetables. With anything like an average season there
is no reason why 75,000 or more hampers should not be
the figures this year, according to Mr. Reynolds. There
is plenty of moisture in the ground at the present time,
and with the warm spring weather prevailing the seeds
are sprouting and in a few weeks shipping will begin.
Mr. Reynolds states that at this time last year there
were some shipments going forward from Quincy, but
owing to the rather unusual cold weather during Jan-
uary and February of this season maturity of vegetables
GOOD TRAFFIC IN FERTILIZER
Forty Ships Bring Cargoes Into Pensacola
(Pensacola News, March 22, 1928)
Pensacola is one of the largest manufacturing and
exporting fertilizer ports in the south, according to E.
W. Speed, traffic manager of the Louisville & Nashville
During the fertilizer season which opened last July,
145,000 tons of fertilizer, with an aggregate value of
$6,500,000, has passed through this port.
Business during February and March of this year has
been in excess of any other years.
Two cargoes of nitrate, about 16,000 tons, from Chile
are due in port soon, and three cargoes of potash from
Germany are due here before April 2, it was said.
Payrolls for January, February and March of this year
for labor used in handling cargoes of fertilizer have ap-
proximated about $12,000 weekly.
Forty ships brought fertilizer cargoes to Pensacola this
season. Most of these vessels loaded bunker coal through
WHAT MAKES IT THUNDER?
(Iowa Department of Agriculture)
How often that question is asked by inquisitive boys,
and Dad's answer is generally something like this, "Run
and shut the windows, son, it is going to rain."
It is not easy to go up where it thunders and find out,
so Dad or no one else can be seriously blamed for side-
stepping the question; but when heavy thunder rattles
the windows and jars the house the question involuntarily
springs from multitudes of young lips.
The Director of the Weather and Crop Bureau of the
Iowa Department of Agriculture has studied about these
things and this is what he says about thunder:
In active "thunder-head" clouds the upward currents
of air are so strong that they keep raindrops from falling
and often carry them upward some distance. Smaller
drops unite to form larger ones, but they cannot become
larger than a quarter of an inch in diameter. They can-
not fall through still air faster than 24 feet per second
nor be carried upward by a current of air rising faster
than 24 feet per second without breaking into smaller
When they break into smaller drops there is a separa-
tion of electricity, the drops taking the positive charge
and the air the negative charge. This goes on till the
positive charge on the raindrops that are being held up
becomes very strong, while the negative charge is carried
away rapidly by the up-rushing stream of air. At inter-
vals from several minutes to a few seconds the charge
becomes so strong that it is discharged in the flash of
As the lightning breaks its way through the air, ex-
tremely high temperatures are generated in the narrow
channel which it cuts for itself. This expands the air
with explosive violence. It is the explosion we hear and
The rumbling, rolling sound is due to several causes.
A lightning flash is often several miles long. The sound
of the explosion at the near end reaches our ears first,
then the wave arrives from more distant parts at the rate
of about a mile in five seconds. If a flash proceeds from
directly overhead two miles across the sky we hear the
explosion from the near end about ten seconds sooner
than from the far end. Then there are endless echoes
from cloud to cloud and from hills, mountains and even
buildings, that prolong the roar and rumble.
Retracing our story, thunder cannot occur without
lightning; the lightning results from an overcharge of
positive electricity on raindrops that are broken up by a
current of air that is rising more than 24 feet per second,
and it takes a large volume of air at or near the surface
of the earth considerably warmer than the air aloft to
start an updraft of that speed.
PRICE OF DRIED EGGS FROM CHINA RISES
Quotations About 10 Per Cent Above Those
(U. S. Daily, March 15, 1928)
Chinese dried eggs will cost New York buyers about
10 per cent more this year, according to information from
dealers in Tientsin, China, reported by Vice Consul
Angus I. Ward and made public by the Department of
Commerce March 14.
The statement in full text follows:
Opening prices for 1928 named by the Ching Hsing
egg factory at Paotingfu would bring the cost c. i. f.
New York to about 60 cents a pound for sprayed yolk
and 64 cents a pound for dried albumen. This factory
takes the lead each year in fixing prices for Paotingfu
dried egg products.
Opening prices for Honan Province dried egg albumen
and granular egg yolk generally follow the Paotingfu
prices about a week later. Chinese dealers are said to
consider the Paotingfu products better quality.
The prices named by the Ching Hsing factory are as
Assorted shipments (5 tons albumen and 12 tons
sprayed yolk): Albumen, Tientsin taels 113 a picul,
f. o. b. Paotingfu ($56.14 per 100 pounds); sprayed yolk,
Tientsin taels 105 a picul, f. o. b. Paotingfu ($52.17 per
Single shipments (i. e., no specified assortment).: Al-
bumen, Tientsin taels 115 a picul, f. o. b. Paotingfu
($57.14 per 100 pounds); sprayed yolk, Tientsin taels
108 a picul, f. o. b. Paotingfu ($53.66 per 100 pounds).
To arrive at f. o. b. Tientsin prices, add Tientsin taels
2.00 a picul ($0.99% per 100 pounds) to the Paotingfu
price. (Tientsin tael 1.00 equals U. S. $0.66Y2.)
The United States imports about 25,000,000 pounds of
egg products yearly, most of which come from China.
FLORIDA MANUFACTURES OVER
$27,000,000 WORTH OF CIGARS
(Palm Beach Post, March 27, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 26.-(A.P.)-Cigars valued at over
$27,000,000 were produced in Florida during 1926, the
agricultural and industrial enumeration conducted by the
Bureau of Immigration, State Department of Agricul-
Of a total of $27,128,773 placed upon the value of the
cigars manufactured in the state for that year, the valu-
ation in Hillsborough county alone was $22,890,362. In
that county 307,962,250 cigars were produced for the
smokers of the state and country.
