PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
MARCH 5, 1928
,I ) .1;
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Address by Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture ..............
Chipley Leads in Poultry Shipments..................... .................
T en B million D ollar F lorida ........................................ ..... ...................
T he F figures A nsw er...... ......... .................. .......... .. .... ...........
Canning Turpentine Now at Chipley ..............................................
State Building Gains Greatly .. .. .... ...............................
Florida Birds Are Valued at Nine Hundred Millions ..................
The Boom Is Dead! Long Live the Boom! ..... ............................
Wellborn Is to Organize Peanut Club ... .. ........ ...............
Florida Holds High Rank in Wealth and Culture...... ............
Packing Company Men Planning Visit Here ........ ... .....
Commissioner Rhodes' Page ... ..... ....... ..
Foreign News on Citrus Fruit ............................................... ...
The County Agent Says Satsumnas Are Unhurt. ..........................
Florida Busy All the Time ............ .....................................
Selling Poultry in West Florida ................. ..........
State Gas Tax Receipts Are Eleven Millions ........................
Madison Men Will Raise Squabs ..................... .....................
Citrus Export Queries Grow.......................................... ....
Florida Pleases Bond House Man............................ ...............
T he G gasoline T ax ....................... .. ........ .. .......................... ..............
Overseas Highway Brings Increased Tourist Travel .....................
F lo rid a L ea d s .... ..... ... ........ ... .. .......... ..............................
C operatives G row ..... .. .... ....... .......... .................... ....
Quarantine Put on Four Counties to Rout Ticks..........................
W hat State Can Beat It?. ................... ..................... 10
Chipley Hatchery Opens for Business ........................ 10
Graduates at University Are on Increase................ .......... 11
Push the Back Country ............... ............................... 11
Barrel Factory at New Smyrna to Begin Operations................ 11
Fish Plant To Be in Operation Soon................................................ 11
Ten Barrels Dahlia Bulbs Received Here..................................... 12
Poultry Fattening and Feeding Plant Will Be Erected in Ocala
Soon by Southland Creamery............ ....... ....... ................... 12
Financier Finds State Am azing .. .......................... .................... 12
Harvesting Peppers at Melbourne .... .......................................... 12
Motorcade From South Is Coming on Key West Tour.............. ... 13
Florida Syrup Deserves Wider Market Advantages ....................... 13
Outlook for Onions in County Is Promising .................................. 13
Gainesville Is To Have First Plant for Nut Crushing ............... 14
Spending $27,000,000 .............. ............. .............................. .. 14
Sweet Potatoes Shipped to Chicago Section by Carload................ 14
Five Carloads of Cauliflower Gone to Market......................... 15
Chamber's Industrial Committee Brings Pottery Maker to City.. 15
Roger Caldwell Places Hope of Florida in Soil .......................... 15
Dade Products Will Not Meet Local Demand............................. 16
Galloway Shipping Large Number of Strawberries................... 16
Vance Blossoms Out as Bulb Raiser...................................... 16
Overseas Auto Ferry Is Ready.......................................... ........... 16
Iowa Men Locate Big Dairy and Poultry Farm Near City.......... 16
Ten New Dairies for Madison.......................... ................... 16
Address by Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture
At Bay Mabel, Florida, February 22, 1928
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
HIS national holiday is in honor of the
birth of George Washington. This occa-
sion marks a new day in Florida's de-
You will have here the port de luxe of the
six southeastern states, being the deepest ship-
ping port between Norfolk, Virginia, and New
Orleans, Louisiana. Your docks are within
thirty minutes of the open seas. Your wharves
are not hampered by city property, so that fac-
tories may be built adjoining them, thus saving
expense of handling raw material and finished
Florida should take justifiable pride in add-
ing this to her other ports capable of taking
ocean liners. Fernandina has 26 feet, Jackson-
ville 30, Miami 23, Key West 26, Tampa 26,
Port St. Joe 24, Pensacola 30.
The cost of ocean tonnage lessens as the size
of the ship increases. For this reason certain
products can now be shipped to our shore as
cheaply as to any other port in the world. It is
estimated that the price of crude oil will be
As our trade with other American republics
increases, large shippers will locate storage
plants here for shipments to their Latin-Amer-
The average exports to Latin-America in the
three years preceding the World War amounted
to $225,000,000 per year, which was about 9%
of our total foreign trade. Our exports last year
were $605,000,000, or an increase of about
250%, and it was about 14% of our foreign
trade. You can see that our whole foreign
trade is on the increase. An interesting feature
of our Latin-American trade, which is truly
ideal in an international and commercial sense,
is that our exports are practically equal to our
imports, showing that as the wealth of these
nations to the south of us increases, their pro-
ductivity for export and buying capacity for
import are about equal, and which assures the
future of profitable shipping, based upon mutual
and reciprocal advantages. Port Everglades at
Bay Mabel will be the nearest American port
of 35-foot draft to Central and South America.
The unique features of this port are:
1. Its close proximity to one of the world's
great shipping lanes: Its innermost docks are
less than two miles from the southbound ship-
ping lane running between New York and
Eastern ports and the Panama Canal and coun-
tries of the Gulf and Caribbean area.
2. The facility of ingress and egress from
the docks and high seas: It is estimated that
approximately thirty minutes will be required
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
from the time a ship enters the outer part of
the breakwater until it may be tied up at its
docks ready for handling cargo and passengers.
3. The compactness and wharfage area in-
side the harbor: There will be about 35,000
linear feet of dockage space, all of which will
be about equidistant from the harbor entrance.
4. The strategic geographical position of the
port: It is the center of a vast reservoir of raw
materials lying within the Gulf, Caribbean and
West Indian area, and the center of consuming
and wealth-producing population of the United
States, all of which lie well within a circle of a
1,200-mile radius circumscribed about the port.
It may be observed that no similar circle any-
where else in the world will contain a greater
percentage of the basic factors which enter into
maritime importance and commercial advan-
5. The immediate proximity of the port to
the Everglades: This section contains millions
of acres of agricultural lands now being opened
6. The network of canals, including the
Florida East Coast Canal running along the
coast to the north, and the New River Canal
and its tributaries running through from Lake
Okeechobee, giving it a network of water-dis-
tributing arteries for the collection and distri-
bution of commodities to and from the port. It
may be observed that the State of Florida as a
whole, and southeastern Florida in particular,
by virtue of its topographical configuration, has
little hydro-electric resources and must depend
for the development of electric energy upon
either coal or oil. Its remoteness from the coal
fields, with the resultant effect upon railroad
transportation rates required to bring it into
the state, make it necessary that electric energy
be produced with fuel oil, and since 50 % of the
world's actual and potential oil supply lies
within the Gulf and Caribbean area, running
through the Louisiana fields to Texas, old Mex-
ico, Columbia and Venezuela, with direct deep
water transportation to this port, it is obvious
that the port will offer great advantages for
the importation of crude oil for the production
of electric energy for domestic and industrial
use and water control within the Everglades
area. It is axiomatic that industry cannot de-
velop and survive upon a competitive basis un-
less cheap horsepower can be constantly sup-
plied at the switchboard for farm and factory.
Competent authorities have estimated that when
this port is completed the price of crude oil
within this area will be almost cut in half, and
this will naturally be reflected to producer and
consumer. This is impossible at the present
time in spite of Florida's great maritime sea-
coast line, because of the lack of deep draft
harbors to which the large tankers may be
There is at the present time located within
five miles of the port in the Everglades the
$7,000,000 plant of the Florida Light and Power
Company, which produces and distributes power
for half of the State of Florida and to 60 % of
its population. The present yearly consumption
of this plant is 650,000 barrels of fuel oil. The
yearly consumption of crude oil and the pro-
ducts thereof in the State of Florida is approxi-
mately 7,000,000 barrels, and one-fourth of
this, or 25%-1,750,000 barrels-is consumed
by the tier of counties lying along the East Coast
south of Stuart.
In addition to the water arteries of transpor-
tation which radiate inland from the harbor,
the Florida East Coast Railway and the Sea-
board Air Line Railway run immediately adja-
cent to and back of this port.
When we have expended as much money de-
veloping the natural resources of the state as
we have on the less substantial features of
Florida life we shall see new enterprises flour-
ish as never before.
We certainly owe a debt of gratitude to those
who had the vision to plan, undertake and carry
out this gigantic project; $2,000,000 was con-
tributed by the city of Fort Lauderdale, $2,000,-
000 by the city of Hollywood, and $2,000,000
by the J. W. Young interests, founders of Holly-
After you have built railroads, highways,
ports and cities you cannot thrive unless the
country is also developed agriculturally. This
is the task for the immediate future.
The agricultural lands at the present time
under cultivation in the Everglades area are
principally given over to truck farming, and it
has recently been proven that a saving of 75 to
80 cents a hamper of beans and other products
may be effected over the rail rates by using
water transportation to the Eastern markets. A
most important phase of Everglades develop-
ment, however, lies in its ability to produce pro-
lifically and economically certain great staple
products, such as sugar derived from sugar-
cane and vegetable oil derived from the peanut.
Two large enterprises are developing in this
section: The Southern Sugar Company, some-
times known as the Celotex Company or Dahl-
berg interests, and the Brown Corhpany. The
first has already demonstrated the practicability
of raising sugar-cane on Everglades land, and
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO............... Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR.............................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
Vol. 2 MARCH 5, 1928 No. 19
the second has demonstrated the practicability
of growing peanuts on a large scale. The
country now consumes between $400,000,000
and $450,000,000 worth of sugar imported from
countries other than the United States and its
possessions. This is a staple commodity having
a domestic as well as a world-wide market, and
the large possibilities of this enterprise are at
once obvious to all.
There is no longer isolation of nations or com-
munities. All nations are neighbors, whether
they like it or not. A man, Mr. Aime Felix
Tschiffely, has just recently ridden his horse
from Argentina to the United States. Lind-
bergh spanned the Atlantic in thirty-six hours.
The telephone is now being used from Wash-
ington to Berlin. The radio is sending out the
best music, speeches and sermons from central
stations to the teeming millions throughout the
continents to the remotest parts of the earth.
Man-power is being augmented as the years go
by. The alchemic power of mind is bridging
the chasm of ignorance, and civilization stands
tip-toe on the mountain-tops of enlightenment,
surveying unconquered worlds at the rim of the
horizon of human knowledge. In the great
work of achievement, progress, inspiration and
challenge to the future, Florida stands in the
first rank of advancement.
