PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
APRIL 2, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Florida's Agricultural and Other Resources ... ............. 1
27 Solid Cars of Beans via F. E. C. in 8-Day Period ..........
Hog Outlook Said To Be Brighter ...... ........
License Tag Fees Swell State Till .. ....... ... ............ 3
Exports From State Boosted ..... ..... ... ......................... ............. 3
Hunting Licenses and School Funds ...... ....................... 3
Cabbage Plants Are Mailed Out on Large Scale. .. ............ 3
Record Prices for Berries in Plant City........................... 4
Carlatd Perfect Potatoes Shipped ................. ......... 4
Cameras to Picture Florida W ild Life ..................... ....... .... 5
I)lnko Now Working on New Grape Varieties ...... ................... 5
Quarter Million Now Available for Loans Here .........................
Miami Plant W ill Use Local Grapefruit.......... ........................ 5
Florida's Satisfactory Progress ....... ...... .. ... .. 6
Newport Firmnn at Pensacola Is Expanding .......... .............. 6
The Mango ..... .. ... ....... ........... ... 7
Palh Gathering at Shiloh Nets Man a Slmall Fortune ...... ....... 7
Fisher en See Bass Liberated .............. .......... ........... ......... 7
Wild Turkey and Texas Quail Released in PIolk .................... 7
Berries Bring Big Money to Bo. ..g Green Far r ................... S
Large Pigeon Farm in Gadsden County.................... ............. 8
Cigar Factory Is Added to Miami Industries... ............................ 8
Hotel Owner Is Pleased by State Strides ................ ... ........ 9
Celery Shipment Out of Hastings Starts in Earnest ........... ...... 9
Make Florida a Turk. a[t. 9
Population to Pass 3 !llb.n 10
Game Conservation iti Ii.rrlI. I'ri- Pr.i .. L.r l'p* ri 10
Pullman Rivals Social Register as Tourist Index...................... 10
G great Is H ardee County ........... .. .. ........................... ............... 10
Produce Movement Reaches New Record .................................. 11
See Potatoes as Big M uck Crop ................ ............................... ...... 11
Dade Tom atoes Being Shipped ......... .......... .................. ........... 11
Graceville Gets a Peanut M ill ........................................ .......... 11
Record Is M ade in Rock Cargoes ...................... .............................. 12
New Enterprise Launched Here by Local Men ............................. 12
Plan to Import Milk From the Netherlands................ 12
Demand Is Heavy for Canned Fruit.............................................. 12
Cactus Garden Will Be Feature of Mall ....... ..... ........................ 13
New York, Tampa, Baltimore.. ......................... ............. 13
Frostprootf Ships 807 Cars ,f Fruit .............. ............................. 13
Farmers of Taylor County Make Rapid Strides .............. ........ 14
Silver Springs To Be Depicted in News Reel.............. ................... 14
Florida's Reaction to Boom Has Helped Business, Says Price...... 14
361,ooo Eggs To Be Taken Aboard Aircraft Carrier .............. 14
Walton League Will Protect Wild Tree Life............................ 15
Why They Move South ........... ....................... ........... 15
France Offers Citrus Market....... ....................................... ..... 15
Gains Are Shown in Shipment of Foodstuffs From Florida........ 16
Flagler Sends Big Shipment of Palm Buds ................................ 16
Florida's Agricultural and Other Resources
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
(Published in 1928 Florida Standard Guide)
(continued from Last Issue)
SN OUR last issue we discussed a few of
the larger staple products which have
been proven to be adapted to this State.
We now wish to call attention to a few
of the newer products which are being tried
out and which seem to have large possibilities
in the future.
TROPICAL PRODUCTS ADAPTED TO
Scientists are beginning to show us that South
Florida has in it almost marvelous possibilities
for the production of unique tropical products
hitherto unknown in America. We are begin-
ning to reach out to all quarters of the earth
and secure from their hot regions rare plants
and flowers and vegetables and fruits and
grasses. When we shall have transplanted
them and learned which of them may be
adapted to our conditions we are sure to in-
crease largely our output of these more de-
sirable things. We are learning that many
medicinal plants which have never been proven
on our soil will grow well in South Florida.
Here we have another profitable and necessary
industry in the making.
Great captains of industry like Firestone,
Ford and Edison, recognizing the need for new
sources of rubber supply, are experimenting
with hope that they shall soon develop plants
that will yield rubber to supply our vast needs
in the automobile and other industries.
We might mention another very probable
future source of large income to Florida-
namely, the production of bulbs. Just within
the last few years Uncle Sam has found that
the bulbs hitherto imported from the Old World
have been infected with certain destructive
plant diseases. As a preventative step our na-
tion has placed an embargo on some of these
importations which formerly drew many mil-
lions of dollars of American money towards the
other side of the world. Here in Florida our
people are developing the bulb industry and
are finding that Florida bulbs can be sold all
over our nation to displace those we have been
importing in the past.
It is a happy little conceit that we should
thus be able to demonstrate our worthiness to
bear the name "Florida," which means "Land
of Flowers." Perhaps in a few more years we
shall be able to prove that those who gave us
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
this name were wise even beyond their day and
RESOURCES-THEIR SIZE AND VALUE
Few of us know the real size and value of
our principal resources. For the year 1927
Florida produced phosphate amounting to
2,637,420 tons, valued at $8,646,162.00. Our
lumber production in 1927 was 1,150,000,000
feet with an estimated value of fifty to sixty
million dollars. Our citrus production for 1927
was 40,000 cars, with an estimated value of
$50,000,000. Of other fruits and vegetables we
shipped 44,920 carloads with an estimated
value of more than $44,000,000. Competent
authorities state that the total income from our
agricultural, timber, mineral and fish industries
aggregates around $175,000,000 per year.
Those of us who have been thinking in terms
of agriculture are not afraid for the future of
our State. Each year as America increases her
transportation facilities, and as a larger and
larger percentage of her people "explore" for
themselves in sections they had not seen before,
we are "being discovered" here in Florida. The
entire mental attitude of America toward our
State has been transformed. A quarter of a cen-
tury ago people thought of Florida as some far-
off Eden, accessible only to those who had an
abundance of gold and of leisure. To most of
us in America it was a State which existed only
as a topic of conversation. Now America sees
it differently. From a near mid-winter play-
ground to be used by the idle rich it has changed
into a vast year-round popular park and prac-
tical dwelling place. More and more those who
come here to play remain to labor. More and
more the thought is becoming uppermost that
a location so blessed with genial clime and so
fruitful of joyful living is just as well suited to
the business of making a living as it is to the
enjoyment of a living already made. So long
as the heart of man craves sunshine rather than
shadow; so long as men would rather pick
oranges than to shovel snow; so long as hu-
manity would prefer to revel in God's out-of-
doors than to be imprisoned by the legions of
winter, just so long will Florida charms capture
and keep millions of Americans.
27 SOLID CARS OF BEANS VIA F. E. C. IN
35 Cars of Seed Cane Go To West Side of Lake
(Everglades News, Feb. 24, 1928)
Twenty-one carloads of green beans shipped from Canal
Point station of the Florida East Coast Railroad, with
two cars from O. B. 301 and four cars from Belle Glade,
loaded an average of 450 hampers to the car and sold at
an average of $5 a hamper here, gave growers in this
region an income of above $60,000 in the eight days
from February 16 to 23. Six of the cars of beans were
rolled from Canal Point Wednesday morning.
Other shipments in the same eight-day period from
this territory were three cars of potatoes and one car of
mixed vegetables and thirty-five cars of seed cane.
Belle Glade's shipments in the week ending February
22 were four cars of beans and one car of potatoes.
English peas do not figure in the car-lot movement,
but there is a considerable movement by express, and also
of peppers. Eggplants are scare and the movement is
As high as $7 a hamper was paid Wednesday at the
Canal Point station for good beans.
Prices depend on variety and condition of stock. A
car of refugees was bought yesterday at $3.50 f. o. b.
The f. o. b. price of green peppers is around $3.50 a
In fifteen days 62 cars of seed cane were shipped from
Canal Point to Clewiston for planting on the Clewis land
at Liberty Point, between Clewiston and Moore Haven.
HOG OUTLOOK SAID TO BE BRIGHTER
(Okaloosa News-Journal, March 9, 1928)
A program of hog production for North and West
Florida, which includes raising home-grown feed and
stocking up with better blood, was outlined before the
Ocala Agricultural Conference by J. Lee Smith, district
In his recommendations to the farmers of his territory,
Mr. Smith makes a special plea that they do not sell out
and quit because prices were low last year. He gave
figures from the latest government reports to show that
the 1928 crop of pigs should bring better prices. He
emphasized the point that the man who goes in the busi-
ness when prices are high and goes out when prices are
low, always loses.
"Because of the low price of hogs during the season
of 1927-28, our Florida growers, like those of the corn
belt, are inclined to sell out and quit. This they should
not do. To get in when stock is high and sell out when
it is low, never pays. Instead, now is the time to stock
up with better blood. Pigs, sires, and bred gilts can be
bought reasonably cheap. By the time our farmers have
hogs to sell again, the indications are that prices will be
"The Florida grower should make every effort to grow
his feeds and his feeders during the coming year, and if
he can put a few good hogs on the early fall market, he
should do that. By all means, he should hold himself in
a position that he can come back strong when the price
goes up again. What crop is a more consistent revenue
producer on the North Florida farms than the pig?" he
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO....... ...... .Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS .............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR............ .............Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
APRIL 2, 1928
LICENSE TAG FEES SWELL STATE TILL
Four Millions Deposited in Treasury in Two
Months by Motorists
(Stuart News, March 10, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 10.-(A. P.)-The first two months
of 1928 brought over four million dollars to the state
treasury from the sale of motor vehicle license tags, the
latest disbursement of the state motor vehicle depart-
On February 29 the department turned over to the
treasury the sum of $795,292.57, representing the col-
lections made by the various county agencies from the
sale of tags for automobiles, trucks and miscellaneous
motor vehicles. That sum brought the grand total col-
lected since the sale of the 1928 tags began up to
Of the collections made and recorded in the disburse-
ment just announced, which were for the period of Feb-
ruary 15 to February 29, a total of $578,346.54 was
realized on tags for pleasure passenger cars; $17,303.13
for passenger cars for hire; $180,524.03 on trucks;
$14,852.27 on trucks for hire, and $4,286.17 on miscel-
laneous motor vehicles.