A slight decline in the value of the cigar output was
shown in Florida in 1926 compared with 1925, due pri-
marily, according to reports to the bureau, to the ten-
dency of many smokers to abandon the cigar, at least
temporarily, in favor of the cigarette.
INTERESTING FRUIT AND VEGETABLE
(Times-Union, March 17, 1928)
Facts and figures of very considerable interest and im-
portance to Florida are contained in Bulletin No. 27, just
issued by the Bureau of Railway Economics, Washington,
D. C. This bulletin deals with "shipments of fresh fruits
and vegetables in the three years of 1924, 1925 and
1926." The facts and figures presented are entirely re-
liable, being taken from shipment records that are accu-
rate and explicit.
The bulletin here referred to "is a study of the move-
ment of the principal fresh fruits and vegetables in the
United States during" the years designated. Fruits and
vegetables in general are given attention in the first part
of the bulletin; the second part deals with the shipment
of specific commodities, 33 items being listed, 16 of which
are fruits and 17 are vegetables. Rail shipments are listed
principally, although some water shipments are included.
The shipments of fruits and vegetables combined
amounted to 943,932 carloads in 1924, 949,421 carloads
in 1925, and 1,010,724 carloads in 1926, or an average
of 968,025 cars annually in the three-year period. By
these figures it is to be seen that fruit and vegetables
constitute a very large portion of the nation's food supply.
It is very interesting to note, by means of this bulletin,
the various sections of the United States in which origin-
ate, or where are produced, the major portion of fruits
and vegetables shipped to markets throughout the coun-
try. The bulletin sets forth that
Nearly three-fifths of the total shipments of fruits
and vegetables originated in what are virtually the
four corners of the United States. Group XIII, com-
prising California and Nevada, is the most important
one from a shipping standpoint. During the years
1924, 1925 and 1926, the annual shipments from
that group averaged 234,677 carloads, or 24.3 per
cent of the aggregate annual shipments of 968,025
cars for the United States as a whole. Group VII,
composed of Florida, Georgia, Alabama and Missis-
sippi, the second in importance, originated 131,604
cars, or 13.6 per cent. Group II, consisting of New
York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, was third with
111,331 cars, or 11.5 per cent. Group XIV, Wash-
ington, Idaho and Oregon, was fourth with 87,563
cars, or 9 per cent of the total.
In connection with the foregoing, and of particular
interest to the people of Florida at this time, is the report
on imports of fresh fruits and vegetables during the years
1925 and 1926. In these two years, for instance, the
average number of carloads of tomatoes imported into the
United States from other countries amounted to a total
of 3,471 carloads, 3,019 coming from Mexico. Of lemons,
an average of 3,198 carloads was imported, all but 19 of
these carloads coming from Italy. Grapefruit imported
averaged a total of 2,341 carloads, Cuba, Porto Rico and
Bahama Islands being the sources of origin.
Turning to the section of the bulletin dealing with
"monthly shipments of citrus fruits in carloads, it is
found that the total rail shipments of grapefruit in the
three years specified averaged 19,636 annually, of which
amount Florida furnished 17,528 carloads, or about 94
per cent of the total shipments. Of oranges, California
furnished nearly 63 per cent of the total rail shipments
in the three-year period, and Florida nearly 37 per cent,
the shipments in 1924, 1925 and 1926 averaging 67,374
cars annually. Of mixed citrus fruits the average ship-
ments in three years totaled 5,522 carloads, three-fourths
of these shipments originating in Florida.
In the matter of monthly shipments of celery in car-
loads, Florida has first place, with an average, in the
three years, of 6,891 carloads, with California in second
place, shipping an average of 5,291 carloads, and New
York state third, with 4,574 carloads. Of cucumbers,
Florida marketed more than any other state, the record
showing an average of 1,797 carloads shipped, North
Carolina being next with an average of 1,357 carloads.
It may not be known generally, but according to Bulletin
No. 27, "Florida is the principal shipper of eggplant,
furnishing 197 carloads out of a total of average ship-
ment of 236 carloads in 1924, 1925 and 1926.
And so it goes throughout the entire listing of 33
items of fruit and vegetable shipments, Florida taking a
conspicuous place in nearly every one of figure tables.
The information contained in this bulletin is of especial
interest to Florida and the facts set forth merit careful
study, especially by Florida fruit and vegetable growers,
in order that more of practical attention may be given to
the production of fruits and vegetables, for the growing
and marketing of which Florida is peculiarly and par-
(St. Petersburg Times, Oct. 28, 1927)
Figures compiled by the Treasury Department from
tax returns in 1926 indicate that more than 30,000
Americans are now in the millionaire class. The total
was reached by listing in that once exclusive class all
who reported net incomes of more than $50,000, which
represents 5 per cent interest on $1,000,000.
These figures are particularly interesting when com-
pared with earlier reports. They show, for example, that
the number of persons thus included in the millionaire
class has doubled since 1923 and quadrupled since 1914.
They show, too, that every state may boast its million-
aires, with New York leading and Pennsylvania second.
Hawaii has no less than 60.
There was a time when a millionaire was a rare, dig-
nified and distinguished figure. Now he is commonplace.
He performs in the prize ring, on the baseball diamond,
and, with the growing popularity of professional foot-
ball, may soon be seen on the gridiron. Even the multi-
millionaire must now share the exclusive pinnacle which
once he enjoyed. Two hundred and seven men paid taxes
on incomes of $1,000,000 or more in 1926.
