Iloriba Rebietn K
PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FEBRUARY 20, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Again- Florida Fairs (Editorial) .......... ..................... ... ...........
Poyner Wins Contest for Peanut Yield ....... ..............
Local Poultry and Dairy Products to Have Preference ...........
Tampa-Chicago Air Service Planned ....................... ..............
Rabbit Industry Started Here by Lyle & Richards ........ ..
Europe Taking to Grapefruit From Florida. ........ ............... ...
New England Man Makes Strawberries Pay Profit ......................
M adison Adds to Agriculture .. ............. ......... ...........
Sanitary Way of Handling Fish for Markets .... ...............
T u rk ey s ......................... ..... ..........
Charles Gaumer First Farmer to Ship Off Celery...... .................
New Industry in Lake W orth ... ............................. .... .......
Celery and Lettuce Are Moving to Markets........ .... ........ ..
S h ip F irst F ru it ... .. ..... .. ..... .. ...................... ... ....... .. ...
New Canning Industry Will Absorb Grapefruit for Preserving
P u rp oses ........... ........................ .... .....................
Two Cars Hogs Sold at Greensboro Tuesday.............................
Eat More Oranges for Teeth's Sake, Advice of Dentist ..........
State May Have Big Influx of Dutch Farmers ........................
H om seekers in Florida ........ ... .......................................................
Second Cargo Fruit To Be Shipped Tuesday .......................
Intelligent Selfishness Mainspring of Human Progress ...............
Flagler Has 2,200 Acres of Potatoes ................... ... ...............
Key West Overseas Highway Opens and Cuban Air Service In-
augurated ................. . .
"E xcellent- F ar B better" ................... .............................. ..
A Conspiracy of Friendliness .. ......................................... 9
They Ate Florida Fruit First Course...................... ................. 9
Grapefruit for Curing Diabetes ................... ....... ............ ...... 10
State to Give $1,000,000 to School Funds ................................... 10
Florida More Than a M ere Resort ........... .. ................... ....... 10
Solid Carload Pecan Trees in One Shipment.............................. 10
Planting of Melons Here Nears End ......................... 11
Californians Laud Florida's Greatness ............................... ... 11
Certified Auto Camps Number 116 ................... ............................. 11
Increase in Pupils Shows Growth of State .......................... 12
Greensboro Shipped Eleven Cars Syrup.............. .......................... 12
M r. Bok's Contribution............. ........................................................ 12
Gameness and Work .................................. ..................... 12
Herb Expert to Aid Rubber Hunt................... ...... ................. .. 12
Start Factory in Bartow to Use Grapefruit Peel ....................... 13
Road and Bridge Contracts in 1927 Involved $13,926,983............ 13
Hotel Report on Building for Year Is Given................................... 14
Rice Cleaning Plant To Be Installed Here..................................... 14
Redland Factory Is a Profitable Industry to This District............ 14
Cars From 17 States Parked on Fort Myers Beach...................... 14
Electricity and Gas Spread Industry Along West Coast................ 15
New Industries for W ashington .. .................................................. 15
Youell Shipping Squabs to Market................................ ........... 15
Orange Groves, Roads, Strawberries and Lakes Show State at
B est ... .. .. ........... .. ................................................ ... 16
Broom Factory Working Day and Night on Orders .................... 16
Seaboard to Grant Homeseekers Fares.................................... 16
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
INCE early fall we have been having our
annual fair season in this State. At
our State Fair at Jacksonville, at the
many county, community and sectional
fairs, and at the recent South Florida Fair at
Tampa, tens of thousands of people viewed the
assembled products of the State.
In their completeness and variety, and in
their individual excellence, the exhibits of the
products of 1927 were beyond all doubt ahead
of former years. Those who saw these exhibits
and compared them in memory with those seen
in preceding fairs must have recognized that
they registered very high in quality-that the
fairs of today are better than those of yester-
On the whole, I am sure that the exhibits
reflected a better balanced farm program than
ever before. They were well-rounded, contain-
ing such diversity of varieties in fruit, vege-
tables, grain, hay, nuts and special features as
to attest most convincingly the wide adaptabil-
ity of our soil and climate.
To one who examined these various fine col-
lections from the farms and groves of our State
and thought back just a few years to some of
our earlier and smaller fairs, there came the
feeling that in general Florida farmers are now
growing a greater variety of products, and
growing them through a longer period of the
year than in past days.
Perhaps we might attach special significance
to the showing of Florida livestock and poul-
try. The exhibits in these classes were plainly
indicative of better blood, better feed and better
general care than formerly. Florida stockmen
are rapidly enriching their herds with imported
pure-blooded sires. We now have these new
strains at work rebuilding our dairy herds,
making heavier beef steers, and larger, fatter
hogs, and making them at less cost than with
the lower grade stock under the old system.
If we may judge by the exhibits at the fairs
throughout the State, the entire livestock indus-
try of Florida is being recreated along better
and more profitable lines. Within the next
decade we shall doubtless be caught up with
the procession and in position to feed ourselves
with home milk, butter, cheese, poultry, eggs,
beef, pork and mutton. The vast areas of
hitherto idle grazing lands in this State will
certainly pay some livestock dividends to our
people within the next few years.
It would be difficult to overstate the good
that can be accomplished by Florida fairs. I
believe we are really neglecting much of our
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
opportunity to use them in the best possible
way. There can be no better means of stimu-
lating agricultural, horticultural, fruit and live-
stock production than through a system of well-
planned, well-financed and largely patronized
fairs. I believe we can learn a very valuable
lesson from other states in this respect. Almost
without exception the states of the Union hav-
ing the greatest agricultural resources have a
highly developed fair spirit prevailing them.
Liberal appropriations are given these fairs in
many states. Not only does the State Fair re-
ceive large support in a financial way, but the
smaller fairs, even down to the little community
exhibits, are being given financial assistance by
many of our progressive states. Those who
know the conditions in other states are thor-
oughly convinced that this is one of the best
means of developing pride, encouraging indi-
vidual achievement and exploiting the State's
resources that can be devised.
Whether we shall extend this kind of support
to our Florida fairs or not, we should not dis-
regard the tremendously valuable part that is
played by agricultural expositions in the proper
development of the State. I believe Floridians
will think better of their commonwealth and
that visitors from other sections will be won to
the largeness of our material resources more
through the instrumentality of well-conducted
expositions than through any other one agency.
POYNER WINS CONTEST FOR PEANUT
Twenty-Six Complete Competition on an Acre
Apiece in Jackson
(Times-Union, Jan. 20, 1928)
Gainesville, Jan. 20.-(A. P.)-R. E. Poyner is the
champion peanut grower in Jackson county, judging from
the results of the Spanish peanut yield contest which was
conducted in that county last year by County Agent E. P.
Mr. Poyner led the contestants with a yield of 2,075
pounds of peanuts on one acre. He was closely followed
by G. W. Cannady, who grew 2,028 pounds on his acre.
W. W. Beall was third with 1,735 pounds, while G. D.
Tidwell came in fourth with 1,516 pounds.
Incidentally, Mr. Poyner received a cash prize of $100
besides having over a ton of peanuts for his trouble. The
money was donated by A. D. Harkins of the Greenwood
Products Company for the person in the county who
would grow the most Spanish peanuts on one acre of land
under the supervision of the county agent.
Thirty-one farmers entered the contest, representing
all sections of the county. Each man prepared his land,
fertilized the crop and cultivated it according to his own
notion, but all agreed to keep records and turn them
over to the county agent. Twenty-six of the contestants
finished the contest with an average of fifty-six bushels
per acre, or an increase of forty-one bushels above the
average for the county.
The winner grew his crop on Orangeburg sandy loam,
and had grown cane and cotton on the land the previous
year. He had fertilized the 1926 crop with 200 pounds
of fertilizer. He planted his peanuts on April 13 in rows
thirty inches apart and spaced them ten inches apart in
the row. He used 400 pounds of 12-4-4, and 200 pounds
of acid phosphate. He secured only a medium stand, but
his average for his entire crop was sixty-five bushels, and
for the contest acre it was eighty-three bushels.
The second high man in the contest did not use any
fertilizer at all. Mr. Cannady planted his peanuts on
Norfolk soil, following a crop of sweet potatoes, which
had been fertilized with 600 pounds of 8-4-4. His rows
were only twenty-two inches apart, and he drilled in the
seed five to six inches apart. His stand was described as
good, and his yield was just forty-seven pounds less than
that of the winner.
LOCAL POULTRY AND DAIRY PRODUCTS
TO HAVE PREFERENCE HERE
(St. Petersburg Independent, Jan. 20, 1928)
Members of the St. Petersburg Hotel Men's Association
will buy their poultry and dairy supplies in Pinellas
county in the future and will not buy outside of the
state until local markets are exhausted.
This was the policy adopted by unanimous ballot by the
organization at their luncheon meeting at the Shrine club
today following a motion to that effect by John N. Brown
which was seconded by Nick Dennis. In elaborating on
the idea Mr. Brown called attention to the fact that the
county had a bare 5,000 fowls a few years ago and that
today the Pinellas Poultry Producers Association repre-
sented 75,000 birds.
"It is up to the hotel men of this city to encourage
this rapidly growing industry," Mr. Brown declared, "and
I can think of no better way to bring outside capital into
the county for this purpose than for this organization to
go on record with a policy of purchasing first from our
local poultrymen and dairymen.
"The supply in Florida is far short of the demand.
Pinellas county hasn't enough chickens and eggs to even
start supplying the hotels during the season, but if we
continue to prefer their products, this encouragement
will lead to increased production which will not only
create a supply to fill local demand but will swing the
pendulum from the import side of the ledger to exports
on poultry products.
"Duck raising is rapidly coming to the front in the
county, but this phase of our industry is also far short
of the demand and thousands of dollars are to be made in
this field in the immediate future.
"It is disturbing to learn that Florida imports
$13,000,000 in poultry products each year and $31,-
000,000 in dairy products. There are thousands of acres
of uncleared land in Florida ideal for dairymen and this
is our opportunity to start a movement which will ulti-
mately put this land to use and keep millions of dollars
in Florida which flow annually to the coffers of outside
President Lee Barnes, in endorsing the motion of Mr.
Brown, carried the idea further by endorsing a move-
ment in which the hotels would use local labor in so far
as it was possible during the winter season and discourage
the wholesale importation of hotel employes.