CHIPLEY LEADS IN POULTRY SHIPMENTS
(Washington County News, Jan. 24, 1928)
Chipley is located in the heart of West Florida and is
taking advantage of her natural opportunities, as is evi-
denced by her live chamber of commerce.
Chipley is adaptably located for general farming, truck
growing, poultry, dairying, live stock, fruit growing and
Last year Chipley showed her progressiveness by lead-
ing the State of Florida in the shipment of poultry.
She was the first town in the State to ship a solid car
load of poultry, and during the season five solid car loads
were shipped from here in addition to many substantial
less car load shipments.
TEN BILLION DOLLAR FLORIDA
(Bay. County Times, Feb. 10, 1928)
Billion dollar Jacksonville is a healthy and satisfactory
barometer of the general business and prosperity of the
State of Florida.
For sixty-eight years Jacksonville has steadily added
ten per cent annually to her population, and has con-
tinued to contain within her borders approximately ten
per cent of the state's population during this same period.
While there are no figures available to determine the
exact business turnover of the state as illustrated by
bank clearings, it is safe to assume that Florida has done
at least ten times as much business during the year 1927
as Jacksonville has.
Billion dollar Jacksonville and ten billion dollar Florida.
Ten billion dollars is a lot of money. It is twice as much
as the entire currency in circulation in the United States
of America, which is $4,834,710,681.
In 1924 Jacksonville's business turnover, as evidenced
by bank clearings, amounted to $808,093,771.44. In
1927 her bank clearings totaled $1,002,493,522.96. There
are only six other cities in Florida where clearing houses
are established. These are: Miami, Tampa, Lakeland,
Pensacola, St. Petersburg and Winter Haven. The total
clearings for Jacksonville and these six other cities during
1927 was $1,787,002,537.63, or a gain of twenty-seven
per cent over the clearings of 1924. With the business
done through hundreds of other banks in the state to be
accounted for, it is within the realm of possibility that
Florida's 1927 business far exceeded the ten billion dollar
THE FIGURES ANSWER
(Tampa Tribune, Feb. 14, 1928)
Total South Florida Fair attendance, 1926-391,564.
Total South Florida Fair attendance, 1927-400,547.
Total South Florida Fair attendance, 1928-429,970.
The statistical statement speaks for itself.
We were told prior to this year's fair that it appeared
impossible to exceed the attendance figures of 1927.
This was based on the assertion that there were fewer
visitors in the state this season-that the alleged decrease
in the tourist travel would result in greatly reduced at-
tendance at the Fair.
We heard the same thing in 1927-that, on account of
the 1926 season having been abnormal, when everybody
was coming to Florida, the 1927 Fair couldn't possibly
exceed the 1926 Fair in attendance.
Both forecasts proved erroneous. The 1927 Fair ex-
ceeded the 1926 Fair by 8,983. The 1928 Fair exceeded
the 1927 Fair by 29,423.
The Fair attendance is conclusive. There are more
people in Florida and in Tampa in 1928 than were here
in 1927 or 1926.
Let the Fair attendance figures speak Tampa's and
Florida's answer when you hear the pessimist and the
knocker indulging in his favorite monologue.
CANNING TURPENTINE NOW AT CHIPLEY
(Bristol Free Press, Feb. 2, 1928)
Turpentine is now being canned. The Florida Packers
Company at Chipley is canning it. Mr. Mutcock, of the
Florida Packers Company, showed a small can, which will
sell for ten cents, like those which his company will put
on the market.
STATE BUILDING GAINS GREATLY
January Increase Is 64 Per Cent Over Construc-
tion During December
(St. Petersburg Times, Feb. 10, 1928)
Florida's building program jumped up 64 per cent over
December to show a total of $7,796,200 for January con-
struction, according to the report just issued Tuesday by
the F. W. Dodge Corporation of New York.
Of this total $4,749,400, or 61 per cent of the whole,
was for public works and utilities, showing that the state
is going ahead fast in its major programs; $1,750,700, or
22 per cent of the whole, was for residential buildings;
$418,600, or 5 per cent, was for social and recreational
structures; $416,700 was for commercial buildings; $197,-
800, or 3 per cent, for educational buildings, and $186,-
500, or 2 per cent, for religious and memorial buildings.
The figures given are for actual contracts let. The
State of Florida, it is shown in the report for the year
1927, built structures for public works, utilities, resi-
dences and other forms to a total of more than $120,-
January is not a heavy construction month in Florida,
because the cities are busy entertaining the 2,000,000
winter visitors, but the rate of construction for the first
month of the year, if maintained only at that level, would
mean another $100,000,000 in new projects for 1928.
FLORIDA'S BIRDS ARE VALUED AT 900
California Naturalist Brings Interesting Message
to Forum Hearers
(Times-Union, Feb. 13, 1928)
The birds of Florida were valued at $900,000,000 by
William Leon Dawson, noted naturalist of Santa Barbara,
California, in his lecture yesterday afternoon before the
Jacksonville Open Forum at the Temple theatre.
There are 166,000,000 birds in Florida, Mr. Dawson
estimated, among them being many species that are found
nowhere else in the country. His subject being, "What
Shall We Do With Our Birds?" Mr. Dawson urged all to
take a greater interest in bird conservation not only from
a standpoint of preserving the natural beauties of the
state, but from a standpoint of necessity as well.
"My official estimate is that America contains 850
different species of birds," he said. There are approxi-
mately ten billion birds in the United States, which would
entitle each citizen to about one hundred. This being
the case, each one of us must feel responsible for one
hundred birds and should feel that it is our duty to pro-
tect them. Many times negligence has resulted in the
extinction of an entire species, and as Florida is the re-
maining stronghold of many species the people of this
state should feel that the future of some species depends
on us. The ivory-billed woodpecker is a bird that is now
found only in this state and its future depends on whether
it is killed or preserved."
Points Out Danger
"There is absolutely no economic need of killing birds
in the United States," he continued. "Bird meat no
longer figures as an important economic factor. Natural-
ists have said that the human race would cease to survive
after six years if all the birds were killed off, and I firmly
believe this to be true. Insects and pests would destroy
food to the point where living would be practically im-
possible. The yearly earning power of the people of this
country is $90,000,000,000 and that is the amount I esti-
mate the birds of this country to be worth," the naturalist
As an example of sport and bird conservation com-
bined, Mr. Dawson told of a hunting club on the southern
shore of Lake Erie, where, out of 10,000 wild ducks
raised on a bird sanctuary, only a small percentage were
killed by members of the club. This form of sport is per-
fectly justified, he said, and is really beneficial to the
country as a whole. Other clubs and individuals realiz-
ing the importance of conservation, raise many species of
birds and kill only a small part in their sport activities.
The more widespread this idea becomes the greater
natural life this country will possess, he added.
Only Two Are Pests
Commenting on Florida birds and his opinion as to
whether they should be hunted and killed, Mr. Dawson
"There are probably 50,000 wild turkeys in Florida,
and if every resident should kill one it would result in
their having just about eight ounces of turkey meat. This
is a very small amount considering the pride felt in know-
ing that the state actually owns 50,000 wild turkeys. I
have not shot or eaten a bird in over twenty years and
although I agree that hunting is an excellent outdoor
activity, I believe the time has come when the killing of
birds is no longer good sport. The horned owl is one of
the best friends Florida has in driving out the crow, but
this owl is fast becoming scarce and steps should be taken
to preserve it. The crow and jay are known everywhere
as professional robbers and are the only species that
actually become pests.
THE BOOM IS DEAD!
LONG LIVE THE BOOM!
(DeLand Daily News, Jan. 28, 1928)
One of the most striking and conclusive proofs that
DeLand has emerged from the late lamentable "boom"
is to be seen in the proposal by a group of local business-
men favoring the planting of a 25-acre orange grove on
property that had previously been platted out as a resi-
Acting as trustees for 13 of the stockholders in the
Volusia Investment Company, owner of valuable land on
the Beresford peninsula, Francis P. Whitehair and
Erskine Landis are securing the sentiment of the various
stockholders to their plan of converting this residential
subdivision into a commercial grove.
The subdivision in question was known as Peninsula
Shores and development plans called for the utilization of
the river bank, high at this point, the building of streets
and sidewalks, the digging of canals, etc. It was one of
the most beautiful locations for a subdivision in the
Greater DeLand section.
A great deal of the development work had been carried
forward to completion. Paving and sidewalks were laid.
To plant it to grove may possibly necessitate the taking
up of some of the sidewalks to be stored away at some
convenient place for use in the next "boom."
And so the plan has been formulated and is practi-
cally certain of success whereby about 150 choice build-
ing lots will lose their identity and become merged into a
citrus grove. The property is ideally situated for such a
purpose with its water protection on three sides and in a
few years' time it is to be expected that the stockholders
of the company will have a splendidly paying proposition
and one that will help every line of business in the com-
WELLBORN IS TO ORGANIZE PEANUT
One Farmer Raised 58 Bushels Per Acre With-
out Fertilizer Last Year.
(Lake City Reporter, Jan. 13, 1928)
Wellborn, Jan. 12.-Plans are well underway for the
organization of a "Peanut Club" for the community,
according to statement made by Mr. E. B. McLeran,
prominent banker and prosperous grower of peanuts dur-
ing the past season. Mr. McLeran is enthusiastic about
the production of peanuts and believes that a great
problem can be solved and conditions bettered in this
community with the growing of this profitable crop for
"As was demonstrated the past year, when a farmer
raised fifty-eight bushels on an acre without fertilizer, is
but a sample of the results that might be attained with
the proper fertilizer and cultivation in the future," says
Mr. McLeran, who tried the plan with a five acre plot,
resulted in 225 bushels, while Dr. G. B. Smithson, re-
tired physician, interested in the production of the peanut
crop, raised on eight acres, more than three hundred and
The soil near Wellborn and in the community is well
adapted to the growing of this productive and paying crop
and it is believed will be a drawing card to the farmers
throughout the Southland, to locate here.
To make the crop a paying proposition and easy to
harvest, the invention of the New Improved Peanut
Picker, which was here last week, demonstrated that 75
bushels per hour could be picked, thus proving the pea-
nut crop to be the best crop with least expense of any-
thing that grows in this section of Florida.
