PUBLISHED SEMI-MONTHLY BY -1.,.. -
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
North Florida 'T.1l;i..i;.,l
Farnmer Brings ]...I.. ..r 1..in; q.I. i.. .. r.. \I,,l'.
Solid Carload of Squashes Shipped to New York Mart .........
Fast Record in Loading Ship Made in Port.........................
Large Shipment of Turkeys at Chipley ......................................
Operation of Steamer Line Arranged ........ ............. ... ...
N ew B business Co es to Jax ....... ............... ................. ..........
Northwest Florida Soon To Be Golf Capital of America.............
Irish I'otatoes and Cowpea Hay in St. Johns County .................
New Mattress Concern Here Doing Business ................ ...........
Pa anama City Center of Big Plant .... .................. .................
Handled $4-.00) Worth of E'gs Front Escanmia County Farms ..
Lafayette Farmer Has Cane That Will Make 500 Gallons to Acre
Grapes, Kaffir Corn and Rice in Bay County................... ..............
A Fine Crop of Okra P produced ...................................................
Radishes, Onions, Beans, Satsumas ........... ........ .......................
Greenville (rate Mill Has Good Business ............................
Grit Mill Begins Work as Oyster Season Opens ................. ........
Grapes, Figs and Sugar Cane in Walton County.................. ........
Satsunmi Tree Brings Owner Return of $35.00....................... ......
Blueberry Output of Okaloosa Is 68,136 Quarts ................... ...
Community Egg Shipments Starting Nicely .. ................ ....
Hog Market Opens Season with Good Grades Coming In..............
No. 1 Potatoes Are Grown in 50 Days ............... .............
Florida Products- Narcissus ........ ....................................
Grapes and Plum s in Jackson County ..... .................. ...................
Pecan Trees Yield Large Prolits for Suwannee County Farmers.
Honey Packing Plant Is Latest Industry Here ........................
C om ini g O u r W ay ........ ... ..... ...................... .. .... ............
Berry Prospects Good .................................................. ..
Three Hundred Pigs on Exhibit at County Fair.... ........................
Satsumnas and Cotton in Jackson County .................................
Gibbs to Build Three New Ferries for Monroe County..................
Moore Haven Will Pay Premium for Brown r:-. .
Five Acres Peanuts Pay Lafayette Grower O. .- .,s Gross....
Dairy Industry Is M uch Needed ............. ............ ......................
Blueberry Growing One of Chief Industries in Okaloosa County.
Gulf Power Co. Improves Lines in Bay County ................................
Negro Gets Ree r.clI ..i ..11 ... i..I.
Gypsuml Firlm t.. I.-i.', \\ l.r .....i,
Milton Poultry Market Continues 1.r ..
Wants Tlhemi to Replace Scrub Stock
Watermnelons, Peanuts and Dairying in i. rt ...ri, ..Ilirj
Opportunities for Growing Blueberries Given Publicity................
New Furniture Plant for City............................................
Tobacco, Turkeys and Grapes in Madison County..........................
Contest Is About Double Size of First Contest .......................
Organize Walton County Poultry Association ........................
(lay County Farmers Get Good Results................................
Eighth Car Gadsden Swine Sold .................... .........................
Hogs and Tobacco in Suwannee County ............. .......
D airy Survey W ill B e M ade .............................. .......................
Enormous Run of Shrimp in Bay at Pensacola...................
By NATHAN MAYO, Commissioner of Agriculture
( ETWEEN the cities of Pensacola and
Jacksonville, a distance of approximate-
ly four hundred miles, lie thirty-four
counties whose area aggregates 41%
and whose population aggregates 43% of the
entire state. These counties are as follows:
Alachua, Baker, Bay, Bradford, Calhoun, Clay,
Columbia, Dixie, Duval, Escambia, Flagler,
Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Gulf, Hamilton,
Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Leon,
Liberty, Madison, Nassau, Okaloosa, Putnam,
Santa Rosa, St. Johns, Suwannee, Taylor, Union,
Wakulla, Walton and Washington.
This part of Florida is what its citizens are
pleased to term the "hog and hominy" section
of the state. This title is appropriate because
the soil and climatic conditions are such 's to
make it well adapted to the successful produc-
tion of most of the staple crops of the nation.
The people of this section take pride in the fact
that they are so situated as to grow on their own
farms not only the crops common to the more
northern latitudes but also many of the products
that are usually confined to the tropical and
The State Census of 1925 showed the valu-
ation of farm crops in North Florida to be
$41,451,651; the assessed valuation was $175,-
229,189. Needless to say, this total would
show a large increase if based on present
The percentage of the State's total of the fol-
lowing products which come from North Florida
are shown in the table below:
T o b a cco ...... ...................
F uller's E arth .... .... ...........
Sea Island Cotton
P ean uts .......... ..........
B lueberries .......................
Sw eet P potatoes ...........................
O y ste rs ........................ .......
Satsum as .....................
H o g s ........ ..............
O a ts ......................
Sugar Cane Syrup.......................
Irish Potatoes ............ ....... ..
C o r n ..........................................
P o u ltr y .. ...... ........ .. ..................
D airy C attle ............... ........
S h e e p .......................
P lu m s .......................
H on ey ......................
With the completion of State Highway No. 1,
leading from Jacksonville to Pensacola, there
will be available to the tourist a trip on which
may be seen a portion of Florida which has not
up to the present been thoroughly known or
appreciated by them. This highway traverses
a country in which are found many hills from
DECEMBER 19, 1927
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2 FLORIDA REVIEW
whose summits one may behold scenes of beauty
not generally attributed to a low state like
Florida. Perhaps a very few of the American
people have known that some of the most
charming views in the state may be had on this
overland trip from Jacksonville to Pensacola.
Under construction at the present time the
state has a highway which will fringe the Gulf
Coast and open for the enjoyment of tourists
as well as for the benefit of our home people,
hundreds of miles of territory about which very
little has hitherto been made known to our
FARMER BRINGS LOAD OF LONG STAPLE
COTTON TO MARKET-FIRST
(Mayo Free Press)
Mr. A. L. Adams, one of our good farmers, who lives
in the eastern part of the county, about six miles west of
Branford, was in town last Thursday with a truck load
of long staple cotton, the first seen here in some time.
Five hundred and fifty pounds were in the lot, which Mr.
Adams said was the crop from slightly more than an acre
Since the coming of the boll weevil, long cotton,
which once was a staple crop in this section, has not
been grown to any great extent. Last year, when the
scarcity of long staple sent the price soaring, farmers in
this section tried to get seed to plant a crop, but very
few seed were found in the entire country. Mr. Adams
managed to secure a bushel of seed from a man in Sa-
vannah, which he planted. The yield would have been
much better, Mr. Adams said, if the crop had not been
held back by the early summer drouth. Weevil damage
was comparatively slight, he said.
Mr. Adams believes that with the proper kind of culti-
vation and fertilization, long cotton can be made to be a
good crop again in this county, and will use some of the
seed from this year's crop for next year's planting. He
was offered eleven cents a pound for this year's crop, in
the seed, he said.
SOLID CARLOAD OF SQUASHES SHIPPED
TO NEW YORK MART
(Gadsden County Times)
On Saturday the J. I. Reynolds Co., produce shippers,
shipped to New York a carload of squashes from Quincy,
other shipments being made by express in smaller quan-
tities to northern markets and Canada. The vegetables
going from here at this time consist of squash, eggplants
and peppers. The demand has been good and prices sat-
isfactory to the grower. A carload of sweet potatoes
will be shipped Saturday to northern markets.