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO... .......Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS ...... ......Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR .............................Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
FEBRUARY 20, 1928
TAMPA-CHICAGO AIR SERVICE PLANNED
Stinson's Eight-Hour Flight Inspires Inaugura-
tion of Passenger Line
(Palm Beach Post, Jan. 23, 1928)
Tampa, Jan. 22.-As a result of the successful non-
stop flight yesterday from Detroit to Tampa, 1,100 miles,
in seven hours and 55 minutes, A. S. Kirkeby, Chicago
capitalist with large interests here, has arranged to have
the plane make regular trips between Chicago and Tampa,
making a round trip each week. The new airplane, built
in Detroit specially for Mr. Kirkeby, and flown yesterday
by Eddie Stinson, Detroit flyer and plane builder, will
take off from Chicago one morning each week for Tampa
and return to Chicago the next day. On the trip yester-
day Stinson carried three passengers. The landings here
will be made at the new Tampa airport which is now
RABBIT INDUSTRY STARTED HERE BY
LYLE & RICHARDS
Local Men Named to Represent American Rab-
(Sarasota Times, Jan. 29, 1928)
A new industry, a rabbitry, has been started in Sara-
sota by Lyle & Richards, a firm composed of Tradwell K.
Lyle and J. E. Richards, the location of the rabbitry being
at the home of Mr. Lyle, about three miles from the city
in the Philippi Creek section.
The rabbits to be raised here will be mainly for com-
mercial purposes, it was stated yesterday, the pelts to be
sold to the dealers for furs, but later on it is the purpose
of these gentlemen to raise the animals for the table.
They have secured rabbits from California and have
started the propagation of the animals, but, as they
stated, it will be some time before the industry here will
assume any large proportions.
It was pointed out that this industry in California has
proven a very profitable one, because the rabbits are not
only raised and the skins sold to fur buyers, but there is
a considerable quantity raised each year for eating pur-
At a recent meeting of the agriculture bureau of the
Board of Trade of Tampa, Capt. J. B. Babbington, of
Vancouver, B. C., who is the proprietor of one of the
largest rabbit ranches in North America, declared that
rabbits could be raised in Florida and substantial profits
realized for both the meat and the fur.
A bulletin issued recently by the U. S. Department of
Agriculture declared that rabbit fur is used more exten-
sively by the fur trade than any other kind. More than
100,000,000 rabbit skins are utilized annually, and about
98 per cent of this enormous quantity, valued at $25,-
000,000, is imported from Australia, New Zealand, Bel-
gium, France and other foreign countries. The United
States produces less than two per cent of the number
required to meet the demands of the American trade.
Pure white rabbit skins are preferable, the bulletin
states, for the reason that they can be dyed light, dark
or medium shades of any color demanded by the fur
trade, and, with the exception of Chinchillas, they usually
bring from ten to forty per cent more than other colors.
In California a type of animal to a degree satisfactory
to the furrier has been developed. The food value of
the rabbit has been stressed; packing plants which handle
no other animal are in operation. In Los Angeles alone
over 20,000 rabbits are used weekly in hospitals, hotels,
restaurants and markets.
Messrs. Lyle & Richards have been appointed Sarasota
representatives of the American Rabbit Association,
which association supplies the proper breeding stock and
information about the industry.
EUROPE TAKING TO GRAPEFRUIT FROM
Increasing Demand Seen Abroad, Particularly
(Tampa Tribune, Jan. 29, 1928)
European markets are being developed rapidly for the
distribution of Florida grapefruit. Despite a short crop
this year, high prices in the north, and other factors
which have made it advisable not to send heavy shipments
across the water, reports to C. C. Commander, general
manager of the Florida Citrus Exchange, indicate a grow-
ing eagerness in England and other countries of Europe,
to buy the Florida product.
"Shipments of Florida grapefruit to Europe probably
will not be quite as heavy as last year," Mr. Commander
said. "This is due principally to two causes: Heavy ship-
ments of island grapefruit, principally from Porto Rico,
have served to considerably disturb the English markets.
On the other hand prices on this side have been con-
sistently higher than usual, due to a short crop, making
it unnecessary to send fruit abroad.
"So far as the Florida Citrus Exchange is concerned,
we have kept enough fruit on the market of the British
Isles and the continent to maintain the standing and
recognition of our brands. We have not shipped more
than necessary, because of the uncertainty of market
conditions, caused not ofily by heavy island shipments,
but also by speculative interests in New York. Our ex-
perience with European markets indicates that they are
rapidly turning to grapefruit, and will in future be a
factor of considerable importance to Florida."
Mr. Commander has received encouraging reports from
Victor Morley, foreign representative of the exchange,
who works under S. B. Moomaw, London broker, who
handles Florida grapefruit and California oranges.
Florida does not ship oranges to Europe, although Cali-
fornia has been supplying British and other European
markets for a number of years, sending the fruit by ship
through the Panama Canal. The British Isles take most
of Florida's grapefruit, although shipments go to France,
Germany, Belgium, and Scandinavian countries.
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
NEW ENGLAND MAN MAKES
STRAWBERRIES PAY PROFIT
F. P. Farnesworth Has Made Over $500 on
(Florida Advocate, Jan. 27, 1928)
Hardee county growers are reaping rich rewards from
their strawberries these days. Thousands of dollars are
being poured into the farm homes scattered throughout
the county, garnered from the thousands of quarts of
berries now being sold on the local markets for cash.
From every section of the county comes reports of big
profits being made on strawberries this season, as have
been made in years gone by.
Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Farnesworth are among those who
know the possibilities of strawberries and who are mak-
ing use of the opportunities they have.
The Farnesworths, you know, live about three miles
northwest of Wauchula, out near what is called "Yankee-
town." They have made success since they came to
Hardee county, not alone on strawberries, though the crop
furnishes the theme for this article.
The story is well worth repeating, so an Advocate re-
porter went out to see the Farnesworths and get the
facts in the case.
Standing out in her strawberry patch yesterday after-
noon, a smile and a look of satisfaction on her face, Mrs.
Farnesworth told this simple story of their success since
coming to Florida and Hardee county:
The Farnesworths formerly lived in New Hampshire.
They had made a living by growing strawberries and
cranberries, but the weather was bad and when the war
came on and sugar became scarce, the cranberry market
went to nothing.
Thirteen years ago, however, the Farnesworths bought
a ten-acre piece of unimproved land in Hardee county,
the site of their home today. They cleared the land and
five years ago moved down here.
Three years ago Mr. Farnesworth started growing
strawberries here. The first attempt was on one and
three-fourths acres. The profit was $2,400 on straw-
Last year was a bad season, but the Farnesworths had
made $2,100 on the same acre and a quarter of land when
the berry season ended.
This is the third year in the strawberry deal. And
they are learning more and making more all the time.
The berries are set on huge beds, about six feet wide.
Four rows of plants are set to the bed. Between the
beds furrows serve to drain the field in a wet season. Mr.
Farnesworth finds the berries do better planted this way
because the beds conserve the moisture in a dry season
and furnish drainage in a wet one.
Searching through her account book, Mrs. Farnes-
worth read these figures to us: Total of 1,726 quarts of
berries sold this season; one-fourth acre furnished most
of these, with another acre and three-fourths just com-
ing into bearing. The 1,726 quarts of berries sold at
the Wauchula platform for approximately $1,100. The
quarter acre produced $538 worth of berries up to last
Saturday night. On Wednesday of this week berry sales
netted the Farnesworths $103, while the same amount
or perhaps more is expected today, because there are
more berries ripe today than Wednesday, when 160
quarts were sold.
From the same patch $400 worth of plants were sold
to neighbors. These were sold for as low as $1.00 a
thousand on the beds, and meant just that much clear
profit, because they had to come off anyway.
During the recent cold the berries were covered with
tomato baskets, and as a result, not a bloom was lost,
berries were ready to pick when others didn't have any,
and the market was at the top, which means it was from
sixty cents to a dollar a quart f. o. b.
Mrs. Farnesworth didn't show any surprise when she
said they expected over $3,000 from their one and three-
quarters acres of strawberries. She seems to know just
what to expect from a thing like that.
Three acres of cucumbers are being planted for spring
shipment, which should bring at least another $3,000. A
five-acre orange grove is coming along nicely and within
a year or so will net several hundred dollars annually.
Would the Farnesworths trade their place for the one
they had back up in old New England? It's no use ask-
ing. Of course they wouldn't.
Incidentally, we might add that strawberries brought
as high as seventy-one cents a quart f. o. b. this week.
About 100 reefers will go out this week, seventy having
been shipped up to yesterday.
Hardee county farmers are making big money on
berries this year, but stories about the big money have
just begun to come in. You see, the strawberry shipping
season is not half gone yet. It begins in December and
lasts until April down here in Hardee county.
MADISON ADDS TO AGRICULTURE
Greater Increase in Farming Shown in County
(Special to Times-Union, Jan. 22, 1928)
Madison, Jan. 21.-All signs point to a greater interest
in farming this year in Madison county than in many
seasons past with indications of a larger acreage under
cultivation and more pure bred animals fenced than ever
One of the signs of farm activity is the almost un-
precedented sale of mules. Bevan Bros.' Sale Stables
of Madison are selling from one to two cars a week. The
Greenville Live Stock Company is selling a car load a
week, and many farmers have attended auctions in
Thomasville and elsewhere. Everywhere farmers are
going back to the soil, fields are being plowed, barns built
and shades put in condition for the coming crops.
Orders are being taken through County Agent Lawton
for a car load of pure bred Angus bulls to be received
in April. These will be used to bring up the grade cattle
of the county. Those who have already signed for pure
bred sires are: Harvey Green, Dave Wood, F. L. Cantey,
C. L. Lamb, B. L. Bailey, Hunter Seiver, W. H. Bailey,
J. A. Pace, W. A. Brown, F. C. Glass, Gus Thomas, T. F.
Calhoun, R. J. Blair, R. M. Allen, J. C. Black, J. H.
Spooner, and Boss Seals. Interest in dairying is also in-
creasing and R. L. Newsom, S. S. McMullen and others
have asked Mr. Lawton to order some pure bred heifers
at the same time for the improvement of dairy stock.
One or more pure bred dairy bulls will also be included.
Leggett Bros.' cotton gin at Greenville has been turned
over to A. L. Leggett, and C. L. Leggett is erecting a new
gin at Lamont to serve that section with a capacity of
twenty bales a day.
Introduction of pure bred pigs in the Sirmons section
has already borne fruit and pure bred Duroc pigs have
been sold to Kelly and Lee Bailey, D. G. Stokely, O. F.
Walker and R. C. Reams, with which they will start herds.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
SANITARY WAY OF HANDLING FISH FOR
Commissioner Hodges Takes Experts on Inspec-
tion Trip to Pensacola
(Times-Union, Jan. 29, 1928)
Tallahassee, Jan. 28 (A.P.)-Unqualified endorsement
of the sanitary manner in which Florida handles its shell
fish industry has been given by both federal and state
health officials following inspection trips recently made
along coastal fishing centers with T. R. Hodges, State
Shell Fish Commissioner, Mr. Hodges announced.
Those in the party included Dr. C. E. Waller, officer
in charge of shell fish sanitation of the U. S. Public
Health Service; O. C. Hopkins, of Atlanta, assistant U. S.
sanitary engineer of the service's southeastern depart-
ment; Dr. B. L. Arms, of the State Board of Health; E.
