PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FEBRUARY 6, 1928
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Why Florida Needs All-Year Gardens ....
Bankers Say Prosperity Is Ahead .. ..... .........
Expects Most of Hotels To Be Full in Two Weeks...... ................
Florida Hogs W in in California Show ...... ... .... ............... ...
Tourists Total 11,236 Decem ber 31 .................. ...... ........... ..
Florida's Business Incom e ................... ............................. ........
Low R. R. Rates Now in Effect........ .. ..... ........................... .....
St. A ugustine Bonds A re Sold .................... ...... ......... .. .
Deposits in State Banks on Increase ................... ................
Building Growth Is Shown ........ ..... .. ........................... ......
Formal Call on State Banks December 31 ................. .......
Statements of Banks Show Present Resources Large ................
Gain in Deposits Shown by Bank ...................
City Is Proud of Building It Does for 1927.. ................ ....
1927 Lumber Exports Double Figures for Previous Year ..........
Mortgage Company Makes $787,500 Sale of Stock..................
Railroad Will Give Florida Radio Programs ................ ......
Year Is Record One for Lumber Shipments Here....... ............
F lorida B anks L ead A ll U S.......... ........................... .. ........
All Growers Should Keep Record Sheets .............. ....... ..
Marketing of Rabbits Plan in this State................................
Bank Figures Show Growth of State and Cities ..... .......
Arcadia Gives Annual Dinner for Tourists ................. ........
Progress in West Florida Cattle Dipping ... ....................
We Are Killing the Goose That Lays the Golden Egg........ .
Eggs IT EI''
Henas .\I..I is Bing Made on Eg Storage Plant t .r
Steady l'rogrnss is Being Made on Egg Storage Plant ..........
1 Growers Realize $4,896 by Berry Sales in Four Days ........... 10
3 W ill Invest M millions in Florida .. .... ....... ...... ................. 10
3 Deposits Higher Than Those of Last Year ............................. 10
3 Helser Concern to Rehabilitate Furniture Firm .............. .... ....... 11
4 Melon Proinotors Order Fertilizer ............ ......... ......... 11
4 Marion County Bonds are Sold at High Figure .............. ........ 11
4 Big Firm Will Loan Money in Florida Soon. ............... ............. 11
4 Southern H hatchery Situation . .. ......... ....................... 11
5 Overseas Highway Is Monument to Key West Enterprise ....... 12
5 To Standardize Furniture Shops ...............1................ .................... 12
5 50 More Guests at Roney Plaza Than Last Year. .................. 12
5 Railroad Man Surprised at Travel Increase Into Florida........ 13
5 Seaboard Shops A re Reopened .................... ... .. ..................... 13
6 1928 Calendars Now Ready for Farmers ........... ................. 13
6 Security Bond Makes Sale of Stock Offer.................. ....... 13
6 Lee County Crops Undamaged by Cold... ...................... ............. 13
6 Candy Factory in Pinellas .. ... .. .... ............... 13
7 Fern and Bulb Situation in Florida Studied .. ..................... 14
7 Many Birds are Listed as Enemies of Pests on Celery Crops.... 14
7 Local Experiments Prove Hemp May Be Grown Here................. 14
7 A New Lem on ill Florida .... ....... ... ................................... 14
8 First of West Colony Arrives in Greenwood............................. 15
8 Southern Bell Will Spend More Than Half Million................... 15
9 Home Egg-Laying Contest Sets Up New High Record.............. 15
9 Maine Farmers Would Use Florida's Fertile Acres.................... 16
9 N ote T hese ..... .. ... .... ................................... ... ... .................. 16
9 Governm ent Asks State for Fish.......... ................. .................. 16
10 Chemical Warfare Proves Deadly to Peach Tree Borer.............. 16
WHY FLORIDA NEEDS ALL-YEAR GARDENS
By ISABELLA S. THURSBY, Foods and Marketing Agent, Florida Home Demonstration Service
(Editorial Note.-The Home Demonstration workers of
Florida are putting on a campaign whose object is to
secure an all-year garden for every rural home in Florida.
A statement has just been issued from the Tallahassee
office of Miss Flavia Gleason, State Home Demonstration
Agent, written by Miss Isabella S. Thursby, setting forth
the reasons for this campaign. This statement is so
thoroughly practical and so timely, and so fits the needs
of Florida, that we are carrying it as an editorial in this
issue of the Review. We endorse this movement on the
part of the Home Demonstration workers of Florida and
hope that their campaign will meet abundant success.-
NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture.)
ANY millions of Florida's dollars are
spent every year for food products
that could be grown within the state.
More than 80 per cent of food con-
sumed is imported-South Florida the guiltier
culprit than North Florida.
To be more exact: Ninety per cent of the let-
tuce consumed is furnished from the outside,
principally from California. In fact, California
lettuce is available to the state ten months out
of the twelve and is in great demand even at
excessive prices, so well has Florida's palate
acquired the taste. (Tell your folks that Cali-
fornia's Iceberg lettuce, though crisp and deli-
cious to the taste, contains neither the minerals
nor vitamins that the greener, less solid head
of the home-grown type affords.) Only fifty
per cent of the cabbage consumed is Florida-
grown, and half the amount of celery used is
brought in again principally from California.
Florida stands as the greatest shipper of fresh
tomatoes in the United States, yet from 35 to 40
per cent of all tomatoes sold in Florida are
shipped in from other states. Likewise is 25
per cent of her sweet potatoes and 30 per cent
of the Irish. Yes, enough said about imports-
you know it as well as I. Florida needs to gar-
den, not only for her health's sake, but for the
sake of her reputation.
Aside from economic value, but even more
important, is the part an all-year garden plays
in keeping the family in good health. All veg-
etables are rich in mineral salts, vitamins and
roughage, which are essential to health and
normal development of the body. Eighty per
cent of the medicines sold are patent laxatives.
More fruit and vegetables and less meat make
The production of an all-year garden for the
purpose of supplying the needs of the family
with the necessary vegetables, and in most in-
stances, to have a surplus to market, and keep-
ing the diary of the garden from month to
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
month, should receive the earnest attention of
every home demonstration agent in Florida.
SUGGESTIONS FOR ALL-YEAR GARDEN
To be healthier, happier, and save money,
grow what you eat and eat what you grow.
If sufficient attention is given to planning the
garden, it is possible to have an all-year garden.
Certain vegetables may be planted and others
harvested (barring frosts) to a greater or less
extent in every month during the year-the gar-
den being supplemented by the seed bed, of
course, for most complete results.
A mistake commonly made by many gar-
deners is the planting of vegetable seeds with-
out regard to the temperature requirements of
the individual crop. There are two main types
of vegetable crops: those thriving in cool
weather, and those requiring warm or hot
weather for successful growth.
Cool weather crops include beets, carrots,
radish, turnips, rutabagas, parsnips, peas, let-
tuce, mustard, kale, spinach, Chinese cabbage,
cabbage, cauliflower, onions and Irish potatoes.
Warm weather crops include beans-bush
and pole-tomatoes, okra, peppers, eggplant,
squash, pumpkin, melons of all kinds, cucum-
bers, corn and sweet potatoes. These crops are
tender and easily killed by frost. Vegetables
like tomatoes, peppers and egg plant should be
started in the hot bed and transplanted to the
garden rows as soon as weather conditions are
The best soil for the all-year garden is the
best obtainable-made better-well drained,
well prepared, of high fertility-retentive of
moisture and long and narrow in shape. The
use of the wheel hoe is a most satisfactory gar-
den tool, even where garden is large enough for
horse-drawn implements. Much of the drudg-
ery of tillage may be prevented by planning
for "horse and wheel hoe cultivation. Vege-
tables should be grouped according to their cul-
tural requirements, taking into account length
of season, habit of growth and similarity of
The garden should be located conveniently
near the house, as the work is usually done at
odd times. Many opportunities for a few
minutes work are lost to the distant garden and
it is almost certain to be neglected. Also in the
nearby garden, the vegetables are more easily
available to the cook-since the honorable end
of all vegetables is the pot.
The average family does not need a large
garden. It should be, however, a place of con-
tinuous performance, like the vaudeville in the
big cities. Without a market for the surplus, it
is foolish to waste time caring for long rows of
transient vegetables to go to seed. It takes only
a few feet of lettuce or radishes to make enough.
Make successive plantings to insure having
them at their best-nobody likes pithy radishes,
and why not eat snap beans while they are
snappy-not old and stringy, or sweet corn after
it gets hard. Make successive plantings.
In selecting seeds, make it a point to buy only
the best, for the best is the cheapest. Quality
and variety are two essentials. It does not take
any longer to grow the most thoroughbred
varieties, yielding the highest quality food, than
it does to grow favorites of long standing, but of
only mediocre quality. Many commercial varie-
ties have won a place because they ship well,
but often other varieties are better for home use
because they are more tender and juicy. Better
quality will be obtained by good cultivation.
Seeds cannot sprout and grow quickly in hard
Vegetables to be good must have no check in
growth. It is less work to sow fewer seed. The
rows of most home gardens are literally choked
with seedlings, making life a trial for all.
Border your vegetable garden with flowers.
For petunias and pansies, snapdragons and gyp-
sophila like rich soil and attention just the same
as lettuce and cabbage and asparagus and to-
matoes, so why not grow them together? Per-
haps the posies will help the gardener forget
some of the labor of hoeing while she (or he)
Sowing the best seed for given purposes, in
quantities to insure ample vegetables, and hav-
ing these vegetables mature so as to provide a
continuous supply in prime condition at a defi-
nite time is efficient gardening. And remem-
"Stirring up the soil is good for rheumatics,
Good for your liver, your lights and lymphatics,
Even supposing that every crop fails you,
Still the old garden is good for what ails you."
DON'T FOR THE ALL-YEAR GARDEN
1. Don't overlook the actual value of the all-
2. Don't expect a profitable garden from
"skim-milk" soil-soil from which the richness
has been separated.
3. Don't overlook making a heavy applica-
tion of barn-yard manure.
4. Don't fail to incorporate the manure
thoroughly with the soil-smoothing and pul-
verizing before planting.