EXPORTS FROM STATE BOOSTED
Third Quarter of 1927 Shows $7,033,308 as
Compared With $6,325,778
(Palm Beach Times, March 10, 1928)
Exports of merchandise from Florida during the third
quarter of 1927 were valued at $7,033,308, compared
with $6,325,778 during the corresponding period of 1926,
an increase of $707,530, according to figures made public
today by the department of commerce.
Rosin, valued at $2,240,559, ranked first in order of
value among the commodities sent from the state to
foreign markets during the three-month period. Ex-
ports of southern pine lumber were valued at $1,463,125,
followed in order by phosphate rock, $1,306,633; tur-
pentine, $704,632, and machinery and vehicles, $147,060.
Hogs, fish products, grapefruit, oranges, rubber and
manufactures of rubber, leaf tobacco, logs and hewn tim-
ber, wood manufactures, refined petroleum products,
metals and manufactures of metals, chemicals and re-
lated products, raw cotton, animals and animal products
(edible and inedible), and vegetable food products and
beverages were among the diversified commodities ex-
ported during the three months.
HUNTING LICENSES AND SCHOOL FUNDS
Royall's Report Shows Big Sum Received From
Sale of Permits
(Palm Beach Post, March 11, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 10 (A. P.)-Upwards of $60,000
is the share of the county school funds from the collec-
tions of the State Department of Game and Fresh Water
Fish from hunting, fishing and trapping licenses sold for
the season just closed, State Game Commissioner J. B.
The department recently recorded the apportionment
of $55,778 to the various counties for financing their
schools, and up to that time some of the reports on the
sale of licenses had not been received.
Up to March 1, with a few reports still out, the depart-
ment announced that $270,000 had been collected on
hunting, fishing and trapping licenses, with the total for
the season to probably amount to about $275,000, after
all reports were received.
It is estimated, Mr. Royall said, that $6,000,000 worth
of furs taken by trappers from Florida animals, had been
shipped out of the state during the season just closed.
The department is getting reports of game killed by
the hundreds, and of many animals and furs shipped by
trappers and fur dealers for recording here to show to
the public the amount of game killed and furs shipped
for the season. Figures on these will be available shortly,
it was stated.
The school funds obtain about 25 per cent of the col-
lections on hunting, fishing and trapping licenses. As an
illustration, the smallest hunting license sold is that for
resident county hunting, costing $2.25. The school fund
is given $1 of that amount. However, the most expensive
license costs $10.50, of which the county receives $3.
The collections and disbursements were made under
the newly-enacted state-wide game and fresh water fish
law, which became effective last July. The act provides
for a revision of the license fees, the creation of a com-
mission to look after the breeding of game and fresh
water fish, and other matters connected with hunting,
fishing and trapping in the state.
"Our department does not cost the taxpayers of Florida
one penny," the commissioner said, "as we are operating
it from revenues derived from the huntsmen and fisher-
CABBAGE PLANTS ARE MAILED OUT ON
New Industry Begins Delivery of Spring Crop
(Daytona Beach News, March 10, 1928)
Postal receipts at Palatka took an unexpected upward
turn yesterday with the shipment of an initial consign-
ment of cabbage plants from this city by the Carlisle
Produce Company, formerly of Valdosta, Ga.
One hundred parcels, addressed to many sections of
the Union and to practically all southern states, went
forward. Next week, according to H. G. Carlisle, the
shipments will reach 500 parcels daily.
Owing to the fact that its plants at Valdosta were
killed by the freeze, the Carlisle Company came to East
Palatka to plant for the spring trade on land owned by
Mr. Carlisle. The results met all expectations, while the
prices being received are about three times those of last
year, due to the limited supply.
RECORD PRICES FOR BERRIES IN PLANT
Growers Get Four Hundred and Fifty Thousand
Dollars for First Million Quarts
(Tampa Tribune, March 11, 1928)
Plant City, March 10-(Tribune News Service)-
Jamming the express platform and forcing shippers to
roll 10 freight cars onto the loading tracks of the two
railway lines here, Plant City strawberry growers forced
another heavy day's shipment today. Tabulations at the
closing hour showed the equivalent of approximately 11
cars of berries as having been forwarded or in process
of packing for shipment by freight or express on trains
during the night.
The total production of strawberries handled through
the local market up to this date now stands at 1,000,902
quarts for the season. These were sold here for a gross
return of $450,249.20 to the growers of East Hills-
Higher Price Average
While the volume of strawberry shipments through
today is not up to the totals of some preceding years, the
prices received thus far have ranged far above the price
averages of other years.
The volume of shipments during the past two weeks,
and the prospect for production for the remainder of
March and early April is taken as the basis for a fore-
cast by local authorities that the strawberry acres of East
Hillsborough this season will produce a total crop of
something better than 2,000,000 quarts. If this figure is
realized, the total receipts by growers should run to
three-quarters of a million dollars or better.
Local sales passed the million-quart mark yesterday,
and offerings are expected to average better than 50,000
quarts a day for the next three weeks. For the last 10
days sales on this market have averaged better than
$20,000 a day, and for the last six weeks the daily aver-
age has run slightly better than $11,500.
The production of strawberries in Eastern Hillsborough
leads the entire state, and Plant City has for years been
known as the "world's largest winter f. o. b. strawberry
market." In addition to this distinction, which is based
on fact and not merely on the spirit of community boost-
ing, the operation of the sales market here on a cash
basis makes this market the best f. o. b. market in
Florida, and one of the best in the entire south.
Other Produce Sold
The presence of from 50 to 75 buyers here throughout
the strawberry season-from December to April-fur-
nishes competition from the biggest produce houses
throughout the country, for large volumes of other kinds
of produce. Beans, potatoes, cucumbers-in fact, every
variety of truck and vegetable crops-are brought to this
market during the spring and fall seasons, and are sold
here for actual cash-in-hand, just as the entire straw-
berry volume is handled.
The grower offering berries and produce on the mar-
ket runs his laden vehicle down a series of lanes at the
entrance to the city's new berry yard, and during its
progress receives the bids of the buyers. When he
reaches the end of the lane, he turns his truck toward
the freight car of the buyer who has made the "high"
bid, or toward that section of the express platform
devoted to that buyer's produce. When the berries or
truck containers are taken from the truck the grower
gets his check, and has no further worry.
Because of the wide distribution system represented
by the buyers here it often happens that growers re-
ceive almost as much spot cash for their products as the
same products are bringing on the same date in northern
and eastern markets. This is explained by the fact that
much of the volume shipped from this point goes to
special customers, who have an established demand for
the particular quality available here, and are willing to
pay a premium for that quality. In the case of berries,
this demand is partially attributable to the fact that local
growers wash and pack their berries carefully, whereas
in some other production centers the short-cake filler
fruit goes into the quart cups in almost the same condi-
tion that it left the plants in the field, and without any
attempts at packing.
Traffic Gets Blocked
While the volume of berry-production has been im-
pressed on local people for years, through the blocking
of traffic for blocks around the express platform during
mid-season, it is hard for outsiders to conceive of the
quantity of fruit handled here, day in and day out, dur-
ing the height of the shipping period. One has to wit-
ness such a crush as the growers and buyers went through
this morning to appreciate fully what the strawberry in-
dustry means in this community.
The sales thus far this season, running well above the
million mark at noon today, would have been sufficient
to have loaded 200 solid freight cars, had all the berries
been forwarded in solid carloads. In one day this season,
better than 18 carloads have been forwarded. The record
day's forwardings from this point for all time stands at
approximately 40 solid cars.
Through the fact that thousands of quarts of berries
every day go forward in smaller than carload lots, in a
rather bulky container known as "pony refrigerator," the
actual number of railroad cars-freight and express-re-
quired to handle the berry crop, runs much higher than
would be indicated by the figures cited. The handling
of around 200,000 quarts of berries, which constituted
the biggest day's forwardings ever handled from this
point, would have required approximately 40 cars for
loading in'solid-car lots. Such a movement would have
made two respectable sized freight trains.
Thus far this season the biggest day's shipments ran
99,152 quarts-on March 5-or 20 solid cars. These
would have provided big dishes of "strobberies an' cream"
for around one-half million people. Shipments for this
day, if set side by side, in their quart-cup containers,
would have made a strip of crimson short-cake filler
nearly 10 miles in length, while the season's production,
if it runs to the volume now estimated, would stretch a
solid line of berry cups from Tampa to a point within 60
miles of Jacksonville, or a total distance of approximately
190 miles. It has been figured that such a quantity of
strawberries would be ample to make "ripe fruit" ice
cream sufficient to give a capacity "feed" to more than
half the men, women and children of the continental ter-
ritory of the United States.
CARLOAD PERFECT POTATOES SHIPPED
(Fort Myers Tropical News, March 6, 1928)
A carload of 550 bushels of potatoes said to be the
most perfect specimens produced in the county this sea-
son was loaded at Tice yesterday by H. E. McCormack.
The potatoes are of the Red Bliss variety and were grown
on Mr. McCormack's 22-acre farm in the Tice section,
where he expects to produce a crop of about five carloads.
The shipment will probably be sold and forwarded to a
northern market today.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
CAMERAS TO PICTURE FLORIDA WILD
Expedition to Explore Everglades
(Ft. Myers Press, March 9, 1928) 9
Howard Bliss, Jr., and Charles E. Nash, New Jersey
newspaper men, arrived in Fort Myers last week to make
a two months' exploration of the wild life of south
Florida. The expedition to obtain pictures and data on
rare birds and animals is being financed by Allison Sharp,
head of the Philadelphia Marmon Co., who has large
manufacturing interests in the north.
"We chose Florida because we believe it offers best
opportunity to observe wild life of every kind, which is
as yet undisturbed by the march of civilization," Mr.
Nash, editor of the Sea Breeze, Beach Haven, N. J., who
is in charge of the expedition, said last night.
The men will use a small power launch of shallow
draft, which is now being outfitted at Ft. Myers. Accord-
ing to present plans they will follow the west coast line
from Fort Myers to Key West through the Ten Thousand
Islands. They will return by way of the keys to Miami
and up through the Everglades to Lake Okeechobee,
thence across state via the Caloosahatchee to their base
at Fort Myers. Before sailing for Key West the ex-
plorers will cruise around Sanibel Island. They have been
given permission to enter all federal game preserves.
The expedition is equipped with cameras of the type
used by Carl Akeley, veteran African explorer, and are
valued at $3,500. The outfit includes photographic
lenses capable of making pictures of objects three and a
half miles away. The lenses, alone, considered to be the
finest obtainable, were purchased at a cost of $1,500.
Mr. Nash and Mr. Bliss, who is connected with the
Atlantic City News, motored to Florida from the latter's
home in 40 hours.