W. J. Pearson, living two miles south of Quincy, is mak-
ing a success of truck gardening on a plot of land con-
taining ten acres. Mr. Pearson never fails to have vege-
tables of some kind to bring to the Quincy market every
morning and finds a ready sale for all he can produce.
He states that he has sold as high as $35 worth of truck
in one day and that he rarely falls short of selling eight
to ten dollars worth every day. He always has some-
thing coming on to take the place of the vegetable that
has been exhausted. He is planting this year several
acres of beans for shipment, and with a favorable season
and average price hopes to make the bean crop one of
exceptional profit. Gadsden county has a record of be-
ing one of the largest bean producing counties in the
state, planting several crops yearly.-Quincy Times.
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
141 CANNERIES IN FLORIDA NOW
Chiefly for Fruit and Vegetables, but Some for
(Lakeland Star-Telegram, March 26, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 26.-There are 134 canneries known
to be operating in Florida in the canning of various pro-
duce raised in the state, according to a list compiled at
the Bureau of Immigration, State Department of Agri-
The list was announced as a partial one, the bureau
being uncertain as to whether any had been left out.
The canneries are located in all sections of the com-
monwealth and are used in the canning of fruits and
vegetables, syrups, sea foods and relishes. The fruit and
vegetable canneries are far in the lead in numerical
The location of the various canneries and their output
Anthony, fruits and vegetables; Arcadia, grapefruit;
Auburndale, grapefruit; Avon Park, preserves, grapefruit
and grapefruit peel; Babson Park, citrus fruit, candy,
marmalade; Bartow, grapefruit and citrus products;
Bradenton, grapefruit; Chaires, fruits and nuts; Chipley,
sweet potatoes, beans, cabbage, peas, corn, spinach, cu-
cumbers, tomatoes, peaches and blueberries; Clearwater,
grapefruit; Coral Gables, citrus fruit, preserves, guava
jelly, candies, and specialties in season; Davenport, jellies
Long on Fruit
Daytona Beach, citrus fruits, jellies, marmalades, fig
jam, preserved fruits, guava jelly, fruit salad, sweet
spices, fruits, crystallized fruits and syrups; Dunedin,
peanuts; Eagle Lake, grapefruit; Elfers, marmalade;
Estero, marmalades and jams; Florida City, tomatoes;
Forest City, fruit juices and concentrates; Fort Myers,
citrus products and guava jelly, preserves, pickles, mayon-
naise and crystallized fruits and honey; Goulds, citrus
fruits; Graceville, cucumber pickles.
Haines City, grapefruit and orange juice and citrus
fruits; Highland City, grapefruit; Howey, grapefruit;
Jacksonville, guava jelly, orange marmalade, guava mar-
malade, watermelon preserves, grapefruit, kumquat and
fig preserves, jam, jelly, and potato chips; Lake Alfred,
grapefruit; Lake Hamilton, crystallized fruit; Largo,
grapefruit and citrus fruit; Long Branch, sweet potatoes,
peaches and pimentos; Manatee, preserves, jellies, guavas,
citrus fruit; Malone, cucumber pickles.
Marianna, fruits and vegetables; Miami, citrus prod-
ucts and guava jelly; Micanopy, guavas and figs; Molino,
vegetables; Mt. Pleasant, vegetables and meat; Naranja,
tomatoes and grapefruit; Odessa, marmalade; Orlando,
orange juice; Palma Sola, tomatoes and preserves; Pal-
metto, jellies and marmalades; Pineland, tomatoes;
Princeton, tomatoes; Sarasota, grapefruit and citrus peel;
St. Petersburg, citrus fruit; Tampa, citrus juices, pre-
serves, jams, guava paste and vinegar; Weirsdale, fruits
and vegetables; Winter Haven, grapefruit and citrus
Syrup at Davenport
Davenport, syrup; Daytona Beach, syrup; Everglades,
Gainesville, Grand Ridge, Kent, Moss Bluff, Star and
Tampa, cane syrup.
Apalachicola, shrimp, oysters, salt fish and roe; Cax-
ambas, clams; Fernandina, shrimp, oysters and other sea
foods; Key West, green turtles; Marco, clams; Nassau-
ville, shrimp and oysters; New Smyrna, blue crabs; St.
Augustine, oysters and shrimp; Sarasota, fish and fish
products; Pensacola, fish; Tampa, deep sea food.
Jacksonville, mayonnaise, relish and dressing; South
Jacksonville, horseradish, and Tampa, mayonnaise.
GEORGIA MEN START PLANT
Farm Experiment Meeting With Success in
(Brooksville Herald, March 13, 1928)
First of a series of plant shipments, a part of the agri-
cultural experiment being carried on at Mountain Park
here by Tifton, Ga., citizens, left the Brooksville post-
office Friday, and have kept the forces there working
overtime. These plants were being sent by parcel post to
points in all of the southeastern part of the United States
south of the Ohio river. While this is the first shipment
to leave the local postoffice, many more will follow, re-
sulting in not only a successful experiment for the
Georgia business men, but for the local department as
Planting of the seeds took place little more than 60
days ago on a tract of acreage located at Mountain Park,
the only consideration for the land being that of a tag,
advertising Mountain Park and Brooksville, go with each
parcel. C. 0. Grubbs, of the Tifton Potato Company, was
the first representative to visit this county, but was fol-
lowed by others, when the prospects for successful opera-
tions here were learned. While the net results of the
experiments are as yet unknown, the successful produc-
tion of the plants in spite of the lack of sufficient rain,
assures prospects of good business for Hernando. Ac-
cording to Mr. Grubbs, the soil here is exactly right for
this department of plant production, and with the in-
stallation of an irrigation plant assurance would be given
that all plants could be shipped at a time when they are
bringing the highest prices in the market.