5. Don't fail to prepare the best kind of a
6. Don't plant any but fresh and reliable
7. Don't neglect to practice shallow, clean
8. Don't neglect to make successive plant-
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
Published Semi-Monthly by -
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO..............Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS..............Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR.......... ..............Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
FEBRUARY 6, 1928
BANKERS SAY PROSPERITY IS AHEAD
Heads of Dade City Banks Urge Spirit of
Optimism with Prudence
(Dade City Banner)
Business conditions at the beginning of 1928 are better
than they were a year ago, is the consensus of opinions
by A. F. Price, vice-president and manager of the Bank
of Pasco County, and of M. Williams, president of the
Bank of Dade City, according to statements issued by
them to the public through the columns of the Banner.
The cultivation of an optimistic spirit along with economy
and conservatism is urged by both of these well-known
financial authorities, whose statements follow:
A. F. Price, Vice-President of Bank of Pasco County
"I have been asked to contribute to our outlook for
1928. In doing so I want to go back and review the year
1927. It is customary nowadays to analyze business as
between the peak and the bottom. The year 1927, viewed
from my experience as a banker, has taught us many
things; in particular, that we can face economic prob-
lems when we must, and during 1927 we faced them
bravely and boldly, with the result that we are better off
today, much better off than many other sections where
similar conditions existed.
"The year 1927 leveled the peak and flattened out the
bottom to a very great extent in many lines of business.
By flattening out the bottom, I mean that no marked,
sharp decline has affected business in general. In fact,
I am convinced that business here in this section has not
suffered to a noticeable degree, though we have all felt
a tendency to retrench, which on the whole has been
perhaps wise in every instance.
"One thing 1927 has taught us and that is OPTIMISM.
We must go into the year 1928 more hopeful than ever.
We must be tenacious in our optimism. Surely we have
a right to be proud of our accomplishments here in Dade
City. We have prepared the ground work for a city of
ten thousand population. We need to enlarge our popu-
lation, and the surest way to go about it is for every
citizen to be a 100 per cent optimist. People are at-
tracted to a place which radiates good will. We must sell
Dade City to the outside world, and we must do it in a
manner so convincing that there will be no question as
to our future growth and prosperity.
"The year 1928 should be welcomed with great re-
joicing. Business of national importance is looking to a
steady advance. Railroads are planning large expendi-
tures in Florida. Other public utilities are already blazing
new trails in our state. Peace and plenty is the keynote
heard throughout the nation, and there is every evidence
of nation-wide prosperity.
"To us here in Dade City and Pasco county the year
1928 appears very friendly, and we believe it will bring
to us a full measure of success provided we work together
for the common good of all."
M. Williams, President of Bank of Dade City
"We are entering the new year with brighter prospects
for prosperity than we had a year ago. Last year closed
with a decided improvement in business conditions, and
the holiday business was, in my opinion, very good. Many
of the entanglements which we had to face during 1927
have been straightened out, and the future outlook is
decidedly better than it has been.
"Caution and conservatism must rule in the transaction
of business during the coming year, yet we should all
cultivate a spirit of optimism and practice it in our lives.
Florida is sound and healthy, and Dade City and Pasco
county are the best portions of the state."
EXPECTS MOST OF HOTELS TO BE FULL
IN TWO WEEKS
(St. Petersburg Independent)
The hotels of St. Petersburg will be practically filled
between January 15 and 18.
This is the statement made yesterday by John N. Brown
of the Suwannee hotel, at the luncheon meeting of the
St. Petersburg Hotel Association, after a survey of the
number of arrivals during the past week and the number
of reservations to date.
"The tourists are coming," Mr. Brown continued, "and
the number of our guests and reservations are sufficient
to indicate that the numbers of last year will be far sur-
A poll of all the hotels represented at the meeting,
which was conducted by President Lee Barnes, revealed
that all were ahead of last year at this time, either in the
number of guests or reservations.
A committee consisting of C. M. Roser, Earle Saunders,
J. H. Kerrick and Robert Thorne was named to plan for
a successor to E. H. McCrahon at Lake City to direct
traffic to St. Petersburg.
Mr. Kerrick, executive vice-president of the chamber
of commerce, addressed the association briefly on the
state-wide "Know Florida" week beginning Monday, and
declared the movement would be applied locally by invit-
ing the members of the hotel association to meet with the
board of governors of the chamber Monday night to de-
termine what that organization is accomplishing.
FLORIDA HOGS WIN IN CALIFORNIA
Sixty head of show hogs owned by Cleat Brooks, man-
ager of the Just a Mere Farm of this city, have captured
sixty first-prize ribbons, thirty second-prize ribbons and
twenty champion ribbons at the Imperial Valley Mid-
Winter Fair, Brawley, Calif., according to word received
by Mr. Brooks last night.
The herd includes Poland Chinas, Hampshires, Berk-
shires, Duroc Jerseys and Chester Whites. It was shipped
to the California fair direct from the Florida State Fair
held here in November.
Mr. Brooks plans to show the hogs at the Ogden Live
Stock Show, Ogden, Utah, January 14-21, and at the
South Florida Fair, Tampa, January 31 to February 11,
TOURISTS TOTAL 11,236 DECEMBER 31
Motor Car Arrivals Retain Slight Lead Over
Train in Four-Month Period
(St. Petersburg Times)
St. Petersburg closed the year 1927 with a total of
11,236 winter visitors already registered here for the
season. On the basis of one person registered for each
five that come into the city, this would show approxi-
mately 56,000 winter visitors already come into the Sun-
shine City up to the opening of the registration books
Of the total of 11,236 arrivals, 4,888 came by train,
5,802 by motor car, 546 by steamer and 3,110 have come
into the city for their first visit.
A total of 4,859 visitors registered in the month of De-
cember compared with 6,377 for all the previous months
of the season. The arrivals came steadily in December,
469 in the three days of the first partial week; 1,278 the
second and a full week; 1,061 for the third week; 1,021
for the fourth week and 1,030 in the fifth week.
Rail arrivals were most numerous December 5, when
122 came by that routing; the biggest day for motor car
arrivals was December 27, with 145, and steamer arrivals
reached peak December 8, when 18 came on the water.
The first time arrivals broke the record for a single day's
registration December 27, when 123 registered, and with
total registration of 268 that was the peak day for the
season so far. In this the season has had its feature, for
instead of registration dropping right at Christmas, an
unusually large number of persons must have been en
route to St. Petersburg on Christmas day, or arriving
here about Christmas eve.
A new folder and time-table of the Seaboard Air Line
Railway, copies of which were distributed here Tuesday,
gives space to a box display, carrying notice that recently
"St. Petersburg celebrated with great ceremonies the
record of 365 days of continuous sunshine." The time-
table, the local offices said, is being distributed to all
railroad stations in the United States, giving extensive
distribution to the notable record of the Sunshine City.
FLORIDA'S BUSINESS INCOME
Here is another interesting set of statistics to paste
in your hat and tell the world about when Florida's com-
mercial progress is under discussion:
For 1926, 4,413 Florida corporations reported aggre-
gate net incomes of $78,923,270, according to the pre-
liminary statistics of income for that year made public
by the bureau of internal revenue. This puts Florida
twentieth in the list of the 48 states in point of corpora-
tion income. But Florida, according to the 1920 Federal
census, was but thirty-second among all the states in point
of population. It is possible, even likely, that Florida
since 1920 has passed one or two of her nearest com-
petitors in the matter of population, but the order of the
1920 census is still substantially correct.
States with larger populations, but with smaller cor-
poration earnings, include Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia,
Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, Okla-
homa, South Carolina, Tennessee, Washington and West
Virginia. Note that this list includes all the southeastern
states except Virginia and North Carolina, which have
made considerable industrial advances in the past decade.
Only two states in the Union of less population than
Florida reported larger corporation income aggregates.
Those states, of course, were the highly industrialized
Connecticut and Delaware.
Since few if any real estate corporations showed any
profits for 1926, it is hardly likely that the land boom of
the preceding year can have had much influence in making
the showing of Florida. Nor does Florida seem to be
more than a little out of line in the number of corpora-
tions reporting net income-the state stands sixteenth in
this respect-so that the aggregate of corporation net
incomes can by no means be attributed to a more exten-
sive use of the corporate form of business organization
in this state. The conclusion is left that normal business
produced most if not all of the $79,000,000 net and that
the comparison with other states is a fair one.
LOW R. R. RATES NOW IN EFFECT
Tourists Receive Special Fare to Florida Cities
Travelers to Florida now can reach the state at any
season of the year and benefit by lowered excursion
Swifter schedules and more luxurious accommodations
are in effect on the majority of transportation lines as
Winter tourist fares, costing 80 per cent of the double
one-way fare on sale October 1 to April 30, with May 15
as the final return limit. The fares are from all points
of the country and are based on the short-line mileage.
From April 1 to December 15, leaving on the first and
third Tuesdays of each month, homeseekers rates provide
for this class of travel to Florida in the summer.
Cost of the round trip is one fare plus two dollars, and
applies to parties of five or more. The rate is applicable
from the gateway cities, including St. Louis, Cairo, Cin-
cinnati, Evansville, Lexington, Paducah, Memphis and
Washington. Regular rates apply beyond these points.
Week-end excursions with fifteen-day return limit cost-
ing one fare, plus 10 per cent for the round trip, are
available from the same points as the homeseekers rates
from June to October 31.
All rates permit stopovers at any number of points in
ST. AUGUSTINE BONDS ARE SOLD
Toledo House Pays More Than Par at Sale
(Special to Times-Union)
St. Augustine, Jan. 4.-An issue of $500,000 worth of
revenue bonds of the city of St. Augustine sold here this
afternoon at 101.07. Stranahan, Harris & Oatis, of To-
ledo, Ohio, were the successful bidders. The sale at which
five bids were received, was conducted at the city com-
missioners' meeting, and after all bids had been read,
Mayor-Commissioner J. Herman Manucy declared the
Stranahan, Harris & Oatis bid as the highest and best
received. All bids were over par, with the exception of
one, and the city commissioners expressed themselves as
well pleased over the response made and the sale effected.
The bonds are to carry five and one-quarter per cent.
Other bidders on the issue included Seasongood &
Mayer, Cincinnati; Florida National Bank, Jacksonville;
Atlantic National Bank, Jacksonville, and W. L. Slaton &
Company of Toledo.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
DEPOSITS IN STATE BANKS ON INCREASE
December Business Improves Over November
(Florida State News)
State banks and trust companies enjoyed an increase
in deposits and a substantial decrease in loans and dis-
counts in December, as compared with November, Comp-
troller Ernest Amos announced.