FLORIDA HOLDS HIGH RANK IN WEALTH
According to Statistics Published by Commerce
(Lake Worth Leader, Feb. 14, 1928)
Florida holds first rank in many classes of statistics
indicating wealth and culture in a compilation just pub-
lished by the United States Department of Commerce.
The compilation, entitled "Commercial Survey of the
Southeast," was prepared by John M. Hager, who in
1925 engaged in trips over the state, and who conferred
with state officials here while gathering material for the
The statistics, which likewise place Florida above the
United States average in some things, covers North Caro-
lina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama and the
eastern half of Tennessee. Dr. R. M. Harper, local statis-
tician and geographer, who has just completed a review
of the book, found, he said, a variety of statistical infor-
mation indispensable to prospective investors and business
Has More Natives
Dr. Harper found, for example, he said, that Florida,
in proportion to population, has more natives of other
states, more adults-and, therefore, more "bread-win-
ners" and more wealth-and less illiteracy than any
other southeastern state. In occupations, Florida led the
south in the proportion of the population engaged in
manufacturing, trade, professional service and public
service, and was above the United States average in the
proportion engaged in transportation.
The compilation also shows that over one-third of all
the fishermen, and over half the quantity and value of
the fish produced in the southeast, are credited to Flor-
ida. The value of property per farm in that state in 1925
was above the United States average.
Florida was also above the national average in the cir-
culation of seven leading magazines in 1925 per family,
and in the expenditure for education, per capital, and
number of automobiles and telephones per family it was
between the southeastern and United States average.
About half of the book is made up of the statistical
tables, some of them taken from census reports and some
from less accessible sources. Most of these give details
for counties or cities, or both.
A few of the "high lights" for Florida as a whole,
given in the compilation and picked at random, follow:
In 1925 Florida had 382 hotels, 68 hospitals and 172
motion picture theatres.
Retail establishments in 1923 included 3,147 grocery
stores, 2,094 general stores, 1,076 automobile dealers or
garages, 621 drug stores, 574 dry goods, 318 furniture,
259 hardware and 224 jewelry stores, among others.
In 1926, counting only newspapers whose circulation
was given in the national directory of that year, there
were 38 dailies with a circulation of 275,544, and 87
weeklies with a circulation of 146,153.
In 1924 there were 64,306 income tax payers in the
state, of whom 3,317, or about 5 per cent, had incomes
of over $10,000 a year. These figures, Dr. Harper said,
have doubtless greatly increased since.
The number of building contracts awarded in Florida
in 1925 was 9,889, which was nearly twice as many as in
1924, and over four times as many as in 1923. The cost
of the buildings constructed in 1925 was $330,000,000,
nearly three times as much as in 1924, and over four
times as much as in 1923.
PACKING COMPANY MEN PLANNING
New York Representatives Coming to City for
Conference with Board
(St. Petersburg Independent, Feb. 2, 1928)
Officials of the Southern Packing Company are to
arrive here in a few days from New York for a confer-
ence with the industrial board of the chamber of com-
merce and the municipal traffic commissioner in comple-
tion of arrangements for the establishment of a factory
here for the manufacture of pectin from citrus fruit by-
products to be used in the making of jellies and pre-
serves, according to word received by the local bureau.
Local financial cooperation lately was obtained through
negotiations undertaken by Frank Jonsberg, it was stated
at a recent meeting between chamber of commerce gov-
ernors and city commissioners. It is proposed to erect
the factory building at Thirteenth avenue and Nineteenth
street north, adjacent to the Atlantic Coast Line Rail-
way. Under an agreement recently made by the city
commission, the public works department is prepared to
build a hard surface road to the site connecting the plant
with the main thoroughfares. Branch dehydrating plants,
one of which is now under construction at Bartow, are to
be erected in various citrus fruit growing areas where
the by-products are to be dried for shipment for the man-
ufacturing plant here.
COMMISSIONER RHODES' PAGE
(For Sale, Want and Exchange Bulletin, Feb. 15, 1928)
In the 1926-27 season the Federal-State Shipping Point
Inspection Service inspected about 10,000 cars at point
of origin. Through December 31, 1927, 664 cars had
been inspected for the 1927-28 season compared to 1,053
cars for the corresponding date last season.
Many inquiries are being received for information in
regard to this service, especially from new points where
inspection is being applied. The Federal-State Shipping
Point Inspection Service is, as the name implies, a joint
activity of the Florida State Marketing Bureau and the
Bureau of Agricultural Economics at Washington. It is
available to any shipper, grower or financially interested
party upon the payment of a fee sufficient to provide for
necessary expenses. A few advantages of this service
1. It assists in maintaining a good grade and pack
while the commodity is still under the control of the
packing house manager.
2. It aids to a great extent the maintenance of a
uniform grade and pack.
3. It describes the quality of the commodity so that
selling organizations may more intelligently market it.
4. It creates more confidence among growers when
several are loading together or when they are pooling
5. It assists in the settlement of claims.
6. It assists in settling disputes between seller and
buyer. Certificates cover the following points:
Condition of car and equipment.
Condition of load and containers.
Quality and condition.
The duties of the inspectors in this work are not merely
to issue these certificates, but to assist the shipper or
grower in every way possible to meet and maintain the
grade and pack. The certificates issued by the inspectors
are accepted as prima facie evidence in the courts of
Florida, and since the service is under Federal super-
vision have the same standing in the Federal courts.
Other states are also providing, by law, that the certifi-
cates shall be accepted as prima facie evidence in their
Full information may be had from Mr. O. G. Strauss,
Federal supervisor in charge, Box 188, Orlando, Fla., or
from this Bureau. This Bureau still has a supply of
Grade Booklets containing the Florida grades which may
be had upon request.
FOREIGN NEWS ON CITRUS FRUIT
Direct Shipping Facilities Established Between
Florida and Liverpool
(Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Washington, Feb. 6,
The possibilities that have been opened as a result of
the successful completion of the first direct shipment of
citrus fruit from Florida to Liverpool are emphasized in
the following report of Mr. Edwin Smith, the depart-
ment's fruit specialist in Europe:
Direct Sailings from Florida
On February 15th the steamship "Daytonian" arrived
at Liverpool after a 16-day voyage from Jacksonville,
Florida, with the first direct shipment of Florida grape-
fruit and oranges ever made to the British market. This
was a memorable voyage through the fact that it ful-
filled a wish long cherished by the citrus fruit growers
of Florida, opening up as it did a direct trade route for
fresh fruits between the South and Europe. The trend
of the Florida citrus industry has long pointed to the
necessity of outside outlets during years of bumper crops,
but the high cost of transportation in the past has been a
great barrier between the Florida citrus grove and Euro-
pean markets. In fact, it has been the main factor pre-
venting a rapidly increasing per capital consumption of
grapefruit in Great Britain.
It is understood that the freight rates between Jack-
sonville and Liverpool were $1.00 per box under refrige-
ration and 85 cents in ordinary stowage. The rates be-
tween Florida shipping points and British ports by over-
land route via New York City are something like $2.02
per case. However, as the direct shipping entails rail and
assembling (cold storage) charges in Florida and some
distributing charges from Liverpool to London or Glasgow
in Great Britain, the costs are not reduced so much as
they seem. Subsequent costs should not be as heavy as
during the initial trials of this new route. Both assemb-
ling and distributing costs can be materially reduced. The
ocean transportation costs between Jacksonville and
Liverpool are now exactly the same as those from Los
Angeles, California, to Liverpool on much larger cargoes.
Condition on Arrival
The condition of this first direct consignment of Florida
grapefruit on arrival in Liverpool was excellent. Even
the few hundred cases carried between decks in ordinary
stowage were said to show but little decay, though it was
much softer than that in the refrigerators. The only
exceptions to a universally excellent condition were to be
found in a slight withering near the stem on some grape-
fruit, and a shriveling of some of the russeted oranges.
Poor choice in making up the 6,000 box cargo was
apparent in the sizes of the grapefruit and in the grades
and varieties of some of the oranges. It has been fre-
quently pointed out that the demand in Great Britain was
for small sizes. This inaugural shipment contained liberal
quantities of 36's, 54's and 64's, and even some 28's.
The 64 is not a desirable size for the British markets.
Sizes 96 and 112 sell for higher prices than 64 any day,
while sizes larger than 64 almost have to be given away.
It has also been pointed out that the European mar-
kets are adequately supplied with cheap oranges from
Spain during the winter months, so that shipments of
American oranges should be restricted to the very highest
qualities, and this applies to appearances as well as to
eating quality. It is not wise to try to compete with
oranges selling in Great Britain for from $2.00 to $3.00
per 100 pound box. These considerations were not closely
followed when assembling some of the lower grades of
heavily russeted oranges included in the "Daytonian's"
Cold Storage Used in Great Britain
The shipment arrived on a very weak market, from
$3.50 to $4.15 being the price on quite large volumes
from Porto Rico and Florida, and even lower prices on
fruit from Jamaica. Consequently a portion of the "Day-
tonian's" cargo was placed in cold storage for future
markets. This unquestionably adds to the expense of
marketing, but shows what can be done with fruit arriv-
ing in sound condition. It is probable that cold storage
will have to be used until consumption has increased to
the point where the arrival of 6,000 or more boxes on a
single ship will be a normal occurrence.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
THE COUNTY AGENT SAYS SATSUMAS
(DeFuniak Springs Breeze, Jan. 12, 1928)
County Agent J. H. Carpenter, himself the largest
grower of satsumas in the county, is responsible for the
statement that in those satsuma groves where the trees
were properly cared for, the damage by the cold of last
week is slight. "Negligible" is the word used by the
county agent in summing up supposed damage done by
Trees which were not properly cared for-trees which
made a late growth due to improper use of fertilizers-
and trees which were not in a healthy condition, have
suffered somewhat, he says, but where intelligent care
was used late last summer and fall the damage is so slight,
according to Mr. Carpenter, that it is scarcely worth con-
Defoliation will be practically complete, and some
tender growth killed, but aside from this, if the county
agent's summing up of the situation is correct, no harm
has been sustained, generally speaking, aside from the
effect on next year's yield, which will probably be some-
what curtailed as a result of the defoliation.