Fall planting of vegetables has been retarded owing to
the unusual dry condition of the soil, but truckers are not
discouraged and are preparing to plant another crop of
all kinds of vegetables. In anticipation of a large pro-
duction next spring, I. J. Reynolds has contracted for
35,000 crates with which to handle the vegetables of this
section, that no inconvenience will be encountered in this
respect. The vegetable industry in this section is grow-
ing stronger and more profitable with each succeeding
visitors. This highway will be known as the
"Gulf Scenic Highway" and will probably ex-
tend entirely along the Gulf Coast of North
Florida and down the West Coast of the penin-
sula. This road when complete will not only
help to reveal the beauty of North Florida and
the charms of the "West Coast," but will link
the remote sections of our state as nothing else
has ever done, making possible a more complete
appreciation of the entire commonwealth than
has ever come to our own people or our visitors
in the past.
FAST RECORD IN LOADING SHIP MADE
Waterman Liner West Hika Less Than 24 Hours
in Pensacola Bay
A record for the port of Pensacola was set up by the
departure of the steamship West Hika less than 24 hours
after she had entered, loaded cargo and was at sea buoy
24 hours from the time she first was hailed by the Pensa-
The West Hika on November 19 sighted the sea buoy
and was boarded at 5:20 P. M., and at 6:45 o'clock the
same date was tied up at the Frisco docks. She was
assigned a berth on the west side of the pier. The steve-
dore was on hand and started work without delay and the
ship was ready to leave in short order. At Pensacola she
loaded 200,000 superficial feet of pitch pine lumber, 500
barrels of rosin and 489 bales of cotton. The ship was
at the sea buoy the following day at 7 P. M.
The fact that the steamer was less than one hour and
a half from the sea buoy to the dock, and was at the sea
buoy less than 24 hours after coming into the harbor and
receiving a miscellaneous lot of cargo, proves that Pensa-
cola harbor stands in a class to itself.
It is known that it requires more than twelve hours for
a ship to go from the sea buoy to the docks of competing
ports on the gulf; at those ports it is hazardous to get
to sea after dark. At Pensacola the channel is straight,
wide and deep, well marked, and Pensacola is given the
additional advantage of pilots being ready for duty day
or night, and the grounding of a ship at Pensacola is
The Waterman Steamship Company was the disbursing
agency for the West Hika, and Pilot W. A. Bell is the
man who saw to it that the ship was kept moving, which
called for a special report on his notation of the week's
work 6n the bar.
LARGE SHIPMENTS OF TURKEYS AT
(Special to Times-Union)
Chipley, Fla.-D. W. Gardner, merchant and dealer in
poultry and eggs, has shipped from Chipley to South
Florida markets 2,600 pounds of turkeys. This is only
one of several shipments which Mr. Gardner will make
this week, and will be increased to five thousand pounds
before Saturday. He now has one thousand' or more
pounds on hand for shipment.
These turkeys were raised within a few miles of Chip-
ley. The average price paid was 30 cents per pound.
FLORIDA REVIEW 3
f loariba tebif
Published Semi-Monthly by
Bureau of Immigration, Department of Agriculture
NATHAN MAYO ..............Commissioner of Agriculture
T. J. BROOKS ............ Director Bureau of Immigration
PHIL S. TAYLOR ............. ..............Advertising Editor
Entered as second-class matter, June 25, 1926, at the Post Office
at Tallahassee, Florida, under the Act of June 6, 1920.
Will be mailed free to anyone upon request.
DECEMBER 19, 1927
OPERATION STEAMER LINE ARRANGED
Vessels from New York Will Touch at Pensa-
cola Twice Each Month
(Special to Times-Union)
Pensacola, Fla., Nov. 20.-Operation of a twice-a-month
steamship line from New York to Pensacola and other
gulf ports is definite, according to local agencies for the
Bull Steamship Line, which is to furnish the vessels for
the service. The first sailing will be about the middle
of December. In the meantime arrangements have been
closed at this end of the line for docking facilities.
For the present, at least, a berth has been engaged or
procured at the Frisco Railway terminals. The Frisco
terminal site was the more attractive by reason of the
fact the warehouses are accessible to trucks and other
vehicles. Such a facility is not possible at the L. & N.
terminals, but arrangements to provide such are said to
be in prospect at a very early date. In fact, the rumor
is that the L. & N. Railroad is planning the construction
of a new pier, or the extension of one of the short piers
already in use, for the especial purpose of caring for
At the present time the Bull Line will serve Pensacola
and Tampa in Florida, on south and north trips. At this
point freight will be received from down-the-coast of
Florida as far eastward as Apalachicola. This will con-
sist mainly of naval stores and packed fish and oyster
shipments and will be handled here by the steamer Tarpoj.
Arrangements to be served at Tampa have also been
made. There is every reason to believe that the Bull
Line will be extended to other ports in the gulf, although
that is not yet determined.
NEW BUSINESS COMES TO JAX
Represents Investment of $25,000 at 40 East
Establishment of a new business in Jacksonville, a
ticket printing plant, was announced today by J. Otis
Watts, president of the Tri-State Ticket Company.
The plant of the new company, representing an invest-
ment of more than $25,000, will be at 40 East Union
street. Approximately 15 persons will be employed and
the payroll will be $600 a week, Mr. Watts said.
Only ticket and roll printing will be done in the new
plant. Special equipment, capable of printing 288,000
tickets an hour, is being installed.
NORTHWEST FLORIDA SOON TO BE GOLF
CAPITAL OF AMERICA
George Dick Tells Chicago Clubs Attractions
This Section of State Holds
Chicago, Ill., Nov. 4.-(Special.)-That Northwest
Florida within five years will be the year-round golf
capital of America was the statement made here today
by George L. Dick, builder of Winter Haven, Florida,
and one of Florida's most talented public speakers, be-
fore a joint meeting of Chicago members of Rotary,
Kiwanis and co-operative clubs.
Hitherto undiscovered except by a limited number of
golfers, this land of early Conquistadore history in the
vicinity of Choctawhatchee bay has come into sudden
reputation among northern sport lovers, according to Mr.
Dick, who is associated with Chicago and Valparaiso realty
interests in developing to a greater extent the sport
possibilities of this region.
Within the past year at Valparaiso the Chicago Country
Club has built a new 18-hole championship course for its
members, and another club has been successfully organ-
ized with a golf course and full club facilities. Other
projects in this same community are under way, backed
chiefly by members of various Chicago clubs.
A special train carrying 500 golfers, members of the
Chicago Country Club and the new El 'Quistador Club,
has been organized to leave Chicago on November 12th
to attend the formal opening of the new championship
course of the former club. President Charles M. Smalley,
former president of Olympia Fields, Chicago, and presi-
dent of the Chicago Country Club, heads the golf party,
with Albert R. Gates, president emeritus of the Western
Golf Association; Joseph G. Davies, secretary of the
Chicago District Golf Association, and Arthur R. Ham-
mond, president of the Illinois Golf Club. Twenty-four
Chicago golf clubs are represented in the party.
A week-long tournament between members of the
Chicago club and their guests of the El 'Quistador club
is the chief item on the program. Mr. Dick will accom-
pany the special golf excursion to Valparaiso and will
preside as master of ceremonies at the joint festivities
of the two clubs.
Comparing the Valparaiso and Choctawhatchee Bay
regions with the Sutter Basin, California, project, which
he directed for the late J. Ogderi Armour, Chicago capi-
talist, Mr. Dick brought out that while Northwest Florida
has remarkable natural advantages as a year-round re-
creational center, its possibilities have only recently come
to attention through the development of the new coastal
highway from Pensacola along the gulf coast to Tampa.
One county, Okaloosa, alone is spending over $300,000
for improving highways through the 400,000-acre Florida
national forest and along many miles of coast.