From a tabulation of reports from the banks, inform-
ally called by the state banking department for Decem-
ber 15, an increase was shown in deposits and decrease
in loans and discounts, indicating that both are traveling
"in the right direction for the most beneficial results,"
the comptroller said.
The showing, Mr. Amos stated, indicated that the banks
had "turned the corner and passed the low period of de-
posit declines for this season."
"We now also have proof that the banks are on the
upward grade, and that the banking business is getting
back to normalcy," the comptroller said.
An increase in deposits is generally shown at about
this time, the comptroller said, but the advance found by
the banking department was better than usual, he added.
There was an increase in deposits throughout 1925 during
the "boom," but conditions were abnormal at that time,
he pointed out.
The state banking department sent out its call for an
accounting of the business of the state banks and trust
companies as of December 31. It will be several weeks,
however, before this call can be put into tabulated form
showing the exact trend of the banking business.
BUILDING GROWTH IS SHOWN
Construction Value for 1927 Passes That of
1921 to 1924, Inclusive.
(Dade City Banner)
Building records for Dade City for the year 1927 con-
tain little comfort for the pessimist, showing as they do
a total exceeding the combined years of 1921, 1922, 1923
and 1924, and are only exceeded by those of the boom
years of 1925 and 1926, when permits were taken out for
many structures, costing large sums, which were never
started, while others have never been completed. The
figures, as compiled by Secretary Harry M. Simmons, of
the Dade City Chamber of Commerce, show that over 50
permits were taken out during the year, and the total
costs of the structures built, improved or repaired was
Total building records from 1921 to December 31, 1927,
inclusive, called for the expenditure of $1,539,673. Of
this amount over a million dollars is covered by the years
of 1925 and 1926, during which time several large pro-
jects were started, one of which, with a value of over
$100,000, has never been completed. In another instance
one enthusiastic boomer took out permits for seven build-
ings costing several thousand dollars each, but never
started work on any of them.
Records of building from 1921 to the present time are
1921 ... ... ......................... ...... $ 15,120
1 9 2 2 ......................................... ..... 4 3 ,4 5 0
1923 ............ ...... ......... .. ........ 39,548
1924 ..... .... .................... ... ........ 56,050
1925 ..... ........ ............... ...... 509,440
1926 .............. ............. ...... 708,130
1927 ............ ..... .... ... .... 168,935
FORMAL CALL ON STATE BANKS DEC. 31
Amos Asks for Statements of Financial Institu-
tions of Florida
Tallahassee, Jan. 6.-(A. P.)-State banks and trust
companies of Florida, on December 15, held $201,841,-
669.15 in deposits, or a $2,000,000 increase over the de-
posits of October 10, when the banking department made
its last formal call, according to figures tabulated at the
office of State Comptroller Ernest Amos.
The December 15 tabulation was made possible through
an informal call sent out by the comptroller to ascertain
the general banking situation at that time.
December 15 the same institution had cash on hand
amounting to $58,507,735.66, or an increase over that of
October 10 of nearly $4,000,000, the cash at that time
Loans and discounts on December 15 were $131,987,-
633.64, a sharp decrease from those of October 10, which
The comptroller issued a formal call for a statement of
business of all state banks and trust companies at the
close of activities on December 31. These reports are
now coming in to the banking department, the first bank
submitting an accounting being the High Springs Bank
of High Springs. A tabulation of the formal call is not
expected until some time in February.
STATEMENTS OF BANKS SHOW PRESENT
(St. Petersburg Times)
Total resources of $25,258,148 and deposits of $21,-
605,300 were shown in the bank statements issued by
local banks at the close of business on December 31.
Combined bank statements at the close of business in
1927 showed a total capital stock of $1,450,000; surplus
and undivided profits, $1,974,089, and cash on hand due
from other banks, $5,514,740.10.
During the past year the banks reported $74,080 in
Loans and discounts of the six leading banking insti-
tutions amounted to $12,320,586.79, while the U. S. bonds
and other securities on hand amounted to $5,514,740.10.
As compared to the banking business of 1921, the St.
Petersburg financial institutions have seen an increase in
deposits of more than $12,000,000 during the past six
years and increase in resources of more than $23,000,000
during the past 11 years.
One new bank came into being during the last year,
the First Security, a successor to the Crosstown Bank,
which is affiliated with the First National Bank.
GAIN IN DEPOSITS SHOWN BY BANK
The First National Bank publishes in another part of
the paper their statement of condition as of December 31,
1927, condensed from report to the comptroller of the
currency, which shows a decided increase of approxi-
mately $140,000 in deposits over the last report, Octo-
The bank recently paid an eight per cent dividend and
the directors and officers are very well pleased with the
1927 business and are optimistic over the 1928 outlook.
They are very loud in their praise of the citizens of
Bradenton for their loyal support.
6 FLORIDA REVIEW
CITY IS PROUD OF BUILDING IT DOES
Few In Florida Will Show Up As Well Is Boast
Building in Pensacola during 1927 totalled but a few
thousand less than the $3,000,000 mark set last year, a
record which will not be exceeded by any other Florida
city, according to Building Inspector E. E. Wolfe. Figures
compiled today show 946 permits were issued, totaling
Construction on railroad property during the last year
amounted to approximately $1,500,000.
The total is about $42,000 short of last year's record.
Actual figures on work done by the two railroads here
will not be obtainable until after the first of the year,
when permits will be issued. The work has already been
completed, however, but never officially recorded.
The year's statistics follow:
January .......... ...................
F ebru ary ....................... ... ...............
March ................ .............
A p ril ...........................
M ay ..................................... .........
June ............ ................ ...........
J u ly ............... .. .. ...................
A ugust .......... .......... ............. ....... ...
Septem ber ............ ......... ................
October .... ..... ............ ......... ....
Novem ber ............... ........... ...............
D ecem ber ................. ....... .................
37 $ 72,095
Total ..................... .............. ... .......................$1,458,795
Railroad work .............................................. 1,500,000
Grand total for 1927.........................$2,958,5
Other Florida cities will show a more decided drop in
percentage over last year, Wolfe said.
1927 LUMBER EXPORTS DOUBLE FIGURES
FOR PREVIOUS YEAR
Port Draws World Notice with Shipment of 18
Millions of Feet
Jacksonville won the recognition of the world during
1927 in the lumber trade industry when she exported a
total of 18,324,000 feet, more than doubling the total
shipments to foreign countries in 1926 of 8,562,000 feet,
according to figures compiled yesterday at the office of
K. R. Bobbitt, U. S. customs collector.
Florida lumber was shipped to practically every coun-
try in the world in 1927, including Russia, Sweden, Ger-
many, France, United Kingdom, South America, Ber-
muda, Canary Islands, Jamaica, Cuba, Belgium, Bahama
Islands, New Foundland, Norway and other islands and
New Firms Locate Here
Credit for the huge increase in shipments last year is
given local lumber companies which have opened offices
here and increased their holdings in the past several years.
Among these are the Putnam Lumber Company, which
recently completed its new docks at Commodores Point
and during the past month began the shipment of several
thousands of feet of lumber. Two schooners, loaded with
approximately 700,000 feet each, departed in November
and December and three others are now being loaded at
Commodores Point, preparing to sail within two weeks.
Another new lumber company, the American Pitch
Pine Lumber Company, Inc., will soon begin shipment
of several thousands of feet of lumber each month. Their
new terminals at Commodores Point are practically com-
pleted and ships will be loaded soon for foreign countries.
Other local companies which ship lumber from Jack-
sonville include the Brooks-Scanlon Lumber Company;
Florida Dense Long Leaf Pine Company; Bahamas-Cuban
Company, Ltd.; Georgia-Florida Pine Company; Mallard-
Simcox Company; Williamson Tie and Lumber Company;
Seminole Lumber and Export Company; Gulf Red
Cypress Company, and a number of others.
Many Cities Reached
In 1927 shipments of lumber, all grades and kinds in-
cluded, were made to the following cities:
Buenos Aires, Norman Castle, Nassau, Liverpool,
Bremen, Havana, Rotterdam, Islo, Antwerp, Manchester,
Glasgow, London, Bristol, Hamilton, Montevideo, Las
Palmas, Mayaguez, Puerto Padre, Bordeaux, Leningrad,
Kingston, Saqua La Grande, Cardenas, Ghent, Carbonead
and others, according to records of the custom collector.
In 1927 there were 9,762,000 feet more of lumber
shipped from this port than in 1926, the largest ship-
ments being in May, September and December. Exports
in each of these months were larger than any in 1926.
Last May 2,125,000 feet of lumber were shipped, 2,048,-
000 in September and 2,757,000 in December. The
largest single shipment in 1926 was in June, with
MORTGAGE COMPANY MAKES $787,500
SALE OF STOCK
Organization Takes Another Forward Step.
Security Bond and Mortgage Company of Jacksonville
today announced sale of $787,500 of its stock.
J. T. Blalock, president of the company, has been in
the banking and mortgage business for 35 years, and H.
E. Cochran, the active vice president, has been for six
years in the business. T. B. S. Denham, secretary and
treasurer, is a well-known banker.
The company was organized in June, 1919, as the
Security Sales Company, and later developed into the
Security Bond and Mortgage Company with a paid-in
capital of $200,000. The company now has a capital and
surplus of $414,260 and has marketed $5,250,000 of its
6 per cent collateral trust bonds.
RAILROAD WILL GIVE FLORIDA RADIO
(Polk County Record)
The Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railway, the Louis-
ville and Nashville road and the Nashville and St. Louis
Railway, three of the lines comprising the Dixie Flier
route have arranged for twice a week Florida radio pro-
grams to be broadcasted from station WBBM, Chicago.
These programs will be given every Wednesday and
Saturday nights at 11:00 o'clock, eastern standard time.
Secretaries of chambers of commerce, Bartow included,
have been asked to furnish data, including Florida songs
which can be worked into the programs which will con-
tinue until February 1.
FLORIDA REVIEW 7.
YEAR IS RECORD ONE FOR LUMBER
Figures Show Big Increase Over Exportations of
Lumber movement from the port of Pensacola for the
past year showed a vast increase over the previous year.