Temperatures last week dropped to 16 degrees, one
degree colder than the coldest period of last winter, and
within three degrees of the 13 degree mark established
on January 6, 1924. In 1924, however, the weather
bureau's instruments were at the Fred Hackett place on
Bruce Creek, some three miles from town, an elevation
much below that of the present location of the instru-
ments; and in all probability had the thermometers been
in DeFuniak in 1924, the cold recorded at that time would
have been less than that recorded last week. In other
words, it was probably colder in Walton county in 1928
than it was in 1924. This being the case, it is extremely
doubtful if any further fear need be felt for the future
of the satsuma industry in this county, so far as tempera-
ture effects may be concerned.
FLORIDA BUSY ALL THE TIME
(Lake Worth Leader, Feb. 4, 1928)
A casual glance over the state news page of the Sun-
day Times-Union, January 29, would assuredly convince
a reader of the activity of Florida people and the diver-
sity of endeavor. Taking the page in order of observa-
tion, the first column story tells in recent inspection made
by Federal and State authorities of the principal fish-
ing centers and the excellent sanitary methods used in
handling the shellfish industry. That is something in-
teresting and important. The next item discusses the
fattening and sale of several hundred head of beef cattle
in Madison; the lot of four hundred head having been
fed for one hundred days at the farm of the Fraleigh
Tobacco Company, gaining an average of one hundred
pounds each, and the lot selling for $10,000.
A little further over on the page is a report of progress
being made on the survey and procurements of right of
way for improvement of the Florida East Coast canal.
Engineers and their crews are working in eight of the
eleven counties traversed by the waterway and are going
right ahead. In Melbourne a drive has just been suc-
cessfully conducted for increased membership in the
chamber of commerce. That means a more general in-
terest in Melbourne development and affairs.
Telling that the school exhibit of the Pasco county
fair was the outstanding feature and attracted great
attention, a story from Dade City gives some details re-
garding the demonstration of educational activities. In
the same column a story from Pensacola notes additional
classes being started in aviation at the United States sta-
tion. The naval air station at Pensacola is among the
most important operated by the government.
A top-liner, although there is only small space ac-
corded the news, is about the lively times noted in San-
ford, with celery shipments going out rapidly. More than
six hundred carloads of celery have been shipped from
Florida already this season, the greater part of it coming
from Sanford, with celery shipments going out rapidly.
More than six hundred carloads of celery have been
shipped from Florida already this season, the greater part
of it coming from the Sanford section. During February
the peak in the movement, with many carloads daily of
that fine product will be reached, and it is pleasant to
note that the prospects are for a good market and fair
Telling of a new "money crop," just as though all crops
were not for the purpose of making money or its equiva-
lent, an item from Madison suggests that a large impor-
tation of blueberry plants is noted and expectations are
that the blueberry will become a feature of agricultural
activities in that section this spring. Blueberries are
easily sold anywhere and generally at a good price. The
successful cultivation and marketing of the berries is
already an important feature of Florida production in
some parts of the State.
Then turning from the utilitarian to the aesthetic it is
announced-yet on the same page-that Volusia's county
commissioners are providing through appropriation for an
experimental fernery as a part of the Smith-Hughes agri-
cultural school at Barberville. It is remarked by the
correspondent that "Volusia county is probably the
largest asparagus plumosis producing center in the coun-
try," and because of the splendid growth and marketing
of this beautiful fern in that section, tests and experi-
ments will be made looking to an extension of the fern
From Winter Haven it is reported that an expert will
soon locate a cigar making plant there; a county com-
munity meeting was held in Quincy a few days ago,
featuring the progress and helping to keep up general in-
terest in Gadsden county affairs; twelve West Florida
towns and cities announced the proposed formation of the
Florida West Coast Association, for mutual benefit; and
so it goes about the state. Certainly the people haven't
time to be lonesome, or to get lazy or indifferent. And
greatly as the state appreciates its winter tourist business,
it has a few other irons in the fire.
SELLING POULTRY IN WEST FLORIDA
(Milton Gazette, Feb. 10, 1928)
Plans are being made by several West Florida coun-
ties, working through the Escambia County Poultry Ex-
change, to ship chickens in car load lots during the com-
ing summer. The first full car of chickens ever to be
shipped out of West Florida was sent out last summer,
when Escambia and Santa Rosa county dealers shipped a
full car load of poultry to South Florida points. This
shipment yielded such a satisfactory result that plans
were started then to make future car-load shipments of
poultry from this section.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
STATE GAS TAX RECEIPTS ARE ELEVEN
Month of December, 1926, Figured in Total
(Times-Union, Feb. 13, 1928)
Tallahassee, Feb. 12 (A. P.)-Motor vehicle owners of
Florida paid nearly $11,000,000 into the state treasury in
gasoline taxes in 1927, records of the Comptroller's office
During the year, a total of $10,980,595.50 was collected
on the taxes, and after deducting approximately $700
each month to defray the expense of distributing, that
amount was apportioned among the State Road Depart-
ment and counties, for good roads, and later among the
state's common schools and higher institutions of learn-
The figures as found in the Comptroller's records
represented the "collections" for the year. The actual
taxation raised, however, was from December, 1926, to
For the first seven months of the totals shown in the
records, the state exacted a tax of 4 cents a gallon from
its gasoline consumers. The 5-cent tax, applied by the
Legislature of 1927, was imposed on July 1, 1927. As
the records for the month of December, 1927, do not
indicate the taxation of that month, but the apportion-
ment from the collections of the previous month the
figures do not show but for five months' collections under
the 5-cent tax.
The revenue derived from the 4-cent tax for the seven
months shown in the records of 1927 went altogether to
the State Road Department and counties for good roads.
The proceeds of the 1-cent additional tax, collected there-
after, went into a fund for financial support of the com-
mon schools and another for the erection of buildings at
the various higher institutions.
Collections for 1927 from the 4-cent and 5-cent gas
tax impositions showed the month of January leading all
other months of the year in monthly totals. October was
second and December third. The collections, by months,
January, $1,004,236.04; February, $965,744.70; March,
$903,885.58; April, $953,766.80; May, $872,279.54; June,
$829,633.04; July, $831,127.55; August, $870,817.65;
September, $938,320.55; October, $978,419.37; Novem-
ber, $864,255.33; and December, $960,098.45.
MADISON MEN WILL RAISE SQUABS
(Greenville Progress, Jan. 12, 1928)
Squab production has been launched in Madison county
as a new industry with the establishment of two flocks
at Madison. T. J. Beggs, Jr., of that city, with 125 pair
of Carneaux, and Leville and Davis with 125 pair of
White Kings and Carneaux breeding pigeons, plan to
build up flocks of 1,000 pair.
No squabs are being sold at this time, but both Beggs
and Leville and Davis plan to begin shipping in the near
future to all sections of the state. In periods of low
prices the squabs will be placed in storage at the Madison
cold storage warehouse and sold at high prices when
The squabs are produced at the rate of two a month
by each pair of breeders and bring about $12 a dozen,
according to the local producers. They are all kept under
CITRUS EXPORT QUERIES GROW
Scandinavian Countries Ask About Florida Fruit
(Times-Union, Feb. 11, 1928)
The recent shipment of citrus fruit to England has
caused a great amount of interest in the Scandinavian
countries, according to Walter N. Pearce, district man-
ager of the local bureau of foreign and domestic com-
merce, who has received numerous inquiries from Nor-
way, Sweden and Denmark.
The writers ask concerning the facilities and possibili-
ties for the exportation of citrus fruit from the state.
There are possibilities of an excellent market in the
Scandinavian countries, Mr. Pearce said yesterday, as
these countries have been importing most of the fruit
from Italy, and as a rule it is inferior to Florida fruit.
Since the establishment of the local bureau, the in-
quiries, both foreign and domestic, have increased proba-
bly 200 per cent, Mr. Pearce declared, which tends to
show that the general impression of the state is a very
Commenting on Jacksonville's excellent location as a
port, Mr. Pearce said yesterday:
"No one will dispute the fact that the southeastern
states are rapidly developing both economically and in-
dustrially. Trade figures indisputably point out this fact
of the material growth of the southeastern territory dur-
ing the last decade. Jacksonville, possessing many
natural advantages as a port, should be preparing for this
certain growth for many reasons, principally for the fact
that other South Atlantic ports seem to be fully awake
to the possibilities.
"Ports cannot be developed without great study and
preparation and unless adequate provisions and prepara-
tions are undertaken during the early stages of this
growth, future business will go to those ports which have
and offer greater advantages. As a basis port develop-
ment is the outcome of great vision into the future, not
only of the civic and industrial leaders of a state or com-
munity, but of the popular and creative imagination of
FLORIDA PLEASES BOND HOUSE MAN
Handled $40,000,000 Without Any Trouble
(Tampa Tribune, Feb. 11, 1928)
"After the present year is passed Florida will be abso-
lutely on its feet. We have found conditions in your
state really much better than we anticipated," said Natt
T. Wagner, a partner in the firm of Eldredge & Company,
New York bond investment house, which during the last
two years handled more than $40,000,000 in Florida
bonds. Mr. Wagner arrived in Tampa yesterday and is
at the Floridan Hotel. He is accompanied on this trip to
Florida by Seneca Eldredge, senior member of the firm,
who is now in St. Petersburg.
"We think a lot of Florida," Mr. Wagner added, "as
evidenced by the heavy investments we have made in your
state. Our present visit is simply to look around and see
how you are getting along. We have visited Jackson-
ville, Miami and St. Petersburg and are very much
pleased with the outlook.
"Despite the large investments we have in Florida, we
haven't had a bit of trouble with any of our financial in-
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
THE GASOLINE TAX
(Miami Herald, Feb. 9, 1928)
A recent investigation of the gasoline tax by Prof. F.
G. Crawford, of Syracuse University, gives a clear idea of
why this method of raising revenue has swept the country
since it was inaugurated by Oregon after a referendum in
1919, which put the tax at 1 cent a gallon. Today all
states except New York and Massachusetts tax gasoline
and those states are expected to adopt it soon.
The low expense of collecting the tax is one thing in its
favor. In most states it is collected from the wholesalers
and in some the cost is only 10 cents for each $100 of
revenue. In no state is it more than 1 per cent except
in three states that collect it from retailers.
For the purposes of comparison it may be noted that
New York's state income tax costs for collection $2 for
each $100 of revenue, while the inheritance tax and the
motor vehicle tax cost is $3.50 per $100.
No state that has tried taxing gasoline has repealed the
law and only one ever reduced it. Kentucky put the tax
at 2 cents in 1920, dropped it one-half the next year, but
now charges 5 cents. Twenty-three of the states use all
the tax for building roads, while Georgia, Texas and
Florida use a part of the tax for schools.