"Few realize what has been taking place along the
northwest gulf coast," says Mr. Dick. "While we were
busily developing the resources of the eastern and
southern sections of the state, the communities along the
northern coast line were busy awakening to their natural
possibilities. The movement gained headway just as the
crest of the development was reached along the Atlantic
coast line. It has progressed continuously and conserva-
tively since. Today northerners are filling hotels and
golf courses all along the coast from Valparaiso to Apa-
4 FLORIDA REVIEW
Grading Irish Potatoes, and Cowpea Hay after Irish Potatoes, in St. Johns County.
FLORIDA REVIEW 5
NEW MATTRESS CONCERN HERE DOING
New Mattresses Are Made and Old Ones Made
Good as New
(Lake City Reporter)
The Service Mattress Company, "producers of healthy
sleep," a concern that opened a mattress manufacturing
shop in the Leslie building, at the corner of North
Alachua and Railroad streets, has started out in business
under favorable auspices, as a number of good orders
have already been secured, with others coming in every
day. The manager, H. A. Hiscock, attributes this to ad-
vertising placed in the Lake City Reporter last week.
The shop will work six people at the start and is
equipped with a machine for ginning and cleaning the
material that goes into a mattress, and sewing machines
for making the ticks. Old felt or cotton mattresses are
renovated and made like new. In this process the filling
is run through the gin and thoroughly cleaned and its
sponginess and springiness renewed, and new ticks made.
Old ticks are as good as new when the Service Company
gets through making them over. New mattresses are
also made. The prospects for building up a good business
in making new mattresses and remaking old ones in Lake
City appear to be good, Mr. Hiscock stated.
PANAMA CITY CENTER OF BIG PLANT
Half-Million Dollar Concern Will Manufacture
(Special to Times-Union)
Panama City, Nov. 16.-Almost coincident with the
announcement from Birmingham that a $50,000,000
rayon (artificial silk), manufacturing establishment is
about to be constructed in Elizabethton, Tenn., comes
the announcement from Panama City that a large plant
will be erected there for the purpose of manufacturing
caustic soda. This is the chemical with which cotton is
treated in order to manufacture rayon.
Another unusual feature in connection with the estab-
lishment of the Panama City caustic soda plant is that
the municipality will issue bonds to the extent of
$100,000, the proceeds of which are to be used to pur-
chase bonds of the manufacturing company. This money
will be matched four to one by the Oxo Holding Company
of Birmingham, which will construct and direct the oper-
ation of the Panama City chemical plant. Florida thus
enters the field of chemical manufacturing and the new
Panama City company will be financed and operated al-
most entirely by southerners.
D. Troy Hails, formerly of Montgomery, Ala., but
lately of Coral Gables, is president of the Oxo Holding
Corporation, which is composed almost exclusively of
Alabamians and Floridians. Mr. Hails says that not only
will his Florida plant manufacture caustic soda, but will
also engage in the manufacture and distribution of the
many by-products incident thereto. The main by-products
are sodium hypochlorite, the most powerful and safest
germ killer known; tetrachloride, used in fire extinguish-
ers; chlorine, used as a water purifier; hydrogen, and
It is also the plan of Mr. Hails and associates to exert
every effort possible to induce manufacturing concerns
which will use as raw material caustic soda and by-
products as well as materials native to this section, to
establish plants nearby. An example of this is soap,
which is made largely from rosin and caustic soda, to-
gether with cotton seed, peanut and cocoanut oils. An-
other example is cooking oils or vegetable lard. This is
made by treating peanut or cotton seed oil with hydro-
gen. It is quite probable that plants to manufacture
both of these commodities will also be constructed in
The cost of the caustic soda plant will be in excess of
$500,000, $100,000 to be furnished by the city and the
balance by the Oxo Holding Corporation. Construction
will commence shortly and will proceed as rapidly as
possible. With the completion of this caustic soda plant
and these related industries, which will undoubtedly fol-
low, Panama City may become the chemical center of
HANDLED $4,000 WORTH OF EGGS FROM
ESCAMBIA COUNTY FARMS
During the ten months it has been in operation the
Escambia County Poultry Exchange has handled $4,000
worth of eggs and poultry from Escambia county, it was
revealed at meeting of poultrymen of the county held at
the Tate Agricultural School auditorium last night.
Approximately 150 citizens of the county interested in
raising poultry and the functions of the exchange were
present at the meeting.
Talks on the work of the exchange since its organiza-
tion, and of its plans for the future, were made by Win-
gate Green, county agricultural agent, and George Voor-
hees, of Ensley, president of the exchange.
R. D. Smith, of the Ensley hatchery, pointed out to
those present the value of the hatchery to the community
and urged poultrymen of the section to make use of it.
"Doc" Johnston, manager of the Pensacola baseball
team, rendered several vocal selections, accompanied on
the piano by Perry Reed.
LAFAYETTE FARMER HAS CANE THAT
WILL MAKE 500 GALLONS SYRUP
(Mayo Free Press)
Mr. R. N. Allen of Route 1 brought in a wagonload of
ribbon cane last Friday, which, for size, appearance and
sweetness, was the best cane we have seen this season.
Mr. Allen picked one cane at random from his load and
presented it to the Free Press editor, said cane measuring
eight and a half feet over all and weighing 6 pounds, 14
ounces. It doesn't take many canes like this to turn out
a barrel of juice, and Mr. Allen said the cane came from
a three-fourths acre patch that will average all over
practically as large as the sample given us. On less than
half of the patch he has already made 112 gallons of
syrup, a sample of which proved to be mighty fine, clear
as amber, and deliciously sweet. A farmer with a good-
sized patch of cane like this should not have any financial
worries, even at the present price paid for cane syrup.
This cane was made on new cow-pen ground, and the
stand is fairly uniform all over the patch, Mr. Allen said.
He estimated that the entire patch would make at least
400 gallons of syrup. This will figure around 565 gallons
to the acre. At $1.00 per gallon, the present price paid
for syrup, wholesale, it will be seen that growing cane
like this is a paying proposition.
Grapes, Kaffir Corn and Rice in Bay County.
A FINE CROP OF OKRA PRODUCED
(Cross City News)
If anyone doubts that Dixie county soil will not produce
all they have to do is to visit the L. L. Barber place, a
short distance from the city. Mr. Barber has an acre
and a half of as fine okra as ever grew in any place, and
is finding a ready market here at home for his garden
Mr. Barber brought in several hampers of fine okra
Wednesday and it was soon disposed of on the home
market at a fair price. He is having his crop gathered,
and from the present outlook will not be obliged to ship
any to out-of-town markets.
As clerk of court, Mr. Barber has all his time taken
up with the duties of his office and depends on others to
conduct his farm. He has been fortunate in having re-
liable assistants, and what he has accomplished others
could duplicate. In speaking about the products of Dixie
county Mr. Barber said: "Dixie can produce anything
that can be grown elsewhere, and there is absolutely no
use for anyone owning land in the county to ever holler
hard times, for our soil will produce in abundance and
there is a ready market at any and all times for truck of
Dixie county affords a splendid opportunity for truck-
ing, and it is only a question of time when this will be
fully realized and the shipping in of vegetables will come
to an end, and there will be good money for the local
RADISHES, ONIONS, BEANS, SATSUMAS
Forty Acres Radishes-Several of Onions in
Prospect-Beans and Cucumbers
(DeFuniak Springs Breeze)
The sowing of winter radishes, to the extent of about
forty acres, is in prospect for this immediate section
within the next two weeks, and there is a possibility that
this acreage will be exceeded slightly. These will be
planted for the winter market, and the first shipment
may be expected about the first week of December, with
maximum shipments following that date promptly.