The 1926 movement was 53,909,600 superficial feet of
lumber, 14,660,000 superficial feet of sawn timber and
1,833,500 superficial feet of hardwoods.
For 1927 the movement consisted of the following:
Lumber, 69,052,000 superficial feet; sawn timber, 14,-
276,000 superficial feet, and hardwoods, 1,130,000 super-
The total movement for 1927 is 13,268,000 superficial
feet in excess of the previous year.
The movement of naval stores was also large. The
total movement was 50,858 barrels of rosin and 365 casks
of turpentine. Pine oil was not included in the lot.
Thirteen countries were customers of Pensacola for
the past six months as follows:
Spain ............ ...............
Great Britain ..............
Ita ly ........... .............
W est Africa ...............
C u b a ........... .............
Uruguay .................. .
Holland ................... .
Canary Islands ............
France ............. .. ....
4 3,000 ............
36,838,000 8,163,000 313,000
The thirteenth customer was Brazil, which drew heavily
on the rosin market here. This country received through
the port of Pensacola a total of 5,596 barrels of rosin.
The heaviest foreign customer in the naval stores mar-
ket, however, was Germany, which bought from local
shippers a total of 11,715 barrels of rosin and 240 casks
of turpentine. That country also purchased pine oil in
the local market.
Italy was the biggest customer for sawn timber. The
country received 5,961,000 superficial feet of sawn tim-
ber. Great Britain was the second heaviest buyer.
FLORIDA BANKS LEAD ALL U. S.
(St. Petersburg Times)
Florida banks led the whole United States in percent-
age of growth of deposits in the five-year period, July,
1922, to July, 1927, according to figures made public
recently by Call's Bankers Service Corporation, Savan-
The results of the survey conducted by this corpora-
tion showed that Florida banks had a growth in deposits
of 134.3 per cent in the period given. New York was
second with 117.9. Alabama was third with increase of
52.4 per cent.
Other southern states showed the effects of the im-
mense industrial development now under way in the
groups south of the Mason-Dixon line. California had a
growth of 48.8 per cent; Mississippi showed a growth of
49.7 per cent; Texas, 34.2 per cent; Massachusetts, 41.7
per cent; Louisiana, 26.8 per cent; Ohio, 40.6 per cent;
North Carolina, 26.9 per cent; Illinois, 32.9 per cent.
There was a sweeping growth all through the cities and
towns of Florida, the report shows.
In the larger cities of Florida the growth of deposits
in the five-year period is one of the astonishing features
of American finances in the last five years.
St. Petersburg's deposit growth was $16,102,885 or
225.44 per cent. The growth in Jacksonville was $99,-
396,341 or 104.4 per cent; the growth in Miami was
$47,130,550 or 540.3 per cent, and the growth in Tampa,
$64,584,668 or 157.62 per cent.
St. Petersburg and Miami were the outstanding cities
of the outstanding state in the country in the five years
Tampa and St. Petersburg, twin cities of Tampa bay,
and separated only by the Gandy Bridge, had a com-
bined growth in deposits which reached a total of
$80,687,553 in five years from July, 1922, to July, 1927.
ALL GROWERS SHOULD KEEP RECORD
Gainesville, Jan. 2.-"My suggestion to Florida farm-
ers as a means to increase their profits would be to start
keeping records of receipts and expenses on January 1,
1928," says Dr. C. V. Noble, agricultural -economist,
Florida Experiment Station. "Of course the keeping of
records alone will not increase profits, but the records
will furnish the means for studying the farm business
from past experience, and for seeing ways of cutting
down expenses here and increasing receipts there which
will, in the end, increase net returns.
"The benefit of record keeping on a farm is no idle
dream. I have had the opportunity of observing the
business improvement on farms where continuous records
were kept over a period of years. Furthermore, much
greater enjoyment will result from farm life where in-
creased interest in the work is brought about through
MARKETING OF RABBITS PLAN IN THIS
Association Will Breed Them in Florida on
Tallahassee, Jan. 4 (A.P.)-The breeding and mar-
keting of rabbits on an extensive scale is being planned
for Florida by the Belgian-Florida Rabbit Association,
Inc., a letter to the State Department of Agriculture an-
The organization has contracted for 10,000 "white
Flemish giants" from Belgium for breeding purposes in
the state, resulting, it was declared, in half a million
animals for next winter's supply of breeders and meat
and fur rabbits. The rabbits, it was stated, weigh from
ten to twenty-five pounds, their fur bringing as much as
The association intends to have its own freezing and
slaughtering plants in Florida, and a tannery for the
treatment of the fur. An agency for the handling of the
meat is being established in every large city of the East,
the announcement adds.
Raising the rabbits is to be under the supervision of
Captain Hamlisch, tutor and animal expert for former
President Roosevelt on the latter's exploring trips.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
BANK FIGURES SHOW GROWTH OF STATE
Deposits, Resources, Clearings Steadily Gain as
Winter Season Comes
(St. Petersburg Times)
The tremendous development of Florida through 1924,
1925 and 1926, with its lap-over into 1927, brought about
a corresponding inflow of new money, unusual figures in
clearings and a rapid change in the whole financial struc-
ture of the state.
The banks met this with a decision to adopt the only
course within the range of sound policy under such cir-
cumstances-they increased their tendency to adopt
measures which had their very foundations on con-
Banks may not be as liberal in loans in Florida as some
would like them to be, but in the long run behind all the
new growth and the new development which is springing
up in all parts of the state is the reserve strength avail-
able as it is needed. In other words, when the right issue
comes along, the banks of St. Petersburg and Florida are
ready to care for it.
St. Petersburg Resources
The last call for bank statements was on Oct. 10, 1927.
At that time the banks of St. Petersburg showed total
resources of $24,377,467.98, a strength that will match
any prosperous city in the country. Of equal importance
is the fact that deposits were $19,708,671.30. Loans
were $12,937,890.54, and the banks had in cash a total
of $4,126,889.52. In addition to this cash on hand the
St. Petersburg banks are strongly fortified with big hold-
ings of gilt edge bonds. The reserve strength is a big
guarantee that the Sunshine City is right now strong
financially and prepared for any expansion that is sound
and backed by security for the future.
Growth of Deposits
Deposits have grown since the October statement. But
even as they then stood, it is easy to show something of
the growth of the city in the rapid increase of deposits in
the last few years. Deposits of St. Petersburg banks in
1918, as of Dec. 31, of that year, were $3,750,000; by
1920 had grown to $6,000,000; reached $9,750,000 in
December of 1920 and $11,359,805 at the end of 1924.
Resources Grow Too
Bank resources in St. Petersburg have of course grown
with the record in deposits. Resources of $24,377,467
as of Oct. 10, 1927, compare with total resources of $2,-
948,700 in 1916; $4,699,138 in 1918; $5,890,581 in 1920,
and $11,359,805 at the end of 1922.
Local Bank Clearings
The effect of the opening of the fall citrus and truck
shipments and arrival of winter visitors in St. Petersburg
is shown in the gradual rise of bank clearings from the
middle of August on to the present month. This increase
continues upward until April and May. Clearings for
August of this year were $3,880,214; went up to
$4,316,519 in September; to $5,037,392 in October; to
$5,580,776 in November and will show total up into
$6,000,000 for December.
Six Leading Cities
Florida is not now and it is confidently declared never
will be a state of single city prosperity. When St. Peters-
burg is prosperous the state is prosperous. Clearings for
six leading cities, St. Petersburg, Jacksonville, Miami,
Lakeland, Tampa and Pensacola, show a little difference
of peak from that in St. Petersburg alone, but they show
as a group the same downward dip into summer and up
again as fall and winter comes on.
Bank clearings for these six cities for July totaled
$127,597,830; for August, $120,377,971; for September,
$108,292,629; then started upward and for October
totaled $122,573,312 and for November, $141,613,670.
State Bank Resources
The total resources of the state banks of Florida as of
June 30, 1924, were $179,046,923; by June 30, 1925,
they had grown to $362,119,232, and despite the fact
that people generally believe 1925 was the big year in
Florida the resources of the state banks reached $370,-
772,065 as of June 30, 1926. The strongest evidence of
the immense development that kept right on in Florida
from that period on is shown in the fact that although
the big flow of money for real estate deals slackened, the
resources of the state banks of Florida at the beginning
of 1927 stood at $325,740,436. At the same time the
resources of the national banks of Florida as of Dec. 31,
1926, showed a total of $312,075,000. These figures show
the grand total of the resources of the state and national
banks in Florida as of the beginning of this year of
The total resources of the state and national banks of
Florida, 59 national banks and 252 state banks, as of
March 23, 1927, were $600,269,000 in round numbers.
It is considered a remarkable evidence of state growth
in the advancement of major projects, in the building of
homes and industries, that while the total resources of
the national banks of Florida were $296,216,000 as of
June 30, 1925, the resources of the national banks as of
June 30, 1927, were $342,582,000, an increase of $46,-
366,000 as of this year over the corresponding month in
ARCADIA GIVES ANNUAL
Dog Show Features Program at "Tin Can"
Arcadia, Jan. 5.-(Tribune News Service)-Visitors
from all parts of the country, attending the annual con-
vention of the Tin Can Tourists of the World, were
guests of the citizens of Arcadia today at the annual
The dinner, served under the trees at the tourist camp,
was a feature of the entire convention, which is held here
Arcadia citizens entertained last night with their an-
nual program to a packed auditorium, and more than 300
stood outside. Entertainment on other nights of the
convention is in charge of the tourists.
Yesterday's session also included a dog show in which
28 entries belonging to the visitors were displayed. These
included thoroughbreds of a variety of breeds, and one
dog was shown that won a blue ribbon last year at the
Chicago dog show. Judges were asked to base their
awards on the best "tin can tourist dog" and awarded
first prize to Mr. and Mrs. Ward, of Chicago, who dis-
played a hound made of wool.
Tuesday's feature of the convention was a balloon
ascension and parachute jump by "reckless" Johnson,
which attracted a crowd of more than 5,000 persons.
Camping accommodations are free during the conven-
tion and delegates are guests of the city this week. More
than 500 cars, carrying from two to five persons, are
parked at the camp.