L. Filby, the board's sanitary engineer; Major C. N.
Hobbs, of Tallahassee, district sanitary officer, and B. Jay
Owen, assistant state chemist, who represented the State
Department of Agriculture.
The party was taken to Apalachicola, where the large
oyster and shrimp packing houses were inspected. The
commissioner also showed the members the bars where
the state's oysters are planted. Tampa was visited later.
After the inspection trip, Mr. Hodges left for St.
Petersburg on the first lap of a trip to the state's pro-
posed new hatchery now being constructed on Lake Okee-
chobee. The hatchery, to be known as the John W.
Martin hatchery, in honor of Florida's governor, will pre-
sent a beautiful landscape garden effect, the commis-
sioner said. Brood fish will be placed there as quickly as
possible to prepare for the spring hatch. Everything is
also in readiness for the spring hatch at the Welaka
hatchery, Mr. Hodges stated.
(Levy County News, Jan. 27, 1928)
Three outstanding facts prove that Florida should be
giving some attention to the raising of turkeys. First,
the plentifulness of wild turkeys proves that they can be
raised here. Secondly, the thousands that are shipped in
annually for consumption in this state proves that there
is a demand for them. And certainly the price they bring
proves that raising turkeys would be profitable here.
In these days, when there is overproduction in so many
lines of farm and grove products, it is most encouraging
to find at least one industry of the rural sections that is
nowhere near overdone as yet-the poultry industry. In
Florida, with such an immense winter demand for both
eggs and poultry for meat, poultry farming offers most
excellent inducements. In this, as in other pursuits, not
all who engage in it will make a success. But those who
go into it in earnest and intelligently will most likely
No one as yet is giving any serious attention to turkey
raising in Florida. To make a success of this, those who
embark in it must be careful in selection of locations,
stock and feed. Indeed, we must admit we have hardly
entered the experimental stage in the haphazard turkey
production we have had thus far. One of these days some
westerner or some Pennsylvania Dutchman will come
down here and make a fortune out of turkeys while we
are thinking about trying it. Florida will, one of these
sweet days, supply her own turkey market.
CHARLES GAUMER FIRST FARMER TO
SHIP OFF CELERY
Has Many Other Crops in Good Shape for
Harvest in Few Weeks
(Putnam County Tribune, Jan. 28, 1928)
Charles E. Gaumer, formerly assistant managing editor
of the Marion (Ohio) Star, owned by the late President
Harding, has the distinction of being the first farmer to
ship celery from Putnam county this year. On January
20 he shipped a carload of the crisp table favorite to
New York. The following day Tom Tilgham shipped
celery, but the first to be shipped this year was from the
farm of Mr. Gaumer, situated northeast of East Palatka
about two miles.
This week a representative of the Tribune visited Mr.
Gaumer and found him out on the farm supervising the
work of a number of men who were engaged in the
various plantings of lettuce, Bermuda onions and cucum-
Mr. Gaumer stated that he planned upon about three
acres of lettuce, which he is transplanting at the present
time from seed beds, five acres of Bermuda onions, and
a little later about five acres of spring celery, in addition
to other crops for which he is at the present preparing
NEW INDUSTRY IN LAKE WORTH
Soap Firm Takes Out Permit to Establish Fac-
(Palm Beach Times, Jan. 22, 1928)
A new industry opening in Lake Worth within the next
few days was announced yesterday by officials of the
Acebal Products Company. Their product will be Ace
Paste, a waterless soap.
Samples of the new soap are being shown by Juan P.
Rodriguez, who, with Joseph Acebal, controls the com-
pany. Mr. Rodriguez said it was their intention to have
the product on sale at several business houses and auto-
mobile garages within a short time.
The new plant will be located at Twenty-ninth Avenue
and the Dixie Highway. The city hall issued the concern
a manufacturer's license this week and production on a
large scale is expected to start shortly.
CELERY AND LETTUCE ARE MOVING TO
(Bradenton Herald, Jan. 29, 1928)
Celery shipments are now moving well, and lettuce
shipments are at their peak. Escarole is bringing a splen-
did price. Oranges and grapefruit will continue to roll
north for some time to come, growers state.
SHIP FIRST FRUIT
(Jacksonville Journal, Jan. 28, 1928)
Stuart, Fla., Jan. 27 (Special).-The first carload
shipment to be made by the Martin County Growers'
Association since its formation left Stuart Tuesday for
northern markets. The car contained 425 crates of to-
matoes and peppers, and represented products from the
farms of about seven members of the association, accord-
ing to C. P. Heuck, county agent, who is supervising the
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
NEW CANNING INDUSTRY WILL ABSORB
GRAPEFRUIT FOR PRESERVING
Factory Will Be Located in Miami-To Have
Water Shipping Facilities
(Homestead Enterprise, Jan. 20, 1928)
The Tropical Canning Corporation, organized by Harry
S. Pickering and associates, will begin, about February
15th, the canning of grapefruit in a factory to be located
on Pier 8, Miami. The location was chosen because it
permits water shipments in and out, with a consequently
reduced freight rate.
Mr. Pickering sold out his interests in the Pickering
Canning Co., at Marblehead, Mass., and came to Florida.
After studying the situation carefully for two years, he
decided that grapefruit offered the best opening, despite
the fact that Porto Rico is a formidable rival.
"I went into the situation thoroughly," Mr. Pickering
said, "and secretly studied it from every angle. I saw
that what Miami needed was a payroll, not wind, to grow
on; industries mean payrolls and payrolls mean groceries
and rents. With my experience in the canning business,
I saw that grapefruit was the most promising of all fruits,
although we will can others as a side line during slack
The site on Pier 8, Miami, was selected, adjacent to
the Merchant & Miner warehouses, and erection of the
largest grapefruit canning factory in the world begun.
Twenty thousand dollars worth of machinery is rolling
this way and will be here about the first. This will form
the nucleus of the equipment, which is to be the most
modern, up-to-the-minute to be found. In fact, Mr.
Pickering said, some of this machinery is newly invented
and has never been installed in any factory.
Like the stockyards of Chicago, the Tropical Company
expects to dispose of everything but the squeal. Only
the pulp will be used for their purpose, but the skins have
already been bargained for at a good price by several
concerns. A chemist is working out means of using the
seeds for some practical purpose, so that nothing would
The Lye-Peel system is to be used, with a capacity of
three tons per hour. Five hundred cases of the finished
product will be the daily output under ordinary market-
Among the brands which Mr. Pickering is seeking to
copyright and use is "Redlands," which will be a good
advertising feature for this district. The full co-operation
of every grower and packing house man is being sought,
as the factory must have fruit-and plenty of it-to
"We must work with every grove owner, be he resident
or non-resident. Where the money is lacking to fertilize
and properly care for a grove, we will assist the grower
on a satisfactory basis. In this manner we expect to
help the industry and to help ourselves as well.. Groves
now being neglected will be brought into bearing, and
the saleable fruit-for shipment-brought up in quantity
to a point where the grower will not have to ship the
off-color and off-size fruit. We will handle this and pay
a fair price for it. This is a business proposition, how-
ever, and we are going to ask citrus men to remember
that we cannot pay the high prices that are sometimes
paid by peddlers. Averaged the year around, our figure
will run much higher, a fact we believe every grove
owner should consider seriously. Our plant is in Miami,
but our fruit is in the Redland District. Several of our
men are going to live here, and I will move down myself
if I can find a place."
In charge of local operations as field buyer will be
D. E. McMillin, who has had a number of years experi-
ence working with farmers in co-operative work. Howard
Mosher will be assistant superintendent and John J. Knuck
in charge of the shipping department. These gentlemen,
with Mr. Pickering's son-in-law, E. F. Knuck, accom-
panied him on a visit to Homestead Monday.
Credit for bringing this new industry to South Florida
must be given E. H. Gallaher, secretary of the Redland
District Chamber of Commerce, who has worked for
some months on this project and brought the plans to
fruition in the local offices Monday.
TWO CARS HOGS SOLD AT GREENSBORO
Total of Twenty-five Cars Shipped From Gads-
den County During Season
(Gadsden County Times, Jan. 26, 1928)
Two more carloads of hogs were sold at auction on the
Greensboro market .Tuesday, under the direction of Dr.
H. V. Porter, of the Gadsden County Swine Growers
Association. The net weight of the animals was 34,765
pounds. Included in the lot were 30,705 pounds No. 1;
3,935 pounds No. 2, and one No. 3 pig weighing 125
Lowest prices of the season prevailed at this sale, No. 1
hogs selling for 6% cents and No. 2's for 5% cents a
pound. Total sales amounted to $2,217.87.
Providing sufficient number of hogs are listed, another
sale will be held at Greensboro probably Tuesday of next
week, and if a carload of hogs are available for the
Quincy market a sale will be held here during the week.
Gadsden county has shipped during the season 25 cars
of live hogs, and it is estimated there are 150,000 pounds
of pork curing in the several cold storage plants of the
EAT MORE ORANGES FOR TEETH'S SAKE,
ADVICE OF DENTIST
(Gainesville Sun, Jan. 22, 1928)
Tampa, Fla., Jan. 21.-(A. P.)-Eat more oranges and
preserve the teeth, was the suggestion Dr. R. D. White-
side, Tampa, laid before the annual convention of the
Florida West Coast Dental Society here today.
"Florida oranges are one of the few foods that contain
the important vitamin necessary for the preservation of
the teeth," Dr. Whiteside said.
"The movement today is toward preventative dentistry,
and more and more the profession is centering its efforts
on preventing ills of the gums and teeth. The old adage
still prevails that an ounce of prevention is worth a
pound of cure."
Sarasota was selected as next year's convention city
for the society, and the following officers were elected:
Dr. C. C. Stewart, St. Petersburg, president; Dr. W. L.
Northern, Sarasota, vice-president; Dr. Fred M. York, St.
Petersburg, secretary, and Dr. A. Malcolm Smith, Tampa,
Dr. C. L. Nance, Tampa, was chosen delegate to the
executive council of the Florida State Dental Society,
and Dr. C. C. Evans, Tampa, was named librarian.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7
STATE MAY HAVE BIG INFLUX OF DUTCH
Hollander Sees Possibility After Tour of State
(St. Augustine Record, Jan. 20, 1928)
Jacksonville, Jan. 20.-The next two or three years is
likely to see an invasion of the state by Dutch farmers
who have found out that Florida is not as hot in the
summer as certain reports would lead to believe, it is
stated here by J. Boojerman, of Holland, who for the
past year has been touring this country.
Mr. Boojerman arrived in Jacksonville several days
ago and will leave for other parts of the state soon.
There are a great number of farmers in Holland, he de-
clared here, who have heard from some source of Flor-
ida's agricultural possibilities. These people are cramped
for space in which to carry on farming, he said, and this
state offers exactly what they are looking for in the way
of lands and climate. However, there is one thing that
stands in the way of their coming in great numbers at
one time, and that is the immigration law, which allows
only a certain number to enter this country each year.