DEMKO NOW WORKING ON NEW GRAPE
(Umatilla Tribune, March 2, 1928)
Seventeen more European varieties of grapes have
been added to the experimental vineyards of the Demko
Brothers vineyards, located near Altoona.
Last summer during harvesting time, Dr. Geo. C.
Husman, Associate Pomologist of the U. S. Department
of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, of Washington,
D. C., visited this section, and at that time told Dr. Chas.
Demko, who is doing quite a bit of experimental work,
the Bureau of Plant Industry was only too glad to give
us all the cooperation possible, in securing the varieties
wanted for experimental purposes, in Florida.
The following varieties were received, and over 100
grafts were made from them, on seven different root
stocks; and in a period of time it is hoped that some of
these will prove of some benefit to the locality:
Albardiens, Alexandria, Black Hamburg, Hunisa,
Muscat Hamburg, Olivette Blanche, Olivette Noir, Pizzu-
tella, White Luglienga, Black Morocco, Pimet, Zabals-
kanski, Syrian, Chauch Rose, Paykanee Razuki, Duc de
Magenta, Kurtelaska, Blauer Portugeiser, Chacooschee.
At the present time there are over 40 different varieties
of European or California grapes in the Demko Brothers
QUARTER MILLION NOW AVAILABLE FOR
Loan Companies Are Extending Operations to
Small Florida Cities
(Punta Gorda Herald, March 2, 1928)
A quarter million dollars is now available to owners of
Punta Gorda, Solana and Cleveland buildings for first
mortgage loans on improved property, according to
Charles Cook, who states he has been named sub-agent
representing a great northern loan company whose field
of operations has recently been extended southward from
Tampa to include Sarasota, Bradenton, Arcadia, Wau-
chula, Fort Myers and Punta Gorda. The news is
heralded by business men of the city as a certain indica-
tion that "tight" times have reached their lowest ebb.
Mr. Cook states that loans have already been made in
Wauchula and Arcadia with the result that many citizens
in those cities are recovering from the financial pinch
incurred by the collapse of the 1925 boom, and knowl-
edge of the fact that money can be obtained is encourag-
ing citizens and stimulating business. A half million
dollars has been allotted Arcadia and Fort Myers and a
million dollars to Sarasota, and other loan companies are
entering the field.
The loans draw eight per cent interest, at a six per
cent discount, and extend over a period of six years.
Title must be passed upon by loan company attorneys in
New York City, and proof of location must be made by
photographs showing front and side views of the build-
ing and a few nearby buildings on the street.
MIAMI PLANT WILL USE LOCAL GRAPE-
Factory Packing Three Tons of Culls an Hour
to Start Soon-Homestead to Get
Unit Plant Later
(Homestead Leader, March 1, 1928)
A grapefruit canning factory which will require three
tons of grapefruit an hour to keep its wheels turning
will be in operation at Miami within two weeks, Harry
Pickering, president of the Pan-American Canning Cor-
poration, told the Homestead Rotary Club yesterday.
Mr. Pickering was the guest of the club at its weekly
luncheon held at the Homestead Golf and Country Club.
The corporation, capitalized at $3,000,000, fully sub-
scribed by northern interests, expects to have a unit
plant at Homestead at some future date, Mr. Pickering
said. The initial plant is being established at Miami be-
cause of Seaport facilities. The canning plant is the
last word in modern invention, Mr. Pickering explained,
and it will operate on such a large scale that the cor-
poration expects to have to import fruit after using all
the available culls from grapefruit growing sections in
"We are getting a start late in the season-not at the
eleventh hour, but practically at midnight, so to speak-
but by running day and night we believe that with the
enormous consuming capacity of our plant we can make
up for much of the lost time," Mr. Pickering said. "We
believe that our plant will mean in many cases the differ-
ence between black ink and red ink to the grower, whose
sheep-head grapefruit and other culls now go into the
FLORIDA'S SATISFACTORY PROGRESS
(Orlando Sentinel, March 3, 1928)
According to a news story in the Wall Street Journal
of recent date, the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad analyzes
the Florida situation as being decidedly encouraging and
returning to a normal basis. The analysis of the Florida
situation, which is of considerable importance to the At-
lantic Coast Line since it has more than 38 per cent of
its mileage there, an official of the road says:
"Basically, Florida is an agricultural state, and the
opportunities for development along this line are as great
as ever before, and the collapse of the real estate boom
probably did more to emphasize these opportunities than
any other thing. The Coast Line, in the light of 25 years'
experience in serving the state, is not disturbed over the
present readjustment through which Florida is passing,
as we have witnessed other periods of depression, which,
though not given such wide publicity, were just as serious.
"As evidence of the faith the Coast Line has in Florida
and other southern states through which it runs, we au-
thorized more than $108,301,633 for improvements, addi-
tions and extensions, road and equipment during the
period February 28, 1920, to December 31, 1927. Our
expenditures in 1927 were considerably in excess of those
in 1924, although in 1924 conditions in Florida were con-
sidered by every one to be sound and the future of the
state was unquestioned. Florida, as a whole, has made
and is now making satisfactory progress insofar as its
basic industries are concerned, and its present position is
very much more favorable than in 1924, which was prior
to the recent inflation period.
Composite Picture of Activities
"As bank deposits and clearings offer a composite pic-
ture of all activities, the following figures, which reflect
financial conditions in Florida as of June, 1927, and De-
cember, 1924, are of interest:
Banks Profits Deposits Resources
June, 1927...... 327 $67,462,476 $468,819,236 $562,565,268
Dec., 1924...... 306 38,629,351 375,042,948 247,497,457
First 9 months, 1927, bank clearings........................ $1,404,006,894
First 9 months, 1924, bank clearings ....................... 1,005,992,875
Average U. S. bank deposits June 30, 1927............ 2,793,115
Average Florida bank deposits June 30, 1927.......... 3,937,258
"Florida's prosperity primarily depends upon its pro-
duction of citrus fruit and vegetables. Therefore, a com-
parison of the actual movement of these commodities
from the state via all-rail transportation lines imme-
diately prior and subsequent to the speculative period is
indicative of whether or not this industry has been re-
Citrus Fruit Vegetables
Sept. 1, 1922, to Aug. 31, 1923............ 43,404 cars 33,979 cars
Sept. 1, 1923, to Aug. 31, 1924............ 52,767 cars 37,669 cars
Sept. 1, 1926, to Aug. 31, 1927............ 43,013 cars 38,786 cars
"A severe hurricane in September, 1926, and freezing
temperature in January, 1927, reduced the volume of
citrus fruit for that season; otherwise the movement
would have exceeded that for the season of 1923-24.
Phosphate and Lumber Industries
"The phosphate and lumber industries are also im-
portant factors in the economic life of Florida. Follow-
ing table compares the port movement (foreign and coast-
wise) of pebble phosphate rock from Florida for the
years immediately preceding and following the specula-
tive period; also figures showing the production of lum-
ber during this period with 1927 estimates, not including
hardwood on which no data are yet available:
Phosphate Rock Lumber
1927 ......................................... 1,713,241 tons 1,150,000,000 feet
1924 .... .................................... 1,009,330 tons 1,089,429,000 feet
"Statistics might be cited as to cigars, fish, naval stores,
limestone and numerous other activities, but the forego-
ing, representing the principal or key industries, should
be sufficiently convincing as to the fundamental sound-
ness of the state and supporting evidence that the infla-
tion in 1925 and early 1926 has not retarded creative
"There has been during the past two years a quickening
of interest in agricultural and manufacturing lines. Many
experiments are being made, and of particular interest is
the erection of a large sugar mill at Clewiston in the
Everglades section, and the establishment at various
points of grapefruit canning plants. This industry, be-
ginning in a small way, during the past several years has
developed until now there are 17 plants operating in the
"There doubtless will be a further period of deflation
for those who have not yet adjusted themselves to the
return to normal conditions. There has been an over-
building of hotels and apartment houses, and, in some
sections, residential construction has been in excess of
demand. There is still a surplus in some lines of busi-
ness, particularly those handling building materials. It
is a tribute to the common sense judgment of the bankers
of the State of Florida that they maintained an even keel
during the inflation period and are now in position to
finance, and are financing, such legitimate enterprises as
apply to them.
NEWPORT FIRM AT PENSACOLA IS
Wood Extracting Plant to Spend $200,000 in
(Special to Times-Union, Feb. 29, 1928)
Pensacola, Feb. 28.-The Newport Company, wood ex-
traction plant, is expanding, with the expenditure of
$200,000, and in a short time the local plant will have
reason to boast of being the largest of the kind in the
country. There are several branches of the same com-
pany in Alabama and Florida, but the one in Pensacola is
by far the largest and is now almost doubling its output.
The Newport does the double duty of extracting the
turpentine from the stumps of the long cut-over pine
lands in different parts of the states of Alabama, Florida
and Georgia, and of clearing the lands of these stumps,
making more arable great tracts of lands by the owners.
The gradual expansion of the Newport plant is to be
followed by even more developments, if plans now said
to be under consideration are followed out. The residue
of the pine stump, or the pulp, to be more exact, may
shortly be saved from the furnaces into which it is now
fed in great quantity, and enter into the manufacture of
the well-known kraft type of paper. This idea has long
been in the mind of local men interested in the extract-
ing process, but has never yet been reduced to a cer-
The Newport Company contracts for the removal of
stumps from vast land tracts and pays the owner for the
product. Thus the lands are made more useful to the
agriculturist and also made more salable in the farmland
line, for hundreds of acres are being taken over for the
planting of cotton and farm truck in this section.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
(Homestead Enterprise, Feb. 24, 1928)
The mango has been known in Florida since 1840
when Dr. Perrine made the first plantings on the Florida
Keys and on the shores of Biscayne Bay somewhere on
the grant of which the Chapman Field was a part; how-
ever these were only seedling trees. Not until 1889,
when the Department of Agriculture sent Prof. Elbridge
Gale, in Palm Beach, a grafted Mulgoba tree, was any
budded or grafted trees planted in Florida, and probably
not until the father of the mango industry in Florida,
George B. Cellon, started propagating known varieties
such as Hadens, Mulgobas, Cecils, Sundersha, Amini,
Paheri and others, was much accomplished in small grove
These varieties vary greatly in size and color, from
small fruits one-half pound in weight to fruits weighing
as much as four or five pounds, with a smooth skin and
deliciously colored from deep yellow to crimson blush.