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
PROGRESS IN WEST FLORIDA CATTLE
When Sections Tick Free High Bred Stock Will
Be Imported for Breeding
Tallahassee, Jan. 4 (A.P.)-The State Livestock Sani-
tary Board is making rapid progress in tick eradication
work in Northeast Florida, State Veterinarian J. V.
About sixty vats were established in one section of the
area, and throughout the territory where dipping is pro-
ceeding, including Leon, Wakulla, Jefferson, Madison,
Hamilton, Taylor, Lafayette and Dixie counties, vats are
being temporarily released where no infestation has been
shown since the eradication began.
The release of the vats was explained by Dr. Knapp,
who stated that it was possible in any of the counties to
begin dipping in March and conclude the eradication by
December 1 of the past year. One hundred per cent dip-
ping of all cattle was required every fourteen days from
March to December. It was impossible for the cattle
owners in all of the areas to dip 100 per cent, it was ex-
plained, but 100 per cent dipping did result in certain
other sections, and in those areas where no tick infesta-
tion was shown vat recesses were given from December
15 until next March. In the meantime, those sections
which did not dip 100 per cent are being required to
continue the eradication work to reach the stage of the
100 per cent dippers. It is likely, it was added, that free
areas will be checked out next spring, with a large por-
tion of the present dipping area to be released by mid-
summer of 1928.
As soon as the territory is declared tick-free it will
be stocked with highbred cattle for breeding, Dr. Knapp
WE ARE KILLING THE GOOSE THAT LAYS
THE GOLDEN EGG
(By Spuds Johnson, in Enterprise-Recorder)
We are all familiar with the fable of the person who
killed the goose that laid the golden eggs, thinking he
would get all the gold at one time. In some of our
operations in Florida, we are and have been "killing the
goose that lays the golden eggs."
Recently I took a trip over the western part of Florida.
This part of the state had a prosperous agriculture and
rural life several years ago. Now there are many fields
lying idle which formerly grew crops. Many people have
gone out of the farming business.
What is the explanation of this condition? When will
a full measure of farming and farming prosperity come
back to this section?
There are many factors that have influenced conditions
in that section, but J. Lee Smith, district agent, has, it
seems, hit on one of the important ones. Years ago that
part of the state had a big lumber and turpentine busi-
ness. This brought money into the country from its tim-
ber industries-brought money directly to farmers from
their timber, and in turn provided a good local market
for their food products to feed the lumber and turpentine
workers. But the timber cut for lumber was cut close,
trees were turpentined too young, and depletion of both
lumber and turpentine trees was the inevitable result.
Today, in sections where there is turpentine or lumber
timber left, the same methods are being followed. The
operators have failed to take a lesson from earlier years.
They are continuing to "kill the goose that lays the golden
While this one factor alone would not serve to bring
about roaring prosperous times, it would help greatly.
If a wise policy of cutting and boxing the remaining
timber were adopted, together with a reforestation pro-
gram for the land that is not especially suited to field
crops, it is but a question of 15 or 20 years until this
section-and other sections in similar circumstances-
would again be enjoying a considerable and continuous
income from its forest products, and the goose would
lay the golden eggs from year to year.
EGGS IS EGGS
Four thousand dollars in eggs may seem a small
amount for any community to receive for yearly ship-
ments, and the few thousands earned by the farmers of
Escambia county would seem incredibly small were it
not for the fact that these are surplusage over the eggs
sold by the farmers here at home.
The Pensacola market has offered a good price for
eggs during the past year, the Escambia County Poultry
Exchange having had a special carton made and lettered
for the local trade. These eggs are all graded and have
brought 5 cents the dozen in excess of other eggs.
While four thousand dollars is a comparatively small
amount, when it is realized that this is the first time
farmers of this county have raised poultry and eggs
sufficient to sell to any but the local trade, there is reason
Escambia county will have to get busy, however, for
Walton county is giving the farmers here a run for their
money, according to The Breeze, which says:
"The recently formed Walton County Association of
Egg Producers shipped between the 17th day of Novem-
ber and Dec. 26, a period of six weeks, eggs to the num-
ber of 2,340 dozen, for which a price of $1,170 was
paid-an amount equal to $7,995 for the 10 months
covered by the Escambia report, or in other words, an
amount which lacks but a few dollars of doubling the
amount shipped by the Escambia association."
Competition among the west Florida farmers is grow-
ing, and this is true of other commodities, besides poul-
try and eggs. This is a good thing for this entire sec-
tion, and the associations which are fostering this are to
HENS AMBITIOUS IN EGG-LAYING
Chipley, Fla., Jan. 3-(A.P.)-Ambitious hens, out for
.records in egg-laying, at the end of the eighth week of
the Second Florida National Egg-Laying contest, which
opened here November 1, had contributed 19,039 eggs to
the plates of the great American home, according to
figures compiled by those supervising the contest.
A loss of 21 eggs, however, was sustained during the
eighth week, as compared with the previous weeks. For
the week a total of 2,456 eggs was gathered, produced at
a rate of 36.5 per cent.
The total produced for the eight weeks was 36 per
cent for that period.
In spite of the loss for the eighth week, the total eggs
laid to that time was well ahead of the standing for the
first eight weeks of the initial contest, which closed when
the second one opened.
10 FLORIDA REVIEW
STEADY PROGRESS IS BEING MADE ON
EGG STORAGE PLANT
Refrigerator Equipment Has Arrived and Work
of Installation Is Under Way
Work is now progressing rapidly on the cold storage
plant which is being erected at the corner of Osceola and
May streets by the Southland Creamery Company, and
it is expected that the building will be completed and
equipped by February 1.
Workmen are now engaged in installing the refrigera-
tion equipment, all of the material for which is now on
hand and it is expected that the work will continue with-
out interruption until completed.
It is a trying task to install the necessary equipment
for refrigerating purposes, for there is a vast amount
of calking and intricate work to be done and it must be
done just right, or it would not be a refrigerator. Every
part must be practically air tight, and fitted to perfec-
While the plant is intended primarily for the storage
of eggs and poultry, it will also be used for commercial
storage of meats, vegetables and similar products. It
has a capacity for the storage of one carload of poultry
and two carloads of eggs, but it is doubtful if this
capacity will be required at the outset until the poultry
and egg business is developed to a greater extent than
at present, so that the use of the plant for commercial
storage will be entirely practical. When the capacity
of the plant is taxed to its limit additional room will be
provided, as found necessary.
Producers are enthusiastic over the new storage plant
as they declare that it will fill a long needed want in this
part of Florida. They declare that there is no great
difficulty in producing the crops, either poultry products
or vegetables, but there has been no means of preserv-
ing them until marketing conditions are met, but with
storage facilities provided, the crops may be gathered,
stored and marketed at greater advantage than now.
The Southland Creamery Company has already pro-
vided a market for all the milk that can be produced in
this section of the state and with the completion of the
storage plant an equally good market will be at hand for
poultry and eggs. It is expected that the time is not
distant when all the products of Florida farms may be
marketed without trouble at any time that they are ready
to be gathered.
GROWERS REALIZE $4,896 BY BERRY
SALES IN FOUR DAYS
Shipments Lowered by Covering Plants in Fear
(Plant City Courier)
Strawberry growers in the Plant City section realized
a total of $4,896 from the sales of berries on tne local
f. o. b. market yesterday and during the last three sales
days of last week. This total represented the sales of
5,760 quarts of berries, at an average of 85 cents per
Shipments yesterday totaled 17 refrigerators, in place
of an anticipated movement of around 100 of the
"ponies." The drop in forwardings was attributed by
express officials to the fact that growers had covered
their plants to protect them against cold.
WILL INVEST MILLIONS IN FLORIDA
Palm Beach, Fla.-Investment of additional millions
of dollars of capital in Florida and the establishment of
executive offices in this section by the Central Public
Service Company of Chicago, was indicated in the an-
nouncement this week that the Florida operations of the
company would be under the name of the Florida Public
The information became public when C. L. C. Kah,
manager of the Palm Beach Gas Company, announced
that the company had taken over the Palm Beach Gas
Company and that it would now be known as the Florida
Public Utilities Company, Palm Beach division.
Since taking over the Southern Gas & Power Com-
pany and the Federated Utilities Company and merging
the former concern with the Federated Utilities Com-
pany last March, the Central Public Service Company,
Mr. Kah said, has invested millions of dollars in Florida
public utilities. The Palm Beach Gas Company was
owned by the Federated Utilities Company at the time
of the merger.
Chief among the Florida properties recently acquired
by the Central Public Service Company are the Key West
Gas Company holdings and electric and water systems at
Fernandina and Marianna, Mr. Kah said.
Increase in the holdings of the company in the state
and plans for additional expansion, brought about the
organization of the Florida Public Utilities Company,
according to Mr. Kah, who said that plans are being made
by the parent concern for the establishment of executive
offices in Florida for the Florida Utilities concern.
With the taking over of the Southern Gas & Power
Company and the Federated Utilities Company last
spring, the Central Public Service Company, which al-
ready operates in several northern cities, took control of
the properties in more than two dozen cities in the
North and South.
Recent expenditures of the company and its plans for
additional expansion in the state, Mr. Kah said, are ample
proof of its faith in Florida.
DEPOSITS HIGHER THAN THOSE OF LAST
(Panama City Pilot)
The December 31st statements of Bay County's three
banks appear in this issue and they are worthy of close
study. The total deposits of the three banks, while not
quite as high as they were two years ago, are higher than
they were a year ago. The total of surplus and undivided
profits of the three banks is considerably higher.
The progress and success of the Commercial Bank is
particularly noteworthy. This institution was started less
than two years ago and its business has been built up
during a time when business conditions generally were
pretty slow. In spite of this fact, however, its depositors
have grown substantially and undivided profits have in-
creased to an astonishing degree. The stockholders of
the Commercial Bank received a New Year's present
January 1st, this present being in the shape of dividend
checks for a regular semi-annual dividend of 5 per cent.
After the dividend was paid, the undivided profits account
of this institution are $7,879.16. Panama City is for-
tunate in having and owes no small measure of credit for
its progress and growth to the excellence of these banking
institutions and the ability of those individuals who direct
FLORIDA REVIEW 11
HELSER CONCERN TO REHABILITATE
Roman Manufacturing Co. Will Resume on
Purchase of the stock of the Roman Furniture Manu-
facturing Co., rehabilitation of its plant and resumption
of operations on a capacity production basis by the Gen-
eral Industrial Corporation is assured, according to C. W.