Mr. Boojerman also stated that there are farmers in
Wisconsin and Minnesota who have learned that Florida
offers a climate in the summer that is far from unbear-
able, and in their estimation makes this a better country
in which to live, viewing the fact that they will escape
the long and frigid winters of the north.
These Dutch folk, both those living in this country and
in Holland, specialize in truck farming and the raising
of various kinds of grain. The majority desire tracts of
land from 100 to 150 acres, it was said, which will allow
them to make full use of every acre.
Certain state organizations have for a long time con-
sidered the importation of natives of Holland, as they are
a thrifty and honest race and make good citizens wherever
they migrate. One organization has gone so far as to
suggest the distribution of literature telling of Florida's
agricultural possibilities, at the annual fair in Holland
every fall. It was said, however, that no definite steps
had been taken up to the present time.
HOMESEEKERS IN FLORIDA
(Palm Beach Post, Jan. 20, 1928)
Homeseekers' rates on southeastern railroads leading
into Florida, whereby five or more persons traveling to-
gether may ride for virtually one fare, which were
granted Tuesday, will bring thousands to Florida during
February and March.
Those thousands may not be millionaires, they may not
be bank presidents and their families, but they will be
good prospective citizens for Florida. They will be a
class which will come seeking a new home, a new
promised land, and they will be workers, not idlers.
Their friends and neighbors are now out in the Ever-
glades working the land, or they are in the cities building
the homes. They are honest substantial citizens con-
tributing to the welfare of their communities in a small
way, in the aggregate, providing the backbone of the civic
Fares will be good from Cairo, Cincinnati, Evansville,
Louisville, Paducah, St. Louis, Washington and Memphis.
The country thus tapped for Florida is a part of the
richest farming territory in the United States. Much of
that territory is overpopulated, and overworked. There
are many good people who will take their nest egg and
set out for a new field in which to work. There is plenty
of land in Florida for them if they are willing to pioneer.
These homeseekers' rates should be advertised far and
wide by the cities, the railroads and the real estate or-
ganizations. The right to them has been won after a
long hard fight over a long period on the part of many
agencies and they should not be allowed to pass without
proper exploitation. They are effective only on the first.
and third Tuesdays in February and March, but if this
first series is successful others may follow in more fre-
Tell your friends in the north of the plan and load
those homeseekers' trains to the roof.
SECOND CARGO FRUIT TO BE SHIPPED
Leyland Liner Darian Loading at Municipal
Docks for Liverpool
(Times-Union, Jan. 22, 1928)
Florida's second consignment of approximately 6,000
boxes of citrus fruits will leave this afternoon aboard the
Frederick Leyland Line Boat Darian for Liverpool. The
Darian arrived in port yesterday morning after a record
run from Charleston, and began immediately the load-
ing of her perishable cargo at the Municipal docks.
The Darian is a sister ship of the steamer Daytonian,
which carried this state's first shipment of fruits to the
United Kingdom in good condition last month and at the
same time established a new steamship line for Jackson-
ville and opened a new industry for the State.
Leaving Charleston at 6 o'clock Wednesday afternoon
the Darian arrived at St. Johns bar at daylight yesterday.
This time is considered excellent by shipping officials
here. She is under command of Captain P. R. Brining,
a master for many years on the Frederick Leyland Line
boats. Captain Brining was chosen to command the
Darian for this trip upon short notice from his company,
taking the place of Captain Masters, former master of
The Darian is built upon the same lines as the Day-
tonian. She is of 10,000 ton dead weight and equipped
especially for the carrying of perishable goods. She has
two refrigeration rooms of four compartments.
The boxes of fruit are unloaded from the freight cars
at the Municipal docks and then conveyed aboard the
boat by especially constructed devices. They are care-
fully handled so that the fruit is in no danger of being
bruised. The same stevedores that loaded the Daytonian
were hired for the work on the Darian and as a result the
ship is being loaded at a much faster rate.
Besides carrying the citrus fruits to England the ship
will carry a large consignment of logs, lumber and rosin
from this port. The vessel will make one stop before sail-
ing for Liverpool, at Savannah, where she will complete
her cargo. Sixteen days was required for the Daytonian
to make the trip, but Captain Brining stated yesterday
that he expected to be in Liverpool in about fourteen
days, providing she has fair weather and nothing unfore-
seen occurs to delay the voyage.
The citrus fruits are being shipped from Jacksonville
through the combined efforts of J. A. Kauffmann, of the
Strachan Shipping Company, agents; John Arnold, of the
Arnold Fruit Company, shippers, and Mark Hyde, of the
Armour Packing Plant, handlers of the fruit.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
INTELLIGENT SELFISHNESS MAINSPRING
OF HUMAN PROGRESS
By Dr. Henry Mace Payne, Economist, Guest of
All Civic Clubs-Pensacola
(Pensacola Sunday Herald, Jan. 22, 1928)
The great powers of Europe have combined in the
creation of giant "cartels" to monopolize international
We like to think of the Italian peasant with his vine-
yard, the French housewife with a few francs hoarded
away in a stocking, but as a matter of fact these coun-
tries have their large corporations analogous to the U. S.
Steel and similar American organizations whose annual
volume of business is greater than the total of the national
These industries are endeavoring to borrow money
with which to expand. Already private banking concerns
in America have loaned a greater sum than the total
European debt to the United States.
How much better it would be for us to finance not
greater productivity abroad, but better distribution, bet-
ter facilities for internal consumption of their own
products, better railroad equipment, and extended elec-
trical industry, which will bring a higher standard of
living, peace and contentment.
South America now looms large on our trade horizon
as an outlet for our mass production, and its develop-
ment means greatly expanded facilities at our several
Gulf ports. It is our business in the back country sur-
rounding those ports to secure continuity of the process
of industrial digestion, whereby raw materials and energy
(natural resources, if you will) shall be best transformed
into the things and services with which people increas-
ingly satisfy their wants.
As man has advanced in the development of natural
resources, the problem of distribution has always con-
fronted him. As he has solved this problem, his com-
forts have increased and his labors diminished.
The people enjoy the highest standard of living who
stand at the crossways of the world's system of distribu-
tion, and have access to all good things, regardless of
their point of origin.
Students of economics are unanimous in their conclu-
sion that there must be an infiltration of industry
throughout the South. In New England and certain
eastern states, where industrial activity is confined to
definite manufacturing centers, we find strenuous efforts
being made to restore a proper balance between agri-
culture and industry, and to readjust the relation be-
tween rural and urban population.
Happily, in the South, our industrial centers have not
attained undue proportions, and our immediate task is
to so guide and control the era of expansion upon which
we are now entering, as to effect a harmonious growth
between agriculture and industry, and a uniform distri-
bution of population.
The State of North Carolina, for example, has no
large cities; and few small towns without mill or indus-
try, and its farmers have never been more prosperous.
Belgium, likewise, for generations has been famous for
its equable distribution of wealth and its diversity of
Such an ideal utilization of natural resources, and
available power, opens the door to capital and creates a
condition of permanent prosperity.
If this hope, then, for Florida, is to be realized, power
must be available in every part of the state, for, should
our present and future power be used exclusively at the
point of generation, the inevitable results would be in-
dustrial congestion and complex standards of living.
All the potentialities of abundant and reliable power
would be expended in a few fortunate localities, and the
remaining vast area would receive only the comparatively
insignificant reflexes from such development.
If industry is so diffused through the South, agriculture
will receive a marvelous stimulus. Increased population
will bring markets to the farmer's door. Transportation
and handling charges will be reduced. The farmer will
plant diversified crops with assurance of a market for his
product. The many "starved" counties in the different
states will acquire tax values productive of sufficient
revenue to make possible needed and desired progress in
education, road building and public service.
This is the greatest of our Problems of Progress. To-
wards its solution, science has again come to our aid, and
removed Muscle Shoals from the picture, as a source of
At the present time 80 per cent of the world's nitrogen
production is by improved methods far removed from
those requiring hydro-electric power; and Muscle Shoals
becomes simply an invaluable source 'of power to the
states of Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida.
Editor's Notes.-The above are gem thoughts, economic
and philosophical, contained in an address delivered by
Dr. Payne to the civic clubs of Pensacola at a joint
luncheon at the San Carlos hotel on January 10th.
First, they point out to Pensacola's geographic position
with its shipping relation to South America, an outlet for
mass production in America. Second, the relation that
should prevail between rural and urban social and eco-
nomic activities, and then, the need of an abundance of
cheap power, possible only if the power generated at
Muscle Shoals is permitted to remain outside of govern-
mental ownership control, as an act to prevent segrega-
tion of industries at the sources of this supply, and to
keep the government out of industrial competition.
Expansion of industries in Pensacola and West Florida
will help the farmers. It will bring great markets to
their very doors, and they must be developed at the same
time. But, let us not overlook that we need, besides
transportation, an abundance of cheap power. We must
have both in order to attract industries here instead of
they being attracted to points offering greater economic
FLAGLER HAS 2,200 ACRES OF POTATOES
(Flagler Tribune, Jan. 26, 1928)
Flagler county has this season approximately 2,200
acres planted to early Irish potatoes, according to L. T.
Nieland, county agricultural agent for this county. All
fields have been planted, said Mr. Nieland, with the ex-
ception of a few acres, and growers are expecting a crop
of the finest quality. The crop is usually harvested here
in late March, April and early part of May, the annual
income being between $1,500,000 and $2,000,00 from
this crop alone.
Cooperative method of buying and selling among the
potato growers is steadily gaining ground in Flagler
county, said Mr. Nieland, who further said that five years
ago Flagler county had 65 acres in the cooperative asso-
ciation, while in 1928 there will be 1,500. The Hastings
Potato Growers' Association operates in this county,
members here holding equal privileges and power as
those in St. Johns and Putnam counties, where the or-
ganization first began operations.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
KEY WEST OVERSEAS HIGHWAY OPENS
AND CUBAN AIR SERVICE
(St. Petersburg Independent, Jan. 17, 1928)
Key West, Jan. 17.-(U. P.)-Key West yesterday
celebrated the inauguration of two new modes of trans-
portation-airplane passenger service to Havana, and
automobile travel to the mainland.
Passenger service to Cuba by air was begun at 7 a. m.
yesterday, when the seaplanes General Machado and Key
West, of the Pan-American Airways, Inc., hopped off
with 16 passengers each on board.
Opening the Overseas Highway, by which tourists may
drive their own automobiles into Key West, was attended
by a celebration that rivaled the coming of the first train
over the Flagler railroad sixteen years ago.
The highway connecting Key West with Miami is
broken by a 36-mile water gap, but this gap at present is
traversed by two ferryboats which will maintain daily
Formerly tourists shipped their automobiles to Key
West by boat from Miami or other coastal cities, and
came here themselves by train.