Its aroma is spicy and alluring, with the flesh juicy;
yellow or orange in color. The finest East Indian varie-
ties are practically free from fibre, with rich, luscious
This aristocrat of all tropical fruits, with the probable
exception of the mangosteen, was until the real estate
developments took the grove planting around Miami,
shipped in quantities, demanding high prices and a good
Although the wave of progress has swept away this
once profitable industry we still have a great deal of un-
developed land suitable for the planting of mangoes, and
no doubt those with vision will some day not far in the
distant future take advantage of the opportunity to
again establish this longed for and profitable fruit in-
dustry in South Florida, that the people are craving for
and are demanding at high prices.
The mango will grow on our rolling rocky pine land
where it is well drained and free from overflow. Its cul-
tural method is the same as other grove methods in South
Florida. It takes kindly to legumous cover crops during
the summer months to stop evaporation, conserve the
moisture and add nitrogen to the soil, mowing them down
in the fall for mulching around the trees.
Mangoes are planted about 21 by 21 feet, making 100
trees to the acre. This is probably too close for some of
the larger growing varieties, but is sufficient distance for
PALM GATHERING AT SHILOH NETS MAN
A SMALL FORTUNE
Palm gathering is in season in Florida, and in Brevard
county it is assuming the proportion of an important in-
dustry at the little town of Shiloh, 15 miles to the north
of Titusville. Palms are gathered and shipped to mar-
kets in various parts of the nation for Palm Sunday, and
the millions who carry away from their church a re-
minder of the day are being supplied almost completely
At Shiloh the industry was given its birth and nursed
along for three years by T. A. Richey, who this year is
shipping and selling a total of 150,000 palms. These
palms are cut into various sizes when they reach their
destination, and some of them are prepared in sizes al-
ready for use in the church on Palm Sunday in the field.
A shipment of eight carloads left this week from the
Shiloh plant for St. Louis, Mo.
Leaves prepared for shipment are cut from the tops of
the tall trees that grow in the Shiloh territory, and these
leaves are sorted out and bound up into sacks and tied.
They are then loaded onto trucks that come into the field
and haul the loads to the railroad cars for their journey
There are about fifteen men employed at the work
most of the time. The cutting is done with long poles to
which are attached sharp blades. The short ones are cut
with axes. When the palm leaves fall to the ground after
cutting they are gathered up and then the process of sort-
ing and piling begins -preparatory to binding them for
The plant from which Mr. Richey is shipping this year
is located in the most dense part of his woods close to
Shiloh. Huge oaks and undergrowth surround the cleared
spot where the men are at work. Trucks meander in and
out through the pines, the oaks and palm trees, loading
and unloading, each year performing on a larger scale.
For there is an unlimited supply, Mr. Richey says.
FISHERMEN SEE BASS LIBERATED
Fish Are Distributed In the Withlacoochee
(Miami Herald, March 13, 1928)
Tallahassee, Fla., March 12.-The annual meeting of
the Florida division, Izaak Walton League of America,
just held at Yankeetown, found the witnessing of the
first distribution of the first output of 1928 of Florida's
fish hatcheries one of its entertainment features.
T. R. Hodges, State Shell Fish Commissioner, one of
the principal speakers on the program, carried with him
to the annual meeting about 20,000 young bass for plant-
ing in the Withlacoochee river. The fish were produced
in the shell fish department's fresh water fish hatchery at
Welaka, where 50,000 young fingerlings were available
for distribution as the convention got under way.
The department's shad hatchery was being put in
shape for operation under the joint supervision of state
and federal hatchery experts. At the shad hatchery,
shad, herring and other salt water fish wil be produced
for the department's salt waters.
Down on Lake Okeechobee, the department's "John
W. Martin Hatchery" was being fast completed for the
distribution of young fish to the waters of South Florida.
The outlook for the spring hatch, Mr. Hodges asserted,
was excellent, and indications were that the salt and
fresh waters of the state would be filled with several
WILD TURKEY AND TEXAS QUAIL
RELEASED IN POLK
State Game Department Plants Seed for Years
(Polk County Record, Feb. 28, 1928)
A dozen wild turkey and 50 pair of Texas quail have
just been released by H. M. Cobb, deputy state game
commissioner, at points in Polk County where he be-
lieves conditions favorable toward their increase.
The birds were received through the State Game De-
partment. The turkey came from the Gilbert F. Johnson
game farm of Blabon, North Dakota, and the quail from
Loreda, Texas. Both varieties were raised under natural
conditions and are expected to thrive in the Polk county
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
BERRIES BRING BIG MONEY TO BOWLING
W. H. Blackburn Sold 20,000 Pints of Straw-
berries From Three and One-half
Acres for $5,000
(Florida Advocate, March 2, 1928)
Strawberries have come to mean a lot to Will H. Black-
burn. They mean plenty of work to do a big portion of
the time, but they also mean a big income from a few
acres, and a steady influx of money from December till
Mr. Blackburn lives about two miles east of Bowling
Green, on the county line road. He literally "lives" in
his strawberry patch, and that small plot of ground gives
him several thousand dollars in return.
We found Mr. Blackburn there yesterday morning,
along with about ten others who were busy picking the
luscious berries that he was to haul into town and mar-
ket for something like twenty cents a pint f. o. b. his
home town of Bowling Green.
From the small tract of three and one-half acres, Mr.
Blackburn estimates that he has sold about twenty thou-
sand pints of berries so far this season, which began the
first of last December.
These twenty thousand pints of berries brought any-
where from twenty to sixty cents f. o. b. Just how much
they averaged, Mr. Blackburn said he didn't know, be-
cause he keeps no accurate record of his sales. He be-
lieves, however, that they will average between twenty-
five and thirty cents a pint, which will amount to at least
$5,000 he has received from berry sales this season.
To give you an idea of how much his berries have
brought, one day Mr. Blackburn sold 864 pints from one
and one-half acres. The next day he sold 134 pints from
the other part of his field, making a total of 994 pints at
one picking. The average price of that picking was
thirty-two cents a pint. His sales for the two days
totaled $309.08. Figure it out for yourself.
Mr. Blackburn is just now getting his largest pickings
of berries, and before the season ends late in April his
berry sales will go beyond the $6,000 mark, according to
his own estimate. To look at his field of strawberries,
green and red intermingled and glowing in the morning
sunlight, will settle all doubt in one's mind as to whether
he is talking just for publication or not. His field is one
of the most beautiful of Sany such places in this county,
and on picking days, which to him is every day except
Sunday, it is a veritable bee hive of activity from which
hundreds of dollars' worth of berries are being gleaned
Mr. Blackburn has no secret of success to give out.
His place just seems to hum with activity every day in the
year and every corner of it is bulging with something that
seems doing exceptionally well, even here in this county
where a crop has to be extraordinary to draw even
He has five acres of melons, three acres of cucumbers,
two acres of sweet corn, two acres of beans and one and
one-half acres of squash, besides his three-acre grove
which brings in a nice little profit every fall.
The melons, cukes, beans, squash and corn will bring
in a good profit along in the months of April, May and
June, just about the time he is finishing up his straw-
On the same place, Luther Blackburn, a brother, has
an acre of berries from which he has already sold over
Mr. Blackburn believes strawberries are a safe money
crop. He believes we need more cash buyers in Wauchula
and Bowling Green, where practically all the Hardee
county crop is marketed.
As to just how much can be made on strawberries in
this county, Mr. Blackburn could not estimate or even
guess. But what they have already brought him this sea-
son, with what he will get between now and the latter
part of April, ought to be enough to satisfy any man.
LARGE PIGEON FARM IN GADSDEN
(Gadsden County Times, March 8, 1928)
Possibly the largest pigeon industry in the state is
located in Gadsden county, seven miles west of Quincy,
and in importance and magnitude promises to become
worthy of recognition in the diversified industries of the
J. D. Jefferson has on his farm at the present time two
thousand Belgian Carneau pigeons, and it is his intention
to increase the number as fast as they can be raised from
his present flock. The demand, he says, is great and
growing for squabs and pigeons for breeding purposes.
Mr. Jefferson came from Alaska to Florida three years
ago and investigated conditions in other sections of the
state before coming to Gadsden county. He decided that
Gadsden county offered greater inducements for pigeon
raising than any other section he had visited, owing to
the nature of the soil and climatic conditions. Grain can
be raised here with which to feed the pigeons and other
fowls, and the cost of feeding is reduced to a minimum.
Mr. Jefferson has, in connection with the pigeon indus-
try, a chicken farm with one thousand white leghorn
hens, and finds that feature of his business profitable.
He is always busy with his pigeons and hens and can tell
when they are doing their full duty in laying and hatch-
The Belgian Carneau pigeon is brown in color, and
unlike other pigeons, can be eaten after becoming grown.
The ordinary pigeon, says Mr. Jefferson, becomes tough
after emerging from the squab stage and is seldom used
for table food. He is well pleased with Gadsden county,
especially for the line of business in which he is engaged,
and advises those who are seeking a good country in
which to live and prosper to investigate and consider this
section of the state.
CIGAR FACTORY IS ADDED TO MIAMI
(Dade County Times, March 9, 1928)
The Florida Ideal Cigar Company started operations
last week at 3817 N. W. 17th avenue, according to an-
nouncement made in the Dade County Courier. M. F.
Hannahs of the Hannahs Supply Co. is president of the
new concern and T. A. Symonett is manager. With five
men employed the factory output is stated to be 2,000
cigars per day. This will be increased as soon as possi-
ble, and the local consumption of the two brands being
manufactured is on the increase, it is said.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
HOTEL OWNER IS PLEASED BY STATE
Partner in Baron-Wilson Chain Has Greatest
Faith in Florida
(Times-Union, March 1, 1928)
"Nothing has ever phased me as to Florida. Financial
confidence in the state has been restored. The only
necessity is to keep going steady-like the old grist mill,
keep the wheels turning slowly but surely."
Such is the feeling of W. T. Wilson, of Atlanta, vet-
eran hotel operator of the southeast, as to Jacksonville
and Florida. Mr. Wilson is a partner of Sam Baron in
the operation of a group of eight hotels in North Caro-
lina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Florida. The
Florida house is the Seminole of this city. Mr. Wilson
reached the city yesterday from his Atlanta office and
plans to leave today on the return trip. Mrs. Wilson has
been a guest of the Seminole for the past week, coming
here after a tour of the East Coast section of Florida and
into Cuba with her husband. She plans to return with
him to Atlanta.
Mr. Wilson made it clear that he was not speaking for
himself relative to his optimism about Florida-that he
was being the spokesman for the Baron and Wilson hotels.