Helser, president of the latter corporation.
The deal will give Miami an industry that expects to
produce $500,000 worth of furniture during 1928, em-
ploying about 100 men. The payroll probably will amount
to $250,000 the first year.
The name of the firm is to be changed to the Tropical
Furniture Co., Mr. Helser said yesterday, and Charles
Roman will be president.
The Roman Furniture Manufacturing Co. was estab-
lished in 1922 and was operating at a profit until the
hurricane in September, 1926, when it suffered heavy
losses, without insurance, that prevented further opera-
tions. It is reported that 60 per cent of the furniture in
Miami hotels and apartments was made by this firm.
After the hurricane, the firm went through bankruptcy
proceedings, but a composition of creditors has been pre-
pared and approved by the creditors. L. Earl Curry,
referee in bankruptcy, is to approve this settlement, it is
understood, and request a formal order from the federal
district court terminating the bankruptcy next Saturday.
The plant is at N. W. Seventh avenue and 13th street.
It occupies one acre of ground.
The new company will manufacture only three items,
according to present plans. These will be two types of
bedroom suites and one type of dining room suite. All
the furniture will be high grade, made of solid mahogany.
Mr. Helser expresses confidence that the chief problem
will be one of production rather than of marketing its
output, asserting that the sale of a $500,000 output next
year is assured, but double shifts probably will be neces-
sary during the spring months to keep up with the de-
The acquisition of the Roman Furniture Manufactur-
ing Co. marks the entry of the General Industrial Cor-
poration in the manufacturing field. Several other in-
dustries, it is reported, will be started by this corporation
at an early date.
MELON PROMOTERS ORDER FERTILIZER
County's Largest Shipment Bought for New
The largest fertilizer order ever to leave the boun-
daries of Hernando county, details of which were learned
here yesterday, is but one of the items in connection with
the program for extensive watermelon production being
sponsored here by J. L. Augley and Lawrence Youmans.
Five hundred and eighty tons of fertilizer were ordered
through the Gulf Fertilizer Company.
One thousand acres have been plowed and made ready
Mr. Augley and Mr. Youmans returned here this week,
after having spent the Christmas holidays at their home
in South Carolina.
MARION COUNTY BONDS ARE SOLD AT
Issue of $1,000,000 Brings Ten Per Cent More
Than Those Sold Last Year
That the credit of Marion county has been in no way
impaired by the real estate boom, the slump or through
other causes, was shown today when the board of county
commissioners at their second day's session sold $1,000,-
000 of county bonds at 95.42 plus. The bonds are to run
for approximately seventeen years and draw interest at
the rate of 4% per cent.
The bonds were purchased by Weil, Roth & Irving,
bond buyers of Cincinnati, in competition with a large
field of bidders. The highest bid received was $103, but
this bid was for an interest rate of 5 per cent. The
higher rate of interest would have more than offset the
higher purchase price offered for the bonds.
The commissioners are elated over the better condi-
tions of sale obtained, as the price and rate of interest of
this sale effects a savings to the county of approximately
10 per cent, which on an issue of $1,000,000 means that
the county will receive about $100,000 more for this
issue than it did for the issue sold about nine months
ago of a similar amount.
This is a part of the bond issue authorized some time
ago, but which was not sold at the time authorized.
BIG FIRM WILL LOAN MONEY IN FLORIDA
(Lake Wales Highlander)
The Highlander learns from Mr. M. G. Campbell that
the Citizens Bank of Lake Wales, of which he is the
president, has been made the collecting and disbursing
agent here of the Northern Capital Corporation of New
York City. The principal business of this corporation,
which is capitalized at $2,000,000 and operates under a
New York State charter, is making first mortgage loans
in the South and distributing them in the North.
August Hecksher is chairman of the board and M. H.
Lewis is president. Other directors and stockholders in-
clude men prominent in northern finance, among them
being Mr. C. Lewis, vice president of Blair & Co., bank-'
ers; W. T. Perkins, vice president Chatham-Phoenix Na-
tional Bank & Trust Co.; B. L. Allen, vice president
American Exchange Irving Trust Company, and J. R.
Brandon, senior member of the bond house of Brandon &
SOUTHERN HATCHERY SITUATION
(The Florida Farmer)
A southern poultry journal recently sent a question-
naire to the southern hatcheries, not including the small
ones-only those over 1,000 capacity. Average operat-
ing period was 5 months. Two operated the year
around. Almost a third planned expansion. Ninety per
cent of sales are to southern customers.
Popular breeds, ranking in order: White Leghorns,
R. I. Reds, Barred Rocks.
Only six said the prospects for increased business in
1928 poor; 71 said good; 66 said fair. Smith Incubator
Co. says twenty million chicks sold in Florida the past
OVERSEAS HIGHWAY IS MONUMENT TO
KEY WEST ENTERPRISE
Governor Martin Will Open Unique Roadway
on January 15
(Palm Beach Post)
Egyptians, Herodotus writes, built a road 10 feet
thick, and requiring the labor of 100,000 men for 10
years; Caesar completed the Appian Way, the "Queen of
Roads," some 300 years after it was begun by Claudius
Appius, and in modern times noted engineers have car-
ried to completion the National and Dixie highways, many
times longer than those of the ancients and rapidly be-
coming standardized in construction.
Yet it remained for Key West, that isolated island
at the southern tip of the United States, to contribute to
history the greatest work of all in highway engineering,
pre-eminent in scenic beauty and of unlimited possibili-
ties from a commercial standpoint.
This, the Over-sea highway which stands alone as the
only boulevard of its unique nature in the world, will be
officially opened to the general public on January 15, and
Governor John W. Martin will deliver the principal ad-
dress at the mammoth celebration to be held in the Island
Between the two termini of this highway lies 125
miles of ocean and low, palm-bordered islets. There are
ocean spaces between which the low isles almost fade
from sight, and passes 30 feet in depth, through which
the waters often rush in a seven or eight mile torrent at
the greatest ebb and flow of the tides.
The labor and engineering genius which persevered
through untold hardships that this boulevard between
America's South Sea islands may be more than a dream,
may be forgotten, but the accomplishment promises to
stand for centuries as even more important than Flagler's
Over-sea railway, which was heralded as the "eighth won-
der of the world."
The Over-sea highway, however, does not traverse as
direct a route as that necessitated by Flagler's railroad,
but takes in a greater advantage of the natural contour
of the islands. It presents the same vistas as the rail-
road route with the broad expanse of the Atlantic on
one side and the blue waters of the gulf stream on the
other, passes across beautiful keys and islets thickly clad
with vegetation and bordered with palms, and discloses
"to the motorist some of the greatest game fishing grounds
in the world.
The amazing nature of the feat can be realized only
after one understands the natural elements that have
been encountered. Deep, swift-running tides, which exert
a tremendous pull upon the bridge foundations and other
immovable objects; shifting sands that repeatedly changed
the plans of the engineers, and other forces of nature
were planted squarely in the path of these pioneers in
automotive marine construction.
Mangrove swamps that are neither sea nor land mark
the path of the highway, but these have been leveled and
filled until the heaviest of machinery can be operated
safely upon them. Navigation had to be unobstructed,
so sufficient drawbridges have been built to allow free
Fills, embankments and roads on the keys are of soil
that averages 95 per cent lime. This has been dredged
from the sea bottom. When exposed to the air it becomes
so hard that blasting is necessary to remove it. The aver-
age height of the roadbed above the highest flow of water
is six feet.
Construction of the highway to its present state was
made possible through bond issues voted by Monroe
county, of which Key West is the county seat. There
remains only 36 miles of deep ocean water to be spanned
before the highway will be completed in its entirety, and
it is across this water gap that the engineers will en-
counter their most difficult problem.
Motorists will for the present be ferried across this
water gap by three ferries that are now passing through
West Palm Beach on their way to Key West. These boats
are the latest thing in ferry construction and are similar
to the ferries used on San Francisco bay.
Dr. Fons Hathaway has announced that the state road
department will shortly begin construction of a bridge
across this mammoth water gap.
TO STANDARDIZE FURNITURE SHOPS
Woodworking Units In Harbor Area Considered
Steps were taken at a meeting in the Fort Lauderdale
Chamber of Commerce Wednesday evening toward or-
ganizing the woodworking shops in the Bay Mabel area
into furniture producing units.
Shop owners and machinery concern representatives
from all the area from Palm Beach to Homestead were
represented, according to C. O. Simmons, one of the
members of the industrial committee.
The idea proposed was that each of the shops in the
area should specialize on one particular piece of furni-
ture, or one particular kind. All the furniture thus pro-
duced would be sold through a central agency, much as
is now done both in High Point, N. C., and Grand Rapids,
Mich., Mr. Simmons said.
Machinery men who were present expressed their wil-
lingness to cooperate in this plan to the extent of ex-
changing machinery now installed in the shops for the
type which would be needed for the shop's new specialty.
Questionnaires are to be sent each of the shop owners,
Mr. Simmons said, asking him to report what equipment
he has, and what specialty he would prefer being equipped
to manufacture under the new plan.
50 MORE GUESTS AT RONEY PLAZA THAN
Manager of Beach Hotel Foresees Biggest
Season with Reservations in Demand
Comparison of present figures with those of a corres-
ponding time last year, in addition to the present flood of
reservations, indicates that the Roney Plaza hotel will
enjoy its greatest season this year, according to William
G. McMeekin, manager.
"We have 93 guests in the Roney Plaza today," Mr.
McMeekin said Tuesday, "in contrast to 43 registered
on the same date last year. In addition, we have the
heaviest demand for reservations we have had since the
hotel opened three years ago. So, naturally, we have
every reason to anticipate that this year will be the
biggest, in every respect, in the hotel's history."
Along the ocean front bathers this year will have more
than 20 additional feet of regular, higher beach as a re-
sult of the new bulkheading now being completed. Since
the start of its erection the beach has deepened and be-
come more attractive in every sense.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
RAILROAD MAN SURPRISED AT TRAVEL
INCREASE INTO FLORIDA
(St. Petersburg Independent)
Provided by the chamber of commerce with figures
revealing an increase of 25 per cent in tourist registra-
tion in December this season over last, E. L. Bock, of
Huntington, W. Va., general superintendent of the
Chesapeake and Ohio, declared he was surprised to find
this indication of increased travel to the south.