The gasoline tax yields enormous revenue. Florida
took in $11,431,000 in 1926 when the tax ivas 4 cents,
and California, with the rate one-half as high, added
$18,000,000 to the state's revenue. Last year with the
rate at 3 cents California must have taken in close to
$30,000,000. Ohio collected $13,566,000 in 1926 with
the tax 2 cents and is now collecting much more with the
rate increased to 3 cents.
The lowest rate is now 2 cents, which is collected in
16 states, and four states collect the highest rate, 5 cents.
Professor Crawford says the tax on gasoline is one of the
least obnoxious to the public. Evidently the tax is here
OVERSEA HIGHWAY BRINGS INCREASED
TOURIST TRAVEL, SAYS CAFE
(Homestead Leader, Feb. 7, 1928)
Tourist travel shows an increase of 50 per cent this
year over January and February of last year, according
to Albert M. Hill, proprietor of Hotel Redlands and the
Redlands Cafe. Other cafe owners concur with this
The past month has seen business at the eating places
almost double along the Dixie Highway and Krome
avenue. Cars from all over the country pass through
every day. The opening of the Oversea Highway has
contributed largely to the increase in traffic, says Mr.
Hill, as people are anxious to see what is beyond Miami
and what is beyond the mainland.
"The general impression of all the tourists, received
from maps and from hearsay," said Mr. Hill, "has been
that there is nothing but swamps below Miami. All of
them are amazed to find that there is a large, well de-
veloped back country, and many express the opinion that
the Redland district is the backbone of southern Florida.
"One man said the other day that the farther south he
went the more prosperity he found-the more activity
and progress. Many have expressed astonishment over
what the rock land will produce.
"The Oversea Highway has been a great factor in in-
creasing travel through this section. Everyone is inter-
ested in making the trip, if only from curiosity, and those
who go come back deeply impressed both by the features
of the land and the engineering feat of the highway con-
"Moreover, the new route has opened travel from the
south. People are coming up here to see what lies above
them. Last week two cars came through from Cuba.
"Most of the visitors are passing through looking over
the country with the prospect of returning to settle here,
and their comments on the groves and the business and
development possibilities are enthusiastic. The greater
part of the tourists come from the middle west states-
Iowa, Ohio, Illinois and Kansas-but we have many trav-
elers from the Atlantic states and Canada and some from
as far west as Arizona and California."
Mrs. J. M. Robinson, of the Dixie cafe, said today that
the tourist trade alone has justified the move she made
recently from her old location on Flagler street.
"Business has picked up so rapidly the last month that
we have scarcely been able to take care of it. I have had
to put on two extra girls. One day last week after the
noon rush was entirely over twenty-five people came in
one after another so fast that the door hardly even
stopped swinging. There must be a great deal of travel
through here, though I am too busy to talk much and find
out where they are from or why they are here. But
business has picked up a great deal since the Oversea
road was opened."
D. L. Williams, of the Flamingo Shop, said that business
had been unusually heavy the last ten days.
"Many travelers drop in here for lunch, and some days
we have all we can possibly take care of. Many of them
are touring in their cars and come from other parts of
the state to see what the southern end is like. Almost
all of them are bitten with great curiosity to see an alli-
gator pear. The name seems to interest them and they
want to know where they can go to see one.
"Many visitors are going through to Key West. The
opening of the road seems to have given them some ob-
jective. Where they used to feel that they had got to
the end of things when they reached Miami, they now
feel that there is something to see beyond, and incident-
ally in traveling to the keys they have their eyes opened
about our own agricultural district."
(St. Augustine Record, Feb. 13, 1928)
From a table based on U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture estimates and compiled and published in the Manu-
facturers Record, it is shown that the hypothetical value
of all crops in 1926 was $85,815,000. In 1927 it in-
creased to $88,676,000, which is a net gain of $2,861,000.
The South, considered as a district, outranked its
nearest competitor, the West North Central (Minnesota,
Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas)
by better than a billion dollars. Although admittedly
just coming into her own on agriculture, in 1927 Florida
ranked ahead of two other states in her district.
Compared with the country as a whole the 1927 value
of Florida crops was greater than:
Maryland, West Virginia, Maine, New Hampshire, Ver-
mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New
Jersey, Delaware, Wyoming, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah,
The total value of the South's crop at $3,612,131,000
is nearly 40 per cent of the total value of all the crops
in the United States in 1927.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
(Tampa Tribune, Feb. 11, 1928)
Farmers' cooperative associations have grown by leaps
and bounds in recent years. In 1915 they sold products
amounting in value to $2,265,000,000, according to the
department of commerce. The report, in the words of its
framers, "indicates the successful service of trade asso-
ciations in public interest."
The sales by farmers' cooperative associations, based
on figures compiled by the Department of Agriculture,
Grain ........................$.. 750,000,000
D a ir y ............................................
L iv stock .................... ............. ....
Fruits and vegetables ....................
C otton ................. ........... ......
Tobacco .......... .... .........
P oultry ............. .. ...... ...... .. ... .......
N u ts .......... ........... .............
W ool ......................... ...........
Supplies bought by these cooperatives in 1925 were
estimated at $135,000,000. As an example of increased
shipments made possible through cooperative efforts, the
report shows that from 1919 to 1925 the quantities of
grapes shipped from California increased from 20,000 to
more than 80,000 carloads. Seventeen per cent larger
receipts were made possible by activities of cooperatives
in conjunction with railroads and New York commission
merchants to prevent spoilage.
Secretary Hoover believes that these organizations
have aided trade generally. At least, it would appear
that their growing popularity is auguring well for not
only the agriculturist, but the business world in general.
QUARANTINE PUT ON FOUR COUNTIES TO
Livestock Board Outlines Work for Better Cattle
(Tampa Tribune, Feb. 9, 1928)
State quarantine against the spread of cattle ticks was
imposed on Suwannee, Columbia, Baker and Union coun-
ties, effective March 5, at a meeting of the Florida Live-
stock Sanitary Board held yesterday in the Floridan
hotel. This action is preliminary to a cattle-dipping cam-
paign in these counties to rid them of cattle ticks. Al-
ready 18 counties are free of ticks, the greatest enemy
of the cattle and dairy industries of Florida. By the end
of this year the board hopes to have 48 per cent of Florida
free from ticks, according to Dr. J. V. Knapp, state vet-
erinarian and secretary of the board.
The cattle tick has much to do with the high cost of
every bottle of milk left on Tampa doorsteps each morn-
ing, Dr. Knapp said. Federal statistics show that ticks
reduce milk production of herds from 15 to 42 per cent,
but that's not half of the story. No dairyman can hope
to bring pure-bred dairy cattle into a tick-infested region
and succeed. Dairy types of cattle, not immune to the
disease caused by ticks, will die from it. As a result, milk
production from the kind of cattle that are immune to
disease caused by ticks is a costly business, for which the
consumer must pay. Hillsborough county is not one of
the 18 counties free from ticks.
Work From Two Centers
Work of eradication must proceed slowly and in con-
formity with well-established boundaries, because the
disease caused by ticks is contagious. It started accord-
ing to definite program following the passage of a state
law in 1923. The work is proceeding from two centers-
the lower East Coast and Western Florida. On the East
Coast, Martin, Palm Beach, Broward, Dade and Monroe
counties are free from ticks. In Western Florida the
area west of the Ocklocknee river is already free. Eight
counties between the Ocklocknee and the Suwannee rivers
will be released from quarantine this spring if the eradi-
cation campaign carried on there last year is found to
have been absolutely effective. The four counties placed
under quarantine yesterday adjoin these. So far as is
possible, areas chosen for quarantine are bounded by
rivers, double-fenced railroads and other barriers, to
maintain the quarantine. Each eradication campaign
starts in March and ends in December, and includes
periodic dipping. Sufficient vats have to be ready, and
are ready in these four counties, before the campaign
Florida is already reaping the benefit of tick eradica-
tion, Dr. Knapp said. In 1915, when Dr. Knapp visited
the now free counties on the East Coast, he found only
800 head of cattle. There are now more than 20,000
head in this area, including more than a dozen fine herds
and many winners of champion awards in this and other
As soon as an area is free, the board turns its atten-
tion to importing pure-bred bulls to the territory, to im-
prove stock. During the last year more than 100 of these
animals were imported into Western Florida. One com-
pany in Gadsden county is now bringing in 60 head of
Aberdeen-Angus females to provide pure-bred animals
for Florida herds. This is the first of its kind in the
state, and would have been impossible in any tick area.
Eventually Dr. Knapp hopes to see Florida free of ticks
and fine herds of beef and dairy cattle taking the place
of the scrawny native animals.
WHAT STATE CAN BEAT IT?
(Daytona Beach News, Feb. 8, 1928)
During the last year a new railroad, the Frisco Lines,
entered the State of Florida at Pensacola; the State
Forestry Board was created by the legislature; the Ley-
land lines inaugurated refrigerator service on citrus
fruits and Florida vegetables direct from Jacksonville to
Liverpool; the United States government started prepara-
tion to build an eight-foot canal from Jacksonville to
Daytona Beach and Miami; Key West was made the first
air port of entry in the United States, and a five million
dollar cement plant was completed at Tampa-just to
mention a few of the high spots of new Florida effort-
and then, on December 31, 1927, Florida banks had in
their vaults more cash in proportion to resources and de-
posits than had the banks of any other state in the Union.
All of this during a year in which the state was concen-
trating its major energies and efforts on the problems of
readjustment that developed out of the boom.
CHIPLEY HATCHERY OPEN FOR BUSINESS
(Pensacola Journal, Feb. 11, 1928)
Chipley (Special)-The new Chipley hatchery, owned
by D. D. Ranney, formerly of Mitford, Oregon, was
opened this week. An incubator of 10,000 eggs capacity
has been installed. Poultry raising will be an adjunct to
GRADUATES AT UNIVERSITY ARE ON
Proof of National Reputation That Florida Is
Beginning to Enjoy
(Special to Times-Union, Jan. 17, 1928)
University of Florida.-An increase of almost 100 per
cent in the number of graduate students enrolled at the
University of Florida this year over 1926-27 and 1925-26,
the previous record years, is regarded by Dean James N.