HIGHLANDERS GET $4,000 CAR OF FRUIT
Averages $11.00 Gross and $8.50 at Packing
House for Tangerines
(Highlands County Pilot, March 28, 1928)
Sale of a car of tangerines on the Boston auction last
week for better than $4,000 is bringing checks this week
to a group of Highlands growers for $8.50 per box, pack-
ing house, Gregg Maxcy announced yesterday, when he
showed The Pilot representative a check for $3,389
which was the net received after freight and auction
charges were deducted.
Mrs. J. H. Randall, E. O. Williams, D. P. Wolhauptor
and E. E. Crews were the Avon Park growers participat-
ing; F. A. Sebring, Chris Markley and B. H. Griffin,
Sebring, and Mr. Maxcy, Frostproof, were other growers
having fruit in the car of tangerines.
The price received was better than $11 per box on the
market for the fancy fruit, and was the highest price re-
ceived this season for Highlands fruit.
The difference between the price received for fancy
fruit and for plain fruit in this shipment was more than
$2 per box, and but for the fact that of the 414 boxes
there were only 20 or 30 boxes of plains, the latter would
not have fared nearly so well.
INDIAN RIVER COUNTY PRODUCE IN
Tomato Shipments Will Get Under Way Soon;
Potatoes Rushed to Market
(Miami Herald, March 20, 1928)
Vero Beach, Fla., March 19.-The movement of spring
vegetables from Indian River county has developed rap-
idly. Great activity is shown in the bean fields. The
demand for both green and wax beans has been heavy,
with prices that net the grower from $5 to $7 per ham-
per. While the yield is not as great as in former years,
the prices received will bring more profitable returns.
The season will continue for four to six weeks.
The fields coming on show a good stand of thrifty
plants that have been greatly benefited by the recent
rains. Peppers, eggplants, tomatoes and squash com-
prise the bulk of other vegetables being shipped at this
time. The tomato shipment soon will be under full swing.
The yield from several hundred acres will keep the pack-
ing houses busy day and night. Potato shipments are on
the increase and the yield from 500 acres in the county
will bring a considerable sum to the growers.
26,000 PASSENGERS CARRIED TO MIAMI
BY CLYDE LINERS
Largest Fleet in History of Company Will Be
Here This Week
(Miami Herald, March 20, 1928)
The largest number of passenger steamers operated to
Miami by a single transportation organization in one
week will touch here this week, under the house flag of
the Clyde Line, J. S. Carder, district passenger agent,
announced yesterday. The steamers will connect Miami
with Havana, New York, Charleston, Boston and Jack-
Mr. Carder's announcement followed recapitulation of
the winter's transportation activities, which showed more
than 26,000 persons have been carried into or out of
Miami aboard Clyde Line steamers this winter. His fig-
ures indicated that more than 9,500 came to Miami from
New York, more than 7,500 traveled to Havana from
Miami, and more than 7,200 arrived in Miami from Ha-
vana. This total is exclusive of passengers carried from
Miami to New York. Mr. Carder believes that the total
of these by the end of winter will bring the total pas-
senger business to more than 35,000.
The ships on this week's Clyde Line schedule are:
Iroquois, arrived from Havana and left for New York
yesterday; Evangeline, arrives from Havana and sails for
Jacksonville, New York and Boston this afternoon; Semi-
nole, arrives from New York, Charleston and Jackson-
ville tomorrow afternoon and sails for Jacksonville and
New York Thursday morning; Shawnee, arrives from New
York and leaves for Havana Thursday and arrives from
Havana and sails for New York Saturday.
Sailing of the Evangeline for Boston will be the first
direct connection ever made between the two cities by a
A recapitulation of the winter's travel activities by the
Munson Steamship Lines indicated that passenger travel
into Miami aboard the steamer New Northland has been
almost double that leaving Miami for Nassau aboard the
steamer. The line has maintained a tri-weekly schedule
between the two cities throughout the winter.
Service by the Merchants and Miners Transportation
Company has included and still includes two arrivals and
two departures weekly, the steamers Chatham, Fairfax
and Dorchester connecting Miami with Jacksonville, Bal-
timore and Philadelphia.
Saunders and Mader, steamship agents, announced yes-
terday that their schedule calls for three passenger
steamer arrivals and three departures this week, in addi-
tion to one freight arrival. All their business is between
Miami and Nassau.
The Baltimore and Carolina Steamship Company has
one freight steamer due from Baltimore, Charleston and
West Palm Beach Friday. She will sail for Charleston
and Baltimore Saturday.
PINELLAS ROAD SYSTEM IS MODEL
225-Mile System Built at Cost of $26,000 Per
(Tarpon Springs Leader, March 27, 1928)
Clearwater, Fla., March 27.-(A. P.)-The average
cost per mile of Pinellas county's 225 mile county high-
way system which is now complete, was $26,000 a mile,
according to figures compiled by the county engineer.
Most of the pavements are 16 feet in width, but some
are built on a 24 to 40 foot cross section.
In an effort to make the Pinellas county system a
model, every intersection has been marked with standard
direction signs, and all curves, intersections, bridges and
other danger points have been posted with U. S. standard
markers, which identify the highway either as a county
or state route.