They have under consideration the purchase of other
Florida interests, Mr. Wilson said. "Last summer we
had no such thought-now we have such a plan under
consideration." He would offer no suggestion as to just
what portion of the state the company might be interested
More People Here
There are more people in Florida this season than last,
Mr. Wilson declared. "That's a reality," he said. The
hotels of the lower East Coast he found to be running
comfortably full, and he remarked as to the reasonable
hotel and restaurant rates.
"Reasonable hotel rates, reasonable living conditions
will certainly be a factor in bringing more tourists to the
state," he declared.
"Florida's here-you can't get away from that. Its
nearness to eastern cities, twenty-four hours out of New
York City by train, ten hours by airplane. People are
bound to come here-you can't keep them away.
"Florida during the period of speculation had more
churches, more schools and more hotels and apartment
houses built than would have come in a hundred years.
Afterward it was like an overgrown child, unhealthy.
Now things are shaping up-the old grist mill is grinding
steadily along. Florida's been quietly sawing wood now
for a year or so-the eye of the country is on this state.
"What's needed now is conservatism. If the thing is
handled right, if the wheels are kept going steadily,
there's no doubt in my mind that much more money will
be made in Florida than was ever lost here.
"During the speculation period people naturally didn't
have confidence in the state-no business man likes a
gamble. There's a much better feeling now generally
toward Florida-confidence has been restored in the finan-
He Observes Conditions
Mr. Wilson has been a keen observer of Jacksonville
conditions since 1908. That year and in 1909 and 1910
he was assistant manager of the Aragon hotel here. He
has been in the hotel business for twenty-five years-
since 1914 associated with Mr. Baron. He and Mr. Baron
have kept their hotel expenditures in the southeast
throughout their operations.
As to the economic conditions of his chain of hotels,
Mr. Wilson said he was highly pleased with the operation
of the Seminole under J. J. Page, Jr., the manager. The
audit showed that during February the house cared for
1,527 more persons than during February, 1927, Mr.
Wilson announced. There was a similar increase in the
January showing over that of the previous year, he said.
The other hotels are running in good shape, he said, par-
ticularly the ones on the highways leading into Florida-
Savannah, Columbia and Charlotte. In those houses, he
said, are reflected the great amount of automobile travel
to Florida "and there's more this year than ever before."
In addition to the Seminole of the hotels operated by the
two are The Mecklenburg at Charlotte, the Robert
Fulton and the Cecil of Atlanta, the Exchange of Mont-
gomery, the Hillman at Birmingham, the Jefferson at
Columbia and the Savannah in Savannah.
CELERY SHIPMENT OUT OF HASTINGS
STARTS IN EARNEST
(St. Augustine Record, February 28, 1928)
Hastings, Fla., Feb. 28.-Wade Brothers and the Bug-
bee Distributing Company, pioneers in the growing of
high-grade celery in this vicinity, started cutting and
shipping the product last week from their 30-acre field
near the city.
John Wade, sales manager of the Bugbee Distributing
Company, reports price and demand exceedingly good at
this particular time. The celery being shipped from
here is of the very finest grade and will no doubt bring
MAKE FLORIDA A TURKEY STATE
(Enterprise-Recorder, March 9, 1928)
Three outstanding facts prove that Florida should be
giving some attention to the raising of turkeys. First,
the plentifulness of wild turkeys proves that they can be
raised here. Secondly, the thousands that are shipped in
annually for consumption in this state proves that there
is a demand for them. And certainly the price they
bring proves that raising turkeys would be profitable
In these days when there is over-production in so many
lines of farm and grove products, it is most encouraging
to find at least one industry of the rural sections that is
nowhere near overdone as yet-the poultry industry. In
Florida, with such an immense winter demand for both
eggs and poultry meat, poultry farming offers most ex-
cellent inducements. In this, as in other pursuits, not all
who engage in it will make a success. But those who
go into it in earnest and intelligently will most likely
No one as yet is giving any serious attention to turkey
raising in Florida. To make a success of this, those who
embark in it must be careful in selection of locations,
stock and feed. Indeed, we must admit we have hardly
entered the experimental stage in the haphazard turkey
production we have had thus far. One of these days some
westerner or some Pennsylvania Dutchman will come
down here and make a fortune out of turkeys while we
are thinking about trying it. Florida will, one of these
sweet days, supply her own turkey market.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
POPULATION TO PASS MILLION
Prediction Gives Florida 1,411,000 Residents in
(St. Petersburg Times, March 13, 1928)
The permanent population of Florida will be 1,411,000
as of July 1, 1928, according to the estimates just pub-
lished by the Department of Commerce, compared with
a population of 968,470 as of January 1, 1920.
The total population of the United States as of July 1
will be 120,013,000 according to the government esti-
mate, compared with 105,710,620 January 1, 1920.
Florida now has a greater population than Arizona,
Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Idaho, Maine,
Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North
Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Ver-
mont, Wyoming, Nebraska.
If the relative growth of Florida continues at the
present rate in comparison with the growing rate of many
other states as now shown Florida will soon overtake Con-
necticut, with its 1,667,200; Maryland with 1,616,000;
Mississippi, which has remained stationary at 1,790,612;
and possibly Washington, which now has 1,587,000 com-
pared with 1,346,621 in 1920.
New York is estimated to have 11,550,000; Pennsyl-
vania, 9,854,000; Illinois, 7,396,000; Ohio, 6,826,000;
then comes Texas with 5,487,000; California with 4,556,-
000, compared with 3,426,861 in 1920.
Florida has gone ahead of Nebraska in the eight year
period, Nebraska having had 1,296,372 in 1920, increas-
ing to 1,408,000 on the present estimate, compared to
GAME CONSERVATION IN FLORIDA
DRAWS PRAISE OF EXPERT
(Florida State News, March 12, 1928)
High praises of the manner in which Florida is con-
serving its game was expressed by V. L. McAtee, biologist
in charge of food habits and research of the U. S. bio-
logical survey, during a visit to the State Department of
Game and Fresh Water Fish.
Mr. McAtee, who planned to be in the state about two
weeks looking into quail investigation work being carried
on in Florida and Georgia by Herbert L. Stoddard, an-
other federal biological expert, declared that Florida has
a rich fauna and the most representation of waterfowl
to be found in any state of the country. It would not
only be a crime in the eyes of the state itself, but in
those of the nation, if Florida failed to protect her wild
The general impression prevails in the federal depart-
ment at Washington, he added, that Florida is making
great progress in her conservation activities.
Mr. McAtee came to Florida primarily, he said, to at-
tend a meeting of owners of estates in Jefferson and
Leon counties, in Florida, and Thomas and Grady coun-
ties, in Georgia, who are conducting the quail investiga-
tion work, to discuss plans for further development of
such activities, and to decide upon publication of the
final report on the quail investigations. In discussing the
work, Mr. McAtee said it had gone on long enough to
obtain practical ideas under which a system could be
developed for continuing the equal supply at the least
cost in time and money. These results will be given the
PULLMAN RIVALS SOCIAL REGISTER AS
Exclusive Set Now Comes to Florida in Private
(St. Augustine Record, March 6, 1928)
Palm Beach, Fla., March 6-(A. P.)-The social regis-
ter still may prevail in Palm Beach, but those who watch
the arrival of winter residents now recognize the Pull-
man as a more popular indicator of wealth and exclu-
To arrive in a private car is an indication of exclu-
siveness and of membership in high social sets. But to
arrive in a privately-owned Pullman is proof positive.
And the Phipps family, with its several branches of New
York and Westbury, L. I., uses an entire special train,
which also brings the family's polo ponies.
Comparatively few persons own private cars. The
"Japauldon" of the James Donahues, is considered the
most magnificent car on rails. It is elaborately finished,
and has a bathroom with gold fittings. Edward F.
Hutton, J. Leonard Replogle and Edward Beale McLean
are among others who have owned their Pullmans for
Mrs. Graham Fair Vanderbilt recently arrived in the
Marco Polo, the newest private car, containing many in-
novations. Incidentally all the Vanderbilts have always
been "private car folks" at Palm Beach. E. T. Stotes-
bury, Seton Porter, Tom Taggart, Mrs. Raymond T.
Baker, Jay F. Carlisle, W. H. Luden, Horace Dodge,
Alfred Sloan are others on the list.
Most Pullmans are engaged only for the trip here and
later for return home, but some remain throughout the
season. More private cars have come here this year than
ever before and enough have been parked on the tracks
to make up five or six full trains of nine Pullmans each.
GREAT IS HARDEE COUNTY
(Florida Advocate, March 10, 1928)
In spite of the fact that Hardee county is but seven
years old, today it stands side by side with the other out-
standing counties of Florida. What this county produces
gives it an enviable position.
During the season of 1926-27, Hardee county sent
1,460 carloads of oranges, 151 carloads of grapefruit, and
269 carloads of mixed fruit to northern markets. This
is a total of 1,880 carloads of citrus fruit which Hardee
county groves produced. There are 317,000 bearing and
185,000 non-bearing citrus trees in the county, accord-
ing to the latest estimates.
In addition to this, Hardee county farmers sent more
than 1,500 carloads of vegetables and other produce to
market, for which they were paid more than one million
The vegetable and citrus crops of last year, 1926-27,
brought Hardee county growers the sum of $2,164,440.
This remarkable return came from crops grown on less
than 40,000 acres of land, for this figure represents the
cleared and improved land in the county.
The per capital wealth of Hardee county is about $220,
which is much greater than the average for the country.
While this county is young, and small, it is one of the
most fertile in the world and is potentially the wealthiest
empire in America.
PRODUCE MOVEMENT REACHES NEW
Fort Pierce Ships 600 Carloads of Fruit, Veg-
etables, Shrimp and Fish
(Miami Herald, March 13, 1928)
Fort Pierce, Fla., March 12.-Movement of perishable
products out of Fort Pierce is setting a new high record
for this season, the total approximating 600 carloads. It
is expected that from now on for a month or more the
movement will show a steady increase.
The total is made up of citrus fruit, potatoes, mixed
vegetables, shrimp and fish. The citrus movement thus
far this season exceeds the total of last season, with
around 40 per cent of the crop still to go. The potato
movement, which has only started, totals 35 cars to date,
with 100 or more still to go. Twenty carloads of shrimp
have been shipped during the past two months, and sev-
eral cars of fish. Vegetables are going out in mixed car
lots. The tomato movement will begin within a few
weeks from a record acreage.
In addition to the carload shipment, there has been
throughout the season a heavy movement in less-than-
carlots by express.