Anderson, head of the graduate school and the College of
Arts and Sciences, as positive proof of the national repu-
tation which Florida is beginning to enjoy. Recognition
of a university graduate school, says Dean Anderson, is
evidence enough of the merit of that university's under-
graduate colleges, the foundation upon which any grad-
uate school must rest.
National educational leaders to a great extent base
their opinion of a college's worth on the records made
by the graduate students of that institution, so it is with
a feeling of pride that the University of Florida has wit-
nessed the rapid growth of its graduate department dur-
ing the past five years. The average number of graduate
students attending the University of Florida for the four-
teen years prior to 1923 was seven. The enrollment
figures since then are as follows: 1923-24, twenty-one
students; 1924-25, fifteen students; 1925-26, thirty-three
students; 1926-27, thirty-two students, and 1926-27,
Many applications from students seeking a doctor's
degree are being turned down, says Dean Anderson, due
to the fact that the university at present is not able to
grant such degrees on account of the high cost of main-
taining a well-equipped graduate school.
"Our main business is to teach the undergraduates,"
says Dean Anderson, "and as long as facilities are lim-
ited, we must concentrate our efforts in that direction."
PUSH THE BACK COUNTRY
(Pensacola Journal, Feb. 10, 1928)
A cry which has gone up in Pensacola for years:
"Develop the Back Country," is growing in volume.
From a mere far-sighted peep of a few years ago, it has
become a fairly resonant slogan. It should, as quickly as
possible, become a battle cry.
But before that is possible, Pensacola business men,
especially bankers, will have to bestir themselves.
Escambia county farmers have been persecuted finan-
cially long enough. The time has come for those who see
"great things ahead for the farmer," to do something
about it. The time has come for the banker who agrees
that the future of the city is dependent upon the back
country to open his money bags to the farmer. The time
has come for a "Let George Do It" pose to be dropped in
favor of an "I'll Help" attitude.
Farmers in general make the complaint: "The banks
won't lend us any money. We have tried for years to
get them to support our effort to expand and develop.
They say 'Fine, go to it.' But when we ask for capital
to carry out our plans they refuse us credit."
The Federal Land Bank came into this territory several
years ago and helped to relieve the condition a little.
But as one farmer expressed the situation recently, their
business is conducted in a haphazard fashion, which has
had a tendency to make the farmers lose confidence.
Farms are just like any other business in this day of
specialization. The farmer requires capital in order to
carry on his business. The more prosperous communi-
ties are those where local bankers, realizing the benefits
to themselves, have loaned freely to the man in the back
Local farmers are agitating the subject of dairy de-
velopment. It is pointed out that only a few high grade
cows per farm would produce sufficient local milk, butter
and cream supply to do away with importation from
But the farmer cannot buy high grade cows without
money. Local banks won't lend him any, so he is obliged
to go to the extreme of seeking more money from a
branch of the Federal Farm Bank. This expedient is
better than stagnation from lack of capital, but what ails
the local money market?
The banker will probably say that the farmer is a
shiftless, irresponsible individual who not only could not,
but would not comprehend the responsibility he under-
takes when he accepted a loan.
This might be an exaggeration of a condition which
existed years ago, but when farmers form poultry ex-
changes, dairymen's leagues and marketing organizations;
when they show initiative by trying to found a co-opera-
tive creamery, and their resourcefulness by attempting to
interest the land bank in helping them buy good cows,
they are worthy of any banker's attention.
Pensacola's future is indeed tied up in her back coun-
try. The back country will succeed in spite of the city,
but if the city is to take full advantage of her immediate
opportunity, she will get behind the back country for all
she is worth.
If she doesn't she will be sorry.
BARREL FACTORY AT NEW SMYRNA TO
(New Smyrna Breeze, Feb. 3, 1928)
The establishment of a large fish and shrimp industry
in New Smyrna, together with the demand for barrels
by the potato growers of the Samsula section, has created
the necessity for a barrel factory in the city, and the
Whitehouse Barrel Co., of Hastings, have completed ar-
rangements to begin operations with that industry in a
The company has leased the Phillips building on Down-
ing street. The capacity of the plant will be about 300
barrels per day, and will give employment to a number
of men. There is also a big demand for vegetable crates
by the vegetable growers of this section, but it is not
known whether the company will add crates to their
products or not.
The barrel factory will prove quite a convenience to
shippers here, as it will save a long haul of the completed
FISH PLANT TO BE IN OPERATION SOON
(Sarasota Times, Jan. 31, 1928)
Within the next few days the Sarasota Fish Canneries,
Inc., will have its complete equipment installed in the new
plant at Hog Creek, and will be in operation. The com-
pany has some of the machinery now set up, and during
the last week or so officials have been directing the prepa-
ration of a quantity of sample cans of the products which
the company will place on the market. These samples
will be distributed in northern buying centers.
TEN BARRELS DAHLIA BULBS RECEIVED
Chamber of Commerce Receives 1,500 Bulbs for
Distribution in County Dahlia Contest
(Lake City Reporter, Feb. 3, 1928)
Ten barrels containing 1,500 dahlia bulbs have been
received at the chamber of commerce for distribution
over Columbia county to those who wish to take part in
the dahlia contest.
There are 17 varieties in the shipment, as follows:
M. D. Hallock, Lyndhurst, Break o' Day, Silver Moon,
Floral Park Jewel, Crimson Splash, Virginia Chambers,
Jack Rose, Queen of Singles, Bassett, William Agnew,
White Swan, Purple Cactus, Kitty De La Mare, Yellow
Queen, General Buller and Sylvia.
Bulbs are being distributed at the cost price of ten
cents, except three varieties which sell at 25 cents. Sev-
eral of these bulbs are quoted at one dollar by the seed
companies. The date of the dahlia show to be held in
the county will be announced later and anyone in the
county may take part in the contest. The University of
Florida will keep contestants advised as to culture of the
POULTRY FATTENING AND FEEDING
PLANT WILL BE ERECTED IN OCALA
SOON BY SOUTHLAND CREAMERY
(Ocala Star, Feb. 8, 1928)
That Ocala is soon to have a modern poultry feeding
and fattening plant to take care of the poultry products
of Marion county was made known last night at a meet-
ing of the city council when L. W. Trimble, of the South-
land Creamery, appeared before the councilmen and
asked the town to do some grading at the corner of
Wyomina and North Watula streets, to put in an electric
light and otherwise improve the grounds at that corner,
as the Southland Creamery Company had selected this
site for a poultry feeding and fattening plant. The com-
pany also asked that the improvements which the com-
pany expected to make at this point be exempted from
taxation until December 31, 1937.
Mr. Trimble explained that his company had decided
to install a plant to take care of the poultry which is
raised in this county, and as the enterprise was sort of a
gamble for them, he asked for the concessions, as the
plant primarily was to provide market for the farmers'
poultry and there was but little chance of any large
profits for a considerable time, at least. It takes time for
a plant like this to be worked up to a paying basis, but
the Southland Creamery Company was willing to take a
chance if the city would cooperate.
The request was laid over until the next meeting of
the council, the councilmen in the meantime agreeing to
investigate the situation and see what can be done. In
private conversation the councilmen all seemed to favor
the project, but the state law would not permit any ex-
emption from taxation for a period of longer than five
years. The lighting and grading of the site was not any
great obstacle and all seemed to agree that the project
was one badly needed in Ocala.
Mr. Trimble went on to explain that the plant under
the system of operations would be entirely free of all
odors and clean at all times. He continued that the most
exacting sanitary ordinances would have no terror for
him, as the plant would be kept at all times in such shape
that there would be no cause for complaint. He said
that the nature of the business required that this should
According to the plans of the company, the first build-
ing and equipment will cost in the neighborhood of
$5,000, but that this will undoubtedly be added to from
time to time as the plans are worked out and the busi-
ness progresses. The speaker declared that the South-
land Creamery is now paying to the farmers of Marion
county from $1,200 to $1,500 a week and that he thought
that as the poultry business advanced at least this amount
would be paid out for poultry supplies.
The cold storage plant for poultry and eggs, which is
now nearing completion, entailed an expenditure on the
company of about $30,000 and the proposed poultry feed-
ing and fattening plant was a sort of subsidiary to the
creamery, as the poultry would be fattened on by-
products of the creamery. Mr. Trimble explained at
length his plans for operating the proposed plant and how
the milk products would be used for poultry feed.
While no official action was taken, it was apparent that
the councilmen were very much in favor of doing all that
the finances of the city and the laws of the state would
permit to further the success of the enterprise.
FINANCIER FINDS STATE AMAZING
Bakery Owner Will Sign Any Statement
(Daytona Beach Journal, Jan. 30, 1928)
Richard H. Edmonds, leading proponent of Florida, has
received hearty support in his attitude toward the state,
from a friend who recently toured the state for the first
time in seven years.
A week ago A. O. Maimberg, a leading business man
and financier of New York, who is heavily interested in
the Southern Baking Company, which owns five big
baking plants in Florida in addition to the one in Day-
tona Beach, while visiting all of them and studying the
outlook for Florida, wrote to Mr. Edmonds as follows:
"I arrived in Tampa last evening after a most satis-
factory trip through a score of Florida cities and towns,
and after seeing the five plants which our Southern Bak-
ing Company owns in this state, to say that the trip has
been highly instructive is stating the case mildly. My
last trip through Florida was about seven years ago. This
trip has necessarily been a quick one, but I have been
busy night and day, so that considering the amount of
time at my disposal I have had a rather thorough look at
the state. To say that I am amazed is stating the case
most conservatively. I have long known of your enthu-
siasm for the future of this state and have always appre-
ciated your sure grasp of the fundamental factors affect-
ing its growth. I am compelled by what I have seen to
say that I agree with you 100 per cent and will sign sight
unseen any statement you make concerning the enormous
growth possible for this State of Florida."
HARVESTING PEPPERS AT MELBOURNE
(Special to Times-Union)
Melbourne, Dec. 4.-The green and red pepper crop
in this locality is now being gathered, two car loads each
week being now shipped from the small shipping point,
Malabar, to the south of Melbourne. This year's crop is
considered to be of the largest and best quality the farm-
ers in this district have ever had.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
MOTORCADE FROM SOUTH IS COMING ON
KEY WEST TOUR
Capitalists and Automobile Officials Will Stop
Over in City
(Palm Beach Post, Feb. 10, 1928)
Key West-Hearing of the wonders of the Over-Sea
Highway, and anxious to see for themselves, this great
piece of engineering work, leading capitalists of the south
and officers of the A. A. A. from Atlanta, Brunswick,
Birmingham, Macon, Jacksonville, and other leading
cities of the Southland, will mobilize in South Jackson-
ville, Feb. 22, for a motorcade to Key West over this
Never before in the history of this State has an en-
gineering project created the international interest that
the Over-Sea Highway heralded as the "Ninth Wonder of
the World" has, and the coming of this motorcade will
add impetus to the occasion.