A GEORGIA MARKET
(Market Growers Journal, March 15, 1928)
The Athens Market Inc. is a stock company which
was organized in April, 1927, through the efforts of the
Athens Chamber of Commerce for the purpose of offer-
ing the farmer a market for all kinds of vegetables in
small or large lots. At the beginning of the year, this
company contracts with the farmer to either buy the
vegetables grown or a given acreage at a stipulated price,
or agrees to pay the prevailing market price at the time
of delivery. The farmer delivers the products to the
packing plant where they are graded, packed and shipped
to distant markets.
Despite the late date of organization, 100 farmers con-
tracted to grow 500 acres of snap beans, lima beans,
tomatoes, okra, cucumbers and squashes. These growers
had already received more than $5,000 for the products
delivered up to August 1st.
The Athens Curb Market, which has been in existence
for four years, is strictly a growers' market, operating in
the open seven months in the year and indoors the other
five months. This market is open only three days of the
week-Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
From January 1st to September 1st, the receipts of the
225 farmers selling on the Athens Curb Market totalled
R. E. Johnson's success is illustrative of the possibili-
ties furnished the farmers by this market. From January
1st to August 1st, Mr. Johnson received $1,500 for vege-
tables alone, which amount has provided a living for his
family and cash with which to operate his farm.
FLORIDA INSURANCE SPENDS LESS THAN
ANY OTHER STATE
(Lake Worth Leader, March 24, 1928)
Florida's insurance department spent less than any
state of the country and the District of Columbia in 1926
in the ratio of expenditures for serving the policyholders,
a compilation received by the department from an
Albany, N. Y., insurance publication shows.
The ratio spent in the state for service to the policy-
holders was 1.04 per cent. The state coming the nearest
to that mark was California, with 1.21 per cent.
In the total licenses, taxes and fees collected by the
state, Florida stood twentieth among all the common-
wealths, and in the expenses of the insurance department
her position was thirty-seventh.
The total licenses, taxes and fees collected by the
Florida department was $1,277,719. This amount, how-
ever, did not include the capital stock tax.
The expenses of the department for the year amounted
to $13,259. In that respect, Florida led only the states
of Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Maine, Mississippi, Mon-
tana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Utah and
Vermont and Wyoming.
The ratio expended by the Florida department for pur-
poses other than for service to the policyholders was
given as 98.86 per cent.
BIG BULB NURSERY PLANT IS STARTED
Lake Worth To Be Center for Activities of
Newly Formed Company
(Palm Beach Post, March 18, 1928)
Lake Worth.-Work was started during the past week
in preparing the soil and arranging for the erection of
offices and plant houses for what will be, according to
those in charge, one of the largest propagating bulb nur-
series in the country. The bulb plant, which will be in
charge of Professor Leon E. Blaine, well-known horti-
culturist of California and New York, will be located at
the junction of Lucerne avenue extension and Lake Worth
road, in the western part of the city, while an additional
35-acre tract on the north side of the road also will be
used for the propagation of thousands of bulbs and Flor-
According to Professor Blaine, who has made the
growing and cultivating of bulbs a life study, and has
gathered exotic plants from all parts of the world, Lake
Worth was selected for this industry due to indications
of a richer and more fertile soil than has been found in
other sections of the state. The triangular piece of ground
alone at the junction of the two roads contains several
different kinds of soil, he stated, which makes it an ideal
location for experimental work.
The company sponsoring the industry of which Pro-
fessor Blaine is the head, is the Florida Bulb Growers
Association, Inc., with Thomas A. Remington as secretary
and treasurer. Professor Blaine was for a number of
years the head of the Germaine Seed and Plant Company
of Los Angeles, and stated that his methods of propa-
gating, growing and cultivating are entirely different to
those ordinarily used, and are based upon scientific facts
gained through many years of plant study and actual ex-
When the local nursery has been established, it was
Stated, it will mean a gigantic industry, as millions of
bulbs will be raised to supply the nurseries of Florida as
well as the northern markets. The northern markets
alone, Professor Blaine stated, will readily buy all the
stock that he can produce, as years of contact with nur-
series in all parts of the country has convinced him that
a nursery in Florida which can supply the trade at all
seasons has unlimited possibilities.
A feature of the new industry will be the propagation
of Florida grapes, and grape cuttings will be available as
soon as the propagating houses are erected. Beautifica-
tion of the property where the nursery is to be located
will be started immediately, he said,- and the entire prop-
erty will be lined with palm trees, both ornamental and
cocoanut, as well as other varieties of attractive shrub-
J. A. Rostan and Ward Rudolph, of the Pioneer In-
vestment Company of Lake Worth, who handled the sales
of the acreage to the Bulb Growers Association, are en-
thusiastic over the future of the Wonder City as a bulb
and grape propagation center and believe that the or-
ganization will make a success of the project and will
not only benefit this city from the fact that bulbs and
grape cuttings cultivated here will be shipped to all parts
of the United States, but also through the advice which
will be available to others in this section interested in
RUSSIANS LIKE FLORIDA ROADS
Representatives of Soviet Government Here to
(Fort Pierce News-Tribune, March 27, 1928)
Florida roads are among the finest they have seen, two
engineers representing the Russian government declared
today in the office of R. J. Cassie, division engineer of
the State Road Department.