The growing of radishes, as this paper has pointed out
before, is one of the more highly specialized forms of
market gardening, and while the profits are fairly sure
to the grower who thoroughly understands not only the
various phases of planting and growing, but the prepar-
ing for shipment and the shipping of the product as well,
the proposition is one on which money can easily be lost,
where these various factors are overlooked or ignored by
There will be several acres of Bermuda onions planted
early next month. This is not wholly a new venture for
this county, since several large plantings in the past have
been made, and which vindicated the growers' judgment
of the success of these as a winter crop for this part of
the state. Several months ago the Breeze carried a story
of a commercial planting over in Santa Rosa county last
winter, and from which exceptional returns in the way of
profits were secured.
County Agent J. H. Carpenter is arranging for the
shipment of something like 100,000 Bermuda onion plants
from a Texas grower, the first of November, and any
who wish to participate in this can secure an exception-
ally low price by notifying the county agent of the quan-
tity wanted, not later than the last of this month.
Satsumas, beans and cucumbers are going out in ex-
press shipments daily at this time. No big shipments are
being made, but these products are going out in a steady
trickle, which adds to the prosperity of the county to
just that extent. Satsuma shipments are below what was
expected, the yield being curtailed not only by late frosts,
but by the six months of unprecedented drought which
prevailed throughout the winter and into late spring.
Shipments of satsumas by the carload will be the rule
for next season, with anything like a normal winter and
season following. The forty acres of radishes mentioned
above are expected, based on a normal season, to provide
approximately twenty carloads of this succulent vegetable
for the northern and eastern markets.
GREENVILLE CRATE MILL HAS GOOD
Various industries throughout the country have been
affected by the temporary depression which is prevalent
and not contagious, but there is one right here in our
midst that appears to be immune, and that is the Green-
ville Crate & Veneer Co., located conveniently on the
tracks of the South Georgia Railroad and in the town of
The owners of the crate mill started up in a small way
several months ago and have increased the operations of
the mill until at the present time they are making ship-
ments of four cars a week, and expect in the near future
to increase that amount.
Additional machinery is being installed and a new
"box" being built, which will increase the present cutting
of 9,000 feet per day to 12,000 feet, which would of
course increase their output correspondingly. At the
present time they are maintaining a force of approxi-
mately 60 hands, which would be increased as the occa-
Besides getting their raw material by truck from the
immediate vicinity, carload shipments are brought in
from nearby towns to supply the ever hungry knives and
to keep the mill running on full time. This is one factory
that does not have to hunt for orders, their entire output
being contracted for and sold to one concern.
We hear rumors of another mill to be started up in the
near future, and will inform our readers when we can
verify the rumors.
GRIT MILL BEGINS WORK AS OYSTER
Operations were started this week at the grit mill of
the Gulf City Packing Company, on Water street, and
this plant is now being operated in full force under the
capable management of R. L. Harrison.
A very good business is expected for the plant this
season, according to Mr. Harrison, as a sufficient supply
of oysters is being brought in by the local oystermen,
and these are providing shell for the manufacture of
poultry grit. The oyster season is believed to be the
best for Apalachicola in several years, and this means a
great deal to the grit industry.
The plant manufactures grit for poultry, and this
product is in great demand. A use for the by-product
shell dust has been found as street surface material and
fertilizer. The grit industry is an important one for
Apalachicola, as the sale of this product is conducted on
a large scale.
8 FLORIDA REVIEW
Grapes, Figs and Sugar Cane Grow to Perfection in Walton County.
n .r g
FLORIDA REVIEW 9
SATSUMA TREE BRINGS OWNER RETURN
One Tree Grown in County By E. N. Penland
Has Been Bringing Approximately That
Amount for Years
(Lake City Reporter)
A couple of fine bunches of satsuma oranges were
brought to the Chamber of Commerce Saturday by Rob-
ert N. Penland, who lives seven miles southeast of Lake
City, on the Lulu road, in the Rose Creek neighborhood,
as a sample of the oranges grown on a tree on his farm.
The fruit was first-class in every respect, smooth skin,
good color, good size, and with sweet and delicious meat.
The fruit from this tree sold for $35 this year, Mr.
Penland said, and has been bringing around that amount
for several years. He set out the tree fifteen years ago
and it has been bearing every year since it was three
years old. Two or three years ago he set out twenty
more trees which will begin to bear next year or the
This tree of Mr. Penland's is another demonstration,
those interested in the fruit possibilities of this county
point out, of what can be accomplished with satsumas
in this county. This tree has been bearing for twelve
years and has withstood cold weather during that time.
Every one agrees that the satsuma is a superior orange
and the fruit is in big demand. The danger to satsumas
from cold weather here does not appear to be greater
than to those of more delicate varieties grown south of
here, it is pointed out.
BLUEBERRY OUTPUT OF OKALOOSA IS
Crestview, Fla., Oct. 18.-(Special.)-During the
months of May, June, July and August this year a total
of 2,839 crates-68,136 quarts-of rabbit-eye blueberries
were shipped by express from three shipping points in
Okaloosa county. Crestview leads with 1,707 crates;
Milligan second with 1,032 crates. Holt shipped 100
crates. Average net prices received by growers was ap-
proximately 20 cents a quart on express shipments. New
acreage coming into bearing next season will more than
double the output over this year's crop, according to esti-
mate of the Producers' Association headquarters here.
COMMUNITY EGG SHIPMENTS STARTING
(DeFuniak Springs Breeze)
The plan for co-operative shipment of eggs, which was
worked out at the meeting held at the Thompson feed
store last week is working out satisfactorily. Shipments
are light at the present time on account of the fact that
the West Florida biddies have picked upon the present as
a good time to get rid of their summer feathers, but
when this moulting time is over, egg production will in-
Eggs are received at the feed store every day, and
shipments are being made on Mondays, Wednesdays and
Friday. The grading, classification and shipment of the
eggs will be in the hands of H. M. Wagner, who is thor-
oughly qualified to look after the matter.
LOCAL HOG MARKET OPENS THIS SEASON
WITH GOOD GRADES COMING IN
Three Carloads Have Already Been Shipped
from Live Oak to Jacksonville Market
G. A. Blue and Son, local hog dealers, shipped the third
car of hogs of the season to the Jacksonville market
Friday afternoon. The most of them were tops, for
which the farmers received 9.10 cents per pound, which
has been the prevailing price since the opening of the
market in September.
Mr. Blue states that the market opened a little later
this year than usual, due to the drouth in the spring re-
tarding the maturing of the peanut crop, but he says the
hogs thus far are averaging better, both in size and
quality, than in previous years. One Suwannee county
farmer brought in twenty fine top hogs at one load
In addition to hog sales, considerable traffic is going
on in beef cattle, ten cars having recently been shipped
from Live Oak to the Jacksonville market by J. B. Stock-
ton, a prominent cattle dealer of Trenton. Mr. Stockton
shipped two cars Friday along with the hogs shipped by
Mr. Blue. The prices paid for range cattle range from
$8 to $22 per head, according to the size and condition
of the animals.
Mr. Stockton states that there are considerable cattle
in Suwannee county ready for market and he expects to
be here for several weeks yet.
NO. 1 POTATOES ARE GROWN IN 50 DAYS
Some of the finest Irish potatoes of the fall crop grown
in this county were produced on the farm of Mrs. H. W.
Poff, in the Haw Creek section. The potatoes are now
fully developed, with a large percentage of No. l's, the
crop being planted just 50 days ago.
L. A. Jett, rural mail carrier, who makes his daily route
through the Haw Creek country, brought several pounds
of the potatoes to Bunnell, they attracting quite a bit of
attention due to the fact that they matured in such short
time. Only a small acreage was planted, said Mr. Jett,
and were grown without fertilizer of any kind.
Do you know that Florida has the largest producer of
narcissus bulbs in the United States?