"I have visited both -sides of the state on this trip,"
Mr. Bock said, "and I have found that all of Florida is
enjoying a gain in travel figures over last year, but I did
not realize that it was this great. To me it indicates that
Florida is in far better condition than most of us in the
"This increased travel means that increased confidence
and stability will follow in its wake. The people of
Florida are to be congratulated for carrying on in the
courageous manner in which they have after the period
of deflation, and my tour of the state has convinced me
that they are on the threshold of reaping the rewards of
their courage and industry."
Mr. Bock is accompanied by Mrs. Bock and his daugh-
ter, Miss Betty Jane Bock, and they are returning to
Huntington after their vacation. The rail executive also
praised the plan for bridging the bay from Pinellas Point
to Piney Point, declaring that such a structure would be
of infinite value to the entire region.
SEABOARD SHOPS ARE REOPENED
451 Go Back to Work at Big Industrial Plant in
Four hundred and fifty-one Jacksonville men went
back to work this morning when the Seaboard Air Line
Railway shops in West Jacksonville reopened for operation
on a year-round basis.
Announcement that the shops would reopen, assuring
the city of a monthly payroll of more than $60,000, was
made by M. J. McGraw, master mechanic, in the Jack-
sonville Journal several days ago.
The shops are among the largest in the Seaboard sys-
tem, covering more than 20 acres of ground, with a 1700-
car trainyard. These shops were inactive, except for the
roundhouse, during the summer months of 1927. The
plant cares for the division's rolling stock, locomotives
Announcement that the shops would reopen within a
short time was made by Leigh R. Powell, Jr., president
of the Seaboard, when he visited Jacksonville several
1928 CALENDARS NOW READY FOR
(Crystal River Herald)
Gainesville, Fla., Dec. 27.-The 1928 Farm and Home
Calendar, published by the Agricultural Extension Divi-
sion of the University of Florida, is now ready for dis-
tribution to farmers of the state who write for it. The
calendar contains timely suggestions for each month of
the year and will be found helpful to all who are inter-
ested in gardening, fruit growing or general farming.
Requests should be sent to Agricultural Extension Divi-
sion, University of Florida, Gainesville.
SECURITY BOND MAKES SALE OF STOCK
The Security Bond and Mortgage Company of Jack-
sonville announced yesterday the sale of $787,500 of its
stock. The company has had a rapid growth. It was
organized in June, 1919, as the Security Sales Company,
and later on in March, 1925, it developed into the Security
Bond and Mortgage Company, with a paid-in capital of
$200,000. The company now has capital and surplus of
$414,260 and it has marketed $5,250,000 of its 6 per cent
collateral trust bonds.
The company takes no mortgages on lease holdings and
on second mortgages, every mortgage being a first mort-
gage on fee simple. Neither does the company lend on
uncompleted property or on property in neighborhoods
that are but partially developed. Appraisals are very
carefully made. An appraisal committee is chosen for
each city where loans are made, consisting of one or more
bankers, or one or more members of the local realty
board, and occasionally a contractor or a reliable builder.
These names are submitted to the Maryland Casualty
Company and the appointment to the committee becomes
effective only after that company approves.
J. T. Blalock, the president of the company, has been
in the banking and mortgage business for 35 years, and
H. E. Cochran, the active vice-president, has been for six
years in the business, having formerly been a construction
engineer for twelve and a half years. T. B. S. Denham,
the secretary and treasurer, comes from a banking family
and has had ten years of sound training in financing and
LEE COUNTY CROPS UNDAMAGED BY
Fort Myers, Jan. 6.-(Tribune News Service.)-Lee
county's protection against frost was shown here during
the recent cold spell, which failed to materially damage
even the tender crops in the lona drainage district near
here. A check of the agricultural section reveals slight
damage to cucumbers, but all other crops unhurt. Pep-
pers and eggplants are ready for picking.
A survey completed today shows approximately 10 per
cent damage to tender crops north of Fort Myers, but no
damage to the south in Lee county.
CANDY FACTORY IN PINELLAS
(Eau Gallie Record)
Dunedin, Jan. 5.-After nearly six months of experi-
ments with manufacturing processes suitable to candy
making in Florida the year around, Louis Heck, former
superintendent of the candy factory of the John Wana-
maker stores, has started production of candies here.
Mr. Heck has built a plant in which he has installed
special equipment to meet climatic conditions locally.
"Candy making it an art," he says. "It is more than
proper mixing of proper ingredients, and climatic condi-
tions demand varied manufacturing processes to make
the candy marketable in quantities.
"I came to Dunedin six months ago to regain my
health. I looked over the candy manufacturing field in
this section and found a big opening for production of
candies suitable to the South.
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
FERN AND BULB SITUATION IN FLORIDA
(Volusia County Farmer)
Asparagus Plumosos are on the increase. The East
Coast sections are making better progress. At present
there are, as near as we can figure, between 450 and 500
acres under 50 per cent shade.
Ferns are doing better on the soil of the eastern sector
than in the interior of the state.
There is ample market in the northern florists' shops
for fifty times the ferns we are producing. The only
trouble is the marketing of the crop. If a consignment
is sent to a jobber, said jobber makes such returns as
pleases his purse, regardless of the true quality of the
shipment. We know an instance when a shipper was paid
$1.75 per crate for ferns, and the jobber sold them for
$18.00 per crate. In making his returns to the shipper
the jobber reported the ferns were badly damaged, and
had to be culled out, and many thrown away. The only
solution is to study and practice co-operative marketing.
The bulb situation is satisfactory though the year has
not been as favorable as most years. Never since me-
teorological records have been kept have we had so little
rain in Florida. In many of the interior sections bulbs
have not multiplied, and from lack of moisture many
bulbs will go "blind," and consequently we will not have
the bloom to ship.
Lack of money has deterred many small growers from
going into bulb raising. They have sold their bulbs to
the more forehanded and larger planters.
As evidence that Florida bulbs are in demand, there
were no bulbs available for planting October 1.
The work of Mr. Godby of Waldo, T. L. Mead of
Oviedo, L. D. Drewery of Daytona Beach, and W. W.
Sterling of National Gardens, has demonstrated very
clearly that bulb growing is profitable in Florida, and
that no state can compete with Florida. These two facts
insure the perpetuity of the industry. The profits of the
industry, like profits of any other crop, depend largely
on co-operative marketing.
MANY BIRDS ARE LISTED AS ENEMIES OF
PESTS PREYING ON VALAUBLE
(Florida State News)
When those of the Christmas festival board partake of
crisp stalks of Florida celery, they cannot realize just
how much they are indebted to various species of birds
for making such an appetizing dish possible, according
to information given out at the State Game Department.
The department has received from E. W. Ball, of San-
ford, an official of the State Plant Board, a review of the
work of several birds in extermination of different celery
Enemies of Pest
Mr. Ball listed the palm warbler, pippits, tree swallow,
grackles, black birds, mocking birds, killdeer, cow bird,
ground dove, mourning dove, Savannah sparrow, myrtle
warbler and logger-head shrike as the greatest enemies
of the celery pest, with the three former coming in for
The palm warbler, pippits and tree swallow, he stated,
get in their work in the late winter and early spring, as
they are migrating to the North. They "stand by," he
declared, and consume the celery pests as the latter
LOCAL EXPERIMENTS PROVE HEMP MAY
BE GROWN HERE WITH PROFIT
(Se. Petersburg Independent)
Sisal hemp, which provides the fiber from which rope
is made and which is one of the greatest products of
Yucatan, can be grown successfully in Florida, and, if its
cultivation should be undertaken on a large scale this
state could compete successfully with the Central Amer-
ican growers, in the opinion of W. G. Mulligan, local
horticulturist, who for the last two years has been con-
ducting a series of experiments in hemp growing. These,
he reports, have now reached the stage where it is shown
that the Sisal plant is adaptable to both Florida soil and
climate and its cultivation easy and economical.
The Sisal hemp, Mr. Mulligan explains, is known botan-
ically as Agave Sissalana, and looks very much like the
common century plant. The plant grows and does well
under Florida conditions. In the local nursery at 1131
21st avenue north, there are several of these plants which
have been attracting general attention among persons
interested in various forms of horticulture and agricul-
ture, and it is understood that individual experiments are
now being made in several parts of the county.
Unlike the century plant, Mr. Mulligan says, Sisal hemp
does not have prickles or thorns on the marginal leaves.
Thousands of acres are given over to hemp fields in Yuca-
tan and a machine for scratching out the fiber is in
general use. After extraction, the fiber is stretched on
racks to dry and is then ready to be made into rope. The
plant produces each year a crown of eight or 10 leaves
from three to five feet in length.
While the value of Sisal hemp for rope runs into the
millions of dollars each year, there are dozens of other
plants, Mr. Mulligan said, that can be grown commer-
cially in Florida and he is conducting a series of other ex-
periments with these, which it is said, are already giving
evidence of success as proof of the unusual fertility of
Florida's soil and climate.
Among these are the jute plant from which jute bags
or gunny sacks are made. literally by the hundreds of mil-
lions. Practically all sugar, coffee, grains and fertilizers
are shipped in such bags and cultivation in Florida of the
jute plant, it is believed, would prove a highly profitable
A NEW LEMON IN FLORIDA
That the Meyer lemon can be successfully grown in
Florida appears to have been conclusively demonstrated
by T. K. Godbey, of Waldo, Fla., who is well-known for
his work in bulb culture. Mr. Godbey recently sent
samples of the lemon to the editor of the Florida Grower
at Tampa, with the following explanation:
"The Meyer lemon was introduced to this country from
northern China, by the United States Department of
Agriculture, in 1908. I have grown this lemon on my
place for the last five years. It has produced four crops,
and it has withstood a temperature of 22 degrees with-
out the loss of a leaf. The skin of the fruit is as thin as
that of a tangerine. The fruit is almost seedless. It is
full of juice of the finest quality."