P. N. Shestakoff, chief highway engineer of the Peo-
ple's Commissariat of Ways of Communication of the
U. S. S. R. in Moscow, and Sergius A. Vassiliev, engineer
of lines of communication, a professor in the polytechnice
institute of Odessa and a member of the Russian hydro-
logical institution, arrived in Fort Pierce early this after-
noon and were escorted after a brief visit here, as far
south as Palm Beach by Mr. Cassie. The local state en-
gineer drove the Russian officials over the new Dixie
The foreign engineers made their first stop in Florida
at Tallahassee. State road No. 4 made a great impres-
sion on them and they were high in the praise for the
construction and quality of the highway. They are tak-
ing pictures and making written notes for Mr. Shestakoff
to submit to the Russian government upon his return to
They contemplate visiting four other states beside
Florida, Georgia, North and South Carolina and Virginia.
They may also visit New Jersey before Mr. Shestakoff
departs for Europe. Mr. Vassiliev lives in this country.
Mr. Vassiliev said that geological and climatical condi-
tions in Russia make it very difficult for road construc-
tion. In most parts of the country snow is on the ground
as much as six months in the year. Most of Russia's
highways are therefore dirt roads, he explained.
Mr. Shestakoff plans to purchase much American-
made road building machinery before he returns.
The two Russian engineers will visit Palm Beach today
and will be escorted from there to Miami by another state
engineer. They will travel over the Tamiami Trail and
will come back via the East Coast and up to Atlanta.
Florida roads will be given much praise when the of-
ficial returns to his home, Mr. Vassiliev said.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
VEGETABLES ON MOVE FROM HERE AND
East Hillsborough Growers Face Competition
From Number of Sources
(Plant City Enterprise, March 27, 1928)
While beans and cucumbers are commencing to come
into Plant City in small lots, reports from other sections
are to the effect that the movement of these two vege-
tables will be somewhat general in the near future. A
large Winter Garden shipper picked 90 crates of cucum-
bers last Saturday from 15 acres, which sold for $10 the
crate. This man's acreage was protected by troughs and
the land under irrigation.
Texas has commenced shipping potatoes, the tubers
bringing $4.75 a hundred pounds f. o. b. their loading
point. It is also expected, according to reports, that
the Brownsville section of Texas will commence ship-
ping beans this week.
Strawberries are also moving forward now from sev-
eral sectors. A car of berries from Texas arrived in
Philadelphia Monday morning while several went to the
Chicago market. A car was loaded at Starke yesterday
and it was expected that by the latter part of this week
there would be several cars a day moving out of Starke.
Louisiana expects to have ten cars of berries for forward-
ing by Saturday of this week.
Sam Wilder brought three hampers of cucumbers to
the yard yesterday, for which he received $14 from a
peddler. His first hamper, brought in last week, sold for
$9. Mr. Wilder has fourteen acres of cukes, about seven
of which he had under troughs. All are under irriga-
tion. He expects to have cukes right along now.
Larry Walden brought 14 hampers of beans to the
yard last week and realized a return of $3 per hamper
FARMERS FIND CO-OPERATION PAYS
(The Floridan, March 30, 1928)
Florida farmers are learning the lesson of cooperation
in at least one activity, judging from the reports of the
county agents telling of cooperative purchases of fer-
tilizer by the farmers of their sections.
From Taylor county comes the message that farmers
of that county are using double their customary amount
of fertilizer, and that practically all of it was bought
cooperatively, saving the farmers thousands of dollars.
In Columbia county, County Agent C. A. Fulford re-
ports that farmers have bought four carloads of fertilizer
cooperatively. This activity on the part of Florida farm-
ers has caused local dealers to handle their goods on a
very close margin, thus saving a considerable amount for
those farmers who refuse to cooperate.
County Agent A. S. Lawton writes that the farmers
from three communities have clubbed together in Nassau
county and purchased their fertilizer cooperatively. In
Union county the same thing is happening, according to
Luther T. Dyer, county agent of that county.
Farmers of Santa Rosa county have recently held sev-
eral meetings and pooled their orders for fertilizer, says
J. G. Hudson, their county agent. In Washington county,
Gus York reports that several fertilizer meetings have
been held and instructions given for home mixing. The
purchase of nitrate fertilizers is 20 times the amount pur-
chased last year, it is stated. Mr. York thinks this is an
indication of a complete change in the system of fertili-
zation in that county.
FLORIDA CACTI MAY BE
EDISON'S RUBBER REWARD
Pin-Sized Cactus Being Examined by Electrical
Wizard and Chief Expert
(Lake Worth Leader, March 17, 1928)
Pin-sized cacti and cactus trees 30 feet high are being
examined for rubber by Thomas A. Edison, according to
word received at the New York Botanical Garden from
Dr. John K. Small, head curator of the museums and
herbarium of the garden, who is working with Mr. Edison
in his Florida search for rubber-producing plants.
Orchids that may be hidden under a silver half-dollar,
as well as orchids whose large, leathery leaves would tax
the power of one man to lift, are also being investigated,
Dr. Small reports. Air plants, or the popular "wild
pines" of Florida, are other plants under scrutiny.
If Mr. Edison's analysis of the tissues of cacti reveals
the presence of rubber, it is possible that the natural
vegetation of Florida may provide a prolific find, as the
cactus flora of the state is very extensive, according to
the announcement of the garden by Dr. Marshall A.
Howe, acting director.
Vast Cactus Growth
"The explorations carried on in connection with the
scientific work of the New York Botanical Garden by
Dr. Small have brought to life a vast cactus growth not
before known to exist in Florida, and now open to scien-
tific study," the announcement declared.
"The Florida field work of the garden has increased
the known cactus flora by 300 per cent. In other words,
whereas five genera and seven species were known, we
now have definite knowledge of the genera and forty
"Dr. Small's field studies seem to show large cactus
flora is only a remnant of a once larger and more varied
one which grew on a more or less desert tableland when
Florida was much more elevated above the sea.