The narcissus farm at Waldo has that distinction. Re-
cently this farm sold $20,000 worth of bulbs to one cus-
tomer in the north.
Wonderful success has been achieved by growers of
these bulbs in Alachua county, where the soil seems spe-
cially adapted to them. One grower near Gainesville
recently sold one-half of a comparatively small crop for
$1,250. Plans are being made for a big acreage in this
profitable product in Clay county.
Growing narcissus bulbs is said to be very easy, al-
though two years are required from the first planting of
the seed until the bulbs mature sufficiently for sale. They
are much like the Irish potato in growth, and soil suited
for the potato is admirable for the bulbs. This being
true, the Hastings section ought to afford a wonderful
opportunity for this industry.
-. .' I:~~ -~~ :
Grapes and Plums in Jackson County.
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FLORIDA REVIEW 11
PECAN TREES YIELDING LARGE PROFITS
FOR MANY SUWANNEE COUNTY
Thousands of Pounds of Nuts Are Sold on Local
Market at Good Prices to Growers
Possibly not many people in Suwannee county are
aware of the importance of pecans as a money crop.
Hundreds of thousands of pounds of nuts are grown and
sold in the county every year, shipments being made by
individual growers and dealers from Live Oak, O'Brien
and Branford to markets in other sections of the country,
where they usually bring prices ranging from 10 cents
per pound for the smaller varieties to 50 cents per pound
for the large paper shells.
J. W. Blume, cashier of the Commercial Bank of Live
Oak, states that he would estimate the average annual
crop of pecans in Suwannee county to be around 200,000
pounds. At only 10 cents per pound, the pecan crop
would yield an annual revenue of $20,000 to the growers,
and with the higher quality of nuts figured in might
easily run the value of the crop up to $30,000.
It is stated that the crop for 1925 was the best that
has been produced since pecan culture was introduced
into the county. During the fall and winter of that year
one Live Oak dealer bought 40,000 pounds of nuts. Last
year the crop was not so good, the same dealer handling
only 30,000 pounds of nuts. This year's crop is con-
sidered about an average by some, while others state that
it will be considerably short.
A few nuts have already been marketed in Live Oak
this season, but the market can scarcely be said to be
open yet, as the green nuts find slow sale and the dealers
cannot afford to pay top prices until the nuts are properly
Mr. Blume is one of the pecan enthusiasts of the
county. He has about 150 acres in pecans, mostly young
trees recently set. However, he has a twenty-five acre
orchard of bearing trees that are yielding him handsome
returns. He is going in only for the better class of nuts,
the Schley and other large paper shell varieties.
Several other farmers in the county have recently put
out large acreages of pecan trees, and if the present in-
terest in pecan culture keeps up it will not be many years
until pecans will be one of the largest money crops of the
HONEY PACKING PLANT IS LATEST
(Gulf County Breeze)
A new industry is getting under way in Wewahitchka,
and one which promises good returns to the promoter
and many people of this section as well.
Mr. H. W. Calhoun is preparing to open a honey pack-
ing plant and has everything about ready to begin bottling
the famous Tupelo honey which is produced so bountifully
in this vicinity. The name of his firm is "The Tupelo
Honey Packing Co."
The Breeze has just produced a folder for this new
enterprise, and without Mr. Calhoun's permission we are
reproducing the portion of it telling of the Tupelo honey
raised in Gulf county.
COMING OUR WAY
People who have read the Pensacolh papers the last
day or two must consider this city really fortunate, for
it is stated that big things are breaking with much regu-
The Frisco is without doubt rushing work to get into
Pensacola as fast as possible; the Bull Steamship Com-
pany is striving to be on the ground floor when the Frisco
gets into operation, and with the inauguration of the
coastwise steamer line from Baltimore to Pensacola, is
believed to be only the beginning of what will eventually
be the operation of steamship lines, with Pensacola the
radiating point, to all points in the tropics and to the
West Coast. Along with those two outstanding develop-
ments is the completion of the L. & N. coal tipple, which
in conjunction with that at the Frisco docks, will afford
the possibility of movement of coal in vast quantities
from this place. Then there is the great promised de-
velopment over to the westward of the county, for the
fact that interests have invested heavily in agricultural
lands and the magnificent dairying farm, leads to the
conclusion that there is yet to be developed the greatest
of back country improvement.
All of these improvements mean that Pensacola in the
final analysis is going to benefit to an amazing extent
from same. The steamship line should be well supported.
The Frisco is to be given all the encouragement possible.
The exporting business is going to move forward with
great activity, and of course it means that the laboring
man, the home builder, and the voter will individually
profit with the activities noted.
Thus Pensacola may rightly be said to have things
coming its way, and that the long-merited recognition
has at last started Pensacola-way.
BERRY PROSPECTS GOOD
Strawberries in this section are ripening fast, accord-
ing to some of the growers who have been bringing in
ripe berries during the last ten days. This season berries
here are ripening as fast as they are in the Plant City
section, the Plant City Enterprise reporting the bringing
in of the first ripe strawberry of the season Tuesday of
this week. J. M. Brownlee brought a few ripe berries
last Friday to the Bank of Starke, and other growers
have reported fields filled with bloom and young fruit,
with promises of fruit for Thanksgiving if the present
warm weather holds good.
THREE HUNDRED PIGS ON EXHIBIT AT
Three hundred pure bred pigs are on exhibition at the
Madison County Fair, the largest number ever exhibited
here, and one of the largest at any county fair in the
United States. Fifteen or twenty more had to be sent
back home Tuesday on account of lack of facilities for
The pigs make a wonderful sight and verify the state-
ment made by the judges that Madison is an outstanding
live stock county of the South.
Good breeding is well demonstrated and a chart calls
attention to the importance of a pure bred sire.
12 FLORIDA REVIEW
.. . ... .
Satsumas and Cotton in Jackson County.
FLORIDA REVIEW 13
GIBBS TO BUILD THREE NEW FERRIES
FOR MONROE COUNTY
New Boats Will Permit Automobile Travel from
Mainland to Key West
Three ferryboats, each costing $40,000, are being built
by the Gibbs Gas Engine Company for Monroe county,
to be used to bridge a gap in the overseas highway, which
will connect Key West with the mainland, it was an-
nounced today. Work on the craft started this morning.
It is probably Jacksonville's most extensive shipbuilding
program since 1918.
The contract for the construction of the vessels was
awarded Saturday to George Gibbs, president of the
Gibbs Gas Engine Company.
Keels of the ferries will be laid within the next week,
it was said, and ample facilities for the completion of the
work before the date designated, December 1, are avail-
able in the large shipbuilding plant of the company in
South Jacksonville. Several hundred men are employed
with the task.
The vessels will be 125 feet long. They will accommo-
date 125 passengers and 20 automobiles. Before Decem-
ber they will proceed down the inland route, and it is
expected that the motor route will be opened by the first
of the year. It will then be possible to motor to Key
Cuba is completing a $17,000,000 road-building pro-
gram, Mr. Gibbs said today, and the new Florida highway
will make travel to the island republic easier.
The ferryboats being built here will span one of the
most beautiful water routes on the North American con-
tinent. They will steam past a maze of islands, the
The vessels will attain a speed of 10 knots an hour.
They will be powered with 100 horsepower Diesel engines.
MOORE HAVEN WILL PAY PREMIUM FOR
(DeFuniak Springs Breeze)
H. M. Wagner, who has been handling eggs for ship-
ment under the agreement recently reached by egg pro-
ducers of the county, has found one place at least where
there is no discrimination against brown eggs, and which
discrimination, incidentally, is about as nonsensical thing
as could be imagined, but, nevertheless, is a condition
which exists in many quarters.