George Gibbs, president of the Gibbs Gas Engine
Company of South Jacksonville, builders of the ferries
used in the Over-Sea Highway service, who has been ap-
pointed chairman of the committee on arrangements by
the Jacksonville Motor Club, sponsors of the motorcade,
is in Key West arranging for the coming of the visitors.
Reservations for 60 automobiles on the three ferries
for February 24 has been made. More than 200 will be
in the party.
Leaving South Jacksonville on the morning of Feb. 22,
the motorcade, headed by a squad of Jacksonville motor-
cycle police, who will accompany them on the trip, will
make its first stop at Daytona. 'Ihat night they will be
guests of Palm Beach Motor Club. The following morn-
ing the trip will be continued and that night the visitors
will be the guests of the people of Miami.
An early start from Miami on the morning of the 24th
is planned. Two days will be spent here. Fishing trips,
banquets and other entertainments will be arranged for
FLORIDA SYRUP DESERVES WIDER
(Union County Times, Dec. 2, 1927)
Samples of fine sugar cane have been brought to the
office recently by some of the leading growers of this
county, and the specimens were not only of extraordinary
height, but the quality was very fine. The real compe-
tition, though, is not between our farmers as to the
height or amount of cane grown, but the quality of the
syrup it produces. If the people of the other 47 states of
the Union were familiar with the fine quality and flavor
of the syrup made from Florida sugar cane, the demand
for that syrup would be so great that not enough cane
could be grown in this state to supply the market.
The syrups made from corn oil and glucose and those
produced from the sorghum canes do not begin to ap-
proach Florida-made syrup in any direction, while other
southern-made syrups that once had a wide sale have
degenerated so much in recent years that they are entirely
out of the reckoning.
Florida syrup is hardly known outside the bounds of
the state, although its delicious flavor entitles it to be
advertised and sold all over the country. If it were in-
troduced into a city like New York or Chicago, the de-
mand would soon be so great that it could not be sup-
plied. An enormous amount of syrup is consumed in
large centers of population, not only on the hot pancakes
served on breakfast tables, but by candymakers, and there
is hardly any limit to the amount that could be sold.
A plant for the purpose of making Florida syrup could
be established in any cane-growing section of the state
and contracts made with farmers by managers of the
factory to raise so much cane a year-enough to keep the
mill going a certain length of time, as is done in fruit-
canning and sugar-making sections-and in this way the
venture made a paying investment.
A story is told of a northern visitor who went into the
chamber of commerce offices in Jacksonville mad as a wet
hen because he could not find a restaurant that served
the pure Florida syrup for his favorite breakfast cakes.
Somebody from the commerce body's rooms found him
such a place, and then he was happy again.
The well-known maple syrup produced to the north of
us, and which sells at the highest price of probably any
syrup on the market, is not in any manner superior to
Florida syrup made by a competent and conscientious
OUTLOOK FOR ONIONS IN COUNTY IS
Chamber of Commerce Furnished Seed to
Planters at Cost
(Nassau County Leader, Feb. 10, 1928)
With a ready southern market provided, added to
favorable cultivation methods, farmers of this county are
convinced that the raising of Australian Brown onions
will prove an agricultural success in the near future.
Approximately fifty residents of this county took ad-
vantage of the chance offered by the local chamber of
commerce last October in furnishing seed at a minimum
cost for the furthering of diversified farming in this
section, and of which will be ready for market by June
The seed was planted in beds early last October, care
being taken that the ground was not drilled too thick,
thinning out process being resorted to in cases where the
bed showed signs of being over-seeded.
During the last of December the onion sets were trans-
planted in rows twelve inches apart, with four inches of
space being allowed between each plant, which is stated as
giving the onion ample room for root spreading and the
absorbing of enough moisture.
The Australian Brown onion will market in a full state
of maturity and is reported as being an ideal onion for
general cooking purposes, with an eager market for all
that is grown.
The recent cold snap killed about 25 per cent of the
crop, with the remainder looking healthful and solid, with
the probable marketing time set for June 1st.
It is stated that the onion will yield three to four hun-
dred bushels to the acre, with an average of two dollars
and a half as the selling price.
When full grown, it will attain a size of three inches
in diameter or about the size of a baseball.
One application of fertilizer is all that is needed, the
analysis of which shows 7 per cent phosphoric acid, 5 per
cent ammonia, and 5 per cent potash, with the maximum
of 1000 pounds to the acre being utilized.
The fertilizer is drilled into rows ten days before re-
setting the plants.
About eight months is required in the raising of the
onion, which is seemingly free from all plant disease, and
will be marketed collectively in southern markets.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
GAINESVILLE IS TO HAVE FIRST PLANT
FOR NUT CRUSHING
Next Year 160,000 Trees Will Be Bearing-
Practically No Expense of Marketing
(By B. F. Williamson, in Farm and Grove Section,
Gainesville, Fla., Feb. 1928)
Tung Oil is the only oil from which a waterproof paint
and varnish can be made. It is the basis of Valspar, Chis-
par, Movar and all outside and inside waterproof var-
nishes, all varnishes used by the United States Navy in
their boats. Tung Oil enters into the compound used for
insulating the cables, motors, dynamos and other elec-
trical equipment. One large electric concern uses nearly
one and a half million pounds per year. Demand exceeds
production. Tung Oil can be used in many other products
if available in large quantities. Added to any paint, in-
creases its life and wearing qualities, blending well with
After 20 years planting of test trees by the govern-
ment all the way across the United States as far north
as the Carolinas and as far west as California, the greatest
growth and yield they reported in North Central Florida.
The tree has no insect or fungus enemies that seriously
attack it either in this country, where it has grown for
20 years, or China, where it has grown for thousands of
years. North Central Florida has the same climate, the
same rainfall, and is practically identical to the section of
China where the tree grows best. Three thousand acres
are planted now in North Central Florida. There was
planted in Florida the first years commercial plantings
were started, which was:
1923 .............. ............ .............. 14,000 trees
1924 ............... ............................ 39,000 trees
1925 .......................................... 102,000 trees
1926 ........................................... 200,000 trees
1927 ........................................... 300,000 trees
Fifteen to twenty thousand acres planted each year
would little more than take care of the increased demand;
$75,000,000 go out of the United States for paint oils;
Florida can stop at least thirty to forty million dollars of
this by planting Tung Oil.
We plant 116 trees to the acre. Last year one man
who had planted trees without any idea of the returns
from the nuts, but to be used a permanent fence post,
sold us 5,400 pounds of fruit from 109 trees. These trees
were between 8 and 10 years old. The nuts are worth
$50.00 per ton and 109 trees represent less than one acre.
Commercial crops are produced the fourth year.
We have produced and pressed in Florida Tung Oil
that is lighter in color, practical, neutral and said by
users to be superior in quality, worth from Ic to 2c more
than the best Chinese Tung Oil. We have applied me-
chanical power where the Chinaman uses human power,
and our government representative from China says one
of our presses will do the work of 90 to 100 Chinamen.
In cultivating, three small tractors will cultivate 100
acres a day.
The first crushing plant will be erected in Gainesville
next year when there will be 160,000 trees in bearing.
The present price of the oil is 20c per pound. The normal
price runs from 12 to 14c per pound. At 10c per pound
these trees should show $100.00 an acre net profit to the
grower when 6 to 8 years old. The trees in quantities
cost 35c each. The cost of trees and planting should be
covered by $40.00 per acre. A careful survey indicated
this is undoubtedly the most profitable crop that can be
grown in North Central Florida.
The nuts fall on the ground in the fall and may be
picked up any time within several weeks after they drop.
They are not perishable and can be kept a year without
deteriorating. This crop is less expensive to produce
than most other tree crops. There will be practically no
marketing expense to the grower.
(Pensacola Journal, Jan. 19, 1928)
Nothing could better indicate the growth of Florida
than the announcement that the Southern Bell Telephone
Company will spend the huge sum of $27,000,000 in the
southern states, $2,000,000 of which will be spent in
Florida in 1928.
Just what the expansion program in West Florida will
be has not yet been announced. In Pensacola the com-
pany has already done considerable work, made necessary
by the September hurricane of 1926, and is known to
have under consideration a program which will include
The expenditure of millions in the southern territory
is made necessary by the growth of this section of the
country. There is no better indication of growth in any
city or state than increase in the number of telephones,
which means invariably an increase in population.
The South is growing. Industrially, during the past 25
years the advancement has been unprecedented. But
the growth of the South, and especially in Florida, is
largely attributable to the fact that the South is a section
People are moving to the southern states because they
want sunshine. It is sunshine that is bringing manu-
facturers here, because that means open weather for
their workmen; it is sunshine that is inducing many
farmers to move from the blizzard-swept West to the land
of cotton and orange blooms; it is sunshine that is bring-
ing residents of all kinds to the southern states.
And as they come south and make their homes-as they
install and equip their manufacturing plants; as they
furnish their farm houses-they get into communication
with their business associates, their neighbors and the
outside world through the telephone.
The $27,000,000 that is to be spent by the Southern
Bell Telephone Company will be well spent, for it will
not only serve the present population, but it will aid ex-
pansion along many lines.
SWEET POTATOES SHIPPED TO CHICAGO
SECTION BY CARLOAD
(DeLand Daily News)
Today the second carload of sweet potatoes left DeLand
for Chicago, where an excellent price, one greater than
could be obtained on the local market, has been secured.
George R. Turley turned farmer during the summer
and planted a small tract on a section of the Clark &
Turley subdivision known as Pelham Square. An excel-
lent yield of potatoes was the outcome of the venture,
with the result that carload shipments of this staple
article have left DeLand for the Northland for the first
time in a good many years.
While a good many sweet tubers have been raised in
this section ever since it was first settled, the entire crop
was disposed of locally.