"The cactus growth of the Peninsula state is still quite
varied, for one may find cactus trees up to 30 feet tall
and cactus mats with little plants scarcely as large as the
end of one's finger.
"Between these extremes are shrubs and vines of
various sizes and habits, bearing flowers not much larger
than the head of a pin to those over a foot long and a
foot in diameter. Living specimens of all the cacti of
Florida are thriving in the conservatories of the New
York Botanical Garden."
MUSHROOMS ON PUBLIC MARKET
(Lakeland Journal, March 23, 1928)
Lakeland, Florida.-H. H. Nelson, manager of the
Lakeland public market, issues the following market re-
port for the week:
"Mushrooms and strawberries were among the special
features of the week on the market, and judging from
the way in which they were bought up, they were very
much appreciated. Dressed chickens, rabbits and ducks
were in good demand, as well as all kinds of vegetables,
eggs, flowers, shrubs, plants, honey, Florida cane syrup,
jams and jellies.
"Market days-Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday
mornings. While we were somewhat handicapped by lack -
of change, I have made arrangements to have a supply
on hand in the future."
PAPAYA IS PUT UP TO AMERICAN CAN
COMPANY FOR TRY
Glenn Curtiss Asks Supplementary Experiments
(Miami News, March 6, 1928)
By-products of the papaya, including pickles, preserves
and marmalade, will be submitted to the research depart-
ment of the American Can Co. for experimental work,
according to Glenn H. Curtiss, chairman of the board of
directors of Glenn H. Curtiss Properties, Inc., who has
communicated with A. D. Radebaugh, of Raspburg, Md.,
of the research department.
Mr. Curtiss and his associates this winter have raised a
crop of papayas at Opa-Locka and have experimented
with the subtropical fruit for commercial purposes. The
five-acre tract in Little River valley near Opa-Locka has
been under the care of Scott U. Stambaugh.
"We are very much interested in the development of
papaya culture," Mr. Curtiss said, "as an industry in this
section, and I have asked advice of the research depart-
ment of the American Can Co. with reference to what
can be done in the way of preserving the surplus over
what may be sold as fresh fruit. We have done some
experimenting in preserves, pickles and marmalade.
"We will send some of these samples to the research
department and get their opinions as to their possibilities.
Our idea is first to put the by-product up in glass for
home consumption, and later, when production justifies,
to can them in tin for national distribution.
"The basic feature of the undertaking," he added, "is
that the fruit can be produced in quantities of 10 to 20
tons to the acre at a very small cost, and with the addi-
tional slight flavoring of lemon, lime or orange would, in
my opinion, be as palatable as peaches or pears."
The medicinal properties of the papaya, according to
Mr. Curtiss and Mr. Stambaugh, are well known to the
COUNTY HATCHERY IS FLOURISHING
Space Reserved Into April-Several Farmers to
Increase Flock to 1,000 Hens-Cold
Storage Plant Needed
(Lake City Reporter, March 16, 1928)
According to County Agent Fulford, the Columbia
County Farmers' Hatchery in Lake City is enjoying a
splendid patronage. All hatching trays are filled at the
present time and the incubator is working at full capa-
city. Reservations for hatching have been taken up well
The percentage of baby chicks hatched from the eggs
set shows a constant increase as the season advances to-
ward full-fledged spring. The vitality of the chicks is
somewhat lower when the hatching season begins in the
winter than later on. Last week, however, the percentage
of chickens hatched ran as high as 71 out of 96 eggs, and
results this week are expected to be still better. Better
eggs are coming in, also, than earlier in the season.
Several farmers are making preparations, the county
agent stated, to increase their flocks of laying hens this
season. Among these are W. H. Criswell, who will in-
crease his flock to 600 hens, and Walter, John and Ollie
Dicks, each of whom expects to have a flock of 1,000 hens.
All of these farmers and others are demonstrating their
faith in the poultry business and are making good in
spite of periods of depression during certain seasons, such
as occurred in February. All can show a substantial
profit, the agent said.
An institution seriously needed in Columbia county,
the farm agent pointed out, is a cold storage plant, prop-
erly financed, for storing eggs while they are cheap for
the holiday and tourist seasons when prices are high all
over the state. Twenty-cent eggs could be stored profit-
ably for local producers until they are worth twice that
much or more.
LARGEST FIELD OF CELERY GROWING IN
Crop To Be Harvested in June
(Sarasota Times, March 25, 1928)
The largest celery field in the United States is now
under cultivation and will be ready for late spring har-
vesting in June, when it is predicted some 500 cars of
the celery will be shipped to northern markets, according
to a statement made to a Times representative yesterday
by W. H. Follette of the Palmer Corporation.
The Bell Brothers, celery growers of Sanford, who are
now successfully farming many acres of Palmer Farms
muck land, have one field of 120 acres devoted to celery
Sarasota muck soil is ideal for celery growing in that
it is possible to successfully raise celery for shipment as
early as Thanksgiving and as late as July, long before,
and months after crops of this sort have been harvested
in other celery-growing communities, is the findings of
experts of the Palmer Corporation.
Recently a number of farmers purchased a tract of
Palmer muck land before any clearing away of the shrubs
and roots had been undertaken, and left Sarasota before
work of grubbing had been started. On returning to
Sarasota, instead of the raw, uncultivated fields they
had left behind, they found a large tract of planted and
Many of Sarasota's winter visitors have visited Palmer
Farms, and none have failed to become greatly impressed
with the success in which this huge project has taken
form, from vast waste lands to the finest soil of farm to
be found anywhere in the state.