SEE POTATOES AS BIG MUCK CROP
Grower on Miami Canal Digging to Load Fif-
teen Cars This Week
(Everglades News, March 2, 1928)
Miami, Feb. 27.-Within the next two weeks the first
large crop of early winter potatoes in the Miami district
will have been marketed. The Pennsylvania Sugar Com-
pany is the only grower to have an acreage sufficiently
large to be classed as a commercial crop. Scores of other
growers had a few acres, but their crop was for the Miami
market only. The sugar company shipped the greater
portion of its crop to northern centers, where it was dis-
tributed over a wide area.
From the sugar plantation to date, 50 carloads of pota-
toes have been sold, and in the next two weeks something
like 15 more carloads will be dug. These potatoes have
been sent out by rail and by steamship, going to New
York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Pittsburgh, Birmingham,
Atlanta and Charlotte, N. C.
The quality of the potatoes has brought top prices
everywhere, and the demand was greater than the supply.
The second crop is now coming along nicely, uninjured
by frost, and harvesting will begin about March 15.
Judging from the first yield, it should produce about 25
carloads. A third crop is being planted, the work be-
ginning February 10. Two hundred acres are in this
field and the planting will end about March 7. These
potatoes, under favorable growing conditions, should be
ready for digging about April 20 and should run through
until June 1.
This is the first year in Dade county that potato grow-
ing on a large commercial scale has been attempted and
officials at the sugar company are highly elated at the
success that has attended the effort. Despite more freez-
ing weather than this district has known in 10 years,
the crops came through, thanks to the system of pro-
tection by flooding with water, and proved that there is
nothing now to hinder Dade county taking a bigger step
forward and adding another profitable crop to her win-
ter vegetable industry. Last year's experimental effort
and this season's extensive planting gave the sugar com-
pany two year's records for a basis, all of which is
In this connection, a comparison will be of interest and
give an inkling of the possibilities of potato growing in
Dade county. Hastings, Florida, has hitherto been the
first section to get new potatoes in large quantities into
the northern markets. Potato growing has been the main
profit-making business of Hastings. Twenty years ago
Hastings' total shipment was 250 carloads and the growers
were fearful that this number of potatoes would flood
the market. It did not, and since then the acreage has
been increased until last year the crop from Hastings was
around 5,000 carloads.
These potatoes average gross about $1,200 per car-
load, and the yield of last year's crop at Hastings was, in
round figures, $6,000,000. This sale covered a period of
40 days, beginning about April 1.
DADE TOMATOES BEING SHIPPED
Packing Houses and Growers See Good Price
(Miami News, March 8, 1928)
Shipments of tomatoes are beginning to move from
Dade county. The prices are high, fancies selling f. o. b.
at $6 a crate. Cash buyers from several northern houses
are in South Dade county making purchases. With this
buying through bidding methods the market has been
During the early stages of the crop a freeze was ex-
perienced and it was thought that the entire crop was
lost. Since that time, however, the weather has been
conducive to maturing and now upwards of 7,000 acres
will be picked.
In a few weeks the packing houses at Goulds, Peters
and Homestead will be operating full force. About
2,000 acres have been harvested and shipped up to this
According to the market report of Tuesday, approxi-
mately 1,000 carloads of tomatoes have been shipped
from Jacksonville since September 1, 1927, the begin-
ning of the Florida vegetable season.
GRACEVILLE GETS A PEANUT MILL
(Marianna Floridan, March 2, 1928)
Graceville will have a modern peanut shelling plant in
operation for this year's crop, according to Mr. W. S.
Brandon, general manager of the Brandon Mill and Ele-
vator Co., of Marianna. The plans are now being drawn
for the erection of the building and it is expected that
the site will be selected within the next month.
The local plant will be known as the Graceville Peanut
Shelling Co., and will be ready for operation this fall.
The plant will be one of the most modern and up-to-date
in the South, and will be in operation for about six to
seven months each season and will furnish employment
for about fifty-five people during that time.
The peanut company will also buy farm products, such
as velvet beans, corn and other products that the Brandon
Mill and Elevator Company use at their Marianna plant,
and will furnish an additional cash market for these items
and will be the cause of much of these crops to be mar-
keted here from adjoining sections, which has heretofore
been sold at other places.
The local plant will be erected near the railroad, but
the site has not been selected so far.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
RECORD IS MADE IN ROCK CARGOES
205,476 Tons of Phosphate Shipped in Month
(Tampa Times, March 10, 1928)
Approximately 205,476 tons of phosphate were loaded
here on 30 vessels flying the flags of six nations during
the month of February, according to announcement made
by phosphate termlinals yesterday.
Of the total tonnage, 102,738 were loaded at the At-
lantic Coast Line and Seaboard Air Line elevators;
69,271 tons loaded at the Port Tampa elevator and
33,467 tons at the Seddon Island elevator. The Japanese
freighter Keifuku Maru took the largest load during the
month, sailing for Yokohama and Nagoya, Japan, with
Holland heads the list of foreign countries in receipt
of phosphate with 13,993 tons and Germany was next
with 11,464 tons. Other countries receiving phosphate
from Tampa were Japan, 10,082 tons; Italy, 5,794;
Spain, 3,133, and Jugo Slovakia, 2,992. United States
ships carried 19,539 tons to foreign countries.
Maryland led in the United States in receiving phos-
phate, with five ships taking 23,696 tons to Baltimore.
New Jersey received 6,870 tons; Louisiana, 6,412; North
Carolina, 5,350; Massachusetts, 4,010; South Carolina,
3,329; Pennsylvania, 3,003; Alabama, 1,619, and Cali-
fornia, 991 tons.
NEW ENTERPRISE LAUNCHED HERE BY
Southern Candy Manufacturing Co., Backed by
Local Capital, Opens Factory-
(Citrus County Chronicle, March 2, 1928)
An industry which will be of inestimable value to In-
verness and Citrus county, and one in which local capital
is invested and which is being operated by home folks,
has been established in Inverness.
The Southern Candy Manufacturing Company has
opened a factory for the making of candy and peanut
products for distribution in Florida, Georgia and South
Carolina, in a building owned by the Inverness Company
on South Pine street and is already working to the capa-
city of the plant.
Within the space of about two weeks the business of
the company has increased to such an extent that it will
soon be necessary to install more machinery and add
additional help. In fact, more machinery has already been
ordered and will be placed soon.
The company has employed C. P. Henning, candy maker
of much experience, to supervise the operations. Mr.
Henning has been in the employ of the F. E. Block Candy
Company at Atlanta for the past twenty-four years and
knows about all there is to know of the candy business.
They will manufacture peanut bars, cocoanut bars,
nougat bars, stick candy, lollipops, pecan rolls, cream
candies, hard candies, fudge bars, salted peanuts and
"salted in the shell" peanuts, all packed under the label
"OK Products." It is probable that the manufacture of
chocolate creams will be taken up later, but they are too
busy now with their other products to think of this.
Although just fairly started, they are making and
wrapping from 500 to 1000 boxes every day and they
have not been able to keep up with their orders. Their
products are going like wildfire and merchants all over
this section are even re-ordering by wire.
The management states that, when more machinery is
installed and more help added, their payroll will reach
approximately $4000 per month and the greater portion
of this will stay "at. home."
They now have three traveling salesmen working in
this immediate territory, but it will soon be necessary to
add more in extending the operations, and four new
Chevrolet trucks are now here for the use of the new
It is hard to estimate the present capital investment,
but it is assumed that the local capital involved in this
new company will approximate $10,000. With the ex-
pansion of the plant more capital will be added.
To one who has never seen the process of candy-
making, a trip through this plant will be intensely inter-
esting, and the management would be pleased to have
anyone inspect the place. It is spotlessly clean from top
to bottom, and it is the intention of those in charge to
keep it so.
O. K. Livingston, local business man, is manager of
the plant, and H. D. Sistrunk is manager of sales.
The men interested financially in this new factory are
to be congratulated upon their enterprise and the county
is extremely fortunate in having men of this character
as its citizens.
PLAN TO IMPORT MILK FROM THE
(Palm Beach Post, March 11, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 10.-(A. P.)-If Floridians in the
near future find their morning's coffee tasting extra fine,
or extra bad, because of the milk used to make it palat-
able, they can blame it on the little wooden shoe folk of
The Bureau of Immigration here has been advised by
the Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce that plans are
under way for the importation to Florida of sweetened
and unsweetened full cream milk from Holland, or the
The Jacksonville organization asked the bureau for a
copy of the state law covering the standard on condensed
or evaporated milk with respect to the required quantity
of fats and solids, and was referred to the law of 1920.
DEMAND IS HEAVY FOR CANNED FRUIT
Winter Park Company Receives Large Orders
(Miami Herald, Feb. 28, 1928)
Winter Park, Feb. 27.-An exhibit of citrus fruit
juices, packed by Harper, Inc., of Orlando and Winter
Park, was the center of attention at last week's Winter
Park Chamber of Commerce luncheon meeting.
J. E. Harper, president of the Winter Park Plumbing
Company, and owner of Harper, Inc., explained the pro-
cess of manufacture and stated that the company had
received an order last week for 350,000 quarts of juices,
in addition to an enormous contract for Park & Tilford
and other large New York jobbers.
The juices and grapefruit hearts are packed in glass
jars, without sugar, water or preservatives being added.
The only problem of this new Florida enterprise, Mr.
Harper stated, was to meet the insistent demand.
CACTUS GARDEN WILL BE FEATURE OF
MALL WITH "WORLD-WIDE"
(Highlands County Pilot, March 7, 1928)
It was not the intention originally to have a cactus
park in the Avon Park Mall, but when Superintendent
C. S. Donaldson was in Washington last September a
government collection of these interesting plants was
offered to him. Dr. J. N. Rose of the Smithsonian Insti-
tute is the world's greatest expert on the cactus family
and has a greenhouse in Washington devoted to them.
Dr. Rose told Mr. Donaldson that he would be glad to
place in Florida a set of accurately named cactus so that
anyone could examine them. No more central or con-
spicuous place can be imagined than the Avon Park mall.
The city was short of funds last fall, so there was delay
in getting the ground ready to receive the cactus. This
is now accomplished and already may be seen there some
varieties of cactus collected from Avon Park yards, where
they have been planted by early settlers, notably the
Whitnall place, and the Bruyiere place, now owned by Mr.
Rumpsa. Some 40 or 50 more varieties may be expected
from Dr. Rose. This will constitute the only large labeled
public collection of cactus in the southern states. The
importance of this will be realized in bringing visitors to
the city to get a line on accurate information as to cactus
varieties, about which there is so little knowledge in
Florida. Dr. Rose, by the way, is planning a trip to the
southwestern states and Mexico, on request of Thomas A.