Opening of the highway to the public was unofficial.
The official opening will take place January 25, when
Gov. John W. Martin and other state officials will be
Plans of the Overseas Highway provide for construc-
tion of a bridge over this water gap later by the State
The Overseas Highway will be extended to Cuba when
the Cuban government completes construction of mam-
moth ferryboats which will take tourists from here direct
With the inauguration of airplane passenger service to
Havana, Pan-American Airways, Inc., officials said ac-
commodations for the next ten days already had been
They said if the demand warranted it, two more planes
probably would be added to the fleet.
(Tampa Times, Jan. 20, 1928)
Florida's first shipload forwarding of citrus fruit to
London has reached the English metropolis. From its
distributors there to its forwarders in Florida-the Ar-
nold Fruit Company of Jacksonville-there has come a
cablegram saying that the entire cargo arrived in Liver-
pool "IN EXCELLENT CONDITION AND FAR BETTER
THAN THE AVERAGE."
In our opinion those words mean more for Florida
than any other nine words ever spoken or written by a
mere mortal. They mean that it is an established fact
that our fruits can be successfully forwarded to England.
That should, were there nothing more, give us a tremen-
dous outlet for our production.
They mean more than that-markedly more. They de-
clare that Florida fruit is "far better than the average."
That is better than such fruit that England has been re-
ceiving-which has not been furnished by Florida, but
by her competitors.
The English people are great on values. Knowing how
predominant this trait is with them, one can only con-
clude that in citrus fruits, as in other things, they will
give preference to the best. Under the declaration of
the cable in question, the whole thing settles down to the
fact that they will be wanting the Florida product.
Us Floridans have all the while known that our fruit
is "far better than the average." Our knowledge of the
fact has not gotten us very far-if anything, it has rather
tended to hold us back from pushing our product for its
worth, because we felt that people should prefer it any-
how. Now that we have a worth-while foreign verdict
that it is "far better," we ought to be not only encour-
aged to make that fact known everywhere, but, as well,
to be spurred to do so.
Again, the announcement that this cargo reached its
far-off destination IN EXCELLENT CONDITION and
that the fruit composing it is FAR BETTER THAN THE
AVERAGE is one of the best and most helpful and most
promising messages Florida has ever received.
A CONSPIRACY OF FRIENDLINESS
(Fort Myers Tropical News, Jan. 20, 1928)
Two and a half years ago we were roaring indignantly
at what we suspected was a conspiracy on the part of the
northern interests and northern newspapers to ruin Flor-
ida, to keep it from attaining its place in the sun. There
was some ground for that suspicion, and undoubtedly
there was some real antagonism for selfish purposes in
the propaganda which we resented so bitterly. However,
we have learned since that there was much truth in what
was said about Florida during 1925, and for this reason
we are the more delighted with what now seems to be a
conspiracy of friendliness on the part of many northern
instrumentalists, notably the newspapers.
What we are pleased to regard as friendliness is that,
of course, but, more important, it is a manifestation of a
growing appreciation of Florida by other states. That
appreciation now has a solid statistical basis, which gives
occasion for many interesting and timely comments upon
the state in such publications as the Manufacturers Rec-
ord-always a friend of Florida-the Wall Street Journal,
the New York Herald-Tribune, the New York Evening
Post, and a long list of others. Florida papers today are
filled with reprints from important publications outside
the state, consisting of business reviews, optimistic pre-
dictions and flattering comments upon the manner in
which Florida weathered the most spectacular inflation
and deflation since the old days of national panics.
Such material should be a lesson to many persons
within our boundaries whose viewpoint seems to have
been permanently distorted by the events of the past
three years and who are unable now to grasp the truth-
so plain to disinterested commentators-that Florida's
boom was the merest incident in its growth, and that the
future-the near future-holds for the state prosperity
and progress in stupendous measure.
THEY ATE FLORIDA FRUIT FIRST COURSE
(Titusville Star-Advocate, Jan. 27, 1928)
The women mayors of eight towns in England and
Wales were entertained recently while guests of the
Lord Mayor of Liverpool, Miss Margaret Beavan. They
wore the gorgeous robes and golden chains of office when
they visited the mansion house. Several of them were
accompanied by footmen in livery.
The first course at the luncheon was Florida grape-
fruit, sent to Lord Beavan by the mayor of Jacksonville.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
GRAPEFRUIT FOR CURING DIABETES
(Sanford Herald, Jan. 26, 1928)
A recent news dispatch to the effect that California
scientists have been experimenting with a Siamese fruit
as a possible cure for diabetes has caused the Tampa
Times to rise and remark that such discovery is interest-
ing, but rather belated, in view of the fact that such a
fruit has already been produced in our own midst, namely
Eminent health authorities and learned doctors, it was
pointed out by the Tampa paper, have already tried
Florida grapefruit and found it to be remedial not only
in the case of diabetes, but also as a general health
tonic. An additional endorsement of even more signifi-
cance is offered by Dr. Emil Roy of Tulsa, Oklahoma,
who is regarded as one of the outstanding physicians of
the southwest. Says Dr. Roy:
"Every case of diabetes and glycosuria where no
degeneration of the pancreas has taken place, or no
cerebral pressure from the brain growth exists, will be-
come sugar free in a few days under the usual auto-
diabetic diet and six grapefruit, grown in proper soil con-
ditions, eaten daily."
The Times also refers to recent statements of Dr.
Charles Northen, of Ocala, who has declared that Florida
sunshine, Florida soil and Florida trees combine, as no
others do, to produce exactly the conditions referred to
by the Oklahoma doctor. In conclusion the Tampa news-
paper has this to say:
"There is no longer room for speculation as to the
merits of Florida grapefruit in the premises. While the
scientists are working on and with this wild Siamese
fruit Americans suffering from diabestes can well enough
turn to our grapefruit. They have lengthened the lives
of many of their fellows who suffered like them."
STATE TO GIVE $1,000,000 TO SCHOOL
Hillsborough Gets Largest Sum From Three
(Tampa Tribune, Jan. 24, 1928)
Tallahassee, Jan. 23 (A. P.)-The State Department
of Public Instruction will distribute approximately
$1,000,000 among the public schools of the state before
the end of January, W. S. Cawthon, State Superintendent,
A total of $524,000 is being apportioned among the
counties, representing the state's regular quarterly dis-
tribution of funds for the support of the schools, and
shortly about $430,000 will be available from what is
known as the "equalization fund," established for those
counties needing help and meeting certain requirements.
Prior to the 1927 legislature, three apportionments of
state funds were made annually to the counties, the one-
mill school tax and the interest on the school fund fur-
nishing the means of distribution. The last lawmaking
body enacted a law for additional support, making avail-
able a one-fourth mill property tax, a one-cent gasoline
tax and the interest on public funds in banks over the
Effective last July, the state department established a
quarterly apportionment of the funds, in January, April,
July and October.
Six Funds Involved
The apportionment just made is the revenue derived
from the one-mill tax, interest on the common school
fund, the one-cent gas tax, the interest on the public
fund in banks, and the proceeds of the one-quarter mill
tax. Distribution of the "equalization fund" will follow
within a few days. The latter fund is made possible by
withholding half of the funds available for the quarterly
apportionment. It has accumulated since last July.
The one-mill tax for the apportionment now being
made to the schools totals $155,348.94; the interest on
the common school fund, $89,938.86; the one-cent gaso-
line tax, $252,807.48; the interest on bank deposits,
$10,873.44, and the proceeds of the one-quarter mill tax,
Hillsborough county's schools are being given $52,-
687.35, the largest individual county apportionment
made. Duval county draws $46,413 and Dade county
$43,907.08. Polk county gets $31,457.70 and Pinellas
$26,818.31. The apportionments are made on the aver-
age attendance. The distribution of the "equalization
fund" is to be upon the basis of the needs of the various
counties to continue their schools for a minimum period.
Following is what South Florida counties are drawing
from the apportionment now being made by the depart-
Charlotte, $635.40; Citrus, $2,228.97; Collier, $450.76;
DeSoto, $3,556.42; Glades, $441.21; Hardee, $5,134.08;
Hendry, $658.95; Hernando, $2,236.61; Highlands, $3,-
657.65; Hillsborough, $52,687.35; Lake, $9,072.50; Lee,
$5,644.05; Manatee, $10,094.35; Marion, $10,653.98;
Okeechobee, $1,455.42; Orange, $18,181.29; Osceola,
$4,026.28; Pasco, $4,553.44; Pinellas, $26,818.31; Polk,
$31,457.70; Sarasota, $5,351.82; Seminole, $7,406.98;
FLORIDA MORE THAN A MERE RESORT
(Punta Gorda Herald, Jan. 27, 1928)
Florida is generally looked upon as a playground and
resort state, yet it leads the country in the production of
phosphates, Fullers earth, sponges, grapefruit, fine cigars
and rare minerals; is second in oranges and is a large
producer of lumber, naval stores, and lastly, winter veg-
etables. It has the largest seacoast and more waters
abounding in seafoods than any other American state.
Its seaports are the nearest to the South American coun-
tries with their coming great trade. Key West has rail-
way ferry and airplane connection with Havana, Cuba.
SOLID CARLOAD PECAN TREES IN ONE
(Monticello News, Jan. 5, 1928)
Monticello, Jan. 5.-Simpson Nursery Company, of this
city, shipped Saturday a solid carload of pecan trees to
parties in Oklahoma. The shipment included 5,000 of
various sizes, some being eight to ten feet high.
This firm has recently purchased the old concrete to-
bacco warehouse on the Seaboard Air Line tracks and
using it for a packing house. It seems to be almost ideal
for this purpose, being well lighted, comfortably warm
for working and not too warm for the trees.
There are many nurseries around Monticello, and
thousands of pecan and other nursery trees are shipped
from here each season. Simpson Nursery Company's
nursery is among the largest, and they do a large business
during the year.
Trees are shipped from this point to Texas, Oklahoma
and all the southern states, and the proceeds from these
nursery shipments are no small item in Monticello's
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
PLANTING OF MELONS HERE NEARS END
Fifteen Hundred and Twenty Acres Will Be
Seeded Next Week, Say Growers
(Brooksville Herald, Jan. 24, 1928)
With 300 acres already planted, a total of 1,520 acres
will be seeded with watermelons next week, according to
J. L. Augley, of Augley & Youmans, sponsors of the
giant Hernando county melon project started here re-
cently. Provided production is not stopped by cold
weather, shipping of the product will start some time in
May, Mr. Augley said.
In the melon project, Hernando county has a revived
industry, which, if properly handled and not hampered
by acts of nature, should be one of the largest industries
in the section. Hundreds of acres of recognized melon
land have been secured in Hernando county, the majority
of which is located in and near Masaryktown. Other
tracts are located on what is known as the "Petteway
Farm," in the Spring Lake section.