BIG EXTRACTION PLANT ENLARGING
The Newport Company, wood extraction plant near
Pensacola, is planning a $200,000 expansion program,
work to start within a short time, which will give the
plant every reason to boast of being the largest of its
nature in the United States, says the Pensacola Journal.
The Newport Company does the work of extracting the
turpentine from stumps of long-cut-over pine lands in
different parts of Florida, Alabama and Georgia. The
gradual expansion of the Newport plant is to be followed
by even more developments, when plans now under way
are followed out. The residue of the pine stumps, or the
pulp, to be more exact, will shortly be saved from the
furnaces into which it is now being fed in great quanti-
ties, and will enter into the manufacture of the well-
known kraft type of wrapping and packing paper. Other
improvements to be made by the company this year in-
clude new buildings, more machinery and the employing
of more men in the different branches of the work, the
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
THIRTEEN CARS SPUDS ROLLED SINCE
Total of 685 Cars of Perishables Moved Out of
(Fort Pierce News-Tribune, March 24, 1928)
Potato shipments out of St. Lucie county during the
past week kept pace with previous movements and
dropped only one car below last week's total.
Thirteen cars of spuds were moved from last Monday
until today, 11 by the South Florida Products Corpora-
tion, one by the Indian River Vegetable Union and the
other one by Harris Bros. The I. R. V. U., which has
been operating little more than a week, shipped its third
Shipments will continue for 15 or 20 days.
A recapitulation of figures on all perishable crop move-
ments out of Fort Pierce and St. Lucie county today
showed that a total of 685 cars had been moved this
season, an amount greatly exceeding the previous year
and establishing a mark, especially in fish and shrimp
shipments that may not be equalled for several years
The bulk of the crop shipments is citrus fruit with a
total of 476 cars, and in addition, 47 carloads of grape-
fruit culls. Fish ranks next with a total of 66 cars.
The potato movement is exceptionally heavy, show-
ing a total of 47 cars. Mixed vegetables rank next with
28 carloads and shrimp is last on the list with 21 cars.
MEASURE APPROVED FOR OVERSEAS
(Special to Times-Union, March 28, 1928)
Washington, March 27.-Today the House committee
on roads reported favorably the bill introduced by Repre-
sentative W. J. Sears authorizing the United States
bureau of public roads to make a survey of the uncom-
pleted bridges of the Oversea Highway from Key West
to the mainland, in the State of Florida, with a view of
obtaining the cost of the construction of the proposed
bridges and report their findings to Congress.
This is an extension of the United States Highway No.
1, from Canada to Key West.
POSTAL RECEIPTS IN FLORIDA DOUBLE
DURING FIVE YEARS
(Greenville Progress, March 29, 1928)
Postal receipts more than doubled during the five-year
period ending June 30, 1927, as compared with the pre-
vious five years, according to figures compiled for the
industrial survey conducted in the state by the State
Department of Agriculture.
For the five years ending June 30, 1927, the receipts
totalled $33,726,081.32, and that of the previous five-
year period $154,354,050.79.
Postal receipts for the year ending June 30, 1927,
were nearly $2,000,000 over those of 1925, the figures
The largest satsuma orange grove in the world is near
Round Lake, in Jackson county. It covers 1,000 acres.
FiRST SHIPMENT RADISHES MADE
DeFuniak Springs Season Opened Saturday;
Other News of Interest
(Jacksonville Journal, March 27, 1928)
DeFuniak Springs, Fla., March 27.-(Special)-The
first shipment of radishes from this section was made
Saturday by J. H. Carpenter sending out 10 barrels.
A meeting of all producers to consider the matter of
a joint marketing program will be held Saturday and all
interested are requested to attend.
WEST FLORIDA COUNTIES ARE TO GET
High Bred Bulls to Be Shipped to Tick Free
(Special to Times-Union, March 5, 1928)
Pensacola, March 4.-As an aftermath of the tick
eradication work which has been systematically pushed
in this section, and which has rendered Northwest Florida
free of the cattle pest, the United States Bureau of
Animal Industry has shown a disposition to cooperate
with the Florida State Livestock Sanitary Board and is
now making plans to send here a carload of pure bred
beef type bulls from Tennessee and the Virginias, and
these bulls will be purchased by the open range cattle-
men of Escambia, Holmes, Jackson, Calhoun, Gulf and
other West Florida counties.
The highest bred Aberdeen Angus bulls are being pur-
chased and this is indicative of the persistent effort to
improve the type of cattle which are to be raised in this
section. These animals are to be in this part of the state
and unloaded within the next two weeks.
The persistent fight against the presence of cattle ticks
in Northwest Florida has resulted in a thorough victory
for the cattlemen and practically all the section west of
the Apalachicola river is to be declared from the quar-
antine ban. Not only has this message been broadcast,
but shipments of tickless cattle have been moving out of
Escambia county since the first of December. More ter-
ritory is being cleared or freed of the ban, and even be-
fore the spring time no ticks will be found in this section,
according to state veterinarians.
With the disappearance of the pine forests, and the
clearing of the thickly-stumped lands by the resinous-
extracting companies, a very favorable outlook for cattle
raising and dairying is now seen in this and adjacent
CELERY STALK WEIGHS OVER SIX
(Bradenton Herald, April 1, 1928)
A celery stalk stripped and ready for shipment weigh-
ing six and three-quarter pounds is on exhibition in the
Wiggins store in Manatee. It was grown by L. C.
The stalk is 23 inches in circumference at the bole.
It was grown on the Dooly farm near Manatee, in a
sandy loam soil.