Moore Haven wants two thousand eggs a week for
hatching purposes from Walton county, and will pay 75
cents per dozen f. o. b. there. White Wyandottes are the
eggs which Moore Haven wants, but is perfectly willing
to take Barred Rock or Rhode Island eggs at the quoted
Boston alone of all the principal markets, so far as the
Breeze knows, is the only city which pays a premium for
brown eggs. Other markets pay the same, or a slight
discount, for brown eggs, purchasers there preferring
white eggs. Boston, the seat intelligence in the United
States (a claim which the residents of that burg them-
selves freely admit), and Moore Haven, Florida, alone
will pay a premium for brown eggs.
The Walton County Poultry Association, which Mr.
Wagner represents, shipped eggs to the value of $556.50
from the 17th day of October to the 13th day of Novem-
ber, and in addition to this sold eggs locally to the amount
FIVE ACRES PEANUTS PAY LAFAYETTE
COUNTY GROWER OVER
(Lake City Reporter)
The best story of farming in Lafayette county comes
from Mr. L. H. Hart this week, and pertains to peanuts,
a crop that does so well in Lafayette county that it surely
merits the consideration of our farmers as a cash crop
in addition to being one of the best hog-feed crops. Just
listen to this. It sounds like a fairy story or a real estate
dealer's "line," but it's neither-it's just facts:
Mr. Hart gathered five acres of peanuts last week, and
when the picking machine had finished, the hay stacked
and the peanuts neatly tied in bags, it was found that
the yield for the five acres was 3821/ bushels of clean
peanuts and seven tons of hay. Figuring the peanuts at
$1.00 per bushel, which seems like a very conservative
estimate, and the hay at $25 a ton-and good peanut hay
is surely worth that-the five acres of peanuts grossed
$557.50. The hay will pay for all overhead expenses,
Mr. Hart said, including labor, fertilizer, etc., leaving the
3821 bushels of peanuts as net profit from the five acres.
This shows what can be done with peanuts in Lafayette
county-as a money crop. Mr. Hart gives credit for the
satisfactory yield to the fact that he used 200 pounds of
commercial fertilizer to the acre, with about the same
amount of landplaster. Mr. Hart was too modest to take
any credit for raising such a fine crop of peanuts him-
self; he gave it to the fertilizer. However, it takes a good
farmer to know when to use fertilizer, how much to use,
and how to apply it, and evidently he did all those things
just right. Next year Mr. Hart will plant 100 bushels of
peanuts, saving the seed from this year's crop.
DAIRY INDUSTRY IS MUCH NEEDED
Dairying Would Make Jackson County Farmers
That Jackson county has a most wonderful opportunity
for development of the dairying industry is the opinion
of Ben Hornsby, of the Dothan Ice Cream Company, who
was in Marianna the past week.
"We are paying several farmers in Houston county,
Alabama, more than one hundred dollars a month for
milk and cream which they are producing as a side-line,
and Jackson county is a much better section for dairying
than Houston county, Alabama.
"There is no such possibility as overstocking the market
in dairy products, either," says Mr. Hornsby. "If Jackson
county had ten times as many milch cows as she now has,
we would open a milk depot in Marianna and contract for
the entire output.
"I don't know how your farmers are fixed financially,
but I can furnish them the names of any number of
farmers just over the line in Alabama that have moved
mortgages off their farms and are now financing them-
selves and their farms from the milk checks they get
from us monthly.
"We have been spending some money in Houston
county educating the farmers to their opportunity, and
if someone were doing a similar work in Jackson county
it would be making to much greater prosperity."
Supreme Ice Cream is a product of the Dothan Ice
Cream Company and a quantity of it is being sold in
14 FLORIDA REVIEW
My nine-year old grove, south of my dwelling, which
is really my best orchard, pays me annually about $500.00
per acre. I have a number of trees in this orchard that pro-
duce from 14 to 20 quarts per tree and I have a number of
the older ones that produce from 30 to 40 quarts per tree.
I find a ready sale for all blue-berries that I can produce
at $6. per crate (24 quarts).
In my estimation the blueberry of this section is
one of the best berry trees known and I would recommend to
any one that desires to make easy money that they set acreage
in blueberry trees.
I am the pioneer grower of this wonderful fruit in
this section and my knowledge acquired as stated.is from actual
experience as a grower.
Blueberry Growing is One of the Chief Industries of Okaloosa County.
FLORIDA REVIEW 15
GULF 'POWER CO. IMPROVES LINES IN
Facilities Strengthened in Panama City, St.
Andrews and Millville
(Mrs. H. O. Freeman, in Pensacola Journal)
Panama City, Fla., Nov. 5.-The Gulf Power Company
is in the midst of a program of reconstruction involving
all transmission lines in this section. At the same time
workmen are busy installing the white way in Millville,
Panama City and St. Andrews, the three units of this
Construction also has been started on a new sub-station
at the Millville power house, which will increase the
voltage from 2,200 to 6,600 volts, enabling the company
to operate the transmission line into Lynn Haven at the
higher voltage. A bank of transformers is to be installed
here that will reduce the voltage for distribution in Lynn
Haven and College Point.
Thousands of dollars are being spent in the improve-
ments that are under way.
Further evidence of Florida's promise to become one
of the nation's chief food bases is seen in the 2,000 car-
loads of 375,000 barrels of Irish potatoes produced this
year by the Hastings Potato Growers Association.
This means that the Hastings growers alone are pro-
ducing from their 9,000 acres approximately 1,125,000
bushels of white potatoes, more than a million bushels
of America's most popular staple vegetable.
The Hastings co-operative has grown from a small plan-
tation business of 1,800 acres six years ago to the plant-
ing and growing of over 9,000 acres in a single season.
Manatee county, another leading potato section, will also
begin planting as soon as the season opens, and expects
to ship thousands of barrels during 1927-28.
All of which signifies that the white potato crop has
already become one of the chief industries of the State,
and foretells the time when Florida will play major part
in feeding the whole United States.
NEGRO GETS RECORD ON COTTON CROP
1,700 Pounds Gathered From One Acre and a
(Lake City Reporter)
Virgil Kimball, colored farmer living six and a half
miles southwest of Lake City, claims the state record in
the yield of cotton this year. He picked more than six
thousand pounds from six and a half acres of ground,
and from a tract of one and a half acres, where he tried
out his experimental project, he has already gathered
1,700 pounds, with another picking to be made.
This farmer is well supplied with machinery, has had
a lot of experience, and does practically all of his work
himself. While he has strong muscles and works hard,
he is careful to try to keep in good health. It is reported
that his success has excited the neighborhood to emula-
tion and that others will try to repeat his success next
year. Agricultural Instructor Bowls, of King's Welcome,
says he is planning to try the wizard out on a corn project
next year and that he believes Kimball will raise 75
bushels of corn to the acre.
GYPSUM FIRM TO BEGIN WORK SOON
With the passage on its third reading yesterday after-
noon of an ordinance authorizing the Gulf Gypsum Com-
pany, large Texas firm, to utilize a portion of the city
pier for the construction of a warehouse and distributing
center for their products throughout this section of the
South, Commissioner Adrian E. Langford this morning
stated that he had received information from the company
officials to the effect that activities would be put under
way in Pensacola within the next thirty to sixty days.
Commissioner Langford was largely instrumental in
bringing into Pensacola this new industry, which plans
upon operating a barge line between this city and their
Texas plants, where there is reported to be an unlimited
supply of the raw product.
In the letter to the commissioner, company officials
state that they are contemplating the purchase of a num-
ber of barges and towboats within the next few days and
will be in the city shortly to prepare for the handling of
their products here. The materials are to be shipped into
Pensacola by water, unloaded and stored at the city pier,
and from there shipped to other places by rail and water.