One of the events incidental to the production of these
watermelons was the purchase of more than 700 tons of
fertilizer, the largest single order ever placed out of
Mr. Augley and Lawrence Youmans, the growers, are
citizens of South Carolina, brought here through the
efforts of J. O. Maner.
CALIFORNIANS LAUD FLORIDA'S GREAT-
Guests of Southern Sugar Company Warm in
Their Praise of State
(Palm Beach Post, Jan. 21, 1928)
California doffed its chapeau to Florida last night.
G. L. Eastman, president of the Los Angeles Chamber
of Commerce, is speaking:
"Florida is wonderful. We people of California never
knew that there was a proposition here half as great as
it is. Let me repeat. Florida is wonderful."
Mr. Eastman and several other prominent Californians
are in Palm Beach as the guests of the Celotex Company
and the Southern Sugar Company. W. J. Conners of
Palm Beach and Buffalo, is vice-president of the latter
organization; B. G. Dahlberg is president.
Others in the party besides Mr. Eastman are Emil
Klicka, of the Klicka Lumber Company of San Diego;
Elmore King of the King Lumber Company, of Bakers-
field; S. D. Prescott, of the Valley Lumber Company, of
Fresno; T. H. Kewin, of the United Lumber Company, of
Modeste; Fred Miller, municipal architect of Oakland and
president of the State Architect Association of California;
Waverly Tilden, Tilden Lumber Company, Oakland; Wil-
liam Goddard, secretary, Lumber Mill Works of Cali-
fornia, and Walter Wilkinson, vice president and general
manager of the Central Supply Company of Watsonville,
The party left Los Angeles under the guidance of
Robert Urban, Los Angeles representative of the Celotex
mills there. They then went on to inspect the Georgia
plantations and stopped in Jacksonville and Daytona on
the way to Palm Beach.
They were the guests of W. J. Conners at his home
here yesterday, leaving late in the afternoon for Clewis-
ton to inspect the plantations of the Southern Sugar
The local men in the party were Jules M. Burgieres,
F. E. Bryant and W. J. Conners.
Shortly after the departure of the party by automobile
for Clewiston, B. G. Dahlberg, president of the Celotex
Company and the Southern Sugar Company, arrived by
plane at the Palm Beach airport.
Piloted by George Pomeroy, the plane carrying Mr.
Dahlberg and his secretary made the trip from Jackson-
ville to Palm Beach in two hours and three minutes.
They maintained an average flying speed of 119 miles
As soon as Mr. Dahlberg learned of the departure of
the main party, the engine of the big plane roared again,
the ship took the air and pointed its nose towards Clewis-
ton. Mr. Dahlberg was awaiting the arrival of the others
After inspecting the Clewiston development today the
party will return to Palm Beach, and after a two-day visit
here most of the visitors will leave for Chicago and New
CERTIFIED AUTO CAMPS NUMBER 116
Florida Health Board List Has Just Been Pub-
(Florida State News, Jan. 16, 1928)
Tourists coming to Florida by motor vehicle this winter
will find tourist camps, all certified by the State Board
of Health, in at least 116 cities and towns. A list of the
certified tourist camps has just been published by the
Bureau of Immigration, State Department of Agricul-
A large number of the places listed as having certified
camps have one or more camps. Some of them have
nearly as many as half a dozen.
In certifying the camps, the State Board of Health
has inspected the premises and found "safe" drinking
water under pressure and modern sanitation systems,
the information to the bureau states.
Those cities and towns listed as having one or more
camps for the Florida tourist follow:
Apopka, Arcadia, Auburndale, Avon Park, Bartow,
Bayard, Belleview, Bradenton, Brighton, Brooksville,
Clearwater, Crescent City, Dade City, Daytona Beach,
Deerfield, DeLand, Delray, Dinsmore, Dunnellon, Eau
Gallie, Ellaville, Espanola, Eustis, Fort Lauderdale, Fort
Meade, Fort Myers, Fort Pierce, Frostproof, Gainesville,
Haines City, High Springs, Holly Hill, Hollywood, Indian
River City, Inverness, Jacksonville, Kelsey City, Kendrick,
Lake Munroe, Lake Wales, Lake Worth, Lantana, Lees-
burg, Lockhart, Longwood, Loretto, Lynn Haven, Madi-
son, Malabar, Manatee, Mango, Melbourne, Miami Shores,
Micco, Mims, Minneola, Monticello, New Port Richey, New
Smyrna, Nakomis, Ocala, Ojus, Okeechobee, Oldmar,
Oneca, Orange Lake, Orlando, Ormond, Palatka, Palm
Bay, Palmetto, Palm Harbor, Panama City, Pensacola,
Picture City, Plant City, Pomona, Pompano, Reddick,
Riviera, Rockledge, Ruskin, St. Petersburg, Sanford,
Sarasota, Sebring, Seffner, Silver Springs, South Jack-
sonville, Stuart, Sulphur Springs, St. Augustine, St. Cloud,
Taft, Tallahassee, Tampa, Tarpon Springs, Tavares, Titus-
ville, Umatilla, Vero Beach, Wauchula, West Palm Beach,
White Springs, Wildwood, Winter Haven, Winter Park,
Yankeetown, Zellwood and Zephyr Hills.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
INCREASE IN PUPILS SHOWS GROWTH OF
Gain 1925-26 Was 30,000 Over Previous Year
(Milton Tribune, Jan. 5, 1928)
Tallahassee, Jan. 4.-The school term of 1926-27 found
approximately 30,000 more school children in Florida's
lowest educational institutions than the previous year,
statistics prepared at the State Department of Public
During the year 1926-27 there were 370,556 enrolled
in the schools of the state, compared with 342,643 for
1926-27 were 38,376 pupils against 35,040 in 1925-26.
The average attendance in 1925-26 was 250,355, while
that of last year was 273,542.
Over a thousand more teachers were in the schools last
year than in 1925-26, the figures show. In 1925 and 1926
the number was 10,666 and in 1926-27 it was 11,836.
Last year, with its added students and pupils, brought
greater expenditures in operations, the department's com-
pilation also reveals. While $8,346,892.84 was being paid
out in 1925-26 for school purposes, the year 1926-27
found disbursements amounting to $10,347,160.80.
A slight betterment in the school term for the white
race accompanied the 1926-27 term as compared with
1925-26. The average in 1925-26 was 160 days, and in
1926-27 was 151 days, and in 1925-26 that of the white
race was 157 and 126 for the negro, and in 1926-27 it
was 160 days for the whites and 123 for the negroes.
Transportation of the students to and from the schools
in 1925-26 was $918,203 and $335,000 in 1926-27.
GREENSBORO SHIPPED ELEVEN CARS
(Gadsden County Times)
A total of 11 cars of cane syrup have been shipped
during the season from Greensboro and other shipments
yet to be made will bring the total for this point up to
25 cars, according to L. J. Clark, local director of the
Cane Growers Co-operative Association. The syrup is
being consigned principally to Atlanta, Montgomery,
Columbus, New Orleans and other southern points.
The average number of 33 1/3 gallon barrels is 100
to the car, and to date two-thirds the syrup shipped has
graded A-1. The price received by the association is 47
cents a gallon for this grade.
MR. BOK'S CONTRIBUTION
(Davenport Times, Jan. 27, 1928)
The carillon tower on Iron Mountain at Lake Wales
has been built by Edward W. Bok for one purpose, that
of beauty. It is of pink marble and coquina rock over
a steel framework. The Singing Tower will be beautiful
to see and to hear.
"There would be no point in building a great beautiful
thing like that tower for my own pleasure," Mr. Bok is
quoted as saying. "No, it is for all the people. In fact, I
believe that, if there were more beauty and more appre-
ciation of beauty in this country, there would be less
There will be no admission fee, or charges of any kind,
according to the Lake Wales Highlander, the only re-
striction being that visitors must not frighten the birds
nor pick the flowers.
In a state to which thousands of people come for sight-
seeing and entertainment, an institution so artistic and
so decidedly unique as the singing tower has even more
value than it would have in other states. Not everyone
can afford to do such a wonderful thing as Edward Bok
is doing for this section of Florida, but something of Mr.
Bok's spirit in the matter can be displayed by even the
humblest resident. Florida should be beautiful; it is ex-
pected of the state by the many visitors, to say nothing
of the desirability of making it more beautiful for our
There is no one who can not have a part, great or
small, in making his corner of Florida a bit more beau-
GAMENESS AND WORK
(Jacksonville Journal, Jan. 28, 1928)
A good way to find out how Florida is progressing is to
observe the comment of visitors.
Will Rogers has decided that he can start jesting with
Florida again. He refrained during the readjustment
period from making Florida the object of his jokes, but
after making a visit he finds his old envy coming to the
front and he may now exercise his talents on this state.
This is another way of saying that Florida is coming into
its own. The humorist also declared that Florida had no
reason to fear jokes because jokes cannot injure a
"game" people who can afford to be "game" because
they have the goods. Florida has been "game" to use
Mr. Rogers' characterization, and a little more of that
same spirit will help mightily.
R. L. Nutt, chairman of the board of directors of the
Seaboard Air Line railroad, found, he said, that the
people of Florida were working. A state steadily at work
cannot be stopped. And Florida has much work to do.
The fact that its people are realizing that and are turn-
ing their thoughts to achievement is a harbinger of better
These two views, one of a man who looks at the funny
side of things and one who weighs the hard facts of
finance and operation of a railroad that has built much
on the future of the state, are encouraging; from oppo-
site poles of thought they furnish Florida with a new in-
centive to make of itself a still greater state. "Game-
ness" and work will count.
HERB EXPERT TO AID RUBBER HUNT
Dr. John K. Small to Carry Search Into Ever-
(Ft. Myers Press, Jan. 25, 1928)
Added interest to Thomas Edison's search for an emer-
gency rubber supply was given yesterday with the arrival
of Dr. John K. Small, head curator of the New York
Museum of Herbarium, and party who have been given
leave to search for rubber bearing plants.
Guided by Seminole Indians, Dr. Small, accompanied
by his son, George H. Small, botanist, and Jerome Osborn
of the Edison laboratory staff, will enter into unexplored
portions of the Everglades tomorrow in search of rub-
ber bearing plants or vines.
Two cars have been especially equipped for this ex-
pedition which will take the party of scientists as far as
car travel is possible and they will then proceed into the
Everglades on foot. It is Dr. Small's opinion that in the
more jungle like parts of the glades, wild plants or trees
may be found which carry rubber, similar to more tropic
growths found in Central and South America.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
START FACTORY IN BARTOW TO USE
New Plant Initial Opening of What May Be
Giant New Industry
(Polk County Record, Jan. 14, 1928)
Bartow is to have another factory, which may mean
another worth while payroll.
The Southern Packing Company has begun work on
the construction of a plant, close to the grapefruit can-
nery of the Hills Brothers, on West Main street, in which
pectin and other by-products will be manufactured from
oranges which now go to waste, thus furnishing a market
for all sound drops and culls, and add to the financial
returns of the grove owners of this section of Florida.