Edison, who has set up a laboratory at Fort Myers in an
endeavor to solve the supply of rubber for America.
Edison wishes his aid in helping discover a rubber yield-
ing plant that can be grown annually in Florida. Some
of the cactus group yield rubber.
Around the new cactus park has been built a low rock
wall, over which have been planted several thousand
cuttings of the Crown of Thorns, that will make a cactus-
appearing hedge with constant red bloom. This plant,
which contains rubber milk, is Euphorbia Splendens, a
sister to our poinsettia, which is Euphorbia Pulcherrima.
Inside the Crown of Thorns will be a row of the common
bear grass from the woods the Yucca Filamentosa, an-
other plant that looks well with cactus.
Still another important line of plants commonly grouped
among cactus is the Agave or Century Plant, various
specimens of which have long appeared in Avon Park
yards. No one in Florida seems able to classify these.
A large Florida nursery recently received an order for
Agaves frbm Yucatan, but are delaying filling same until
they can get more accurate information as to what they
actually have in stock.
While in the United States one thinks of the Agaves
only as decorative plants, yet in Mexico, their native
home, they are most useful. Many species furnish fiber,
others soap, while two others furnish the two great Mex-
ican drinks-pulque and mescal.
The chief interest in Agaves to our country is in the
Yucatan henequen, or Agave Fourcroydes, which supplies
the millions of pounds of binder twine needed to bind the
great American wheat harvest. The farmers have con-
stant trouble with the "binder-twine trust," especially
when the crop is curtailed in Yucatan. The trust is a
combination of American importers and Mexicans, and
their price manipulations bother the United States gov-
ernment constantly, as the grain farmers keep the Wash-
ington departments ever alert.
Mr. Donaldson recalls that, during his tenure for ten
years as foreign trade expert of the Department of Com-
merce, one season the binder-twine crop was extremely
short. The price went up to a prohibitive figure, aided
by a "corner" in the market. The wheat farmers were
bombarding Washington for help. By sending many
cablegrams, a small relief supply of henequen was found
in a warehouse in Hawaii, where they had started to grow
this crop until the more profitable pineapple caused the
planters to switch crops. In all his commercial work re-
lating to fibers Mr. Donaldson was aided by Dr. Lyster
H. Dewey, then and now the fiber expert of the United
States Department of Agriculture.
NEW YORK, TAMPA, BALTIMORE
(Tampa Times, Feb. 23, 1928)
Col. Peter O. Knight has come across some more sta-
tistics. That is equivalent to saying that he has found
something else illustrative of Tampa and Florida, and
which makes impressive revelations as to them. The
particular statistics in reference have to do with motor
boats in the United States, Alaska, the Philippines and
Of these there are 222,254. Of this number New York
City leads, with 28,962 registrations; Tampa is second,
with 18,155; Baltimore is third, with 15,018.
Those figures are enlightening. The whole truth is
that they are amazing-perhaps not more amazing to
anyone than they are to Tampans themselves.
When the ports of the United States are considered-
Boston, New York, Baltimore, Richmond, Norfolk, Wil-
mington, Charleston, Jacksonville, Miami, Pensacola,
Mobile, New Orleans, Houston, Galveston, Los Angeles,
San Francisco and Seattle, to follow them around the
coasts-and it is remembered that Tampa has the second
largest number of motor boats registered of any port in
the United States, coming next to New York and ahead
of Baltimore, additional and valuable evidence of the
activity in Florida in general and in Tampa in particular
is at hand.
Motor boat registrations constitute something else that
do not "just happen." There is a reason for them. This
reason is so obvious that it doesn't need to be stated.
Whoever it may be that is suffering a spell of "belly-
ache" concerning either Tampa or Florida will find 30
minutes real study of these figures and precisely what
they show and mean almost a perfect cure for their ail-
ment-if it is not chronic and hopeless.
New York, Tampa, Baltimore-meaning that Tampa is
next to New York in motor boat registrations in this
country and ahead of Baltimore in that respect-con-
stitute an economic sermon that could not be preached
in column of words woven into platitudes or propaganda.
As The Times has contended all the time, even in the
height of the boom, the truth about Florida is what should
always be told and all that needs to be told. This is
especially true of Tampa.
FROSTPROOF SHIPS 807 CARS OF FRUIT
Frostproof, March 9.-(Tribune News Service).-The
Frostproof district to date has shipped 807 cars of fruit.
This means approximately 330,000 boxes and a return of
more than $700,000 to the growers. The picking season
will continue three more months and the number of cars
will thus be greatly increased.
FARMERS OF COUNTY MAKE RAPID
STRIDES--GOOD YEAR EXPECTED
Have Saved About $2,000 Under Cooperative
Buying Plan This Season
(Perry Herald, March 1, 1928)
Taylor county is making rapid progress in an agricul-
tural way, and will soon become one of the banner pro-
ducing counties of the state. The farm program planned
by the Taylor County Cooperative Association, and sup-
ported by the chamber of commerce, is getting well under
way. This program contemplates a five-year develop-
ment based on the four great principles of good farm-
ing, viz.: Cash Crops, Livestock and Feed, Soil Improve-
ment, and Adequate Marketing Facilities. Accomplish-
ments toward these ends at the present time include the
planting of six hundred acres of watermelons, one thou-
sand acres of cotton, approximately one hundred acres
of tobacco, and one hundred acres of early sweet pota-
toes. These crops will bring thousands of dollars of out-
side money into Taylor county.
In addition to this several purebred boars have been
brought into the county and there will be approximately
a twenty-five per cent increase in hog production, with
a great improvement in the quality of the hogs produced.
This industry is already well established. The local cold
storage plant, operated by the Taylor County Power Co.,
has handled two hundred and sixty thousand pounds of
pork this season and more coming in every day. Their
facilities are ample to take care of. a largely increased
tonnage. By reason of the business-like way the farmers
are going about their work production costs should be
materially lower this year than usual and the consequent
The volume of fertilizer shipped into Taylor county to
date is more than double last year's entire tonnage, with
a considerable movement yet to come. Ten carloads have
been handled through the Chamber of Commerce and the
Cooperative Association, and delivered to the farmers at
cost, effecting a saving of about two thousand dollars
over the retail price.
Taylor county also has another important source of
income from the hide and fur sales. It is conservatively
estimated that the value to the county of this business is
over fifty thousand dollars. Shipments are made to
virtually every large fur market in the country.
The Chamber of Commerce and Cooperative Associa-
tion deserves and must have the enthusiastic support of
every worthwhile individual and organization in Taylor
county. The entire future well-being of the whole popu-
lation is dependent upon the success of work of this
SILVER SPRINGS TO BE DEPICTED IN
(St. Augustine Record, Feb. 17, 1928)
Ocala, Feb. 17.-Silver Springs is a center of unusual
activity, occasioned by three news reel companies taking
underwater pictures: Paramount, Metro-Goldwyn and
Preparations have been under way for the past week,
with the underwater equipment now in readiness. Sports,
fishes and a general tropical view will be beautifully
Immediately following these underwater pictures, wide
distribution will be made over the entire country, thereby
giving Florida valuable publicity.
FLORIDA'S REACTION TO BOOM HAS
HELPED BUSINESS, SAYS PRICE
(Tampa Tribune, March 1, 1928)
Florida's reaction to the real estate boom has strength-
ened, not weakened, its position in the business world,
Julian Price, president of the Jefferson Standard Life In-
surance Company, of Greensboro, N. C., declared here
"We have been doing business in Tampa for the last
15 years," said Mr. Price, who is here on a business trip,
"and our relations have always been satisfactory. We
made loans here prior to the boom, during the boom, and
since what is termed its collapse, and the policy of the
company has not changed-because our belief in Florida
has not changed.
"In fact our confidence in the State has been strength-
ened rather than diminished. Any state that can go
through what Florida has and emerge successfully, de-
serves a lot of credit."
Florida Has Good Record
As solid evidence of the success of his company's busi-
ness ventures in Tampa, Mr. Price stated since it began
operations here, loans totaling approximately $4,000,000
have been made in this section and only one foreclosure
was necessary. The record includes all loans made dur-
ing the boom days, he added.
"I believe," he went on, "that our company has loaned
as much money in Tampa, if not more, in the past few
years, than any other company, and it has left me very
much impressed with the prosperity of the state and this
city. The company fully appreciates the satisfactory
volume of business Tampa has given us."
Mr. Price, who was a guest of Oscar A. Ayala, the com-
pany's general agent here, at the Floridan Hotel yes-
terday, has been a regular visitor to Florida for a number
of years, coming here two or three times a year. He has
witnessed the growth and expansion of the state, and
declared that it showed evidence of rapidly reaching a
solid and firm foundation.
"The Jefferson Standard operates over a wide terri-
tory," he said, "and our relations in Florida have been
as satisfactory as anywhere else. We have invested
money in the state for many years and have never lost a
dollar in Florida real estate. We expect to continue to
place such investments."
In addition to directing one of the south's outstanding
institutions, Mr. Price is chairman of the North Carolina
State Salary and Wage Commission. He is a Shriner and
a past potentate of Oasis Temple, Charlotte. He left for
St. Petersburg last night to join his family.
36,000 EGGS TO BE TAKEN ABOARD
(Pensacola News, Feb. 28, 1928)
Thirty-six thousand eggs, 40,000 pounds of Irish pota-
toes, 5,000 pounds of oranges and 3,000 pounds of
Sounds like supplies for Napoleon's army, but it isn't.
It's the food cargo ordered for the aircraft carrier Lex-
ington of the Navy.
When the giant vessel puts into Pensacola early next
month she will take on a cargo of larder supplies, and the
eggs, potatoes, oranges and butter constitute only a part
The commanding officer of the Pensacola Naval Air
Station has been asked to order the supplies.
WALTON LEAGUE WILL PROTECT WILD
Last Legislature Passed Law to Conserve Them,
Shrubs and Plants
(Times-Union, March 3, 1928)
Tallahassee, March 2.-(A. P.)-An act of the Florida
Legislature of 1927, which seeks to conserve and protect
certain wild trees, shrubs and plants of the state is to be
strictly enforced if the Florida Division of the Izaak
Walton League of America has its way.
The league, Hugh Gulley, of Tallahassee, division
representative at large, announced, has taken cognizance
of the act and is seeking all possible cooperation in get-
ting its provisions carried out. All civic organizations of
the state are being requested to lend their support in the
movement, he said.