The fruit of this Meyer lemon tree is everything that
Mr. Godbey claims for it. The fact that the tree is not
damaged by the low temperature of 22 degrees should
encourage residents of central Florida to plant it for
their home supply of lemons.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
FIRST OF WEST COLONY ARRIVES IN
Three Families of German-Lutherans Will Prove
Asset to County
Mr. and Mrs. F. J. Goodman, Mr. and Mrs. Phillip
Schuman and Mr. and Mrs. K. G. Pfeifle arrived from
Colorado and Wyoming Monday to make their future
home in Jackson county. These are the first members of
a German-Lutheran colony which Mr. Nat West plans to
locate in the Greenwood district. Mr. West has promised
to build for this colony a small country church after at
least 25 families of their faith have moved to Jackson
county. He expects to locate at least 100 families from
this territory where he formerly operated in Colorado and
Wyoming, during the coming year. He reports these
farmers to be hard workers and industrious home-loving
people with great regard for their religious beliefs.
Mr. West also reports that he is working among the
high-class farmers of southern Minnesota, many of whom
he located in that territory from Iowa in 1911, 1912 and
1913. These are dairy farmers, who will carry on general
farming here if the enterprise proves successful. A letter
this week from one of the leaders, Mr. Herman Danelz,
advises Mr. West that he will be here within thirty days
to locate permanently. Mr. Danelz is a leader in his com-
munity in dairy farming and has also been associated
with the bank here for eighteen years. He is an expert
creamery man and will work with Mr. West in an effort
to organize the farmers of Jackson county in starting a
SOUTHERN BELL WILL SPEND MORE THAN
HALF MILLION IN JACKSONVILLE
Second Plant Will Be Built in Riverside Area to
The Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company,
Inc., will spend $692,000 in Jacksonville during 1928.
This sum will be used in connection with the company's
expansion in all sections of the state, with the annual
expenditure for Florida estimated at more than $2,000,-
000, J. B. Everett, manager of the company's local plant,
said yesterday in announcing this city's quota.
The 1928 total approximates the money spent in Jack-
sonville during last year, Mr. Everett said. Actual figures
on the 1927 expenditures were not available.
New Plant for Riverside
Seeking to improve the communication service in the
Riverside area, a second plant is planned for that section,
Mr. Everett announced. The building, of the usual one-
story plan, will be located at Talbot avenue and Herschell
street. An expenditure of $78,000 has been approved
for the construction work and $141,000 for equipment.
The outside plant work in Riverside will approximate
$80,000, Mr. Everett said. The present Riverside plant
on Forbes street will, of course, be maintained.
For central office equipment in the company's down-
town office, $23,000 will be expended this year. Toll
equipment expenditures will approximate $16,000.
For the routine work in the city, including both offices
for the installation and movement of telephones, $354,000
has been appropriated, the announcement said.
During this year a gain of some 2,000 telephones has
been forecast for Jacksonville and environs, Mr. Everett
recently estimated. Last year more than 1,500 telephones
were added to the system locally. Florida's gain for this
year is figured at 4,000 telephones.
To Spend $27,000,000
The Southern Bell, which operates in Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, the Carolinas
and Tennessee, plans to spend approximately $27,000,000
during this year. During the last four years, $100,000,000
has been expended by the company in keeping pace with
the South's development.
"The budget for 1928 is regarded as an indication of
the continued growth and progress of this section," Mr.
Everett said. "Most of the expenditure is planned for
the expansion of the local and long-distance system to
care for present needs and to meet the anticipated re-
quirement of the near future.
"Jacksonville is receiving a goodly portion of the
amount to be used in this state. The construction of the
new building in the Riverside area will mean much to
that section in improved service."
HOME EGG-LAYING CONTEST SETS UP
NEW HIGH RECORD
Average 160 Eggs for Each Bird Entered Last
Year, Passing Old Record
Gainesville.-Results of the second home egg laying
contest have just been tabulated by N. R. Mehrhof, ex-
tension poultryman, and show that Mrs. J. L. Branch, of
Plant City, won high honors for the back yard flock, Mrs.
E. T. Handy, of Green Island, won first prize for farm
flocks, and J. C. Sikes, of Noma, took first place for com-
The outcome of the contest is very gratifying, states
Mr. Mehrhof. The average for the year was 160, and all
of the leaders went over 200. High figures for the back
yard flocks was 228, for the farm flocks was 250, and
for the commercial flock, 208. The production for the
year averaged 11 more than for the first year of the
During the year there were 29 farms reporting every
month, and a total of 6,620 birds were represented. The
14 farm flocks made a much better average than the five
back yard flocks or the 10 commercial flocks. The aver-
age for the farm flocks was 208, while the latter two
averaged 157 and 162, respectively.
The third contest is already under way, and has over
100 entries, according to Mr. Mehrhof. The county
agents are cooperating with the agricultural extension
division of the Florida College of Agriculture in making
these home contests show the possibilities of egg produc-
tion in Florida.
The contests are proof of the fact that poultrymen of
Florida are getting better birds and are taking better
care of them, says Mr. Mehrhof. Even higher produc-
tion is expected for this year than for the one just com-
The winners in the back yard flock and commercial
flock were White Leghorns, while the high scorers among
the farm flocks were Rhode Island Reds.
MAINE FARMERS WOULD USE FLORIDA'S
FERTILE ACRES SAYS S. A. L. AGENT
Recent Efforts to Interest Have Located Two
Big Potato Growers Who Are Giving the
Plan a Try-Out.
(Hendry County News)
F. M. Connor, Agricultural Agent for the Seaboard
Railroad, has just returned from a trip to Aristook county,
Maine-the great Irish potato raising section, where one-
tenth of all the tubers in the United States are produced.
The short summer is beautiful, says Mr. Connor, though
it lasts only four or five months, and the rest of the year
the earth is ice-locked and non-productive.
Mr. Connor's trip was made for the purpose of induc-
ing Maine potato growers to farm Maine soil in the sum-
mer and Florida soil in the winter. He found the farmers
themselves much interested and anxious to get away from
the long, cold winters, but that strong efforts were being
made by Maine chambers of commerce and all civic or-
ganizations to hold the growers to native soil. The Sea-
board will send Director of Development Clement S.
Ucker to Maine in December for further conference with
these Maine potato growers. The intention of the Sea-
board is not to rob Maine by taking their farmers, but
to show them the advantage of working in Florida in
Land has been secured at a low rental near Sarasota
by two of these Maine growers, who are now digging their
first crop. They will plant another at once and thus get
two crops this year.
Just what can Miami do except play? ask some of the
skeptical. Well, just note a couple of news items given
no particular attention.
Southeastern Florida's first concerted effort to ship
carload lots of mixed vegetables is being inaugurated
this week through the Federated Fruit and Vegetable
Growers, Inc., which has contracted with the Florida
Marketing Growers Association of Miami. It has 200
selling agencies in the North. The Federated Growers
expect to market 500 carloads of mixed vegetables this
year, which does not include the tomato crop. The Sea-
board Air Line Railway will provide space in the stations
lor repacking of the products brought in by farmers for
E. R. Erkman, of the Florida Tannery Company, told
the chamber of commerce luncheon that this concern is
expanding, that 1,000 persons now derive their income
from it, 400 of these being in Dade county. Ultimately
this will bring other industries, he said, and eventually
steamships going north from South America with hides
will stop here instead and unload. For their return trips
they will carry the finished products to Cuban and South
American markets. The same facts will apply to other
lines of manufacture. Climate aids in securing labor and
cheapens the cost of producing.
Just two items-agriculture and industry. Those are
things in which Miami is destined to become a center, to
say nothing of commerce and aviation. Miami can play,
and invites all the world to come and enjoy the pleasures
with her. But Miami can also work. She is beginning
to do that now in real earnest. She is taking inventory
of her possibilities.
GOVERNMENT ASKS STATE FOR FISH
Florida Black Bass to Be Shipped to Cuba
(Florida State News)
The United States government is calling upon the State
of Florida for fish.
T. R. Hodges, State Shell Fish Commissioner, has re-
ceived a request from Henry O'Malley, United States
Fish Commissioner at Washington, for several hundred
large mouth black bass for shipment to the Cuban govern-
The bass, measuring from 3 to 6 inches, which were
hatched at the Welaka station, are now on hand, and the
bureau of fisheries has telegraphed Mr. Hodges that a
government messenger was en route to convey the fish to
Key West for reshipment to Cuba.
Nearly a million black bass have been distributed over
Florida from the Welaka hatchery during the past season.
Extensive preparations are being made at the hatchery
for the spring hatch, and it is expected that over two
million fish will be planted in Florida waters from the
hatchery next year, the state commissioner said.
The "John W. Martin hatchery" will also be in opera-
tion at Chancey Bay, on Lake Okeechobee, during the
next spawning season, and probably two million or more
"fry" and "fingerling" bass will be distributed in the
waters of South Florida from the hatchery there. The
Martin hatchery is now under construction by the Shell
CHEMICAL WARFARE PROVES DEADLY
TO PEACH TREE BORER
(Plant City Courier)
Gainesville, Dec. 5.-The annual fight against the
peach tree borer is now under way. Instead of digging
them out and applying the cold steel, peach growers now
put them to sleep with a dose of poison gas applied dur-
ing the period before December 15.
The chemical used in this warfare is paradichloroben-
zene, often called paracide. It is a white crystalline sub-
stance, and usually has a peculiar odor. When it is ex-
posed to the air it slowly gives off a poisonous gas. The
fumes are heavier than air, so they penetrate the bur-
rows of the borers and do the work much more efficiently
than it can be done by a knife.
J. R. Watson, entomologist of the Florida Experiment
Station, gives the following suggestions for applying this
chemical: The earth should be banked up around the
base of the peach trees to the height of the highest bur-
row in the tree, then in the top of this mound, at least an
inch from the tree, a shallow trough should be made in
the dirt. Sprinkle an ounce to an ounce and a half of
paracide in the trench and cover immediately with sev-
eral inches of dirt, and pack well. The amount of the
chemical to use varies with the age of the tree. Do not
use it at all on trees under two years old, and not more
than one ounce for three-year trees.
After the mound has been about the tree for two or
three weeks it should be torn down, as too long exposure
to the fumes of the gas might damage the tree. In no
case should the material be sprinkled closer than an inch
to the tree, as it is likely to hurt the bark. If directions
are followed there is absolutely no danger to the tree,
as experiments have been made on hundreds of speci-