MILTON POULTRY MARKET CONTINUES
The local poultry market continues active with slight
increases shown on some grades. At this season extra
heavy hens and stags meet with ready sale and a good
volume is expected for the next few weeks. Small to
medium hens are rather draggy and no special demand is
made for these. Young chickens from 11/2 to 3 lbs. meet
with ready sale and are wanted for daily shipments.
Old roosters are in limited supply but move promptly
at a fair price. Young and old ducks are in special re-
quest and will find ready sale.
Grown full-feathered geese will meet with ready sale
as the season advances throughout the holidays.
Some young turkeys have been arriving on this market
and have moved promptly to near markets. Young birds
weighing 6 pounds and over will meet with prompt sale.
The supply of fresh eggs does not show any increase
and receipts are quickly absorbed at top prices.
WANTS THEM TO REPLACE SCRUB STOCK
Okaloosa and Holmes Leading in Cattle Move-
There is increasing interest in Santa Rosa county for
pure bred cattle to replace and breed with the old range
cattle,-according to Dr. R. L. Brinkman, assistant veteri-
narian of the U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry. Mr.
Brinkman is in Milton this week in connection with the
campaign to encourage cattlemen to buy pure bred sires.
He reported that excellent audiences are attending the
free motion pictures which are being shown each night at
the various communities over the county. These pictures
are educational and instructive in live stock growing and
forestry, and are being shown under the direction of the
State Live Stock Sanitary Board.
Okaloosa and Holmes counties are leading the West
Florida section in acquiring pure bred stock, according
to Mr. Brinkman. Samson Hart, one prominent Okaloosa
cattleman, has already received four pure bred bulls, two
Angus and two Herefords.
16 FLORIDA REVIEW
i~~ ~ .'__o-
Watermelons, Peanuts and Dairying Are Sources of Income in Jefferson County.
FLORIDA REVIEW 17
OPPORTUNITIES FOR GROWING
BLUEBERRIES GIVEN BROAD
PUBLICITY IN PUBLICATION
The fine opportunities for the cultivation of blueberries
in Northwestern Florida counties is set forth in an inter-
esting article which appears in this week's Manufacturers
Record, a magazine of national circulation, which was
written by M. Martin, secretary of the Business Men's
Club of Crestview. The article follows:
Luther Burbank wrote of the Okaloosa blueberry: "It
is the finest berry ever raised." Early rabbit-eye blue-
berries have grown wild in a restricted section of Oka-
loosa county, Florida, since its discovery, but only in
recent years have we undertaken to domesticate the fruit.
An old pioneer farmer, Bill Sapp, was the first man to
gather a few wild bushes from the woods and transplant
them into his garden. They responded many-fold and he
was encouraged to add other plants, until the harvest was
greater than his need. With a surplus, he conceived the
idea of "taking a few quarts to town." Early prices were
as low as 5 cents a quart.
One grower planted 80 acres about six years ago. The
plants were gathered from the woods in their wild state.
Little cultivation and no fertilization were afforded them.
No spraying was necessary, for there were no bugs or
other enemies to combat. This season his net returns
from approximately 1,500 crates, or 36,000 quarts, was
$7,500 in round figures. His investment, including land,
was less than $10,000.
One hundred dollars cash is the price paid by a Crest-
view realtor for one Okaloosa county blueberry "bush."
The "bush" was taken from the woods near Laurel Hill,
Okaloosa county, in the wild state a few years ago, trans-
planted in the high school principal's garden, where it
responded graciously to domestication and cultivation.
The quality and abundance of fruit attracted the atten-
tion of Professor James, horticulturist of the Louisville
and Nashville Railroad Company. Under the personal
supervision of Professor James the "bush" will be "cut"
into approximately 1,000 "cuttings" in November and
set in a selected five-acre tract of blueberry land near
Crestview. A crop may be expected the third year. The
fourth year the five acres should produce 2,400 to 3,000
The fruit from the "bush" is very large, with a beauti-
ful pale blue color, thin skin, a navel end similar to the
Florida navel orange, and grows in clusters not unlike the
grape. The flavor is unexcelled.
Perhaps every reader of this story has seen blueberries
growing. But there is a vast difference between Early
Rabbit-Eye blueberries of Okaloosa county, Florida, and
blueberries grown in any other section of the country,
except perhaps in New Jersey. There is a difference be-
tween the domesticated Jersey blueberry and Okaloosa
Imagine, if you can, blueberry bushes so tall and large
that pickers are required to use 6-foot stepladders to
gather the fruit. Imagine blueberries of the fancy selec-
tion that are almost as large as cranberries; that begin
to ripen during the latter part of May and continue to
bear through August. Such is the Early Rabbit-Eye blue-
berry produced in Okaloosa county. It is true that Oka-
loosa blueberries will grow in other sections of the coun-
try, but neither bushes nor berries are so large and fine,
nor do they respond so abundantly in all sections of
Okaloosa as in that particular section now recognized as
their native home and preferred growing place.
"Blueberries generally require a high water table and
a peculiar acid condition of the soil found in regions to
which the species are native, and, because of these pecu-
liarities, commercial culture is confined to relatively re-
stricted areas," according to the United States Agricul-
tural Yearbook, 1925; but Okaloosa blueberries seem to
require even more-a something contained only in the
soil of northern Okaloosa county.
But the industry is only in its infancy. Less than 1,000
bearing acres are censused. Selection of plant stock has
not been carefully supervised. Picking has been careless
in many instances. Grading has not been perfected.
Crate size has not been completely standardized. Ex-
press rates are too high, comparatively. A sufficient
acreage has not been planted to permit carlot loadings.
Proper fertilization has not been definitely decided upon.
Few growers have used any commercial fertilizers. Cul-
tivation has been haphazard. Yet, despite these draw-
backs, growers have enjoyed returns from their ship-
ments this season that will average more than $5 a crate.
An association of the growers, with a competent sec-
retary, has been organized. Plans have been outlined
and work has been begun to overcome the shortcomings
above enumerated. In the meantime the secretary of
the Business Men's Association of Okaloosa county, with
offices at Crestview, Fla., is endeavoring to interest
northern growers and others with experience and finances
to visit Okaloosa county and see for themselves the pos-
sibilities of Early Rabbit-Eye blueberries.
NEW FURNITURE PLANT FOR CITY
Florida Hardwoods Will Be Used in Factory at
Plans have been launched for opening what is claimed
to be Jacksonville's first furniture factory. A com-
pany has been formed to be known as the Jacksonville
Furniture Manufacturing Company with the plant occu-
pying quarters at the Kelly Furniture Company, 2601
The first shipment of materials for the new company
arrived the past week and the local plant is expected to
be in full operation by November 1. The activities of
the company will at first be confined to the manufacture
of cane and living room furniture, specializing in three-
Jacksonville's ideal location as a distributing point for
Florida and South Georgia and Alabama was responsible
for this city being selected for the factory. It is claimed
that many of the hardwoods used in furniture making
can be obtained in Florida which will enable the local
factory to compete with larger furniture manufacturers
from the start of the business.
The new factory will be under the direction of men
with many years of experience in furniture making and
sales. Guy L. Goldsmith, president of the company, is
well known here by local furniture dealers, having been
in the furniture sales field for sixteen years. A. H.
Batsche, vice-president, has been in the furniture business
practically all of his life, and served his trade in Grand
Rapids, one of the largest furniture manufacturing cen-
ters in the country. F. T. Kelly, president of the Kelly
Furniture Company, wholesale furniture dealers, is secre-
tary and treasurer of the company. Mr. Kelly is a pioneer
wholesale furniture dealer.
18 FLORIDA REVIEW
Tobacco, Turkeys and Grapes in Madison County.