Albinson & Selman have the contract for the con-
struction of the building which will constitute the new
One of the by-products of both oranges and grapefruit
to be turned out by the new factory will be candied
orange and grapefruit peel, for which a great market
already has been established throughout the United
States and Canada and even in Europe. It is understood
that the grapefruit peel from the present grapefruit can-
nery will be utilized, converting another waste into
A "dryer" for handling the fresh peel, weighing 30,000
pounds, was unloaded yesterday and is being installed as
the central unit of the machinery equipment.
ROAD AND BRIDGE CONTRACTS IN 1927
Over 725 Miles of Former and 22,371 Feet of
Spans for Construction
(Times-Union, Jan. 19, 1928)
Tallahassee, Jan. 18.-The State of Florida during
1927 let road and bridge contracts involving an expendi-
ture of $13,926,983.25, according to figures announced
at the State Road Department.
The contracts called for the construction of 725.10
miles of highways and 22,371 feet of bridges.
Virtually the entire state was covered in the awards.
Another compilation announced by the road depart-
ment shows that up to October 31 of last year, the state
had 1,757.46 miles of hard-surfaced highways and that
seven projects previously let were 100 per cent complete
up to that time.
Among the individual contract awards made during the
year was that for the erection of a giant bridge across
St. Andrews Bay at Panama City, costing $1,119,966.46,
decidedly the largest contract from a monetary stand-
The contract awards covered a specific period of from
January 1 to December 15, 1927. However, no awards
were made by the department after the latter date.
Those counties receiving the contracts included the
Leon, Jefferson, Lake, Escambia, Levy, Palm Beach,
Putnam, Highlands, Madison, Clay, St. Johns, Martin, St.
Lucie, Brevard, Dade, Franklin, Hardee, Sarasota, Semi-
nole, Charlotte, Orange, Columbia, Taylor, Citrus, Her-
nando, Nassau, Manatee, Lee, Indian River, Flagler,
Bradford, Alachua, Union, Bay, Suwannee, Lafayette,
Hamilton, Collier, Broward and Santa Rosa.
Most of the foregoing counties were the recipients of
more than one contract, and some of them received as
many as half a dozen projects.
The work carried out consisted of concrete, rock base
and surface treatment, asphalt concrete, clearing, grad-
ing and grubbing, surface treatment, rock basing, bitum-
inous concrete, sheet asphalt, bituminous macadam and
various kinds of bridges of steel and timber.
Another award in Bay county for a second bridge cost-
ing $829,392.71 was the second largest contract let for
the year. Other contracts for $100,000 and more in-
cluded the following:
Leon county, $385,288.87; two in Leon and Jefferson
for $266,053.37 and $264,524.48, respectively; Lake
county, $249,034.28; Escambia, $241,904.49; Levy,
$224,345.97; St. Johns, $370,252.28; Martin, $275,-
185.30; St. Lucie, $312,662.92; two in Clay, $208,167.96
and $236,366.90; Palm Beach, $188,279.21; Dade,
$382,038.36; Franklin, $159,980.86; Sarasota, $483,-
586.35; Lake, $436,551.76; Seminole, $405,296.30;
Hardee, $123,804.83; Brevard, $273,640.32; Levy,
$227,110.22; another for Dade, $205,700; Flagler,
$252,196.06; Indian River, $165,364.35; St. Lucie,
$229,002.48; two in Putnam, $158,822.09 and $178,-
026.92; two in Alachua, $134,370.72 and $142,280;
Lafayette, $122,259.23; another in Putnam, $107,716.22;
Collier, $220,281.24; another in Martin, $245,980.24,
and a third for that county, $338,710.85; Broward,
$160,037.90; Sarasota, $118,804.33, and another for
The department's report on the status of the construc-
tion work through October 31 last, showed that the fol-
lowing projects were 100 per cent complete:
Road No. 2, Lake county, 1.87 miles, graded; Road No.
5, Sarasota county, 17.34 miles, graded; Road No. 4,
Palm Beach county, 11.90 miles, surface treated and rock
based; Road No. 13, Levy county, 7.58 miles, graded;
Road No. 4, Indian River county, 5.52 miles, concrete;
Road No. 4, St. Lucie county, 7.38 miles, concrete, and
Road No. 19, Jefferson county, 9.26 miles, graded.
Total Mileage Completed
The total mileage completed to October 31, 1927, was
2,300.32 of clearing, 2,191.23 of grading, 1,068.46 of
basing and 1,685.21 of surfacing. The mileage completed
during October was 50.88 of clearing, 51.14 of grading,
25.07 of basing and 58.66 of surfacing.
The total mileage of hard-surfaced roads completed to
October 31, 1927, was:
Concrete, 243.06; brick, 17.13; bituminous concrete,
33.22; sheet asphalt, 91.37; bituminous macadam, 99.99;
asphalt block, 23.20; surface treated and rock based,
803.50; sand clay, 399.91, and marl, 27.58, or a total of
1,757.46 miles of hard-surfacing.
The construction status report also showed that work
on one or more projects in each of the following counties
was proceeding on October 31, 1927:
Madison, Flagler, Putnam, Escambia, Leon, Alachua,
Gulf, Lafayette, Seminole, Sarasota, Hamilton, Martin,
Wakulla, Broward, Clay, Brevard, Dade, Collier, Levy,
Palm Beach, Franklin, Lake, Jefferson, Columbia, Union,
Bradford, Suwannee, Dixie, Bay, Taylor and Jackson.
Live oak, which has long been regarded as too hard for
successful lumbering, is now being turned into exceed-
ingly durable floor material, those in charge of the in-
dustrial survey being conducted in Florida declare. The
wood is so hard and the grain so fine that one foot
weighs seven pounds.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
HOTEL REPORT ON BUILDING FOR YEAR
(Plant City Enterprise, Jan. 17, 1928)
Tallahassee, Jan. 16.-The State Hotel Department,
during the year 1927, authorized the construction of up-
wards of $9,000,000 worth of hotels and restaurants in
Florida, according to figures compiled in the department.
The year saw the issuance of 340 permits for hotels
valued at $7,452,745.28, and 215 permits for restaurants
with a valuation of $1,336,858.29.
The southwestern section led the other portions of the
state in hotel building, as far as valuation was con-
cerned, and in the number of permits obtained for
restaurants. The northeastern section was first in the
number of hotel permits and second in the valuation of
such buildings, and the central district was ahead in the
value of the restaurants authorized.
The standing of the five sections of the state in the
number of hotels and restaurant permits obtained from
the department, and the valuation of the building done
Northwest district, sixty-one hotel permits, valued at
$279,300, and two restaurant permits, valuation, $5,500.
Northeast district, one hundred hotel permits, valua-
tion, $1,555,450.40; twenty-five restaurant permits, valu-
Central district, fifty-four hotel permits, valuation,
$618,825, and thirty-five restaurant permits, valuation,
Southeast district, forty-eight hotel permits, valuation,
$990,175, and twelve restaurant permits, valuation,
Southwest district, seventy-seven hotel permits, valu-
ation, $4,008,990.88, and 141 restaurant permits, valu-
The report of the department for December showed
that thirty-three permits had been issued during that
month for hotels, apartment houses and restaurants to
cost $129,050. The southwestern section again led with
twenty permits for $53,950 worth of such buildings.
The December report in permits and valuation follows:
Northeast district, six permits, valuation $39,500;
central district, five permits, valuation $3,425; south-
eastern district, two permits, valuation $32,175; and
southwestern district, thirty-three permits, valuation
RICE CLEANING PLANT TO BE INSTALLED
(Graceville Weekly News)
Mr. J. M. Kirkland, "the gin man," announces that he
will install a rice cleaning plant in connection with his
grist mill. This plant will be ready for operation during
the coming season, and the farmers are urged to plant
some rice for their own use, if not for the market.
Mr. Kirkland stated that he had been urged by some
of Graceville's good farmers to install a rice cleaning
plant, stating that they would plant a crop of rice if
they could get it cleaned. There is no need for further
hesitation, Mr. Kirkland said, for "I will have the plant
in operation for the coming season."
Besides the largest cotton gin plant in the South, Mr.
Kirkland has a grist mill, velvet bean huller and cotton
(planting) seed cleaner already in operation.
REDLAND FACTORY IS A PROFITABLE
INDUSTRY TO THIS DISTRICT
Redland Tropical Candy Co. Puts Out 2,600
Pounds of Crystalized Fruit Week
(Homestead Enterprise, Jan. 13, 1928)
The Redland Tropical Candy Co., at Redland, owned
and operated by Mrs. Cina Stewart, is one of the most
thriving industries in the Redland District, and was es-
pecially busy the week before Christmas, when 2,600
pounds of crystallized fruit were put up. This does not
include the preserves and jellies which were made during
Starting in a very modest way two years ago, Mrs.
Stewart has built up a paying business, with almost an
international reputation. Shipments have been made to
Canada, Switzerland, Peru, Ireland, Sweden, and a num-
ber of them to France, England and Germany. Redland
District products have been sent also to every state in
the Union. Over 5,000 pounds of this delicious candy
was made in December, exceeding the previous year by
1,500 pounds. No difficulty is experienced in disposing
of the product, as Mrs. Stewart has selling connections
which pay her a figure above the average for all she can
It is estimated that about eight carloads of fruit were
used in the factory.
Jellies and preserves from guavas, papaya, kumquats,
loquats, grapefruit and oranges, tomatoes, citron, lem-
ons, limes and many other fruit and vegetables are "put
up" by Mrs. Stewart.
In addition to the factory, Mrs. Stewart and her hus-
band have a postoffice and store, while Mr. Stewart is
greatly interested in the papaya as a coming "money
In the Stewart dooryard are three papayas which were
obtained from ordinary stock. They are now heavily
laden with fruit weighing up to 8 2 pounds. The fruit
alone from these trees will bring in $150, or $50 per
tree. It is now a well-known fact that the papein con-
tained in the fruit-the white liquid which oozes out
when the fruit is scratched-is a vegetable pepsin far
superior to that obtained from the hog's stomach. The
former is excellent for either acid or alkiline stomachs.
It is now regarded as a cure for indigestion, and has a
high market value. This will be one of the big money-
makers of the future, Mr. Stewart believes. There are
four ways of eating it, and nineteen ways in which the
papaya can be preserved.
CARS FROM 17 STATES PARKED ON FORT
(Fort Myers Press, Jan. 16, 1928)
Cars from 17 states were parked on the hard packed
sands in front of the Dip-Dine and Dance casino at Fort
Myers beach yesterday, while scores of young and old
sported in the crystal clear waters of the temperate gulf.
"Northerners and tourists seem to be the only ones
who appreciate our winter bathing," said Dr. E. L.