The act is as follows:
"Section 1. That any person, firm or corporation who
shall, within the State of Florida, knowingly buy, sell,
offer or expose for sale any of the hollies: (Myrtifolia),
Yaupon or Cassena (Ilex Vomotoria) and American holly
(Ilex Opaca) dogwood; (Cornus Florida and Cornus Al-
ternifolia) honeysuckle; (Azalia Lutea and Azelea
Vicosa) and Jasmine (Helsemium Sempervireus) Mag-
nolia (Magnolia Fraseri, the Magnolia Macrophylla) and
the sweet bay (Magnolia Virginiana) and the wild crab-
apple (Malus Augustifolia), redbud or Judas tree (Circes
Canadensis) and mountain laurel (Kalmia Latifolia) or
any part thereof, dug, pulled up or gathered from any
public or private land, unless in the case of private land
the owner or person lawfully occupying such land gives
his consent in writing thereto, shall be deemed guilty of
misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not less
than $10 nor more than $100 and costs.
"Section 2. All prosecutions under this act shall be
commenced within six months from the time such offense
was committed and not afterwards.
"Section 3. That Chapter 10127, Acts of 1925, be and
the same is hereby repealed.
"Section 4. That this act shall go into effect imme-
diately upon its becoming a law."
The act was approved by the governor on June 6, 1927.
WHY THEY MOVE SOUTH
(Ocala Star, Feb. 17, 1928)
Obviously there must be cogent reasons for the un-
mistakable trend of industry, particularly the textile in-
dustry, toward the South. Some of these reasons are
set forth very convincingly in a recent publication issued
by the department of commerce, which, although it is
not the partisan of any section of the country, never-
theless states conditions as it finds them as they pertain
to commerce and industry.
This official report shows that the increase in manu-
factured products in four southeastern states in eleven
years was as follows: Alabama, 209 per cent; Georgia,
156 per cent; South Carolina, 168 per cent, and Florida,
229 per cent.
Referring to the influence of water power on the move-
ment of manufacturing plants to the South, the report
credits Alabama with leading the southern states in water
power development, followed by South Carolina and
Georgia. It adds: "The early development of the
superpower system of generation and transmission in the
southeast is of great industrial advantage, since it allows
the use of power at practically any point where labor,
raw materials and markets make the construction of a
mill or factory advantageous."
It is also stated that "while the industrial activities of
this general area are attracted by raw materials, climate,
transportation and proximity to great consumer markets,
probably the greatest single factor is that of labor; it is
a case of capital and industry going to the labor supply."
These, then, are a few of the reasons why industry is
moving to the South, and particularly the southeast.
FRANCE OFFERS CITRUS MARKET
Fruits Shipped from Here Desired, Is Claim
(Times-Union, Feb. 20, 1928)
"France can be developed into one of the largest mar-
kets for Florida citrus fruits in the world," declared D.
J. Reagan, assistant United States commercial attache of
Paris, France, yesterday during his visit here with W. N.
Pearce, southern representative of the United States
bureau of foreign and domestic commerce.
"At present Florida or California citrus is not being
sold in France in any great volume," he said, "the people
of that country consuming the small Italian orange that
can in no way compare with those of this state.
"Fruits shipped from the United States or from
Florida direct, will find a ready market in France," the
visitor declared, "as the small volume that is now sold
in that country is consumed so quickly that it is seldom
that there is any on the market.
"Only the first class hotels of Paris are in a position
to serve Florida grapefruit because of the high price
charged. However, this price would be cut down con-
siderably if fruits were sent to that country in any great
volume so that there would be plenty on the market," he
"The greater part of the missionary work toward
establishing a large Florida citrus fruit market in France
has been completed," he declared, "and all that remains
to be done is for the American salesman to push the
product as only an American can do.
"The Florida product sold there now is the brand
Blue Goose, grown near New Smyrna and the Ridge sec-
tion of the state. The Frenchman has learned to like
this brand of fruit and it is in constant demand.
"I also feel that there is a fine possibility of a market
for Florida grown pecans in France. The nuts that are
grown in that country are small, containing little meat
and the shell is hard. The Florida nut can be sold there
in large quantities and I would urge the Florida grower
to increase his sales in that country," he concluded.
While in Jacksonville yesterday, Mr. Reagan visited
members of the naval stores exchange here accompanied
by C. C. Concannon, chief of the chemical division of
the commerce bureau, and T. W. Delahanty, assistant
chief, both of Washington.
Many members of the exchange requested that Mr.
Reagan investigate certain questions regarding the naval
stores industry on his return to Paris.
Mr. Reagan left during the afternoon for Gainesville,
where he will remain overnight and will arrive in St.
Augustine this morning. After spending the day in the
Ancient City he will return to Washington and sail for
his headquarters in Paris within the next two weeks.
He spent the first of the week in Savannah, where he
was one of the principal speakers at the recent naval
stores conference in that city.
GAINS ARE SHOWN IN SHIPMENT OF
FOODSTUFFS FROM FLORIDA
State Is Second to California in Number of Car-
loads of Perishables Sent to New York-
Supplies 13 Per Cent
(Miami News, Feb. 16, 1928)
According to figures which have been published re-
cently, Florida is a long ways ahead of its 1926 ship-
ments of foodstuffs. In fact, the figures show that Florida
shipments were 6,540 carloads more than in 1927.
Thirteen per cent of all the perishables received at New
York last year from domestic sources were Florida grown.
The only state to surpass Florida's record was California,
which was credited with 56,980 cars. Of this amount,
however, grapes and other deciduous fruits comprised
more than half, so the tonnage of strictly competitive
products was about the same. New York State ranked
third, with 19,930 cars, and Virginia was fourth with
13,532 cars, while the balance of the supplies came from
approximately 40 different states.
The total receipts at New York from domestic sources
were 174,945 carloads. Imports were a big factor and
totaled 16,844 carloads of bananas for local consumption
and 18,458 carloads of miscellaneous fruits and vegeta-
bles, making a total of 210,247 carloads from all sources.
Metropolitan fruit and vegetable consumption has been
growing rapidly during recent years, and so far there has
been no hint of any slackening in the rate of annual in-
crease. Exclusive of bananas, the receipts for 1927 were
193,403 carloads, which is an increase of 14,879 cars
over the preceding year and a gain of 43,391 cars since
1923. Metropolitan requirements are increasing at the
rate of about 10,000 carloads annually-an assurance
that Florida's growing output will be needed.
Citrus fruit offerings made important gains over the
previous year and comprised 39 per cent of all the ship-
ments from Florida to New York. The receipts of citrus
last year were 8,863 cars compared with 7,621 cars in
1926. Oranges alone amounted to 4,603 cars or slightly
more than half the state's total citrus, while grapefruit
were 3,106 cars and tangerines and mixed citrus ship-
ments were 1,154 cars.
New York received approximately 24,000 cars of citrus
fruits last season. Florida supplied slightly more than
one-third of the total. Sixty per cent of the grapefruit
receipts were from Florida and the balance were from
Porto Rico, Cuba, Isle of Pines and California, but mostly
Porto Rico, which is an important source of supply for
the metropolitan district. California and Porto Rico
oranges offered stiff competition and receipts from Cali-
fornia were somewhat heavier than those from Florida,
mainly because that state ships the year round. Tan-
gerines were mostly all from Florida, the only compe-
tition being with Alabama satsumas early in the season.
Lemons-the only citrus fruit not shipped commercially
from Florida-approximated 4,000 cars, all of which were
from California and Italy.
String beans were the most important Florida vege-
tables as measured in carlot shipments, and last year
reached the astounding total of 2,510 carloads, which
was half the entire metropolitan supply. The previous
year only 1,072 cars of Florida string beans found their
final destination at Manhattan. Florida string beans
average the best quality of those from any section. Un-
fortunately returns from this crop are very uncertain.
At times they reach $10 a hamper, but within a month
of that date may slump to such low levels that receivers
abandon car after car because they will not sell for
freight charges. On the whole, though, string beans
maintain a good average.
Not far behind string beans in tonnage for 1927 were
tomatoes. Receipts from Florida were 2,261 cars com-
pared with 1,399 cars the year previous. Offerings of
tomatoes from competing sections were much heavier
last year, but even so, about 28 per cent of Gotham's
supply originated in Florida.
Celery receipts made a big gain and totalled 1,529
cars, an increase of 400 cars over 1926 and equivalent
to 35 per cent of the offerings from all sources. Cali-
fornia and New York State are big competitors and often
make it difficult to get high prices at the beginning of
Few people regard Florida as a potato state, yet tubers
ranked fourth in volume among its vegetable products
with 1,496 cars. Inasmuch as they are the first new
potatoes to arrive in quantity, it is probable that they
average higher prices than those from any other section.
Peppers and cucumbers, with 1,069 and 1,049 cars,
respectively, were the next most important vegetable
crops. Approximately one-third of the entire supply of
both items came from Florida.
Some of the other vegetables which were in large
supply and the number of cars of each received during
1927 were as follows: Cabbage, 518; corn, 66; eggplants,
222; escarole, 443; lettuce, 840; mixed vegetable ship-
ments, 878; green peas, 31; okra, 40; squash, 49, and
$25,000,000 Paid Florida
It is interesting to note that escarole-a vegetable very
popular with Manhattan's Italian population-has become
an important winter vegetable product just within the
last five years. Practically the entire supply comes from
Florida, other states sending in only scattering shipments.
Exactly one-fourth of last season's watermelon supply
came from Florida, but Georgia was the largest single
contributor. Eggplant shipments also accounted for the
same proportion of the metropolitan supply.
Strawberry receipts made sharp gains and totaled 321
carloads against 184 cars the year before. Florida is
the earliest strawberry shipper and has practically com-
pleted its season when other sections commence shipping
Because of the great variation in prices of individual
cars it is difficult to estimate the value of shipments to
New York, but it must have been in excess of $1,000 a
car. Conservatively estimated, New Yorkers paid Florida
growers and shippers $25,000,000 for fruits and vege-
tables during 1927, which is decidedly more than in any
FLAGLER SENDS BIG SHIPMENT OF PALM
(St. Augustine Record, Feb. 19, 1928)
Flagler Beach, Feb. 18.-Fifty-one thousand palm
buds were shipped yesterday from Flagler Beach to Jack-
sonville, this shipment completing over one-half the order
of J. J. Baya, St. Augustine shipper, who has contracted
to supply one million buds for European ports before
Palm Sunday. R. W. Raulerson, local contractor, will
have 40,000 more ready for shipment within a few weeks,
all buds having been secured in Flagler County and in
the direct vicinity of Flagler Beach.