FLORIDA REVIEW 19
CONTEST IS ABOUT DOUBLE SIZE OF
(Washington County News)
The Second Florida National Egg Laying Contest was
opened at the contest grounds, about 3 miles east of
Chipley, Tuesday morning, and the entire contest seems
to be running along smoothly now. The second contest
will continue until October 23rd of next year, making a
total of 51 weeks. The new contest contains 92 pens, of
which 46 belong to Florida. The remaining number is
divided among twenty representative states, or an in-
crease of ten states over last year's number. Ten varie-
ties of chickens are represented in the contest and indi-
cations are that they have started out much better than
the hens of last year.
Superintendent E. F. Stanton, who by the way, is an
experienced poultryman, is well pleased with the pros-
pects for the coming year and seems to think that an
even better contest all the way around will be had this
year over last year. Hens have started out with good
speed for this season of the year and only time will tell
how they will line up for the final days.
Chipley, Washington County, and the State as a whole,
have benefited from the contest in more than one way.
The contest has afforded Chipley quite a bit of national
publicity that it could not have gotten otherwise. The
Chamber of Commerce is largely responsible for the con-
test being brought to Chipley in the first place, and there-
fore deserves quite a bit of praise.
ORGANIZE WALTON COUNTY POULTRY
Meeting Will Be Held on Saturday Afternoon
for the Purpose of Effecting Such
(DeFuniak Springs Breeze)
A meeting will be held Saturday afternoon at the
Thompson Feed Store, of those interested in poultry and
egg production, and the marketing of these products, the
purpose of which is to effect an organization of those
interested, for the purpose of securing not only an in-
creased production from those already engaged in the
raising of poultry and poultry products here, and to
awaken an interest which it is hoped will add to the
number of those engaged in such, but through proper
marketing, grading and classification to secure a better
price than now paid, and a price more in line with what
should be paid when poultry, and more particularly eggs,
are marketed on a more systematic basis.
Walton county has long been considered as the banner
poultry county of West Florida, and some feared that
her supremacy along that line went with the location of
the state egg-laying contest, when that institution was
located at Chipley. Nothing, however, could be further
from the facts in the case. Walton county overlooked a
bet when she failed to secure the egg-laying contest when
the question of a site was up; but the mere fact that some
failed to see the value of the location of the egg-laying
contest here had nothing to do with Walton county's ideal
geographic and climatic value as a poultry-raising center.
Here's a little story, one of several which might be
told, showing what has been done with a small flock of
White Leghorns: H. M. Wagner has a bunch of one
hundred and thirty hens, which have laid 27,000 eggs in
the past twelve months. For these 2,250 dozen eggs Mr.
Wagner received an average price of 31 cents per dozen;
and in this connection it should be recalled that during a
considerable part of the past year eggs sold for an ex-
treme and unusually low price. This average price of
thirty-one cents per dozen brought a total price of
$697.50 for these eggs. Feed cost $310, and which left
Mr. Wagner a net profit of $386.50-a profit of $2.97
per hen, or but three cents less than three dollars a hen
for the year.
CLAY COUNTY FARMER GETS GOOD
Jacksonville, Fla., Nov. 2.-One of the features of the
Clay county agricultural exhibit at the Florida State Fair
here, Nov. 17 to 26, will be the exhibit from the farm of
F. T. Huntley, of Doctor's Inlet. The products which
will be shown by Mr. Huntley come from one of the most
remarkable farms in the country.
On land that cost him $40 an acre, Huntley this year
produced an average of seven barrels of Irish potatoes
an acre on 63 acres. Ninety-two per cent were No. 1 and
the cost was $2.50 a bushel placed on the car. The re-
turn from this field of potatoes was $24,920.
Twenty-two acres of the farm were planted in corn.
Dry weather caused a light crop, but Huntley got 200
bushels, which he disposed of at $1.00 a bushel. One acre
was planted in turnips and mustard, which brought $525.
Three acres were planted in cabbage, which is heading
now, and the 8,000 plants probably will sell at $1.00 a
After the potatoes were taken out the land was planted
in peas and crab grass, and 17 tons of hay was gathered
at a value of $25 a ton.
EIGHTH CAR GADSDEN SWINE SOLD
Weight and Condition Showing Improvement-
(Gadsden County Times)
The fourth sale of hogs in Gadsden county under direc-
tion of Dr. H. V. Porter and the Gadsden County Hog
Raisers Association occurred in Quincy Tuesday. This
is the second sale for Quincy and the stock sold is said
to have been the best average in weight and condition
ever brought to this market. Prices have had a slight
downward tendency during the past month, and while the
price paid at Tuesday's sale is considered only fair, it
leaves the raiser a moderate profit.
Greensboro has had two sales this season, the last be-
ing held on Wednesday of last week. With the shipment
from Quincy on Tuesday of two cars it brings the total
number thus far up to eight cars. It is now conserva-
tively estimated that not less than forty, and possibly
fifty cars, will go from Gadsden county this season.
The market has shown a decline of more than $1.25
per hundred since the first sale of the season two weeks
ago, owing, it is claimed, to scarcity of peanuts, and
raisers are anxious to market their stock and save the
expense of feeding on corn until the market has an up-
There were 170 porkers sold at the stock yards Tues-
day, of which 121 graded as No. 1; 37 as No. 2, and 12
as roughs. The market opened with a bid of $7.50 and
closed at $8.171/2. The entire lot was purchased by H. S.
Parker, of Albany, Ga., and was shipped to Havana,
Cuba. No. 2's and roughs sold for 1 cent less than No.
20 FLORIDA REVIEW
Hogs and Tobacco in Suwannee County.
DAIRY SURVEY WILL BE MADE
Okaloosa County Commission Aids Chamber
Crestview, Fla., Nov. 16.-At a meeting Monday night
of the directors of the Okaloosa County Chamber of
Commerce expression of appreciation on the part of the
Board of County Commissioners of the year's activities
of the chamber was made through the formal tendering
to the directors of a monthly financial allowance.
This is the first financial assistance ever had from the
board by the civic body and it is believed by the County
Commissioners that it will be put into efficient use.
Already Secretary R. F. Frary, who is an experienced
dairy products manufacturer, is planning to make a sur-
vey of this county and perhaps territory outside of the
county, and will take a census of the cow population and
of the mental aspects of farmers toward increasing and
improving their herds with milk-producing strains. He
will talk with the farmers on the importance of growing
forage crops and the value of a year-around income
brought about through milking.
The plan is to arrange an immediate temporary outlet
for cream through the establishment of cream-buying
stations, this cream to be shipped to some central cream-
ery until such a time as enough cows are available to
support a local creamery.
ENORMOUS RUN OF SHRIMP IN BAY AT
Fishermen Make Big Hauls and Are Receiving
(Special to Times-Union)
Pensacola, Fla.-An enormous run of shrimp has ap-
peared in Pensacola Bay, and the boats are reaping a
big harvest, for the catches are being paid for in cash at
big prices, and it is possible that several boatloads a week
are now being taken from the harbor.
Periodically shrimp make their appearance just before
the winter season arrives. In the past it is said that they
have been rather difficult to locate, but fishermen state
that nets of special construction may be dropped at al-
most any part of the harbor and big hauls are made.
Beach fishermen who have in the past made their living
at seining for mullet, trout and Spanish mackerel have
deserted that avocation for the present to make better
and easier money in the enormous shrimp catches which
are being reported.
Shrimp by thousands of pounds are being shipped to
various parts of the country, and while the catches re-
main so plentiful in the bay and are being taken from
apparently inexhaustible numbers, it is possible that the
shipments may exceed any ever enjoyed here. The shrimp
are reported larger and fatter than ever known in the
past, which gives them a better sale in the markets.