Thomas, genial manager of the casino. "They came down
every day to bask in the sun, gather shells and enjoy a
dip in the gulf. The water has been surprisingly tem-
perate this winter and swimming is enjoyable every day
of the year."
ELECTRICITY AND GAS SPREAD
INDUSTRY ALONG WEST COAST
(St. Petersburg Times)
St. Petersburg, the whole Tampa Bay area of the west
coast and the State of Florida constitute probably the
most striking example of the fact that electric power is
rapidly taking the place of coal and how this power and
gas are spreading industry into agricultural sections,
where the chemist is rapidly finding new uses for the pro-
duction and waste materials of the farms.
With the whole State of Florida covered by a network
of electric power lines so that no one community is more
than 20 miles from trunk transmission lines of the big
utility corporations operating in the state, the phrase,
"farm and factory must prosper together," has special
significance in Florida.
Speaking of the decentralization of industry, one of the
most impressive examples of which is the movement of
the textile manufacture from New England to the cotton-
growing states of the south, Dr. Glenn Frank, president
of the University of Wisconsin, recently declared this
policy may go far toward removing the problems that
vex the American farmer. "The agricultural regions of
the United States are the sources of many industrial raw
materials," said Dr. Frank. "If the future development
of power and its transmission makes possible the locating
of factories in the agricultural regions producing these
raw materials, the possible correlation of agricultural and
industrial production opens up a world of fascinating
Seven utility corporations in Florida, says the Florida
Public Utility Information bureau, have invested a total
of funds in this state to give the electrical plants and
lines a value of $155,230,000 as of the beginning of this
month. These valuations do not include the estimated
value of the gas plants, street railways, telephones, tele-
graph systems or railroads, nor do they include the value
of municipal electric light plants.
Soil Products Utilized
Florida is already making use of soil products in the
building up of a great wealth in manufactures, the value
of which last year reached a total of $263,000,000. The
possibilities, in relation to the state's electric power,
cheap fuel and soil products include the use of such raw
materials as the following:
Pectin from the citrus rinds, the manufacture of which
is included in selective industries for St. Petersburg with
drying plants at certain citrus packing centers; the fiber
of the cocoanut; the roots of the palmetto, used in the
making of brushes and mats; silk from the fiber of the
pineapple, grown for this purpose alone in Algeria;
roughly woven cotton for use in tent protection in times
when low temperatures endanger tender crops in the
winter season and to improve the products other times of
the year; the use of all surplus fruits and vegetables for
canneries, for conserves, for flavors and sirups; sea oats
and other beautiful grasses and everlastings of Florida
for decorative purposes, already so lavishly used in this
state; the clays of the state, the classification of which
is now undertaken by the research department of the
University of Florida, these clays including infinite
variety from the finest kaolin, used also in cosmetics, and
fuller's earth to the ordinary materials for building brick;
all the fancy shells of the Florida waters, the bead ber-
ries, the vast assortment of herbs including the Florida
"tea;" cassava for the manufacture of tapioca; peanuts
for butter and confections; live stock food from cotton
seed and flax seed; oil and pomace from the castor oil
bean which grows so successfully in this state; mint and
its products; flowers and their oils and perfumes.
This list might be indefinitely extended, including the
products of the tung nut oil tree, which produces the oil
for the finest varnishes and lacquers and grown in groves
especially around Ocala; products of pitch brought in
from Trinidad; new fruits now being tested out in all
parts of the state; floats and other commodities from the
wood of the custard apple; shuttles from the several fine-
grained woods of the native forests; every commodity
made from the long leaf pine; gum and resin; toys and
novelties in endless new forms in which the products of
the state can be incorporated, a sample of which is the
series of beautiful lamps made from the cocoanut.
NEW INDUSTRIES FOR WASHINGTON
Chamber of Commerce of Chipley Gets New
Chipley, Jan. 24. (Special)-Two new industries have
been secured for Chipley and Washington county through
the efforts of the industrial department of the Chipley
Chamber of Commerce, according to information given
out yesterday by O. C. Speight, secretary.
Six carloads of portable saw mill machinery, planer,
dry kiln and logging machinery arrived at Chipley this
week consigned to the Pleasant Hill Lumber Co., which
has recently acquired 20,000,000 feet of standing long
and short leaf yellow pine round timber located in the
southern part of Washington county.
The mills, planer, dry kilns and storage yards will be
located at Mussell's Mill on the A. & W. F. railroad,
south of Chipley. Construction of spur tracks and the
laying of foundation for mill is under way at this time.
Mr. Jinks, manager of the new lumber company, esti-
mates that the new industry will employ 200 men in its
Lime Rock Plant
The second new industry to locate here is that of the
Williston-Thompson Mines, Inc., miners of lime rock
products for use in construction of roads and building
The survey for the location of the new rock plant, near
Chipley, on the A. & W. F. railroad, has been completed
and a corps of engineers are now working on blue prints
and specifications for the building of spur tracks and
mine plant buildings. The erection of the crushing plants
will begin within 30 days.
This new industry will employ 60 men when operations
are under full production in the early spring, according
to Mr. Speight.
YOUELL SHIPPING SQUABS TO MARKET
(Dade City Banner)
W. H. Youell, who came here some month ago from
Lexington, Va., and started a pigeon farm about two
miles west of Dade City on the Brooksville road, is mak-
ing regular shipments of squabs, inquiry at the Atlantic
Coast Line station this week revealed. Mr. Youell has a
flock of about 400 Carneaux pigeons on his place, which
he started a little over three months ago. The squabs
are shipped dressed in tubs. Last week his shipments
amounted to three tubs.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
ORANGE GROVES, ROADS, STRAWBERRIES
AND LAKES SHOW STATE AT BEST
Trip Through Central Florida Presents Alluring
Picture at This Season of the Year
(Jacksonville Journal, Dec. 30, 1927)
Orange groves laden with golden fruit; strawberries
reddening in the warm sunshine; row after row of let-
tuce, fully matured; mammoth celery beds, green and
healthy; alluring lakes that invite fishing; numerous hills
upon whose crest stand beautiful homes; ribbons of high-
ways leading in every direction and to new wonderlands;
people hurrying everywhere, and on every hand the re-
flection of general prosperity-that is central Florida.
There is a certain magnetic charm about this beautiful
hill country that defies description. Every turn in the
road reveals new charms, more wonderful allurements,
until the task of telling the story is hopeless. Nature
has done its best in this region and smiles at words any-
one may conjure up in an effort to describe its handi-
In this hill country back of Orlando, stretching down
to the Gulf of Mexico beyond Plant City, a few years
ago inaccessible in many places by automobiles, there is
springing into being hamlets that soon will be towns, and
towns that soon will be cities. In this section can be
seen an object lesson in what good roads, built judicious-
ly, will bring to any state. Any motorist who travels that
way finds this vast fairyland easily and comfortably tra-
Another instance of progress in the development of
Florida is the new highway from Ocala to Tampa, by way
of Dunnellon, Inverness and Brooksville. This road, con-
necting up with the excellent highway from Jacksonville
to Ocala, shortens materially the distance between Flor-
ida's two largest cities. Broad, well-paved, excellently
drained and running through new sections, this road
stands out as an example of Florida's highway building
program that is the wonder and admiration of every
tourist and visitor who comes here from less-favored
From Plant City, east of Tampa, to Dade City, the
motorist finds another great highway, the old Jackson-
ville-Tampa route, but which has lost none of its great
loads of traffic because of the building of the shorter
route between Ocala, Dunnellon, Brooksville and Tampa.
A few miles north of Dade City, on this highway, the
motorist finds himself ascending low, rolling hills and
knows he is approaching that famous section of the Sun-
shine State that thrills those who view it for the first
time, the hill and lake country. From Trilby eastward to
Orlando nature has done its best. Off lateral highways,
one would expect to run occasionally into bad stretches
of road, but not so in this area. Again has Florida made
it possible for the motorist to travel onward and presently
Clermont, resting peacefully on the shores of Lake
Minneola, smiles a welcome.
Broad roads lure the traveler onward from Clermont
toward Orlando. One highway especially pleasing and
which should not be missed is the famous "roller coaster"
road between Clermont and Oakland. This road leads
directly over more than a dozen hills and straight down
their slopes and up again, and those who dare to "step
on the gas" enjoy much the sensation experienced in
riding the roller coasters of the amusement parks.
Orlando, resting in the geographical center of Florida,
in the heart of the citrus belt, is enjoying one of its
greatest years of prosperity. Gathering of the citrus crop
is now in full swing and activity is noted on every side.
Orange groves that a few years ago were reached after
great effort only by wagons drawn by mules and horses,
are approached by highways and motor trucks.
From Orlando northward to Jacksonville, through San-
ford, DeLand, Palatka and Green Cove Springs, the state
road department is again expending large sums in com-
pleting a great highway system. Most of this road is now
completed, with the exception of a stretch between Green
Cove Springs and Jacksonville. Work on this section is
going ahead at top speed and in a few months another
wide highway will lead out of Jacksonville to central and
BROOM FACTORY WORKING DAY AND
NIGHT ON ORDERS
B. & B. Grocery Places Large Weekly Order to
(Sebring American, Jan. 10, 1928)
How the success of one business can be closely traced
and strongly influenced by the success of another business
has an outstanding example that will be of interest to
Over at Fort Meade an excellent grade of broom is
being manufactured by Welch Brothers. A few months
ago, when things were not so active in the business world
as at present, the broom factory had its own troubles and
struggled along as best it could.
About this time, Bever Brothers, owners of the B. & B.
chain of cash groceries in Florida, happened to hear of
the excellent brooms being manufactured by Welch
Brothers, and journeyed over to Fort Meade to investi-
gate. As a result of the conference between manufac-
turer and retailer, Welch Brothers were given a standing
order, running into several hundred brooms a week, an
order of sufficient size to put the plant into operation on
This seemed to be the turning point in the life of the
broom factory, and since that time they have received
orders from all sections of the state and are working
day and night to fill orders. The brooms are sold locally
through the B. & B. cash grocery.
SEABOARD TO GRANT HOMESEEKERS
(Lake Worth Leader, Jan. 14, 1928)
Jacksonville.-Homeseekers fares will be established
at one fare, plus $2.00, for the round trip, for parties of
five or more, according to advices from Norfolk, received
by S. G. Liderbeck, assistant general passenger agent of
the Seaboard Air Line Railway.
The information conveyed by W. L. Morris, general
passenger agent, Norfolk, Va., is that these homeseeker
fares will be established from the Ohio river gateways,
Washington, D. C., and Memphis, Tenn. The tickets will
be sold to Florida points Tuesday, January 17, February
7, and February 21. The selling dates will be authorized
for the first and third Tuesdays of each month, April 3
to December 4, inclusive. These tickets will have a
twenty-one day limit, the same as last year.
Florida has the finest beaches in the world where all
automobile records are broken. Some of these beaches
are 1,000 feet wide at low tide.