With the success of this venture of Mr. Turley's it is
predicted that a considerable acreage will be planted
during the coming summer to sweet potatoes and carlot
shipments will become common.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
FIVE CARLOADS OF CAULIFLOWER GONE
Many Home Grown Vegetables on Market
During the Winter
(Putnam County Tribune, Feb. 4, 1928)
Five carloads of the finest grade of cauliflower had
been shipped by the Bugbee Distributing Company up to
Wednesday night of this week. The first car rolled out
last week, and since then cutting, packing and shipping
has been kept up by Wade Brothers, growers in coopera-
tion with Bugbee Distributing Company.
Don M. Barstow stated Wednesday that satisfactory
prices were being received for this newest of Hasting
farm products, and it is believed that it will prove to be
a very paying industry for the Hastings section.
The Bugbee Company and Wade Brothers expect to be
able to start celery shipments within a short time from
their fine thirty-acre field near the city. Recent cold
weather did not materially damage either celery or cauli-
Potato growers are this week completing the planting
of their crop, and the end of next week will probably see
the entire acreage in this vicinity planted.
Much of the early planting is up and growing in a
satisfactory way, but cool and dry weather has retarded
the crop somewhat. Showers the first of the week were
a great aid to the crop, but much more rain is needed to
give the tubers the right kind of start, many growers
There has been more home-grown vegetables on the
local market this winter than has been the case in a
number of years. At this time, lettuce, celery, peppers,
beets, turnips, cauliflower, spring onions, cabbage, etc.,
grown in and around Hastings can be found in the local
stores. This despite the so-called cold snap and continued
dry weather, which all goes to prove that the Hastings
section is a wonderful farming section of this country
CHAMBER'S INDUSTRIAL COMMITTEE
BRINGS POTTERY MAKER TO CITY
(St. Petersburg Independent, Jan. 19, 1928)
Announcement that one new industry had been estab-
lished in St. Petersburg as a result of efforts by the
chamber of commerce industrial committee, and would
soon be turning out clay vases and urns, was made by
Harry E. Barlow, industrial secretary of the chamber, at
a meeting of the new committee held late yesterday at
the chamber offices.
Charles Hilfinger, Ft. Edwards, N. Y., said Mr. Barlow,
has established a plant at Disston avenue and Johns Pass
road, and will utilize Pinellas and Manatee county clay
in the manufacture of vases. Deposits of clay were
located by the committee, with the aid of others, and the
kiln in which the vases will be baked is about ready for
use, Mr. Barlow reported. Mr. Hilfinger expects to
operate on a small scale to begin with, increasing his
facilities as the need arises.
Mr. Barlow reported also that he had sent six samples
of clay from this section to three large firms manufac-
turing various lines of articles from this material, for the
purpose of making tests.
ROGER CALDWELL PLACES HOPE OF
FLORIDA IN SOIL
Head of Big Bond House Says Industry Will
Find Its Place in Sun
(By Francis P. Malone, in Palm Beach Post,
Feb. 5, 1928)
Florida's hope of future prosperity lies in the develop-
ment of the state's agricultural and commercial possi-
This statement comes from no less an authority on
business affairs than Roger Caldwell, president of the
Caldwell Company of Memphis, Tenn.
Mr. Caldwell's brokerage house is one of the largest
handlers of Florida municipal bonds. They have floated
bonds for the cities of Palm Beach and West Palm Beach
as well as Miami and other cities.
He is visiting at Whitehall for several days and yester-
day declared himself astonished at the remarkable growth
and development of the Palm Beaches since his last visit
here two years ago.
Mr. Caldwell has no fears for Florida's future. He be-
lieves implicitly that the prosperity of the state will in-
ecrease materially from year to year and that it will be
only a question of a few years until Florida takes her
rightful place among the states of the Union.
"The real estate boom overshadowed everything for a
few years," Mr. Caldwell said. "The people of Florida
and those who came here from other states for the pur-
pose of speculation lost their sense of perspective.
"They failed to see anything but land values; failed to
recognize the immense possibilities for agriculture and
the development of industry and commerce.
"The tourist trade will always be a great asset to Flor-
ida, but the people of the state must realize that per-
manent and lasting prosperity cannot be built on the
tourist season lasting only a few months.
"More and more people will come to Florida every year.
Wealth will be poured into the state. Men of vision will
spend their wealth in developing agriculture.
"Industry will learn by a process of education that the
State of Florida offers marvelous opportunities for the
establishment of factories.
"With the coming of this development the growth to
which Florida is entitled will come. People of moderate
fortune, who have retired from business, will come to
Florida and make it their permanent home, and will look
around Florida for a place to invest their savings, and
realizing Florida's possibilities will invest their savings in
Florida's farms and industry.
"The coming of commerce will not hinder the tourist
trade. Nothing can take away Florida's climate, and it is
the warmth of the sun in the winter that draws the tourist
here. Commercial greatness will not dim the warmth
and lustre of the sun and the tourist will always come
"California seized its opportunity. It developed, grew,
forgot land booms, and the prosperity of California is due
to the fact that the people, realizing the possibilities of
the state, threw all their energy into making possibility
"The sugar development at Clewiston is a concrete ex-
ample of what Florida can do. The men backing that de-
velopment are showing their faith in the state by spending
their money and I believe they will not be disappointed."
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
DADE PRODUCTS WILL NOT MEET LOCAL
(Dade County Times, Jan. 6, 1928)
Dade county farmers produced only 5 per cent of the
vegetables consumed in Greater Miami during the year.
Ten per cent of the vegetables used were produced in
other parts of the state, and 85 per cent were shipped in.
Only in the producing of milk does Dade county hold
its own in filling the wants of local consumers. During
the year a total of 3,593,523 gallons of milk were used
for all purposes, of which only 269,821 gallons were im-
ported. Of the total 3,069,347 gallons were consumed
as fluid milk, the other being used in the manufacture of
ice cream and other dairy products. Sweet cream to the
extent of 218,811 gallons were imported.
Most dairy products used are imported. Butter im-
ports during the year were 3,825,000 pounds, and 656,350
pounds of cheese were imported.
Production of eggs and poultry was considered so
small that a report could not be made, but 109,606 cases
of eggs were imported and 5,010,000 pounds of poultry.
Only one-third of the citrus products used here are
produced locally, the estimate being 12,000 boxes.
Oranges imported from outside Dade county but in Flor-
ida were placed at 24,000 boxes, and it also was esti-
mated that 12,000 boxes of grapefruit and 4,000 boxes*
of lemons were imported from other parts of Florida.
Miamians are large consumers of deciduous fruits, in-
cluding apples, grapes, peaches and pears, the estimated
importations during the year totaling 2,468,250 pounds.
A total of 3,240,000 pounds of bananas also was im-
Only 3 per cent" of Irish potatoes consumed are pro-
duced locally. It was estimated that 9,700 bushels were
produced in Dade county and 346,400 bushels imported.
Sweet potato production locally was set at 6,000 bushels,
with imports from out of.the county 30,850 bushels.
GALLOWAY SHIPPING LARGE NUMBER
(Plant City Enterprise)
Last week in Galloway strawberrydom brought a total
of $11,644 in cash to the growers, who sold five carloads
from Friday to Friday, the five cars carrying 21,342
quarts of gorgeous berries, the price ranging from 50 to
55 cents. Saturday's price was 50 cents.
Saturday night the growers throughout the district put
their pets to bed. The weather forecast for frost brought
out bedding wherever there were berries which needed
protection. The cool spell will retard production for a
time, but likely will boost the price.
VANCE BLOSSOMS OUT AS BULB RAISER
(Key West Citizen, Feb. 15, 1928)
Ocala.-(A. P.)-Dazzy Vance, Brooklyn's star base-
ball pitcher, expects to raise a crop of 40,000 narcissus
bulbs before the Dodgers show up at Clearwater this
spring for their seasonal workout.
Dazzy, with Wilbert Robinson, manager of the club,
owns about 1,000 acres of land along the Withlacoochee,
and has been camping on the property with other mem-
bers of the club.
OVERSEAS AUTO FERRY IS READY
Fills Gap Between Key West and Capital of
(Times-Union, Feb. 20, 1928)
The first overseas auto ferry designed to transport cars
of American tourists bound for Cuba, across the ninety
miles of ocean between Havana and Key West, has just
been completed and will go into operation immediately, it
was announced yesterday by the Peninsula and Occidental
The new ferry service, transporting both cars and pas-
sengers at a nominal cost, will link up, by a five-hour
trip, the 700-mile Cuban Central highway with the new
motor way over the Florida Keys from Key West to
Miami, joining there the Atlantic Coastal motor route to
Bangor, Me., to complete the longest model automobile
highway in the world.
Completion of the Florida overseas route and the open-
ing of the new American Monte Carlo project of John
McEntee Bowman and associates in Havana have stimu-
lated the largest volume of Cuba-bound tourist traffic in
the history of Key West, it was said. Removal of en-
trance restrictions on cars brought into the island by
American tourists has greatly increased demand for auto-
mobile transportation beyond capacity of existing facili-
ties, and the new ferry is the first unit in a service which
will be materially increased in the near future, it is re-
At present the Peninsula and Occidental Steamship
Company, which will operate the new line jointly with
the Florida East Coast Railway, also is operating a pas-
senger, mail and express service to Havana from Tampa
and Key West, and the Florida East Coast line has a
daily car-ferry service to Cuba.
IOWA MEN LOCATE BIG DAIRY
AND POULTRY FARM NEAR CITY
(Tallahassee Daily Democrat, Feb. 13, 1928)
Chas. H. Bohsen and Dr. C. S. Renshaw, of Enwood,
Iowa, have purchased a large farm on the Thomasville
road, five miles from Tallahassee, from Aaron Levy, who
made them very favorable terms.
Mr. Bohsen is a practical dairyman and has returned
to Iowa to close up his business affairs there and remove
to a warmer and more favorable climate, and where he
sees a greater future for dairying than in the west, where
competition is heavy. He will at once move his family
here and assume personal charge of the new farm, in-
stalling his herd of fancy dairy cattle, and will add a
large poultry farm, making a specialty of milk-fed poultry
and fresh eggs. It will probably be the largest establish-
ment of this kind in Northwest Florida and will be ar-
ranged and constructed along modern lines and utilize
the latest successful advanced methods of production and
TEN NEW DAIRIES FOR MADISON
(Perry Herald, Feb. 16, 1928)
During the past year ten new dairies were started in
Madison county and fifty farmers started in the dairying
business in a small way. During the past two years over
300 good grade and pure-bred Jersey cows have been im-
ported into the county under the direction of the county